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0 / 75
J ' if'
-' f f -' (
' ' i
it-nlts may Klve succnws to our CAUS12 and.
VICTORY t the patriotic and praiseworthy ef
rori (,f the gentleman, to whom lias been assigned
too honor of nitaitiiii!j die fl,g of Democracy, at
I ki,w LOUIS D. HENRY will most triumph
outly t!o Wore the freemen of the Slate.
With sentiment of thWghcat respect,
Your obedient servant,
U. M. SAUNDERS.
' To John L. Henderson,' Jas. C. McConnaugliey,
and other of the Committee.
Wahii-voton, Slrilh April, 112".
Gentlemex: Your polite invration for me to
1'3 present at 'the Democratic State Convention in
North Carolina, the ensuing mouth, ha been re
It would afford me great gratification to mingle
rralutatinn wtih lho, who nuiy assemble on that
occasion am i interchange paternal views, hope
t'p-1 wympalhic. Hut my public duties here pre. ;
vent it. y- . . , ;-j
I rejoice to loar n, that tha principle of Demo, i
cucy m one of her former etrong hold are likely
nain to be crowned with success; and my beat
wishes as well as hearty co operation w'iII bo with
ynu in the content. The fire of Liberty " in the
, State, where it first blazed out to favor of lnde.
pendence, cannot easily be extinguished, however
often advene circumstance may aeem to dampen
or smother it. , j,' . :.,-.. . ..
Certain it ia, that our prospect are everywhere
brighteningour cans ia the cause' of freedom,
liberality, tight and progress, all t'te world over
, and it never can bo overthrown permanently with
out blighting all ihe best hopca of humanity.
Wnh much respect,
Your obedient servant.
' LEVI WOODBURY.
To John L. Hendesonj James C. McConnaughcy,
. Ejrs., and others. ---..
; "i .," - -
Ctir.iRr Hili, 11th May, 1842.
GcsTi.EXF.7t s I have just received your letter
'J,!.!!. 1 ?J Hij?ilMJXW!Ua.JUt4he'i)eiiw
critic Ciiii vent i"dn, which ia to assemble at Salis
bury on the 20 h of May (inat.)
Kelievmg that we have beun seldom engaged in
a political contest ao deeply involving the funda
mental principle and cardinal measures of the
Federal Government, it would afford me great
pleasure to meet my Republican fellow citizea in
North Carolina in Convention, and to contribute
all in my power to promote the patriotic purpose
of their avsemb'nge. . My time, however, is so
"pre occupied by indispensable engagements, that I
filial! be constrained to deny myself that gratifica
The election of 3en. Harmon and the coming
. . ' ' ....
?uie f.t tne inot extraordinary political couibwa-
ti-w,anII must add, darin2 Milical impostures
line f.f the most extraordinary nolitieal f,U
tier emirted in nur i-nimti-i-. II M-a in f.i .
t'rand political masquerade, in which, the very
first iiKiment that party assumed the rein of pow
er, their leaders boldly threw their masks in the
fates of theirleluded supporters, and without even
Jhe decency oi a ; ffltjajdaxqt ftmie?itartiSrr
principle upon tte faith of which they obtained a
largo support in the-Somhera and Sooth western
fstatef, to say mrthin of the rest of the Uniorj.
Ccueting their canvass under a flag mscri!cd
with the atch words of retrenchment and ecni
my, Ivev'Tammonced i!icir administration by call
ing a Extra Session o) Congre, tn nwke "Xfrav-
"gafit apprnpriBti Mi", ant siiil worse, uiicoiwtiiu
iared to be not onjyeaiirfyrut Wnkrttpt' and t
jjii.jfy -mmw'nrtliev.'proposie.'li.to create-a large,
7 National Debt iff time of prufouml pcice ! History '
,VbibU4jw example of tna inctMiMHto.
.cy.' It wailttcjally uiidiiuinrnr mam'yJilMit
ru'etl the hour,' and Iho result. 1 rrjiico to be
lieve. has already manifested ihe adage, " Q'tem
Dm rut perdere, yr'mi dtmrnM."
"Tho txlfi Session, byUnTnasUing and eipoaing
tle measures and prirtci !es of tho pirly so studi
oti'dj concealnd and miifeiirt'sesaed. beitu.br'ike
thecbnrinof their p er an-l di'pelled the deli
sive hopes excited among the people. They prom,
ised to relieve the distresse of the country, and
they hive greatly increased them. They prom
ised to reduce Ihe expenses of Ihe Government,
and without a single cif jrt it retrenchment, have
ndded million to the public expenditure
their only mean of reliev ing the people ol
'luirtnejos are to increase ths
s are to increaw ths duties' upon imiwrt"wut PV moretnoitey thaiiit receive by the cost
die posterity with tiie curse ol a public
debt. Ther oft.mned to rtMio-o mihlm n.i.rwlpnm.
nncj puWre credit, end they Inve almost literally ,nd!l,J Sute w uot saved from the los l.y reason
who can mw obta'm money upon better leruwth ml. lmi Hic-V dngoiou as a mere matter of
Ihe Federal or "the Sute Governments. In one i 'l"er' ' wnal musl H be aa a mutter of principle,
word their promws stand it! direct contract with ! ,0 mi,K, of Slate Right Republican ? With
their performance m every point, and fullv il!us. 1
Irate the saving the Rotnitn aptly q joied by
Gen. Harrison io bis iuangural address.
. 1 rejoice, there! iro, to be awurcd by you, that
- the honest and true hearted sons of North Carolina
are awKcning up irom tne ni'.m -n'nrv tnniw iut
which ther have tiecn" throw n, to t!,.iiem(. i
. principles Mid io evince to tier winter Jinn, i
North Carolina will bn as'tiw! to the priic-ip!o i l
liberty .in th appreliing contest, as aim vta on
the aoth of May, 1775. -f
. 1 aw, gntlem!!, with great rcsfx-rt,
Ynuf. fricrld and feliuw citnten,
' . Gi:o. Mt UL'FKIE.
Wauiim.!, 10th Mrty,
Gt.M Ltm:N i The atlvanrcd ierioi of ili S -s
ion oitonre, and tlm many nnptirtani si.lijf-cM !
which are prn-uig theinaeWe upon ihe aiiemiim !
is iiw iivuaia, iii i :nir'( u i ni'nwr .ir m io
luave my duties here li iitic-nu ihe Cimvenii-.n d
' 4: Repiislicans of Ni.rlh (imii'i i, in coofbrui.ty with
iMir kind iiiwi.iti.io. VVi re it otm-rwise, im'liiog
. would af5o-jJ me more ie:il ati-ficii m than to viol
. your S)! at tin d' ligjitt'ul M-nson of the ver, and
to avail nl sulf of yi.ur innimno to nuke the
. nersnnal enii.iiiil.n.rn i.f inliii.- l f.,i..,.l ... u..n
. VI - - ' "-II
. known-ttirough'tut the l iiinn fur tlieir ii. flexible
fllirence to princij.le,-s are iIk! Do intern i of
Tha anniversary s !ec!'"'l f ir your meeting is
'tie of the oVjiest iritep-s: i ihe whole c him rv,
all one which coniM.t fill to inipire the t'nrive'i.
- lion, and itll who nuy enjoy the pnvih-f. of at
i.'iwling it, with p itrioiic arr wihCury m'- efion.
Wo permit r,ois s to fed deprmMon, in Men
rf the prceiiT coo liimii of our Country ; and true
il is, oor National Trc i-iry is empty, our poltlic
- credit deptewed, ur eioi. ney ileran'eil, our in ir
liets'djll, and our fre-gu rrlaiimi im alfocether j
' ' ' frra from cause of'anxn-iy and apprehension, j
Still ftd are strong in numbers and in resources,)
. and our present vonipliuni proc.oed rai u-r from !
Ihe vrnnt of a market for our abundance, that from
a want of thetiece trie J kfo of which that abun
, Janc CAoaisrl. -; '
. ..J'ccjuntaj itiiliarraMmealiJiuili-publifraW riri.
viae rest upon the country, nnd bdh have been
brought upon us, principilly, by depeiuling ovue
upon our credit than upon our lubor, to conduct u
to wealth; by trying too atrenuously to legilutti
nur-elves into pepuuiury independence, and too
litilo work oursolves iuto it.
They wcra to 'have forgotten fliot Governmonta
like oura cannot make money, but must draw it
from the pockets of the people, evon for the neces
sary expenditures ; and, instead of vigilantly watch
ing their movements, ns institutions which may
oppress and impoverish ui, to have looked up to
thetn as able by their action, to aliowCr motit'y
upon ii. . : ;
An entire cltange of thia mistn'ten nnd perverted
policy, with a sternly npplieHiioii of our industry, a
rigid regard to economy in public and private
atiitirs, and a small portion Jt thai, devoted pauiot,
lam and lotty selt denial wlm:Ii influenced thoso
Republicans of North Carolina, who, on the 20th4
of M.iy, 1775, made the first Declaration of Ame
rienn Indejieiidonce, cannot fail, at an enrl periml,
to Kurmoutit our present domeatie enibarrusameutif,
and prepare m, much butter than they could pre.
pare themselves, for any external difficulties. It
was against the oppressions of Government, not
for its bounties, that they contended They sought
to be loft free toaeek the road to we.illh, without
fatal obstruction from their Government, not to
institute a Government which should accumulate
money for them. They did not beliijvo that a
people could be forced upon prosperity by taxation,
ami hence they refused to be taxed w'tthout their
consent. The sages of that day, willing to sustain
a Government instituted for the benefitif the .
people, and which would extend to them protection
for life, liberty and "properly, cheerfully clothed
that Government with the taxing power, and as
cheerfully bore the taxes necessary for the health
ful management of it afluirs ; but even such taxes
were enumerated among the burdens, not the
benefits, of their institutions, and the exercise of
the power was looked- upon by thetn as a danger
to be watched, not a blessing to be coveted.
Hence their measure of taxation was the rigid
MSfm447!t tlwjr "fever
Keni io nave inougni oi inventing muocs oi appro
priation for the sake of an opportunity to impose
One of the consequences of the glorious war
waged by those patriots, to ac liove the indepen
dence of the American Colonics, was the acquisi
tion of an immense public domain, beyond Jhe
li nits of the then settlements, and beyond con
venient boundaries for the then States. To produce
harmony of feeling between the State, to promote
the formation of a more perfect Union, and to
lighten tlio. burdens upon all the Stites, nrimg
from the general charge and expenditure of the
common iroveruincnt. tins ureal domain wan. bv
Mb M.lnA tl.n .n.l n.J. - ............. r...l
. C1 10 union, ana mane a common lund
' ""v" " ri """j
U' mwt-a. fur M il thnt Wtl charge
iTC"ulu,rl imo caun om o rrw.rvcii 10
J itself full powers of taxation over all the property
within its limits, and retained tne charge of tho
expenditures of its own Government in its own
remains of this public domain, as well as of that
which the Federal Government has tnce aeouired
by purchase, by receiving into the Stale Trcasti
fiti the proceed of the aale of the lands semi
annually, and subjecting their citizens to a tax
upon impost, m thejihape of ai iticre.d tantF,
sjllicieni to refund ta the Federai Xreaur-4iM
I ni mey iliaj taken from it, together with tho costs
: I . .. . i- .1 1 1 . t . ..
; now 'nl5oht'!, ;Mtes tmn must certainly
a I,i"'0,,w Pncy, as the money being in
0w 3'e Treasury, mum and stimild be expended,
i anl'ml8fl ,u own. legislature might not think it
expedient, by us actionL to jmpje a tax to bring
tin? money into-its Treas irv. And if the mouey
be taken from tha Federal Treasury, the tux must
be imposed by its authority, because, even wnri
thi branch of its present revenue!, that Treasury
is not now supplied, qnd loans are resorted to.
Tractically lherel'ro, this policy is a direct resort
to the power of indirect taxation given to tins.
Govern neot, fn the purpose of raising money for
State uses and Statu expenditures, and if it be
questionable in practice', as to the interests of the
non-indebted States and of their Citrons, it will
scarcely require argument to show loat U cannot
j I be salutary to the indebtod Slates, merely because
tla,irlhey aro indebted. If the non iudebteJ Stntes
1 ch,""2.8s coUectuig Ike tax, and must there-
,oru "'se oy tne operation ot the svstcm. the
wn1 v'ur would it have been received by the
tiepobltcans of 1757, jealous a tliey were of tho
etiiitralizing intluences of Federal power t ll,w
would ihey have met iIia prop niiiin thit ihe
sovereign State ishou'd come to the Federal Trea
sury for the metina to meet their expenditures, and
r , that the power of Federal taxation shiMild be exer.
itu uj. ni jiiuir i iu.rn towing oaca toe money :
h there not an in.lirction in tin policy which
sho-ild excite the alarm, of a peojile jealous of tlio
exertion of ihe taxing power, over thoir pcrton,
lle-ir pmperty and their business, by whiitever
G'.verntoent exeCutod T Why is ihu circuitous
course rudoried i i liir a supply of mcao. to ihe
Stota trea-urte Not certainly to relievo tho
p'opfo from lux ilion, because it isTieely nJinittcd,
on ail bands, that nil. the money t ho paid to the
be returned to the Nutumul Treasury
y taxe. It is ihen thnt the taxxtion may be
indirect, uwl therefore les perceptible, nod less
miio-h:! io pomilur viuHno'
; 1 -
Some Mates h ivu ii.til tlo-ir rredit l.u - fn..l
I mid their legmlaiures may not on wi'lmg to meet
1 rosjHUKMbility of such an exertion of their direct
f ixing power as will meet their present respnnsi.
, biiitie. ):her Htatos desire U) make cxpcndi.
j lures for internal objects for wlneh it ntny not bo
safe to impose direct taxation unon ihi-ir -ii...,w
j Oilier States may anticipate direct benvfit Io their
oeuhir 'iiit(!ri'sls (rnm iM.-r..a...l i ,m.
jpoys, and for that reason may liivor tins policy.
.Such a lax ii not ncctKnurily tq uti upon tlio
tl jl- rent Slates, and il ail can bo made lt itm (hat
thy may receive mure, and pay leas, and may
Another grunt inierest, p!mral ami pecuniary,
. '' enli-rl- J in favour oT tins policy. Tho
gn-mer Ihe picu:.iary interest brought iti subjec
h .0 io the I Vili rnl Tnafarj , and the mora ex
t' ii.lt d and Ciiiiiplicated IheiMi iriterctit shall bo.
Come, tho stronger may tho 'argument fm made in
l'iv or of a great National Bank to superintend and
iniuage them, and for this reason many powerful
voices may sustain this policy ,
Hull i. it Republican -Inuo.ph ? Has il Ihinli.
wctin.' and Inrnesa, tnwards Iho wholo iM.onl "
which Domocats can approve ? fs it not next in
indifcclnew to th it wild reort to credit which ha
brought the present pecuniary troublc upon the
country 1 Can it extricate us from these embar
rassments, without producing other and more so
rioua difficulties, both pecuniary and political I
Other measures, which seem to me to threaten
iho rights andho peace of the States are in agi
tation before Congress, amonj which I cannot omit
to mention an alarming stretch of the extent nf the
jurisdiction of the Federal judiciary, and a dicta
tion of tho manner in which only the States shall
be permitted to elect their representatives for (he
House of Representatives of the Congress of the
United States. , I liava already dratt'ti ut this
letter to an unpardonable extent, and cannot ttiere
fore think of remarking upon these measures, but
sure I am that they will not fail to receive the earn
est conwderatioft of a Convention of the Democracy
of North Carolina.
Many other measures of the present dav, equal-
lly objectionable in principle nnd dnngerous'jn
practice, might be named, but I must forbear; and
will merely ask you to accept my thanks for
the fl ittering terms in which your invitation has
been communicated, and to believe me,
With great respect,
" Your obediunt servant,
SILAS WRIGHT Jr.
.Messrs. John L. Henderson, J. C. McConnaugliey,
nnd others, if V"
. Skkate Chamber, 10th May, 1642. '
GKxrtrMMt I feet greatly honored by your
kind invitation to be present at the adjourned
ineeting of your Democratic State Convention, to
he held at Salisbury on the 20th int. , To say
merely that it would afford Tne great pleasure to
attend, would but inadequately express my feelings.
I can scarcely iiiiugine any circumstance which
could elTrd me more gratification or which 1
should esteem m greater privilege than to grasp by
the hand my Democratic fellow citizens 'of North
Carolina who will be there assembled, and to
cheer them on in the great and glorious cause in
uich they have enlisted. Hay success crown
an abiding confidence. One year of Whig rule
has opened the .ees of thousands and has con
vinced the country that the principles of the De
mocratic party aro ftmxo alone on which the
Government can b lately and auccessfully ad
eiiuiMered. Within this brief period, more Act
of Congress have paaeed, and are in progress in
vading State sovereignty and tending directly
towards a consolidation of all power in the Fede
ral Government, than have ever been crowded
into the mine space of time since the adoption of
the CoiHtitulioii. Tue people are everywhere
coming to the rescue, aud iho descendant of those
tern patriot who, the first opon Ibis continent,
proclsiirted independence, writ Merer Iigree their
glorious ancestors when the right of the States
ami of the people are to be vindicated..
I must, therefore, express my sincere regret,
that without violating important duties here, 1
cannot meet you on this most interesting occa
sion. With sentiment of the highest respect,
.iomrs. jann li. iienjorsfii
t t t. i
, J. C. McConnaugliey,
CoM-MBi. Te.iiiee, May 4, 1912.
Gexti emrn : 1 have had the honour to re-
Teeivtr 7rmr tetter of the 1UT ult., inviting me in
i t.JJtoJtewxrti&. Conventwn of ertnene of
.onn Carolina which assembled at Kafeigh on the
lOih of January "hut, aad adjourned to meet at
S ihsb iry on ii. 'IMi mstaat, to be present on the
Asa native of North Carolina 1 cannot be other
wise tharr flighty gratified at o dwtiuguished a
mark of ywur regard ; .ind equally ffratilvinir is ihe
; assur.mc which you gtve that " the Republicans
iof North Carolina are nsin in their trenwih "
; and Hint " they will shew to their brethren of other
S ates thm the fire of liberty which glowed in the
n him of their ancestor, who on IheJiOth J" ..
iw, wcro me iinn io proriaun Independence, l
not extinguished, but still ammatos their descend
ant." Tennesnee is the descendant of Noith Car
olina. A large pirtion of her people are bound to
ihe parent Siale by the strongest ties ol aflection.
t"'. U .L- t! . . . . . . '
j Kv " one of your bone and flesh of your
flesh." There i now and ever ha been a coromu
mty of principle and of interest between u.- With
you, in the political truirfile of 1910 fa .tr.m.i.
, which was unprecedented, a regards the mean
employed by our opponents to efliet tlioir triunph
i we wore defeated, but I may confiJeolly assure
you our defeat wa but temporary. We too are
rising m our itrength, and 1 do not doubt, will at
UUK, e. uigu ana conclusive evi
deuce, that we are ull animated by the cherished
; pi maples which we intuntad from our Republican
j The recent developement of the real principles
and policy of the ruling party in the country, must
snisfy ull Republican, who fiom wrong informa
tion or mistaken impressions, were induced to give
.Inem their support, that they have been deceived
1 and betrayed. Tho extravagant promise of reform,
nd of relief to Die people which were every where
: ma le nra unredeemed. Connitulional reirtf iction
nn l limr.mions upon the sriion of the Federal
, (ovcrniiK-nt h ue beer, weakened ami broken Hon
, and none can mistake tho fact, that tho tendencies
! un(lei; ,!u',f re. are to a consolidation of power in
, the federal (load at the exnse of the reserved
, rights of the States nod of the people.. The cor
' reciive however is in safe hau ls. The " sabor
j second ih of Ihe people" will apply it.
i Nothing I assure vou genilemcn, c.ould iifFird
... ni smoero pleasure, ih.in to be present with
lou nL raur.-uifluiinn ...i .. i i .t
XM PL your mruiinif ; sod n. w.m.U ...k ..
I your coiwuUations "in Ihe prewmt glooiay crisis of
tne country." My crea, lwlsllca fror 0(1
I elude, the idea that I can do so. But though absent
if '" feehnjj, and itisontimcnt.and
w .cr rmuy io cooirtooie xny huhiblo aid iii ad-;
..lowing Kf, uiiinmon principles.
' With the lender of my thanks for ihe honour,
yi have done me,
I am with hiyh regard
Vour ob'l eer'vl.
JAMK3 K. POLK.
T. Messrs. John L. Henderson, Janins C. Mc
Commughey arid others. ;
The Record. We cy from the Journal of the
&iiiiaI nf lain ll.a I".. II. . r
. , ... . . i.nmwiiix nxirnci irom IIICJ
priKieedings or that b odv, on the 21;h of Deceinn
u. . ri.n-... i.:,. ..r .i. . f ...
n i" I ii mu .ui u inrso JLOSIillll inns m!I..
ded to by our correp mlfenri1cJr;,, in the
tat aiatidard, and wo rospontfully juggest lo our
friend an attention to the imp iriant devclopoments
made bv bun. as reiVd Whi. " ....
'i . . ' f, 4.V-..IUIIIV,
"Whig" jistice, and Vhig" h.mor, ns die
piayeo in tin matter ol employing aud paying
counsel , lor ihe State. While money can be
crammed into the pockot o WhiM." who do
not openly ak it, justice denied fo Democrats
without the j;race of an exeu.n for such a denial.
Oh Wkiggery I Whiggery 1 Tha country has got
enough of you. 'u , " - '
Mr. Waddell, from tha Committee to whom was
referred tho message of the Governor, transmitting
a report from the Hori. George K. Badger, in re
lation to the suite recently pending in the Circuit
and Superior Court of the United Slate, reported
the following resolutions i .
Rtiohtd, That it is just and proper that the :
sum of two thousand five hundred dollar be paid
to the Hon, George E. Badger, a the additional
sum contemplated in the original engagement en '
fered into with him by the Governor of thie State.
Rtaolttd, That the um ol five hundred dollar,'
returned to the Public Treasurer by the Ilort. D.
L. Swaiok finder tho agreement with the Governor
before mentioned be refunded to him, with interest
from date of said return. ,
Which was read the first time and passed.
N. C. Standard. v'.; V
t Trow lA Globe'.
AliOLITIOM QF THE UNION.'
The thoroughgoing abolitionist have been in
spired by, the movements of Messrs. Adam and
GiDoinusin Congress, with quite an enthusiasm
for the diasolutidn of the Union. -The Boston
Liberator of Friday last it filled with original edi- ,
tonal, copied article, appeal at public meeting,
diC.cVc., in favor of a dissolution of Ihe Govern
ment. We give aome sample ol Ihe spirit which ,
Adam and Gidding have engendered among their
An article from the Standard, anys :
T The Union. t many mind are now aclive
on thi subject, and many conscience troubled, it
may not be altogether useless to declare our (wa
slate of feelings. ; ' -
M Oar objection to the Union are briefly these t
1st. It is ham, and not a reality. It profeasea
lo be union, and t coercion. We are called the .
United State, and we ere the disunited States
From the beginning, the Sout ha pursued toward ;
the North the policy of foreign Stale i. e., she
tins, wuo coraoinea energy ana piiiiuui nsioui
(hip, alway contrived to protect and extend be
own interest at the .expense of the interest
Again, it say t
3d. Tho Union, a it now exists compeh Ihe
free Statu to direct rAarti caHir wii great and
extensive wrong. In point of fact, we are the
standing army of the Soul h, ranged in dense pfa
toon, with bayonet punted toward the trembling
lave.M . ...
The Liberator next quote, with approbation,
(ho following sentiment i
Stales to clear ihemselvesof being ACCOMI'LI
CKS INTRGMHNDOUS GUILT, than asking
for ihe repeal of the Uuion ; for ' we cannot cjn
icienlioviig keep the compact our father made.' "
Again, the Liberator tell u :
" A friend, writing from Boston, ayi : Wo
launch thi campaign the great question .of repeal'
in the Union, and mean to carry it through the
Commonwealth. MaasacWette moat-n- longer
be compromised. We cannot conscientiously keep
ihe compact our father made ; and, therefore, we
must ask for il peaceable repeal.'
Our friend sejsm to think that this eomniuui
cation will take us by turpi ise ; but it is more than
jtwa years since wo c?me to the wcJbjittrOhLl
! inoro was no otner way lor Irio tree States to clear
thomselvc of being accooiplieo in IremooJoos
The editor next come out in his owrt peraon,
" One thing is certain : slavery is clamorous for
tne .praawvaima.':ofl'Uie;.Xaion;:Ijiberfv: uC tha.
mortal foe of slavery, and can have no interest in
common with her. Whoever echoe what slavery
demand, is no friend of God or man, and, coo so
nuenily, is no abolitionist. This question of a re
peal of the Union will prove a severe but unerring
tet of character, in the progiess of its diussioo,;
nol. There can be but two parlies in this case:
the friends of liberty for ite own sake, and the
inend of slavery for various patriotic cwuida
The editor ofkr an alternative for the distoiu-
lion of the Union in this passage :
" Will ihe editor of the Advocate, with all their
insolence aud hypocray, dare to deny that slavery
conlp.1 the General Gorernrrmnt,' and i a com
poncnt part of the American Union I With the
South, any thing loss than this would be tantamount
lo a repeal of the compact. We are for dealing
honestly and fairly with her. As abolitionists as
lover of our country, can ufier no other alter
native to her than tin s Diuolutio ot abolition t
Il she i determined to persist in enslaving millions
of our race, and stripping the North of all il right,
what other courso can be purmwd I la what other
way can a remedy be applied I" .
From the following, it appear hat tha Union
was purchased by tha sicnlica of justice, humanity,
and religion: .
"We value iho Uuion," vs tint Advocate,
" became it wa the purchase alike of tho North
and THK SOUTH." Ye, alaverv had as nior.h
lodo with its purchase a liberlv ,ml
more ; and jl is on thi account that this Liberty.
I'rtf organ value it I It was pjrclnsod at iho
expeoae of every principle of justice, humanity,
and religion "at the sacrilico of the. sacrud and,
inalienable rights of million o our colored coun
trymen, and in opjiosiiion to tho revealed will of
God. It was built upon Ihe s.iml, and not upon a
rock j and it is destined to U, " and gcait will be
the fall thereof." Lit those wf,o would not be
crushed. " s?md fro:n nnr
The article close in a waw whinh wnol.t
one lo believe lhat the An ms and Ginuixu faction
not only sought a dismduthai of ihe Union, but lhat
Ificy designed to follow up tins dissolution of the
hands of confederation with their white brethren,
byjn allianre with the black, tho morenpculv lo
"qmaid to the tlavti in insurrection:' Hear
tho Liberator t . .
" In order to keep them in their chains, it is for
perpetuating the Union ; otherwise the slaves
might be led fo expect assistance from u$ " D is.
tnrdi I do you not glory in the revolutionary strug
gle of 1770? Do you nol bcouI tho doctrine of
non-resistance as fanaticism ! And yet you would
giveno nid to the slave in insurrection; and you
are against weakening tha power of tlmso who are
rutliltrtly crushing thorn (o thi earth !"
A WHIG PREDICTION AND ITS Fl'LFIL-
On the 4th of Julv. Hirt. Mr. ri - i .i -
Nlowmg prediction at a Dinner pancl, i Hanover.
Virginia i v '
The fact of Gen. Harrison's election will of
imoir powerfully, conlnhute lo the eecurity and
UI ATI: LI rrnrf, credit will be restored ; oc
(ire buinei will return, and t!:T prices of prri
and the WAGES OF L VliOlt will rio." '
Now ee tho fulfilment t In the United Stale,
Senate, on the Slst of March, 1812, on the occa!
sion of his leaving that body, tha sumo
spoke as follow s
" 1 retire Irom you. Mr.
- . i
rrosiilent, I H
a period of IN FIN I I'E DISTRKS. and Fvt
BARllASSMLNT." - -fc M
j Tfii wa aixteen montbei after " the fact of
Gen. Harrison' eleciion." .'
. ; . . mmmmm m ' - t'vfl'"i'
, Relief i not to bo found in expodinnta.
debtednesa cannot be lessened by borrowing mora
money, or by changing the form of the debt. Tha
balance of trade it not to be turned in-our lavorbv
creating new demands upoo us abroad, J'Oufear
rency cannot be improved , by (he creation of new
bank, or oiore issue from'tho which now exist
Although these device sometimes appear to 'km
temporary relief, they almost invariably aggravate '
the fvit in the end. It i only by reirench.iient
aud reform by curUiling pulilic and -private, ex. '
luuiiuro oy paying our ueots ana oy. reform
ingour banking system that we arpo expect
eQectual relief, security for the future, and an en.
during prosperity," Martin Van Durtn, ' ;
Mum. Wue and Stanly. Tke Peace BM '
mgned Saturday evening, al near nine o'clock '
the case of Mr. Wisertefore Judge Uuulap,
disposed of by.hi entering into a bond in obedience "
t a requirement of the Cwrt, under the penalty "
of three thousand dollar, for the paeojof the year "
to keep the peace Jotarde alt the citiwoaof ill
United Stab? within the District of Columbia, M ;
not at any time within that period to leave the ;
District witb the intention, or purpose of fightirur'a '
duel with Edward Stanly. !. Ilunterrt'ary
Goode, Thomson and Gilmer became hi eecriiiea.' .
A pretty, good jmmber. If he fight the low woo't
be very heavy divided among all. ' , r . .
The Alexandria Gaeotte i not fas wrong iii ny
ingtherd ia a good deal of kumbtg in atl ttie fuM :
about this affair. In old time oothiag would have :
been beard at ft in the paptrt.Vommler. ' '
'Providescc, May H.
Got. Dcrr'i Return An EteortZ-Dtfimiuow
Petition again "Xhtn wa considerable excii.
ment here again jresterdaj afiernoon, on accouut of ,
a report having gone abroad, that an afreet of Gov.
Dorr was contemplated during hit paasnge from
Stoningbm lo thi city. The "Signal Gun was
fired and a body of about 40 volunteer " boong dura
dandie " raked together ia the "twinkling ol a led
post," who repaired to the Stooingtoo car and look
passage in thorn for that place, latouding lo trm
an escoit for Gov. Darr hmil4 he arrive lo dy.
But.l.di4 bi4 mtmf, and-HrtH- otrliu""
Monday. i ,
Ho leave New York this afternoon, we are lold
and remain to morrow in Stoningloo. We hoarj
with what irulh we cannot say, that arrange men is'
have lwcnnade wilb the Rail Road company by
which all who wish lo visit Stonintftoo mm
and accompany Gu. Dorr to the city oo Monday
owrning, can go free of cba rge, or at a very trifling
The city U quichlhouah llere ar ri
ny people in town, on account, wa nrMmn nTik.
expected parade on the arrival of Mr. Dorr.
i apers sell remarkably well, now a day, and we
have not - been obliged lo dif.ni our posmoo lor a A
good fortnight. For fear, though. ihi ii.-
be omj bluc,he,anVi wlio Bo aot know wTlat w 1
arw, rtmajTMHeeOisary for u. M Axlarw, at l(ug
lime, , Ihatji viet upon all the great question V
which agitate the co.nintioiiv im uw... ...I ...i
lhat we are si, II n out ami i any Ihmg th'u n
decent, patriotic, da.uucr.rtic, aristiKMJi, ,wh
5ufV Iwiholder, frgy:rrJgma.-;
Chronicle - - 'f --
H kg are tht ihvtnment erpenut paid in 'do
preened p.,per '-Tin XM lutdll.ge.icer,,,-!'
others assisted some time ago, that must or all tin
now loan Dad been laxeu at oar.
depreciated paper. f-ao.l why ro ti.e laUorurs.t
the navy yard mid to lo two psr ce.it. ,ha,r
honest dues ia9 ci at Pu,r,dolpMia 14
week r G.lvbe.-
FROM TEXAS. .
Account hive boon recoivu.t t V- n.i
, rt . . .... Vl i xr Hill Kg
late a the 3 J instant. 1. ,uer from it., .i....
ol the Km Grand atale l ut Gen. Arista w.e still
r;.iTy m,k,"M "" preparations.
2!? L?"" "MW1 S-nla Annx to
march with rmmlo Corpus Chnitt, awj de.
troy ih .ranch of Aubrey and Kinney, m complj.
ance witn request of a Lir nitfiir-i nt L . .
T Matamora. I here were 300 moo al the ranch.
I he ramil.es were leaving the pSC9, Cil. Qtfea
WVt.""",,'", ,h" narch fr tVpu Chrisli
with men t and 200
from Victor,..' The Ve. , ZZLZ. "J
tmg rapidly at Corpu. Ciirisu. ' ''
i nere are said to be
two or throe ihnun.l
Mexican aoldiera at
Matainorea. but nn tM ..r
their invading 1'e
At the lebration of the anniversary of he Int.
hrfSw Jacint, s(ju April,) a, Gal'e!t " fie .
Houston reviewed the Irunoa ... it-
. .,. r- r"M loprotn-
lead them war as mm a, the country was prepaid
font! lhat their patience shiold bs taxed buTa
low montU longer ; and Hint il-ey - did then have
arthoriiy ,o chastua ,hu ee,y Un fer.
tk p , mi rfl,ioiveJ i'h cboer. C
I he President has iss d a pMclaiMtma, warn.
n2lhec,.,z,, rf the Uuiied State again.! inaking
comrsbution to, or receiving co.nmisaioo. from,
any per.on or perw.ns nol authorized by bun.-.
mt. Intelligencer. !!!.
na m, J, Z T ,! h H'licatlor, of thi.
ven JSl H IV 7 "7 " bMwee e J -
ven n clock on Wodnn..Lv . .
ed from Ihe Steam sTw A ff i u PVT
Son. Az Ki ,f 1. .t" MwM V,er'
tix,. r i .h. 7 "n i ne margin of- the
wis I WOt T4 0f fhe The budding
wa mn desiroyed, w.tl, several je, 0f
lumber near it. Th i.. ... 1 . wl
-"" "w propr i'ior, aoove
what insurance Ihey. had, namely, 87,000, iiba"
ctteU by fricmn in the machine
ry ol a com mill m.or.i; i . .,
m.'U -i-......iK uouor me ame roui
with Ihe sawing apparatus. -
On f rid iv niuhi. ' i -. .
ii.i. ' oievon anj iweivr-,
tho luroo lurni.nn,... 1 .:,i '
, 7 ,, ., " .'imiocry oi nrown, ueKos-
LU:.ilUI,!,lu.,, VV" J of the river,'
T "' me lown, w,s discovered to be jit
flauic. ttud waas,,n I.,,,... .i o
fu k , . , " w 1 uown. oomo iniriy or
I ,,dr?lh tl d"u,toJ--P'i-. upward, of three
S '6!1 ,-w,,l'rt'io, large q uantity of
roim, Vc, were j. . 1
-..o.b.n. l,k.ll.o,m",7;,o" ."-.'
known. "gu oi me lire un-,
Thi BSlablishmnnf i..t i.. i .i : - s ..
h. j...: wran inioiy reDuiit alter