FOWKSt HOT DSIK04TED TO TBI CMTBD ITATCt 8T THB COJtSTtTTTIOJI, ROB MOH1 SITED IT It TO TBI ST4RS, ABB 1BIITH TO TBB 4TM BBSFBCTlvetT, OB TO THI rtorLE Ant nd me Hit to tht Constitution, Article X-
umljct XVI ot YoVumo XXI,
SALISBURY, N. C, OCTOBER 2; 18407
j J o. f row Cowi i;i cnccm cn t , 1 ,033.
' T(IXI or, THB .' .. . .
rlULISHED WECKLVsjV-cSfAa.' P. FISHER,
LVifer mi Propriefor.
fie Wetkik Caroumas m published every fVuiVry,
I r Pr nnnm, in advance, or tVi 50, if not paid in
Ifcrie roonlli fro" the ttmo of subtenbiiKf. No
nwr will be discontinued nolil ll arrearage tre paid,
f it., subscriber worth the subscription : and the fail
prta iKtit the Editor f a vriahtoducunlinu,sl least
month before the end of the ynr subscribed' fur,
. ti hs considered s new enfajcmetit.
$y Advrrhtrmm'i eonpiouonly and correct It in
aertod st l per square- -of 340 ewe, or fifteen timet j
f ttw sited t)po) fuf the first insertion, and 25 cent
, earh continuance. Court and Judicial advertise
aiit 23 per tnA. higher that the ibove rat A de
ducts of Sty P fr"i the regular ptjc will
tsde to joarly tdvertisere. fe!T Advert jementt
ffnl in for pttWicttinh, must be marked with tile num
Waf mtcrtltoni desired, or they will be continued till
forbid, end eWsed tccordingly. .
To eeere atteolien, ell letters addressed to the Edi
tor vi btwiiwe, mttM be fret nf portage.
DR. G. B. DOUGLAS
U A VI NO removed hie Office to 2nd
nnnr nf Mr. Cowan's brick row.
C.rmerlv oeciimed hv Dr. Ashbcl (Smith.) nearly
typowte Michael Brown's store, politely tender hi
arvfeaatorml services to the public
ttyisnury, August 21, 1840.
DR. LEANDER KILLIAN
ULSr.ECTlTJ-LLV.joflaralii pTtJWonaUewioM If
the citized of 3 ilisbury, and the aarrounding
tiximrv. Ilia) office i in Mr. Wt'a new brick-build-
jfl imrly'Wwitr J. dc Wr Mnrphy'a etow-
tilish,'rv,N. C.,Augiist30, IWIUl tf.
rr&mt JAMES G.W0MACK
HAVING f(K'tnd himaxlf'permenrntly in
IhfrTowo of SALISBURY, tejdra hia
profuMionil service to it ci'iaeon and the
n'jscent cnmitry, in all the vuri'MH branclietof hia pro
l4i m. He cm be dmnd at bia. Ofbce, on main atreut
memr below tlie tft'iee of Ike-4 WefB Caroliniaii,
July 3. 174a
FPIIB tra vcllinj romwimity s re respectfully "infnrra
JL ed that the cjufatrifcsr is onw rennins hi hoe di-
J&ri&m J!eigh Ijf n .oJJtaLMrfJWuWn, to 1
litwrT, in sniali iWthern masa KAttcitr m me iw
nrtw; leath'g Ralrigh e Monday nd Thursday el
10 4. M..wfnvinir in rtalibbarv m at dav tt 10 P. M.
leaving Saladwry on Tneedayiand Fridaya at.9 A, M.,
j.(tivtngsiBJU.!'h act.4a.li I'l Pr-AL.--, k.
Hit borse are fooii, aaa orivers pviicsiariy ciram
H aceuuiirtoiUluu...- , . JUf i, Mrlfca.
, r. I'd, l-SJSt.." - - . ' . - n
1-N.H--Seat seenred It the Mtaslot Hotel.
A large stock i
fresh and genuine
Mirr, lyrmm By-
Poifr Boardt, WKITINU
1 PAPER, aim, Urge supply of
winch will be sold at wholesale and rettil, at price
to wit the prenire of the times, bv
C C. K. WHEELER.
Fnlislniry, June 19, 1840. if.
-. f'otton In ill a.
TIIHStihwnbera, Agent jiv tlw Lexington Cot
ton Factory, would inform the public thai they
We just received and now offiir fur anle, wholesale
d retail, the Cmtoi Yarn of i id Factory, con
tutiiif of variuut numliera The jerior quail
ties and character of the Yarn of thi Factory are
well tested and known a lo need do recniii
"iHlntion from u Those wishing td ptir
cha3e will please glte ua a call.
C. ft. & C., K. WHEELliR, AgU.
Anril 24. 1S40. 'f ' x
NEW ARRANGEMENT. -"
An appeal to true Dr mocracj.
ON' Hie hrst of August next, a new series of the Po
litical Reformer will be commenced. It .will be
(itwdwf towibusriberaieaW safteof the Onion, week
h t Die unprecedented low price of Twenty-Five
ntt each, until tbe Presidential Electi.Hi-fit eopie
Une l)..llr twenty five eopie lor Five Dollars
copies for Ten lllar. Tba vary exteniv eir
htiua which ihe Reformer has already received, eua
. Uta Proprietor to awrt j ""jt!;
Mrs nriiu-inlna ni lir..Mnni.i limwrmc. adheHnff to
U Reoublican lamlmarks of our politicsl fuith, j
aith nodeviatin fi.lelny. No efTortt Will he susH.. IB--tfttciTbring
to diaalMwe the puUia mind of the inon
pervergiont of our political opponents, and in
fating to Uie calm, unbiased judgment of an intel
'Twl people, Uwee saving trutht which ajund esn eon
o is our upward and onatrd career of national
ft Reformer will wcadilytnd xealotwy dvocte
' f loctiin of Martin Vtn Buren to tbe Presidea
2d u anelou-ly nppiwe the pretention of the mv
"''. superanniMted old man who haa been put ia
iiinttim for that high office by the Federal Abolition
"itpirty. The tmpamlleled low price t which it
Pfnposed to be piiblihrd, will enable all those whose
?B re limiuni to become patron of the piper Our
."fnocriuc friewki are eameetly requeated to ute tbeir
ttliona in procuring subecribera, which they will
P Iwnd to tfmir Postmtirter, with the request thet
ld Cirward litem to Washington City. -or Ports
Va toTbeo.iliilut Fik, Editor and Proprietor.
... M-to. --.
f l , T.T1 itnlllf o..k.i)w.. I,., na hand
"-JfcJl ..A W Male. St hit Shop
tibury, ihre uratrata R4 H'siroe.
n - SIMEON IIIEUCK.
December 6, im tf.
SALISBURY COf FEE-IIOUSa
VITOULD inform hi old friend and customers,
that he ha oa band a general supply of ar
ticle of superior quality, in hie line of business,
lie will be pleased to accommodate those who may
favor him with call, on terra the moat moderate.
Salisbury, Aug. 29, 1840, , tt
IN MOCKSVILLE, DAVIR COUNTY, N. C.
. THOMAS FOSTER
XTTTTinTSI Ih nntiliit tint hd baa rninnv.il fmtn till
' A farmer atand, to bis new building on the public
square, in the Town of Mockcville, where he will cno
liutt to keep a HOUSE OF ENTERTAINMENT
ilia IRiaa ia roomy sod commodious ; attached to
which are.au comfortable Office fitr g)oilnien of the
' Bar, all convenient to the Court House. The euhacrv
ber pledges himself ie the most diligent exertions, to
' rive satisfaction to anch as nay call on him. Ilia T-
r ble. Bar and tablr are provided in the beat manner
that the country will afford, and hia aerranta are faith
ful snd prompts -
Fb. 14. lttfJ. 71 tf
n. njftrrcn, noot-nindcr. j
IMrUKMa the public that be still carrtea on id
4ahlihmnt of the above kind in Ch abiottb,
NciHhCarorinaTrTevr door todthof IhrMirrt.
Having, a he cxiceivea, a thorough knowledge of
bis business, be feels no hesitation in assuring those
who may with to patronise him, that their work
shall be done ia the very beat style, strong, and oa
Books and other articles sent from distance to
be bound, will be promptly attended to and care
fully returned when done. Tbe public art fuquest
ed to five me a trial. - -
Order left at the Weatern Carolinian. Of.
(ten will be iinctually forwarded fur completion.
Cbarlolte,.Feb. 7, 1840. , r
THE Subscriber havmg,been requested ly the
hite Betiiamw Austin, deeanod. lo act aa Ad
" mintetrstor on hi estate, Uke this method of in
firming iho) concerned, that he willpp i0.,!1?,
""aiiii County Cui:i for RowinlwwiiTy'jlor. tetter of
Ad nifiistrniioa otr the estate of said deceased ; ind
rca'ieets all those ha vine Books, Periodicals, Fa-
pers, selections fraei bis.fWJfirrtnjJft, or
ofher dcicripliofl bTproiierty belonging to the
jsaal IVnmmln Awatin.dec'd., to itunitheaanie
- .' . i " . . -:. rr"."ii""-T." ::u
VU.HMII acta) , or give sucn imorniBiitw win nr
".eure M recovery. .T tics. &.. wuu.bbK.
,AgHt2l..IM0. t " - ' tc,
, , IMPROVED LAND.
' The MWing ia an extract from an article by
i the Editor nf the American Farmer, giving some
Tj meant most Ireely used by Captsin M. in
the system which ha emnmunicated lo a poor and
vhauaiad eataie. life and activity and productive-
. . . a. a
nesa irreat croDS of sraas and of corn aud of
wheat-rand of root cropt'ofat bogs, fat cattle
gardeo redundant of all good hraga-?vUiee loaded
with grapes, snd fruit treat betiding under their bea
vv burdens the leadiiif fe Uure Hi the system, the
inuet efficient means, ha bees the frit see of ofder
thell lime I He commenced, a others have done,
with ashes j and (bund then) to pay well, which af
ter all is the great desideratum in all inquiries into
avsieiits snd mean of agricultural improvement ;
but after trial and comparison of outlay and results,
l. found hme to he in the M hint run." the most
economical. The race between them waa some.
trrmg fikei,htt bet aa ihs hare end torlnise.-r-
The aahee col the sUrt of the lime long way, but
the ItmcxTthe-tbe tortoise, made up ia lastingoeaa,
fiir "wJnit of autcknesa al lhe itunnj- aoiliwally be
i m -tn m wrwat aane tinwwv " -"
for that ol lime. Yet be hewed us a single lot of
five acre; against which a regular account had
been opened and kept ; at ought to be done in all
cases .dfci.aodKM ipenmenti-rao4 hi
word, in which one mat put gospel faiih, was. thai
tbia lot whr.h cost 120 sa acre, and on which 20
sn acre of ashes had been spresd which, when
bs look it in hand, would aot havs yielded a bushel
lo Ihe acre, bad paid him bark hi twenty dollar
purensse moui "
... v- . ... I.,
Iw.ih nf them ibree time uvr.
Oa one lot of still white oik' land which would
. l .:i.t..l .. M.irh Mr aera aa the tiiem eun-
rWtned vHule stouflimc rt, was a ioaumut rop of,
Jadiao cure growing, aUor a gm cna of wheat
Utl yesr, with ou help "hut 100 huWolsOl oyster
shell hme to tbe acre j spwed jn autuioo beCre the
. land was fallowed for wheat.
i Lj now in corn, a email part ot n
had beoK limed by Mr. Myars many years ago,
and Ihere tlie corn was very much better than on
the remaindr, which hid b-en more highly favor-
aawalh s si LI mMnUFA 2 ihe Uttr ieoiii lime,
wnii ni a . - - f
Ihe Captain observed, lo weetea it, aud cure it of
its acidity. ' " ", "
.Elleosivemarthesjjiilherto unproductive, and
crmaioVired irreclaimable, have Iko csiverted into
firm and rich pasture grou.uk or yield good crop
nf havP-a sp-cie of hay which i preferable to
wheat straw (on which so many esrry their cattle
through the winter) for food j and yet much supe
lior l straw for hiter and numi'is For these
mirposea, he remarked that be would not exchange
L:v . -k hu. nn ulierlv uealected. resouroe ia
Iw:v .r.h h. an utlerlv ueglected
the handtof many, f drtule it. bulk of ir.w,
.. i. ..-L .n.j.x.ll iir draininff
iiJZZ the tide ebbs'sod flows about
three or Hair fact. ; fly tlie sneaws of ditcbee. and
tide trunks, lergw pond, where deck formeriy,
enlike old Hlimwi's in t1 rdav. did " cmue and be
Lkilled,n have htm com-erted xtto valuable eaowmg
ana paniure pfwiims ; and, m ehort, the ju-fici.ua
iiqpiuwe pniprieiur ot Ibw rront hiUly unproved
eatate and delightful rendenrc, awatred oa that he
piacaa very high eetimtte on every fbot of tbeae,
hfref4fiMre-eslueUM and aairy marjlxsl a thev
eni bled him to sumnver. and in a rreal meaanre to
winter mseatiie, witbout depasturing hia highland
and artificial grasses. Uufurtunately our time was
too limited to Warn the half of what nighl'l
t . . . - . .......
leartwd la stark a hM, wbete the owner was ao
polite, and C4tnmmeatire, and the mult ao obvi
Frm rt Fmrmtrt' Aittt.
4 WINTERING 8UEEP. '
Tberaeaaoa haa arrived wbes aWo require a lit.
tie of our time and atiewtwo. ; If tbeae are now
bestowed, With subsequent ordinary earn, sheep
will pa through the wiotrr with Irdliog lose and
aiucb to our advantage. Pur want of attention at
this season of the year, 1 have seen Urge (Wkt
almoit entirely destroyed, while their wwoert
blamed their bad luck, hut sot their had manage-
ment. etieep, to do well throuch the winter, must
j in good eonditioo whea they brgia it. If thee
re so, inry pas it witaout difficulty; but if they
ate pir at this aeasoa, good proveader aoda regn.
Jar supply of it, will not eovur then welt tbroarh.
To see, then, that war sheep have bee wall taken.
care of during the sumnier and &IT, it aaiapojM
uy.a w inrj-Brmer, ana wince viski m a
great saving both ia ehrep and IbdJer. It is ej rong
lo permit them to ramble ever the 6eU hter thaa
about the first of December, because at that time
there is tittle ntttnsneot ia the scant hrham m "
whfch tht fcedjTsjid The Ira Ittelf h4 ftr 1 ''ft
main oa the stem to protect it duhag the frosts and
SMudewf-winter, end prefer .fc-sW- eertr ftd
vigorous growth ia the spring ; besides, as the sup
ply to the animal is smalt and inettiikjous, there is
greet danger that there will he a (ailing off la its
oeeb, which h eau illy spare, and which lw its sub
sequent existence it 'at so nrcrsssry at should retain.
1 have freeueodv tbouvht that aa oora Decem
ber, which is so often wished tor by the tamer to
save hut wroter supply of hay, aaore prejudicial
to his sheep, whes) they rawUe ewer the SrMa,and
to bis owe inters, thaa he geaierally ie aware o
It would certainly comport more with real eeoaoeiy,
if he wers te bring en Uw aheew by tlie lOtb of D
cMiber rate winter quarters, even if the aremther
should rem in warm and the groood soteveretL
If they lose flesh at this time, they cannot regain
it Until tprvig, and the saurtatitj which it some
time costs flocks of sheep, is imp table to this
eauaeA ,-tr ; -
Sheep a winter ahwuld hsve shed j tlst ptw-r t
vatiooul their health require lb is Mdulgesscw. snd
nature pmmpta to it. Let me ak, if ibey have the
choice, do ihry lemain m the open sir jw a tfjjrml
san does te bis bouse, and if they do not require
it,uite-ee sjuich, they spssas as gralaiul fu the I
abelter uf b. Iwck fd: poor sheep a protection
from the weather is all important. Those its good
condition do not so esucb want it, as they have
better, coat botanf. &k awl amnl , hat fur ebenr it
is likewise useful, and a good fareaer will sot omit
to gtve- sjV the reqiMita atielMr'siJi'
j Aa soon as sheep are brought ento die yard, I He
different kind of Maha,ery and weethere, should
he cawefadiysnyrelv4: and fcejx thjrmg I h winter.
apart. 11 Isunponant that those in eneysrd should
be ss nearly of a sue as practicable t for by being
so, there ste no strong ones sowing I beta to drive
the weaker Irons tbeir sroveodrr. AD win feed
aliks od.do welU The aVoke ought ilaws te
be as small as ww ran conveoiemly Mke these. '
It ia an savarisble rule thai emnfl flick dose sauch
better than a Urge one, even il both, according te
their number, are equally wen. If the ftieka ia
each yard eaa be reduced te between fifty and eae
hundred, ss much the better; and it at a great ee
sideratem to make them as few as fifty, if si can in
any way be effected.- It i likeww aecensary to
have a separate yard for old and poorshrep, and f
tbew are any m the flock that do aot suhquently
do welt, they should bs rtsiorsd inte whet is called
tlie bowiial. - Three bosntal sheep, by being few
in nun.ber, having a good warm shed, a sheaf of
nets, or a few Kreewing from esder the lannisg
milt rmre a day, will soon begin to improve and do
welt. N I have bad sny bospittl sheep ia a better
condition with this ear by spring thaa any other
fl.jck, and I must say that for tbe last threw sea.
sens, any abeep wwtw ta bstier ceadtliuSi rhea I
turned tbeai out of say yard ia tbs spring, than
when I put ibem ia ia tbe be ginning of the winter.
- tjhewp ought to he rather pwrinty thaw senwpv
tuouaty fed, three) liter t day. oat of racks, to pre
vent them from running ever and trampling oo Ihe
hay. Aa soon as one steeee in any of the flocks
to become this, it ought to ha reotoawd at enos in
to the hospital where will be better fed. - If jns)
nef led to do this soon, it will be toe hie, and yoq
will sutler loss ', loraheepeexeduedteacer.
lam point cannot bo recovered. It is good to give
them a feeding of straw er pine loot, (f joa p(eae;
their food. They ought all to be daily Watered,
and if your bay b out been salted, they ought lo
have a web ef et ..eccsiemlly.. I5y aduptiiig
these rule-, yoa wilt save H yewr sheep ; irywi
will tint lose more of them than you would of tlie
him number of horse sod cattle. They will
have bo disease among Ihcav. I have often-thought
of aa observation to we bf aa experienced woo),
grower from whom 1 aeked fur information of the
diseases of sheep ; be Answered M What have vou
te do with Ihe diseases of sles take care of
them and you will have oo weed for remedies."
This observation struck me aa strange at the lime,
but subsequent experience hat amply confirmed it.
And now, a hat wUl the farmer gaia by keeping
hia l beep well ! In the first place be will gi lo
hid bay a fat Wj wBl aot eatas rnuch t a poor
one; he will save all Bis gram abeep in good
condition do not rrq-iire any. . Ia Ihe ocxt place
be writ stve all hia sheep hs will have more ami '
better lambs ia Ihe spring i and ia orsueqwence of
it, be will have several ounces of wool mora to
each sheep ; aod what is better thaa all Ihe rest,
he will io snd save himself lost sod aoticty. .The
savinf will at least be from owe eighth to one-
fourth of ibe vsiue or his bqcb, sad an lata by at. j
I tending to a oecery work r. du. see.. A.
I'OUTICi Of Till; DAY, . .
IXTTER FROM GENERAL k'DUFFlE.
) Frms l)lt fWionAie StwtK Carnltnia ..;'
Mb. PKMBKiron: My attentige haa hei-n called
by an article in the Southern Chronicle, extracted
from theCimHeettM (Courier, signed an u I'lichan'Nl
" Nutlifior," to the published account of the proceed.
loirs at Abbeville Court II. un, on the 4ili of July
test, and a repurf of some e marks made by me on
' that oecaaiou, in answer lo a call from my former
constituents. Mot choosing that my opinion, how
ever nimporlant, should be niiMiudoratood, I foul
myselfcalled enon to explain tlie relation in which
I etood to lease prnceedinga, and to correct an er
rer, doubt lea unintentional, ia the report of my re.
, mark. I arrived at Abbeville Court llouee, a lew
hours before the meeting, and having been reti'ie-d
ed to preside, hvtked over the toasts iMffltwud for
'. the occjuion. Thers being one directly opposite to
my opinion, I reqieeted the Committee to omit it.
They stated that it waa the decided opinion of the
District, and I did not conceive that I had any right
; to press ray objection farther. This wn not the
toast te General Jackson ; but 1 state tlie fact, to
show hew Gdae would be the Inference, that I en.
tertained every sentiment expreiwd bv the meeiitW.
4 ae toast 10 uenerai Jackson (tmnly announcing
taw name, and wishiog good health to a(iener
who had re-wered distinguished military service to
his country, and ia now ia retirement, did not even
attract my aiietnioo. CerUin it is, that I would
m, heait4lrHik Ui 4eaeVwn rtjrjeet9tsin;
M tmchiinged " a I am, and ever thill he, a lo Ge
eernl J jckson fedministratum, and particularly
hie co-operation with tlie National Republican and
Tariff party headed by Mr Webster, in the f !
?4iiiak ".m 'the' Uoui U ' iiouth Carolina. Hut thU
- writer, no diobt, duema it quite eonitent and pa-
--trwtw; TorwTincrmngea ullinerr tn conimny
wiiu rar. mves,t v ire una, ana air. nit.oi Jen
jessee, who voted for sulijugntiitg South Ciirolin
by miliury force, in drw the tword and throw
way the acahbsrd in Ihe cause of General I Urn
eno. the. flomiDc. and jrepreeutMtive of the high
I ariU. npiMotidAtion oarly, and who publicly de
- elered that Ceaeraf Jackson acquired more glory
? by bie aotoriou Proclamation, thin by his great
-evftory at New Orleans -whtl private ciliten,'
sending entirely albvf from the diwgusting ac ram
ble fix office, cannot even concur in a sentiment
; of Common civility to a retired Preeuletil, whose
; AdmioMtration be dieappenved, without cummit
''"J political "suicide, and incurring lb charge
. of apoatacyl .-:,r, : ' . - ;
Ao the report of jny remark, inetead of ej.
pressing any surprise " that any S.Hitliern mtn,
with Ripubltcnn prinriohm "eoulj hesitate lo sun-
-HorT i. 'Tao'nure'hVeiiiierT' corillnHj," orcoWly,
. I expomsed my surpriae that anr ftmtrierw atatHS.
awn, knowing the auspice under whirh tet ral
r lUf -woo we emwrmafetl', Wil "mrn w ho niwninatad
' hioi, and tJU prinAflet tad mtaturre thick A d
Mrs, as National RrpmblicuM, had vnifurmle
jptpjiarttdL could gimAtat thair am.prt.- .
" Aa to Mr Van turen, I stated that his condticr,
since bis election In the Presidency, had greatly
changed my former opiuioo of liiin; that he had
bntdlyawi ted snd firmly hiaiiiliffii tL gVeaf (Vriij
'ciples of the Sooth, at the haz.ird ol his popularity
'tb Nurth,'hi'e cpptimmt practisrd and
openly avowed the non-committal policy for which
Mr. Vau Cureq was f ,rii'rly denmiticMj j de'ii-.
- Ittg'll the saine Ume, luahe tlmreputaWe duplicify
of writing letters to the North to eimciliate the
Abolitionist, and lo the Kouth, to apfieaae tlie sp
preheosiuns of Ihe tUvoholJer ; in each case im
posing ao injunction that the le'.tor should not be
- SMjWished.- .ib I etatedj in so- trnrny word; that
though I nVcitledly preferred the election of Mr.
Van Buren, it was " not that I loved Van Bureo
mors, but lUrriMKi le." And I will row add,
that sn fjtr from being surprised that any Southern
saaa should aot cordially support Mr. Van Uarnn,
1 highly respect the motives of tbnsu NuMiflars who,
with Judge Hirper, would prefer that the Elate
shall give a blank vote, thaa that she ahoutd vote
tor either Mr. Van liureu or Gen. Harrison, For
several year after the termination of the contest of
sllthrstKio, I occupied a similar ground ; but the
sound principles upon which Mr. Van Huron, in his
several messages and hitlers, and his whole party
in Ihe manifesto of the Ikltimors Convention, htve
1 stnked their political funuue, have bnMighl me to
tbe conclusion that Hits avowed neulrHlity in poll
Iks, would now be A position dictated raihet by
just resentment, than sober reason.
On Ihe tuhiort of the Hub-Treaurr and a Xa
titmel Baok, I spoke in the same measured terms
that 1 did in a letter published more than two year
gw t behrvmg that bth parties placed an extrara
rant estimate on Ihe benefits r svils likelv Id retult
from the former measure. 1 staled that I believed
' the refusal to recharter the old Rank of the United
- Stales a msiro of which tha w hole outh,
Whig and D ;mocrlt, wan, more responsilile (ban
Ger. Jackson, as their tot derided it was a greet
public mixfortuoc, a I predicted it would, to a blind
clamor for a simiUr institution, which would now
be 4 mere party machine, aiidv7Tilca7 ,wM b
or give relief to the embarrard portion of ihe
community. That a Bank with a Capital of 35
or even SO- million of d.dlers, enold poiihry '
control 1.0U0 Banks, With a capital or 430 mil
kons and that if it could, it must be by compell
ing ihe Si si Bank suddenly to contract their cir
CuUlton, to sn extent that would greatly tncrrmse
ihe sufferings ' the indebted cltwes. .That, in
the absence of National B.ink, the Bub-Treasury
wat t! only remaining aliornalive, unleea we re.
turned tt the notorious pct-b-iuk lyttem, ehich
give to the Federal Executive a more dangerous
and corrupting influence ibao any scheme ever
suggested, snd which bad been condemned by ex
perience, tnJ denounced by both parties iu sue
cesioo. lint though I did not believe the Pub
Treasury system would give oa atuii l and uni
form currency, it would certainty withdraw from
Ibe BjuIi thai stimulus to excessive issues, which
the use of tht public funds aa private cspital, had
produced lo an runout so extent in 137, and (hut
tend greatly to ptsvent fluctuation! in tlie currency.
And, finally, that I believed the currency of the
United States bad become loo vast and complies
ted a system, now essentially depending upon Ihe,
sovereign Riates of Ihe Confederacy, lo bin i'"'
hted by a FeoVrul Bank, or by any otherf,,on
of Fwleral authority ; and that rack Stale would , ' .
have lo take care of it own currency. ; That the
greal w"1' B"' much the u.-llvrcr-e between
the currency of the diifirenl bmte,at the santo
time, a Ihe diOlrenc in the vaiue of he curmry -of
tha same Slate, at difienl tunc. 1 bal the for.
mer produced only aa inconvenience ta merchants
and travellers the exchange always conforming
sutrtlonti .I'y to the intrinsic dnlorenre in the values
of the reiective ciirreoriet while the latter pro
duced the grotw mikstice of contputtuig 0Vitors lo
pay in a scarce and dear currency, wU they con.
tractcd to pay when it wat cheap and abuuJant.
That the idea entertained by some, that the cuttoo
plantoft paid the diflnrence in the exchange be '
tween tbe North snd the South, was almost pre.
cily the reverse f the fact, for if they st4d their a
coitoQ here, the purchaser added Ihe ihuVrence of '
exchange lo the price of the cotton ; and if they
hiiied it, they could sell the bill drawn agiuuat it
at f premium equal to Ihe dtTtireoc 4T excltange;
and thai almost every planter ohtsined a premium
upon one thouind dollars' worth of cotton, where - ' '
he paid premium upoflon huudred dollars' worth ,.
of merchandise. But that, in Cict, there was re l
ther a gain iq the one case, nor hi in the other ;
the apuirent exchange being merely the d.lleretice '
between ihe value of the dilfcrent currencies.
HiiVMig made these explanation dun lo truth, I
svail in self of Ihe occasion to remark, that tbe
unjust i.nputntiont and hnr-niiudod perwxwliites in
which lhiM Unchanged Nuliifier" basso rtTklewly
indulged, and which but loo plainly iic!ot the :
ckveiiit Jtar..IIfoitwm, V hut b 4Wirjirir-tf',''"'"J
of thstnalignaril spirit in which I have been anaikd
by the pariiaus of General llirnr.n from all rjuar. ' . ..
lers, ever since the puUication nf my h"'ter lo tlie- -- -MilledfeviMe
rrenting. 4 la s.lJntoo to the assaults
linus'teveiy mail, anonyiiHuis le'lers of tbe must
vulgar auJ sctiriikai cliaiacter, and ties spa ptrs
atrtedep- w the -ftt Thf' trXrfT1tticr'31tr.e ""T"'
postage. And I must say, that if tins is lL tntril
that it lo animate the adminisiration of Geo. liar. a '
tison, God save the country from such a calamity.
Indeed, I caq conscientiously declare, that I eever - -hare
known a set of (xJiiiriane ia this country, so .
violent litduorupilou in their measures ami , '
means, at the Whig agitator and editor stnrn '
they hnye rallied under the banner of Ueueral liar,
risoo hmitier daubed ocr with nJiculou em. --V
bleias, but having ou eulilsry principlo msenhed " .
upon it. It I with them a pure and einliiniised
scramble for olficeia mhrr words, for the tpful
nf victory "having ia this, at ia other respects, ' "
sii.iptn the tactics l.eretoior ascribed to Mr. Van
Bnien. lo fact, Ihe tint tliing'lhat disgutied me
with the proneeilingsol this party, way tbe prure.
sinn st Ikiliimore. . Wbea I saw Mr. Webatei.ibo
groat idiJ aod repreeniativ of the joint stnety arxl
oTmuI'ITrisTnr'racy i'TttteXorttt, figurwig' at iho "
headed a iteseani di4MHaislwsl bv f eniBteinS'" "
f leg rahitis .sn'!. ridcg s lrrcJ.itjsaliits -tba iswwi
mut vutjrir itrejudifss of 4 he penple, end sstufasrai '
direiU insult t h understr,duig f every poor man
in the United uict, I mulj (ev no other seoti- .
nicit but that of deep di V'Ut. Ami when I taw.
tlius 'piefigured, lha iKitifrrWebiier wae"lo'T ' ' '
occupy in the council of Gee.Hrrisn, J enwld
H)t luit recidl'JCt his declaration in tlie Funate, that " ;
he WWle be htths frMt twtihuf tbecrosadw towuhv .
jngatfi tvmili Carolina) ami hi biiter opposition to
the hold snd wmoly pert acted by Mr, City, m pr-w -
ducitig the laritT compromise. And remeniliering
hia recent oocmratin'V. w aff mteniion to revive the.. . . ;,
coiiiprqnii, I could not but ask uijarif, that has '
tbe Sou' 4 to expect from rich an adiuiniat ration P
General Harrison has publicly s vowed thai Mr, ,
Webster's speech, u. which be sCirmed thai Ibe
l edural Linatilulina Wa. crawled. Jy Ihs psapls sf
tlie United Mates, at an aggregate mate thus re.
during the sovereign Slate of the Gmfcxieracy to
mere drpendVut corporation contained hisen
slitulinnal creed, lis slso declared, in his Vmcen.
nea speech, that " it bad bmg born aa object near ,
to his heart, to see Ihe whole iarp!u revenue to- ,
propriated to the purchaaa snd emancipation of our
slaves I and that he " hoped to see the day when
the American sun would aot look dosre aon a
sieve." In tbe face of these avowala, 1 way wall
wonder, how can aoy Southern man give him bis
support 1 Here is coawtlation in i'a Urges! extent,
and Abolitionism in the most dangerous nf all the
forms which thi infernal mnoster can assume. It s
is the very form m which we shall have to meet it I ,
To ba sum, General Harrison promises ihal I his
should be. done with th consent of the rearieciira
Stales in which the slaves In be emanripat,ed may
he held." Bui what security d-rlhufurowh t Yew
ofTer an irresistible bribe, lo Virginia, Mxryland, ". "1
and Kentucky, and conwde ws by the cofwiileratiiHi.3,1.
"that they will iaf bs compelled to take it I Let thia "
policy be adopted, ind, m Oo years, the price of '
negroes will rws fifty per cent, and these threw
Sistns he drawn over lo the interests snd policy of
the Northorn msnufscturers and AUdilionists.
What a oompreticnaive arbeine of bribery I A high
larifl will be necessary to raise a large surplus re.
venue. 1'ie innuficlYra will, of Course, support
it, ti led by Ihe Stales of Virginia, Marx land, and
Kentucky. , Will tba Culluo (rowine scales eon.
sent lo bold their rights by wich a tenure t How
would they ho pflecteJ by luts scheme T The pro. ,
ducliout uf their industry would be suhjeetei lo
TtnH" aim ppwjs4i,irT" dm iisWw., 10 itaM fftf "tvr ISt i(m
and buy upllieir more Northers associates. W hile
these duties would depress Ihe value of the staple,
this apprnpriati.M of the proceed would enhance
the cost of the tabor that pMduceailr. The price
of cotton woulJ fall, and that of lle alavss would
rise, Mntil lite slavehiddiHg Sfrs wimld be eoru.
pellml, ia succession, to suaudm the culiivttiou
their great stsple.
iow ws havs Mr. Van Huron s ouUic
ttoo, thnt he regard this scheme s urrC We
si, snd W'-uld interpose bis rvo to spliid lo pro-
havu, on ihe tontrsry, rt-asonalbrommend rt 10
turns, that Gen. Harrison wonrj' hit Ymcenns
Congrest, as be bu refefxi(Mwer ta ait present
speech, mong others we may expect from
inquiries in regard kfA, Ami. lcre, air, I wt
him if electsd PtfTkleM charses repeatedly urg-
notice tine of ti,,k llarriaon's notori-
ed lintu a.tly decUred, is tW f
ou, vmum U kim, that in om.rormty m nv P"
LfU t Il.rr,.Wrg Conveolion. he would I ao
' ..t.i.l nnininruu further
twer no inquiries as i r ..,.'. ,n,i
lhan to refer to In furmer rfwan .,e,