01. VIIITHIRD SERIES.
SAIISBUBY; ir.'C.,. FEBRUARY, S2,;ite'
n i - w j - 1 f j I . 1 1-.i . 1 1 ii "-II ''ii Till y it i . . u-, : p vr- - ' r-' . r
For the Watchman.)
LETTEK FKOM THE MOUNTAINS
'ce iKi Maggie r - ; '" -
ill you' be B'urprised to
iejre yoa wilt aiso
Owing "you both a letter.
I bein imlebted to sevefal othf of ' my
rr.;.A. and one letter will do for you
I Ltins replw? : 1 fin u h,ird ";al-
i- ...... r a irmyrn wstitns
I .i.at uiv lornier k- - j"b
ff . "I i:. ... mr liirlB itw at ill aatni
i 7". r . 7
were then. I jwirii tou
(v!0j me, 1 wnt mime' on to talk with about
f me tome familiar face and toic. When
f 1. chante bo many things, what a Dieting
I " ft . l.r lioartB ami thai tlitr
Mriiii me i u.i " -
1 . L -,n do not chanae. Tlus mouotain 1
Lion is beautiful in summer," lirt in winter I
Cold ififciitelT Prefer to be 'down ihe coon-
f " Think of oeing uuustru up nine ujr
.i . .. o.v cimdh -imt s! inner that nuiiit
. J. : l ... i .... t.
..a. t II o nunm K O . . - - I
A and when you did, it wa the peril of your
I n inn :in ir liVl ov" "
ttrn to ride well, tfc ii an accomplishment and
Uen a neceaary one.
1. awn-rr ! siirelT fome of her dexcrhition-. of
L mounuin scenery in our own Nortii Car-
.,,() Liaintinz, i nave evtrr seen, i nave teen
Whin that region, tlio' not just there, but
:erDj0-tureare aaguerrto:ypea as vrviuiy in my
17-vrtteryay. How proud 1 am ol Jier, a a
tjdern woman, eiiii more as a Aorin i;aro-
r. " ... 1 1. v . . .
nian- nd!ite ha an added cliarru irom bein
native of, and a resident in, the place wher
i rniith too wa rpent 1 here i not a Kliadow
bcjiahast and pedantry wlii.h so sadlv
Lin (he writing! ol some other talented, and
r ' ' m 3 ? ft. t .
r-' . . . . ....
n -Sotituern laay wruers. a irue oouineru
y,fitn he i already famous:
t wrfect woman nobly planned, t warn, lo
toiiifort, t c'omin:iiidr
"With something of an angels grace,"i saddening
iht mile upon her Jace.
Speaking of scenery, tnywdescriptions are so
m I am reminded of a letter 1 received not
Lmrince from a chrniiur juiiiia. lady friend,
Ifliine Die of her vifit to the Centennial, and
t - " . t i- -
Vinous other places, during ner sojourn ol
icren week. bhe says, "I have so often made
fu of all the adjective-t I knew, expressing
extent, nmsniHKle. and Deauty, tnnt to use
iliein now seem nonsense, tliey don I express
f urn-tiling." She remarks, "During my stay
..nh. it was on v at el fint 1 saw anv-
i'thing in he manners of the men that remind-
rd me at an of otir bouthern gentlemen.: W hen
te had occasion to srak"to one of them, he
lifted Lis hat, attended politely to what we
. . ...
find tosav, ari'l answered jn the same manner.
If it iuhv have been a rule of t lie Institution.
If 'it may have - been, I hope it'was the innate
enlleuian in the man. Whatever it was, it
tax pleasant and refreshing to a stranger."
1 liMve not vet -decided whether to remain in
iruiiiia in the summer, or to return to the
d North State. l I have had soine nattering
inlticements offered me to remain. But thn
ihsve rret with some queer specimens of peo-
k 'x originally, from our State, "CnrMina," of
,wm, in spue oi my uemocraiic ways, i couiu
it lrl very proud.
How niuch I could tell vou of mv jotirnev-
, to and fro, if we could meet. One thins;
Lien impresses me, how everv voung ladv o
strain ni ikes her mark for eoixl or ill on all
hoee her, as being either a true ladv, or a
fit upstart. Joud talking, bein conspicuous
inv wav. is in bad taste, to say the least of
And how much selfishness we see there as
vtrv where else. Some Jovely girls seems lo
ire aImot no other fault, but a constant and
I owl. unconscious aelushness. It is not all
fiir fault either, those of us who love them
fl,whouioPt desire to sea them perfect wo
rm, minister to this end in every way till the
ijile queen deems it as her due : from i lovers,
Viends, and even that most lovine. faithful and
orkearir.g, of all i human hearts, the self sacri
:cing. mother. . Ah ! lar ones ! the day will
pne when your hearts will ache with pain
r,at time can never entirely heal, that vou did
o little to -lighten her daily, liourl v. burdens.
wr so cheerfully, but yet bowing her laooner
Pflil iL-eand weakness
But my paper and envelope are full. "Our
xthefV best gifts be with you both and all
ulT He bleu vnn anil mnirf unu hlfjitinn
' Your loving friend.
Write to m) t Chatham Hill, Va.
rOOEESVILLE IKEDELL COUNTY.
Moorcsville is about equi-distance from
'ncord, Salisbury, Charlotte and States-
"1ft, and about twenty miles to the near-
w these points. The country- for miles
' J miles around is a rich cotton country.
"tt and corn, and othei trrains are
Nd in great abundance. The comma
u second to none in the State for in
digence and morality and there is no
f Iter fanniner done anvviiere. It is not
w supposed that these people would
ml their produce from twenty to twenty -
e miles to maket when such excellent
ritfes existed for establishimr a thi i-
ng village at Hooresville. And a vil
has sprung up there, not a mushroom
05Hh, but foundedon a solid and last
'5 basis. There are about forty lam
iea there and as many dwelling houses.
citizens are substantial farmers from
le adjaeent'eountry. There arc five cen
rl storesandwo grocery stores, besides
steam cotton cius. Mooresville has
reaay shipped this season over 1.000
41(58 of cotton, j But the future of Moores-
ule is the fine classical school of Messrs.
azer ana Tonus. It ow unmlr
'glity-iive scholars and the number is
'ustautly lncreasinfir. This schtxA i on a
rme tniei causes ol the prosperity of
'Ooresville. Building will begin lively
P the spring. Acr lots are from $100 to
f'Oand lumhcr frmn !M1 t.n .115.-
m. V t.tl
K thriving town in Michigan, a year
Jt two aaro. when th cmintrv was full of
nts. and at
' jMaVW) aVJ WVJ MVU
Jr soniethir.fr ftfi,- fi;ii
t de file little stranger came from. On
. informed that the doctor had brought
t 8t0(d in a brown-study for! a few
Lk?' aud theuVwith the intelligent
k . 0f one who had solved a verv difficult
J P"' i h th agout for thn V i
THE COSTF A TRAIII.
At the time when the first open court
of law was established in Rnssia, a lady ' have ibecome painful to the lady's
dressed with' the utmost elemnce, was rlnn8l)an' . e spoke with his wife urgent'
walking on the Moscow promenade, lean 4
ing upon her hu8bandVarm, and letting
the long train of her rich dress sweep the
dust andirt of the street. . - f ;
A young officercoming hastily from a
side street, was so careless as to catch one
of his spurs in the lady's train, and in an
instant a great piece was torn out of the j
i costly but fraij material of the dress.
" bg a thousand pardons,
danie,n said the officer, with a polite bow, 1
tfnd tben wa8 aW ' on. when v.
, was detained by the lady's husband.
'You have insulted my wife.
'Nothing was further from iny intention,
sir. i our wife's long dress is to blame for
I the accident, which I sincerely regret,
and I beg you once more to receive my
apologies for any carelessness on my part.'
he attempted to hasten on.
4You siulll not escape so ' said the ladv. '
with her head thrown back in a spirited 1
way. l o-daj- is tne nrst timje I nave
worn this dress, and it cost two hundred
ritbies, which you must make good.'
'My dear madame, I beg you not to de
tain me. I am obliged to go on duty at
As to the two hundred rubies-I
i .. A 4.1. 4. 1 J 1 1
really can not help the length of your
dress, yet I beg your pardon for not hav- '
ing been more cautious.
You shall not stir, sir. That you are
obliged to go on duty is nothing to us.
My wife is right ; the dress must be made
The officer's face grew pale.
'You force me to break through the
rules of the service, and I " shall- receive
'Pay the two hundred rubies and you
The quickly changing color in the young
man's face betrayed how inwardly dis
turbed he was ; but stepping close up to
them both, he said, with apparent self-
'You will renounce your claim when I
tell you that I am a poor man, who
has nothing to live on but his officer's pay,
and the amount of that pay hardly reach
es tlie sum of two" hundred rubies in a
whole year. I can, therefore make no
amends for the misfortune, except by again
begging your pardon.'
'Oh ! anybody could say all that ; but
a'll see if its true ; we'll find out if you
have nothing but your pay. I declare my
self not satisfied with your excuses, and
I demand my money,' persisted the lady,
in the hard voice, of a thoroughly unfeel
wonian. 'That is true yOu are right,' the hus-
added, dutifully supporting her. 'By
good luck we have the open court now
just m session. Mo with us betore the
Judge and he will decide the matter.'
All further protestation on the officer's
part that he was poor, that he was expect
ed on duty, and so forth, did not help
matters. Out of respect for Iris uniform,
and to avoid an open scence, he had to go
with them to the court room where the
gallery was densely packed with a crowd
After waiting some time, the lady had
leave to make her complaint.
'What have you to answer to this com
plaint?' said the Judge, turning to the
officer, who seemed embarrassed and half
in despair. "
On the whole, very little. As the late
ness of the hour, and being required on
duty, compelled me to hurry, I did not
notice the lady's train, which was drag
ging on the ground. I caught one of my
spurs in it, and had the misfortune to tear
the dress. Madame would uot receive my
excuses, but perhaps now she might find
herself more disposed to forgiveness, when
I again declare, so Jielp me God, that I
committed this awkward blander without
any mischievous intention, and I earn
estly beg that she will pardon me.'
A murmur ran, through the gallery,
evidently from the people taking sides
with thedefendant, aud against long trains,
in general and the lady in particular.
Tlie Judge called to order, and asked:
'Are you satisfied with tlie defendant's
'Not at all satisfied. I demand two
hundred rubies in payment for my torn
'Defendant, will you pay this sum V
ftl would have paid it long before this
had I been in a position to do so. Un
fortunately I ani poor. My pay as an
r officer is all I have to live on.'
'You hear, complainant, that the de
fendant is not able to pay the sum you
demand of him. Do you still wish the
complaint to stand V
An unbroken stillness reigned tlirough
out the hall, and the youngofficer's breath
could be Jieard coming hard.
'I wish it to stand. The law shall give
me my rights.'
There ran through the rows of people a
murmur of indignation that sounded like
a rushing of water.
'Consider, complainant, the consequen
ces oi your demand. The defendant can
be punished only through being deprived
of bis personal liberty, and by that you
could obtain no satisfaction, while to the
defendant it might prove the greatest injury-to
his rank and position as an officer,
and especially as he is an officer who is
poor and dpen(ient .upon hU-pwr. Do
you still insist upon your complaint F
" t 'I still insist upon itt-' ' !
j j ine course the afiair ,waa taking seem
,y, Dm u coma oe seen oy tne way she
held up her .head and the energy ' with
which she shook it, quite uselessly, The
Judge was just going on further consider
ations of the case, when a loud voice was
heard from the audience:'
,v. I Fill place the two hundred rubies at
:th service of the defendant,'
There followed a silence, durinir which
. , t . o
a gentleman forced his way through the
crowd and placed himself by the young
officer's side. . , . , "'.
'Sir, I am the Prince W- , and beg
you will oblige me by accepting the loan
of the two hundred rubies in question.'
' ' 'Prince, I am not worthy of your kind
ness, for I don't know if I shall ever be
able to pay the loan,' answered the young
man, in a voice tremulous with emotion.
Take the money at all events. I cai
wait until you are aWe to return it.'
ThereuPn the Prince held out two notes
of ahundred rubies each, and coming close
up to hira, whispered a few words very
softly. There was a sudden lighting up of
the officer's face. He immediately took the
two notes, and, turning toward the lady,
handed era to her with a polite bow.
'I hope, niadame, that you are satisfied.'
With a malicious smile she reached out
her hand for the money.
"Yes j now I am satisfied.'
With a scornful glance over the crowd
of spectators, she prepared to leave the
court-room on her husband's arm.
'Stop, niadame,' said the officer, who
had suddenly become like another man,
with a"firni and confident manner.
'Wrhat do you want V
The look that the young woman cast
upon him was as insulting as possible.
'I want my dress,' he answered, with a
slight but still perfectly polite bow.
'Give me your address, and I will send
it to you.'
"Oh, no, my dear madame, I am in the
habit of taking my purchases with me a
once. Favor me with the ' dress imme
diately.' A shout of approbation came from the
'Order !' cried thettdge.
'What aninsane demand !' said the lady's
husband. 'My wife can not undress here.'
''I have nothing to do with you, sir, in
this matter, but only with the complainant.
Be so good, madame, as to give me the
dress immediately. I am in a great hur
xy ; my affairs are urgent, and I can not
wait a moment longer.' j
The pleasure of the audience at the ex
pense of the lady increased with every
word, until it was hard to enforce any
approach to quiet, so that either party
could be heard.
Do not jest any more, about it! I will
hurry and send you the dress as soon
'I am not jesting. I demand from the
representative of the law my own prop
erty that dress,' said the officer, raising
The Judge, thus appealed to, decided
'The officer is right, madame. You are
obliged to hand him over the dress on the
'I can't undress myself here before all
these people, and go home without any
dress on,' said the young woman, with
anger and with tears.
'You should have thought of that soon-
- 1 i A T... .1.
er. ow you nave no time to lose, runn
er give up the dress of your own accord, '
A nod that could not be misinterpreted
brought to the lady's side two officer of
justice, yho seemed about to take upon
themselves the office of my lady's maid.
'Take your money back, and leavo me
'Oh, no, madame, that dress is now
worth more than two hundred rubies to
'How much do you askfor it V
'Two thousand rubios,' said the officer,
'I will pay the sum,' the weeping lady's
husband responded, promptly. 'I have
here five hundred rubies. Give me pen
and paper, and I will write an order upon
my banker for the remaining fifteen hun-
After he had written the draft the
worthy pair withdrew, amid hisses from
Query : Did the lady ever again let
her train sweep the street 1
Opinion of a North Carolina Congressman
on the Situation.
The Hon. W. M. Bobbins, Bcpresenta
tive of the Seventh Congressional District
in speaking of the action of the Commis
sion now in session and its rulings, says :
"Florida is counted for Hayes. The Com
mission decided on technicalities purely,
and never touched the merits, and by a
party vote of 8 to 7. It is shameful. I
have not my self entirely given up all hope
yet. It is so steep to steal 19 votes. Most
of our folks are of opinion they will bra
zen it out and put in Hayes. I will fully
believe such grand villainy possible when
it is ended.
An unknown philosopher says : 'Good
nature and contentment are far more
valuable accomplishments than music
and dancing? the young should- cultivate
them, as treasures to be enjoyed when
ags comes in,'
, WASHINGTON V
Got. S learns Test ifln;r on
';.! , ; i
Still iiecipheringy Oregon 'Plspatchei.
HOUSE, COXWTTEES O&TJIE LTT
. TLEFIELD J)E VELOPMENTS.
DISCUSSING THE SILVER: BILL.
LOUISIANAFoR Klil YES .
THE COMMISSION DECIDED THE
CASE A STRICT -PART VOTE.
idiitiori tor Test the Scnte
Commission as to the Ad mis
slbility o f Evidence, are
Decided by the Same
Washington, I). C, February 16,
Gov. Stearns is testifying before Woods'
committee, about the use and abuse of
troops in Florida.
The committee on privileges and elec
tors are still deciphering the Oregon .dis
patches. The committee on privileges and pow
ers have no session.
The House Louisiana committee are
still on the Liltlefield developments.
Nothing until half past four this afternoon
can be known.
Louisiana Democrats here suspect
that Weldon is Mrs. Pinkston in male
Senate. Mr. Logan, of Illinois, moved
to take up the sevuate .bill for the issue of
silver coin, and to make tlie silver dollars
a legal tender, being the bill introduced
by himln August last,
Mr. Morrill, of. Vermont, opposed the
motion on account Of the absence of the
chairman of the committee on finance, Mr.
Sherman, and said there had also been a
kind of understanding that the bill should
not be considered until after the report of
the silver commission should be made.
During the discussion, Mr. Bogy, a
member of silver commission, said the re
port of that commission had been com
pleted, and would have beeu submitted
to the senate, had there not been' a diffi
culty in having it printed. He hoped it
would hi-, printed and submitted to the
senate in a few days.
After much discu'sion, Logan moved to
make the bill the special-order for Monday
next at 1 o'clock, p, m. Agreed to with
out a division.
Honore, colored, secretary of the state
of Louisiana, arrived here yesterday, with
certain papers, under " a subpoena from
the senate committee on privileges and
elections. It is supposed that tliey are
papers' which the House Louisiana com
mittee called for, and for refusing to de
liver winch, the returning board is in
. The commission by a vote of Is 8 to
decided that no evidence can ber received
in tlie Louisiana case, except tlie electoral
Numerous propositions were made to
take various kinds of evidence, but all
were rejected by a vote of 8 to 7.
Commissioner Payne moved to alio
counsel one hour's time, but counsel de
clined, and the commission resumed its
secret session, with a view of reaching
the final decision to-night.
The following are the resolutions acted
upon the commission :
Mr. Hoar submitted-the following:
Ordered, That the evidence be not re
Mr. Abbott ollerod the following as a
Resolved, That evidence be received,
to show that so much of the act of Louis
iana, establishing the returning board for
that State is unconstitutional, and the
acts ot the said returning board are
Y'eas Messrs. Abbott, Bayard, Clif
ford. Field. Hunter. Payne and Thur-
Nays- Messrs. Bradley, Edmunds
Frelinghuvsen, Garfield, Hoar, Miller
Morton and Strong 8.; .
Mr. Abbott offered another substitute
as follows :
Resolved, That the evidence will be re
ceived, to show that the returning board
of Louisiana, at the time ot canvassing
and compiling the vote of that State, at
the last election in that State, was not
legally constituted under the law, estab
lishing it, in this : that, it was composed
of four persons of one political party
instead of five persons of diflereut par
Rejected by the same vote.
Mr. Abbott then offered anqther sub
Resolved, That the commission will re
ceive testimony on the subject of the al
leged objection to the specification of
counsel for the objectors to certificates J
Rejected by thttuat rota,
Mr. Abbott then offered a fourth sub
stitute: ; t ,
Eesolredt,Th testimony, tending to
show that the so-called returning board
of Louisiana hadno jurisdiction to can
vass the 4yotefor, electors , -for, President
and Vice President. isadmiasibjeV ;
Rejected by. the same vote., 1 j; , (. ,
'"Mr. Abbott offered a fifth, which was
rejected by. the same vote, which . was as
foiiows:7 , ' : .,
Resolved, That evidence w admissible;
that the statements and affidavits, pur
porting to have been made and forwarded
to said returning board in pursuance of
the provisions of section 2G of the election
law of 1872, alleging riot, turmoil, intim
idation and violence, aj or near, certain
polling and in certain parishes were false,
and fabricated, and forged by certain dis
reputable personsjinder the direction and
knowledge of the said J returning , board ;
that they knew the said statements and
affidavits to be false and forged, and that
none of such statements and affidavits
were made m manner or form, or within
the time required by law, and knowingly,
wilfully and fraudulently failed and re
fused to canvass or compile more than
0,000 votes cast, as is shown by the state
ment of the votes of the commission of
Mr. Hunton offered a sixth substitute
as follows :
Resolved, That evidence be received to
prove that the votes cast at said election
on the 7th of November last, as showii by
the return made by the commissioner of
election for the said polls and voting pla
ces in said State, have never been com
died nor canvassed, and that the said re
turning board never even pretended to
compile or canvass the returns 'by said
commissioners of election,- but that said
returning board only pretended to canvass
the returns made by tlie State supervisors
of registration. Rejected by the same
A seventh substitute was offered by Mr.
Bayard as follows :
nesoivca, inat no person holding an
office ot trust or profit under the United
tares is eligible to the appointment as
an elector, and that this commission will
receive evidence tending to prove said
ineligibility as offered by counsel for ob
jectors, to certificates numlers 1 and 3
Rejected by the same vote.
Mr. Justice Field offered the eighth and
last substitute, as follows :
Resolved, That in the opinion of the
commission, evidence is admissible upon
tlie several matters which the counsel for
objectors to numbers 1 and 3 offered to
prove. It was also rejected by same vote
The question turned on the original
order submitted by Mr. Hoar, came up
was : That the evidence offered be
not received. Mr. Payne moved to strike
out the word "not." Rejected by same
The vote on the original order was then
taken, and it was adopted by the follow
ing vote :
Yeas Messrs Bradley, Edmunds
Frelinghuvsen, Garfield, Hoar, Miller
Morton and strong 8.
Navs Messrs. Abbot, Bayard, Clifford
r leld, Hunton, Payne and 1 hurman 7.
After the conclusiou had been reachei
b- the commission, counsel were admitted
and the above resolutions were read by
the secretary of the commission in secret
Immediately after the doors were closed,
Mr. Morton submitted a resolution declar
ing that the votes of the Hayes and
Wheeler electors of Louisiana, should be
counted, and assigned reasons therefor,
which are understood to also cover the
cases of Oregon, and South Carolina. The
resolution was adopted by a vote of e to 7.
Justices Miller and Bradley and Repre
sentative Abbott were then appointed a
committee to draft a report for presenta
tion to Cougress, and at G:15 took recess
to 7 o'clock.
FLORIDA COUNT MR. BOBBINS'
In the U. S. House of Representatives
on Monday, tlie count of the Florida vote as
reported -by the Electoral Commission be
ing under consideration, Mr. Robbins, of
North Carolina, said:
Mr. Speaker, I shall voto against con
curring in this decision of the Commission
because it was not reached and rendered on
that lofty plan of equity and candor upon
which tlie country exjected the tribunal to
act when it was created. When this great
plan for settling the pending dispute as to
the Presidency was devised and adopted,
this House and the country and the world
expected that the question would be con
sidered and decided upon the broadest
principles of truth -and right, and not up
on legal quibbles. I am proud of the
position of my party in this crisis. We
go before the Electoral Commission and
say, "If we have the Presidency upon the
merits of the case, give it to us, but not
otherwise." The other party go there
and say in substance through their coun
sel, "No matter how fraudulent, no mat-'
tcr how false, if there is any legal tech
nicality upon which you can give us the
Presidency, then we want the Presidency
adjudged to us without inquiring as to
what was the true voice of the people."
The world will take notice of the differ
ence in the moral attitude of these two
parties in this great controversy. One
asks that it be decided upon the very right
and truth of the matter j the other says,
"Give us success by any dodge necessary
A great man once said that he would
rather be right than be President. I
would rather see my party do right than
win the Presidency. If the victory should
finally be awarded to our adversaries by
the system of special pleading together
with the refusal to look at the bottom facts,
which ha7 led to this decision in the
Florida ease, I say? "Take the Frcsidcncv
and welcome; We scorn to have on ituch
terms." t The man who ' shall consent to
receire that exalted, office under such a
decision and the members of the Com
mission who shall give that decision unon
such principles will write themselves down
in history a deeply disgraced that the
hand of resurrection can-never reach them
to restore them again ta, the respect of
mankind.. And the party which accents
victory by 'inch means will find is enp of J
fancied triumph contains only the bitteif-1
ness and . poison of ultimate ruin -and
eternal dishonor, l . .
Sir. this crisis will always be distin
guished by some extraordlnAryrteatures.
Tlie first is unparalled villainy of the con
spiracy that brought, .the, countrv intu
difficulty the next is the sublime spirit of
moderation, conservatism,' and magnanim
ttjjby which a peaceable way was devised
fevtue country out or the difficulty j
T did trust that 'this spirit would be-
respondedirf and further illustrated by
the commission itself shwrttogthaiit could
meet this issue on the high patriotic basis
oi equity and impartially. 1 trust that
they will yet do it. T I have! not yet lost
hope in the success Which our good cause
deserves : nor have I vet withdrawn all
faith in tlie commissioners. Under tlie
great res fusibility which rests upon them
auu with tiie eyes ol tlie world and of
posterity looking at them, I shall not be
lieve until it is done that they will finally
decide this case upon the narrow aud
technical grounds upon which they seem
as yet to be standing.
I hope the voice ot this House to-day,
emphatically pronouncing its non-concur-
rence in their judgment on the Florida
case, may be heard and received bv them
as an earnest call to the Commission for
the sake of liberty and country to rise to
the grandeur of the occasion and decide
the Presidency so that the conscience of
the country and mankind will be satified
with the decision. 1 o do this they must
look at everything which history will
look at in making up its final verdict on
this case and on the actors in this great
crisis. Lt them inquire into the tacts.
Let them search for truth as for hid treas
ure. Let them expose fraud, and annual
every result founded on fraud. Thus on
ly can they satisfy public opinion, preserve
the good name of our institutions, and
give genuine contentment to the country.
By Cable to the N. Y. Herald.
London, Feb. 10. This great world of
Loudon felt an unusual thrill of expec
tancy through its million hearted bosom
last Thursday morning, the day set down
for the opening of Parliament. Yhen
the sovereign of these realms delegates
the task of opening Parliament to him of
the woolsack, London waits without ex
citement for the papers to get out their
extras containing "the Queeu's Speech,"
and there is the end of it. But "the
Queen will open Parliament in person"
that changes every thing. The American
curosity to see a famous personage is a
feeling entirely different to the English
man's desire to see the parade of royalty
with their well-beloved Queen as the cen
tral figure. It calls up the stately tradi
tions of centuries, and in the presence of
the fact that a Queeri and Empress is about
to open the session something of the
maie8tic pageants of olden times' from
Norman William through Plantagencts,
Tudors, Stuarts and Hanoverians floats
fascinatingly before the eyes of the Eng
lishman, while the Englishwoman, be she
peeress or sewing girl, delights Jier heart
with a picture of the pomp of robes and
coronets, silks, jewels and cloth of gold,
over which the romance of the past flings
a mellowing splendor.
From early morning the people, old and
young of both sexes, gathered iu swarms,
such as only London can turn out, in the
vicinity of Westminister and Charing
Cross and along the Mall in the Park, the
route Her Majesty would take from Buck
ingham Palace to the House of Lords,
Meantime the gorgeous Chamber of the
Lords, warm and rich in collor as it al
ways is with the softened light pouring in
through the stained glass windows, the
groined and fretted roof, the "sculptured
barons of the Magna Charta frowning
solemnly from their niches, the great
frescoes of Machise, Horsely and Dyce at
either end of the Chamber, was taking on
new and more brilliant tones. By a quar
ter to one o'clock the chamber was filled,
the peeresses and their iriends covering
the benches until the floor of the house
looking from the galleries resembled a par
terre of tlie richest hued flowers that hor
ticulturists ever gathered into a single
bed, the ladies all being in full dress cos
tumes. An hour betore the ceremony lor
which all was waiting the diplomatic de
partment was filled with Ambassadors in
brilliant costumes, their breats starred
Among the earlr arrivals were Lord
Houghton and the Duke of Westminister
in their peers robes of scarlet, tnmmed
with ermine ; Deputy Lord Great Cham
berlain, Lord Aveland, gorgeous in velvet
embroidered with gold ; the Duke of Rich
mond, Lord President of the Pi ivy Coun
cil, in military uniform, as aide-de-camp
of the Queen : the Duchess of Sutherland
in creamy white satin, elaborately trim
med with antique lace and miniver fur
But they came pouring in so fast and in
a 6tream so brilliant that the eye coul
scarcely identify one celebrity or queenly
beauty before another swept past. The
latest to arrive was the Countess of Dud
ley, considered the handsomest peeress in
Great Britain a tall, stately and fair
creature of some thirty summers, with
auburn hair, delicate features and vio
let eyes. She werea robe of violet
velvet trimmed with Chantilly lace and
v r-r -
lime: ilTmepoiht winoted'fii fefli"1
Iiantcpstmne of' Velvet trimmed it2t '" '
lei emlirodery? Vt$gi'ieatkiil r
diamonds t the Heck tod feathers bfdia-M'T lir ' J
Blonds in' the j--Mrm n: I. An .t l
The arfacWEmbaiiy, H '
asi&fy entered in tlietr'br1entalotiiayil'''A' ;
and vefmniion -tippeF ' EAigpai1 Tt 1
bishops, in lon'slee'iridfed H-elfef X
gbwi tHntaedrit&'w1irt6i lW.&istei&'Y Jju!:
together near htf w&lsaiki lie ynigcMpf"
in theif formidable wigs arid' fed ;jwis J
entered in rocetteiotrand were' ieatei'!a',7,
front of the woolsack.' 'Next arrived tE fV fS
l)rdhacenor Ja taA A "
fore hiinthe'ffia todrC:Lf 'f ,
- At two oclock the door : of the Tnm: rk 1 ,
Room opened, andAlbert Edward, Princa
of Wales, preceded by heraldsPentered, J
escorting the Princess Alexandra. The. :
Prince wore the uniform of a field maW ' '
shal under his ducal robes and looked like
the picture of King Henry VIII, burly,''
waddling and ungraceful,. The Princess. I
beautiful and fair as a lily, showing no !
trace . of Time's fingers, looked bright, L f
gracious and smilling. She wore creiun !
brocade over cream satin, trimmed with !
pearl ornaments and diamonds. The en
trance of the Princess had been the signal '
for the ladies to throw aside their fleecy
wraps, disclosing an infinite variety of
rich and radiant costumes. .
The trumpets sound nearer, the door it
again opened, the audience are on their
eet and remain standing, and the Queen's ,"
procession slowly enters. . Firt come pur
suivants and heralds, in costumes seem'
ng to be dipped in molten gold. The ;.
high officers of the court follow. ; Then ; "
comes Benjamin Disraeli, as Premier, in
lis new peer's robes of scarlet, bearing
the sword of State ; the Duke of Norfolk,
lereditary Earl Marshal of England and
'render Duke ; the Marquis of Winches
ter, carrying the cap of maintenance, and
the Duke of Richmond bearing the crown.
Then amid a hush, came Victoria Queen
of England and Empress of India, with j
slow step and pensive air, bowing as she
advanced to the throne. Following Her
Majesty were the Princesses Louise and J
Beatrice. When Her Majesty was seated
the Princess Louise drew- the ermine ;
drapery of the throne partly about the i
Queen's feet. The Queen's-costume was
of black velvet trimmed with mini yer fur,
a square neck corsage and long flowing '
sleeves. On her head was a widow's cap .
surmounted by a diamond crown. The
Koh-i-noor, or f 'Mountain .of Light," that
great diamond which has a history almost
as old as Christianity, which glittered in
the turbans of Indian emperors five cen
turies ago, which was more than once s , -
King's ransom, blazed on the imperial
bosom, supposed to indicate in its marve
lous brilliancy the value of the imperial
addition to the English crown. The
Princess Louise was dressed in a garnet.
velvet, slashed with white satin , and
trimmetTwith steeL Soon, with the noise t
of a rushing multitude and the, closing of ,
doors, the struggling of hasty members of i
the lower House for a position at the naxi'
row bar, announces the presence of "tho
faithful Commons," the scene on their ar
rival remind one of unruly schoolboyi ,
scampering out to play. The Lord UT
Chancellor, bending the knee, offers the
scroll on which the speech is printed to
tlie Queen, who returns it to Chancellor.,
The latter then in a slow, deliberate, load
monotone reads the speech from the ,
Throne'. , ,. ... ,
After a short pause the Queen and the
audience rise. Then, stepping down. Her .,
Majesty kisses the Princess of Wales and
offers her haud to the Prince of Wales.
Duke Teck, the Duke of Cambridge and
Prince Christain, who kiss ii, Her Majes
ty then passes slowly out, and the pageant ; -
dissolves into chaos after lasting about
a quarter of an hour. - - -
In the meantime the multitude eontin
ues iu the palace yard, and the cheering f j
grows maddening as the royal procession 1
goes out. The multitude swarmed all ovtr
the bridges, through the streets and parks.
Good humor everywhere.
A. Philadelphia newspaper man, who
saved a little money during the flush
times, lately did his first travelling. On 1
his return home tlte first thing he wrote
was some "advice to travelers." His ad
vice was as follows t IFor travelling
carry a crow-bar to open car windows j
a Spencer or Henry-Martin rifle for pro
tection against hackmen and hotel clerksj
a good supply of equable temper, and B
large valice to contain greenbacks .
THE OLD KING.
An old gray king lived long ago 'f
Slow leat his heart, bent was his fena
He chose a maiden for his bride
Fresh as a rose at norn.
A page moved in their palace halls,
With gulden hair, of blithesome niein j
He lorc her trailing silken robes :
He worshipped the fair quoetv
And dost thou know this little song t
So sweet, so sad, it is to hearp
Both queen and page to death were doomed
When life had grown too dear! ;
IltiNRicu Hsaa. ,
The widow of Gen. Braxtod Bragg Cf ad j
an inventory of his estate a. short time-
since in Galveston. It footed up fljO&V