fJ J 1.
rH, rowitt 0ntniowi suited statm by the ookstitctio:.. not nouum at it ti states, ai inmn to the stins lasricTivatT, oa to raa Ptonaiawiiiateateto the Constitution, Article X.-
SALISBURY, IV. 0, JANUARY 21, 1842.
Whole Mmlcr 1.10L
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JLW5S TO THE CL04Ia-YEAR. '
1 HU, HKMAM.
Farewell, hrewell, tbpu piaain(r year, ,
But yet few houra more,
And Time will ahroud liee with bit
And thy brief reigu be o'er.
Thue quickly patect life away,
. And year, at they roll by, "
fcleem jth mournful, warning voice, '
To tell tu we muet did .
Full many a bright and joyoui form
. Full Dianj k bctuteouK brow .
. That amil'd and welcoui'd thine approach,
le to the cold grave now !
Little thy dreani'd in luinmer'a prime, .
. Their hours wire fleeting faat ;
' Or JliHt, upon thin world. luiMhine,
They euoo rnuat look Iheir, last ! . '
Alaa ! alai ! fur thoae who mourn
Their dcareat ireaaurit gone,
And mine the tight of glad ning eye
Tbvj lov'd to look upon !
A mingled thing thou art, 6 year ! """"
To tome with trouble ntn.
To other brinjiog happihete
loo bright to lent in life.
All Mittful n the coming year
To thoae in tarly youtli ;
Ere this world'a treachery and deceit
Have darkened their fair iru'.h.
To inch, life aecnx a emi'mir plain,
All gaily deck'd with (lo v't;
Altai turiourf liltst ere long
Will shake thoir ruecatc buw'ra.
Yet tmile on now, ye h)py torms
For, bright it li'e tpari",
'i'hie it a vale ot teara.
And yet thy courw, O pitwing year !
iim brought tew ill to nie ;
No broken tieti-no wounded hope
Mtr my tranquility.
What the n Iho' piercing thorn full oft
In litu'e pathway b iut,
Shall 1 repine wlule thime I love
Are spared to blets me yet V
tt I H C V la 1a JlNIa O U H .
Age oA'itwals. A bear rarely exceeda twen
ty j earn j a doglivt-tiiO yrarij a wolf WO fox
15 ; lioot are long lived l'oinp lived to the age
of 70. The average 4g of eat is IS y?are;a
aquirrrl or hare 7 or 8 years. Elephants have
. W bea Alejunder the Ureal tad conquered Pi
rue, . King et Iudia,- he toik a preat eleplianl
which hadought valiantly fur llie kuijr, and named
him Ajtx, dedicated him lo nun, and let him go
wi'h thit nicription" Alexander, the son of Ju
niter, hath dedicated Ai u lo the gun." Thit ele
ol 3y yesri ; Hie rhinocenM Id 20. A uore hat
beerr known l i live tu the age ol'C'J, but average
25 to 30. Camels sometimes live to the age of
100. Stags are long lived. Sheep seldom exceed
the age of 10. Coe live about 15 years. Cuvier
coneiders i( probable that whales aomelimesiive
1 ,000) ran. Mr. M nlerton h is the skeleton of a
awjiilhnt ntiained the sgo of 200yeure. I'elicana
are long lived. A tortoise h ts been known to live
te the age of 107. .
M Two neighbors mot, onn of whoiii w exceed,
ingly rich, and the other in moderate rirriimstan.
ces. Tlie Intter bgnu to coiigrnrwluie t!o first on
his grett p'M'tes o i, and nu ihe hipji.uoas which
he mutt ct.j iy ; and ended by contrjaling it with
his own condition. " My friend," wid the rich
msn, " let me sk yoi one ij.iestion. Would you
be wilting to take my property mid tnke the whole
care of it for your board mid rloihitig?" "No,
indeed." " Well, that is nil 1 get."
Too Honert for ihe Timet.- The Snndy Hill
Herald miv : we know a tnnn who lm worked, on
un average sixteen hour's pei d ly lor the Inst tvrnty
yum, to p iv nols whic'i ho hud ondortad, and for
w hich he never received the va ue of ouo faithinj;. -IIu
is now sevt'uty years of age.
directed one of Ins uides do cnnip to 'conduct me
over Ihe prison. Having inspected llio establish,
nicnl in all its details, I was ntmut to depart, when
my cicerone pointed tn two men, who had jual en
lered Iho vestibule of the prixni. "Do you we
those men t" said be, " Oiey nr our executioners.
It is they who inflict the puiiitliineiil ol the knout,
which you have doubtless nfien heard of." 1 looked
at the two n.en ; they were t ill end robust, aiul al
together liieir nppearsncn resembled the common
class of the Russian penmntry ; the one hud a
black and the oilier a red beard. They wore loose
cloth pantaloons, with boots druwn over them.
The other portions of their dress consisted of a
colored striped blouse, ami a sort of cloth caeao k,
open in front, nnd covering their bark and shoul
ders. That which displeased mo. most in them
was a certain air of gaiety and self salisfitciion,
which I could not reconcile with Iheir barbarous
When thev had advanced clone to
, where we were standing, the aid de rump directed
my attention to a packet which each id them cur
ried under Ins leli arm. !" h'mt
wid he " wimufyou liko to examine it ?" f re
plieM in the affirmslive. ;
The aid do cariip having addressed to the exe
cuttonert xomo words in Ro?sio, they saluted me
wittt tefpecii and, advancing to a table io the
nettibule, unrolled their packet). The koout con,
eiste of a ahort, atrong, leather handle, terminated
by a buckle, in which are affixed aocceeaively a
certain' number of leather thooje, of which ooly
one ia used fur each stroke the criminal receives.
I requested the executioners to give the wall a
law Mrokea of Ihe knout, with the aaui degree of
force aa Ihaf, employed at aa exeoutioo. They
took vfl their enps aad cassocks; and, having
carefully adjusted the leather throng in the buckle
above .awutioaed, and gathering up all their
strength, they struck the wall with such force, that
the bard plaster with which it was covered (ell
dowo in fragments.
I shuddered with horror al the recollection that
such strokes were inflicted ou the living fleeh of a
human beintr. Enough I" 1 exclaimed. H It is
indeed a horrible puniahrnenti? said my obliging
cicerone " but it is inflicted only for eapitul
offancea ; and, after all, it is a doubtful question
whether the punishment of death is preferable."
Twenty stroke of the knout are the ' maximum
amount of punishment, and it is, probable, nearly
the utmost that the human frame is capable of en
during. ftkuiu is 1841. Ktw Monthly Maga
zine, Singular Story. The following story was in
circulutiun st Pensdiiring the Ih of November.
It is said the parties art oi the buhe-4 respeoiaoili.
ly, and that the secret of tbeir names is know ooly
tb a very few: -
A foreign gentleman and his wife were in the
habit of dining almnu daily at a lasbiooable restaur
rant iu the Palais Ruyul. Alter a time the waiters
began to. nus iwuclea of plate; not olworviug al
first, but afterwards remarking that it was the ail
ver.torks alone, and not the spoons or other things,
which disappeared. Their suspicion at length
fell ou the two foreigners, and were communicated
to the master of the establishment, ile rejected
the i .ea, liom the respectable appearance of the
parties, who always dined' sumptuously aud pud
liberally. As Uie waiters persisted in (heir notions,
the restaurateur di-ected them lo serve plate with
a peculiar mark fur lliu table ot the suspected
parlies. This was doue twice, slid twice a . lurk
was mi Ming. Ou Hie killer sAioa he directed
one ol ihe waiters to.follow the guetiesmi ascertain
llieir abode and character. They were found to
be Americana, living in splendid fuitiisbed apart-
nionis, at 1000 Irancaa month, were retried by
the conciererie t be peojdu uY,weal.lbajit
a ing all their accouuts wuu the utmoslegulau.
ly. Tins being coinuiunicated to tlie restaurateur,
he weut tu the parlies, aud iu reserved termtcUim
ed a fork, which had a short time before been b
atracttd. The husband, who atone spoke French,
was highly indigtiatii, declared that be had tilled
thai he and all his Umily were above suspicion
positive proofs, and if what was abstracted was not
given up to him, he would apply to the police. On
this the gentlemen held a conversation with his
wife, which became warm, sad al length ended in
her producing the iork, which she had still wrapped
up io her shawl. On receiving it, the restaurateur
mlormed 'he American (hat this was nut all, for
similar articles, lo the value of oho thousand francs,
had been abstracted, and he was convinced by Ihe
same hands. The' grieved and astounded gentle
man immediately paid (his sura, earnestly request.
ing the restaurateur to as ure him whether it was
all thai he had loet. Tins he did, and then retired,
expressing-his vexation at the untowsrd incident,
and his conviction that it arose solely from an uo
happy monomunia the gentleman, in his tum,
thanking the taller for the delicecy of his conduct
A few days afterwards the foreigners left Paris,
and returuvd to their own country. It has since
been aicerlailied thai Ihe lady destroyed the am.
cles, severally, almost immediately after she had
Ariilocratical Skredneu. An English rnper
says lhal a certain nohln duke paid h visit to the
Sia ine.se hoys. Ill Grace's first question, alter
examinnig their peculiar '.ruation, was " Pray
are I hey brothers I" On being inloriood bv a wag
thai Ihey were "only second cousins," ho weut
away perfectly Matiefied.
To Gel Rid of a Yititrr. A late writer say?.
' I once hand a constant aud troublesomo vimter.
whom I tried many ways to get rid of. Fir it, I
essayed smoke, which he bore like a badger-
then I tried fire which he endured like a salaoi m
de.r nl lust I lent him five dollars, and 1 have nev
er seen him since I" '
A good Rule..K m in who had climbed up a
chesnut tree, had by 'carelessness missed his' hold
of one of (he branches, and felt to Iho ground with
such force as to break his ribs. A neighbor going
tn his sssistance, remarked to him lhal, " had he
followed Air rule in these cases, lio would have
avoided the accident." " What rule- do yoti
moan !" said the other, indignantly. " This," said
the philosopher, never come down a place faster
than you go up "
A Ju$l KfOirl.-The Philadelphia North Amer
ican says of those paper who once worshipped
bill now denounce the United Stales Bank, that
" ihey connived with il in its crime and parted
with it only on the traffold."
The hardest labor in the world, it tho labor of
doing nothing- Boiton Tramcript.
3ome of our acquaintancee must be considered
very hard working men, according to tbe.Traos-
' EXTREMES MEET.
The thairmao of the Committee of Ways and
Means (Mr. Fillmore) has introduceM a bill. for the
extension of tlie loan of twelve millions to " twelve
er "and for " for a addition thereto of ve
mUioiu.m On this the Bodo Courier observe :
"This bill will probably pass. It is not easy to
see how the Government can otherwise continue
its operations. We do not eee any serious objeo
tiuoa lo it. In one view, it may receive the active
aupport of tha-Pro(eeti(uu$t: Should the txigen
eiet of the Government' require atony store loam,
Government will toon nee4 a tariff of dutiet to pre
tide for the payment of the interett of the pttblic
debt, that will be fuite high enough to atuwer all
the withet of the ayosf ardent advocahi of protet
lion. The enemies of protection are willing to
. las imports far revenue, and thus perhaps protec
tion may he indirectly obtained. We shall be glad
lo get protection for domestic labor by protection
in any way."
The doctrine of Federalism that a public debt is
a public blessing, is here very frankly avowed, and
the reasons for" it presented. The " tzigenqet of
ihe (rorernment (which require loans, and create a
'National debt) will eoon need a ttiriff of dutiet to
provide for the paynentof the interett of the pub
tie debt, that will be quite bigh enough to answer
all the wishee of the most ardent advocate of pro
tection." Here the mystery is revealed end this
explains, too, why the publie land fund is to be
distributed. This resource would go a great way
to relieve Ihe exigencies of Government, and do
away with the necessity of accumulating loans, or,
at all events, of levying bigh duties to meet ihe
interest. But as the seventeen million now pro
posed, would not sufficiently raise the debt,' at once
to answer the ends of the H noTBcnontrrs," we
have another project for an increase of the Nation
"&t deb m .by milli nt, and immediately. It is the
project to buy an interest in all the railroads of the
United States for the use of the mails. On this
proposition, we have a Congress of the corporations
now in session in the City, which will presently
Womrt its budget to the Congress of the Union.
This, will, doubtless, be the creation of a new fund
ing system, which will give the railroad corpora
lions a share io the national sovereignly by creating
fur them a perpetual, right in the taxes, jaod a
control oyer the revenues of the country. We
doubt, exceedingly, whether these corporate au
thorities will consent (b come into hotch-pot with
the Government in taking their share of the public
revenue. We think it not improbable that they
will insist on setting apart a separate and perma
ncnt and inalienable luud to meet tbeir demaudion
the Treasury. ' But no matter in what way the
Uovernment is cut nil from its national resources,
whether in the distribution of the land fund or other
" Weftaat tff Jialribuie
c ones alrailenedfoMre a
high tsifl w '"e consequence, and, in Ihe cod,
u the iBtereslol Ihe publte tlebt will be qurte high
enough to answer all Ihe wishes of the most ardent
advocates of protection." The marvel is, lo see
an anti tariff Southern Administration uniting with
the Uoston Courier in bringing about such results.
. Hut will the policy of the Boston stamp maiiHaitt
its prevalence in the Cabinet, and direct ihe Go
THE ACCOUNT CURRENT
" Lot us open a new set of books." Webster.
HurdVider it Co., Dr. to Broken Promiett-i
To Democratic gain in Alabama,
To do. do. in Tennessee,
To do. do- in Maine,-
To d'- do. in Vermont,
To do. do. in Indiana,
To do. do. in Maryland,
To din do. io Georgi i,
To dn. do. in Pennsylvania,
Ti do. ' do. in Ohio,
To do. ' do. in Now York, .
To do. do. in Michigan,
To do. do. io Massachusetts,
To do. do. in Missnripi,
Showing a total Democratic gain of
A pretty-fair leaf! Wonder how the "godlike
Daniel's " breathing " is abogt these diys lNttt
Era. . .
MiiniiipM Bond. The Vicksburg Sentinel of
tlie 7th instant, shaking of the course of the Las
lern pjrpers, which insist upon the liability of the
State, says :
" They studiously coneeal one important fact in
the cuse from their readers, and that is, that the
purchitttr of the bonds iririp, when they bought
them, that the sale was fraudulent, and io deroga
tion of our constitution and laws."
Tuo third week of iho fii-ssion had
WahiiiA'ton, and still no fight in the House I It
ia said, however, that the Treasury is empty, and
that although the bill, making an appropriation lor
the pay ol members, was passed wjlh promptness
and unanimity, they will not bo able tn finger a
cent, till a loan is efiected. Whether this will
unke them belligerent, or peac sble, remains to be
netm. For the honor of Ihe country we trust there
may not be a repetition of the scenes ef ths Extrs
Session. Pendleton Me$tngrr.
An Intrriptim for Democratic Rannfrt.-Mfr
after, let ihe following from Ihe pen of THOMAS
JEFFERSON, be printed in letters of gold, and
carried in every Democratic Procession:
" The mate of tnankind.hae not been born with
taddlet on their bathe, nor a favored few booted
and ejmrrtd ready to ride them, legitimately by
the grace of God."
Succeufvl Fraud" The Merchants' Bank of
Newborn declared, on the 3rd insi.', a Dividend of
these Ann a half FEE CKnf, lot the six months
immediately preceding." Rat. Rrgittcr of Dec.
Let the people, remember- how this dividend is
made. By illegal suspension by forcing Ihe peo
ple io pay when Ihe Bank will not pay them-by'
deliberately depreciating its own; paper and buying
it op at a discount, which is swindling by opprea-
aion end fraud UKn the people. Let the people .
observe its effect. To produce a dangerous and
ami Republican inequality of fortunes to raise up
a class of aristocrats with princely fortunes, and to
make or keep the mass paupers.. . .
Such bas been the effect of privilege over right
in Unglaod, and such is its progress here. There
starvation eiarea the laborer in the face, while pn v. ....
ileged opulence riots id. palaces. Lei the people '
apply the remedy. - Away with privilege Modr
ify the Bank charters deny them the privilege!
of collecting debts while they rofuso to pay. for,
continued suspension repeal the charter altogether,"
Wathington Republican, -.-1
From the Mecklenburg Jeff Ionian.
s. , MEETING IN CHaRWTTE.
In pursuance of previous notice, a publie meet,
ing of the Democratic Party of Mecklenburg was
held at the Courthouse in Charlotte, on Saturday
the 1st of January, 1842. The meeting was large
and enthumastic, and was organised by the ap
pointment of Dr. Stephen fox as Chairmao, and
. IF. Hampton, Secretary. The Chairman brief,
ly explained Ihe object of tlie meeting; end, on
motion ol Col. Jonn bloaji, appointed John Walk
er, John Kirk. C. T. Alexander. JrCoL. J. Slon
and J. W, lUmpioo, a Committee to prepare a
preamble and resolutions expressive of the views of
During Ibe absence of the Committee, Col. Jjio.
II. Wn.EU.aa wascalled upon to address the meet.
ing, which he did in a very effective and humoroeja
speech of about half an pour in length. At the
conclusion of bis remarks, the Committee through
Mr. Hakfton, reported the following," which met
the unanimous approbat ou of the meeting.
A frequent recurrence to the fundamental prin
ciple, of our institutions, and a scrutinizing exam
ination of the conduct and measures of those,
ageols lo whom the management of Uovernment is
intrusted, aa well as the priuciples of those seeking "
public office, are enjoined upon as not only by the
advice of the patriots whose wisdom framed our
system of Government, but by oar duty to our
selves and to poeleritv. A tree oeonle should ha
jealodt of their righia, and resist at the threshold
the slightest attempt of their agena to usurp un
delegated powers. These considerations constrain
us at this time lo express freely our views on a
variety ol measures ol National and State pqltcy,
wnicn laieiy agnaieo, ana some ol which yet agi
tate the public mind. In Ihe first place,
We regard the Extra Session called by the
Whigs immediately on reaching power, as unwise
io policy and prompted by corrupt and wicked mo.
tivee as unprecedented in it oppressive aud ly.
ranical rules, unconstitutional laws, and profligate
waste, of the public money, and should remain
forever as a stigma upon its author. '
X. i hat or all the bad measure pawed at tbie
the proceeds of the public, lands-among tho Siate:-
m t. thm miisl .nrmnlin. ... itm J.-.J J .
w n..i.jj.IUg iu iv tvrinwiivio anu pro-)
duolive of the worst consequences to the stability
of our Goveromont j it ia unconstitutional, and
haa already been made the excuse for laying the
foundation of a National Debt that, under a con
tinusnce of the same policy, will swpU liko the
puM-cM t umam M ir energtee of
our productive laborer, like hia brethreo in the
old world, are weighed down by taxes and worn
out by oppression. It hawfikwwise ibOTrt-nittq"tB"
ground of an increase of the Tariff, arid thus Ibe
Southern people are made lo 'contribute at least
three dollars in taxes for every one ihey get by the
Distribution : Asiost each a law, we enter our
moot solemu protest.
, 3. The Bankrupt Lawpaed al Ihe same sea-
sion we believe lo be unconstitutional il is partial
end ut just in its operations, and can be regarded
in no other light than ad a special edict lo clear
unprincipled men adventurers, and speculators,
from the payment of their honest debts, il should
he repealod, or so amended aa to render it uniform
and just ia its provisions, and lo Include Banks anal
other corporations in its operations.
4. I hat Ibe tax laid by the same Congress, upon
Suifi Sugar, Iran, coarte voclltnt, dec. article of
indispensable necessity to the boalth. comfort, gad
convenience of the poor man, while a numerous
list ot useless articles to auy but the rich, are ad
mitted duly free, was an outrageous act of inmatica.
and in direct Contradiction lo the promisee and
professions of ihe Whig party before obtaining
power ; thai we deny the power of CWress to la v
discriminating duties for the, protection of domes! to
manufactures, and that the attempt to exercise such
power ought In be, and will be resisted by the
Southern people " in ils inception, in its nroeres.
and in it consummation." " "
6. Thst Ihe outrageous inconsistency in the oro-
miees of the whigs before they obtained power.
end their practices since, should make ihem objects
for the slow, unmoving finger of acorn to point at"
for all future time:--:hcY promised lo practice '
economy and reduce the expenditures of Govern.
near eight millions of dollars; they promised to
" proscribe pruecripli u," and have turned out eve
ry Democratic o1ic holder in the land whose niSce
was worth having, without fault found or cause
assigned, and filled their places, in many instance,
wnn men ot me most nrbasea moral characters ;
tney promiseo tne laboring man good braes and
p evnty of money a dollar a day and roast beef,"
mid now impudently tell him he must work or
staive ; they promised to reform the Government,
to reduce the number of public offices and the over
grown tahnea of officer, and ihey have crested
numerous new offices, and increased the salary of
some already in existence. - In abort, they have
violated all iheir promisee of retrenchment, reform,
and economy, and are, we think, justly entitled to
ihe epithet of the party of broken promisee."
8. That the appropriation of. f jS.OOO lo the
wealthy widow and family of the late Gem Harri
son was unconstitutional, without precedent ia the
history of the country, and will have Ibe tendency .
to build up an aristocracy, or privileged class in
7- That the open and violent war of the Whig
leaders upon our sacred constitution their attempt
10 take from Ihe President the veto power, the on
ly remedy in that instrument aunitMi legislative ty
ranny and usurpation, and their proposal to change
the tenure of orl"ice(taid tkw responsibilities of tlie
moat, important of the Cabinet otlkers, are danger,
oua innovations upon out republican form of Gov.
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