ju. jiJAJLL-fl V V ILLdKJ 1L ALL
THE I-OWKM MOT DELE04TED TO THE BMTED STATES BIT THE CONSTITUTE , NOB PROHIBITED BT IT TO THE STATES, ABE BKSF.R VED TO THE ST HBSPEOTIVELT, OB TO THE PBOPIE. Amendments to the WtfftOH. Article X
wv)cv 20 of Volume 2$. j
' SALISBURY, N. C, JUNE 3, 1842
J IFWc JVim6a; 1,120.
TI'.RMS OF Til
' CIIAS. P. FISHER, '
. Edkor and Proprietor.
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Letters addressed to tho Kditor on business must
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M 1 S C 11 lill I O 13 .
CAN THIS BC JUSTICE. ,
the sun shone down gaily one morning on
i;,.; crowded streets of the great metropolis a drunk
ard ctv.e forth from the little grogshop where he
pissed the night. Ho wai racked by tho ago.
no w Inch mark the pen d immediately subsequent
I a t:t of intoxication. Tain and hunger tore him :
-.ttir, mortification, and deep disgust with him.
t i jjuriit his sou . in-- itu ins ucgreuuiiun. un
' unwanted bitterness, thoughts of many chances
, ,. ,vcrd of weeks sient in riot of the scorn of
i'.o w.irh', and tho siijerc,ili'nii!ri"ss of thoso called
!,'4..rtal.!e. cut his luN.rt with a sharp grief.
W v4g aa u$ ard, i;roau he. jdar ted ulli and down
a hv.strcfi, to. walk away if possible such fearful
, ' ' finns.
!. r a while, his appetite became acu'.e, and he
v .v.ed for food. . ishing merely wns vain ; and
!, .a-l jiot a red cent. In an evil moment he
" i, k'. ied t . the tempter. , He aw in a small groto
i , - m:- bread piled on a barrel top. He entered
ii'i l while the owner wu busy at a back shelf, the
riven jus creature purloined a loaf, and made oil
ul.h it. Tue keeper of tho grocery saw him as
1 e went discover I tho th'ft, and pursued the
criminal. H" a (brought bark, a policeman
ihff deed substantiatwl bv the pn-viiCe
..f the stol'in ariicle ub tit the pcrs.in o( tho accused, j
I - i tho thief wastnken oil to prison, and b:iti;j nr-'
T. 'tlCU a lew liUUIl '.l.LVIHtllUi .u .iiih.miii;
;"victcd, and B(vuoed to the custom iry place
istout (rorrltho ri'ty tirre lo r.vna;.. for many
days at hard l.il r uu.l c 'sHn'-ruc.T.
"'During tlie same hour w hen in thee thing! er-:
tmnsaeting jn another and diMant pirt of th;
r -vn sat a geotlefiMU iojf'parr.- Tins rpt4
-.ry thick.liie cjriiutHgi-):vy "i CUJlfl
r. v iraliogany. Tn poftnge who -t there
'oi-in'id of about midd e age, rather short and stout
, , ti irpi and his head a hyle bald. On a table
' xt himjav hat with a broad brim. By the
'r'o,ii side Ue'1IoTe'sTKod a wi'Jgcnllerhau7
, ,' "inlv attired, atid with a lofty look that spoke
And on llio iransier i uiauc, nuii
it I said the gentleman in toe
As easy as1-po.it," answered the otI.crf tbay
-.it examine." '
But they might examine"
" 1 t' U vou, ohly pay tl.em a handsome dividend,
; :.J ihey'ii rc.t e,iy un lougth of time."
Then' the n.iddle need ectlcmnn put his finger
r-ider his chin, a-id looked down a moment, nb
" Have you not determined yet I
prrson standing. . ' i
" Long ago, sir, long n?"- But it is a danger
ous gims and inusi be played cautiously."
" Well, shall wo lake this step e.r not ?"
The bald man raised up, his twinkling eye met
' eve f hit companion, and the two looked to
nch other a minuto there was an evil fraternity
m that lock. Then the stout gentleman bent Ins
ir .d cently Uo or three times without speaking.
The o'hrr understood lumt he smiled, and turning,
i 't ti.p ntinrtiiicrit.
uk,. iiin.u v.. a. were thev 1 Two rascals of
m,k. The one seated was principal officer of a
mon-yed institution the back parlor of which was
soeiio of the incident just described. The
I'vwid n rieal-r in the kind of article which the
. , imiiuliictur.-d had entne there to have
.i nr.v,.!c coulereiice with the first. .Thosnbject
"i; t conlerofico was n bcheme for making a snlen
. : t rmti" j nntlv, by means of peculiar facilities
ehi-anug possessed by both.
;r nn in' ion must -kip over intervening i-vcnts,
nl when the conspiracy of tliee wicked
iii,li.,.iirriiii;o'il lniiio-1 well,
1 they triumphed.
V.iwusthet p"..t a tciribleone Widows,
" v.i-ii a rnrrow c-itnpetence ; young children;
"': pe i-ijp, whoe rr,ses were hoeless, but who
M ilii hi'i-.-er on lor iii.iny years, sailors away upon
on an" mechanics, fishermen, whoso earnings
r ,r.v at, dearly brought, serving girls,
r nf small hop1 young men put commenc
i, i , i, -s, economical dorlurs and clergymen
'-.-.r noMtmte. nil these and a
sited t'noiiey in the institution, or
l.v its bankruptcy in '''her was
mi lless ell rt , almost to
river alter a time. He of j
, nidnig, u lew miiei ..,i, i
,, ( . It was of great hiwi nnd
In I it krnislied with the most
i-iluvurv. ( oht nod piins.wcrc not spared,
' d.-ir had no further room for wishing.
re t'n, nel, man settled Inmsell : and hejc, when
1 1 (j, e .,r.f) a hitle use I to his. grandeur, so that
h d n ,t sit awkwardly upon him, he determined
.ve a vij.erb i'nii-riainnieiit.
i'f ,iir,iti.un were acrordiugly made; scientific
were engnned; foreign dolicacies-pylehased,
l-"jin-'.i:o..i.ie dukes prepared.
The hour and tho company arrived; and tho
master of tho feast looked round with smile, ns
each one seated himself" in his place. They ate
ane drank oad made merry. Delight, and Friend
linoss, and Content, seemed the presiding spirits
of the beinq'iet After a while, when their glares
were GUu!I with rich wino, it was-proposed that
moy should Have a toast. Sr'tho , binovolout,
looking elderly gentleman rose, and speaking a few
moments, to the. purport thut ho felt sure that all
those present would joiri him, he raised his glass
aloft, his example being followed by the others,
and snid : ...
t,een handed laws which in our glorious
republic dispense to all impartially their due." '
When the revellers hoard tho sentiment they
Chucked their glasses together, nud raised a peal
which inado the lofty ceiling ring again then u
second, and llion a third which was a louder and
gladder poal than either." "
And tho same moment that tho echoes thereof
died away, there wai about a uulo oil a human
bjdy writhing in its last agony. It was that of tho
. tippler, who stole the loaf when he was famishing,
" and liad been sent to expiate his. crime by im
. prisonment. The dissipation of years had made
him weak, and he could not bear up against or
posure, joined With hard. work. Ho foil .sick.
v hp would minister to a rd
rascally jail bird T lie
went from bad to worse, and as soon ia a dying
. ' Ilefore the dinner party returned to their homes
i that night, the corpso of the rieiceJ thief lay
eold and clayey upon the prison floors. Aew York
Aurora- . ft, . "
' . .
Tpj goal to be Lost. An old miser in New
rjngland, owning a farm, found it impossible one
d iy to do his work without assistance, and accord
iugly otfered any man lood lor performing the re,
quisite labor. A half starve I auper hearing f
tuo terms, accented them. Leloro going Mito the
fields in the morning, the farmer invited his holp
to breakfast ; after riiiistiina the mornW meal, the
old 3kin flint thought it would be saving time if
iney should place the dinner upon the breakfast.
-This was readily 'agreed to by the' unsatisfied
stranger, and the dinner was soon dispatched;
" Suppose iww," aaid the frugal fanner,'" wd take
supper; it will preserve time and trouble, you
kuow." " Just as you like," aaid the eager eater,
and at it they weaU " Now me will go to work,"
said the satisfied and delighted employer. "Thank
you," replied the delighted laborer, " I neter work
after supper." ?.. ,
. Hcauty and Wit will die, Learning and Wealth
will vanish away; all the arts of hlb will be for
gotten, virtuo will remain forever. .
Hot? fa lorrow a Shilling, " Can you give me
two siinc?s for a shilling !' h-ked a 1 1 1 1 loy of
grocer's clerk. CVrlumly, sutd tin: clerk, hand-
iiijjimt the sixpenny p:cces. " V i:lt,"s.ii ihc I, iv,
picking up tho sixpences and' turning to go nut,
' i.o'her savs she will scud voJ the khillinj to-
ni-jrrow, -ritno was tiu.
1, i iV I
Stis fortune of being ' I-Vfy A girl was on tho
point of being hanged at v lennr. i but youth and
beauty mado a great impi. ssion upon the heart of
otic of the spectators, who was a Neapolitan, a
bad but a Uw mimi cs to' moko up his mind, ho
An . IV Tnl .h. n f , ' i
l . i i . i.i 1 1 1 1 1 r ilia jiuijiiuu.ii'U.iv.iiim r.imHinr .
I .1 l..:. i.:. .1 l. j
' manded bor pardon, according to the custom of the
. j -
country. I he parJun was granted on condition
that the girt was not avcrso to tho match. He
accordingly addressed her n these terms: "Ma'
am, I am a gentleman of some property, and I now
wish, fur the first time, that I ws.ro a king, only
that I might "(Ter you a stronger proof of my at
tachment." "Alas, sir," replied the girl, " 1 am
fully scnsiblo ol your affection ami generosity ; but
i am not mistress over my own ncart, au.i i cannot
bol.o my aentiuitiit. I nforlunaiuly ihey control
my fate, and I prclor the death with which I am
my tatc, and I prctor tlie ucatn witn wnicti i am
threatened, to marrying so ugly a follow as you
are !'' Tho Neapolitan retired in confusion, and
the woman directed the executioner lo his office,
from the Xorlh Am'rican.
. THE A F F G II A X W A R.
, . . .i .' i r, . .
1 tic recent nest ruction ri ten mousano nrius'i', .... . . i
. .. . , , .,- .,, . , .;! cr sin.ikin a ciar, or a toad chewing lo
troops in the Last Indies by the AUghans, has uot , . . . . r.,' , . " ...
, i .i bacco but to see an editor at peace with himself
been di aled upon by the American papers, in a I , ,. ., . . . . ', . ,
' ..... ... 'and the world, and uii lo his ankles in pro-penty,
manner commeiisurant with the importance ol such . .. .
... , . ., . ir , I would be still more strange,
a rem irkablo and startling event. U e are assured "
from a private sourco in Kngland, that it is difficult ..," , , . , i
to conceive of the tremendous excitement and Anl" ArrfySheridiin once succeeded nd
profound mortification which arc felt owing to this "Mtrnbly in eutrnnping a no.y nirn.l.ur who was in
disaster. The icflecting part of the nation are, habit ol .oternipting every speaker with cries
a t...e.l I., tho. I..sl H,-r.-o. Thuv Knn "f " "ear 1 hear ! Kieh,ird Brmluy took sill.
.ih,.i.vo vcu.anco.or tho first .Mitral".
,i. (it,n. 'I hn r .-Ioim' nr.,1
compact in their little island, and in regard to i.a
tioti.'l randcur and victorious arms entertain in...
fr- nnd nroud fccl.nus nut felt in an equal dejire
l.i ,!, rl,tnm. r..lii.r,.,l over n L.rrtn ternlorv
and "therwis! tl
iv i. i.Iiiii.Ip,,.,,, ,nli,.,.. ,,f (:..,..,
General, Lo-d Ackl.ir.d, brought on the Hiir.c.l'y the gcntlrm .n f.r Ins re.iJy reply totbo tp.est, on ,
with All-han originally, which cost sixty millions : nnJf,",own amid convulsions of laughtcrrom nil
of dollnri, bemdrs the devastation of property which j1'"'' fl.e uhlortunale subject. ' ,
always nccompnnies war. Tho ruler, list M.i.j r !
Iioiiinieil, who was conducting the ntlaiis of thei A Majestic Floirer.n a late number of the
nation peacefully and properously, was ct aside j Petersburg Salesman, wu find a description nf a !
for Slnli Shonph, a tyrannical and foolish person, J flower tree which is foimu in tho interior of ( Y Ion, !
once ejected from, power. and who when rest tcu j ami may bo considered ns a wonderful curiosiiy,,
iifl o'led no proof of irierenscd wisdom. "J excelling in beauty und grandeur ull other plmils
A ihstinguised I'ritisli w riter speaks of Ihc tn tho vegutablt. kingdom. The body of the tree ,
ceneral ignorance revailiiii! in I'ugland res;ectingis sixty leet high, and straight us a ship's iu ist,i
the history ol I'.ast Indian British conquests. He without limb or leaf; but supporting at the lop tin
says: " livery schoolboy knows who imprisoned : immense tult of leaves, each of which is lit or 1'-'
.Moii'ezuma, and who strangled Attahaliph. But
we doubt whether ono in ten, even among r.nglish
gentlemen o highly cultivated min is, c?n tell who
won the battle of Buxar, who perpetrated the mas.
nacre of I'utnn, whether Siirrnjuh Ib.lkar was a
Hindoo or a Mussulman." Tho saiiin remark will
apply with the increased force to this country.
The! ihstanco of India, its foreign names und man
ners, ull contribute to (his end. But it is probable
that increased' attention, may lie directed to her,
from the fart that ntiernptsare making toiiitroduco
tho cultivation of Cotton so as to cause, it to
siiers-.'d'! the American ituplo ia the British mar-
ket of which by tho way, thoro is no solid ground
of apprehension. .
The Affghans are a pxoudand martial' peoplo.
They boliove tbdWelves to be descended from
AfTghan, tho son of Irmia or Bcrkin, son of, Siul
Hung ol, Israel; and their national history lakes
its coinmoncemcnt in relating thut of the Jews from
Abraham to the time of the captivity. . Thona
(ion is.dissimilar to lis Asiatic neighbors from tho
manly spirit of independence. Its inncrs are
described to be equally removed from tho supple
ness of a citizen, and tho awkward rusticity of
ra"T5lowrt.v77e Affitfian. we an told, ever koei-a
shop, or cxercis a any handicraft trade : and as he
is prohibited by his relizion from taking interest
for money, he depends on tho resident Hindoo an
a banker. A contest with such a neoulo amid their
native hill?, must lo a f.urco struggle even with
tho force of Dritish arnis.A. V! have only to look
to Circassia for a reieul examlS T ho stubb iru
and successful resolution whioti such a peoplo can
bring lo bear agiUHl the suporior skill of Kuroean j
arniios. ..f', r .T
' AlTuhart pos.cs ncarlv.ai ruauv iiilmbilonts as
the United States, and has many elements of defen
sive strength in her political constitution, ns welt
as tho nnttiro of the country. The India conquests
of ('live began with two hundred English soldiers ;
lijpteix was deloated and the Inundations of nu
pmpire of a' hundred millious of people laid
viclpnet, by this harjillul or men, adord a striding
conirast lo tlio tremondous defeat which wo nave
nientiotiad But the difference is found to arise
between (he character of tho crouching and effrm
mate Hindoo, aud the erect rind manly Aflglmn.
If 8ir Hubert Peel take riiiht, instead ol oiinrus
siopi as bis guide, he can render tho Anglo Indian
rulo stronger than ever tyrany could make it.. Not,
I ftowever, by increased conquest there, but bv u
A melioration of the condition of tho starved, enslaved
and perishing wretches who havo swollen tho I or
tunes of the Hast India 'Company. It h utcd,
upon what authority we know not, that the Duke
of Wellington has lately expressed his opinion, that
thq British empire is to be best preserved by
atrengt hciiing it as it stantld, and not by lurtlier j
aggrandisement of surrouudmg territories. l!ut ,
the massacre of tho ten thousand must bo vindica-
tod, and thus wrong hegeta wrong. I
' Tilt whole history .of India, Irom its first com -
ing under British rale;lpretents an aggrt g;ito of
oppression not surpassed iu the annuls of mankind, j
Not that there' hare not. been redeeming traits mi
the administration of Clive anl Hastings ; but look
ing to tho result, we find thoi charge just. India
has been plundered of a tbotisind millions of pounds i
sterling cultinated lands hare bitcomo watM nn.l
jungles by the inhuman exactions of her llntish
tank manors the native is reduced to a orr
condition far than the Afriein slave and such ii
I the hideous rapacity of her nilcrs, lluit (he s
' empire is fait linking into bgary, wlulo llio rv
i n'H-s of the government are .it cc wurily b&gifluirg
to I n!. In tho-undst of all tliis, i'ugljnil c m turn
' t tins cnuntry'a sluvcry, and her writers indignunt
1 ly denounce it.
rrtn.7(,;.,B l ,u f i;k in ,ow
ti tiio iroiHeitt questi in why she ih-f ii-t ntfr mto ;
tho holy estate of matrimony, said" Wn,
wailiii, may net the beat ol husbands; arid it
get a bad one, I shiili havo reason to rcj-xci
have not long lo live with him."
Viiui r,. .6or.-" Of what use is all your
. - ... ...
, io an niLfiii mis artist. " l.icv Hit malic the .Mm
, ,r,VVi ... eif,.lu,.ic, fr mrUo. , , ;
nn docs more good with his plough in one month,
'. r- -----r.
than you can do with hooks and papers iu one
" What dojgh docs your sun use 1" said the ar
" Vhy he uses : 's plough, to be sure. Ho
can do nothing with any other. By Using this
ntiiilrrli mm bit. liE.lf ir.i. lulmr ntiA rn'te ltirM
,im(t nulcl, 0, ,,h ho ,,, wlcn concern,
-rho arlj!, i(Mlv ,urllt.,, ()V(.r hw MU,
;1j ,Ultmcii . ,.ir(licr Hr . ,- ,ho lwWil
,,, ,wej tl0 ,
, plough, sayin", '
; ,uugh, ami my n
1 1 am the inventor of your'f ivonte
j -r ... n.tnn.H..,i r,r,r Mhllt, ,i,r. .ir,ut i,nnrtilv
n.iiiii m .
' by the hand, and invited lam to r ill at the farm
house and make it hi, home as long ns he liked.
I f ' thtnus to Sir. ' I'would bo odd lo see a
! "PPW to ottude to. a welLJuiowa fwlttic
1 character of the timr, ho wished to nlay
j f"'( but had only sense enough lo play the M
" ) l,er"' '"'""""t Sheridan .nconti..ua:i m, and
i R pbm. " 're shall we find a more
J IiI1JV,,i '"ore knilVIll lo
'accusioi.ieuuene.il. i no w i:acu wu uoweu.iiKii.Reu
feet long. Tho stalks ol theso leaves clasp the
body of the tree nnd incline outward, the long leaves
bending over in a graceful curve This vast crown
of evergreen is ol itself very grand, but when the
treo is about liliy years old, thoro rises from Us
centre a cone several feet in height, which grad
ually enlarges, until al length it bursts with a loud
explosion, and a vast, brilliant, golden colored
flowoi, twelve feet in diameter, appears over the
elevated luft of loaves as a gorgeous diadem on the
head of this queen of the forest . 1 ho trco never
blooms but once, nnd does not long survive this
grand dtsplny of magnificence, !
A BJIIKP REVI1JW OF Till. TRESGNT I'OSI
riO.V 9 THE REPUBLICAN PARTV.,
In H32 and '31 the National debt wa&'paid o(T.
There wus then no just occasion to impose taxes for
more ibiin was nocestnry to support an economical
Govermnnnl. In 18:)0 tho charter of tho United
States B.iuk expired. In 1S30 also the D.-posite
net was passed, whicli took the surplus pilhlic de
posites from tno Stulo banks, and phced them
with the States themselves, in propjrtion lo their
representation in Congress, lu M iy, 1837, the
commercial explosion took place, in which all the
Hanks of the country suspondod specie payments.
Those events, form on era in our financial affairs, I
and produced a separation of the Government Iroin
all connexion with the Banks of every kind " V(e
were then in a situation to reform the Government, j
and place it where Us Republican fianicrs iutendud
it should bo when it was created. v - !
Tho assumption aud funding measures, together '
.with a Bank which Hamilton was enabled, through i
ttic uiiots incurred iiurmg our Kcvoiunon, to en-
graft upon W system in its infancy, bad euli'roly
expired in 1 337, and wo were then .left uiiframel-
led, to-liko a pure and independent, course, free
from al! national debt, nud unconnected with al
Banks. , , .
But there was great . iiidividuuL indeUtedfteiw in
the country , together wilN" corporation iirtd. State
ceois, amounting 10 near s-'oo.iHu.oiiy. ( i ne
Bunks had suspended, and payment ol debts, at
homeland iabrop.(Li was Iciiian.led . in available
funds. TIa. pressure was intiinse in all classes of!
the community. Suddenly a party sprung up who
promised , an easy payment ol debts abundant
ninitf.vii Sfmnil iorrpiirv-Bliiliitilu iinH nrnni-ri.
... HI I'-l. J, I . . I -
J - ' . J -. - J y. 1 '
i)'. .ico mgu in pidcc,' aim long Known iu me mo uecevcu mou : uiuer uarreis ana rarkoon
iiconlc, solemnly plodaed themselves to produce iakms. thnse chosen emblems of'thoir nnriv. will
these results if power was given to thorn. ;
Tho people, pressed down to despair and mad
noss by .tin? convulsion of the times, readily gave a
listi'iniig ear to nlljhesc promises. They were
I "'m , I ' ' -
rifimf.i. n.irl r.iln.r- U'ltf. Kf. u I 1.1 ml., i.nnr. ttit
intuitu, uuu ii.ii i ... w.w..... in...
what have they donul ilio eoplo asked for victory. We had a loader wh'i was suited to .lie
brojd, and they tiave received stones. They asked , issues then tendered, aud being in' power and
for water, and have received vinegar. It ha" alt7iTOjsiiion7"wo clivrfully louglit thd great ,
ended in delusion, decepttonjind fraud. Anil it is ' battle on him. .Although he did not command a.iy
now palpable tint there can be no permanent le j uucomuioii enthusiasm lor himself personally, vet '
lief but in economy industry enterprise and , he was calm, sagacious, ami firm, and lulfille'd his
honesty. It is a fatal delusion to suppose that any destiny. : He has won th donors of tho Itcpuolic,
(.iovernowuu can pay tlin debts of any class in 1 and been clothed with the first office in the gift of ' i
community, without sacrificing to that extent the a free people. This is enough to fill with grateful
interest nf some oilier class. Wj fought the bat-, emotion the heart ol any reasomblc mail. 15 jt
flu upon uli the great public issuos that the I'l iles, things arc rijw changed. Our opponents hvo A
r-il inril' Intl.ti ri'il fd im ill Ihpir i.in.inil ret :il llllt ti..ri limiKtlit iiifn miunr. Tluii. l..i- .l..u. 1....!
.1'.. X,M UM..J 1 . -. '.). .-. yi'IU.lUllui. . ... . 11 n T TJ 111 Tl l'"jJTV
lAir Ses'ion, and the peoplo aretnow witli us Itheir principles, and prcs-ated tiieir leading mea
An enlightened public judgment is clearly against ,surcs of pu'ilic poiicy. VV'elmvti t.ikeuthe issujs
them.. All practical men, not engaged in politic, that tiiey U-uJcr.:d at tli; L.vtia Cessna. .Thev
viw ih.-ir D.toh noliumo as tleluiuve and visioun- i arc no. v on tho HojbiiiiT. "e have driven theili
rv. They h id promised reform, and reduction of back. The Udu is w ith us and it now only Jr.
expenditure inroiighout tho canvass, but when pends up T a wise and prudent forecast in us to
brought into power they tiearjyj jjoublwl tho ex ' roaliia aU tho frurtsn-jarloua IciryTJt""
penflHttfsj nt sieerTheY The'hcigTit o'r'iTi!!y"aiid" weakness for" us
debi to near 817,000,003 increased your lavei) voluntarily tofight over uaiu itie'same issues thrt
nv placing tweniy per coin, upon uitnom every
uiiiig imporIc4 r SHi if to bnir tha rery dv
peratiou of recklessness and profligacy,' they, at
tuo same time, divided Hoiougst their camp follow.
ers tho plundor of your publio domain. These
, puWl lands which they - sq-.andered, have iKsenUwla-lW-umAmw
r Z respect
pubho land which they-srpianilered. have leen
re-ted your natmnsl credit and the stability of your
national revenue. Not satisfied with all Ibis, ihey
now propose to raise your taxes still higher al this
session of Congress, which, according. to Mr.
Clay's plan, ouglit to reach almost thirty per cent,
upon nil importations. And, at the same lim",
every Ik-rurrmeut of fJovcrnmont has called for
new nod increased aiunts of appropriations. ' Can
any tiling exceed tho hardihood and shameless
clhunterv of these men, who have thus openly
falsified, in a few siiort months, every Solemn
pledge they ever made to a confiding, but betrayed
iieonle 7 .
We are now at aturm.ig point in our public af-j Mivi,jhIii s to noae, Free Trade, and Duu! Hif'tit
fairs; and Uie great question-, arc, whether the m nil b-'ammi; nnd flashing oer i's broad folds'
Government shall be plunged back again into that mi l jo-j would sj-m s-e tlie beacon fires of a lie
policy, out nf whiehour tun ling Kystein and two ceivvd uud iiidigimul 1'oople kiudlingoVer a tliou-.
National Banks were create i' ()r, whether we Naiid hills throughuui this wide spread land, whilst
shall bo reduced down to a m nple and honnst Oov- it would not lie long before the shouts ol victory
eruinoiit, suited t the wants ol a free and Rtpuh mid triumph wo.ild proclaim to tiu world that tho
lican people? And these are important qucsiions aoJ VsudaLs were driven from tlio tesiijde of
fir an intelligent public to ileci :o for themselves, oar liberties, and that the Kepublic was ouco more
It is a fatal inistake to supp is-) that a national debt is-ite.
a intiinal Bank a htgn r'venuo and high Now the great ijuostion h, w ho c:i:i emboily o-ir
expen Inures, arc csseiittul lo a strong and elficieut principles? Who bli ill be too standard bsarer ol
Goveiiuneiit. The d"y is past for these measures the Uepubhcati party in this great contest ? W no
lo give strength. In the infancy of tho Republic, i will h-ad on our strength with u.ore power ?
such views might lie plausible, but we have vastly
changed as n people since then. Uji union our
siireunth our indiHwudenee are now established
beyond the reach ot an eirthly-j.ower. O l j lblic
u iueii no uro now viuiwioeo uuu imoi lueo, uou n
there be uny ono feeling more prevalent than any
other, it is a keen and sensitive jealousy towards
uie uioneyeii acnoti m ine reuerai lovernnunt.
is the dominant ch ir.icteristic ol modern Rociety.
Tho ttdinii.uion I t a strong and po.virl.il tiov -
eminent, wielding the triumphs of the mwjuI on
entirngmg the glory n! arms. and iniiitstcriiig to
valor nnd heroism his p,ssP, awv, ti,l the
people now dosiro tho blessings ol pe iee n cheap
and tree Government.
I nder existing circumstances, with naturally a
powertul and growing Confederacy, the strength ol
our itovenimeiit consists m its lornearance us
justice and its wise modeiateei. By exhibiting
Htoadily theso nttrihutes, it will secure the couli
ilnnce and iitleelion of a free and devoted people.
And through a wie moderation, during the
years of peace, we .shall be prepurediiiost ellietent
ly for the reverses und hhocltsof. war, by building
lip a Government strong in tho united, harmonious
und poweil'ul eoie. I'resurvo us sincerely united
in interest, by justice lo the pans ; create nu unaf
fected feeling of attachment and forb'amnCc,-and
there never can be a successful invasion of this
growing and wido spread Republic. ,
The strength of this Union consists iu tho exer
cise of justice, and the modern to exertion of strictly
limited powers by the Federal Government, during
n period of pence. At present, a high fiscal action
in the system upon tho priueirfles of the idd Fctler
al party would, as inevitably as destiny, drive as
lo a rupture of tho parts ; and instead of giving us ,
a strong (J jverntnout, would give us ouO full of
embarrassment and imbecility.
At ihis juncture in our allairs, an clTieicnt ro.
form and wise administration of our Government,
is absolutely eswatial to its final presitrvation. Wo
can h tve no thorough reform .unless your Exccu
live Departnient ia fully and honestly nnftued witb
sound and radical principle. What wo, want1
more than any thing else, is an Executive, whoso : '
experience and wisdom will enable him to under'
stand the true philosophy of our system of Govern.
msnt, and wliose acknowledged tnleuts and exten.
sivo reputation lor integrity and fidelity will givo
inn the moral power to pursua what is true and
jrigtit, indipcndoiil of all-Mho potty iramels that
j Control a common man. The llepuhlicntiva irty 4
barn t.u much at Htako in the. purity of our insti
tution and the liberties of this country, to risk -
every thing iu a great contest upon an orJhiury
M tno canvass oi isiv, t.ic rxtraordmary pres.
sure of the times,' and the Idvishr and nrofliate
prynusss ol-relict, produced an i union ju impres-
Uion Upon the contest. We fought for tho most
part on tho defensive Tlte Federal party charged
us with being responsible for evory thing. Tney
'charged us with enormous and usele-sexpcndituica
j with watrf of sfriot responsibility in public ofli.
j cers with the humbuggery of a standing anny
with7 a 'princely establishment lit the Executive ' f
i mansions upon all tueso points we were forced '
Ion tho defensive. Our opponents had the p'XUiiar ?
j anifhonoruble advantage of possessing no priuci- '.
ph-s. They were bittur, active, and unscrupulous
J in their ue of means. They appealed lo the vi-
I lost and basest passions of buinin oatura and '
miniutArml in ilin AmxenvnA .nn.iii. m!' . ..i...i...i
............... IV .I.V. .j'P.'V HU1IIV VI UUIUUI.t ,
1 J . I t. .,11 .
long stand as an insignia lo mark their public do.
jbauclieries and midniglit revelries with iho-lcep
; sf orn and contempt of tho virtuous and honest ni
' all after nges. We c it ribhud our public niiauros,
souii I principles of enhghlened liberty wo louglit
1 ......... ...... ...... . .., un.. , ,,1 tJ, u;,u '
. nn i 1 1 .i i 1 .. i.ll ll.i ...i ..... ...rt..i . . . .1
IV n-ii u'l 111 Ui. ,111., .'HI iiuii.ji .; 1IS n 11 lllu
mere lorccl ujon us in tiiu ompaign of JPl'l.
i Vlien we have tho decide d advautn" caincd
upon other groupds, that our opponents hive madu
for us, let ns kedp that advantage. ' his butter to
speak candidly and frankly before we tako anv
i' ste;j thjiUiiuht ,mijix,-m-.va,-im'
Mr. Van Huron,
yet h,s m ut., if rallied on ag
in would Rwako all
tno Liuer preiJdiccs ttial weie enlisted m tho la,t
for tlr. ir wu.it of consistency.... We would b for
ced bark, to a great evn i;t. u,ion the positimisf '
lS4;t. Il iv sild shoA more nisdom and policy in
us to take tho present issue, forcing tho Federal
is:s upiei tli' ir measures, an I thus co iipe!!ing them
to ti'tit upon trie detensivc i juir.g into the contort
j under such circumstances, wo could then spread
out the ul iriou banner of the consiiii.nnn w.tii
Wc have one man eminently pn!ilied for eucii
a pstiiMi. His ago his. lunir auJ distuuuishod.
services Lis iborouuli kinwled0--nf mir u'.inin
of (iovernmcnl his snle.,, eoirus anJ shitless
character all make JUU.N
ma,, 8Uiit., r this Conflict,
e enme jut i publio life
C. CALHOrN the
before the list war.
; with no urdetit love of
sea for his country s hmior. And to -n mi,.
I canvuss w Uh his name al our head, would kmdhv
1 pa,rioii-ii i:i everv heart that would look back
Uju, ,,r,. .,.u exultation upou tho scones of our
UriUIM,iH and' our glory in those days that bhed
SJC, .,rc lHm our roiinirv's History. When wo
wcro Ueprcsscd in our nut'ioiml i-ouneils at that
period, it was Ins talents Ins energy Ins devuted
! ,itiioiisni that insnired ih ...i,.-,, .!, i
iailU iiit.j ,(0W C0UMCis With x..a, and iH"n ie:.o !
mm decision, ionu couiu ormg lo our cause
great a st'ick of reputation and . i.ar.ieter, ac
'pnrod in the w;ir of 1S12, as Mr. fallioun. And
as for practical and tHului talents, as well ae ac
knowledged genius, Ink at Ins iidininistratio-. i f
the War Department up to lil. I h vi ; ;an t .
ly any 'thing like ir in tlie a b.iiiiistruliou f r ur
(ioveriiment. From disorder and cohI'um ., do
made it the most energetic, syMematic, a-id tho
roughly organized Depaiiuientnf thu Gnven: oi-nt.
His course in that dlliee einiiiently illustrates In
In the office of Vico President, to whicli ho was
elected by the largest vote any man ever got, ho
again exhibited thu sanio high talent and dynifud
When the Federal party scizod on the power of
tjin Government, ngaiti-t the popular will, under
ciyilhc! I he personal pride ol hundreds n.-iU .
ilimisands would bo inclined to revolt under the "
sneer of those who would artfully reproach them '.,.