filBiiRp'sERimi- r ;j,:..:;;f::4 f:. f!; Salisbury, n. c. Octobers, i87i. ji MTT-u nK
111 II Til 1 1 I w fc;. dkbaUU I s. r . I . . ii ervivi 11. . rESieu Ilim inn nia ann ainrl kar. a,.
n . w 1 -w n . r i w vw i ; . w '? v a .aa a. x xjx uii a a twj I iirc nr ill lit- uprrpi k I iiip m i Tra v b a a. . a j t ii a I
jubMs.iei weekly bv
J; I. DRUNEIl,
itATids op $i;ncfiiPTow
OXE EABt fayabl in advance
; Jopit9 w one aaajess, .
i . .
Math of tAdcerlMnq.
I h L - I-
One SatJire, first lni?rtioii.. -.. .$1,00
For each addftional insertion. ........ 50
Special noticts will be charged 50 per cent
CurtHD Justice's Ureters WH l be publish-
t'd at th-e fame rates with other advertise-
Obituary nbtiices, over six lines, .charged
a ad vwrUseirieiits. l i
: : i
t i I
$2 50 $:i75i $5 00 $7 50 $12 00
I i4 SO, 0 25 8 50,12100, 20,00
6 00 9 00. 12 00 18 00 25,00
8 00 11 m 15(K)25 00
18(M)24 00 30 00 40 00
25 00 4500, 45 00 85 00
S X AGE LI N E S-
. SUMMER 'i
ON AN1 AFTKU JULY 3 1871.
sali;m to high roiNT daixy
' - j KOUlt HORSE COACHES.
Excursion Tickets Jtonnd Trip, Good
. ; A, f1 iinfii Oct. I5tk. x' .-.
AVflniington to Salem, oxly!$18 05
WUon " 44 4 13 85
" ! 1G 15
1Stae Officer At Pfolil & Stocktou's
- MnricliaiaV; Hotel, Winsion, N. C.
'At DuUicr's Hotel, Salem, N. C-
I1EAI) OF WESTERN RAILROAD
" 1 TH 'A Kill? V I T I V .i
- ltiuljr fr hne CtKu hcs, except j Sunday.
Kxcur!joii T'ekeliji t AKheville lor Hale at the
liriricipal Rail lliiad offices on the Nortli Carti
i liii.t K.ulrMil. a !
lliiteftii Cha Lljani and Fiiye tteville and Wcs
trn UailrKtul, Jaily except Sunday,
r n:., rj ; . :
(j II A IM.OT" K TO ITADFaSItORO. AKD
IIEA1I OK W.. C .t U. U.K:
Lnave Ciiarl .tie, Monday. Wcdiiesday arid
FTiMay Lcatfc AVadeslion,', TM Iay, Thurs
ty, una baturuay, making connection- with
lt.iilr"iiIri at CHatloUe and daily staiti to head
tit. WihiiintorJChar. t Rutherford 11. K. front
this route jias.-eugcrs leave
Charlotte "-Monday, Wednes-
iiy and Friday
ki 7 a. ni., ami arrive at Wil-
miajirtvu and CjUariotte next eveuing, resting
unitiuin waiivNonro, eacnwar.
TlUoHtch Tickets from Charlotte to Wilniincr
KjTO .0 l)RGET0WN, S. C. :
l iliCave Ueor
town Mondaw -Wednesday and
Friday. RetiUij next day.
tThroujrh Tif.kfts via N. E. Railroad to Char-
Uiine 24, 18J1 2G:tf
yj Thesvmptoms of Liver
I coniilaint are lincnsincss
and pain in the nide.-
Sometimes tht pain is in
tbe shoulder, juhI is mis-
taken fur rhcii
batisin, The stoniaehi is aflected
vrlh of it
petite and sieknetR,i bowels in
J sometimes alternating with lax.
VVU I I !i . i i ,
lie nrmi is ironuicu
with pain, and dall, ht-a-vy
I I r
i toss oi memorv. ac
companied with painful
sensation of havinc left tiodotip nnn-il.in(r u-hirh
otinhi to have lUn done. Often com'nlaininc of
weakness, deh( lily, and low spirits. (Sometimes
many pf the ajiuve symptoms attend hedisease.
. and at other timcii Very few of them ; but the
1 livfcr -h generally the orgam most "involved.
j Cure the Liverl with
LI V Bait UEGUL.VTOK,
a preparation ijoots and herbs, warranted to be
! Ktrictly vi-getaUle, and can do no in
ury to any
one. It lid ueen iwtni uy lnnidriJs.
imc i!"v iv ytjnrs uii 01 ne mosi renaoie,
elD(arionai dharamles preparations ever bf-
r.. U- l-.a irt !..- . .e At . i-. . i ,
ferel to Ihe sulknng. If taken rejnilarlv and
txraiiKiciuiv, itjis Kiire to cure
ivsK.-wia, ne an acne,
lieadaehe, chronic diarr-
der. camn dnsenterv. af
fections of thelkidnevs, nervonxnew.! chills' dis
eases of the fkln. imtmritv of llx l.bwut
ehojy. ot deprfsion of spirits, heartburn, colic,
oi mdpa .pi the bowels, pain in the bead, fever
agiVagne, uiopsy, DoiIs, pain in the back, Ac.
lVepaird oi ly by J. II. ZEILIN !& CO.,
' , Druggists, Macon, Oa.
rrie,$t; by tnail $125. 4 !
t if aley T. F. KLUTTZ'A CO..
,fd 2-? Salisbury, C.
. -t4 i-On-
it nronitiiim timo i.Pi'iiifa ara
ibiiudant. antf every bod-v 'should! realize the
vlJ of Fruits properly preserved at a very
i ruling osu, luaHl j
Sixafs FtuU Preserveng Solution
" n V'" AKD !
Norm' Prescrcina Powder
which, with, the new Directions, accompauy
wje,encn, now, never ran. ;
TA furtWr, full sunid v of both, lustnt band
(UU olLli o lirug Store,
j ' , SalUbwry, N. C.
, a . . V-i. . . .,. . . J .
STOP AT THE
J ! ptALKIGH, N. C, f
'O .'.I - i t' j--.-t - rt r
0 all kjindUy
J. J. BCKETl
afactnre of Cigars,
Manufactures Cigars from the best Havana ToH
uacco, cna aper tnaiv thqy can be bought any
where elsi. The choieeat Brands as follows:
Tub AbiJl, m whole boxes, at f55 per thons
and; Tub SW.VN,in qnaifter boxes, at $5Q. Tub
La PapiIio, ia whole boxes, at $45.
July7lm. I . ; -
Savelyourr W jjeat & Oats!
IMPOBTANT NOTICE TO FARMERSj
An imprtant disc.ore'ry to prevent RUST in
i Wheat aid Oate. If tie directions are careful
ly foHowid and the cop, L injured by rust, the
mouey win oe cueeriuny relunced. All I &K
is it nun r-reaarea ana ior saie oni at
J. n. ENNISS
THE NEW DISINFECTANT!
lomo Chi oral ximf
Aon-l5ootst 0fcif7m, Pmccrul
rforfer and 25HKrf?y .V
wrw. an(j ayc Arrests
Mind Prevent Contagion.
Used In private d wrings, liotelr,. vestaurants,
public mIiooIs. hospitals, iiriMne p. sylums, dispen
saries, ja , prisons. popriouses. on ships, eteam
boatH, ai u in tefiement-jluHisep, ntarkeU, for water
closets, i finals, sinks, severs, ce&s-pools, tstables,
c j ! !
A spec tcin all contnpius and pestilential dis
eases, a iH.olera, tyrlitid fever, slii n fever, kinsll.
pox. fcaliet fever, mtaelef diseases of animals, Ac.
rreparetton'y hy .'.(!'
k CO,, 156 William St., N. Y.
Sold blLP.'il druggists
A NEW sua in
j LABOR, TIME j
j Clothes & Fuel
Saved by the ue of
j COED WATER )
tteilcl lor Uirculap and Price List.
AGENTS 4V ANTED.-
WIL9(j, L0CKvj)oi), EVERETT Jk CO ,
j ol Murray tret. New Y rk.
H'Ao A(biK tor "h S' ig j,f virninia, NrTh and South
v-tir" ins. I'CKriin ajnn l FK'fl.
FpR and mamenta),
Vpr Jtufmiln of 1871.
iWe iniite the -attentioW ofP!aatrA and Den'r
tolour lJrjreandlcoruiltt stock of
tindlrd andl tiw'orf Kfnit Trees;
(trapejf inesand SmallfFruit.
)rnaieutal Trees, Mi rubs and Plants.
iNew nu Ka.re bruit aed Oruanieutal Trees.
Uulbofil Flower Hoots,1
Uescr jptive and lUust rated
sent prepaid on re eipt o stamps, as follows:
" frr n'11' luc 9- urnanu-hf a! Trees,
10c. Nora-(!reen-liius. 10c. No. 4 Wbolesale,
free. So. B Bulbs,l fie. -A ddtm
t Jj , ; i KLLWAXGEl. BARRY,
Establislicd lS40c l ; K.-i,.S(r v v
, i " " ) - -
i i r i
mctliin interetiiif , send vt
5 v. a tTnkfo.t:x.
onr. address to
CKITS WiMia) fur the
lttlSMl() t)F LIFE.
CoCIurH TJ NiTiJUK AMD .Hvoirin. n Miaa-n
Mn KsNiom, By Nifiic , out) r,r of "TmrrSTM
Cal I iKkfi.' Wom.' ltrfelu toTasii.LK ai.x;.!full
, W llalUI .' Ia.ua-J aVi A A
Li , Ti D ouponeo; nl nenu nr
niK'i'jr etflursvd; rspi Hy. l e a lernl. Price ti
..... Pi rtr,l;,, i 4. O. FtEtiUb Co l'u' lUh
rr, rniKVil. Ilinia. r.
;i'hb c;iutaiv RAISED.
mow u is none, and wfcd does . Ti e Alena Dook,
192 puKls, gorgeoiustK- ignstrated witu cuts, posi-
uouu8. elt jby jmaH, secure' i?ea!ed, ior fifty
' : UaIn a liETHs, 683 Broadway,
agents j Read This !
!l y Kit !rT 6f 80 Dollii ner VVV
t-Xp nsej'or !! a l.ecitm l- on, to i e.l our n w and
w nlrfcl In iu' ou -jtiMrm XI. Wm a r. m.-.
h.U.Mifeh. - ;" '
5 WB Will, PA3T sao.
A cents 130 per wee ki to SOll our frrcat niifl vntnahla
uiscoveties. ifi.yoa wt permatienlij honorable
anu pleasant wor. Spptj' for particulars. Address
i"i r,u .v fv Jackson, -Miclnpan.
: A Miliicair -Dollars.
Shrewd bat qi)fet inetf ean nake a fortune by
iiiif;riic tciiii ui: i iic, uut-iutf-s io no one
WM. Wit AY.
68P Broadway, New York
rpiIHl CNDERSIGXKI) HEREBY GIVES
1. nofice of hi appliintujent as assicnee of
David shore of Yaidkib countv. who has been'
peclarcpl a bankrupt by the District Court o
the UnBted Statefi
i ! THOMAS LOXG. .
Hunjville,X.'.q.. Q2d, 1$7J. Zt-3S -
3000 facl American b A.
S'ks Fine II I own Salt,
For sail low by
. 2f3;4tl ; '
WORTH & WORTH,
yk ilmmgton, IN. C.
July7ftfc"' ; j
i I Ii i
'BEAR YE jOSE ASOTHEB'8 BUEDEXS."
f! j Did yott know, my darling children,
There was work for you to do,
As you tread Life's flowery pathway,
'Neatji skies of brightest blue ?
! , Your tiny handa so feeble,
May jpowerlesa appear,
' But they often lighten burdens,
i; The strongest scarce can bear.
' You all are Little Lifters,"
Who with loving zeal will try
To help the weak and weary,
- And drV the tearful eye ;
f And though you lift but little,
Fainnot, but lift again,
The hafdesl rock i worn
By the constant dripping rain.
. i j -
If And when you sing to baby,
Till he gently (alls asleep ;
r i Or com jbrt little sister
; Till Her blue eyes cease to weep ;
i Or tie up Johnnie's shoe strings,
I And brush his tangled bair ; . - . C
I You ar lifting mother's burdens,
'( And Shielding her from care.
And when father, tired and weary,
p Comtp home to rest at night,
Draw u for him the easy chair
f And make the fire burn bright.
Though small the deeds of kindness, -!
And low the words of love,
! The recording Angel writes them
s ; In globing lines above.
Then love and' help each other,
t For to yott this charge-is given,
And in lifting other's burdens,
j i. You lift your soul to heaven.
i ' . i ; , Frank Leslie's Paper.
' p From the American Stock Journal,
i The natural climate of the Hog, like the
negro, is nearer to the tropics f therefore
the best tirie to fatten thU animal is be
fore cold weather sets is. It is only on
jthq rich lads of the West, wbere corn is
leasily andcheaply raised, that hogs are
raised in lirf - iiumbers with profit.
A sma! lot ol hogs may be kept on
every frii with profit as scavengers
Without siavengors. suck as the hot? and
bvizzard, tfie atmosphere would become a
Deo-luteal pestlential effluvium. Com is
profitably fd to hogs when it is a
too hard for roasting ears ; when in this
stage they) will often eat corn, cob, stalks
and all. Hogs should have a spacious
lot to feed in, and never be imprisoned iii
a pen ; however, they will fatten faster
m a close, pen; those fattened on the
ground with plenty of room will exercise
enough to throw off some of the disease
producing matter and are more fit for food.
But lootc at the stupid gluttonous beast
imprisoned in his pen, wallowing in his
own filth ; at every breath he inhales the
foul emanations from his offal. An ani
mal fattened under such -unpbysiological
conditions must be diseased.
A swill barrel should not be tolerated
on any firm ; it is always in a state of
fermentation ; the strong sour smell indi
cates rottenness ; swarms of maggot flies
revel in stch corruption ; let your hogs
have the slop before it ferments. The
hog being Ipiore liable to disease than all
otheranimals, and his f e It being the cause
of more disease io the human family than
all other causes. should be a considera
tion wort h; noticing in producing pork.
It is flkaily stated that the loss from
hogs that pie of disease in this country is
annually liiot less thau twenty million
dollars; i some countries where distille
ries are ntjmerous five thousand have died
of disease fjn one season.
ome farmers give their fattening hogs
salt, which will make them gain in weight
much 'faster; but it produces a morbidly
increased (appetite and occesions consti
pation. The result is the animal fills up
with effete matters which are accumula
ted in tlif cellular tissue of the form of
ftt. The animal grows more bulky, and
as its commercial value is reckoned bv
weight, this process, of fattening is profit
able to those who sell the swine, but not
those who eat it; for the adipose accumu
latjon is ifself a morbid condition, ami the
more anyinimal is fattened the more un
wholesom it becomes. Exchange.
I4-- ' .
; PIGS ON GUI AN FARMS.
On farms where much grain is grown,
ana only a lew cows are hen:, u is usual
ly not profitable to keep a large stock of
pigs. J lie common mistake made, how
ever is not in keeping too many, but in
not, leeupjg mem nooraliy. As a rule,
the pigs are kept on short allowance un
aV A II: .1 11 .
til they are shut up to fatten, after the
com i& ripe, although there can be no
doubt thfit a bushel of corn, fed to pigs
w hile onjlover during the summer, will
produce pbuble or treble as much pork' as
i bushcllof new, com fed in cold weather.
in the autumn, when the pigs have uoth
ing but lorn. A lew pigs can be kept
in ine. varus uimng winter to good ad
vantage especially if the cattle are Ad
grain. But iris a great mistake to stint
young; pigs through the in. er. although
it Hiusi e conieeseu mat it is a very com-
il I .IS ri, . .
mon one me sows, and any spring pis
that may be wintered over, will pick uo
me iious snare oi me scattered graiu and
other tood in tbe yards ; and while it is
often inconvenient to separate the yountr
pigs irom me om ones, ytt it is not a dif
ficult matttr .o make a hole in one of the
sides oi : the pens that will admit tbe
young pigs through, and exclude the large
ones, nnd itrthis way the young pigs can
uo lea njore ana Letter Jood. This is a
vvry imp- r am pomr. x lie young pigs
tuiouiu ie Kept growing rapidly througl
i.aity "unci uiiu Diiiiiitr uionius. X uev
should be in a condition that most farm
er would nronounce "too fat " Ynnn,
well-brtld pigs, so wintered, can be sum
mered in a clover pasture at comparative
ly? i:,,il . i :. : i ,
ij, mu jtiioi, iiiu ik is HSbiUlSning now
fast they ,w ill grow. We have kept a lot
r J a- II J ..
u:guu56i;i mu pigs uunng ttie gam-
mer in a ncu ciover pasture near the barn
yard; and the slops irom the house, with
oat any grain, that were sold at an extra
price on the first of October, to ton-off
a car load of fat pigs sent to market. And
ie. was in feeding tbe yoang biffa liberal
ly through the winter. !
COLOR AS A SOURCE OF LIFE.1
Commissioner Pleasanton, who runs the
Interior Department at Wasbiiigtbn. exi
perimeuts with, nature and deduces con
clusions that a blue sky was most favor
able of all o;hers to life of all descriptions,
so be arranged to produce that mauner of
life in a graperyr Every eighth row of
glass in the roof of the arbor was violet
colored, which arrangement enabled the
sun to-. cast violet rays on every leaf in
the grapery during (he day. The result
was most astonishing. The vines grew
beyond all calculation, and the yield of
grapes was most tremendous. In two
years the vines produced twelve hundred
pounds of fruit, while in old grape growl
ing countries jt requhes fgufor five years
to obtain it from new .vines. He next tried
the experiment of subjecting animal life
to the same influence.
A litter of pigs was separated, one half
of the pigs being placed uuder the ordi
nary and the other half under the violet
light. The same rapicTdevelope.it char
acterixed the pigs that cat Hurler the blue,
while those that rema.u exposed to the
ordinary while light continued as before.
But the most remarkable experiment was
in tbe case of ;tn Alderney malecalf which
was subjoined to the new principle. The
calf at its birth was weak and puny, and
j not expected to live. Placed in n pen
uiiucr a vnuei coioreu giass rooi, it im
mediately began to improve, and so con
tiuued to do until in fifty days he gained
six inches in height, and at the end of
the year he had gained his maturity. He
ia now a splendidly developed animal.-
lliis fact the experimenter considers the
most marvelous of all, and he is curious
to know what results these experiments
wilt ieaa to nereauer.
The principle upon which Commission
er Pleasanton. proceeds is, that . the blue
color deoxygenatts the carbonic acid gas,
supplying carbon o vegetable life, and
sustaining both vegetable and animal life,
with its oxygen ; and that the magnetic,
electric and thermic power of the sun's
rays reside in the violet ray, which is a
compound of the blue and red ray. With
these suggestions as his postulate, the
experiments which we have enumerated
wem entered upon. The result must
be productive of experimenting in the fu
ture, for if the life of an animal or a vine
may be invigorated by the light of the
sun strained through a glass roof, what is
to prevent the same beneficial principal
from assisting human weakness.
N. 0. HepuWicqn.
MILKING WITH DRY HANDS.
I believe that much of the milk trets
tainted with noxious or bad odors before
it readies the pad. borne persons, and
hired help especially, have a habit of
welt ng thuir fingers wi li ttie milk once in
a whil . ind then welling the cows teats,
as they say, to make them milk easier.
Iow this wetting process causes much
foul stuff to drop from thvtr hands or teats
in the pail while milking. This is all
Wiong cows can be milked as easj with
dry hands as wet ones. 1 have been in
the habit of milking cows ; and although
1 have met with some hard milkers that
require their teats to be sefteutd iu order
to draw the milk, I have generally found
it both easier and plcasanter to milk with
dry hands. If the teats are dirty, the
ndder should be washed with tepid "water
and allowed tmdry before milking; and
if the teats are Very hard and tough to
draw, the cow better be turned intu beef,
or kept to raise calves from.
luis just as easy to make good, sweet,
clean butter, as to make poor butter. The
best of butter is made from sweet cream
gathered as free from milk as possible.
To make good butter requires more than
ordinary care and attention. Everything
should be with the regularity of the sun.
To make butter profitable, great care
mus,t be exercised in milking the cows.
To milk cleau is important. It not only
adds to the quantity of butter, but saves
the cow from positive injury. Let tho far
mer or his dairy get the nam of keeping
a good article of butter in every respect,
and will find it not only to pay, but pay
well, too. Practical farmer.
Siiockixg Outrage at Negroes.
A dispatch from Richmond, Va., to the
New York World, dated the 25th ultimo,
says that a report .received- from Green
brier. county, West Virginiagives the de
tails of a shocking outrage which occurred
in the township of Palestine. It seems
that a man in the employ of Mr. George
Vr. Perry, had a difficulty with Mr. Lewis
F. Watts, in which W&tta was whipped.
Watts then employed two iiegroes and a
white roan to. go to Perry's at night time
fr the purpose of beating Ms antagonist.
The white man remained ini the road and
the negroes knocked at-the doiir, and
were admitted by Mr. Perry. The man
they were looking after, stepped behind
the door as it was opened, aud the. ne
groes not .seeing.. him in the room, went
uo stairs iu search of him. As soon as
they stalled up, lie spring, out and ran
to the railroad tor assistance. The ne
groes, after searching in vain for Lim up
stairs came down and fell upon Mr Per
ry and his young 6on and beat them far-
They then seized Mr.; Perry, threw
her on the bed, and tied her by the hair
to the bed, after whichjhey outraged her
person. They then attempted to outrage
a little girl ouly twelve years of age, do
ing her serious injury. Mrs. Perry, in
her struggles .to escape, bad nearly all
her hair pulled from her head by the
roots, but she finally succeed, and fled to
a neighbor's in her night clothes for pro
tection. The man who had gone for as
sistance retarned and captured the offend
ers. w luey then went to Wall s , and ar
cure until the nextday. Tbe news spread
rapidly, and the people flocked in whit
guns determined ou lynching all the guil4
'.y parties. These, however, were secur
ed in a strongly built Louse, so that they!
were not reached, although derpwte eft
forts were made. They wens tried nid
sent to the Monroe jail, where they fei
main securely guarded. Hall. Sun. , j
This would be a case of kukluxing id
Vorth Carolina, in the United States
From the SentineL :
V. S. Circuit Court.
THE "KUKLUK" 1HIAL.
. .EIGHTEENTH .(LAST) DAY.j )
Faxbi-T, Oct. 3, 18ul !
The court met at 5 p. m., Judge Bond
presiding. : ,
On motion of PUto Durham, Esq., WV
C. Goforth was discharged from cnatodv
Xhere being no bill found against him. j
Mat ion B.idges was admitted to bail.
If- H..l 1 .. f
mr. uuruaui oecoming security,
Also Dixon Green and James Green
Mr. Durham and G. M. Whitesides.Esq
becoming securities. t i
Mr. Whitesides appealed to the conrj
to remit the sent nee of two years' m
prison went and a fine of $100 imposed
upon Wm. C. Depriest. Mr. Whitesides
reminded the court that the defendant
had attended but one meeting: ihat'li
had been convicted on but the third count
in Ihe indictment and endorsed him as'ati
inoffensive and influential man.
Mr. Phillips, for the government, had
heard- nothing more to the prejudice of
the dt fendaut thau appeared on the trial,
except that he thought Mr. Depriest was
the man who suggested to the defence the
question as to stolen property put to Aa
ron Biggerstaff. Still, he thought, allowi
ance might be made for unwise zeal shown
in the heat of a prosecution. He would
leave tbe matter to the court.
Judge Bond regretted the necessity of
punishing any of these parties, but lis
did not think he could change the judg
ment in this case He was satisfied Dir
priest had nothing to do with the whip
ping of Biggerstaff, but the impressioii
made on his mind was that the d fondant
was a bad man, and was' responsiblu for
many of the young men joining the oc
ganiz iiou. He had two sons in the or
der and he should have advised them.
In tl e case of the U. S. vs. Amos Ow
ens and others, Messrs. Durham and
Whitesides confessed judgment for Oliji
('arson and Carson Taylor iu the sUin of
fifty dollars and their proportionate shark'
of the cost, and the defendants were dis
The court then adjourned till the 25tli
of November next-
term of the court, forty six
judgments have Dcen prouou:iccd, of fine
or imprisonment, or both. O.i the dock
et for June term were nineteen cases for
kukluxing. During the adjourned "term
just closed, sixy one more bills werie
found by the grand jury, and of the en
tire eighty cases only three have been
disposed of, viz: the U. S. vs. It. A.
Shotwell and others, in the Justice raid,
and two in the cases of the U. S. vj.
Amos Owens and others for the Bigger
staff raids, leaving seventy seven cases
on the docket one of which is the cu$c
of Henry Chinee, colored, and four nth
ers. Ihe cases on docket embrace" se
veral hundred defendants.
RADICAL ROBBERY OF THE
Whatever may be the truth in regard
to the alleged frauds in New York, says
the Washington Patriot, the question is
distinctly local, and concerns a suigli:
community, who are now dealing with-it
sternly in their own way, and determined
to reform a charter, wliich was mainly
imposed upon them by the almost solid
vole of the Republicans iu the Legisla
ture. A subject of far greater magni
tude and graver import, affecting the
wl ole country, demands attention at our
hands. V e refer to the enormous rob
ot ry of the Southern States, perpetrated
by. the agents and emissaries of the Na
tional Administration, in support of its
policy, and intended to promote there
election of General Grant Our limitld
space does not permit more than a glance
at the system of organized plunder, which
has been practiced in every State udder
Radical rule, or where reconstruction wjas
even temporarily up plied The figures
are derived from official reports, or the
latest census returns, and may, therefore,
be easily verified. I
1871. State debt, per report of A:i- ' !
Exces f receipts over expendi- j
i-uiin .cw vrivaiis, oy census re- !
1S61. Total debt
Increased indebtedness, $66,374,017
1871. Debt, by report State Trcas'r $20,137,500
Bonds, authorized and ixxned to rail- . I
roads ly Radical Legislature and i j
. . $.50,137,500
1861. Debt, 3,170,750
Increased indebtedness, 46,906,to0
In 1861 Georgia was almost entirely
exempt from taxation, by the receipts
from the Western and Atlanta Railmad,
which covered the State expenses. This
road was recently sold to Cameron. De
lano, Bul'o k and others, for one third of
1S71. Debt and liabilities,
1361. Debt and liabilities,
1871. Admitted debt! '
1861. Debt ai.d liaMlitien,
. -. ..mu i
1 tie lowest Radical figures c f ihe pres
sed debt are adVjited. although ! they do
not include fivjor millious ot additional
obligations. j .
IS!' ftu I I ; 7.287,141.
1801. Dsbt, j , 34,77,238
1871. Increased ijtdeUedneM, $1209,843
1871. Debt and liabilities $17,500,000
1861. Debt and IjaUliiies, 6.0U0.0U0
; ! ,
Increased indebtadea, $12,500,000
1871. Debt ami .Utilities, $I7,2oH,010
1861. Debt aud .Labilities, 5,000,000
Increased IndebUdaoM, $12,258,010
1871. Debt for railsoads, $12,000,000
Other liabilities have been incurred.
but uo official report of the aggregate can
be found. Thcrti was no debt previous
i ncre was no aebt previous
to the war. Iji fSGO the tax on property
was ten cents en the $100, it is now $2
25. The taxejs of 1871 amount to $5,
890,000, or ten -times the amount ever
levied before reconstruction.
1871. Debt and liabilities, $1S,.00,000
1661. Debt and liaLilitea, 3,000,000
I $ ' - -
Increased Indebtedness, $10,500,000
The county taxes are enormous.
1871. Debt reported, $1,800,000
The amouut of railroad Bonds is large,
but not stated in the Radical reports.
The county taxation is enormous, and
docs not appear in the focal returns of
the State taxes. '
The debt and, obligations of this State
have been pufposely concealed, and are
estimated to riinge between six and six
teen millions of dollars. The bonds for
railroads have been manipulated by some
of the managers, who robbed North Caro
Louisiana, . j
North Carolina, l
South Caroling ;
Texas (lowest fstimate,)
Florida (loea estimate)
North Carolina, additional, not in
eluded iu llidical rejort,
Radical robbery in three years $226,911,747
Appalling as,' these figures are, they do
not represent the entire iuebleduess by
tens of million. The Radical authori
ties have deliberately concealed and tnia
represeuted ihe? actual and outstanding
obligat'mns, for' political i ff ct. This gi
gaulic debt ;wus mostly ircurn-d during
the last '.bree-j years, uuder pretext ot
building railroad a and making other im
But the bonds were Sold
aud stolen, auif there is nothing to ihoi
tor the two bundled aud twenty-six mil
lions, but the sudden wealth of carpet
bag (Jovcrnprsj office holders and mem
bers of Congress, w ho shared the sjkjiIs.
Literally not lung.
Hut the oppression and outrage upon
these unfortunate- people does not end
here. Not eaii'tsficd with the plunder thus
approprutcp in me enape ot bonds, by
means of corrupt and infamous legisla
tion, the screw has been turned wherever
r i i r ..Hi i ii r
ia.iuicaii?m jriiu uoias possession oi pow
er by the most outrageous county taxes,
to say no.hjng of those for the Slate at
largo. following table, just prepar
ed at the Cf-nsus Office, exhibits the com
parativu vajucjof property in eight States
for 18C0 and S70, repspectivtly, aud the
difference in the couuty taxes for those
two periods : j
i 153,231.652, 432,198,762
' 29,700,022 68,929,685
t 213,870,27 4 4S5.787.265
i 127,618,954, 292,297,01 C
; 174,409,491 489,319,128
Cor xt y.
ll is thus seen, that while the aggre
gate va ueof;taxable property is rtducd
more thaujoue-.ialf, the couuty taxation
alone has becii increased four, five, and even
t -u fold feeypnd any eijKriieuce before
iccoiiptrucjion -H this system of extortion
and rob be ty had been imposed upon a
people oiuiu'arily prosperous, it might
possibly bavQ been eudured. But it was
applied tola popnUtioa, exhausted by the
privationsof -four years of unequal strife,
suddenly deprived of their accustomed
labor, and- utlttly destitute of any re
source but, tbreir own hands, to recom
mence the! battle of life. The history of
the civilized world presents no such
spectacle ot tyranny and s poliatW.u com
bined, or jf tranquil submission to such
monstrous wrongs on the part of a i pwit
ed people educated iu the ideas ( person
al and public liberty.
To the Editor of th Scicniitc A meHcam :
It is an established maxim, that the
best judge of any science or art, U a per
son who has made that science or art his
particular study. Therefore has the world
looked to the practical engineer lox an
exjl uution of the causts of tbe frequent '
team boiler explosions. But the reeut
examination of the so called ciperts
shows that the world (and, no doubt, tho"
experts also) has beru deceived. The
examination culd show that tha me
chanical portion of an engiue U more
studied by engineers than the chemical
phenomena prodoced by tbe agents they
are employing. They all agree that a
aii am boiler may be exploded ; tut,
what is the combination of facta to pro
duce this eflcct, is a question. Fortu-
' nte (without intending it, perhaps).
, 'nuSe baa pointed to the difficulty-
I "Explosion ; the act of driving out aur-
thing wiih noise and violence ' "Barst;
to break suddeuly ." Tbe bursting of a
boiler, then, wou'd seem to imply tbeaud
den breaking of a segment ol tbe Wler,
escape of steam and boiling aster, scald
ing of fireman and engineer, and tfcote
who carelessly placed themselves la the
range of danger. WhUV the explosion of
a boiler, as w e too well know, involves not
only the lives of the careless, and Tery
often ignorant, engiuecr, but also thelirer
of all entrusted to his care. U'e are too
apt to say we know the nature of a body,
when we know several of the uses to
which ivmay be applied, aud Athe conse
quences of such application, in greater or
lesser quantities, simply or in combina
tion; but to know the nature of a body,
is to know the original materials of iu
constitution, and the mode of their com
bination ; and those matctials should bo
known iu their primitive, or most simple
a. a aa
state, ana me knowledge of tbe combina
tion should include all tbe intermediate
changes, in all their details, from tbe pri-
.r ti .... r .
iuiihc i leujeniB. i nrreiore, the engi- -neer
should not oily study thoroughly bis
macninery, but also chemistry at least.
so fcr as it relates to those bodies which
ie is obliged to use. A committee of
men thus educated wisuld not be long in
investigating and giviug the true cause of
steam boiler explosius.
N e are gravely told, in some of our
school books on natural philosophy, that
experiments were mide by a committee
of the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia,
ai me suggestion and exnensa of th
Iniud .States Treasury IVnattment.
showing that the generation cf hydrogen
gas, in steam boilers, however high ibeir
neat may be, never takes place : !After
many trials, with the express design ol
fuming hydrogen in a steam boiler, if
possible, they never produced a trace ot
this gas. Irom the decomnnsiiion f
water." Again: "Even if the gas in
question were formed in overheated boil
ers, no damage could accrue from iu
presence, since hydiogcu never explod
w imou: being mixed w un oxygen or
common air, neither of which t vrr exist
in a f team boiler when iu use ; besides,
were these two gases iu the stecm boiler,
ready for explosion, still no danger would
exit, since they never uke fi e except
a" a. . .
irom contact with tlame. Ileuce, all
danger from hydrogen in the boil
r exists only iu the imagination."
We are told by some chemUla (from
Uie laboratory), that the spheroidal
state of the water is the cause cf
the explosion ; but we kuow that tbe
spheroidal state of the water cannot ex
ist unless the boiler be overheated ; and
il there be a sufficiency of water, and a
safety valve, the boiler caunot be over
heated ; therefore, with a sufficiency of
water in the boiler, and safely valve, wo
cannot have the spheroidal slate of tbo
water, nor an explosiou of tbe boiler.
Ix t us now see w hat is the effect of an
insufficiency of water in a boiler which is
well healed: Tbe flame, or beat, passing
through a flue, or under a surface of a
boiler not coverd by water, soon causes it
to become red hot ; the steam necessarily
comes in contact with this red hot irou.
"Iron decompose s steam at all temp
tun s, from fiom a dull rd to a white
heat, appiopriating its oiygeu." In this
way it would take but a short time (ac
ending to the sui face exposed) to convert
the greater portion of the steam into its
elements, hydrogen, w hich remains free
iu tbe boiler, and oxygen, which the heat
ed iron appropriates to itself, formiug
oxide of iion. While the ruachibery is
not in motion, or the steam not escaping
freely, the hydrogen fills the upper oi
tion of the boiler, and does nut come iu
contact w itb tho red hot iron, nor its
oxide; but any cause which may produce
an expansion or dietuiLaucc ot the gas,
eo as to bring it into contact with the;
' oxide of iron 1 e ited to the same tem
perature as will dccoujjOM; (team," l be
gases will immediately become chemical
ly combined, produciug a most intense
beiil (-'the uioet lulctitfc heat that can W
produced is caused by the combustiou of
hydrogen gas"), and causing au explo
sion, at the eaiue time the "oxide of iron
w ill be reduced to its metallic state."
("Turner's Chemestry," lt4C, fcby Rodg
ers, page 333 ) Tbe cimple experiment
bumiug a mixture of the gases in what is
icirtMd an hydrogen gun, or experiment
i.gwith the eudiometer in a basin -f
water, w ill satisfy any scientific engineer,
not only as Uo the cause of steam boiler ex
plosious, bu; how ibey may be ntmdied.
Jonx Ltncb. M. I.,
Prof, in South Caioltna U invert it v.
James O'Bi in, a wealthy niiser of Jer
sey city, baa been committed to the cuou
ty jail for ufusiug to pay tn dollars a
week for the supjoit of hi? wife and rbild.