7F TN-IT AM
.mwtM yotmii(TVT"rrnTn!TTii Rvthe fvnrcTios,.aa mHiKirt .y ir t THRorsTi-'s
arb kk-krvi i) To the STrE Rrsi'ri Ttvci.y, 03 To f it K fuiir-lB. 'tmndmrnttU tfeTfonut button, Article X "V
A" t ,
u austin .&-U.T. nsuiiiu
. IIlor I'k ; Tutor. )
11 , mf rvT n wa
T.n DiJIsrseJd rily
l"l!lU if InA Mi I. I-
,,Miu of ihreeniona.
? ',J pep-T 'J1 4;SCK!IIi J ! lfS7l(
' n,ui,' unle- t the d avert f te L..i-n ; aci
f lure ia nniy lite EJiiars of aa& ts dweastsntte
it'ilic cad of year, iU .be cx-rel a w eaK
Aljwttwmr-iits wdl.s fl--sCWM"y aid onrrttj
jnerled. l one dolUr per )Mre fJt fie iwrt,
.ml 25 cents ft e" anlitaicft Caart a4 Jt.-il
.-rthieincnU will be ehurjed -25 s'C eeat atora rfcia
the lwve price A deduct . SXJ pet cel truss I
t'm regular price will be twade to yew'.r aimu-rs.
Vhertit'nl,u seet i br paV'tfaitna, awe ka tl
Va'i.&rrt ntneiiMrked tmttinrt. f Sh,?y w J! Ve ito-l
- - ,'.ttr tdJrfiml t Uie CJHt Umm Mkst bef
pt jwii, of thejr m'iJl cat J titeafat fc. f
M ISC ELLA XEO.1'8
- THE EXPLOESHS OF THE WEST.
Ikiw changed lite aceae inc aaerry Jeae Ckktiete
; i'lWied to pirogwe en I Bel5 K-twre, . , . .
''4ml ft"' its tnaka owe loM.Lgfia pntuf. ,,,.,,,'
s ' Echoed Uie nijtil at ti M-yteat. - : '
It is now ax tlaa smlm aad a La!f sineaL
fansrepsoftbaadveotarao. rh&l. funa-
kins Die bleak eW awl amtrr aUa ef tha
S.L.wrence. U.te4 tbraww wr the V
beautiJut numing-grotMHis e lla pewce'J litiat.
Long Mro ihe Vugnm Fbers el im
Isnd, or the diMrensrd eli Jamrwwa, aci
trrcd aln tne et J afar f liw AtUoiic, awl
Tunned evea a cooceptwia ut le bewatuvl !Lry be
'yatid I lie ttKMUitaias-srb.lt llua ( Xo!h Aar
iraa continent ws vet bat a milium as. awd ike
katimis of Christendam, ioatwrjt of its caaraeter '
himLl be nfrfrtriiited fc
f 1 1
Hu asceoutxi to utetr amis, cwaaes a wmaacm n,
three iboasand miles Irons the mow cf ta - tad
less river," and bad eiplored its Uvbuuma '"la
their fbuntaitu T " The causa of tieir fcarkaw cav
dertaking was, we arc told, to wmtigite tbe trwtb
sf SO fitt whtfh thst eia eras wtalea aawi
flje Canadian French, thai a sentera fwatgw tbW
the Americsn ooouncat eitstea la lb Pacific
Ocean.7 The Indian broters bad polea of a vast
stfearn far away to tbe west, bieb est tbetrlix'
eicarstoos they bad aeea, but of whose aoacv,
tosrse, or terminatwa they xm$4 se& aoibiig.-
Tui river was supposed to ingot gt itself mto tbe
Pacific Seas; aad ta proseciue tbe iaaauj, F.tib
er Marquette, a recikk snotik, wad I5s Jotiet,
lttlodian trader"! QiietbTautbontj W M.Tat-
ea, Intendant of Vet France, a anaa of swv-
W (uKtiirMt, eaicre utm it txpea.txm. . i arwv
duif ib great chaw f IImi Nartbera Labaa as tbetr
sbwder aktfl ana riominr tbe UuMcaaasa Ktser.
ao the 17th of June, 1674 the first Earums eWj
soended tne 44 Father of Waters." By tbe aatttt 1
, shoai they met they were kindly received, aarf -terUioed
with a oVkreoce duttoady tosupMHtr .be.
injs.' - Among these lodiarM, tbe llhas, tbe r-
ju ao ilU fcidas uf ala.'.V -aera chrf,
and their natioa was scade tip v( mtm dtKaact
tribes: the Miamies, MiciifasBiee, Mascutaas,
kkUtt, CahuLiaa, .Pawnaa, ,ad Tatiiaaraasts,
a peaceful, benevolent, wnwariike, rare. - A. vil
lage was found at the uuulb of tbe lUiooas. Ib
sceodmg the MisMwipfs Ue Frtotb soyareaus
were dissuaded from ttseir dwaga of eipautmg-tte
its mouth dwelt a Xanit, wbose iideaee ao ba
mao being could pass with hie ; swir dd tbe lrtxua
. Jail to tell the U-sta nt tbe ttam tita above.'
:Tunuhg' 'lip tha lllmXpefTit.M:
Vita amazetnent tarouga tcie greea wracuoM and
ir tha wrt very wava- wf tbat beaaHtSuJ rwnj
It tJ, perhaps at this ul '!jy'l aWw iW ore
sent era of ceculUir aod ec...i,5" bard!j
-p-itie to cif iccik Ihe ieU ghtd etwaiuss, which
Oiust tht-a have swelkid tha buauatss of iUm sa
ile-hearted nno. Sieur Juliet, oa L:s retura to
Canada, published aa account of bis adae&tares
ia which narrative knoa mertmalauM tonaum
"ira 1ariMiii IT the jviiri Uui be bJ weal'
Father Marquette remained a awiaiur try wiwuag
Ihe pearelul Indiarts. To tbe river ewru("y ei-
tilored wai given the name c tbe crjrbralea' Col-
mister t4 Manue, H" Ctaiat de Frwrreac ; j
and ta tbe trader Juliet, a a regard, graulctt i
thtasland of Amicuati ia tbcUf4t. Lawrence.!
t "Tears 'passu! away, ani aw eftJerjvswng Sfxrii t
I re up to prosecute (he diacoverte aUy wude. j
,llie uuswunaty Miijei!c dieJaasucg tbe ldssaj.
, two years after, and J Jm4 twub BM..5jawa iJ tu
IUnd. At h-nvih Sffars Jl. Sobert, tavitbcrf
de la Salle, a native of Kjea m N.njij, et-le-l
brsted s the birth pWa ot rtmeUeaud tlve twoj
Corneillct, and for the anarj rJxn ef tu beretc
Siaiaof Urh-an nwe It.aa twa cu:urws txi..
&lk wIuii.llbluaii aih..
enterprise. AfcUtioas of l.e a4 wal!h, be ea t"
ijrrsted tr, Cwneda; I- vba wfcttwl UkaL
.West. Tawa-e to the V lad: crwkard
.ii.a akwiJc. - a - furrl'rr
Luke Ontario, aod a iJi--J to Uj baa pUa. .
-hrfiTe; tfieVoon if fc5'; .Crw!"'-a iss art4 at ri
fans, under toe aiitiige .f t5e Fite a Con-.
. , La Si;e received ieaera oT ss-Vity end tav
grants of land la.Ameilca. . mtw$ wrfb.
Tiiief the Cbcvalirrde T.ti, aa' liaa ncfarer,;
had the wy-wlwrii v of a W',r .S w snb '
.t';li.lWwn)iis mi iitm tw W wa F.
.'i.-iT5!,...'!'?i;?,'l mi.. Frtnwa iVa.r. t- bi- '
.riao sij nus-K.iir., ttirr a"jvkXTStrf"r
"jers, the eti'.erj.r- im&i 9nt-tt
si, under social nctxw 1", awj-
f Frai-e. Alter a i ae if f-mwr, f&if-
6u and advert. I he y reK'i i3 I.isi.i wi ur-'
'g 4ectided that lyani fJ rivet func,
disroveted au Indiaa vt:. ti4Lj.t rf w htat
drd cabins cuuipW-ly o--ikJ. litre, Lwjs
"Und a lare ju:uliT del Mi.kJ n IM i
rib under each U ti e wig -, It fry re- ,
hiinr-d sit dnjs. IsceTv.!ig (mo-y tiu'e. tVy I
ranfj Pctrta Lske, kue tlrfj i or !"
iti;nneiits of (ua naisii. At b.'.ty
iikiuiii-d, lit ! ij.- sf :i .-
''.rms with trie Votajreti-s, And
ami (f n- f
"tg.Hiidt'r'j tin 'ass iej t.p 1 1 t'oirea iljvs. j
N'it I--f gr a:':er ttus t'.e Ut .;: ..!
" 1 '' f;-n " U I'.j'.e mf.;''', t-r 0.-ej
' iv : . it I , i. , . , . . . . .. i . . C. , I
whw-H irel the pprnpnate nnme of " (Tr
Otu," tu-okutt Iieiirt. 'i'h iie of tlii forltli.
, caii.rfi m supptwej to hurt? U'en x xl miw c:illud
-Sii.g Kay,' not far friSiu IVorm, on th llli
ihh It i a utiigulur l.c. It U a broud fund
btiu, wuite huwired I'eet in dinmoler oeiiin
jki ttie rivrr, lh water of which in tfie high.
" er nagefc til it. t I lie brim, but when low they ie
lre, arJ ntimher uf lrt;e rtnip giwh cojiiuiiH
ly turth tVom I lie three titles tifllie ritiga, anil form
ft lrem. " rhm Creek" emptimi itself just b
kn, erouwd by a bruise of earth, while- yet fur
ther if oa een a lure mouno, which has been
etiened, ahr) f iuihJ to contain human remain twen.
ty fcet frem the summit. V . ,
" At th -itmfr' f ihe ereetkm-f-FMrt-CreWi
Cavrt the Mini were at war wjlh the warlike lro
qiwi IiiJii,!t ; and the loruier, anticipating aHi
taace from their Iriernln, I lie French, and reeeiv
. ti none, resolved deetruy La Sdlle. Ilia bold-
and eLxiiK-ttce alone saved him i
amiry. iS xwr was this disturbance quelM
Ihaaa mutiny anwe aiiHmg hi own men. On
CbrUni.-j:-diy bin dinner was poisoned, and power!
ful tuediciiies slot saved his life. V
" Preparation wre miw made to explore the
JIuewsippu ' Father Hennepin, with four Frenc h.
"W". a4 w. lAtcan, comnmnwr, as-
' .J - .J -1 - .1.- Lnll. .,,1 tiainnrrlnnm in
hooor5f ,hT P,roB '" Anthony They
Pnw VjT of S.ou,
"" nd J ." ' ''','
rior tu tta villages, and detained several months,
when they regained their liberty. Father llenue.
fin returned to Canada, nml subueqnently to France,
where be published bis travels ia splendid iy)e ;
, Wicatni5 tbe book to tbe celebrated Colbert.
These early wrUuin, though deeply imhocd with
a spirit of supentitton and exaggeration, are yet
valuable a the aW records if ihe time. , The
chief of theva.histoimtrs were Hennepin, Tonli,
. sad ChHftevoit. i)ifliculties arising with the In-
after infinite dinkulty, was completed. .-..-The site
'-'a described aa rock, very high, the lop of
- wh:h was even and of convenient space; so thai
it coesniaadeJ the river and country round shout."
1 Tbii descriptiow applies to no place on the Illinois
wWa tVtoe Starve! Euct.w "The Sir was
caiicu of. Liouis. . . .-..
- g-jj i,rted'Cnadi, "and a crowd of adven
swrer leturned with urn. .. t)uceudn ilia IKukim
aod ViaMMsippi, the company stopjied for tome
time at the oioutb of the Missouri, then the Otage
river, aad louod a sillage of 'the Tuiitnarwaus,
which was deserted, tbe natives being on a bunting
essedUioa. Ia three days they were at tbe Ouba-
; er Uhio At th-4ikaiw DluT4a.ui4 culled-
Pnnikomm was erected, and format pwaesmm ol
I thcory fkA
. aug raooarcn, uamea iAntutana. fwverai munr
( furta were erected, aod una vt thcm. llia. juins of
hicb yet remain, is supposed to have stood, be.
twees St. Louis and Cwroodelet. r Dencendine the
riwr, on the 7th of Aril, 1683, La Salle reached.
Ihe Unit of Mexico, where a Veum was sung ;
a crowi, with the arms of Prance,- was suspended
.which bad occupied three mouths in Hs exploration
of about ona thousand miles, was-named "St.
Oabii reture, the associates of La Salle founded
the villages of Kiukaskia and Cuhokia on the
XmttkML. Bottom, while ha hastened oo to Cana
da aod ttaenca to France, to obtain a colony for the
fr-" cow rr-at the. im nil It at, Ab& iisjjppiw Losi in j
bis route oa returning with this evpedilum, he com
meocxHl a journey over laud to Illinois; but, while
5 - mi bt nr: wssTfiatrtrerYkuTv'aiiiutMaoiiiled Ti" i'wn
bc4ury of retributive justice, that these men soon
W desk siewlh towcb other, and 4w-prets f
trie niutuieers became penitent, and confetMed all
the circumstances of the crime. . The burial spot
ef tha woble La Salle is unknown to- this day.
Manjia-ttw, M the apostle of tha wilderness," died
andur circuoMtanees of touching interest on . the
lotarfy shores of Ike Michigan while upon his
awrauosv - Cbsrlevuis, the historian, throws an iu
'lrtt"of0icUiicbtry rouiiiiicc o'soir tFe futs oT llii
raoerabla nun. According to this writer, Father
Joseph Marquette was a native of Laon, in 1'icar
dv, and of distingaished family. About i years
after bi-s ducovery of tbe Mississippi,' while en.
pied in bis missionary labors ainongthe savages,
b wis journeying from Chicago to Aliclnlliiii.icki
sac, aod on the 8th of My, 1075,' entered tiie
avouch of a small river emptying into Lake Michi
gan vpoa it F.tern side, which now bears his
oatne. Here be Umled, erected an altar, and said
eoo.it. After this ceremony, he retired a short di.
Uace, ami reqjested tha two voyageurs who con
ducted hu canje to leave him alone for half ao
.hour, whilu ia private be returned thauks. The
perJ bdviu expired, they went to seek him, and
- bxi un deii in tbe altitude of U.;voti.; the
rcuiwtaoce then .recurred to them, that, on enter,
& r,ver' hr ffmd" '"""'-r'
there end his days. ri,e di.ta.ta was too
u 3lhiHiinackina to convey there his re-
- J' agciraciuiug.y. uur:u
r tliS Wnl of tifii streitai: whtch ttwyralled Hr
f".st name. From that time the river, as if from
rj'vepeaci'f.r the uikiHiar)V roiicai has coniinuod
ti retire, aud his prsve is yet oiiited out to the
traveller. Thus did '.he venerable Marquette, at
am advanced age, alona with his (Jod, yield up his
tlimele life tons giver, while engaged iu hi ho-
errrid "f fleae to the savag. and am-d the
migTH.'iceut sotauiles of the land ot Ins discovery.
SiWtittja.sjxp!oratioris( cohipjes froin
Iir L'an-tda raoidlv settled the recent villues
f KtkMkui,Cahokut,aiid Tuorui. Hit liuiirde .
si rTieseem not to have been th.tt! of the sjiecula
turs vf our own day. Their sole anticipation was
amass opulence by mining in a country then snji.
i incalculably rich in the precious metals,
froar is reeinManre to the silver region of fcooih
Auwrici: ami we find exclusive grunts of extern
xsve tr t bearing this date to Cruz it, Ilenault,
and other individuals..' Il pursuit of this golden
'chimera, many es-ieditiou were fitted out at vsst
exi.ens. In 16'J'.), M- de Seur, an enterprising
travi Hor, wuhniitety men, descended the Missinsip
lt i t a sp it six hui'idrei miles above the Illinois,
ami "erected a'fort iiKm the preV-ursite of Fort
Annilrong; for tha purpose of nxploring a mine of
ri-mi rer'', said to have liecn discovered in that
k-.Tiinful rt-MM. Ituecd hardly be said that all
SALISBURY, K C'KOVEMnRR
these ad'.Ctiturers were diMtpponnd: hut the huoy.
ant hilnrity of the race did not no-sake them, ami
as bontmen, hunters, rowrwrs du boit, ludinn tra-di-m,
mid hiiiiiII fanners, they ghinu(fa comfortable
ulswiei)ce, and merrily did they .enjoy it. J,,t
of their lives were passed upon the broad prairies,
and in poctrating every sec I inn of this vast val
ley iii their hirc'i pirogues wherever a stream pro.
sented to them honoin i and yet with the violin,
the grope juice, and a short pipe, thtty seemed the
blitheat mortal nu tho face of the earth. Il was
by ommi such asthese thut (IveVillugeof Kaskaskia,
in old French chronicles styled " A'oee tfueic dt
Cuwutiit," originating in the name and rest
donee of an I in! i an tribe, first was settled : and iu
k fc'tf J'eftrt it ,hai be com aa Kttitmve-dewt Jr
tne trade in lurs. It was probably by 'he same
Indian tribe which originally possOHsed the site of
Kankat-kia, that a putry of thu ui'fortunate exiwdu
t im of Ferdinand do Soto, by whom Florida was
Par,'""y conquered, was nlniont destroyed alxmt
the year 15:19. Indeed, there was a tradition still
extant iijKini the arrival of the French, of their ha.
Ting exterminated the fvrt trAie fuctt they had
ever seen. For three years did the chivalrous Ite
Soto,' with Ilia iiiiie hundred steol-clad warriors',
scour the land in aearrli of the reality of Iris gold
en dreams : at length he died ; he was ao ohjuct of
nalrftaand ierror ia the liulians f and to conceal
his death, or to preserve from violation' his re
mains, his followers enclosed thnn in a coffin con
structed from the section of a hollow tree, and
sunk them henentb the flood of the tternal river.
His followers, reduced to only two hundred and fif
ty, returned to Spain. And m the burial places of
the hrst explorers of the Mississippi are unknown,
Temperanct.Mctting in Jioiton-k rcat meet
ing ol Jhe frteuds of .Tttmperuiica was held flk the
Odeoti in Hoston, on Friday evening lust. . Among
the speakers were Aldcn liradlord and Richard
Hildreth, Eq'rs-, and Rev. John Pierpont. Wlmt
folltiw's' kM tlifi "cliiailitg" reirafks i"lf Jhe'laiterV tts;
reported in the Evening Mereaiitilo Journal :
" Mr P. rend an extract from a rule windier of
Blackwood's Magazine, where it was stated that in
tha city of Claso, with a populHtimi of 270,000
inhabitnnis there were 3.0U0 retailers if ardent
tHrrt and that it Ys eimnted that the atrmttnt
I paid annually for ardent spirit was S)(H),o60 and
this chiefly by the poor and laboring claws who
were. 1 he most ,.ojil aiH.lrequuile.ra f Those shop.
It wa dillicult to estimate the amount of money
expended in this way in the city of Hoston it had
never been done even when the tra (Tic was legal,
snd "if ciiursa would be more difficult lioV that it
Was pursued as deeds of charity should lie done, in
secret. ' Hut when thowe retail shos were reduced
from 600 to 400, it was but rational to suppose
that trhnaesn the trade would iml he Haliitfied with,
less ' draii' a i''isatd'-of $f,OO0irac'h, ori an' average
and the amouftt thus expanded, according to this
estimate, would be $400,000 'jmiif to the reTail
dealer'; and which would otherwise have remnitiod
irt tlie pockets of the Jiard-working man, or ex
pended in providing comforts for his lanuly lie-'
sides which, the pockeis'of the temperate and the
thrifty yrrnild baye.hetnji,ss solirjted Pir.iaxeS la,
support the poor, ami punish the crinunnl or Tor
contributing to cluritoble societies, if the retail
shops were abolished. Beiiides the expense, we
should takvo"iiilii 'cisiiiidoraiiunV liow much less
qualified the retailer's customers were to transact
their ordinary.busincss make bargains-manage
theirdoineslic 'concerns.&c." All this would .be
remedied by stopping the retail trafliu in ardent
Mr. P. alluded to the late accoinit of Ijie death
iit IndiHi'Tif Ituiijni-r'Sinuh. a powerful prince at
Lahore end-at hi dtfath, four- of. his wtvc nd
seveii brhrs"1 fumald 'slavcsi.siicfificed themst:lvns
ot Jhe un.eraj pile. 1 h is, wsg ,awfuil; Mwlryrx.
shocking to-every human mind and the pious and
the benevolent were called upon to send out to that
clime, devout men, to put a stop to, such fearful
manifestations of idolatry. Hut, asked Mr. P.,
have wa not also a task at home t In India, eleven
women sudor themselves lobe burned oir the fu
neral pyre, when a monarch dies stimulated by a.
doubtless sineere but-hlind faiths -Jiut-- would- 4 1
times II meet the annual consumption of men and
women in this city and vicinity, who are worship
pers at a temple of Idolatry, far more destructive
and debasing than that of Juggernaut itself I Idola
try to Rum I which every year carries millions to
their graves! The Indian woman sacrifices herself
as an act of religion through a sense ol duty
but we stand and look on in this fair city cold,
silent, iudifleretit spectators, while our citizens,
perhaps our -friends, do not burn themselves' en the
funeral pile but lake into their bodies the fire,
which seises upon and destroys their moral and
intellectual faculties -and which carries them
duwn to their grsves perhaps not at once, in a
moment of agony but after years of Llighled
hopes and intense sofF-ring. . . . -It
would bo bolter for such to go to irindostnn
and cast themselves down before tho car of Jugger
naut,1"" 1 remain in a Chriatiun hind, iu this
city, amid a virtuous community, surrounded' by
friends, amid the altars of the true Uod and give
tbeai-sclrca up lu-.thnt horrid, idolalry and death.
As Chiiotians, we should no ,oigr be silent and
iititctive when w "a itdess scenes wli'ich cause the
death of the soul ; and il was devoutly to lie wished
that the prayer and cflorts of -philanthropists
would at last prevail, that the 1Ixk1 of these, in
fatuated men might be saved.
Sierne, who WdTi's wifo very ill, was one day
talking to Garrick, in a fine scutioieutal minner,
myaisasdTaoiijugaUuveaudatdclity ."..Til"? hl",.LvVa-Iru.,ftUv.jys.t.) ippise, from the fact of the
nanu, saiu rieine, " wno is-naves iinsuimy in ins j
wile, deserves In nave Ins house imrtieU over nisi
head. " If Voh lhiiiktto,".sail Oarrick, ?i L hope
your house is tttsuieil.". v . '. ' v ..
A Barhcr in Indluna ha Ihe following quaint
notice upon Ids sign, which dandies who wear hair
all over (heir faces might be benefitted by Cunning
over: ;'' .'"""
j- Mia want but little fard, yon know,
Nor wants that little fong, :-' '
A Methodist minister 111 Vermont has forbidden
any "ono to play a has viol in fiischurch. " Ho
says, however serious uis uiouynis may ue, tlie
moment ho hears a fiddle, ho goes (0 thinking how
Jc 7W t' demrt,
From the GemuMhy Prifean IsijrVH'.
'.'S0N(J OF Till: S1LF.NT LANn."
" Into the Silent Lirnl v " '
Ah; who slull led on lliitlier !
. Cliiml in tlio-eviMiing utiy, mure darkly gslher,
And shuttered wreekn li iluckor on the strand.
Wlw leads us With a geutlo hand,
Thither, oh! llutln-r. V
Into Iho Silent Land ! ''
. Into the Silent Land ! ' '
'J'o you, ye bouftilleM rc(rions . -
Of all perfection ! 1'emler morning via'ons
. Of beauti"oum)ul. Klernity's owm baud!
Who in Lifo's battle firm dotli tduiid,, .
Kliall benr Hop's leii'lur likimxmis ;
""Into tho Silent Laud f " " """ '
" Oh Ijin.l! O I ji nd I
. Forll the brokendinartvoV .-
, The mildi't herald by our tsto allotted,
, thickens, snd with inverted torch doth uland
To lead nil with agen'.le hnml, " -.
. - lata the land of the Rr'ai departed
Into tho Silent Uod t" ' ' ' - - V '
'. T II E BOY AN I) MAN 'y:"X
A few years ago, there was in the city of B
: ton, a portrait punter, whose name was Mr. Cop-
' ley. Ho Mid not 'succeed very 'wen-tir'Isisiiieiis,
and concluded to go l England, fotry his fortune
, there, . He had a little son," whom- he Jook with
imn, whose name was John Singleton Copley
r John was s very studious boy, and made such
rapid progress in his studios, that his hither sent
liitn to college. There he applied himself closely
to his books, and became so distinguished a schol
ar that his instructors predicted that he would
make a very emiixuit man. ; -
v: ""After lie 'graduated, he sluilieillaWr And when
he entered upon the practice of his profession, his
mind w is so richly stored with information, and no
he almost immediutely obtuineii celebrity, Oue
or (wo causes of very great importance being en--trusted
to him, he nmnad them with so much
: wisdom and skill as to attract the admiration of
; the whole Rritirlt nation. '-
The king and his cabinet, seeing what a -learned
'"'WiSh ho "w'as, and htiW inucli lufi ifiice he had ac
quired, felt il to be iiii(ortniil lo secure hi services
fr the governmnnt. , Thoy, therefore, raised him
was created L'ird Chuncellor ot England i he ve
; ry highest post of honor to which any subject can
attain, so thut John Singleton Copley is now Lord
. Lyndlmrst, Loid High Chancellor of EiigluiwI.
y About sixty years ago, he was a little hoy in Bos
:ton.;.His fothcjf, was. a poor 4grJ.rai( p?inter,.heri).-,
. ly able to got hi bread. Now, John is at the
head of iberiohiljtyfif 4vighm! j-o,wf .! fii'Mj
Oistinguished man in talent and power, In the
House of Lords, and regarded with reverence and
respect by the whole civilised world. This is the
reward of industry. The stud.oua boy become i
the useful and respeclaldu mini. V i ' .
II. id John S. Copley ciil.his school hoy djys
in idleness, he probably . would have passed ins
I lilaolioifd io poverty and shsma. Hat- hu sludind
iu school when other boy were idle, 'he studied in
' college when other young men wore wnaiiug their
1,1 ime r M lheaa'Jpid I'.if his.iuoU,-iVltra fMwyev
re,' U'rctt onward) and how rich has beu his re
ward. . - , -
-- ConH-riatiimtd Irtttrtmrte trith lltt Serti.
What makes those men who associate habitually
tliat tvomaiti who is accustomed to, and at ease in
the company of men, superior to her sex in lteno-
praj-t.1 ; Y hy ara. .the - wromun of ; Fnuuia o ' uanaa.
sally admired for their colloquial powers! Sole.
-ly becwise they are it the habit tif a fren; gracdi
"ful, and continual conversation with the other "ex.
Women in Ibis way lose their frivolity, their facul
tie awaken llieir delicacies and peculiarities, and
unfold their lieauiies and csptivstion in the spirit
of intellectual rivalry. And ihe men lose their p.
dantic, rude, declamatory or sullen manner. 'J he
coin of the understanding and Iho heart is inter
''ctiaiiiod eiiiithiaiillyv-"Theii1 bHjftrrt roruUlH; J
ofT, the better materials polished and brightened,
and tlioir richness, like fine gold, is wrought 111(11
finer worknintiship ly the fingers of women, than it
evvr could be by those of '.men. .The iron and
sieul of our cliaractor, ere laid asido. like the
harshrH'ss of a warrior in the time of pouue and
security; ' ' - ' . . " ' 1: ,
', :..Jw' ,,Vv RXERCIS'E.
' " If yon would enjoy health, take ttcrciit and be
tomeralet and if yuu attend to these limits pro
P;rly, you will have but little use for either physi
cians or medicines. '-'Temperance, extreme, and
rest, are the sure ganrantces of sound health Bud
. vigor, if you have naturally a good constitution,
and almost tho only sure mcuns of amending and
preserving a weak and doficieut one.. . Persons who
take projier exercise, and couihine that exercise
- with toinperanci), are seldom -nek f nnd those who
fly -to-medicines on every trifling cause of co'n
plaint, in nine rases in ten, might relievo themselves
byabwiMng from- tiod fra -short -ttni", hvmg on
ItglKdiiitaud inking ssmiieh eterciwft will rau-w
ersiiratioii, williout iuipatriiig their strength by
excessive fatigue. I'.xorcisc, for the purpose id
prisjiicing pi-rspiration, and throwing oil Dieexcre
miiililious or had muter ot llio system, is mneli
belter than any medical iivunsi not only -because
-jt-ialtUu-uttiaus whith-tia'.urC-.ti -ticK. uroacaLcaJ
but because, unlike medical drus generally it
treii rthens. instead of weaki'iimir the svstem
horrible fetor ur steiicu, whn.Ii ariMia 'ft uiiiirio to!
dies of those 011 whonxjevers have just been broken,
thut thu retention of at bud matter in the?" ays
tern, contrary to nature, was the real cause of their
frehrila or feverish disorders j and does it not fid
low, that by getting clear of thai rnntter by natu
ral means, ls-lore it has (imn to accuiniilnte and
produce indignant and obstinate diseases, is much
better than to Vrr the tital organg into a destruc
tive action fir producing Ihesamo efllict T In nth.
er words, do you not know, that when you force
(he stomach into laborious action, or indeed any
other vital organ ol ttio system, mat you always
" weaken and impair its tuiergies, ami lay the fiani-
datioti of many diseases to whicn tho system under
oilier circumstances wiwiu ne a stranger.
Thi" il no vifchrrnft shout tio iJiwasestowht
(Whole -"fiiol 1 0 t.y
we sre all liable ; they are all rwirs of plain rea.
soiling hefiveen (lie Ciiu5es and eih cts, lu Ihe full
understanding of every man. Are We nut wiim . ' .
ses daily awl hourly of the beiH-iicial il. cu of ex. '- '
erci.se, in tho cure of disease in wlm-h both medi.
cines and iiietiu al men have tailed I Half the dis
ease's of delioito .voiiien, and in liici, marly a t the
disease connected with hysterics- and hypochou. ,
drit, arise for want of due exercise in (lumpen, nolj
and pure air. Iuslead of slewing in ac'o-e room,
ami indulging in iiiiMnly and tilnoiny anticipations,
and instead ol lying in hue feat her-bed until iiim
or ten o'clock in the nioiumg, dozing through'
morbid dreapn and vainly couning sleep, the o.
nan of dniicata nerves and infirm health, and lhe
diNMiiy 4ypo lnHidrwe,- -who- has- prolmhly -f ot- - - r
wend for (nouths tojether, euglit to spring from
he feathered couch at daylight 5 view the opening'
and brilliant landscape of nature, just kindling in.
to hie and beauty under the beams of ihe rising -un,
and breast Ihe pure mountain breeze ! , ." -.
, I have just (old you, that exercise will not only J
preserve your health if J-oo have a good constitu.
tit 4i, but thab.it will freijueiitly give healthy action .
and strength tab weak, deficient 0110. '"-X'ie'er'o is" "C
described by Plutarch a being at one periml o( ,
ins tile so thin and, weakly j so much so indeed, t
from Ihe debility of his stomach, as lobe able to
rat but once a day, and (hat a very junairquaiiTilyi
in tins iletulitated and weakly condition, he trav.
elhai to Athens for th recovery of his health, and '
s great were tha effects ol his exercise, that, to. .
gelher with lha gymnastic exercise .of, the pluco,
he hecaine firm and robust, and his voice, which ' I
had been before squeaking and harsh, was changed
for melodious,, deep, sjnd aotiorolis (ones. The ,
same writer, Plutarch, describes the.gteat Roman.
arrior, Julius CVar, as being originally of very '.,
delicatu ht'alihrpala and sofUkiu; and otvery tco. ..
hie constitution by nature, and subject to 'tils; but ,
that by a military lifo, using course diet and great
exercise, he ml only became inured (0 the hardships '
and -exposures td" war -lil healthy 1 -raeHye,-. vigor' "4--
ous atiuslriMig. ,1-lt is not worth while to pivi
more instances of Ihe powerful iiiflnence which ex.
. 1 .i j nu m 1.11 um Huuiail bjctivii, , 11 J.'U WI9II Jtf .
know more about it, look at (he brawny arms and '
strong chests of sailors, who are always pulling
rutt's,:aud contending with tha winds and atoi ins ':--"r
ol the ocean ; look al the strong figure or the slur,
dy woodman, who makes the forests how to the -
stroke, iof tlia a se. r and indued all ihewe persona w li - -are
encaged in active and laborious callings ; and
then, by comparing tliese people with thoso who
are always confined in their bouses, to b.k, and -silling
postures, and trades which preveiU ihem ,
from muving about, you Will be ahla very easily to -see
the-ehVcts of exercise mutb U-Her' than I ran
describe and tel yea of ihein. -.1 M- confident in - -saying,
thut by exercise o;i Imrseback for women,
TiSti exfrcis; rrn font frit 'oicn.lngeilier wtiji .iiib. ' t'l
atleiitiiln fo fisid and drink, this dreadful disense, "
call.'d dpHjxpaia or -indigriHim w hit h j'araly ises ' T.
both bialy and mind, and make existence itself a '
Isirden, together with Ihe whole tram of nnrvous
discuses to which we are subject, may be cured
completely without the aid of tnediciiW, by laying ,
down and lollowing nvsteuiutio ruli of Hi iu
(I'll, and ifitt. .
4 f id rT'r". -jy t r 1 ! J i II'?,. j.-P'' ( "r .t' y. .. r . ...
building on which several negroes were at woik,
our attention was arrested by hearing two id the
darkies iu a dinhmuo of high words. Ono of
llioiii was on the scairdding, and thu other st iiuh
iug on 1 lie ground near a pile of brick.
" Why, you knows, f-ani," gtiid tha animated
htitvp-s5 hty. wint'.MaUui r'.. w hu,iiid btdow Jwvkv,
ing up and rolling the while of his eye, winch re
seinhlud a. poach"id eg jr " yna knu.:.j';i,-,r..n'l ,,;
shine wlmr dis child is no how." .
...iLook hoaw,. Pomp,. you tiir-b.lv, I d el do.,
greatescnntenlerrication for von and ail your inn".'
wonders, I does 1- do fuc i, t looks dWa on you
wid parfec eoutemp yisj's all togcddi-rifinr mn."
" None nf dmu sinnervalioua, fii'gsr, I shan
stsn it. 1 lake ono oh these brick sml fitch yuu
ofl'u dat scaflid, quicker dan you git on it, if you
oilers any more ob your larnatious and result in '
compressions." -, t ;
V W'isI dat you talks, you dark renhoropinnt
Jis stati dsre till I cuius down dis ladder. I tnakn
you (ink t bull dog 'got you !" And thus say ing,
Sam rattled dawn from tho building, "hke a -sum
down a stmmnn tree." - - -
-The belligerents wr re almiit -coming to closa
quarters, when tho overeer eiime up, and spoiling
the fun, we walked away. A'. O. I'Uayune.
Puncliiality is tho lifo of business in every de.
partioeiit of an honest industry, hut is e-qieciaiiv
iinpor'sni to a mechanic. We never knew a punc
Imil ini'chatiic, of ordmai y capacities, and a com.
moil freedom from roudenli d iiii-l'.irluii-s, who
was so pixiras not to bo able to supply himself and -liinnly
with the necessaries and .comfort of lifn
but wo have known 'many to auflor, as a conso.
qit'tice of their broken promisi-s and lln ir ioato n
11011 to business, and then complain of hard times,
tha grinding power of the aristocracy, li.w Imrd
elihiice tit tnei-tsoies,'(Ve. Are--tWa'jtdt.r:-'-w"'-T ' "
whH;lright,''S saihllnr, a iinler, a ina-'on, a s-i'i-.';
maker, a blacks'iulli, a tailor, a punter, or any
thing else which mske yIMit trade hoin'iahlo .
sud ..useful to society 1 We . pray you la Im. .
punctual punctual m living your work doiat
when it is promised, pmietnal iu collecting your
I in llus, and " Thrift" wilt bo wiitten nil over
thy shop. ' Nothing is more at-tsvaling to
cudoiners, than to call for their ailii-h-sr-when
yfiur " pnitiiistr' has -aitho'rit-' rhens-Hv -sHrpwt .--.
tlieiii, and to lie told I hat they are lint dodo. Of.
if idimei the disappoiMiiicnl is a serious iuconvcui. " " "
eucc, if not an injury to thotti. They ;o away dis
pleased, and with an unfavorable opinion of Iho
habits and veracity of tho mechanic they , have
employed.. And they will bo shy how (hey cull
upon him lu receive tho evidence of hi broken
promise many times. Their inlhu'm n, too, iinii .
others, will bo against him. ' Hu careful never t
promise work till you know, extninrdu.aries rx
ceptcd, that you can do the j ib. A- ! then
make it a pacn'd point to he us vuur word.
Let (Im work Ik.' dono faithfully, nnd ih.;n wh.'a
your cusiuuier eHs for it and fuuU it re uly hi th
tune and well executed, no wjllfecl nnoUi;j h, n an.
sing within him, to .n ena iliy pot.ct. i. n y