Western Carolinian (Salisbury, N.C.) /
April 22, 1842, edition 1 /
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limn lie LiiicoIh,m U,,u!,Ucuh.
LOUIS D HENRY IN ASI1VILU!
- As was to bo expected, the 'address of Mr. Hen
sy in Ashviilo, did not please, the Highland Met.
senger. This 1461m of the beM evidence of it.
excellence, mid without any other, ta u would he
conclusive; for, wo recollect ho Iipafiinal y
that paper spoke of lb great Pjieech of Jtid;s
Saunders h this p'aco ia 194SI. a speech aliu.i
tnivsrjnlly commended by the Whigs themselves,
as far surpassing in matter and inamier.tho frothy,
picayune etlort of Ilia narrow minded opponent.
But we have other and imlubitablt evidence, in
toe following account furnished us4y a gentleman
9f the highest respectability s "
TPo tht Editor oflkt Lincoln Ibpuhli.ani
As I happened to be present when Lui D.
... IIiHiry thw Damncratic Candidate for Governor,
t addressed the people of Buncombe County, at the
Courthouse of Ashrillo on Wednesday m, and
! you iji your readers feel rfeairous
, . f learning how the speech was received- whal
ts eflucts were, &c, I take decision to transmit
to yot what I connive to Us i just, trua and im
fjirtiftl outline, tliereot I f -
There vVs, d ey respectable audience both a
tf.ird mjiTibcrnd standing. Those assembled
were "Vqiy attentive; and though many of them
were tnosa" who have heretofore ranged themselves
under t!ie banner of " Tippecanoe and Tytor too"
they oad credit to themselves and the county of
'viiiV'l IIUJ ."IirV3V VJ ltn bUUI ll'UW 11U
. iier in which, tl.cy amended to tho speaker. There
. was little or no interruption ; and ao lar ns I have
teen able to ascertain the 'seiitimfltita an J foetinas
of the largor part, of l!e assn'blso,'lhe sjteech
will not 1m fos-gorscn. It is destined 10 be remem
berc J. talked about, reflected oq, end, fib, forcibly
were its propositi nr proved, that I am convinced,
. it will bo by many, believed and acted on. Indeed
1 have heard some of the Whig party of standing
and influence, dei-laroiiiey were dono with VVhit'
4$ery, and its advocates. ,
!tou nydefenaupon it sir, iNr. Henry has not
visited tht mountains for nothing , end if you ask
tnc for the proof f 'thisssortion, 1 give it to you
in tho ('.tciteincpt juid trepidation in the- tears
nha exertion, tiaJo,by tho" of the Whigjeadeys
, fhoe opinion "truh cannot rcaeti) to c.wnteract
the eflac;, nnd render bortive, the attorn so ric
ccssfullv uwde. to exftoso the hle promises here
tofore nu I) by tlieinselve4ther Jnabilit yto;,,,,,eM h" enn from behind the mask ?
covsm the f ountiy and tlitf maoifest signs of ruin
uad defeat wtiich uttend every where.
Mr. ll-nry isni very able debater. Dignified
without liauhtiucs, acute withouteraOinrM, witty
nnd when ncciisto'i demands it sarcamic, without
scurrility, M vjHMit without beini; pimpmis, he
necessarily injures attention and commands the
rrmenibnnco .of his hearers, ile is gentlemanly,
vou know fu!l of humor in public ep;sking, he
lias a manner peculiar to hinwolfvery droll, he
tuake a crowd hug) in spite of itsell and at
times, very tljoieffl , though di&jreut from Judge
Some of tho Whigs are trying o misrepresent
ills arguments, anJ ti destroy thoir effect; they
v-ere very busy tho evening alter his speech.
httll, I tetl vu, vt mv eowrt on eftffSfoeom'
purio the coming flection with that of 140, or I
tun wo.'iilly d reived.
, Yours, Ac.
mr. waiGnrs spEr.cn.
Ila slid thut Mt. CIn lisd, upon a Mte occasion,
declared that the real uetioa wa, wlicther liiu
indebted Siaiesrstinuld be compnlled r lax thum
eives to pay their own debts, or wliether the
General Governmsnt should exercise its more nniJ
niwer of inJirect taxatioii to pay them. He then
quoted the Constitution to shew that it gave no
power to this it avernment to iaio taxes to pav tue
.dahtftJftf..le.. .a'es. jtKownieh an the Cniifd
State " cm! J n. h,i coat.trued ranir.TneSgpy,,,, 220.127.116.11,1.11
ratetsiates. Mr VV . said Ibat a distinction hud
' boert Sought to h". uiado fiutweeri the inoney derived
Xiom the mi it's XlIie publiaJandSi.andathei.mwei
lands were ccJ"Hl to the tinted Pistes lor no valoi-
, " Lie i toiwiileiration, tint they were giten for the
specific purpose of paying the debt ot the lief o
Julian, and thai debt having been l'ul!v piid, ihe'
I mil mou.iI us e.xiM lered as held merely in IroM'
fir the Statf!4. Mr. V richt sliewed ihe Wl.iev of
t ilia arguni' 14 now, fiom the fact that a very 'n.i!l
fraction)!' l!i" Unds now held by the United S'ate4,
und rerniiiung unsold, are tbe lands that were
ccdel by the .Sti:rs; that more than nine tenths,
und probably tii;i:teer'.weutieths of the whole of
ihe public Iuod4no held by l lie Government, wern A!o d. clanu anv peraon who slmll assume lo ex
jtttreh itfd by llteL'mied 8lste from Finned and ercme anv soon ofiico not being duly tlected mere
f!pain, and paid Csmit ni ihe 1'ublic Treanury nfito aecorJiog to the Uws of Ihe .Slate, guilty of
Ihe United St ites. He said it bad been otniduaively ; Tskasox, and puundiabie with imprisonmeni lor
aiewu that fie public Jals, alone, never woyldjlit'-! All olFmces under this Act ere t i be tried
bare pi I tt.e deb! I it Ihis arguneiit, he nniii, before the Supreme Judicial Court unit.' .
Im I mnrly b-en aban lon-.-ri, and the folluwin8 clan-, ICewtIitioris were reported in connexion wl'h the
in the C.ntitiiH' n wa4 r.-iz-d on to support the i.11!!, rquestinC tlie (;ovHrnor to uue 1.14 PmcI.i
najfs of di.tnba'ion : .j ' j mamxi esliortiu? tho pecplo " lo (?iv6 no aid or
" The Constitution of t!ie UmtcJ P'atci, article ; countenance to those who, in viol.ition of.t!e law.
1, section s:''f-ie Ci) igrea4 sha'l hive poer may iiiem;t to s t up a government in oop-nty,, 1
10 Uy and collui t tivs-'.d i'ies, imp4, and excises, to trii exis'iug g nornmeiil of the Stat", nod call
rf(iy llif debt, and proud for the commit tie- ling unon them to support ths conttitnlel ajihori
fence, and general irrlf,:re of the I'ni'cd .Sntes.'" j ties fr the preservation of ihe public peace, n.id
Mr. V. contended, that ir this clause c inferred , entioo of th laws on whic'i the -cur
oon C ...re-4 any other pow..-r than the pver to "T of del,-,n A,0 hu f'.xo-l
'di.oe(e o" fhe ternary w other pr.IWrtV,'l,!,":-v dopt such measures 4 in .u opmi m,
beioiiu tutus I'nited S.MeMopiv the debts and m,v ,H! ' l-'s:,-r...
.rrov,de for the r ,.n,m detHreaud fieneril wcllsre. 1 " i"1- ,ho "n' Vnn' "
..... H imi4im t'ui!friian ftrirl lliaf list )ia uii.i itt liorxliu nil
limit or rovr.-.o .0. II, rr,nte.,Jed th it ,t w.
i-t'jiolble to separate iih e;i;!ira:i o of !io ,ji,t
! 1 tver to a to in-tke it n;vy lo lio: I ci'U hi-i it;,
n i l nA to ths" v'htr pro;r!y," toch as the public
I. mS.Ii igs, shi; ! r, 1-
llafidt!i:it fr. Clay Im I, lately, wli -Hip;
4 in J parent, i!i;" n'.nV p jfii ins of iho pr iht'v h
b1 imx'U ouUi.' i lo UK noVa.td r noir-.i e.j
r.Sd.lrcn ; bot,fcav Mr. Wng'ii, h? li.rgot th it I'.i
Government, eh.eh" reprc!iiis his aupposaj paru'tt,
s.) f.ir from havinj i;icoi;i nr e.t ito to .pare, is n i
ri extreme want, and wholly umble to Mipport ivlt.
Mr. Wrignt askeJ tiie Se-iaior if he woild pre.!!!
tueficls to th J Stsse., they le.illv ere ? Wiel'd
b: tell thO'n Ihst while he wil jiv tliem one
dollar frons the Tre.isurv, it mui tc; paid b .rli Mt'i
tiie cot of colleen in adkd to it ?
He then went oa to -how i!.c mMr.i! tonderirv of
th' policy of dist.'ibiltioiii thai il cnMii co itlict
between the Stat and tha Goner d Government.
He ak"d if ths pphcy, once adopti"!, was litmtA.i
1 1 the l.i, i l r. enue ? I In arncd not, lincanse t.i
constitutional pnerof ('ougress over tint Snd over
n't oile r portions of tli-; puli'ic reeuuo m th?
ianic. ' . '
He then s'nted- th ,t the evcess -s of revenue
eeruniulsted fro n l-:io to 1 :)', prod in d an np;e
tie fur distribution i i ttnoiher lorin, that although
rnnrmou und extravagaot' sppr..;ria'ioos, were,
luiide, still jti'T- were ' millions in the Trc'a iry,
"ti'.H'vpeodeitf and hal ihbn a dtst r t Im' i i of the
otrol.is revenue M wis resolved iioiu. II! t!lii
argued to shew tlint thi 4 nppetito increi'"!, an '
next year, 1838, when the bill nrovuii'tj! lor t'.w"
Ulcfencesof the co.inlrv cum iut, , cUuse wis Mi'A
to it providing lor a :coni distribution ol all niomtj
over five millions which xliould Iw in tlm Treatur)
nn the lt of J inu iry, 1833, wholly without repaid,
(us before,) 10 tho approprintums which might be
HiiMiiding and unexpended on that day, which it
well Lii'i n, would exewd ten million, f How
often hmo t'.:- win;? p;rly aliU'Wid us because we
nejlrted the de.leiicea of the coiintry T Tins
ihsws how unfair they are. How d.x; the Tr
siry or tint country now nnwtr tlie calls ukhi it '
nked Mr. Wright; by Treasury notes promote
to pay ( whieh promiaes, he waa told, were selling
in the market for less tliao money, and yet they
were ured to l ick up and keep for tho States
1230,000 per month, beinir the probable amount of
the sules of the I mil. VJrA Caroiiu;i. i
. ' '
frowi tils North Carolina Standard., '
The R;gitor of April 8th cont.iini the following
wiioa ric;it now;
" The Fayettevilla Observer suye it is authorized
bv the correspondent distinctly to reaffirm thn truth
of bis former atntement, as a matter vithi kit
linowltigt. and $uteeptible of proof that Mr. Hsy-
I wood did prepare the Questions that were sent to
tho li inks by a tUoinnuttee of the lust LegivlaturJI
Mr. II. sr.uet nbw admit the charge, or call br
proof. There nct middle ground."
, The reader wilt notice that the Regi'ter tries to
fling his ehillenge to Mr. IlaywmHJ, probably
supposing ha would not nonce au anonymous as.
siuit upon Lim. ""'l he StandarJ when this counter,
fettej statement was first made by the RegUter,
inct it with w pledge to prove It was f.ilse, the
endorser would produce the principal's name, or
assumo the respdnbijity himself, Wo stated
eipresidy that Mr U, had not authorized us to
coiiTradict it, but thai with hi leave or without it,
wc hnd s right to do jit, since it wms attempted to
i'hc it egoimit the Democratic candidatej yet tbe
negister,it will br seen, passeo our ib illenge.
To prevent any sc ipe we have now asked from
Mr. Haywood himselt a reply to this tutsehood,
r'"1 hora !e,,er 10 l5efure )'ou c'"mlt
- 1 7"ur pnocipai, mr. wp.irr, win jou iei .1.4
I n,m8 co""e' " ,n y0'1 Pr",OTl d"" hereaOer
Sir i You ask me whether I preparc the
questions that were put to' our Banks by the Com
imtteeofthe Legislnturf) of 1810
I answer that I pm not, and that I had no agency
in it dinfrtlg nor Mindly. This Accu4ation
again me is falte out end out, and if the persona
who fihricstol it will exhibit their " proof," under
real names of common repectabihty, they will
find roe ready and ablo to refute it and expose tho
calumny no matter by whom originated nir by
whom it is ro.ilFir.ijeJ nor ly wh-tm it may have
been circuited. Your, A;c.
WM. H. HAYWOOD, Jr.
Raleigh, 9th April, 1942.
! Tho Register we. thiak will agree with u that
the anonym. os character of his friend should no
longer be preserved. He has made his charge and
procjeve'red in it. Ho has stated it upon kit own
inmrJedgr, a the Rergeiter says, for we never
saw it in the Observer. Mr. Haywood rjrtainlv
knows, and he aver that this charge is falso. It
wtli mrt ot huln now and shoot Dojjoned arrows
at M'. Haywood, hnd call this proof.
Naw we happen to know th'e por attemp- on
the part of tiie Register, to implies' Mr. Hay
wood, inot ooly without foundation, but lliai the
Chairman of the Committee wss competent to too
duties of hi station ; nnd that which the Reamer
j ch irjfce to Mr. Hayivoid, was, no doubt, the
t production of the Chairman himself.
R It O D E IS LAN D.
The General Assembly of Uli hIc Island. in Sal.
clariTXJllTiJ. ayO-oiJ ttlLHariLLr..otucr
'. lucetinua, for the choice of town, county or 8'sic
i(fn:ers, except at the times and in the manner
nre4eribed by law ; lad subjeciing lj a fine of $500
lo 1000 aq1 fmprueoiimeut tor six m nitlH, any
pirsoi whoshall act as moderator; warden orrlerk,
in any uch meetings. Also aubjoding any pr i
who hall signify that be will accept any eierutire,
legislative, judicial, or ininistcnal office, by virtue
of any such pre'endod elec ion, to a tine of two
i!iumnd dollars and imptieonnvnt for one rear.
thonz-vf M dra oa the (.eneral I reiry for -m-
a iij.ay be reomred for these nurpos-si." Th4.
provisions are directed at tho IriiM.N of w'hi is
called tie " Piop'e's ConCi'uiio i.' Tii-y hv
provoked a m st deier aimjd und uawaverieg rests.
: ic KxpriMS of V
" T.'us l-iw, so lnrbi'oHlv i i'rolu:"!. j il st
rar.idlv hurried throuj'i tha leii ilni. ire, r m never
li- e il'oree.J ; hul its aiiiit r may 11 lop I an style of
so N'oem o.jrlvr no I ei u " wp Imvs luisdsy
Uiu'ile.l s ioli a torch in Rho ll I ! i. I, as shall uev
er b I'Xiindiiishe.i !''
And aa'u, ''Oir oppt tents talk".! .f grant
ingtothrt I'-oiilo all iney aske l, as if the I' -op'.e
were suppliants for th.-ir nitis at inn ton' ut t u
Gencrul As-en ily. No, wo will never agsm ol-j.-c'
oiKS"lvc t j bo iusulitrd by pctiiioiung for our
IV it a 'otter from Pmvi leue-, lo tha Iiiors itf
the N-w York Evening PoM, speaks in much
siroaer terms. It says, if ft single person, aetmi:
under the new, Cotis'liulion, is imprisoneil, ' we
shail open the prison doors forthwith. U ol.ttve
iwu thousand men, at least, pledgmf to ifi fend, a'
all hiiiirdr, the lives, -fmrsnua, and pro, mti k i,i
i -it r cst.did id s. Two thmiMmtfiMMi in !Siniihh"lM
an I Cuuilxjrland are teady for every emergency ."
Tlie Governor 6f Ihe State seems t-inppieh.-od
serious results, for' he usued i.rtters In the Imlcpe.,
lie ii Clikrlwr 'oirrpaiiit;s,'lo-rei(Kljiniiii'th,iieiy o
the Adjutant tieoersl, the number of n,en fit for
L'u'y and ti e qustmiy of arms and au.wunitioii ou
h Hid, The friehdsjof tbe tfw institution Oil the
i'ii-r Hi.l- are rapidly furnishing themse ves with
We have it from very Bn"l authority that the
President's Cabinet Council have held a consultation
on the Rhodo blind controversy, and rosolved to
sunuort thn corporators under tho charter, as tlie
sovereign, power of the Stat", and to employ tlie
power "f the Federal Administration to put down
the tiniitu'it:n e-tablishiid by the people. t How
the NiHioi,:il Evecniive is to interloro, we have not
learned 1 but doubtles the irreat extmunder o the
Constitution, who uudertiHik lo make way with the
rights ol New York in the McLeod case, will de-
visa some mode of helping the Rhode Island are
toe racy to usurp the State's rights. Globe. ,
The (.vnchhurs. Va , Republican in copying
from thn N. Y, Era an nrlicle resecting .vjr.
CALitorx preface it with the following remarks.
JOHN C. CALHOUN. '
" Justice snd Truth are tardy in their coarse, but
their steps sre ever onward.
The trite sayings which are found in every
language under the sun, and which are usually
cal ed proverbs, are the results of human expert
enee j and manifest the goodness of that Great
Deiuit who presides over ihe affairs of this world
Injustice is often triumphant, vice has Its hour of
revelry, and falsehood, for ft time, puts on toe
apparel ot truth; but never was there yet an
instance .in the annals of mankind when honesty
had not its reward, oner or later.
As one of the many examples of this truth, we
rscorj the history of John C. Calhoun of South
Carolina. Endowe j wit 1 extraordinary talents,
even when a youth, h led the Republican party in
tbe House f Re,ire4e .tiivns, during the eventful
period of our last war witn England. Honor and
pow r came to hi n unsought J -and in a fear years
he pissed from lh department of was (so much
indebted to ni n) into second office in the gift
of tho people. Tins oiHce was .conferred on him
by the vo uniary suriraesnf both the great parties
of th" country. Hi talents and private worth
gave turn the station without an effort. Ho never
acknowledged his abilities, :,tid no man was found
n nan is yet knon wh aevefl ventured to cast
a aiain on the untv of hi private character.
Thus st. xid Mr. C dhonn until 1931, when he
was called upon to res st 1 he alsitninable Tariff
that was grinding his S-.ne an 1 the wliole South,
into dust and aslies. He obeyed Ihe call and
from mat iliy tneaun ot Ms life bgan to decline.
Diflrtring vuih the Kepuolian party (though
agreeing villi the great Ao.ilo of Liberty, Tho.
Jetlerio,) on the rights an I re neJies of the Spates,
, he lost the conuteiiaoco an I eoondence of that
I party ; while tne FeJera.iin. his bitter opponent
Iduriiir ihe war, l H4wf their blood hounds against
I him. Ailed tutu onbiinsik-s, this bold and
I patriotic nun, stood ulmost alone and single handed
;to stem lb " torrent .f party prejudice. Y'et ho
shrunk not j hut bore m nielt .14 becoming a mao,
a Republican an I a S'ates nan. He overthrew th
infauvMi and nppr'4-ive I a nil arrested the wild
schemes ot ilin Federal parly vindicated the
riifhts of tli Stutes, n 1 reinstated tho Constitu
lion A pause occurred in iho public sentiment,
and lliouijhtl'jl men tw.au to mouire whether great
injustica had not bwen d) ie him. The FederaK
piny saw this, and anx.ous lor his destruction, (for
tney even vet feared him more than any ottier
' man,) s-aried ine ow ry in aisumon, in me nopes
I or overthrowing Jum witn tbeir clamour. Mr.
! Botts vs -li.l for the bo -nevei ; and the most
suuuino hope eru cnUrlnined frooi Ihe corrs-
pondeoco itft Mr. tSecretarv Upshur. Vain hopes!
Insie.i ) i sustaining ihe cause of falsehood and
misrepresentation, tlie result has been tho entire
and triumphant vm tcation oAMr. Calhoun nnd
Ins friends ..suns' i.m cliure of disunion. His
I i!Ti'i Vr'i'y V,,, "''d '"'y'1' 'nemies are forced o
tCMiseq'iMiieesT N Tiie peVple are always just
to tlie iiooest a 10 uirii;iit 1 he Kepulilican press hesitate ar first, until, dabauched by the inloxica-an-everv-ji-'4i'-ia
4he Union, seeing iho injustice timvuf the houf, thav throw ofT all restraint and
Tjfe n .ed afiic'e Tro o flfe New Era, (Sew
j York.) winch we c .p from ihe Globe, is but one
;.iin. minv such'.t he found in every Stale
j Km,. pio-r 11 re,; u.) the cliMmgtiiahef Sena-
I tor r. o Sjm Ciiro.iM We ak the reader's
! attroti si to it. I' s:'.'! riat every man no ,
i-kn J i-ui - mu-i lx done; and this great
maa 111s o n received jujiieo fram his party nor J
.tus 0 .unsr . No 1:1 n is tn ire hated by Mr. Clay
; and his iiiv r did ns and none more deserving of the
c 1 iti i u-e 11 1 1 rej ir.: .,i in.- ueponucan psriy. it est populace of l.urope (we speaK it mora in tor-e-ls
ii 4 ' ; li that ne will yet rise higher row than auger) abetting every manner of fraud,
1 1 t ieir r vj ird. " J .sti.ee sod truth are tarly in were but ao successful. This must be said, how
i t ir co ir.', ha; t.iu.i s up are ever onward.' j ever, in mitigation, that the financial erobirrass
1 1 -o;i'iei-iio-i Mtr th' -jlijot we cannot hut I ments under which tbe country was laboring, and
.-!! the read r's atte ti 1 1 als i to an article in an- which were the eytweqjences of aWmos system 6s
ntner coin. nu of this piper, which refers to the paper and Cedtt, then developing Us bitter fruits,
distinguish -d Senator from . York, Mr. Wright, disposod our pwple to any change., They were
I'ne p irirait drawn is true to the original. Ail told that a Whig triampu would at once restore
ho hiio fti.it. ot every part,, will recounts the prosperity, elevate wages, repair tho finances, and,
I imn ot the pi tore. e .lo not b-lievo thai any
r Hj'li rv to in iiii .ill bito ir i. ir. iwii mer iiiiu .
: be'ter men
loan John C. Cjihoun aaJ Silas
MDNSY MARKET. ;
Onr IJink' t dottij; liitle oi no a"t business,
sn I iiio.m-v n.is levoine ir o.-ly w iree, aud limes
j verv ti jT. Vi-iiia Hio'i .oles coMlmne at a
' discouoi .1 '0!4 lo 5 o- reent. tvdow North Car
o't'is ft litis X..I-J. ii i" n.r pros(wcT or improvo-
I OrV-ni'e in N. Y i-k. 4 pr cent.premi no.
Hal'i 0 .re; none.
I " I'nil i.!.)oitii4. none.
" Peiershurg 4 io 3 discount,
' Syrif ll'U p.T i'mih. ptemij'ii n.i North Car'
otina II ink N ties.
I Utink S ck, V r'eir . '. 93ioI00.
I x " il.mk of thoSiato 100 to 107.
j P. n"R...I II ..ids, wilii ffio Slate's
j g ia m eu " ' 01.
It h r.iuiiifll i'iai I'm lliiik of hs Siio Ins
pio;t.)i f to our oe.tef North (.'anlnia Hoiks, the
1st il f ly is i'i..tu fir re-uming. which we are
j glad '-!', as ft. 's .il w.ng thn North Caro'.i'lt
, Hank in ' ieir true o in, which believe tlvy
. are a n;ly sol" lo .i i I with g'ol fail'i lo the
coot iiiiniiy. Wr 1 1 ni doubt but the rnsu-np
Jtio t will la..-' : ,i-u, ss i.e. other R.ioks cannot
I refuse to icee - i i ras i table a pr'oposiiion,
! wit ion' an 'le-'" i en'n,i"ss, wheh we are snr
I I ll-j do nut a id ipsi-iri g tun nneh like lite
hi'.ks -I -mr j i- r- o! Virginia. .V. (j4 Stand-'arl-
Or I'li' Tiili issw -Siirssvs, tint I'.itor W.
G a l ter, Jr.. IJ. S fa.nil lor the A lalaehicola
I) sit.:t . Isie ., a. in-- S. Joseph Tunes, and
H.eotk r in i-. !. It 'jir(.-.-i',i ii'iies ol tne
IVrriiorv a. f. . i .. us I ' i irijujii tn 'Texas, wiMi
70 ui groes uciou.it loi-iu Union Biuk, and f 15,
000 of Vnolt SauCi munoy, i.les uivcrs unknown
smoutits collected for individuals in hu otlicml c
oacitv. Us was occompauied by hi lather, the
Rev. P. W, Cautter, an eloriuent Ckvuu of fjrty
years' standing. , ' , '
A SOLEMN ANNIVERSARY
This dav. we beliove. nreciiely a twelvu month
ago, the remains of (Jeueral Harrison were carried
to the house appoints ! tor an me living, 11 m
a mournful, yet imp mng spectacle. 11 waa tun 01
that tragical and .mysterious interest whioh the
triumph of death over human greatness always
inspires. As we ga.iod upon the solemn pageant
the long line of carriages the mustering of troops,
with arms reversed and muffled drum; the libit
caparisoned steeds, which seemed almost to feel the
melancholy duty they were performing j eveiy
feeling f political hostility,, all harsh recollections,
were merged it) trie sentiment of human sympathy.
This was not the triumph for which we fought
thia was not a victory at which we could exult I
We thought only of t desolate mansion, a solitary
wid'jw, a family in mourning. , :
Man propos ti, says the proverb, but God disposes.
This waa eminently the case here. In the very
moment of fruition, in the very heig ht and fulness
of possession, the deep laid plana or plots of a great
party, were arrosted by the hand of Providence.
Nee Devi inter tit, is also one of our maxims.
Although wo believe that a sparrow cannot fall to
the ground without permisaion from on High, we
are not of those who imagine that the Deity is al
ways interposing in behalf of huinao pasioos and
designs. Yet as the friends of Gen. Harbiso
habitually speak of his death as a providential in
fliction, and thoir language was echoed Irom count,
less pulpits, we insy be pardoned for turmimng th.it
the hand of God was in the violation. )jr pur
pose or wish is to turn the reflections which the
collection offhe event suggests, to edifying ac
aint. w . '
How many incidents have been crowded into a
brief space I When we look back, it almost seems
a dreara. The Uarrisburg Convention the hard
cidef canvasi-he Democratic defeat the Whig
inauguration and lastly, in one short mouth there
after, that fatal catastrophe which was the "begin
ningof the end." The first was a political Pan
daiiionium, in which the meaner spirits, by superi
or intrigue an management, triumphed over the
higher. They were constrained lo sacrifice the
leader of thuir choiceftudv boso claims were far
paramount, to another less distinguished, however
respectable. Tney separated with rankling disap
pointment and gloamy forebodings, but witn a res
olution to conquer by any and every means, how
ever disreputable. They drew courage from 'lea
pair. Their long banishment from power their
blind unreasoning animosity to Democratic prioci
pies, nd administration, gave them strength and
j union which mutual harmony and respect could
not have imparted. The cohesion of common hate,
though temporary, is, while it ndures, a stronger
cement than love. Thai was the keystone which
bound tosethor the inharmonious materials of wnich
the arch waa composed. This made them unite
m the enthusiastic support of one whom they had
tuflerod to linger for more Than tony"years' iii
hopeless obscurity ; anebose pretensions m ny of
them had cruelly scufljd, before it bccam-J tijeir
poliey to adopt him.
The canvass, and the manner in which it was
conducted, were something new in.the history of
our country. The reason of the people mti not
addressed their adgrnent was not sought to ba
convinced their hone-rt tecltngs wei n nppenl d
to. Son"S. riotous essem bis ires, inflammatorv iisr-
angucs, free quarters, gratuitous distribution of
hq jors and provision, money iudtraotly umrsslly,
nd sometimes directly applied, were tho means
adopted to captivate popular support. It was a
conspiracy, not only again n free Government, but
the di mitv of human nature. Geiitlemen. men of
the highest standing, even of religious profession,
gUrh shameless proceedings j or rather they did
for some high offi-o, we b dievo, played antics for
tbe peoplu in the fork of a tree j others addressed
them from the chimneys of locomotive log cabins ;
Mr. Wcnsrri put on an old Coat and a tarpaulin
hat, ani 111 some place of .almost uupronouncsiblo
name, though of sound ilitics, not only declared
himsolf a Joflsrsnnian Dara'Krat 1 but threatened
with the terrors of his right arm every oua win
dared question the impudent assertion. These expe.
dients, which would havt been insulting to the low-
by tbe inn jence of US inert o ime, adJ ft bund rod
w.iiimu w mu mvi... v. .u ... ... , . . w u
cerMtb conditions of tbe publie mind when it is
credulous from fair on thpn han I and desire on
tbe other. Such was its aWte during this memo
rable canvass, which eventuate I in the signal de
feat of the Damoeratic party. "Scarcely hsd that
taken placewbeu it began lo show symptoms of
returning sinity. 'hsn Oxigram mat, thn yieto '
rious leaders b 'ganat once tn quarrel aliout their
princip!eti distention which was niucb ag.jra.va- -led
when th-v cimama division of the sp nls
those spoils for which, when' out of purer, they
had exhibited so stoical a contempt, but which
they o fought for with the d "spentinn of that
hungsr which ea's througli sto to walls. Dut ihe
subj ict grows under our ban Is, and we must re-
"T J ai'Rsom, ( Miss.)' March -o.
Painful Occurrence Wo Karifroui tha South
"rn Journtl, published at M-n'icMlo, in this State,
that Mr. Andrew Jackson Htllilay, and Mary
Ltiiisa and Licv Arnn.'t.) i.diTghleri of Mrs. J i
anna Wilhi ns Arrmgion, of I.awrenco county,
were drowned in Pearl river, on the 1 5l h inst.
i'ney had gone lo a convivnl parly, snd in return
mg, the b int in which ihey had gonn was driven
by th current against tree, and broken into pie
cs. Mr. H.tlliduy perished in attempting lo res
cue Miss Louisa. Mr. Francis J. Lirkm (late nf
Ihis city) was of the party, and exerted hi i self to
lie ut. n oil to Nive Miss L icy. II i atle.i pled to
swim out with her clinging to his waist, ni d sunk
eirral limns, when die si parato l fro n h rn, ex
claiming " we .ire gone," and suuk. .I -. Iirkin
th!u sni.el her ilrs and nitemptnd in v-nu o raise
nor, the ireaeheroiis gtnnents giving wa. All
nis eilorts proving u iniuliii;;, hu, with o.fTiculty,
hnnself reac.hn I the s'lore. Ir. Arrm.'l e. broth,
er to ihe sister, was on ihe snore w in i oiinger
sister, hiving I 'It lh boat to lighten ii. ft ihor,
time Iwfore tho awful catostropho. U) ruilmj m
tha water, but soon bncn.n ctullu j and disable J b
exertion, and only saved his own life by clinging t,
-. . Frrorn tht Southern Cltronidt.
Comjmma, 8. C., April, JJ,
Awful Conflagration 1 1 Our town has bten
the scene of one ol the most deaolutio futjs that iv
has ever been our lot to titness It coiBuienc.d.
yesterday morning about X o'clock, atid buraed
until day light consuming the most beautiful and
business part of Columbia Twenty nint stores
hnd dwellings, with numerous outbuildings are in
ruins J and tbe building comprise the most valual)l
property in town 1 J The loss in building and goois
cannot fall mnch short of 1300,000 1 J h is said
to have orignated in the blacksmith shop jn th,
rear of Mr. Henry Davis carriage sihop, on thV
main street, anu extenueu wiin loartul ranidity -to
Mr. Dv is' front shop and block of buildiui.,
owned by bun, comprising A. S. - Johnston's
Printing Office, Levi Ilawlny'a Sadlery, I. J)
Mordccni'e Auction' Store, and Thomas Raker's
Refectory. It also took the adjoining brick lent
ment and store owned and occupied by I. D. Mor.
decai, together with tha corner block owned by Cub
A. II. 1 Vmberton, tho rear of which was occupied
by him as Printing Ollice, and the front by A.
W. French, as ft Shoe Store, A. Alexander'
s Clothing Store, and Mr. Stubtsas ft dwell!
ing, and extended down that 'squ ire to Asscni '
bly streot, burning the Blacksmith shop at tho
corr.er opposite the Circus, and the i tables known
as Roach's. South of Henry Davis', on the same
square, it swept all the buildings to the corner 0f
Plain at reel, including tbe stores of N. S. Cumnri;i
dv Co., Dimet and Anderson, and S. Mampstin
together with the4 Saddlery of Chandler dt Hullister'
Boot and Shoe shop of H. Drins & Co., snd Cut).'
fectimiary of N. Emanuel. By great exertions mi
the part of the firemen and others, it was arrested
at Mrs. E. Wad Jell's dwelling house; Indeed, her
hou?e and the one nn the south west corner of
Assembly-street, are thi only ones that are.Jeft on
the square. Oar tale of destruction, however, it
now but little more than hall told. From the
corner store, occupied by Nf 8. Cummings & Co.,
it crossed over to our beautiful Hrick Range, mil
swept that part of the square fronting on tiie Mam
street op to the store of A. North & Co, (whick
narrowly esc.ped) including Ihe store of James S.
Scott, Stevenson & Walker, G. W,. K nikeley, J.
Frsj&, Benjamin Murdecai, Philip Myers, J.inu I.
Gwcey, Alexander Young ic Son, Mrs. J. L
Weaver, and Cohen & Ball ; alt of which build
ings, including Sherman's hvautif.il bhc't, ..r; row
lying in one indiscriminate heap of ruins r Many
persons have sifl-red severoly ; heavy loss hu
fallen nn A. 8. Jolins'on, Esq-, who did not sara i
solitary article from his Priming Oi5ce, and si
rut iasare J lir a d .iUr. Col. IVmjerton is al-o
a severe sullerer, os bis insurance will scarcely
cover half his bass. Mrs F. Uyers is sai to hava
lost nearly evi-ry tlnh; si his A. Alexander.
We learn that II. Divis had sn insurance on his
property to the amount of $13,000 : I. I) Mnr k..
cai 10,0t0rN. S. Cumniings & "Co.; $15,00(1; 7
Cohen & Hell o.0J0; (Vr. l:U has sutf red se.
veroly in M of I'irnit.i.e, whicU was.il .1 in-mrod )
1 lunj As. S sis $10,003. J mil I. Gra-"v tiJ,0j,
Lev: Sh-rma i $I0.C0;, li. W. K ck 'iy $100),
Stevenson At Walker $o,000. Tne prmeowl .
however, "is upon tbe holdings, most of Ihe gM
having tj'sen saved. Musars. S i iwdcn 6; ouvi
OU itm "Nrirlh tiru, af Milrl nn t Ti f
streets, together with the S'orc of Win. lilii.
Eat vi Ai Audersuo, md A. NwrtU At Co, escaprJ,
wrth oly Iho Injury ineidental to mov.(Jf mcir
st'icks of goods, but the liuildins ocejpief y
them were in i - uniHiit danger, an I, prot.iily, were
saved by the unprccedonted exertims of a wngla
inJividual. Dr. Tnomas .Wells, who owned the
h lilting occupied by tit.tvensori it Walker ml
Esteici of U. Wmideil, was' nliiosuViSd"roT ilrT-1
b ock x'cupicd by N. S. Comings &i Co.,Cha x'r
& HolliKter, and U trnet A: Aolefrm, tothitantt
a la l'ler t ie fira co i! I hivs baeo cmfined to ens
half of th- sqnir ii;nn whici it originated. T.w
loss is c.!rttiiilv nMero Oie, filling on u pir
Sic:i!aly at s ici a jucioj of p-cumry em'nrrnt
ment ; but we hope I 'i a energies of our po.ijile w.il
overcniw it, and o-jr town bs epoe.lilf restored la
us fiir proportions. Tns Augnst.a Lasurance aal
Banking Company will probably sustain tli h'
esl loss. A smail proportion was insured in t!.3
Charleston asid Trim Company, and io the A ijjusU
Insurance and Trust Company. '
, New OaLEANs, April 7.
Liter fro 7Vr4s The eteamahip NVprarw
arrive at S o'clock this morning, bringing 11 ju
ton pipers of tha SJ and Gal vest oa papars of (L
4th instant. At hasty gl a rice over them a a
could find nothing very important relative to tlie
war with Mexico. In fact, nothing to corroborate
or justify the exaggerated rumors circulated here
respecting the immense Mexican invasion. rim
uvne. . ' - - ' - . ,
Governor Romnn has issued his proclamation of
fering reward of five hundred dollars for lite
apprehension o one Edward Yorke," nccusrd
with einbep.litig veuty thousan-I d tllar-, ll'
fin Is of life Kxchanio Buik. Alas! but fortune
M a capricious j tile 1 A few short weeks sioce,
and this same " one E fward- Y'orHn " wss one f
Ihe principal men ash controlled the finances nf
ihe State, and guided the cornici! uf the of v. Jl
is now advertised as a lugitivo from justice ; ib"ig'
whatever l ava been In delinquencies, tli-y mu-f
have lieen perpetrated previous lo, and not ' '
tho timo we Sieak of. If all men were wha' thev
seem, what a milleni im the world Wuu!l lie !-'
fl'tira fl'if P.V -tU We.fiesSr l ist, in lh
II II ... II t.X ii r ... .. .... ... TV II-... I.. -
sflern orio. ih,.r u. ,1,:. r.Un thn severed
storm of raia and hail that has boon known for nu
ny years In a few minutes after il com nencs-l,
tho whulo surface of the earlb was dnlnged
water, an I cousid 'rabl.i dimagn has be n don f
broken land that had b vn nnw ly pli.ug'i' d. Wtnl"
Ihe storm was at its fiercest, ihe hghtnm; pel fit"
to the large framed ataiile belonging to ihe I'-isf"
Hotel, which was very soon reduced to ashes a
It sn, fttrliin.ii.. f,- t lAii.n ll.n nrnnricf't
oflhe II .to!, that the fir- occurred in the ncdst of
...I. i . . .Ill .nfSflf
sicii a ram tirwise, tlto entire esiamiu'-"
logeiher with a grater partttf the village,
tneviiihlv havn been burnt. Highland Mctsrngrr.
f 's f .r sale'
.nrlieapie"1)'. ft rar
i li'f new
r tCC and
I a't aer vicca"
JOII I. SHAVES.
Western Carolinian (Salisbury, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
April 22, 1842, edition 1
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