I , r.''" :;v ,(7 q. ""
lne Carolina IVatcnman. I
- : 1 1 1 . 1 , . - . i .
I ... i 1 1 ssnnuaar-
; wrVT V rTTITTT CPinrtt
VOL. V.THIRD SERIES.
SALISBURY N. C MAY. 28 1874.
NO. 35. WHOLE NO.
". ; ' ht .- fjanwsm
pubIjIBhmd wkmly :
J. J. B R U N E R ,
Proprietor and Editor,
J. J. STEWART
4 f ,fcJW?
OKI bar, payable in advanee
Air Months, .
5 Copies to sny address.
Okk Ykar in advance . . J. A . ifco.OO
Six Months 3.00
Oks Month 14 " 50
ADfBlTISIa RATES :
Omc Square (1 inch) One insertion $100
.. two " 150
Rate for a greater nnmher of insertions,
moderate. Special aotice 25 per nk were
then reanUr adeerUrnente. Reeding notices
16 cents per line for each and every ineertion.
Ifll mmW wi
.mmmm. V I1JH mmimimm
THE FAVORITE HOME REMEDY.
This unrivalled Medicine is warranted not to
contain a single particle of Mkkcury, or any
njorioua mineral substance, but is
PURELY V3B T ABLE.
containing those Southern Roots and Herbs,
which on all-wise Providence has placed In
countries where Liver; Diseases most prevail,
it will cure all Diseases caused by Derangement
l the Liver and Bowls..
SlMoas' Liver Beg o la tor or Med I rue.
Is eminently a Family Medicine ; and by being
kept ready for immediate resort will save many
an hour of suffering and many a dollar in time
and doctors' bills.
After over Forty Years' trial it is still receiv
ing the most unqualified testimonials to its vir
tues from persons of the highest character and
responsibility. Eminent physicians commend
it as tiie most t
Tor Dyspepsia or Indigestion.
Armed with this ANTIDOTE, all climate and
changes of water and food mav be faced without
fear. As a Remedv in MA LA RIOTS FE
VERS, BOWEL, COMPLAINTS, RESTLE
KEKS, JAUNDICE, KEAV8EA.
- T -ww a sat TXT O EQTJAIj-
It it the rreepest. Purest and Best Family
Msdieiae in the Wor d !
O. Woodson Former Clerk
J. K. Burke D. 8.
O. W. At well
R. H. Cowan Lumber
W, A Walton Sliff.
J. K Burke D. S,
M. A.Smith "
J. Thomason J. P.
A. J. Mason Stationary for
office for four years
0. W. Atwell D.
T. C ran ford
J. K. Burke "
O. W. Atwall
W A Wltrn RhfF 91.00
B F Fraley Coroner
Moats Brown D
M A Smith 1 -
J A Boyden CSC
J K Burke D S
A J Mason CSC 9,39
J F Cowan Listing Tax and
Taking School Census 25,00
C C K rider Listing Tax 4 Judge of
J A Hawkins? Begt "and Judge
of Election 15,55
Jesae Powlis Luting Tax 10.00
R A Shimpock " and Registrar 12,85
C F Wagoner " 10,00
A L Hall " " Regt
Judge of Election 14,20
Phi Alexander 14,29
J C Barnhart " 18,31
J P Wiseman u 44 10,00
ThosEarnhart 44 44 10,00'
Thos C Watson Listing Tsx and
Levi Trexler 44 44 10,00
AWKlutts u 44 11,30
SAEarnhart 44 f 16,00
Nathan Brown Taxes and Census 15,00
J F Jamison 44 44 21,00
SMFurr 44 " 16,53
HCBost u - 44 -16,50
W F Watson 44- Regt A Judge
of Election 19,05
W M Kincaid '4 44 44 & Census 21,00
J A Rendleman Taxes & Census 15,00
Wilson Trott " Regt & Judge
of Election 6,00
DC Reed 44 44 11,20
J Thomason Judge of Elections 6,00
" M Listing Tax 10,00
PA Sloop b 44 i Reg
& Judge of Election i 19,05
John Sloop. M 44 10,00
D S Cowan 44 " 10,00
J F Cowan "f 44 & Census 15,00
J S Sloan 44
W Felker Judge of Election
J H A Ltppard
Five Hundred Thousand Years
Manufactured only by
J H ZBZIZZSr CO.,
Macon, Oa., and Philadelphia.
Sold by all Druggists,
The following list contains a true state
ment of all the Taxes levied and collected
for eoonty purposes daring the year ending
Janaary 31st, 1874. To wit :
J. A. Gill,
J. C. Snuge
J. Allen Brown
B. A. Knox y
J. R. Wedington
W.T. Plastef 4
J. A. J.-Sechler44
A len Rose
Jacob Trttslei' 44
Joseph Cook 44
O A.-Milter "
II. Klutts u
Thos. C. Watson
a ,u ii
W. H. Kester
C. H. McKinsee 44
Thos. Niblock "
J. B. Gibson "
Joseph Watson "
J. L. Graeber 44
T. W. Alison "
J. T. CuthereM "
R. H. Broadfield
C. F. Baker ! "
T. W. Hayns 44
Judge of Election 3 00
" 3 00
" " 3 00
H I U ,
J. P. Rimer, Judge of Election 4 50
Hie New York National condenses
from an England scientific periodical some
interesting speculations of Dr. Alfred
Knssel Wallace on the probable mtiqmty
of the human species. They may well
startle, it says, even those who vbave long
since came to the conclusion that 6,000
years carry us but a email way back to
the original home. In fact m Dr. Wal
lace a reckoning, 6,000 years are bnt a
day. He reviews tiie various attempts to
determine the antiquity of human remains
or work of art. and nods the bronze age
in Europe to haw been pretty accurate
If fixed at 3,000 or 4,000 years ago, the
stone age of the Swiss lake dwelling at
at 5,000 to 7,000 years, "and an indefinite
anterior period.'' The burnt brick found
feixty feet deep in the Nile alluvium, in
dicates an antiquity of 20,000 years ; an
other fragment at seventy-two feet gives
30,000 years. 44A human skeleton found
at the depth of sixteen fedt below four
hundred buried forest superposed upon
each other, has been calculated by Dr.
Dowler to have an antiquity of 40,000
years." Jut all these estimates pale be-
ore those which Kent's cavern at Tor
quary legitimates. Here the drip of the
stalagmite is the chief factor of our com
putations, giving us an upper floor which
divides the relics of the last two or three
thousand years from a deposit full of the
bones of extinct mammalia, aud glutton,
indicating an arctic climate.
Names cut in the stalagmite more than
200 years arc still legible ; in other words,
where the stalagmite is twelve feet
thick and the drip still very copious
not more than a hundredth of a foot has
been deposited with the space of two con
tunes a rate of five feet in 10,000 years
Below this, however, we have a thick,
o!der and more crvstaline (t. e., more
slowly formed) sialagamite. beneath
wLhcu again, ?in a solid breccia, very
different from the cave earth, undoubted
works of art have been found." Mr. Wal
lace assumes only 100,000 years for the
uuner floor, and about 250,000 for the
lower, and addb 150,000 for the immedi
ate cave earth, he arrives at the "sum
half a million years that probably elapsed
since human workmanships were buried
in the depth of Kent't cavern."
FRUIT AND HEALTH.
Dr. Hnnt said at a recent meeting of
the Warsaw Horticultural Society, that
an absenee of fruits implied doctors'
bills." We have urged for many years
the importance of a regular supply of ripe
fruit to prevent di-eate, and Insisted that
the best rnedicine-ckest which an emigra
ting family could carry to a newly settled
country would be a box of early-bearing
fruit trees, currants, gooseberry and rasp
berry boshes, and strawberry- plaJfts. We
knew a family who moved West, and
took with them a very laree supply of
dried fruit, which lasted them throughout
the first summer. None of them
tick, although disease prevailed all about
them that year; but the next year, with
more comforts and less privations, but
with no fruit, tbey suffered much from
sickness. Other Western residents have
told us that so loner as they could have
ripe fruit, they have - been free from al
disease resulting from malaria. Southern
Two Charming Widows.
The Macon TtUgrapk and Mestenoer
tells of two charming southwestern Geor
gia widows, as folbws:
"Mrs. Win. Harden, of Randolph
county, Georgia, who buried her husband
about a year since, and was left with a
helpless biood of young childien, superin
tending her farm in person, has rsssad an
abundance of corn and meat far Iter
family the present season, and now has
Whoa pStssai who do not otherwise
appear to be sick, suffer from con tinned
wakefulness, this is a ears sign of mental
eahaueiion. When any part of the body
is specially earned, th blood flows in
kits see id qsantHy to that part. So when
thswa it any stress laid on the brain, the
sareharred with blood, as
is shown by the flushinr of the face. If
one of the mott promising crops in that this condition is. long continued, the blood
county. She is young; and pretty, and raaeis lose power of contracting.
wohld prove a capital prise to some clever
I n -ii, . .a .
iwiiow proviuea se coma win nor.
The same lady has another widowed
Sister, Mrs. L , beautiful and winning in
person, who by the labor of her own un
aided fingers, has reared and well nigh
Then the brain remain t in an excited
state, even when the mind has no longer
any desire to work, sad it cannot take its
proper rest in sesp. In order to enjoy
refreshing sleep it is necessary that the
blood be not concentrated in the bead.
completed the education of three promiiing bQt defused equally through all parts of
cbildren. deferentially, and with the lo sssww. i ois ls-prooaoiy toe reason
profbundest admiration, we uncover in why the warm bath just before going to
the presence of those noble women, and neo is so eouaocure to a good night s re
commend their example to the daughters P013' 11 Mt however, the best way not
soil. The effect is ii Ii i nil mflth
that of the glimpses of a straatMM
world of shapes that toe neWw fUe
orbronsr, and yet snspmiisd frmtHwa
ter it unknown. It ia ussassd to a
been formed by the trasapsmsj tMwe
countless deer and bufUlo w W otmaaSw
qnenied a saltlick, which InadititsMpVs
once existed here, the earth- tlHswrSSkg
beaten down and enabled to "aoia
This explanation will not, home
count lor the great depth, aadjt
bte tnat the lake is doe to
ranean stream like "Lost rii
visiting it, said she tell as if
migut fall out."
And the Sheriff is credited witk overchar
ges, insolvents and persons not to be found
iu ihe County 180,08
And for commissions on 10055,58 at
Set apSrt for the tupport of the
The following Claims were audited by the
Board of Count y Commissioners:
P. A. Sifford, Com. 9 days
" j " "Milage 9.90
D. A.Davis 13 davs 26.00
E. Mauuey 6 " 12,00
G. M. Barnhardt Com, 19
J ,G. Fleming Com 11 days 22.00
J.I. Shaver Coin. 25 days 50.00
M. L. Holmes 26 52,00
A. J. Masou Superior Court
R. A. Shimpoek State Case
J. K. Burke Deputy Sheriff 1.30
J. H. Ueilig Com. 5,00
Jesse Powless J. P. State Case 1,10
S. J. Picket D. S.
S. R. Harris Shff.
J. J. Simins D. S.
J. C. 0. Graham Const,
Jason Hunt (.TC )
C, F. Wagoner Shff.
J. A. Hawkins J. P.
M. A. Smith D. S.
0. W. Atwell '
J C Miller Const.
W. F. Watsou J. P.
D. L. Bringle "
E. C. Leutxe
W. C. Brandon, Const.
J- K. Goodman D. 8
H. W. Coxort, Const.
J. C. Rankin
Phi. Alexander J. P.
Tilman Cranford D. S.
J. W. Bunn, Const
J- A. Boyden C. 8. C.
w. a. Watson, Shff.
John Williams D. 8.
J- B. Foard, Const,
J- W. Miller J. P.
Stokes Kriaer D. C.
J. P Wtassnaa J. V.
B. A. Knox Examine (School) 12,00
C F. Waaoner. Shff Jail
M It tt
W. C. Brandon
J. F. Iiodge
M. G. Morgan
J. P. Go wan Regestrar & Judge
of Election ' 44 44 29 75
C. F. Wagoner, Sheriff, Conveying
Prisoners to Raleigh dec 44 59 85
Moving Privey at Court House, 8 00
Takign down Plaster in 44 30
M. L. Holmes, Work on Jail " 79 45
Brown & Weant Court House 101 90
Earnhart A Co. work on Jail 7 50
E. Crowell M 14 " 2 20
H. Powles 1 Coffin u u 3 00
W A. Walton, Shff. Jail Fees 901 65
G. M. Barringer, for Boarding
pauper " " " 6 00
John Bringle Digging Grave 100
J. A Caldwell Medical Service 44 00
m it ii .i 3 oo
Sumraerrell & Gaithcr 44 65 00
C. F. Wagoner, Shff. paid for hand
and Leg Irons " " 11 00
Meronev Bra's for Lumber 3 15
and Dravage 44 44 14 00
HcMeely & Walton Blankets for
Jail 30 00
J. M. Knox for Blankets 14 7 25
J. A. Caldwell, Medical servise 6 50
M. S. Mdntyre Ceiling, & Sheet
ing Registers Room " 44 77 50
J. J. Bruner Printing H 10 50
W. N. R. Road Freight i 1 75
H. N. Woodson services as Clerk
of Board 125 00
Smithdeal Barnhart & Co Store act
for jail JD 17 00
J. K. Burke, Paid for Blankets
act. 7 85
Foster and Horah, Blankets Ac, 11 85
A. M. Woodson Blank Book 2 30
0. W. Johnson Building Bridge 15 00
ri. U. MUler : 125 50
M. L. Chunn " " ?5 00
O. W. Atwell " H 24 00
W. H. Hudson 44 H 12 00
W. A. Campbell " 24 00
J. S. E. Hart 4 O. W Atwell 25 00
J W Miller & M C Morgan Repairing
Bridge 3 00
John Feimster 44 2 00
Ramsom Jacob A D Peninger
Building Bridge " " 190 00
J Lyerly Repairing JJr idee " 69 00
K Uuionrtson " !
W H Kester 44
G Coon -
8 8 TroU
Cranford A Barger " M
Crawford A Heilig for Nails
Editoral life is not particularly conduc
tive to oratory. A fact'ity of writing,
however great, does not-always presup
pose an equal readiness of speech. Ready
as a writer may appear, there is always a
cettaih degree f deliberation, a minimum
amount of choice, iu the seleit on of w r i
or phrase, which is incompatible with the
off hand dish, which heedless of form,
reckless of praise or blame, plunges at
once into and through the suhject, und
comes out happy iu the tiiumphs of ita
Editors rarely make good slump speak
ers. Fewer still are happy on festal occa
sions. He who might dash off with a
moments notice, the most spirited descrp
tion or spicy paragraph, might stammer
like a very clown in the presence of an
audience. His thoughts, accustomed to
be weighed, find halting uttcrauce from
This rule had few exceptions in the
late editoral convention, and few made
reputations as speakers. There were
some notable exceptions. The President
of the Association Maj. Englehard was
always ready, self possessed, fluent and
To The Point.
The following from the Memphis Ap
peal cuts like a two-edged sword. We
have rarely seen more matter for reflec
tion compressed into so small a compass :
"T.he bondholders should beware.
Slavery was as thoroughly well guarded
by constitutional law and prescriptive
right as any property. When the war
ended slave property was extinct, and
nobody thinks of paying for the property
thus destroyed ? Yet these very exslave
holders are required to pay in full the
face-value of 1 ennessee State bonds bought
by the holders at forty and fifty cents.
Such waS the value of these bonds when
the war closed. The people here lost
half of their wealth, and then it war
thought that bondholders, like slavehold
ers, had necessarily lost fifty per cent, of
his wealth, and the bondholder, it was
inferred, should share the "rebel" luck.
But the "reb" prefers to p.iy the whole
debt. He asks no equitable scaling of
bondholders' demand, and it occurs to
us that the bondholder buying this rebel's
- a a i i
papar, with uepreciaw-a currency anu at
half the face value of these rebel bonds,
should be content to take paper currency
instead of gold from the poor "rebel"
when the latter proposes to pay in full to I
the last farthing, with interest on interest,
under the funding art. If, in addition to 1
thi?. these bondholders demand that the '
rebel must-pay in gold or its equivalent, it
occurs to us that the exaction is somewhat j
"steep." The rebel proposes to do quite
enough, aud the rich must yield something
to the poor. W e must have the volume
of currency aug iienLed."
1. See that those about yon are helped
before you commence eating yourself.
2. Do not eat soup from the Up, but
the side of the spoon.
3. On passing your plate to be replen
ished, retain the knife and fork.
4. Wipe the mouth before dunking.
5- Remove the teaspoou from the cop
betore drinking tea or coffee.
6. Use the khife only in cutting the
do not raise it to the mouth.
Eat slowly, rapid eating is unheal-
8. If yon find anything unpleasant in
yonr food, avoid calling the attention of
others to it.
9. Close tli" lips when chewing.
10. Keep your elbows off the table.
11. Do not speak witu food in yonr
12. When asked to help your neighbor
do not shove, but hand the plate to him.
13. Do not turn your head and stare
about the room.
14. If any one at the table makes a
mistake, take the least possible notice of
to allow the mind get excited near the
hour of rest, hot to let it run down grad
ually, lite i clock, in the evening.
1 here have been some wonderful eases
of sleeplessness, caused by undue mental
exerticn. Boerbaave, the Dutch philos
opher, tells ns that at one time he was so
absorbed in a particular study that he did
not close his eyes in sleep for six weeks.
This seems iucredihle. A Fiench eener-
al asserted that, for a whole year while
engaged in active warfare, he slept hot
one hour in twenty-four. These and
similar eases are probably exaggerated
We all know how often people are unwil
ling to admit that they have been asleep,
when they really had a sound nap. The
persons mentioned ould not have surviv
ed such prolonged wakefulness. An als
teudaut of the late emperor Napoleon,
whose nervous' system had become de
ranged, died simply from inability to
M fly p O tl
veruiins m a
agreeable. In the grave, the gay
graphic and the graceful, he was equally
felicitous. Our young friend Skinner of
the Henderson Register made his mark
as a budding orator of bright promise.
His voice is acceptionally fine his manlier
impressive, and the substance of his re
marks sensible, frequently eloquent. Capt.
Deuson of the State Agriculture Journal
has also a pleasai t manner and fine voice,
and most poetical and eloquent diction.
The handsome Duffy of the Greensboro
Patriot called out at Haw River,
next to Maj. Engelhard, is the most ex
perience speaker of the Association. He
is really a capital one. Dr. Pritchard,
trained in another school, had advantages
of the others. That however cannot de
tract from the merits of his speeches,
which were exceedingly graceful beautU
tut ana eloquent, and the 'gang was
prond to have him as its month piece.
Others we might name, but we will
spare their modest blushes in naming
them so opeuly.HiUsboro Recorder.
A. J . Masou Ceilin Rnm
r I T
Witness Tickets in State Cases 418 97
se 91 'gt
John C Miller care of pauper 5 00
m;L Holmes am t paid W A Lents for
Building Bridge 115 00
C F Wagoner 44 35 00
John A Boyden Stationery for use
of this office 30 00
M O Davis, damages done team
and Goods 6 00
M L HOLMES C B C
HORATIO WOODSON, aerit?1 3
The day was celebrated by many of
our citizens in the following maimer:
The Hook and Ladder Company went
pic-nicing, the Bankers and cotton men
ditto, the Hornet Steam Fire Company
had a banquet at 8 p. m., and the Medical
Convention were eutertained with refresh
ments at 10 p. m. Those who wanted
fun had- a good opportunity on the
It was not convenient for as to attend
either of the entertaiaments, bnt we ac
knowledge the complimentary invita-
The next 20th May (1875) is the one
hundredth anniversary of the Mecklenburg
Declaration of Independence. An im
mense number qf North Carolinians and
others are coming here on that occasion
to celebrate the day. Were it not for the
jealous (unbecoming) feeling entertained
towards Charlotte by those who really
ought to act and think otherwise and feel
prond that the place is growing to be a
great city, we might hope to get a small
appropriation from the public at largo to
help make the occasion a creditable one to
North Carolina. Alas! alas! her people
doth not consider. Charlotte Democrat.
The Heart Not Essential to Cir
laticn. As yon well know. Dr. Brown-Seqnard
tells us, the blood circulates from the arter
ies to the veins, and Prof. Draper, of New
York, lias perfectly well proved that the
chemical changes occurring in tissues must
he a cause of activity ot the circulation.
But there are many other facts besides those
he knew, which show that when we irritate
a nerve, if there is more bio d in the part
where that nerve goes, it is uot because that
nerve goes to blood vess Is. aud affects them
by dilating them, hut because of the direct
transformation of nerve force into chemical
force producing an attraction of blood. A
great man v facts iudeed show us that cir
culation will go on without an impulse from
the heart. In plants the circulation proceeds
from chemical changes without auy heart at
all, without auy power that pushes the li
Iu t'u-tal monsters in our own species
there are cases in which the mouster had
no heart, aud in which the communication
of its circulatory system with that of the al
most half child with which it was connected,
was too slight for the circulation to go ou if
we were to look upon the heart as the only
organ producing circulation. Besides, iu
in eiubroyos, in animals at a certain degree
of their devolpment form the ovum, circula
tion takes place while the heart is not yet
formed. And we may say that instead of
the heart being the only organ that serves
for circulation, that, on the soutrary, the
heart is formed by circulation. The circu
lation helps to give it a form of organisation,
and helps to give it a function when it has
accomplished its organization.
I lent; ago made an experiment with frogs.
consisting in making a section of the ven-! of a single
tncle of the heart, dtvidiug u so as to do
away with more than two-thirds of the
length of that part. After a time a clot is
formed there which unites the lips of the cut,
and the circulation -goes on with a part of
the ventricle, which is so small iudeed that
there is hardly an impulse coming from it.
There is a passage, however, for the blood
there, and that is all that is necessary,
that the great cause of "ei-culation, which is
attraction, may be accomplished in every
tissue through Hfe. Even in our own species
it has been my lot to see one case, that of a
lady, in which the heart was almost entirely
destroved by fatty deposition. The heart in
this case had very little actiou, if any, but
still life persisted for some time. In ap
pearance there was a state of health, until
suddenly one day death occured.
Thre is on record the ease of a man who
for three days had had no heating whatever of
the heart and who, nevertheless, had had a
circulation. He had had no pulse the beat
ing of the pa'so depending on the heart but
the blood Was circulating, and life was
maintained all the time. Therefoie, although
I woald not say certainly that the heart is a
useless organ, it is certainly by far less im
portant than it was considered to be, a great
deal of the work of circulation being due to
the attraction that tissues exert on the blood.
That attraction is increased by certain ner
ves, and thereby circulation is considerably
increased, sometimes, locally to a most
wonderful extent, by an irritation of the
nervous system. In eases of inflammation that
exists inside of the cranium, we find that the
carotid artery beats with tremendous vio
lence. Sometimes we find an enormons in
crease of pulsation in the arteries of the
temple. As we find in such cases that the
heart, as indicated by the pulse in the wrist,
is not beating with much more force than
i a - i . i
usual, we must conclude tnat tnere is con
siderable irritation and an inflammation in
aL. . i -t ,u,. v..:. - ,u 1 ! t
(Uf LUCIU ill IUB UlttlU Ol W1W pram ll- I
self. Salisbury, N
Nellie Graft's Husband. Iu the
case of the President's daughter nothing
can be more certain than that the young
lady rr.akes a considerable sacrifice of the
phantasmal things in which all snobs de
light by uniting her fortunes with those
of a gentleman who is not only untitled
but unconnected in any way with what is
technically known as the aristocracy of
11 itaiu. Mr. Srtoria is the grandson of
i t t a.. i a
a w e.iuny resident ot ceaux and pans
whose familv, we believe, was either of
Greek or lulisu origin. His father. Mr.
Edward Sartoris, was educated at Cam
i t i -ii a
nudge, anu mamea aoout '.hirty years
ago, Adelaide Kemble, the younger sister
of the famous actress, Miss runny Kem
ble. N. Y. World
L. C. napkins, the rroaf iff
merchant of Cincinnati, is going to
alter thirty years' business, rich
oreo. no spent TZZ,QUQ In a
for advertising in the
he had spent 0,000 for ad
1 . a
single year, ne mignt nave re
year earlier. Merchants she
A Peep at the Value of Cott&i
Factories to the 8outL
The New York Herald has the folic,
ing to say in regard to the profimM
or cotton lactones in the rjosjth-
article is true to the letter, and it I
doced with a heart v endoreetioa
'No branch of iudustry has prei
successful in the Southern Slates
the war as cotton faetories-
wbicb have within the past two or
years sprung up in Georgia, Al
other 8 la tear- Instead of shipping
iu -Dales to fumpe ana New Ei
importing the manufactured article at KM
prices, in several ef the States tsweeejfa
is manufactured within a few msles ef SsA
plantations, and thus the cost ef
sod importation is saving Is the
iug States. Oae company -the Gi
Cotton Company, near Augusta Gkmst
last year divided over twenty -two per aasjS.
on their capital between stock holders smJ
even more gratifying results have
achieved by other attempts, in the
direction. The Southern press.
these experiments, advocate the
oi cowon muis woerever water power
WHY A CHIDD LOVES SUGAR.
The craviug ot children for sweets is
well known to be one of the most imperi
ous of their appeiites. It has reference
probably to that ceaseless activity which
characterizes the age of childhood. It
may be that sugar performs in their sys
terns the part enacted by fatty substances
in the bodies ot adults. As it undergoes
oxidation is burned up circulating with
the blood it may be the source of the
power which enables them to keep iu mo
tion from morning to uigbt. Besides this
it is known that it renders easier and
more perfect the disgeslion of the albumi
nous food upon which their growth de
pends. In respect to these offices it is
therefore, nearly essential to their well-
being. And yet how strong, for genera
lions, has been the oteiudice aeainsf su-
, r 9
gar! Under what difficulties, and in the
face of what discouragements and protests,
have our children obtainad the luxury!
Can a Governor be Arrested !
Many books, contain the assertion that
a King can do no wrong, and in England
at least, for centuries the doctrine of King
iy infallibility, in a certain sense, has
been received as the undoubted law of
the land. But; it was commonly suppos
ed when the thirteen colonies were de
clared free and independent States, that 'he cotton producing region te a Ui nab k.
tbey at least had gotten rid of the old All the States are blessed' with standee
royal dogma, and that under the theory 1 water power, aud there is as reessa-mky
and prue ice of a democratic government, the nvers of tbe S ) nib ten rears be
the Chief Magistrate would be not the should net be dotted w4tk manufactor
master and sovereign, but the servant of I like the rivers of New England, and si
the people, and that instead of being above them spring op towns swarming with
the law, he before all olher citizens, would , est, industrieos operatives. New E
be under the lew.
Not so, however, at least in the Caro
lines. During the Holden Kirk Pear
son war in North Carolina in 1870, tbe
Governor of North Carolina with the sid
of the Chief J nstice, established a practi
cal supremacy over both law and consti
tution, the Chief Justice declaring in ef- eisely enact laws exempting the mills
feet that when process was issued from from taxation for a stated period. The
the courts, the power of the Judiciary was benefits sure to accrue would more than
exhausted, for the reason that there was compensate for the remission of taxes on
no means to compel tbe Governor to res- this kind of property." j
a a i,i
uas naa a monopoly ot the cotton mane-
lactate long enough, and the South, or at
least those States that bars escaped from'
carpet-bag rale, by festering oars can
successfully compete with her. At sft
extra inducement for capital to seek in
vestment South, the Legislatures might
pect it. It is true that the Governor was
for his conduct at that time wriven from
office in sbamq aud disgrace, and like fate
for the Cbif Justice was expected.
The next instance iu which tbe claim
that a Governor can do no wrong is made,
occurs iu our sister State south of us.
Governor Moses, of South Carolina, has
been indicted by a grand jury for the
erime of larceny, and, like bis bio her
Holden, contends that he is above the
process of the courts, and has ordered out
two companies of negro militia to protect
him from the , cluchcs of the Sheriff of
Orangeburg, who has the process for his
Verily the times are changed when the
Governor of South Carolina pleads that
by virtore of his office he can commit
larceny without being amenable to the
process of the criminal conits. The qnes
liou at once arises will Chief Jnstice Mo-
a T . v,. . ... At,, ..... ir..,. k
c iv j . .u . .u i. f sos, of the Supreme Court of South Caro
San Diego editor tays that at tbe risk of h- .Lit.. , .
being pronounced a falsifier by Eastern
Iina, be as complaisant to his son. Gov
Moses, in the matter of larceny as Chief
J ustice Pearson, of North Carolina, was
to Governor Ifolden in the matter of con-
Carolina need' fear, we regret to
pains and penalties of impeachment.
people, he will state a few facts illustra
ting the fertility of Southern California
He had seen a mass of wheat, the product
grain, on mbich he counted
one hundred and nineteen stalks. It was
taken from t lie. ground before being allow
ed to mature, otherwise each stalk would
have borne at least sixty grains, being a
yield of over seven thousand grains from
one. Two years ago a Mr. Kimball
planted some olive cuttings, which have I gsgeo ib writing hp tbe summer resorts
become thrifty trees, the height of a man. I of the States,: and smoog other articles
1 4atv .1 l i aal jW S . t m IS .
iK-es tinea an empty nngsneaa in a back l we ana ine roiiawiug ucsciiplion ot a
yard with honey, aud the alfalfa fed cows I beautiful lake embosomed on the top of a
yield milk enough to tulnil the scriptural I mountain
requirements of a promised laud.
Immigration - a Liberal Offer by
a South Carolinian. -
Mr. John Strotber, on tbe Siluda side
of Kdg field , has registered twelve hup.'
drcd acres of good land, with Oapt. Lewis
Jones, Commissioner of immigration for
Edgefield, to be given to immigrants fos j
ten years, without charge, sad at the end.
of that time, the immigrants to have the
privilege of baying the said land st a
reasonable price. 7 me Somtkrwm.
Some men would say at once that Mr.
Strother must be deranged ! But let us
look into tbe thing a little. He has
twelve hundred seres of land which he is. .
anable to sell or cultivate. TW prospetr
is that when he dies, be will leave his
widow and children in the sasse Cbucitiori ,j
with a large and nnwieldly farm on. their
bands. Thailand, if thrown on the mar
ket, might in its present condition bring
him $6,000. Bat be secures is families
by giving to each 50 acres ef land for tea 1
yoars. 1 bese families improve tunc
Neither father nor son in South ,aTf If?. eo.mfortle k0".
sav the an( 'killful cultivation. He tot only
' j has a neighborhood of whites, bet at the
end of ten years, be sells each man bis
farm at $10 per acre. He makes about
tnA . 1 .
A Beautiful Vinrinia Lake T.rcenk u" - w so
Ioi tue increaseu vaiuc or wnat ne naa sent -by
iu surroundings, and the pleasure of "
having honest white men ter BWignbovw.w
Is bo deranged ! Would that Narahse I
Carolina had some more sack. ttJj
We can only hope, by sense ouch plan k4v
to induce immigrants to oar swn Stste.
For so long as the present Stale debt
hangs over us, threatening as srieh bank-
-as .a a e
jo thecomas or lover of romantic
scenery, nothing in our State will so well
North Carolina Tobacco Associa
tion. Tbe North Carolina Tobacco
Association will hold its next annual
meeting in Greensboro, on Tuesday, the
9th day of June next. It is earnestly
hoped that before that time, in every
county in the State where tobacco is man- j called, Salt Ppnd. This object of nature gies are paralysed, iu public improve
ufactured, the manufacturers will get to- ! is situated on the summit of the Salt Pond menu crippled and sacrificed iu aaboiara
repay as a trip from Cbristiansburg (a ruptcy , we may send isimhuliii 1 1 1 to
meiiuu uu win utujis ami i ennessee is urone we mav esianiisn iineanai im
railroad) to the Salt Sulphur, Sweet migration, we may issue splendid sle scrip-
Springs, and Greenbrier White Sulphur lions of our soil, producU, elimaU. k :
stopping i or a uay or
Mountain Lake, or as
White Sulphur tions of our soil, producU, elimaU, A .
two en route aj but it will be to no effect. Use cap; list
it was formerly will not ro to a Stale where all its saa.
mounUtn, in Giles county.
It ts a lake of pure fresh water, about
mile and a half iu circuit and three
quarters of a mile loog, sunk in the moun-
uin at an elevation of four tliousand lice
and schools languishing.
locked up by the hand of
We have thousands oi
county, end hundreds
Slat n t i rfl V Ika nAr,r jl f. L..
y --j m wmm mmm
gether and pledge themselves to discoun
tenance blockading in tobacco and unite
in a petition to the Commissioner of Inter
nal Itevenue to exercise elemenev as to
all who are so unfortunate as to be In
it a ms I m m -as . . .. . . 1 - mm v
votveo in revenue aithcuitie, and to sp- nundreajeet ayoc the level of the sea, and labor, which, if occupide by the skillful
point delegatea to the Greensboro Couven- is ted by no visible stream. The lake is and close working thoosaasda. wke am
said to be enlarging instead of diminish- eontiuuallv enminv m M. ...... i -
ing sinee 1804, when it was first discor- homes, would in a law yeareloom is the-
ered. Since that time it has risen 275 richest harvests. vk
feet, snd no drought has ever affected it. If North Carolina would "anlond" her-
It is without fish, and though some were self of that sweat and nn;n.t Aw -
.nl kio..w. i:.. ;., . n . w..: I i . i : : i 3- i 1 . . m . - - - -
uu uiuvauiuS iumii uuimcsi i puu; u iu uivj uiTs aisappeareu. a- mignt hope to accomplish
mong iu mysterious attractions is tbe sin- the way ot progress and permanent im
gular fact that iu depth is unfathomable, provement. But not until then, Let the
A line 300 feet in length toached no hot- people elect and send men to the Irtrrr'i
a -5 L . no win adjaat this debt m
v mi bur w
Let us unite in trying to extricate our
unfortunates from their difficulties. Let
us get out of trouble and keep out of it.
We claim to be an honorable set of men.
for ns to be engaged in. It pays nobody
. . e. - as m mj
it geu us into trouble ana rains oar
I respect full ask all publishers of news
papers friendly to our association to pub
lish this notice. T. W. Keen,
President N. 0. T. A.
I hfl viaitnr Irvntr inc. Hnrn tmm I ho hAal I .... t . JVm T
- e " . i we can pay anyrnrng on it In
into too water sees at some points urge it be dona, If we cannot lot as have a Lc
trees, long since overwhelmed a wiecd, ialaUre who will say sa. Procrastinat h
wrw y rwiou iu iui onginai j in this matter, ts ruin At