HIS . WKSTEM;. CAMilK IAN .
HTHB POWEUS WOT DKLl.UATtU TO TUB UNITtSU STATE BV THIS CONSTITUTION. NOB PR '
"UrKtt BV ,T to tub status, ARB ikhkrvku to tub if ra kkspkctivkly. 08 to TUB people. Amendment to the Connttution. Artich A'..
m , '
Suu&cr 2ft of Volume Z.j
SALISBURY, N. C, JULY 22, 1842.
j Whole Number 1,127.
TEIIMS Of Til G
CUAS. P. FISHER,
Edkot and Proprietor.
TV WtsTLRM Caholinum is published every I'riJuy
- .llurmnc, at ijiti per annum in auVanreor $- SO if
"j,,,.: siiia (Arre wmth otherwise $'1 sift iiivaria
Ihi li fi irgef. OCT No paper .'will bo discontinued
(Sr& at the Editor' discretion, until all arrearages
ore pud, it" the subscriber is worth tho subscription;
ir.J the failure to notify tho Editor of a wish to tli-on-(,6
1.', at loast ONBjio.vru before the end of ihe year
tj! crilitfj for, will be considered a 'new engagement.
icy .UmtiitmenU conspicuously and correctly in-f.-rU'J
at SI pur square--(of 310 em, or 'jiftetn line$
, ; t:,is sijjed type) for the fust insertion, and 25 tent
t,r each continuance. Court and Judicial advertise
moat 23 per cent. !igher than the above rate A do
cj;t!t!i of 33 J. per cent, from the regular prices will
'It made to yearly adverlisars, OCT Advertisements
font in for publication, must be marked with the mini
Ikt of iiiseitiohs desired, or tlioy will be coalinued til!
,,riid, and charjjed accord. i.ly. , - ; .
Letters addressed to the Editor on business rntis'
cme rRKB o postage, or thet will iwt le attended la.
From Battle' MactUamj. "
t.LOltlOUd UNCERTAINTY OF TllrlLAW.
In a certain town in Normandy , t!io autWiues (for
d;,crs good reasons thereunto moving) thought proper
lu iteiie a proclamation to the effect that poue of the
worthy inhabitants, under a sevurv! penalty, should stir
s'jjut otter smi-sct without a lantern. Well, it chanced
;, ;'m very saute evening, a man was seized nid iucon
p.tiy liken before the' dispenser oijustice, lu be
u ait with according to the new law
' i am exceedingly sotiy" said tbo duet officer, rc-c.-wimr
tiia individual, "that a citizen of your re
.v'aiib.hty and iutiou should bit the E.V. to infringe
t:.e new regulation." '$
I would not w dlinsly do ay Mid the man, coolly.
'' J! se von nut rwad it '" '"'
.. v,'., " ,-a.i t ie captured sar?T. "wit many
j - ' - ; . i ii . h t
la I ltUtfrs;iluU i'4 1 ill luuuncw
il 1 m::y Icaru vf what I am
j: y . .
1 no ollicer p ric. i;,!v cwr"?lifd, and after glibly run
. ov r 'the u-rt.:.-e iTeainWe, cauie to the point
t i o inlij..;ta:it :.dl tnr br-adattw'r son-set with
t 'taUutern.-' .v'. c , lu c'ftait.ly delivert'd with pecu-
ir emjt, toti.e irl'u.ri'iort uf thefellow who had
" tThen ine inTu?o ctioraiy, and wm iwug huliuget
i i.iv.i.!itl to rffctnr las mwoty ol the tine.
1 kuv.ru lanlerit; MuOaU-ur, nruiiy c.-uienoeo u ,
ami, b'ddin it to vi.:w. !
f Vti, ho: t..eu la u.i ca.'id!.- i-.i it, rep.ied the .ccr
.. wiili a tni.ie.
"T !h: T'lrh-wtii -i d ''a iv t mean a canJ!r, 1 believe, i
., . i ,':--t-' '.' " C'J ..i::ig I'-uew, i'io ifp.-vi
'a cvlUSc ! hut of cTjr." '' beaeu th iufcwmor,
i .m'jiing kstle should he the ti a he had hooked.
. It iVe iit imitaioii cau.ile; and I contend Mon-
Cf,"t frirn-c iWwgeW4 ,"ecraiftl t!w quiM
-t..r "Tim wufda Brti W.;hot a wnteru-aau nerc
Hem cried ff?.str, fndeavdring to conceal the
r -ri-f i o'lii h--i fiy h's tieteat by .rin over the
, . y ul U,C JV.H-U.iui. I must conte-a thero is an
xu, ati-1 'I am hippy togi'.O jou'he bencfilotit
A- e.Vs is dii'i.isi."';l." " f
;.! r.i.rr .ii not 'otilv defeated, but nthcr
..pj, w,a t!,e p,-i-.m"F'i'al!ed W UllHU a I'S'UiMtf
icmhuih rendered low. t'.e attutsiid inforuuii!, liable
t , h-svy dauiig 's f .r l.lse mspriMiiiment, &c., and the
iui.. .iu . .2 , i.i avert tj;e iiillictiou ol an action
1 1' thu hw by disbursing a terli.u sum in nsru eawi 10
liat lol -on the uci evening he igam encounu-rea
fc!'dvrc.a3inUiic-V "J t1' lusjiifioi'-e dfllight, he
t Jitl J iho uiue unil!umt:i-'.'l lr.ntern in his band ; but
amnded proclatnltiori hsd been issued that morning,
with the Words, " that fl inhabitant should etir without
a le-'tern and a cundle ihereir.,"
. The informer chuckled at tlie Ignorance of the msn
who bad so coolly vicuiui d hi.n on ihe preceding night,
nnd Willi a heart beattug with a desire of revenge, ami
with Certain project of th restitution of the mulct
vdich he liad suflereil, he, with a sneering politcneai,
i equested the honor of his company to the justice room.
" Keally , it is Impossible to res st the amiable impor
tuniues or a geutieoisn who payj such delicate compli
Lisata, and such good eoinf replied tho man; and
u..y he walked, chatting good liunioredly and joking
wi'.ii l is delighted captor, f . ,; , : -
' What tsainr crieil thodBcer, ' -
" I hope Jlmwieur will do mo the honor to remember
tint my tomier appearance was net only against my in
clination but agaiust iho law," sskl the prtooiier.
"lleally liess proceedings are very -cxBtious, sh .
' lhc. jgti rtad tUproc!amat:tn!" interrupted tlie
il.'-.er. . . .
Monsieur did aie the favcr to read it only last nigh ,
" I w,ii r.-ad it again lor your edifka'iou," rep!!'.-'! thr 1
I...-.-I , a:i:i
il lurtiwlv t ine ii.loniicr, wio couio
um hims.;H lur very my- .1
.t,..,,i.,if,.i mir amtitioii wid recu: 1 ne ai'.uwu ,
1 p;acid!y milling at the rigmarole verbiage; but
1, the V'lUcr fad the Tonclwlmg words, " 'hat m m-.J
.-. t r'ruuld Mir abrwid utter 0uti.-,et wittiout a lau- J
il.d " tmidle," he htattej.
ilil" cri.sl the inf.rfft.er. unable linger t.Me.-'riin j
rtiria'c, r.r.eil the i!elui'Ji"iit, and 1
m hin'.i ri1, ejiiiniii'i
Jl " lOl llUfM ' ' I
, hu.v . rliinii-; '."
'A 1: n i:-,t li -'ill d !" exclaimed the informer, w.itn
;,.i!,trw:.iUea!;itst!0,l. "it w not lighted, m.r has
.a, a v.c u-cll proves 1"
.'.:.' -r;i mel can I!- ! l.ir.tern, a candle ! rewaleil
l aj,.,-;.l t ) the j'istico of Monsieur, tnat
ui ii -,; ; ,'di 0 v.-ird as a ig.lrd candle in any
:.'.-.t ri-iei !ed (ii.cutiii.'lit."
I a ,b- 1 ilmeln'r! 'f'ne yi,io.i wcro coinph'le.y
. ' ! , -.vh.ch to uhi'.e t'-u lever ot tne imorim-i 1. 1
. ..:.:iry i-jtc!teu.ei.t, '.ie man charitably repeatei! j
. I. n:;" vhe:ii In: hid so elhi.tua ily perlorn.i ii
i,i',:ine.!i. 1 1' (. ..ii.' the lawveia tu-1 im ,
' : ! i:dina" l' u'"' "'led procia,.-ia.ion,
- ' ''. '!-fjre I. .- v.urd '-tai'.dle."
Th there le Io.vh, "aid .Mr. Mulimv,
. ve, ute th lineal .let ceildilht- ol h-iriuiil-l"e
ln-ard it r. u,ai tied, that it's a hexlia-inn-la..-
'- that it takes a regular act ol
j m ke one 'o the n U .' nesl n in."
rrrii," Sisltrs. An rxclmnsu ntiper, speak
i:.i decision ol the Presbyterian Asiembly
thit a -M.au may not marry Ins deceased wife's sis
'"r, 'iys -,t forbids pl'irki'i! tva rvtts from om
THE SONG OF THE SUMMER WIND. .
1 go, I go, whnro rose-buds pcop, ! '
'1'hat are funii'd by my breath lu their fragrant sleep,
Wliure ihe lily winto m its paleness lies,
And drinks tu light from the violets ryes.
' (T 1 C where the wild fljwcrs bloom,
lu the vulley deep, in the evening's gloom j ,
When the sun retires from iho criuisou webt,'
And his last ray lulls on the mountain's breast,
I Co, I go, o'er the ocean's waves,
When ihe sunlight sleeps in its lonely cases
When a uoon-tiue stillness is on the soa, ,
'Tis a glorious, beau'alul hour (or mo. 1
I ff I go, o'er the desert waste,
Where the pilgrim pursues his journey in haste ;
Where the gushing spring is a precious prizu,
As it meets Hid Weury wanderer's eyes.
I Co, I go, where the ihaideu fair
Wreathra tha summer-flowers in her lovely hair,
A ltd her brow is Isnn'd as 1 wander past,
And a brighter smile o'er her cheek is cast. '
I go I go, where the palo moon-liylit ; v
Iuvites me flowers to their rest aiU night ;
And I nhike from their leaves the drois ol dew
Tint have borrowed Irom heaven their bciut.lul hue.
. I I go, o'er the world abroad,
Eor 1 luvu the buuuJIiiss works of UkI ;
Aud my song is hoard o'er thoYlutid and sea,
And tlie wide green earth rejoices in uu !
A hopper. 11. Tallmudge slutca in tho Lou
isvillo Advertiser, that ihcro is a Kycamoro near
York, South Carolina, ou lliu Calavtba river, that
measures seventy six feet four inches in eircumler
euee, aud the hallow uisido is eighteen Ibet in di
Juvenile Financier. A travelling managerie, down
caii, not many days since, posted up tne term ut adnns
siotr at two shillings persons under eleven years of
age at half price. A young chap, about a dozen years
ol a.'e, wumuig to save a shilling m an honest way,
wrote ou a piece of paper " ton," and put it in his hat,
and on snotln-r piece " eioven," and put it in his shoe;
-then with a Shilling in his hand and a buhl front, ap
proached tii door keeper, opening both eyes, and look
ing stf ruly on the youth, he demanded" How old are
you, boy !
" 1 am bvtireen Ira and tteien, sir;" was the reply.
Accordingly tiiedtor was -'thrown open to him; 'Sal.'
Courier, ' '
The exti'iisiles of our eastern cities sofmtiinea
tneei with curious aJvciitures in the " far West."
General '., (well kuown in I'liilnduluhia,) on gc
tuig on biurd of a Mississippi nieainot, ulter a brief
survey td tnu compativ, cou'sniered liunselt' sj far
: rentuved in f loiftt digrny-irtmi the jeans clad
Kctituckmii, lliHisters, mid Eiuckers around him,
tnat he must needs give them sinking deiuonstra
ti-ju o! ihe l ict, by relusiiiij to eai witn thu onhiia
r .-.t il furki ujed by iho alnresaid vulgar herd-,
fie itieretore provide 1 luuiseli witli a silver fork,
aud as uy .w.u avViirsjiiut 41 Jit , was placed it uiie of'
lUo ill nes, Bo ne one of Hie eariaille milu ho it,
lis Imu leu
it (o tin: steward ot' ! boat, with atl
injuncitoii to give it to him ou his gelling fatrly at j
I:ii b. The BleWjrd ertmttsi'tl :-lmt the t-
i)asu er rot wind ot the .mailer, and amount
Iliem was a brawny Kei.iuckian. On tbe firt
ojij.ortuuity which oilered, hu woot on slioie, and
manufactured with hia hunting luiii'e u l.ue wood
en fork, which ho alw gave to the steward, with
an order to give net'h'T of the lurks tu their re-t-pecttvD
owners until called for. The General got
Sated, gnil " Old-Riiiutuck " P' d hiu,m.f ppi I
, Knu but the silver fork w as not luriiieom-1
Mti- m hut, but tlie silver fork as not loriliconi
ing. " Hand mo my fork," aid he t the atetvard.
fjik," bawled ihe Kentueki in. It w.ig pn fnti-it,
und piditd itito a pu-cu of beef w;lu tho otmoKt
"rnuv. The p.'.saeng'Tit, who 'had w-itcb d tho
.land it no longer. They l,urt
its of laughter, uatil tlso gentle -
into reiterated shout
II. ail. Var CXCfil-'OC, yiv II nui.ii oi inn llie:ii.-Ijl
ii. an, iui , i i ii
n - r. ii .. ..i. ... ;..r.: .
Ulion Ills ill" u, mat ii uivw iu niiiu uuuwii,
1 1 . " . 1
ui.d (.uelil lie c;ipt.iino the Lout, with aconm, tint
, ua " " 1 , , . . , ,, ' .
that his papers had behaved w,l, great rude
neaa. t.r tfiJ the captain, (a real wen
man,) witli g,,ve earnestneM. y,u are oo large
,mi!, ,ur my imlo boa. ! 1 u. a raid that ,n walk-
mg.rom ule to ..do, your we.,;.it iUta
her ; u.wl you had belter go a,horc J General
t. evaouratud at Mo fi; t I j.vt. nj.
X,iJrrt and Lmtyrr. Sir V. Junei and T. l)ai,
F.'t'.Onv day, upon removing wmo boob at the
chamber ot the former, s lar"1 npider dropjied uikmi the
t!e,r, upon winch Sir William, wi'h kuiho warmth,
m.J-"Ki!l 'hat sptder, Day. kill that ipider."
. . i I l I 1 ..It. ..II , 1 1 I rnr.lnn.a t..m .. I.imIi
o, saw .or. imj, n i i. .."v w-m-w lorwiiim
1.. .. . ....... . 11.1M nil irii ti.-t !..
1. -r Halt. iiner:or'be;iiL'. who. rilhati-, mav have
a , n.v-h power over jou s Vou 1 ;i.ye ever tnut m.ect.
thtiuid iftv U his companion "Kul ln.il lauvir, ki:
, y ., , im 1 . ,. , 1 r H
that iiwve,,'' how thouh! . h,;e t. lal Juiiea ! and 1
am Mtr.-.'to most people, a lawver a more obuusmus
-auimal lhau a sp2u." ...
. , , .
" ' .. .. . ...
" .od th-er abo it a fello.v v. ho went ,n'u yrutfeiy
snd called ft-r a quait of molasses. Tbo iuolasusi'
w, hrou ilit, and ihe purchaser ueiiiamtca lo Imvo.JI
"''...icd ii.l-j his hat Tiu'wruegr'a eierfri3fi-tn wtetid
liim a meaure, -ui u '" j"...... . . ...r.-n-.i
h iving it put into hia hut, at Uio .-imo time laying down
apu ce of money which r. qmred change. The shop
nine, much wondering at no odd a wh.ui, hesitated Jio
longer, but doused the mulattos into his custoiser's old
hat, and then pulled out his money ilrawer to make
chance. In a twinkling tbo rae!ly piirchahcr drop
ped tho Lat on the young grocer's head, grabbed all the
money within his reach, cmdly put the grocer's good
hat rm his own head, and walk. d oir whistling, while
the hnpkeeper was blinding", choking aud .mothering
;tl a Uath of luolassec.
lid you ever tee a candidal) fiir legislative honors
who did not admire tho children tf Ins constituents?
Did you ever seo un arrant coward who could'nt
Muster a great deal, awl bring down his man ot ten
paces with Iho first lire ot hia tonguo?
I lid you ever see a man who in accepting eilico was
not mdely guided by a desire to servo the peo,i!e? .
J)id yuu over sea n miser who was not Benthamite
(rom principle! or a pretty woman that was not aware
of tho fact! v ; ' -'
Did you ever see a bigot who, out of pure charity,
would not tend men down below for differing with him !
or an expectant heir whoso inquiries weio not frequent
about tho lieiftfi of some old relation ! Did you over ;
'. (Meant Picayune.
J-,k I do know that I have a right to kill thai ,p,dcr! 1 "a ''"Ifratcd ..- lucky, oppon ... .1. a
Sjie, when vou are oin in your couch to Wert.'"""' u"ghi have edihtil ihe u.esi abuMve In
rlacentiy aunt a juinnled-up mess of nonsense to an edi
tor which was huaucil l'oetry." Tim two nrst Hues,
one of winch is twtuty-niut fttl long, wo give!
Tioad lightly, stranger, o'er this hallowed dust, ,
At some future period there-is every pi'obability that
ifryou dou't tneud your ways, lay like me you must !
This is bid measure" satd the editor.
" Had measure," suid the rhyiiiMer ; " Why man
you are mistaken. It's mry ond mt'ssure in lacl, it
is ruoro than ia required. !" i'lcnytoie. '
lrith U'if. " Ploiso vour lordsliiii honor and
glory ."replied Tun, 1 shot tho hare by ucc dent."
"liy accident, continued tho postilion. "I was
firing at a bush, and the" "busie ran across my mm,
nil of his own uccord." Tlie gamcke'oper tells a
diflereiu alury ," replied his lordship. . 4 Och I ilou't
put fitith in v. tun that man says," said Tun Ilyiiii,
" when he never caies nbout speaking the truth
nny how. " He tould inn, t'other day, yer lord
ship was not so fit to f.ll the chair of ju-ticc an n
j ickuesl" Ay, oy," cuclaimcd Viicoimt JviUkiJ
deiy, ' indeed, and wlmt did you say V ', I'inio
ver lordship, 1 aiuver lordship wus."-fVfl(T'
A Daring Navigator.- TUo Semaphore of
iM.ireailles gives un uecoutit of the errival in that
port of a hold aud mgciiiotis sailor,,lio has' con
structed a boat funned to (it his own body, when
laid at lull length, in which ho traverses tiie mm
with a gifiqes und security rivalling that id (Uh
es. His head and arms alone appear from miiIi
out, und witli tho latter, bidding a pair of oars, ht
impels himself along. Provision ore stowed m
recesses ol the bunt, und thus he ru:it!o voyages
from Tuubn to Nice and Leghorn, connug to
Marsailles by tho islands ot llycres. , Ui arriving
in jiort he complied with all the regulations, enter,
ing his own name, Malbcc, nnd 1 hut (it his vr ssel,
and then darted ucrusn the harbour like ait arrow.
Ou being examined when on shore Iho wonderful
vessel was found to be a most perfect piece of
mechanism It is furnished with n small ptioi(
similar to thut used in wine and beer house tur
drawing the liquor from the casks in l.t cellar,
and by mounted' which any water the boat may
inalie. can lHjeasily. discharged. Having been
deprived of his left leg, Al. .Malbec has converted
his wooden substitute into u mast, upon which he
occasionalty ratseiTiail auited lorhTfligtirtaTk,
and which be can trim with ease, according to the
wind and the course he wishes to steer. M. Mat
bee's visit to Marsaillcs is said to be lor tne pur
pose of havmg a vessel on bis plan constructed ul
cast iron, mtli various improvements, among which
ftre td bfl fibirdwlriaSts, admiitihf air infiMfVe hiKfy
ol tho boat, su that either in foil woathcr6r when
requiting sleep he inay lie down on the iiiatrt-n al
the bottom, close'the hatchway (and ariure for
l: - I .... I I . i-l.. - ...... I
hi head and arm, without fear of beina sullocated.
He has given his vessel tho appropriate uuinc of
the lijck. ' '
Jk t lhfl scutt of TurtonaT the comma udc t id theJ
ar".,y b,bn Uv bulo,e the town ordered Cnrn-w, !
an I riih ollicer in iho service of Naples, to advance
with u detachment to a parliculai pist. lluvioy
given ht orders, he 'whuqierrd to Carrew, "Sir 1
know you lojjo a gallant man. 1 have therefore
put you upon ttiis duty. 1 tell you iu confidence, i
it is certain death for all. I place ynu ilr re to'
l'alMLJtej-iig'Y 'l'"S Mow vo'u."
raw m a la ' g'crula..d cd on his
in silence tu Ihe dreaUlul po-t. He theic blood
With auuudauuled eouolcitanee, -and having culled
to oneol thewddiers lor a draught ol wine, " Her","
wild he, "I drink to all tlmso who bravely lull in
li.it l lo." r.)r'uiiute!v at that iutiitit Tortoua ca;-
j ltultttcd n,,J Cil.rrcw ''5C,,red
i i- ... II - r.l I
I A (ambline htoru. - Here none of lhfde'it
i . , i i. i i
, an-J most liiuLiiiuna n- ifii,en ever invented bv the
. ., , . , . . i
wit ol a eumbler. At Sim, a lew iuis aeo o
! Ml0f , ,,um 110'b,J(lv klUVV,b,,t l,v txA
( ' a, '
d ,t tt lmle f(lf j
cou l(JcJ . , ' mu,,
l ntiMW of .1,- lttr.,
, M w; B Mrf()Un,tlhg tM,lcrs, ,Ie
w ore spectacles, ami appeared so short siglned that J
' he was itlway obi ged in touch the counter with!
t'-ose before le rould (iitingtiili tlie curd.!
1 ueh was his luck, however, that whatever card ),
hu backed was suiu to w in. On the last lii;'ht ol j
im appearance nt .pa, one of the gamesters a
1 yuU mf llltoxKate i Irishman-had lo t an un
His temper w.is
OiWI 111 hillltiifieate
Jj . . t,,I d !" i0 rwHl, ,H !
. , , . i ,. .1 1
most pur uui.irv, d o nur .-peclacles ; J5v .
. " , , . ,.'
' l'i-rs! we il I il.iu t try my luck inyseli 11. j
j "ur spi-cincles !" and snatching ilium from him, j
1 lie put them on hit own lace. At first lie cinihl !
: (liMlmtmij.li ftiif I.iioi. ttul ill annrn:irliilii lilt r.ir.lj t
three inches ol liu uoe, he iliacovered ihnt
' glasses were blrong magnifiers. His nu.-).i-
' Cion ana curiosity were immoiiuieiy e.vciteu, uiel
- titr'nirnca fjntdfflanfl' an "C'piananmr'ni'tTie
but he whs eone. An examination ilieu enmmcu-
ced, ami tha cause ol this wouderltll coiilinuilv oi
luck Kpendily diacoven il. The card-, ipa um not
bought uf sliiipkeepers, .is in England, hut every
autumn the proprietors of iho gaming tables rep.ttr'
to iho gram! luir at Leipzig, and there purchase
their slock for iho year. 1 hither the rpectncie
man had also hied not as u fttiytr, bin as n tctUr
of cards, nnd at such reduced rules, and ol mu-Ii
excellent quality, that ull the purchasers resorted
10 him, nnd Spii aud seveiul olher towna were lit
erally Blocked soft-l) with discards. At Ihe buck
ul each ol these, concealed among! ihe oniuiiicitls,
und so small as to be iinpnici plible lo the uuuist-
011 eye, was its number, with a particular Variation
to ilenolo its suit. '1 lieu the rogue caiiu; to iSpn
iu disguise, with blackened huir and sp-ctacles,
and there, as u gentleman gumbler, would have
broken nil tho banks iu pu, but for tho fury of the
enraged Irislimun. As it wus, however, he do
cumped with soverut tliousund pounds. jVtej Or
" Payable at sight,'' as tbo blind man Mid when ho
give Ins tto. "
, i'V-oni the North Carolina tiiaudurd. '
' ''i the political friend " of the flctsttr who
: write over the tignaturt of
" O.NK OP TIIE I'tOl'IX."
Sir s Pursuing the course of enquiry I have in
dii uii-d to you liy my previous letters, the firs'
qiK'stioti before us is this t 1V4nr it the 1'mi.ic
' li.'Br of North Carohuu ? ' '
1 ansver i li h over One Million of Dollar.
tier filth and credit aie pledged to pay this amount,
and iho only honest maxim of u Btu.to is, that
wheresoever her Faith and Credit sre pledged l
pay money, she OWES THE DEBT. A contrary
liilo Will terminate in embarrassment, nnd may
cluso in Itcpudiation t Once for all, I do not mean
., to impute to any Hie of our Kulors a desire In re
pudiate, but I aha t jirovo dial such is the incvitn
bte tendency uf the public management of our Statu
-. irubting that as soon ni they ceo it they will ol-
ter their couisc',"if lint 'people dd", not bio it first
and change thtir Ruhr. Il rnny bo deniqd iu
terms, tut it yuiA Iss confessed in substance and
in fuel, that North Caruliuu does owe on account
of her t't.dorseiuviiis for Kail Uoad Compunies,
upwards til oxj: jntjoJi of dohars. Thus : l'y
the Act of IMS, tho (Mute endorsed Hoods lor the
Uuleiti und Gaston Uuil Head Comjwny fop Half
; u MtlUoti of Dalian. The interest 4t a per cfnt.
per iiitiuut is pajuble semi annually,' and the Pi in
cipal falls tiuo in January 1H00 f ! ' ' ; ,r
Hy the Act uf IS 10, tho Bidic-eudnrscd fur iho.
sume Corporal ion 'Ihrtv Hundred 'Ihovtund Dal
lart iurc, hearing interest in iho tame wny, ami
the prmripul is redeemable cue mfi the Il Janu
ary, 1S15, and one tenth tacn auccessive year
ihetcafter, till the vilnde sliull be Wnd in January
1S54J - ; - -. .i ;
Uy ufiuilipr Act of IP 10, tlie Siaie oiiilorsed for
. the ilmingtou End Road CouijHiiiy, 'Ihrtt Huh
dred 'ihouMind DMwi, bearing lutervst as before,
aud iho principal ia payable lulluws t 50,000
on 1st Januurv 1H42, aud the aauie sum in 13,
1544, 1"13, 194(1, IS 17. - r "
Th' last iituiiiioned Road hat (idid t!iy Instal
ment of 5f 30,000 tft.it fell due itf January lili '
T Phis makes the whole jKiblicdebt ol'NonU Car
olina us follows j ' ' -,
Tor Ralcii;h A; Gasimi Rail Riad Com
pai.y by Act ol laiy - , , Jt.r,00,000
For Uitto) Hittu by' Act of 1810 " yOb,00(l
l or ilmiugionAc fialeign Kuad by Dil-'" ' i i
- , 300,00.0
. . -.-,-.1,100,000
Deduct paid by Wilmington Iload,,A- . 50,ti(K
-"' - fSl,050,000
t he t hi r it were wiser unwino to incur the li
ability, I do hot stop to enquire ' The poml lo be
settled at present has nothing iu tfj vith tlmlques-
part of it wih Aure tobeimd by Xartk'iXralii3Tt
,.l?lt-Ji.it 'whirh cwicwi----iesN
Ka.-, ui iho crv alt is naff." i- P..,.., ;.. it...
detestable habii of concealing the true statj of uur
,...l.l,n X. ..II . 1 .1 II I. fi,. I 1 ,
i,uumu in, un tuui ji.iis uue, ana tuuro
win 00 iioiiiing provueu to pay 11 with, and ihen
whaleter may be ihe leclingsanddisimilion of the
Legislature, the public Fault will of necessity be
forteitej. ynould any provision bo niiiuV to eitin'
guish tin Debt nlier wards, it will preserve us
not save the plighted Fuith of the Htute. liould
the same thud ctiuiisols p revailjijeu jbal. iave
"previiTeSI 13rEeTtis' asit'ia fear there will be
no hasty zeal 111 providing for tin debt ri all It
is a practical topic nnd calis for plain speaking.
First : You will say thcro ii uu'f lunger of the
State ' lotting it. Vou cannot Hunk o. It U
impossible. t There is no secuiily takon for the
.:j00oOtl uud 111 1940. jVoeo all; I say "norm
at all " because .ilthough Ihe Ruad is iimrt 'iird
there i, previous mortgage on the Road formoie
nun 11 is worih. This part r,f the lcbi will have
u be paid by the .State bt toni all doubt, and a
will probably turn out lo be dead loss of 3t0,0U0
There is .omo orl of Mcuriiy. taken for the
him ol the- 500,000, lo wit the Rotid 1 niort
gagi ii fr 11, aid in consideration of ilia i.vr loan
being mide witnout security, the Company got In
dividual to mgn bonds lo indemnify North Caro
iiua agaiusi lusn ujiou the first, viz ! they gnaratiieed
that tne Koad was worth Iho first loau of 500,000
Dollars. Let us 1 ousider theso tlimga delib -rate-I)
i I'he Raleigh and Gaaton Rail Road Uwes a
lebl ol more than 600,00'J Dollais bearing Inter
est nl iho rale ol 0 per cen. Therefore lis Incomt
- r.. - - ..-.. ,w
is lavuU with an uiiiiUjI Imcrest acrount ol ulu.hi
.'riMNMI. Tin lt..iui i. i.li,.i nil M.i. .. I i
' - " " Kll.l 1J Mll Ullll
expeiiente has proved every where Ht-that Hie
- ' - j n,i;t:a IJ'lllv, uiiii
V." . MM,"B' l'""w Winters, Agents,
1 uv, .vera e nbot.i 1000 per i.-.h, 1. may
o,t Una , ear and more next, bec.it.se the re-
hairs ul ono u-ur i .veeed ihoso f .i,.ii.,ti...i
irolll Veur lo VCar Ihu IS riL'anleil lis ;i i-i.rrwi
rom veur to veur in m ni.ir, ...I ,. ... ..,..
iivenigo eslumite. To throw in liberally and to
u.oiu mo uppearanco oi t-xtnivngance in my esii
-.i expm., Ac.r ,;.
,.:irii, ot..- tt.,,l lt..,wl i r.n.i li u.
1 Iml will bo another annual tax unou iu uicnme of
$IS,l)00. Therefore (ho Income of this Roud
must ou iilxiut 100,000 Dollars bforv H yn-liHti
Uollitr of surplus proliis lo provide a mnhing Ftmd
tor thu Ucbt winch North Carolimi hiin enilorx-d.
, The last Rr-peit ol iho President just mauu,
however, txlubils tho gross receipts ut the eiim of
&00.OOU only ! How is it potnible then In meei
(his Debl lrum the Income ol tho Rail Roml T
To state the result in other words:
'I hu yeiuly expenses of thu Roads ere SH.OOO
T-i.c uiteiest upon their Debt 50,000
The whole gross rccoijits
Where is thu nunual payuHint o 8U0.000 to
come from to extinguish the principal of the 300,
000 Dollar Debt, except A or A Carolina xiys i
Nay. How is the Intercut to be paid upon the
800,000 Dollars guaranteed by the State unless the
mcomo of Iho Road increases 50 per cent., (less
' will not do) or Ihe Htatu provides for ft in order to
redeem her FaHh ? -
Rut uain: Ad. mi for argument's aahu iii.a tus
Road should make money uiiuugh to p.iy annually -tin)
Exponsi's amf Interi'al, aud likewise I lie luatij.
inciils upon Iho 300 000 JJollaruebl. Though this
caiiiiiit be, unless tho liieome of iho JloqU double
the last report of their Prcniiient ; Yet admit it
limy he so, und still our Stale l-'uiances ought aud
must bn legulutitd.so us lo meet tho payment of
too Half Million endorsed by the Act uf
Let us seo : it will lake upon ilus mo&i liberal
supposition of mine until the year 1804, lo pay off
the $300,000, should il ever be paid. Tho oilier
debt of 351)0,000 will all full due ut once, tu 0
years after it, vizi Jan. IHG0I Therefore if
nothing is counted for tho a Oiiioiul expeust to
keep up the Road after it becomes ui old one tui
much worn, still nothing wiU bo left like the sum ';
of Haifa Milhon in hand to discharge 1IV IJebt,
and Nohth Caboijna must pay it or bo dishonor
ed ! I Look danger in tho luce and mere a instead
of needing (torn it. This iu the only safe lule fur
ono who is resolved at every sacrifice lo redeem
tbo Faith of the titate. TiiW . auhject oiiglif '
to presented iu the strongest liglil, I have been
exceedingly liberal iu conceding (for argument'' '
eoke) ihnt the Income ef tho Rail Road will double
its preterit amount without nny increase of ex.
IM'iics. - Men ht quit dnainirig now a flay , and
common sense tells us what the txoprinnCB ..r,. -.
or three years confirms, that this will not occur. '
' li a ll.'IOIli - i , ' '
- Il is'ttiCreloro very prolalte ll.af the Elate will '
have lo rdt-anco ihe 300.000 ifnll.ir'a as it ruiu ......
Hnd it were tho height of imprudence to count .
iu..j .1.. . . . 1' . t. .. . . s .i it : . "
un me unceuuiii proiiia u una iman lo rod ein
her rrrtt't nnil f.iilhS lu.h nf ivli,. l. .
.rs,.,, w, ,, ,,i ua,i7 uecri
j!erlnr.j rrpay otic tcutli of ills debt in J,, jsi5
as nittjuivf tiaj h-iiiii gt(ii yt'nr n ht, m ,bl,
A (hiri that Will 'hut Lu it.
turo drx'gcs it like the last one end posipouea it ,y ,
ntw faanH,'- It is certain that; these Ratf Rud'4
prof, is eaunot Ik iriHifn nvmliil.U in ih.t.,. ... : . - '
half million that fulls duo in-1 B00, and therefore. "
ii is roomies io no bum and " keep (he people in
the dark "'about it now, when wo 'ought,. 0 bo
aniinpatinglho demand (hat' will be niado upon '
tba public purse, to redeem the public Faith ! ! -
ihoPrft'or who exclaims, that "all's e '-Ctha '
idhVer or KgisUtor, whoso fear of injuring a r.
Iji tiiidcr who ourpices this debt was contracted
uy n piaiu cipiwure w tne whole Hft, and there
fore, keej'S it all durk before the people t These
re pri pnring a 1101 uea . wuere.rrpiKwrjpii will
fpriug up fts sure as tne demagogues aro not atl -lrad,
aud as ccriamly us t now addrep . you.- . Wo
hum imu m i-ii w,U - sivaK rignioui und xJu - , j.
iloTffhtitifi froro "respoiulbirifyr . - -
. ; IM jou win say olher have declared) that
iodividuitls hare guaiar:tced the Stale I' la t, cer. '
tain rusft fins is .true a respect Iho half rmllion .
wan w ten. nl true tn any tente if if A
regard to theAOOflUOKlLrt. 'Thai om was"
i1l,l..n4 .111...... ..... .. .... .' ..... '
(.Kioinuu iiiiiuui on t (.u-iy vy iticaci Of IS 10, '
And whhl will it' nuiltnr if Ihn Sfi.ia- ; . :
rats.;d m her nuanct's tiP"JT?i(inuied "tip'o4""fcer :
enlurnoineiitv w hcil.ui it oreuniiJ uo.mi o:;c nart'tii" "
'tfHMrtnhr-nr-trpnn-f lirf rl,.T. 1 L 1 '-- -
- .,., ..IV Wtlli.1 I , .
jBaf hnw ix u in respect to Ilus individual $ecu. -. I
rity t-'-First' Ii" thov sre all tlthu . ..... . -i"
f . " . j - "svr , riVH j jt .,,
are we to rn and ri-k ihu rh
Carolina uion ho h.,4ird of each and all of ll)em
"" iw,ou 'maKu rm provu n fuf i'e , .
cmia? The Urbt ihey guiranty,' j)ltt' U1 ' ''.
J-'imary, 1SG0, and nor bi fort. ' 6.'cond I h 'y - "
v.m.y, io.u tm-iuioie, UUy uiiu. tiu luils fx-uue .
January, 100, creates so' much dead lot to iU "
SWt.Th thr wretre are- not botuid i' iUli TT
up any part r-f tho loss arising out el iu insolvcn. ' '
cy. ;And NONE of the sureties are'boulid to ' ':
refund a dollar of ihe imcbcst lha' Slate may " '
pay, but Ihe prindj ul of the debt wity. Mit!i,
that their band is (Ins.- " I w,H pa, UI.U tH .,ro,
orti..ii of iho lot a the mjiii recited in o,y ubli- 1
gation, bears to 500,000 dollars." . Then-lore, in "
this enw, them is a lots uf the bull nullum, and '
the Road sells for 00,000 dollars, the surely wiiu -. .
signed for one thousand dollars, pay only JjOO io'.
January, 1SCJ, and uo mailer if all the olher"
sureties have grown insolvent, he pay a no more, 5
Third Shou' J the State be called upon aud obliged ?' ..
to pay iho inUret from the present, period to
January, 1800, these sureties aro not bouml m pay
back a cent of it, but their priforiion of the pria- 1 " "'
ripal only. Fourth Tho Stale will have lo pay'"' .
the debt before they can call upon these (irciie
to refund.4 that tho nublicLutli Ullll I-IH.1,1 Hill
suiter unless iimclv nrovisinn is mud.i. ,...
every surety were solvent m 1S00, and as willing
in pay as Ihey are hereby- supped tu bo uble to
du n. I hu it anueara ln.it N.irtn t :,r. ,u .. . u.
. - . ...... ...iu ,i ii ..ir .un oi wiaotn ai u
I honest v loconlesa il. smli., . t n1...nf i.
rtuLlc Wht Hud it is the port of .wiaaom ai.d
., .' .. ' ' "" 'Of,
" UI' " " HIV '111 I 'IIT
U'ton, and S?tatc disgrace !
ii, unless we moan t . , ieu tho way tut rriKUia-
I sii;ll ,,r ,t-,.t. , , M!!1Cllnr at .
wc..d qm-itmu, (what are the meu Jo l sute )
m;x, wvek. Aud that w,U prepare ,m, 0
..i... j... i. . .. .pono,
ii mu jjiiiic-in uay -i gin, mo I laiieeruus und tune.
' " ""
serving conduct ot ..ur reteiit nry. rultrs
uorrrnor ana i!ttintorg. It inuy knew
better, they mo uiit .le ruiers. li they knew nil
, : m r" r r : Lhw
Ma n..H,,f per nule.;iiirn.-;.rll hMIU ,Jfl. iheir i.opul(ir,tv, ti,eBru
1 IrtX llliiiii 11 uir.in.i. ,,l'! -i... l ., . . . .. . r. v , .' , o.j niu
L -r. u tie? iint,
juuwurihv liult-rs ol ihe Suite.
Vou Ime hud u ercat ileal to snv aK.u i.
M" J .Ml.
ciiry having atUtaitd ihu loanol o0(l(000 dollars
to iho Rail R.-iiil. 01 ii, I 2 .hall wi iio more if I
have time. K.r tin-present let me reinuid y.m ilmt
he never tain-lioncd tho athlitioual loan, ., -Uh
lie went for Iho ftrM. when it
finitk thr roiu.v lie recommended it, with nmuv
oiuers, pro men tne Mate was made sax-, but he
never advocated tu uuy form the new hums ui'ler
the Company had grow n intoletnt. H js au ,',.
proveinuiit inati ami went to . help build the road
but not pay its deb s bl! alter the work ...
lie did not commit Ihu blunder in 18SH i!
enabled the Rail Road to lake thu u,.-,,. u
security, and ulterwurdsvoto iu 1H10, i g,Vo a0()).
000 dollars iiiuro of public credit in evrrcct Hie
bimder of your hunted Wtug Lulature of
18.W! lie did. li.it oo ull Una or any oi it. Ywl
inuy liud it convenient to deny thus blunder m mo
'Legislature t.f lad-i.uud to insist turn lm, l,iviou.
uls were boiiuU by thact,yvi tnal 'will ,1(,i help v..u,
for then tho second nam was n.iide witnout a tiniest
for K, so lar its the Stoic was concerned,, und Mt.
Henry had no agency in carrying it through. I
i I -
-i1 Jh !
"'- P 1 4
" '(. '