i . -re
VOL. V.THIRD SERIES
SALISBURY N. C.J AUGUST, 6. 1874.
NO. 42.WHOLE XO. 1931
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PUBLISHED WKEKLY .
j, J. BRUNEB,
Proprietor and Editoi .
J. J, STEWART
gATEN OF SI BCHIFTION
on pylu a-- "iTiji
jX 0nD' in ft
I Copiw to any "Wress 1U.U
Oxb Ykak in advauce. - -gixM6lrTHS"
O flqtlAU (1 inch) Oneinaertion iw
iJL tor a greater number of insertion.
KSjr bpScUl notice. 25 per cent, more
!larWrli-menU. Reading notice
But just in the doing, and doing
Aa we would ne aone oy, m all.
Through envy, through malice, through hat
Against the word early and late,
No jot of our courage abating
Oar part is to work and to wait,
And slight is the sting of hia trouble
Whose winnings are leas than hia worth,
For he who is honest is noble,
Whatever his fortune or birth.
A pernicious though not an natural idea
which has sprung up in the church it that
its normal state is that of rest, of quiet, of
self satisfied peace. 1 remember having
bad a conversation with a devotee in the
Romish Church who laid great stress
npon the fact that she never found rest
till she entered anon a life of isolated
holiness. 1 bat was a strong argument
against Iter religion. Excitement, not
rest, is the normal state of the ehurch, and
essential to her progress. God does not
educate or save the race by rest. Out of
the clash and surgings of the nations hu
man progress is evoked. 1 here is a rest
but it is the test of stagnation. The
brook is purest and brightest where it
murmurs over pebbles and breaks in wa
terfalls over rocks at once giving and
receiving life. Follow it down to the
meadow where it collects in pools and
there, beneath its glossy surface, you find
dead insects and loathsome black mud,
treat in ng the dreaded miasma, so 1 re
cognize in the restful form of the church
tnatwnicu breeds schismatic heresy or
hierarchical domination. And I hold that
the social agitatiens and historic crises
are God's winnowers, separating, like his
judgments, the chaff from the wheat.
black clouds came up from opposite points A Card.
of the compass, one to the southwest and I have just seen a poHUeal circular.
one to the northeast. They rose slowly, issued bv Col. W. F. Henderson, in which
like two awful demons. Their edsres there is a letter from myself and others.
were ragged and black, flecked here and 1 that lhe publication of that tetter that
there with fiery colors. A dozen little DO explanation that I can give will fujly er-
promontoriea jotted out here and there, ner?te me w,ron ,n "tTjn4 8ind
like the heads icf hydra upon each, cbang- Pe simply to givethe tacts.
,, i j J While Col. Henderson was Assessor of
mg shape and appearance every moment, Interliai ReTenae T WM a manufacturer of
aasumtug the appearance of bird, or beast, tobacco, and I was new, in aa oflicial capa-
or monster ; occasionally extending far city treated by him unkindly. During the
up across the intervening space, as though time I had a revenue difficulty in South
to recoonoiter the enemy, and then again Carolina he manifested every disposition to
receding. But all this time the two great aid me ia etti nS cat of it. When his office
giants, swathed in inky blackness and abolial he asked me to sign a recom-
almost without outline, slowly approached to P "uoa Qow-
0 i , , - t'"w",v ernmeot, stating that the Department kuew
each other. Suddenly a noise between a how he had di8?hj4rgei with the
roar and a growl burst from each. There Government, but he wished to satisfy them
was no distinct detonation, like ordinary that he had done it aeeeptabU with the
utuouer, out a tow, ternoie ana continue 1 people. eeitng that 1 could coasoientipos
ous rumbling growl, causing the air to My sign such a recommendation, and thai It
vibrate aud the very foundations of the wou,a on'y ue usea at tbe Department to
earth to shake as thoueh a terrible aue aid him in g"in office that would eith-
: j .t r . i i . I er be oven to him or some other Reoublican
uau onscu uuou me everiasung inns. I T j -.u j- Tl. j
. . . . . . - . ... o ! I T MrneA it without reaHnur it. In thus dnr.
jx innge or nre use the aurora Dore : t t T i ij
alls began to ran along the ragged edges, not have BiKned it had I read it. I wonld
taint at farst, but growiugm intensity every to-dav cert if v ' that I thouirht he dis
moment, until it looked as though the two chared the duties of his office acceptably to
demons had put on an armor of fire. On the people. Aud I would farther state that
they came, nearer and nearer, when sud- ,f ne even engaged in any scheme or eoiius
denly a mighty bolt of blinding light ion to dfraud th Government I did not
leaped from the central head of the demon Jno it, and had no reason to believe that
of the northeast, burned high up to the Lharaeter and his worthiness to fill nv of.
eny, and then fairly struck the opposing Uce that he iniKht apk of the G.ivemineut, I
demon. A. moment and a deieating crash inli not ami would umlnrM. f.r T would
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containing those Southern Roots aud Herbs,
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After over Forty Years' trial it is still receiv
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tu from persons of the highest character and
responsibility. Eminent physicians commend
it aa the most
EFFECT UR AL SPECIFIC
ror Dyspepsia or Indigestion.
Armed with this ANTIDOTE, all climates and
changes of water and fHd may be faced without 8ea8on whereas now wives dance
m ii a r f t i i i i v i, i, r
war. as a nemenv in iiiijivivjci w
W5R3, BUWKL, COMPLAINTS, RESTLE
NE88, JAUNDICE, NEAUSEA.
T TFT V WO EQUAU
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Price. $1.00. Sold by.all Druggists.
day School, and one gospel sermon every San-
day. Minuter of any denomination, except
Roman Catholic, are invited to preach in col
lege chapel.) Ever thing is conducted without
respect to denominations or creed, as far
unite with the Governor in
fh inH ! v!ilii I an ii Ii I 1 1
free and mil oardon " - ol tnc greatest disaster. Tae-work of de
-w- - . ! a .
LAbtle and a hundred or so of hia follower awucuon commencea at a point about iw
b with the Governor in a request to the a per portion of the cily is situated, has.
dent of the United State to extend to .ccordinir lo .H rtm. . KUM t Jl
individual so marching and so actinc a ae5lne lo fccoump, scene
the Protestant churches are concerned. The embraced tbeae conditions; and more than half miles north of the CCUtrd portion of Alle
aim la . . n A rmi t- i . t -.11 !. U - - - I I l . I r. M . - n . i . .
ins. mimucr canie om w prison 10 enrol i mem- ghanv city r
selves in Jackson's army, and their services 6 Rnlrh ''. tnn ..lili ..
and conduct received tbi highest praise. u , J k V 7 ) - T11
An official account of the battle saya: "Thas probal iy between four and five doudred
early on thelmorning of Jan. 8, 1615, a rocket ect w id. , and at the poipt M hi re the work
sent up by the British forces announced that of destruction commenced k IS not mote
ine action was about to begin. The Aasencaaa than one hundred and fift
g''iaJTg. .W. Between Nonh arenuvj
CAicuucu uuiu hit; ictct IU uic WUWU HCk Ol I . . . . . -
UodrimiM nlMUlJon. and atmnt S n'rlork in P0"" nUmerooS ruVtiifJ emnff ?W
the morning the cannon of the British forces r Run valley. Along ibis run
uui is, uiinuuciniiaw an in ine principles es
sential to salvation, and let them join whatever
christain cJiurch they may choose. Ro theo
logical controversies arc tolerated which in
There are three Literary Societies connected
with the institution, none of which are allowed
to discuss a political question.
In short, Rutherford College is second to
none, wjuch a young man can attend, and re
ceive claical instruction during fire months,
for the sum of $70. were brouchtto bear upon it, but without
Excelsior and the surrounding vicinity, are General Carroll, with his flat-boat drilled Tea
as much noted for morality as for healthfulness. beaseeans, went to work like men accustomed
No one need entertain the absurd idea, that be- I to such scene. General Co flee had a po.it ion
canse it is situated in the mountain region, its with the troops under him near the woods, and
inhabitants are savage, knowing nothing about Very successful ia repelling the attacks of the
social and menial culture. enemy, ana W foluuiesrs oi lrWsn tmSfr
Favorable inducements are offered to any Major Pluche covered themselves wifi
who may desire to purchase and ' improve lots. I glory. Lafitte and his followers had command
Several new dwelling houses are now being 1 of two guns near the edge of the river, and the
precision and coolness of his every movement
won for him the approbation of aiL"
Thirty days after the battle the President is
sued his proclamation of amnesty, in which be
y icct ide.
. - .
"ROCK OF AGES'
Seldom have we read a sweeter illustration
of the thoughtless aud the experimental way
of singing the precious hymn thau that
which is embodied in the following annoy
uious versus, which we take from an ex
''Bock of ages, cleft for me,'
Thoughtless the maiden sung ;
Fell the words - unconciously
From the girlish tongue ; i
Bang as little children sing ;
Sang as sing the birds in June ;
Fail the words like light leaves down
On the current of the tune
"Rock of Ages, cleft for me,
Let me hide myself in Thee."
"Let me hide myself in Thee."
Felt her bouI no need to hide,
Sweet the song as song can be
And she had no thought beside,
All the words unheedingly
Fell from lips untouched by care,
Dreaming not they each might be
On some other lids a prayer '
"Rock of ages, cleft for me,
Let me hide mxsclf in Thee."
"Rock of Ages, cleft forme."
'Twas a woman sung them now,
Wan hand on her arching brow,
Bom the song as storm-tossed bird
Beats with weary wing the air,
Every note with sorrow stirred
Every syllable a prayer
"Rock of Ages, cleft for me.
Let me hide myself inThee."
"Rock of Ages, cleft for me,"
Sung about a coffin-lid ;
Underneath, all ret si fully,
All life's joys and sorrows hid
N eve i more, O storm 'tamed soul !
Nevermore from wind or tide,
Wilt thou need to hide.
Could the sightless, sunken eyes,
Cloicd beneath the soft gray hair ;
C x Id the mute and stiffened lips.
Still, are, still the words would be,
"Lt mc hide myself in Thee."
Old Maids. There was a time wheti
a i a a a a
"old maias were looked upon witn an
eye ot pity, it not contempt, and it was
thought that niarriatre alone cave women
any claim to consideration. Of late years (
however, there has been a change of opin
ion in this respect, and unmarried women
not only rank as high in general estima
tion as their married sisters, but bid fair
soon to surpass them. Nor is this to be
wondered at. A very few years ago it
was a rare sight to see a married woman
dancing at any ball given in the London
greater pertinacity than their sisters or
daughters and balls are even given ex
pressly for married women. The char
acter of the British matron has, in fact,
completely changed ; instead of being ;
grave and decorous, she has become a
hopping, skippiug creature, delighting
every one by her graec and activity, but
a a a a a
well as physical, what, sue gams in en
joyment. In the meantime the spintcr
is rapidly rising scorning flirtation, she
leaves vain pursuits to the wife and moth
er. The Emperor of China has set a
good example in the encourgement of
spinters. According to a Shanghai jour
nal he has just decreed that special hon
ors be paid to two old maids, one of whom
lately died alter a life of devotion to the
memory of her betrothed, while the other,
who is still living, declined in her youth
ful days to make a most tempting match,
on the ground that she could not leave
her home. Some few old ladies in Eng
land have an equal claim to recognition
of their merits, and it would both elevate
and appease them if they were in like
mauner rewarded. Pall-Mall Gazette.
divided the hoi atmosphere and made the
earth tremble palpably. But the demon of
the southwest was not even stunned, but
paid back his assailant with a forked jave
lin of sulphurous flame.
" This was the opening of the grand
battle. The long lines of flames that en
veloped the combatants ceased to dance
and flicker, and like the borealis gathered
into tongues of silver aud blue fire, leaped
forward simultaneously from both direc
tions, until tho rapidly narrowing space
between them seemed to be an ocean of
fire. The demon clouds met directly over
thu city, and seemed to rock tne earth to
its uttermost foundations. For a few
not in that respect be his accuser or his de
fender. I will only add that Col. Henderson,
knowing, as he does, the circumstances un
der which that letter was given, and the
purposes for which it was intended to be
used, not only does me, but the other geu
tleinen who signed it, great injustice in pub
lishing it in a political circular, aud nearly
every one of them so express themselves,
and some go so far as to say that it is not
what they signed.
T. W. KEEN.
Salisbury, N. C. July 23, 1874.
The following additional cards show
the imposition Henderson has practiced
on the signers ot that certificate. A ma
built Others will be built shortly. Mc
Connelly A Co., have moved their steam saw
mill on the incorporation land. The first lum
ber they saw will be used in erecting a new
college building ft. 100 X ft. 70, three stories
We write that which, by observation, we
know to be true.
C. W. CARRIHER.
LAFITTE, THE PIRATE.
An Interesting Chapter in American
History '11 Fate of the Pirate
The following interesting sketch is by "Law
rence Leslie," in ihe Chicago Inter-Ocean.
From the days of Morgan, the King of the
Buccaneers, to their final destruction by the
navy of the United States, hardly fifty years
ago, tne uiriooean ?ea and tne surrounding
waters was the principal theater npon which
the pirates pursued theit vocation. At one
time it fairly swarmed with rakish crafts, man
ned by desperate outlaws, and flying the somber
flag, borne only for booty and blood. These
vessels scoured the bays, the inlets, and the
open sea, and very nearly swept all legitimate
commerce from that quarter of the ocean. For
a time they had almost undisputed possession
of these watery highways ; but in the latter
part of the eighteenth century they sensibly de
clined, and with the execution of Oib'bs at
New York, some forty years ago, and the dia-
were built directly over thcMSural water
course, culverts b-.ag made and used
in part as foundation fur tho dw.ll..
Ihe line of destruction followed tho
h-Hrnff btft mfft appre
hension was entertained, but those who
live near the head M the valleystate that
suddenly it seemed as if tWAHO
"Among the evils produced by the wars " " w "
which, with little intermission, have afflicted and the water came down as If dllllarged
Europe and extended their ravages into other (roin immense nitx. The -volume was
immense number of bnuscf jJCt were
on the line of the culvcrla, ,Vi'nen
rain commenced raHfntr hur WPR ap
parts of the globe, for a period exceeding twen
ty years, the dispersion of a considerable por
tion of the inhabitants of different countries,
in sorrow and want, has not been the least inju
rious to human happiness nor the least severe
in the trials of human, virtue. It had been long
ascertained that many foreigners, flying from
the dangers of their own homes, and that some
of our own citizens, forgetful of their duty, have
Co-operated in forming an establishment on
the island of Barataria, near the mouth of the
Missisappi, for the purpose of clandestine and
lawless trade." The president then goes on to
recite the heroic conduct of the outlaws at JNew
Orleans, and closes with a grant of full amnes
ty for all past oflencea.
Soon, srter, the pirate chief visited Washing
ton, and was received with much distinction
by the President and other officials. For a
time he seemed to enjoy the flatteries of govern
ment officials, but eventually grew restless
went to Baltimore, purchased a vessel Jcal led tor
a volunteer crew, obtained a commission from
so great that the valley was filled with a
raging torrent Frame dweJHtgt, stables
and slaughter-houses gave way ; fikc pipe
stems, and the debris from the wrecks was
swept down along the line of the plank
road, the weight being augmutited every
In the district lying west of Chestnut
street and north of the line parallel with
North avenue, the waters rose To a height
of at least twenty feet. In some places
the occupants of dwellings were ucab.e
to escape in lime to save their lives
In many places the force of the water
STRUCTURES INTO STLl.N XCl -
After taking away a large numUs of
lencos and nuthouses. Hie uohhI struck a
minutes previous a few heavy drops of ;orily Df the gentlemen, whose names are Peion of Lafitte's band, American piracy be-
rain had been pattering down, but when
the two giauts met in tbeir death embrace
it seemed as though a river had been un
chained in the heavens, and was falling
bodily to the earth below. For half an
hour it did not rain. There was no dis
tinguishible drops as the term is generals
ly understood. It was the descent of a
torrent, like a river leaping over a preci
pice. In three minutes after the terrible
waterspout had burst more than one bun-
a a a t
dreu human beings were swept away.
Down Madison avenue, Alleghany, came
the flood in its most awtul destructiveuess,
sweeping away more than fifty dwelling
houses, and causing the death of seventy
persons in that immediate vicinity. At
Wood's run, ou the Ohio, fifteen were
swallowed up in the twinkling of an eye,
and at Saw-mill run, on the south bauk of
the Monongahela, twenty -five more were
suddenly eugulied. The three rivers have
been full of the dead all day, while the
waterways leading thereto have yielded
up a harvest that sickens coroners and
According to South Carolina papers the
colonization of South Carolina by the for
eign elements continues. JJurmg the
year the State Immigration Society has
settled several hundred families, and on of which is printed in
- - a i a a n h -.!
Friday last another colony of forty En-! newspaper,
glish, Scotch and Germans arrived in the reported S
Our Duty Towads the South.
New York Herald.
The President seems to have had what
the Scriptures call the "sense of quicken
iug" in reference to South Carolina. We
could not believe that the manifold ins
famies heaped upon that State as "gov
ernment" could altogether be overlooked.
We find now that J udge Mackcy has had
an interview with the President, a report
a South Carolina
appended to that certificate, denounce it
as au imposition.
Salisbury, N. C
July 28th 1874.
Dr. T. W. Keen :
Dear Sir :
I did not sign the W. F.
Henderson recomnieudatiou that I see in his
circular scattered over the State. Col. H.
presented it to me, but it was stronger than
I could sigu aud positively refused so to
I however gaae him my own certificate ss
regards the busiuess I had with him ; noth
W. H. CRAWFORD.
Salisbury, N. C, July 28. 1874.
Col. W. F. Henderson read his letter of
recommendation, or a part of it, to me and
stated his object. I did not understand it as
T. J. HERON EY.
Neither did I A. M. SULLIVAN.
I simply understood it as endorsing his
conduct while here, aud as an assessor. Did
not read it carefully,
At Col. W. F. Henderson's solicatation I
signed a letter of recommendation, without
reading it. supposing, as he stated to me,
that it was an endorsement of the manner
in which he had conducted hiinse'f as au
assessor of this district, and nothing more.
A. J. MOCK.
For the Watchman.
In the conversation as here
reported senator Robertson, having te-
State. The colonists are mechanics and f erred to the course J udge Mackey has
agriculturalists and enter the State with ; lately pursued in bringing criminals to
ample means to begin life. Other large ' justice, General Grant turned sharply to
parties are now being collected in England the latter and asked, "Why don't you
and Scotland, to follow these aud from convict Moses ?" The Judge replied
present appearances, there will be a large that he had not had an opportunity of
luimigiatiuu oi vaiuaoie peopie 10 ooutu , having the robber licvernor brought to
Carolina in a yery short time.
BY ALICE GARY.
True worth is being, not seeming,
In doing each day that goes by
Some little good not in the dreaming
Of great tilings to do by and by,
For whatever men ssy in kindness,
Aud spite of the fancies of youth,
There's nothing so kingly as kindness,
And nothing so royal as truth.
We get back our mete as we measure.
We cannot do wrong and feel right,
Nor can we give pain and get pleasure,
For justice avenges each slight,
The ajr for the wing of the sparrow,
The bush for the. robin and wren,
But always the path that is narrow
And straight for the children of men.
'lis not in the pages of story
The heart of its ills to beguile,
Though he who makes courtship to glory
Cites all that he hath for her smile,
For when from the heights he has woo-her,
Alas 1 it i only to prove
That nothing's so sacred as honor,
And nothing's so royal as love.
We cannot make bargios for blisses.
Nor catch them, like fishes in nets;
And sometimes the thing our life misses 1
Hslpa more than the thing which it gets
or good lieth not in pursuing,
Nor gaining of great ox small,
Iowa Clamors for ?tatb Rights
Recently, at Des Moines, the Anti-Mono
polist party declare ! that the ''right of
justice. The President then remarked
that he bad heard that a judge had
maintained that Moses could not be tried
before impeachment, and denounced this
proposition that a President or a Gover
nor is above the law as monstrous. Ue
seemed much anuoyed at the condition
each Mate to order and control its own
domestic institutions according to its own , of affair in South Carolina, and reproached
judgment, exclusively," is indispensable ; Judge Mackey, for the reason that "every
(A til-, am. it4 nfllintnlaa n i 17.. w. rl 1 1. 1 DnnnkliMn" ia n a . r t r. I -1 f 1 ..til .
then proceed to "denounce as criminal j existing there, tie emphatically declar-
the excess of constitutional power exhibi
ted by the policy of President Grant's
administration, in fostering enormities
perpetuated iu certain States of the Union,
iu a: bitrarily interfering with their local
ed that there must be a true reform this
fall or the Republican party would at
once repudiate the so-called Republicans
of South Carolina. He also denounced
the conduct of Moses in calling out the
affairs, in sustaining their usurpations of militia to defy a process of the Court, and
aliens and irresponsible adventurers, who, 1 inquired as to fhAi posse the Court could
by certain men, have been illegally in
vested with official anthority, thereby
depriving others of their contitutional
rights ; oppressive laws being enacted,
burdensome taxation imposed, and an im
mense aud fictitious indebtedness created,
resulting in the degradation of these
States and the general impoverishment of
The Pittsburg .Waterspout.
Graphic Description of the Ter
A Pittsburg correspondent of the New
York Tribune furnishes the following vivid
description of the terrible storm which
visited that vicinity on Sunday last, and
of which we have already published some
very thrilling details :
" A description of the appalling storm,
or waterspout, whichever it may be called,
should not. be out of the way, although it
would be impossible to draw even a faint
1' picture of the awful original. At about
0 30 o'clock on Sunday evening two great
raise to enforce its warrants. He was in
formed that there were enongh honest
men of sufficient courage to be found to
arrest any miscreant. President Grant
then affirmed that the Federal troone iu
South Caroliua were "not there to enforce
the collection of exhorbitant taxes," and
that he wished this to be understood
We are glad to see that the President
shows interest enongh in a State so sore
ly harassed as South Carolina as to ex
press even the moderate opinions here re
ported. We observe a tendency in the
minds of Southern men like Lamar and
Southern journals like the Richmond Dis
patch to encourage this disposition ou the
part of the President by suggestions that
they will support him for a third term as
refuge against the criminals ambition of
the colored men and their unscrupulous
allies. At the same time the Southern
people will have to show unusual mag
nanimity before they can support Grants
The President and his party are alone to
blame not only for what we see in the
Carolines but for what we sec iu Louis
inana, Alabama and other Southern
Rutherford College is located in the western
part of N, C, one mile from Icard Station, on
the direct road from Icard to Lenoir, equidis
tant from Morganton, Lenior, and Hickory
From the above statement, any one who is
acquainted with different portions of North
Carolina, will perceive that Rutherford College
is situated in a section as favorable as any
other college in the state. The vicinity is
daily receiving the cooling mountain breezes,
, .1 L lT. I . 1 . 1 . , .
ana ine innaoiianis oreaine notuing dui pure
salubrious air. The college is situated in Ex
celsior, a flourishing village, which is free from
many of great evils winch generally attend our
institutions of learning, especially those in
The inhabitants of Excelsior, are not inflict
ed with the malaria, said lo rise from fresh
graves, while the bodies interred are decaying ;
for, with the exception of one infant, no one
has been buried in the village grave-yard for
over two years : and during the past year, we
have heard of only three deaths nearer than
ten miles. Chills are not known by their "feel"
to any only those who have been off to other
portions of the country.
Bv an act of the Legislature of N. C. no
alcohlic liquor is allowed to be sold pear the
college ; nor is any one allowed to give intoxi
cating drink to a student, under penalty of the
law. Becoming influenced witn drinks or any
kind, is an offense punished by expulsion from
the school. No one need fear, that if his son
or ward be sent here, he will spend his money
for drinks, and waste his time lying senseless
under the influence of them.
The school is governed by Rev. R. L. Aber-
nethy M. A. its first and only President. His
came practically ci t i not.
Jean Lafitte, the "Pirate of the Gulf," as he
was usually called, was a Frenchman by birth,
early enlisted in the French navy, and soon fell
into the hands of the English, by whom he was
cruelly treated, kept a long time in prison and
only liberated when brought by confinement
and torture to the very boarders of the grave.
He thus acquired a hatred of the English,
which he took occasion to gratify on the occa
sion of the memorable attack on New Or leans.
Of his early life more than the above is not
known. That he was wild, restless, and dar
ing ; cold unscrupulous, and cruel, may well be
imagined. The first positive glimpse we get of
his mtiture life is at the island of Grand Terre
or Barataria, an undulating piece of land five
or six miles long, some sixty miles west of the
delta of the Miasissppi. Here in a good harbor,
in a strong natural position, made stronger by
forts and batteries well armed and manned,
Jean Lafitte, with 600 or 800 men and eight or
ten vessels, established in headquarters about
the year 1807. From this stronghold his
cruisers went forth, sometimes under one flag
and sometimes under another, plundering the
rich merchantmen which were traversing the
(in If on their way to a profitable market. But
Lafitte repelled the appellation of pirate. He
claimed to be only a "privateer." Spain had
become involved in war with the South Ameri
can colonies, and the later were sending out
privateers to prey npon Spanish commerce.
From the Government of Cartagena Lafitte ob
tained a commission, and entered upon a career
of plunder, little caring what flag his victims
bore so they covered a rich cargo. Spanish,
French, English, and American were all the
same to him, and he soon became a terror to
all honest navigators. It is estimated that 400
a a . l T . 1 wa a
ricniy-ianen snips were captured oy mm and
his lieutenants, their cargoes being marketed in
New Orleans, into which port they were smug
gled. Finally, in 1813. the authorities of Louisiana,
weary of such lawlessness carried on so near
their borders, issued a proclamation through
Governor Claiborne, dated New Orleans, March
12, 1813, renting the numerous acts of piracy
and smuggling with which the occupants of
Barataria were charged, and ordered them to
disperse. The proclamation was disregarded,
and soon after the Governor offered a reward of
$5,000 for Lafitte's head. This was shortly
followed by a counter proclamation from the
pirate, promieing a reward of $50,000 to any
one who would deliver Uovernor Llaiborn into
Mattres were in this condition when, late in
1714, the English resolved to attack New Or
leans. But the difficulties in ascending the
MisBissppi were numerous, and they jfinally re
solved to seek a passage through Barataria and
its byous ; and considering our relation be
tween the authorities of New Orleans and the
piratical crew at the point, they were confident
of attaching Lafitte to their'interent. Thas, on
the 30th of August, 1814, Captain Locker, of
the British ship Sophie, sailed on that misson.
The Baratarian chief then had 1.100 men un
der his command and thirteen armed vessels.
Chaplain Lockyer was permitted to lane,
one of the agenkof the South American repub- dwelling occupied by Henry Mm aftlifa
lies, and sailed for the Uulf. Of au operations and two children, nil of whom were
there the following from a report of the Gov- drowned. The next bouac w as that of
ernor of Louisiana will give a key. The writer J,. Winkh-r, who found tke...d cti-
""The breaking up of these freebootere is of ngering his bam and stock. TV with
the utmost importance to the United Plates, for his bmther, started out to the worsi-s ;
it is ascertained that vessels clearing from Mrs. Winkler remained in the hr if T And
New Oorleans with paenj?crs, have been cap- in less than five minute all tho krer
tured.ereroaowJ m board murderrd, d Uu rooms were filled ilh w.Ur.
ufcaW cargo brought A OrUon, and mld . mmmiJ&..
oy i ne pirates ageau. I -- ...i,
A rendezvous being indispensable, and not before it could reach her the baildfogfkve
daring to return to Barataria, Lafitte fixed I way and she was engulfed.
upon tne present site otuaivcston and noiateanu i further southward was tin iaaliiat of
!... t U ..-. n 1U17 ... V
w iuot ui Jo in S lMnmr Aa tAAn .k-
Vrv n .flo, rV.llv.tnr nf foms """T'"-' M EUOH " "e waur
at New Orleans wrote to the authorities of commcuced ruing Shearing asoved hia
Washington as follows : family, consisting of his Wife knd twia
"I deem it my duty to state that the moat boys aged four year, to the -fcHride,
shameful violation of Our revenue laws continue which he supposed U be a plaeo of aasVtv
to be committed will, Impunity, by a motley ! be children were sleeping soandlniiui
mixture of free booters and smugglers at Gal- - , .. . , .. r ,"uu"7 ,u'
veston; it being little less than the re-establish- one of the litUo felloe was arouaed by
ment of Lafitte's Baratarian band somewhat the storm, and rolled over the embank-
more out of the reach of justice.' ment into the angry flood below. The
But slranae to sav. the Government took no bodv nminJ iU. :. '
. . v. , , , . , , I J ling UiJ I IJILtL.
tion, and the rover who had but lately been i a(
the President's guest still scoured the sen for
booty. His force increased until his navy
consisted of thirteen aimed vessels, manned by
1,000 men. The largest of his ships mounted
fourteen heavy guns, i
In 1819 the Collector of New Orleans again
wrote to the Government urging the breaking
op of the band, and said :
"On the pan of tbeae pirates we have to con
tend with, we behold an extended and organi
sed system of enterpise, of ingenuity, of ir.de
fatigabi 1 it v, and of audacity favored by a variety
of local advantages, and supported always by
force of arms--"
In 1821 decisive action was then taken, and
Lieutenant Kearney, with the Enterprise, ap
peared before Galveston, and demanded its
immediate evacuation, 1 here was, no alterna
live, and in two months the last of the pirates
had fled, and organized American piracy be
came a thing of the past.
Lafi te died in Yucatan four years after, and
is onried in tne utile Indian village oi bilan,
about fifteen miles from Merida, the capital.
THE LATE DISASTROUS
FLOOD AT PUTS-BURG.
Its Ravages Loss ttf Lfe Distressing
Scenes the Supposed Lausc of the
In addition to the accounts already
published of the terrible disaster at Pitts
burg, Pa., last week, equaling if not sur
passing the late destruction at Mill River,
the following particulars of the affair will
be fouud of interest t
Accounts of the terrible flood which has
deluged nearly all the eu' urban sections
of Pittsburg as tbey come in show that
the disaster was far greater than was at
first supposed. It
TJIB JtUSII OF DJE8TBUCCTO.
Extensive glue works were the noxt to
succumb to the action of the water, and
were totally destroyed. A short diitsrfte
below these works was a small baft dm g
occupied by August Uvkoff and family,
embracing hia wife and two ih ilium.
Tbey were unaware of the desttwetion
which was sweeping down npon them,
and with the building were, carried down
the stream. Mrs. Kykoff, brascd .and
bleeding, was rescued from the torrent
several squares distant, bnt the remainder
of the fara ly were drowned.
At the corner of East street and Madison
avenoe the water seemed to deviate. In
a triangular house at the inn rsectioo of
these streets, resided Mrs. CooloaV with
four children, also a young man named
Arnold, and a cripple named ffw
ALL WEItE LOST.
is now thought that
and had a private interview with the pirate, at I the loss of life will reach fully two huno
which he promised him, as a reward for his co-1 dre(j perBOUi, ana Ufc loss of property be
operation, $50,000 in
jot i.imseii r j,, , . - s
mnnnpr nf crnvprtiinc. I? not interior to that of (roods, and it was important tnat ne
stiv other. The first thimr he teaches his stu- conciliate the American (iovernment
Maiestv's navy and a free pardon
and followers. Lafitte requested ten davs for
consideration, pretending a deire to consult
some of his associates who were then absent.
,s before intimated, Lafitte hated the Eng
lish on account of their cruelty to him in early
life. His interest, too, was with the Americans.
New Orleans was his best market for stolen
dents, is that he loves them all. The greatest
lesson he teaches, is, that all who die without a
reeeneration of heart, will be eternally lost.
He tries to have all college ruies ana rules oi
politeness obeyed from a sense of duty and for
the interest of the students, and not through a
fear of punishment.
The two sexes are kept separate oy ine raosi
rigid rules, except during recitations and pub
lic services. The renort circulated by some
one, in and around Salisbury, that offices on
the hills around Rutherford College, are occu
pied by the.diUerent sexes without any imme
diate control, is an infamous falsehood, and the
one who fabricated it, cannot tell the same, and
have a pleasant night's sleep, unless "his con
science isseared as with a hot iron."
The instruction given by the faculty is not
inferior to that given in any other college.
Students are not refused instruction at any time,
when the Prof, are not otherwise engaged for
the interest of the school and students. The
faculty is comDOsed of kind social gentlemen,
just such as it requires to educate those who
may be placed under their care. Instruction is
freelv ei ven on anv subject without respect to
creeds or political whims. The report that
nolitiral meetinn are held here, is also uu-
fore he instantly departed for New Orleans,
Dresented himself before Governor Claiborne in
disguise, laid before him the dispatches from
Captain JLockyer, ana otners irom i.atme,
At the time of his arrival an expedition was
fitting out to drive the pirates from their strong
hold, and asked thai it be delayed. Claiborne
laid the letters before his council, but they
would not believe them genuine, and the exped
ition was ordered to sail. Sorely disapioiiited,
Lafitte returned, but before he reached his
quarters his forts had been attacked, his fleet
sunk or captured, and his men scattered. The
spoil that fell into the hands of the Americana locality to form an idea of this disaster, or
a . arn rvrvr . .
The extent of territory damaged is not
less than from twenty to twenty-five miles
in diameter, and how the main portion of
the city of rittsborg, lyiug as it does in
the centre of this circle, escaped fnrthcr
injury appears almost miraculouic The
prevailing theory is that the disaster was
caused by some kind of waterspout. A
gentleman who watched the storm from a
point a few miles down the river, where
there was little rain, says that by the fit
ful flashes of lightening he could tee a
huge, mky black,
TUJtKKL 8I1PXD CLOCD,
which overhung. the city, the narrow end of Spring Garden avenue, the
being lowest, while (he dark part gave j taiued a dephth of folly twenty
vent to almost eontiruoos flashes of light
ning. It is almost impossible for any one
not familiar with the geography nf the
Kiel Conlon, leaving young Arnold,
had gone into the house to rescue soipe of
the inmates, bnt fill a victim to the de
Abont a block b low the inlerseclihn of
Madison avenue sud East street the tor
rent again united and swept with- redou
bled violence to the low-lands, em writing
Concord, O'llara, and a portion ofOhcat
The course of the flood was probably
two hundred feet wide, and frame and
blick buildings fell before the devastating
element as though they bad been sand.
Dwellings, stores, workshops and debris
4 all kinds miucled to-i (her Ira one coo
fused mass, making it impMiblc fbt the
the rpectator lo discover eveu Hs Street
HOUSES TCRNED UPSIDE ixiWJJ
In some instances, houses were Ww-rally
turned upaidedown. (hi O'U-iraeAreet
t ie dweJliiioi Alderman liwlstcw mm re
duced lo its original elemeaif. aud one
Ot his children dmwmd. KJu tuc sice
street was a family con - .-.iug ol Jacob
Furches, wife, one child aud Joseph,
brother of Mrs. Finches, and the adjoin
ing house contained Jacob Melxer, wife
and two children, all of whom, exerpt one
amounted to $500,000,
It was now too late to accept the flattering
overtures from the English, even if he was so
inclined ; and his only salvation was in the
American alliance. He again wrote to Clai
borne, saying (hat he and his command
were '"willing to enroll themselves against the
enemy." General Jackson was consulted, and
wasstronglyin favor of the scheme. Accordingly
Governor Claiborne issued a proclamation,
concluding as follows :
"I therefore do hereby invite them (the Bar
atari ana) to join the standard of the United
Slates, and am authorized to say that should
! . IJ il I rata
uow ii couia possioiy nave occurred, l ne
main city of Pitisburg, as it rises gradu
ally from a point formed by lbs junction
of two rivers, has many gulcbea in certain
localities, which under a flood of this de
scription are liable to do great damage,
'and the park known as Hill region is fre
quently liable to suffer from local inunda
tion. The damage lure, however, is at
this time light, compared with other lo
calities strictly surbnrbao.
child, were lost. Their bodies were found
in the morniog.
v . mm .
On Cbeslnut street, at the u
the buildings withstood the force better,
and 4n only one instance was auy serious
damage done. A large frame building
occupit d as a beer hall was moved from
its foundation and floated directly a'croee
the street, completely obstroctlri tht
It is estimated that in this ditriet'scv.
enty buildings were destroyed, bat no
estimate has Ixx-n made of their
A largo number of people are
It is thought that many bod if fre sttl.
fn the debris.
As fast as recovered tbey will be taker
to ihe various undciuk.is in the" city.
The spiritual well fare of no student u neg-I their conduct in the field merit the approba-
lected. Every one is required to attend Sun- lion of the Msjor General that the officer will
The north bank of the Allighauv, upon Thirty eight arc now known lo Lave g
hose hillside and iU wboic valleys tbefrvm this district.
- . . - . J ... . - . . . .