ed and prepared for use, it nhall be (he duty of the
"Secretary of the Treasury to procure suitable
rooms for-oflices for those officers at their respec
tive locations, and to contract with such Inrik, in
corporations, or individuals, as may be willing to
contract fr uch use .f their vaults and safes as
may he required for tho f-afe-kceping of the public
moneys in the charge and custody of those oSucei
respectively, the expense to be paid lv t!ie United
iScc. 23. And be it further enacted, That from
and after the thirty-r.-t day of December, which
vill be in the year one thousand eight hundred and
thirty-cighf, tit-.; r. solution of Congress of the thir
tieth day of April, iu the jcar one thousand ; lit
hundred and sixteen, so fir as it authoi isos tLe re
ceipt in piyme.ut of t!ie duties, taxes, s.les f pub
lic lands, debts, and sum of money, accruing or
becoming payable to the United Stales, to he col
lected and paid in the notes of stfcic paving banks,
shall bo so modi lied as that one-sixth put of a!!
cucii duties, taxes, sales of public lands, ik-bt.s, and
minis of money accruing or becoming duo to the
United Slate, shall !e collected in the h'gal cur
rency of the United Stales: and fn:u and after the
thirty-first day of December, which will be i:i the
year one thousand eight hundred arid thirty-nine,
one other sixth part of ali such duties, tav-'S; sales
of public lands, debts, and sums of mou-v shall b
collected ; and from and after tho thirty-first of
December, which will be in tho year ooe-lh';uaud
eight hundred and forty, one other sixth pnrt of all
such duties, tax-1?, sales of public land, debts, and
sums of money, shall be so collected ; and that from
and after the thirty-first day of December, which
will be in he year one thousand eight hundred and
firly-one, one other sixth part of all such duties,
taxes, sales of public lands, debts, and stuns of mo.
ney, shall bo so collected ; and that from and after
1 lie thirty-first day of December, which will be in
the year one thousand eight hnuJiod and forty-two,
one other sixth part of all such duties, laies, sales
of public lauds, debts, and sums of money shall be
to collated ; ami that from .and after the thirty-first
day of December, which will he in the sear one
thousand eiiiht hundred anil forty-three, tho remain
ing sixth part of the said duties, taxes, sales of pub
lic lands, debt?, and sums of money, shall be als
collected iu tho legal currency of tho United States;
ar.d from an 1 after the last mentioned day all sums
-. accruing, or becoming payable to tlte United States,
f.jr duties, taxes, sales of public land, or other debts,
und also nil sums da; fbr postages, or otherwise,
t the General Post Odieo Dp artment, shall be
paid in gold and silver only, or in ;uc!i notes, bills
or paper, issued u:t ler the- authority of tlte United
States, as may be directed to be received by law
in payment of the public tlu'D.s.
isee. -I. And be it f;r:her enacted, That from
and after tho thirty-first day of De.-cml.er, which
will be in the year ono thousand eight hundred and
1 irty-three, every oflieer or other agent engaged
i:i making tlis-bursoujents on ae-count of lie United
States, or of tho Ceuerul PoM-Outce, -shall make
n!i payments in gold and silver coin only, or in such
notes, bills, or p iper, issued under ihe authority i f
t!ie United States, as may bo directed to lie receiv
ed by ltw; art ! any receiving or disbui sin;; otlieer,
or agent, v. ho Khail neglect, evade, or vt date, the
provisions of this anl tho last preceding section of
ibis act, shall Ikj dismissed from t ie service, and
tha forfeit alt compensation then doe to him.
Sec. 2.". And be it farther enacted, That it shrill
be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to
issue and publUh regulations to enforce the speedy
presentation of all government drafts f r payment
at the place where pay Jao, and to proscribe tlie
time?, according to the tbtleient i!;di::-es rf ihe de
positorios from the seat of government, within
which all drifts upari th-rn respectively sh ill b
presented lor payment; and in default of ueh prc
tentatio i, to direct any other mole a. id place ct
payment which ho may deem proper.
Sec. 20. And be it further enacted. That the
"Receivers General of public money, directed, by
ibis net to be appointed, shall receive, respectively,
the Pillowing salaries per annum, to l;e jni I quar
ter yearly, at the Treasury of the United States,
to wit : the lieceiver General of public; nn.'.'-y at
New York shall Ik? paid a salary ot
per annum ; the "Receiver General of public money
at Dosion t-hall be paid a salary id dollars
p.'r annum ; the lieceiver Genen.l of public trumey
at Cb nl -ston shall Ixj paid a salary of lolhr
par aniiuui ; ami the lieceiver General of public
money at St. Louis shall be p?.i 1 a salary of
dollars per annum ; and these salaries, respectively,
shall be in full f r the services of the respective
officers, nor shall cither cf them be permitted lo
charge, or reeeive, any commission, pay, or per
quisite, for any clficial service of any character or
description w hatsoever ; and the making of any
such charge, or the receipt of any such eomp'-iisa-tion,
is hereby declared to be a mis lerivan or, for
which the officer convicted thereof, before any
court of the United States of competent jurisdic
tion, thai! be subj'-ct to punishment by line, or im
prisonment, or both, at the discretion of the court
before which the oileuce shall be tried.
Sec. 27. And be it further enacted, That, the
Treasurer of the United States be and is hereby
authorized to receive at the Treasury and at kucIi
other points as he may designate, payments in ad
vance for public lands, the payments so made, in
nil cases, to be evidenced by the receipt of the said
Treasurer of the United State, which receipts so
jxiven shall he current at the several land olliees of
the United States, as cash, at any public or private
eale of lands, in the same manner as Ihe currency
authorized by law to be received in payment of t he
Sec. 21. And lie it further enacted, Tin! Cr the
purchase of sites, and fir the construction of the
offices of the Ilcceivcrs General of public money,
by this act directed lo be erected at Charleston, S.
Carolina, and at St. Louis, Missouri, there shall 1h.
and hereby is appropriated, to be paid out of any
motiiy ;n i he Treasury not otherwise appropriated,
the sum of do"-". o b esrp-nde.i tinder the
direction of the Secretary of the Tri-asury, who is
hereby required to adopt plans f r tl: ; ii 1 office.,
nr.d the vaults and safes connected therewith, and
to cause the same lo be constructed and ptopated
f r use with as little delay as shall be rooster)
tvith the public interests, and the convenient locu
tion and security of the I eiJdmgs to be erected.
Sec. 21). And be it further enacted, Ti;:-: for tlte
payment of the expenses authorized I v this ;iri,
other than those herein before provided for, a s
cient sum of money be, and tho sauie is hf ,-l' v.
r.ppropriated, to In paid out of any money ia the
Treasury not otherwise appropriated.
EXECUTED NEATLY AT THIS OFFICE.
Thursday, January IS, 16.
The bdl to amend the act in ndd.tion 'o tho act
(or the punishment of certain crimes against
Urnto.1 States, and to rceal the acts therein men-
none.', was lean i.uiru nine and passer!
The vote of yesterday making the Sub-Trcasu- !
ry bill the epeciul older for I i:cm! ay next was re- J
considered, and the subject deferred until Tuesday
IIot?i: or RrrnnsEM.Tivw.
Tho dilU-rent Committees reported various bill.
Mr. Thomas, from the Judiciary, reported the Se
nate bill to abolish public execution? in capital ca
ses. The IIouso then resumed tho consideration
of the resolution of. red by Mr. Adamsonihc ISth
ult., relating to the Mexican pamphlet. The Mis
sissippi election case was then taken up but no de
cision cor.ie to.
Friday, January 19, 18113.
Petitions ami memorials were presented; and
the bill for the relief of the executrix of the late
Ilichard W. Meade was pas. cd.
The Senate ndji turned nil Monday.
House of Ukpruscntatives.
Sevenil Senate bills ero taken up, read twice,
and referred. Ivvccutivr communications were re
ceived. Mr. Fillmore asked leave to introduce a
resolution calling upon the President of the United
States for information iu relation to the destruction
of the Cantline. Otjection was made, and Mr.
Fillmont inoed to tu-pend the rules, which was
not agreed to.
Mr. Can.brelcng, from the Committee of Ways
and Means, reported a bill to repeal the tenth and
twelfth clauses of the TaiitI act of 16U2, which
was postponed to this day two weeks.
Tho II nise then resumed the consideration of
the Mississippi election ca-e.
Saturday, January, 20 19C?.
IIovsi; of Kt:rr.Lsi:.TATivts.
Rt-ports from the Standing Comtnitlcc were
cal! d for, and submitted. The IIone then look
up lite coi.siJeiati ji of t!:c Mississippi election
JTo.idcy, January 22.
The Vice Presideut conimunicated a Iftter from
the Hon. John lilac!; of Mi-?st-viroi resiruin bis
seat in tho Senate of tlio UnileJ States. Several
aoti-sdavery petitions were presented ; ono siguc-d
by 4,737 women of Philadelphia.
Mr. Lumpkin said, in compliance with a resolu
tion of the Senate, a communication from the War
Department has been made, and Iras been lying on
our table for a wee!; or moro pat, furnishing co
pies id the correspondence held with that Depart
ment iu connection wi h the suoj -ct of the execu
tion of the Cherokee treaty of I -;).").
Tlte piestio:i being t:.ke:i : j rioting 500 ex
tra copies of Ihe communi'.v.tiou from the War
Depailment, it was agreed to.
Mr. Lumpkin theo ot.rcd th"i following resolu
tion, which w.is cou-;Jered and adopted :
YI11rca3 A memorial, accome-micd by various
other documents, of a eh h- -ation of a the Che. o-
nation wh negotiated and si"iied said treaty on
the part ot' the nation:
And whereas, li;as Uoudino', 1 ite editor of the
Chorokee Phenix, and one of the principal agents
of the Cherokee nation, w ho negotiated and signed
said treaty, has written a reply to the vauous alle
gations set forth in the memorial referred to:
therefore be it
Jlfso-'rcd, That f.fieen hundred copies of the
reply of Mr. Doudinot referred to be published for
the use of the Senate.
The bill to provide for the security of passengers
convened iu vessels propelled in whole, or iu part.
by steam, was taken up ; and alter b'ing debated
at some le;iith, and various amendments and modi
Ilousi: or R k?r rs ent ati v r.s.
Mr. Fvcrelt moved that the House take up the
memorial of a Delegation of the Cherokee nation,
remonstrating against the treaty of New Fclmta,
of December l3o, presented by him en Monday
las, and lying over.
Mr. Ilayncs moved to by the whole subject on
the table, which "as lost. Ytas 93, JVs 91.
The subject was ordered to lie over; tho spcciat j
order coming up. The Mississippi election r a?e
was then taken uy and the House adjourned with
out coming to any decision.
Tuesday, January 23.
The Steaud)oat bill was di-cusjed at length, and
Itaviii"' been amended, wa3 ordered to be engrossed
for a third reading.
The bill l'i rt vr !: tlie cli.irfcrs rf such kan'cs
ITocsr or Rrpr.nssxTATivcs.
Mr. Cambre'eug, on leave, reported a bill tna
, . . , . . . .... f j i
ni.i .1 ' ii li.il i; j m i i ,i 1 1 i i uir; inn; i.'ii
lars for the suppression of Indian hostilities fbr tb.e
yearlS3S; which having been read, Mr. Cam-
breleng sent to the Clerk's table, to be read a letter 1
ll . : . . I .it . .!.! c I in v-i nut o?ir or tin 44 not liriisks. hthI tlX'lirtu t.'fts !:f l:i tiriif :i mn-privi.nt lii rilir iinillr
v ,t;.i... .r .1 o c ...... iC:-. i .-!. Hank of Virginia was. it may be inferred tiiat the one under which to lie or -anid. and for which be thjn .m"ct-Vnme abie-bod.ed men om ot
.I - .-.t . n ' c i. ' : Lr. .ft of ibe l.,tfer no,t b iv,. b.-or, m.ieh ldMinr. I u-n:. rn,!vi,u,,r;i I,,..!,,, for l.U l.r,.-,.t bundreil , and he is &t til capable of cndunn
1 . , - . . . I s-.....i. I.:..?. . r.i'.- ii,.. .....,t ;,o. .......... t u'.. -ii r.,ii .. . . i i ttue, privation and watcluni? in a most extra-
a-a.i wticreas sani memorial aial tiocumenis not on- -o o-o ...v. r. .......... ...o, ...h ...uii .h iu.ii pu;vt-u i-m,iummk.-u '"' - .r.,0 , ,i,i- - 1
!.-,,.! ii... i..,. , i,.ti. I,, .t .continue : but if they do not. w it Ii this ami all other : tions to Unlit for : that a second Mexican invasion . - .rrt . r. s lli:"'(' Jie '''
J..r..r..t,. Trr.... . .. r-i .-o.r o . i .'. , ! ha i -k s . i t w i '. I be I Hc J u so the country is no lon-er w ill not find society in its elem-nt. and renuirin-t 1,,L'. !- c OI ". ,'tG.'!tCl . spearv .mm tus
o... i. ,,!ivi .a i'.u.s.. in I.;-. ,f il... i'IioiUlTo v!irf!)oed (as darinir tlie firmer su-'aensi otO to sub- i tlie neculiar oriiai.i.atiori of revolutionary move-T1." "1- ow oocrvation, w .iCii t ay he is a v
r . i iv .-..- t- i ii . . a as to t ieir solveu'-y tn an tmre aeijusuneni ; we --".....-,, . v .uium iuwii... me cert m- i proba y, be erected into a eew Conntv i-.d will
of the D.st, ictot Lob,;!,:,! as shall not .es :, e wiJ cwiw,r tkis u nre lhHV in aJron.Jiliori lo cates of stock in the Funded Debt ; and the Trea- Llmct r.vcullu
srccie payments within a limited time, was t ..c :i Lr ..j. of a rt.tfUU:r,?i,., ? It will be seen ; smy drafts, usua'ly called promissory notes. The j hcU lust, it is now -enerallv known covers "a
taken up and postp'-ed uolill Thursday next, as ih'; ,v t-,,: lt xA fL.w figures, i:.:.t on the l;i;-penir.g iut.ded ilebt draws an interest of ten per cent, per greater area than citf.errDekivare or Rhode Ii'acd.
specs ;! order of fho dav. of t!.iJ even', viewing ibe State in tlie aggregate, .annum, ptynlle semiannually after the present . jj Rf
1 Tito bdl to -rant pre emption rights to settlers the prcseu-.tatiou of 514 on every 8100 of their eir- vear, an i redeemable in 1842, or so soon thereafter A great yield cfcorn.-U seems to be a ollbc'ult
on the public J mds way taken u i Committee of -dation would tako ev-ry dollar oi ,;m c,e front y may ' Jy t!o ZTv matter to convince our Farmers that, with proper
., tv . i . . M l" H-.1- their vaults! Ib.t ihro.v ti.e county of fc iflolk out I he oet already funoed, and Governnient Iiabih- cultivation, one acre if round is c-in-il le r f bei" '
,he VU, e and o, motion ot Mr. Iker , of ,( d h;,f his KU!: u tlr;lin : ues i.-i , he form of military scrip, issued and sub- ,ade ,o vidd a,
pistponod to, and made the- order of the lor .hejr sfroi ,ii!Ve,, Til. rounty of fc'ullojk, or : joct to be funded, amount to I ctween a million and eled in the common way Wo V-e it staled Nh-t
I'liJui' next. ratfter we mav sav Ihe city ot Host on, is m "oo-j ; ' i.i u..o io mioions oi oonars, in tho a"re-
from the Sscrctary of War,, and another from the
Acting Quarter Master General, setting forth the?
absolute necessity of an immediate appropriation.
The bill having been committed, Mr. Cambre-
t.n" moved n ;itnirtn nf t!if rul.w t.- :iihnilt a
,n(tion (ho ,Iouw jU() Coninii:tec of the
Wh!a on that, and the bill for the nrotection of
L,ie Xorlhcrn frontier, which was agreed to.
long and angry debate ensued, in which
essrs. Wise, Downing, llverett and Dairies took
1 I I r .
Mr. Wise moted to amend by striking cut "one
mi'liott" and inserting five hui.-lred thcusaud dol
lars;' when, without taking the question, on mo
tion, tho Committee roso and roported.
Wednesday, January 24.
The Vice President presented a scries of reso
lutions adopted at a meeting of citizens of George
town, remonstrating against the passage cf any
law inteiferring with tho circulation of the notes
of tho Georgetown corporation; also against the I
interference with Slavery in the District.
Oa motion of Mr. Denton, tho bill to increase
the Army was taken up, amended, and reported to
1 loess OF KFPKESENTATIVK9.
The consideration of the ' bill making a partial
appropriation for the suppression of Indian hostili
ties for tho year lS-'V'was continued.
The miesti ou tending was on Mr. Wise's motion
to reduce the appropriation to 51)0,000 dollars,
which was i ejected. The bill was then laid aside
to be reported to tire House.
Canada Frontier. The Corrnnittce then took!
up nnd considered the bill making an appropria
tion of G-J5,5Q0 for the protection of the Noith
ern frontier f the United Siatcs," and then rose,
and reported the two foregoing lulls to the House.
. . , , , .... . -
Mr. Ilen-hcr called for the yeas and nays on or-
uering me uo,au appropriation 10 o engro.- .
t.-.i.fj- - .- i-it. i - .
eo; wn.cu were orucu ana wete xe.is, o-, ;
.avs auu i.ie uso was men reau me imru wine
The bill making an appropriation fitr the pro
tection of the Northern frontier of tho United
States'' was then ordered to be
third reading, and having been engrossed, was .
read the third time, and passed. I
I torn luc I tlcrsburg (1 a.) Ittcl'itnccr. I
PROFITS OF IJAXKIXG. counsel for hr own safety. Hut our pohey is
The report recently made to the Legislature by j peace, that we may cultivate o"r lands in secarity
the President of the Farmers Dank if Virginia, and epiiet ; ail our Chief Magistrate pursues with
states that the profiis of that institution in 1?37 j great care a course calculated to prevent a renew
were 813 l'.i per t ent, on its whole capital stock. I ul f hostilities to avoid nil causes of agression
This is pretty well for a ear ot general diminution on either .side to husband and augment our re
or surer-stun of mercantile business, and cf uui-! sources, and to put our finances on a solid basis,
versal and still continued stoppage of bank pay- J that we may possess within ours-elves, in the am-
intuits. I h respective prtmts ot the motiier bank :
cf the several branches were as follows:
! Profits at Kiohmoud,
825 20 per cent.
The repoit attributes this high rati of profits to
"causes not likely to occur ngai.i, viz: from bank
stock sold, v.t.d from the use of very large sums
bold on deposite Jrom the State ot trginta, and ibe
Govern m nt ot the United States now repaid.
mit patiently to a coirduuar.ee of the system of
to the public intercuts. 1 be enormous profits of
the banks, owing to their refusal and long contin
ued inability to redeem the notes during and after
the last war, and the enormous losses suilered by
the community during the same time, furnish am
ple illustrations of this rule.
CONDITION OP Till: MASSACHUSETTS
The Patriot (a Massachusetts Journal) sums up
the slate of the banks there, by the following com-
pan son of their specie means with their paper in
. , . 1 1 1
Amount of sprcie. Amount cf paper.
has 1 dollar iu specie to -1 in taper.
In the above table we have thrown fractions
asi.ie or civeu Uicin in ntvor oi ine oanKs. ow,
io u lni co:: .moo aie- uir iniuns . o unxi t n
cies of a resuir: 'ion ? We throw out no doubts
CD K i i: St eil'S iu .ititrw i.HJU-n ul
'fjuie fatiire elay ihcir baoks would be called on to
i reoceni JUf ;r notes, "--an ao oiue.i uo s.uu ut u.u
.. '... K 1 1 . U
rest of the counties ?"
She who scorns every body, will court tlie man
who scorns her. '
non-specie-eavi:i- banking. As a general rule, t!;e purposes of war, and retin- on the solid basis 1 ,l V -,w - "" i''-"-n
when banks ,efu,e to pay specie, and still retain I of a nation's choice. j m:iX so fil,r RS tnscovcr motives by an in-
much of their former credit, those are precisely The other important fact developed on this cc-! 'tion smgic- to las conntry s wviiare. Ins benr
the circumsfaoces which serve most to increase casion, to which I alluded, is this : We felt that j ,,S . ,ha! of .t!,e "f1 ,ofl' a:',J princely coaitesy;
their dividends; and the amount .f profits of tho we imt only have institutions and a country worth ! , sl"S'!';11 er.oearcd to bis personal
stockholders well may be, and generally is, in the fighting f r, b it that we possess within our own lncn!s : aTnt l;V'? . a11 Vhat !,:1s boon said " tha
invorsf. r.-.ii., lo ibe benefit the Iwnks.-im rr,,l,rin r border. .cnmVie-it f.,n ,! t I contrary, 1 believe him the most popular mm ia
I I - 1 - I i . - I . : I II. k T.f. ."ll -- .V I .1--.. n w n t ..... ..! . " I - - . -
INTERESTING FROM TEXAS.
City or IIorsTox, (Texas,) Jan. 5, 1633.
7 u diaries Fis7icry -Y. C. .
M v vj:ky Dear Sia : You have--probably heard
:-t i!.v."rr s ii :io:im invaded T;xas. W C TC-
VJB k - m m w - - w
cetved thes;ir.ie intelligence, and in sucti a ua ,
ana apparently so coiuu me-o, .uui ioi .1 cmiu.i ..... j
X . I . I.m n LOnri IIITII
it was j'tnerally credited liere.
rll ttie excite
nient and activity produced by this news, subsi
immediately on our receiving ccrta.a au vices iron ,
- - ...
the western trontier ; and we now are in our usual
manner pursuing, as briskly as ever, our regular ou-j
nd let me here mention in evidence ot j
ha assured me while takinir every steo wotch the
circumstances justified and demanded, that he
could not credit the news ; that it might possibly
be true; but if so, lie was greatly deceived in his
calculation. Hut to return.
Information reached this city several days since,
that a body of Mexicatis had encamped in San Pa
tricio. Almost immediately on the heels of this
intelligence, an express arrived from San Antonio,
stating that he left Karnes ami his men fighting
hand to hand with tho Mexicans in the streets tf
San Antonio; that he himself attempted to re-enter
the city where his wife and children were, but
was repulsed, pursued and shot at by some Mexi
cans. Almost at the same tio.e, news came from
New Oilcans, purporting to be intelligence from
Matamoras, of some hundred Mexicans having
crossed the Ilio Grande for the purpose of com
meucin z the invasion of Texas. Matters of course
wore a verv serious aspect ; but so far from tiiere
!ifiiir :.tiv iil.irtn t-.'.x t'.i-j or-mi.-o. nlinnst I'vcrv
? , , ... . . , "i
,111.111 S O'JUI l OJUIl KU Ul liitS O.oincl )l l U.!"UI
of hostilities, which bhould terminate j7:ialy the
war with Mexico. A d.-tcrmiucd and aelive spi
rit an almost exulting spirit animated the entire
population. The militt i and volunteer carps were
isncedilv oranizd and in readiness to march at a
IIU,mcia warn;n r. The city of Houston famish
tJ OJJ lis i;c.Cils-ioI1 a miiitiu muster-roll of mere
.,,., o;,,, ft n,,),,:,,,, ... f-,r ,.r itu-
jtlicient to sweep with the besom of destruction
the valley of the Itio Grande, from the sources to
j the mouth if that river, and to plant in permanent
" nerv 1 1 i f e tin. i tnr nt 'l.v:i in t?u nln irfltt rf
t.unora. XVhea to this arc added the forces
can he lirouht imo tlie field from t!ie other
' towns of tho Ueeublic and from the country, Mexi-
co should heed well the voice which warns her to
plot ilegree, too means of self-delence, and the
benefits of a well organized civil government.
Were the citizens of Texas disposed to establish
a military, or rather predatory, republic, they
j could soon organize a force tbat stiould pusti its
victorious arms ihounlbof Mcki, and llan
dor that ancient city. Put, as I before observed,
j peace is our policy, and peace, w ith well regulated
aivi solidly based civil institutions, is tnc ttesire ot
a large portion of our citizens ; and nothing but
aggression from Mexico will drive thctn from the
steady pursuit of this purpose.
Doting the excitement recently produced by the
news of a Mexican invasion, two most inmortant
, iacts were developed, tine is, that all our acts
an 1 all our counsels demonstrated that every Tex-
j meats ; but a government compact and strong for
!.....! i-.tt.. . r . o
iciiu Miccea.sia.iv agamsi any lorce mat .iexico,
under .mv rimm,..-,,,,
At the time it was supposed the Mexicans were
pouring in upon our western frontier, 1 did not
hear the idea of calling in volunteers from the Uni
ted States (as was formetly done) even alluded to,
except on a single occasion, and then for the pur
pose of being distinctly repudiated. The voice of
the citizens was unanimous in the opinion that the
Mexicans were to be met west of the Colorado,
and not one of their horde ever permitte d to cross
.1.- . .
ii.a- r;Vcr. No one thought of fli.rbt on.l
i. tai ni. io one uiougni ot iiigni . an i ) od
I ....... I i... :.. ,t.. , r ..?
may be sure that in tho event of another invasion,
there will be no second runaway, as informer'
times, when the fewness of our numbers rendered
it iiazirdous to make stand against the ajmy of
It is my opinion that the war is not et at an
end vvi:h Mexico, but future battles will be fought
Aim it.w.au swot us ana l exi in ranks on our west
ern frontiers; and if our victorious arms be not
carried far into .Mexico, perchance to the walls of
the capital, the enemy will owe it to our forbear
ance, not to our inability.
You may think I speak sanguinclv on these sub-
j' Cts, but you are aware that my situation enables
j e lo know the opinions of those who direct, and
tt I .r v i . . i. . i -ti-. t
t- .. ? -u ' us,u.:i anu mnuary
)snvbonct; o tho oiacers, ci. :l and milbary ;
d of tlie citizens generally.
- i ... .. ..... . .
1 on wish to know sometiung ol cur finances.
Dy Ihe act of the 9th J,:ne, '37, the emission of
..5 9ll,(iUd was authonzeu lor the payment of the
Civil List (so called) and contingencies. It is is.
sued in the form of promissory notes t.f different
denominations cf from -S" to S500 value. Tre
. late act pyiMg actual services in the field in pro
me rare sagacuv wu.-u ui-i.. l'", ,' I just ended, about SO.OCO, 1 understand, have
that be never fully believed we were invaded by reccived in the custom house, and r.Lout 'o,.
the Mexicans, in any considerable force; ahhoug.i 0()() (juin,r ,jie same time at Velaco or at tho
the intelligence brought by the express Kodnguez rae of goob.OOO per annum and upwards, at these
from San Antonio, was apparently much continued jwo custQm llouscs alone and tho receipts are ia
by that from Matamoras na New O.leans. And i sim ,r.ue oninioii that the Land
. . 1 Pl 1 I M . I .. v. .... t I,, ,i ( O.lWil 111""
missory notes authorized the emission of an addi.
tional 150,000 it needed for this purpose ; amount
ing in all toSG50,000. About $475,000 of pro.
missory notes have been paid out. Of this sum,
however, a considerable portion has found its way
back into the Treasury. For the redemption cf
these promissory notes, which I had forgotten t
niei,tiuI bear all iliCrest of 10 per cctit. per a.
! num, are pledged the receipt of customs of tho
j Land Oince, the sales of Galveston Island bndo,
jand the lands formerly belonging to Mexican.,
COIJf,SCated for their having quit the country
. the ctK,nn? JaWj I10:hh:g but gold,
nJ pr0iIii;50rv ..OICS!f are receivable fur
M (-alvc;ton durit g the ejearter
Ollice will in a twelvemonth absorb, or nearly so,
the entire emission. 1 leave cut of view tlyj fales
of Galveston Island lands, which, at the rates of
those already sold, will amount to between $100,
(J0:) and $300,000 and the confiscated iau-,!.
which are among the best iu Texas, and of ir,i-
mensc value. From inquiry and estimates made
with gentlemen intimately conversant with th's
subject, I am clearly of the opinion that tbemr-;ma
hypothecated lor the icdeniption of the Sl'50,CbO
would fully authorize a gcvern.-net:t lorgr e-i!(J.
lished to make an issue of 3,000,000 pro tanto,
or redeemable dollar for dollar ; v. hich ;s half a
million of dollars more than the aggregate of the
funded debt and promissory notes or, the entire
debt of Texas. Hut from conversations with mem
bers of Congress and gentlemen of tho C.d i.:f t,
I feel pretty sure that no additional emission
will be authorized for some time to come: ;',r
we are determined to plr.ee the c:edit of iiur i;-.:es
on an edevated and permanent basi, by keepirg
our issues greatly within on moans of redemption ;
1 I do not anticipate any i:np,r'a it ie;s.a'ior-.
all, bv our next Conrecs on our
Our currency has been regularly ace,ui:ir.g e
confidence of our feliow citizens, nnd it is now pre
ferred to any paper, except of the Uui!ed States
Iiank, nr ef some of the New Orleans Bunks. It
is, however, I understand, at a cciiiiderable d.?.
count in New Orleans.
Oae of the best ev ideucss of the increasing pros
pet ity of any country, is an advance in the price
of land. This has been so noticeably the c.se iu
Texas, that tho President, by procbto. ation, has ad
vanced the minimum price of er.r public lane's
from 53 cents to SI 50 per acre, to make it cor
respond with the augmented value cf private lands.
Of the climate and toil of Texas, I have written
you so fully in former Jvft&jLSI jieed now say no
thing. The bottoms of the Drassos. La I foe a, ,S.-.i-lernard,vc,
must, from their tropical sun and ?h
amazhijj fertility of ti.e soil, be unbt-alihy for
w bites. The balance of the country, not bot'om
IanJ, is, 1 believe?, as henkhy us our own old
My letter has already extended to an unwar
rantable length, but I will m ike a remark or two
on one subject before cJosiu" : I allude to theca-
himmoss .o luvisblv bestowed ot ior V. o-cviivo
j . V
C'i.iof, CJc.j. Houston. These have been !el:eved.
not deemc-vi worth v of sjeciui contradic
tion ; for Ids friends beie, knowing his strength
and popularity too, among the citizens of Texax,
give themselves but little trouble about the opir.loa
of the United States respecting him. He has
been represented as imbecile in body and intellect;
a moral and physical v. reck. Never was calum
ny more false. 1 1 is health ha certainly been im
paired by privations and exposures ; but lie posses
ses, at this moment, more physical force despite
his seveie attacK ot congestive fever last summer,
i j .j -a joe :
i exas. 1 lie statements ot us bemT a madman
. . . , ,. r
and cutting tall antics beiore I.igh Heaven and
men, are utterly and ratuitoU-s!y fdse.
My waamest salutations to Mrs. 1". and fau.ilv,
and believe me as ever,
Your old friend,
Cherokee Count r?
w.. n... !. i. .
uac utvti i.i'Jlll
ified by the inspection of a map of the country late
ly acquired by Noitii Carolina from the Cherokee
n : i - - , , .
buncomoe, w ho was npporntcd bv Gov. Dudley,
. . ' 1 -
Indians. It was executed bv Col. Ii. Dcavcr, ot
under tlie authority of ihe last Legislature-, to sur
vey these lands, with a view to their being brought
into market. The Map is most beautifully deli
neated, and has given us an idea of the- value of
these lands not before entertained. Toe number
of Tracts surveyed is l,'VJ3 containing each from
j f0 to 400 Acres and making in the w bole, 210,
- noo nr0o 'run !,r..i : a:,.:, -a , .... -
five classes, and the Act of Assembly prcjleribcd
the minimt'n price at which each quality shall be
sold. Supposing that it stiould only se H at tlie pre
scribed rate, it w ill produce to the State 91,791 ;
but some of ihe land equals in fertility any on the
Coanoke, and is exceedingly rich in mineral pro
, j '
ductions and will, no doubt, command a price three
; . or fuUr tinscs-os grett as that fiv-d uixa it by ti.o
Chief-Justice Ducbauan, of M'arvland, raised the
past season 700 bbls. cf Corn on 50 acres of land
being 14 bbls to the acre, In this section of coun
try, such a product will hardly be credited ; ye t if
our Farmers would make an experiment with a
single acre, ploughing and manuring as it ought
- ' tend their exert
i iL, until., uicv iii n.ju uiiii equal .v-iccoss w.u
ions. . . -. . -
4 .r m v. . -1 1 et i i
Tl us sreii.ai ofrrMintrt . Ii! ! ..1,,... it.-..'