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rB, row... ,OT PEHOATED TO THE ,n . STATES .V THI CQ ,.T,TPTIO? ,oi ,o,,.,T.li .T IT TO TBI ... m.W TO THE III V E' UP E t'TI VpTLY, O. TO?7rt 1." Corio., irfWc il
Number $15, ot Volume 22. '
SALISBURY, N. C, MAY 87, 1842.;
Whole Number 1,119.
TEBX OF TBI
X II A 8F. FISHER,-
EdUofnd Proprietor; ; '
f The Wwth CaeoliU!I is published crjr irufey
Morning, Vftt per aonam in adveare-or fW) jf
- .. ..-., .1. ! ., .:rf I
paid I0UMH Inree btohi-owctwiih i wmi nrw
' i'v $echrl$3. JNo papr will be discontinued
- except it tbe Editor's discretion, until til arrearage!
' ire piidi " ll ueapnoer u worm me suoscnpuuu
ind Un failure to notify the Editor, of i Irish to ducon
-Xinui, it least one Moirn before the end of Uie year
wbsenbed for, will be considered new engagement.
fgj" jLdwUttmenti conspicuously ind correctly in-
Verted it ftlper soaro--of SlOfBWjOt jtlesw lines
Oj till fliau ijyvfiuw wv ur urn f uou,ajHi wuu
U eeh wntmaiBCeCoort lod Jwliciil 'adrertie
" eAenU 23' pet ceaU higher than tie above rates.- A de-
'duttioiof JW pf cent from the regular pticca will
'be madejo yearly .advertisers, fcj" AdK-rtiserncnts
eat in fir publication, niust be marked with the oum-
' bcr of jfUnittone dosired, or thfljrwill be eontiauec till
-. f jrbid, ui Charged iccdrdiiigly. ' ' . -Vrjk ,
- Jjsttcra addressed la the Editor on business must
com rat or rnTcB,'or itry vt'M trot attended to.
.1 . ' II I I ., ' t . ,, s
. cuiuoCs .MEDICAL WABFaRE. ' .
. .4V"" ' WEST TTCB. '
A se tried In Hi jiiticee' eomt it Ihf i
lom, ew Voik, on tho 1 flk iastsnt, which i too
' mtrreKihfr to paic unnottrtsJ. I twinn (hat Har
lent haa to'pnyteiani,Ir. Mulncr and Dr. Iclme,
who, of ormrse, lofe eieh other fieectiitrgljf. Dr.
Holme, hiving recently eiublialicd himself llmre,
tu reglrtled. by th ottief bi treepiiajng upon jiie
manor, ocM)r. Mulncr had th'ercfure lout i(b op.
rortunitjr of rpeabing in termi not the most flatter
iiijjfof hie brwinr iu fihysic r Amonj ether Jhfng
he had raid lint Dr. II. wat not regular phyaiciun
1 and coulJ not colLwl hii bill by law. Thia iuit
was brought by Dr. H. to prove that he ooulJ ;' for
' it a eema tint Mulncr hid nee kstie d him to con
ulmtmo fof lh purpoei' ttt quizzing and abuwnjj
iiim. Jltgb worda pas?cd between Ihern on the
ijot, and Holme preaented hii bill of t5 aa Lie
consultation fee, and daman icd'piyiuent, wukh u
relueed. Each party waa hii own counsel. '
Dr J. 8. Oilman a phyeiciad l ttilaeity, wa
fra summoned at a witness, lie teetitied to the
. authenticity of the diploma 'and other documents
preeenied by nr. u ninr, ana in answer io a rpea
' tton by Dr. Muhier, said that ha had known aeve.
tnl ceM in wUkb on ptiyaicrao had charged an-
liiVnuinJ-! ottce knew
iVa iiiall triwB in Mawj.cliu tt. AntitTawtivsi
t)nn had fif -severil Vftr Iteen brow .ta'ifig.a
no andtiolfa cnnHilTSliOn at1herlir.tfsa7if one
tS fci reiehbors. The young physician arrived j
,.j it fJdtr on'' p iiit"d to a hre dog which was
tt,e tail of that ilog curl roost beautifully over hi
Vick form'Pg arperrect -eircle. row, l want you
11 atraigmcn mm uiijrun, nw v
rflo4(Hyrl,Ui give yoAj.areda.lbr fflw
normal knowledge than I now believe you poaness.'
The yraiog'physicia.ri at once took out his instru
merfls, aecurod the-dog, cut and gained hia fail,
and placed it between aplintcra and bandages, and
lofi the house. The next d:iy li called, and fiuiiJ
ilia bandage had been removed, but he immeJr
tt'ejy replaced tliem.. He eolM 8 socceaaive d.is.
ith fie same result. O.i the Oiu day, he found
,pw calling, that the d.ig.wa nol at home ; to
Hkinjt it for gtanteu liininisinii naa Dvansiraigni.
i.t. ha diaciiouiiucd hia iita, and presented h:i
(ill L U0. a risiUj lo th senfor.poysicMie.
l.....i M-fivd and R suit brotiflit. I lie
ra watM 4ne tewoyrcCMlhVtiiU pernio
1, upon 'Consultiag legal- counsel, ascertained
he waa Italia for tue debt, and he paid the f DO
m lrJ mrmm belore th ca came to Iriah
j Rdrs of lauglitcr by tha whfflf ludicnce, 111 which
tlio Judrt waaobligwltojoin. ' H
Dr. Mu'nerTliat cac, sir. however funny you
...w rnnrAll'lt it. 1 ROt 10 th point. '
Dr. Oatmarc-I 1 emnnbcf caw which
imy be considered pirihol to lri now on .trii .
Dr. MuW.Uelute it, air. "
n, natmnn.-.A learned nnd talented nVy-wetmi
hxicdintSathwninNew Uampahire and ntljlie
ndcVid)raician al once j iiocd in common war
again raroJVy tried every plan to bring him
into disrepute, Md finally invited him to deliver be-f-irrthera
a course oriectoreeon anatomy, inf jrtuk
him al the same limo that they Imd a tuhject r.-n iy
for Um. Ha complied Willi -their rcqrnt, anu o
t .ed.ty fiamod he appeared in their lecture room..
Jleliiumi in uwwtiii'g c -i
aumrt covered cf. with M-liite mualm. O.i re
Iiui bail frog. The lecturer cxhiuiteil no signs ni
urnrie.lut alter gravely examining tin. suiiect,
" hoprodoce4hifa!pMj and comniencodulisai'ciing
it. '" Hi commenced a Umtiirii upon r Jwwrorfrr
osulomef and - soon coiivinccd his auditors that
they had woke tlio wrong p4siigi:r. j
beeamo charmed with the adittirohlo manner in
which he handled -ht auhjec', aad when, afier
spiking nearly nn liuiir, J10 announced thnt his
r't lewure on tho nine subject wocld lake .place
mi thi knowing evening, ho was greeted with
1-pplp.inc. lie duliveJ five lectures", with honor
i,;m...ir ! .ilisriirtiort to hia hcarera. Then
rjmeiho aequel." a presented hi bill ?l5earh,
ec;imsi all who ii.vned him lo lecture, tvforo
tin -in. "They would not .pay, end fur sued them.
TmiMauso w tried, nndMho irt owiudcd hun j
liianmoiinrof his cliiiut "
1'he Jildgf, in the present ense, took iw.t or
three diyato cmWi.ler.nndlhctnendered a verdict
of $3 and -emu, in alll for platntifl. Il.irei.fier
Dr. Muliier wiH pYohally counf tho cot lf-ire ho
uMvni.(TticaLjtk.tJJHpii lit iirouior. pnyi
emus. . .
Calbogt lirmi A' writer in tho Southern
Cultivator says,', ho had. a square of yery line
cabbage In hi garden, upou which the worm Imd
.;-4Biiu ow,sr, u joul , ceM.ry is, to rob the pafterrt" tio-e- wett with . that rarriou- gonseV-whrt-h was. mi,T fcf.Jay
'- - 3 I tinntr. 'and tha rin-nlaflnn uUAl(..4.rrM 7n a trm I rbldA nr'TI. la a. )ard for hn hoft(iie(HHj to all
commenced great raragei., Pennyroyal wngath
ered aud acattered over the iwbtuge heads plenti
fully, and tho work of destruction ceased." The
writer did not know whether the discovery- was a
new one, but it sooms to have been a very eay
and eUTiCtual one, and well worth a triaU ,14.
Cultivator. ' . '. v , x f fc
i.t 'V-TIIE PICTURE OF THE DEAD,
i .tTaTwted H im Amedott in Catiin't Twels,
I . -A Chief from hia diatant fcVest cama"-. '.. ,v
f ii?-Ta the pale one's lonely tent;' '" -j? 4 f.:,:.
- And he bore such gifts as well might loom t t
By an Indian monarch seat. : .. " . , ..
' AnJ Bright way the aun on thy 4rolltp'g iojne.l
a id the warrior of tbe wild, , . ; . ; -.
O atranger, the pifts which 1 bnr are thiitf1 '
. " ' M gieq mo back my child.ji,t..
J My cllild, who pasecd to iho pirit,1anj ! '
" " -la th sunrise of her Jears ; . - k ' " y
; 1 have looked Iff Iwr in Our woodland bftnd K. "
" Till mine eyes grew dim with team;, ; l i
. But her alwulow bright, bf lliy pencil traeeil,; X. t
Hlillfweet in my dwelling united,
AwlUie hearth she lull ia nut yet laid waste t
,m 1 rr mm " 0,clt ni h4-
f I laid her low In the place of rravea,
r VVbeTe the ever ailentaleptj - ---- - -t
And summer' grata in , greenoesa waves
Where u Indiin warrtur went . '
'.jI Dr'g''t wm our atari though it early acC
-TAnd-we Utiu lustre mild: . .
f But aha live in her changeless beauty yet
j Tboti baMgiven-rae back aiy'cbild.' "
. jt' Ani "J whon oar yourtg,, who loved ber well,
; Like the pmea giow old-and hr, ' '
Will her youth still last 5 as theirs that dwelt ,
Where the Winter comes no more t ' '
When the early loved of her heart ia low,
Will aha mile aa she ever smiled !
O, sate from the withering hand of woe, t
Haul thou given me back my child 1
lt ifia well with those of thy eaatern land,
4" ': Though tlieir loved onea may depart, '" r.
Tbe magic power of tbe painter's hand
' Can restore them to the heart. . .
- O, king may the light of their praawiee-teyV'fA
- iiwn im uui iny gneia Doguuea ,
And blessings brigbUo tiiy Iwmeward way, . '
: Who Ust givea rue back my child. -. :
Cvricut Ciriiy.iThe FuTolanl)darxdyiit'il
tbticw w- nuui a spiriicu ana cxceeamgiy mteiw
Ing Jt-uWif . ftlj rf !iwiajaWua.fII
cufioaa accues take ptaccUv.tu iroet of St.lVfT
tersburg on a c6ld day.' I ' -
Whea 1h noao freezer, rho' lufTtfref is wholly
unconscious of a Ctci, which to al who see htrn"u
made apparent by the cha ky whitt'weaof that im
Dortant antwnJaire to the human face divine. Na
ture for soeli occaJHooi haapTvfle4 ri profuee
tit liM, thcrernrercpm to belcunsidored an
laKit. ! .-u .f tfl Oolsssa.. I
.jgijUjr,, imaikig that his nebhlmrs will keep n
ghbbr, trustiog that his ncihhors will keep nit
eye upon hinnrejurn. If you meet t men and see
thai hia nose ia turning whitf, courtcsv requires
tlrafyotr should- ifrinxMatj4y-t4ik iiimdtul o
rtowj and rub his face aa briskly as. you can, till
the rosy blush xctunu .. ,
botnotimesyou may soe two Iiainna on meet-
. others faces for dear hiu. A newly impcrtw V.ng
liatirmn hn nccaairmidly vbcn known to resent
rather roughly souacereraoiii'ius ;in act of kindnert
fl lire nfttiiy ojwwhich ho ha not boti aware, but
. the" twaU is one with which the flrangr 4Hldom
remains I.Hjg unacquainted. The eyes also are liable
to be idcourenienced by the sever cold. Icicles
firm about th ey-lahcs and gradually become
largo enough to prevent tiio twlfcror from seeing
with any comfort to huniel!'. In such cases it n
. coiMidered allowable to cuter the lint inr.ro at
hanl, anJddroaud permission to thaw oneielf, lo i-
-in h tmr of gratitnlvoii the hospitable Hr, in
- tckrrowledgemijrK of tha favor received..
The Little Kine.U is siid that tho litlb rascal
destined to rule the CritUh ItoaMera of liberty, was,
. like Dickon, their former master, horn with teeth.
The oilier diy, when his ditninutivo highness was
diituj Mrs. Ilrouli the honor of receiving from her
hi customsry nourishment, or, topi!t more cor-'
rectly, a th"? event a hi, of taking a noonday
nipper, Mrs. It. uttered a sharp cry of pain. ,
" What's the matter with the baby 1'' sereamcd
htth iiceu Vic, who. .waa superintending tho
operation with truly maternal solicitude. f v .
- '"Oh ludlyour-mnjesiy, I got n bin"f '
"Ilj'il'cm in th'ju, ami take' cm off?'1 says
latin Vie, oho is n bit of a wa. " .
. "Oh my ryj." -smvs-I Mrs. Urouj;L " the liulo
ri-c -l brit beauty ! as S liiksur iys,
The heir bites shrewdly it is a nipping and
a liefer heir
lie ye sure you quote it correct ? ' inquired.
Yf.. TB.)f mHMnlv ; Shikspur is niv vriilnrsi."i
' . ..... I ! ... I
t !..... .l.iar 'iiiln nronnus : I hone hn '.lili't 'url'
- --'I 1 ---,--
U little tnntiea," cried rbo found mother rrirding
lh royal infant tenderly, hut keeping at a respeo
''Urt'ti teeth I ehe'ain'l got no bezzum to
rf.nl Tor any otlier body's bntum!" wus Mr.
Hrough'saside-hor auilib'o ejaculation was,.
" Keenly httle hiuf.mtl swoct priuco ol Wh iles
lho'ex-.iet hinmga of 'i-i ''ighiws, priuco llilh
hut." , ,
Tha iiiicn lf Whalrs allowed n dctermiiiaUon
X3 blubber, ami spouted.' "Lonhn &'irim?.
A Misstssippion was ako.l it tho pco;lo of that
Bute encuumaed Ico-tolalnun; Ho- irjdtod, 0
niut 'xnrdy too lotullors, though wo go ? fortem
puniiicu in a' ."
v.i H..7 Tha -Editor of tho Conerlin (La.)
it t t '
Intuiligencor, thu warn ill river setilcrs ol their
Midi or rathof ixit-ttution: '
Prepare ytmrselvea, bail your flat boat, cork
vnnr Skill. Unld vour rafts, to your house to the
iM-nrest lreoiP" UP 1mt children's diids and your
household ttains, l'r taking a general fl-tat.
Sink or awiTrt,liV9 or dio, euryiv or, perish,
" j 1st 3 v" choaw; bul ho eisurod things putou
. v 1 i i . - . i . . ' . l . A . ta k
,. -m i -eewipMwusj t.ie ommw. -emi mnmn reqieay. i "-7 if" r T . ' -V .' ' L
a case whiV?)reirred n.:,,r. If il.ia i. nnt A.w .i. nn laiiovt sick tmtini.Ph.itaiklomla American
rather a threatening aopocU Wo intend to ker-p
all our exchanges and make a raft they are light
enough to keep ua afloat. . i i !. y ,
.'"If " "f j -w""".- -
Epitaph. The American publishes the" billow,
ing curious specimon of snpulchral lilcralurO, co.
pied from an old Scotch totpliatono : . ;
Here lie the body of Alexander! McPbsrson, ' V "
f Who waa a very extraordinary peraoo !
, He waa two yards high aa hbitockinff feet, -..
And kept his accoutrements very clean and neat :
v lie waa slew,, ''t , r & '"'
i At tho battle cfVVaterlnof
t 'llewaaahotby abuirer, . '
' Plump through tin gullets Al v
it want in U bn throat, " , " " r f -i
, AaV arn at tttt 6ck ofkUnnll :
jrfaf froin7"tliu Ismct" f Connecticut nfthe
seventeenth, ventury. . ,
r--- , ,.Y , : TOBAGK0, :
hrasmucb as it is observed, that many abuses are
crept in, and committed, by fretjueut Inking of
J-tobaeko. 1 'r - ,' x; -
Jt i$ Ordered fAe authority 0f tfiit Courte,
That no person under the ago of twenty one years,
nor any other, that hath nol already aceuatonied
himsell'a to the use thereof, shall 1ak any tobacko,
uuUll hee hath brought a cortitioute under the
hiindt of some who are approved for knowledge
nnd skill io phisicft, that it is useful for him, and
allso tliRt hee hath received a lyienso from the
courte, for the samo. And ltr the regulating of
those, who either by their former taking it, have,
to wire owne apprehensions, Trmdo it iiceea-ry
to tbom, or uppon due advice, are rau(kd to the
useineraot. - -
It it ordered. That no man within this colon ve.
afier the publication hefcol, shall take any tob ko
publinuely.'inllieetroett, highwayea or any Larue
ynrds, or uppon training dayes, in any opto places,
under the ponaliy of six pence for each oflence
against thia ordi-r, 1. any ibe particulars thereof,
to oee paid wiiliout gamejiying, uppon conviction
hy. Jhe. testimony of one w itnese, tliatla without
just exception, before any magiairator" And the
constables in the several! townee, are required to
maae nresonitrtcm to each particular courte. ,.f
eoch as they 4oe understand, and cao evict to U e
transgressors ofthiaordeh ,.
. t Thi Tender Faum and Hard JledT.gai.
N u ' ' . " L
Hfa related in a Vor tfart3 V:i
hkviftg beetr iilloj. byf tia! object ofaj 'Iflcction,
was, advised to eat hard boiled egs aa aa antf.bfW
to ht Rrtof anci nmrtincatioo. . 1 he e;a ettea to
a c&rwK,4'faeyiJayato Iraavy npnn hia 'atatnach
tliat he fofait Ufa weight itoM,hip W This
I treatment rma rti. aaalnraif rtvWacal. prnctien
raiiaM tl. .r' rtr4MlTfcirrM ifc ir-n tjihwi, iwl.'
. tja a ir-wu.mmm . T f 4
upon ,ue p4irt,an cun :
upon the Paixhan gun
The Paixhao gun differs from a common 44, in
havuig-a very widtt-chamberr the imtiU is alo
very iliidt 4lui.Lamhflf Jflie bars a.uke miJ.
.i .iJ'i.... ,k. l.. ..r At 1..- I
hot this depends of course ipon the aico i1 tho
ball, riie hollow shot iange 61 to 120 pomiU,t
nro'whTcTi luiterytau III ItWt'powuVtrVroTkxeTt
s iry. A pounJ of powder is placed inside of tho
ball, a luto-is, attached, wjiich will burn about
ten. seconds the ball is llien placed in the' gun
with Iho fune turned from the powder. When it
is fired, tho fltmas enveloping the ball weH -fire-to
the fuse, which is intended to- explode th bait, af1
tcr it is buried in the object. Of th devastating
elkcu of these missiles every one has hoard. -
"Ex-jar me, sir, if you please, mother thinks
you are too young ton gallant,
' Please, Miss, inform your mother that I think
myself quite old enough to attend any person not
yet out of their pantalctts; and, if you wish lo bo
nry communicative, you can further ay to your
mother that I have, hoard it more than intimated
that ladies only wore that article to conceal the
bole in their Blockings." . .
" Very possibly, sir, you irny have heard all that
from wine jilted love-tick' swain or crusty old
baclielor with whom n lady woulJ associate ; but '
I have heard it slrirmed that gentlem n (11 such 1 j
may term thoni) only ware loog hair in i nitatinn I
of ladies' poodles, or to conceal the p'jeo where !
their ears had b'euri cropped c!l" , !
" (toitd evening, Mis."
" Good bye, fir." j
Snuff takers d.fcr from ill the rest of tho world,
because they luru up their iiojms at what they most
f)i the Safe Side. U'hile the riots bet worn the
l Americans and Irish were going on in the Sixth
waru, some wag cliati.cti on too uoor 01 a nnu-e ot
loublftil cfiariietcr in Orattgo rrcet thu imtice
Dou'l vote any way,
Haven't got any religion,
And wasn't born any where.
If this was not a safe protection for sTicff hi?
oociiision, wo hardly know what would be. lAfc
IVJt Aurora. '
The bto professor l'orson having once exaspe
rated 11 disputant by the dryness ef his suicnsm, the
, lu-iiiinnt nnnniicnt i tins addressed 111111 : Mr. l or-
son, I be2 IcaVo to tell you, sir, that my op nioii of
u.iii iu mr i-i-ii roi iimniio e. -s r. renuea
1 ; j 1 . . - r ; ;
1 l orion, " l never knew a opiutoo 01 yours wmua
1 was not contemptible." , . .. .'J t (
i'ho best way to silnuco'a talkative person i
never interrupt him. D ti,Jt "utl the candle, aiid
it will go out itself. J - .
V '- .
'I Kink ofit Immniiog bird nnco met a but
lerllv. and being pleaded with the beauty of its
person ami the glory 01 na wings, uuau mi oner 01
perpetual friendship. J J V '
1 cannot IhliiK 01 n, "" m rqpiy, -usjou
onco spumed at me, anicallod rqe a stupid dolt."
illtrip?jibl?l" exclaimed the hdmming.bird
M I always entertained tho highest rcefirct for such
; beautiful creatures a you." 1
"Perhaps you do now," said the other; M but
whon you insulted rue, 1 was a caltorpillar H
Ttel mo give you this piece of advice 1 nuvor insult
the humble,' as they may mm day become your
auperiors. - ' ' .4 ' .
' ; 1, CORRESPONDENCE; .
Letter received by th Committee of Invitation
t for the Democ ratio State Convention, held at
. Salisbury tha 20th of May, 1842. V F :i "
: Washwotox, 1st of May, 1312.
, GeaTLEXEX! If my public dutio would permit,
it would alord me pleasure to accept the iuvitntioa
which you Iraye tendered nie in beliAlfnl (beDem
ocratic Convention, to attend their adjourned meet.
ing, to be convened at Sulisbury on the iQilt iimU ;
but as they do out, 1 am compelled lo decline ac
, ceptirtg. . .
. Vnu do not mistake, io considering the present
as a M gloomy criaia " in our a flairs. Never befure
has the Uovernmupl been surrycnrled by so many
and such formidable 'difficult!', both, within and
without. I ahail pass over the latter, without no
- lice, aa they are now the subject of ocgutialiun,
which, I niuverely hopo, may terminate in an lion,
orable end satisfactory adjustment of all difficulties
between the two countries, and limit my notice of
the fom er to a few brief remarks. . ;
On taking a survey of our internal aflair, it will
be found, thut instead of the promised reform,'
things have beeo growing woroi daily ever aince
those, who now have the control, succeeded lb
power ; the revenue decreasing and the experuli.
lure increasing ; new loan contracting and public
, credit decaying ; borrowing on usurious terms and
squandering with wasteful extravagance, followed
by a rapidly increasing public debt, :o a period of
peace, Unit threatens in a lew years to equal the
debt of the Revolution ; and all this without one
cnaiblo manly tflort to arreat tho downward courte
of the Government. So larfrom that, tho present
- critical cotiilition of our afljirs is not only regarded
with comp acency by a portion of those who have
the control, but has buen bctught about intention
illy, a ittdispausablo towards ncoimplisliing tlift
long cherished oi'kcts of the ptrty ; a Pioteetive
Tariff And a,. National-Bank. ;'Thureiii lies' the
. danger ttf A crifc'uu. The- real cause of abprehea.
cu mucu inai toe revi
trA t- M-mOtorM tncrwaea
mum w uwt u iiiuuu inai i iw revenue naa uecrcaaau,
. . 1. .t.-. .L J
I thft t h"svy debt
agt aslhal my Wr liWxllril;1or
Je ignedljr bt a pawarrul artyiiiv pcawe"siMr fi
power, as means to an end, and under aucli cip.
comstaoce'a a ev ince a Hxed detariniuatioi) to aa
compliah theif object, be the consequence to the
country and its institution what iu may. That
!Tc1iansutTt rcsinTed IfiTrrrerdcflorfl-e't
r sue! objucts luvij wfill. cause dcejr alarm luho
, reflecting and pmUioHo , " - '
Wi;li being the chancier of the erisTshtf retfl
niifHrtinn fair thrt iuhiiiIh trt Avtun frf 1 tin nntirruipKinu 1
lM'perrmtted to retain their powcrj in orderto frflbct
by "uch neans tho end proposed 7 Air who re
gard tirrifl, hnnk, dihi, WHmellil' cxpcndiiiires, and
heavy taxes 111 the ehapo-iif high'dutioa on almost
ings the promised refrm, will, of course, voto to
retain power in the hands of the party which holds
it.. Hut. on the contrary,' thoso who desire to see
ically- thu tuxes light commerce, freed from
shackles nd the Government from debt public
credit imun, mired equal justic lo all, und a rigid
adherence to the Coiisiitution, will vote lo lake it
-j out of their hands. It remains to be seen how
your State will ict ; but I cannot believe that a
State so dixlinguished in the management of its
own affairs, for economy and frugality ; so opposed
to burthuuing her penphr with a public detit, 'and
high tuxes ; so just and equal in the exercise of its
power, and which took so early and bold a lead in
the great cause of American freedom and iudepen
donee, will consent, as a member of the Union, to
leave power In the hands of a party:, now that its
views are fully devalouej, which pursues, "lii (he
aflairs of the Uaiou, a policy the very reveriu of
I atn&e., 4tr.,
. . ---v-;. j. c, CALIIOUX.
John L. flemloron, Iw., and others of (lie Com.
mil ice. . -
Wasihsotj, April "JO,
(J nxTtEME :I tako pleaur4tacknnwleding
tho receipt of your letter of invitaMon to th" u IXun
ocratic Convention " which is lo rhi:ot in Salisbury
on the 20ili of May.' It could hot ho nmre grait
lying (o tho "Convention and to tl peup'fe who
inayJxs iiiattenilanccl than to myself libo pre,
out and to untie is I. most cordially sh.iuld, in
cheering 011 tho freemen of tlio State " in the great
contest before us."- But wich is tho na'.urt of th
business now pending bofure Congress us to lor bid
; my nbsenco ut tho timo of your prophst-d nu rtiu.
,tiitstl'eel rlntlereU by llie emiinsiq vtu erg
plonsed to bestow oti roy past services, I can assure
yoa whatever of ilevotim I may hsvo mauifes'.e&
r"to the Constitution and popular rtghtV'-i not
r likely lo -be abntcdnl a crisis so all important a
the present- s .
Tho position as yen know, in which I was pbu-ed
Jluriug 1 lie rnonitfrebli canvass of Hit), cnablotl
1110 fv hear Hio charges, the -prvfesio.-rs, and tire
v.- promises thrn made in every part of the Suite, try
tliusonvun took an active part to that omtest.--So
my jrwscut situtiiu n hus enabled mo to wiincsy
Hie atteiop's which have boon mndo lo make good
- these chargtia, aa well aa tho imimcr in which th.x
professions and high wrogit proinisi's to the cmiit
Iry have batm resleomed. ml I can sayHvuh
truth, .it that otliotal corruptxm existed, -which I
had heard so repeatedly ctwrgctlagainst tho oil
cersof ilw lato adiiiiiiitratioii, ami which Iho pub
vliomay havo bocn led tu believe, tho veil ha not
as yet boon removed. So in tegard to the public
. exMndiiures, which constituted so constuiita theme
of popular declamatiou and o Whij inisrrptesenta
' lion, wo now havo from the report nt the prcaent
Secretary t the Treusury that Iho expense of
lh Government during tha two last years of Mr.
t Vuii Bureu'a udmmialration, wero, for 1839, less
than twenty-fivo and a half millions, and for Is 10.
a li'tlo moro than twenty-two anil one-third millions
of dollar, whilot according to the sanio'authoriiy
iliexpeus;of 1811, exclusive of any debt or
Treasury noter, were more than twenty. five and
tw third iiiilluxm. . r ' , , ,
;. A, tu ilm hoKl of public ofCcer, which were
proclaimed as unless, all have been filled, with a,
greedy scmiuUa for more, whilst none have been
abolished. ,Tb poor attempt to exciisa themsolvef ,
utid agniii In deceive the peoplf, by throwing xltor
reapoiiwbility upon Preidont Tylor, and donounct
ing bim. as a traitor, ia an insult to tho common
understanding of tho Country. With an Kxccu
tivo Cabinnt, a President of the Senate, mid a ma.
jority in that body; a .Speaker of tho'Uouso of
ReprfFentaiives and 4 he coinumnd of every bust ,
nesiX'ommiitec, ana a clear Wng majority of
3U votes, hjibVpenrtVnt of trwae-wlio' hut had- thOk
firmness to do what lliey believed, right is certaic.
ly an answer to the Wlitg apology for what ban,, "
or has nol been done, They may villify the Pre
sident, and. denounce the veto, yer they cannot i -rape
being held responsible i for lit acts of tho"
National Legislature. If the people expect relief
to tbe country, theymust look to other counsels,. '
than lo those who hive promised ;6 much, and
performed so littlo. So t feel it an feet of sheer
justice in say, as far a the action of Cooi;rsi .
concerned, wnaievcr ot ia.vor tno oouin has re
ceived, either in regard to tbe buriljon of taxes, br
the sertirfty of its slave property, ha been al th .
hands of ill Democracy of tbe North and West,
with but lew exceptions. , -
Still Iho tteoplo are callod on lo continue their
confidence in .men who bare proved themselveaso !
luuuioaii io every promise. Ann in bigs at .
their Into Convention in llaleigb have had tho ; ,
boldness lo oflor to Iho frccmeo of the Slut cflr-. .
tain issues, which when stripped f all design,,
present the following propositions) 1st. A Natimi.
al Punk ; 3d. the Abrogutioii of the Veto Power ;
3. Distribution and Taxation'; 4th. Iloury Clay,
and a Protective TarifC " . ' .
First, thu Conatitution is In he violated, and the
States inu.lted io being renoircd to sanction an in- V
stitut'mn,' pr lhei( scnl.ia to bo inlerreT from v
their fititufe to act, end a political Ciiik is to bo ' "
i;npoved on tho country in order to icrpetnate tho
power of jts friend, though it may, a that which .
tins gone before, by reducing thousands to beggary
and wont. One bad supposed the' disclosures by ,
the failure of ' tbe? let Rank of the United 8iate,
of corniplioui fraud asd Inavery waa eajQScient tq. '
""' "J I'wu iuq priaa oi Jmcing-Bssintliar instK i
mcasuroa.of.. relief the Banlmrpf rK&71ti4 the
Distrilwtioti Bill. 'Measures that Were carridifat ,'
the F.xtra Seaslotl bV.'U ibameleeaj 'oartoiimr of
V-.-.-..-t.-.:.i ... 1 ,
.... , , ' r. -.-.- "y "w,' t T.
1 vowc, niinom wnico, neuuer couiu nave succeed- - - ----
cd. lourthly, irehry CUy and a Troteclivb Ta ' T' " ' 1
r,rebr1trsl4JpmLie -' t
of -the ptodihg Sialkts ate tu be told, wo cannot ':ir.""V"'1
actual vanls of the Treasury,1' an
b as "now to require a t arif," which shall .
sly " the friends of protection," " wiii:tiici ir .
ns JiAOK ix the max or a REVE.NuuTAitijr ir .
APar;oTivis Taairr." Such i th hnguagft
of Ileirry Clay in hia loiter to tho Whig member'
01 tiiff jxeori om LegwMOTOTUfiaprTJttWf'rhw-
loih inil. : and such - iv tha nolicv which his
friends in Congress are preparing lo carry out. , ,.
-TluurxclkaaLtoxcpoal tliaDuttwhutiorv Rtlli-ihowglt '..'.-.i.
its coniimiitnco ronuer it necessary to ratso Ihrea. , - ;
millions moro by taxes ; and tho report from th : .. ,
Coininlttec on manufactures by a. friend of Mr. , ;
Ciuy, iu which Congress are called to par. a tariff, ,
raising tho dutie 30 and 40 per cent. And in or. "" ' . .
der to escape the open violation1f Iho Compromiso '.
Act, and to avoid iho odium of a Protectivo Tariff, .
proposing to make thirty millions of importations .
yeaily, free articles, the bctlcr tu jusiify ihe,high. ' " -er
tax on other. In this way the frionds of muu-. , . ""'.
ufacturea aro mtisfiod, and Mr. Clay exclaims it ', 7 i
maltiirs not, u whether it be a titriffbr.proltcHai 1,': .;
or reeenve." Such is the policy of the leader, . " . ' ' ',
and such Iho remedy, which thi great Whig pars -;j y ''-.
ly propose for th relief xf the country -r-iv"- V--
-"I do not know what may be lb disposition of .-",-.
your Convention irt regard to iho quotum of the ; '
PrcsidcncyV Hut whether you propose a homica." y -Hon,
iho mcro expression of aa opinion, or to Icava .-. '' .
tie mattci opcu for future action, I feel that it- L
will grmifr our friends lo hear, that all true De.
micrat here and every where, Und readyta 1
unjto heart aud hand, in tho defeat fcf Qiu grear
lu.nlerr'whose Dictatorship ha given law to hi . - "
own party, nnd whoso blighting corso ia to fall on .
every man who ahall diro oppose hia will. "Ho 1
doubt not, it will be equally gratifying rou to .
loam, (hat so fras I hive been able taJjoJIceV. .: -tnair
feeling andopfuiinu, the Dcmocracyof tha '
land, stjfnd ready lo jiit in Ihe siiriort of any niari" " ; -'
for tho Presidcncj, wh shrill unite irdcvotinli li ' ". -Hie"
Cowtit ution, tu'llm 1rm principle oEKvpuU' '. .
licaa failh, who shall be prepared-to do equal :
justice tuovcry great in'erust of the Union sliall - w
maintain and delend tho right and Sovereignty of - '
thu ritates and preserve inviolato tho institution -' " '
of thu So-ith a;;ainst tlir ess.a!ta nf nil Mil
tics ind wlio as an cllioient LxoCniive, shall. re- '
jeet a l uielcss otlice and lop off vcry expend!. .
turc, nut sanctioned by a prudent economy. "' ." . v
The man who? shall- L ablo tu siablilt hie
cl mu to (hi chariicirriaJn,pasL hiatorV of tho -
country , cttd- whoao viowa shall bo fortifiej by hia , -coursnftu
n-gard l the prcscut aspect of par. af-' ;
lairs," iriay coufideiilially expect the uaitcd support
of tiioJ)jinocratie party. I sjieaii not uertbtt
ii fljeoce of sectional feelings when t'lty; ih my v
view John C. Caiiioi k, combioe io a mor emit!
eut degroeHhese high Republican qualities,' and i
nmro liKoly lo carry out theso principle, than any '
ohi-r man now on Ihe political stage. ; And this I
taink from tho imlieatious (f public scntimeiit'ft fust . ' '
Uoconiing Iho prevailing Opinion of ih Democratic ..
pu'ty'. 1 , ' ' . ' t " . "fc ' s - f ;
1 coinniiiiiicato theeo, view without reserve,. z
I am sritistiod you will apprecia'to nty motivod, and
givo ucli directioq to hu matter as lo your better .'.
judgimmts ahull seam riht.; ,. . - ' 1 ' jsv
Permit mo in conclusion ft lender my ackn-.iwU "
oilgr.incntajor the kind term in which yo have-
conveyed your invitation; and to exproM my it.
gret that I cannot bedt the Convention, whose ide. '
hheratimi a I trust will bo cohdacteJ'w'uh har."
mony, its procccdu'? with prtidence, and that it