' - " ... J T. Ot i j n? 1 v . 5 c ! ' i
I I. .. ' . ' ' 8 . 'I ill i. ' t . ' ' ! , I ,
... i .-I- ' t! . 1 ... ;:1 - " -MM ! - " - i . mt ;
irr.Y ITT JPUTDn CPDTWb7 1 I lUi 5 i T TCDTTDV V r "AT a lnn - - ! T :'" .' rr-r . ?
rUBISHEI) WEEKLY BY
J.J. 15 II U NEK,
FAitor and Proprietor.
i It ATFS OF MIHCniPTIOTt
Ose 'Veau, payable iu advauce. ..,.$2.50
Sir Months, " " v. 1.50
5i Copies to one address, ..- ..10.00
Jihtes of Adoerti-unq.
One Square, first iusrtion .$1,00
For each additional insertion 50
I . Sprrial notices will h? rharged 50 rer cent
higher than t ahov rates.
I (ourt and Justice's ()i tiers willbe publish
ed at the same rates with other advertise
ments. L j v
Obituary notices, over six lines, ehargeU
! CONTRACT RATES.
S o ;
1 Square. ii$250,$:J75i .5 IK), $7 50 $12 00
2 Squares. M 4, 50; ! 2.r 8 5J) 12 00 20.00
3Rlare8. li ft.(M)i 0 00 12 (K) 1H 00 25,00
4 Squares, i, H 00 1 1 00 15 00 25 00 3:1,50
1 Column . ;'1H 00 24 (K .?0 (0 40 (K), 00.00
Column. 2 00 :$5 00: 45 00 8 00il00,0Q
! ' ' !" -K f.
tTht Semi-Weekly Uconomist.
l,froHe to publish in Elizabeth City, N. C,
in Jnuiarv, 18755, a Semi-Weekly Newspaper to
Le called Thf lCc'noiit.
It1 ftim will bo o minister to the titcrary
tnHtejof it readern, mid to promote the Agricul
tural' Conmiereial, I'rofoHhiutitilMt-clcniii-al nnd
otlicf indiiMlrial intrenjji of our people, with nil
tht capac ity, industry and zeal jtenn loniinand.
In Sjword, Tltt KnmomiM propose to! occupv
tlx Wliole held of legitimate joiiriuilit-ni.
l'oM'riCAM.Yj it will wek, without uingthe
poifconca weapons; ot luuei nef, to fofter and
cuinbine all the elements of opposition to the
reckletw tendemjy of th times ; believing, as we
ho(0tly do, that our lieptihlic and its institu
tion are in leril, and that uule8 ool oTen of
evry claws, unitk; Now, and as one man, to stay
the tide of corruption that is surging over w,
this reciou heriinge ol our l-'athers will,, at no
distant lay, he like a fale thai is told-j like a
visioti that has pasted nway. ;.
The Editorial management will be under the
direction of U. l. ("ukecy, asnsti-d by Col. W.
. Martin and Dr.j K. Speedf of Pasquotank
county J'ol. I). I), r titl,ce, 'ainden -county ;
T. lt-tiiiliam and T. (J. Skinner, 1 Ynpiimans
county j !M:ij. Jt. A. (iilliarn and Oit Coke,
Chowait country ; lion. L. ('. Latham, ; Wash
ington tonnty jJlon. T. J. Jarvis, Tyrrell co.;
lhm. M.JE. im, 5 iati-s eaunty ; 1). C. Winston,
.llcrtie county, atd a miuibn .(" occasional oon
tributors wbtne reputation will he u guaranty
of (lie iiUilit v, iitu j,i ity ami s'icccs.s of the en
terprise;. ' .
Ciiinnij uncut ions from the different counties
in (Ii5 Di-lrict and fin tiicXationallin'l State
capiisl w ill appear in every i.stie. There will
be litricl atU-jiition jiiven to the correctness of
the:' Markets1 and to the J.o al 1 epart.tnent of
Ihepnpcii. ; T. H.G.VKNEU.
CUiUkh City, N. C. Xov. 20, 171. l'J:tf
I. Wim, rnrlvt. R. H. Mclloui, A Co.. lrufcii.t. A
M. AftalBu rruiKv,Vl.(iiud M Cwiwri ttrr.1, N. I.
tlLLlONS Hear Tmlluiony to their
-j ' j4rrul Cnt-nllvr Eflccts. '
Tjri not avi.o Knry Drink, JJadcofPoor
Kaa.MlilakcT. Proot Nplrlta aiut Rffmie
Xlr drtoril. mii a nnd wiiio1 toplM tba
UW.tn Toiucn." ..lcti2rl, 'Kct.ror,"te.,
tbatWu4 i hj.plor on todrankenneKmiuidniimutftra
atr Medictiic.nindp from the Native Iiooti and Horbi
.f CJirmt. fre frm alt Alrnholle ViIhiw
Jaala. I Thi y are lUr li HEAT- Ill.OOD I'L'KN
VI CR and A LIFE :IT1N(J PKIXflPLE,
p r(c Kaitovalwf and liivitftiratur of tin Sjxcm.
srrjir jrolT aJl polaonouN mutter and rintoring tliel.o4
fa a k.Jthy condition. N person can uke thre Uit
tT accardtiiR to diicUona mid remain lung unwell,
r1drd Melr.boa ara not dt-atroyad by mineral
yawom or other mcnua. and tho viul organa waat4
tT"4 tno point it Tciotr.
! Taay Ura a (Seatlv Fu rani lye aa well aa a
1 Tala, poaaanniiif, ulo. flip eculiar merit of at-tin(f
M awtfal airont In rcliovlnR Omprrtion or Inflam
aaation or, the !.ipr. nnd all llieVircral Orifana.,
rOR VE.MAI.E COMPLAIST?, Injounifor
atarrtkU oriU, at theduwaof womanhuod or at
lha ara Ufa. thrw Tonic Rltteri have no equal.
' 'fmr laflaaaaantarr nnd Chroalc RheamaL
llaaa a ad i;at, Dyaprpiii ar Indleeallau,
Dlllaaa,! Rrnilttcut aaU Interialtirnt! Fa
Vra, Ularaara aT Ikr ltlod, Mver, Kid.
ra aael HUddrr, Ihrae Itinera kave becij must
areaful. Kuril Dlftcnara iro cuiw.d by Viilaird
piaael, a aich U'KeiwTally poluci-d by dcranaeaient
. thai nigraiiTtt Organ.
' DfbrKPSIA lt IXniGEHTIOX, It-ad-Mat,
Pain ia the SlioaMoM.Cntisb.t. Ti-Utnesi 9flho
. Chfat. DIxxineM. Sour Knictatlon, pf fhp Stnfnaeh,
Pa4 Taata In the Muutli. liilioui a.Um-. 1'alMiatioo ol
iUa Deapt. Iitdaiumntinn of the l.un?. Pain In tie re
flaaaaf die n.klne;a.anrla bundred other pamful trnip
taaaa, ant Ui oQ. print cf Dripcpwia.
Taar lntrirate thp Stomach and stimulate the tornf l
Mw aa4 Bowels, ar'.ijicli roimer taeui or unemill
Aar IS eliii.in the hlooj of all Impnrittoa. and iw
artia arw lire uj ne or to tho a hole sytleu. j
roit HK IN l IS$ SKS, Eruntiona, Tetter; S.ilt
BloUhea, S.U. PlmpKMi. I'ostnlea, Boil -Car-VancWa,
ian.T;VVoniui.Scnl.1 1Im4. Sore Kye, Erfpp
Iaa. Itp h.SurK 1) iacolarntion, l the Skin' Hunw&Vnd
hV r tba Skin. l.wl.atev.-r nam j ora7r are
JttetaU das un ayd canrlo.1 out ortUe yte. m a abort
Urn, trthe uvc.l th;Hitni.. One l,ttl.. i ."cU
-rfeetaf,,,Utf lll w"t uicredulouaofthwr tura
i CUaaae 0a V-itlitcl PlooJ whenevur you find ita 1m
pvHtiaa Wnlns throualitb rkia in Hmplcs. Erup
ll"lor 5! cWaan, It when ott flaU it obetrcte4
n l tho veto : cloanse It when It la foul,
Tt Jaellutji n ,ou wkpn- Kp thft
9"" ni',,e k'1 of tho Um will r.Jlow. . r-
rU,TH,ad il.jrr AVnrtna, lurklnir iq tha
raUna of o many tUouaunds aN effeetually dstroye4
orm It 1, IK,t arn ,he" healthy elS3rtath5
; Jy that .n. bat uaorT th dlaeTaad
iaaa. No 8y.it.-m oT MeUicloe, no veriuifujrea. no
''ttt WttpS T8tfn frou woraSTliK
jr ALKEtt, Proprirtor. "it. H. MeDOXALD CO,
7?,i,S,D'1 .0i"v,Acnta. San Fnuiciico. Callfornlac
aod it and U Commeroc htrtet. Netr York.
avarsuu at ALL VRtUOlS
S3 AND OKAXUES.
AtL KINDS of COURT ANlfalA
GISTRATHS' BLANKS at this
-1 ! - -li ! - i
is well supplied with
A large arid elegant assortment of
CTJTi ILLUSTRATIONS, &C,
suitable for all kinds of
Fincr'and more Ornamental Types for
Business & Professional
Visiting, Party ahtT Wedding Cards ;
College and School
Circulars of all kinds ;
Tobacco Notices and
for all purposes ;
For Clerks, Magistrates
and j Solicitors ;
. 1 !
Or ariythin else required in the
i Printing Line.
AS A NEWSPAPER,
Is a candidate for public" favor. Its
circulation is good, and its standing
and patronage improving. Jt is one
of the ; best advertising mediums ini
the State, and offers its facilities on as
liberal terms as any.
Save vour Wheat & Oats.!
IMPORTAVT VfTTirE JO FARMFRS
An imbortant discovery to prevent RUST in
Wheat and Oats. If the directions are careful
lyroiiowedandthecron isinjarea uy rnst,
money will be cheerfully refonaefl. All I ask
jsainai. rrepareu ana lorsaie oni ai -
- J, H. EXNISS'
PLA N s FANCY
Ikua ''HUM 'US ''liM1 -kij 'iiii'Ha 3Sr
111 la n ks
Chamber of the Central Executive Com
mHtce of the Democratic Conset rath e
Raleigh. Feb. 3d., 1872.
- At recent mreting cf the Democratic
Conservative members uf 0 Legislature,
the present State Execative committee of
th4 Detnjcratic-Conservative Party were,
by resolution, continued until the meeting of
the ttate Convention of that party, and Hon.
1)J Mj BarriDger was appointed in place of
the late Gov. Bragg.
f The State convention will be held in the
town of Greensbore ou Wednesday the first
day of May next.
fl hat convention win oe inargea Mim
high duties in the selection of a raudidate
for(iovernoro. Attorney Geueral, Treasurer,
i lAoditorrSecretarrof State, Superintendent
Ol 3 XOuCaiIOU, ourlluicuicut ui x umiv
Works, as well as in declaring the pnuci-
vles and policy, both State and Federal, of
. . , ,jt t -tc.: . . ..
the party, ana proviaiug ior tjuicieui
. it is, I nereiorw, vcijr uwimun nu.impwi-
tant. that every county in the State shall be
represented in that convention; and it is
confidently hoped that our political friends
Will take immediate and efficient steps to
secure such representation.
! To that end, the Ceutral Executive com-
tnaiFiiAtAil ttk Kiicrorftfit flint PoriPtv
popular meetings, composed of all persons
onoosedto Radicalism, misrule and Public
Mxtravagaiice, be called in each aninty of
tht) State, as soon as practicable, to appoiut
delegates to the convention aud devise ways
aud means to tecur their attendance.
' n order to avoid failure of represntation,
let each county meeting appoint one or more
proxies, who will certaiuly attend the Con
vention. In the mean tune every one opposed tojj
Radical misrule, mthout regard to past p -1
Xn the mean time every one opposed to
tit i ta i: uiui c uwij t " - J
invited to raise his voice and exert hi nisei f
to inform the public mind and prepare the
people to stand together in ttie noo:e ana
patriotic struggle to uphold, maintain and
adtninitter honestly and fa'rhfully the princi
ples of pure Constitutional Government.
The most effective means of informing
the public mind is the press. How impor
tant therefore, that it shall be properly and
thoroughly directed ! We feel the strongest
assurance tlint those who conduct the Demo
cratic -conservative Pres.? will be active and
faithful in placeins: before the people such
arguments aud information as may be at
their command, and we respectfully urge our
friends to be active in exteudiug the circula
tion of iour newspapers as a grand help to
The committee are instructed to submit
and suggest the annexed plan of organiza
A copy of the proceedings of County meet
ings appointing delegates to the State Coii-
veutio.u should be sent to this Committee.
By order of the committee.
iiv: J. J.LITCHFORI).
H " Secretahv.
The : following general rales are pre
scribed for the government of the Dk-
MOUliATIC CON'SEKTATIVK PAKTY, and
all such persons as may co-operate iritlt
them in the State of North Carolina :
i j: j State Executive Committe,
.There shall be an Executive committee for
the State at large, consisting of forty-one
members. Of t4iem, four shall reside in
each congressional District, and nine, at or
near the city of Raleigh, and the members
residing-at or near the city of Raleigh,
shall be idenomiuated. the Ceutral Executive
The Executive Committee for the State at
large, shall kave general control, supervis
ion and; direction of the organization aud its
practical working, under the convention.
The feutral Executive committee shall be
charged at all times, with the exercise of the
powers conferred ou the Executive commit
tee for the State at large uuless in any re
spect restrained by the last mentioned com
A meeting of the Executive committee for
the State at large, maybe called by any four
members thereof, as well as by the central
Thje State convention shall designate a
chairman for the Executive committee for the
State at large, and he sha'l be chairman of
the central Executive committee.
Congressional District Executive Com
mittee. The members of the Executive committee
for the Stae at large in any congressional
Districts shall constitute a Congressional
Executive committee for such District
io which they reside, and shall ex
ercise the : powers iu such District, of the
Executive committe for the State at large,
subject to the control and direction of the
latter and the central Executive committee,
uuless in such respects as the latter may be
County Executive Committee.
. Each eouuty shall have a cwuuty Executive
committee, composed of members taken, two
from each township in the county, and the
coin mittee, shall appoint or elect a chairman,
and exercise the powers, in their respec
tive' counties, cotferredon the congressional
District Executive committee for tlx; State at
large aud Central Executive committee, uu
less iuuch lespects as the latter may be re
stricted. : The county Executive committee
snail be designated by a county convention iu
the county for which the 6auie shall Le ap-
. , -
Township Executive Committee.
There shall be a Township Executive
commit tee in every Townsip in each couuty in
the State, consisting of four or more members.
to lie armointtd bv tnr nshin convi-ntinn
1 Sai4 committee shall elect .r appoiut a chair
I :-;-' a a
matt, audSuali receive in the township for
which the ame shall be appointed, all the
pof era conferred on the Executive committee
for the otate at large, unless restrained in
anyj respect by the couuty, congressional
District, Jotate Lxecutive or c tral Lxecu
tive; committees respe tively, accrding to
their respective supervisory aud coutioling
I rt f,l : ., n
I ui an consciences, tne iiatiennj con
science 13 probably the most dangerous
I by kblcU sin we sooth men iu the com
- J milting thereof. How many, yes, verv
many;tniiiii.ter8 are guilty at this poiut?
I r'l i ;? . J r
i -r . , ,
"eace throngh obedience; this peace
I keeps the .Heart troai sin, carctuluoss, ana
From the JVViP'1'ori Tiori.
THE SECOND CONQUEST OF THE
REIGJf OF THE XORTHEItN CARPET BAG
GEE AXD SOUTHERN NEGRO.
Two Hundred Millions Stolen in Four
Report of the Congressional Committee, ire, &c
Washington, Feb. 18. To morrow
the majority and minority reports of the
joint ku klux committee will be presented,
to congress The minority report, signed
by Seuators Bay aid and Blair and llepre
eentatives Beck, Oox. Van Trump, VVad
dell. Hanks and ltobinon,is a somewhat
extended document, corcring 300 printed
In the first place attention is called to
the fact that the majority of the commit
tee on alleged outrages in the sotithera
states have made their report before the
testimony taken by the sub-committees
sent to those states has been printed, and
that therefore the minority aie compelled
to belie7e thai the majoiity have arHed
at their cotic.usions upon partial, imper
fect .and prejudiced statements furnUhed
by vitiieeses examined in Washington,
who were refuted and in many instauces
shown 10 be utterly unworthy of belief,
by the testimony of their neighbors who
eul8equently testified before the sub com
mittees. It is therefore necessary to
e ti,p8e men, bo that no one can be
d i,td who desi,t.6 tu know t, ,
ana to snow also tne cuartcter ot tins
proceeding by which whole communities
are sought to be calumniated and defamed
for political objects. The atrocious
measures by which millions of white peo
ple have been put at the mercy of the
semi-barbarous negroes of the soulh and
the vilest of the white people both from
the north and the south, who h ive been
constituted leaders ot this black horde,
are now sought to be justified and defend
ed by defaming the people upon whom
t!iH unspeakable outrage had boen coin
mitted. The unwieidnets of the volumin
ous report ol testimony taken in the nut
ter renders anything like a connected
view of it impossible iu a report of reason
able length, while, at I he same lime, it
gives the majority an opportunity to st-lect
such Iragmei.tP of timony as shall suit
their put poses, knowing that frv persons
even in congress, can possibly afford the
time 'necessary to examine all the matter
laid before them. The history of the
action of the comnii.tee, therefore, seems
to the minority an utoju-ilitied admission
ou the part of the uuij.tit v that there are
really no disorders or outrages on the part
of the people, whatever there may have
been on the part f the radical rulers in
Virginia, Tennessee, Arkansas, Texas
and Louisana ; and a qualTied admiuis
sion to the Fame licet as to Georgia,
Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida, as
well as to portions of the two Carolinas.
Up to the 25ih of June last nothing had
appeared which made it necessary, even
in the opinion ot a majority, for a sub
committee to be sent south to take testi
mony in or visir. any .-ouihern state
except, tint " troubled regions" of North
and Sou' h Ca olii a. Republic in mein
hers of the committee ha i thus decided.
The minority does not intend to deny
that bodies of disguised men have, in
several of the sta e of the south, been
guilty of the most flagrant crimes, crimes
which they neither seek io paliate nor
excuse, for the commission ot which the
wrong doers should, when ascertained and
duly convicted, sutler speedy and con
dign punishment ; they deny that th'-se
men have any geueral organization or any
political significance, or that their conduct
is endoised by any respectable number of
the white pf ople in any State; on the
contrary, the men and the bands by which
such outrages are perpetrated are almost
universally regarded bv the intelligent
eople of the several States as the worst
enemies of the South, as they furnish the
men now in power at Washington the
only excuse left to maintain war upon
them, and to cmlinue the system of rob
bery and oppression which they hare
inaugurated a'system which is destruct
ive not only of their peace and prosperity,
but it is intended to blacken and malign
their character as men before the country
and the world. They also will show by
testimony incontrovertible, lhat in no one
of tire six states of Nir.h and South Car-
clina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and
Florida has tlure at any lime existed
combinations of lawless men iu one tenth
part of auy of said states. In order to
make the stale of affairs Intelligible to
ordinary readers the report goes on to
show that, when the war ended, the peo
ple of the south, relying on the promises
made by the f.-dcral generals while their
commands were ia th ti -11. on tho nego
tiations preceding the surrender; on thv
proclamation of the president, and the
utterances of both the press and putiiic
uini of the north, as well as upon th-
term actually, agned o.n between
Generals Grant and Srncan, and Gen-,
erals Lee and Johnson, at the time of the
capiiulatiou of the armies of the latter,
were induced to believe, and did believe
that when resistance to federal authority
ceased, and the supremacy of th consti
tution of the United States was recognized
in the seceded states, and especially after
the ordinances of secession were repeal ed
and aii amendment to the constitution
abolishing slavery every where was ratified
by their legislatures, that a full and com
plete restoration of the southern states,
and the people .thereof, to their former
position of coequal states in the Union
would at once lake place ; and after the
exhaustion of such a terrible var, they
hailed the return of peace upon each
term not only with satisfaction, bat wkh
delight. They acknowledged defeat, ac
ccpted the situation, went to work earn
estly to build np their waste places, re
trieve their loit fortunes, and were deter
mined honestly and earnestly to sopport;
defend, and maintain the Union and the
constitution. Large numbers of the souih
ei n people in the seceded statrt? bad never
felt any hostility to the general govern
ment anu had only followed the fortune
of their eta'.es and people during the war
when ihey were impotent to ret-ist, and
when it was folly to oppose the action r,f
those ia authority. Society was gieailr
disorganized ; tTie strain upon the people"
to supply the armies in the fi, hi had
exhausted their resources ; the regions
which had been the scene cf active ruilit try
operations were laid waste ; atarvaliott
Itared people in the face ; labor wa
absoluely dtmoraliztd j the nrgro popni
Ution, which, as slaves, had furnished the
great bulk of their labor, being liberated
in their jKiverty, ignorance and incapacity
to appreciate the effect of iheir altered
condition, were slow to realize the neces
sity for constant and continued labor on
their part, so that the Confederate soldier
and all others who had, duiiug the years
war, devoted themselves to that cause,'
foand on the letnrn of peace nothing but
powrty and ruin in all their land and
Uieinselves absolutely beggars among thp
people, who had nothing to give. Under
such circumstances it was, as btfore stated,
impossible to restore harmony in the civil
government without some confusion ; yet
so earnest'iy did that people struggle to
return to thvir allegiance and thus entitle
themselves to the protection which had
beiiii promised to them, that from the diy
of the surrender of their armies no hostile
arm has ever been raised against the
authority of the United States, lb-fore
even breathing time was allowed them n
set of harp';, most of whom had shirked
the dingers ot the battl. field, camp fol
lowers, horse, holders, " cow boys," plu:i
d"iers from both sides during all the yearn
of K'rift, rushed down singly and in fju-ids
on lhat people, thus prostrate and de-
'eiicel"-s, ai-vd for their own private gain
seized a:id carried oft' whatever could be
found worth seizing in that country. All
remonstrance or resistance ws-j siifl -d and
crushed oat by the cry of disloyally aud
treason they raised against the southern
people, and by the pretence that the plnti- j
flerers were persecuted because of their j
loyalty nnd devotion to the Union, and
especially to t lie lepublicau partv and i; : deceived aod ijo-ir voles .-tctii: I :.is
continued supremacy. An investigation 'of the l'i ndint n's H li-tiu, a,.l i;ese
was instituted and among others the? pre- ! thieves made ' tln.:nselvrs iu! is of tL.
sentfjircident, then general of the army, j south aud stj called n-'f.ni!:.:it(i i.
went to portions ot the south to examine ' con-r -s. i lie in i.-t s'i i.-.g.-for
himself Genera! Grant reported to j rag ous retj ijiioi.a o:i the l-
President Johnson on December, lb, j white pop.ilaiio.i wen- tni
1SGG. in the bdiowing words : ' arents obia'u.f-d ii.i.i l..'.e.;t j
1 am sa'.islied lhat the mass ot the
thiiikiitg mt n of ihe south accept the pre-
sent situation of atTiirs in good faith.
The (inesli :is which have hcielofoie
Ull I III rriM infill i I iiu ill ll. t.
two sf ctioiis slavery and state tights, or
.li, -t.'l. ..i tli.. j.ii I inian ( .r fl... ....-. r. In , 1a
the riglit of a state to secede from tb
union they regard as having been set
tled forever by the highest tribunal '
arms that man can resort lo. 1 was
pluased to 1 am from tha leading men
whom I met that they not only accepted
th'j decision arrived at as final, but, now
tha sm k of battle h is cleared awav, and
time has been given for n fl ction, that ibis
decision has been a fertile. ate one tor the
i,-i!i 1 1 r ' fliAv riii'i'iviinT IiLi. lii.iii' 1 1 1 a frnrii
it with those who opposed
11.41 dllU Hi tV.li'Ol.
The- pic.-ence d" biack troops, lately
slaves, dotnoraiiaea labor, boih by their
advice and by furnishing in their camps
a rvsoit for I tie feedmeu for long distan
ces around. White troop? generally excite
no opposition, and therefore a small num
ber of iheui can maintain order in a given
district. Colored troops must be kept i.a
bodies sufficient to defend themselves, ll
M not the thinking men who would use
violence towards any class of troops sent
among them by the general government,
but the iguoiant in some places might ;
and the late slave seems to be imbued
with ihe idea tlu.t the property of his late
master should by riglit belong to him, or
at least should have no protection from
the colored soldier. There is danger of
collisions being brought on by such caus
es. My opservaiiong lead me to the con-'
elusion that the citizens of the southern
states are anxious to return to self-government
within the I nion as soon as
possible; that while reconstructing they
want and require protection from the
government ; that they are in earnest in
wishing to do w hat they think is required
by the government not humiliating to
thrra as citizen; and that if such a course
were pointed out they would pursue it in
good faith. U i to be regretted llut thre
cannot be a greater commingling at this
time between t he citizens of the to sec
tions, and particularly rf ih so iniru'ted
with the law maki.ig power
Evidently the p aqde cf the South
thought the" war was ended. Congress
so decLred ; tii President so proclaimed.
The people of the North n well a ol the
South so understood. All believed that
the war professi dly waged lo maintain
and preserve the Constitution and the
Uiii.. n to coi n n il States had proved a
sticcess, and that the old repn sent.a'.ive !
system cf government a government, as
Mr. L-ncoln said, "of the people, fr the
people, by the people" would iP n
of old. lut they were mistaken. They,
had f -tiled to elect men lo Congress who
would blindly bey the ordei- f t!i
leaders who t'n' ii dictated, and were de
termined to continue to dictate, the lejris
Ution cf the country. A system had
grown up whereby great, pr decked, ar.d
moneyed monopolists were fo.-t'-red and
enriched at the expense of labor, w hich
it was not believed the representatives of
southern constituencies would sustain.
The doors of congress w ere closed upon
them (of coarse not avowedly for the true
reason,) and so fir as they were concrn
ed taxation without representation was
their fate from that time forward, and
has tn continued with gome exception?
substantially until now. When they bad
not a rrprcientitire in congress a tax cf
3 cents a 'pound was levied upon all
cotton exrvwted, tliat being their great
sl.iple product, bile every other jrtion
of the county could export ila product
duty free. The rrrcdmen'i Han-an bill
and the civil rigLts bill wtre next imposed
upon incui iv the oilier state. (W
. . -
pcihaps ottgVt to say that Tcnnc.se,,. Lad, ;
in the meantime, sent men t congress ,
wilhig to oVey all ordeis of their party j
leaders, and! they had been admitted, if,
conrse.; 1 tmi followed the srri ofie-j
eonatmctionusr.aanrrs, ith the fourteenth
ar.d fifteenth amendments, which they
were required to accept, indorse, and ap.
pioveas a condition precedent to being '
allowed to hvp any civil government at
; ltcttseK uulil that ws dui.e, the
liberty aud property of evciy man, wo
man and child, loyal and ci loyal, white
and black, wVie held at the mercy of anv
soldier who plight be placed over th iu. '
Men in the Norlhtru aud Western :f:auf of December, G'., re nib-l:nj th lefit
have had but a faint idea of the oppress- lature, but refusing any further ioterttr
ions wantonly heaped upon the people i-f j ence, and refjfi ig to give tLe prraident
the South ; of the insolence of the adv n- j any further author. ity, excrpt as provided
turtrs who wt-:e made their masters ; of: iu atxli-jn 7, aid the governor if called
the strife they stirred up by their eppcaia j on to prevent distarlat.tia ia the extcm
to the wont passions of the ignoraul ne- li ti ol the other scclious of the acL Tba
ling, them to crimes, aud deceiv-J
ly false promises of conferring j
upou them th- property of their former
masteis, in order that they, by the voUi
ot the uegroei, might ride into power and
place, which they mver would l ave tLo't
ol at h-Hue, and thus be enabled lo rob
and plunut r'n pMplu whose mast intel
ligent men and lue.-t property Ih IJiis
tie disfrauclrsed ly co;igrcrS, tho more
suiely lo enable the f. eedm -nV Lirtena
agents and cilln r adventurers to obi.vu
and hold tiidisputtd posseps'oa ! nh l!ie
functioi.F cf govern in i:t, e!a!- ;;nd ( leitl.
Testimony taken b ,t!e: cmaiittt-e trom
such men as :( Jen. J amis II. t
AUbauu. Jiidg-.- IV v.is, (;, .,. Wrigh:.
olhtrs shows j:i one uiibroken clni:;, li;tt
gentlemen, n'gaiiihs .f -.! t hLh ;o
south from tho noriliei
r or we-iiTu la!' r.
aud iu good lakh t
. pie, aie as ki:f!lv tr ated ami a i.k. 1 l.
j be promoted lo otlicial p,pi:i ms al: r l'; v
aie known as it Uo v won!
l b , i i ;. .
movbd friitu oiic liottio m .::
It tluwj in 'ircovcr huw j.
S Tk I e
i . -i
: iiai:Ut:oi,a wj.ith IN c.i
: f -r fri t d:nen,'':nn.! ; L'i'i l!.
! negro'. fn-m p! .in:.i" i i.s v. I. p :
I woi king, ;i.id m h'i: lit in ia;:ii
i -. f l.i tv' 'I li. v fl.. . '
j ai'vv tiitv j v. , i
, ant Li nks vote the n j
V lo i
.'. .' .
. r 1 1 1 sg to :n thr.t .t thc a 1 ;. '. f" tl..
w,uld be t A i .ack i:.'.o slave- v, a ui i ;:eii
wives iujiI" to- work i ro t
t -s.imonv of Mr. John i. I. ;i
Carpenter, ( in. John
J i o d i 'i ,
th -e t lC:
r - . i . I t 1 1
' oiheis fi.iy snLsia it t '.:
j General (rd ojj :.-; it: d s
I negroe-e ot G - ugia :
They hid just begun v.vioir v. !,, I
! left tle-rt ; .hey were
at ll.tt l;u;e
nrn cttil aft fif 114 tne kMnit l.-i
state extends -l know it i tru' t a : 1
portion cf i!nj state outroih-J al -:
entirely by thc;kign'. -org ;.i:7. i'i -.:i. 'i"e j
negroes weic ihtio.lt. 1 : " i.itir i..: i
w hat they call tlie I p. ion 1- ,t;tit f ; w:.l
they were contr illrd by tl.ose hac't:ts.
Thev peeui' tl to be n tit - the irir T f .-ion
that by voting M.. y . :r p acprn- s -;n
sort of properly, a:.d i i..; i' :ir .1
mainly by ideas if tl.at oit, w-iich !iad
been instilled itilo tin m by th'-se. people
w ho had gone tliere among ih-m. Vh n
I left there t(iey hid j'l-l c m m-nc-d
I'm: lU' V were lliMl, a they arr
now generally ll.ro.igt.'.u! : !i
it ' i i
the control ol ;inen ln have gone it. to
cur midst since'tlie war ran w ho, I am
sorry to sty, nrr, as a general p.
out any character at !e
so tar a we
been able' to 1'
men v. ho a- a
rule, were not in the army ; for I wan: t
say xery distinctly th i't our p'opl - have
not emtei taiued animosity and I titeri.rs
towards the troops, the men who wi r .- :::
the nrinv ; our. feelings aied:rirttd to
ward these carnp f dlowt-i s and i:k.i w l.-i
have Mini into bur miJat iuce the war
men without character and w i'li-ou! i itel
ligence, cicept 'n c.-rl.ii:i suit ol shrewd
ness by which 'they have l f-.i t .i.il.l d
lo iniposs; themjilvcs upon th-: ie g.-o a:: l
acquire gain, icic ot ihepi very r.i uli
gain, out of ihri pirtir.ee, tl.ty were . ' . ': v
-to :'-t f the in-gro o.ie way ai.d ai.
other. S.e.e of tl: m have g ii.'o a
county c:.lv a 1 divi I .. ! ; tl." . c-
tior. : th
lei s : I
i in- !
.:;e i.r .
; . i 1 1 e v r
divs b- !
Uer i I
up in aavaece. :
ti i - of" th L' -(-
C re s
Joe Crt w
were I-.. : in '.
.! ! th
a iui :i.'i i of ti.
in i L iris; i"ur . t'.i it
t. .. .(
v o . i . ... i. :
t:.o urn: : :o-,er: in ii. . i ,
li-y had a rie'!i; to all tli-y wai.'-d; th
ifthe w h ' :- t d d !i : I- h u- tli m
selves lie v s!ioi.ld bf.rtt t'.uir l. ,U-t , rr. '.
i: vd i a : 1 1: :v t n r. : i .n mkst.
The bad fjilli of fongrep toward
th': n-ople of Atab im i a '" thi fl-1 1
1 oil the b fl.uri 1
r i '
til cf ov UUt;V ail:i v.i.
wviu forced Lv.'.it-- t-fi
i ; i.
the stale has L. en i..cr -a.--d
ba iilu:ul( fr-rm i.,''U1.-. '', m -
l&CG, to'tiO(lil,J':7,U7. Take the ca,
of Georgia, und the tratimiy a-to'.l'-treatment
of t! it people by ihe adminis
tration at Washington i- v or- : . : i
than that ot
24. WHOLE NO. S14
done by the president and lis iollharj
sobordinau s, not only whbmit i3ority
of Uw, but ia flagrant violation pf eVtrr
principle M civil librrty. GeorgI, Y u
shown, had obeyed all orders, ratified the
ffinrtemth mtndrntit, adopted such a
cotiititntion ascrrgre! 8pprnTedfVlete4
state ofiic-ra and lrgialunre luCeE.
Meade, till ll.cTi nvliunr diltrirtJfcoa.
mandt-r, indorsd and s we re irito cC ia
the aemincr of 1 Vf.S . l,r, 1 0t'Ai
- - . - 'a,' v 4
io ca.t Lir clrctorijl telr f. Gen. Grant
'm CS, and the Hist puUir meticnni
a-a'aia; her when Senator Wad aa
i.ouuci-d iu the halUf the house f r-re-
sculativts. wL'Mi tiresidinr over th eon.
vciition of the house aud scoat wLUh
counted nnd declared Uie fltxloral rol
iu FcLiuary, lb09, lhat L xa ins lrvetc4
by Lis party to receive ihe xot Oeor- 7
gia if it did not change the result, and
not io receive it if it did. Tbenesiwaa
when ihe pr aident, iu hia rsesaag to
coi giess in December, !Si9, ntggratrd
that something ought lo t e Uooa la regard
to that s;ate. which was M oap.ll, tk.
conduct of the president and hia oCcers
iiumtcuttlr uficr the pastaga of ihiract
was regarded bv the iH-ple of Georgia aa
a wanton diM gsrd of ail tltUr rights.
I Not only were ritiz-ua anested by lh
j military and inrpri-ontJ nitlioajt warrant
or ktioutt char'-' s. but a frgislalar waa
manipulated ajid tnaiiufactured Lt lite rz
tins ion of d'tuoer.i!a w hu Lad been elected,
! a..d win in tv ry way t-11;ible, and ky the
j s::L;tr u;i ,n
i. gro.-s .n.d carr-et bar-
i era who
ha i 1m en Ltfalrd. far no Other
purpose thai l!.. p op.e cf Georgia Caa
s e v. ci t to enable :h; leg uli'.ure tkat
crca'.id '.u rub and plunder I Ik- alale, and
to pass s i.eaily always procured by
briiiry k. d c rri.p;i-ii, v. Lrby (ieorgia,
l ji g '!o- rich st 4U! frost trom taxatiou
of hM tii- - ill;, tit t'.ttiS. is redaeed to
li.e i i v v i g- . 1 bankruptcy. Of coarse
il. it peole do ni tn l kuidlr toward a
I 1 1 r !'.( o
:r: ! v ::,iu ther Jute
h'-esi i ii i - t r , . i : . . . Lu'. lor the wisk to
avo.d cutiiiiH-iit a m i cit :i :o(ible in
toil part ei ur r j r t .
w ' think could
s!.ov. I a
i.y --k, ii:ii-r it is le-a--j.l"
( a-.y northern or
r.l ! have trj.'laled loch
'.'i' iv us b :vc L-to ia-
le V !
Ken could La
1 i 4 I
:V ( f tl.,
- J and sna
f the pco-
; . i a : . c i . -'
r 1: v
I , ,
: i - e i :.c
o;: i .i..'l c
.if n .r'..p
c-'l ' !
1 1 -.: i it .'i
i.t -vi i m r
. 1 a ; . t z fcn. iunt of
'i Al ib'ma ll e iris-
:i law i opU .! by liia
k rurn'-iit ,t the pur-
.! t.I r'C.li:- g CoSi.p.. . fti,lol Ol lli
! ifon xpr. rsly p:ot ijt a as t ab
'r.ict I" !o-v : Ti.V. all pe rr.a arc stilct-
. I , ,
. ': o.i. t
d fc its hall. rr::-g Vote; on
eay j c.i. lis i f fi ,r a.d in. pi Uoumeot.
l " r 1 - a the I
e .-ii r. i r- ti ur'.Ktil on
A c 1 i! 1 1'J jiars old
i:; n e! -.''d itliout
or ignoiar.1 wtito
.-.Tid a i
"a ve i
11 vot- ur.d
T as t.i u:y d lT reut
S he r'io-r t.
i li.e ha!. 4'
p i me. The law
p ri v
ill 'he i ri,'
togith-r with iho
it ii .
'!;. .' I of I e c". ; I'I,
bo..k; f f-j:rati !!
a-.-l I. allot Vultt.
Tl; !. W .! ll 't 4 SI! ' e
nh:i allowed or provt:-tl l-r. Jiiajr
l.i Id and c'jit'.rolied the eutiic tiachtiiery,
cjiclv ever a si: 1 democrat bcltig
pTrnltted to net as an Hirer of eltCliOD.
a if; v sis
Im Aikntfa', r.tTiirs are so V.Jly lata
n"-tl bv ' ttulv le ai'
ff.r'.als that tae
Slat'- d' It hs grotavi to i Kir mo us pro
, . ,
tii.ins over iv., i''J,'.'J'J- tua there is
rvletwu-n :!. statement of
tirer .11. .1 ;,u-..H,r oi s-joj,iUJ. ia
i:.;i ll-vlo-'l wa drawn
tr a.irv to u
ii'.i: lb t rt.i !-rili.
etiori.'.itv of this clpaudi-
i r i
t a re
Hid the l. ,'-!uiiiog r -btery iuvolv-
be i-iiv ;.i.aj't:ed w ben it ia
J..I ow n that tl e au ii'.or in h'.i nrM-.rt of
OcloL- r, lv0. in sta'.eraenl V, estimating
J jiJ(. p-.,bi!.lr xp?v.di'.ur- the goreru
tnenl lor the two ear endii.g Jul . , IS73,
I .-'.I. ate- the
i. crsry t- sop
ptr I'.eiititry al
p : '. ifn i I., . ' .: ... i .i i
.', ) U i ; --r annul:!, a
1 "he I.'it I'it C'.iLIUi'.'i
i i l'ulxski and
t at lie- .netuber
.! : lie- i.ase coau-
1 p. 1 1 f ; ieet
y ilo, ilia: bribery,
rorrt.pt if. n i:i their
io.ttt.iii' T.t Used Vy
j ...-li 1U ir purpvca.
e.rrs lhat be was
eij fia 1 ilri.t ci tiH
1 1 y. l i :nr' couir.e
1. . ;. n. n. a- th- r ;
i:.i. . d et y: .
iul, tin'. ; y tl.'
p -i j sr , 1 1 a-.'l ..i 1
woipt .ri:it :.f the
l!.-- "1 yal" i" "C'n
J i itch. I..- i tr,
i t qaep'i 1 Ij i:iJC '.'
C V.Ct I IPJT'jr , . ,Ij
he till I i Le 1 1-1 k i
'.. uid do t0
ue d repre-
s--.r . . vi-
. I 1
: at i to
a a t ' d I
r roa..s n on-
I'll urular hitods
by li.- : -..
the Cte of
lit- M- I..; '.
. w .
J . i vfr-a oIy
v ', tawLirh
;;i 1 had they
ll is iiardly
1 f.,r 1 -i' :: ! . ' " w '
f .; tv five r :: a ue Pi I
romp i! v i"i 1 - '
!l-V W O li i ! iVe h-f ;
I ..-it 1--1 m. Its ot : i 1.
ii. c s try to a. I I, atv r petting forth tbefw
tjcti, ih it it: the tat" f Ark'iaa elec-
: . i::s bv I le- lm: ' -re
th - inert-it ftree.
Under t!.'- C"f.:.'i:io.i 'r.nd laws the e
g strarp c .ti a:.d tlo c:.frinrb'f e j'jat aa
t:: io a l.
over tie p
i kan -.
y pi as.-. e ; i' a. pj.v iu
1.m. .1 V Jti. civit '
. t i ' i - . - '
in I. IS
us ftrU d 't
; V. ool
i - " i.iar'' I
. .... : s