' SPEDJIl OK Mil-KlNHUt,
f)a It Rivdulum ojfned by Mr, Johnson of Tenn.,
inttrutiiitg I hi- ( ummitlte of Lltctumt to Hrjxnt
furlkwUh lo the ., Air of the (tuimautB fur
tlir. Jive t icaol trail from Meio-Jtrtey Am recrivri
m mnjvrily of the whut Hum tier of ixMet pnllrd in
-. rry ut Ike lute tltctwn J'i,r Rrprttriilulivt
to the prrtrtt Cuttgrttt : and alto lo rrvirt errtatn
paprn to be jntnlnl. .fc.dtlitrrrJ in (Ac lluate of
Kepi tu niattt, r tor uary l-m
'Mb. Fisiirb id : A the gentleman from New
York (Mt. Fillmore) decliiMM proceeding with bis
remarks, i will uko op the subject and submit
foWjbbservatton. And, in the titM pluce, I must
express my surprise ut Ibe tfforl that are being
made her to (fare off tin question, iitd evade
.coining to decistuo ou it tms, lo, l a time
when great eouipfai'ita are hesrd from every quar
ter against the lardiiw? of our movements, lo
the 'ihsi place, I iiiuxi express mjf uiier it-ionish-fiient
Hint ihera should be any objoctioo whatever
lo the. Committee' reporting Km fact, wtift have
received the roaj'irity of vol-, or in the publicn
I inn of the paper giving informal ion, on ihe ub
' jert. A re gentlemen unwilling lo rei-eivp toforo-ia-jiriuT
If they are unwilling toecene it fur them
slvj, eertiMidy fhey ough4u swr it t b sjwesd
before; tlie People, lfoltur 1 any Tight Wore
the Committee, i i( njrbt tck them op in the
comraittco rwmitu hide them uuder a bushel !-e
Whv lu.t Lnnir them nut. sari set them on a hill.
,, that ll may sue thorn t 1 think, air, it la Jmo to
I tin Hmiae itself, lothe People frj. Jersey aud
li tlie whole Ameriiiti i' tofile, Hial all tl iiilor
mau' befiiM the Coipinitlb'S.khould be brought
out anomada public. ' " .
" la .llieret phice, it is duo totlie II hi itself.
Why t Tfrie. House rrfuiw to fteVmu the nvc in
dividual whfli (Kmc hre with the Gtivenior'e cor
tiRustee tj titkeH.'ir auata. rof thw dociaioti iwe
. " have Iwbii iiMHtoi 4P th imrt Oiiq wlilied lerina,
' and drniounofl by tlN (joenior of N" Jury an
- having been gwilty tf monstroua uaufpation.
V Nftw, m-, tfitJ rci oulk,io be mifn public, that
' r - Ilia Amr-nc'ii PiKit(Hv judire wbeih'r thiachartus
-keTnpB mt F4UK : 'yrw-tlier ia ihw ll.ioe,or
.ih ne irampiun i iiHj Ajrwmiiniim mrwmr
-v nifofoiitd thi mmwlroui usurpmlion,"
i t . i . a .... l I
i ' In thf nrtxt CluCe U m ui n peciaj manner
" T r aUoulil bo nittilii public; in orilf inat they may wo
.s.l-. ''nbV.ll.'v tuvo tvt thfirfjll reoreieiiMtioir on
s .v rt . -ri ',...-.'A.:l.Jf4..:.iJ-;i!:
' It MiT . u A lit! TU HIO 1 fl I IUIVIU1I(I!B III3IB t.lUIIIIUI.
, J i tli ft vawiul iiuul, id vail.aeftbet aet U )riMt
. '. ' i 1ud ie occupy thitiii, J ! J'eopM 'A NoJtTcy
of these ciaiiRHnte hvn conie (Kit. and, in adviuvt,
ctiargud the wind bUiua on the majority of Ihk
Houae. la their (oiler -to the governor of New.
Jersey, wrinen, no doulrf for eftfct, Riid.publjaheij
s, every whore, thcyxrmmcteraehe jrwMdm ol'
lln llmiae a,n ou riuwE n diigrace to re-
' ' . preaeiiiative givernmeot--a a dingract lo the bo
. .. (J y iltelf aa the nxerciae of a " lawloaa tod revo
lutionary poiyer ;" and they chnrge that tho majo
rity diareinrd their "oath to aupnort Ibo Conati
tuiicm." Now,' air.lliv) are erava charioa, and
the ror li'ild be nmde public, thnt it may bu
mn whether thie H nine be Riiiliy, whether thi
Iliiuao haa-co'imillmJ (xrj try kiid usurpation in
erciHin)' a' power xpruly del(tHled to it or,
whu'tlior tlii-iu five cl liirmnt are 'nut the culprit,
'lit IryiiijL lo Uhj ai.ali on tliie flimr, wheiK lhy
kMme xlioy bflti jj'rt ti.ctiiveda nmj jruyjjf Jim rote
tftbe roople r Nnv.Jrwy ' v .
i. There ja yet another r""rt why nmhinir ahmild
'lid kept b.klM nll omdo rtuhlio. The twejoriiy
Ht-im lififiatmnt ta JuiwynnBit-fiayj tonga -tp
"thia iilijoi:f,Hii(f have pua-tcd b serii.' of KtMi'iln
. Jiona, doikjiiiTtTirtf thi lluUne in the iowt unmeawi-
, ;' jod terui. Tiicy wete'not cHiterXtn P;n Hi
fm iluiiuiif, aiil cirouUie tlinmln No Jersey, bin
x they h-re wiit tlirqi to all thd uiIki tJte In tlu
--M hiTnrf: tipifliu iiimtinii witIiiiii nit th hi. : r1
bled '.o nnl uinlirstttiuliiiiilv on the'aubtect
"if ! Virji'iin, limy m iyact tn one-Mited evnk-iy.e
line. t IVh ip, lmver, hi Kxoellency nmv not
fiavo Iikm iij nesj of lijjlit on the suhjocl ; ho limy
. kuo-v all about it by intuiliou. 1 hojie, sir, I heat
Unu' l Im Btlofted by tba rl'siw, m the form in
whlr.li it h i how b'n premted lo u.'
Mr, F. cmitinuml! It iitasi lK'n decided," sir, by
ne vote jusi luaen, inui ii is noi in nruer io quoie
whut h h buflii dna in the Uommitlee t and yet,
. without re:'er,ir2 tr tho proceeJtnyi of 'the ai
twite, ii i ili'.ri".ilj toeir!i' things 4ih'y wtijjht
to bet Much cefliiM hii been thmwri oti tho Coin
, mitteo fi-um-vanoiK iirSer-i, ftiwl, fur oih, ( .wish
tint ihp whoto ji'ronediiiga may bi iiiJ public I
fir, wl.utever nwy Im t!m result,' t feJ that myx
. "kins tto cbar. 1 -do not, however, lelieve that
jrmtTjfe-Crfniniitleo Wilt-Wit!cT IflueTr
' light ihi the vut'j-v-t. 1 have no dobbt it will be
, c.MiidTJ gie.it literary curinaity f for, in my
, opinion, it i rha tii3t extraordinary journal ibtit
ever h u bf-ea iicpf since tb keeping of journal
lirt bi-nu Sir, diJ you ever read in anciout lit.
Me ti an unf riuiiiu wwhl, who wns cmdatnnsd
t- ro 1 1 bugu atone up bill all hit life t how, after
(nubi-v'. and pulling, and tugging, to'jjftj i( up; i
" IhS tiirt'oriire'Tiilf, irwSubi alio froni hi hand
i -anJ-f uU-duw4 aiuuilf ou havfua t&f.jpM.
.s, ..4nu aJus vf fiiu.Ubota jjf tba, CouuuiHee. . Or,
ar, lUl voa ever read io ancient stury the history
" of iba fiuihluj l'tiitlope, ho apoid tba (lay hi wra
, ,nl ", obi'Hje iUsjit iu wiudmg rt wt .igron ;
- If , ierbipt. you may i.irm'aoma aiuii ot'lte la
bur ol' the Committer. jiThci ojl of -Penelope
was to grtin time f . ., "
f Mr. 1 was here caflixf In order fir reforriug to
V I lis pruts'iliifiis i if I T ta C'uni.iiiiUs: sn.1, affnp mmm,
diMru-riiun ou tba points of order, Jis wos suflofed
lo pnii'eed with hi remrk ,
- If cutiliouod. Sir, it Is not inv-iioriMiM tn an-
- -IicmU Hie pblintiiis a ii.a,i., Im.i wjh
"dl ibUirClbC pubHo ffHwdoti frepMssr.-
No one nn litis) ffpor, or any wlienii ). kt ev.
ma n uy u tlie vote ptijird at tne Mte vzres
aioiwl !lectiuo in New-Jerey. N.f tmirit brae
asserted her or elsewhere, ihet Idem her did n;
. recnive a avyoritj; oujhrt eonfriirj-t it h.tj been.
.o adiHtited, heti,therehret-4lM cMiiicate iiteu
enne forward and claimed the sua Is, they did so,
not on the ground ibat Ihey had received a major
ity of :be vole J Un o Uo ground fbat lUy bad
jtrceived tlie Governor co. locale. On the other
JmieJ, Ih.i Mbsr riva claimed the "seal tin. the
'grounJ tWf they badnivcd k sasjrrfy of Ihe
; .olii.- TH resl and urMti.yiiM.'d tjueetion, then,
Ihitt wd in the f rat instance presented ia (h llousa.
jind llwl U now before tbe H-tusr, m thia which
pet V 1 1 iionnl shall be' admitted to aoa.tsb.treT
lnmw havi'ii; the G'rt"Tir's CH-ini'-ates, wi'hout
mviu? ren .veda majority of the vots, or. those
- bobave rwi certibVntes, but wlio have received a
Wfjority.Qif tie iVr I am one of thuae whu will
Tiisif i:ji,i.T i!it tfi tiiiLo of Ifiu r0.1e rtiidt t0 "
-i:t ttNide by.p UuveriKir or by any . J'"1
mo from circuiiiatancca, it would at-eiii that the live
certificate inea iltnmclve did rM -Lflifve altoge
ther in the cortiiicatea for, eitliervtJifoiijih I'm
want of faith in their certilicritiK, nr with tome
other viuw, Ihey Weut Id work laat t all in bunting
up illegal vole and behold. they Uy be lore ttiui
House a bat oi cf J votes, which i!i?vay are ii'
If gul. Tu u(eai reputed to in: likya), ias
been eiteniively pnbliahed throij;liitit the country
" or . . I ' . . . .... J a..
a a sort or sei on io in majority annmo "
have been received at lhefbov.ee of their opponent J
aod it. has been done, too,' in such a nuinntr us to
make many believe thai two hundred and inrty
three illegal vole have actually. been dicowrtd.
Now, air, what is the faetl They cannot xshow,
by duly authenticated papera, sven mis dozcil bd
vute : their owo coiuuctcnt oeocra show U-a than
twrlva ilU-gal vote. . "
lr. t wa beta aain called o order lr. re
ferring to paper in the Commit !, ami after rn.e
dincuKsioii on the point of order, the Speaker de
cided that ho had a right to reh-r o pspnra that
hud teHad m (bit House, though not now in tb
MJMMiuii of ihe Hooha." Frorq tbut dVciaion aa
apfM-Ml was taken, and the aye and nay a calM for.
I ho fcpwiker a deciaiori was sustained by tneinue,
md Mr. t. wa tneu pernuueu .u go chi i
Mr. F. then proceeded to say i I wish,' sir, to
net i he public mind right on another point, Wj
turiiiog lit the hat beaded illi gul Vutea, it will be
. n that it is Iheru charged thai eij-lit.VVbi votes
wkre tak.ni out of the box at Saddle River Town,
ahip, and eight Democratic votes were put in, and,
f Cfuro, aUerwird counted thus luaking dif
frrenoe of an teen vote. Now, sir, what wish
to say ia, that 1hia charge ha not been proven. ,
.'(He wa then again called to order for alluding
to papei not before the Uouae, and,' after a const,
denble Interruption., was again permitted lo pro
ceed. ' ' - a
At, sir, I cannot be permitted to refer directly lo
the papers, I must either stop altogether, or do so
indintlyr 1 will, however, Brat make a predic
lion or two. I will then predict, whenever the
Iloiras examines the paper on thia charge, they
will find it wholy unsupported by pruol a yet laid
Jj (ory.the ConimitKHs. The judges and inspectors
of the Wis held at bsddle River are reported ii
lifuiMi of irfaircli racfer a"any"ih llie'State of
Nsw.Jescy. " When this charge sras first made
&?XJi'A.JWSiUi ..?J5sLllei"'.i kuj ,ne3f a'd
life charge wos rroiFwai VliciilWSSett"
and ahiMild be taken notice of by the law.- They
lthallegt4 ber afiWisers lo go belure tba graiid
jury ami have it inveatigttted. I itey nave not aoo
nor have Ihey m.ule good llieciiarge oetorean
other trimina whatever. Whv bavs; thevotT It
we havfHvery reason to'bvlievo Ihey wuuluT Aud
yet, dir. m Saddle ICivcr affair has been held up,
iicre and elwhere, 'a an eaiablialitd fact, that
(he Itallot boi m rubbed. w'. -'!
""Hiit," sir, ; Id u va'mirMi lli grtvunda on which
iriis Unverrmr look on himself the right lo act aside
the wilt of the people, nd to give the certificates
to those who were rejected by the people. Where
lid hn receive this uowerTi Not from the Constl
union 'of the United Hiatus, (or that give no such
power lo htm, or tu any body else ; nor did he re
ceive it from Iho luw of New'Jeraey, for the law
4 New Jersey etpnwsly require lliatthe Uovern.
orandl'nvy Council shall ascertain kaee
rtctirtd the grcttteri number of. votet from Me
whole State, and comtuiaaiuu thuin accordingly.
VV'hnre. then, did be got the power and riizliVlo
tlirij Wf alt ihu nroterWlled -jiir'SuutlTAtnWyy:-
uiil Mdlville, .which gave-aelear mnjoritv ol-4od
in lavor oi ino uiiiocnc cuiiuioaics i iiiih
Jim i-ici are uruuum iu iiuiu, n win ov iwuuu mm
. , . ,. , i. i , , .. ii v., e I .1....-
... . . l It .1. .
tkntll.MMMuM. iML..fliafiii', liltt I tililiM Wl n " 11(111.
H'.'T V, ""Z-
.,HurpH., ,., ,,, ,.., ramp ou ou a
'I'lll tlllllllllli 'I SI uilllli umiHKV tllW SltSW WB)
ilui k'"iU'. In j tstilii'ulion "of his Conduct, il is
put form ( n-ry where, that lire return ironi Ooutti
'1 3JtlTn made in time by the jHifdind-
irm t4 ttw j4U 4o 4UtUnlc.x4-UiM cuuuly-t--
yHioH,oiHino,i i wo io sena iiiein oir-w
The f.'ft is otherwise. The return from
. livi red-to the tfcrk jwwhw.!
iSuulb Auiboy v r ro -
Af 'lieTofFrtiii nwsjwradaewi tlsia e'rk, wstS:
mil any authority of luw -whatever, undertook to
i-t liiinse'l ep asjud!, and actually rejecled Ihe
vole, oii pretenru that they were not " returned
nurauaiit to la," and refused to inaertthem m the
ft"t seir)- bjrhiw;to -Tbe-Gtrverivne.--- NeveftWrosst
a full statement of these (rotes was made out, corn-
find by the judge and inspector, and delivered to
Ihe Governor in dim lime j but be and hi Privy ',
Coiiiicir rejected them because they did not come v
to hrtn thruugh ihd clerk ;jd iri this way the peo
ple wfire deprived f thetr.sucred right by tlie do.
mss of ins et"!- on lira on haml, and a partisan
(Jovernor on the other. ' And Mr let it be re.
iiwuihemd, that, at lha lime Li" tbut tniusaclioo, nut
a word watsttid about illed voteM Neither Ihe
clerk nor the tiflvernor pretHixled to allege tUul
the poll of South Amboy v.i:m tnronri ndojoQ
account or illegal votes. No: liio ex.uo of tjie,
clerk was, thnt the return were iiut mane "pur-,
auatil lo la ; end tlie exruse of, I lis (Juveruor '
whs, tliat they did not come to lum through the -clerks
Tl allegation of bad voles waa altogether
4H after aAair, and, without a doubt, gut up lo turn
tmblie attention ell from Ine conduct oi the Co,
rnor and tba" two clerk.- - -'
As ta-lbe- rsln of MdlviUe,4b"era.it. ia .IfUffl
that the return were notiuade tolba clerk bv 9
fl'i'ttwtt wtttiTrftry "twtitr,' ar-reqiriTed iry-'tho''
taw of N J-r.-)r, ?m i y, were made fcetwtW
10 and 11 ' 1 -okilw' i a.--Waihi, however.
Imvi for seriaTtiy-vMi
muui M fw jenwy r ii me reiurnins omcer leu
si i V t f .1 . . rw f
u . ei i r . i : rw . r i
fiMir or five hours behind his time, are tlie feopls
to bo pflnifched for lii neglect It'tA violas! tho
law, Hiniak him ; Itui do not dkifranchie freeii,ep '
lor Ilia lutehw. Who before this ever hesrd ut an
liisnnuf jrhvra ilia people hwt their vwtes, aiiep
Ihavmit given Ihem to according to law, merely be-k
leame the returning nicer did not duhis duly I
I I, KTsaiaw lursuiit tat litst .j MirK sa tliinrv aat asv mtmwt0
lolhnfrtra beard : thrte 'the- ira.re baa'nlwava
btfn Ihe lurerweyi-. IrW-w twrkUe i 4blite. bouid ia recejyis tbeaajspuriout injiob$' r ace
in the year a case occurred in this very
'.ownnliip of Millville precisely in point. . In that
year, the returning omcer ot lite pons at JHiiivme
failnO to deliver the rvluriw to the clerk until 12 -o'cliik
at i,iibt, where they ought to have keen
delivered by 4 o'cl jck Trie clerk sent on hi re
turn to ihe Governor, omitting in vote of Mill-'
ville, t ;mi he-did nut receive them ly ftu'etuck. J
He, hovr, oii afer mad out! cerlificale tif
tlie f-icoH and sent it up. The Governor and Pn
y C-Mincil received iliu vote and f ountod tbem, .
and, what ia more, lhce voles thca turnnd tlie
scale id the election, a ihe votn of the same place
now do. vTbis, tort, waa dmie by a Whig Govern
or, (SodtWd,) and by a )Vbig Council. But this
i not all. A I ihi sauw. election of 1838, a con
listed election took place in the county of Cumber-,
Und, in "v. hub Millville i situated, ii)d the irrcg. t
ularity of thurerurn from Millville came before
the present Jegislalureel New icnej. 'The mat-
ter win leferrad fo a Cunimitfe, a majority cf wWcfj
' f . - ' . ' .
wa mmpr-s-d d" U'htgr-" -The n..frfttv au4 li".
minoritv both ma.le ivonrU. 1 tie nm i" i"""
aiipti istr" Itiar ihetna!
sued at Ihi! balliit IJcu
rViori, decuire, '.'" Ihey w iirnb.Vf
b..i-v-4r the oeonle. fairlr eajreiuf
box, if ascertainaWf, will I dmrirraei mereiy
for Ihe reason that ihe doty of mfcmg the certih
- - , i , i , . ...
cate of election h been negligently, ignorauuy,
or even fiauduhiiilly p!rfrmed, nr omiiied, by any
ti the officers upon whom llwl duly u impose.
Now is jt not stranije that tins same .nigs m
Ihe legislature U New Jersey, in tba course of a
r.w inonlha. after adootins these ruat principle,
should change about ami deoxwice this House fir
ariuiir no ll.eml It otilv shows thai party anini-
linn ia slrofiifer with them than either a senaeof
cHuwlflncy or the feelina of patriot ism.
Mr. F. was here luieirupted for referring to
tl actiiHi of the Cuuiniiitee.
Mr. F. said. I irn very desirous to pursue hi
subject still farther, but it must be apparent to all,
from tlie various ioterruption I have received, the
call to ordrr, and lha qMsti of order, thai it
will be neat td impossible to do so." The moment
I refer Uj a paper now before the Committee, I am
calbid lo order. The moment I take p a pamph-
let lo read, iMuest iin of order w raised, and ra
ther than proceed amidst Ibis constant interruption,
I will alwndon thtar part of Ihe surnecl lor the'pres-
ent, and turn to auoiier, wbere 1 iitki(at ao in.
lerruptioiM. ' . . ,
Mr. F. continued, on ibe comtilutional queation
of certificate and seal. I will now, air, proceed to
tuke a rapid notice of the argument, which on a
former occasion was so much relied on ia this case.
I mean the great platform argiiiiient, on which all
the speeches frotn one side of tliii I loose have been
built. W itbout claiming to possess any, conaiuu
tional learning, 1 will endeavor to test this argu
ment bv the rule of common aense, and plant rea
sonine. And that I may not do injustice lolbia
famou argument, I will endeavor lo etate it in tlie.
very words of those who have advanced H nere,
frurn the very able and .distinguished gentleman
from Tennessee, (Mr. Bell,) to the humbler orators
.i j-i ...
ill una uuimiii
" That the House cannot rra bevond the certifi
cate of the Governor, to inquire wbo are entitled
to the seats ; but that we must take the certificatea
in the first instance, as conclusive evidence that
they who Bold terp;nreeiititted to- the seal."1
Or, in other word, " that whoever present him
self here with the certijeak of election, is thtrtby
. ... . . Til . A
Now, sir, to test thia proposition, we must, in
the mat place, see what power 4ln Constitution
ivu tb lloutaoa lhw aubrect-r-'l ne ASDniaof
ihe Constitution are a tillow! s" EbcSj. uou-ai
hall bs the judge it the election, return, and qual
3.) ''Shall be the judge." Hut if it be true tbi
we cannot gu beVond the certificate, to examine ev
idence. but must receive it as full and conclusive
evidence thai they who hold it are entitled to their
seats, then il follow" most cleartv that the Houae ia
not lUejwlge. It ia not the judgti because Tf can'
exercise no discretionary power whatever it hn
ne choice it cannot look. iru facts, or law ; but
I it is wholly passive; without Ihe power to chooee
or reject. To judge, implies the power (o exam
ine testimony to hear both tidesto" make up a
judgment and to decide according to evidence ;
but if it be true that we cannot look behind trie
certificate, thef (he House cannot examine either
tacts or, taw, and consequently cannot judge.-
I im, by the argument oi some gentlemen, me
Constitution j nullified, and this (louse is made a
mere passive creature, without a single attribute
of a judge. . ,
n . . . u : : ... .ii . r . aW.m -... ..r An..lM
i , , v . , , ,. c .u. r........
tt tllttt 13 no, nn ,i imi aiumrui in goniw
nioii not only make Id'-nd lett
..i . .- ... - ,l- h.. , :
i uri'l not ouiy niaaua B u-im wurr in nit u
1 U'Wi-wilHll UOII9MIUW HUB ll'HIBH IIIW iwioi
t ' . . J
iakr-ofL. the certifi
Ke ol all eiecurjiwTr
Conijress.'XIn the present case it make Govern
nr r illusion anle and exclusive judge. XNow let
iii aee if thi be not the consequence.
be adtnitled by all, 1hrbefore Governor
Teiinuirrton'uTade'oui-. nia 'rwriaoatifirbe "6ad"be.
IStM3test: JBWJP- .-A'?' J!,.,H.?J,?"r:
Il will bo ! admitted, that, w-U. tbeae paper be
fire him, he had the power io decide io favor of
either party. ' lie did decide ia favor of bis politi
cal friemU (lie Whig eaodidules and gave them
go beyond ihii certificate, then, U admitting these
five men to seala here, we do to, not because Uiey
have received a meiority ol votes in New Jersey.
but because they nave received the Governor's cer
tificate; and thus, to alt Intents and purposes, you
constitute the maker of the certificate mAe judge
in the case. But, to make thia conclusion more
palpable, lei u pursue it a little farther. Suppose
Governor fentiingUnj. with ihe paper before him,
had giten his certificate (u the other five, a vve
contend he nuiht to have done, they having re
ceived a minority of the votea, lAen, according to
the doctrine ol gentlemen, the oilier nve ' would
Inve been lbs member. Why sot Nut because
they had received the roajonty of ihe votes, but
because they held tho certificate, thus making Go
vernor i'enmneloii not only o!e jwlge, but. Ilk
wie wde elector, lie had tho power lo, give hi
certificate lo cither party and tviioever bold hi
eertifWate; are (o be hailed here as the true mem
hers. Now(air, drt you think that the Conslitu
ribn'evcf mearil'to give fo Ihe Governor of a State
WWnrUililoWiyyex ine jotervfJUia oeppJe o)
thai Jjlatttla (Hiwer to set aanie tbjs. voles oi th
oiajority, and suUttitutChituwu uill in their stead
i i.k. w.,..nL a i . wm.. i.. .i i ' ... . i
farther. Suppose llie wrnlrtul Gu'vsrnor, by wav
of showing what tbe great S"al'iii hi hands cuvld
ilo, had put n-i.le buih set of camlid itet, and bad
vivQn his certificate Ut five of his Privy Council
these five, with certificate in hand, had come on
h. winI tokww twnu," siwl, at ihs sunie tivmn 4b
other claimants bad come xm, and ninde known t.
you (he whole fraud you understand it lollv.Vinl
believe it all yet, accenting to the argument of
genlkiHwa, ywiean lake so notieeof it, httt you
tlie u in seats, act and vols with them, and do all
this merely because they bold the Governor cer
tifimtt wider tho gat seat of fM SiileJ Tbere
ia ihi end to lha absurdities into which Ihi doctrine,
that you cinwit go behind the certificate, will ia
voleojand gentlemeo seelngthi, have endea
vored to extricate themselves by attaching some
qualification to it. Let oie amine these. .', .
Tliey say, that .although you ennuis? go beyond
the certificate is Ihe first irntamre, but must admit
the holder of. it to take ts and exrcise all the
gtit of rorr.tN?raj yelt afltr i;,y have lakea
seats, and becoui invested with membership, fira.fi If 4his argument bo tr
ami nw mi in, you saay ume op tne cae;iotilrvnnrt nation
beyond in certiiHai,,eHniiu aod judge, turn out
the ceiiificata mea, and put in the other. Nuw,
lo us look It thia view of tb subject, . If this ar
gument bs true, then it must stand upon two pro
positions, ; which il necessarily presuppnsea : but if
mase two proposition are lalsejhen the argument
irlf must bo falde, for,"it rest) on thorn alone-. '
:.fue rsLo(. ihcs ropofitirT.s i. this: that ibo
iloue has more powor ador tlie certificate ii't'O
- ihieetH - bat imJ M'vi f-4hat is, tho
arquiies po'war from the circunistaiice. ol
the certificate men taking siuii; lor it is eviiiem,
if the House cda tleure that, th" certificute nten
are not entitled to seals after we admit them, which
wa could not do before admitting them, then, of
course, the House ha gained power by the fact of
their admission, ince it can do, after they are ad
mitted, what jt could not do before. , Now t deny
that the Houie acquire any power by the eircum. .
stance of the certificate men taking their seats, and
disprove it by a direct appeal to the Couilituitou
I disprove it in this way. We meet bare under
a trrit'ra Constitutions we derive! our existence.
and all our Dowers from it. and. from no other',
source whatever. These powers, thus derived,
are expressly laid down in, tbe Constitution, and
cannot be idrreased or dimnithed by any law.cua.
torn, or usage whatever ; for this plain reason, that
whatever mudinea, that la, increases or lessens ine
nower derived from the Constitution, must be"
greater than the Constitution, andmay entirely
change or destroy it. But af-vbare la, no power
greater (ban the Constitution, except the i $tate in ,
convention, then it is clear if this House acquires .
power by the fact referred to, it must be so in con-
....mnAa nC .nmnl ti in A .tHIWHIul fit itVintinit III tlM '
Constilulton. INpw I challenge gentlemen to show -.
any thing of tbe sort in the Constitution. II Ihey
cannot show it, then it will be because1 it i not
there; and if not there, their assumption 1 false,,
and fall to tlie ground. t , s
The ibcond proposition that gentlemen must
show to be true before their argument can stand,
is this : That a man may be a legitimate member
of thi House before he take a seat, who i not so
afler he lakes it, or, in other words, that to-day
you are bound to admit him because he ia a legiti
mate member, and t-morrov you are bound to .
turn him out because he i not a legitimate member.
riii proposition. i not only necessarily presup
posed by the argument of gentlemen, but it has
been expiraasly laid down by several speaker.
The gentlorhan from New York, whole reputed to
be an able lawyer, actually asserted it as a sort of
political axiom.V bis speech delivered on the
New Jersey case iaveral weeks ago. lie then
id:" - t Vv .
Whatever. eventualt J 1 may..bir' th(i reiulLtha;
certificate in' tho first instance, and for the time be.
ing;irry-anfl absolutely invests him-h Wds 4t -
with the right of membership.
. Now let ua see if ihiapropoeition ili bear the teit,
Wo' hiakes"roeiBbera "-of Congreasl By Uhe
CohautQtion, the people of the several Stat&acboose
their member of Congress. Whoever receive a
the rule of law, thereby becomes the member.
Mark it it ia not tbe certificate of t,hj GoVernorVy
but Ihe totee of the people, that roka members. ,
- Whenever, therefore, a man presents himself
here, eitber wlth or without a certificate, thi may 1
be said of him t true that he is either a member
or bs is not member; lie cannot .be a' member r
and not a memher at the same time; he must be
4 one .or ihe other. .a II he is a member, then all ad
mit that the House cannot rightfully divest him of
hi membership. If he i not a member, then it
is equally clear that the House cannot make him
one. 1 be House cannot add to. or take wav. in
the smallest degree, ihe rights of membership, for
lo say that it can do so, would be to av that il
can modify the power given by the Constitution,
and consequently must be greater than tbe Constitu
tioii, I'ud ii'iay "change or destroy 'It at will." Now,
pply this argument to the five certificate men
from "New Jersey they are either members or
they ara not. If they are member, Ihey were
msde so by the voles of the people; but suppose
eerTihcale empower you lo do wtiat the Constilu-
lof Congrossf . and cum eipieitlly, the-eertificate is "
greater ima laa UMwtiiuiiui! ;.. and Uiua, yptijee
the wb61e"argunieiif, -so niuch relied" on by gentle
men, runs itself into a political absurdity, and falls
to Ihe ground wilb the false prop thai held it up.
v Tbe sum of the whole matter is this: If this fa-
roouaargumeiit.ao much robed -on be -troe. fben
tbe Conaiitution ii a dend letter; but aa the Con.'
titutlon ia in force, and paramount to these poten
tial certificate, then the argument itself is a po-
lilic.il absurdity. - '
AM r. t. continued. I will take thia occasion
briefly to notice another most extraordinary argu
ment that has been gravely advanced on tbi flir,
aod that has len aeited on and acted-on by the
Governor of-New Jersey and his party in tZe Le.
gitlature." The argument is this : " That the Con.
grew of the United States is made up of members .
ftMJhaJgffJistWfUtbatif any State ia not-
represented here, it cannot be a Congress, andrtif
courw, cannot do business. But you hava exclu
ded the certificate men from New Jeray," efo;
you nave no JL-ongre, and can-do no busmeas.
Tbi ia certainly a new argument, and the ditin'
guislied gentlemen from Miichueit and I'snn
sylvama Mr. Adams and Mn Sergeant) are enti-1
tied lo the honor of the first discovery.
rI0i".rJf,?m,'I!Lbl ruetbeo Ihe. tli!clioaof A
lha 1st article nf the Constitution niusl be inopera- '
Xive.jJbr.jC aUberiLsitQ, by-.axeuauu Jba. ouwe
ibsre granted, exclude a single meitiber from ei. i.
'JT.'y aiach ftuvon dissolve Cnngress, and 1
f4ef41 tle wKHmvtaulwmtl. Awwnfing w3
thi new Brirument there can be no Contra un
less ferry State il fully represented. If this be
not ihe meaning, the argument doea not apply id
New Jersey, since New Jerseylia now one, rep.
resentative on this floor, and two in the Senate:
I ir : I- . . - . '
nauu., anpnn in , .. jarauy, llioi. a wmst
equally apply ts every other Slate.
Now, let tit look at the absurdities into which
thn eont ruction of tbe Cotmnu' too will involve us.'
. Several States in this Union haver taif a nnnli
I IJepreseMtaiive in this jlmts. Now, if oA any act
count whatever, eiih'jr of theisepeiirif4ve
nouia be excluded from this Houne, ll i such ex
oiuiimi. acfa" a aias
umi is uoue mnt nocesaanly xbo unconstitutional.
But it ia even worse tball tbi:' for. if laa ei.
etude even tingle one of the fbrtvi memlwra rt
New York, lha same revolt takes place. If this.
doctrine be true, theji I dti tt v. briber' there ever ;
na been real corwtitutiontit Congress since the
Cootrtiiuiiun waa adoptH; for I jloultl.wltetheV,
tliereavcr.hs bwn a --e- i .u'wimn every State In'
in vrnoo) was iuhv r i.ri-eiilwl. '
MVS'' tiinmrilu , X
i. ... - - . J J
House shall eorwutuie a quorum to d.i huiinesa
mean just nothing at all. . If this doctrine be Inie
then it is in the power of any member io dissolve
Coogress si bit-will and pleasure. Ho has noth.'
ing to do but t, .-.ign bis nst, pur bit his hat, walk
out, and Congress Is at an eod . Will be con..
le-ded lhat our wist Bnccstora in framing the Cor.
$ - ----- -. - -
I I llllll. Mdt HIT llin .HI.. ..I Ih. 1... ... . I . .
' 1 1 r "" Ti IH ion, tTr"i"v. ..n in.. ,.k..,i m..,i , ,, . ,-. ,l
then by what auihority i. it that you adnut tne, ,inclrit. favor, - We cann-Vsoe how nii
a. member, t - Why, according lo the argument o,her(rlM, from .j, wllo reflcc.
of gentlemen, by auihority of .he GovehM'. cer- 0eep oubUcUimport a
tuiesin. t tins, ttrerr, n miiwww inar tnpf orernor
StltollMII, I'M T IM.'-'
absurd to au'p.f-.
l mhji n
as thn j;
let It U k
but im liiuicua ui'vcriir vi s -r . jerv e 1 1
I-..- i ' '
r of ,
iliant majority in the Legislature, with t! . , H.
pftntion ol .drowning .men, have i-aul.i t t;,n .'
Hooting straw, and t it l.nb in silinti 'reMutkma, i
and sent them o all the Stales in ihi Uuioa ivi.
ting action on lliem ; iol only so, but sent them la
you, and lo ibis II une, in a way and niaimer, in. ' 1
suiting to ootn. iui, sir, mi is not the first turn !
ihi game wa played nfT in this -country. We 't
read, trial ounnginn uevoiuiiuiiary ar, one gf i
the Uritiih cornniunders attempted the snme thin. V
with (jeneral .Wasliiiiglon. In followinv the
ample of WHsliington you did well, sir. He re. i
lurid the package lo ihe UritiMi ollicer. Yrm n."
turned ihe paM)r to Governor I'eniiington," There' i
let it rest witn me arjniuA'iii tnni brouent ii furi.
"Mr. F, in continuing bis remarks, said, titers ia
one other aubjwt comiccted with this queation on,
which 1 wish lo miike a few remarks. All of u.'
who have refused to lot the certificate men4a( ,
their seats, have Wo charged nh violating Slate
Wmi.t TV.illf- .IIP 1 Bin a Mllltfl Kink . . - '
,iij;n iivotni,.,!-. --ir e'K111 nun, Ind
I .1 . .1 . A . ...I.. 11. 1.1 . . J
repet mo pnsrgB wnuiiy uniouuueu - particular.
Iv a coming from those who never, until a
howed any zeal for Slate Rights. What ara Suta
IlightsT I will tell you :.lhe federal Government '
is a Government of delegated powers, that Is, it " t
hai no powers but what are given to it in the Ci
tituiion.' All oowers not civeh lo it bv ihrv. '' .
I dlituliort are expressly renerved to -jlitf States, snd "
.1.2' 1.. ie il- mil -j:. ..r .1. . T I
mets .Tbeaev reservecj (xiwers. are, the atf'
Rights. xTbe only way, then, in which this Hottse,
or thia Government can encroach on State Eighia, v. " '
i to asume and exercise power not granted in th l
Conaiitution, Nuw.did th) House assume an 6u.vf k
delegated power in "Inking cognizance of ihii cme,"
and excluding the certificate men from thi floor! - f
Certainly not, if there be "any meaning in lha words i
of the CoBslifulioi'.' KacRxHouee shall be tba j
judge of the elections, imurnsVajitf qualifications of
its own niembers.tind a niajorityof tach (luui Xk
shall constitule a quorum lo do business.'' From f '
ihi it iperfectly clear, thnt in acting On this) '
question, o lar from assuming a doubtlul power,
we were only doing'what the Constiiutioo inade it
our especial duty to do, and what no other tribunal ''
haa a right td id. How, then, have we' invade j
State Rights f - So far fronr trespaashig oft Suia"1-
Rights, this House, on the present occasion, batdw -1
fended State Rights aod the rioht of ihe peopU f f .
4-Mw Jereyrfcomjne of -the boldssV assaults upoe . -
mem, tpai ever nus oeon perpeiraiea in tbi Ks. fca
(Hjuiic, an sssauii wmon, i crowneu wtig HCCew. h
wiu miu iiuninv I uv ntn. i cu Tigiiwvi Ug qiCClTVS; '
franchise in the oust, and leave tberri to ba trs "
ij . . i . j-, . . 1
pieu on oy every peuy purusan uovertior
Tmty happen-to bare in ttw keepinj ihegreat f '
of a' Stale. rT:
Mr, F. said there, aero varinu other extraordi ..
nary argument resorted tii on former occasion! to
juirytbe cobduct of lh LGovernor,bf Han Jflry,.t
which it would be out or time now to ceniidr,-r. .
Indeed, he' would not now have taken up the ebosli.
totionaCqueslioo at all, but for two'tonsideritionti ;
the first wa, that on a former occasion be wis cut
oh by the previous question from saying a word on
that question ; etid tluj next was, that on tbis ocea. '
sfon bo w prevented, by constant interruption,
from pursuing the course of remarks he intended,
when he took the floor. V "
From the Philadelphia Saturday Courier.
. A few week aince, we called the attention of our
reader to the moveiueuts,' in various parts of lbs .
country, io favor of the immediate passage of a
uniform bankrupt (aw a measure of humanity, aud
not of tmrtizaii8hip. il afford us sincere irtalifi-
cation to obssive, that there appears to be but oMj
too thai abuuU eiilisl tuu kindliostooiiogsaf avsry -friend
of humanity. - ..
of a free, government. lavii a cruua to ba ftyul..
ia ssweemwiai lieeuuse be haa met misforbBar!W
in hi path f ' Certainly not, every body replies.
Then, why imprisou him because be canuot pay
his debt ! . Perhaps, we are told, lie may ba'
property, which he will not 3ur render, and if there
should exliT nota 4 to Tuipriws)liim7 Tie Would oeVtT"
disclose. There can bo but ono answer lo all aba
aaiumo ihis.view of ihe subject. It is this: Let
Jaws be enacted with tho strongest pemtltie against '
irauiiuieney. - II iliore can be proved saquesiraliea
of properly, the prison should lock up iheditbouett '
debtor.. But in all cases, where a debtor bat (kith.
fully and' hoiiesily surrendered all his property, :
there should exist no human law which should ftr
to a callou hearted creditor the control ol lb p? r-
sou ot one upon wbom Ihe ficiastludes of ii nwrt -
faUen.wiih a crualiing power. 1 , -J
exist in many of our Slates, leud directly to di . '
houeity, none can doubt who will look correctly
ut tbeir operations.' Suppose a poor man ioa lb
verge of bonkruptry.' He looks opoo bit aSiint, '
and buhold nothing but ruin lha I can, enaus.t U ,
gaze ujxai til iauuly. There i hi wile and her
iit'le one, wholly dependent upon hi toil for op
port. 1 lie moment il is known he is a banirup',
lie feels sere the sheriff" will seite Tti pefsoSaw T
'ake htm to prison. He knows ba cannot pay DM (
debt,- and-rm krmwriirrt.erefoTe; when n-air-"
no released again J or ir be almuld be. He an res
mm tuear sutoe other creditor will sgiiu Lrorutn.
Vim w the prison be ha just leftr bat, k a77
hintscir, in tbe anguieh of his heart, will bt ntmtij
lot flow can Ihev live I Must they be tamed
into the street to beg T He cannot think of IbMH
lor il i almost distract km to bis soul nd beat
Ihe arutica uf transfer of some little property,
io proviue 10' ;ne waul of lliomt
deur as his owo life. , We re Deal, il is in this 1
and through similar practice, that Ibe law of iav
prisohinent operate md.ffereut Slatesof Un vww,
corrupting the moral of lit Uufortunate.indoAea -
k acrilkin that self-respect wliich can alone aopj
Tmaqll&iinM ISrrelit of ficrwiodraial-
tf 'there were no irtsonenet3rP'r'lf
I dishonest, how would men strive to kerpout of
i son T The unfortunate debtor would say to kia
self, I am looked upon byheweW Mae
mau. 1 am only poor, but it ia no disgrace to
poor, aod thank God I have my liberty to fr"!!
diligent and retrieve my fortune. Mv family l
be provided for, for I cap toil, and if industry
lo il? wiU vet pay every nian to whom I .
dolited.' Thus Would tlie best inlerests of all
corwulted. The morals, character, and feeling.
the debtor would be properly protected bit brailjj
would be provided for and hi creditors weals
:and a far better chance ultimately to J
pay, flian if Ihey had resorted to that Vj
bansto which allow tho nan wbo bath awca"
this world's treasure, to imprison him who ba la
stripped of every thing by those viciasilude
may, soxjner or ntnr, eome auto n