Western Carolinian (Salisbury, N.C.) /
March 5, 1841, edition 1 /
Part of Western Carolinian (Salisbury, N.C.) / About this page
page has errors
The date, title, or page description is wrong
This page has harmful content
This page contains sensitive or offensive material
'?lAead Tla$ tn X-Ainn. Pekm. the capi
U i. iU Cui'iim' em im N 111 very nearly Ilie
Mi lauiaju a l uli h-lplua O n1 wh'i should
go directly eastward from tin oitv until lie hi
pd eaniwrit more than half way round lh
ba, would arrive aft Pekin..
To roach Canton by going dirwctlv eastward or
Jgroetward, on mux start from th ciiy ol'-llaiui
ttt Cuba, or sou other uUr mi that wuimm. Can
ton ll itu a rtvr which enptiei int. i a bin, avid its
aatuatlou M ouiwh.it itke that ill Philadelphia
Tim Delaware ll-euwaier nnjlit reir'ut ihe liar
Wof Vlara.i. The bay ol Cahiuu is more divided
by laUndnthan th I) lwre buy
Th island of t'duwti lie six or aeveii hundred
tulles furl tie 1 up the coast, or northeast of (.'anion,
an l Pssui six, or teveu liuu lred more. Itmeli
luata f China in probably Miim-whal Colder lhati
ttia corresponding iu'itude in tins country. An
" olfi ar of th Bnuxti N.ivv writiiis from Cliusan i
under date S-jiiViiiImt t, as; " We shall I) ve
rv U''Coiol.irut)l'k, litre in muter. N it a houa has
a tire place oritur mean of having one to give
warmth. N o iiutr .-.urn a 'lin-n an a pain ol
(fits to admit ligioj and keep out wind. Tlio Chi
tx subaiiiute a ttiiu j t ijr I'.r glaaJ but nothing
of the kind it tn.lieliiu there, and uH the old puer
I bmk.i, and iieJtAd 6f wanning themselves by
a lira, tiiev clothe tiien-ves wiilicl mk upon clonk
till thi-v hive a ' ullj(iiPiii' number to keep then
warm, and whoi
J when they li el loo warm thev take on .
at a li ne till itVev ieel coiidoitinle." The
Island ol CliUMii. or Chowan. 1. a ha before
been uted 111 our coI.iiimW atait 3(1 miles I... t and
lo It..,, 1. 1 is w
I' is s..rr...ji.iied by . numerous islelsand
l-Mi.'is ri ii.ne for 1111112 hal lias been railed the
1 'infill ifli,neU'o At "he Southern end o the
is' 1I1 ' i : ne i.u ci II, ;l Ti.'i-liie. Tin' East India
oini'. in 1 ni 1 t'u iiiu in ( ' i-ni till 1 he middle ot
M.e l-'i 1 utiirv. Trie sliin 111hersl visited
.'1' .till! A A
ii'- 11.1 o
V l iie
ip nvi r I'aliea
. !' '
. ill ll Ad'il.irnl l.ll
Hull id' I he Yello
.1 I . .
W ' f
m nl n
n ; ind into I Ins go I einpt
nvi r, 011 wincli hl.iiu.k tiu
ciiy of j
all. A imial officer wriii-e
r e , -e, we uinile arii lo ltie Great
I' l li 1
lii 'he K'liuiral The end eomes
1 i 1 i! 'O.i hull jr mi ThVre is a
f'te ;i..l ": 1 w th iAu"e lower. IK is one
!(,..! -'w . t !
us snu i ever iieiieia. 11
.... a .
. 11 il l '
liikT ., iii! nil. nit Ihe snrile in
, 11 lower atemi every mil 01
1 mt"- IhIi iiiii.e vicinity, some ol
- uhi-iiit'.uoii ie:. un 1 trie wall voe com-
v i.h,ri'' i",,, .,1 me iiioii.itniiis and is seen
,u iw-rw i-dii reai li. .urtit American
ihr Cuiiui nf Many lain, a (Sumic Almanac
fut iht ytar 1U.
S Liii.lG.NS l.)F THH WORLD.
:l,inU. - ici ilia', born 111 110. Qoeen.de
-t iii-iit land and ol her ministers; who, in
r 1 : .r 1. 1-1 ii f .ii.li:;, cling to her person and
... in- , . iiuii I., n..iru but lor tlie support to). , ., , .
,. , , rnornua Jerleraon, of irgioia,
in, , i ii '. .Vie is Ihe i.nlv wile in the I . ,, e v. f
... 1 ... i....,.i.. ......lA-rou Urr.of New York,
t . -
... 1 1. : '. .f . . j 1 1 tr mi iii l.i .jv Ifial sn i, I
J-a pj.M4:A .is isuiu Mm. itaa cinwiia fcat.bttafeiiss.2:"
a.n m omen, her re uu cannot but be prospe-
,, , , 1 r '. 1 1 1 1
runa si-Il rtven uraiil :t may I 1 oat her husband
. . . , . , 1 1 .1 r .
la woriliv ut 111- no )U lortune is promo oy Hie laci,
t Iidt tall ihe win nl has b -eu talking about him for
t:,r l.i-i 4welve 11.01. tns wiihout uHering a word to
Ins dispraise, lie appears lu be winning golden
w, e iU n sskiiinijling nifiiseu 10 tlie t,uglis:i
gentlemen a ihartoler which Ihe proudest 111011.
oicli in the wuiid iiiilil be proud to make. in
France. I jmia I'h I'ippe, boro in 1773. A man of
ly a King
Mtn.tii is iiiuiiii in-, anJ he has uaej it fur three pur-
t ei j. ) tlie reputata-n of benm the richtst man
in hurojie.; u jiiaifi .ti Mdaujh'nulu.aH ,tlie..ited)u
Hrmri !. ol r.urui', ami tn piirciiai" the r rench by gild
111L' V. r-Ji.lUo fir t . I'irisi in.-, brii.ging up faUies ol
frnii.il oa.i m.'. !!. nlii (r ttieii., trout the n.tr Ui
tne Oem, v,iUi l..e iwi.ei n( ,ey are the lirat po(,u
101 i.ie ifei.i mat niey are ine nrai popu-
"'J- . A I-leofcoutrauietMHsi, they ate
lini.il ruinu'lllip a chsoeiiate t hurupe,
uti,. r .nggmga il.tch tor ihe d fen. e ot
me ill ii.e w-jf'd.
n.' witii "i.e I-
an I il'i ie
Kir . n.ev tmv; eiei. 1 a deuut under title of a
"I'liii.-n knij;" and to revive republicanism, are
irnni.uj Ui a ...e tioues ut' tue haughtiest ot-emperoia
( 'Infill 1 a ui KA'ing. China is I e ureal te ware
hnuie ol iinrik.iiil. A tj'iitrrel liaviny &n raised by
some ol Ua i- aier!', Uie w areiiou-euian has shut up 111
alio,,, r'.mu-n .1 lli, a Ana, tne dealer.' stood on tlie
- I'l'hl. a 1 i.i oet rin tieij t i atirve more toil ish still.
but tin wi not enoujii I ne wsrehouaeinan tjruel
ao iie ill In-1 il ,ui. j (mwiitr and aliut, and building
up In- si.' ji 1, : !, lu'i i iieil iii:ii uh gun. Tne
dcul'-r-, sir ,:y In, l-runu'd. revolved tj go tne whoiet
leiiiiin. t jriM.i iii t."i inoii'-y into carmon halls endt
Kaiu jr-c rufiici-, and ilele mined tn burn duayn the
war ,,.,11'u.aii. aiiu ami ail. to tone linn to trails with'
tiieui uh'm--imt tiatiib 01 the wiio.c! Ine anair is!
Ifonig on ami, au i lie' uesiere my inai, wnen Itivy alia, 1 1
tiave dortroyed r-jiue liiuustnd ot Cliiueis; likes, audi
wu-ii'.i mi ne nnli'.iiH ut' Urit.ali iiiouev, tney w,ill only I
lege o' b 1 . .... .,, te., and aollu... luo.o pu.sou than
,.4, r r .
fl. yrun.-l.. . ',il ti e first, burn n 1790. The
ii,i,.-t 1 11 - ,111 m. at I imly ol Luroie. An Aua'.ri-i
n 1, iiii oi i.i.i.j. h'io auiieneiiej the Pnnte f
Oru.'e 111 tii" a .in'!' of trie Princes Charlotte oil
K11,: '1 C ; ei jo,,-.l a etiMon ol X.Vmhn) a year for'
twii'V yarn, o wrrcti tie asviif cvry yhillinr; next
ij.f- . - vi... , i.i..... ,n ..11... oi nil; wiijii in
h.'or.u nd 1, ,, . Kinif on tne aiu.ple credit ot
ink .ii' i I' ir. ...1111 iiutiiiii, a'id bi'inf a Coourg
kunrt- Nirlioli.. the hrt. tiorn in 17;N a darma.
nr. v , an I aiuiiilioii'. 1 Je.-1.0t. 1I 1 e an bv exclud ni
Inr 01, : li. r rfi!i.oiiitmr truni the iliione, and
.il to e ihe lrt'!.l u liana of iuv aovsreign
iii x ihi.'iice. He naa alrwaiiy MiaUovted f'uland. has
ihaOe an eiioruioua ooe out ol Persia; holds Tartary
111 lor let! lulu , n a ly tor 1 luuctieon ; Turkey Ilea
on a d del , re mm lor a d , nn r, and what lie is to sup
un, or i.Hre, 1- hi!) to .oiua I and ina o.d namesake.
Bl ! is vijot-ais, ugii iiii. siru), and periveriiig
a i l 'i,, r, lore, ilie betu r to br i,. lll.-aj by Ird Palmer-
etun - 4
Pmi.ua Willmm the Fii.nh, b rn in 1 793.
the beirimimw of trim var, smteaswr to firs father.
Frederics illiam the 1 'bird li s i liaracuir is yet to
be known. He m a anup'w il lover of war, aa ail pnn
N tea ure, lor want of Hoiuetri riL' elae to ilo ; and certain
ly no lover of the r rei.cli, truni tna recollection of trial
nto.-t politheil and piunm tm of ail nutions ; but s w or
al. 1 er ol Hunit, on ll,e jrincijile that makes the Af
iik.au how down.
Auttrm Ferdinand, Iwrn 11) 1713. In Austria ths
gotvrn oeiit is wnouy c,in-tr a led on Uie principle A
11m uui-4-iy ; tlie x..ir sre ctnldreu who think ol noth
ing bill llieir hlebaturl, diiiners, and alipoera, and, ll lur
UiaOed with dolls and daucea, are Muoy as Uie day
uiooil. But tfiey nevi'i ruoi VV lien relraelory, they
are wlnp ied, or put in li e back Imie. Wlien giJ
Jjuiiiored, Hi y i n; rolii red lo iuii auuut the tieida, pro
Vuitrd that, Uiey never run nul of siKlit of the head
.ifiiig. Willi they live tbey are merely walking in gu
(jgrac, aa eta p? brMiyit Uic by u check tf tne frvu
I!'" iitie--: Duke uf. Orlesns, King ol the French, and ja, Madison, of Virginia, 1
.Nup.,,.0,1 I. 1'a.x. ..-, work of b.rt.i ; lTRuU,r. Suath. ot Man land.
rMuini, .itj oi ui amiiii. Hie IIHIU, IIIV nuistUlla . r . ItJtl
l,i,t nooie, . i . J .co.hu, ami thirdly a Kmc H.a J""'' Q""5 Adaina, ol MaaaachuietU,
ctrts aad when they die, they are merely wrapped up
ml put U) bed. 1
,Spmi Mnia Isabella Ismisa, born in 1830. The
vmiii'st ol Soveieyns, though by no mesa the moat
rhildish. Her mother inanarea the State for her ; Uen-
eral Esparlero niiiii;!' the State tor her mother; the
city of Madrid manage the Suu lor General Eaparta-
ro; the mob minifies the Stale lor the city 01 Riauria ,
n.l ihe mob itself i managed bv the breear. th thUM
and lliesoldier. The civil war has died ouTTiTWtirt I
of material, and Spain is now amusing itsell with
shooting prisoners. '
. Vluira'i.--Maria da Gloria, born, in WW, So,
reign-or all iieVndent" country which En land
alone saves from being wallowed up hy Spain; ruling
bv ah imperishable constitution which haa changed
three I.uk-s since her accession in 1826 ; and aitting oil
me innuio Of an - emumenu, irer, sou iiinjuiiit
nation th-niselvea ruled by the priest, the police, and
the mob of Lisboo. ".
SirrS' and Suntay Charles John the Fourteenth,
born 1764;, formerly Bernadotte ; a singular inatance
of fortune, seconded by conduct A Frenchman enter
imr tlie service as a common. marine ; theo risihgabove
tlie man wlio placed him there, by keeping the throne
when Napoleon had Inst it He now Uvea Uie aonu
survivor of the Nspolean nionarcha; a bold, vigonrtif,
and hor.esf man ; a brave soldier, a sucjeastul general.
and in a country of airanizeri, a secure king,
Turkm. AMul Mehed. the Unfortunate the son of
Matimoud the Unlucky, born in ltl.lle baa come
to the throne as a man might come WJt dinner, with a
dstiv ot wild bpasls around the la
It is not naeiy
thai lio ran oninv hia nival Allthe BOVereiFnticS of
Kumoe are ooeu-nioulhed roumKhuu. and he la spar4
crm hour to hour only bv the ahow of their tuska at
eacti other. But the torsi in te ia the signal for uuiver-
l battle, and whichevegorges, lurkey must turnin
'? ,,.. , ir, Th-
fiiiiuna, iiimiu iu mwu m .. -
firMt Kmg of JtheNetherlauda a kingdom cut from
France by theyscisaors of the Congreae of Vienna, aud
cut 111 two by tho hatchati ol the mob ot Brueaela: a
prince hard-headed, hard-working, and hardly used.
To solaeethe cares ot sovereignty in the foggiest land
in tliuriiv. re, be lately tell in love. -But the duke
urMfilfd Uie expense of royal marriage; the Prince
Uiauge oreaued a sieptuoUiar ; aud the.old woman
of the court a rival. What king could prevail against
this union of forces I William the First, with a bro
ken ht art aud a belolatts sceptre, had the sole alterua-
tive ol marrying or reigiuuff. A Mark Autuny w sey-
out), he Ut resigned.
I I'tnm the Peniuyltania Tdegreph.
POLITICAL' CHRONOLOGY. .
We have prepared from official documents, the
lollowmg table of all the OlTicera of the United
States Government, since ihe adupliou of the Con
stitution. The information will be found highly
linen-sting, aud will serve ae a useful reference ;
(eorge Washington appointed, 19
John Adams, of Massachusetta, 1707
Thomas Jedemvn, of Virginia,
Jrtinea Madison, ot Virginia, 1b09
James Monroe, of Virginia, 1 bl7
John Quiiicy Adams, of Massachusetts 1H25
Anorew Jack son, of Teoneesee, 129
Martin Van Buren, of New York, ' 137
William Heury Hair uu, of Ohio, 1041
George Clinton, of New York,
. . . ...........
( Uied Af ril 201,1812.)
.A t:J, i V" i.f WV. Kiiaiatrfir
", 'fl,ed November 181ll--
r. , K r 1 r v v. 1
Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York,
, f, ,, r e u .... f , ,.
J01'" C. Calhoou, uf Suth Caroluia,
Martin Van Bjrtn.of New York,
Richard M. Johnson, of Kentucky,
J oii Tyler, of Virginia, .
Thomas JefJeraoo, ot Virginia, "ap"poialedr
Edmund Randolph, of Virginia,
Timothy Pickering, of Pennsylvania,
Jidiii Marahal, of Virginia,
Henry Clay, of Keuiucky,
Martiu Vau Buren, of New York,
Inward Lmngslou, of Loumaim,
L ouia McLane, of Delaware,
Johu Forsyth, of Georgia,
H.u.iUon, of N
' , c r
; ;,vr oU, of U
SECBETAtllW OV TUB TBEASl'IV.
ew York, appointed,
Samuel Dealer, of Maseachuaetta,
Albert Gallatin, of Pennsylvania,
George W. Campbell, of Tennoseee,
Alexander J. Dallas, ol Pennsylvania,
Wilnam 11. Crawford, of Georgia,
Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania,
Samuel D. Ingriam, of Pennsylvania,
Louia McLane, id Delaware,
William J. Duane, of Pennsylvania,
Rouer B. Taney, of Maryland,
Levi Woodbury, of New Hampshire,
acracTaam 01 waa.
Henry Knox, of Massachusetts, appointed,
Timothy Pickering, of rennsy Ivsi.ia,
James Mc Henry, of Maryland,
Samuel Deiter, of Massachusetts,
Roger Griawold, of Connecticut,
V"' of Maaaacbusetta,
Wiinatn Lustis, of Massae- uselts,
John Armstrong, of New York,
William H. Crawlord, of Georgia,
Isauc Shelby, ol Kentucky,
ll,...i,l n. .1 ,..i 1
John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina,
1 ' viiiui av sbv-uu
"Jainw Barbrairj of Virginia,
1 . . - , . ,
j Peter B. Porter, of New York,
j Johu H. Luton, l Tennessee,
I Lewis L'a1, ol MlClllgun,
! Benjaiiiili F. Butler, of N. Y., (ad interim.) 187
Jud R. Fuiiisett, ol south Carolina,
aecanaaaa op tux w.
This department was established the 30 ih of April,
1798, previous to which tune its duties bad oeeu
perlormed iu the War Department.
George Cahot, of Massachusetta, appemled 1798
Benjamin Stoddert, if Maryland, . 1798,
Robert Smiih. of Man land, 1902
' Jacob Crowmsiiie d, ol Massachusetts. 19U5
Paul Hamilton, of South Carolina, 1809
William Jones, ol' Pennsylvania, 1812
Betija mm W . Crow iiish)eld,ol Mass., - 15M
8mitb Thompson, of New York, 1818
Samuel L- Soul hard, of Ne Jersey, 1823
John Bruia h, of Nor ill ( an.lma, 1829
Levi Woodbury, ol New llauihire, li3l
Vlahloii On keraoti, of New Jersey, liil
James K. Paulding of New York, 1834
Cdinund Randolph, of Virg niaf appoinl'id 1789
Wilnam Brtidlord, ol Poiinsylvania, 1794
(-'harlea Le, of Virginia, 1795
I Lincoln, of Massachusetts, 1801
Robert Smith, of Maryland, 1805
John Hrtckenrtdjp, uf Kuntucky. 1800 '
' .- ..
Cmaar A. Bodoey, of Delaware,
William Piiickuey.of Maryland,
Richard Rush, of renn Ivauia,
William Wirt, of Virginia,
John M. Berrien, of Georgia,
Rosier B; lauuv, of Marvland,"
Peter V. Daniel, of Mar) land,
Benjamin F. Butler, of New Jork,
l- 1 11 J.. r f...,-
reaf-sm.ji , in a stun .....
Henry D. Gilpin, ol Peimav Ivanux,
yoar stATEaf oinwU-
Samuel Osgood, of Mat., appointed, .
Timothy Pickering, of Fennayiyaniaj
Joseph Habersham of Georgia,
(ideoii Granger, ol Uoiinecitcui,
Return J. Meigs, of Ohio,
John McLean, of Ohio,
1 . tiarry, w tvemucaj,
ndall, of Kentucky,
Nilea, of Connecticut,
tUISI JVSTICM 01 TUB BVCK COUBT.
Jolih, Jay, of New York, appointed,
William Cushing, of Maaauchuaittia,
Oliver F.llawortb, of Connecticut,
Johu Jky, of New York,
John Mur-hall, of Virginia,
Roger BTatey, of Maryland,
' assocuti jtoosa.
Joseph Story, of M iss. appointed,
Sinilh Thumpsxiu, of Naw York,
J dm McLean, ol Ohio, ,
tlnry Bald Aid, l Penusylvahia,
James M. W iyne, of Georgia,
Pnilip P. Barbour, of Virginia, '-,
John Csiron, of Tenneasee,
Johu McKinley, of Alabama,
Sptuktrt uf tht Houte of Reprtuntutittt of Ike
First Congress li and 2nd Session held at N.ew
York dd at rnilauelplui.
Frederick A- "ujhuiOuigoLPcunaylvaoia', rl?89
Second Congress held at Philadelphia,
Joiuinau 'TrU'iibul1, vt Cuonectii ut, 1791
Third Congress held at Philadelphia. .
Frederick A. Muhieuberg of Pennsylvania, 1793
Fourth Congress Iteld at Philadelphia.
Jonathan Dartou, ot New Jerey, 1897
Si lb Cungreas lt S ssiuu ut Pniladelpliia 2d
Theodore Sedgwick, of M issachusetia, ' 1799
Seventh Congress lieldui Washington.
Nathaml Macon, ol North Carolmu, 18U1
Eii! Il til Colluri s.
Na baoial Macon, of North t aroiinu, 1803
Nathaniel Macon, of North Carolina, 1805
Joaepb B. Varnum, ol Massachusetts, 107
Joseph B. Varnum, uf Maasarkuattta, l:-uy
Henry Clay, ol Kentucky, 1811
1 tiirleciith Uongreaa.
Henry Clay, of Kentucky, 1813
Until the 19th ot January, 1814.
Laiigdou Cheves, of South Carolina, for the
remainder ot the Congreas
Henry Clay, of Kentucky, l&lu
Hcury Clay, of Keuiucky, 1817
Heryhry,'of Ky.y tr the ts eaeaon,.T-r 4819
JoIuj. l aylor, ot A,lork, 2d aaion,
Philip B. Barbour, ol Virginia,
ll- nry Clay, of Keuiucky,
'. fcaataaftlaeritia f VuiirrajilM.
J jhn W. Taylor, of New Yuk.
Andrew staveosuivjjf... Virginia.
Andrew Steveusun, ol Virginia,
Andrew Slevenstai, of Virginia,
' Tweuty-ihird Conareaav
Awlrew Sieeaauo,.ei-VavT. iat sjsMsuin.'
I Jhn Smlk tf&ttZX&MHTXZZrc.
James K. Poik, of I euise,
Jawea IL.. PoJk, of 1 euu. e, -
Twenty -auth Coiizrisd.
Robert M. T. Huuter, of V.rcmia.
From tkt Vickiburg Srntmel.
Btautu of llarritomtm. - Keuiuckt. that erest
Harrison atate, talks now ol abulii-hing slavery 111
a certain period. This will seriously afl'ct ibe
whole mterest of the South. Bt the Whig par
ty, with the Clay faction at their head, are much
in favor of the measure.
ABOUTION IN KENTUCKY.
We extract the following froai an article in the
Kentucky Observer and Reporter, one of the lead
ing Whig orgai of I ha'. Mslf, but wlncli seeina
indisposed lo gu as far in the scheiue of Abonliou
as the laadera of that parly.
" If the eigne of the limes do not deceive us, the
tint ii come wlieu the jwpie 01 Kentucky should
Call a Cooveiitiuii and change their tuuriameiila!
law. The slaveholder inn.ii pr-ure hiiiiself lo
give Up hie slaves. We luv (,u reuJ g apteeii
made in the Keuiucky Legidatun: iiguiusl the ie
dtal of Ihe Act of 1833, which iloei nul abound
with maledictions upon the evils ol slavery. It
these gentlemen are Hie K-preaentaiivea of their
. r .1 . 1. , . .
couaiiiueuis leeiings, iveniucay is el length ripe
for the harvest. Let the Abuniiouisis of the North
r j!ce !
There ia but one hope for the slaveholder lefi
II is, sillier, that thone who are now clothed with
power are ignorant of ihe real feelings and opuuuoa
of the people, or that knowing them, they regard
them not. Ii the pieent member ol tne Genera,!
Assembly truly represent the poimlur lee hug-, upon
Una subject it ia usnleM ft.r.ua, mi Fayette. i r, p
uplhe hopeless and unprofitable struggle K- mucky
would this day abolish slavery, it a nmciiuou
were called. Let not the slaveholdi r r-Ke 111 the
soil delusion that tma Ouiwanimn will not lie called.
There are keen minds and ardent -pinta in ami 1 ut
of the State, who watch with sh epie vigiiance,
these legislative indications. W e make 110 pre
tensions to political sagacity but wcsnaSI be gross
ly deceived, it itum the date ol ths session d ihe
Legislature, leurr be not asked every vear, lo bring
in a bill to lake the arnse ol the people as to the
expediency of calling a Conven ten. How ran thexe
geiillHiuon, who feel auch holy honor at (he very
dea ol negro-alsvery, ecap- Ihe moral obligation
which reals iikiu them, to do all Ihey rin to gel
i 11 1 1 ney ilium go into in i onrrniiun ciume
and give ethciicy to 1 heir prolisaioiis ol hatred by
an unquahiied trudicaiioiol this moral tnd political
11 noi oi lier ior tne siNveimiuer to riik tb
CoiiveuiiiMi aoif f a n better that he be freed
If Ins properly is to be thken from him, in it not
heller that bv ahoiild k IIOW ll. .Olll ll.allH IiIm Mr
rjnigemnte eeconlingly 'n il not ImHer thai th
I Juhu M.
neree eonlrovf rsy, in an4 out of ttit tegwlatore,
wilit regard to the moral and political ain of slave-
ry, be brought to an end, either by ita final aboil
tioii or by fixing upon Ihe immovable baste of
ConatHuiioiial law! -These are grave questioua,
wild it become ua to
I00K wen 10 nicui,
rM r sTAanaMMEirraJP ma ekophtiqii wr
I. Be ti enacted by the General A$Hmbltf of the
Slate ofXortk Carolina, and li it kerebf eaacUd
by the authority of tht tame, That the uell atiuu
at income ol ihe Literary Fund, (exclusive of 1110.
mts arisinir fro'm the sale of Swamp Land,) shall
aunually be distributed among the aeveial couuliee
of this Slate, in ihe ratio of their Federal papula
tioii, to be ascertaltad ty the cenua neit prec
ding auch dia'ributiW - i'
II. Be it further "enactta, mat ma wmna w
Pleas and Quarter SeWns of the cnuniiee which
voted for " Schools," ander the pioviai us 01 me
Act of one thousand eight buudred aud . thirty '
eiuht, eutilled ' An Act to divide the Counties in-
. a a M ..a al.d
10 School Dutricta, and loromer purposes,
liral term which shall be held" after the first day of
January, in each and ev ryyear, or at the suc
ceeding term of said court, afyajri,y of ihe Jua
ticea of the Peace of aaid county being preseut,
the said court shall appuiut not leae than hve,; noi
more than ten, auperiutendenU ofCininon Schoola,
who shall bold their appointmeuu lor one year,
aud until others are chosen.
III. . Beit further enacted, That aaid aupeno
teiideuti ahull aseemble wuhiu filtaeh .days utter
their apKiniiiient, at the office of the cterk of the
County Court, and appoint one of their uuuiber
IV. Be it further enacted, That the cferk of
ine County Court shall be t ojicio lera 01, uw
biierd of superuilendeiiia, and snail record, in a
book to be kept foi thai purpose, tlie proceedings
of the board, and nuch mbrr peja-'e louthng ihe
subject of Common Schools, aa ihe board may
direct ; and shall safely keep all ppr which may
be committed to bis custody by suid board.
..V..J?e it further enacted, Thai tlie share ol
the Literary Fund, to which each County may be
entitled, uud r the provisions of this act, shall be
due and payable on or before Ihe fiisl day of Sep
tember, iu each aud every ear, and shall be paid
to ihe chairman of the board of supeiiniendeiits,
or his lawful attorney, upon ihe wanaul ol the
Comptroller : Provided, htnerter, l st before such
distribution shall be had, Ihe payments which may
have been mude to the cuuntloa. U d r Ihe act of
out- thousand eight hundred and th" y eighi afore
said, shall be added to it welt auuual income
aiunoaid in the Treasury ; and the amounl which
iiave been paid to any county ahall be d
ducted from the share of said county, aval the ei
cos only paid over.
VI. Be it further enacted, That the Court of
Pleas and Quarter oe-aiooe 4 each and every
county, a majority of the Justices being present.
are hereby authorised and empowered to levy a
tax iu the same manner that oiber county taxes
,iH iiuw h-vied fur oilier county ournoaee. which
ahall not exceed one hall of tha estimated amount
to be received by aaid county for that tear
from the Literary Fund ; aud the Sbenfl li
hereby required to collect and pay over the same
ha the . chaiiuuu ol .lhfl bord.. wl'.JMiK tmieridetiia,
on or before the oral day or Uc ober ensuing ; and
liis bond, given to secure the payment of cuonly
taxes, shall contain a condition for the faithful col-
leciiou aud payment of the school taxes to I be
iperaon authorised to receive the same; and for
breach ot aaid coodilioa by the Sheriff, the chair
tU ! T a 1 m j a 11 11 I 1 1 1 a all ll. a -
same remedies afftunat hint aud has securities aa
are given o the Coawty-Tiwaiav (u eajtUeiag the-
paymeni 01 oruinary county laxea. -
VII. Be it further enacted. That the boar f of
aupermteudeuie' ahall have power and they are
hereby required, witbio three mouthe after I hair
1 9il 1 IDisiit w U,'4udl
sim as they may think most conducive lo the Con
venience of the inhabitants of said counly, with'
powe lo alter the boundariee of said districts,
causing such alteraHooa ttr -br rrcoHed by their'-
clerk, in Ihe book iu which the rtcrJ of tneir
pnceediiiga ia keptr
VIII. Be it further enacted, That the free
while men of Ihe several dial nets, who are entitled
to vote lor members ot the House of Commons, no
the firsfMooday a Tier ihe expiration ( one mouth
after Ibe said School Districts shall nave been laid
off, as herein before dirti tud, shall vote by ballot
for three men, to be entitisd " The School Com
nultee," who shall hold their eppoiuflnuil lor one
year, and until olners are ciiiNM-ri ; ami mat said
election shall be held al such coo venieoi piece 10
(he School Distrirla, aeytiaily, as Ui said aoper.
inlendeuta may ilesiguate ; aud the lb re persona
having the InghoHi number of votes at such elec
lion, shall be deciated eiecied as Ihe "School
Coininiileo" of tneir re-pw-ttve d.atru In; and the
Mipermlei.denls shall have power to till any vacau.
cy which may occur iu iaid conm itiee, by deatn,
removal, or otner cauae. Tne chairman of Uie
Uaird ol auperioUndeiiia -ha I give (Hiblic n. lice iu
writing, al three or more plai ea in i:ii ilarict,
of the election directed to he held as provided 111
Ihia section, at leaV ten days bulure tlie day ut
tucb election; and the board ol snperiniendi'iitt
shall apuoiul two Irethuhiera ol Uie itistrict lo
conduct auch rlei lion 1.1 lln- ( ,.il I 'oinuniiee."
The said Ircetioldera stia I gitr t uie said board,
within three dsra alter acn ei.ition, a cemiin e
under their hands, of ine 1,11 i,u- r of vote reo iven
by each paraim 1 wmMtie aoi H ant shall
iaoi n an; aii.in in-iarf 1
the ihree eius recivnn; ihr i,itbeNt nun. her ol
vote the "School ( ' inn it'ci ,' ,a In rem provi
ded : Prticidetl, nrrtrthtitst, Dial whenever the
districts tail lo '..ake an elei.tio i, tl,e Board ol'Su
periulen lents sliali oppotni tue Sihuol Committie,
who ahall continue 111 ollice rati ot.iuts are choseu
al Ihe next annual election,
IX. Be it furthtr enacted. Tnai eae'h cumniit
lee ol the i.il ."-th iol Diatrti ls ahsll be, and is
hereby Commuted s body rorjMir le, by ihe name
and style of " S houl Coiiiuiiltee ol Diatricis num.
her ol the County ol ;" a-, iie caw
may be ; and in that name nhall lie raitie ol put.
chasing and liul.lin real. n o, ,wmN iau. ur
school jiurp MH-s; ol a. lling aud irain-lerrmg the
ume j and prosecuting a.,d defeiuung nil suits lor
and agiiinat said corporulioii.
X. Be it further enacted, That, w henever suit
la liriaiolil uluihiI a..,, h C. I. 1 I, . .,
rid cess shall be by summons; a copy o winch shall
" -" " . n-110,11 10,1 1 1( I, (IH uru.
ne 11 11 wilti some one ol the comimiiee of said
J XI. Be it further enacted. Thai it shall be the
"Uty ol (lie school t oinii.ilie t dcslgun
puri-nase, or lease, a suilHlile site I ,r a m honl
11 use, as near the 0 ihihI pun ol i nch dutnct
niay lie convemi m ; in inn., purchuae, or butli
whool lioiH'i ot ,111:1 lofui 11 hI ii neuKions at they
n,uy deem aolluhie J aiiil lo line, lor Ihe pria uil'ig
of a ait una srbr.ol heuae, u lust's as the Su.
perintendenta ma placo in their hands for luesi
XII. Be it further enacted. That the School
Committee ahall, in one month after their appomt.
utent, report in writing to tne cnairman of the
Board ol Superinlendeuta tne numoer and naraea
of the whit- childien in llieir distncU of five toi
under lwenty-ooe yeare of age.
XIII. Be it further enacted, That il ahall he
thedutjLf the 8chool Coiuinilteee to contract
with suitable teaciier tor tneir respective du
tricta, for such time as the monies to which aaid
diatrict may be entitled will permit; and to pay
htm, by giving an oroer u yie cuairman of tba
Board of Buperuileiidenta.
XIV. Be it further enacted, That aay branch -
of English education may be taught in aaid echoolij
and all while children under Ibe age of twenty. .
one yeara, ahall bo permitted to attend the school
of their, district aa scholara, aud receive instruction,
therein. r" . -. ' ,
XV. B: it further enacted. Thai laid School
Commit! ahaH have power lo visit the schools
from time to time, and generally to per lor m auch
dutica aa they may deem rteceaeary lo the luccea. '
ful operation of aaid schoola.
XVI. Be il further enacted, Ibat within 000
month after the School Commilteea ahall have re
ported to Ihe chairman of the Board of Suparin- '
tendenia, the number of childreo ia their respec
tive distrtcii, the chairman ahall call a meetuui of
suid Board, who shall determine bow many leach
era are necessaryae e cb diatrict of their county.
and the monies received Irom toe Luterary rund,
and from the couoy taxea, shall be distributed
among the School Districts of their county, in lb
ratio of the number of leacbera required.
XVII. Be it further enacted, That the Board
of Superiiiteudeota ahall have power and tbey art
hereby authorised, lo make auch other regulations
relaliii'f lo the schools ol tbetr county. Dot incon
sistent with Ihe provtsioo of tbia Act, aa tuey
may deem necessary to the uaelulueaa of aaid
schools. . ...... . ,-., L- u :, . .
XVIII. Be il further enacted, That tlie School
Committees shall annually, 00 or be tire ibe Brat
day of October of each aud every year, make a
report to the IWd ol Superintendents, shewing
the number of children in their respective districts
who have received instruction al their ectioul the
preceding year ; th length of lime Ihe same wait
kept up j and auch other facta in relation to their
schoola at ihey may deem eipedieol.
XIX. Be it further enacted. That thf chairman '
shall annually, within fifteen daya after the first
day of November, report to writing to Ibe Pratt,
dent and Director of loo Literary Fund, or lo
such oilier otBcer or board a (say be appointed
by the General Assembly lo manage said fund,
Uie amounl of money be uay have received tht
preceding year, and from whom, and lo whom ha
has paid it, Betting forth the name of each indi
vidual, and ibe amount paid lu him ; th number
of children wbo may have been taught in tbt
school of hie counly the "preceding year ; lur
what time the schools may have beeo kept up ia
the several dielricta; wi b aurk other facia and
wggMiona aa be may deem uteful and be absJI
anaka Iwa enfusat at es swesk af Baud report t
re isles 10 in, montee received aud dvstsireed by
bno ; one of which he ahall file with Ibe clerk af
the Board of Supenuteodeata, and tla other he
shall pot up fur public iuapectioa ia eome conspicu
ous place of the court housaj ef hie county, :
XX" Be it farther inmrhd, ThnT th Court cf
Pieat aad Quarter Bxssioua wlucb aheJl appoint tue ,.
Board of Suarinleidefii ahall bave power lu
require the perauu wbo way be appointed cbaii
man of eard Board, before be eater on ibe tiutiet
of hut ollic, k gise buud and security (of the
saaMtit-atsvasHsnviiu UT lire aanasw wkm., aMy COmt .
lo hie bauds, Ui such peueJty ae aaid court xuay
pre-icribe hkW U4 ehail be payaUe-lo lb
State of North Carohoa, and ahall be approved
and received by a aw-jori'j; of the Superiatendeotr,
and thall.be filed by litem with the clerk o the
county court J Provided, haunter, that whea lot
chstrmaa wxravured to fiw4wad MfofMtd,
WlllUaia.l l..!.,.. f..m j . .i..111nj
which ahall paaa through hit baaJa, u ovmuaa
eatinn for hi service. v
duly of the aherilr oTihe" oamtiet m which a
majority of Ihe vote, under the provisioce of tbt
Act of one thoaund eight hundred and thirty
eight aCirreuid, were for No Sc'.od " when Ihey
sdvert.ae the next election for member of Con
great, to give notice el the tame tune, by public
advertisement in every elect irj precincj, that au
electron will be held lo ascertain Ibe voice of the
people upou the auhject of Common School; and
all person wlei may be euinlej to Vote tat a
member of the House of Comuiooa, shall be enU-ili-d
to tote iu aaid election, and every voter ia
favor of Ibe provision of this Act, will deposit
bit vote with the word M School " upou hi ticket;
and those opposed to il, Will vol M No School " oa
thair ticket. And it ahall be the duiv of tlie eoll.
keeper lo count the voice given at such precinct
for School " or ' No Schiail," and to return the
same lo Ihe Sheriff, who shall count tog,K'r a'l
1 tne votes, and certify Ibe number for "School"
and " No School " separately to th Governor,
wiiliin twenty daa after aaid election, and to tlie
County Court of hi County neii ensuing aaid
election: and any SherJI failing la rawnr.lv with
tlie rtquisiliou of tins Act, shall eufler all th
psiii and penalties imposed by law for tailing to
discharge his duty ia any elciion for member uf
A use obi v.
XXII. Beit further enacted Thai th Coonfy
Coon of Ihe Counties ia which a majority of ll
vote were for " No Schoul," uiider the Act of on
thousand eight humlrel ami Imrty-eighi aforesaid,
shall nut appoint Superiutendentt, or like auv
other action on the subject of" Common School,"
until a majority of the people of auch County shsll
iiavo voted lor the system agreeably to th pru
viaion of (he preceding seclinn.
XXIII. Px it further enacted, That in etch of
said CouuMes, where a majority of Ibe vole shall
be for " Sc.'iools," men County thill be entitled lu
ihe same rights and privileges, and the County
Court ahall perform the same duties, and be in
vested with the tame powers aa in the Cmiutir
where a majority of the voles were cast for
" Schools,,' under the provisions of th Acl f on
thousand eight hundred and thirty eight aforesaid;
and any County Court 111 aaid Counties, iibsequnl
10 said election, a majority of Ihe Justic of aaid
County being present, shall havo power, nd they
are hereby required, to appoint Superintendent of
Common Schools agreeably to ihe provision ol
the V conil section of thia Act. .
XXIV. He it further enacted, That the Presi
lent and Directors of the Literary Fund, as toon
as il ihnll he ascertained what Counties vol
animal the provmona of (hit Act, thtll veal
much ol said fund at aaid Counttet would hw
heenentiihtd to r reivo, under the ratio provided
tiir 111 Ihe firm section of ihi Acl, in (he ttnek
any of tht Iliiuki of tin State, or of the t'liiie"
Stuii a, or to loan the same in individuals i'l'""
uoh term ut may, in ihr opinion, la In'-' ','llt'1
Western Carolinian (Salisbury, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
March 5, 1841, edition 1
Click "Submit" to
request a review of this
page. NCDHC staff will check .
0 / 75
North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Open ONI. View system reports.
DigitalNC is a project of the North Carolina Digital Heritage
Center, the North Carolina Department of Natural and Cultural
Hill Libraries and our sponsors.
Background image: Grandfather Mountain,