"'-I-.-'--''- ... ' v c 1-" '-iM---f c Ci.-- : . ! i
! i i . 1 ; . ' !
- ' x .:!;; , .
i ;: ; - i , j
ii ' .'": ' : t
III THIKD SEME.
' ; . . ... ' f! ' s
i . ' i i ' . i i s i sr -
frCBUSfJED WEEKLY pT
J. Bit U NEK,
Editor and Proprietor .
! RATES OF St IICniTION
Qje Year payable m advance. ....$2.50
gik Months, " I 1.50
5 Copies to one address,! 10.00
lxatcs of Advertutinq.
qtiare, first insertion.... ,
For each additional insertion 50
Special notice will be charged 50 per cent
higher ttt&ia the above rates.
Court a ud Justice's Orders willbe publish
ed at the , aa?;i rates with other advertise
uienta. 1 ', ! il ' ' ' J 'i
Obiiuary notices, over six lines, "charged
c ! 5
-y C at
! F '
$2 50 $3 75 $5 00 87 50 $1200
8 50 12 00 20.00
it fiOO 9 (X)
; 8 (K 1 J 00
'tU (Ml '! (Hi
12 00 18 00 25,00
15 00 25 00 33;50
.'10 00 40 00 GO.(K)
45 fX) 85 00 ! 100,00
.1 Cidumti. .25 00 45 (K),
Jj I The y nipt
'i Land pain in
ptom? of Lifer
II TP ntiiauint&a
MIIaulQ9& land pain in the Kide.
, . . . . , .
I jSoni-tinCH Hie pain i in
MaawMal Il"e "iiouiaex, ami im mis
rhviimaliHni. the nlomncli i nfl riwl
with lot4 of appetite and nitknets, bowel j in
Keiienl tt-ttive, nometinies alternatine with lax.
line neau ih troiihlf1
With pain, am lnll, hea-
ivr enntion, considera
hle lo of memorv. ac-
companied with painful
H'tixatjon of having If ftundcne aomething whjch
(luglitfu have been done. Often complaining of
weftkneM, debility, and low npiriu. Sometime
many. of the above aymptomn attend the diiteaae.
andatothvr time very few of them; but the
liver i generally the organ mot involved.
Cure the Liver with j
DU. SIMMONS' j
, LIVER It EMULATOR,
a preparation roots and be rbj warranted to be
uriclly vegetable, and can do no injury to any
one. It ha been used by hundred, and known
for the lant 40 year as one of the mot reliable,
eflicadou and haranilens preparation ever of
fered to.the Mi'fTerinc. 'If taken regularly and
iTKiHtchtlv, it ih Hiire to cure I
jaiundice,coti vene, iek
lieadache, chronic diarr-lia'a.nrTectionsoftheblad-
lii .lyicr. rainp uy$eniery, ar-
frction of the kidiu'VH. niTvniiBiwua -l.Ill a:..
fder, camp dysentery, af-
eae or Hie km, impurity of the blood, mclan-
ehol, or drpreion of npirit, henrt! urn, colic
oi t.ain in the bowel, pain in tU I i ad, feWr
agd ague, diojwy, boils, pain in t!i. ' ick, &cl
Prepared only by 1 1. ZFA LI N; ,v CtK, i
n , l i ., Jr"S&l, Macon, Oa.
Price, $1 by mail Si 2r.
Formic by T. F Jv LUTTZ & CO., !
fib24-ly SaJi-burv, N. C.
NOKTHjCAnOLINA, In the Superior
ItOWAN COCNTV. $ Court.
Jo$kua Miller, Administrator of
J. W. MttNeely and )
"VVin. B,i McNeely
Suiiimong 6and Peti
tion Jo sell land for
aiid Acuith Mc- f
Xely, alias Ace-1
hith Corriher. '
In 0i eae it appearing to the satisfac
ton of .the Court that Win. H. McNVely Hnd
Aeemth McNly, alia. Acenith Corriher.
jue non-feaideuts of theJ tat of North
CarohnA-.lt is therefore ordered that i.abli-
eation bn tnad m the Carolina Watchman,
a newspapvr published in Salisbury, N. C.,
for ail weeks succMivly. requiring said
, ?Ui l"' lmr at the office of ihe
Uk of the Superior Court foF the county
Of Rowan at,,, Court llon,e in Salisbury,
on r nday thn 1st day ,.f I)wnbr next, and
aufvrer the complaiat f the pUititiffs. or the
ease will be heard ex'purte.
! WitiieM. A. Judsoji Man Clerk of the
Superior Court of aid county at office: in
Salisbury, the IGih day of OctoWK A. D.
I v7 1 . " ;
J A. .IHDSON MASON. '
CUrk of Itouati Superior Coriy.
NOUTIl CAROLINA.? T
Xaluku CfuTVf S Superior Court.
Jacob A- rilae, Conrad Hise. Marv Hise.
Ihoinas (iQeaunon and wife Mahala.
llenry Chester and wife Caery. j
Marvt! Hise. Elizabeth
. " MllUlf
and Mary Ennvs. infanu under the age f
, wtjniy-ne, years, y their Uuardian.JJ I.
1 Couly; ; Klisha Hue aud vife Mahala.
, Emeline IJUe, James Hise. kMill v Ann
llise, infauts onder the ae of tweiity;lne
'years by tliejr Guardian ad litum Jj p.
In this cae it is ordered that publicat:on
be made in the "Carolina Watch man! a
aewspapeif published in the town of Salis
bury, for six weeks, Notifying Marvil Hise.
a nou-resideut defendant, that he appear at
the Superior court Clerk's ofJLee in Lenoir,
Caldwell eouoty; within that time and answer
the complaint of the Plaintiff, or judgment
will be taken pro confetxo as to him.
L WiiD.M' R R- Wakefield. Clerk of our
oa: Murt at omce iu Lenoir, this 14th day
t Sept. A. I).
-4. tr it
PLANT NOW !
Hyacinth'st Tulip, Crocue, Lillie,Paeonies,
jnd nearly all the various Bulbs. Order tliem
from 8. Hj Martin. ', '
Hyacinth,; mixctl, $1.50 per dox.
Tulips, 50. ct. per dox.
1 cksges postpaid. Send for Catalogue,
8. IL MARTIN, f
Ut nd Marblehead, Mass.
Land Deeds, Trustee Deeds,
mtpissioner's Deeds, Sheriff
eeds, Chattle Mortgages, &c
For.Sale at this office. ;
Cheap Cbattlo Mortgages,
"4 TKiou. other M.nU fcr .I. W.
I i l ! . i , ' i ' '
:! f 1 ' ' mi, ,
i ' j .
is well supplied with
A large and elegant auortment of
CUT ILLUSTRATIONS, &C,
suitable for all k nds of
Finer aiid more Ornamental Types for
" x i
Business & Professional
Visting,Party and Wedding. Cards ;
e and School
A ! '
Circulars of all kinds ;
Tobacco Notices and
for all purposes ;
For Clerks, Magistrates
and Solicitors ;
Or anything else required in the
j Printing Line.
. -j i
t - I i- ;
AS A NEWSPAPER,
Ts a candidate for public favor. Its
circulation is good, and its standing
and patronage improving. It is one
of the best advertising mediums in
the State, and offers its facilities on as
I . . I
liberal terms lis any.
LAND FOR SALS !
-I' ; 1
Acont X0Z Acres,
Seven miles from Salisbury, !on the Wilkesboro
Road, adjoining Binj. Howard. Jo. Mingus and
other ; part of it Second Creek: Bottom.
Term, one-fourth cash, balance one, two and
three years credit.
Enquire of Jno. Miller,! who lives on the
premise, of of R. Barringerj Agent, Charlotte,
K. 0.- I i ' - i
JiPf. Z5, 71-2xd I y
PLAIN I FANCY
S - 1 .
la n lis
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
1 OF THE OOTKRKOR
Honi TOD R.
To the Honorable, the General AssemUy
f of Vie State of N. Carolina :
By the constitution of our State, the Guv-
; ernir is required from time io time, to give
tt the General Assembly iufonnatkiu of the
affaira of jhe Mate, atd recommend to their
consideration such measures as he may deem
Hefoi-A proceeding to the discharge of this
duty impoeed by the cous itution, it is meet
and pror that in the name and n behalf of
the hmiI of the State, I should make due
acknowledgements to the Supreme Ruler of
the Ubiv?rse for the many blessings and pri
vileges he has bestowed upon us, and to in
voke his eoutiuued guardianship over our
State aud Natioti.
Fr the h:st six years, gentlemen, we have
Wt struggling to repair andrebuild the for
tuijos of the State which were wasted and
j squandered ini a most calamitous struggle
j with the General Government, it will an
! swer no g(Kd r useful purjK.se to enter up-
onjhe causes which brought on this colli-
r.-u. ; jtrrr iojc nas nis own opinion ou
thi.ssnl.jetrt.aiid iustetid of endeavoring to
opentresh the bleed iii g wounds, or to re
vive; tjie nem..ries of the sad past, it b
bnves Ais all U throw the mantle of obli
viou ovrr jour differences, and devote our
energies to r osing up our beloved old com
inoriwealtti from the low estate into whicn
she hat fajlen U fdace her upon the uroud
eminence j which she occupied prior to the
events inaugurated iu 1801, and brought to
n epd 1805 by the triumph of thw armies of
the Federal Government.
However much, many of our wisest and
Wst iiien nay have believed, they were jus
tified in resorting to hostile measures for the
purpose of enforciug or defeuding rights
which they deemed to be in jeopardy yet it
must now; be appareut to every caudid ob
server that the fttep was unwi-e in the ex
trerne, bringing upon our State nothing but
calamity, aud reducing many of her people
to bankruptcy and ruin. With this sad ex
perence continually before 'our eyes re
membering the lormer grandeur of North
Carolitia--the happiness and prosperity of
her peoplethe peace and food wi 1 which
once reigned supreme in all her borders
the iput'ial forbearance and respect her citi
xens entertained one for another with all
these memories crowding our minds, may
we uov resolve that hereafter, whenever it is
consistent with our honor and our good
name "to: bear the ills we have, rather than
fly to those that we know not of.'"
I f DEBT AND FINANCES.
The most impor ant subject which will de
mand Tour attention at this sessl u is the
debt and fiuances of the State.
The report of the public Treasurer exhi
bits the eonditiou of the debt. An analy
sis of it will show that the debt .consists of
the following classes :
Firsti "Old, or "ante-war debt."
including $333,045 held by the
Board of Dducation which is
in the form of a certificate is
sued iu lieu of old bonds, $8,761,245
Accrued interest, 1 588,51 5
Second : Bonds issued since the
war under acts passed before.
n aid of Internal ! Improve
Third : Bonds issued since the
war to fund accrued interest
and past due bonds, viz;
Under act of 18G6,
f " 1868.
Fourth: Bonds issued during the
wajr for Internal Improvement
purposes, but not marketable,
because of the time of issue
&9,. vix :
Bonds issued uader acts passed
before the war.
Bonds issued under acts passed
during the war.
Fifth; Bonds issued under acts
passed since the war for Inter
nal improvement purposes, not
special tax, viz :
Under ordinace of convention if
1868 to Chatham Bailroad Co.,
To Williainstou ic Tarboro
Sixth : Speeial Tax B -nd. i
ud under acts passed iu
18Sa-'(iy, and siuce repealel
oy act oi cm ot march
Bonds to Eastern Divi;..n
Western Jforth Carolina !ril
i 7" kumrniu wi v esiern
. patiy. f ;
Wilmington. Charlotte aud Ruth
erford Railroad Company,
Williiamston & Tarboro Railroad
Atlantic. Tennessee $ Ohio Rail
road Company, ,
0 ij' , I $12,882,670
beventn :.: Uonds pronounced un
constitutional by Supreme
Bonds issued to Chatham Rail
road Company now outstand
Penitentiary on Deep River, 10o!o00
! ; tUHMABT OF DEBT.
The principal of the entire debt
' j $29,900,000
The total amount of accrued in
tent t her eou to, October 1.
1871, U; ; 387.419 45
Total amount of principal and
interettU $31,887,464 45
SALISBURY, N. C.i DECEMBER 1, l71.
j The only securities held by the State from
wr.ieiisbe derives any income. arethe3U0.
i 000 stock in the North Car. 1 na H-if ll.tA
Compauy, on which six per cent dividends
have lately been realized which dividends,
by a decree of the Circuit Court of the Uni
ted States, for the District Of North Pyr..li.
na, have been subjected to the payment of
interest due on ih. bond Afthm i
. u umio IQOU VU
ti pay for said stock.
Commenting on the foregoing list, I re
mark that the first class, consisting of the
ante-war bonds, originally sold some over
par, all averaging nearly par. the pr.ceeda
of which mainly built our railroads, seen to
be of the highest digu ty. The second elass.
although issued under acts passed before the
war. it is notorious were sold at not more
than fifty ceats in specie, and ot exceeding
sixty-five or sixtv-six cents in currency
when thir depreciation waf heavy. It is be
tiered that tnauy realized less than fifty cents
The bonds of the third elass are also of
m,dispued validity. In fact, many were ex
changed for old or ante-war bonds which had
become due, or for those which had become
mutilated or scratched the residue for cou
pons at par (without interest at maturity)
which hd become due maiuly on the ante-
The fourth class the General Assembly
has heretofore, except to a small amount, re
fused to nogi.ize ; but it seems difficult to
prove that they have m.t been validatrd in
general terms by -fhe ordiuance of the ou
ventious of IdtiS-'GO, declaring all debts
binding on the State when not "incurred in
aid of the rebellion. But if recognize I they
should be scaled according to the rate it de
preciation at the date of issue, aud of course
they should uot be recoguizFd unless it shall
be proved that their proceeds were applied to
building our railroad.
The fifth ch.ss stai.d on the same fKting
as the second, but they were hold probably,
at a lower average price.
The bonds of the sixth class were sold,
nearly all of them, at ruinous rates-many
bringiug ouly from ten to thirty cents in
currency ; very many were sold under cir
cumsta- ces which oughl to have put prudent
men on their guard sold in a reckless and
gambliug manner, so that it was ( lain to the
most uuwary, that the agent of the company
to which they M ere issued was not acting
with fidelity to the interests of his priucital
besides manv were disposed of after the
General Assembly, by the act of January.
1870, gave notice to the world that they had
ordered the return of said bonds and that
future sales of them would be invalid and
lastly a large number, according to a report
made by a committee of the House of Re
presentatives, we: e issued without the cer
tificate required by law.
The seventh class, I am of opinion the
Stite cannot recognize, bat if she owns any
property, p irchased with the proceeds of
these bonds, such property might becurren
dered to bona fde purchasers of said bonds
before their constitutionality was questioned
further than this in my opinion the Gene
ral Assembly caunot go.
In considering the important and most dif
ficult problem of the pfblic debt, t!: :
lowing questions present themselves :
1st. What is the aOjdamount for u i.; ;
the State in equity anrood cousci.
2ud This amour t being ascertained arp ;he
people of the ta e ableUt pay the annui iu
terest on the enine. regularlyand promptly ?
3d. If theoretically able, are they iu their
present condition of poverty and depression.
willing to submit to the sacrifices required ?
4th. Supposing that the people are either
not able yr uot trilling to pay the interest on
the public debt for whicbj they are justly lia
ble, what shall be doue ! SijaU we do noth
ing, or endeavor to effect! an honorable
settlement with the publicseditor ?
With regard to the fir tqueytion as tothe ac
tual amouut for which the Slate is jutlv
liable; in my-judguient this cannot be as"
certai ed without investigation by able
financiers and business men men trained to
weigh evidence, and of diseeruii.eut suffici
ent to detect fraud. As to the pecond ques
tion ; I leniark that the report of the Audi
tor shows that the people of the State are in
such a sta'eof depression that the total valu
ation of real and personal prop, rty will not
exceed $!2I.Cm000 00. The immense natu,
ral resources of the State are admitted, and
if properly devolved, the taxation necessary
to pay the interest, ou a, much larger debt
would be a light burden. The low valua
tion above stated shows that the annual prof
its fiom this property is small. To pay this
interest and support the State f aud county
governments, as well as to piovide for the
education of our children, to say nothing of
the payment of old debto owing by counties
aud towns, which iu mauy instances is be
ing enforced by the courts, will be such a
large per centage of the income of our peo
yle. that I am forced, reluctautly to conclude,
that they cannot bear the necessary taxation
without being deprived of their property and
in some eases of even the necessaries of life.
It I am correct in Supposing that the peo
ple cannot now shoulder this taxation, it is
unnecessary to inquire iuto the third ques
tion, as to their trillitigness to do so. Uur
people are generally hBest. Repudiation
directly is far from their thoughts. Any
such actiou will be in the last degree painful
and revolting to them. Their "evident un
willingness at this time, arises from their
belief that they are unable Ut pay. Whether
right or wrong iu this oniniou, they are hon
estly determiued. I thiuk. on this question
If I am correct in jjudgiug the public mind,
then the pubPc creditor has no means of en
forcing the satisfaction of his debt by law.
The State cannot be sued by him ; but even
if it were otherwise, all legal process against
large communities, uuanimous in resisting,
would be vain. The experience of credi
tors of single counties in the North-west and
elsewhere, shows that it is difficult and cost
ly to recover satisfaction out of a sinole
couui v u a ciaie. it all the counties a
the same mind, and thrtPnMl u-wi.
same exactions, such recovery will 1 utterl
impracticable. Officers could not li f...,.
toeuforeethe process of the courts, and eveu
If a? .
u euiurcea, iue recovery would be valueless.
Not only in America, but in despotic coun
tries, the fettled icill of the people will al
ways prevail against the theories and techni
calities of law, however supported by prece-
ueni jtisi as in tne la e war was found the
courts always deciding stay-laws to be un
coustituiional, yet the pevple. through the
Legislature, in defiance of the courts, mai
aged to stay the collection of debts.
The ouly remedy whj the public cred
itor can possibly tnakt available. a to ti e
legality of whieh I exarpi no optiu-n.i
theenforetnent, through vir courts, of the
provisions of such charter of the vaiious
Railroad Companies in whifft theSUteowr
stock at to subject the stock held by tie State,
and all dividends thereon to the payment of
the p incipal aud interest of the bonds issued
ior me oenont such companies. In the
case of tne North C arolina N.Wr, i
pauy. the Circuit Court of the United Sutes
for the District Coort of the United States
lor the Uistuct of North Carolina, has al
ready decided to subject the dividend de
clared by the Company on the stork belong
ing tothe State, to the payment of interest
on the bonds of the State issued tor the
benefit of that corporation. It is said to be
in contemplation to ask the cnrt io order a
sale of stock held by the State sufficicir to
reimburse to the bondholders the dividend
heretofore paid into the Public Treasury. I
Vespectfully suggest to the General Assembly
whether it is not proper tK order a sale ,. 1
the stcks owned bj the State, to be paid f.r
iu the securities for which such stocks were
onginauy pledged. Such a course wonld re-du-
the debt of the Statu in L.r -f-.
and seems to be demauded by the terms of
meconiraei witn tne publie creditor.
The last qu stion is, what shall be done
with the public debt, supposing that the
State cannof or vill not, pay the interest
now, ana will not eive anv MMiirn..f
paying the same within a reasonable time !
Several schemes are sufees ed iu thi r..
gard. Some say. "Let matter remain as
they are make no provisiou Tor paying in
terestsmake no effort for a reasonable set
tlementpass no act of partial repudiation
let "he future take care of itself" If this
plan beadopted, certaiuly interest will accu
mulate so rapidly that th very maguitude of
the debt will leudto total repudiation event
ually. I think this plau neither ooiiest. nor
uiauly, nor wise.
Another plan is to pay two per cent- in
terest the firrt year ou the whole debt after
the just and true amount shall have been as
certained; three per cent, the next year; four
percent, the third year; five pef cent, in
1875 and so on iu reg lar progression, so as
to make an average of six j-r cent, iu the
whole. Such aschen;e was adopted in Mis
souri since the war. This plan could not be
sucessful or expedient, except in a State rap
idly increasing in population and wealth.
The a-imial payments would soon become so
large that they would be intolerable, unless
the taxable property should correspondingly
increase. It is also liable to the objections
that it is complicated and cumbrous, aud that
it is a mere speculation on the supposed
event of the future.
A third plan is to assure the creditor that
the S ate is at present unable to pay interest
on its debt that it acknowledges the bin U
ing foce of the debt that it desires to full
fil all its jusi obligations, and ti I do o at
the earliest time possible; but that it is a
matter of uncertainty when that time will
arrive. The people can pay something at
present, possible they maj be able to pay a
largei proportion hereafter whether they
can or not is one of the uncertainties of the
future. Heuce according to this plan we may
offer the following proposition : Let the
State create a new debt, issue new bonds
Waring three per ceut. Interest, payable in
specie, with a tax imposed iu the act. "5
cient to raise fuuds to pay such inte; - -then
make it optional with the b-i.-.:- -mrs
to exchange.thei: .; i. nds forth, is
sue or await th of snr!i i i prove-
ment in the cone . the F-.r. s will se
cure to them payiio.;. .f thei. . is in full.
I suggest, aithoutjnaking any recommenda
tion either pro or con. that it'migbt be pro
vided that iu lieu of $1,000 bouds bearing
three j-erceiit. interest, 50O bonds hearing
six percent, interest might be given in ex
change fcr each $1,000 bood held by him.
Iu my opinion the KHple can bear the
burden of uch a setth meut. and th:e bond
holders who do not think they have a spe
cific lien ou valuable stocks owned by the
State (e. g., those of the North Carolina
Railroad Company.) would be willing to ac
cept oue proposal or the other. Of course it
will be eutirely optional with the creditor
whether he will accept either proposition, or
await future developments. By pursuing this
course the General Assembly would merely
acknowledged frankly a. palpable truth ; tbey
would offer the best, which iu the judgmeut
of many the people can do at present, and
they would refrain from a repudiation of their
But whichsoever course the General .Wemblr
may ec fit to adopt, I -think it absolutely
ential that a commisxion shall be constituted,
in whom the public have coufidence, to ascer
tain and report all fact connected with the
public debt, ao that some definite conclusion
may be reached by the Legislature ai to the
true, legal, equiiable liabilities of the State.
This commission should likewise ascertain from
the creditor their views a to what final and
honorable settlement can be made of their
claim. Considering the enormous losses of
the Slate, in abie bodied men slain or disabled
in the sudden overturning o' the srteiu of
labor in the destruction of properly" in the
insolvency of all its Iwnks, and, the lom of their
circulating medium in the ruin of crops by
various canse in the want of good faith of some
of her agents, and in tine in the counties losses
and disaster of a people conquered after a long
and desperate war, the creditors ought to be
reasonable and willing to compromise; ami
certainly it is not unmanly in our ieoule frank
ly to confess the facts of their condition the
results of their fruitless struggle.
The above observations are made, because I
feel painfully anxious on account of the condi
tion of our public debt. Retmdiation of our
contract in any shape, would leave such a stain
ou our conscience and our honor, would brine
ucn disgrace, and, directly and indirectly, in
flict such an injury on our people, collectively
and individ' ally, that I have fell it mv duty
to state all ihe difficulties of the fiancial situa
tion with the utmost frankness in order to show
the necessity for prompt action. Let us ascer
tain the full extent of our obligations, and then
manfully address ourselves to the iak of ful
filling them in the roost practicable manner
which will commend itself to the wisdom, and
good senses and integrity of the people of the
State. If the General Assemble shall see fit to
authorize the appointment of a commission a
above suggested, it may be adriable to defer
maturing any finanicaf plan until their report
shall be presented and per ha by that lime
such renewed prosperity may, in "the Provi
dence of God, be vouchsafed to us as will de
monstrate oar ability to zaeet all jnt demands,
aniT infuse into onr people the disposition to
bring back to North Carolina ber ancient, proud
CONDITION OF SOCIETY.
It is a matter of nnf. igned regret to me, to
feel obliged to call the attention of the General
Assembly to the disorganized condition of So
ciety in our State. I shall not consume rr.r
time by entering into a detailed statercc -. . -.
the extravagance and crime which have i t
committed in varior ! --ilitie wiihin bor.
ders. Tbey are fnli in the recollectit n of mIL
Their commission tin tr ;- ht reproach upon
ux people, and tl.o m itc rial iv rn of the
State have been mor ; seriously ar.d injuriously
affected by them. The tide of immigration,
which at one time seemed to be setting towards
our shores haa keen driven back, and thousands
of rvsrsnna with mfiliAn nf Mn,.t v... v.
deterred from settling among u by the tales of
horror which hive reached their ear, as occur-
i u"7 ,n ome portion of the State.
It behooves, you gentlemen, to take this mat
ter into yonr serious consideration, and to de
nse measures arid enact such salutary law as
will restore peace and good feeling among our
people, and deter evil disposed person- from
taking the law into their own haml and be
coming the executioners of nnsuthorized judg
menu. Until this be done, and the . ivil law is
made to reign supreme in the State, and iu
minister are respected, and their hnd upheld
and strengthened, there will be no peac . pros
rr"1 or real happiness among ir ple.
Uhat greater good then can von accomplish
than to strive by i-e nd rodent legislation,
1ivwtingyoui-M3re of all party prejudice, to
put down and utterly exterminate all unlawful
combination, by visiting npon offender such a
"m? j" nd W, cemintJ of inihment as
will deter them from further prosecuting their
nefarions rjurrwee, and give to the lawabiding
Has of ear people -assurances of protection in
the enjoyment f their live, liberties and
right, both of person and proper! r ? Do thl,
and in a very short time immigration will be
gin to flow to onr State, our waste places will be
built np, our oif will groan with the rich pro
duct of the earth, our desert will be convert
ed into garden, land our whole people will
dwell together ini such unity a become a civi
lized and christian community.
I desire, gentlemen, in an especial manner to
call vour attention lh ftitiLr.n.l ; r
the Sute. No petple can oe prosf erous or hapnv
whaare bound ia the cliains oi ignorance, ajid
who have not facilities for UirMing asunder
the fetter which dwarf their minds and cripple
ail the nobler faculties of their nature. It mar
be said that orth Carolina U too poor to do
more than she is how doing for the can- of edu
cation. It miT be iiitiidriii ih;
dace additional burden on I he tteoole in be
. i r i i -
me uHirersny, or any ol the college or
igh schools in ojir midst. Rut we are far be
ind the pcodIc in the rn i.f
t l much lielter Ihsi fthll r.;- .u -..a:
j ... vv-x v v I ll tlVl I"
menu of a good liglish education, lc tanlitio
read fluently, write legibly, and understand ihe
use or figures, than that a ff.w -'.all be educa
cated in the higher branches of polite literature,
and imbued with p knowledge of the dead lan
guage, and made proficients in the higher
branches of art and seience. The one U also
lutely needed to make our men and women good
and useful citizens while the other may be dis
pensed with until a new era ot" prosperitr hll
dawn iimki us, snd enable us to rebuild nnl re
habilitate the rniyersity.andestahli-h tl.ronch
oot our border colleges and schools of high
grade and character. C!o to work then, gentle
men, and reMjIve that every child in the Stste
shall be taught to read and write that those
who are not able to educate thcmxlves .hall t f
educated by the Slate that in the nut dit-ade
every person between the ages often an.! iwen-ty-oeyear
who U of sound tnimi, fhsM liable
to read the word or (i.J iml t, I ail i m.1 1 1 i f ii-n
and lawa of the country. K-r not l I.-vt tri
bute for this glorious caue. It will be like bread
cast upon the waters - thou hh.ill fii.d it after
With regard to the University of the State, a
pri nci ta Lobst ruct ion to i t succor is i t .ecu n i a ry
embarrassment, fof which, a far I nn ju.lge,
the present board f inistees are in no wise re
jKnsible. The j pal debt amounting to
about sizty th..ns,u dollars was incurred ni.-l
niorige rne tiseciire the ssme, before Ih
came into office. In 18W the patronage oft
IiiHiitutiun I,,,! reduwl lo low than oi.
hundred students, j Prio this time, however,
the cliief portion qf iu owmeiits lu.l len
lost by unfortunate investmenu. Until the In
stitution is relieved from dtbt, and il prt.rrtv
fnia incumbrance- there cm le hot liufe
hojie of iu succeMi ir iistfulnes. In mv opin
ion an honet and Ifaithful etlort was made to
lift the University from the condition in which
it was found at Uiecloseof the late war. ThUiuet
with little or no favor from the cla. of jr-on
by whom it wascruehed. They have not aided
the officers in theirjefforts to build it up. pub
lic opinion ha been moulded againt it bv the
most unscrupulous! misrepresentation-, and by
violent apral through a partiian press. Th.e
who would have patronized it were threatened
with social osiracisan. The young were dt-ierred
from entering iu halls, and'parenU very nai.ir
ally hesitated to compel the atlendance'of their
sons, and now the cause of faihne is inipuu.l bv
some to the Trniee arel Farnli v. The remote
ness of Chajiel Ililffrom the railroad is U liev
eil by many lo le ift the war of iu pro-peritv.
It is more difficult of access than any other col
leges; bnt this i t matter of minor imortance.
The foregoing ar some of the difficulties with
which the University ha had to contend. Jn-t
prior to the late elertion a spirited controvert
began in some of the religious newpaerv, in
which it was proposed to abolish the Universi
ty. Tl I I imagine, a in view of the calling
of a Convention. Tbose who bare since pursued
the controversy seevn to have done so without
advening to the change in the situation.
The Constitution of the State noi on I v com-'
template the continuance of the Univendiv,
but actually prescribe rule for iu manage
ment. The eorpc-rtalion cannot be diived
while the present IJonsiituiion rtands. It has
been suggested thai the Trustee- should sell so
much of the property- as is situated at Chapel
Hill and orrhase a: more eligible locagion else
where. Prom such d sale, at this time, the trus
tees would probably not realize half tl ie actual
value of the property, and it could result in no
more, if a much M the bare oavmcnt of the
debts, and leave the Board without the means
of future derations.- 1 cannot believe that sui h
a proosition will meet with anv fror in anr
quarter at the present time. Under all these
circumstances 1 recommend the legislatnre to
adopt aiicn measures a in iu wisdom will -e-cure
the interest of the State from a rn at ls
.iu prevent tne property or tlie I niveritv
from a forced sale fyr the payment of debt4.-l
Then close the door of the in-iiiution until
more prosperous tinjs. In the meantime give
to the Superintendent of Public lo-unutiwn
p)wer and authority to take all the propetty
into hi poe-ion, ap J make such a di.puitiou
of it by lease frura yjear to year, as to him shall
seem most conducive to the interests of tlie Uni
versity and the Slate) requiring from the lessee
a bond with ample aecurity for the safe keeping
and good care of ald property and al-o for the
annual payment of the rents uutil the expira
tion of the lease.
The greatest bulwark of civil liberty, and the
one beat calculated to promote and m ike per
petual the freedom of the citiien, u the right
of suffrage. Tke aovefeign people are the right
ful custodian of power in all well re-nlated
governments. Upon. them fall all the burdens
of keeping the machjnery of State in running
order. They furnish the mean to build up
your school and collrges ; to make vour Kail
road, andaaa!; td erect your a"vluraand
charitible institutions; to smtain 'your min
ister of lav: toreoress H.-mMi ! vin!an. i
to defend our counirr aeainst invasion frr,m
a foreign foe. For thee aerricr il
thinr In retnrw butt f rirrk. i . l
" --- oiwiH ineir i
agenu ofgoverniMei.t ...1 iheir reprerr.istivu
id the nauon and Sute, and the enactment of I
such lawa as will protect them in the enjor- ,
metu of all the righu and privileges accordeo
to them by the Constitution ami laws of their
common to imry. While tb people have the I
privilege to select throw; i-iw makers, wUh
oot let or hindrance while they feel free to :
march nn ta tha XstlnS Knv mA ....
to a dictates of their'own better JudgmenU; i
11. "WHOLE NO. S01
tunilie- to exercise this ioesrirnaUe right, there
00 U" k,r ,,,e lTeuitv of our repub
lic. Then gentlemen, it is your imperative dotr
to make the ballot box as accessible to Uh peo
ple as u u puible to make iu Throw no ob
structions m the way of a free ballot lo thoe
ho are entitled to vote. Let the poorest d
humbled individual in onr Sute feel that be U
as welcome at the polls aa the richest and nvghl
jest n an in the land. Cause him to feel that If
be is made to bear the beat and burden of tlx
day in time of danger, when the sons of our soil
an called ujmi to defend our rights on the bat
tle field, so in time of peace he is welcome to
all the luimniuiu-s, privilege and franchi-es
which his valor secured. I there kre warn vou
not to place the ballot box Uyond the rva b toor
people who are rightfully enUlled to approach
it. Throw no troublesome obstacle m their
way give them no just cause to complain of
oppression, injustice or a withholding of any of
their nr.hu, but aid and encourage then in all
their efforts to discharge their duties a become
freemen. In order to accomplish this end I
think it necessary to amend the law now in
force, o.th.it the elector o ar have the right to
deposit his ballot at any elee'lion prorioct in hi
county. 1 here is no good reason wl.v he shall
be restricted tothe townabip in which be re
side. It often hsppers under our present svv
tem that a voter reed to travel a mm h
greater distaice to reach a polling place in hi
own townJiip than Le w.aild be u. one in aa
adjoining townh;p. 1 am also of opinion that
it(,i.iiuu iMiKiu not to oe allowed on the day
of election, and that no voter should 'ot chal
lenged except at the time of registration, and it
should I- made the swrr. duty of every regis
trar to challenge every man who appli,'-s to he
enrolled as a voter unless be know of bis ow.
knowledge that he i legally entitled lo be en
rolled. Many person have len prevented
frt: j exerci-ii.g the riKl.i of auflrafre by rv.on
of evil minted persons challenging their rijrht
on frivolous grounds, so as to couume the time
within which the jioll are to be kei open.
Thl" should be remedied, and I know of
no other a in which it can be done unless it
be by emending the time of voting throorhoul
two days intrid of one. The law shoold ai
provide that a voter mar dess.ii all ha ballo 8
in the same Ux, irit-a, of requiring a multi
plicity of kh to receive the various UlloU
for the diflrrvnt ofLVtr to le voted f..c. Ii m
a notorious and lamentable fart tniu a large
nnniUr of the e!e-to' in Nt.rth artiina, of
both color are uneducated and notable lo read
and under the prcM-nt syst. m of voting where
erons are required lo'voie by ballot, arid to
have a serrate ballot for every per-n Vied
for, many of the tickets ne-es.Arilr find tUir
way into the wrong box and are 'dicard.-d aa
blanks, and thus the voter is bv law cheated out
of his ho'u-c. 1 take it for granted that every
law maker U not c nly willing, Isji deinsis thai
every man entitle io v,ie shall exrMetha
privilege, and shall have everv facilitv for ex
ercising it, and that it mill he' the airo of this
tieneral Assembly to amend the law upon this
subject, so that the e il and difiiculti above,
eniimerat.-d may U- remedied ami avoided. It .
may te said that frauds will ) perjK-1 rated
more readily if js-rson are srrmitted to vote in
lownshiM cither ihan the one in wbirh they
re-i Jr. In reply to this ot jeetioo it is only r--tfsary
to refer to the former method of vol -in
North Carolina, under which there were few
frau.ls pc-risiiratcl, and seldom a complaint
nisde. And n..w w 'uh the additional safe-guard
of registration, it will ! slm.t imptismihle for
any one not cjual-' t avoid deteetlor i. an
tempt to vote i -. If. how.-eer, an one
all siiec 1 it ,K ,,t ,',f tit.
. jll-holde: . wh,n . a. no 1ml
riht lo do ti t the m vmsi jnahio of
tlie law le vi-ned ujs.n the offender, and in or
der to drier every one from the -omiiu.ion of
this otit-i.ee. I recominetid tbeficneral Aseta
bly !o ,j,ijr t anv onr roijril,d of ca-ting an
illegal vole wilfully and knowingly at any elec
tion, to a poiii!irii-iit for at leaM two year in
the State's pri-on, and a deprivation of the right
of suffrage for a term of yesrs thereafter. The
purity and inviolallity of the ballot box mn-l
lie preserved, and he who i so corrutl as wiU
fully to invade and prostitute it, sltould lie
made to know that he will I held to a strict
OO N T 1 TCTl O N A L AMEM-attXT.
Tlie subject of amending the Constitution baa
been agilale.1 for s.u,e lime Ufore the people,
and msny well informed person diCer among
...v ...- i . n- B. io wnai anieliu JlcliU shall or
ooght to U ma.fe. 1 am free to con ft, gentle
men, that 1 feel a very great reluctance lo mke
any reeommei.da;i ,i,. io you upon the subject,
alihoogh my individual opinion ia ihat the in
uniiuenl may be very materially improved in
some of iu pruviMon. The ejuelioii of calling
a t nvention for rc-ri-ing and amending il
has recently been be fore the pe-opl thrmselvea,
and by a large vote and iu an emphatic man
ner they declared rgiansl amending it, at least
in that way ; it may be thai they believe the
clamor raised for a change of the organic law
was due more to Irti-lation under the constitu
tion than to any defects iu the conutution it
self, and that the great, r jrtion of ihe griev
ami complained e.t nuj:ht and should be re
moved or remedied by wi-e and prudent legis
lation. In this opinion I heanily tiNicur. The
constitution i not to blame for the high salaries
and fees paid to various Stale and county ofli
cers ; neither i il censuraLle for the jrtat length
of twiie consumed by the pre-Mnt and preredii.g
(ieneral Assc-mblv in ensuing live; nor can il
be held responsible for the extravagaiit appro
priaiions made for Railroads and oilier works
of improvement. There i nothing in said ixtru
nient whieh fixes salaiies and fees, or piescribeh
the leng'Ji of cwions, or which direet tie lav
ish appropriations of mor.e v 1 tLLt done bv
roii l,e4-n by the -eople themselves to be
their law-maker, and upon the law makers who
have been faiihl, to the iru-t. ctHSded to tbctu
and not ujsn the constitution fl.ot-'.d le vite.1
ihe comKmi.tion f tnei- rt tiutoeiits. They
are the parties to lw held rc.pnlle for a be
trayal of the ji-ople'- c-onfidenec. Unuilhful
stewards who have net improved the UlenU
committed to their keeping, they boo Id be
reckoned as tiupmfitable servants aud r:j longer
worthy of public corifi.'.enee. Then I entreat vou
to retrace any fal-c- si,-j, which may have beeu
taken ; I dilient in the discharge of your le
gislative duties ; wate no time i.i useless legis
laiiHi; goto work without unnecessary eJclar;
enieratot.ee uj-jn the jiblic hoin-; at.d
bring your latsr.r to a ih.se at the e&rlieJ tsjs
sihle moment cr.nsiatent with the public goesj.
I recrmmend the following an,ei.dmei.u to lh
Hr-t. Let section '2 of Article II.be to amend
ed that the General Asseroblv shall mcxi bien
nially on the third Monday in November, In
stead of arnually, and that'll shall cot remain
in seion for a looker lime than seventy davs,
unless the seventieth dv min
Sunday, and in that cae, it may be prolonged
lu l"e srvemy-ursi or se ven(y-eor4i1 day; and
further, that if it remain in ...;,.n . :.
. - ... ... v - i ui m iviiii uuw
the meinWrssball receive no tv after iLc seven.
A l ' '
SWond It th AiU .r V. . . . :
" . - v... -t-vui'i. .'i wtv mi'
cle be so amended as to abolh-h the provisiou
frr taking the censu of the Slate in 1875, and
every ten years thereafter.
Third. Let the 12th section of Article IV. '
o amended a tha? ourt shall be hei.: in
.i' county, three - during ech yesi, io
c-.i linne one wk, .. the bi; e shall be
-ner dispose i . '.
Fonrth. Le. ! e 4tii section of Article V, be
expunged from the Constitution, as it. In my
opinion. U unn3.rvpd ia only a bone of
contention for ruiiu Ui wrangle over.
Fifth. Let the 10th section of Article XI, be
so amended aa that those whe are so poor aa to
I -I !