, ; ' ! i f S i - , ,' - , - t - . "J ;" 1 "11.1.1,1,11 . , ,
rUHI.ISIIKI WEEKLY : T W
Proprietor and Editor.
-. ItA'fES OF SUBCIIIPTION
On'P TfKllt. payibleiu advance.,. ...$2.50
. ' : ... . -
Six Mi)MTii ..1.50
5 t'"'it' (o one address,
. ........10. 00
IIEA J & FOOT STONES, &C.
I JOHFJ H. BUIS
FpEStJliRf bin compliinriiu to his frienda
X ' inuj tlie public, and jo tbi lucthcnl would
Lrin tUeir Httcntion bU extended facilities
fi.t. ineetng demands in hi Hue of btijtiness.T
Jl'oiii iwy prepared to furubih lall kindof
Urdve Hirjuf'K. from tlie cheapest Head Stones,
t the fHt.lieht miniuincnt-t. Those preferiog
Htvh-t ftnlj very eotJy work not on band, can
m acf Jiiiiiiioduted on hort time, Htrictfy in ac-
rdanejj With Kpcdlkatiohs, drafts, and the
tenn.H the contract. Satisfaction guaran
teed.' H will not be undersold, North or
uth. ji, Order HlicU'd. Addrcn,
l?:ff i I ! JOHN II. UU1S. Saliburv.
MAiilpcturcrs and Jobbr3 of
BOOTS & SHOES,
ia complete etock 5n all lines, inclnd-
r popular Umtutc $iate Bats,
1 loip shoes, and Wvmcns I'eb. bate.
dens pnliciteitl and carefully filled at
k market raten.
! J. K.JIOOSE, Salceman.
2 - 20:4', m. "
J. P. Gowax.
hiider8ijr,iU!d b;ivin0 assoi-iated thcui-
p in. nusiiiyrt unuer the luui name of
f. opened in It. J. Holmes1 new build-
next door to " the Hardware Store.
w ill be pleased to meet old and
'I'hey have a magnificent room
and best in towu and
t In lariatet
CK OF GOODS,
t1iMPU;.SING a general maorhnent. Ilard
X excepted, and will guarrautee as
pMidbufJf.iius as can bo sold by auv House in
the SiUtlv They wilt dual hcavly In Groceries
and emiii-ry rfoduco. buying and selling, sand
invite all who wish either to buy or sell to call
on flieni. A. M. SULLIVAN &o.
Jau. iUH; 1872. 19:tf
T. J. PniCE.
PRICE & BRO.
FAMILY GROCERY STORE
. TO JEXKIN'H COItNEK, .
Vliere they will coutinue to Sell Flour.
Meal, iFrUh M-nt B aeon. Lard, H utter,
Kgs, CofTw. Teas, ifngar, Salt, Piekles, Mo-
bows, Ari, together
with a large and varied
fltK-K lot household
llring yoiir country
; -UN - 1 '
and table necessities.
PUICE & BKO.
flETY FIRST PRE
MS and qW and Siljfcr Medals
were awarded to CnAtE.iI. Stief"
IV,.! j j 1 ..
for t$e beat J'tanos in competition
; j w tb all the leading manufacture
j j era of, jthc country.
Office and Hew Warerooms, '
y9"orlh"trberljf k, BALTIMORE, Md
'phe4tieir'riauuj contain all the latest im
)r,.t-e;iii'nts to be found" in a first-class Piano
th udditionnl improvements of his own in.
V(ili;tiojn, not to be foiind in other rastruments
T1" tjtie, touch 'atid finish of their lustra
ineuts cannot be excelled by any niauufactur-
A largo assort ftf cut of seeonldiaud Tiauos
Iay ou hand.fnim $75 to $:$)(.
r!ilor and Church I Organs, some twentrdif-
styi..rt on hand Trom $.( nd upwards,
i pend for IHinf rut.'.l (
n.eoes of over twelve .hundred Southerners
M've himdred of which are Virginians, two
f A X(,rtli Candinians, one hundred and
T-ft ''it:Tenneiiseaiw.'-'aTjd others throughout
'"' South). wh.have bought the StielT Piauo
4l!le the clone of the! war.
!' i! J- ALLEN BROWN, Agent,
fry''' :' , 1 Salisbury, N. C.
V I Land Deeds, Trustee Deeds,
munissioner's Deeds, Sheriff 1
Wds, Cliattcl Mortgages, &t
M For Sale at this offie
Cheap Chattel Mortcaces.
1Df Variou othcr blaoks for sale here.
111:- I ,
ii i '." i "
R. & RIURPHY
HaTinsrasrain Organized for
BUSINESS, have just opened a
STOCK of GOODS,
entirely new and fresb, in tlie room
formerly occupied as the Hardware Storef
and , next door to Bingbam & Co., to
the inspection of which they most cor
aiaiiy invite toe publici Their
ber of the firm in person, and bought at
rates which wHl enable them to 8ell aa
low, tot CASH, as
in the City, for Goods of same quality
Their Stock is general, embracing
all the various branches of ,
Groceries, Croclccry Ware, Boots and
Shoes Sole Leather, Calf and
Bhyding Skins, Grain and
Grass, Scythes, Cap, Letter
and Note Paper,
ENVELOPES, PENS, INK, dc,
and a beautiful assortment of
wmm- nit i&sa
They feel assured of their abilitv to
ive entire satisfaction, andespeciallv in-
vne oiu ri leiuts and customer to call and
bring with them their acquaintances.
xney expect and intend to maintain the
reputation of the Old Mnrnhv H
which is well known throughout Western
North Carolina. AH thev ask is an pi.
animation of their stock and the
No trouble lo ?how goods, so come right
aionsr. i heir motto.
Small profits, ready pay and
With a erood stock, low Driees. fair
dealing and prompt attention, they will
enueavor 10 merit tlieirjshare ot the pub
lic patronage They are in the market
for all kinds of produce and solicit calls
irom ootn sellers and buyers.
R.& A. MURPHY.
Saliabury, March 23, 1872. 27:ly
MILLS & BO YDEN
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
GE5- HQ. XD d2 IdQilSS.
And Commission Merchants,
Salisbury, March 1st, 1872.
Keep constantly on hand a larcre and choice
stock of GENERAL MERCHANDISE
comprising Dry Goods. Groceries, Wares, etc.
of which they would especially mention
Sugar and Coffee of all grades,
SHOES & BOOTS,
FLOUR and MEAL,
PEPPER and SPICES '
.'. , LIQUORS, of all
kinds always on hand, of choice quality.
5"Especial attention given to consign
ments and prompt returns made. 0
TWO SMALL TRACTS OF LAND from
tour to five mileof Town, containing WOOD
and MEADOW, with a part cleared and in
orchard. If not sold before tlie 6th of July
next it will then be sold at puWic sale. Apply
J- K- UURKE, At.
May 17, 1872. St:S5. b
I WOULD respectfully give notice to the
farmers that 1 am Agent tor the Celebrated.
Mower and Beaper and Sweepstalcs
Manufactured by C. Aultman A Cb., Canton.
Ohio, and I respectfully request those in need
of any , or either of these Maehiaeg, tcall and
see me, and get a Book gi?ing fall instructions
and prices. .
Tte scarcity of laborers and -the high mice
of Ray, Vfcc.f mak these Machines a necessity.
Please bring or send me your orders as soon
as possible. J. K. BURKE,
' 31:tf Salisbury, N.a
AirJ "I7i Last Pose of Summer."
'Twas the last of November,
The autumn had flown,
All the hope of Ulysses
Were faded and gone.
Not one of his kindred.
Not a Dent of his clan,
Could afford consolation.
To that mush used-up man.
"Must I leave thee dear White House ?
i Methought he exclaimed,
Aqd give up the schemes I
So 8anguinely framed.
To aggrandize myself
At the people's expense,
And to grind all the axes,
Of the Cotbin8 and Dents.
'Four years have they lain in
Sweet luxury's lap, j
- Four years have I fed theia '
On government pap
Dear, cousins, dear nephews,
Dear brothers-in-law ;
But the pensians I gave them
They'll soon eease to draw.
I have bossed this big nation
With absolute sway,
And many an office
Hare bartered for pay ;
I meaht to have doubled
My ill-gotten pelf.
But instead I'm up doubled '
Aud laid on the shelf.
'Thai detestable Greeley "
Has baulked all my schemes ;
Both he and the 'Fusion'
' Have haunted my dreams ;
My direst forebedings.
Proved sagely correct
Sinee the Chappaqna Chopper
Is the Pcople's-Elect.
"I thought that my bayonets
Arrayed at the polls,)
Would frighten my opponents
Right out of their souls ;
But; bullying was no go
The nation's dread will
Compelled me to swallow
Defeat's bitter pill."
There's a far off mystic country
Sunned by Hope's eternal gleam,
In whose fair and pleasaut valleys
I have wandered iu a dream.
Where the brooklets run to music
'Twixt their emerald banks along,
Where the forest waves in anthems.
Swayed by breezes winged with song.
There the whole great heart of nature
. Throbs with melody for aye,
And the flowers that bud and blossom,
Never wither, fade or die,
But for me the clime is distant,
Distant far as morniug's beam.
"ITioitgn m its Tair anu pieasani vaneys
I have! lingered in a dream.
And a pure aud radiant being
Leads me gently ly the hand,
Whn through slumber's dusky portals
Joyfully I seek tht land.
And beside me in her beauty.
Lingers like the shimmering beam
Of some star that shines iu heaven.
Till I waken from my dream.
Tliat mysterious, far off country
Iu the glorious laud of Love.
Where love is love forever.
And all other things above
And my heart yearns toward that being.
As 1 breast lifs rapid stream,
Ever distant from me, waking.
Ever near me in my dream.
Just So. The poet does it op this
way: I .
A carpenter's duty is plane ;
I A cobbler for food sells his sole;
The barber who's ne'er crossed tlie main
Still passes from poll unto poll ;
The brickmaker, bloodthirsty elf,
To kiln's been addicted of old;
The pelferer goes for the pelf;
An bldei'8 as ft young as old ;
The weather-cock makers are vain
. Of the vanes they expose to the blast ;
The bellows man ne'er will refrain
From "blowing" his wares to the last ;
A lawyer's existence is brief;
A printer 'gainst vice should be proof;
The builder will sure come to grief
Who commences to build at the rooi ;
Th miller makes millions from mills;
In all trades can money be made,
But newspapers suffer from bills
Which seldom or never are paid.
Mil, GROESBECK S LETTER.
The following is the letter of Hon.
William S. Groesbeck, the Bolting Free
Traders' candidate for the Presidency,
declaring himself iii favor of Greeley and
Brown; i j
"I differ in politics with Mr. Greeley,
who was not my choice, but he has been
chosen and with extraordinary unanimity,
and is now before us as the only repres
sentative of reconciliation, and is under
pledgel for important reform his great
ability courage and patri tiam are un
questioned, and if he is elected we have
good reason to believe we will get recon
ciliation and reform. If he is defeated we
already know we will not get them, but
the Administration now closing will be
It should not be repeated nor should
we make it an example for imitation by
the endorsement of a re-election. As a
eoldieij Gen. Grant;has been justly distiu
guisbed. His war; services were great,
and should be acknowledged by all.
They have been, and are generaly ac
knowledged, and we shall never foiget
them. But he is not suited for the CivU
Magistracy, and w; should allow his ad
ministration to cUse with the peuding
term. I intended to write more at length
and inote m detail, j but what I have said
i a faif reply to your note. Thanking
you for! your flattering invitation, I am
v' 'i i:
A; California hotel ronaiata nf t, kl
j i- - j v.. . m uur
low trunks of ten immense trees, standing
in a group a few feet apart. Nine of the
hollow trees, duly j papered and white
washed, are used as bed rooms, and the
tenth as an office and bar-room.
SALISBURY, N. C; AUGUST 9,
liKAiNT HIS LETh
The New York Uerald has the follow
ing letter from Hon. Carl Schurz in re
gard to bis charge agatnst President
LETTER FROM CARL .SCHUBZ.
To the Editor of the Herald.
w mmm J 1
at St. Louis concerning the patronage in j
connection with the St. Domingo business j
"M uccu represented as incorrect in a
despatch of the Associated Pre, appar
ently inspired bv the President Mma!f
It is now proper that I should give my
authority for what I aaid. The letter
quoted in my speech as coming from the
gemieraan wno Had with me the conver
sation referred to. was MtvmA
by General Alfred Pleasouton, late Com
missioner of Internal Revenue. It was
written in reply to a note from me of con-
tents or wincti I have a memoradum,
which reads as follows :
Ask PI. whether he rememlers the
conversation he had with me concerning
StVDomiugo, in which he said that if I
would support the President I could
have all the patronage I waited &c.
And ask him whether he was authorized
by the President to say so.
General Pleasonton's le'.terii reply to
this is quoted in mv snperh mrl ia n.
New York, Jan 25. 1872.
Dear General :
Regarding the conversation vou refer
to in your note, I remember it was with
the knowledge and consent, and after I
bad a conversation; with him, (tlie Presi
dent) that I called upon you and had the
conversation vou sDoke of. Mv i IT nrpssinn
at this time is, that the Piesidenl desired
your support tor Ins St. Domingoscheme,
and wished to be on such terms with
you that your support could be obtained.
1 no not now remember any particular
language used at my interview with the
President, and would not hazard doing
him as injustice by attemption to quote
from memory, but the impression made
upon my mind by the interview was fixed
Tinly yours, in haste,
I have since received from (jiencral
Pleasonton the following note :
New York, July 25, 1872.
pear General Of course I have no
objection to your giving my name to the
public. In explanation of the facts, I
would say that being a friend of the Pre
sident as well as of yourself, I desired
you Enoum ue on goou terms, uuu uu
should understand that there was no per
sonal feeling iu the way of relations mu
tually satisfactory. Your statement is
correct that the President wanted your
support for his St. Domingo scWrue, and
that you could have had the patronage of
the government for giving it. That was
the distinct impression the President's
conversation made upon my mind, and I
communicated it to you at the time. If
the President positively denies having had
any such conversation I regret it. I may
console myself wiih the reflection that
this is the first time that any statement
of mine has been questioned, while the
President has had occasion before this to
distrust the accuracy of his reollections.
Injustice to General Pleasouton I must
add that the drift of what he said to me is
correctly stated in his note. When he
found that I had conscientious objections
to the St. Domingo scheme he urged no
further to support it. He desired me to
go and see the President, to which I re
plied, that if the President wanted to
speak with me on public business, 1 should
consider it my official duty as a Senator to
respond to a note from him requesting me
to call. And that was the end of it. My
recollection is that General Ph asonton
intimated to me at the time that he spoke
with the knowledge and consent of the
President. I inquired about afterward in
writing, for the purpose of either strength
ening of correcting my impression con
cerning that fact.
Although the President condescended
in an interview with a Herald reporter to
say that opposition was owing to an un
satisfied desire for patronage, or words to
that effect, I had as well not now be de
nied, some excellent reasons to think that
if I wanted patronage I had a very good
chance to obtain it at the expense ol my
convictions of duty.
New York, July 2G, 1S72.
IMPORTANT LETTER FROM HON.
He finally Declares J or Greelei, and Ad
vises the Colored People to Vote fur
Him in Preference to Grant
The two Candidates Strong
Washixutox, July 30.--The follow
ing is a synopsis of Mr. Sumner's letter
to a number of colored citizens who late
ly addressed him :
He addresses his correspondents as
gentlemen and fellow citizens, and says
he had delayed answering that he might
reflect and fully inform himself. He has
listened to much from both sides, but his
best judgmeut is now in harmony with
his early conclusions. He is touched by
the appeal bis correspondents make. He
has been a friend of their race, and is glad
they consider him the special advocate of
their rights. They do him ample justice
when they believe that bis council at this
critical juncture would be free from pen
sonal or party prejudice.
Mr. Sumner contrasts the two candi
dates. Mr. Greeley was born in poverty,
and educated in a printing office. Grant,
me other with a militate
One was trained a civilian, and the other
a soldier. Horace Greeley fjood forth as
a reformer and an abolitionist. The Pres
ident enlisted as a pro-slavery democrat,
and at the election of James Buchanan,
fortified by his vote all the pretentions of
ewircry, even the Drcd-Scott decision.
Oreeley from early life was always earn-!
est and constant against slavery ; full of
sympathy with the colored race and al- j
ways foremost in the great battle for their
rights. President Grant, except as a sol
dier, summoned by the terrible accident
of war, never did anything against slave
ry, nor has he at any time shown any
sympathy with the colored race. Horace
Greeley earnestly desires that the cdored
alliens should vote, and ably championed
impartial sufferage, but President Grant
was on the other side.
Beyond these contrasts, which are mark
ed, it cannot be forgotten that Horace
Greeley is a person of large heart and
large understanding. Trained to support
human rights, Mr. Greeley's fndustry,
general knowledge, amiable nature, and
above all, honest y, which no suspicion has
touched, are maintained. Few of these
things appear in President Grant. His
great success in war cannot change his
record towards the colored people, while
there are antecedents showing that in the
prosecuttion of his plans he cares nothing
for the colored race.
Mr. Sumner, prefacing that the story is
painful but it must be told, gives the his
tory of San Domingo and Hayti, where
he (Grant) outraged 800,000 blacks who
were engaged in the great experiment of
Here follows the history of the attempt
ed annexation. He alludes to the disre
spect with which Grant treated Fred.
Douglas, who, by his invitation, wbs one
of the San Domingo commissioners. Grant
has little capacity or iudustry in protect
ing colored peoph- and assureing peace to
the South. After violating the Constitu
tion and international law to insult the
black Republic, and setting an example
of insubordination, he was not in a condi
tion to rebuke law breakers
Mr. Sumner theu considers the present
position of i he two candidates. Each was
nominated by a republican convention.
He lands the material composing the Cin
cinnati convention, comparing the charac
ter o lll
. . . i.i . i
H ,,. . -'L , ,,
e says : 1 he country knows too wi
tt. M a . i
i mill's or ine iwo caiKUUates. .
" .'J ""e iih..iu nil- nnii
Custom-house ring, through which the
President acts. Such supporters are very
r J - -.... :
idle to say, that Horace Greeley and tlie
republicans who nominated liiiu at Cin
cinnati, are any less republican, because
Democrats unite with them in the support
of cherished principles and tlie candidate
who represents them.
Mr. .Sumner says the hardihood of po-
l-.r i e i i i . . '.
i.iicai la.seuooci readies its extreme point Oraut, Scowling repleid, "Vest sah, I vote
when it is asserted that nnder Horace fr lim oAnd yuu know ylr Lincoln T"
Greeley the freedmen will be rc-enslavcd, ( "Fader Abrnm ! Ah, vest, sah, nebber
or that colored people will in any way J hceml 0' that gemmaii." "But yon know
suffer in their equal rights. On the con- ! Mr Greeley 1" "No, massa, 1 nebber did."
trary, they have in this election not only i Concerning the two litter I tried to aid
the promises of the platform, but alo the his memory, but it was useless he had
splendid example for a full generation, j "nebber heered," he said, and I could not
during which he has never wavered in the eco a single m m who had. I will ven
assertiou of their rights. To suppose ture to say that his case is identical with
that Horace Greeley, when placed where j that 0f fOUr-fifihs of his race in his State,
he can do them the most good, will de- Scowling struck the key-note. "Scowling,
part from the rule of hi honest life, is an gajd Mr. B., "jnst suppose I was running
insuit to reason. It is none the less idle for the office Robert holds at Columbia,
to suppose that Democrats supportiuir a,.,l V uniitkiirdii ran Fiinaf tta Qns-k
Horace Greeley expect or desire that he
should depart from those principles w hich
are the glory of his character. They
have accepted the Cincinnati platform
with its two-fold promise, and intend lu
good faith to maintain it.
Mr. Sumner conclu les as follows :
'Gentlemen, Iu answering your two
enquiries, I have shown why you, aa col
ored fellow-citizens, and also all who
would uphold your rights and save the
colored race from indignity, should refuse
to sanction the re-election of the Presi
dent, and put your trust in Horace Gree
ley. I ought to add that with him will
be associated as Vice President Gratz
Brown, whom 1 have known fjr years as
a most determined abolitionist. The two
together will carry into the National Gov-1
eminent an unswerving devotion to your
rights, not to be disturbed by partizan
dictation or sectional prejadice. I
"Besides all this, which may fitly guide
you in determining between the two can
didates, it is my duty to remind you that
as cilizens of the United States, and part
of the country, your vt lfare is indissolubly
associated with that of the whole country.
Where all are prosperous, you will be
gainers ; therefore, w hile justly careful
of your own rights, you cannot be indif
ferent to the blessing of goo! government. .
It is lor you to consider whether the time
Las come for something better than the
sword, ami whether a character like that
of Horace Greeley does not give stronger
Mssutance of good government than ca i
be found in the insulter of the colored
race, already famous for the rings about
h i in , and his plain inaptitude for civil life.
"Speaking now for myself I have to say
I will vote for Horace Greeley, but in
giving it I do not go to the Democratic
pirty, nor am I any less a republican.
On the contrary I am so much of a repub
lican I cannot support a candidate whose
conduct in civil life shows an incapacity
to appreciate republican principles, and
whose administration is marked by acts
of delinquency," especially towards the
colored race, by the side of the allegations
on the impachment of Andrew Johnson
were tecnical and trivial.
"The present position of the colored
citizen is perilous. He is exposed to in
jurious presure when he needs support;
but I see no early extraction, except in
the way proposed. Let him cast adrift
. ,!rn Poona Dravely stand K
the candidate (Greeky) who has stood )
by him. If iVaU, w7i:
- - .v; OTitu u I ill.
oim. ii uemoer
so much the be tie
.... . , ,
T. Abe atarvf latlnti I
once rwMrm mtt.t -71 , ,
J. 7 T npen in com-
mon friendship and trust.
The following we copy from the columns
of the CfirisOan Union. It U rich. Read
From the correspondent of th Nation. 1
THE RICE NEGRO AS AN ELEC-:
T. . . , . j
Ibe knowledge of an ordinary town
- : u1vuuu6u uul wimom ,
MmninA mrttU A. I : .'
compared with his ordinary country cous
m. "atn, raid Mr. U. to one of his
heail foremen, iu a rice-field where op
wards of 300 "bands" were at work,
"how many of these can rrA wmi.
Not one, sab, w. the reply, " 'cept Jim j
Crow, him tpell nm leiters berry little." .
This was true. Out of the whole number,
Dot one could read or write. Their igno-
ranee is dense. I saw but one foreman
who could read or write intelligibly. The !
representative at the district at Columbia I
was an old family servaut of Mr. B.'s.aod j
was taught to read by his mistress, that j
he might be the better able to follow his !
Vocation S.4 n nref.l.- l.t f-11
j,. . ..v . UIB iUiuw
servants. 11 is acquirements wero not so
great, however, as to prevent his rising
in his seat, when an additional tax of sev
eral mills on the dollar was under discus
sion, and declaring that "Mass B. had
more mills now on his place than he
could use, and he didn't see how any
more could be needed."
The power of these political atsocia
tions over the negroes is something amaz
ing. If there is a symptom of rebellion,
all the leaders need do i to raise the cry,
JYou will be put back into slavery," and'
it is reason enough to look upon any can
didate with suspicion for whom their old
masters or present employers vote. Their
release from slavery is c course attributed
to the Republican party, and there seems
to be a charm in the name which is per
fectly fascinating. "There is Scowling,"
said Mr. B., pointing to the fort man over
a gang of a hundred hands in a rice field ;
1 consider linn one ot my most reliable,
trustworthy men. Jle knows me well, J ruauotactuiing point, and then he would
and I rejtllv think he would do anything know that e, in a far off section, were
I would afk him except vote f.r m" ; and j digging its prosperity from our soil feod
if he had his own choice ho would do that, l 'g l into a vigorous life upon the very
but as m liters stand now
it would be as
an hip mi; i- woiiu io aiiempt it.
1 1 .l l c c i
Ut would vote in pn fereuce for lh ven
i.: : .
R, P;la- :., it.
di-trict one whom he
hneic to be such provided he called hitn
selfa H pt.bli.an. Although 1 do not
know brit I I - r
among them, J could not count on more
than eight oies out of all I lie men I em
ploy." Mr. B. never meddles in poliiics,
and" these remarks were made in reply to
my question as to what chance he would
stand were he to run for office. To the
question whether he ,4knew" General
pose you knew he would lie and steal
whatever he could w Inch would you
vote for ?'' He tried to evar'e the point,
but upon Mr. B.'s exhorting him "to tell
the truth," he raid, "You knows berry
well, Mas IJ., 1 has nod lections to votins
for you, bnt de rest wouldn't let me
must votede 'Publican ticket Dai's the
trut, sah." The same questions put a
score of times, both in Mr. B.'s absence
and in his presence, elicited a like reply
The correspondent of the N. Y. World
thus writes concerning the resources of
North Carolina :
Few people outside of this State know
what its resources really arc. To ride
along through it ou the cars and see the
barrenness of the soil in many places, and
the poverty of the inhabitants in all parts;
immense wastes of land uncultivated, aud
the towns alone the route mere hamlets
of half a dozen squalid looking houses, is
not calculated to cive a very high idea of
the condition of the State; but a closer
inquiry will reveal thcfact that in this
State is produced almost every article
known to commerce. Its mi::erl wealth
is inexhaustible. Gold, silver, lead, coal,
mica, and other minerals abound in some
portions of the State. In the west i some
of the finest grazing land in the world.
The south grows excellent cotton, the
north tobacco and com. Turpentine is
produced in Urge quantities iu various
parts of the S'ate, and fruits and all kinds
of vegetables are found in every part. All
that the state needs to increase greatly
in prosperity is proper ajid wie legislation,
and that it never wittliave so long as it
is curlTH w ith radical rule.
R. F. C.
First Stranger: "1 dechru, sir, that
women are getting more outrageously de
coltay every day. Jut look over there
at that Propoise w ith the eye-glass !"
Second stranger : "Hum ! Ha! Yes!
I can't help thinking eh-'s a mie festive
looking object than that Funeral old
Frump with the fan !"
First Stranger: "The 'Funeral old
Frump's my wife, sir!"
Second Stranger: "The 'Prodigious
old Porpoise is mine ! Let' go and have
some tea 1" Punch.
47 WHOLE NO. 837
' "a nan H'
A C .
liTinr inn . wv . &
- I' rw bltltBt
Srn t t. . .
' vv""c D Wltfl UiOUUh-
went at what he has itm, and perfectly
discouraged with hi own section of coun
try. There he saw little villages sticking
to the midst of barren and oinbabiubl
mountains, with bo inrroundinn La .im
port thetn, evincing a t pirit of life and
prosperity unknown to even our Urre
w C1 tradecentres of our
-fc'-'.uiKmrjwni. ADO ID lOe COOQ-
XP L MW IitlIe frms producing like
firsUclasa English garden., thoogh on
orrginaiij loo poor to have rrown
I , . . . S,vw"
urar gra f, and in situationa that aTBoath-
era man would have thought incapable of
being converted into a goat pasture. The
people all, as a general thing, seemed con-
icniea and prosperous and if be bad en-
quired kto their circumsUnces he would
have found, strange as it may appear.
everybody in these little village well off
and making money, and the little farms
th their stone piles here and there and'
their stones constantly working to' tie
surface to be carried off into other piles
mnual calls for fertiliser, to the extent
of one hundred and fifty dollars ncr acre
actually clearing their owoers 'lroo- two
r. V, - I J I j ti
i iuin uuiiurea aouart on every mere
enclosed. No wonder that he is discour
aged when he looks from this picture
upon our favorably -located towns and
notes their inactivity, their poverty and
general dilapidation, and upon our broad
and fertile acres, and reflects that they
are really, in very many inttat.ces, no,
.pajirg the etpnte of culm re.
One would i.ntiuiUy c -nu t Lt
there mut le n.n.. mu i i uu ,:n
piles of cotton bales, a circumfUuce cal
culated to create no particular interest in
the South, but there, thousands of miles
away from where cotton could be grown, it
would take the form of a mystery, 8tp
ping out upon the piriform in quest of a
solution, his ears would be greeted by a
sound of a water fall having a pccnlar
humming accompaniment spindles. Tho
case woulJ U- mtde .nlain the strsnre
j I'tUe village would be recognized as
, - o -
loou ior which our own towns starving ;
and scking it nothing in return. Actual
ly shippingit our cottou ntourom expense,
and then, ia order that it n ight grow fat
on its business buying its fabrics at its own
profitable figures aid then paying tran-
a kind hearfed jK-oplewe 'SolalLerntrs
1 t i -
mutt be !
Then for the secret of success amonc
the farmers : Patsinsr through the couutrv
wuh his eves open the close observer w ould
at the proper season soon have his attcn-
lion arrested by an improved mower sweep
-ing over the meadow under the exclusive
management of a youth, of, say, siileen ;
aud accomplishing more in a day than
could in that time be woiked out a dozen
freedmen with their scythes. A little latter
and he would see the younger brother of
the youth driving through the field on a
"tedder" turning the hay ; god then in
due time would come a still smaller boy
with a horse rake followed by a trio cf
little fellows having all soits of fun as
they, with a hay fork, stored away the
crop in the hayloft.
In everything done on the farm in New
England this same plan is resorted to. If
the soil must be prepared, instead of Bet
ting a dozen freedmen at it w ith their
mules and plows, to sweat through a
w eek, as we would do, out eomes a ma
chine managed by a boy or two, and in
an iucudibly short space of time the job
is done, and tecll ame. A lot of seed is to
be sown that would give our hands a long,
tedious task, but then a slrippling w ith a
seed sower puts it down eiactly right
and in very short order. And when the
crop is ready to be hoed, instead of charg
ing it with a black army to pliy for nay,
a boy harnesses his nag to a horse noe,
takes his seat in a sulky, and rides abcol
over the field hoeing several rows at a
time. In short, New England woikt by
machinery, and therein lies the secret of
Yankee prosperity. She has simply
changed places with us she owes ber
labor. If it were otherwise ; or differe-t
worcs, did she have to work on our
and depend on our kind of labor,
we not, in the god:ie -t .r l.
rive iter Hie t.ront- on .. :r i n uiic . a
years would find L -
a happy huntu.g
the rt-d m-n ncht :
never to be disturbed
ment of civilization.
There is no reason why we in the
South should not own our labor in the
same way, and set our spindl' going,
thus giving prosperity lo our own towns
and villages. e can never be a success
till we do it. I t us il.ick the matter
oer. M'Jjtk Ij tttcr.
(I rat liKowtV Heah KiAMtxrn
Fowler, the celebrated phrenologist, re
cently fingered the botnj on Governor
Brown's bead, anfl gac the following
chart of our candidate f : the Vice-Presidency
That he had too much mind for his
body ; he i boilt ou tL higb-svstero
order, was clear-headed, exceedingly
acute mind, of extraordinary and superior
judgment of human nature, of great
analytical powers, but a lack of self-esteem.
He was bold and daring, bad gnat execu
tion, and if be knew a ihing to be right
had no fears to say what he thought. It
was necessary that be should sleep more,
snd refrain ai much as poiibl from orer-exertion'