aJj . J - ........ :. 'i, X . . : . - ' -
VOL. Ill---THIRD SERIEsf.
1 r t
PUBLISHED: WEEKLY BY
J. J. BIIUXEU,
Editor and Proprietor.
HATES OP SUBCHIPTIOW
Omc Ybar, payabtejn advance. . . .$2.50
Six Moxtiib, " .
5 Copies one address,
jlocsK 'or Representatives. The
apportionment of tbia bodv as prescribed
OT MIC uegiciM v . v. . .
Bbrke, I,' ,
Caldwell, 1. ;
Carttret, 1 ,
Daf ie, 1,
PorSKthe, 1, ;
Franklin, 1, j
Hydei 1, '
Lenoir, J ,
3Iadiflou, 1, '
New Hanover, 3,
Rutherford, 1, .
Union, 1, "
, , - - - j , .
Or ah am is not entitled to a UeprcHon
tatire; Pamlieo votes wi;h Ik-aufoi t for
Member of the Houpc.
StlfATOCIAL DlSTiCTS The follow
ing are the Sfnatiiiil Ditrici
putted by the LegiUturj:
1st j District. Currituck, Camden, Pan
quotank, llvrtford, (jatea, Chowan, Pcr
2nd. Tyrrell, Wahingfon, Martin, Dure
Hesufprt, Pamlico and Hyde-2.
3rd Northampton and Bertie 1.
4th: Halifax -1.
5th j Kdgecotnbo 1.
Wilson, Nash and Franklin 2.
8ih' Craven 1 .
9tb.l Jones, Onsloand Cartarct 1.
10th. Way no and Duplin 2.
lltb. Lenior and Grecno 1.
-12tb. New Hanorer 1.
13th., Brunswick and Bladen- 1.
lltb. Sampson 1.
J 5th. , Columbus and Robeson 1.
16th. j Cumberland and Harnett. 1.
Wake 1. -
20th 'Person, Cwell and Oranre-2.
2lstl IGranrillo 1.
22nd J Chatham -1.
23rd. Roekingh am ;1,
24lb. Alamancu and Guilford 2.
25thL, Randolph and Moore 1.
26thl.i Richmond and, Montgomery 1.
27th Anson and Uuwn I.
JSth. Cabarrus and fauly 1.
29th.i Mftklcnburg 1.
SOtfcj Rowan and Davie I.
JLsi Uaviiison 1. . ;
Siuli, Stockes and Forsytba-1
33rd Sdrry and Yadkin-1
2 1.r.e.d,,.r Wilke' lnd Alexander, 2.
35lJ- Al'ny, Ashe and Watauga, 1.
36th. .Caldwell, Burke, McDowell,
Mitchell and Yancay, is. t w. f
! 37Ui.JCatiwta and r;nnAtn 1 ' i
3SUi. jGaaton and Cleaveland, 1.
39. jRutherrord and Polk, 1.
40tbu Buncombe an "M-i;... i
, Bh iu7wood Ueuderson And Tran-
Jackson, 8 wain, Macon, Cher
keOjClajr aud Graham, 1.
owwgare the Congressional Districts as
laid Off by an act of tlife General Assem
bly:, 1 ; - ' ..-- ji
1st. fyirrituek, Camden, Pasqnotank,
Jwquimans, Gatea, Chowan, Hertford,
Hyde, Beaufort, Pitt, Pamlico, Bertie
ox'"' WMligt0". Tyrrell and Dare.'
2d. Edgecpmbe-WiUoM, Green, Way
ne, LoncSr, Jones, CVaven, Northampton,
barren and Halifax; ; '
3d. Ofislow, Dupljn, Sampson, Har
nett, COMberland, bladcn, Columbus,
WeWf Uanorer Cartertt
p 4lh;n1!:l6nLWke. Chatham, Orange,
Granvjll , I ranklm and Nash. ji
5th. Itandoloh. Dutidmn n..:!fJa
Alamance, Peraoo, Caswell, Rockiughanl
nu OlOttes, !
6th. RoUson, Montgomery, Richmond,
Anson, Stanly, Cabarrus, LJnion, Meek
lenburg, Gaston, tincolnand Catawba.'
7tb. Forsythe, Surry, Yadkin, Davie,
owan Iredell, Alexander, Wilkes, Al
'fgbany, jAshe and Watauga. I
n!lf(Kldwcl1' 1Iurke Cleveland,
AlUchel! Yancey, McDowell, Transyl-
Vania U' i .... '
uuueomue. isiadison. HavwnoJ
Swain. Macon. Clav. SI
, Rutherford, Polk and Hender-
U " Uviulf .- nnijMlf' ; C ,4 LTCRTTPV ! AT j'P ir i Dnn A ...... . r i - ' ' v l" " '
Chamtir of Uic Central Executive Conts t
"JJ A ml -w-v
, muice oj vie meritocratic Vonsavative
- Party. j -;s ..
I Raleigh, Feb. 34.. 1872.
At a Irecent ioeetrBg;:of fhe penlocratic
t... . ' T' -r .
- j. . - pj-- - - f'vmwioiH -
ConservMive uitmberg uf the rgislaturH,
(hd ririuiinl Uinta . r
by resyljinon, continiwi unte ineVtingof
thatate Convention of that nirfyjand Hon.
v. M. JJarrineer was aii)nomfl In? nUif
tho late bov. Bragg. 1 I
The State convention will be held in the
--. v. MO vvp v v 11 wucouaj lift Uiot
day of May' next. !-,,
i nat eunrentioa wilU b oDbari?e(t ijfith
high duties in the selection of a candidate
for (lovrnoro. Attorned (leuernl. TrAiirjp.
Auditor Secretary of Sjate, Superintendent
of Education, Snperrutendent 'of Public
orKs, as well as in uejolaring the. princi
ples au4 policy, both Strata' and Federal, of
tbe party, aud providing for efficient party
organization' ; .4i.-r i A
It is, therefore, very desirable and impor
tant, that every county In the State shall be
represented in that convanthm ; and it is
confidently honed that bur political friepda
will take immediate and etiieiunt nfMiitu
secure each representatiion.
1 o that end, the Central Executive com
mittee are instructed to isugsrest that county
popular tneetinjfs, composed of all persons
opposed io liadiculism, misrule and public
Extravagance, he callel in each connty'of
the Stat, as stxu as practicable, to appoint
.1.1 . . l - .i ; ' ' . , . ,
ueiegaies io ine-convennnn aua aevise wys
and mentis to tecur their attendance.
In order to avoid failure xrf represntation,
let each County 4iieetiug jappoint oue or more
projries, jivho vwl cerUjuly , atteud the con
vention j :
In tht mean time evfry one opposed to
Radical misrulu. without reeard to pjist po
litical dUeien!,ce3 is expected and cordially
invited io rajse his vciqe and exert himself
to iuforn th( puWie mind aud prepare the
people stiiud togethefin the nibe and
patflotil striiigle to uphold. "maintain and
adiniuiser honestly and faMifully the princi
ples of pure Coustitutioijal Government.
The inost effective means of iuforming
the public miud is the press. Ilo.w impor
tant therefore, that it shall be properly aud
thoroughly directed ! We feel the strougest
assurance that those who conduct the Demo
cratic conservative Pres will be nctive and
faithful fn placeiug before the people such
arsruuieifts and inforiuation as iumv h. t
their coihinanu. and we respectfuHy urge our
iriends to he active in ex
tion of our newspapers
endiug the circula
as a grand help to
The committee are instructed
ami suggest the annexed
plau of organiza
tion. j ; '
A copy jof the proceedings of Couiity nieet
inys appointing ih-legates to the State Con
vention. honld be sent tj!i this Committee.
liy order of the committee.
' J. j.IjlTCIIFORp.
I i SiRiTTAnv.
The foUowina neutral rules are me
senbetf jor the yovcrhmcnt of (he DwLto
moclatic Coxsektativk Party, and
all sucjt persons as may co-operate with
them ih the State of Xorth Carolina :
State Exccutice Committe,
There shall be an Executive committee fr
the State- af larire. fonaistinor uf furt A
members.? Of them, four shall
ach congressional District, and nine, at ir
near the city of Raleigh,1 and the member?
residing at or1 near tlw citv" of T?lih
shall be denominated, the Central Executive
The Executive Committee for tb Stat at
large., shaU have geheralL control supervis
ion and directiou of tlie organization and its
practical forking, under the convention.
The central Executive! committee shall be
charged at all times, with the exerciseof the
powers conferred ou the Executive commit?
tee fur thei State at laree
u aless in any re
spect restrained bv the last
A meeting of the ExpftntSc. nmirWtoo f,r
the State at large, wav be called by any four
members thereof, as well sis hv th r-niml
Executive committeer I a
fhe State convention shall iLcirmato a
chairman for theT.xecuti re committee for the
State at large, and he sb'ail be chairman of
a x .a
me central executive copriinittee.
LongrcssiQnal District Executive Com-
i mittcc. -
The members of the ExmMitiv nnmmitfou
tiT the Sta.e at large in any congressional
district sJiall constitute a Congressional
Executive! committee j for such District
in which they reside, and shall- ex
ercise the powers in such District, of the
Executive fcouunitte for the Stt nt W
subject to the control and direction of the
latter and th central Executive committee,
unless in such resuects as the kturmarlw
restricted, t j X
Couhttf Executhe Committee.
Each couty shall bav a uuty Executive
coinmitteecomposed of members taken, two
from each townhin in ht 'mnntii nA iw.
committee Ihall appointor elect a chairman,
aud exercise the dhuvn. fn th;
tiye counties, cocferredpn tlie congressional
District Executive sointnittee for the State at
large aud Central Executive! committee. nn
less iu suclitespects as the latter may be re
stricted The county lxecutive committee
shallbe deaiguated by a'couoty convention iu
the couutyjor whicb-the same shall be ap
pointed. I . j
There shall be a Ttowuship Executive
coinrnittee rn every Towjisipin eacli county in
",lJl"lf' cousisiuigonour or moremembers,
ojbe appointed by a t.Jwnship convention.
Saidcoitiinittee shall elect
mail, and shall receive In the towuship. for
Which the Hame shall lift nnnriinti..4 oil
powers couferred ou thejExefutiye coiiimfttee
lor tne sute at large, Junless restrained in
auy respect by the cpuuty, congressional
isinci, oiate Jxecutiteor central Execu
tive committees respectively, according to
their respective supervisory and controling
Save your Wheat & Oats.
jmportJInt xotkJe tsifarmei.
An important disc-orery to prevent RUST in
W heat andVaat.- If the llireions are careful
ly followed and the crop3 injured by rust, the
money will be ebecrfull ij refunded. All I ask
is a trial. Prepared and for sale onl at
" J. H. EXJJJSS'
T . .J r Drug Store,
July 7 tfi ; Salisbury.
ALL Tv7?V7).? at C.mTTtT Atvtmita
v "j iinjiiiii
GISTJiATES' BLANKS at thi offi
" ( " " , - - -i -wj. mmxfm XUI.' I ...... '
1 it t i i i i i , -.(; .1 .-i. i if.
X' From the Raleish News.
THK PRESS vs. CALDWELL.
We publish below some extracts from
thc i pea, to show how tbe conduct
of Qor. CaiJwell u regarded by the pub-
.. 4k t r
f J9 Rffj Jfom the Couserrattve pape,
! yet ;re jlttive'eeea no endorsement of Gov.
-!.. i '..l f '- -
Recent uiurpattoua uy the Rad
and::jbddWno gooinr th Crovernor.
rill itffU'' t '. . r -t . T ' .-
1 lie Governor muat bare indeed strayed
far ntof;jieright.traek, if hb own prty
papers tcariiie defend him. We shalH
givQifui-tbeJ extracts - from oue exchanges
from dajr wjday Wr htve only room
tor ?(9p$VPSf0i. toij'a paper : . , '
il j 4 -From Uia Wilaongton JoarnaL
' ' ff .:; : f '
Tho Goyernot makes no attempt, we
say, to sustain his aetiou through the
Courts of Iiaw, nor does lie follow in the
footsteps of his predecessor, -and invoke
the strong arm of tho military.
Neither martial nor civil law promising
anything in aid of his purposes, Gov.
Caldwwll his resorted to another means,
so abhorrent to humanity that it is scarce
ly td be believed. "
Incredible, however, ns it may seem, it
is uioe:!teless true that the Governor of
North Carolina has combined with officers
of the , Executive Department to obtain
control of the State institutions referred
to, and ;in; the event of an appeal to the
Courts bf Law to decide the right be
tween hid appointees and those of the
Legislature, to starve the iu mates even
unto death.' A more fk-ndish, diabolical,
malignant scheme was never devised or
The consequences of this barbarous
savagery of the monster of inhumanity
who is now, in consequence of the crimes
of his predecessor, Governor of North
Carolina, falls more lightly upon the in
mates of the Asylum for the Deaf and
Dumb and Blind, for the reason they can
be sent home and there cared for until the
controversy is settled. And we learn that
the officers in charge of the institution
have determined, as soon as the funds on
hand are pxhausted, to anticipate the
regular Summer vacation. The friends
of these pur unfortunate victims, cursed
before they were bom, need not have
any apprehension nor bo alarmed lest
they sufteer for food.
Tha spectacle thus
...r.'i- .' . . I. . I 1
presented to onr
tJAC 19 one luat BIIOCKS
every feelling of
Jluman language is utterly inadequate
portray the enormity of sunk conduct
tn tli .... J- i'l : l'r e
" ""7 p"' me vmei magistrate t a
civilized people. If the appointees of the
Legislature are wrongfully in possession,
the law points out a peaceful, humane.
speedy niodi of ousting them. The Courts
are open ; and presided over .by the per
sonal and polical frieuds of the Governor.
Hje wijl not; appeal to them. He requires
hif orders jo be obeyed, or the innocent
aid guilty, h sane and the insane, alike
are to ba starved to death.
People of North Carolina, behold your
Governor ! I" -
, From the Goldsboro' Messenger.
, JTA Ue'igldh of Radial Villainy.
There is no day passing that the radicals
do not manifest a desire to " rule or ruin."
In our own State Tod B. Caldwell, the
accidental Governor, is just now playiug
a heavy, lole of the malicious tyrant.
hen a few weeks ago lie undertook to
deprive the State Printer of the printing j
awarded him by the Legislature. Cald- i
ivell was defeated in his evil desigus by
a radical Judge.
The state of affairs at the State prison
are ju3t now deplorable. The prisoners
are oojiialf I rations because Caldwell re
fuses to recoguize the officials in charge.
This lias called forth another letter to the
Governor ironvSIr. M. A Blodsoe, who
is the president of the Penitentiary Board.
K ' From the Tarboro' Southerner.
i. " -
The latest nnd most monstrous exhibi
tion of arbitrary aud unlawful power on
the part of the monntebank Radical Gov
ernor is his course in tho matter of Peni
tentiary, and Deaf and Dumb Asylum.
Under tbe abominable decision of the
Supreme Court in the case of Clark vs.
Stauly aj case that Judge Moore virtu
ally $ctU4ide--ihi3 man Caldwell has
taken npon, himself the authority to oust
the old ahd regular Directors and ap
point a set' of his ready tools and syco
phants. The old Boards, were duly ap
pointed by jibe Legislature and up to this
time Caldwell has recognized them as
legal, and indorsed all all requisitions for
money: made -for carrying on the institu
tions. i .
He nowappoints a new Board for the
Penitentiary, -and refuses to allow the old
any; means from the Treasury to buy
pro'visons for the convicts.
The old ! board. 8nBt:iinen hv ltw anA
; y - "
hmtbority of the Legislature, ref use to give
I. ar ."l iv
."iujaiiu oi iuo Crovernor,
and the consequence is that the prisoners
in the Penitentiary have been put upou
half rationi, and locked up to prevent a
revolt. Unless the Governor backs down
from his unwarranted position there is
danger of i serious outbreak on the part
of the convicts.
It may rell be asked "is the Governor
seeking to j have three hundred of his
part v frienfls released from the Peniton.
i tiary that tbat they may vote for him in
; Angust: Election V We have been rov-
erned lion enough by the will of the
Badical; party ; let the constitution and
l..u J. :i r . in
tu iawp pijcTiiit ior 9. WU1IC.
From the Ealeieh Sentinel.
Upon1 Whose bands it the hlnml f
Hartsfield H Not upon the guard, for
iimnuu( uui upon me guara, for
they were four times fired at. before they
returned the fire. If Gov. I Caldwell bad
obeyed the law arid furnieled mopev, as
he has done or twelve moiths, there" had
been uothing- f this. We I have more
than onco suggested a rjeeting of the
citizens of tbu city' to fcrce, by the
weight ef public seutimcota' compliance
with the law, j j ' " ; "i '
We are glad to leant tbat the people
of Franklin have assejabiedand spoken in
respectful terms their opinion to the
Governor. u "
VVill the people of Ralejgh await far
ther bloodshed before fcthey speak !
Governor 'and governed i must all be
amenable to thd law. : ,
. .. .
fJFrom the . Wilmington Star.
Of all the official swell-head wo
knew, we think bis ' Accidental Excel
lency the most conceited aud wrong
headed. His wav is thaVkt wv l.w
idea the right-one, hTs will is law, and
there must b no going bebud bis eimple
"thus saith Tod Caldwell, Governor of
The latest fantastic trick that our
mountebank Cromwell has tried to ,ilay
before high heaven and his gapping party
friends, is in the matter of the appoint,
inenta of Directors for the Puiatcutiary
and Insane Asylum. re
first act in this drama, the effort to take
the public priming from the person le
gally authorised to do the work for the
State, was a complete flah in the pan.
and recoiled upon his Accidency with
laughable effect. But the poor, iufatua
ted, imbecile: creature of ciretitnstanccs
cannot see how great a fiasco le has
made, but drives wooden head once more
upon the stone-wall of law and right, to
meet another disaster.
But there is another aspect of this
matter. The public interests suffer while
this lillipution contest is being wagd.
Notice has been given that no more con
victs can be received at the Penitentktry
until " this cruel war is over !" Ilteie
the interest of justice and the public safe
ty are brought to a standstill at the irate
and irresponsible dictate of a stubborn
Governor, who wantonly trample on tlie
laws of the Sta;e. People of North Car
olina ! contemplate the beauties of this
situation and this amiable rule of this
radical party, that knows no law but the
license of its own sweet will! Behold
your Governor ! See him tread in dis
dain upon every principle of law, justice
and liberty, and make a moA of your own
elected representatives ! See the man
who despises you, and lifts his comimpt
party up over your heads, sliming, pollu
ting, degrading, ruinniug the State whoiff
Constitution and laws he swore to uphold !
The man, the creature, the dkspot I
T - 1
GOV. VANCE AND AMNESTY.
Pending the passage of one of the bills
granting amnesty to individuals named
therein, iu the House Representatives
last week. Speaker Blame called atten
tion to the fact the nam of Gov. Yaxce,
of North Caroliu was inserted iu one of
them contrary to the exceptions agreed
upon by members. The following col
Mr. Shobci I do not ksow by whose
authority the namereferred to was insert
ed in the bill, but the gentleman in ques
tion does not come withia the category
to which the Speaker refers.
The Speaker Has he not been a
member of Congress ?
Mr. Shober He was a member of
Congress, but he did not resign his seat
to take part in the secession movement.
The Speaker That is sot the point.
The questiou is whether while he was a
member of Congress be vitbdrew there
from and aided the rebelliou.
Mr! Shober He did not withdraw
until on the 4th of March, lbCl, his term
expired, and he was a candidate for re
election at the time North Carolina sece
ded from the Union.
The Speaker The Chair is misinformed
then, as to the precise facte of the case.
'1 he disposition of the lloase has beeu
and is most generous, and the Chair has
been extremely anxious that this might
not be abused.
Mr. Shober I presume some one of
my colleagues inserted the natno of Gov.
Vance in the bill in the spirit which tho
Chair seems to intimate.
'Iho Speaker The Chair is entirely
uniniorma wuai gentleman put u in.
Mr. Wadde!l I desire to say one word
as 1 am one of the North Cariltua deLe
galion here. I do not know who insert
ed tho name of Mr. Vance; whoever did
insert it in the bill has not, so far as I
know, violated any understanding, tacit
or otherwise, of the House. Th House
has instructed the Comtnunicalian on the
Judiciary to report an amnesty bill.
The Speaker The Chair does not de
sire argument upon that point. The ques
tion of amnesty is hot now before tho
Mr. Waddell Mr. V.nce, however ob
noxious he may be personally to gentle
men, does not come within the provision
of the law. He did not withdraw fioin
his seat iu Congress and take part in the
rebellion. His term had expired, aud he
was a candidate for re-election at the
time the State seceded.
The Speaker The gentleman well
knows that hadjt been stated yesterday,
whon a call for aucneaty bills was made,
that the name of Mr. Vance was included
it would have elicited discussion and ob
jection iu the House.
Mr. Waddell I do not know that it
worfld b.iVH defeated the. bill at all.
In the afternoon Mr. Leach rose Lo the
following personal explanation :
Mr. Leach Upou coming into th
Hall this rroruing, after the House had
met, I was infoimed by my colleagues
tbatrome excitement had grrwn out of
the ! announcement ef the face-that the
name of Governor Z. B. Vance, of Nortl
Caroliua appeared-aiaong:thtoajaes pre
sented on yesterday Tor incorporation u
a bill for the,removal of diwlilitW. And
it was stated by yourself,' Mr.. Speaker,
as I' understand, that yoii" were sorry the
member wbo presented his'hame'was cftt
present to avow it and ask To have it
withdrawn. Hr, I presented that nam,
and I did it in view of wliat I thought to
be the duty that, involved tapr, rue . -
...... I ir 1
ujemuer ox mis. JJ.OUSQ.,
It is a fact known, I suppose, to the
whole House that Governor Vance is not
one of those excluded by any rule or vote,
of this House. He was a member of Con
gress with me before the war, and we
remained here meting and voting as Ua
lon men until the expiration of our terra
and the inauguration of the late lamented
This House has, by three-fourths or
four-fifths majorty, psscd uot less than
four or five bills removing th. disabilios
of Governor Vanco. More than tbat, sir,
his relief is recommended Ly ex-Gov
Holden, of North Carujiim, ad also, f
h ive understood, bvthe msr i,t fi
Govj Caldwtll ; and 1 believe all five of
tne itepublicau Judges of the Supreme
Court of my State. In addition to that,
the Leg.slatureT of North Carolina, cm
bracing one bnodred and seventy mem
bers, and. containing a large Republican
minority, passed, with but nine or Uu
dissenting voUs, a resolution which was
ent to ttHs Congress askin? for th re.
moval of tha disabilities of Gov. Vance.
lliese, sir, are facts which r
record : and I take
nd here that those who L-mw ...
that I am incapable of any co.iduct in
compatible with therharacter of a gentle
man or of taking any improper ad vautage
u nny ma iter oi mis kind.
Now, sir, as this House had passed
everal bills for the ruuuval f th de
bilities of Gov. Vance, and a h n. t
embraced iu the classes which have been
excluded In the general bills, 1 had a
got to present ins namv in the manner
did as that of a warm personal frieud
id a generous hearted men and i..
doing I was renreentiucr tl. r
my State. I kuow that 1 was renrenrnt.
ing nineteen-twenticths of more than two
hundred and twenty thousand votsrs of
North Caroliua of both parties aud both
races. I know. sir. tbat (I
with whom 1 am well acquainted, would
be the last man in the world to havn hi'
name sunding iu a bill as an obstaclo to
the removal of the disabilities of anybody
In the simplicitv of mv nature, in the
lonesty of my heart, with a sinccre'nur-
pose lo do what I thought right, and what
i uiougtit justified by the bills which this
House paused last spring and again last
winter, and 1 believe again this spring by
four-fifths majority for the removal of
Gov. Vance's disabilities, I introduced his
name in the bill presented yesterday ; and
in doing so I do not understand that I
have committed any unpardonable sin.
if I had supposed it to be in conflict with
any uude: standing agreed upon in this
uouse, i certainly would not have done
SO. 1 WOUHi not UOOll anv rniiawlcralinn
have introduced the name of any man
whom I understood to be embraced in the
Feeling that iii making this statement
I have discharged mv duty in this regard.
aud regretting that I was not nreient
when the auesiion was brought uu. I iIiai.L
a j f
the House for indulging aio in this expla
TAKE YOUR HOME TAPER.
The following is takn from the edito
rial columns of the Lady's Book for the
present month : " What tells as so read
ly llie standard of a towu or city as the
appearance of its paper I And its youth
or its age can as well be determined by
the observing as by a personal notice.
The euterpridr of its citizens is depicted
by its advertisements, their liberality by
the looks of the paper. Some papers
show n good, solid, healthy foundation,
plethoric purses, and a well-to-do appear
ance generally; others 'show a striving
io contend with the grasping thousands
around them, trying hard to wrench. out
an existence from Jio close-fisted commu
nity around them. An occasional mete
oric di.-if.luy in its columns of telegraph,
or local or of editorials, how what it can
do if it had the means, but it cannot
continue in the expensive work until sup
port comei', which ought to be readily
granted. A newspaper is like a church ; it
is wants foster'g iu the commencement, aud
for a few years ; then as a general t hing, it
can walk along, and rellect credit upon
its location. Take, your homo paper; it
gives you more news of immediate inter
est than X. Voik or other papers; it talks
for yon when other localities belie you ;
it stands up for your rights ; yon always
have a champion in your home paper,
and those who stand up for you should
certaiuly be well sustained. Your inter
ests are kiudred aud equal, and you must
rise or fall together. Therefore, it is yonr
interest to suppoit your -home paper ; as
a pleasure, not as a disagreenblc duty,
but as an investment that will amply pay
FlUED Caluage. Shave as fine as
possible ; put in your ket'.lc, in which
have a little boiling water; cover, and
when it begins to be tender salt it; when
done very tender, leave the cover off; add
some butter and peppor, nnd vinegar or
not, just as you like. Let the cabbage
boil down as dry as possible, without
burning, Stirling it frequently.
A new mode of dispersing mobs has
been discovered, said to supersede tbe
necessity of a military force it is, to
pass around a contribution box.
JHoii. Wm. XJ.'Kelley, of tbe House of
"riwMrn(:BM rejerrtd to tbe De
parttuent a lUKmentof Messrs. Meeler
aruittenbouse0f PhiladelpVia, concern-
" lue manuiacture of Hcorice, the extent
of itskjnUBiblibn in the Ilnit Sft
and the pracUcalility 0f cultivating tbe
iwvh in mis country.
The larger proportion of licorice ex
tracts consumed rin the United States is
by the manufsctaiers of chewing tobaeco,
r - itiwi.iPTurauic 1 II
or "limps." In medicine it is
wrgeiy used as an eipectorant. The
following figures of the Bureau of Stalls.
Uc show ibe quantity and value of lico
rice extract imported "during tbe last five
rounds, 3,69o,97 $400,910 20
do 3,80537 4r.i,04 75
do 2,936,6 W 379,012 ho
lo 2,759,66 KI.K51 (J
do 2.CC-5.536 210 001 (h,
In England an acre of the cultivated
root is said, by tha firm referred to, to
command cClOO. The root is also impor
ted by the United States from Spain,
Italy, Sicily, Franc, and Russia, but
chiefly from th two first named.
En;crtaining tbe opinion, after some
investigation, ibat the root can be suc
cessfally cultivated iu several of the
Southern and Wcsteru Suite, Messrs.
Meoler Sc Rittcnhousa consider that new
industry may be fostered, relieving us of
the necessity of importing a valuable and
indispensable product. The root 1 worth
from five to ten cents per pound, accord-!
ing to quality, and three pounds will yield
one pound of the extract. In addition to
the. yield of extract, the crushed and pow
dered root s applied to various minor
uss. Messrs. Meeler !c Rtttenhouse at
tribute the decreasing importations io the
statement above made from the Bureau
of Statistics, to the high tax on ping to
bacco, in which the extract is used, and
a discrimination in favor of fine cut chew
ingj the tax on which is about one-half
that on ping tobacco.
The followiug considerations upon the
subjtct of introducing the culture of the
root into this country wwc submitted by
J am not aware that thia root ha ever ben
a nucecwful culture here not by any im-aiui on
account of uiuxMiental climate" A far oj cli
mate is concerned, it can be producel from N.
Jersey kui1i and west van I ; but, like tuanv
other prtxliicts equally veil mited to cur
climatei, such a tea, madder, orinni, imli
ro, Ac, Ac, iln profiuhle culture lcjei;l v.n
tlie price of labor. Thi.x doiv not plv, j-cr-haps
in the Kaiiie dejVee eitlier of lici i - '. in ul-
Itr, or indigo, a it docs to tea and opium, be
vae more of w!it mv U-c U-K-i om-Uillrd
labor m needed for the last n.inied product.
Practically, the nji 1 to i.r nluce p.k1 li.-o.
rics roots inu.-t Ixj rich, and, above ail. dceiMV
worked fwy from eichteen inclic to two feet
of a lizht, loosened, rich tMjil, a preparation
that u best attained by hand laUr. Then,
gsin, the crop ukea from three to four year
to ; perfect, so that the estimate of its value at
UK) per acre, (which, by the way, is a very
high estimate,) ha to be" divided by 4 to give
th yearly value of an acre cf not! 1 do not
ftutpoie that farmers would co;iid.r it a profit
able crop unk-w they received double the
amount per pound for it that it w now iuuorted
for. The name ppeciex of labor exp nded uptn
vi-grtable-grovin realire ten times the value
of product, o that there it but little to eneoor
4;e the fanner to enter th'u Lraneh of culture.
There are at le.it $-")0KX,(xkj in gold that yearly
po lo other countries for product that can le
produced here in equal perfect ion, a far as cli
mate and Hoil are ooncerried, but we cannot
comjKite v tih their cheap labor.
FRANKLIN AND HIS PAI'KR.
Soon after his establishment in l'iiila-
oeipnia, r lankiin ,as ouercu a piece lor
publication iu his newfpaprr. Being very
busy, be beegtd the gentleman would
leave it for consideration. The next day
the author called, and asked hi. opinion
of it. Why, sir," replied Franklin, " I
am sorry to say I think it highly scurril
ous and defamatory. But being at a loss,
on account of my poverty, whether to
reject it or not, thought I would pot it to
tlu's issue : At night when my work was
done, I bonght a twe-ronny loaf, on
which I sapped heartily, aud then wrap-
r ing myself in my great coat, slept sound
v on the floor till morning : when anoth
er loaf aud mug of water afforded a
pleasant breakfast.! Now, sir, tinee I can
Mive very coinfortly iu tbia manner, why
. i i j . ...... . "i
snouta i prosinuui my prct ui piaonaa
hatred or party passion for a moic luxu
rious living 1" One cauiwt read this
anecdolo of our American sage wilbouJt
thinking of SocrUes' reply to King Ar-
chtlaus, who had pressed biui to give op
preaching in the dirty streets of Athens,
and come and live with him in bis splen
did courts: "Meal, please your majesty,
is a half penny a peck at Athens, and
water I can get for. nothing !"
PRESS DEAD IIEAD5,
Railroads occasionally complain of the
dead beads, but no institution suffers so
much from it as the press. A sensible
writer sars : "Tbe press endures the
nflliction of dead hcadisw from the pulpit,
tlie Parana me stare; irom coriwranona,
1 . . , . ,. ,' , ,,,, 1 ..
societies and individuals. Ibe press is
' ..ii . . 1 .
expected to yield its interests ; H is re-
qilirvu .o "'"'lo1" " - f J
. .... i.i . .t i j j!
I .tr..ir.ili in tl0 wont- rtm
lo the burnt, ciotnes io me nakea, ana t
bread to hungry ; it is asked to cover
infirmities, hide weakness and wink at
auacks. bolster op-dull authors aud riat-
. - .i .-i ii
tr the vaiu : it is. m snort, to uc an
ths..g to all men, and if it looks for pay to
reward it is dcuouhced as mean and aordid.
There is no oiher interest uuder the w hole
heavens tbat is epectd to give so much
to aocicty, without jay .r thanks, a- the
uewspjper press. " -Printing (Jzst.l!r.
A recent number ot a Berlin new.-patr
savs that a contractor of masons woik
f SJ 1 j i.
has been condemned two years imprison-
m.nt ,,d the earoeriter to one and a half
years imprisonment, by one et the tter
man courts, for criminal neglect in their
- 1 . . .
work, tbe building falling ia consequence,
28. WHOLE NO.! 818
A MANLY LETTER.
at ?r'M n CUy' ",of
f the republican party, sent to tin Uu
convention el the liberal rermbncaxi. U
Missomh arw'able letter, fnm wllcb w.
make the following extracts.: r
Slavery bung dead, I' mist , 0
amo earnestness that I did iu txistenc
the attempt of tb Grant conspirator U
snlrjogste tbe south, and to m As jiw pr
tincial for all time to mora taa Romaa'
I denounce tt attempt to ' weaken as
by a studied jwlicy of array iogite Masks
against whites. 1 detjouocetbe eslttg
of barbartring cs by tbe corrtipt. ura
sponsible rule of men frpta IbwKortk
who have no common interest' In' or
affairs ; wh divide our people sad vuU
our SBbstaoee. ' '
Idenoaneetbe attempt to rtWrte f-
natural order of things, by subjecting, W
constitutional chanres and sareaional
cordrived laws, the iattlligcace and pro
perty of tbe acuth to ignorance and m-
I denounce tbe enrmtv of Am CIt
rule to the indep-ndsoce of Cula. Ls
cause they know that Cab must, ia
interest, finally gravitate low aril
belong to the south.
I denounce tbe nukn of. tie power oC
the executtvs, Judicial and IrgUIatfve do
partmcntsin tLc military Load cX tl
1 deoouuee ibe nepotism, favouista
and corruption and prosctip tkta ij ib
Grant adiuiuiatraiion. a
I donouueo the scheme of iabjettig.
meu od measuies u iL stia ,ead
rc-tketiug a military chkfuio. ' "
At last and sbova all I protest against
the unconitittttionsJ and despotic iatciffr
encs with lh ri;bt of pcacaUo asiexa
blagc of the ballot box by tbe frequent
and alarming u.e of the cartridge box.
Tie reuomiuation aud re-electiftn o
Grant is to consolidate all these usurpa.
lions acd abuses, and to open a highway
to the overthrow of all our liberties.
Mr. Clay concludes by recctnmaoding
tbit the convention frame a platform
acceptable j0 the patriots of the country,
and suggtst a standard Uarvr in whoa
the people hare conSJtnce.
The South Carolina Xegro (Jongrttmcn.
The negro De Large, whose tltdion Is
contested by ex Congressman Bowen, has
not been in bis 0at during the present
sestion of Congtcss. Tht Committee on
Selections has took his seat in Coogrsit
on the 4ih cf March last, and has made
hi S3,000. llowen is ihe carpet-bagger
who was convicted of bigamy and par
doned by the l'rcsidcut. "l)e Large,
probably knowing that ht was not entitled
to his nat, dettiiiiincd to make lbs most
of his salary, not spending any money
in Washington thin winter
Imitating Dc Lare, another nerro
member from South Carolina (Elliott) has
sryed at hom during the present sesiion.
It is said that he ha btca enrarcd in
j managing the South Carolina IgisUture.
uat a set oi representatives from Sotth
t'arolina! And yet there are people wbo
riot in saMnic delight at the hnmilislion
of that ill fated State. It is hardto Im
agine how any being could rejoice over
such an unprecedented outrage npon
TI1K I'tNITKNTl A UY Ul UDRlK.
The dipjjraciful revolt wlibbhoeurreoTai tba
rnutetitiiry on tte aftcriMJuti of tie tbM
ba girea n to much p--.TjlXion as to itaorv
rin and o.o-nu-i.. Thai the (iuard actei
in the dw hre of their Julie oo ooe arrtsa to
n-.io-non. an! the 1 of the convict llarta-
i fn ld u tut um ibeir aaiia. Tbrrw
UCUlf iuT Ui
revolt on the acure of wari
out furl or loud, a the- cocticu had Leea plaoad
on full rat ior i a-ain, tending the negotiations
brtween the two Itoarda.
If the outbreak had ita onr in in lb apirit of
laleneM exhibited by tb Kxeoativeo tho
Stale, it i a alriluift coouoeaUrr on 14 a acta
ii w id obedience to lh law, by ihe lugbeat oiS
tial a the humble! eilitvn in U lanX.
It illieved, nay, it ia JnK-t rrUin,Qiat If
there had been uo appointramU made Oy tka
( JoveriKir, and no co!!iin of aathority bataraan
the tv Inwards ' dt4urLcw would btv OO.
rtirred, Uit evrrythinx would have snoead on .
it-:ly and atii.lactorilr at the I'enilenUary aJ
I. K. Hnre wrilinr tha above, we War Omto
it an invririoo toinf atxJe 1 'est ilea tiary, M
to the caiiM- of ih it Toll, and tkat sll tlc ia
mirgrnU liiua fr txatuined agree Ual iLrra
waa a plan tr a irriM ral outbreak, on tberrotrno
that Wr. (.'a1!cc!l had atated thai if the eonv
vicU atler-pted to twrjipe arid any were sfcot kf .
I the (tuanl, he would have tkt iattcr hnnt (g
( reorder I WLen ti.e exaiuinaikao u cxjncluded
j wt u' full parUc-ulara.-7. Sem.
b.l.tA' 11 V&fUJU, Mi. l'fAJl;MJ5
that ih gmnd yir of CheJtfer c1yt-
j South Cardtna, omj$rtl of half rkiU
and naff llrwks. hurt t .ndrnncu uesst
(f the J'reiatit, and declare that TUM
ALLEGATION rONTAINSli IVTIIEraOO-
Iamatios ok thk i-f:Ksnrvr or mi
umticd states alj: vjtuout roc3oa
I Here is a rebuke, says the Baltimore
j Evening Journal, to' the outrageous act of
. C .1... . . m A , Mfl.tl. . I . . It 1 1 I .4.
, . , , .
everywhere. Ia t tbe democratic pst-ers
. J . . , . . .
alwavs keep it bclore the p.-opIe, in soroo
, , .. t . . n . Zu.,. tA;.
I O ?
nation meetings a our only safety in an-
i vance. and we cau and
A subscriber wishing 4o stop his fspor
wrote, 'I don t want your pspr
; j ioner To which the editor rc
,1 wouldu' make it any longer ii you did.
The least retarn that wa can madut. for.
favors, is to testify bur gralitcda U our
Josh Billing says Le has teen iom '
awful bd that diseases completely lored
i in three davs by simply noting a tso
7 ' '
Why do girls kiss each other and aeo
do not ? Beeane giila Lite not Ling bet
ur to kiss, aud lucu bar
" " " ; f -' j : ' ' J -
I ," ! -:. ' S- W ii! : i
. - , j I '' ' . I;