V iTikJ-lL JJli.
-the fi Muui.r tm rjrrrrn states the constitution, nor pbouibiteo if it TO the states, abb eeseeved ro the states BEtrEcnvELT, oa to tub kofim. Amtndtntt to tie Conititut'wn, Article X
AUSTIN & C. F. FISHER
NO. XUV, OF VOL. XX.
(Whole No. lOsJi.)
SALISBURY, N. C; APRIL 17, 1840.
Editor and Proprietor.
, TEEMS A .A
;, , or tub wkhthi cabouxias. .. '
i Tie Wester CtroSiiuM publtAed rvrrj Tut
C4 tt Two Dollar per aacaai if pass aa sJisace, or
Two DoJUrs sod Fifty Cents n M Mil Mn liM ex
irtiflf three woitM. , !' ... '.- .
No psp wl" 86 d.scuutiBtsBl ni en errcaisf
pd, anless st tbedwcreUo of CU Editors; aw
frilursJO notify the Editors of h to eueoattaue
ess aorra before the eed of jew, will be CMkwisr-
t a new enjagetoeiit. t ,; s -
AderUeroents will he eog"jwwjw"f aal eoereetly
inserted, at one dolW pet ,ure( , or ff
iM of this sixed tvpe & tbe nt imertiow.
$Bj 05 cants ft each coouasnusee; Ccsut ana lji-rm
adrsrueents will he citif-nd 25 per cent aur lhaa
the sbovs price. "A dedacuusi at 33 ftt cess fnm
tin rejlr pnoe will he made to peufy aiieiuwr.
Advertisement snt ia for pahlkMina. snest hart the
number of timet Burked aa tbn, air tinrr mull he saaer-
ted till forms, tad cuargr mracoere. ,".-'.,
Letters addressed to the Editors m chiasms start he
paid, or they anil wit be aUoaV4 an,
LIST OF LETTEkS remakayr ia tJ r-osfMk
at Salisbury, N. Cob tbe I shy f AjsJ.
Arrtbsrt, Charl A Kerr. Dr. Svmxnt V
Aze W ia. IL : ICellr.Ed .
Alkn.Joh 7 - T knfcr, r"
AixltTB, M Vary 1. Lock; & Co., iitmn. S.
Androwk Ceorje iMLamee'laaaea.:-r'
B:tckriicr. Julia , Luhrdi, Vaa." '
Beard, JrJli JAO (VJ Lcttoty. U Lary .
- Bofn ito iL
Barker, JirfwJl ?
Browo, WilA5) -'
llrnUluar, Aut:n (2)
' Broaa Henry
' 4 Boyden, Nathaniel V
Biiley,ttal Jurist 5
Lipe, bttal Ahn&aai
Lf'r, SaX. care of Jo.
Ldcit, yra ' .. ' "'i. 4.
Lifuaa, !UiuaK 1 -Ja
hiraue, MaM R
satrte; x jsm
Brown, Muci j
MJk-r, liaiT a& W'au a
Bulcn, Mr. Calharioe , Morraxv ilohta XV. ..?,:r
CleininouaT t.T"' I" 3T'JVr "Wi!Iaua ".
(elVThiirf" JlilchelU'aaaea '"
(jtmpkll. Mix Kltaa.'J. MicfcaV. Kitlia C .
tidoll, Jttti B.- - Na.a, B. - . . '
CottjrAfCltibaii f ,'', ' Nr)tJalft
DewaMiat Mdiada ' Parrub. JWp J. t-
Dent,:Mra. Mary -DedioMB,
Dohnd, Henry , . 4'
' Prr, Xuj
IWat SiUharj Uu-
Phiaps rkch fc
Pear, Rxbamid M.
- Dinkioa, Mra. Sarab
Kill, Rohm (-),. $
v Eurnhart, Jacob 1
" EjIc, Jtha -
Ldwirda, Ura. Mary ,
Fraley, Mra. Margaret, "
i'enlf, Laud. Tf
Fy.cr.CF. - .. ... ' ,
f roll, rnuactfl ( y
KijtMma, Kh4. or Gek ,
: Bendlnata. Jofca L.(
j Ued, .
Fuller, Jono N. '
Fearn, MiaoStrah L
f oard,ll. W.' KtAmua
" folknr,"TavDrrr l?lui,"S "
File, Jacob ' ' ' ' 4' hier, Allf
Fmrd, tt. W. ." ; Strata, W". L.
1 1 . n f u . I .
" Cribtr, "ITeory " r-SinC VTttm&F
Gib, Willia'B. 8xt TWu
- Glnns Jamea L. f v fcmtpswi, Tbonwa
Ileldbruot, Jlra. tyin ' iSUuf hwr, L. p.
Iluia. RubWlluie, J.r.iitsHTwi.rl.lVtv
-'---aiiJ"Puyfi -7imi-" Surtailit -iU.y
IWUiJ, Ta.a Wab, Ah aa. .
llortoa, A. W.
Harbin, 0.4 Csswell (?)
1'b ijww, OA. il- (3
HiMsou, Mrs. Kubeora
ora J fcuSSTsMi. " .
Jlsmlet, Asxlrew J.
Hill, AprabaiM y""
llillon, Josejihys-S . ,"
-Hill, Heery -
Juhnson, ijir"e H.
Wnafa, Jfhss Lncy A.
"Warwa. Kfm-W '
Val.lh .' :
. X Csck-Mi-s, 4
U se, VV. W.- '
t. JollBfeUMI, Thoiiylt
l-t4fl. Bt'njsuiia ,
". it' r.'iljsa, Ctt!M ---"IVyat
SiVsruvV.ST-rr.. .- "
HKNRY AV. CO.XNER. P. SL
- Sli.bury. AprU 10. 14(1 '
Tf A fit 'on batl. and -M-id kerfa a sryy ths
.hest Anchor Etiiap Bolting Cloths,
compriiaa" iM the vsrwus New. swai ta toss return at
countrv. Where all a H ui tbe orude caa b sop-
ylied ta euantities Ujj ' paietsws.aasl
terms. . 7 i.. ' aisw -
Wots Wlr fur Sjreina. Sihera. Ac. t-4 eosHttst-
lj o band. .". 11 ALL t JOIUUA,
?. v. ';.- , it os su.i wot-rr,
1 Is iVtt tt' V O IV S 1 B.
fpilE Subacnberres ai Urfuey lor Martha Thorw-
. ? iusu oSers fcr sale 5 Acres of jUaaJ, "slaw-
ted ia Spartanbure District, C ass tbe waters
of Big and LitUe ltuck Crri?-A'A.1W Acres
so same District, in the iUk of NrtJ and &sstb
f srkjlet Rivers. rcrsnea wuhiag te netcbas a
psrt r the whtile of ihrse lands, in wtiu-s toei
aiu au ins siir m 1 1 m
P. POXDEi, AlsrneJ.
- ; 3. '
April 10, 1 31U.
llllg aubscraVt lsssai L
a kA aa4 be at bss Msa
to Salutauv. Utrea lust rate Eemi t'r.
Iron Iroui the Kins" Jlountaia
IROS COMPANY, v
'PIIE Subscribers have sasi aitastjesa'aSa ktk tbe
ot Compny, t Hut rrfoi seyy at
which b wetl sdspted lo Wspw, and Comsfe Work,
llotse 8beeiai, Ax., which'!! be sM e r-W
urrma. ..j.aww.Mv . m . .
Iisbory. f)eober , liy. , ,
IC'm CoVVon Seed..
4 small qaaMity of th above SiXO. rassrd by Mr
" nniiam lBnsBaa.rnnv 01 V,,J rar-j,
WHIorSal st tk s OlLco. 1; ii tW fcaaWiva.
.Vovembrr lst.r-aJ1-' ' '4
on hay making.
raoat fai auaai (hw-iou) cultivatob.
Custom Coliegc, Sep. 17, 1939. N
Hax. J. Bccl-Sib : lu the Auffuet number of
th tueauniabU) culuvator, or the preeent year, I
. aee a revolving horaerake recombeaded by' Mr.
Ik iter. Of In advantage of llua rake I am not
BaaWwed, such improvements iu the implements of
hiwhandrs not having yet reached this western
Coajotry ; hut if my view be correct, of tbe best
siad saost ecooomical , mode 'of making hay, we
have, perhaps no need of a rake of any kiua. I
Iheretore write tur iaAirmntion, and am willing at
the sanM time to beuefit others as far as 1 csti.
shaft detail briefly my plan with the hope that if
asr of your uineruos readers hava a better, they
wih Cm me and the publie with thoiia, through
the Cultivator. I hav travelled some, and read a
, little for a jrtcukaral information, and have prac
tised, as circumstances would allow, gpon those
piaae which my opportunities have taught me are
. tbe bet. IVty ntakm); has been, wittt nie, a sub
ject of Bttentkon ; and my plan, as taught me id
Kewtotky and elsewhere, and confirmed by expe
ranace, this 1 As faat as the grunt ia cut, (w lien
there is no dew or m4sture on iLl'.as tnativ Unuds
" wDthjesyiliei' a can'lt'acp cicee to therttUi ikocic 1
tag, or forking tit kuf is it perfectly grten ttute.
If the sua due not shine on orwilt the hay at all,
toe beuerTan fcf that reason H tntHt be
I "t&bckcJ aa Um aa cut. - Tbe ahock ura ma4 aixwt
en feet high and aii Iber wide at the buee, aiai ta
pennj like' a, coco tin. 4 ami .tka dwggHJ
dowa with the fork to make ttieui turn ruin. AU
tha raa be apeedily dona witli the bay fork, one
, hao4 bang able ta gather aui) wbock, -three acres,
or aix toca prr day. Tbe rake apokeo of may do
better than low, hut I oubt tt, and hiuld like for
"Mr. Oetter, or iom one elae, to atute the amount
haod'caa rake add. shock pur day with tmt hi-
. atntmrot J -T . . "r '
' j Aa yoti remark, l aarer spread (Tie hay, but prcf
ceed ta ahnck after the acythe as faat aa It it cut
" by fuJUrij along the swath, aud with t fork roll
the hay til I get as mucUjis I cau raise on tbe
- fork, w heu I pitch it tra the shuck. Thus i coo-
, linue to carry aa many swaths to a row of shocks
, . -ft ? . - . L . . f I II j l . L .
as wui cotnptew lutrn. s aiwajia run inrurua hid
1 shock to save ' walkidi with ttiu hay, which is la
- bo. - Tbir planM colleetmg the 'hay1 will be
Boore approved, wheoyo undeMtand an improve
Nara 1 Lite mad in tit mode of tutting Any. 1
aat mow1 withjhe sylheas is coinmun, bull
m rrWft"r rdjff 'TrVkTnr'wTBicK'
throws all the grass into awaths douhto as large al
thoeXfnde iu the usual war, and hence the hay is
afreadcollected into a sort of wiurow by the era
,.dV. s lltat xhc rake is not needcd.2
For cutting bay, make a cradle with two fin
' r oulyALet ths one neurest the sythe be 7
T- hit we snnner snair tug dbiuc, ana sj uiraugeu ss
I . .1 k l. J ---t.- .--t..'
to lei hs poii veariy loucn me oiuae ; mi ine so.
and finger be-1 iehe irt'fter that:.th?; fomett
3 -brrsjngtfr WthariwpoiutiflayCdiil
1uelof7oicWu?' Ihi fir finii'r7 Sud" y ou are now
"rraJf ft biMinejs.la cradling dt not jnote, hut
'git tkt umml itreke emdiing, grain, only
Uxs cars to set your crauie iu uo rurtbur lliau you
t caa carry but with ase. In cradling grain close
te the ground, you have to equal a lulls in oiuking
struke, proceed the same'wsy in grass, and
you s.'Mte (l toe grounu. r .
1 tnovrrhit the tanncrroT'tce Ola Slates, bHu
have made hay all their lives, wdl Isugh at this
and particularly a; the idua of a Teunesjeesii
prput(ir. to tium hum soioetning new 10 cutting
bay-1 " They will argue, thai a cradleVwilt be too
heavy, and thai U wilt tauglo, aud caniiot work in
aVmse hay. Let them try it.. Tbe denser the
grs-ss the km yon must cut at a stroke, anx your
cradU wilt go easily throuK thick and thitirBut
the greatest sdvonUge of the improoem 4 reinain
. . -s . .t .t 1 x
to M i.jia. 1 uct are 00 ma man suree. isi. sp
iht way yow cut twice as ssucb in a swath as in
t j cooMkA Bay of mowing, aud then the grass s
nil culkected tutu a winrow aa you proceed, and not
left scalier red as the sythe would do it. .Thus the
Ubor -ei raking i saved, and less of the bsy is
left on tli zrowiMl at tbs end of the process. ' B.
hie, the cradle cuts it perfectly clean under tbe
ewntit, which few hands will do with the mowing
y the. " " ' '
d.- The process is less whorHMi than mowing ;
who ever crsdled bsy would mow, if you
Je bins bn choice ss iu the mode of cutting. .
JJ. .4 aeasf est rsf double as much iu the dny
as he eandr with th mowing soyttia. r If a hnni
can now one acre per day, ne win crauie two
Kits of the name ( raas with fsbor. ' :
1 hat tried thi plan but one sessnw, hsv ing era
died about fuly acres of timothy stone, and of clo
ver nod JunoUiy mixed.' '.Ths cradle does so well
m lhc klnua'ofgraas, lUat.I expucl to navo 00,
Best for wiwing scythes hereafter in mnking hay, un
Inse the plan should fail in herds r.i or redto)i.
I bswe not tnesl it tiUhefwrsss, st 1 have g n.wd
say Lrdrass "this year, iiuitnsd of cutting it for
kav. I wia nv brother tarmst to try ibis plan
enV9Hy wksrBStreog eredle Wade, and let me
bear from theui next sammer, in the UU.uvotor.
But to return to lbs process of curing bay. J lis-
sing sboaksd, a before described, (I mead tiine
ibv at berJs-craas,) I lei it remain for aix days,
, when I rcn my hsud to the centre of each shock ;
if 1 fad thw Mill cool, I no not annum inem ( oui
4 My are warm, 1 put the left hand on the lop of
the hock, while the r .t ia thnwt to the centre,
nasi turn the upper IWf dawn, to the grouud, so
t rsref illy ss not to disturb iu form, and lcv it in-
verted. In an hour or two, tlie whole is coot, ana
I tbea take bold in the same ''manner and place it
back oer the shoi; as it wsj before. Not more
than ine shock m twenty will ever gut warm stall,
, (aKMt of them curing fine sod preen without haf.
in,.) and iwx: will need turning down more than
encei 1 thi way, your bay has three signal ad
vantages over thai made by sheading and euring
' in tii tun.' to. It ewrt' m mi,r 'hat, half (he
tdbor of Mpreading and shocking repealedly till dry.
'id. Ynu run no risk of getting any injured or lost
by ram. 3rd. Yon get snore hay both by weight
and measure, end the qatlity of it is far belter
than can be made in the sunshine and open air,
both of which diSKipaie much of the nutritious vir
tue" of the hay.- Yes, much snore of the virtue of
most of the products of the farm is lost by einu
sure to the air, than is generally believed. You
have to be particular to cut and shock when thars
is no dew or rain on tbe grass, (for if wet it will
heat,) smiie it onee in sit days end be sure
to let it be well Cured before you stack it. and you
cannot fail to make tbs best of bay, is cajr erases,
without injury or loss. -
W hen I make clover hay, I follow the fbregotnf
plao in all iwnpcta, till it is shocked. ; Then I haul 1
and stack it perfectly green, in large stacks, taking '
Care to suit and tramp it trrll while stacking. 1 1
use about as much suit as the cattle would require
while eating the hay, ssy 50 pounds to stack 18
feet high and H feet at the base. In five or six
days, the slack becomes hot and smokes profusely,
but in. two or three weeks it will have "gone
through the sweat, and be found perfectly dry and
swoet. The leas wilted before slacked, the leas it
heats and the better the bay it nukes. Py this
process, the hay is of a dark green color, and all
kinds of stock will eaf it creedily and thrive upon
it. It shrinks but little in curing, and loses no
leaves, and in, in all respects, better for cattle,
horses, or sheen, then clover cured in the open air.
L ' FRANC18 IJ, .GORDON,:.
.TS.'V IV . '.I"
1 .4. Bl.-J A J ..'
THE LIFE OF TUB HUSBANDMAN.
"Isms true Lsborer ; I earn that I est. fret thai I
or mner men s gona, content wttn my f arm, and ias
Ereaiest ot my prids is, to see my ewes graze and my
ambs suck. -SsaAsptsrs. " .
-We hsve corae. 10 the coctf Uuws, that eirtere's
truest nobleman is the man who earns his bread by
the sweat of his face, upon his own bough and
paidlor plauUUioai An uidepeiHleot Farruer may
stsnd epon his house top and say to himself, as did
Selkirk j ' - - .-.,1
1 n mnnarch of all I minej,ii2 J.
My right thers is none to dispute ;
From the centre sll round to the sea, ?;,
, I am Lord of the fowl sad ths brute."
.." lie is truly m monarch with a landed title more
secure thsn tbat of feudal Jjord or Baron -more
easilf f porecfeniid" preserved, Tool bfdeeds of fafin lotted States, from -Lake Superiorto hr At-
lor, through the shedding" of hluod, tut by the
lawful labor of the bunds. His hmiM ia his eas
tlehis acres are his dominions. - His gardens are
his parks, bis grass larts bis Iswns, and his fo
rests his groves. Uts cattle, sheep, and poultry
are nis u 01 were, ana ne oeeomes, at pleasure, ei-
hher lbs exeeutkmer or the multiplier of such sub
jecte. tell us it tbe King- uponllia Throoe has
more poser' worth possessing 1 " (lis happiness,
we know, is k'sss he increase bis toils, cares
ai uiiiiiiiisuea 111a. , ..4 ,
S; lu the surinw time he sows, and in the Autumn
the reaps. Providence baa assured bim that spring
tints) and harvest shall not fail, and be baa the as
surance, tl the Xiuet oevery4juuljaii4 perfect
gilt, that as ha sows, se shall be reap. Ilss grounds
rains and dows of heaven, sod in the damp season,
the sun shines to cheer, invigorate, and viva nro
fOI'la.tuiJatMMKZllw.M tWsuuvl!'-tt Wiidsutv aok
me"ifffi' iictfedd1iy ihe lijliter jaoor of Ttewin
ter. 'A J v have said, in the words of Will. Shsk
pes re, hs "eSn.sIul be eats, and gets tbat bs
wears," and his philosophy"! that of t he sliepherd,
whosuid UiarjriJod pastarevke kit-esep.'Ui
Lile may ssy truly, ana with au hooest pride-
I eat my own Lamb,
' My cjickentsnd ham, '"'
: '.. I shear my ewo fleece and wear It" "
'Yli ut could 'n man want more, and bos eon a
farmer, c ipsble of enjoying lite, pnssBssed of bis
ffirm-houtieg, his farm, and bis necessary imple
ments of husbandry, ever sih for residence within
the encl-mire of a city choosing bricks and mor
tar for the elbow room of a spaeitxm farm-house,
the smoke and dust of the town for t o village, the
three or four story br'ok house, f r the granary or
the kayeoek the purest air ot I ven, for the aV
mosphere of a thousand smoky huuses, and tea
thousand unwholesome breaths t llowcotitdsfar,.
mer make such - Wto as this T Ws jl J pause
Cr a reply, did not know tbst 1!," ouly answsr
Which could be devised, alter a long study, would
be b' unsstiafuctory one, that somejhing bettsr
waa anticipatexf only for it would bs sv oiiracl
4fmobf,Nfir a mau tu find himself happier, or in
bettercircumsiauces slier a change of residence,
from the country to the cav. ' No, no. ' The true
I F.lvsium the real irali on earth, is the coue
j try ths green, fruitful, be hi' 1. .1 couutry. m Tus
I city f r the taH master and hi ! tn wnrkine ear.
j van! ; but the cHintry for a ti. t ho wishes for
I health and plesaurA contentment u;id a lon life.
' The ancteot Roninn venerated die plow, and ia
, earnest, pa rent tunes ot l no rej'u: , ine great-
et praise that rould be fiveo to aa liiutriuus cha
racter, was to ssy thxt he waa an industrious an-'
judicious hilan'li v--
I L - . - l" -- -
' 87' p and Diintltt.-l"i 1 fullowing is loo good
to be lost. It is from s im out report made by
the committee 60 Siieep at the Worcester, Ms-?.,
cat7sh'iw : ""' ''- ' -
M A sheep shculd be judged r f like dandy, byj
tin; fineness of his coat. - n e 7 pardon ui ths
t.in t o ' r tlto coniparison bat it is ptl lo-
both t the cout ii th most important part of
Hie aiiii.uls.. X bat is a sheep good Tor without
a coat t" .. . ' . " v
Vht dandy can read the above without feeling
wketpuk I ' ... - t ." . '
There 1 a town in the interior of Arksnsaacoev
tsinirig but seven u.' jhitants, viz: crippled ne
gro, s isckase, nimck d'Ctor, a burzsrd, a pole-
eat, so slligator, and a Vn Durea man. Fedml
paper, ' " m '(.-" : . ' Jl-: ' '
ilie atxne mutt b one of the strong fedsrsl
holds in Arksnoas slxiwing sic ftdtrolut tonne
Democrat. Hsrrison is sure of a majority in (Jtaf
(own. aeerAtU (.V. .) Republican.
i "True love never did run smooth," as the lover
said when he heeled it over the corn hil's, with
th dogs and the father of his beloved -in pursuit
of him. A . .-.' ' , ;
- . , '
w If AiMBttT, March 37, 1S10.
Sit: The resolution of the Senate of the 12th
instant " That the President of the United Steles
be requested to communicate to the Senate, if, in
is judgment, compatible with the public interest,
any information which may be in the possession ot
the Government, or which can be conveniently ob
tained of the military and naval preparations of
the British authorities on Ibe Northern frontier of
the United States, from Laks Superior to the Atlan
tic ocean designating the permanent from the
temporary and field works, and particularly by no
ting those which are within the claimed limits of the
United States; haying been referred by you to
this Department, it was immediately referred to
Major General Bcott, and other officers who have
- been stationed on the frontier referred to, for such
- information on the subject OS they possessed, and
could readily procure ; and an examination m now
in progress far such a may be contained in the fil"s
of this Department, ben. Scott is the only officer
yet beard from and a copy of his report is here
witn submitted, together with a copy of that to
which he refers, made upon the resolution of Ihs
House of Represeniatives of the 0th 'nstant.
As soon 0 the other officers who hsve been colled
upon, are heard from, and the examination of the
files of the Department is completed, buy further
information which may be thus acquired, will be
immediately laid before you. . . ?
..Very respectfully, jour most obedient servant,
i, J. R. POINSETl',
T UU PrtAdent of tie United Statu,. '--
. Hcab Qdabtsbs. Eastbbh Division, i :
Sis f 1 have received frem your office copies of
twe reaofuiions, pa sued respectively, the 12th and
9t h .instant, one by the Senate, and the bcr by the
House of RepresenUtives; and I am asked for
" ""any infurmatiiie 00 the subieci of buth. or eitlier
A of the resolutions, that msy be in (my) possessinn."
i respect to me osvaitorce recently ruainlaiiicd
upon the American lakes by Grant Britain, I hare
; just bsd the honor to report to the Secretary of War
; by whom Ihs resolution of the Uouse of Kepresen
. tstires (of the 8th inst.) was directly referred to me.
I now confine myself to the Senate's resolution.
: rcspectinir " military (I ontit naval) preparations of
tue iiriusii auinorities on ine rnorihsrn trontiersot
ar . 1 . a . a . t
lantic ocean, distinguishing tbe permanent from the
temporary and field works, and particularly noting
" ihnso which are within tbe cluimed limits-of. the
United States. - "V .- '-V--- ..t . ..
I will here remark that, however well my duties
- Lave made me acquainted with the greater port of the
' line in question, 1 hove paid but slight attention to
tne torts ana barracks erected by the liritinh ai.
tborities near the borders of Maine,' &ie Frede,
rkrton, in New Brumrwick, or in Upper Canada",
- need not here be developed) tbat oil such structures
would be of little or no military value to either par
. ty in the event of a new war between the United
; States and Cieat Britain.' A." ,
I wss, lastwmmcr.oUhefooLofJkeuperwrr
and neither saw nor heard of any British fort or
Between Lake Huron and Erie, the Briiiuh
rtee- IJetrort tone-at Sandwich, a liiUjirlokiVr
down; and the third at Maiden, eighteen miles from
" the first ; all built of sawed logs, strengthened by
' blockhouses, loopholes, dec. Maiden bss hmi; boon
1 avauiiUry pusUwUh slight duftuics. -.Tli have
; been recently strengthened. The works al Baud
. wich and Windsor hav, also, I think, been erect
ed within the last six or eight months. T I
A NeBfthe tnoufb uf tbeNiiwarib British have
Iwosmsll forU George and Messisang.,, Both
; existed during the lost wsr. The latter may be
. termed permanent Work. Slight burrocks have
" been erected within the last two yerus, 011 the wine
ide, near lb Fall and at Chippewa, with breast
" work at th latter pla but nothing,! believe,
above the work first named, on the N isgars. which
can be termed a fort. ,v A
A Since the commencement of recent. Jrouhles in
f th Canada, and (consentient thereupon) within
our limits. Fort William Henry, at Kingston, and
Fort Wellington, oppoait to O.Inisliurg, (old
works) bav both been slriigihiied. within them
' selves, beside the addition of dependencies. Those
forts may be celled permanent .... ,
0 be St. Lswrence, below Fresccitl, and con
fronting our territory, 1 know of no other military
post- Twelve miles above, al Brockville, there may
be temporary barracks and breastworks. I know
that of Ute, Brockvill lu been military sution.
'"! th yteni of defene on the approaches fo
" Montreal, the Itk Ant if ui,m few miles below
..m 1 J : l . .. 1 r 1 1. . -t 1 .
r ii'wa, mnu sunsmunui laa vnsmpiain, SlHiitts
at the bMoVjrM.uland contaiu. within it,f-
system of permanent works of great strength. On
them fhe 15rit s'i ('ovcrnment has, from time to
.time, since t' j ice pf 1813, expended much skill
and labor, , , A 1
. Oldstown, neaf our line, on the western sid of
lake Chsmplain. hss bren a ststjon for s bidy rif
- Csnailis mint is, lor 10 years, to guard the nei
kirhood from refugee incendiaries from our side
I thin! that hsrrsck have been erected there for the I
ircoiuinodation of those trn .;i, and also atbsta
tion.with lhhkeobject,i r A ' urjh.in Vermont.
It is believed that t re lire no important. British
f"ri,Areteriive-Hntish barracks, on our borders,
" from Vermont to Maine.' i'."'
A lo rvycl to such 'structure on tieditputed ter.
rtory, Governor Fairfield's published letlsrs con
lain fuller information than hao reached me through
. any other channel. , I have heard of no new mili
tary Vrparstions by the British authorities on tltc'
St. Croix Of Passsmaquoddy bay. . y .
Among such preparations, perhaps I oucht not
to omit th bet that Great Britain, beside nums
" rout corps of well organized and ! instructed
- osi'itia, has, at this lime, within her North Amcri-
can Provinces, more than S0.OO0 of her best rysu.
lar troops. The whole of these troops might be
brought to tha verge of our territory in few days.
Two-thirJs of that regular force has arrived there
since Ihe spring of 1&39, v , u
With great respect, air, vmif oUt. servt., k
u Infield smTr.
. Brig. Gc. IU Jotbs, Adjt, G V. 8. A: -
t I . 1 I , , M " - .... , '
Letter firm the Vice Pretident of te V. Statei
to Ijtvie 7'qipnit, of Mew York, declining tt
prettitt to Ike Senate an Abolition Petition, ign
ed Ay 140 women.
Washington, March 23, 1840.
8ih 1 Your letter of the 7th instant was duly re.
ceived, enclosing a petition to Congress, signed by j
140 women of the city and county of New . York,
pray ing fur the abolition of slavery and the slave '
trade 111 the District of Columbia, and in those Ter
rilories of the United Slntes where it exists, and
to admit Do now slave talo into the Union, re
questing mtf to lay the same before the Senate. I
have also received your letter of the 17th inslsnt,
requesting me tu inform you when I would present
the petition. Having declined to present the peti. -tioo,
it is, perhaps, due to the fair petitioners, sod
fo you, their organ, bs well as to myself, to state ' -some
of tbe resson which dictate my course.-
Th constitutional right of petition is contained in .
the first article of amendment, Bs follow 1 A V ,
"Congress shall make no law respecting an es- t '
lsbliahmeiit of reliirioo. or nroliibiltn the free ex. 't
- - O ' I BV -
arc lee thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech,
or of the press f or the right of the people peaces-, ;
bly to assemble, and U petition the Uovemimjol--
for a redress of grievances. " -T. -
Congress has never made a law abridging this ; v
right ; but the ieopl assemble at pleasure, and p. .
lition at pleasure, for a red res of their grievances. ' :.
Of course, this part of ihs Constitution has not bgeo f '
violated 1 and if it did not exist, Congress could not '
constitutionally, havt passed such jaw, because ,.
no such power I delegated to Aongress. ,1 hti ...
ritht, reserved lo the people, does not devolve up- . ?
on'tlie'presiiTihg ofTiQei of the" N)imte thq .obli'g ,
Uon of presenting petitions of every conceivable'
deseripiioil..".-1 - - - -U-. ;-- -. j. . -
Tberc. ere tmwtderatKma of,, moral And polilu-.A-A
caj, as well buf constitutional mature, -which '
would not permit me to present petitiona 6f A cha
racier avidently hostile to th Union, an dost rue- rfls,l
tiv of the prlnciplea on which it lilwnjwtl.'he'"
patriots of the Revolution made great sacrifice of a. . .
blood sod treasure to estsblish and eonfirniab,i,
doctrine set forth in the Declaration of Indopeu-i
dence. bach Slate was then an independent ov. ".,
reignty j aud lo form a porpetuoi CoiileilerBcy for
the SHtoty nd benelit of the whole', embody ing the '
great doctrinea pf the Declaration, a compromise
oi iu teres! anuieeiuig wis uecessftrrn-1 nt com
promtse was made ; end the "principle which your,
fair petitioners ore oow agitating, was settled.
The right of regulating ana abolishiug slavery wss
reserved to the Htntes ; bud Congress hive no mora
right to destroy els very in Virginis end Maryland,
than they have to estoblUh slavery in - New York
or New England. , The right ot petition for thesS
objects is reciprocal ; and the obligation of tlieprc '
lidiiig officer" tfl prosenl 1 "jpelttlBit to I I'm Sennle, if -it
exists in eithtr cae.'is enuallv slron in' hnth.
R..J.... ...-i.-...- ikA ,iir. ifii: iI-':.:.t-;-l" 1' "s"'-'r-3?r
inn xaninn ,cx,i'imwj iu uuii(afion 111 eiiilvr case,
though I acknowledge the right of the people in
both. . . Is dirTcreuce mod bet ween the District of
Columbia and the States of Maryland and Virginia,
from which it was taken t The question wos sot.
..I?Li.ir?I" I!L ' .9. I b i.1 -PM tkU J'y-theso-iitale,.
by the formation and adoption of the Federal Con
.. . . ..""A - . t ' . ' . S ' 0 n '.
wiiuiioiij wnon iiwos a parijot jnose states and a
the citizens of the rights already secured to them
51 jpQtirino Vf uerJJonitjiijon ana ie c,tmtn.
tions ei-their respective ftB.-FhBTlghtc ! Cuii
gress to exercise exclusive legislation in all casea
whatever, does not mean omnipotent legislation ' '
Congress have no right in lli Wstrlc: of Colura
bia. to.toke away Dm riht ul trial by jury-j 10 pea
rgr pott fiuto law to abridgo the freedom of xjieecs, t '
or of the press; to esinbttrfli religion by law j nor .
to destroy the rights of property, or the' personal ""
liberty of the citiaen. These-reserved fights art TT
sacred in Ihe District of Columbia ss in ths
Stste of New York. jj. They have the same right .
to consider (he abolition of slavery in New York a
grievance, and petrttori lo Congress to establish it .,.
there," ss the citiwms of Now York hove to consid .t
er it a grievsnce in the District, and petition Coo,
gres to abolish it. Thjf. rifjbt in either esse to .
assemble peaceably and nmke their petition, I do !
mil call in question; but tho obligation on niy part
to present it to the Seimtn, ( d not ndniit. ..'..
If a number of citizens should consider S Repub
lican Government a grievunce, and petition Con".
gres to estsblish a monarchy ; if others oliould'
consider religious ioleraiioji a grievance, and pcli,
tior. Congress to dnslroy heresy, by abolishing all ,
religiiMis sects but their own, f lnaild not consider J "
it my duty to present a petition, the certain ton
dency of which is lo destroy Ihe hnrmonv, and -eventually
to break Bounder the bonds ut our rt,inn.
2 10 regard tonew States, thejcase is, if poible, '
still stir in- c'rAThev iiiust bo united
equality. Each S i'.n hovinj reserved (he right of
regulating this su! , tt lor itself, no one can m coq.:
stuutionally deprived of the right. The State of
New York has abolished slavery 1 but this aboli. . ,
tion is not the condition on which she holds her
place in Ihe Confederacy.. h is her own policy V" c
and if it shall be her pleasure to. change it. Con-' '
Kiencuiuioi iinewre. no, ir new Stutet are ad. .4-
MmrwhmTdmtttPdrrhBtrTitll 1 1 ' .
stand upon an equality with Now -York. Thev ,;
may establish or abolish slavery at their nl,n
ond; neither ..Congress, tjoranv' other Siato. mill
hav any more law of primogeniture in tho Brit. """A"1
ish empire- The object of tlie pntition doe not f-r" 1
foot' the abstract question of alaverv: that ia a v
object hlch theAboliiiouial"of tho free Bute,
con no more affect, than they con that of the priv. J "',
ilege of the BritUh nobility. Tlie plain queetion
is this 1 shall coutinus a eiiilee confederate Its-r- -
public, or shall we dissnlve the. Union! If the
prayer of this snd similar petitions should be Rrant. ' v'-V
ed by a majority of Congress, the inevitable fleet. '
would be so immediate destruction of tlw Confed.'
ei-acyjaod, with it, those bond of aflectiiw which '
have ttniled uo ao on great, one harmonious fam
ily. It has been my grief to oli.icrvo reckless.
nesBOQ the part of somu, whom 1 others. iMj bfghly j
esteem, showing an utter disregard of all Ihe con.
ocquence Which must result from the perpetual s A
tation of this subject. , W have au uiterWlit -stoke
too dear to be compromiltcd for a phantom
which we 1 n never gain, however euthusissucslly
we my ..niia it. As a free, powerful, and a
happy imtioH, u-o irtaud unrivallcj i" the Bnut df
the -worW.""".' A " ' .V "' . .
v " 4sk . -L" -