. i ..r rj 1 1; ww:.
1 I ,! Hi1 r i.-'.'-r '.r I ' "rly kii! r:.. r.
'i t 'o l" f:n i. 'i i.f uifrt Ir.iilc in
' .i- i ,, t.t if rv t-j -i-rn, cii'ii!a!ed l- i-f-.
:!. n' i-i-.'.rl-'H r-:..-rt.
'Flint I."! oely tliO preeepij of f.oil'i
.' 'vtM'tiit.;, Ii-jt tLf iin ri: CiTiviiicinj ti'ir:onMia
! i of pi-! cxj-erience, h.ave f.ruvnn iSai (lie pre
,t K'ein i't'iffJ IMd, h roitiin- "morn noi
- if.-iii a uirrt t tux noon tins Sciiihtrii for the.
-".. f,t of (lit Niriti"io iS.alcji a Tariff more one--!in
in its rcHultt, lium lh.it which originated tin;
p.:aiioii of .Iho' Ametiran' Colonies from tlio pat-fit
roumrv. . . ,
'i7rn,'Tlial ihe Pronii-tit of this 'meeting
F;'p.jmt wtm ddfgatH lo-repiesent this State, in ;
Jr.c l ortvi'iitii,r In be .IihIiJ at tfisrlestnii, Nmitti
C'nfo!i:ia, m April wt, f r th pnrpfi of rfi-st-in
and WofiiHicniime a ytcni if direct trntle.
' Mr. Vu'iu'V K. HownrtJ r-fit red tbe foil iwiij ro
s;!n!ii:n, nhicti wai iidi'ptcij; "
ilrtd, Tbr.t t!ie lull rpf-tcd Jiy the f I;b
Kolrf-jf J. yViilkT, in S.'r.jte r. (tiS.L'.'AMli.iilii'r.fl,
t Ofjirpriata the two per rrnt fuwU liclonpmg to
this Mint to t!ie c)i4niriion ( a Rml Ruftd tra
Ling to thi F'.at1, t!ie i!i"-r nf wlm-h I !o coo
:,tci Vick-lurjr ish Cfmrleln, by a ccvillwuus
rhajii f Rai! Hoi'U, nir-ctt wi:h our nii. b'brty
xncurnm-0 aoJ eprtbilift. . 1
DIRECT ThAl-r-GrACttAL HAYXn
Wt give, from the Wktyrg Juiy U'Ai, fbo
fi.Ilrtwtiij sketch of a jkm h rniu!) dttivwd by
!.)!? and tiHtinsruixliM cttr.co, in the Itepre-
sefrf.rttir I fail )A thir tiiatij of 'iffwnrppn
Mr. Ilajne row, and said ho likl i!ted our
Et.it on; privaUt.bii!.-iii'S ,rkl prfmij to he
on a JtiiiJ mi rich, and attumj; cilii'uin iiiii,llifit
nndctuvitlrnim; it wn ninirreof tbehij(hrst gralt
Tciitum in meet M fnciuld and awcialcji, of diver
pi fi' J political npiniunii, nuKld(;d inonelxidy, di-ep.
ly inibiicd with Brnjilrn afitirni")iH, and gut-jntcd
I y a omimm niiiril. Ilofclt profoundly grateful
firf ihe. ktnrf rprrpir,rf lie 1iaifTs.erintier,tianitrff
jl.e Mr-Vissptir pt'oiilti 'oiiiT "he woirtit 1iTvnK0 Thfir
aid to fulfil the high it:tln and nutk out the hip-
jiirtMMi of th Poulh.
" Mtlui). Ilayiie then alWedin SuuiLcrn t rade and
Sotittiern tmprtejifrlit, or ralhor Bouthern inde-
pndi'iice. It warfwilh nljaoio and coiifusidii tht
lie" ncUnnwteifg. d the cfdonial yHnwafago tf tlw
South, and with pain that l.wiJnwd thn dpprei-
towrhin lipnt trtjiiq whica wit i a wny follownrt
up with mny1irul declamations kimut thn aafuty
(f the Union but ...go lonir as jrcasati, and ituttice
iruttptndetwe m would be found proclmnnpj Hi al
vnnSiipo ami defending it reeulli. Geo, Hayn
"decemwii whit nhfWntr4 SotHhern cntPfpriMft'at
!;0 JJorth an4 Kst ; th pcopto of that region
were );Nwinf; rich front our aing, and wtinn-
iter we ptadtf-pn fflort tffrm mrlMt awl r
tnew the io commcrc r tn with, fhrir. ciy
wa ihe Union ! the Union ? Tbey appealed to all
our better feeling fol thctfulon, to make u for-
- get the trwe tr Jtiresnj at :"iie fftiey "'pmVlrrT'ua fo
a glittering lreaire while tlity atabla d our vital,
nnd bid uii e ailem and coWnt . K gmMjtn
- certain tame, However, Wen. llwm knew that
Southern Ireeinen would bo found repelling tho fiie
wi lj their dead hodiea j but tie maintained (hat the
indt'piHidence f the &m!ht for eoiiimerc'ml pnr
jwi , wa the atropjjent link to aunlain and hold
ite Union tojratke Tlu re weri nmnv 'mieiaken
yiews aii'wi awut the prewnt policy ot the South
l- t M. fiiHty- wHh: -the IhTrrmrtjurdtnHe
.. - ermtrary was ihe brtyem-whfcrironld be adopt.
, eu to oury afijmriiy,
JT:!Zt m "r W",H l'ri country. The South
ka no more tfuin nature FairrerentflafrteT
auuued to the epreud nralxdition, and aaneriwd lhat
the wippos:tim that tho H.iih ia weakt and by the
It wa certain thaf ''Nn'riherapeeptTnati 'fiiewTi'ewi'
. of .u Aiul.4imk'(,thi. JiiiaWt:ee-i;HHid -tliem
aporting ilh Soulherrt interest, while thaapirit of
aooimonwaa ripening anucmewiing. Lei ut leach
our Northern brethren to respecjl Us and our
strength, and they will at once cease lo annoy us,
.. XbpX myil coiivincedlliivt weare trong,uoUod,
anu auenuate to our triumphant defence numnet anv
.fo and invasion, or they will aovy the aeeda which
win never, hid bonds of Union forever, i
yen, u syne rulorred with great hapnineaa to
tne audience-they had assembled independent of
party to tiherate upon matter Vitally interesting
f me lui'ire mn jJestiny and iroxperily.oLlhe
'."i'li, anu ho could not but profoundly regret hi
, ti!iHfiiard cofuliiion o diacuis, aa he wished, the
various topics . which prewnted themM lvea he
deeply regfctteil that lie had not at hnnd manv
i! :cumcuti to illmtrata past policy, and mr.ke more
eppareut tha varf interest all the 'South, ahould feel
in the eucctsa of Southern triula and 'Hnnihern im-
firoienient." "Th mighty enfrent of Norlherri
" ower had awept a storm f devnutation over tlie
l a....t t l
un-uiniii ur wrani euiieiiir wirn general VICWS
connected mah the ut.jct of preavul sltdiberatioa.
i.ucn.' Invna then referred to cotton, and de.
monlruted the advanitiga wo lo4 in not trading to
Luropo mu;ad ct .-evaork, Arc. Tho Sirtith
suffered a loss of 10 per cent- by ' the eirctiitotis
trade; ail list prgiimei.tt ami illustrations-were
C'inciu-f.vi m favor of direct trade, and they struck
, mmhw owf-i.r-wtie ---iilsr ie e wfitt
f lie mid that cotton wa the common currt nev
T the country ; the many unes to which it was now
conwn-J remtcred it the first article of prod.ice in
wi-rSJ arJ-he .-mrU(d .weV-ouid iwlmaLi l
much of it notwithstanding the prrnettml cronkinc
t Illicit rary.- Gtn, I Uvne remarked that the
Pmitliern States had ".he leer which would move
tV.. woilJ, and ihey must oi it u their own ad-
" Hit then entwered sme cf the Prominent ob-
JcUrtii raided ajsim-t Southera iinp-irtNig cities.
JIa nisintaine.t, succem4iillyt that wo coulJ build
Uip s well as the .Norih, and lhat mr acclimated
p .puis lion in f .nilhern cities mere JH tdedly more
Tieauhy than Im people tjf try ionherti city.
lit said we had abandoned el ip builJirg becau-e
m late' years we had lt nil onr iorejgn trade but
chat trade was now retiirnip' to the city of diaries
q rtd with, its return C'bsrlrslon had revived
-nithadinuaLls ivrs tfiB Ui.iinessnf suiplRiildrng.
u Gen, flayne jaii the people of New Fngland
9 liigh cotupliment they beamed of nwey virtues
w hie h tle South nsljilit cf y with ndvanlagn, and
! was wii.in.! to be a.'r mted wilh tf.em l!r:ver
ilitf mt ptxtiri j" "he thro iave''e.
i d Yankee character, and sbnwej
verl if!'-!!.' f;.'
2."w i'l-.-Tiii'i.-'v ilry argued, to jHrrofi2 us fnnn
a.'.--' p'iiffs tM r.i'BJr,tTce.r lly (he present arrange-
vv nVi 2rowir"rif h rt o-r f.;wn?,Titid
!' i! 't t .1 ff.i. vm 1 Ui i.. ; ' vi I! ' i ' f; i f I'. "
. Tin-' ii,ii!'...ii'y el" li: ; turn, in.J l,.o (.
III-!! i.f (Jlmi'ii-foii ii'-:. f Hi ('.(! j'-'i-e, v"M- t'.'uii-ii-hed
with jreal ability. .
"Gen. Il iyi.f wan fff ulinrly happy on the ad
v.ir.t:i'n of Imvttul Iiupri'VTiii-'i.U in ihe i"'i'iit.h.
Thi'Vffp afji'iiuffty Jii'L-f'iiry toeoiiliV ii!. ci'j'P ,
iic ,-sfu!!y Willi il.o aiiviiiii iji It..' (ori!i h.i-l
jjiiifiT'ou.-r us by ! part i:iiity an I f.ivor. 'i'liH
only plan now lr ui to urhirve onr commerrial
independence, was to prosecute. wi:h rnorg"ti:
vigor, an enlarged ami prudent H':liPnH i f Internal
Improvements, lie gave u LiHtory of the different
rail-roadi now in progress, anil all were d'-ligtiled
wilh !m glorious proicct before us if the works
already com mended were ineedily completed. lm
prove menU'were the bonds of niutuil tuttjffst.niij
it winour fluty In ins-pire'vlic pnplt and 'iilighlrn
I heir frm'nU on (his wjlijcrt. tii. H i tin wauled
tin Siith linked lop'thrr by 'imjirorf n.-cnt ; wo
tbeniuld have our own .itiii, and tin our-own-trading."
'iWdencription of improve nwii ffivt-n
1m Mr. Hnviio wan ininuie and bi''h!y iiiterfMinL''.
hints alxt it the prupr rourift to pursue in. Minus
nippi iviili improvpnicnt. Iocal prjuc)ire should -1
aurmidcrt'd for the genera! g'vid, nnd we ahould
Tie uanlrd in the aystem we adopted- Ho said .
ih,pople of South Carolina would ijlory in tho
prosperity of all Hnuthrrn citiea i of ?jew Orleatm,
BioiiiW ana .iiwti4ipn city.
"I Jen. llayne niMiheof abolition, and the doienra
of pur altan jind ,fireHidei, in terms the nwwt flo
qnent and fore ilJe. Aa thu South, loved the Union
nd the liwrtieaof the country, I't it lo united
HumkjltJtj8iLk.WW tlwl wo ar strung
forreiiarico and triumphant di'lenoeand we will
no longer find them tampering with our righta and
inveighing agninst oar enierpriw." -
I rhia ii the bare skeleton of the eicellent speoth
di'livered bv Gen. Ilayno im Tueaday lut, irt'the
KeprcHeniative I id It , before one of Ihc Uirfet nnd
moil intelligent ineiiiinga ever conveiied i.t Miwi.
sippi. The headi have been written ont fr tw
"iitji-faetiiin of ffieiLda wllgJiad. Jiot lUUMHwre-f'f "
Tho Uw puiocd W Conorew f.r taking the cen:v
su$ next year, is published in the Globe, of the Oih
instaiil. It in lut tho following ia a fujl.
though irief extratt f it;-" "
peg. I, ' Uiree 'tha af a r a)ial amer J he djrectMin .
bf the Secretary cf Stnte, to Cioi an enumeration
of all fne ijutial'tjantSi excluding (wliaiia not Inted
within tlieir districln, disiiugmshing First ,the
set of a'l tree whitff peruotw. btcondly, the ageu
and then timler each (ucceonivo 10 to 100. Third.
ly, tho number of deaf and dumb free whiles un.,.
der H, uniter 2D, and upward lOTho numbrr
of blind, of iiwane and of Wiota, and how lunnv of
the last two are a public charge, ,
r ree colored pew, or colored perna bofimt-
i'ilfiVjfior a term or for lite, are to bo enumer
tiled, the sexes dialTiiguwlied and the ages under.
10 under 2 1 under 30 under . under 100
to M n,,','d Mo J.lilll'lldewiilioutj.ri.to.,
age, of deaf and dumb, blind, jiisufie and bow ma
ny of the last two are a public charge.
48.lbajswappiiit assistant, who, as well
as the ,!Wrsll1re' toTwj'!!0?Tft
fiirmance or cuty, which is to consist in inqwritsg,
personally tit every dwelling wilhin the district, or
of lia lietol each family, as to the facts requi
red to bo certified.
The enumeration is to eominenco on tho firRl of .
hach assistant to make two copies of his returns
Sec. II. I inunses i penalty of 8200 on any as-
sistant, for neglect or falsification in making his
Dwtrictl also ao atlett cojiy of bis aggregate. xCi.
Ktffll ;!.tjhe. - biMeljttnHHit' the other - Con
with the original agiegatetcTlie TraiMjaFtt'ea io
renaltv for fiulure in anv of the jets on the part
of ihe'MirshalSl.OUO. "
Sec. IV. It,blinhe ths piy of an assistant thus;
the county if in a tqwn or city of more than
i,00r persons, at the -awme-rate- fr 8,000 ed
then for 800 peroiis returned iver that number,
$i. : When, however, from the scarceness of popn.
lution, this compensation is inadequate, the Mar.
shal may allow not exceeding f i 50 on every
hundred returned. . The payment not to be made to
assistant till he shall have sworn thnt bo has faith
fully executed bis duties as prescribed by this act,
Th compensation of the Marshaii varies ac
cording to districts. For the' district ol fiorth
Carolina, it is $150.
See.'V, Every person whose usual place of a
bode on said 1st of Jan. shsll bein any femily.lo
be returned as of that familyi' The name of eve.
ry iiiliabitanjithout any settled place ol resi
dence, to be entered m the schedule ; persons oc
eaainnallv almeot. In Im eniiinepntpil t ihir iimisl
1 J -r- - . ,.,v. ..i
Soc. VI. t'vcrv free person, more than 13 vears
eWyii!tfwglifK -he44-i femtly? houod ndr a -j
penajty of f lii to remler, if required m tros ans;
wer so far as he or she can, to the questions' of the
a-wlstant touching these matter,' and accoding to
knowledge, to give an account of every person bo
longing to the family. --
e. VII. Esch asosiant, lirfirn maVtoghi ro-
taining the mimlHr of infiahirahts fn his dintriet,
to bo' posted in two of the most public places with- ,
in the district for each of which lie is to leceive
' Sec. VIII.: Secretary of Slate to transmit jtK
alnictions, mrms ndtdatiks,torilid Marabals."
Sih?. IX aud X refer merely to details o cxecu.
lion. . , ; . .,,
Pee. XI. Si-crctary of State, "when the Maf.
dials', returni are all received, to direct tho Unnw
tortlof Ccngrwt to prinl ten llioosand copies of
the aggry gate for the una tif Congre-w. This sec.
timt bIho prohibits the Marshal from receiving .
any fre, or.feward or portiivn of pay, I rem the an.
sistanta thy appoint, under penallv of k)0'.
XI t. All lows Marshals the amount of p-i-t.
ages paid hv them in eoniieciioo with tho buiacn.
Sit. XIII. wepublish the eiitire. ...
See. 1 S. A ' he it further tnacU.1, int the .
Foresai3 Marshals and tbejr A-wstants shall qIsv
take a censiis t (all persnn receiving fK-n-ioni
fmm ihe United States frr revolutiflr.sry or mtlit v
ry services, atnting their nawea an 1 aaes; anJ al
so sholl follert and return it Rtntistical tfili'cs tuv
ilcr pro :ir'bpy vaocofding iosiieli Hirms as !ia!l.
1 furnished, all iKseh information, h rflatinntt
minei, ag'ir.i't ire, -CMHHc'rcei'-tnaniificiurea, nnl
cW4, ai wi'4 exhibit a lull vie taT-ihn pur-'ii'i,
imlutrv, ediie,-ttii;n and re-irees rf i'n c "v,
" y-rt ---. h of tijj nt !
Sc. XlV.ar l I'l-.t.a.i
MP l lie ai l into eerijtlin.
Il will devolve u;,il tliC Te:-tV -J-i Vi Lr-'je-i,
' u . f . t .
I iti wcmid iin.l '.l.f.rt rion, jni'ii i- piwi.
4')', to 4tlt M ircli, li41l'di'ienmn!,ai.ew,i,ie
itjij t.f rfpresentatum utid.-r (hi Ttrlh tVn"j-
" Hi iireforth our yfiuilt nifty V: er ooc-I for;a7
Tho arts to study, teller xn tl Iwnie " -W'e
t!ke pleasure in calling the alieni'inn of our
reader to ihe annexed letter C'int.iiuin Valuable
iitfornuilion cmiwriiiiij the r."g",s Btfocture
of our ne v Capitol We have !? regarded
Ihii work ua a matter of prHe to our buie, anu a.
a memortnl of the lilieralitv of her people, which
will survive ihj decay of many generation, w e
kfi .w thai strong objuctiona have been urged against
ih'! cot ot thi building, and, none are mora ready
than ooprf-ir to admit the propriety ot auch orjec
Hons, or tn enforre the prtncipl' a of economy J
dVif cipenilir jire oT the jmUTiC nionVy ; but really,
irj the prmiifvcttve, we think il would hive been at i
the expnoe of propriety and a proper degree of j
Stale pride Aa it ia not the work of a day, eo it j
in not an eiifK'nae that wi.I recur again in y-ar
we might wy centuries; and what North-Caroli-
nian, at he bks ojn it mjejic deie fit more
plcndu columns, will regret haviig contributed
ma ooiiar jo m coniruciMi ' jch n eoiuw : it not be well, in order to dimmisi tne cnancea ot
We take the i-eapownMtty t -answer, me Awlljjanger from' even every carelessnesa itself, louse
we aav to our citizens at home, and. to par friends j IL.V. Umn etclusivel. in all oils where there has
abroad, lhat lher,is oo buildtfif i the Union
penor to, M but one equal tjiB inn in point
material, style an I 'eoortrociMKi. We look Jitb J
kcmie feeling of anxwlf to tho time when the rub- j
hih and fragments of atone that ikiw encumber
the yard, shall be removed, and the erection of a .
n-nt and ubtiiritwl railing (iron of courst) shall
complete the improvement of the square. ,. It will j
UieaoodJhe jUnumnhal. temple to the Arcni.!catfntur how. he sliould hnva permitted the cause
have erected it. Microcosm.
11 .I'll" Ujn I Ii '"'M, ..ra. - .
Ma. Lr.M AV. rKAK Sir : AsweaWy to your
deili Lseudyoit. a-description of!jieexteiTiaan4
internal detaiht-ef the tarious parts of the State
Capitol as the same is executed.
Tho length from north to south is 160 feet, awl
frftnv mat to 'wert llO; feet; the whole height ia
974 feet, '"i the columns of east and west porticos
htc ei'afit in humeri and-are-6 feet 2j inches in
. -j- a i 2 r-.",i-",:' " - . "
ilia meter and a'l feet- nigii tftaniiiflg on a wjionaie,
18 feet K!gK, wT5c)i7Mwett a. the eniablature,
which is twelve feet high, are continued round the
nerva, commonly called the rarthenon, which was
lefccud-uithe AcropnUs otAten.uodcc
veniewit riWtoabout.5011yerite;rore the ja coat namper, to a neigni oi eome iniriy or lorty
Christian era. The rotunda, m centre of the Capir 1 feet, above its top i two of them fell out bftKo nam."
tol, is formed into an Octagon at top, which is 'per in different directions, and were immediately
built of polwhcd granite, fcud . rinounts ,tlie..Mtd-i Mrlhe ,ni, "'"ained in it, and fell wilh it,
ing, ornamented with Grecian cornice ; and its escaping most miraculously with his life, having
tfoiM i crowned at top with 'ilecora1ii6"snr7te He ii now doing yery welU
to that of the Lanthorn ol Deniosthenesr, at Athens. ' Much loose coal was blown from the drifts to the
Tho interior of the Capitol is divided mm three bottom of the shall, and four of the bodies, aa we
stories. The basement consists of ten rooms, I have already statedrwero twken-f
fight of which will le soon occupied by the Go-: Urge bulk there, in a mutilated state. Four were
vernor, Secretary, ..Treuierr. aiid. Gmptnller J taken out ebortly afler the explosion on Monday
pSfhyfmvmij twtTwnir!f the same sir arid finish
w inch, bs well as the corridors, are ol the Konan to recover.
Doric, and made completely fire-pnmf, by arches ' ' Every exeri ion has been made which could be
springing from pillars and, ..pilasters ot poledied ! made eomtistcntlv with safety, to rescue the unfor
granite. The e-n and weM vestibufes are richly tunate beings. It appeared Upon going down the
decorated with granite columns, antae and slair. hafl that much carbvnic acid gas (the product of
Ionic Temple of the llnus, near Atiwos. Also,
twri'tsniiniiitteia rnmna, .
The second or princip.il story, eoeifs also of
en rooms ; two of which are appronriated for tha
.wiuci 4iaJg4Lct.fl.mclies,.ui heiahnba o iw
ytme 'ygej- 69 rfeftby W Jfeet. hiving retiringj
ruoma.ik.?n off. tlie p)recTfour ntlie former ;
Tower of Andronicns Cyrrhestes, of the Temple
oi Ereclitheus, Minerva, Polias and Pandroous, in
the Acmpolisnf Athen, near the Parthenon. The
:-TtitrHird,er Attistory,eoneistof ieepintotfiTcomribator to science and henefactors qL.
(JOtirt and Library, which ure situated in the east
and west w trigs, which, as well as the galler es and
other apartments, wdl be approsnhetl bv granite
Mep and the lobbies aud rotunda asw lit with cu-
polas t the) whole of which, vou will observe, is in
a progressive stale of completion so ai to ue re.
dy for the next, meeting of the liegislature,
lit fore concluding, I may remark lliat the stone
with, which this edifVe is constructed, is of the
toughest and hardest description, cmiUining less
iron than any atona I have ever seen : hence il
prMfnts a lieautifulereametdor.nf a ranch warmer
lint than marble. ' It is al. variegated with beau
tiful veins of quartz, the conformation of w hich de-
serves notice," having every' aiipeafanceof being
sep irated and again knit by some trembling or con.
Ci)??ioi) i'aJXinatjon t;jfjrtttWtjr
of no petrifaction being m vet ijTtscovefieXwKetbjeV
of (lie Hial,,egclUa or miueral. kiagdoros, geJ.
f.?oj:W would term a pimilive, if m-t a Irann
tion .fiirmation ; and with regard to the cost of the
Capitol, I may mention that'tfie Legislature have
appropriated $.500,300. The .President's house
cost, without furniture, 00.1,527, and the Federal
Capitol fv5!?fl,500 ; boih of winch buildings Rave
of upwards i
9 1-2,000 ; and this has to. be done to prevent the
dismlepration of Ihe alone they being built of tot,
loose, friable, aud porous sandHtone, -
- l it doar tr, yotu ftt4i.---
Tin: CLCK nn vTii coal mixr. .
. The Illnck Heath Mine, worked, hv the - FiWk
Heath Coal Companv," is one of the ncbeM and
most elenive in thi count r v. It is twelve miles
from Richmond in nearly Wealer direcrin. and
is situated in the midst of Numinous coal geld f
unknown extent. The shaft from which the cx
phiinn of Monday took place, ha not been Ions
sunk, and we believe is the deepest in Ihe Unions
being more than 700 Ret to its brJton. Upwards
of 10,000,000 bubel tof coal bad been exnbed
in the pit reaehed by jt ; and none can imjeture
how much more further exploration would discover.
Tho Steam Engine ainf apparatus for boistinv
eonl frem this shaft were excellem ; and the system ,
niui nu.oiij kii woiua 'in noijiing frocn waj
ronuueieu, pr.M.ucei, an axersg w utmA
t . i ...i .i - -. .
Uk! U coal per day. It tn ho r.-gn-lted that,,,-f a!urarfnd Although we have Hsed great
Ihe oprrateifis have .been i-verre-Nl-throwMi- jf wrtioi l oMam eorrwt information as lo the ac
m moeh e,sM in . of o:lt fro,!,:,!;, ,r,J j t0 J v,iU.m o ,i 9 flm.t
Bid.r.em,a.l,wrea ar r,r,., a , 0.;r r aiu,li(n .(i
r ,r' l!l"y ! ' i. a 1-! f - ..." ; W,, b ,e r i-.i bc'w I, ti. r-,tn.
" "I ,!' (! t'l r-'it' 'i-:,. "'.
-n n vi j vi'i '.fa nu-t i.t
" ! t!. re ii r l -1 ! . i '.r - I' it i it it
. . m - i . r . .
II it l. ; '
ccih'. I tf ifn
lii'L'ifl I or l.iire.'jm 1. 1 ji"-.ui- vi
i:'r- 8'.' ! re i
lli., j.j i,f itie i.-it. i4 tu'Voinl al li.iuut.
Tie ri,t"' and
' uir chids" (j)'i-ages lor the air
from il.e thi.-nlK-r) ere so ariunged a4 to keep up
co;Hj! t ventilation. It i the gen"nl opinion that .
,e of the doors of the flir run.tts nnM have lii-en ..
tLt d, and Ili3l thus the " iniUmmablo gans" ac
cuinuLited on's-'indiy to such an extent aa to pro.
duce the exp!ion on afier the laborers entered
the Pit, on M .ritfaf morning. Sir Humphrey Vs. .
) aafety lamp was reuUrly in the Mine, and no
doubl n entertained, but that it wai used on Moil-
jl.t? morning. It waa commonly carried Jurwaru
to ie-t the prewnce of the gns. Il nmy havfl bcnrt
out of -order; if a alight rent ahould have been in
ity wire gauze covering, it would readily ignite the
gas. Oiber lamps were used ; and one of theae
may have been taken into a chamber or drift where
the aafety lamp liad not been presented, Pi'hcr of
these cause would have involved carelessness.
The density and inft.im.rabihtv of the gns might
.haCC9U4lhg.wirgj;o.Jbave become otidatd. B
fa; t,, ,itce& ; but thnt could not have occurred till
,flM indicatioti bv. flame int-ide the gauze, of alan-.
grtf a t,e face 0"f hich it would have been mad.
IU jjjg abfirera to remain- -i Whatever may"
have been the immediate cause, the arrangements
iaiMj rules of the pit.drawn from the light of science
i.n(j exycrifrnet in mining, were such as to have en
'nUrcj mfciy, if pronerry attended to. But would
vi-lbeen any exhibition of carburclted hydrogen or
innammabls ga r .
v Ooe of the aupenntendents of the operations
in ln4 pjt ho was below when the explosion took
pace va'f a mna 0f great skill in his profeion,
KaUig been many years engaged in it in some of the
mogt famout of theVEnglwh Mines. He was a
Scotchman, named JohnRynard. It is hard toac-
() (UB imurkTIICO , UUl Ut!II 111 UIC IlllUSk UI 1)11 CI'
C rt to correct the omission or neglect of Saturday
jnightti the. explosion may ha, ve taken place. "
. Mr. Joan Hancock, a native of Chesterfield, oi
respectable family, was the other unfortunate bu
The Uborers were ail colored men. . The super
intendents above the shaft, say that about forty,
were below. They cannot speak, with Certainty.
Many had gone to see their wives to distant plnn
tations ; and it was not known how many had ro"--turned.
'iTiuimiwho nad not, do not yet appear
from terror at the news of the explosion ; but- forty
is the najeimum. .
"The esmoswn wa soeewerful aa to bkw -niee-H
5 of timber out of the shaft to a distance of a hm
W-arnani 'triwir Ioe;WftgW re to a lair way
mines " black damp, ' and though not intl.tmmible,
oertructive to human tile. J ilia then bad tim -
to be dispelled. The partitions too, in the shaft,'
' necessary for the ingress and egress of air- in the
bad inJ riHJalait -was- leelet4,-'or'-'
TUe explosions were formerly very common jrt
tlie iiortrt oT England. One occurred at the FeU-
1 This is the greatest destuctioq ever known from the
' cause. In 1815,-an explosion occurred in a mine
'at Durham, in which 57 persons were destroyed,
i ner. i ne atsrovertes oi oir tuimnnrev ivv and
; mankind, have since rendered Ihe avoidance of these
destructive explosions certain. 1 . 1
I In ur mines no explosion of any exlenf has ev.
j er occured from the ignition of inflammable gas
', Such are as certainly to be guarded against as the
, bunting of steam boiler. The safeguards in each
are as simple as efTective.:
Xet the unfortunate event which bas jiisf occur
red.be jl lesson and warning, as we are sure it will
be; and if possible, eau more constant and ri-
gkl observance of the rule which science and ex
perience have pointed not as the sure and unerring
guarantees of safety Richmond Compiler,
fom the Sm Orleana Ijnuisanian, March 13.
BrttiSiwtTrvl wfitw hrr?ATar W1 ffnmrtr
tbe linrmdei,)we have received new from Vera
Halter. 1 he Atar uull formerly belonged to Ihe
Mexican nary, was captured by the French at San
Juan de I' lion, and was given up by Admiral
Baiidm. ' . . f. ., ' ' '.
TVie most important of her news is the arrival
f n t.rt 4 4 wo diuhxiMilie egentst General
Gamlaloupe Victoria and Manuel Goroatiza charg
ed by the .Mexican Government to treat with Ad- .
roiral Biudtn on the ceation of hostilities. As
Crot he left Anton Lizardo for that place in tho
frigate-?? teridef WwpFwvjsi ai -Vera "'CruiT
with a salute from the cannon oil ttieJUmc
m eiican envoys, Admiral u.iumn and the English
ambnsidor, Mr. Packing ham, repaired ' on. board
the English frigate Lt Pique to discuss 'tha basis'''
of the propoeej treaty. 7
W are uninformed as to the result of tho first
conference, but we have good reason to infer, from "
the tenor of emi-nfficud letter brought by the
Atar Gnll; that there was no obstacle to the
nmoothing all diHieidiies and that Vera Crtiz would
simn be reopened to trade.
We await the arrival of th Water Witch,
Fbicbw-as loaail from. Vera Cnra for this placa
threeor foor days after the Arter Gull j she will
probably tnng us the result of the Conference
t ';. ROM TAM PICO. . 7 ' ; V
The Schooner A. E which sailed three davsaf.
; tcr the Lrwc. hs anisH in iur nort in ihe fwmu.
'an uriny, whtcu t.- rn w z- ..j (,., ;j) .
rre'l il tlin-t hllxioiwIV'f V;-ei i d al S.,
oit'ii, whiiii 1,js il-xlan' I lj a iMlil
THE WESTERN CAROLIXUx
Tuvksiut Ev-EkiNo.Apiit 4, igj
CONGRESSIONAL CANDIDATES. .
Wo hdyereceiyed'fho OrcuIara'iTmeraicf Z ""'
late Representative in Congress ; some of them V
Clara themselves candidates for re-electioa, otb. -j'
say nothing about it, and our late memjber, Mr. lieu.
cher, seems to leave tho matter in doubt, as umy
seen in liia Circular extensively difliiaed amwig t; .
people.. lie, however, appears disposed not totf.
(er if the District can conveniently do wjthoul bu-a
aud wa should be very sorry to think that 'our D! '
trict is so destitute of competent men as to be '
der flie necessity of forcing Air. Rencher to
on contrary to ins wishes, particularly, as he hit
already occupied the station ten years, Mr. Beodkf '
says TAere are aso perianal coruiderait
icAicA make private lift detirable to me. Jfy htuhi
hat been impaired by ihe arduou? duties, and can.
fintment of the latt Congrr,andrequircirntapd
recreation.', Certainly after this, it would be so.
kind in the people te insist oq Mr. Kenclier'i f;r,
ther service, contrary to bis wishes, and to tiaia.
jury of his health. ,l x i
We have had some opportqnitieaof ascemir.int i
puljlic sentiment on this subject, aud we have seen
no disposition among1 the people to force Mr. Readi
er to hold on ; we believe, ao far as our knak,b9
extends, they are willing to gratify his wishes, rJ
excuse bun Irom further public service.
Salisbury Manufacturing Company .This Coai-
-pany-i now-fully rganizad.by4oe adopUoA-bt rUflU-
of association and by the appointment ot officers, " ' '
William Chambers, Esq., has been chosen Prefer,.;
William TU Ilorahj Treasurer; and John JTurp!i),TrT
i U)wan, an-i u. a Uavis, UitecUirs; the i'resjau
also sets as a Director. , , ,". '
ith these gentlemen at the head of our enterprise
Wft havflfiilLconfiJooca-tlial the- Wines tll f
ward with energy, and in the best posaible rnsnner.-
Tbey are all men of experience in bosiness ami tt -
cellent practical acnse:..JVfl. understand it is the in
tention ot the Company to havo Uieir fluUbiyimeat
completed in time to commence operation on ihceeit
Gov. Dudlry'i Circular. W't call the sttca'irnoC
the County Courts to Governor Dudley's ctreuhr puk
lished on the first paa of our paper. The enaject
which tttreat importanVtnd should "riot baTJgttffld.
learn from ih6 Ftyettevjlle Observer," that the IU?I
of Internal Improvement, at a meotifig " lately Keif '
Raleigh, have appointed David L. Swais, Esq.,
tfnrhead-ef -thi important emerprixe.1 AVeHtaee -tst-.
luiukr, whaila m ituMppointineaV h Wa iUy Uwugi
Mlveijdnthiaj however.' sr may b mwtlkea... Jmm
Board oF Internal Improvement having thus kindly fur-
Igjched, the Company wilh President,., they fuje v
noUiing to do now- bet supply -the looney j eaa (U m
will soon be made. - - "
Virg-iaia "ection. The Legislature of Virjis
new- in eskm-, ha -changed the time ot the"
Elections in that Stxta to the 3d week in Msy a'ext-i
Heretofore, they took placo in this month. Bulb ?
ties are making extraordinary exertions to carry tt
Stale, knowing that the next Presidential cleetiwi a t
rainistrstioB party carries tha State, the garae,wiil V
op with Messrs. Clay, Harrison- and Webster. Oe
other hand, if Virginiainlheae elcctionf ji g'
the epposit ion, then the proapect of defeating the -!-tion
if Mr. Van Burcn, though by no mean eertA
will nevertheless be much more probable. -
Connecticut Election, The annnal election' in
State of Connecticut took place on Monday ta4.; . Ti
rqsnlt is said to ba doubtful, both partica ..eBtert?,.
hopes of success Governor Ellsworth is a car.J V
for re-election, and is opposed by Ex-Senatnr H'(-
Tbe Congress-men are chosen by District",
maTcait pibabTe lliat some ot bulbi couipniXieiM -
bejeled..(cJtt,eck1woviiILknow Iks reJ;!"
" SouiAem Literary Met tender. We hive re "
the March number of this able, ami interesting pew.
ical, and as yet bate bad leisure to give it only
sory glance ; out we have seen enougn nuj J
contents. Southern literature, like Southero cncffA
is improving and in the cant language of the ay
hope it will continue to "go ahead." The W
tautsjiuaIl.appoiitinJ3ui Di!Ji.Z'l''l.'JZl.l'.'. .
The March number of Th Farmer K'Z
VI. i 0
NEW YORK MONEY MARKET, If-
.... , , ' . March 27.
The favorable re-action which wa prw!"
the Slock market yesterday on receipt "
vices from England bj, the Sidilms. las.not 1
sustained, tho advance gained having been to
most instances to-dy,and the maiket at the
ond meeting of the Board closing with '
ward tendency. 7 Sales were twle of U'? "
Bank closing at 1I3J. seller 15 days ; LVii-'' ,
Hudson 72, Vickalmrz Bank ol. Hv!e
road 5-1, New Jersey Railwad J!'i, anJ ou' -too
Baitroad at 30j. ' , ... r
It is retried that the recently n-ith"" " , .
Loan of ono million rf ilollar. lw U-ea f' 1 '
a large ll-i in Wall str.t in ror.nexj.,
otherVspitjIt t; Iho prociNe rate not mi' f?" .
Tho Loan is to bvar an jnti re t of ' tvr '
-Tl- ' i i:"'iof-'.'v; -