rut. cohtitptiow, nob fbohibitko by it to tub itat ei, abe iKKRBVRD to thb sr tre RESPECTIVELY, or to tiir ntorLK. - Amendment totke Constitution, Article A.-
tfumta Zi o Volume 1.
SALISBURY, JV. C., JUNE 17, 1842.
Wholc JYtnnbci- 1,122.
Tg powbbs wot pmiwte'u to thb united status bi
tf.RXI or the
- ' i -
.. 4 o P IM H II R It. '..
1 :Jjor anl Proprietor,
. Carolinias i published every Friny
' .. nr annum m advance Ot "(r3 50 if
K he charged. OT No paper will bo discontinued
Jccpt t the Editort discretion, until .ll .rrcr.ge
n,id ifthe .ubscribcri. worth tho subscription;
.... rlii,.M to notify the Editor of. wish to dion-
' 1 .t leant o month before Ihe end of the year
, ta for. will bo considered a new engagement
r A'hertt'etnenti consptcuoublv nd correctly in- j
f-' . mn r 'Kfinn linn
f this sued type) for llie Gret insertion, and 2o cent. ,
each continuance. Court and Judicial advertise
menu 23 per cent, higher than tlio above rotes. A do-,1-K'ionof
31J per cent, rrora tho regular prices will
L insilo -to yearly advertiaara. OT Advertisements
' t in fur publication, must be marked with tho nuin
l,.r of iiHcttions deircd,br they will be continued till
ubiJ.snd charged accordingly.
letter addressed totho Editor on business muit
tmne rata or rosTAct;, w lnfV wiU be "tn,It'i
ai a 3 v ia a a. si ia w o
A tctne in a lawyer' Qjfietjr )
owwr'. Well, Thbn.a's, how la thy' health t 1
am cl .il that thee h.i taken thd trouble to call.
Ouaker.-l do not trouble gentlemen of thy
profession vcrv often i but I hae called thia after
mmi to pay sonic moury lo thee. A. we friends
i. . i.t!V.n In trainmn men in the art of killing
i i u- . m . ki i 'ini u- 'j . . - ...... . r
n-m systematically, thry oblige M o pay for the
(Hoyotont of our prmciples; and I understand
lire is-I forget what military people call it thej
1 at. MAHilitiitlin ftifkflfBtf. Jtv
AtfirjeA e, 1 witti I cchjiu get on wbm
vfiii do: whereas it, coits me tco tiraci ttat ium7
WiJea eight or ten day drilling every yrar. ' But
alnt renders" fl'iaf tm-ttrtoro unilnawirit ia, the
ref!ectioa JWJfl Briaoe ffhen I we the banner
ik-inn iind IM drums beatina arm! me. that the
(jcci 6Qi,Jiil.i prenaratipfl U to train in the
nit w oestroyio eacn o nor. ?
nf the peaceable' nciiMineni oi l euny '" "
I'cnn. ' y grandfatlier wae a Qtiakerjand I haveM
alwaya admired ineir piaimie ui via-, Hwpwy
of lanusge and pacific aflntimonts. I a abort,
Thome's, I have" often thghf that ifwe ere ell
ij'iafccr, society 'ouU rescmblo ttalevof tfur
Ut Bwcntt hi ajsin . u--' w
Quaker. We shall ncver be. all (loakera o
! , . o. .n. n.nv ul ui are'hvWrites, and to long
i . .
fi..,rii hnve so much Influence. If thy I
-rand Inkier wa Qaakrr; I am aorry theo has so
negenoratea from thy ancestors. J'Chn ecruplcs
tTiee" profuii nbourniififsry duty, condemn thee ;
f ir thee must bb deluded byhe devil totiolato
thy coaJciW at great epeoe.v Thee speWi
JrJarniuasJ t1'Pr""'3r ,nJ mitv pu, ress thy
m.t.n,u itiMkvi. aQdiliv'fashiouable Jituck COr,
fcured vest, and caoily w8!ch)emb:liihmeot,are
i nTonteaoWo prooi 01 iuy niMiKwruy. ""
r.TM P..nu 1 have heardheo euloglxe Nnpoleoa
as liiahly.i 1 ! observed the dupltcityhee
iir. .Thee reads a sermon for the
tOrViPnnnw. Inhi iDornini when tScy lave no
"reaching. Tbeo (joea p the nAernoon and leads
!ii0i,.,f..rilie Churcbmeu. ; In the evening thee
net to the I'liivefahsts' meeting." Thee admires
ilia immerion of ho Baptist a(Vl tlio camp
iiipcting of the Methodists, anJ tho plain dress and
hngua'i of the friend. 1 will tell thee'fnend,
t i e strongly remind mo 01 my uruwu iim,
mco employed nn hoHt Iiishuian lu labor for me.
i sent l'inrkun morning aa catek my, brown
1. js. Nw the brown hor rait in the pasture,
in tho middle Of which wasaarge .square pond.
I'str.rk.waa sron aJung-Ume, .tid at length
. . ' V I
returned with tf beasli .Iter having chased him 1
new Hunea roimd the pond. Well, Patrick,"!
uid I. -en whicli aide of , the ponddid thee find
U botselW - Truth," aaul IVnck, "and I.
fuma him on all eidks.'V-i-'i ? 4 j
r,ir XoLiU fralnim.-Thn.RKmoT Democrat
tells nf a young marfwhoad pt retorhed to his)
Loire in the Western part of Uli Slah. from a ,
i -r.t to this eltv, where hehad beta visitmg his I
l-iotUot, for thr,,rPrB,e f aurrendcrwij to him nil
I ' capital tn enable him to inert bis engagements.
It veins lha' tl." rlrh brother in New Yoik had,
fu'ed, and was nh t loavail bimelf of the Ixwlit j
I the Bankrupt Act. If he did so, a widow (rem
HnnHj.0 bad hmrwd five I hot- unddyllnra would be
'Pus fact irmihled him, and ho com
' I'liiicntcd his troubles to his oynger brother, who ,
1 "h-viih ool.l Wi ettnto to the I it arre, and placed
i.n i.nmU of his brother in New"
V tii.hv v hk h means ho was enabled to pay nil
tli-lif.sjna tv eeniiwue inooy.
hu-riie:. .V. 1'. Sun,
An OWi,-.) Filuucu A chandler having some
f indies Kt,,.-n, n friend bade l.im be of good cheer,
' f'T inn short time," aaid he, "1 om confident
1 iey mII ull come to light."
Solinfartory l)t finition. lilllo girl asked
r sisirr what wiis rhaoi. that na rend about? '
"! oMer child replied, " why lis' a grenl pile cf
'ning, and no place to put it in. (
C'o'n. -,!,- I'l srcri. Flowers, of nil created'
,;,Iig, nre the most innocent and simple, nnd most
'"rthlv complex play thinga lor childhood, orna-1
"'''tits fur the p-ave, and the companion of the cold
r"TPo jn the enfiin. Flowers, beloved by the
'onderiiig idiot, and studied by the deep thinking
'"Hi of si'H'iiro ! Flowers, that of all erihnh!o
ilun nre the most perishing j yet of all earthly
''""lit are tho most heavenly I Flowers, that
'weasmj-y expand lo heaven the grateful, and to
"'"n their ehesrlul looks partners of hnman joy,
""I soothers of human sorrow ; fit emblems of the
v" 'tor's triumph, of tho young biide's blushes
''-ora to' crowded lial'.s, and grnecful upen
clitary gravea! Flowers nro in the volume of
nnturo, what the expreiwion,' " God is )ovut" is in
tlio vnlumo of rcvelnilon. . ' .
Whnt a drearj'jlemilute ; place. would Le. f!
wiinoui a ainuo a least wiinout ft welcome I. Are
not (Worn the Mturs of the earth, and are not i
flowers tho stars of heaven ! One ennnot look
'closely nt the atrucltire of a dower without loving
it. They are emulemannd manifestations of God'a
love to the creation, and thry are Ihq rneans and
rniiiistiations of man' love to his fellow creatures,
for they first awaken in his mind a sense of tho
bcnntiful and good. Tho very inutility of flowers
U their excellence find great beauty, for they lead
us to thoughts of generosity and moral beauty,
detached from, and superior to atl selfishness, so
that they arc pretty lessons in nature s book of
instruction, leaching tnnn that ho livcth not by
bread alone, but haih unothcr than an aniirmt life.
A Lvcky Thought. During tho early part of
the ricnch invasion or Algierscccupatiou, we
'' bhlieve, is tho milder diplomatic term a mall
party of the 1- reach troops fell into an Arabambu
cado, and those- who were not Immediately slain or
taken prisoners ucre obliged lo place more traat
in their heels than their muskeis. It hastened
that tho regimental band was Willi the party, and
the musicians mado a retreat with the rest, in
prettiuimo movement of the most rapid execution.
The ophiclcid player wan, however, embarraened
,y,bjaJrMlratucut, widjieA Wa heUatin5'lK(it
i carrying it further, whtfn hapiciiiii2 to cast a I'ar
tbian glance behind, to hia consternation he be
held an Arab horsemuncIo?e to him. Further
flight was usc!ei there was nothing for him but
to fiitht or surrender. Years of desert slavery
made a gloomy prospect and yet what could his
eiJ sword avail agamM the spear or his pursuer i
Desperation u the indent of many atrance ro.
aource. The lately abused opliicleU was lined to
his shouldor, musket' fashino, and the, muzzle
IrouMil to Cover his foe. Tno Arab was truck
with oanic : doubtless this was some new deviltry
of those accursed Giaours somo machine, of death,
with a mouihbi; enough to wecphajf hia tribe into
jMWwifyV Not a accond d ho hesitate, buf whcjol
1 iuz round, he enlloimsd oil at a pace that sooa took
him out of what he conceived might be the rangq
of this granuTiithetul all the muskets. Had 1'ros
peru been there to havo treated him to a blast
omething between a volcanoe and a typhoon, that
side of Mount A tin would never havo beheld bim
more. Our roCpncisti made his rot real good, with
higher, opinion of tho powers of his instrument
Jian he ever before nosced ; and the story was
l()a trrm.metitofthe Frcticbjtrmy for many avday
. !., '
1. ... .... m.- " ".vr'
JV-f 'r-r.v.ion 1-.avc to avoid, amoii.lher thing, tht
tpiritof Ihnumtatwn-un vx which almost
rarnbly nttcndi th- succfal prosecution ol every
benevolent enterprise. W io.ro. ,t,nr,
I there may cause, the expressed public
.tfhtimeat I?c,dedIy 10 jMt.t mill-
, Jltudes,; have neither taken ,. pledge,
nor evpect to take it, are at.!l ready to give their
full .cnt to the Mrellency of the object.. - -
Among these are some who havo long practically
rected ef hetwtfdondht
leel theiiwtlvTt prepared w bind themselves by a
vow nut t drink, and not to offtr to othcrt
Uverago which habit hat rendered, ia.lhcir esti -
nation, nrccsnary to the full nod UUi-tintcd rites of
nospiiaiiiy, iji i"i me JL'vC'JSL'EWCJ! Jfiu-
YiTuafe hiay mato to IVtiTIr signing J,he pledge, be
wlmt ihey may, nothing will w gniuoo, but on the
contrary, much will be lust, by denouncing them.
The manifestation of such a r-pirit oo the part of
Iho.inf mbisra will mo?t ccrtninly awaken opposition
Jrftm many who are now Iricndly or netitral, and
d. W access to hoso tFeriallv, whom "the cause
is principally designed to U-ncfit. Whatever is
ilone, let it be done bv nrgumcnt, iiersua.-iion, kind-
,u l,y appeal lo tli-; cood already cflected, and I
t!ie evils for winch it provides the only sale and
iidccjiato iftiicdy. But let no one venture to tot
mate tha a mah cannot bo a Christian, Philanthro-
pistur a rutnoi, w ho iiiciincs i.r nim-ett signing
the pledge. Let the friends of the cause exhibit
the clleets resulting from the u-o of wines, rrmlt
liquors, am! other intoxicating beverages, and ex.
fuse as much as Ihey please tho cupidity and the
infamy of those who are engaged in the manufac-
lure and adulteration t'fthe'i' articles of Commerce,
tlwt those who drink may know what they drink.
B it because their use is n t abandoned at onco it
I. xth unwise and impolitic lo givo vent to'a do-
1.111x1 itory ipirit. For nothing w rllcctually as
this etotheii prejudice in triple nrmoiir, and blocks
up iho nvemics to the imdcrstanding, tho con-
tciem,-BiuI tlio heart Charleston Observer.
. . f , ..-
The Ihop c-f Hater, the Brook, the Rnrr and
,t,r thran. A drop of water, that SpaiUod lilie n
j. wcl in the sun, onco fell from the clouds, into a
little inonntain stream, nnd ere it lost its identity,
exclaimed in 'he lanuuaeof devolution, " Alas!
w hat a catastrophe ! I am swallowed up in immen
wily." The litlle slienm laoiflieil, as tt leaped do1
the nmuntaiu side, at il.e I imenlntion of such an
inignincant thing as a drop of waiter,, nnd vain of
i's consequor.ee, continued crawling, its crystal
way, with nil the pride of conscious superiority,
until at length, w 11 on udiVn phmgc, it leu head
long into a mighty , river, nnd liko the drop of
water, was lout in a motuerf, crying out in its last
agonies, "", Fate! who would hnve thought. 0
brook o my hieo could I swallowed up so easily !"
Tho river murmured its contempt for the little
foolish stream, nud continued its course, gathering
Mrctigth and pride, breaking through mountains,
tearing tho rocks from their scats, and coursing in
a thousand meanders through flowery meadows,
tntil it found it way to the vast nnd melancholy
ocean, 111 whoso boundless waste it lost its being,
I,!. ilie dron of water and tho littlo mountain
sirenni. " I it possible," exclaimed tho mighty
river, ' that I havo been thus collecting tribute
from hall' of the, world, onlv "to bd.cotno nothing at
la-t!" . ' ' .
'Tis thus with thee, man ! Thoif bcgiiuiest in
insignificance,' liko the dfop ol water ; thou bocom
, est a laughing, leaping, brawling thing,. liko the
hmoU! thou waxest proud and great like the
mi'hly "fiver; nnd ero thou canst eaY, in the
.-..niiv nt thv heart. " What tan illustrious mortal I
om," th'u art l"-t in eternity.
w . .. . THE SLUMBER OF DEATH.
Peaceful sod lair is the smiling rcpoeo
That the breast-cradled uluaiuef ot iuine inowsr"
Sonnd IS the rent of the wcury and worn,
whom icoi iiave been galled Willi llie Uual and liio
8weet is the sleep on the eye-lids of youth,)
id... j ' i, ' .i .i ; j
.iiivii me urvaiq ui . uiu nijjia is ill jiicbouiu biiu
truth p i V, - - 4 mj. . .
Yet child, pilgrim, voutli shall awaken strain.
To llie journeys oi toil and the trials of pm.
ftut tliere is a fast and a visionlciw slnen. ' "
i no rami ana me uir'ess, me long ana me u;cp ; .- 1
'Tis the sleaa thsl is soundest snd sweetest of all.
lt l . ... V.i - , . - ,
When our couch is the bier, ud our iiiglu-rotio the
No voico of the foe or the friend shall impsrt, 1
Tim l.rr.nil t .! l.. ... .. ..... n ll,
heart; . ,
The lips of the desrekt oisy seek for tho braotli, ?
inn uifir kixs cannot rouse tho coil stillness oi eatiit
Tis. long.lS last, 'tis a beautiful rest!" ' .
wi:eoall sorrow; bus pisscu Irom the brow and the
And tlio lone spirit truly and wisely, may erovo w
That sleep that is drcsuiiciw the sleep ol the Grave !
From Gouge? Jourwl vf Banking, -4
Origin of paper Monty. -It is a fact well wor
thy ol notice, that in countries into which paper
money lias been introducrdJitjh,a.Q
not 10 me ucmuuus in cuiiiuiricc, uuttu iu.- iitcb
sitiesoflho State. Tho reason (or this is, that
commerce creates its own medium. In commerce,
conducted on legitimato principles, mere jn-omue
to pay are never substituted iur actual juyiiiti.t
Tue murcliaiil may buy much on trust; hut when
the day arrives on winch ho h is promised to pay,
he will, if solvent and honesft fulfil his engagemenis.
I he necessities of states, in v- y ancient timus,
introduced paper money in'o Chum, into Tariuty,
into In'ha", and iiilo Persia. And in -rtf&ilDn, or
cooiparatively modern times, tho necessities i the
state have introduced paper money into Italy,
Spain. I'ortujijl, France, Germany, VJussia, Swo
den, Denmark, Gteai Emum, the United" Btaies,
Rratil and Buenos Ayrcs. .
, There arc soma who suppose, or seem to suppose,
tliat,wilhoul paper money there would be iittlo or
no commerce. Wo would call their allcniioo to
tho fact, that in BO one country dm the neceMilics
of commerce give rise to the uso of paper money.
Tbe Bank of England was established on coi.-di
tion of lending all its capital to government. -
Tho first issue of paper nvney in this country,
mado by Massachusetts in 100, was not to serve
tho purposes or commerce, but to satisfy tl.o de
mands of aomo clamorous soldiers. The next was
mado by South Carolina in 1715, to defray
expenses or on (pxpedition agntnst the l usoroias.
x,,e f(Mt ((four !ariv cr,tat3d paper money
j WM ihe Bank of Xortli Atuurica. . . Pmi.umhci.
was uwloubledy Bl je , ,,ttoia of but the
$em!n mved thei'f 8llcccsa cnlltHy to the hopes
M(l nuf of b lner ,fcw ..i,,,,,,,,
.i, wan, of Jovtrnment. Thnikei.
,ho A of lha t,i)iled tu
Bankg , lM boCQ rMMuM , MamA
1 entries, solely to aid the oprra.nmsrcommcrce.
j ()f ,h kind UUn ooAAm,
- B bMtki
J ' . '
1 Floxtrs, Trcrr,nnd Shrubbery We are not
: about to iihilosophise at all, but we wish 10 ask the
luriacrr-lhe jiiau wlm 4ias a hoose-end-lrn -with-rt
the owner of any spot of tolid earth why is it
that he docs not more often realize the power
winch ho lias to mako lnm'll master ol a little t
parodisa ? Our poets nlwav-i talk of green leaves
and bright fresh "flowers, uml noble trees as things,
belonging of course to a blestcd place. Our hymns
sing ol ' flowery plains and " tree ol lite 111c
mortal ; " and all our representations of happy j
pleees and scenery, include them as a matter of j
coure. Wiycanuot this resltzfd ! The man '
who bn n houe, a gtrden. a yr.rd, a (arm, can '
with lille cate have all these, although he can lay I
Jno ckiiin to wealth. There is wisdom in cultiva
ting theso lovely adornments; and although, we ,
I promised not to philosophise, e cannot help saying '
that them is more philosophy in these notions than
, most good people imagine. There is reason n
Utcll as poetry. And ho who has about his dwell. 1
J ,p l(S0 children of the earth, will have nrnoeg
1 (hern the songsters of the air; and tho fragrance
tnnd music which comes on the breath of sum ner J
I thro his dp-nej window wt'l sweaten bin imellect-!
1 M nssoeiations as well as regale his senses.
1 Now if ihis littlo article should be tho means ol
j planting a hundred trees ami l! wers we ohould not
I ,Q surprised to fin I out in the cnl, that it had ,
' cherished a!, a hu.i.lrcil d ntstic virtues.
, Licjcn , of ,!lC Xaw, whon a faed
1 1,lijs1il,ntal,. w Mmethin- like ten year. on
bnarJ ,hc c-onalea,iol, fi tcate. Whilo lying at
one of the Arores, a heavy gam came on, and the
ship was drifting toward a rock b und coast, wberc
she would inevitably go to pieces. Jill waa con
went ashore, not a dozen souls would be saved
This young otlicer, whether on shore or nt sea,
was peculiarly neat in his fire.?, rather foppishly
so, and he bad acquired by tins peculiarity the title
of the " Pelham" of the navy. During the gale
his station was on the gun deck forward, superin
tending the paying out of a clinin cable as the ship
kepi dragging, nnd in some way his kid gloves got
dirty. It should bo remarked that with nil his
foppishness, ho was an able, cool and .determined
young officer. During the height of tho gale, tlio
chaplain, Mr. S , went round the ship, praying
hero and thero for blessings on those who were
about lo take the great leap into eternity. Ap
proaching Mr. , with a surioua countenance,
he addressed him t " ,
Can I do anything f u you, Mr. , on this
" Yes," replied tho young officer, without chang
ing a muscle, " won't you bo so good as to turn
down my shirt collar I"
' Fortunntcly the fngato escaped, but tnc "turn
down my ehirt collur " ol M Pelham was a stand
tng expression among his messmates,.
In legal afCiiis thero Brethren promotions the
hab, the nr::vcii, and the gatioirs.
I I'roiH ifte Mecklenburg Jcffernnnian. ,
THE WHIGS AND THE UNKS.
We lenrn tlial Gov. Morehrml, in 'hia recent
speechestii tho eastern part of the State, denied
that the Whig purty in North Carolina are. at nil
responsible for the misconduct of our Hunks thei
rotul fur years togi-thor tp redeem their notes in
specie, while tticy were impressing the people by
forcing; collections of -itio debts duo thorn, ho
Hanks ) Now, Gov.. M. must have known ho wax
falsifvifl!!" the.jre6nrd w'he'i ho m.nla this denial'
We can turn to.the journals of the Inst Legislature,
and show to the saiisHiction of every inquirer after
truth, that it was tho Whig ninionty in that body,
' 1 1 1 i. .1.
the particular friends f Gov, t More head, who
mnotherf.raii invoatigaiiim into the affairs of tho LCftU0 fl,lt , discri minute as to tho articles on
P.,.,.l, " ... ... ..I.,. I......I In ... . ......
Eanks, orao platU-'red over th -inisJoeds as lo ,w
prevent ahy disclosures Qyjhe piibHc eye," and jn(
who Toienown evary proposrion maua: uy nre1
Democrats to compel these privileged corKratioti
to comply witUlho.iuw and iho obligations of Ineir .ki
!,ci r 2 . . ' slightest duty erpon somo inigtil, have tho effect of
s. -Lnrly kT ih 5sion, on motion ol -Mr. MJcc or CttURf( tjjrir inflation to eeaaui whetens, otli-
Lincoln, (Dem.,) a Joint Sided Coionleo vW" j tfSi entering extensively into tho consumption of
Swo Houses wav appointed, to inquire into thelle countrV might bcar,"the heaviest Without nny ,
causes of the svfpenyoti of lite Hanks of the State; . snDsiblo diminution in the amount imported. So,
liiiiJicraiioupunususpi-iii.oi. j .ni.wiieii.Mij.uisof ihe Uowrninent may be juslined in no dis.
jiktwileRrmnnsliis Of tins
Comniittci) Mr. Hoke wts mado Chairman ; but
before the investigation were fairly commenced,
he was called -home by sickness in his family, and
tlnl not return-' 'before the' adjournment. ' Conso'
quently, Mr. li. F. Moore of Halifax, (Whig) was
made Chairn.ao f tho ComiiaHtce, ond a report
was ma le on tho'Olli ! Japuary, V(3H. To this
Whig report wo would "now invito tho reader's
attention. ' i -
The Committee werejnftra-'tcd lb inq'Jir jnto
tho causes of the suspension of the B4.nk.''?0f
cour-f it was thoir duty to acerts'tn the solvency
of those nstituttous: how much '' specie they had
on hand, and wha'Jrncaaa they.ha4 to lone leir
liati'TiTWi' And llow did they duehargo this duty 1
Let their report sp' uk. They'stfy:
" It is necdlcM, wo presume, to reinart. that, tee did
nnt count the specie in Ike. u'lt, nor estimate the
Imul; but thai Hi liitokS of til ,6anh formed the
furthest pninl of retteareh tni tht iJomittee.
Here m ioventigntion fur yott '.here is light for
,t!ie people 1 "This Committee, headed by a cun
ning Whi lawvcr, snd probably "a feed attorney
for lho Banks, was sunt to ascertain tho Solvency
of "ho Banks rthey call at (he Banking house, and
the-fflc'tf'"ttH them Vo have a r much siecie
in that li-ix, and so much in another our hooks
show debts due 0 hro and there, amounting to
suck a Mifre; hut do not the Committee count the
d;ccic cr htun tlc that ! Oh, no ! they ju.st tnkc
the word of the hon'-st Rar.h efniers for the truth.
The box might, have-tmeh fnied with ifccie, t.r
they might havo contained nothing hut brick-
Ini! : I'.iere might, have been eood debt duo the
. . m..i ... j' .i." j:E7 -..'..r ... it.. 11...1,
11 it like1 to ouV-ud Ilia dignity of these lordly Bank
i rs bv an Investigation of iho truth of their asser
t,on ? What a mockery to call nucli proceedings
' no investigation of the afi.urs ol tho Bunks."
Buntiti Wutg reporfnot only just ifioTlTiosus-p-nsion
of our BankSlmt ii gis firihor. audays
ihey eught not to havo continued sperin payment,
even if they hnd in their vaults a dollar in s;ecie
for every dollar ll.ey had out in Werl Hear
' Bu.k .f the Ktalo in 1837, they say :
" If the Ilinlj had persevered in paying specia it
would soon have been compelled !o ptispend, tinlcM it
might have bad io its vsults, in actual coin, a dollar tor
every ilollar of its liabilities. Ifthe Hank had pnrtcis
rd such mai. rut CmsMirTte asi nn from think
' 1x0 it ULHiHT Tl) HAVE PAID Til KM OUT'!!
What do the people think of this! They are
gravely told that the Banks ought not to comply
with the law, nnd their obligations to the people,
lv, the redemption nf their notes in specie, even if
Ihey were abundantly able to do so ! Tho Banks
may auo tho paople who own them sell them out
and stow the money away in tlnir vaults; but
thi W'hig Chairman savs Iho ga.no Bink-i are
nt liberty tn stipend when they please, and that
it is decidedly wronj for them to pay out s;ieci to
tho vulgar peop'e :
But we h ive in tl,- proceeding of the la t Whig
l.-gisialurc, another specimen of the !,vn of Gov.
Morrhrad and his party for the B.hi'cs at the ex
pctise of the people .
In the Senate, on the "sth . f J inuarv, '' the l-ill
cqiiceiuing tho B inks established, or thai may
I).-rentier be established in tht Slav-,"' wn taken
up lor consideration. Mr. Wat a .1 (W.'ir.) :'
IMgeco.iib, offered the lollowing atiiciid.nciit ;
" lit it farther enacted, That if, :.l iev ton" I'creif
.Xu1 auji-Rjuli cslaiilisliud miUiih l.m .Sri Misii mi
point, or icluso to ny any of its notes to llie holder
tliereol in specie, w lieu deai ieile.! St tiie I':iiii; r r place
where the -aiil notes may havo lieen isn'ie.l. i; .-lull n:il
be lawful tor anv Bink s 1 sopjnihn;: ?;' ' piviiients,
to collect any ot itdcMs due at t'e 11 ie- ot i-u-p' n-1011.
if. Ill llie sanl L ink slull rtwoiim sicn' rovni"
sneii nei'. oii or perso.is ns ni iv l" niilcl'led
lo Kiid Rink or llial.s, sh;ill renew tlic;r notes "8 thry
t'nll Mil title, piynii; the in'ere-t, nn I jiving s-ec:!
reeority as may lo deeniod good nnd s:;tlicioiit tor said
Here was n distinct proposilion to p'ace 'he
Bulks on llie some looting wi.h mujv r.l'.i lis ; th.i
when they would not pay their litbis, tin y .s.iould
not press payment out of those who owed them.
Was tins nny thing more than ju-oice and rieiit .'
But what dnl iho Whig majority in i!io See. ite do
with this snnn'e and just .ropo.-ni.tu'! 1'ei .
down ! Aliliough it was made toe litity of lo-hters
tn tho Banks to renew thoir notes ree-ylarlv, and
pay up the interest, yel the Whigs 1:1 iho "Senate
sustained Ttie Banks 111 toeir lawless refusal to pay
their deHts, nuJ loll the people I be fleeced. And
yet 111 the I'aco of these facts, Gov. Morthcnd has
the eflrontery to s.iy that ho and his parly are not
to blame for the misconduct of tho Bank they
support the Banks in all their corruptions . nnd
extorttona from the community, and then u-k the
n'ople to vote lor Ihcin ngain ; to elect them to! shall lu able satisfactorily lo proe to llie Senalo
1 ffico again where they enn cnnimua to shield j before 1 lake my seat." Agun; " Sir wo opjus
these sores upon ihe body politic from a probing this American' system because it rests . npxt tho
by tho Democrats. But will thn people ho agauiUame principle. Whai was -tho F.:iish sWcni
riuped t Will they re elect men to the Legislature j and what this 7 FHiglanJ snul v"ou s iall boy only
who thus sticritku popular rights to the 'rapacity1 oft of us and pay n tiix in the bargain. Win- is t,lt
(kwiIIcss corrxirations.t ''nogtiago oi'ilns' Yi-j shtl! buy e.-lv r!" N --i f!v.-1 i"
MR. TYLER AND THE TARIFF.
The Tariff question will shortly coma upon tlio
carpet, mi l it now becomes a point of hoido curios.
i y and interest to inq lire into tho opinions f Mr.
Tylor on tint tiiiijw.t. -In justification of his flatili
vetoes, Mr. Tyler referred to hi long avowed ami
Irequently ixpressed opinions) on that mcaMtrc. It.
i lair to conclude thence, that' lie will in tin). mat
ter of a, new bill establishing a Turifl' of duties on
imports,' be governed by tlio anno obligations of
consistency a in the case A ' the Jlank.' We
therefore now invoke tho reader's particular atten
tion. to the following statetnenta of Ilia opinions of
Mr. Tylef on the Tarill, as uttered recently and
on former occasions. . .., .
lo President Tyler's Message to 'tho present'
Congress, ho uses the following expression s " In
tmpottigMlutie, newevcr, lor tho purpoo ol re-
ufcli tKe duty shall be laid, as well as the amount, .
necessarily and properly exists otherwise tho
Government would be plae-d in the condifioit ef
having to levy the Mmmlutics upon ell rBrtioJes,
twoduAio-HsJwell as the unnroductivc. Tho
cnminating, by reference t the oilier considora.
iiort! ibf'dotnosiic poficy connected with our mono,
fadurcj. Bo lon ns the duties shall to luid wii!)'
jiistinct relCrence to tho .wants of tho TreasurViW.,1
well-founded objection can exist against then)."
fLro it appcarsAlhfc the Vrcsident avows "that
the Sovcrnment may bo justified in an difcrlrry
nating, by reference to other consideration! of
domestic policy Connecd wan our manufactures
' This passage iii Mr. Tyler's message; seems to'
have proved entirely satisfactory to Mr. Soltoustail
and hi cammittee of Manufactures tho rejjulur
aUornies of the Nortlioru lactones in Congrats,
31rSaU0PJttall. mterfrret these word. of tUOvTrc .
sident as recommending " the encourajemont 6f
maniifacturc8." Duties laid for this tmrnoso aro
I manifestly protective duties.. It is true mat Mr.
i I . .1...:. ' t 1 1
lyier inya u.iwu, 11141 'iiio uuurs snail 00 HII'I
w itli distinct reference to tho.wants of tho Tica.
sury "but then ho laysitdown, with equal
diat.inctne-w, that thoo duties may be laid v-'ilh re
ferenco (o other considerations of domestic policy
connected with our manufactures." "O;hercor.
stderations 'mist relate to mere considerafion of
revenue, an J must mean ".other 'consideration's "' .
than those of mcro revenue. So that the President
would seem' to recommend " a iluiinct- referenca
to tho wants of the Treasury " s the pro5er guido
lino of a tariff, and yet juslifies u rcfereneo to -"
otiier considerations " Qol mirunt tidtlvr .
which teems somewhat unaccountable, not to say
contradictory, f. ' - ii- .
A " releretire to other ennsideratinnof domestic
policy connected 'with our manufnefures "mav
the freasury, and yet tho President -wstifies
the Treasury," and yet tho PresideiA justifies n
reference to both thus holding out, ccnfliciirg
beacon lights lor tho guidance and direction of the
navigators of the ship of state. - -'.'-;,."-M
rrTttfriTrhcitsago seems to adopt iho rcvetiu'o
principle as the great constitutional, slaudard onJ
guide hue, by which to shape-the direction ol tho
tariff. Notwithstanding this howcverthM rncs
sage jtisti lies n reference lo another slaudard or
guide lino Now,-TtipTnteTtm 1S""W.0
with revenue, tho line of protection nnd that of
revenuo not being parallel, diverge and tdaflicl.
By consequence, a tariff slvaped Hot by 'tho ono
mam constitutional lin? of revenue, hut thrown into
a direction compounded of and intermcdnto ba.
tween that line and the lino" of protection," must
fall without tlio true line of the 'constitution, and
that in proportion as Iho false principle or protection
is obtruded into lha true principle of levqm ?.
llcyei.uo and protection coofl.ei ; a regard, there-
.fore, to protection, must sacrifice revenue. Si
much lor tho opinions of President Tyler on tlio
tarill in 131V. Let its now l-mk back to (he
opinions of Senator Tyler in J "33, on the samo
hubject. We refer to his speech en the Forco
In that speech Mr. Tlor used tho following
j decided language, to which the reader's upecial
, ;1'" , '.'' ''
. ,J ,,un ,ariiT "
! uncHisliliiHon-.I ; and masinneh as all such iJaw.i.
u n l" e1xc'l i"W'c '""'
4 l ftr it full tin !v l in iini-.i ilion I
' . ... . .. .. ..I At L5. .
1 ii'ijj'ii imi wo 1 tits. Hj'j'VildttWtl Vk HliU
abetters.' 1 too, sir, have followed tiio example cf
Virginia in opposition to tiie protectr. ; poltey, and
it may ho my fa'e to bo pu.,ished uadur the lii.-t
section ef tins bill. I jay the first fc'i'm."'
Can iho Kttgh-'h lai r'-"1' express eppusiti-.n t.j
the promotive policy more decided than t!:i; '
Agai.i, 011 10c Dili nf Feb., Ir-.T..', Mr. Tvli.r, in
I 'iiHed S ates Si r it.-, Ut-livered a s;:eee,i 1
lr. C!i' U"soluii.i:w, provi 111:4 I' r re.lociio.i
c toe ujties in Imports 1 n.ii
heiiinin to rtid.r'iifj c,r'st aioi tr;;
id : " They may for 1110 make trade a ,.l or lit
T. I of all their potion, except their lai.il n,.n ms.
o: all men-
A -lie. '
t I lo protest with a)t my su.-ngi!!."
Cl.tr prosperity our'ht to Inj greatle
-.1 would bo greatly increa-.l I,y Hm
t or t:senil law, won! i ('oernment
unsiiaokle colnnlerc.e" -A "tin: ''It
the lirt'oral'! txTiator (Mr. t lay had uec'edeJ
10 proline (111 which, however, he. will U- loind to
l.o i.,is!a!;oii) that tins tarill Kvietitied Virgn.ia, if
it lit-.ls'al th" expense of some other state, soo
would, I am .-ire, be loo high nnoded to sustain it
lor en hour.'' Further; I t any man, ti r iii
stance, deal f r his supplies with a cmutry sloro
for any lengtii of time, nn I lv? will find the mni
ampto eslaie melting away . Why is this;
that whilo. lie obtains lor hi" produce a low pin-,
lie has to pay in many instahce.-. a huadtcd p-r
cent, upon mo.i-.y artich s of cansuinption i!eces;iry
for thenp;nv ol hislaimlv and estate ! sjucli will
1 heToim I to be) the epeiatian of the t in:!; as I
- U. f
1 j -.