MX fUWLtta. WOT PELK04TCO TO TUB CHIVED tat. a . . . " . .-.-iu.-.i ..u,.i. u HE In L j.j
,-' 0"' ' " the rr. uh,b(M to TH ai, ,rj A nvK..t. B to ruu Vropi .b.- MmI. To Coasrifwio,, ArticL X.
um)er 22 ot Volume 22. j
SALISBUItY. N. CVflLVY. (, 18 i.;
Whole JWnnbcr 1,11C.
. ' S '"
. ; TF.BM OF THE ,
' "T .
CIIAS. F. FISHER,
, Ldkr mnd Proprietor,
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Lettera addreaaed to the Editor oo business trust
t ome raaa or porrAoa, or they will not be attended to.
A SKETCH OP MANTA ANNA.
The Crescent Cily gives the following aketch of
Sail Anna, the man wbo baa occupied so Urge a
space iu the Mexican and Texas conffbveray. ',
ye attended a Ball given in thou of Mexico,
in 1)8, od during tha evening were formally in
' troduced to the conqueror of Juan de Ulloa I" a
he wa then familiarly denominated. lie tVa'aiai
aboiU3ieet 10 inche in height, wiibao lutetlujent
countenance, and has, doub&as, speut bis.lewure
iour"ui deep frtidy. lie afwke with great Jhisucy
the French, b')Aub aiil Jig'wb languages, and
' nlurWiJ tttf eVCTiirig frequentry expressed Wti the
pleasure be lett in meeting au AiMtirao. " . "Jfour
couuiry aaved ute," aaid.lio (iom the group of a
dcierate gang of Tviauaf aitd fhe favora I theo
raeivtd wiU Lo KitieNuEtroo while life Bxis(attv
. lie apedt the evenin'4lb Mr.'I aclcr in a
iiitticaulilo booui lh ail )7 and an Aiueiican of)
(lie ur4 waier -. nuw young man no cxpreatea
. lua aJiuitalwo pl th'oauiencaab,snd eaid thtty
were t A only people on the eartAbo oouldauc
cefilly rcaiat tho fcucroachBieoUof Great BriUin.
You are a wtoe who tear uo Hung," aaid he,
and you cati do any ilung yod dcire. You have
' Julv to aay you util dot thing, and uia accoio-
,HiJhcdr , ,
In ike courae of cooveraation be alluded to hia
..uftat in Texa and aaiJV
ronm iu eoAtact w ith deviU 1 -1 oey compleiel; an.
r,iijilaM-tu1 a' '- teen iacommaod of tvu
luoomnid oiori, 1 believe j woalj have Lccu i cooquet
'You are tlie only oatinnr" (aid, he V that can
l.lil diC inco'io the world. ' YuTi 'do not value your
Thoabooeia a laiihuiUaccounVof an ercains
:Bttbeouiuaay. of iBaowJ, buy riujriphed
uer.'ey oUiuclo'in lii puih to gretiicat,ud
" rHt!a tiu 03rc oo tie ni.pJ4 alta,r of lame.
VKlat lie ia'icold Lloodi-d I) rout" ia moat true ;
TTit ii baa a thorough knowjetlu of Mexican char
"""nSir7 Sl'Sf BT"utol e offtrr ire tmgad- wore br poh
y than juauce. lie aiouua nu a precipice ana
' know full well that any deviation from the barla
r u cullPirf ol hia country inea will be vuiied with
miiniiwry loc'nntigii. Ilo coiiidera it hia' duly,
ihiy!oro toeoncfliato aM partsc, and ao far he li.u
u(Wtd'!l adiuimlily. Ilia future fato ia entir.lv
prullemntioal, and we aliill leave him for the pre
' i-nl,fnfra proiniae to"arvo up," by and l),u
Luuibei of tucidetlconnocttd with hia hiatory.
r... y ' " ' 'p
Diamond evt D'iamonJ. mn tho other day
out atrowd of louiitryrocn around In in and.W
tempted to " mirpriKe Uinativoa " by a few aleighta
" of hawi. ADe accompliahing feot or two, and
. winning aome bole, hft'lold one of th acJalor, a
tail, raw" looking t-llww, lliat he could! turn a nine
Knee into a d- IUrf could be furniahed with
..ne. 'Tho' ctatoff()Ut with Ma leather, and
Imu.fcd the exhibitoie niue penca, which the latter
rcadilyL apparenily, converted into, a iilver dollar
"i i,a,Ki.iir it lo the anectatot U examine. The
cuui.tr m n on iteming ihf dollar, look off hia
hat add made a low bow him exclaiming. " ell
I'll bo dunied if you baint done U" hcn put
linif iho dolUlf mto Vw pouch from which he had
he added. " but you aint a
V . L -
jjOillg tO tUm It DaCE WIO B uiik-Jh:uc, hu uu.
country man in one of Ihe Weatern Slates,
vh a load of uwal, drove ip to a lady's door,
when the following brief coversalion took place;
Ilo y oq?w ut any meal, ma'am 1"
What do you ak me for a bushol V
Ten temg. ma'am pnmo I"
M.i a d.nairin!r voice.) " Dear Lads!
you tke a bushel (SV nor king !"
"1 ttalfloJ r ' ' '
' Vv,. . '
firuujn an Infcrtnee.K man asked aiiMthor
what infor. nco litt should draw from that pnge
ill tcripiun'.aiid the wild as.ee snufled up the
. sat winds." He replied that ihe inference he
should draw would bo, that it would bo a long lima
before they would get fat upon it.
.tJrire GVufii.-Shot youreyea to the faults of
your neighbors j and on thorn very wide uhki
Valuable Recipe .I low la mule a Public
Lecturer. Take four or five encycloH'"' ,oven
diclionnrios, three or four works on philosophy,
two hist.uies of the American Revolution, togelb.
rr with St." Pierre's Kludica of Nature ; boil these
down to a jelly, and toaaon the whole wilh a Mile
of the apice of self conceit, and you will hae the
nr.Klucl. which mav lie wrapped up in a neal par
xcUaudJalsjlludJiTiiia aiduug wjih care-a popu. .
hr lccturrr." '
- AN fttlSU LETrEO.-
Dear Jim, I'm now aler writing f feUerTT"?'
Aa perhapa by tbe aame you'll bo f&Ie to aee '
And aa for ouraelvea. we are all well-if not beU.cr, '
If yoa are as well when thia firnli you Irooi me.
I send dit old rusty browa eoaf by" the bearer, ;.
For which you may mike a new one for youraelt j
ner ' moUwr"', ' ,tho aiiuU above spare
. Endows live pounds, oubenowii'e to nyaelf. '
Now lay it all out, not lor show but for use, .
Depoait the rest in some one of the bank, 1
U you don't lot me tell you, my boy, you're a goose,;
Uood eouoaol ewta nothing, to antra me yuur tlunka,
Your old blind zranJaddv hai ".it nowkUnt
rom wbicb he un have a bne view ol the iiflby :
I ve no room to requnat you would.write toyouf aunty
&) that in my next the mail' qITid a jidcy.
Death of Tom Crig'$ Uncle. I happen td know
all about Tom, geutleuicn, Irora tho circumrtanco
of his uncle by the mother's aide having been my
particular friumi. Urn (thui'i
iia (thttt'e Toms uncle') futu
waa a melancholy one. lias va tbe doath bf him.
vvnen it was nrst talked of, be 4aughed. lie
waao't uigrv ; be laughed at the credulity., iU,nan
nature. "They might as well talk," bo aaya
of laying ou an everlasting succession of glow,
worms :aud thou be Uualutd aiain. nartlv i l.ia
pte, ind pVrtiynirpoor banitiityi In' ' curw ot
uuic, uowever, ino ming goi'goyuudjhe ex peri:
meuiwee made, and they nile(rvp,lu Mall.1
I ou uncle went to see it. JlVe hoard that be loll
fl the ladder four time's that bight friif Weakness,
and that be would certainly have'uini ' Jt fallmu
(lill bo killdtt himyll, if bia luit baifl'V cd into a
e wneoiuarrow wiiicu wa gwng lMway,ud humane
t ly took bun home. ' J I lursuo iu Ihis," says Tom's
y,.otwJ taking l his bed as be spoke
lo-lf T bbsays, lho break inn un of
. - A.llkijifMiiiu. . k.. . m .... : . i .
to-tniii by daytfgbt, no more dribbling down of the
oil oo the bale and bouuets of Indies and gmitleuteo
wbcn.ooa.TiieU Jo spits,iAoy.Juw.flow n
light gas lamp. vud it's all up."! In this stale
ot miad be petitioned he govermnent for I want
a word aain, i trt lenn what da you call that
which thojTgJve the people wbou it's found but, at
' Iast,lhey''e ueveben ef any use and hare been
paid too mucbof doing Willing " Coinicnatioii!n
"suggested tbo rice. f'That'a it," aaid lU chair
Man. MCoftipensa;ioo. , They didu't fiive'if him
though, and theJe got rery foud of bw couwtry41)f bis destination, he exr-rierioced all kinds ol
an at once, ua woui aooui aoyiug ibat it was a
death blow to-bis native lani.juul it was-a plot ot
the Radicals to ruiu Ibe'couutry and dostroy tlte
oil and cotion trade for ever, and that the whales
would go and kill themtolv'ea privately, out of sheer
spite and vexation ajt not boing caught. At last bo
got right down cracked ; called bis tobacco pipe a
gasf ips. thoughtsMs toarf Vere ; xid
iiaiit rn a iin nnii- J r r -
till one uiirht be hung hi nine If on a lump-iron in
Suint Martiirs Laoe and thcrs aasan t nd of him."
A Simple AlagitcL .Davis, of Cotton, who is
y u' giyTtsTropreili'mri Tri liio United
- States, lutolv altowrd us a simple method of protfe.
emg a magnttic needle a kuowleojjii 01 wmch may
ofleo brovs esMmtislly useful ia determining direo
obtained. I no process consists in simply twiating
piece ol wire, os iron rod. Mr. Ua vi took -a
piece of the amalleat kind of uailfrod, about mi in
! cbel long, and fixed one end in a vice; twiotod the
IfiMicoiu; two or Hired nines rouiiu j ano men
balancing it. on the point of a needle the iron
being slightly bent for that purpose it readily
assumed its true magnetic position of north anil
south. Such liule discoveries tend to bring the
most useful sciences withiu t'.e reach of every ca
pacity, aud contribute largely lo the pronpntv ot
irae ni enlightened comiuuniiie. X 1". Afe
Thunder. Thiiiider.claps areheffToct of light.
Ding, which cauws a varum in that part of the
Imuapbere through which it passes ; the air rush
intf in to reatore Ihe equilibrium may cau much
of the noise that is heard in the clap. An easy,
experiment ou the air pump illustrates thia - Take
glass receiver open ai both ends, over one end
tin a piece ol sheep's bldddor, wet, and let it stand
tijl thoroughly dry. Timjo place the opuu end 011
Ihe plate of the air pump, aud exhaust the air low
ly from under it. The b adder aoon becomes
concave, owing to the presnurq of the atmospheric
air 00 il, tbe supporting air in the receiver being
partly thrown out. Carry on exliauxtion, nd the
air presses at the rate of fifteen pounds on every
square inch. The fibres of Ihe bladder being no
louger capable of bearing tho pressure ol tho at
mospherio column upon tha teceiver, are torn to
pieces, wilh a unite equal lo Ihe report of a munkei,
which ia occaviouod by the air ruxlting in to restore
the equilibrium. ImHgine a rapid aiiccewti.ui of
such experiments, on a largo scale an t you have
the peal of thundur, the rupture ol the firm bludler
being the clnp. Out the explmiion at the gas.'
oxygen and hydrogen, which will also account
fr tbo noise.
AnolJ lady hearing that Mr.
run for ihe Loginlaturo, expressed her fears that he
would be out of jalli before he got there.
Any body who is ennyincod Ihnt money is (lie
root of all evil, and ia troubled with too much ofil,
ia respectfully notified that we will chorifully take
B smalLw'0'''' w" k"'w (int rnU) p,nc8 10
nhoit if. AVu Orlwu Craeent City,, t .
The Lafayette Advertiser thus simplifies a well
known clasaical expression : 7 '
F.levaie a mendicant lo equestrian dignity snd
he will travel to the presoiico of his Satanic Ma-
ify" . ( ;
.'. ' '1 .... . 5" V- ''''."
The Lowed OnJier 4tos that a locomotive
built Bt lhat place, which weigh eleven ton, latoly
ran Ihree mile in two minutes, being at the rale
of 00 mile an honrl Tlu" reo.mda.us of a story
we nw not long since of Dutchman, who iu brag
sins aboul the speed of his race horso, said thai be
ence started him tuna mite as'"" "n,t, wh'ch
he .'jwrformed so quick tbat' when bo caruo. oil It
lucked half a minute of being ii lafci wh. tl tin
atarted, he haing beat Jhe tinm that -much I. jtlu
antagonist gavs it up. I'o'ujlikep rie Eagle.
,AlnirditU.'r-It is vurv absurd l,t oeraoii to
aupnoae, tbat in lliU"ror(d he will moot with noJ
injustice x , .. " .
It ia absurd to think .that all beautiful women
will oiakeood wives, y, -
It iaaburd to exp sct d jcency of a fool, or braina
oiEuanay, - - ,
7 . .J" . .... ' ' i I
It ia abaurd to think or passing through ife wit .! f
i nhjiiriiitifi that ilh-.,J -,:n
ut absunities, or that lobsters will uot turn red
after being boiled. ' i4 ,a. 7t
; It is absurd to boilers every slorr tllat'cna
hears. ' ''', ' ; ' ' .
It is alxtard lo expect that every well dressed
man fa a neb one. . '. -
Ji is aburd to suppose that all grat men are
Detertuv I Mtbe Uu&one. An old mm in
Verinout was i notoriomi retailtnjt tillage w wa j
and waa alwayt "aflgrv when any thins happened
wnnoui uis oaing l tie nrst lo mil on I. A snupte of
wog ira nim one .uay, aea shio joeim t you
knowJrticlsTJrti 'he ruv tanvht a Isiimius ureal
fwhaloih thi crj,, . yondi-ir f" ( wbele, by i fie
1 I J ... a a i a a . '
wy,wiio nni nave onn cmwaed into iie crerk)
"He I bare they cotctrd him !" said the old man j
1 Aeara lliey was artet bim."
A StaniLsiilhti 'ti ii,l iven m' the country
a belle atked a rustic whtftood niuh her. in a
iomiwct ring of four or fiv i defn. sazmiton a oair
waltxiiigj "Prar.aiV, .ow dtjoo liko'lhe warr
Madam," said the quaint g-nt onmn, I like the
hoggin part wry well J bqt I dim't like tfie whirlin'
round. When it comes io buggtii,'. 1 would lke
10 atana ami. . . ? --.
-tebrhrtyjratwrvilt p'teesfm to afng ihT
dousandth and two'th Dalrs,M said
as 00 gave out tne morning mm. .
u I here are not ao many m tbe book," respond
ad thefhorisTBr. " ' tt '
Veil, den, plonsUo toabig so many as tare po."
AUXiHMtrofTratflliig'K traveller writing
frnm Illiruviat Maiu thait kn i in t, al ..I
go aheaditiveness. Iu the first place, he look a
steamhuat-o lha second (he rail road the third
a mail coach jlie fourth rodu 03 horebick the
fifth weut ail njitu on kvl lo Terre Haute ami
waa finally rodoCki the viltae on a rail. He savs
be don't knowwhichr to prefer out of the sit ; out
tbTuks the. latter' methU ia unquestioiuiblv the
rvacBpeM.'Vbouga uacconiio-- -
It Won't Do.-It won't do to do a great
things in this world, for instance :
It won't do to denounce false teeth in preienco of
Kavb not bad a sound tooth iu tbeir heads lur a
quarter of a century;
It WouTito'lo' Tnulatiie s TJegisIalure'witf wmrwT
the banks to resume, whou three fourthi of thh
wsambew) ar amort -iheae wba-swll aufler 4h iwl.MjtftttMw
if Ibrcod to pay their debts iiwtanter. mindlul ol hei i od!rttf duties aud ohngatlwisiTioi
It woo t do local aoun with a two pronged fork.
or roast beef wit . a spoon, whou anxious lo din
111 great haste. 1
1 1 won t do to pull a man S none until you are
utibhvd fhat be has uot Hink eoough to reeut it
by blowing you brains out. -
Il won't do lo tii row oil runnel shirts on a warm
dav in January, in full belief that mere will bj no
more cold weather untrl another winter.
It wont do lor a lady to presume thut every
man is tn love with her who treats hr civilly.
It . won't do for a man to suppose that more
than one half llw young la hea, who tolerate his
atlentione Live any notion of marrying him.
It won't do (or a man to bump his head asaint
a atone wall, unless ho t complmely convinced lliat
his head isthe hsrJas:. Exchange Paper.
Johtton't Dictionary A frenchman, who vi
sued England, was so afraid of being at a st for
ords, that he always earned a 44 Johnson Die
tionary " about with him. One day, having sjvul
a ploasnt evening with a rery merry old gentle
man, he asked him who he was, " I km 1 iock
jobber, said hia Coiiiiniiion. ' This list word pux
xled the foriner, who couulto4 hi Julitison, and
replied, " Vat, xare, you are oen a low wretch
who gels money by hiving and selling in the
funds j" which is tho explanation given by the
jrreat colossus of literature, It ia needles o add
that the Frenchmau doncendcd tbe stairs quicker
than he came up.
Announcing yame. Have your name ch'arlv
announced, aid it w ill be prudent to take care that
the servants 111 ke 110 muuake regarding its Toe
miMhsp that, as we read, befell a cerium Mr.
I)clu(lte, in London, may artrro to illustrate the
consequences ol a waul of ckutioo in this res, eel.
From hisindiMliiici iihkIo of pronouncing In n.ioie,
i tne porter uunursioou 11 10 oe urmnoic. ana so
proclaimed it to the groom of the cliamliers, who,
ome how or other, mistook tho initial letter of his
uanie, and tho lucklnss visiter, a quiet, by, re
served young man. was actually ushered into Ihe
midt,of a crowded drawing rmni by the oimnou
aj.pttllaiion.of Mr. Ilelifoie. But - add the
legislator Jo not be too precise 111 your 1111 rue
tious, or. you may be placed In the predicament of
Lady A. and her daui'sr, wlu havi.ig boeu
annoyed by the gurrrifi of a country booby of
a servant, who would persevere in giving 111 their
names a lha Right Honorable Lady A. and the
Honorable Mws A.,' at begin they look him
serioiuly- to Uk, ami desired lhat 111 future he
would mention them as simple Lady ,f and plain
Mit A. Their astotiihien' may be conceived
when ihcy fsiud lhemilveSobiyed lothu letter
ami Devonshire house was electrified by the in
telligence lhat Simple fodg A., and Plain Min
A.f were "coming up." r t
. -u .
iVaeu?. Tho Rk'bmoud Star ays, jhar Hd
boys make. the bsl scuiuoo, because they have ..
wgr cal tunu , , , '
I- " . ,
mIisH'i'H ie un I'lfu't'i .
j . '' .' '" ' -)'-: .1.
or soirru eAstjr.J ','"
Dolfverod in Senate, Mar.h 14, liil. on tilt. Clay's
resolutions Iu relsliou to tho rovuuues and expc'iidi
. tmea ot the Uovoroioeut. 1
. ' Mr. Caliio'u said t These resolution are of a
- very mixed nd contradictory .churacier. Tliov
contain much thut I approve, end much tha
iiprove. Bud. much tlmtvj
r con Jo mm : ', 1 approve ol tlicm, in the first place,
Wn ik u. iu inl...,.;.. i .i
t Wpec M proviwons. 1 .till.
respect iia proviMons. 1 atill .more
heartily approve of them becauiM they assert that
po duty ought to be laid but for rovfcnue, aud no
r"iqpue raised but what maybe nt cc Wry for the
fonorhlcal administration of tbe Government, ,
and, by consefiueuce. abaiiltton tbo protective noli
cy, I very docidedly appspve oT.tli'e preference
which ihsy give lo ihe ad va!uam, over specific
duties, and tbo elfucUve argumctil of tie Souatyr,
(Mr. Cl'iv,) in support of Ihatiireforouce. And,
Jinully, I approve ot the principle that Ihe Govern
meut ought not to re y" ou loant.or Treasury notes,
as a partof their ways 011J means in Viurt ofpw.ee,
except tu meet temporary lltficil. j , ,
il .ving approved of to 4iiufcri, it 1 may' be asked,
a fir what do lceofdumn theiitl, I do i, for this;
lliat tkey'do a A propose 1 ie carry but in practice,
what they profuse iu principle t thai while they
profess to respect the tonipronnto act, they viulsto
it in every essential particular but one, the ad va
lorem principlrt, and even that I Sext it 1 intomhid
. to set aside by tbe juggle of homo valuation. If
"there be any part of that act more sacred than
another, it u tbat whicB provides that there ahull
bs 00 duty i.np weJ alter Ihe 30th of Juue oext,
except for revenue, and no revenue raised, but
.what ..ay be nectMary to tho economical admiuis
, tr .tiou of the Government. It wa tor that, 'the
act was pn-eted, and, without which, it would uot
have exyrted. , It that was uot apparent ou the C.ce
..of Jhe. iti ..luell, J.ljKJ csues whiciv led to its adop
tion, would clearly prove 'it. It is su(ucient,m this
c.MtinTti m, to remind The Senate that the object "of
the aet wa to terminate tho controversy between
the Slate of 3 tuih "arolin i and this Government,
growing oufof the Tatifl of 1 The object, ol
th Sut,'as far a l was tiUividually coiicernedj
was twofold, to pm down Ihe protective policy,
and to protect herself against high duties, ev oior
revenue, when it Could be avoided by due regard
10 economy. To secure tho former, the provision
was inserted that no duty should be laid but for
revenue ; and tho latter, that no revenue should be
raised but what waa necessary, lor the economical
'lininitratim.uf the Government. Wuhot these
provision I, at her repieentative ou this floor,
w.iold never havo given my ssserltp the act ; and,
if 1 ha i, me 8ate would never have acquiesced in
-1- 1 --,.-,.$. --.' 1 1 as V saifaaji ayilh
these important provHiutu, rneTnutnanir,
lo the comproiniso.
Beside Ihesii, there wss amxhsr object in which
the whole Union was deeply cuncerued, which in-
Hue need her 111 the alep she theu look ; and that
ot aA accumulation of a large surplus' reveuue' Tiit
.1 -n a. r . .- , 1 .
ino 1 misury anerxne paymcmi or in a pooiro ucm. 1
Union in which her lot is cast, against an uucon
did she permit her fi elilv to the Union and the
Government . lo 18 unpaired iu her resistanctTlo
1 oppression. She had the sayicityjn ef.or) iu
advance iKie Corrupling and uaiigerous consequen
cesot .a Urge and pennsnenf aurplu, of which
experience has since given such calamitous evi
dence ; and his the' inert ol taking ihe most intra
prd aland against it, while others were unheeding
or mdillereiii to sohsequeuces. To guard agamt
this danger, every article imported that did. no)
come in conflict wirn ihe protective policy, was
made, by the compromise act, duly Ire 10 the 31Mb
of June oext, which, in trie aggregate, equalled in
value those on which the duties were retained
that is, one half the duties were forthwith repealed;
but to prevent Ihe wsic-ility ol abuse, and haguard
in the most eflecmal maimer, tho two leading pro
vision of tbe act, it was expressly provided that,
after Wat time, all articles of import, except a
small Iml contained in the Olh section, should be j
ubject lo duiy, and lhat no duty vhuuld thereafter 1
exceed U per cunt, ad valorem. Tne intent 10a ol
tho tanner provision, was lo prt-veui the enlarge
meut of the Ircr hat, aud thereby raising the duties
proportionally htaher ou the dutied articles! and of
the latter, lliat under uo pretext whatever, lor pro
lection "r reieuue, ahould duties bo raised above 20
per cent, which Mas regarded as the extreme lim
it to w ich ih'-y ought ever lo be carried for rev
euue. Tbesu were the guard on which 1 relied to
preul a return to .the protective policy, or the
tailing of the revenue beyond whut toe uoceasary
and economical want of the government might
require, and which, if the should be respected,
wul prove all sutlicitut fur the purpose.
Having secured ihee essential poiuts, as far as
the Siate and the I' 11 1011 at large were concerned,,
the next oltjnct was ao to reduce the duties 00 the
protectfd articles, as lo prevem any shock lo the
iiiaiiufiiciariiig internals. The State wsged uo '
war against them. Her opposition waa lo the un-1 thousind dollats which can mean nothing but
coiiaiituttonul and oppressive mean by which it contingent, unforeseen expenditures, and for the
wis sought to promote llieui at tho exjicnse of the debt, two million of dolUra, making in the aggro
other great inleresis ol the coiiinuuity. She wish I gae twenty lour million of dollars. To this ho
el 1 ho maiiul'aciurer's we I; and iu proposing to 1 proposes lo sdd lo niillt.sis m re annually, as a
bring dou the duties gradually, through a slow iervtd fund lo meet contingencies, to which 1
priceas of many years, to the revenue piol, I but j object, 011 the ground tlml tbe objnet is already
fiiithfullv represented her feelings. .My first prop 1 provided for by tho one mil' ion five hundred Thou
ositiou was to silo seven years, and lo take one 1 Mud dollars for opprojriatim not included in tho
seventh annually oil, but, liuully, I acquiesced 111 ! lAcnty millions live hundred Ihoussud. There"
extending ihe time two year more, and to reduce ; can be no demand on tno Tteamiry but through
the dutws as provided for by Ihe act. So far from ' appropriations, and there can bo no meaning
being an opponent to mamilucturing muustry, there
is nut una within tho reach of mxffoice, who puts
a higher csiimato on these arts, mechanical
and chemical, by which mutter is subject to the
. dominion of mind. I rega(d them as the very
basis of civilisation, and the principul means de
signed hy Piovitlenco for the future prngrc and
improvement uf our race. They will be found u
pirtgres-to react on ihe moral and political world,
ami thereby producing greater and ouire salutary
O'miiges m both, Hum nil other cause combined.'
Suh are the leading objects of I ho coiiipromiivn
. act. , Il in admitted ou all hamfs, that tlii provi
tons, tu favor of tbo maiiufaicturitig interest hnv j
been faithfully observed 00 our part. Wn hxvo
p.ihcntly waited the nine years of alow reductior.,
sod risntcd every at'.empt to u.ake changes agatnt
the uianul'acturiiig uitnnutt, even whtm they would
have operated iti Aus favor, and for which we havo
received tho thanks ot those who represented it on
tbiiffloorM And now, when ihe liino ha arrived
whon,a ia our turn to enjoy its bomfits, they who
calleJ-Cn us lo adlive lo the act, when Ihe interesla
of Ilia miiuifa-iurers' were at stake, and commend.
edua for our fidelity to, the rompromiso, turn round,
when il suits their interest, aud coolly andjpetily.
violate every pr,visiou in onr f.ivof, with the smglo
except iou already noticed, Ig I ball procdod to
show.. ; .v.'v-, j'-.- - "- ;"
For that purpese it will bo tiocessary to gobjek
to tbe extraordinary aesaion. (or then tha violation
cominoijced. Going; then back, and passing over
trie minor poiuts, I Charge upon, tha Senator end
his friends, ia the first place a' palpable infraction
of the compromise, in raUing the duties witUoot
making Ihe least ellbrt to' reJuce the expaoditures
of Uie (Government, lo wjial vmt nr.cessary Jo its
economical administration. The act'ia positive,
that no more revenue should be raisod thau what
adiiiiuist ration might require t a provision just aa
esHti'utiat as that which requires that no duty should
be imjiosed eWl for revenue. Acting, than, In tbo
spirit oflhe oO'he first step towards a revision of
tbe duties should have-been te swcertairJ,, what
amount of revenue would be required (or the ecu. '
nomical dnunistratiou of the Government. .Waa
thai tlhne t Nothing like il bat U10 very reverse.
Not an eftgrt was made to ascertain what the
wants of the Treasurycquired; not one lo reduce
the expenditures, although the Senator and bis -,
party had come in ou a solemn -pledge tonake
great reduction. 'Instead of thai, every effort was
mado fo increase the expenditures and add to tho
loans, fvrgntful alike of the compromise and pledg.
ei to Ihe people, and at tho same time; tu 1 educe
the revenue by giving away tho income from the
r lands, with tbe iuteotiouol increasing the duties oa
the imports. . : :
;-TBe iiexr cbarg I makaii a creat enlaraement .
of-lhe liMt of free articles by the act increasing tiio
duties passed ai tjie'laal session, in direct violation
of the fifth section of, the cotnprornite act.' . For.
seeing that, the protective system might agsin bo
renewed, and high duties imposod.'siuipry by ex
tending the lint of ree articles, and throwing- tho
whole burden o( aupporiing the Uoveru Mnt pq
the articlea aolecte'ij. for prutectitm, that section
enumsrates a abort liat f articles which sh'ttJld bo "
duty free alter the 3Jthaf Juue next, aud provided
that all which were not euqmerttodajiouii be sub
juct to duties alter that-poriod, in ordJT lo guard .'
against sucn abuses, in tu lace or Una pruvirion,
the act allude to iticreaaea'the lial of free article
timmfblJ, taking tljei ammint stated hy the Senator,
as cmbjiued m that list to be chrmct. -
Isuch wefe the infractions of tho act during thiit
- - r "-' t . ' wi-'1 " , a"1
tious to give the Suiiming blow by raisingtfce' do l
ties on au average, to thirty per centum, ori. alf
article not made free, in express violation of the
main provision hi the compromise, Hint no duty
shouli bw laidssbove UO was seel aAar tha 0ih ut
June next. Tbe Senator admita this te be en kr
1 1 1 i 1 . ai : I ...
frsetiott,' but pleatbiireceasity. Now, ir," t admif,""
s 1 ' - - - - - 111 a
11 iuu&o us inuoca a nacc4iy 11, alter reducing
the exponditurea( the Government lo it just and
economical wants, end the tut of free articles to
tfittt fi'iorttlr'd'fbfm the exVw4 rehmmg-tme
venuo for the lands to Ihe Treasury, there ahould
be a di lie it, which could not be utef, without, g
1111? bbvond the SO iwr cnt. a ea to would be nuii
that would juetily iu - Bat I utterly deny, iu the
iirvi pi.ice, inai u an naa ueea aooe mat uugni lo
have been, there would be any such necessity, and
in the oext, tho right to plead a oecesuty ol bis
own creating. I go farther, tyid call op him to
eipluiu how be can, in fsirne and tionor, after
what occurred at'the exlranrdinary acaion, pro.
pose, as he ha in these Uoaolulioti, to repeal tbe
proviaion'in ihe distribution act which make it
void if the duties ahould be rtuted above 20 per
cent. It is well known 10 all, lhat M could not
have pasted without the iusertion of that provi.
ion, and lhat on it passage depen led. that of ihe
bankrupt bill. , Now I ask him how, after having
secured the passage of two such miportof t me.
sure, can he reconcile it with what ia fair er
honorable, to tym round and propose to repeal the
very provision by which their ptssage wa ef.
fcclod ? .
But the Senator demos that the necessity is of
his creating, and iiuisi that if ihe revenue from
1 'ho land were restored, rigid ecooo'my enforced.
ana an me provision or me compromise respected,
there would not bo sufficient income lo meet the
necessary and economical waula of Ihe Govern
meut. I take itue with him on tho fact, and
shall uow proceed to show, lhat even on bis own
data, there would be amplo revenue ailhrut rais.
tug the duties above SO per rent.
According to the estimate of the Senator, the
whole amount of appropriation excluding public
debt, required for tho eurvtce id the year, perma
nent and current, under the various beads of civil
list and miscellaneous, army and navy in all their
branches, is twenty millions five hundred thousand
dollars. To which he adds I. other annronrhi.
tious, not included iu these, one million five hundivd
aitachod lo contingent appropriations, but such
unforeseen exteiMhiures s are not usually included
under tho various headset civil list, miscellaneous,
army and navy. Tbe Senator ha clearly attempt
ed to make a distinction that does not exist, aud iu
consequence made a double provision for Ihe ssme
object. Of tha two, I lake the less sum, a I
regard il ample aa a permaneut contingent fund,
which will moke hia estimate for tho year, thu
corrected, to be twenty-four millions of dollars a
sum surely amply large.
Let us now turn tu ihe way and means to meet
iTiiargo "iloiiiaii I on the Treasury. The first
itenj is the revenue from the 1 ind, which ought tj
, . 1
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.wi a11.11 ngiunii .miiX.iiiii'ffJ
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