&11 responsibilities and bljt
I t V A MESSAGE TO BLAI Nil V
- War is always terrible. -War always brings
hardships, death, sorrow, ruin, devastation, and
he is -unworthy to be; eonsidered a statesoasiv
looking to. the iciucation of the country, who
will parade the horror irreparable from war
for the pnrposeof keeping up the strife which
" produced, tlitwe horror. There are ho Con
federates in thin 1 1 onse. There a re no Con feder
ate ambitionwTdeisirep, or purposes in this House,
. . .t a rrV. v i'. .- i. :,mjaf
W"C: a'.""V" . J;,.
w'" .'. ' r;.,.-.!.; r:
i.ledde of the father-Uncite raid on our pep-.
, T i . V . . . I
pierauu.piy innrienrre u 11 1
shoYei -without' number ;" but for all your ini
iu"uies of theSouth will uever again seek a
renieuy in ioe maorit:oi.o. r" .
-rHeoewed apphue.j We are here and are in
oar fAther's hpuse. Our brothers are our com
paniifnsand we are at home, thank .trod,
f Enthusiastic 'applaim.J We come to gratiify
11V VIIV II VV , w - " 1 . '
no past insults to reopen no stnie. ewuie
. 11 I
-With a patriot icirie to do whatever
politiical powei ennn oe -V-1
r. .. aml z-nnsututiuonal admimstra- l
- fL. -rwJ'i' T w. I
tionrof the (iuvernniertt.
VV m rhartriflw I
- 1 T . V. trrnnrr tn lis
. -. z- -v o
life Union nev-I
- -r wronged the Soiuh. The Union ha.s been an
oihyixeH blefing to every section, ito every I ty I )0t afJra a glimpse of the sort of ' Sec 3. It shall be the dnty of the Coromis-Zlfc-ffiiS1
HIk .pl.,a a Urg portion. "" in mh-Conn,,, to dirid.
kout a Dlecfre or bbeved a law! We sought to
, ' leave the association of those who would not I
keen fidelity to Coverant. e SOUsht t0 CO by 1
cirsely, but so far from having lost our fideli-
1 ' t ilia fV.natiriihAn wo hiirVfriHl tr m mir hHS- I
of the North, followers of, Webster and rill
' more, of Caw and Douglas, you who fought Jor
heaU.ed, with yon we have no quarrel. ve
k .v. - m (ho mwlut rf lha cf ri1C7- I
gle. but above the roar of cannon we heard your
ywvb uiwnuitcwcaui. f
''brothers, come back." i I
We are here to cooperate with yon, -to do I
hatever we can, in pite of allonr sorrows, to I , f , - , . i J-.-
build the Union, to restore peace, to be a,ate war d the V'80 horrors of
bressin2 to the country, and to iake tbe Ameri-
rig to. the country, and to make tbe Amen-
r - i . e Ii " r. JJ-:. l U
,n TTnion what our fathers intended" it should
nion wnai our lamers ifiietiueu iv miuuiu
be glory of 'America arid the blessing of
nity. But yon, gentlemen, who persecn-
of the Union; yoi who then claimed to be the
iea us ov vourin uueuviejsuHiii run uruc usuui
onlv friends of the Union which you had belore
denounced as a league with hell and a covenant
with death ; yu, who tuilow ap the war, when ; i , F i - V M;L iimnl.t cilic8 nd,towns are situated. In every Town
i K.nfH imivhn fniwhtt havit made Teac and I t ration uf nubUc s.tlilrs. 2tfXl, ll llioUUt . . -
gone to thir homes ; to you we have no conces-
" n - t ---
rtiuiia tu lumtCi wnv iiw anuviw n
tyrants; and while wearerady to makeevery
sacrifice for-the Union, seeession, however de-
sionstomake. Martvrs owe no apologies to
however bUted and exacting, j Yet
whije we make to you bo concession, we say
that we come even to you in nospirn 01 revensei
We have but one ambition, and that is to add11' tol"lf i ",,u ,'i'" l"c
our political pwer to the patriotic Union. jMen
pllHeortn. inraer ioonipei lai.ancism
-obey the lrws and to live in the Lnioncpprd-
mg to tlie tJouhtitution, we do not propose to
compel yon ty oaths, lor -you never Kept, tnem-
Tho Smith Hut tlio ITninn rn frrpnt wrfincr. and
we ime as far as we can to renair it. i We
. ... ...W ....... V,.. ,
1 .L TT : ,1.. ,!. . :
wriigc. .nc uniusic .n. ...r.. "
to be seized and rent and torn by the men who
had denounced it as ,4a league with death I ahd
A covenant with hell." W e asK you, gentlemen
of the Kepubiican partv, to rise above all vour
anirawities and to forget tour old sin. i Let us
Unite to repair the wrongs that distract and
the past; and let it be said jn the future -that he'
1 1 -. . . - .
hall be tbe greatest patriot, the truest patriot,
'--.i'ii. . . i i.iii. . i - . . j
ine.ao;eai patriot, wuutuiau u iur must w re-
.V.u' x . i . .
clories of the future; Loud and sustained ap-
p:iir iiio wrviiii ui tug I'if', aim tu luuiuute tiic
. p.auoutheiJemraucMoe oi me nouse
, s Mr, Hill , finished his speech and Mr.
Garfield of Ohio took the floorj the debate was
lnierrupteu yy ajnessage irom me oenaie an
nouncing the nrtion of thakbody in connection
with the death ofexiPresident Andrew John
son. The proceeding? of theday were closed
with speeclies in eulogy of Mr Johnson.
Carolina ' Watclijnan.
JANUARY. 20, 1S76.
Our thanks are due our representative
the1 Hp.ri.-Wm.. M. RobBins .for tbe"fJoh
jreseiinal Record.' . 5
'Ile Charlotte papers are filled with
accounts of horrible crimes', robberies,cc.
The JToine says ; "Charltote is. becoming
tho Mecca of the rogues, whjte and black,
of both the Carolinas "
According to a late decision in one of
the Courts of Maryland, itria not safe for
a man to .give advice for the hivest
:?ement of money. In the case referredt6,
the man giving the advice was sued for
tlarasge on the failure of the security,
; nni the party making the investment
- recovered of him the whole amount of his
ircisk?. j- -; ' 'jf
Amnesty before thx House of Repre
eentatives has consumed almost a whole
, week's "time. The Republicans striving
for a bill that will exclude Jefferson Davis
alone from its provisions, and the Demo
crats fojr bill-free qf any exceptions.' 1 It
j requires a vote of tWohirds to pass it in
any form, aud this accounts in some
measure for the wTranglihgp that is going
on at) Washington. " K !
V: ' -' , . - :J
The Treitegar Iron AVorks, ConT-
pany, of Virginia, has failed, ousting
' COO operative. The Company was
, greatly damaged by the'panio of 1873,,
at which, time they gave a mortgage o
" secure their liabilities, and it is jbeliey
ed now that- the amount uncovered by
. good assets will not e??ceed I00,
000. :;'.:",' ;V- v - -. ; . , .: A.-
7 ;A pecent election in Memphis, Tcn
. nessee, resulted in the election of Mr.
... PLirPis, Democrat,- for Mayor, by
( the unprecedented majoritr of 4,345. !
't The good -people ,f, rdmphis is;: in
v great j'o over this splendid victory.
Try carried the votes of tbe Duteb
and Irish and a ycry la rge poftionlof
i the colored people,-, finding -1
! have; lieretofore, beeijblised by:' .mis
; wmfiilaiuMin irtiit'a FfirliHila tnli
' s -t y. Co
loose from them and united' with tha
Tbfrt" art 6drtudetit0 at,Gbapel Hill
tiow, 4ih1 more are expected ' i i v
fi There ra reasons, why some men will
f Drdfer to educate their ons at this InstK
tni oti rather than at denomiuatiopial col
legU, ad we are glad that they have the
opportunity of doing so, and bope to see
f'.L.s tt;ii .noilv rPMivnred from the
Vuapi xii - ' ,
id wliicb it was eo sadly piangea
b,lmtoHi .n.r.h.-.f. Tl..
present prospect for the college
J there is wacuto be
f h before it fao fully resume its
.J. t , .,.ndine. it is n case J hat I
admits f cwerriu .aira persevering enon i
'which" we believe will be frcelj bestowed.
; MK. HIIiIi'S SPEECH.
Ve copy a condensed accoaut of the
epeecu oi me xaon. jdbjsj . uiUi, u vrcui
1 K . I - 1 . V m - I v A 1
.ft jp , to the epe(?ch Mr ' Blaine,
of Maine, on the Amnesty Uul. ill
! .." - ; 1
mrarp. n nes uea vkcici . it is true.
j ' '
bat was said on this question of amnes
nr l,n timn nf th lower House lor sereral
, j - , 3 I
jjlr. Blaine enjoys the unenviable re-
1. ... I
H"bililj for .be waste of puM.c
and money by lue I u trod act ion ot excw I
Lj ; coolr6eriiMo matter -ill this
A. .n'W AA It n11v Wd with
i r DUrDOde
TTo a hrnMi
Republican cajidida'.e lor the next 1 resi-
OenCV. aUQ H Ue Call asraill craze. lOB puu-
He miud of the Ncrtbeni-people by flannt
iuVia their faces the bloody shirit of the I
Uwar and the Drisou horrors" of
i ' I
f Andersonvule, he may. accompusn two
AjndersonvMe. he may. accomalish two
i . , , -. . ;
i , i , !mnrfii.o.
OI;lbrt e Part.v enda importance,
First and foremost, it will divert the pub-
tr j ,..
mJJder borrors or uaaical inifymp. op
n,,:,,.. nf i rie neonle niul uiitUndmiais-
- f I
fr..Ui n K.rtl.rn Democrats
1 ; " ... .
t t I il I tl
apd break up tbf Itaimony bt-twefii them
ad the Suwllu-ni ai.d WcsU-rn Democrats,
and thus make easy work for Kcptib-
J laii parjy iii'the approaching president
..i , , . . i
!l I ... . -1 1 . . ... I . j . si...
hero of all this diicliiefyit would increase
, 4 , a , ftf I.U itv
p ! 1 J
tojr tho . "riesidency. Any one -oi tnese
. i-. s ,.,! .,,,1 tr. iK
. . .... . . .
irlorv of 31 r. HUlurr ,,, pr.mni iliui to
1 ' i . . . .
I it B PIlCfM PH. lifl U Is i) V ll UietttlS Ulirea
If. .. .
sduable l. ai-sign ril-bouoiablo motives
I flrjjeii tho fact and rncmwstauccs of the
I j j . e l
c4se will fauly admit of no other
It is 4iuite probable that this is only the
I.A.im.H.ivA Ilia Kuniihlin.n nmrvfo m m a
"T""" ""f-""- t6.
fur hindering public business, and .wast
I i or '
I i-i- fi'i. i i
t uiir nubile money. lhe people have
j demanded a thorough expose and punish
i )f th(J officia yUjUna beeQ
robbing and oppressing tbem ever since
I e war, and they are looking to this Cou
gfess -to take up and prosecute that work,
Mr. Blaine and his party know all this
iJll .nrl fl,.ht r;nr if lrt
inenY. Already convicted on ft thousand
cnuiiL in iiic iiiuiciuiciii) naniBk iiicui, i
iai simply an effort to cheat the gallows
out of its victim. 1
ihf, iA i,,thrm,rnf ,lJ;aMaJ
ston, read a letter from W. W, Holden,
fl 1. v n m. t. a MnKintntiilrif. 1 1 1 n f tA f i n si
IUU uuilll lilii'", viiujuiajiiiiit: mat uo iiau
, , . i j j j n?
been impeached and removed from office
solely on account of bis movement against
lhe ku-klux, by tile democrats, aud ex
eluded from holding office, and th.-U the
Legislature -and. State t'onvention had
both refused to restore to him his rights,
&e. It must be confessed that Blaine
was very hard-put to when he was driren
to this desperate resort, as every body
knows that the cases of Jcffertfon Davis
and W. W. Holdeii are as widely differ
ent as the poles. Blaine wisHy prevent
ed our North Carolina delegates from
showing the history of Holden 's disabili
ties how he was convicted of high
crime committed in his office as Governor
of the State, and for which he is simply
suffering the judgement of the Court duly
constituted tu try him.
j FROM WASHINGTON.
."Extract from Telegrdras dated 17th.
A Republican delegation from North
Carolina, headed by Col. Douglass,
LT.IS. Marshal, visited the President
The Democratic National Executive
Committee meet at WillardV Hotel,
February 22d, to arrange the time and
place of holding the Convention.
jThe Centennial bill is said to be
gainingground rapidly. Several prom
inent Southern men take i a decided
stand for it. Among them is Senator
Gordon; of Georgia. He agrees with
Senator Bayard that it is both constitu
tional and sanctioned by numberless
precedents. He is heard to have express
ed himself very freely, and isearnestl
forthe billon the followihcr crrounds:
Bft, that no section is so deeply iutercs-
tou m me proper ceieorauon ana re-establishment
of the principles of 1776
atitl in the restoration of good wHl in the
coantryas the South ; second, that the
proposed appropriation would ' cost
only about 3 cento per capita iri the
United States ; . third, ..' that: Pennsyl
vania has paid four and a half millions
of the five millions already expended,
abdtfiat it would be unjust to make
tliat State pay more, whereas the ap
propriation by Congress would per
fect the national character of the cel
ebration; fourth, that foreign nations
iijive uixepHpu toe ipvitaiion to come,
and the rennfalion nf tlieoovprnmon't Iq
j involved in perfecting the arrange-
t l . ST E -" w " " " Mwaw ao
T VcU. 11
inl this account be would
: regm tosee tne boutn Aote against
THe Proposed - Constitutional
To THE EdITOBS OF TDBAriTCHMAH:
Onl j one amendment was adopted by J the
Conrentlon, proponing to alter the next article
of the Constitution. This amendment cannot
be understood withont first having a thorough
knowledge of the whole article, as it now reads.
lh, therefor. ,pieJi, tord for word, to
; Section lt In each County, there shall be
mwhi iu? 4auucu vutcrs
of, as provided for the election of member of
the General Assembly, the follow in e officers
A Treasurer. Register of Deedn, Surveyor j and
Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the Commi.
sionen to exercise a general supervision J and
control of the penal and charitable institutions,
schools, roads, bridges, levying of taxes and
finances of the county, as may be prescribed by
pi.. d.:... .r rv..j. l.ii u jr..
xw cgimcr ui Licms, niinu.ue ujkw,
Clerk of the Board of Commissioners.
e same inio convenieni iisincis, 10 aeter
mine the boundaries and prescribe the name of
.h mid Distrirts' and to rnnrt tliA Mm in
lhe GelIeraI Assembly before the first day of
bee. 4. Upon the approval of the reports
provided for in the foregoing section, by the
General AssemMy, the said Districts shall have
vurpviavc pvwc.a ivii me iievCTKtrj purposes
oi iocai government, ana n an . be k
Re.5. In each TownuMn 1W .1..1I h.
biennially elected, by the qualified voters
thereof, a Clerk and two Justices of the Peace,
wn0 shall constitute a Board of Trustees and
-U.n .1.. i-i .
Commissioners, have control of the taxes and
. .. . ... -v
finances, roads and bridges of the Township as
may be prescribed by law. The General As-
ui . -
fui .or me eiecuon oi a
'S uumwrui uxma oi uie reacein cuies
and towng aQd m those Townships in Which
ship there shall also be biennially elected a
"T - y "
ocnooi vxmmiuee, consisting oi three persons,
whose duty shall be prescribed by 1
. Sec. 6. The Township Board
shall assess the taxable properly of their Town
shi)8 and make return to the County Coramis-
sioners for revision, as may be prescribed by
law. The Clerk shall also be. ex officio: Treas-
urer of the Township.
Sec, 7. No county, city, town, or other mu
nicipal corporation shall contract any debt,
pledge its faith, or loan its credit, nor shall any
tax be levied, or collected by any officers of
the same, except for the necessary expense.
thereof, unless by a vote of a majority ofj the
qualified voters therein.
Sec. 84 No money shall be drawn from any
Oiunty or Township Treasnrv, except by au-
thority of law.
Sec. 9. All taxes levied by any county, city.
town, township, shall be uniform and ad valorem,
upon all property in the same, except property
exempted by this Constitution.
Sec. lOV The cpunty officers first elected un
der the provisions of tliis Article, shall enter
upon their duties ten days afier the approval
of this Constitution by the Congress of the
j United States. .f
f Sec-H-The Governor shall appoint a suffi
cient number of Justices of the Peace in each
county, who shall hold their places until sec-
tions four, five and six of this Article
have been carried into effect
vit dinners, ordinances and pro-
visions relating to municipal corporations
shall remain in force nntil legally changed,
unlpS8 Consistent with the provisions of this
Sec. 13. No county, city, town or other mil'
I , .-in
I nicipal corporation shall assume or nay. nor
sliall any tax be levied or collected for the pay
iuwi m any ueoi, or me interest npon any
i - r ji. .i
debt, contracted directly or indirectly in aid or
support of the rebellion
The amendment is merely a new section, as
Section 14. The General Assembly shall
haVe full power by statute to mod if v, change
or abrogate any and all of the provisions of
this Article, and substitute others in their
place, except sections Beven, nine and thir
This amendment confers upon the Legisla
ture full power to repeal, by ordinary statute
law, the whole of this article except three sec
tions, to wit :
1 Section 7 forbids any city, town, or
other municipal corporation from contracting
any debt, pledging its faith, or loaning its cred
it, for any object whatever, except or ntectsary
expenses unless a majority of all the legal voters
of such County, City, Town or Municipal Corpor
ation sfiall assent teethe same by toting therefor at
some special election held for that purpose. This
section also forbids any tax to be levied or col
lected by the officers of these Corporations,
for any other purpose except necessary expen
ses, unless by a vote of a majority of all the
qualified yoters therein.
2. Section 9 requires all taxes, levied by
any County, City, Town or Township, to be
uniform and ad valorem (i. e. according to the
real value of the property taxed.)
3 -Section 13 prohibits any County, City,
Town or other Municipal corporation, from
assuming or paying or levying or collecting
any tax to pay any debt, or theinterest upon
any debt, contract etT directly or ' indirectly in
kid or support of the late war between the Uni
ted States and the Confederate States.
The amendment does not authorize the Gen
eral Assembly to' interfere, in any manner,
with either of these sections.
The principal objections, which are being
urged against the proposed new section, are as
Obj. 1, It will give the Legislature power
to abolish the present system of County . Gov
ernment, and to substitute another system in
its stead without reference to the wishes ot
the people in the'matter and, the. Legislature
may, If U choses, fill all the County offices with
its own appointees. (
i Answer. The Legislature may continue the
provisions of tlila Article as they noware or
it may make such changes, as the public inter
ests may requu. It will certainly abolish a
great many useless and expensive offices. The
Legislature had the same power under unr Pjd
Constitution; and the same power is now exer
cised, J believe, by the Legislative Branch, n
a majority of the States of the Union. There j through 'Congress ftt the present SCS
is no danger of tlie people of & "West lou3 ioa, r
their right to vote Cor the selection of their
own County officers. But even if the Legisla
ture shall take into its owu hands (for the pur
pose of relieving the people of the East from
negro misrule) the entire management of our
County affairs I believe our people for the
end in view will be willing to make the sacri
fice. The people may rest assured, however,
that the Legislature will not establish any new
system of County Government, which will not
meet with the approval of a majority of the
voters of the whole State.- Each County . will
instruct its representatives what to do.
Obi. 2. The Legislature will have the power
to appoint the Justices of the Peace, as in old
Ans. This is true but the Legislature will
not take the appointment of J ustiees into its
own hands, unless the people first consent to
Obj. 3. The Legislature will have the power
"to establish one system of County Govern
ment in one County, and another in another
as the exigencies of party or personal interests
may dictate to the changeful mind of a modern
Ans. The Legislature tci have such power
by this amendment and will be justified in
exercising it for the protection of the down
trodden people of the East if no other, mode
shall present itself of "opening a door of escape
to the latter from negro despotism and misrule.
without injury to the people of the West."
Obj. 4. Hie Legislature may, if it pleases,
abolish the Township system.
Ans. The Townships, as they at present
exist, are self-governing municipalities and
Corporations, with unlimited powers of taxa
tion. As mere territorial districts and voting
precincts, they are perfectly, harmless. But!
they ought not to have any powers of taxation.
The people are taxed enough already and if
the Amendments are ratified there will never
be another Township tax levied pr collected.
I venture to say, that there, ranf-scarcely be
found in the whole State a man, who is in fa
vor of the Township system just as it stands in
the present Constitution, that is not also direct
ly interested in the perpetuation of the system,
either as an office-holder, or ffni some other
It will be observed that sections, 3, 4. 10 and
ll of this Article are virtually obsolete; having
already accomplished the purpose of their
JOHN S. IIENDEBSON.
CONGRESS. Jan'v. 18. In the Senate,
Thurman presented the credentials of J.as.
B Lustis, claiming a sc.it as benator irom
Louisiana, and asked that they be referred
to the committee on Privilege and Elections.
After some discussion, the matter was laid
over till to-morrow.
Banks' amnesty bill excepts Mr. Davis,
though Banks himself, will vote to strike
the exception out. The. theory is that the
bill cannot pass unless the Republicans are
allowed to record themselves on the subject,
but that the bill will pass after the excep
tion is stricken out. It cannot pasi with
the restriction. It is the only means of se
curing two-thirds for a clean amnesty. N
Mr. Waddeirof N. C, made a speech in
favor of an appropriation for the Centennial
The Judiciary Committee reported an a-
inendnient to the Constitution limiting the
Presidential term to tour years.
CINCINNATI AND WTHO ?
The Republican National Commit
tee, says the N. Y." Sun. after many
indeterminate balloting, finally fixed
upon Cincinnati as the place, and the
fourteenth day of June next as the
time, for holding the. Repuclican Na
tional Convention to nominate cani
dates for President and Vice-President
of the United States. ''-
The New York Times, the great
journal of the party, in announcing the
fact, stigmatizes the place selected as
"Porkopolis, though it magnani
mously refrains from any remarks
In the debates.upon the selection of
a place a great dear was said about
getting railroad tickets at half price,
the speakers evidently being forgetful
of the fact that they will all be dead
heads, after the election.
No compliment was paid to Presi
dent Grant they were not the men
to worsnip tne setting sun out on
the other hand, the call issued says
nothing to those opposed to a third
A new movement has been started
in Congress to bring in . the rotten
borough of New Mexico, with its mon
grel population, as a State in the Un
ion. The facts concerning that Ter
ritory have been systematically mis
represented, both in regard . to the
quantity and quality of population
resources, and everything else which
affects the question of admission. The
whole Territorial Government is ab
solutely controlled by a Ring, of which
S. B. Elkins, the present Delegate in
Congress, is the head and front. That
Ring notoriously runs the courts,
hucksters what is miscalled justicr,
handles all the appropriations, and in
a word governs the Territory as a per
sonal property. This is done through
favoritism at Washington. The peo
ple have protested in vain against this
corrupt dominiation, and when they
rose up at the last Territorial election
and defeated Elkins, they were fraud
ulently counted out by his tools.
It is proposed, without a color of
reason; to convert this worthless Ter
ritory into a State, in order to place
the chiefs, of this Ring of plunderers
in the Senate. By that means patron
age would be multiplied for their prof
it, and the recent history of rascality
in South Carolina, Mississippi, Louis
ina, Arkansas, Alabama, and Florida
would be repeated in another form.
The engineer of this scheme is Elkixs,
who last year married tho'daughter of
Senator Davis of West Virginia. It
is hoped that through this combina
tion of a Republican of the Grant
stripe on the side of the House, and a
Democrat on the other; the project
may1 by .artful ' manipulation be carried
Manv of' the Northern Democratic
jonruala lear that Mr. Hill suffered him
self touall wtora-tmp;e lOTuim uy
Blaine to bring out in full the real feel
ings of the: South towards tue govern
menf," and thereby 3o damage fb lhe
Democrat ie puity. We will uot aiscuss
the question of imprudence hn hc part of
Mr. Hill or the success i the calculating
aild lUailCIOUS dinning m; mr. uiaino.
Certain - it r-frr-that after Mr; JJIaine'a un
generous assault upon Mjr. Davis, and
upon' 'the S6th it was impossible for
Southern members5 to quietly accept
statements which reflected io terribly up
on their former chieftain and suffer him
to bear alone the responsibility which
ought to have been equally? shared. Nor
was it, possible for boutuen meu to ac
cept without denial the codjplacent asser
tions or .Northern humaniiy, or near un
moved the i?xa?rerated statement of
Southern barbarities. The discussion
was not sought by tbe Democratic aide.
There, was no reason whyjMr. Randall'i?
bill ehould have been clogged with an
amendment which provoked acrimonious
discussion, because there was no eincenty
in the exception of tbe name of Mr.
Davis from the terms of Universal am
nesty. Mr. Blaine himself had supported
a previous bill which made no exceptions
It is a cruel use politicians make of their
talents, their powers and iheir influence,
to play upon popular feeling for their ius
dividual advantage. air. Diaine, as a
simple member of Congress, might gladly
have encouraged the growth of the better
leeling which was bringing back the
country to its old unity of spirit. As a
candidate tor the Presidency, he ouly
regards what will but advance his fort
unes. Ilaleigh Neics.
THE WHISKEY FRAUDS.
Washington, Jan. 16. So many of the
officials engnged iu the Whiskey Biug
prosecutions are at present in Washing
ton that very naturally considerable in
tcrest and curiosity are excited. Very
little actual iuformation, however, can be
obtained from them. Notwithstanding
General Rjbcock's protestations of inno
cence, tne prosecution say they have a
very strong e.iee against him, and strong
testimony must be presented to clear
away the damaging testimony secured by
the United Slates attorneys. ExUhief
Clerk Avery still says that he will ap
ply for a new trial, but a gentleman who
knows all of the testimony against Bah
cock, states that when -that gentleman
trial occurs and some of the Government's
witnesses are sworn Avery will be quile
contented that he cseaped as easily as he
did, and will never ask for a new trial.
Bluford Wilson, Solicitor jof the Treasury,
declines to express an opinion on General
Babcock's guilt or innocence, but denies
that - .ny ill-feeling exists between him
self and the Private Secretary. Washing
ton is filled with spies of the Government
and tho whiskey ring, both on the alert
to discover whatever new movps the
other is making. Several cf the whiskey
ring spies have endeavored to obtain em
ployment iu the Treasury Department
for iho sole purpose of observing and re
porting the movements of l h;? Govern
ment in tho prosecution. Fortunately
Secretary Bi it-tow has thus fur, aided by
fiiemV, been able to keep these Fpies and
eavesdropp'M-s out of the department.
Within the past wpek a celebrated
character io the whiskey frauds has made
his appearance in Washington. He is an
ex ganger n.Mued Everest of St. Louis.
Everest was tho middleman or agent be
tween Joyce and the "old man in the
way," or "gentleman in the country."
When the frauds were first exposed, it is
said that Everest, who had recently
married, took unto himself of the profits
of the "crooked," and with his wife went
abroad. They stopped in Rome, Italy.
Everest is a man whb knows all about
the transactions which took place in the
manufacture of illicit whiskey and the
parties interested, and ; the Gvoernment
hearing of his whereabouts, sent an agent
to Rome with authority to inform Ever
est that if he would return to this country
aud testify to all he knows in regard t
the ring transactions, immunity from
punishment would be granted him. Ev
erest accepted this offer, and hence his
presence in Washington. General Bab
cock will be well defended. His counsel
are ex-Judge Krum, of St. Louis, and
John K. Porter, of New York, and he is
assisted in preparing his case by John
Rnssell Jones, lhe late Minister to BeU
gium, a personal friend of Mr. Babcock's.
District-Attorney Dyer, his assistant, and
Mr. Bliss, of St. Louis,; are still here ar
ranging for General Babcock's trial.
Supervisor Myer, of St. Louis, who has
also been here co-operating with the
Treasury officials in the same direction,
has iust re'.urned to St. Louis.
The Southern Planter and
Farmer. Wo are in receipt" of the
January number of this old and stand-!
ard Southern Agricultural Journal,
and its contents show no decline in its
vigor. Its career dates back thirty
five years, and it has numbered among
its constant contributors, in days gone
by, such names as Ruffin, Taylor,
SampsonyCarter and GilmerT In
readjustment of our agricultural econo
my, induced by the results of the war,
we need the counsel of every man who
has secured success since. In the pages
of this journel we find such counsel,
indeed, every question of vital inter
est to us is handled with perfect can
dor, and in a spirit that must lift up
the hearts of many who remain cast
down in our Southern country. The
present number gives in full the splen
did addreas of B. Johnson Barrour,
Esq., before the last meeting of the
State Agricultural Society of Virginia,
and it should be ready; by every -man
in the South. We find in it, also, a
masterly article (one of a series by
"Cms), on the "Public School in its
Relation to the negro.11 In fact it con
tains all a farmer would like- to see,
and we trust our friends will avail
themselves of the aid it offers them in'
so many ways. The brice is-, but $2
per annum, for which is furnishedj
during the year, over seven hundreds
pages ot nrst-class reading ma tWi
Published at Richmond, Virginia, by! S K to S 2 0 1cr Drt at
Dr. X. R. Dickinson, j S ' 'WoZl -
jlMERICAN'BEEP IN LONDON
Several steamships on . the fVilliains &
uion lines are being eupplie with re-
frigfrators tor the purpose of carrying
American dressed-beef to. t$e "English
maiket. The Nevadaen herf last ';Voy
agej took out 124 quarters of leef, wliich
Bold in London for 12 cents a pound-4
cents les than the price of the English
or Irish beef. On the arrival ot-the stt-ain-
snip in ljiverpooi meueri ir pjvTjf
canyas bags and sent -iin'oediatc-lv to
LadenhallorFarringtoii iimikHts, Ijoitdon.
On the trip across the Athmtic th? mSejat ts
placed in ice-safes and kt pt a lemper
atureof33 degrees. The refrigerators
no building will contain from 400 fo; 600
beeyes. ;- .!-.
PHotographs ! Photographs I
Tlie citizens of Salisbury nnu sarraund-
ing country are respectfully informed,! that
we will open a New Pbototrrapjh Gllery at
ar verv short time. Having hail ten year's
LexTierience in New Orleans ami otlicri larjre
cities in the Soutli, wui guarantee rt&l
CLASS work of every description, arid on
moderate terms. - j
.TheTbeautiful Glace Photograph, Cameo
Photograph, Rembrandt Photograph,' and
all jstyles-of " Gem Pictures," finished in la
test and neatest styles. Old pictures copied
and enlarged. All are invitedjfp givie us a
calf Ladies particularly. I
fullir I . i :
s jaw?'wv tiiii i
Jan. 20, 1875.
O N and! OFF
Slick as 'Grease !
WE A EAGLE
his contiuiianeoi- at; nis old
stand in his old line, on Main street, ; opposite
Eubis'sDrug Store. lie is always rpaCy and
anxious to accommodate customer iiathBot
and Shoe business in the best manner; poob!e.
Ile'is prepared to do first class f"ork atjid can
corppete with any northern h!pfn h&ndinmde
jobs. His machine, lasts, c, art' of the latest
anq best paterns. lie keeps ufi nana ready
mane work, and stock equal to atiy sjeeia! or
deii Footing Bs in best stf !e, 7. New
Bobtsbest quality, Kepairifnjruieatljand
promptly done at reasonable prices. Satisfac
tion guaranteed or no charpo
Cash orders by mail promptly fClled. ;
WM. 4. KAGLE.
Jan. 20. 1876. jl5:6mu :
ASSA AHEAD ! !
31ft. J. ALLEN BROW M
j Agent Navassa Gcaso,' jr !
: Salidury, NjC.
Dear Sir : I now send you tbi resnlt of my
cxyjeriments with Guanos, this yfar. !
linsed ei-ht kinds of Guano, ielcctiujfr land
of as nearly uniform soil as posise, side by
side, putting 20 cents worth ofieaeh kind to
therow; and by the --cide of all (these Guanos,
I pjit iut.i o)ie row 100 lbs of jriod stablie mn
nuie, leavirg one row without aivthlng.' The
rovfi were If; rods, (or 100 ynrdij .by ineanre.
and 7s rows to rhe acre, in the'n.idyt. f n 20
act'p fi-dd I struck my row. '''Mied'V'ich
Titf, pnt1irr tl e .Guano in and pSijtir-, ail on
thii sane uay, iwung 'ho o;li dayof- M:y.,
.tow for tho result of the picjKiug, a$
be!)w : i
Fertilizer. . - ,
ZeH s Phosphate
to Jir tc.
4 4 0
Jow, friend Brown, you see the resnlti The
Agents f the otheT Guanos are nil my friends.
I don't speak disparagingly of aiy . f th( tibove
Guanos, not at all. The sorriest may pay. but
the NAVASSA most as?nrcdlyi pays the best
f all. Every acre where I um-4 all Navassa,
timake one bale to the octo weithtrrK froiu 410
to 456 lbs. - " 1
I Permit mo to say, in cwIiiM, iFat'itnkiug
tbe above as a basis, 1 o-p 6.678 lbs. seed cot
ton by not using all of yourmf'st riobie and
best of all Gaanos, the Navassai
I ' ' Yours, Jtei' p
j e. i.' PRop-.vr.
glttorntff at pi?,
aaiisisury, Iff. o.
I will sell at my residence, in Rowan co.,
16 miles west of Salisbury, oni the Lincoln
road, Tuesday, 8th of February, 187G, the
following property, viz : j
Five Mules and one w ell-broken Ypke of
Oxen ; 18 head of Cattle, and stock of Hogs ;
one Koad Wagon and Gear, one ox-wagon,
one 2-horse Wagon; two -Buggies and Har
ness, one Threshing Milch in 4 one Straw
cutter, Farming implements of every .-kind,
Cotton implements of all sorts!; about:
400 bushels of ; Corn,
35 bales of Cotton
one 43-sav vVinf.hip (GeorgiaSl 6 in, nearly
new, with fixtures; a lot vf pottonLSeed,
Carpenter's Tools, a larjre quaatity of prov
ender, such as Hay, Fodder; Straw and
Shucks ; and a lot of Household and Kitcli
en Furniture. SYDNEY H. HART
January 6th, 1876. j I4:4t
largest & best assorted lot
of j ;
ver brought to the Salisbury market
to Country Merchants on liberal terms.
Come and see us!
BUS & BARKER,
hoai. Termi ree.
- " f ' I-
STiSTQS A Co..
Jan. 19, 18f
r Our Living
ti 1876. --:
. : -. ; A Magazine of 128 pages,
Devotcd-to Nortb Carolina her pant b
present and her future. ' vf
Terms, $3 per year, postage pre-paid.
ggfThose to whom bills have been
will please remit. l;
Two. years -for only $5.
Having a few complete files of " 0crX,Iv
ikg aki Ock DKAi3l for 1875 on hand, w
wiil furnish that year and the entire vear
1876. for" $5. '
Library Associations arid Historical Socji
etieA would do well to note this.
1st, 2d, and 3d vols, handsoraelvboun
library style furnished at $2(50 pervol I
$Z.io, ll sciii, uy mail.
Cash mmt. aecovVpany all orders.
Address, S. D. POOL, Raleigh, Jf:
-4 - ,
LIVERY AND SALE'
I have just completed mv large and com
j modious brick Livery and Sale Stable, situ
ated on the ground ot the old .Mansion Ho
tel stable, which property I recently pur-'
cnase; ami am now prepared to accommo
date DROVERSwith piod sheltered lots
and feed for at least 150 head of stock. I
shall also have a good WAGON "YARD,
with house on k for the use of Wagoners,
and wood for making fires.
I shall keep constantly on hand i
HORSES and MULES
and persons wanting to
buy stock will find it to their interest to
purchase from me, as I will guarantee the
stock to l)easl represent it-; otherwise it ,
will be taken back and the rnoney refunded. '
I also keep .Harness and Sad
dle Horses for IIIREand can
send parties to'unv point ther
desire, to go. MyJJuggies, .and rail other
conveyances and Harness,' are '.entirely new
and-of the best patterns and workmanship. '
Persons desiring, good Horses and new and
comfortable vehicles, will find them at mr
Stable, ajid at as reasonable prices as at anv
stable in this place. . "
5?"T am also prepared ta do any kind of
HAULING ;with two-horse teams.
THOS. K. BROWN.
Dec. 22, 1S75. ll:3mo
'1 1 ,1
WE, TnE UNDERSIGNED, have this day IVee
fornved a co-partnershij) for the purpose of Iplilin
purcnasing anu set lino; real estate in the
States of Virjpnia and Xorth Carolina, nd
resiectfully .ask all persons, who pave Real
Estate for sale, including water powers. &c.,
to place it in our handd.
'We advertise .generally throughout, tho
North and Northwestern States.
J. W. 3UKINSEY,
P. F. "MELIJSN.
By permission we resi)ectfiillv refer tfr
Messrs. W. S. Pat ton, Sons ?r t'o.. Bankers; pop'
Maj. W. T. Sutherlin anil W. T. Clark & Co.,
Danville, Ya.; Tlon. G. C. Cabbcll, member
of Congress, Danville, Ya.; T. "VY. Keen,
Salisbury; Sutherlin & Johnson, Charlotte,
Dr. John Robeson, Statcsvillc X. ('.: and
A. Dow den. President 1st National Bank;
and Samuel Buck, President .Millersburg
Bank, Millcrsburg, Pennsylvania.
Address, Danville, Va.; Chatham, Pittsyl
vania county, Va.; or Millersburg, Dauphin
county, PennC ',
Danville, Va., December 8th, 1875.
T1ALL AND W I N T E R S T
1 8 7 0.
do New Orleaus
Boxes Cheese. -"
" Pine Annies
Coils Cotton and Jute Rop
2,000 lbs. Hemlock Leather
1,500 lbs. Candy
50 - Kegs Powder L .
50 Baes Shot
100 Reams' Wrapping Paper
10 Doz. Scotch Ale
40 Doz. Ginger Ale
A full line of Wood l aud. Willow Wr.
Boots, Shoes, Hats. Saddles fe Bridles. Ax.
Gun, Pistols, &c. &c.
Als(). a large lot of Canned Onotls.
choice selection of-Fn-iiclr Candies. SU,
Pepper. Spiee. Ginger. Roval Rk
ders. liaiseus, Currauts, Figs. Cit rous, Nuts.
arn:lne3, Cocoaouts. Pick els. Sauces. Ct
sup, Totted Meat. Kerosene., Tanners o
Machine Oib, Liquors of ail kinds, lloiuinj,
Grits. New York Bu;kwheat Flour,'
ice, Ac. .
The above Stock was lwinght at the flo , 1
f the seasou at greatly reduced nriees. and crk
is .offered at Wholesale & Retail at vtrj
Salisbury, N. C, Dec, 16, 1875.
G reens lio roFeiale COLLEGE.
- GREENSBORO, N. 0.
rIAlic Siriiisr Session or 1S70 tQG
Wednesday, the 12th of Jamisry, n
continue twelve weeks,
Boartl (exclusive of washing and lights)
Tuition in regular course, $25.
Charges for extra studies moderate.
For Catalogues containing particular, rp'
to Rev. T. M. Jones, Presidents
- N. H. D. WILSON,
Preaident of Board of Truite.
r , . -. , f .re
"TAf :oo I I am selling.my Whislcey tcf jj ,a
J-l UtlLfC i oay two retRii dealer in U 1
town of Salisbury, and th?y are William
Kestler aud Jason Hunt. I ' . ' V c
1 3 01
- ti .--'
6 8ir ?
Dee. J3t 18T3.