sxe-ev-B " MOl&O
The Carolina Watchman.
- ew fc
TOL. V. THIRD SERIES. SALISBURY N. C.,: FEBRUARY, 18, 1875 NO 69 W Hor j? ka -mo
I 'III ,
, J. BRUNER,
Proprietor and Ed itoi .
J. J. STEWART
A mo date Editor.
On 7 Am. payable in advauee.
is Mouths "
Cepics to nddreaa -
BpMWTMIMC RATES :
Hoc ARK (1 ne insertion 1 100
. two M 1.60
9 . 9
for A greater nnmoer oi minions
Special notices Id per cent, more
m recolar advertisements. Reading notice
ZLf ;-r line for each and every insertion
AN IMPORTED NATURAL GUANO.
A GEN DINE ANIMAL DEPOSIT.
MONOPOLY OF THIS VALUABLE DEPOSIT HA8 BEEN CREATED
iu favor of this Company by the Crown officer. The name "GUANAHANI !"
is a Registered TRADE MARK at the United States Patkkt Omcx, and all
warned from making use of the same in connection with ertiliaeta of any kind.
THE FAVORITE HOME REMEDY
. mmtnilv Kamilv Medicine: and by be
lag kept ready for im mediate rexort
many aa hour of suffering aud many
M time and doctors' bill.
After over Forty Years trial it is still re
ceiving the most unqualified testimonials to its
Tirtees from parsons of the highest character,
aad responsibility. Eminent physicians cow
meed it as the most
Fee all diseases of the Liver, Stomach and
Tee SYMTUMS ot l.iver uompiaini are
a bitter or bad taste in the mouth ; Pain in the
Back, 8ides or Joints, often mistaken for
Rheumatism ; Sova Stomach ; Lorn of Appe
tite ; Bowels alternately costive and lax ;
leadache ; Loss of memory, with a painful
ition of having failed to do something
which ought to hsve been done ; Debility. Low
Spirit, a thick yellow appenrnnce of the akin
aad byes, a dry Lough olten mistaken lor ion-
Sometimes msny of these symtom attend the
disease, si others very few ; but the LrvER, the
largest orpin in the bodv, is generally the seat
ftha disease, and if not Regulated in time.
great suffering, wretchedness and DEATH will
For DYSPEPSIA, CONSTIPATION, Jaun-
Bi lions attaeks.KICK UEAU UH. Uelie,
. , r i 1 KlXAtf ''IT
tpression ot spirit, buuxi diumaui,
srt Burn. Ac, Ac..
fke Cheapest snd Purest Family Medicine in
la world !
Manufactured only by
9. B. ZEILIN . CO.,
Did yon dear reader erer sit in yonr
room on a cold winter day or night aad
make pictures in the fire t What an ab
surd idea ! I fancy I hear tome of yon
exclaim aa Ton amile and shrug year
holdera. Well, I acknowledge that
it may sound weak and aboard too, bat
for all that allow me to deaeribe a picture to
70a which I made in the 'fire one night
not long since. It had been an nncom
monly cold day. All the day before it bad
been raining and freezing, and the next
morning when I looked oil I stood for
some momenta gasiag in allcnt admiration
upon the cold, beautiful scene spread oat
before me. It had cleared off grandly,
and the regal sun bad buret forth in all of
hi magnificent splendor. The distant
fields lay in death-like repose 'neatb their
winding sheet of ice, while the towering
pines aud monarch like oaks bowed low
their lofty beads beneath their cold weight
of matchless beauty. As I regarded the
lovely scene gleaming in the pare sun
light of heaven seeming to my enraptured
visior. to reflect a thousand different hues,
I stood lost in speechless admiration. But
to return to my subject it was on the night
following this day that I sat alone in my
room, my head bowed upon my hand, and
my ejes fixed intently upon the biasing
fire that leaped merrily up the chimney
As I sat looking upon the glowing bed of
1 . t-i
Tn offerin this FERTILIZER to the Arriruhnral Communitv a Second Season we do so emuers, uiis p.ciure rose ueiore my eyes,
with the utmost Confidence, feeling satisfied that the high opinion, we 'formed, and expressed plainly as if drawn by the hand of an ar
THE COMPANY GUARANTEE THAT
EVERY CARGO will be ANALYZED BEFORE IT IS OFFERED FOR 8ALE.
Examine the Analyses and Letters of Prof. P. B. WILSON, Balitimore ; Prof. H. C.
WHITf; Professor of Chemistry, University of Georgia ; Prof. F. A. GENTH, Philadelphia,
frotessor or Applied Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania.
CUANAHANI GUANO COMPANY,
last season based on iu Chemical Constituents have been most satisfactorily borne out by .the
test, by which all Fertilizers must be judged, that of the Plantation.
Last season, owing to the lateness at which we commenced importing we ssere forced to put
our Guano on the market at once, but now having continued our importations during the sum
uier and mil, and having large and well ventilated Warehouses in this City and City Point, we
are enabled to put our Guano on the market, in a condition aa to dryness, aad freedom from
lumps, equal to any Manufactured Fertiliser.
We solicit a careful persual of our Circular containing the certificates sent us. and which can
be had on application at this OFFICE, or from any of our AGENTS. Having nothing to con
ceal, we made an innovation on established usage, by publishing those letters received unfavora-
1.1 ffJaacA Imr AsasMafTaal SnMiitM !m A . n-tmj tkni tlw f it as tsa a I a a-A n-a n rAf
UIC VU UUI vuonv, w4fc vtwviuft UIUU1I V 111 Ul All J tC3 U1UTCB lilUt IUC UIUBO V w 'snuiv v an iiv I 1 1
mi I. m, mm I m . - . ... . - . , IM MAAtWA t ha AVIllff ST I SI SI tint Bin fWM 1 rt a
owing to any rauitin the uuano, but to those far beyond our control, we nave frequently &
m W . i as. m . a -w - -m a A . K m. m. I . a. r - I W 1 t
beard the same complaints 01 its Kindred f ertiliser, Peruvian uuano, out we concurrent icsu- to press on bis rosy lips. I Hen as 1 loot
nwuiv rf well known Farmers and Plampra from Marvland to the extreme Western counties of -r ... . ....
North Carolina, justify us iu claiming a place for our Fertiliser Superior to many, and Second 1 "w l0e mUe hed low Pon
to None. her bosom, and the blue eves closed in
We confidently expect the continued patronage of the Agricultural Community aad no exer- Bumher and softly I murmured
tion shall be spared on our part to make r ' J
I aoaer my ureal u- wu nappy motucr watcn
tist upon canvas. And this is what I saw.
I saw a room, plainly but neatly famish
ed, in the midst of which sat a lovely
darked-eyed woman, holding close to her
bosom a sweet, baby boy of perhaps three
n w 1
summers. An ! now tender, ana inno
cent he looks as he lifts his smiling face
DiMOTtiTlg Opinion of Associate ebouhi the aceidewtaJ eteaaey and the aa-
J ustice Beads in the
Cloud vs. Wilson.
Attorney General and Cloud vs. Wilson.
"All vacancies occurring in tbs offices
provided for by this article of the consti
tution shall be filled by the appointment
of the Governor, unless ether wise provi
ded tor, and the appointees shall hold
their places until the next regular elec
tion." Con. art. e.aee. 31.
The meaning of "next regular election"
is the question to be settled.
The adjective "next" is evidently used
to qualify "election" so as to make il
mean the first as distinguished from a re
mote election. It means the first election
in point of time.
1 be adjective "resrular" is used to Qual
ify "election" so as to dtatingnish it from
some other kind of election. It is there
fore neceasary to ease r tain what art the
several kinds of elections designated in
There are two, snd only two kinda of
elections designated or contemplated in
the Constitution : regular elections and
Regular elections are those by which
the offices are originally and cootiououaly
filled according to "attted and establish
ed rules," at "periodical times." Web.
Special elections are those by which the
offices sre filled in case of accident.
The usual election for members of the
General Assembly on the first Thursday
in Auguat every two years is an instance
of regular election. An election to fill a
vacancy occasioned by the death of a
member, el such time as may be appoint
ed, is an instance of special election.
It is a useful inquiry, why is it thai the
Governor is allowed to appoint a Judge
in any case ? The people elect members
of the General Assembly, whose term is
two years, and if a member dies, making
a vacancy, the governor does not fill the
vacancy by bia appointment ; hut the
people meet again and elect a new member.
And so the people elect a Judge whose
term ia eight years, and yet if a Judge
dies, makiug a vacancy, the people do
not meet again snd elect a new Judge,
but the Governor appoinla. Why it this !
Why is the Governor let in to appoint in
THE STANDARD FERTILIZER
COTTON, TOBACCO & GRAIN CHOPS
OF THE SOUTH.
av .1 r a
"7 w weverowc--nave eny
lect '.ban to fill the oAee until the
te electors can 11 it when tbev
come together st the usual or regular time
and places of electing judge ; sad with
out the hssjsmvcnieoce ef betas; sailed to
gether In a special s section 1 Beyond all
question the people arc to elect the J edge
at some foture, nsuator regular election
for Judge. There was such a regal ir
election in 1874, four years (six) after the
vacancy occarred and was filled by the
appointment of the plaintiff; and there will
be another regular election for the same
purpose in 1878; at which of these regu
lar elections for judges are the people to
be permitted to vote tor s jsdge In that
district t The language ia at the "next
regular election." Does that mean the
next regulv election hi 1874 ; Or doee it
mean the next after the next in 1878 1 It
certainly was jnst as convenient for them
a - r 1 1 il i .a.
nw vt nu mat vacancy at tbe time
when they voted to fill six other vacancies
in 1874, as it can be for them to fill it
when t hey vote to fill six other vacancies
m 1878, Nor can the alteration bv sUt
ute, since the Constitution, to vote by die
trie ts make any difference.
It is insisted thai we ought to read tbe
Constitution aa if it were "next rreular
1 -. .. , m . - W
election 1 jor that office. If that addition
wculd not alter the meaning, why make
it I If it would alter the meaning, where
is the precedent for changing language to
injuriously affect a popular right. Iu
whos- favor must doubtful Unrasra b
construed T Not in favor of the appointing
power of the Governor be has no inter
est ia it. Not ia favor of the appointee,
for although he has an interest, yet U is
subservient to the public, aad doubtful
language must be solved in favor of popu
lar right. Nothing is better settled, or
more important to be maintained, than
thai mo one ought to exercise the datiee
of an office to which his title is doubtful ;
and no one rightful I j in office ought to
exercise a doubtful power; tbe Legislature
itself ought not to exercise a doobtful
power; and it is open tbe supposition that
tbey duly considered the question of now-
er and determined it iu tavor of its exer
cise, that the courts feel themselves
bound by their Constitution, unless in
election" wnald seem to he th 1.
W considered without the light of the LewT
ielatere, Executive aad Doowlar linLX1
ith the aid ef the, there ns
seem to be 00 doubt. Th T
I -I 1 I - . . . ..... ww-
sua eieciea tbe defendants mtA iV K&-t
rcuiivo n construed it and coi
mm 11 1 bad doubts I .h.Li
admitted on the
President, N. M. TANNOR, of Rowlett, Tannor & Co.
Vice President. ROBT. A. MARTIN, of Robt A. Martin & Co.
JOHN B. STEVENS, of Stevens Brothers.
8. P. ARRINGTON, ot John Arrington & Sons.
JOHN R. PATTERSON, of Petterson, fc Sons.
C. R. BISHOP of Bishop fc Branch.
DAVID CALLENDER, W A. K FALKENER
FRANK POTTS, General Agent.
Macon (la., snd Philadelphia.
'rice tl.00. Sold by all Dtuggite.
160 00 PER TON OF
$68 PER 2,000 lbs. paya
ble Nov 1.
THE HTGH STANDARD OF QUAL
ITY HAS BKEN FULLY MAIN
TAINED, AND IT IS CONSIDERED
BY THOSE WHO HAVE GIVEN IT
A FAIR TRIAL THE
BEST AND CHEAPEST
Liberal and advanta-
reous Terms for Large
Aci (4-1 VPn HTl ArtrtllPA- throawbly tried during the past season and tbe results bave been even better than we hoped
FOR SALE BY
SAL1SBYRY, N. C.
CHOBLOTTE, N. C.
In offerine this Feltilizer to the people of Rowan, and surroundinc couattea we are satis
fied that wc oner them the beat Guano for the least money new on tbs market. It
for. B-fow we append two of the numerous certificates we hare received.
Local Agents at all
ihe Principal Depots.
D. ROSSET di CO.
leneral Agents for North Caroliua and
WILMINGTON, N. 0.
.Jas. A. McOONN AUG HEY,
Salisbury, N. 0-
J. A. CLODFELTEJH & CO.
WkoUmdt and Retail DtaUrt ta Furniturt,
lfcviTE attention to their stock of
Cottage Bedstesds French Chamber
Suits. Walnut snd paijOad Caoe &eais
irs Rocking Chairs of all descriptions, Ex-
tnon Dining Tables 0 all kinds Wardrobes,
ssh-anea, Whst-NcUes, 80 fas, Reception
hairs and Parlor baits. Also, msnv other
hides which we ra nnnui in aJl (hMn
cheaper than to y House in the western jaart
Be sure to eaU nearly opposite the Mansion
ioiei, next door below the Express oftce, sea
it Stock kn1 kur nnr nn f..m -
ISpaeial orders (made from nhotoeranha la
office) will be supplied.
AN IMPORTANT TEST, PAID OVER 600 PER CENT.
Salisbury, N. C, October 10th, 1874.
Messrs Mrronev & Bio. C i. ,
Gentlemen : In reply to your inquiry aa to the merits of the Quanahani Guano, I will state
that I have given it a fair, and, as I think, a thorough test, aad believe it to he one of the beat
fertilisers now in use in our country. In the month of February I bought two tons and applied
it over my (arm at the rate of 200 pound to the acre under CbUon, and 100 poundato the acre on
Corn. On the 8th of October I nicked from one row of Cotton 14 rods long, which had been
fertilized at the above rate, 8 pounds of seed cotton; from another immediately by the side of
this one, of the same length, to which I bad applied no fertilizer, 1 picked 1 ounces the same
day shnaingS difference of over 8500 per cent, between land fertilised aad not. I counted the
W m a - . I a a . . .at a v a 1 .1 . . t 1
number of unopened bolls in each, and making calculation on wis oasis, 1 nno mat toe isnu
?.l . .l . rt .. 1 f 1 J ..: .11 oa .1 OA ... 1KA .v.. tn k. .
ffiiswi we vrvaoanaiu wouiu vieiu wounca mj m , w w w w f ,
with Ouanahani it will yield 12 pounds to the row, SO rows or 960 pouods to wc acre showing
a difference of over 600 ner sent.
I have not hsd ao opportunity to teat the Corn yet, but from general obsereatfon, I feel war- Bprang l0 my feet to find thst I had been
On one sere of around, as a test. I sowed 400 ponnds of Guanahani broadcast, suhsoiling at nakm g fire pictures. Yes, fire pictures,
the same time 15 inches deep. This acre, under ordinary circumstaaces, has average 700 pounds
ot aaad cotton : this rear the visld will be at least 1800 pounds K- A. PROP8T.
and guard tenderly yonr precious treasure !
Slowly the picture faded from view, but
almost immediately another onn rose in
its place. I looked into that self samo
room agaiu, and I saw as before ihe same
dark eyed woman, hot oh, how ehanged I
This time she held no smiling "baby boy
iu her arms, but sat in a listless attitude
her hands folded on her lnp, and a rest-,
less, uneasy light gleaming in her eyes.
Presently I saw her spring to her feet
with a great sob of pain, and fix her
sad eyes on the form of a young man per
haps eighteen years of age who came
through the opeu door with heavy, un
certain step, rlis eyes gleamed with a
strange wild fire, his occe fair face waa
flushed, and alter vainly endeavoring to
lake a few steps forward he sank to
the floor in a stupor of intoxication . With
flowing tears I saw ber kneel by him and
I seemed to hear the tones of her voice
as she sobbed : "My boy ! my boy 1" God
strengthen and help thee, poor mother !
Tbe picture grew dim, but another one
rose before my gaze bright and vivid,
and I shivered aa with cold while I
looked. Again I looked into that room,
and this is what I saw. A trembling,
haggard faced woman kneeling near a
couch on which was extended tbe form of
a dyiug man yea, dying yet wild blas
phemous oaths leaped like fitc from his
burning lips. One moment he lay quietly,
and then oh horror ! be started up ex
claiming. "Mother I am dying-dying the
death of a drunkard, and as such I am
doomed !" Slowly a livid ahadow over
spread bis swollen face, and with these last
words he sank back dead. I seemed to her
one wild wail aa the mother arose and look
ed with streaming eyes out on the summer
night. The clear, full moon looked calmly
down on tbe earth -the bright stars on
the fields of space as they looked pitying
ly down seemed to whisper "doomed" the
summer breeze whispered "doomed," and
ber own sad heart wailed forth doomed
doomed 1" The vivid pictute as if by
magic faded away, and with a low cry I
eases nein to ih ensiirarv V.vrr tbnlJ
one case aud not in the other I 1 he pec- in erery b io f-TOf of
pie are the elective power in both cases, ular righu ; to this, there is 00 exception,
and one is just as important aa the other ; Cooley'a Con., Line 36, 37, 73, 74 182
and they will not allow the Governor to iw
appoint in one case for a single day, and
yel tlj.-y do allow him to appoint in the
other for years. The difference is found
ed on convenience, and on that alone..
Membera of the General Aasembly repre
sent a county or a small district, aud it is
but little trouble or expense for tbe peo
pie to make a new election upon short
And therefore there is no necessity that
the Governor should appoint their repre
sentative or any county officer, and hs ia
not allowed to do so. But the Constitu
tion provides .bat all the twelve Superior
Court Judges shall be elected not by a
county, not by a district, bat by tbe whole
State, (unless thereafter altered). Aud a
: special election to fill a vacancy would
involve delay to notify tbe people, to
nominate candidates to canvass their mer
its; and much expense to bold and certify
tbe election. And so, lor convenience, tbe
Tbe Constitution having provided for
an election ot buperfor Court Jadges in
1874 ; and that being the next rrgular
elecuon tor J udges after tbe vacancy, and
Uie people having parted with the right
to fill the office only temporarilv end for
convenience, and it being reasonable and
1 .a a a
fundamental convenient, it would seem to
follow that tho election of the defendant
in 1874 waa proper.
Ao argument of some force against this
view is, that Judgeships should be for tbe
longest time, and that a reasonable eonsid
a mm .
erattoo ot the interest ot tho appointees
would not call bins from his practice for a
few months or years, and that no good
lawyer would accent such appointment
But an analogy unfavorable to this argu
ment waa the appointment of Judges un
der the old regime by the Governor onti
the next General Aasembly, which
a 1 mi mi
sometimes only lor s tew months, aud
Davis Co., N. C.
Messrs Meronew 5c Bra.
Gintlehes In renlv to vour inoulrv as to the merit of Guanahanl Guano, I
- ' iT "-! " ... .
A full assortment af RoaearOod lfetala
Walnut Burial Cases, which sac be furnish
i s nonrs nonce,
larch It. 1874-ly.
that I need it I sat Summer on an old field which would have produced very poorly under ordi-
uanahani yteJdei me a very good crop.
in fevor of the
nary circumstances but which under the application of G
I had one test row and this showed a diflerence of over three
. . . . ... . . mr. . .M . A . I 3 : . . . e
I am satisfied that it is a good fertiliser ana wee pusnors w rsassawnmng u to cTcrj mr
roer who wish to increeacbis crops as being fully equal if not superior to any Guano on the
mm m sasisnas a mm v Bsasssk
11411 U 1 A O MIIUjBK.
WE SELL GUANAHANI AT $40 PER TON.
4t. t wMM-'
CALL AMD SEE US.
MER0N EY &
Bii W i Sen!
Feb. 13th, 1875.-3mos.
but oh t what a true representation of what
is daily, and hourly going on in ao many
American homes. Those who indulge io
the use of the wine-cup see, and know
iu evilsknow where it will lead them,
yet tbey close their eyes, and blindly
persna the road to destruction. Ob ! will
it never be cast aside I Will peace, and
love never smile, where woe, and misery
cow frown T Oh friends ! one and all,
be warned ere It be too late 1 Forsake the
path of intemperance, tarn to the road of
light and honor, for yc are standing upon
the brink of eternal destruction, which ere
long will engulph vour body and soul 1
Cast the fatal glass from you, aud "Look-
not thee upon the wine when it is red,
when it give th his color in the cap, when it
moveth itself aright At the last it btteth
like a serpent, and stiugeth like an ad
8tJB J. JESSAMINE DICKSON.
Thomasvills, N. C.
ll A. I .
appointment to nu me vacancy was given nol exeeea two years. And then
to the Governor, instead ol being reserved lBe General Aasembly resumed the elec
oy tne people. I tive power, snd sometimes used it with
It is also a usetut inquiry : for new cnwUtog, DOt My croe eff Bpon lbe
long a time would tbe people be likely to appointees, nnder the idea that the public
pan wun uiis irnporwu eicue power 1 -ood or some Other consideration
As iney parted wun 11 temporally to suit
their convenience, they would resume it as
soon as convenient.
The next inquiry is, is such convenient
time indicated in the constitution f
It is thu "stated, established, usual''
period where tbe people meet together for
tbejirsi time after the vacancy occurs to
vote for judges of the Superior Courts.
Then it is as convenient for them to fill a
vacancy resulting from accident, as from
tbe expiration ot a term. And it ta joat
as convenient for them to vole for seven
as for six.
If tbcu we nse "regular" in tbe sense
of usual or established election, we have
still to determine what arc the us
ual or eseablished limes for elections of
judges by the people f
The Constitution provides that twelve
Superior Court Judges shall be elected
by general ticket, and aball hold their
offices for eight years from 1870. That
would make the usual, established, er
what is the same, the "regular" elections
come off in 1878, 1886 and so on, every
eight years. But there was a further pro
vision that one-half tbe judges elected at
the first election should hold their first
terms for only four years; tbe effect of
which was to have an election every four
year for six Judges, instead of election
every eight years for twelve Judgea, evi
dent ly fur the purpose of seeuriug a con
tinoous and uniform practice and admin
istration of the law, and at the same time
popularising the system and keeping the
Jndges and the people close togethei,
with a frequent reminder to the Jadges
of their responsibility to tbe people, and
a frequent opportunity to the people
to make them feel tbat responsibility.
Whether such a policy is wise or unwise,
T express no opinion, not because I have
none, but because this is nol ihe place to
With this ooliey in view, and ia view
of the fact that the people are the electors
of Judges, are we not to suppose that the
Constitution would have so provided as
that as much as possible of tbe terms of
Judges should result from the popular
vote f When il is clearly intended that
tbe Judgeship of a district shall be held
eight years under the election by the peo
ple, can it be that in case of accident it
should be held one year under the election,
by the people and seven years nnder the
appointment by tbe Governor? Why
paramount. There is a general idea that
to fill a vacancy, is to fill it as full as yon
would a barrel, so. thst there is nothing
more to do. That is true, where the
electing power to fill tbe office originally,
is the same power tbat fills the vacancy ;
at where the people elect a member of tbe
General Assembly and be dies, and they
fill the vacancy. They fill it full and
there is an end. But where the appoint
ing power is not the electing power, then
it reverts to tbe electing power as soon ss
it can be conveniently exercised, nuleas
tbe contrary clearly appears. And doubts
ought to be solved io favor of the rever
sion. It fa objected that this construction
would disarrange lbe provision, that lbe
J udges of tbe Superior Courts are to be
derided snd kept in two classes, sis snd
six, to be elected every four years ; for,$f
eight are elected in 1874. then only foor
will be to be elected in 1878. Non sequi
tor. Tbat would be so if lbe two Judges
elected to fill vacancies in terms which
end in 1878 were elected not only to fill
the vacancies, but for four years of the
next term. That would he an anomally,
for which I remember no precedent, either
to sppoint or elect an officer, not only for
the unexpired term, but for one half of
tbe succeeding term. A Senator in Con-,
greaa is elected for six years ; bat if elec
ted to fill a three year vacancy , be does
not fill that three years and three years of
the succeeding term. 80 here, when two
Judges are elected Iu 1874 to fill vacan
cies in terms which end in 1878; their terms
expire in 1878. They fill vacancies and
Again, it is said tliat if the construction
for which I eouteed, L c that lbe Gover
nor is to sppoint antil tbe next regular
election for J udges of the Superior Courts,
and theu the people are to elect to fill the
remainder of the vacancy, then, if lbe va
cancy should happen just before tbe elec
tioo, say twenty days, so that no election
could be held, the vacancy would remain
for four years ; Non sequi tor. The Gov
ernor can appoint to fill any vacancy.
He could fill the vacancy for twenty
years, and then if the people failed to
elect, either his appointee would hold over,
aa in Battle vs. Mclver, or he could agaiu
appoint to fill the vacancy occasioned by
the failure of the people to elect.
1 1 is not
effrcts the o
that it does not.
ana proper construction
not. The eleeUAn n(
J udges arc every eight,
four years. There has
Ihere cannot be until 1878, eny
tor any J udge of the Supreme Coon
menu n it only u exclude the
mat toe decision is i
I dissent from the decision.
Good Old Democratic Doctrine.
Oar readers will rrnsslisj thai we
often made the remark tbat lbe day
soon come wben tne o.d
trioe of ffstes Rights (not
cession, as 11 waa never a part ot
principles of the Democratic party.) sreajhlds
or acKiinwieagcu oy an sections aa narat-
and re-established by the friends nf Ca.
stitational liberty and freedom.
And il now affords as pleasure to eovr
the following article aw the sabiect from
the IMIsboio Recorder, whose Ed iter wee
ao old-line Whig of the siraitest sect, and
who M as true a Soothron sod North
Carolinian as erer lived : Charlotte Dem
The time ia earning R Is act far off
unless anticipated by a violent rupture af
be government, when
principles of lbe South,
misrepresented by ihe North, aad eves by
rrnny at the south, will receive fall vin
dication. Tbe idea none which the Fnuw
was formed and a nsuonalhy created, was
that of a boud U-tween rerfectly free sad
udependent soverignties. each State 'aw-
serving to itself everything not entree
dered to tbe creature of iu eooeessiooa.
Between this idea snd that ef eeetraH-
xation, there baa been a annals in sires.
transferred at' length from tbe baatings
and from lbe forum to tbe field of battle.
For, whatever may have appeared the
more patent materiel and tangible cancel
Of the war, ft cannot be denied V at lbs
a a m m m a at at mw ' m i
doctrine of State Kignia really underlaid
them all. Inroads upon reserved rights
in tho shape of ill adjusted, unfair and
oppressive taxes ; forced and extravagant
constructions of the powers of the genre!
government over the subjects of internal
improvements, end of carreney ; nasi
final, interference with snd restrict! one
upon tbe rights in the pre party hs sieves,
compelled lbe South to make attempt te
detach itself from tbe North and preserve
pure and unimpaired lbe features 1
in theory had made our form of go
ment so admirable
Tbe South failed, aad tbe doctrine af
States Rights for the while was trampled
nnder foot, and n dominant central tea tion
sprung up 00 its ruins. So long us the
prostrate victim of a disastrous an aggie
for constitutional lights was the only suf
ferer, tbrm was none sagacious enough tn
see the hidden dangers involved in her
sufferings. Hate had blinded reason, aad
vengeance overleaped discretion. Be
even vengeance itself is sated in all bet
those who had predetermined to make a
wicked nse of opportunity, snd the North
ern people are et length alive to the
ings of Southern stair amen.
teschings of history. I hey
to see that btates, such as Louisiana, Mis
sissippi and Arkansas, sovcreiga ia theory,
but subjugated province ia fart, cannot
suffer alone. The experience of uncheck
ed abuse of central power would meet as
suredly be turned to pn n:, ia tec
throw of tboan States which have so
ly held themselves npeioi to, and
from like misfortune.
The leavea ia at work, and if time is
given, a few years will see established as
cardinal principles lbe ideas anc
of the States seen of the Scale.
In this connection may be
singular and marked deference to
caution aad sagacity ia the recent attempt
in Congress ta engraft upon the Consulta
tion one of the provisions of the Coaeii
totion of tbe Soot hern Confederacy, which
limited the tenure ef tbe Presidency te
ooe term of sis years. Tec vote 00 tee
question was a large one, but not
to carry the measure through
Bat our example baa been attcm
blow has been struck, and if the country
aurvivc its present peril, at a day eat far
distant, it will he saved all faeere appre
hension from Presidential aspirants to ua-
limited possession of o
This construction of "next regular J the animal
A "yaller ' 1 iof bss covered hisBCclf
with glory an a traveler or pilgrim or q aad -ru
pedestrian. He was taken last fall
from Indiana to Kansas. Bet las didn't
like Kansas, and was homesick through
aad teenage. He toned aseat scarce and
was averse to diet ef grass hoppers. 80
be tramped it over miles and miles ef diss
late prairies ; he swam the Kansas aad
Missouri Rivers ; and ooe day, footsore,
weary, and lean, he barked at the old
door. He waa ale weeks apee tec jessr
uey ; and the first thing he dad upon get
ting home was to cat his dinner calmly,
the next to drive the nigs out of the yard
according to his ancient ctS'om. He
learned something, bwt he had
nothing. If ever a dog dsssrved a awcer
collar and unlimitcdaas for life, he a