1 "r APRIL 26, 187?.
: Col. Win. Johnston ia a candidate for
re-election to the office of Mayor for the
city of Charlotte.
OH .Vfliin7.-Quite a number of the peo
ple of Kowan are engaged in a small way
in the manufacture of sassafras andpen
nyroyal oil. Several of our merchants
deal in these commodities which seem to
pay the producers a satisfactory price.
Almost every paper we pick up is urg
ing the farmers to plant more eoru, make
more bacon, and dimiuinli the cotton crop.
This advice is given with especial refer
ence to the war about to commence be
tween Russia and Turkey. The editors
want to see our farmerr ready to step in
at the breathing spells of the big fight
and sing out "Here's your corn and bacon,
fresh from America." That's business.
Soldiers must eat
. "'A Big Lie. We published recently a
report that 30 tobacco manufacturers in
Surry county had been indicted for reve
nue frauds. The Winston Sentinel writes
Ahus, on the subject :
"There are only about twenty-five fac
tories iu the county of .Surry, and most
. of them are very small, and not exceeding
ten have len seized and notice of - libel
, has only leeh Served on twot aud not a
L suit that we have over heard of has been
entered against the revenue officers for
technicaLviolations of law. These reve
nue officers go to Washingtou and to make
thelepartmeut believe tlieir services are
invaluable,' they concoct big stories and
The expected war in Europe is having
a very depressing effect on cotton. Prices
have gone down in all the English and
American markets. Provisions oh the
contrary, have advanced, and the calcula-.
tionsof sharp business men everywhere are
that this is the year when farmers should
'reduce their acreage of cotton and run
"their land in corn. Some have even ad
vised the plowing np of cotton already
planted in order to secure an abundance
of corn and pork for which a heavy- for
eign demand is expected. We give no
advice on the subject simply because we
don'f knowhow it is going to be. It is
admitted on all hands, that every farmer
should produce those things necessary to
keep. up his business support his family
and stock ; and it matters little what oth
er surplus he may raise if it will bring
the money he is required to have during
Ju lgo Schexck has .announced in a
public- manner the accountability' of U. S.
Revenue officers for violating the laws of
the State. We are glad he has done so;
fer notwithstanding. all lawyers and old
men in the public walks of life know sxry
well tha.ho' official title" or dignity is
fcutkuent to allow any man to violate
State laws with impunity, yet our people
have submitted so long to federal indigni
ties and outrages thatmauy yduug men
who have grown up in the meantime are
.in danger of thinking that it is all right ;
"and that if a U. S. officer should kick tlrem
from, Dan to Beersheba they have no re
dress, uo power to project themselves.
U, S. officers iave scarcely ever gone out
among our people on official business that
tbey have not outraged the rights of per
son or property. Arresting citizens with
out a warraut, handcuffing and maltreat
ing them as if they wore out-laws ; seizing
aud destroy ing property in a lawless man
ner, and Ju many ways setting at defiance
the laws of the State. We hope that not
only Judge Schcuck, but that every judge
in North' Carolina will give their beat
abilities to the correction of the growing
error of permitting such violations of
oww laws to go unpunished. There is
w mm j w j,v uupuuisucu. i Here 18
necessarily no conflict between State and
national authorities: The government
does not liceuse men to violate State laws,
neither should it be the aim of our judges
to obstruct U. S. laws. But let it be set
tled now and forever, that U. S. officers
are amenable to the laws of the State as
well as those of the General Government.
The' statement we published last week,
from tire Greensboro Patxiot, about the
dchiou of the U. S. Court In the case of
Terry against the Stockholders of the
vw v iojt (cui nns uui exactly COr-I
rect. Tb decree of the Court is thus cor-'
rectly stated ' " v " V 1
That the Stockholders of th M.nwM.
iiauk of Lape Fear, was not exactly cor-
don kuowii as the President and Birectovs
h uc dhukoi uape ear," are liable
t" thfl creditors thereof accordm to the
shates of stock held by them, in double
tlie amount of their respective shares of
u am lianK; tue luluuty of each
Stockholder to be a sum Waring the same
ratiq to the entire indebtedues of tha
Bank, whkh tlje number of share held
by tbew ispectivefy. bears to tlie number
of sliarea ifottstitutuig the entire capital'
Mtock.,;,,. . -; . - , .
It is. thought the-less of stockholders
aader this ruling will; not be heavy. It
depend. : however, on the amount ofout
standiug. liability, Ii is I. severe hard-
auip ott BtocJchQlders .toaose all tlieir
stock and be ' rjeqnlrd to pay on what they
Joae, ano! Tlh! too, without : any fault
of theirW -1e State made foreed loans
with ami bmke the Rank, and th Federal
Oovenimetit stepped-in-and declarad the
$tat ahoald not fie liable tor uch war
dftbtsi but yet under, the charter of the
Cpe Fear the Courts of the Stare arc
constrained to decide against the stock
holders and make them liable for debts
(he State disuiUlJed them from .paying!
H a Da tchmaa-should erer get this case
fairly inttf his bead. It wUl he next to im-
jxisslbW to 'keep hlhy fjww juyipg nglj
'., Dr. E. .Thompson Bid"hM lesljnetl
the Secretaryship of the Board of Publlea
tioa of the PresbyteriajL General Assem
bly at Richmond. Eer. Wo. A, Cmp
bell, of Virginia, baa been appointed to
fill the vacancy. ' .
Found Dead. A sailor, on the beach a
few miles below Wilmington; lost doling
the recent storm on the coast. That is
all. No one can tell any more of him.
Thus a man passed from the -earth almost
without observation unknown to those
who cover his body beneath the sands,
and his fate unknown to those who may
be waiting for his return.
Fatal Jump.Mr. J. E. Starke, at Mor
ganton, April 20th, sends ns the particu
lars of another case of fatal jumping from
a train while in motion. lie says :
A man by the naine-of Monroe Rector
jumped from the -train about two miles
east of Morgan ton thir morning; he fell
and the wheel of the last car ran over
both legs making amputation necessary,
He has since died.. The conductor Hen
derson, endeavored to prevent him from
jumping and proposed stopping.' The
train was going comparatively slow and
Rector thought he could jump with safety.
Indian Relics. -Mr. J. F. " Pennington
a short distance below Milledgeville, iu
Montgomery county, found in the bottom
of a ditch, washed into view by the rains,
a skull and other bones, and near them,
bits'of pottery, &c., usually regarded as
Indian relics. The valley of the Yadkin
was no doubt at one time densely popu
lated by the Indians, of whom many relics
have leen found both in, the bottoms and
on the adjaceut hills. .
"PRAISE THE BRIDGE," &c.
Some of our cotempoi aries do not, it
seems to ns, . accord to Mr. Hayes -the
amount of credit really due him. They
say he has only performed his duty, in re
moving the troops from South Carolina
and Louisiana and thus fully restoring
those States to self-government. Strictly,
it is true; but when it is considered that
he did this in opjiositiou to the party
which claims to have put him in power,
it is manifest that it required the exercise
of virtues beyond those necessary to im
pell men to the simple discharge of
When he came into the Presidential
chair it was understood that he would do
just what he has done, though not in the
way iu which he has reached it. He de
clared his policy in advance of the final
decision, and we suppose his party friends
did not then make war on him because
they confidently expected to overcome
and rule him mto the party traces. They
have failed. Their man was not the ball
of wax they thought he was. He has car
ried out his Southern policy thus far.
The people of South Carolina and Louis
iana are free, not by the will of the radi
cal party, but by the act of the man whom
they set up. There is nothing due them
wlrn meant evil, but there is soniethiug
due Hayes who in defiance of the evil iu
tent of his party has chosen to do" well
because it was right he should -rti
, The manner of Mr. Hayea ,iftg in
was well calculated to raise a stmngpi-e-sumption
against him. Thft;Jet of
stolen good, knowing them to blCoIen,
is certainly not less guilty than &;ietual
thief. And yet if such a man'thalireely
relinquish to the right fa 1 owner property
that he could retain, it is an. ict.oflt of
character by which he earns erdittbe
extent of the virtuous motive prompting
it. A vixen should not lose the credit cf
a humane action because her habits or
nature or cirenmstauces precluded the,ex
pectation of it. A gambler is entkledto
praise for risking his own life to save An
other. A thief in praised for being, truth
ful m word, Hayes is certainly not fairly
" V ."?SmJ
dealt wit b tbosc who deny uii&r7J
credit for carry out his Southern jjjefey.
It is really no more than a iwTn;PresI
dent should have done; and yetjt ,ii rito
er more than was to be expected otaSn
of his political habitude, and t& that.
tent, if no more, he is entitled fto'crwfet
If it is said he made a virtue ojhjeeessij$f
for that Congress was withholding money,
it may also be said he withheld hiai hnd
fromcreating much mischief in-foiijne
perturbed States which was easifylh Ifli
power. "Give the devil his due? contain
a maxim of justice applicable :to th&case
the cae deserves yH
; The Wilmington Star takes .a liberal
Yi"w of Mr- Wayes couwe, as foilowti : .'
'uufcv cicjjuufc iu conception,; man
We Pvc the PreJiident duecrediV for
i "I8 ""suif.inuepcnaent, and. patrioUc
course. He lias had neenlinr Hifflnltf
to contend wxthlifficulties of nfot
ueucHie aua unexampled character-and
he has thus far overcome them 'with suf
trular success. In his own ntXuZk
were several strong and reftUv$icjBis
tuuicuu wiut. tie uaa tiie;'xtreme
men the lilaines, Camerons, C$ahdleii,
Tafta. and the like to wuth ir
nounc him on the one sides thejTthere
were cue carpet-Daggers tlie Packards,
Chamlterlafna. and Ulr eMtMiUu
en and bullyn the other side : tben- jtbo:
. 1 . . 1. . r i v ... -
mcic ui-c mj ootitnern liepublicaua who
claimed to be of Southeni birth, who were
full of suspicion and discontent lest tlie
swill-tub should La takn t,m .
I lastly, there were hundreds of tknuiirfi
r,. . i .
vt uppunesM . wuo . woma never, agree, to
or any" coarse he might pursue. Such
were some of the elements warring against
him. and. heuce. his rJOKltinn a. fid ,Mwili
i and hazardous, ' There was but one coane
open to him that promised safety and tri-
Umnh it Was to en lirrht nnir.n) Itu
straight m of constitutional duty,;
c iutm uoue iuus mr. ana the result s
most fortunate, most happy for hfur and
for the country. He will briag bade to
the country peace, hope, repose, -contentment.
Tbi alone is a great achievemen t.
After awhile there will follnw n.fnMi
coucomiUnt or reiult. urob-Hrr Um'
1 m'nitiu Jnitu af. .......1.. -ti 9.
4 untnuiij Jii.fci JWUVli4.
tt teems that this wrtkyff) has lost the
respect of the party to which he has been
allied since the war. He does not possess
the qualities of head or heart to endear
him to any party long. The XtwJXortk
State, tlie ablest radical journal among as,
thus disposes of little John, the artful, and
cunning, and bad.
"This man, lost to memory of North
Carolina's sous, has come to the surface
again. He waltzed within our borders a
few months last year, drawing the salary
of a Superintendent of Public Schools,
and in a sneaking way doing what, lie
could against the Republican ticket.
' We are told, Tiowever, that the records
of the Interior Department in Washington
show that he drew a full year's compensa
tion for the fund when he did not handle
it more than six mouths.
VSleeky John, notwithstanding he has
been a refugee from North Carolina for
many years, has not forgotten how to tell
people that certain things are going to
happen right away, which he knows will
not. This is a favorite way with our
friend John to make strength! For some
time past he has been writing to peopfe in
this State, saying that he is running Hayes,
and will lie in his Cabinet within thirty
days. This is all moonshine and lunacy.
"If Pool really needs it, we do not ob
ject to his reciving ft clerkship in some of
the Departments iu Washington, provided
he is credited to the District of Columbia,
and is not charged up to either party
There is one thing on which we think
Republicans and Demwrats in this State
agree, and that is that John Pool has long
since forfeited the respect and confidence
of all our ieople.n
Washington, April 23.
Ren Wade has succeeded in finding a
publication for his letter, attacking Hayes'
Southern policy, in the New York Ttmec
The Baltiuiate American says of it : "It
is very bitter and caustic; but the writer
seems to have forgotten that circumstan
ces have changed since the end of the
Packard will remain at the State House
until the troops are withdrawu, and the
money allowed by Nicholls is distributed
by a committee of three from each party,
and will be handed directly to the men.
Gov. Colquitt, of Georgia, is at Wil
liards', The New Orleans Republican concludes
an article on the situation : "Gov. Pack
ard has patiently waited 'day by day for
that aid, which, according to his under
standing of the Constitution of the United
States, was his unquestionable due. Fail
ing to recived this, his choice now rests
between submission to force, or, resorting
to civil strife. In such a dilemma, there
is but one course for a patriotic citizen,
and such an one Gov. Packard has always
shown himself." , .
JJo information can be obtained regard
ing the balance of the unexN-nded appro
priation for Rivers and Harbors. All par
agraphs on this matter have been based
upon a favorable heaving accorded to per
sons in favor of social interests. The
Wsr Department takes special pains to
conceal its intentions.
The Star says: "It is among the rumors
onjthe street, that the President will ap
point Gov. Packanl, of Louisiana, to be
Collector of the Port of New Orleans."
Gov. Colquitt, with Senator Gordon,
hnJ an interview with the President to
day. The President seemed glad to he.ir
how well Georgia was getting along
Blaine says the story that he. intends i
iJnJrlir,U r,-i" nVstt1rs j
questioning Hayes election, is the mven-
tion of an idiot.
Mr. Stephens rode out to-day. He call- j
ed inn Speaker Randall, Mr. Adams, Clerk j
of the House, and the President. Mr.
Hakes came to the portico of the White
House and conversed with Mr. Stephens.
wh remained in the carriage. It was
the) first meeting of these gentlemen, and
thei conversation was confined to tonics of
Ex-Gov. Warraonth telegraphs a friend
hore that Packanl will vacate the St.
Louis Hotel to-morrow.
Rear Admiral Preble writes from Pana
mal under date of April 10th, that affairs
on the Isthmus are peaceful.
Albant, N. Y., April 23. The exami
nation into the affairs of the American
Popular Life Insurance Company devel
op fraud and perjury on the part of the
Uawpton in CharhtonIIi Path Strewn
itk JtowenA Grand Reception Re
publican Uniting in the lemHtration
Addretn of Colored Militiamen Ilamp
tSpeeUT Dispatch to the Baltimore Snn. "
Ciiaklestox, S. C, April 18. The pop
ular outpouring to-day to welcome-Gov.
Hampton was a wonderful demonstration.
It was plain that the heart of the peo
ple was full with a sense of their .de
liverance from a dread of oppression and
misrule,, under which they had grown al
most hopeless, and they hailed their lib
erator with an enthusiasm, far surpassing
any ever before shown for any roan in
The feeling swept "o way for the moment
all class or party lines ; even the rennb--
lican eity oflBcials teemed to have caught.
the infection aucV joined with the restof
tholcommunity in honerinc tlie chieftain
they bad stt-iven to defeat. The chimes I
of the cluiTcbes, mingled their welcome
with that of the artillery, and as the Gov
ernor, bareheaded, rodethrough the dense
ly crowed streets on a superb thorough
bred mare, the imposing escort attracted
little attention in comparison, the ladies
and children literally strewing bis' path
with flowers and green garlands.
RECEPTION OP COLORED MILITIA.
A! most interesting feature of tlie day's
work was the reception by Gov. Hampton
of a committee representing the first mili
tia 1 regiment, composed exclusively of
obloredjpen, whose line and field officers
had been commissioned by Governors
Moses and Clnvnberlain, by whom also
they had been supplied with arms liought
by the State. It was feared that as under
republican rule the militia had been practi
csllvrittifltMwl A i
so IITh r!lU ' 0WirationaJ
unaer.-nawpum -none bat democrats
WonMf.lnV iwffiK- .U.,?t
MmmUfl a "r""cc Rua neoT the empire; Uie Mohammedan, is per-
enittpoof:eolored men, pre-1 ttel to service army, Vugh i,en
Wr!rt wM"thV .liDther 0' lke4 Wr4 ln; the
tunor lus U Out. yoa propose dii;
rf"4 to Pf-tfl
regmenL' WhUe weaftachno
to the report, believing, as we do, that
our rights will be respected, at the same
time We desire to know if our status as a
branch of the National Guards is to be
preserved. We. are peaceful and lawV
abiding citizens, and will cheerfully render
every; assistance to make the State pros
perous, and will join hand in hand to for
ever remove tlie ill-feeling engendered
during the excitement of the campaign.
"We are South Carolinians, deeply in
terested in the welfare of our common
mother. Her advancement looks towards
ourprosperity her- success will bring
happiness and comfort to our hearthstones.
Our regiment is not a political body, but
organized in tlie interest of and for the
protection of the State, and will always
yield a prompt and cheerful obedience to
the commander-jin-chfef of the army and
naval forces of the State of South Caro
lina when called upon. We are unable to
purchase arms, and most respectfully but
earnestly beg that your excellency - allow
us to retain those, inrour. possession and
that the regiment may be. permitted to
continue in its origroaVwnfi
"SQjuullVur"xt out pe-
titfoii- we ytpiild fcsC i$t you 'appoint a
new setWfficts for the regiment,
andlrtlie Same time request Svlth due
bqth-fedeference that we be allowed to suggest
the names v of siiitalde persons for .the
offices of colonel lieutenant colonel and
major. Wf must express to your excel
lency ouj high appreciation of the gener
ous and patriotic sentiments contained in
the address delivered by yon on your re
turn to Columbia5 fronV Washington, the
recollection of which will linger long and
pleasantly in our memory."
GOV. HAMITOX'S KEI'I.T.
Ju reply Gov. Hampton said that he was
exceedingly glad to have met the com
mittee, and assured them that so far as
his. power extended he would lend them
every facility in organizing and enrolling
their companies among tlie legal militia
of the State. r:- ' - ;
"I vant you," he said "to remember one
fact, that I recognize in your race the right
to enjoy precisely the same rights enjoyed
by every other citizen of the State. I
recognize your equality and intend to up
hold it. As 8Mn as we can get iu harness
I will enroll you iu the militia aud will
take .great pleasure in commissioning
such officers as you, may designate. When
the militia law is enforced, and when the
military of the State is all enrolled, I want
the only emulation between the compan
ies to be who can oln y the laws lest, who
can be the. best sohtiersand wtio can lest
protect the public peace. 'I
THE BELLIGERENT ARMIES RE
SOURCES OF THE COMBATANTS.
Baltimore Sun.J -
What has long Iteen obvious from the
steady accumulation by Russia of an
enormous military force duriug lateyeas,
from 1ipi ogress -southward tip hrfmtiay
rfrdm'her" reported', alliance" with. Persia.
ftum the. uJliuncuM 1i Iisx n,nrbt.tt itW
wo,t;rn IMwel s, from her concentration of
. . ' .
large, armies at inputs close upou the
Turkish frontiers, and from the fact that
she has employed the Sclav twK-ieties to
foment the disturbalces in the Turkish
. . '
I ir . i 1 M n u .mil f itii tl.A . n .... I ..I. ......
ter of her late diplomacy, is that she in
tended to seek a settlement of the Eastern
question 'by a resort to arms. There is no
longer much hope that this appeal can be
avoidedt and hence a comparison of the
forces and resources of the two chief com
bata fits, aud of tlrrise powers most likely
to be dravyn into the:fray on one side or
the otlier, is not witlumt interest.
The area of the . Russian empire in
Europe and Asia extrnxls over ouc-sevcuth
of the land surfacVoX.". the' globe. The
Eurx-an -ppulation,, occiipying an area,
of about 8C,(KJ9 sq'uaiemiles, is 63,Gf8,
J34. : This does not ioclnde either Russian
Poland, whose population is 5,705,G07 ;
Fiudiand; With 1,84.1,545 inhabitants, or
the Caucasus, 4,6G1 Inhabitants. Rus
sia iu Asia hasan estimated population of
0,302,412, but these belong -chiefly to the
nomadic" tribes. From the above popula
tion is drawn the .regular army of tlie
Russian empire. St is-Bot' rn-cessary to
go into the details of the military organi
zation. The duration of military service
Lis fixed in European Russia at six years
in tue active army amitiinein the reserve.
The total number qf meij.ju tlie regular
army fs-1 -836,954. 'Tlie" strength of the
irtegnlar -anny f& esl3ntaed at 140,493.
The grand tetany s 2021,447 men, 3tfl,637
horses and 2,7SCi guns. This is, of course,
independent of the territorial army, which
is coniNsed of all the ' rmile inhabitants
)?otwfca-,W"S;'f twenty ahd forty who
are flt'iaJkaerVrwjrfd not already
wirolledT-iiii tnViniVedf regular army.
"Thi nav is carahg"d under two gpeat
Ui visions, tlje Baltic .fleet and the fleet of
the Ulack Sea.'. In tlie -ttnUie are seventv-
seven jneloC a.r.;! tjiekiok Sea nine
menof war, i Tae Siberian tie com prises
eleven ships of srpailracwrun!t, aud there
are ti'niaiii1theyiii .Sea aud five
Ob tlie Sea of Aral. The total available
Btreugthfof the"naVy is stated at about.oue.
hundred .and lerfuiAfVar, of which,
only twcuty-flineiuv irou-clad. The
public debt f Russia is eaHmated at. 77. -871,000
does not btiir Tiitei-est. Added to
this is a laper eurreucy of 113,044,783.
Botltgold and silver ai:c at' sl high pre
The total war strength f the Turkish
government is 616,100, Afilitary service
lri maun nltli
dan population, tlie duration of which is
j y ,.v,,m.....u-
'"vuv lour gi which are spent in
- the regular army and the rest in tlie yaji -
n'n a rpfra iiiTT'' i;., .i:... ;
fleet when.called on. Tlie . noitrllussuU
population, -cxtnfpUoo Ux
1 stantinople 'luwsdso'-rexejnpi' ! TnusUhe
empt. Thus the!
army is recruited from about 12,000,000,
or less than half the populatioa of the
empire. The official report of the' navy
gives twenty iron-dads. . other steamers
seventy. Nearly all of the iron-clads
were built in Engbuid. Three additional
iron-clada, have been completed during
the past year, and a number of smaller
vessels gotten in order for war-like ser
vices. The navy is manned by 30,000
men. liobart Pasha, the chief naval com
mander, is an Englishman of decided
In the Crimean war, twenty-three years
ago, there was no telegraph wire nor a
mile of railroad in Turkey. The first
railroad was begun as lately aa 1863. The
country is now well covered' with lines
connecting all important points. From
tlie ferocity and fanticism of the Turkish
character it is apprehended. that if Turkey
triumphs there will not lie enough.cjiris
tians left in . Jttr ( dominion to quarrel
over. . . f
The financial '.condition of Turkey is
liod. Her deficit Ust vearwas nominally
4,036,9-24. Vlt wUl pwUbiy tirbv i to be,
on account of the- - losnrreet ions in the
provinces, 7.500,060, The foreign debt
of the empire upward of 180,000,000.
Turkish secuwties Cthe best cla6s -have
.been ffW'Jw'ndtin and 'Liverptiol
with derisj.bu'1tf.;rhe' .'internal debt is
placed by ofilda! fighcesAt about 18,000,-
000,-though the enemies of Turkey say it
cauuot fall llmr 30,000,000. -The fin
ancial ix8ouirei of Turkey :for rar . pur
poses amounts f to nothing, though -, tlie
fact that so nnach of; her paper is held by
Englishmen may lead, with other suppos
ed EngliHh iuterestA, to military assistance
Here the military strength of the Brit
ish empire. becomes a subject of interest.
The total of the army of England is 850,-
3d2, of which the . regular are 24 ;
reserves, 32p,43i,; XrLh jHice; 13,000;
r?hannel lata, 8,300 ; rndiarl arniy, 110,-
197, and Indian pfdiee, 190,000.-- It w
probable ithat a Targe portion of the entire
linlian fon-e Vpiild ' sympathize with the
Sultan aud hiir ally, jiI though -RuHtdan
agents are active, and the prize of inde
pendence from British domination i tempt
ing. It is unneeessitry to add that the
iavy of Great Britiau is tlie most power
ful in the world.
The army of Persia, which is said to
liave formed an alliance with Utistra, can
furnish at least tO,900-: men " of all arms.
Her geographical position enables her to
render ffectivr service to Russia in such
a quarrel as the present, inasmuch us alie
lars tlieVay to an XngfcMndiair'nrirty
moving westward Tlie princijal draw
back upon the colossal military -power of
Knftftia is its remoteness and Ue inconi
pletness of her railroad system, whidr is
inadequate to the transportation rtWiuired
for such a war as that now pending, ad
which may possibly -involve otlier1 poweri
.Itesiden those ItfeiitroeiK ' v'
Tit ;ti titde of .Anstvia has not Tm cii
al ttkgether satiAfactorily deli ued. . Turkey ,
however, beenm.-io have lieerr Imsy in
diplomacy at Vieiinat and there is talk of
conceKMioiiH of territory, '-wlfieh- may have
a tendency to keep "Austria out of the
struggle, or at leant from opposing Tur
key. TH'K COTTON PICKER- PERFECTED.
-t nofhef Xbrt 'Carolina Invention.
: Pro the RUeifl Observer.
We Noticed the arrival in the city of
Mr. 0. K. Smith, the iuventor and paten
tee of a cotton picker, which it is Raid will
do the work of IfXrlabbrca in the cotton
field. We inte'Wiewed Mr! Srnitli pi the
machine, anct nowwill tell wliat we know
about Smitli' intent cotton picker:
The maeldne isaboUt tlie size and weight
of a two horse wagon, upon, three wheel,
spanning. two rows with one wheel be
tween each . The two driving wheels from
which is worked thfe. nw'luriery are. high
enough tocarry every thing above the cot -ton.
The front wheel is- about half; tlie
height and works under the machine on a
pivot joint, to vhich 'are attached tlie
horses, that alsokwalk-' between the rows;
The arrangement of the wheels adapt it
to turning in the knialleAt possible space,
the uneveuess of the land, backing in the
corners, ete. . . - .. '--
The picking machinery con&iafs of a se
ries of finger-shaped cards on india ruber
the size if an -ordinary ..walking cane,
working alternately ax anddowri through
the stalks as the juaehiue ad vauces. These
canls, of whic (lire a re. two hundred, are
fastened to leverm.' tvrked by - cams," and
are each : indeidcnt of: Ue other. Iu
passiug ove stun psP only those-stop
' strait, and,tlMvo4ogethanup
Tbeaevcanla os -flickers am flexible
Theaev cards or-rioker ore- flexiblet to a
j degree that just, adapta tln ditlo the por-
poseibr which (b are intended, and so
arranged that in going" o wer the tiebJh, once
2 . 1 .
in a raw, aua 400 raauuiue coveting two
rows, .it would haynheaot pick en over
twice, antl eery wjiuire- inch; in the neld
would have Irad itsMekeriioivall-at ouce,
but parratTthe,timo, and there were ou-.
ly .one. lioll oiientl it.Touhl get it wltether
it was ujku tlie ground or the top of . die
stilk. These;cards-.4ire very- line'with-
tlie teeth all ranging upwards, . and will
not take hold of ant thin s but the liut of
1 the open cotton. Leaves, twigs and
will not atiek to them, bat' tie cotton
teuched in ever aofunall a deee mutant
, ly atllipj-en, and williiotle.uuikbrnab
, ed off at the too Ay a brnsher, the amne
1 branches it U takt'n on an aprou of bands
1 1 s. i . r .
auu uriuuicu w a ipipiwie to . uio remx
in a light staigbt. form ,-eutirely free frtm,
:ri uUu MMhia.
...... ....m ,a w
its lowest simplicity, very, durable, easily 1
managed, arid under tnifl oftha1
driver. , It is automatic in alL -iU-onera.:
tious. takinc care of itaelf and oerformin
j tU work witkout waist T atop u
picking while going along,, the driver baa
merelT to lean oaclc against, tna aeai,
j which is hinged with spring catcher, and
the picking arrangement stops up in the
bodr and can be driven to the place of
deposit, unloaded and return without the
throwing of wheels in or out of gear. The
machine costs three hundred dollars, and
win last as long as farming implements
f which is dniili-
(,v.iiuij) i.vx v- m
cated with the facility of adjusting a plow
point. It is estimated to pick out the cot-
ton at a cost of one dollar per bale, and
will gather all that can be gone over in a
't 1- .1 il.. i.. ll-n
wiiiioui percepuvue.uaniage w urn iio,
and what heretofore seemed an impo&ibili
ty, is j tut as simjde aud certain as a alieep
catching cuckle burrs and not the leaves,
with the order reversed j. thin catclves the
sheep or rather the cotton wool only. It
is a machine of merit tlironghout, and will
bear investigation, for it speaks for itself.
Salisbury Examiner : It is not gener-
lally known that Capt. Alexander Shannon,
whose remains lie buried in Oak Grove
Cemetery at this place, was killed in a
skirmish between Gen. Lord Cornwallis'
advance, and Gen. GreeiiTs rear guards, a
short distance from this place, at a ioit
between the old and new Coucord roads,
ninety-six years ago this spring.
On one hand Democrats are solicited to
recommend Samuel F. Phillips to the va
cancy on the United States Supreme
lleuch, on the other Mr. Phillips is solict
ing the President to retain Tourgee and
his fellow carpet-baggers in office oyer
us' Raleigh News.
Salisbury gjjtil 24.
FOUHORY & MACHINE WORK.
We have located at E. 11. M ir.h's shop, cor
ner of Fulton ami t.'oiuu-il mreei, where we
ar prepared to tin nil kiiulx of caxling in eitlit-r
Irtni or Rmss. We sire imw niaimf icltiring
Hie and two horoa Plow, of the improved
Fannen pattern at price to fuit the time.
- We re aU prepiredl doi.ll kindii of Wood
and "I ron work: fiu-h :i I'iilUrn Makiutr, Gen
eral Impair Work. ami M.inuf n tiirin all kind.-
f Aifri-idiiir:il I iUl,-iiH-nm nt slmri notice,
and at reduced 4 icen for e:ili or l:rrfer. -
All our work guaranteed to be equal to the
A hare of patronage i desired
I KKXLKK & OWEN.
TIME TABLE WESTERN N. C. RAILROAD.
To take effect April 2od, 1877.
OOIXO IV EST.
tj tt iwh i
Morgan ton . .-
5 "0 A.
8 2 "
12 as P
2 2 ")
8 ol '
! ! 42 "
0 ' 7 "
:io ao "
ll 13 "
. 12 4! P. M.
j 1 112
m A iff
"STATIC )NsT AuiavE. ' Lhavk
Henrv.. ! G2T.Si".
Old Fort ' 6 37 A. M. G 40 "
Marion : j T 23 " ! 7 31
Hri lj-ewiiter 8 19 " j 8 22. "
MofKnntbn.. .:r.. 9 02 " ' 9 0 "
Irrl ! 9 4" I 9 4T M
Hickory -..,10 27 " 10 32 '
t'aiM.va 11 t;0 " 11 03 "
Newton' 'lllo " 111S
Ctwba 12 Oi P.M. 12 09 P. M.
Plott 1 12 29 ' (12 32
StHtecville 1 04 ' : 1 24
Third Creek ! 2 12 ' j 2 15 "
SnIUbur J 3 07 "
Haring pnrclianed the Dhl't; STORE of Bvis
ICv . w VV : 1 1 1. ..... . t i . .
in &c-ri liMivtuiiv (iu IIHHU H M
lr' .1 ........: .. : .. " ... i . - .
J. r V. . 11. 1UHIEH.
lo v aa
The Southern Underwriter's Association;
INSURES ALL KISPS, OF PIUiPERTJ'. USr,. . .ii . - .
LOSS - QRr DA (VI ACE BY Fl RE.
AhSKTS, WAV, Mfeyj..
R A, L E I G H ... 3ST
JL&MJSTHAD JONES, President, G. W. BLACKNAU, Trerr
7 . .... WJCST, Secretary. - "
Partle dealrJng to iasure taelr property boiU p&lronlze ttits Ctompsay,rtor tS ondwlny rea.oB :
in a sale corporation, combining sofveQcy add subftltjr, u woot tae most eienUai ootnUta Iiwursic
-J n v .viiunuiij iciuuww uuui laic rvviviu 01 siAbc KU IOrul :
T kAoin it maw rimerrn .
ThtM is to certtfy, That I bare thorocglily examlnefl tlie " businfw affairs and flnaacr " ol - The
n l.nJefrttr'8 Aasoetatton," UalelgU, NorUi CaroUn InTiceonlanee with tbe provlsloMof n Art W-
ftTtJiwt"111 KVU" caapter a, rauiied uon ManA.l)Li;a,MidJ'?r
i,"t ot ,u,,,e SUUft ot Norm oiroU!i,,rn 1 tUat tUer are possed of tbe ioliowlnf
ties, wuch wna mrfre tuny appear from statement on
LtiiuKisuts ijon.w. (ujrt.etralue,
N. O. Itan Koad r.onds, (market value),
N. C County an 1 lty Bon.ls, (market value),
Wortgjgrea ot Heal Estate la North Carolina. (Oxtt
Cash Jn hanJ, In Haul: ana In haadi 01 Aeau,
..i .: . ------- -o.t.i.n.cvi uj
. 1.. j d . . . "
Gfren-under my hand and seal ot office.
l?Sy "W Percent: ot tpmiaiTi.to
en.w ine state Treasnrer for that tmnW
tMTiTe prernlwot bM,3
WlZ tent wanted in erery part
deceived ytrday atti'l,1rB ' S
that the notorious Pnrnk tirr-tl(.
just been arrested in HfllbrofcS j1?
an oldHegro man of bis none
Nowell tekcranhed at nn. i . ."cnff
at Hillsboro to hold the prison r 3faS
on an instanter caniaji wliii. ..sJ . a't
! lirniiMit down, and Inatoo.i .t - lt
f ry . nvVHItUl Utfi
; of a new trial being gone into, juqS
j will be prayed upon, him for oneT
j other cases in which he had uhmitteau
' fore he was sent to the penitentisrv
Administrator's Sale bfLanrj
Notice w giren tint I will n J
of May, at pul.lic aiulion, on the prkiJ ,!
mi let wpm of Salisbury, all the lnU kT
ing lo lle ette of 4o-hua Miller dee'd
joining the land of J. K. Gralunr nd ok
.ihject lo ihe widow dowerr. TeZ ,
8al at 11 o'clock. . "
MHDWiUWJf lW MAW, H
OQke in Lawyer ' ""j It
I L mWWM & CO
Wbo!esle sad Retail Du ir ja ' "
OF ALL KIKDS;
fJAtlflBUTT, 27. C.
tj-fpecll ordem made fromj'botoptij'ki ii
oflu-e will be nuj plud.
AU lent.- fvr lh Remington 8ewittK Hieh'it
tlie int K-rffct and ligl.t runrnifr Marlntf itl
market. They Ii4ve no roUry cut. (og wWli.r
ver mm to make a niw. rnn Laid. 'i (frf 6rt'f"
order. W w arrant erery Maohii. If titty tftti't
ple;ise we tak them Vck and rettiru tLeiwi),T.
Call Lefoi buying :i t fir in . 'Itrtj
y - 1 - '
Flouring & Sawing.
The subscrilKjr having purchased the
above Mills, respectfully aolicitu the .pattu.V
age of the citizens of Salisbury and Hurrund
imj country, lie hopes for the continuance
of thepatronage her-ttfregiven,tliestf Mill
and by close attention to extend the j. buni
ncss in both branches.-:. ..7 , . -.t .
Jispccial contract timiKTcaii be sakft on
shan-s. Cam. and bee mr. ', '..
Yi. M. NELS0 35.
21. ly. pd -
BALE1GII, K..G... ....
Board by the Day 89.60..
Peantifui -situated next to Capital Sqnsrf.
CoCa S. BROWN, Propfc
& Uarbem. will jonUnae WWheiii t W Oct '
i ... i .. . . i i: .. - .
and conijjitte vtock of a!) guoilk ii) Li Hue-. . '"-t
lepartriieiif; 'wli5cB 1' UndeK'ttie Kole mBgnw w
as a &a qq aaa ua
8TATE 6V fJOHTn CAJJOLIKA,
. LarxKnirMT or Krirl.
. .kalela, Mtj eta, ism.
aie Id tills oaice:
. : w.oort
me vt vne ltisiavurc. i nercoT bfdivt ui r .
WM. H.- noWERTO!f, Secretary of waMj;
Mn 1,1 "" Cuuto.
of the state." Mdm
K W. BEST, ueereurr, 1tah.