THE . WESTERN -.: 'CAMOMHM
rUK rOWBBS HOI DEUCOATBD TO TUU URITED STATU IX THE COHSTITCTlOlt, MOB F80H1BITKD B IT TO TUB STATES, ABB SBSBBVED TOTHB 11 A TBI RRSrECTIVELT, OB TO TBI tmOTim." Amendment it'll C nUlUtian, Artide X.
"Sumbcr ti of YoVume 24. j
SALISBURY, I:C, MARCH 4, .1842.
TERMS or TUB
( C II A 8. F. FISHER,
F.ditor and Proprietor.
The Wsstssk Carolinian is published every Friday
Honing, at2 per-annum t eivance or $2 50 if
mid irifiia three mmth$ -otherwise f I ssiH invar
blu be charged. &" No paper will be discontinued
except it the Editor's discretion, until all arrearages
- arc paid, if the subscriber is worth the subscription;
and the failure to notify the uuuns ot a wun to aucon
jmue, at least one Moirrn before the end of the year
tubscribed for, will be considered new engagement.
ftT Advertisements conspicuously and correctly in
serted at 1 per square--(of 340 ems, or Jifieen lines
of thu siied type) for the first insertioo. and 23 cent
tor each continuance. Court and Judicial advertise-
i 'ft act cent, bieher than the above rates. A de-
duction of 3UJ per cent from the regular prices will
be miJe to yearly advertisers. OCT Advertisements
bent in for publication, must be marked with the nunv
M?r of insertions desired, or they will be continued till
fjrbiJ, and charged accordingly. ,
letters addressed to the Editor on business mu$t
tome rats or postage, or they wilt tint be attended to.
A larffe variety or Garden Reed
Tor sale at the Salisbury Drug
Store, hj C. B. VV HEELER.
H3t MILL IRONS.
milERE ma be? had at C. FiaWa Fnnivlr. nn
1 South YadEiB River, Mill Irons of almost all de-
scripliona used in this country, -
Saw Mill Irons, Gudgeoes all sorts, Wheels oi all
sizes, die When not on band, they tray be made to
order at a short notice.
WILLIAMSON HARRIS, Agent
December 81, 1941. - t.
rpiir.RE i a large quantity of' Plank, Scantling.
A and other building materials on hand for Sale at
lie M ills ol Charles Fisher, on South Yadkin River,
crmerly Pearson's Mills. "
A quintity of choice curled Mapte Plank, suitable
fur making liouFe-furoiture of various kinds.
Any quantity of saw d Shingles can be furnished at
a very iliurt notice. IVse Shingles are always made
o il ot' hpart pine, or yellow poplar, of a regular sizo,
a;,J require no jointing, but can be nailed on the' root
iut ai they tall from the saw Price :) per 1,000 at
tiio M II. r WILLIAMSON HARKI Agt-
Dfceniber 31, 1H41. -rr.
' s. , .
THE FAMILY ."VEUKFAPEK.
SILAS II UIE,
RESPECTFULLY informs the citisensof Salisbury
and surrounding country, that he has commences
taking in work in his line or business at his dwelling,
where bo will make up work, slter it is cut out, at the
following pries: Jeans coats, and a'l klbda of thin
coats, $1 60; Cloth coats, 3 60; Pants, 75 i Vests,
73 ;-Overcoats, fit 00. j2Jm
. All kinds of country, produce taken tti exchange for
work at the market price. . 1
Salisbury, N. C.t January 21, 19U.; , jr ,
WITH THE LAROKST CIRCULATION IX TUB WORLD ! I
The publishers of this old established and universally
i pular Family Journal, would dec i! ".rrrz'p.XOTJ lr.
ray a word in commendation of its past or preneni excel
!nce and usetulness. Its unrivlld and increasing
reulation, (over 33,000.) is its best recommendation.
lr the future, however, a detcrmnmtion to be narr
m rte vtnxA Unr Anwmcan-ftewspafwriViwIriy- Preaa,
,cuii lor incrcaeea Fp"'iiimu'"."" -n7 ...
. I.i yh )i f I lie rtaiung.
. ho in lninroveuieut m llicuuiiity of ilie piuwr, and
sjJuion ot ppulr ctmtiihuturH, cinuracing,' v.e fully
believe, the hist M to any similar JouBial iu Uie world.
The Courier is ind.-pendcnUn f haractcr.-foarlcss.
!y purcuing a atra.glit li.rard coune, and topportihg
tiie best mteresU of Uie public. . It is strictly neutral in
p lilies and religion. It will maintain a high tone of
morals, and not an article will appear in its pages which
t,,.M nni Ant nl.on at evorv fireide. 'It has more
li,ia Jouwe Uie BUinuur or cowii iwui:iJi i
, . From the North Corolinimn, '
- MR. 11ENRY.TIIE WAR BEGUN.
The last number of the Federal Dank sheet print
ed in this town, the Observer, has moned its puny
battery against the Democratic candidate for Gov
ernor, and although this attack is perfectly char
teristio of its author weak and puerile, we will,
for the sake of truth and fnir dealing, notice it, for
the purpose of correcting some of its misrepresenta
tions and falsehoods.
, Mr. Henry is charged with being a stockholder
and attorney for the Bank; to this very grave
charge we presume be must plead guilty, but he
haa the aattolaction ot knowing that bis competitor,
John M. Morehead, is also an owner of stock in
the Bank of Cape Fear, ar.J puuiblf may hold
stock in the Dank of the State if ha never was a
Hink attorney, we gunss it was not his fault. The
charge of Bank attorney, shows the confidence the
Bank has in Mr. Henrys honesty 'and huuliiy,
when Ihey prefer him to a Federal lawyer, to at
tend to their suits, notwithstanding he has been
battling, under their noses against the abuses of
the lianas tor eight pneo years. now tuts is the
very man wo ant, so true and honest Mot ki
rerjf enemies "put their trutt in Aim. The very
mao for Governor in. these day of Bank abuses'.
John M. Morehead goes for a United States Bank
and a turnpike from Ualeigb to bis factory in
Gui!ford-wr bis own interest. V ; ; f
Tui Observer , Iso.'chargee Mr. Henry wiihl
being a Bank Director now, though there is no
bbing criminal in beinga Director of a Bank, if its
affairs an managed Honestly, yetrwe have author
Hf for'aaying that thecbarge is unqualifiedly
FALSE. The charge that he is an aristocrat, is
almost loo ridiculous and childish to notice, par
ticularly coming from the quarter that it does. If
to have rqaliifda comfortable independence by a
lone course of industry and economy constitutes ao
aristocrat; then we incline to bolieve that hetA the-
IOIl SALlv A Ct-rate New CooSlng Stove ?na w " e"ur' VT. ,
TN on cheap terms Apply at this Office? "fl' " ,h"
ml tins nine, vui mm uiiiot 01 in" uuicini iui-
ges his arithmetical wit is like hia attack, it :s
too flat and vapid, lie charges nr. II. with being
opposed to the lute war with Ureal Britain what
ever diversity of opinion might have existed as Jo
the policy of the war, few, we suspect, 10 this see
lion of the country, entertained a doubt about, the!
propriety and necessity of a vigorous prosecution
of it, after it was decfared. That Mr. Henry was
of the number of those who publicly advocated its
vigorous prosecution, we are (fortuuately for the
cause of truth) abundantly able to prove. The fol
lowing eitractrirom a speech delivered by him,
iu this town, on the 4(b of July, 1814, wili show
what were bis senUnaenle oe lbia eutyct 1-
Extrncl from AS ORATION 'dtlivertd by Mr.
Laborers ?W anted J4
nntcda number of hands -to worX. t
the mining business at fJonrsd's Hill, in
Davidton County. The usual wages will be giv
en, and the hands4 will be aid off weekly, or
monthly, as they may wish O00J board may be
had near the min reasonable terms. " -,
T. PHILLira ALLENAgeot.
January 14, 1942. -?sxt. .. ;
plies required a proration wa have too severe
ly fell the want of, bunco our armies have met with
defeat; but such cannot long ba the case when
time shall have given us experienco and prepara
tion, wo a people so ferulo in resources and vigor
ous in constitution, If united, must moet 'with sup
cess.". . . . , . r
Would to Heaven, thn same spirit of patriotism,
the same love of country, animated thn bosoms ol
some of those who are ready to revile Aim then
we ahould see American citizens more ready to
maintain thoir country's rights than to' be the apo.
Ingista of its enemiea--aod particularly this Fe
deral sheet, the Otworver, wbich siiiported an ad-'
ministration, that appointed that old Federalist,
Daniel Webster, to the bishesf oiBce' in the Cabi
net, who denounced (ho Var, and sppldudod the
victories won by bis count ry's enemies. j
We caution the public against any' thing, the
Observer shall say about Mr. Henry its editor
had B personal quarrel with. Henry, ana we an
know, a weak bead and malicious heart never for-
.. gives.' . "--
lit ' ' ,u aumtiin si tfasl IA aT
from the Analysis of th Globe..
Tuetday, Feb. 15, 1642.
Mr. Clay remarked that, a Tew days ago, he in
timated his intention of submitting a soriesof reso
lutions to the Senate on matters of great public im
portance. He ros then to fulfil that promise by
presenting kevoral resolutions. II m object waa
not to press their consideration then, but to fix a
suitable day lor action on them. He had in this
case, as oniMher occasions before moving in mat-
tvf of erave iniDiirtaiica. eonsulled with atime ol I
increasing tholnirdens on the people! Thereforry
to ascertain What retrenchment can Iff aiade in the
exponas oftho OovaniMmnt. alt the subjects pro
posed lof actina should be discussed with grelif
dulibe'ratinn. Ho would, when, the day arrived for -the
consideration of the resolutions, make tbetJio
tton indicated.. ' i-,' '.-'
On hihjmoii'ra the reeolu lions were postponed till
Tlwrsday .week next ; and ordered io be printed.
. The resolution Submitted by Mr. King, proposing
to Bx the aOihny of May next, r the. adjourn,
men of Congress tine die, came up for considera
tkm. i ' - , , . f ,
I Mrv A'inf made some Pemf rks showing the Im
portance of passing such a resolution, and sending
it to the House j contending that if it was not done
action on the business of -the most imjiortance to
the country would be procrastinated, and at last Le
toully neglected, by the discussion of matters of
no public importance. If a day was fixed for the
adjourooient.lhe legislation would be ahaped with
reference to that day ; useless -debate would be
prevented, and the business of the nation would be
more fully and better attended to; but if a day was
not fixed,tthcy would go 00 in if uwal way, of '
uiKUHing man luuuers, ana tiius procrastinate
action on the important business, and extend the
session to ao indefinite period. The 'sessions, bo
said, bad become almost perpotual had become a
great burden to the people, and a public nuisance.
He for one wanted to go home and attend to some
of bis private affairs, which had suffered total
neglect by these protracted sessions. .. .
Mr. Clay made some remarbt in opposition to
fixing a dsy for the adjournment so far in advance
of the time proposed io the resolution. He wished
to se the important public business dieposed of
before any period was fixed for the adjournment.
Ho cou d not see the slightest advantage or utilii
j in the movement, and therefore moved to lay the
rcwiiuiiuii uii vjib mule. '
Mr. ainwin thouirht that if ih fin.inr.
December 17, 1841. m ,
.-- si,.' -v 4.g .
i CMTBD ST4TBS SOUTH tkUQUSk DlsralCT.
I HEREBT GIVE NOTICE, That on the first
day ol February next, I shall bold a Court at my
house in F.yettevillo, for the purpose of receiving
peti::ort under H An act to establish s uniform sys
tem of Bankruptcy throughout the United Stales,"
and that the said Cwrt will be kept open every
. day in succession (Sundays excepted,) until notice 1
snarrw gtvtnrto tn ermtrary."
In the cavt of voluntary bankrupts, the Act pro-
UatsoeverjesiUiiii( in to
TTili s Hint U
S. ate, dec., owing debts, which shall not tiave been
created in consequence of a deWcatioo as a public
ofEV-er, or .as executor, administrator, guardiaa or
trustee, or while acting in any other fiduciary ca
pacify, who shall, by petition, setting forth to the
best of their knowledge and belief, a list of their
creditors, their respective plaeea of residence, Bnd
"flie'tmodhfoui'la eBCbnogotner wirn so sccorite
r XroTr "oSed ThVcSneu " WMf projight. and cred
IMUst ramifies" of our KepubficT ; " 7 . it, Quavery name1ndijmJLfia
aarinjffliuuMl 1 ha
1.:. ... .I.! .... u.. f U-.I 1 a,a
cd wuh tbeiH . 4M.recWtber war r general f 1 &zV" V? W0,k '!' ""
. .. r r 1 WOUHJ UO BrCI
concurrence as to the propriety of some of the -re
solutions, but on one or two ntbers there was a
diversity of opinion ; but lie hoped that w hen they
came to be considered, and after an interchange of
opinion, on full deliberation, the resolutions would
be made to aume such form as would be accep
table to all side He aUed that the resolution
might be ro-id, and punted. The resolutions were
thtHi read as follows :
Retoleed, That it is the duty of the General j
Government, in conducting its administration, to
provide an adequate revenue within the year to
meet the current expanses of the year ; and that
any expedieot.either by lonn or Treasury notes, to
a supply io lime of peace, a deficiency of revenue,
especially during s iccewsve ynr, is unwise, and
nimt lgad Ux pvjriiicuius couanqliencea.
2. Rftolvtd, that sorb au adequate revenue
cannot be J-umid by duties 011 fnreiC!lllUU''ttJI.
prepared to adjourn on the dav nronosrd.
and all the public business could be as well, if not
I better transacted than if the session was protracted
iu ao inu-nuiie perioa. ne believed the only wsy
to put a stop to the iutermiuible diacusaions on
unimportant matters, was to limit the length of the
session by fixing a day. He would give his vole
for it cheerfully.
. Mr. King demanded the yeas and nays on Mr.
Clay's motion to lay the resolution on the tsble;
wnicn were ordered, and were
ia -Mews. Bites, Berrien, Cbosjo. Clsy, Clay
ton, Evans, Graham, Huntington, Mangum, Miller,
Morfmead, I'helpK, Farter, IVentiss, Kives, Simmons,.
South, ot Indiana, Southard, Tallmadge, While, and
Wood bridge 21.
' JVys. Maanrs. Allen, Barrow, Canton, Hiclianan,
CtthoujL. Fulton. HenderimnT Kinf, t n.n, K?.
Fiory one' should be proud to patronise the Philadel
phia Saturday Courier, as by iu unbroken aeries ot ori
eail Ammean Tain, by such native writers ss Mm,
fir ilme Lee Ilcnis, Mrs, St lon Loud, ' The Lady
of Midland." rrofeMuT Inarahsme.T. S. Arthur, rq ,
Mim S-dgwick, Mi 1wiie, and msny othens it has
, !v i-aracd tho title of Uie Amencsa lamuy aMim
Torrign Literature and Xtvr.
Determined to spare po expense in making tha Sat
crJjy Couriers perfect. model of Universal Fsraily
.e -n-ipor. of equal interest to all clssses snd prisons
of evfry nation, we have made arrangements to rcceivs
all the Msraxines and naofrs of interesr, published in
i:n;UiiJ and on the Oiaunent, the news aod gems"bf
winch are immefliately tranterrad 10 us columns, inos
Cim; to emigrants, as well as others, s correct and
connected account of whatever occurs of interest, ei
ther at home or abroad. " .. ' - '
a fax. uuxust a c
Particular care is taken to proenre the earliest advi
ce htvelerence to the prices of all kinds of Grain, Pro-
n-ioo, l'r 1 uce, & c , the sta te of titocks, B n ks, M wey
an t lrnls, and m,r extensive smngements will hire
atVr re.i'tnr our Frkt Current of inetimsble interest
it the traveller, the drmcf, and all, business classes
v.1 -'i'cr. "f '.''" ": "
Tim ci.cral character of the Courief is 'welt known.
I j) c!uiii couiain s great variety of " '
TLKS, IciaBATIVM, SKSIVS, AND BIOOSAPUUCS,
an 1 rt.clrs in Literature, Science, the Arts, Mechanjc,
At rul'nrf, lilocalion1 Muic, News, llcilth, Amuae
r.cir.aiin in fact, in every departme nt usiisllJliluciMscd
m a L'iiiv rual I'aml! iSewnpspcr, from such writers ss
Mm (M-Hents. Mrs. S.C. Hull, f"
I. hsnes Dickens, (IVc) Professor DuMBlison, "'
l'tl,i: n"ritnm", M. M'.Mtrhael"- ' '
1 . S. Arthur.
J- f 'i:rnlan Knowl-.-,
Mr M. St. 1,'ini LouJ,
I" -j'ats Jrrro'd,
JHn S-l( ir)t,
W m. V,. Il irtdn,
(i. v. Pditcn,
l'n'i'f (ir Wines,
K. L Ilil Aor,
'I (i. Sjirar,
.Marrvatt. R. ."
Miss Ellen a Hsnd,'
George P. Morris,
Joseph Vi Chamllor,
' I'rofesw J. Froct,
I.ydia II. Sipimincy,
Hon. Rotiert T. Conrad,
Mrs. C. II. W. Calm?,
A. Green, Jr ,
TO AHFATS TERMS.
The terms ol tli" (urierare (2 per annum, nnyal.le
in uilvanec, but v.h''n any one will officiate to iimourr
t"n new wlweribers, and send us (ITi, par money and
jivi'n'gr free, we will receipt for one lor each. rWrn
cijnr f,,r ijlit, three copies 'r fr'i, or one copy Hiree
I, I CUM C.
Two c"piff)ot the Snturilsy Courier, snd Godey's IiS
y's Itil(, one y sr. will be eent lor &5.
Five tnpif-s of the Saturday (Courier, snd -(indry's
liilvV n ik, one year, will hp sent M fit.
Aildre-fi, k MM AKIN A, IKM.DF.N.
TIwp wit ! whom we exchange, will add to lhir
pi'iy obligations by copying the shove, or refrrring to
- ;np'r roMimns
portion thereof, verified 00 oath, (or afurmation)
apply to the proper Court, for tho benefit of the!
Act, and therein declare themselves to be unable
to meet their debts and engagements, shall be deem
ed bankrupts within the purview of the Act, and
may lie so declared accordingly by a decree ef the
Court. : I)
It is my opinion, that all persons coming within
the purview of the Act. though they may be en
tirely destitute of property, are entitled tu its bene
fits. - - "
I perceive in the publications of several'of the
District Judges, a diversity of opinion, as I antici
pated, on the- construction of tho ad.even Ihthe
- Incipient stage ot proceeding unaur lit ana 1 am
aware thst other and more important difficulties
w ill occur in the sequel. But I am now engaged
in n correspondence with several District Judges,
1 with the viow of. reconciling, as fsr as we can, the
discrepancies of tho Act, and of aiming, at least, at
something like a uniformity of practice. I shall,
however, hold myself in readiness to put the Ac
in operation, according to (tff spirit and the best of
tny ability, whether it be amended or uot.
,4- The necessary rulea ar3 forms, together with a
' tarifTof fees, shsil be given la due lime.
According to my construction of the Act, the
petition may be verified before any Judge or. Jus-
tire' of the Peace of this Sluts ; but I think the pe-
titioncr is required to appear in Court, at the heir--iny,
either inperww1' or by attorney, to declare
himself to be unable to.meet his debts and engage
1 mvnts. ,
" The petitioner must comprise in his petHion all
the items reniiired ; and it will be found safest to
- gjii'm ie viTT Inter f tliw Act. tl
the county in which he resides.; ' fc
The petitions, when received, will he referred,
for hesring, to their respective Staled Courts, in
For imtance'i H within tie District of All,
marie, will be heard at "Edeuton ; all within the
District of Pamlico, will be heard at Newbern ;
and all within tho District of Cape Fear, at H il-,
mington. And publication be onrercd as di
rected by tlw A etv '-'e t - j
The District of Alberroarln comprises the two
State Districts of Erten'on and. Halifax ; the Dis
trict of Pamlico comprises tho Districts of New
hern and Hilliborotiirh. together' with all that part
of the District of Wilmington which Jics to the
Northward Biid Eastward ol New River ; and the
District of Cape Four comprises the remaindor
part of the State.
All Communications nn tho subject n Bankrupt
cy, siMressod It me by mail, if not post id, wilt
remain in the office. v
H. POTTER, Judge ft Stain
Dirict of North Carolina.
FayrttrrilU, January 17, 1843.
But'iuflicieot that oof country's honour is at
stake, aud we, as freemen, are bound to defend it.
Now, let no unhallowed tongse of traitor be heard
among us. Let party distinction be, bidden in the
dust. The cause we fight tor is a commou cause.
The liberty it achieves as pitch the right of Jiun
who hangs over hia plough, as him who is vested
in authority. 1 ue outies it exacts an are oouna 10
ixuaa. era, oy-ifoei bh gooefaiwaratt t
4-fet publn.uiis. k jPiwJI'tlllLKW--. " 'ne 1
prosperity ofevery one of us; and he who wiiti
basely desert her ib I be hour ol tribulation, let bis
name be obliterated Irom the book of our remem
brance- As a nation, we ought to unite lo.eslab
hsh a name among tho nations of the earth, to
shew the world we will always repel aggression on
our rights. As policy we ought to unite to put an
end to the war (uo matter how unjust in its cause,
if such it be, or odious in its prosecution; else by
division we prolong us calamities, and by thu de
feat of our armies refb-ct disgrace 00 our" national
character. I know there is a hope at this time
indulged among vou, that the late happy changes
in J.uropc will restore to you a peace. ui my
friends, " lay ne such flattering unction to your
souls," lent hope might liken you to the foolish
Carthagepisns at Cannas who losa Mat by inatten
tion which necessity might have gained them, in
war, we roust seek peace at the mouths of our can
non. In peace we must avert war by a wise aod
' This is the first serious war since our revolution
it therefore becomes us to show the firmness of
union and valour, to protect us against insult in fu
ture. hatever our conduct is now, it will have
a great bearing upon our future happiness or mise
ry ss a nation. Purely we want not courage to the
insk f We have before measured swords with our
adversary and foiled ber in the field ! . The heights
of Charleston where the American eagle rodo trl
umpliant over the bloody onset of the revolution,
and the plains of Princeton; where it sat perched
unon the British standard win ever lesiuy me va
& a. .a. f
our of Americans." Never I ineniei tne cursooi.
cowardice fall 00 our heads. Never 1 Jet it lie said ;
wtiiiout ailopliiig a higher rale than twtmtypr
cetit. aa providedf ir in ihe Coinproun- act, whirh,
at the tune of us passage, was suppovd and as
sumod as a rale that would supply a sutncieul re
venue for an economical aduauiatratioa of the Go
3.JRtdced, thertfiire That jhe rate of duties
on foreign imports ouhl to be augmented beyond
"the rate ot twenty 'rwrwin syf as w ppuhjce a nett
...rcjit:uuu-tit lwuut v x wl.two of d41ftf f wtMi'v-
vier, S.rith.of Connecticut, riturgeon, Tsnpan, WuoJ.
bury, acd Voung tfl,
THE BANKRUPT UV.
Mr. Benton was aoxiodl to bars the sense of il
Senate on his bill to postpone the operation of li e
nanarupi isw 10 tne 1st of July next ; and with
that view, en his motion the bill was taken un lor
.......... TL. - . .
ivuBiuwaiiuii. 1 no uiii waa CQiuuiiurnd
lWauka Yot Sac Were.
,imA utiil r4iif4 lite isir hirth.ni'hts. and t
wo vere too bnse to defend them. Never ! let it
be iid that in this land, where freedom found au
aoyhitn from the despots of Europe wo were want
ing in virtue to protect it. No, never!
- I a
" And I could rehearse deeds of valor in this pert,
ent war, that ought inspire us with confidence.
T.,r arhievmenls of our callant little navy lntc
surpassed our nwM sanguine expectation. The
skill and intrepidity of our tars in every engnge.
metit have Confounded the ir adversaries the dis
proMirtion of onr lose, tho mieriority of our ma
ncetivoring, snd the dispatch of the victory have
forever broke the charm of her nav invincibility.
Hcr'nmud nrerensions have been humbled, her
sensibility wounded to the quick. In all tho war-
fare she hps ever been engaged mis sne appears
to dole over as the moat grievous and lamentable ;
yea I she mourns and 'grieves over it as a mother
river her IftsllDhild." '7
To be sure bur prospect have been darkened
on land, but this is no cause of despair. To cim-
tend with an enemy veteran in discipline and fx-
perirnce, allied with a savage peoplo sanguinary
in a mode 6f warfare peculiar lor its dreadful fca.
turesof atrocity and that conducteo in a manner
hard! attainable in the practice of civilized na-
tinns ; seated too in the interminable wilds of our
northern frontiers, remote from assistance end thin.
tw for itig or
for the payment of the existing debt, and twu mil
lions as a reserved fund for cutmneucies.
4. Rtiohed, That in the adjustment of a thrift
to raise an amount of twenty-six millions of reven
ue, the principle.! of Uie C mpromtae act generally
ahould be d Us red to ; aitd thai, especially, a max
1 mu m rate of ad valorem duties should be estab
lishnd, from which there ought to be ss little de
Darture as uosstble.
I. RetolceJ, That the provision in the act of
the Laird Session, tor the distribution of the pre
ceeds ol the public lands, requiring the operation
of that act Ib be suspended, ia the contingency ol a
higher rate of duty thau W0 per. cent, ought te be
0. Resolved, That il ia the duty of the Govern
men! at all tiroes, but more esuet-islly in a season
such as now exists of general embarrassment snd
pecuniary distress, to abomh all useless) inntitu
tiona and offices, to curtail all unnecessary ex
penses, and to practice rigid economy. '
7. Resolved, That the contingent expenses of
the two Houses of Congress ought to be greatly
reduced ; and the mileage of members of Congress
ought io be regulated and more clearly' defined.
8. Rrsolred, That the expenses of the Judicial
Department of Government have, of late years,
been greatly increased, and oohl to be dimilicd.
0. Rrtoleed, That the diplomatic relations of
, lb United States with foreign powers have been
. ntinecestsuily extended dimug the last twelve years,
and ought to be reduced.
1 0. Rrtolrrd, That the frankling privilege ought
to be further restricted, the ahuxivo uses of il re
strained and punished, the (xwtHje on letters re
d iced,, the mode of estimntmg distances rnnre
clearly defined aud prescribed, aud a small addition
to postase made on books pamphlets, and packages,
transmitted by the mail, to be graduated and in
creased according to their respective weights.
11. Rrtolrrd, That the Secretaries of State, of
the Treasury, of the War, and of the Nnvy De
psrlments, arid the Postmaster General, bo sever i
n il v directed aa soon as practicable, to report what
eflicea can be abolished, and what retrenchment of
p-itilic enK'inlilurc can be mado witVmt public
committee of the whole, and there being no motion "
i anieiia, u wis rcponeo 10 the sertajte,and
ofBentlg'TTlB'TifiTr ToTeriigrtMiseJ forB .tbud .
readmg,'tnd decided In f!,e negative, as follow :
1V. Messrs. Allen, Renton, Duchansn, Calhoun,
Fulion, Graham, King, Linn, McRoberts, Pierce, He
vier, Hmilh, of Connecticut, Sturgeon, Tappan, Walk
er, Woodbury. Wright, snd Voung IS.
Nay Messrs. Barrow, Bites. Borricn, Choate,
wsy, Clayton, Evans, Heuderson, Huntington, Kerr,
Vsngura, Merrick, Miller, Morehead, Phelps. Porter,
Preston. Rives, Smith, of Indiana, Southard. Tall
mafige, White, and Woodbridge 3s).
80 the bill was rejected.
The Senste then took up Mr, Clay's resolutions
to amead lb Constitution, by restricting the veto
power, Ave., and .
Mr. Morehead made a speech of two hours in
supfVvri ef them. After he had concluded,
The Senate went into Executive Svasion and soob
HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES.
Several memorials and other documents were
presented and after some time consumed in discus,
si 00 en motions not important,
The House, on motion ef Mr. Fillmore, resolved
itself into Committee ol the Whole on the Slate of
the Union, Mr. Briggs in the Chair, and resumed
the consideration of the Civil and Diplomatic ap.
Wednesday, Ftb. 10. - ,
Mr. Benton submitted the following jesoluliona,
wnich were ordered to be printed j-t,
Resolved, That the Committee on tho Judiciary ,
be instructed to bring in a bill to anieod the Euuk-
rupt act as follows: '.; . S
1. To online the operations of I ho act to the. :
UatUng and mercantile parts of the Comfliuuily.""
To confine voluntary bankruptcy to a decta
rnin of in-olvency, leaving it to the creditors to
proceed upon that declaration, or not, just aa they
pleias ; and-, in the event of tht ir proceeding upon
it, then all the subsequent proceedings to be pre.
ci-Hy as in cases of compulsory bankruptcy.
3. Hunks, and all money dealing and trading
corporations, 10 be subject to the act, afid a day
fixed for it to take ( fleet upon them.
4. The absicoees of the batikrunt's etste 10 he
detriment in the respective branches of the-public ! cbonen by the mass (say two thuds 111 number and
eerviro under their charge. J vnlue) of the creditors to be removable by them ;
Mr. Clay rose to s'iggest n day for the consid"- find their orders in relation to the management ami
ration of the resolutions, in doing which he would disposition of the estate to be followed in all casca
be happy to accommodslo thnt motion to tha sug-Jby the assignees.
gent ion of any member of the Senate. He sug
gestnd. this dny week, il it would moet the appro
bation ol thn rUmate.
Mr. Calhmm remarked that the resolutions were
of the gravest importance, and ahould lie fully ex
amined, and acted upon with great deliberation.
He rose to suggest the propriety of so disposing ol
thn resolutions as lo aflord to Senators an opportu
nity of diseii-sing them doubly if they thought it
necessary. He would, therefore,' suggest that the
Senate would on the day prnpised for their con
sideration, resolve itself inW Committee of the
Union to. consider them- The resolutions, he be
lieved, went for an entire change of law, was a
violation of the Compromise act, nnd went for
r. Ench creditor to havo the right of attending
the examination of the bankrupt, and of putting all
interrogatories which may tend to elucidate the
nature and character of his bnnhruptry, and the
management and di-positierr ot bis properly, and
he present condition of his estate.
0. Persons suspected on probable reason to have
goods property, or effects of the bankrupt in po.
session, or to be indebted to hitri, to be examined
before the commieiiotifra.
7. The distinction between innocent and culpa.
b!e bankruptcy, to Ui recognised and established ;
the formi r to be limiteJ lo' cases arising from casu
al losses in tra!r ; the latter to include all case in
wbich tho bankrupt has lost above the aum cf
' ' (
' ; - . r ' v. - 1