I 'X'l ( "x ' !JJ V ' ' " ' f ? ; y RklL ' 1
YL. IV. -THIRD SERIES.
SALISBURY N. CL. AUGUST 7s. 1873.
NO. 47.WHOLE KO. &87.
J. J. BRUNEIi,
Proprietor and Editor.
J. J. STEWART,
Osk ear, payabln aflvani&e $2.50
Six Mouths, --;..
5 Copies to one address, ..........10.00
Thii unrivalled Southern Remed is war rant-
Ad not to contain a single particle of Mebcuby,
or as injurious mineral substance, but is
The World Aatoniihed.
COMPLETE SEWING MACHINE.
The first and enlr BUTTON-HOLE AND
SEWING MACHINE .combined thai baa
made its advent this of adj other country.
: Par" 1 he following reasons are given vbj
this is the best.
Family Machine to Purchase.
Because it win do: 7. iiecause too eaa
everrthine that any ma-lauicklr raise or lowerlbe
Luine can do. aewiagtfeed to adapt it to thick or
Irom tne finest to tbeitnin clotn.
containing thofte Southern Roots and Herbs,
vhich an all-wine Providence has placed in
countries where Liver Diseases most prevail. It
miU CW aU Diteasts caused by Dtramjjemtntqf Uu
The Sym ptoms of Liver Complaint are a bitter
or bad taate in the mouth ; Pain in the Back,
Sides or Joints, often mistaken for Rheumatism ;
,JSmw, Stomach; Loss of Appetice; Bowels alter-
oatetv costive and lac; HeadaeJbe; Loss of men
cry, with a painful sensation of having failed to
'do something which ought to hare been done ;
Debility, Low Spirits, a thick yellow appearance
of Uit Klein and Even, a dry Cough often mis
taken for Consumption. Sometimes many of
thee symptoms atteud the disease, at others, very
few: but the Liver, the largest organ in the
body, is generally the seat of the disease, and if
not Utfgwlated in time, great suffering, wretched
mm aod Death will ensue.
TkU Great Unfailing SPECIFIC will ui U found
' the Least Unpleasant.
For DYSPEPSIA, CONSTIPATION", Jaun-
dice. Billious attacks, SICK HEADACHE
Colic, Depression oi Spirit, SOUR STOMACH
Heart Burn, Ac, frc.
: Ximmoni' Livtr Rrjrulator, or Medicine,
Jn the Cheapest, Purest and Best Family Medi
ine in the orldj
MANUFACTURED OICI.Y BY
J. II. ZEILIN & CO.,
Maeon, Ga. and Philadelphia.
i'rice, 91.00. old by all IJruggut.
,FOR SALt BYTUEO. F. KLUTTZ.
iuiw t'J tt. X Salisbury N. C.
And get Bibles. Prayer Books. Hymn
Books of any kind you want; Histories,
Biographic. Music IJuoks. 3fusic. Novels of
the best authors ; Blank Books, Albums of
the- most stylish kind; Stereoscopes and
Views ; School Books, all kind.- in general
aae. Slates, Inks, Writing I'aptr of thu best
quality ;"WhI1 Paper and Window Shades
in great variety. Music TVachers for vocal.
Pianos, Baujo, violins tVc. :
A WORD TO FARZOZIZLS.
Buy a few dollars worth of books every
year for your sons and hands and take a good
newspaper, they will work better and be more
cheerful. Try it.
JL V70HD TO r AASXHIIfl SOXTS.
coarsest material, hem'
ting, felling, cordis
braiding, binding, ra
ring and sewing on, at
the same time ruffling.
oiltia(r,etc better than
any other mac tune.
3 Because the tensions
are more easily adjusted
tban any other machine .j
S Iiecause It can work
a beaatuul button hole
making as line a pearl as
by the hand, i
4. Because it will em
broideiyiver the edge mak
iag a neat and beautiful
border on any garment
6. Because it will work
a beautiful eyelet hole
6. Because it can do
over-hand seaming, by
which sheets, pillow cas
es and the like are sewed
over and over.
8. Because you have a
short - deep bobbin by
which the thread is on
stsntly drawn from the
centre ; the tension con
sequently even and does
not break the thread.
9. Because the passer
foot turns back rthat the
cloth can be easily rrmov
ed arter being aewed.
1U. Because th best
merchanice pronounce it
the best finishad and made
on the best principles of
any machine mannfaetur
ed. It has no springs to
break; nothing to gt out
II. Because it is two
machines in one. A But
tok-bole Wouiikg and
kwino Machine com
No other Machine can accomplish the
kind of sewing stated in Nos. 3, 4, 5, and 6.
Parties using a family sewing machine want
a Whole Machine, one with all the improve
It is to Inst a LIFETIME, and therefore or.e
is wanted that will do the most work and do it
the best: and this machine can-do several kinds
of sewing not' done on any other machine, besides
doing every kind that all others can do
; The American or Plain Sev-ing Machine
(Without the .button-hole parts), does all that is
done on the Combination except bitton-hole
ME HONEY & BRO., Agf-. .
I Salisbury N ' .
Examine them, before purchasing any other
Sewing. Machine. ;
1 BETSY AND I ABE OUT.
A Farm Ballad.
BY WILL M. CABLETON.
Draw up the paper?, lawyer. nd make
j'etn god aod stoat :
For things at home are cross-way, and
I Betsy and I are out.
y who havt. worked together so long as
.. . man and wife
Must pull in single harness the reft of oar
f . .
"What is the matter ! aay yoa T I ewan
jit's hard to tell!
Most of the ywirs behind as. we've passed
by very well :
I have no other woman she hat no other
Only we have lived together as long as we
So I have talked with Betsy, and Betsy has
talked with sne : r -
So we've agreed together that we can't
"never agree :
Npt that we've eatehed eaeh other in any
terrible crime ;
We ye been a gatherin' this for years, a
little at a time.
There was a stock of temper we both had
for a start.
Though we ne'er suspected 'twould take
us two apart ;
I had my vaiious failings, bred in flesh and
And Betsy, like all good women, had a
temper of ber own.
The first thing I remember whereon w
Was somethin' concernin' Heaven a
difference in our creed.
We arg'ed the thing at breakfast we
arg'ed the thing at tea
And the. more we argVd the question, the
more we did nt agree.
And the next that I remember waa when
we lost a cow ;
She had kicked the bueket for certain the
Question was only How ?
I held my own opinion, and Betsy another
And when we were done a talkin" we both
t us was mad.
I.do not hesitats to ay the American '"ombinstron.
surpasses all other machines. Besides doing all
the work that i other machines can. it oveieesma.
works button-hotes in any fabric, from Swios mu.4- j
Hn to Beaver Icloth. I have used Singer's Stoats !
Howe's and the Weed machines, and find the Amer
iean far superior to them all.
MiSS M. RrTLKDOE.
1 have used six different Sewing Machines. The
American surpasses tbein all.
Mrs. A- L. Rainet.
I have used The Singer and other machines aad
would not exchange the American for any.
i Mrs. H. N. BaiNdiE.
Salisbusy, N. C, May 92. 1872.
Mesonkt & Bao.. Agts, American Com. S, M.
Sir : I have nssd the Howe. Singer, Wheeler
Wilson, Wilcox A Uibbs Sewing machine, and
would not give the American Combination lor all of
them.it will do all that is claimed for it in the tircu
lar. I consider its uperior to all other 1 have ever
seen. Very Respectfully.
I Mrs. (3eo. W, Haerisov,
We the undersigned take gret pleasure in giving
our testimony ;of favor of the American Sewing
Machine in preference to any other, believing that
i. . i : ,i i i t . , f
made. It ie simple, runs very light and doea not
get out of order or drops tlches.
Mrs. Laura M. Overman,
A. L. Foust,
'J. Allen Browk,
I ' A. W. KOTHERN.
i " A. E. Jones,
" M. E Thomasox,
We have sen flaming advertisements'and heard'
much said hy Agents of other machines. j
. We will forfeit one hundreds dollars to the con I
tending paitv, if after fair trial before competent
judges the American Machine will not do as well
if not better, the work done on any other machine,
and do valuable work that no other machine can
We have been Agents for Sewing Machine since
1856 have sold Singer's Lad Webster's Atwater'a
and Floience's, and have abandoned all for the
Send and get sample af wo k.
N40.-t'. i MERONEY A BRO Ag'st..
You have something to be proud and to
ttoast of. The farm is the keystone to every
industrial pursuit. 'When it succeeds all
prosper; when it fails, all flag. Don't think
you can't be a great man because you are
the son of a farmer. Washington, Webster
And Clay were farmer's sons, bat while they
4oled they studied. So do ye.v Buy a good
book, one at a time, read and digest it, and
Call and see me and look over books.
. COME TO THE
And Get a Good Picture.
.We will give you a good picture r svot let
yoa take it away ; for we don't intend that
juy bud work shall go from this uffice to in
lure as and the Uuaiuee. Call and try.
Up Stair$ between PmrktrM and Mi He-
Call and eaaineiy etoek of Wall Paper,
window Shades. Writing paper. Inks &c.
Mind I don't intend to be eoder sold.
Feb. 27. (.
THE OUEAT POISON NEUTRALIZED.
A Sure Preventive andertain citrejor
czxiZtLB azh riivszi,
and all species of Miasmatic diseases.
Send for circular.
i ; C. R. BARKER 6e CO.
April 24, 1873 Cmua.
THE SOUTHERN MUTUAL
of mcnTioD, VA.
Assetts, 1st January, 1S73, $472,867.23
It cues Annual, Term, and
Farm Property a Specialty.
G. DAVIDSON, President.
JORDAN N. MARTIN, Vice Presiaeht
I. K. NEISWANGER, Secretary.
B. JONES, General Agent.
J. ALLN BROWN, of Falisbnry,
i Canvassing Agent.
; LEWIS C. nANEjS,of LeDgton,
' "A i ' IxichI and IraVeHwis AgeoC
And the next time I
iii a "joke :
And,' one thing pot in the paper, that first to
me didn't occur :
That when I am dead, it last, the bring me
back to ber, -
And lay me under the maples I planted years
When she and I was happy, before we quar
And when she dies, I wish that she would be
laid by me :
And when lying togethern silence perhapa,
we will agree;
And if ever we meet in : heaven, I woalda't
think itaneer. '
If we loved each otbfr; better for what we
have quareled here.
DR. MADDOX'3 ADDRESS.
At the June meeting of the Washington
Co., Md., Agricultdtal Ctab, Dr. Thos.
Maddox, well known at one of the best
farmers of the State, b his practical pa
per farnished U the ' correspondence to
the Awterican Farmer, delivered an ad
dress to the Club, which at its request has
been published. We copy for the benefit
of our readers, such portions of it as are
not of a merely local character.
The Dr. after a beautiful exordium as
to the necessity of labor entailed upon
their descendants from the fall of our first
parents in the Garden of Eden, thus pro
"Since the fall of Adam, man mast
work, be cannot live without work. 'In
the sweat of thy face shall thou eat bread.'
'The thorns and thistles' must be destroy
ed by labor before the earth will yield her
increase. Labor is honorable, contribu
ting to the health and happiness of the
human tamily, and is essential to the we
tare oi tne state, success in larmiog
requires daily Judicious, persevering, trust
latar; otherwise, good seed, sown in good
soil, may be choked by 'the thorns and
Agricultural labor, to be successful,
. t ... II 1 1 if r .
mast oc conironea oy intelligence. Drains
are necessary to success in agriculture. A
man may rise before day, and 'ork till
after night, may sow with diligence and
remember, it started-
. t I a m a
reap wiin care, out unless tue taim work.
is done in the proper way, and at the pro
But f..r a week it lasted, and neither,fs ; r lime-rfu,t ol lhe eff ,rt wil1 b
. spoke. ,
A d the next Was when I scolded because
&he broke a bowl ;
And she said I was mean ard stingy, and
aud hadu't any soul '
Arid so that bowl kept pouring disieiisiomt
in ur rup.
Aud so that blamed cow critter was always
H eoiniu up,
And so tha Heaven we arg'ed. no uearvr
til us gut.
Bu it gave us a taate of somethin a thous
and ifrties as hot.
And so the thing kept workiu, and all the
self-same wny ;
Always somethin to arg'e. and something,
sharp to say, j
And down on us came the neighbors, a
Couple dozen strong, j
And lent their kindest service to help the
And there has days together and many
ti weary week
WTe was both of us cross and spunky, aad
both too proud to speak.
And I have been thinkin and tbinkln the
whole of the Winter and Fall.
If I can't live kind with a woman, why.
then, I won't at all.
I-iiUir'. Si'an and clim tie have a limi
iei lnnuence over imhi ; mere are. no
lioii.il.' in lhe iiiiluciict pxerti-d lv ui 11
tiiiint-d, iiiU'll'geni ujiod over ilw oil.
lu E:itfltnd, lr4 iJi in a cMi:ury ago,
f!t- crop of wheat was !ixt-m millions ot
bufli Is pvr year. The crop has increas
ed to one hundred millions of LuhIi !..
TIi if enorm iiiii increase is at tributahle to
iy;euiatic attention to all the lequire
iuoii of good farming, to the skill and
XuctueiM with which all farm operations
an performed, to the carelul selection of
the liit varieiiea A seed, and to the large
qnaniitiee of barnyard manure annually
made and properly used bv her farmers.
In 1837. the first year foreign bones came
into utse, as a fertilizer, lhe imported bones
were valued at the custom house at $1,
500,000,; since which lime, it is estimated
that the English people have paid for imt
parted bones alone $150,000,000. Since
1841, upwards of .500,000 tons of guano
have been used. In 1844, a merchant of
Cincinnati told me, 'Yoa cannot see a bone
in the streets of the city. All the bones
from the slaughter houses, from the hotels
and streets are collected for. exportation
sent to England to enable her farmers to
make wheat and turnips : that all the
bones of the soldiers from the battle-field
of Waterloo had been collected and taken
to England for the same purpose. The
English farmer cannot malt wheat aud
where there is no sulphuric aeid in soils,
we cannot raise clover.' By the applica
tion of bones we get phosphoric arid j by
the application of plaster we famish sul
phone acid to the soil.
Fifty years ago. John 8imm. liviar
near the Pataxeot. river, St. Mary's coun
ty, Maryland, raised one hood red aad
twenty-eight and one-quarter bnshels of
corn toi the acre. A larger qaant'ty has
been raised in this county. . We do not
raise new more tban thirty bushels ot corn
per acre. Why 7 1 he truth is, our land
is too poor to yield large crops of corn or
wheal, or bay, or potatoes, or cabbage.
We hare taken more from the soil than
we havf restored to it. Our system of
farming has been exhausting. We mast
We bear much talk about the 'flr' in
heat, I the 'red weevil tha 'ruat,' the
'scab,' &e. The truth U. that poor farm-
log makes poor land, and poor land keeps
tne people poor. Let our farmers pat
their farms in good condition and farm
them properly, and we shall have good
average crops. 1 he 'fly,' the 'red weevil,'
the 'rust,' and the 'scab,' exert the most
injurious influence on thin, exhausted,
poorly farmed fields.
Well farmed, Washington eounty will
contribute five times as much to the com
fort and sustenance of the human family
as it docs now.
Men lay up money when they expend
it in useful and pertuanenl farm improve
ments ; in increasing the fertility of their
sou; in applying improved methods of
taviug time and labor ; and money so in
vested usually yields a good per cent, in
If we want pretty gardens, rerdant
meadows, fruitful orchards and productive
nelds, our people must go to work. Wash
ingtoo county has immense natural ad
vantages. Our grand and beautiful moan
tains on the east and on the west, shield
us from the seveie and piercing north
winds. The air we breathe is pure, re
freshing, invigorating. We want neither
ditches nor dykes. We have a canal,
railroads and turnpikes. But to make
our county a modern Garden of Eden a
paradise on earth we want sensible, de
cent, prudent, energetic, industrious, work
ing people ; men who are not afraid to
improve our sou, to test its capacity, and
to develop our immense natural ad van
A BARON'S WIFE-MURDER.
An Old Man Shoots His Wife Because
She Wants to go n the Stage, and then
STAT C 3 OF THE SOUTHERN NE
Same Facts' for Consider at
And so I have talked with Betsy, and
Bty has talked with me ;
And so I have agreed together that we
eant never agree;
And what is hers shall be hers, and what
ahall be mine, shall be mine
And I'll put in the agreement, and take it ' turnips without bones.'
to lier to sign. Our Washington connty land will not
Write on the paper, lawyer the very first produce as much wheat per acre as it did
paragraph j twenty years ago. WTby? Because, year
Oi all the farm and lire-stock, that she . after year, our farmers have been taking
WIIO IS DON CARLOS,
WHAT H CARLISM?
The crossing of the Ebro at several
poin's by bands of Carlisle and the land
itigon the Bieayan coast of large quanti
ties of arms for the partisans of the Span
ish pretender indicate, with the capture of
Edtella and other advantages gained in
the fit-Id, that the cause of Carlos is look
We have heard much of this adventur-.
ous Don Carlos and his attempts to secure
the throne of Spain. He is a chronic
agitator, even as his fathers were for four
generations. In a Northern paper we find
a brief skotch of Carlistn, how it original
ted, the straggles of the first Don Carlos
who claimed the crown and those of his
desendants and some notice of the present j
claimant. This account we condense for 1
the benefit of those of our readers who 1
feel an interest in foreign affairs. I
Ferdinand VII., whom Nipoleon de-
posed in favor of hi own brother, Joseph
Bonaparte, but who was restored at the
fall of Napoleon, had an only daughter,
; Isabella. Under the Salic law, which ex
cludes females, Isabella would have been
Few murders have recently created a
more profound sensation in the old world
than the shooting of the yoaag and beau
tiful Baroness Alvin won Gil ma mi. at
Freyberg, in the Grand Duchy of Baden,'
by her aged husband, the Baron von
Gil mann, who had'forrnely been a Major
n tne trerman army, and who for many
U.J l: J : JL.: 1
j.mtm uau iivttu Jll lUirrurni IU ID CiegSUl
cnaicau. tfaron Ton Uilmann. at the
time of the murder, was fully seventy
years of age. He jiad never been mar
ried during his long: life, until the Summer
of 1871 he made, ac, the fashionable water
ing place of Wildbad, the acquaintance
of Alvioa Weil, the only daughter of a
widow la very bumble circumstances.
The young girl made so deep an impres
sion upon the heart of the old Baron that
he offered his hand to her, which nhe ac
cepted with some hesitation, but finally,
giving way to the; importunities of her
motuer, who was dazxled by the wealth
and aristocratic position of Mr. von Gil-
mann, they were married in the t all of
1871, and lived apparently in serene
happiness at the husband's chateau. The
x'oung wife was greatly pleased at the
lavish liberality with which the Baron
treated her, and carefully avoided given
him any cause for jealousy. His acquain
tances, who knew him as a proud, irascible
man, were surprised: at the change which
his temper had undergone since his mar
riage. For since then he was all gentle
ness, and he never gave way any more to
bursts of passiou. to which he bad former
ly been subject.
In the Winter of 1872 Baron von Gil
mann, and his wife frequently visited the
Freyberg Theatre, ; and in irresistiable
mania for the stage'soddenly seised the
young Baroness. She asked her husband
if he bad any objectjon to her becoming
an actress, and, whee told she could not,
she flew into a violent passion, and de
clared with streaming eyes that the would
commit suicide if not! permitted to become
an actress. Violent: scenes heneeforth
repeatedly took plaee.
The Baron was inflexible, and his stage-
struck wife finally promised not to annoy
ft .i o .1 s t
mm any inriner. oecreuy nowever, sue
conceived the idea of gratifying her irre
sistible whim, even if it should lead to a
seperation from her husband. She wrote
to Herr Baurenfeld, manager of the Ger
man theatre at Strasbiirg, a letter, in which
she asked his advice as to her project of
roing on the stage. She sent him her
photograpn, and intormed him also that she
had expensive jewelry and fine dresses
enough to appear in good style upon the
stage. B-iurenfeld wfote ber a very sen
Madame, jewelry and fine dresses do
not make an actress. Is order to become
one you must have talut and preservance,
without which even a: lady of your fine
appearance would inevitable fail. If you
will come to btrasbunr. and allow mo to
examine your qualifications for the stage
I may eive you more encouragement : but
understand that the "boards" ate treacher
ous. Nine out of lenl who hare tried it
hare found them tod slippery. Ajtdt
this letter tell accidentally into tue
hands of the old B.irou, and caused hiui
to Hy mto a terrible r.ige. He hastened
to his wife, and with trembling hand held
the missive that was to prove fatal to bolt
shall have ber half ;
1 For she has helped to earn it. through
I many a weary day.
And it's nuthiu more than justice that
Betsy has her pay.
Give her the house and homestead ; a man
can thrive and roam.
But women skeery critters, unless they
have a home ;
And I have always determined, and never
failed o say,
That Betsy should never want a home if I
was taken away.
There is a Tittle hard eash, that's drawin
tol'rable pay ;
Couple of hundred dollars laid by for rainy
Safe in the hands of good men, and easy
to get at ;
Put in another eUuse, there, and give her
half of that.
Tea. I see you smile, sir, at my givln' her ao
Yes, divorces is cheap, sir but I take no stock
Te and fair I married her when she waa
blithe and young.
And Betsy was always good to me excepting
with her tongue.
Once, when I was young as you, and not so
For me she mittened a lawyer and several
Other chaps; . -And
all 'em was flustered and fairly taken
And I, for a time, was counted the .luckiest
(nan in- town.
M ' -
Once, when I had a fever I won't forget it
I we hot as a basted turkey, and crasy as a
Never an hour went by me when she was out
1 Shi nursed me true and tender, and stuck to
me day and night.
And if every a house waa tidy, and ever a
And I don't complain of Betsy, or anv of her
Except in' when we've quarreled, and told
eaeh other facts.
Sodraw upthe paper, lawyer; and I'll go
And read agreement to her, and see if it's all
fight ; ;
.Aad, then, in the mornin, P1I sell to a trad
j ng man I know,
Ai)d kwa-the child that waa left to ns, aod out
V in , the world TTlgo;
introduced with the Bourbons from France
in 1700. Don Carlos, Ferninand's broth
er, kept the kincdom in a ferment for
large crops from their fields, and have not
used a sufficient amount of manure to re
store the fertilizing principles thus taken
away. If we take more from the soil than
we restore to it in manure, the land be- several vcars, trying to have himself de-
comes poorer. The tendency of such farm-! clared King. In 1843 Isabella was crown
ing is to so reduce the fertility of the soil 1 ed Queen, j and maintained herself until
as to make farming precarious and unpro- j 1868, whfen she was driven from the
table. If we wish our county to occupy country by the revolutionaries under
a respectable position in the wheat grow- Prim. The elder Carlos "abdicated in
ine reg'on, we must improve our farms, , 1845
farm less laud, graze less, make more barn-
a w a
debarred, Uot terdinat.d s whKiw, Isabel- i o them uder her cyea. Wajchwom,
la's mother, had prepared the way for the ' j,e crie(j whal j,aVe yoi w, jll(M1 this man?'
accession ot her child by Uavmg the Bal.c The laroneiS greatly frightend, and
law abolished. 11 -r excuse was that by lried to pacify tjic olj xu by lcUiIlg Lim
Spanish tradition the females were not ' lhal IUureofdd'a Utter was in answer to
t - , ucch one .i,e i.,d wr,iieU to Inm months ago
-Under this heal, an) Arkaasas correa
pondentof lhe New York World goes into
figures to sbowj;hat "negro supremacy
is a bag- boo, and he says that time will
soon correct the preponderance of negro
voters in South Carolina, MUslislpijA aod
Louisiana. The figures nf the correspon
dent are interesting.: iVora 1600 t'1550
the average increase of the ito fppuls
tion each decade was 27 per ceat. ; io
Xbe first three decades of the century the
average increase of the free eollored'popa
latioa was 34 per ecot. Ur escli ten years,
but mach of this could jbo aecooeUd for
by the laws in several j States providing
gradual emancipation, tin the Us V three
decades, ending iu ISC 3. the averftCe in
crease of the free eolortfl was only 3G per
cent., and a part of this waa due to yman-
ipation, so that about II per cant, ei one-
half the rale of the slave increase.. might I
te fairly set down as the rate for ta free !
colored in each decade. I I 1
From 1800 to 1860 that wbhe popula
tion increasing each decade 37 peri sent.,
much of which was dnei to immirratioa.
rom 1860 to 1870 the increase was 23
per cent., though the first five yearf were
spent in a war which for5 the time beinr.
checked the tide of immirration. only to
be renewed in rreater volnme when tha
war ceased ; so we mar safely calculate
that in the next ten years the average rata
ill be attained or surpassed.
Bat to return to the negroes, the census
shows that in I860 there were 3,053.760
slaves and the averare rate of increase
ad been, as before slated, for each d spade.
28J per cent. These negroes remained in
practical slavery for five Tears, and St the
regular rate of increase there should have
been in 18G5, when they obtained free-
doom, 4,507,2S6 slaves, who, by the
colli ptc of tbo Confederate, bcCeHH6 frt.
VT I i ine,A . t . s) a
i oe censns oi idu giycs tne total col
ored population as 4,8S0tD00 ; dedricting
from this gross amount the number of free
negroes of 1860 and and their average
increase of 15 per cent; a total of 563,
275, and we have a balance of 4.21C.739
as the number of free negroes existing in
1870 who were the slaves or the descen
dants of the slaves freed 1 in 1865. TLis
shows an actual decrease in five yetrs of
over 290,000, or about 7 per ceoL iq that
snort period, inousaads ot negroes who
were raised upon farms iand plantations
have crowded into the towns and ei'.iee.
where they earn a precarious liviag, aod
die like sheep with the murrain.
In Louisiana in I860 there were 19.-
647 free colored and 350.373. slaves, a
total of 369,020. In 1870 there were
only 364,910 negroes in the Slate, Inot-
withstandine the well-known fact! that
large uumbers of negroes from other Slates
had removed to the rich alluvial lands ol
that State, and that the increase the pre
vious ten years had been! nearly 00,000.
Mississippi bad 438,000 in 1860 aod Si 44,
000 in 1870, an increase !of only 6,0o0 ;
while from 1850 to 1SG0 the increase was
127,000. South Carolina had in 18GO
422,090 slaves and free, and in 1870 only
Baron now demanded the key of her writ
ing desk, which he bid not obtain until
resorting to personal viplence.
In the desk he found another letter
almost completed, by the Baroness, and
, addressed to the manager of the Stutt
: gart Theatre. His rsge now knew no
: longer any bounds.- Almost foaming at
the month, he rushed to bis bedroom and
In England, the farms have been limed
in the past thirty years three or four or J
five times. In Lancaster and Frankliu
counties, Pennsylvania, many farmers
have limed their farms, some of them more
than once. The effect of lime continues
from ten to twenty years. The great
agricultural ehemiat, Baron Liebig, says
845, an was "succeeded" by his son ' Bno-dlv .nneared befori his terrified wife
Carlos II 1 ins man made several I at- j wilh a o4led reToUer in hi. i,and. Sbe
tempts to Invade Spain, and m 1861 died. M1 hef kneef 4nd in a hcart-rend-
leaving hts younger brother Don Juan to' inv- iraDiored him not U kill her.
assert the claims of the hoiise. This '
crownless prince was a "good, easy, good-for-nothing
sort of fellow," who was too
much of a' sybarite to raise a disturbance.
At the oXpulsion of Isabella to '68 he
"abdicated" in favor of hs son, Don
Carlos 1 1 1. This third Carlos and fourth
a soil may contain all the elements of preleoder was born in 1849. Ue is said
fertility, but chemically they may be inert; to be a thorough Bourbon, with nxed j the Qoor and s
they exert no chemical influence over riews as to the ''diviue rights" of his j)aronfPi 4y c
But the application of lime
originates a series of chemical influences,
which will, in turu, revolutionize the con
dition of the soil.' We all know the effect
of yeast. A little leaven leavnneth the
whole lamp.' 1 have limed three or four
fields. I am sorry I did not lime alt the
farm years ago. 1 think lime strengthens
the soil that all manures are better on
Clover is a valuable fertiliser; its long,
deep roots penetrate far down into the
subdoiL. But grazing clover too soon and
too close, d warts its growth, and in this
way clover may be awed without impart
ing strength to the soil. One full grown
erop of clover ought to be left on the field,
if we wish to realise the full beuefit of
clover as a fertiliser.
The man are bank is the farmer's best
friend. No time, no care, no labor ought
to be spared in making manure in the
barn-yard. Straw, fodder, litter, sod,
everything ought to be placed in the barn
yard or in the hog-pen yard, where there
are separate yards. Vegetable matter
ought to be animal ixed in the barn-yard.
Wet straw, litter, &c, is not the best of
Licbig says 'where there is no phos
phoric acid in soils, wecaonotmako wheat;
The Kansas Faniale Fiend Traced to
Utah and Arressted
The alleged murders by the Bender
family in Kansas, and especially that of
Dr. York, a brother of the Kansas State
Senator York, will be remembered as well
as the mysterious escape of the entire family
from the utmost vigilance of the dectec
lives. A dispatch from Salt Lake City
to the New York World says :
"The Sheriff of Utah c nnly - has just
discovered a bag near Provo who fully
answers to the description of Katie Bender.
She has the appearance as of person who
had associated rather with wild animals
tban human beings, and for years instead
of months. Her sufferings mast have
been sueb as none but the toughest kind
of constitution could end are. She is uu
known to the people of Provo, to which
towo he came from the mountains in
search of food The Sheriff arrested her
as Katie Bender. She claimed, in reply
to questions, to be from Montana, and that
she is a Roman Catholic, who has adopt
ed the privations of savage life as the best
means of expiating her sins."
'Yes," ha cried, "you have disgraced my
honorable name you 'shall die and I
will not survive the disgrace, either."
He then fired three shot into his wife's
breast, and then blew out his brains.
When the servants, hearing the report
of a pistol, rushed into the room, they
lonnd their old master stretched on
stone dead. The young
ay close to -him in a pool nt
blood. The feeble moans which uttered
showed that she was not yet dead. Medi
cal aid was promptly summoned, bnt it
was at once ascertained by the docler that
recovery was out of the question. She
lingered five days in the greatest agony,
and then died. Her remains and those
of her husband were buried on the 19th
of May in one coffin at the cemetery at
A DRUNKARD'S WARNING.
A young man entered the bar-room of
a villnge tavern, and called for a drink.
"No," said the landlord, J "you hav too
much already. You have had delirium
tremens once and 1 cannot sell you, any
more He stepped asidcjlo make room
for n couple ot young men who had just
eutered, and the landlord waited Upon
them very oliiely. The bluer had Stood
by silent and sullen, and Jwhen they had
finished he walked opto I he landlord, and
thus addressed him : "Six years arp, at
their age, I stood where these youn-gimen
now are; 1 was a man witu lair prospects.
Now, at the are of twenty -eight, I am a
wreck, body and mind. You led nte to
drink. In this room I farmed the habit
that has been my ruin. Now sell me a
few glasses more, and j oqr work will be
donn ! I shall soon be out of the Way ;
there is no hope for me. But they can be
saved ; they may be men again. Do not
sell it to them. Sell it tome and let me
die, and the world will be fid of me but
for Heaven's sake sell no more to them !"
The landlord listened, pale and trembling.
betting down bis decanter be exclaimed :
"God helping me, that is the last drop I
will ever sell to any one ! ' And hekept
A frightful and disgusting story is told
by the Colleton (S. Q ) Gazette, to the
effect that Governor Moses of th.at State
has men in his employ jirhose business it
is to inveigle young girls of respectability
into his apartments thatbe may use them
for his beastly purposes! An mstance is
furnished of where the Ueastly scoundrel
met a young girl ot nfteen, of extreme
beauty and of undoubted virtue. Ad
vances were made to her, but she repelled
them Determined to accomplish ni- par
poses, Moses bought the, girl from her io
human mother, and every day she wai
carnege in a close carriage to bis apart
ments. If half that is told be true, this
scoundrel should be driven from the State
with the scorn and - exseralein ofetery
The announcement was formally Suade
in Parliament Monday by her Majesty,
the Queen, of the betrothal f the young
sailor Prince, Alfred, Duke of Edinburg,
to tho Piineess Alexandra of Russia.
Alfred is said to be a "more manly youth
than his brother, of Wales; but be is also
said to be more profligate, and not as good
tempered. There is a dispoiition to) pity
the Princess, who is not as pretty as she
is interesting-looking, with her light hair
and long, oval, pensive face. For rea
sons of State the marriage Is a good boe ;
a strong link to bind the royal families of
Englsnd and Russia. Queen Victoria
and the King of Denmark are, iu 'fact,
either very lucky ortbe best match makers
in Europe. Though it mty not be Veer,
for some time, these bonds betwet-n Den
mark, England, Prusna, aad Risia,j will
have good effect in favor, of peace land
X .:tl t I
good-will among nations
B ingham Young wriuV to a friead in
San Diego that it is poib)e that during
the comiug winter aJier leaving planted
his colony iu Arizona, he; may continue
his trip through the Salt river country l.
Yuma, and then come on a Ltief visit l.
San Diego, with a view to eventualities iu
the Soul hern, Utah railroad. He regards
San Diego aa ike poibl Unjiaoj of
that road.. j j