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0 / 75
- - -
VOL. V.THIRD SERIES.
SALISBURY N. C. MARCH, 18, 1875
NO. 73.WHOLE NO. 77
J. J. BRUNER,
Proprietor and Editoi .
J. STEW ART
0 Tear payable in aavanee. 2.f0
Months, " ' -- i
f CopleBto any address
ABVBTI8I RATES t
On SqOAM (1 inch) Onertion $100
Rates for a greater number of insertions
Sodlrate. Special notice. 26 per cent, more
WS" advertisements. Reading notice
i e oto Per line for each and every insertion
$50 00 FEB TON OF
$68 PER 2,000 lb. paya
ble Not, 1.
THE HIGH STANDARD OF QUAL
TTY HAS BEEN FULLY MAIN
TAlKED, AND IT IS CONSIDERED
Br THOSE WHO HAVE GIVEN IT
A FAIR TRIAL THE
BEST AND CHEAPEST
Liberal and advanta
geous Terms for Large
Lots Given on Applica
A GENUINE ANIMAL DEPOSIT.
EVERY CARGO will br ANALYZED BEFORE IT IS OFFERED FOR SALS.
AN IMPORTED NATURAL GUANO,
MONOPOLY OF THIS VALUABLE DEPOSIT HAS BEEN CREATED
in favor of this Company by the Crown officers. The name "GUANAHANI ! "
is a Registered TRADE MARK at the United States Patent Office, and all persons are
warned from making use of taasesa in connection with fertilizers of any kind.
This poem, written by "BleuV (Mrs. Es-
tella Ann Lewis) at the ace of fourteen. Foe
said was "the most beautiful ballad of the kind
ever written :"
THE COMPANY GUARANTEE THAT"
It hath bean said for all who die
There is a tear ;
Some pining, bleeding heart to mgh
O'er every bier. L
But in that hoar of pain and dread,
Who will draw near
Around my bumble couch, and shed
One fare well tear?.
Who'll watch life's fast departing ray,
In deep despair,
And soothe my spirit on its way,
With holy prayer ?
hat mourner round my oier will come
In weeds of woe,
And follow me to my losg home,
Solemn and slow?
When lying on my clayed bed,
T J Wl . W-. -
' I Who there by mire affections led.
Will come and weep ;
By the pale moon implant the rose
Upon my breast,
And bid it cheer my dark repose
My lowly rest?
USURY AND NATIONAL BANKS
New York Journal of Commerce.
The old Bourbons (whether in church or
State) learn nothing and forget nothing.
We have just receiyed from a very intelli
gent bank officer in North Carolina a copy
of the Usury law which has recently been
adopted in that State. It is a most extra
ordinary enactment a disgrace to the Com
monwealth and an open defiance to the
proper and decorous public sentiment of the
age. We have heretofore given in oar
columns a complete synopsis of its provis
ions. It fixes the rate of interest at six per
cent, where there is no specifio agreement,
but allows a written contract "so great as
eight per cent." (some o their colored leg
islators must have drawn that !), and forfeits
not merely the principal of a loan when
more than eight per cent, is taken, bat
double the value of such principal, and sub-
lects the offender, besides, to a fine not less
than one hundred uor more than one thous
and dollars. North Carolina may now go to the
. i m , 9 rm . . . . .
neau oi Daroane oiaies ; nomoreweqaUa
or impolitic euactment was ever placed
t r - . m a i
tne pages oi a statute nook. Because a cap
Vr.mino ll.o A n.lruu on.l I .t T t T U WTT UTkXT H.lillMIAM . Tnf TT C
JMIM1IW ... V ailWTUUi MJU VI A IV. M. . J . " llJUWi'. JJli 11 IHU I , .1. .W. 1. W.
WHITE, Professor of Chemistry, University of Georgia ; Prof. F. A. GENTH, Philadelphia,
j m r a . i . a t t , i- -w- - -
x roiessor oi Appiieu vnemisiry, university oi j-enusyivauia.
GUANAHANI GUANO COMPANY,
In offering this FERTILIZER to the Agricultural Community a Second Season we do so
with the utmost Confidence, feeline satisfied that the hieh opinion, we "formed, and ex pi cased
last season based on its Chemical Constituents have been most satisfactorily borne out by the
test, by which all Fertilizers must be judged, that of the Plantation.
-w i . m. . . 1 . . J . .
juast season, owing to tne lateness at wmcn we commencea importing we were rorcea to puv
oar Guano on the market at once, but now having continued our importations during the sum
mer and fall, and having large and well ventilated Warehouses in this City and City Point, we
are enabled to put our Guano on the market, in a condition as to dryness, and freedom from
lumps, equal to any Manufactured Fertiliser.
We solicit a careful persual of our Circular containing the certificates sent us, and which can
be had on application at this OFFICE, or from any of our AGENTS. Having nothing to con
ceal, we made an innovation on established nsaee. bv publishing those letters received unfsvora-
a. i r ; ?i . t ' . , . . , -t 2. r M
Die to our uuano, oui cnreiui inquiry in many cases proves mat tne cause 01 iia lunurt wa uuw
to any fault in the Guano, but to those far beyond our control We have frequently
Could I but know, when I am sleeping
Low in the cround,
One faithful heart would there be keeping
Watching all around,
As if some gem lay shrined beneath -
That cold sod's gloom,
Twould mitigate the pangs of death,
And light the tomb.
Yes, in that hour if I could feel
From nails of glee
And beauty's presence one would steal
And come and sit and weep by me,
In night's deep noon,
Oh! I would ask of memory
No other boon.
But, ah! a lonelier fate is mine,
A deeper woe;
From all I love in youth's sweet time
I soon must go.
Draw round my pale robes of whits
In a dark spot.
To sloop through death's long dreamless
Lone and forgot.
italist yields to the importunity of a borrow
er. and relieves him bv a loan at the market
rate, he must forfeit twice the amount he
lent, and be fined besides, if such rate hap-
.1 ... .
pens to ue more tnsn eignt per cent, per
annum ! When the bank of England pats its
rates at ten per cent, per annum, and money
is worth one per cent, a month in New York,
no man in Noith Carolina can lend his mon
ey to people of his own State at the market
rate without violoating the law. We i
know that this statute will be a dead letter.
The usury laws are inoperative everywhere
in tne way ot restraint upon high rates. In
fact, they tend in every case to increase the
rates, and they are no protection whatever
to the honest poor, as they are never plended
in toe courts except as a cover to fraud or
disreputable dealing. We wish that they
were strictly enforced, for then they would
be repealed everywhere at the earliest op
portunity. If borrowers found that the
moment the current rate was above the le
gal limit all lending stopped, or was confined
entirely to such eases as the lenders might
be willing to accent at the lower figures,
they would seethe folly and injustice of the
attempted restraint, and free trade in money
would be restored
think otherwise, as well as those who have
capital, who look this matter la the Case aid
the effect of such hisrh rates noon the
The Journal of Commerce, no doabt.be-
ieves itself to contain all the oolite learssW
and wisdom of the age, and that the very
numerous elass. both of the Dress and lewte-
ators and people of the countrv. who dilsr
with it on ibis sabisnt Me in ta laasraam
oi the bank oAeera, "as t or. in Tta
prejudice," and that the enactment is "a
disgrace to North Carolina, aad an open
defiance to the proper aad deeocoos pabtis
sentiment of tne age," and "North nai sliaa
may now go to the head of barb an e States."
No doubt there are those nearer loses who
entertain the sentiments espressos' by the
Journal of Comwtarct.
Now we think the legislators who passed
the usury law and the Dress which advocated
it and toe people who savored it will som
the declarations of the bank president and
rgans of monev cliques. We hope the Isw
rill be vigorously en foreed. and feel sure, if it
Ma 1 iswihai the euontry. instead of working on a
borrowed capita! at big rates, and contin
ually grow fog poorer, will confine itself
within its own means and go to improving.
and that capital, unable longer to demand
and obtain such rates as is almost universally
t m. sj a . M a .
ruinous to tnose Borrowing and consequently
detrimental to the State, will find employ
ment in investments in agriculture and man-
t . f if, m , 'ii ... . .
uiacionea, woion win nunc up, rainer man
i moorish the country.
As to the legal question, we only have to
say that, for the public weal, we nope the
decisions of the New York courts may be
the law, and so declared by the United Stales
courts whenever a case is preaeuted. Dup
FmnjiiM At like !
ing ot the Ueneeee L'ountv. N. Jm Y
ers Associstton, the following
DOCB Jobn Johnston to Ii. T.
was read :
Yoar latter was received twe days aa,
but being now nearly eight y-for years
old, I find wiiting quit a harden. I need
lime frees 189 till 1844, at from 40 te 5
bnshels par aere, and fennd a large proit
on dry land, bat no benefit wheo wheat
woald heave eat. In 1844, I limed six
teen acres, with fifty bosbeU par acre,
aad two acres with one handred baskets
par aere, aad I newer aaw wheat rqasi ta
thst. Losing all my crops ta 1838 by a
nan storm as nearly all say ami
ia 1848, it crippled see ta credit and fi
so that I nosed none tiace. I
tile draining in 1838, and found that wee
tfte starting point for s
and ezpeaded what I eoald raise in
way. it took sae twenty
CI mm .
my draining. I isaa is a
met, bat not better tana
sail to tbe acre. Salt makes wheat risjsss
four or five days earlier. It saved me an
immense smonnt of wheat during eW-
midge year. Ia 183, a farm joining bbssjsV
averaged 29 bushels. Bait and
did that. I think lime will do no
on light loam or sandy soil, but it
' feed the crops
heard the same complaints of its kindred Fertiliser. Peruvian Guano, but the concurrent testi
LiOC&l Aff BlltiS 3,0 811 1 North Carolina, justify us in claiming a place for our Fertiliser Superior to many, aad Second
We confidently expect the continued patronage of the Agricultural Community and no exer- mv door, and begged that I would come
in and eee a dying child. 1 went with
them to the close, hot room up sta:rs in a
One Duty More.
I .ate at night two women knocked
the Principal Depots.
DeROSSET & CO.,
General Agents for North Carolina and
WILMINGTON, N. C.
Jas. A. McCONNAUGHEY,
Salisbury, N. C.
Important to County Officer.
Mr. Pinnix, of Davidson, a few days
since introduced a very important bill to
the House of Representatives, which pass
ed its several readings in that body Fri
day without a dissenting voice. It will
doubtless pass the Senate with a like
unanimity. It provides for the safe keep
ing and rigid accounting for the funds of
the several counties in tbe State
stiff soils ftiable, and they
Treasurers. Clerks of the Superior Courts.
But we wish to say a few words upon the Registers of Deeds and all county rfficers
tion shall be spared on our part to make
THE STANDARD FERTILIZER
COTTON, TOBACCO & GRAIN CROPS
OF THE SOUTH.
points submitted by oar correspondent, who
is an omcer ot a leading bank :
Wilmington. N. C, Feb. 24.
Editor of the Journal of Commerce :
Pleace be kind enough to answer me
through your papers :
a tin. .1 rt. ttv -
i. v ih'Ut in me aiaie ot ew York ana
into wnoee bauds any moneys may come
by virtue or under color of this office, are
required to make an annual report, under
oath or verified, signed and addressed to
the chairman of the' Board of County
Commissioners, giving an itemized and
What I state is no guess work with sae;
I have tatted tbe esodbu operandi that I
recommend. As his land is adapted to
cotton rather than corn, I Infer thai H Vi
inclined to be stiff, with perhaps a day
substratum. He should then first lay off
hie rows feet wide, with a long 6 er 7
inch scooter. Then oo each aide of this
furrow run 4 more, with a long 4 inch
scooter, as deep as the male can well
draw it, leaving no space between farrows
not thoroughly broken. When ready for
planting ran a deep furrow with ten ban
shovel, right in tbe centre of the plofnal
land, which will be where tbe first furrow
was ran. This shovel should have an
ear, about lg inches long on the two top
comers right and left, to prevent the dirt
from tailing back into the fusrow. He
J. A. CLODFELTER k CO.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Furniture,
rmmutu Twvtte attention to their stock of
'""r Cottasre Hcdateadrt French Chamber
BbbW SuitH, Walnut and painted Cane Seats
Chairs Rocking Chairs of all descriptions, Ex
tension Dining Tables of all kinds Wardrobes,
WaMhstands. What-Notes, Sofas, Reception
Chairs and Parlor Suits. Also, many other
articles which we are prepared to sell as cheap
or cheaper than any House in the western part
of the State.
Be sure to call nearly opposite the Mansion
Hotel, next door below the Express office, see
our stock snd bear our prices. Our terms cash.
Special orders (made from photographs in
oar office) will be supplied.
President, N. M. TANNOR, of Rowlett, Tannor & Co.
Vice-President, ROBT. A. MARTIN, of Robt A. Martin & Co.
JOHN B. STEVENS, of Stevens Brothers.
S. P. A Ii KINGTON, of John Arlington & Sous.
JOHN R. PATTERSON, of Petterson, & Sons.
C. R. BISHOP of Bishop & Branch.
DAVID CALLENDER, W. A. K. FALKENER.
FRANK POTTS, General Agent
FOR SALE BY
SAL1SBYRY, N. C.
CH0RL0TTE, N. C.
tenement house and found there six or
seven neighbors, all women bat one,
crowding around a little cradle in which
lay an infant of a few months. 1 be sign
of death was set upon the round, smooth
face and the glassy eyes were turning up
ward as if to penetrate the unseen, but
the restless movemeut of the little hands
and occasional faint cry from the lips
through which breathing was almost lnr
preeeptable, showed thai the spaikof life
still lingered. The mother knelt beside
mm n ill a
the cradle, and cooled the not arow, or
moistened the parched lips with lee, work
ing with all a mother's tender love for the
child that was slipping away from her
with every moment. I spoke a few words
of comfort to the mother, and then asked
her if there was aoy special service that I
'Yes," said she, I have done every
thing for her that a mother can, but
one thing, and that I have neglected
till now ; I want to consecrate her to
I told her that the child was then
other States in which there are stringent detailed statement of all moneys that have w11 tbcn have a deep open furrow ta
usury laws forfeiting principal as well as
interest, national banks are exempt from
2. Whether there are different decisions
in different States on this question ?
d. If there have been directly opposite de-
come into their hsnds, from whom received,
the date received and the amount in de
tail. Also how disbursed, the time,
amount and to whom paid and on what
account, ice. The reports are to be made
cisions in different States, why ha vV not the on JY September 10 each
been carried to tbe United States 7- k"c7 l" " ""Uk7
- r w
book, mark on the back of it the date
"Yes," said she, "I know it, bat I want
to give up before she is gone."
I asked, "Do yon think it will save
the child to baptize her?
"No," she replied, ''but it will be the
last duty that I can do by her, and please,
don t let me leave it undone.
Supreme Court for final decision ?
The above questions sre prompted by the
fact that the members of tbe Legislature of
this State have just turned savages by pass
ing the enclosed law, which is more stringent
than any other State usury law ; and the
friends of the bill claim that they can reach
national banks with it as well as State
banks ; can they do so ?
A vr i -I'm i y.
1. In this State the Court of Appeals has when registered, tbe page of the book on
decided thai tbe penalties of the State usury
law do apply to the national banks, although
Congress, the National Bank att provided
much milder penalty for those institutions.
It has also gone much farther, for ia the case
of the F srtnera' Bank Fayetteville, respon
dent, v. Mark Hale et a!., appellants, it de
cided (Church, Chief Judge, giving the opin
io:!.) that tbe State banks are subject to the
same penalties, notwithstanding a special stat
ute applying to a milder system to such State
organizations. This statute was based upon
the belief that tbe act of Congress relieved
the national banks from the penalties of the
State law. The Legislature therefore ap
plied the provisions contained in the act of
Congress to the State banks, declaring that
it was the purpose of the statute to place
ceive his seed corn and fertiliser.
Drop the corn from 31 to 4 feet
in the bottom of this furrow;
heavy sprinkle of compost made of
seed and swamp or pond mock U
bottom of tbe furrow
um a a
ell as between tne corn. Holten straw
Commissioners are required to beeio suit and leaves will do as well or better.
on their bonds at once. Whan the reports d oottoo seed, than the
are nassed noon the Chairman endorsee I och prefer to sprinkle my
on it "approved," the date of the approval I aniformily aloof the drill, instead of pas
aud signs it. The Register is then to ting It in handfalls close to the sore. La
register it in a book entitled. "Record tne lormer case, too corn wiu
of Official Ronorts." furnished to him bv drought much better, and will have
. T . . . I - V.
the Secretary of State, index t in tbe nurc 10 reeu upon wnen eanng. it
- f - i a - m - . -
not mane as mncn siaia ana toacer obi
more corn, than if put in bulk in proximity
. . mw a . . L I . , . "
winch it is remstered and sirn his name wuu iuc bccu.
and file it in hiB office. If nv rerorls be Cover tbe corn and manure with toe
made which the Commissioners disan- furrow, made by a small bull
nrove. thev shall comoel a nroner renort scooter, bang sure to run t t aside mf (M
ta Kp made in thn anm manner as if no Uiroe fHrrow , btUtwOttC OS to SBaeef tkt
renort had been made. I or asoaitre. To ran the covering
It trill be observed thst by tbe provis- oae oi me isrgc rarrow is very impov-
ious of this important bill every safeguard t" as soon as me corn ts planted, . M
is thrown around the finances of the sever- certain ia turn naca immeuuuciy 1M
al rouniics. Anv tax naver or other break the middles left, with a
nerson who desires to know the conduion shovel, or in lieu thereof, with
of the finances of the county or whiihea plough, haviog the point bent down,
m s a . . van at t i i
to see whether any pfficer has properly mat u win go wen into me sou.
discharged his duties, can examiue the
Record of Official Reports" and by aid
of the index soon find the reports record
A full assortment of Rosewood, Metals
snd Walnut Burial Cases, which can be furnish
sd at S hours notice.
March 19. 1874 ly.
DAVIDSON COUNTY. IN SUPER
To Gray "Wood Non-Beaident, You are here
by notiied that the following summons has
been issued against you (to wit.)
DAVIDSON COUNTY IN THE
In offering this Felt ilizer to the people of Rowan, and surrounding counties we are
lad that we offer them the best Guano for the least money now on the market. It has been
throughly tried during the past season and the results have been even better than we hoped
for. ISeiow we append two of the numerous certificates we nave received.
;n tKl t aj. I ad. or he can find the original on file.
sir, don't let me leave it undone." " . TTTC :, 7 . . JT. 7. .
Tt wl no tim f,.r fnr.l.r word, and an wiin we national DanKs. i ne t.ourt itaicign nncs
. , . . , , , , . of Appeals then decided first, in a given
.uuCv.o0 .vui, w..u ou. r "? ' case, that the extreme penalties of our slat
irom sympatnising neignoors, mo mue ; ufje . an(, when a State bank was afterward
babe was dedicated to God by the kneel- brought op, tbe same Court declared that as
ing mother in words unspeakable solemn the law places State banks on an equality
THE BEAST AND HIS BAD LUCK.
The Beast has had bad luck
and tender ; was sealed by the baptismal with the national, they too are still subject j
rite and commended to the loving care of to the old requirement. '
a heavenly r ather, and to J esos,
AN IMPORTANT TEST, PAID OVER 600 PER CENT.
J. K. J(..NKS,
)hv commanded to Summon
Oray Wood, the Defendant above named, if to
Se found within vour count v. to be and annear
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
TO THE SHERIFF OF DAVIDSON COUN
, TY GREETING :
Tou are hereli
before the JUDGE OF OUR SUPERIOR
COURT, to bo held for the County of David
son, at the Court House in Lexington, on the
Wk Monday after the 3rd Monday of March,
1875, snd answer the complaint which wiU be
depoeHed in the office of tho CLERK OF THE
eUPERlOR COURT, of said County, within
ths first three days of the next term thereof,
and let the said Defendant take notice that if
m faibi to answer the said complaint within
the time presaribed by law, tbe Paintiff wiU
Ppl to the Court for judgment again t the
weneant for the sum or three hundred and
xty-five 80-100 Dollars and Interest thereon
wvsii me ii, Oct., 172, till paid
Hrnnf fail .1 r . i.
Salisbury. N. C. October 10th, 1874.
Messrs Meronev & Bro.
w I a u Ck j V j w s a l u o
Gentlemen : In reply to your inqnirv as to the merits of the Guanahani Guano, I will state v mi
that I have given it a fair, and, as I think, a thorough test, and believe it to be one of the best e . , . " t, you
fertihxers now in use in our country. Jn tbe month of t ebruary 1 nought two tons snd applied
it over my farm at the rate of 200 pounds to the acre under Cotton, 'and 100 poondsto the acre on
Corn. On the 8th of October I picked from one row of Cotton 14 rods long, which had been
fertilised st the above rate, 8 pounds of seed cotton ; from another immediately by the side of
this one, of the same length, to which I had applied no fertiliser, I picked 1 J ounces the same
day showinga difference of over 8500 per cent, between bind fertilised and not. I counted the
number of unopened bolls in each, and making calculation on this basis, I find that the land
without the Guanahani would yield 30 ounces to the row, 80 rows or 150 pounds to the acre ;
with Guanahani it will yield 12 pounds to the row, 80 rows or 960 pounds to tbe acre snowing
s difference of over 600 per cent.
I hsve not had an opportunity to test the Corn yet, but front general observation, I feel war
ranted in making the statement that Guanahani has benefited my Corn at least 100 per cent.
On one acre of ground, as a test, I sowed 400 pounds of Uuanahani broadcast, subsoiling at
the same time 15 inches deep. This acre, under ordinary circumstances, has average 700 pounds
of seed cotton ; this year tbe yield will be at least 1800 pounds . A. PROPST.
Davis Co., N. C.
Messrs Meroney & Bro.
GsNTUBJfEN : In reply to your inquiry as to the merits of Guanahani Guano, I would say
that I used it last Summer on an old field which would have produced very poorly under ordi-
Hcreof fail not' aud of Uua summons make I nT7 circumstance but which under the application of Guanahani yielded me a very good crop,
duo return. I had one test row snd this showed a difference of over three hundred per cent, in favor of the
said, "Suffer the little children
Then the mother leaned over the cradle,
and smoothing the thin hair from the
pallid forehead, said with a pathos indes
cribable "Mother's done all she can for
yon now, little Alie, she will stay while
yon go down to tbe river, but the blessed
A brief silence which seemed an age
of waiting, then a little gasp, a small
parting of the lips and the little one had
crossed the river, aud was forever with the
The mother's duty was all done, and
her heart, though grief -stricken, was at
rest. But are there no mothers, who, if
their little ones were taken suddenly
away, nave to mourn tor many nndoue
duties? There are those who hardly
know their children till they are grown;
there are those who only think of the care
and labor which children bring to them ;
there are some who have no thought for
tbe spiritual welfare of those most dear ;
bnt how few could say, MI have done
everything for her that a mother can, bnt
Oiren amlpr mv hnn1 an1 tha a ma I rt uai.l
Conrt, this 20th, day of January, 1875.
1 RS I . C. F. LOWE,
erkoftho Superior Court of Davidson County.
I am satisfied that it is a eood Fertilizer and take pleasure in recommending it to every far
mer who wishes to increaaehi crops as being fully eq.ua! if not superior to any Guano on tbe
Tou aro also notified that the above named
Pintifl has sued out an attachment against
Peropstty upon a Bond executed by you
On thu 1 1th A-- r rku i ovtt r .v.- '
SseS WB SELL GUANAHANI AT $40 PER TON.
"arrant of attachment is returnable to the
oaperior Court of Davidson to beheld at theCourt
-'"eintnoTown of Lexington, on the 6th
aiondav fitter :ini fni.:n u..v. a t iq-k.
, vasn and where youare hereby required to an
iu m i.ti n m'aii i wrr
- A VUii I" il .
C. P. LOWE.
v2"5 the SuPerior Court for bavidsoi Co.
-o, 1875-o w. Printers fee $10.ro
Feb. I3tb, 187$, 3mos.
CALL AND SEE US.
MERONEY & BS0.
Treatment of Horses.
When the lees of horses swell from
standing in the stable, it is evidenee of
debility, general or local. It would be
well to increase the food in quantity or
quality. The following might also be of
use, viz : Powdered sulphate of iron, one
and one-half ounces ; gentian root, two
ounces ; chlorate of potassa, one ounce ;
mix and divide into twelve powders. One
of these given in cot feed aa little moisten
ed as possible, night and morning.
Ground oats would be better for food than
corn. Friction by rubbing with a coarse
woolen cloth upon the parts affected would
also be found beneficial.
2. There have been different decisions in
other States. The most noticeable, in tbe
case of tl e Central National Bank New
York v Pratt, before the Supreme Court of
Massachusetts (115 Mass 539), wherein the
case first alluded to above (First National
Bank of Whitehall v. Lamb. 50 N. Y 95)
is brought forward only to give point to au
adverse opinion. The Massachusetts Judge
(Morton) declares that "notwithstanding the
great respect we have for that eniiuent trib
unal (New York Court of Appeals) we are
unable to concur in the eoncluaions it has
reached." The court then decided that only
the penalties of the national act applied to
the national banks. This, let it be remem
bered, was note Massachusetts case, for that
State is free from such odious restraints on
money lending, but a New York case, gov
erned by New York law, bnt tried in a Mas
sachusetts court. That court took the re
sponsibility of interpreting our law in opposi
tion to the desision of our highest court.
In Ohio the same conclusion was reached
in the case of the First National Bank of
Columbus v. Garliug-house, 10 Am. Rep.
751 ; 22 Ohio St. 492. The same diversity
is found in the decisions of other States, but
the preponderance favors tbe Massachusetts
3. Tbe eases cannot be carried into the
Supreme Court unless they are between the
citizens of different States.
The Usury laws are founded on ignorance
and prejudice. They are unjust in principle,
totally inequitable in their application, and
everywhere operative only as a protection to
fraud and dishonesty."
We copy the above from the Wilmington
Star in order that onr readers may see in
what esteem the North Carolina Legislature
and tbe people, who go with that body, are
held by the president of a bank and the New
York Journal of Commerce, as well as for
the information it eon tains.
The president of the bank, in his letter to
the New York paper, declares that the mem
bers of the Legislature turned "wages, when
they passed the usury law. We suppose- all
money lords who have grown fat and sleek
on interest at from 18 to 30 per ceut., will
echo the sen liineut. But those who have
McLean, of Texas, went for him tell
ing him he was a murderer.
John Youxu Brown, of Kentucky,
told him be was pusillanimous iu war,
inhuman iu peace, forbidden iu morals,
and infamous in politics.
Blaine, of Maine, no longer ago than
Saturday night, told him he was a "damn
And now comes Poland, of Vermont,
an elegant old gentleman of the old
school, who wears a tlue swallow-tail
coat, with brass but toon, and in language
strong bnt leas elegant than his dress tells
the Beast that he is a "damned liar."
Here is what Polasd said :
The Washington correspondent of the
Tribune gives a verbatim report of a col
loquy between Geueral Butler and Judge
Poland during tho Wednesday night
session of the House of Representatives.
Butler had impudently ssid to Polamd
that be did not believe that tbe Utter had
aoy desire or intention to bring np his
Arkansas resolution. Tbe conversation
then proceeded in this fashion :
Judge Poland Yon have oo right to
say that. What evidcuce have you f
General Butler None, perhtpe ; bnt I
Judge Poland I don't believe that
you believe what you aay you believe.
General Butler I do believe it.
Judge Poland I believe that yon are
a damned liar.
General Boiler My courage, sir, baa
never been impeached. I am qnitl able
to resent an ins alt like that. Vcu had
better be careful.
Judge Poland I don't think that
have much courage, bnt I have quite
for the occasion. Not moen is
giown poor and lean, paying the same, will and 'Spoons !
Pusillanimous, inhuman, infamous, mur
i derer, damned scoundrel damned liar,
The com will come np in a ditch, at
my neighbors say. Wait till it gets tan
or twelve inches nigh, before you ptongn
iU Then side it deeply with a six or
even inch scooter, or on a little narrow
er, if necessary Rao two farrows mm
side with this plough, lumbliog a
amount of dirt around the corn, and
ering up all tbe young grass. It w01
need oo hoeing. Burst oot the
of tbe middle deeply with a
plough, which will leave your corn hi
little hollow or shallow cradle and in tun
riebt condition for the sweep.
The second olonshuig should be
with a 21 inch sweep: broad wings,
the right one so constructed as ta
dirt to the corn. Do not scrape 1
sweep go several inches deep, bat do
cut corn roots. I hut ploughing
be giving when the corn is on the evi
bunching for tassel. Una four rows
tween corn rows, which will fall up
water farrow and leave a Urge
ridge in the middle to be opened for
Open this ndge deep with tbe
shovel. Drop the peas 2i feet apart
12 to tbe bill; cover with a harrow,
ing the ground level. Plant pea
before tbe 15tb of June, and tun
June. The "Miller pea" is the beat.
Aa soon as the peas will hear dirt, ran
tbe 21 inch sweep around the corn aad
then tbe peas. Four farrows will lam
both by aod leave the land nearly level.
In cultivating a corn crop, always nut
round the entire crop first, and thaw tars
bsck and run two more furrows, nasi so
oo. until the middles arc ploughed owL
Do this each ploughing, aod oo part of
the crop will suffer for work. If a ui y
rain should fall upon the land altar it M
prepared and before plan' ing press da
the eared shovel wish a six i neb s easier,
in preparing tbe farrow for the grain and
manors. Tbe foregoing plan will leave the
land nearly level after the second plougw.
ing, so that tbe rootlets can rasaify- ia
every direction through tbe said dice. If
my plan is rigidly carried oat, the earn
and peas will stand droogbt beyond thm
most sanguine ezpectarioos.
If "Young Fanocra" sail to make earn
and paas apoa "poor upland," after sal
lowing closely my directions, I woald ad
vise him to go to the Rail toad, or run for
onto county office I
J CMOV W. Oilfli wx.
Jefferson county, Ga.
. , .