mraoi? .... W OmTrlT7riS7T,; vta.- a -Trt TN
-THK FOWEM SOT PEUCATEn TO THK UNITED STATKS BY THK CONSTITUTION, NOR OU1KITE0 KT IT TO THK STATES, 1H KESEKTEn ToK STATES KBSIBCXIVKLY, OB TO THK f KOrLE.AnoW to the Cmstitunon, Article X-
r - l- ........ .t
B AUSTIN & C. F: FISIIEU
NOXIV, OF vol; XIX,
(XO. F1&M COMMENCEMENT 032J.
SALISByitY, N. O, SEPTEMBER 13, 183,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETORS.
I oil it'
TERMS OF CAROLINIAN.
i The Western Carolinian k published every Fat
L .t Two Dollar" per annum, it paid in sdyance, or
Dollar, and Fifty CeU. if Dot paid before tha ex-
t. .. r v!!i
vL loer will be discontinued until ill arrearages
il unleM t the discretion i i nui,
te Jlu u ..-nr uiiith la discontinue.
Mure ts ,;n k coiwiJered ai a new cn-
t the ena w
SrtienienUwiUKeonspIcuousIy and correctly
Ittd .tone do!lr per square lor the first insertion,
"jMceiiU for each continuance. Court and Judicial
2 Omenta will be charged 25 per cent more than
r!!h Dfkea, A deduction of aaj per eout Iroin
Z resttlar prices win he made to yearly advertiser.
Lellera addressed to the Editor, must in all cases bo
Lwtpaid. ' .
WlBLIC Notice is hereby given ihnt applicn
1 will bo made to the Geueial Assembly of
forth Carolina, "ext Scf,on. f,,r a " at:i to
Loqwrate Jim TriMees of the Salisbury Female
Augtt SO, 18.18.
tJ.'ST RECEIVED and for sale, wholesale or retail,
ikvi iu aiirlc Lmrwood, I
. 1 ccroon Indigo (Span.1)
,250 lbs. loaf SuiT".
i bblo. Dutch Madder,
10 pr. 8uulh' Bellowc,
fit) do. Trace Chaini,
40 pieces cotton Batr-
Sing, 42 and 4:) inch,
o. narrow, fci &. 24
30 coiiH Unle R,.p...
J. ii VV. MURi'HY.
100 wcm liv pi. SMH,
HIU lb. Kprinff-Steel,
5IK)1Im. binder, do.
41 kef white lM
17 i. Nail "'! Brad.
45 buxe s by 10,
and 1U by l'A
Miibury, Sf pt. 6, !:).
ill make application to the next lgislstiire for
N;V.Wdrthf Yidl'in Mahufacfu
n ni.i ii ' k" - " ... ... . , ...
w other nme.
September 6, 118. tml.
I). . nicKAY,
IESPF-CTFl'LLY informs his friends and the
public that he is now ready to attend to re-
Living and forwarding goods to the interior,
SIMTING COTTON, $c.
Ho will make liberal advances on all kinds of
duce sent him f r sale or shipment,
laleiidinir to devote himself exclusively to this
Liinrss he flatters himself that he will be able to
Georgetown, S. C, July 18, 183. 0t:l0
HE undersigned, thankful lor past favors in his
line of business, (Receiving and Forwarding,)
ivet nonce inai n ami com limes at nis old stand,
has made such preparation as is necessary.
e hopes, by assiduity and attention to give gen-
He will receive and forwad cotton as usual ac
cording to direction.
To farmers and merchants who are desirous ot
lipping their cotton to N. York or Charleston
le will make liberal advances.
Cheraw, August 4, 1P3. fit
ijESPECTFULLY informs hia friend and the
M public, thai he is still at his old business of
pea miles South of Salisbury, and about h mile
hm the old Charleston Koad, where he is prepar
fl to accommodate those wishing work in his line.
e nw m on hand and for sale, a good supplv of
I ILL-STONES, of various aizes and prices, from
prenly.fie to thirty dollars a pair, of the best grit
Nworkmanhip.;-aio.W.LNIX)W SILLS, from I
wrJ.50; lHX)R SILLSfrom2 to3; DOOR
rEPSio- ROUGH BI'ILDING ROCKS
p My Id seventy-five conU ; TOMB STONES
p fit) to lift; GOLD (up ahaft) GRINDERS
f Subscriber hoiva bv clow attention to busi-
indaTa determination to furnish none but the
article, and on reduced terms, to merit and
I liberal portion of public patronage.
wan uaimiv u.;i 1.1 H i-.n
Dr. Plrnaniit IIrudrion,
b" Pro,e"nl Services to the Citieens
fofficof the Utr Dr. JdUchtl.
'nry, Aiay IS, IkH. tf
EW FASHIONS, FOR SPRING L SUMMER,
IIORACH II. RCAItD.
)ESrECTFL'LLY informs his frie.Kia.nd the
vAU,!f,.lhM "" cnrr,u on the TAILOR
BUSINESS .i l.i. nt,i .,.nA . .;
J I to the Apothecary Store. He is ever
. execute the orders .f hm riialninom in
rt of the State. lie is in the ro-
rceim or ik I.,-., r .i j v.... v i.
"aiHUNS, and tvffrtlirrl 111 rnmnmnilniA fKk
f . I t ' HVVVtlMIIUUIIIV IIIV
rM or the lashionable at all timea.
r t-uttmg garments of III kinds attended to
5 tnd the 1 fttPVt ralMriUttiai f. irtiieriAst at tall
I,!I,0eoU41,r)ruil,,r,, instructions given in
SiutliK -S A.ATIVK.
pHE SICK are all taking this wonderful Me.
rwe which is astonishing Europe, and A me
ta our J.
Turkish Honesty,- An bnoo gallery, eUending
along the whole of the Northern aide of the eJ.
fice, (Stilimiinio at Constaniinople) u died with
chests of Vurioua sizes and deacriiio, pilod oms
on the other, and carefully marked j jtheso chcsls
contain treasure, priucipully in gdd and silver,
jewdn to a vast uinounti and are all the property of
individuals, who, in the event of their leaving the
country, family hiwunderstaudings, or from other
causes, require a place of safety in which tade
posile their wealth. Ei.ch package being accurate
ly described, and scrupulously secured, is received
and registered at Solimanie by iho proK;r authori
ties, and them it remains intact and inviolate, dc
spite national convulsions and ministerial changes.
No event, however unexpected, or Jiwever extra
ordinary, is suffered to allect the siicredness of the
truKt; mid no-cousiderution of country, or of reli
giou, militates against tlie admissimi of deposites'
as may b tendered by ; those anxious to secure their
projieriy nguinst citsualtit-s. On' one side may be
seen the fortune of artorphan confided to the keep,
itig of the'directora of the institution during his mi
norily ; on the other, the capital of a merchant
who is pursuing his traffic over seas. AH 'classes
and creedo alike avail themselves of the Repository ;
and although an individual inuv fail to reel.. i in his
property for twenty, fifty, or even an unlimited num
ber of years, no seal is ever broken, or lock is ever
fnreed. And despite that this great National Bunk,
for. such it may truly be considered, ofiers ootonly
an easy but an efficient and abundant means of sup
ply, no instance has been known in which the Go
vernment has made an etlort to avail itself of the
treasure of Suliuuuie. City of the Sultaa.
Beautiful Extract. When I look upon the
tombs of the creat, every emotion of envy dies
. . . -i
1 reaJ epitaptis ol
tiful, every inordinate desire goes out ; when I
meet with the grief of parents upon the tombstone,
my heart melts with compassion ; when I see tombs
of parents themselves, I consider the vanity of
grieving for those whom we must soon follow ;
when I seo kings lying with those who demsed
them, when I consider rivals In id side by side, or
the holy men that divided the world with their con
tests and disputes, 1 reflect with sorrow and aston
ishment on the little competitions, factions and de
bates of mankind ; when 1 read the several dates
of the tombst of some that died. .yesterday, and
some six hundred years ago, I consider that great
day, when we shall nil of us be contem lorariss,
and make our apjiearance together. AJJiton.
The Destroyer. . It is no long time re
spected reader, since we communed together. -YlJ
how many matters have happened since that po
nod, which should give us, pause, ami soemii
dilation ! We are still extant ; the beams of our
spirit still shine Iroin our eyes; yet there are ma
ny, who, since last inv sentences came to yours,
have droped their lids forever upon the things of
this earth. iSunibeiles ties have been severed ;
numberless hearts rest from their pantings sod
deep ' no nioro to fold the rolie o'er sacred pain.'
AI! the deceits the maksof life are ended with
them. Policy no more bids them to kindle the eye
with deceitful lustre; do mow prompts to ttmblanct,
which feeling condemns ! They are gone f "ashes
to ashes, dust to dust ;" and when I think of the
numbers, who thus pass away, I aju pained with
in me; Tor I know from them, that our life is not
only as a dream which passu! h away, but that the
garniture, or the carnival of il, is indeed a vapor
sun gift for a moment, then colored with the dun
hues of death or stretching its dim folds afar, until
their remotest outlines catch the imperishable eter
nity. Such is life ; made up of successful or suc
cessless accidents ; its movers and actors, from the
cradle to the three score-and teu, pushed aVtut by
Fate j not their own ; aspiring but
pellcd as by. yisiousl and rapt iu a, dreamwhich
who can dispel. Knickerbocker. f
. CorrfjMmdVnc of the V. S. Gasctte.
I will now give you some statistics of the man
ufacturing operation at Lowe), which will be in
teresting to a portion, perhaps, the larger por
tion of your readers. My information is derived
from a printed pnge of letter paper, headed " Sta
tistics of Lowell Manufaturcs. January 1, 1833,
compiled from authentic sources," and may, there
fore, I supMise be relied upon.
There are ten principal establishments, with an
aggregate capital of $3 250,000. These employ
in their operations 2S miles, exclusive of printeriea,
Ax. The whole mi tn Iter of looms 4901 ; and of
spindles 150,404. Of females employed there are
0295 ; of males 2043. 'I he annual product of all
i he mills, in vards. is 51,147,200. The anual con
sumption of cot ton is 1 0. 1 0 1 ,0UOIbs or 4 1,709 bales;
of wool 000,0001b. The kinds of goods manufac
tured are calicoes, sheetings shirtings, drilling,
en rating, rugs, negro cloth, broad clot h,cassi mors,
and machinery ot various sorts. I he consump
tion of anthracite coal per annum is ll.lHiO tons;
of charcoal oW.OOO buthels; of wood, 4,0 cords
of oil (perm, and olive) 03.40 gallons ; of starch,
510, OOOllw. and of flour for starch 3,H00bbls
The average wngoa of loinalc per week, ckar of
board, is $1,73; of male, clear of board, 80 cenls
per day. Persons employed by the companies aro
piid at tho close of each month ; the average a mount
ofwngi's per month is $iiMj.umi. a very consiu
ernhle portion of tho ,riiiig is said to he depowi-
led in the Sa mis Hank. " As regards f lie hoalin
m nr-rsons omnlovotl, sav the paper from which
iho above facts aro gleaned, " great numbers have
been iiilcrrogatwl, and lh result show that six of
the lomalc out often enjoy bitter health than be
fore being rmployed in the mills; of males, one
half derive the sninqailvantagc. As regards their
moral condition swd'chaiacler, lle-y are nol inferi
or in nnv nortion of the community." There is an
iniortaiit oniittiou in this statement
us to form aa intelligent cpinion of the healthful.
nesa of the occupatiou, we should be informed wheth
er or not iho health of any employed ta injured.
Lowel is oo of tho must extraordinary pheitom
eiKui of this luobt extraordinary couulry. It is just
sixteen years iuf a the first factory was erected
there, and Since, of course, il waa merely an ob
scure country village, in uoihiog distinguished from
the cotninoa herd except in its latent capabilities.
Now it counts its 50,000 iiihabrtauts, and preseuts
to the admiration of the thousand who annually
vii-it it, its thirty vast p ies of buildiugv in -which
the sound ol the anvil, the loom and tbe spimlle,
never ceases through tha hvelong day. And this
is but a specimen, though undoubtedly otto of the
most extraordinary, of the mode in which lojrns
spring up and reach llicir maturity, aa it were in
a night, where the principal practically obtains, of
letting men alone. How prophetically did the
Bishop of Cloy ne, (was it not he ?) more than a
ceutuary ago sing, .
"Time's noblest eoipiro i thy list."
SINGULAR LOVE AFFAIR.
The Delaware Gazette tell a good story of two
persons saved from the wreck of the Pulaski, which
we" will repeat iu a few words; Truth la stranger
than fiction. !t
Among the passengers was Mr. Ridgc.young
man of wealth and standing, from New UrUans,
who, being a stranger to all on board, and feeling
quite as much interest in hia nwu safely as in that
of any other person, was, iu the midst of the con
fusion which followed the dreadful catastrophe,
about helping himself to a place tu one of the boatB,
when a young lady who had frequently elicited his
admiration lurini Iho voyage, but with whom
he was totallay unacquainted, attracted hi at
tention, and ho immediately stepped lorward tn
offcr lii services--jnd.lo-assiat-her- 0 4ward the-
boat : but in this generous attempt not only lost sight
of the young lady, but also lost his place in the boat.
Afterwards when he discovered that the part of the
w reck on which he fl sited would soon go down, he
cast about for the means of preservation, and lathing
together a couple of settees and an empty cask, lie
sprang toil and launched himself upon tbe wide ocean
His vessel proved better than he expected, and
amidst the shrieks, groans and death struggles
which were every where Uttered around him he
began to feel that hi lot was fortunate, and was
consoling himself upon bis escape, such as it was,
when a person struggling m the -waves veryjwar
him, caught his eye. It was a woman and with
out takirlg Tlte second thought he plunged into the
water and brought her safely to his liltlo raft which
was ban-'y sufficient to keep their heads and shoul
ders above the water, che was the same young
lady formdiotujitt bad lost his chance in the bout,
and for a while he felt pleased at having elf-joted
iu.iJ)Uta imumiiil -jt;flccl niu.jeortv,iuc;d
him thut unless lie could find some more substantial
vet-std, both mut perish
Under these circuinstandt he proposed making
an effort to girt his companion in one of the boats
which was still hovering near tho wreck, but the
propositi oiler d so little chance of suuece that
she declined, expressing ber willingness at the same
Unto to take her chance with htm either Tor lilo or
death. Fortunately they drifted upon a part of the
wreck which furnished them with materials for
atrencthciiiuir their vessel, and which wore turned
to such good account that they anon sal uion a float
sufficiently Wyant to keep I been above the water,
and when the morning dawned, they found them
selves upon the broad surface of the " vasty deep"
without laud or sail or human being in sight with
out a morsel to eat or drink almost without clothes
and exposed to the burning heat of a tropical sun,
In Iho course of the next day they came in sight
of land, and for a ti-rw had strung hope of rcech
ing it, but during tho succeeding night the wind
drove them back upon the ocean. (In the third day
a sail was socu in the distance; but they had no
way of making themselves discovered. They were
however, at length picked up by a vessel, after sev
eral days of miense suffering, starved and exhaus
ted, but still in puaseasioD of all their faculties,
which il seems had beeq exertod lo soma purpose
during their solitary and dangerous voyage.
We have hearwof lave in a cottage love inlhe
deep green woods nay of love on the wild unbor
rowed prairie; but love upon a plank in the midst
of old ocean, with a dozen frightful deaths in view
i sotmHliuiir atill more uncommon. And yel it
would seem that love thus bora upon the bosom of
the deep cradlod by tho ocean wave and is lined
under the fierce beam of an almost vertical sun
is, after all, the very thiug. There is about it the
true spice of romance the doubts, the hopes, the
dillicullie aje and deaths too, tos-y nothing of sighs
and tears. Mr. Ridge roust, therelore, be acknowl
edged as tho most romantic of lover, for there up
on the "deep oa " bo breathed hi precious passion,
mmirlcd his sighs with tbe breath ot the oideceao.
and vowed eternal afluction. Women are tbe best
creatures in tho world, and it is not to be expected
that Mis Onslow (such was the lady's Dame) could
resist tlxsubnantml evidence of affection which her
companion had given, and accordingly they entered
into " alliance orh-niive and dVflensive asiheslalee-
men say, which lies aince oeeu renewcu upon - icr
ra firma," and is ere long to be signed and sealed
On rcachiiiK the ahorc and recovering somewhat
from the elfact of tbe votage, Mr. Ridge thinking
that perhaps his lady love bad entered into tbe en
gngomont without proper consideration end that the
sight f land and old friends might have canted her
lo change Iter iws, waited oe her and informed
her that if such was the esse he would not hesitate
I to release her from the engsgnmrnt, and added fur
titer, that he had ! his all by the wreck of the
Pula-dri. and would henceforth be entirely depend
ant on his on exertions for his subsistence. The
ladv was much affected, and bursting into tears as
ured him thai her afloction was unchangablo, and a
lo fortune, site was happy o any ahe had enough for
both' She ia said to be worth two hundred thou
sand dollars. Drocllin ,4dr.
ftom tke Aew lWJUr, '
THE FATAL WAGER. .
Founded ca tact Translated from the Gorman.
"A -cold, dreary night, Uerratudeula," said the
host of llitfDouble Eagle, as he threw a faggot of
wood upon the fire, around which were seated a
knot of students, silently smoking their meers
chaums, while upon a table near at hand stood, a
number of empty bottle and drink ing cups, bear
ing evidence ot their recent good cheer. The
night was far advanced it was; St. Mark's eve
aiid they had been diseasing the pumerous super
stitions currant among-tho peasantry respecting
this hallowed time. There was a pause in the con
versalion, and each sat seemingly absorbed in his
own thoughts, w hie If, to judge fiom tho grave as
pect of their countenances, were serious enough.
So deeply were they buried in meditation, that
none heeded tho observation of the landlord. It
was toward the close of Autumn, arid tho - wind
w hist led shrilly as it swept past tltecrazy old giv
ing token of the approach of stsro-vissged Winter.
" Well, Herman, aid one of the atudents, lay
ing aside his pipe, and moving a little (nun tbe fire,
which now blazed brightly "since you have
laughed at all the legeods and superstitions which
have been related to-night, and profess not to be-
Mieve in the existence of spirit good or, bad, yet
there is one concerning which-1 would ask your
opinion.' It is said that on tho eve of St. Mark's
one may see the sh ides of those who are to die
within a short timo pass into (he church, by watch
ing there at tho hour of midnight."
4 More stories to amusechildren,' replied Herman.
" Yet did not Burgomeister Wagram declare
that he saw, on tho eve of St. Mark's, as he was
returning home lute at night front Grosheim, a
shadowy figure, the axact counterpart of himself,
glide into (he porch of the church as he passed
it and did he not die s few months anorwardT-
"Very true, Ilerr, Rosambert; but yc-umut
recollect that old Wagram was not esteemed the
most temperate in huglebuck: And it i well
known that, on the occasion alluded to, he was re
turning from a merry-making, and it is but . just to
presume that his perceptive faculties could not
havd been in a very per loot stale. II i probable
he saw his own shadow, reflected by the moon,
which I remember shone brightly that nigM ; and
is disordered intellect and superstitious fully led
him to imagine it a apirit. As to his death, which oc
curred so shortly after, il is my firm belief that it had
no more connection wtt,bSuMark'eys,thab4nan'
puzzled for a similo " than fire has with water.
" Granting all you have said, still 1 think
somewhat strange. Though I do not profess to
be superstitious, yet there is something beautiful
in the belief that there are spirits those of our
friendejkud kindred who watch over us in our
looping hours, and hover around during the busy
-aiimrsj'ry, girding from eyjlrrsho. when
the sand of lifo has nc irly run, assume a visible
shape, and beckon us from this wrary world to
realms of happiness and bliss.
"All very fine, no doubt," said Herman, smiling.
" I dare say, Rosaniliert, though you do not profeu
to In superstitious, yet are you Hot fearful, as you
pass the old church to-night on your way home, of
seeing your shade hovering about the church 1
11 is wen mat your way lies not uiiuiur, saiu
Rosambert. rather nettled, w for with all youf ami
ling, I doubt whether you dare trust yourself in Us
vicinitv at the hour of midnighj. lodeod, I will
wager a dozen of mine host's choicest Burgundy
that you dare not."
"Done, Rosambert, done! Gentlemen, said
lerman, addressing his brother students, " hear
you this wager. Egad, we'll make a night of it.
Now, Rosambert, I will do vou more on the faith
of tby Burgundy I will enter the old miser'
vault, concerning which there are so many myste
rious talcs; and should I meet with a spirit, 111
speak to it though it blast n.' The toaib ia in a
dilapidated state, am) the entrance is col. The
wager shall be decided this very nigh"
"Excellent! excellent I" exclaimed Rosambert;
" and thai we may know you have been there, lake
this poniard, and stick it into a eoftin."
. Placing the dagger into his bosom, he gaily
turned lo his friend, and said with a smile, 'i Now
1 am ready be sure you have the Burgundy un
corked on my return !
He left the inn, and aa he wended hs way
through the village, now buried in rpoe-xu.aol-
emn silence which reigned around dissipated bis
gaiety, and his thoughts took more serious turn.
He felt as if he had acted wrong in having indulged
in unseemly levity on so serious a subject ; and
then (be many terror-inspring talea respecting the
old miser, to whose lomb he was now joerneyiug,
came rushing upon hia mind causing bin.' almost
to repent his foolish hardihood : but to retura with
out attaining his ohjeel, would occasion tbe ridicule
of hia Irienos, and be dreaded being stigmatized as
a vain boaster and coward. He therelore pushed
quickly on, and in a short time reached thu old
church, which stood at the extremity of the vittfcge 1
He clambered over the low paling which surround
ed the venerable building, and stood in the back
ground of hie, as llilcher denominates the grave-
yard. All vn silent save the wind, which sighed
mournfully through the linden trees, scattering the
sesred leaves far and wide. The night waa nark,
tbe sky overspread with murky clouds, which sped
rapidly along like giam-sr irus 01 ius sir, i:ei.
.. :.-l.t-t I
iiig bese and there a twinkling atar. A feeling of
awe came over him as he stealthily glided along
1 he tomb-stone ; and as he nenred lite miser s bun
al-place, lha hour of mid-night tolled loudly Irom
the turret clock, uroamng inrougii me solemn silli
ness like the knell of death. He alarted af the
sound, and almost quaked with fear. But aa the
last stroke died away, he summoned bis faltering
resolution, and drawing forth tha dagger, rushed
down the steps of the vault, and with a convulsive
shudder, struck it into a damp and mouldy coffin,
which returned a sound as if the skeleton wi'.hw it
had fallen asunder, and the bones rallied against
the coffin side. Terrified and agitated, Herman
attempted to rush from the vault; but he was, held
fist by some invisible agency, and uttering a faint
cry, Ml stmeles to the ground.
0 . , ' .
""? WKTitanDossiUy detain Herman V iaid Rat
mmbert to his fellow-student. " It i now an hour "
since be dt parted, and he should have returned ere
this.' I hope no evil has befallen him."
Another sour elapsed still lie came not. $4
last it waa proposed ihey should seek him. A lan
tern waa procured,, and after proceeding at a rapid
rate,' they arrived at tltechurch-yanl, aitd descend
ing the gloomy vault, they discovered the body of '
tho ill-ruled Herman lying upon bis faee aeroM the
threshold, the extremity of his fown fastened lo the
coffin by the poniard.
It would seem that n hi fear and agitation, hit
hand became entangled in the folds ot hia gown,
and the dagger pinned it to the coffin, and imagi.,,
niiig he? had tallcn into tbe power of demons or
spirits,- he sank lifeless to the ground, lis w
raised auJ the expression of terror upon his cow.- -tcnancu
waa truly horrible. Hi eyes seemed start,
ing from' their socket his lip were firmly con
reused, and his hair stood bristling upon hia head,
le waa .conveyed tn the inn with all possible de-
spaicbt where eflurta were made lo resuscitate him,
but in vain. The fright bad boon too much fur
him hp waa dead
G H IC UL TV It. I L.
ADVICE TO YOUNG FARMERS. "
TUB BOatS MOW TO KNOW MM SOB.
The age of a horse it ia sufficiently well known.
is only determinable with precision by his teeth ;
and that rule fails after certain period, and is
sometimes equivocal and uncertain, even within
tlt per iodr AHwrsw-ljBfo
tweuty-four double teeth or grinders, four tushes.
nr single teeth, and twelve front teeth, or gatherer.
.viiires have no tushes in general. The.mark,
which discovers tbe age, is to be found in the front
tooth, next the lushes. In a few weeks, with some,
the foal's twelve fore teeth begin to shoot ; these
are abort, round, while, and easily distinguishable
from the adult or horse's teeth, with which they
come afterwards' to be mixed. At some period,
between two and three yean old, the colt changes
his teclh ; that is to say, he aheds the four middle
fore teeth, two above and two below, which are
sometime after replaced I with Jiorse'j leethwAAat-
tliree years old, two others are changed, one oa
each aide the former; he has thin eight cull's and
four horso's teelh. After four year old, he cuts
four new teeth.otie on each (We (hose last replaced,
and baa, at that age, eigJitfiojie's and four foal's
teelb. ' These last new teelh are alow growers,
compared wlib thu preceding; they are the corner
teeth, next the lushes, are called pincejandjr
inosu witicii ouar me mark 1 mis mark consists in
mo 100m ueing uouow, ana 111 ine cavity wearing a
black spot, resembling the eye of a bean. The
tushes may then be felt. At four years and a half
old, these mark teeth are just viaible above the
gum, and tbe cavity is very conspicuous. At five
years old, the horse has shed bis remaining four
colt's teeth, and his lushes appear. At six, his
tushes are up, and apear white, email, and sharp,
near about which ia observable a small circle of
young growing flesh t the horse's mouth is now
complete, and tha black mark has arrived at, or
very near tbe upper extremity of the corner teclh. -At
seven, tbe two middle teelb fill up. Between '
tie seventh end eighth year, all the teeth are filled -
up, the black mark has vanished, and the horse is
then said to be aged, and his mouth full.
From tbst ti:os forward, the age of the horse can
only be guessed at from certain indications ; but
lliese guesses are usually made with considerable
accuracy by experienced people. If hia teelh abut
close, aod moot even, are tolerably white, not over
long, and hi gums appear plump, you may con
elude he is not yet nine years old. .At that age,
and aa be advauces, his teeth become yellow and
fail, and appoar lo lengthen, from tbe ahrinkiag and
receding of the gurus. The lushes are blunt at
nine j but at ton years old, the cavity nr channel,
on the inside in the upper lushes, until that period
to bo fcl. by'tbe finger, are entirely filled up. At
eleven, the teelh will be very long, black", and foul,
but will generally meet even ; at twelve, his upper
l... a it 1 .
jaw teeth will overhang the Wither at thirteen
and upwards, hi tushes will be either worn lo the
slumps, or long, black, and foul, like those, of aa
old boor. Beaide those exhibited bv the mouth, na
ture eer furnishes variety of signals, denoting, the
approach of old age and decay, throughoutlhe bo
dies of all animals. After a horse has nasi his
prime, a bollowneaa of his temples will be per
ceived; bis muscles will be continually losing
something of I heir plumpness ; and hia hair, that
gloss and burnish, which is tho characteristic of
youth and prime, will look dead, faded, or onlirely
lose id color iq various parts. In proportion to the
excess of these appearances, will be the horse's age.
Continue from tmr UM.
Almost every summer furnishes, abundant pwfo
of the great disadvantage of I lie practice of sJkal-
lorn ploughing , to both summer and winter crops;
if we were but disposed to open our eyes and took
for them. A very curious one hlely happened oa
my own farm.
A field wss sowed with wheat by a tenant, the
ploughing from Ihree lo four incites ; a deep hollow
extended across part id the field, in a direction near
ly cast and wool tbe aide exposed to the north tol
erably good, the south exposure very rich; as
iurght bo expected, tbe wheal on I lis strongest soil
made the most promising appearance in the foil,,
and also for some time in tbe spring in the early
part cf which clover seed was sown 00 the whole,
which came up well ; drought came on late in
the spring 1 the south exposure drying first, the
wheat soon showed the eflecls of it; and, tbe
drought continuing, a considerable part entirety
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