3 a 9 1 .i .
JUNE 21, 1877.
Clues involving tlje issue, of t r
?cteni! Cyurfu wil oine up iniieSu
prejue. Court ?t Kajejglj, tl
: f he Wellington correspgufc ot the
Cincinnati Commercial, wrf tiijf a - dia
tinraighed Southern ady, jsjra4ty qpen
to criticism in the iinporpt V)int of
LnouleJee. iudennent andnste.
The Oxibrd .'.'Torch Lfcht," f ptn up
on iU fifth volume. It Jk one of tlie5le8t
lpert in the State, anthere arc ifew bet
ter asjuined. It is a,.T2 column Japer
ud 16 oniiem are filkl with advertise.
tnenta, mostly TepreWn ting thebusinesa
ff the growing town n 0Ard.
Col. Chas. "R. Joxt pditor of the Char
lotte Observer, liiwin 'invitation delivered
lecture tfl a small but highly intelligent
ftudieucfc at ' States ville, last week, wijch
Is spoked of by the newspapers as a very
jjplendid success. His subject waS
'Progress of events in the XlXth Centu:
JTtv& 1e fp4 fruitful field.
The Statesvillo A mericau claims to
fan orgaif pf the national -conservative
party, 'now crystalizyjg all over the cotm:
Jrv, &c.M The American is modest. Why,
it is not only an "organ,?' but it is the
father of it in North Carolinathe great
he fellow or Sitting Pull of the concern;
and there is not another son nor. diiuh
ct. So be it.
Some newspaper has aid i)iaj however
w isely Sir. ilayes may adnunister his high
o(fice,the American people-can never for
get nor forgive the infamy by which hep
reached liis pition. That it is fairly
bHrnt into'the popular heart, and the peo
ple yll never rest unlil they have rebuk-
p4 n the mest decided manner, the re
turning board infamy and the electoral
coiumission treachery. Nor should they.
prime, It is frequently asserted by the
newspaper press that crime is on the in
crease. ' Jfr is very" desirable to kpow
whether or not this b true ;Tind it occurs
to us that it would require but Tittle labor
pn the; part of the Superior Court Clerks
in the several counties' of the State to
make out and send up to Raleigh a list of
crimes recorded on their dockets, cover
ing a term of years, for the purpose of
ponjnjpariftou and settlement of this ques
The abuses that insurance companies
had practised upon the people lecame so
glaring and alarming, that the legislature
t of New York, very wisely appointed a
;, committee, whose business it Nyas to ex
amine into the assets and accounts of all
large companies, doing ' business within
the limits of that State. Whpu th,ey uiade
llieir' repprtSj the' revelations, were 'as
. touuding, 'and almost took the 'breath
from the tqo qonfiding pqplo who held
large policies iu the -.same. Ope company
paid its president the enormous salarv- of
$60,000, and it also employed a number of
other officers, about twenty in all, the sal
ary of the lowest of which, ought to have
been almost sufficient for the president,
rj'he, people could plainly see that their
hard earned. niODey was going to the sup
port of salaried officers, and thatrthe ide a
of economy had never-been the thought
ht such companies. ' We toil tj directors
of all insurance companies, (hat thjs king
of insuring, will entirely play out if some
reforms are not quickly made. The peo
Wfci Tiaye had their confidence in insurance,
badly but Justly shaken, and something
iunst be done to have that confidence re
tored. Charlotte Observer.
' ; U conceded on all hands that the
aan wlio patronizes lotteries, prize pack
ages, ot gambling of any kind, will soon
er later come to, grief. If he had any mon
ey to begin wijtfi he will lose it ; and nine-
; ty-njne times out of a hundred come to
tags and lice by th,e tjme he ia sixty years
old. We put the life Insurance business
in the same catagory of other systems of
gambling m so far as It concerns the
ptatc. To illustrate: JLet Massachusetts
: v or Virginia have the insurance offices, and
r the people of Nprh Carplina pay, to Yirz
ginla for instance, three million dollars a
year for life insurance ; and let that thing
go qn for one hundrd years. We under
lake to say that in lass than half the time,
ihe people of iorth; Carolina would be
utterly insolvent; and if Virginia had in
vested the proceeds of her opcrationsn
purcliUip ands in -North Carolina) she
would hold fee sipiple dtjeds "foic half of all
' i,'.t i - it i ' T T
the lands in the State.
We own that this notion of ours ig off
Landed, and not the result of very patient
uvestigation into well established 'facta,
iThere jfi one evidence to which we will
advert as a basis: It is cnrrently report
cd and generally believed, that the people
of North Carolina did pay out for the year
2874, about three millions of dollars for
-t InsnraBce. n insurance agent very re
iirtly itwi) tUligh told us about that
time, that he had seen the figures in some
i lfice thare and Jhat it was a fact. We
, Mskcd th gootleman . jf-from his intimate
: cowfif fUa insurance business he
ixrnlli (ell, jproximaU?ly, what amount
. pfthat gaOO.OOO wouI4 over return to
t hoso who paid it f Ha answered, "no."
.'..VA'cj again, if he suppoiBed one-half
.pi it wouut rejnrn to them. He very
3rompflyanswerW Ono." We asked still
again : Do yon think a much as one-
J Ti ' '' ' ,u f"f repirn i ne ingan
X Jl. Ml : SU T. .
to as ht wp were driving at the system,
hnd wrijiilinff jn hs seat answered with
fcbme hesjftiQU t js doubtful,"
We vf$T tfi$ qiijy "fjfjr'wljat it ij 'worth.
It is not'pViiof, buifc is a elf wt when we
find A man engaged Jn a'hnfcWsa who can
k ive no bcttef account oi f t, pe us sup
jMjse that ' one-third of 'the '$.0QQJX) re-
yarns'; and upon tha basis we splcjt an
pwers to Jhe jrpiK4ton Jjqjt piieli
pibnoy would North Carolina pay qui, in
principal and interest, for the term of fit-
y years, interest at tne .row? r
fjie whole gystern of insurance af no
practiced is a stupendous fraud by which
thousands nnon thousands of men are hv:
ing in splendid luxury at the expense of
hardworking, innocent uupes. -a-mu
mmes build magnificent palaces tor tneir
. . ' L .1 !, orinningl mull.
central omces, amt yj m? ti"r" -
agers higher salaries than is received by
any government officer in the country.
And sleek, sinOoth:tongueU, wen-yam
agents are to be met with in almost every
hole and corner in the eartn. ixue, mere
are not so 'many now as there were a few
rears ntro. in thia section at least: 1 heir
vurtinHitv has no end. A liiiie wnue
after the war it w as reported that an in:
surance agent pursued man Into tne
rratt r of Mt. Vesuvius. Only another
wav of telling how useless wa an attempt
to avoid them. But times are changing
on una suuuxi. . munu.o ...t..
larso part in btripping the people to the
skiii, aiiti they are" beginning to find out
thatit ianot the surest road to wealth
after all, -
- . .- j -
THE NATUEAL WALL.
In rpply to a letter i u f w h id
as mentioned,' Iter. Prof. E.
which the wal
wna liipiitiniipn. nev. i roi. r.. x. v-
well writes as follows :
f'Tlie famous waft in Royau is a natur
al phenomenon, common in the- north ;
tluMirrh fiftr or more vears airo. it was
reirartled as an artificial work ; and in okl
books, sucji ag Alprse's Geogiaphy, siwiken
of as' curiosity, Persons often sent
trreat distances for specimens ot tne rock
The fragments were bxed up and sent
abroad. Amanonce.it is said, dug
week across the width of it to find the bot
tom, but did not succeed. . It is what in
ireolojrv is called a dike, a word that sig
nifies a wall. Iiraude says, "when a mass
of unstratitied or geneous rock, such as
irranite, trap, or lava, appears as if in
jeeted into rents and fissures in the strati
tied rock as to intersect tne strata, it is
called a dyke." They vary in thickness
from a few inches til 20 or HO yards, they
Lre composed of what is called greenstone
or basalt, from their breaking up into
regular shaped fragments, trap rocks
from a Swedish word trappa, a stairs.
"Sometimes, when the melted matter
thrown up from below to fill the crevice
cooled, it formed regular prisms, ot .3,
5 sides, &c., as in Giants' Causeway in
Ireland. Generally these columns stand
perpendicular ; but in some places about
Lake Superior, they are found lying on
eaclnther, with their smooth ends , even
on the side of the wall, as ltpiecesof tim
ber or hre wood had leen sawed off, ex
actly of the same length j and then piled
up regular. hen the earth is removed
and the ends are exposed to view, they
become an interesting natural phenome
non. All these operations show an effort
of nature at crvstallization on a large scale
We wish that those who visit this locality
would take a compass and mark the di
rection ot tne wall : wnetner tiiere is in
this respect any relation to the Blue
Ridge; whether of uniform thickness
whether the outcropping indifferent places
lie m the same line : would a line drawn
i . Li. j. r I . 1
in me ui rection oi one, striKe auoiuer :
when it runs through another rock, how j
is the latter affected by it : how related
to tfe bed of granite in the vicinity that
contains the trim, cry stills of felspar : any I
specimens the wall north of the South !
River ?" Watchman, May 12.
"The "Natural fair in this county
so learnedly noticed abqve, has been ex
posed recently so that it may now be in
spected with good degree 'of satisfaction.
Mr. T. Walton the owner of the premises,
with several of his neighbors, by ditching,
draining and excavation, have brought
out about 15 feet of it in full view with
out disturbing the stone? and other ma-
jejuu of vnu?u jc ) epnpoea.
It is certainly an interesting subject for
the Geologist and the student of nature ;
and as there are some intelligent pprsqnsj
wno sua insist rnai it may ue $ work ot
art, it is of interest to scientist generally.
The first impression of the common
mind is that it wailmilC by human hands.
It is so perfectly wall-like stand so per
pendicular and accurate in line and
breadth that it is no wonder many should
yet believe it is a work of art j for it is not
common iu this part of the word for na
ture to exhibit herself in this form. She
display es veins in the earth of various
kinds and dimension almost everywhere,
and they are easily and universally rec-
ogmzed as such. But in this case there is
4 wulc departure from that order of phe
nonienun, and we have something that
Sfantjs out in sharp contrast, puzzling the
niind tp reach a satisfactory conclusion as
to its true character.
I he course of the wall is very uearly
soufh:east and north--west, and is tracea-;
bl Py put:lying stones of the same gen
pral character, scattered on the surface
through woods and fields for half a mile or
more. We speak now of actual observa
tion, made last week company with a
patient, persevering and inqusitive friend,'
Maj. b, vv . cote, and regret that time and.
'a ' k - . 1 a " ?
opportunity urn not allow of more extend
ed search. It is believed that the out
crop at Rbbley's and that at Fqrley Ellis'
about six milwt easf qr soijth of east, arb
parts ot thf same line. And continuing
the same direction to the cst bank of the
Yadkin river near fho railroad bridge;
we learn that the same kind of stone ap
pears in a form well 'enough defined to be
called the ;fwall rock." Going north-west,
we hear of it again near Correll's mill,
and again, in the same general lne? at
or near. John D. Johnson's! A line drawn
from Mr. Johnson's via Correll's Mill
Kobley's, and Ellis' to the east end of the
Railroad bridge across the Yadkin, we
Uhink' would pot vary much from a ti
south-east direction ; nor would it nec
I - -tt.
santy wave very niuch to touch all the
The wall at Robley's; is covered by the
sou to tne depth of about two feet. The
land east of it swells up into a considera
ble hill, which is covered w ith foresf trees
At the point of exposure the' wall is' em
bedded in decomposed granite, and the iine
of distinction between that and the' ina
terial of which it is composed is sharp and
clear. The stones cf the wall are what is
coniuionly called t'iron rock," an4 are of
variable sfces and shapes, generally long
er than they an? bred or thick, cross ecr
..r ,.. . .
popn pi iriicjpreseiiii iu jup "f
diamond shape. The new fracture is
ii"-hlv roetalic in appearance, not nnlike
he luster of broken steel. Tliey are tuieK
v coated with a material resembling iron
rust, which may be cut away with a knife
(ike chalk. This oxide, or rust has ac
cuniuiated between the stones in all their
Various fractures, horizontal, and trans
verse, forming wjiat is popularly regarded
as cement, whicl we are free o admit
does in many places closely resemble. -
We do. not perceive much practical
value attaching to this subject, but j et if
is not witbout interest, having at an early
eriod of the history of the State attracted
the attention of scientific men so far at
east, as to merit notice in some of their
writines. -we learn tnat rroi. ivcrr,
- .... T
State Geologist, expects to visit this sec
tion during the summer, and will proba
bl y tarry long enough to give the "natur
al waF such au inspection as will enable
him by the aid of his Geological knowl
ti lull us anvthimr Prof. Rockswell
-v"C7 w t
may luxve omitted.
P. S. iuce the above was in type, we
learn that' Prof, jierr, who passed her
"Monday, in speaking of this natural cu
riosity said it w as first brought to public
attention about one hundred years ago, by
a naturalist named Nutall, wlio Avas pur
suing 'his investigations in this section..
FULTQN'S ACCQUNT OF THE FIRST
STEAMBOAT TRIP BETWEEN NEW
YORK AND ALBANY.
In tlie Suffolk Gazette, printed at bag
Harbor, on the east end of Long Island
October 12, 1807, , is a letter from Robt
Fullton to Joel Barlow, giving an account
of the first trip of the first steamboat on
the Hudson River. It is as follows :
To Joel Barlow, Philadelphia.
New York, 22d Aug., 1807.
My Dear Friend: My steamboat voyage
to Albany and back has turned out rather
more favorable than I had calculated. The
distance from New York to Albany is 150
miles; I ran it up in.32 hdurs and down
in 30 hours. The latter is just five milt
an hour. I had a light breeze against me
thewhole way going and coining, so that
no use was made of my sales; and Vthe
voyage has been performed wholly by the
power of the steam engine. I overtook
many sloops and schooners bearing to
windward, and passed them as if they
had been at anchor.
The power of propelling boats by steam
is now fully proved. The morning I left
New York there were not perhaps thirty
persons in the city who believed that the
boat would ever move one mile an hour
or be of the least utility. And while we
were putting off from the wharf, which
was crowded with spectators, I heard a
number of sarcastic remarks; this is the
way you know in which ignorant men
compliment what they call philosophers
Having employed much time and mon
cy and zeal in accomplishing this work, i
gives me, as it will you, great pleasure to
see it so fully answer my expectations.
t will give a quick and cheap conveyance
to merchandise on the Mississippi, Mis
souri, and other great rivers which are
now laying open their treasures to the en
terprise of our countrymen. And although
the prospect of . personal emolument has
been some inducement to me, yet 1 feel
nfinitely more pleasure iu reflecting with
ou on the immense advantage that my
country will derive from the invention.
However, I will not admit that it is half
so important as the Torpedo system of
defence and attack f for out of this will
grow the liberty of the sea ; an object of
infinite importance to the welfare of
America and overy eivilized eonntry. But
thousands of witnesses have now seen the
steamboat in rapid movement, and they
belieye--but they have not seen a ship of
war destroyed by a' torpedo, and they do
not believe. We cannot expect people in
general to have a knowledge of physics,
or power of mind sufficient to combine
deas and reason from causes to effects.
But in case we have war, and the enemy's
ships come into our water, if the govern
ment will give me reasonable means of
action, I will soon convince the -world
that we have surer and. cheaper modes of
defence than they are aware of,
OMINOUS PROCEEDINGS ON THE
Printers TTitltdrawinq 'from the Printer
UNION MOULDERS OBTAINING EM
I'LUIJIEM IN NON-UNION
Governor Hampton Will Stop in Xetc York
j a a. . rrt
10 etjoiuiie a lemporary Jjoan.
I rot, June Id. The Troy Tunes, em
bracing nearly one-half of the compositors
in this city, to-day withdrew from the
A considerable number of moulders,
heretofore belonging to the moulders'
union, have obtained employment in non
New York, June 13. A special dis
patch from New Orleans to the Herald,
says ; "Gentlemen just returned from the
Texas border, say that by direction of the
State department, people are preparin
sworn statements of losses by raids during
the past ten years.
Governor Hampton, on his return from
Auourn, will stop liereto negotiate a tern
porary loan, authorized bv tbelevislature
to defray expenses until the taxes are
The Western Union Telegraph Compa
ny opens to-day an office at the Surf
Hotel, r ire Island, connecting with the
telegraph system of the company at Babv
lon, Long Island, by sub-marine cable
across the great bouth bay. Fire Island
is thirty-five miles east of Sandv HiwL-
and captains of steamers and masters of
vessels are requested to display their si
, nals off Fire Island.
A Suicidti About fata and Tpmatq Vines.
:Wi.HiXGTpx, June 16. ?pbt. Richter,
clerk in the War pepa.rfimen.t, found at
his home a pleasure in rearing tomatoes,
lis wife found hers m breeding cats, lie
molested the cats ; she tore up his toma
to vines. Richter stationing himself in
the midst of his demolished "vines, said :
Nosir you gee me,! and shot off the top
of his head. There are three little chil
dren and a frantice widow. Richter was
a quiet, sober, industrious and upright
RASCALITY AMONG RADICAL OFFI
CIALS IN NOimi CAROLINA.
Special to Richmond Di?ptcL.
IHE DKlUTY MARSHALS OE XOnTII CARO-
" " UNA.
Washington, June 13.
Investigations of the transactions of the
Deputy Marshals of Western North Caro
lma show tha not one-thim ot the ircr
mense sums charged against the Govern
ment within the last three years has been
for actual service nor honesty expended.
These fraudulent operations have Imd ex
tensive ramifications and increased with
fearful rapidity during the period when
the Presidency was in doubt. It was gen
erally believed down there that Tilden
would' succeed Grant; and as he .would
have made a clean sweep of the Federal
officers in power, they determined to make
hay while the sun yet shone, but they
ruined themselves by overdoing the job.
ov KUCHA nc.Es and false charges.
The favorite mode, as previously detail
ed in these dispatches, was to make over
charges for mileage, and false charges for
guarding and feeding prisoners. The
loose notiaus among many people of that
part of North Carolina about evading or
violating the revenue laws in relation to
the manufacture of whiskey furnished a
rich field to be cultivated by nimble dep
uties not oppressed with too much con
science, and stimulated to activity by
small paj In one case a half-dozen men
were arrested and put in irons and carried
from house to house among their friends
iu the same neighborhood for nearly a
week before they were taken to the court
house, only seven miles distant. And for
this the Government was charged as if
the prisoners had been transported seven
ty miles and boarded ami" guarded for five
days. The soldiers who acted as guards
were put down as civil guards, and the
accounts sworn to as correct, though
FRAUDULENTLY RAISED TO TEN TIMES THE
More lately a sharp officer arrested a
druggist for violation of the revenue laws,
having found an unstamped bottle of tax
able liquid on sale in his store. The sum
mons, arrest and examination took place
on the spot, but mileage, guards, board,
&c, were charged against the government.
Western North Carolina is Hooded with
Lthese bogus warrants, technically called
"pav rolls," which are certified by United
States commissioners, the signatures gen
erally being forged, and they pass as cur
rency among tne mountain people, rrc-
uently they are given as "boot" in horse
trades, and some parties do a thrifty bus-
nes discounting them. A man named
Sluder is particularly mcntoined in this
OFFICERS WHOSE RESIGNATIONS WILL HE
When Hester went. to North Carolina to
work up the frauds committed in Marshal
Doijglas' office, he found that a package
of documents which had been forwarded
from the Attorney General's office had
been opened in the post-office at Asheville
before his arrival, and the suspected par
ties fully informed of the object of his
visit. This caused only temporary delay,
as the proofs were in' possession of the
There is good reason to believe that
Marshal Robert Douglas, Postmaster
agg at Asheville, the Collectors of the
rirst, Fourth and Fifth districts, District
Attorney Lusk, and perhaps Judge Dick
himself, will be asked to resign or be re
Washington, June lG.-VThe New York
Custom House Commission will recomend
the dismissal of two hundred and fifty
O. II. Dockery, of North Carolina, has
een appointed Consul to Leeds. It is
understood that when the Consul Gen
eralship becomes vacautby the retirement
of Gen. IJadeau, Mr. Dockery will succeed
C. S. WinRtead, collector of tho Third
district of North Carolina, has been re
quested to resign. His successor has not
yet been named.
HAYES TO SUMMEU AT THE GREEN-
UIUELt WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS.
Mexicans Captured in an Engagement on
Won't Accept James Bussell LoiceWs i?c-
WAsnixoTox, June 18. It is under
stood that Hayes will spend a portion of
July and August, at the Greenbrier W hi to
Sulphur Springs. Helms engaged a cot
tage there for his family.
Sherman has directed the Assistant
United States Treasurer to issue one and
and two dollar notes in sums not exceed
ing ten dollars.
General Sheridan telegraphs officially,
and substantially confirms the Galveston
News' special, regarding the Mexican fight
on American soil, near Fort Clark, and
the capture of several Mexican officers
and forty -five men, for violation of the
new treaty. Sheridan regards tho pris
oners as a hard set, and wants to get rid
of them, but the War department directs
that they be fed and detained.
Harvard College refuses to accept James
Russell Lowell's resignation, and has
given him leave of absence to go to Spain
' Secretarv Sherman has designated R. E.
Preston as director of the mints daring
Dr.linerman's term of inspection. :
General Julius Miles, formerly, minister
to tlje Argentine Republic, ,spokeu f
or the Turkish mission.
Twenty plate printers have resumed
work on the four per cent, bonds a$ thp
ljurea of rrintmg and Engraving.
Kenneth Rayner, though a native of
North Carolina, claims citizenship in
Mississippi. His appointment in the
official distribution, is charged tp that
FROM THE MONTHLY
Of op Reports.
Department of Agrici'ltcrk,
Raleigh, N. C, May, 1877.
Below is presented a "summary of crop
repqr.ts for the month of Mav, from Spe
cial Correspondents for their respective
Counties, received at this oflice to date.
It is to be regretted that all the Counties
are not included, but in many of them my
application for Correspondents has not
yet been rqsppnded to, and hence they are
not represented. It is hoped, however,
that each County will hereafter occupy its
place on the list. This report is publish
ed with the hqpe that it will prove inter
esting to our fanners, and that they may
glean lessons from, the facts presented, to
aid and guide them in their efforts atim
provement. The continued rains of early
spring, followed by the usual drought for
the season, extending through the entire
month, and which prevailed generally
throughout the whole, greatly retarded
the crops, especially Cotton, Tobacco,
Corn and Oats. In nearly all the Cotton
producing Counties reported, the acreage
of that crop has been reduced, while but
one County reports an increase. With
but few exceptions the condition of the
crop is very unfavorable, but it may yet
do well, where good stands were obtain
ed, ami attended with favorable seasons
during the period of-its growth. Gener
ally the reduction in the acreage of Cot
ton has found a corresponding increase in
other valuable crops especially Grain
and the Grasses. The average condition
of the Wheat crop is very fine and prom
ises a large yield. Though the area de
voted to the Oat crop has been enlarged
it will necessarily be short; having suffer
ed great damage from the dry weather
which set iu just at that stage iu its growth
when the effeets were most deleterious,4
The Corn ci op is generally unpromising,
partially from the same cause, but great
complaint is made of the ravages of the
bud worm, especially in the middle and
eastern counties. The fruit crop is most
excellent and is fast becoming a leading
interest in many sections. The use of
commercial fertilizers has been greatly
curtailed in many Counties, more atten
tion being given to home-made manures.
To encouraure our farmers in this oiiin.
mendable departure from the almost ruin
ous habit of buying their fertilizers, for
mula? for manufacturing them at- home,
and for composting, furnished by our
Chemist, Dr. A. 11. Ledonx, will be issued
from this oflice in time for the fall crops.
A general survey of the field affords abund
ant reason to bo grateful for the encour
aging prospect. The most gratifying
feature in all of these reports, is the gen
erally earnest interest evinced in all sec
tions of the .Stale, on the subject of grass
es. Never in the history of the State has
there been such interest manifested. Nev
er so lare an area devoted to this great
and important crop, and that area rapidly
increasing, and never was there a more
opportune time for its successful introduc
tion as a prominent crop; The fallacy of
the -long entertained opinion, that a verv
large portion of our State wasunsuited to
the successful growth of the Grasses, has
been happily demonstrated by actual ex
periment, and it is encouraging to note,
that no correspondent has reported a fail
ure whenever they have been tried, but
011 1 lie contrary the experiment has been
uniformly satisfactory. Whenever our
Ieople shall resolve to declare themselves
free from the exacting and oppressive rule
of "King Cotton" and shall avail them
selves of the unsurpassed advantages and
inducements afforded by our diversity of
soil and climate to raise their own sup
plies, then, indeed, will our deliverance
be ut hand.
L. L. POLK,
PRESIDENT HAYES' PROPOSED
VISIT TO THE SOUTH.
The Petersburg Index-Appeal learns,
on the best authority, that President
Hayes has given positive assurance of his
intention to visit the South as soon as his
duties will iicnnit. What sort of recep
tion will be given him ? Raleigh News.
He will be received with all the respect
due the President ot the Uunited States,
and with all the more favor in Petersburg
because lie has lately appointed a post
master for the city whom everybody iu it
holds in just esteem. The people of
Petersburg do not propose to establish
any court, on the occasion of the Presi
dent's visit, to decide whether the title
by which he holds his oflice is de facto or
dejure. They may hold private views
on that subject not likely to be consolator
ry to Mr. Hayes ; but the practical ground
which they occupy in the matter is that
Mr. Hayes will have to be treated as
President until somebody else- having a
better claim to the crown shall make the
same good. Inall probability they will
wait three years or more until that
consummation ; and in the meantime Mr.
Haye, whenever he comes to look at the
Sulphur Spring, theCrater, the Tabb
Street steeple, and the other wonders of
art and curiosity in ad arp,und the city
will continue to be received every time
he arrives (and it is to be assumed that
after coming once lie- will: some often,)
wjth all the honors thatbelong to the
successors of Washington. ; 4
Nor what will you dq -with that ? Is
the mau crazy ? By no means, lie. will
be found "sound on the goose" when
some ''bf "the lrrconcilables have taken a
Stokeg , county c.rrcfPOdent M exc
North State: Daubury has four stores,
two blacksmith shops, four M. D.s, and
one dentist, two shoe-makers, one harness-
maker, two lawyers, three hotels, one
cabinet maker, one wagonfinaker, one
grist mill, two saw mills, one jail and a
candy shop. -7 Farmers have planted
about half' their tolacco crop. The oat
crop will bo a failure. Dry weather has
injured the wheat crop considerably.
There are forty eight grist mills in the
county all run by water. Stokes has
inexhaustible quantities of coal, iron ami
To Tie Far
German or Golden
TWO CROPS 1H ONE YEAR
fln The Same
Call and see it For sale at EnNiss'
&:uw. Drug Store.
A Restorer of Intrinsic Worth
and One that Pleases All.
Wood's Improved Hair Restorative
is unlike any othr, and has no equal. The
Improved has new vegetable tonic proper
ties ; restores grey hair to a glossy, natural
color ; restores fa'led, dry.Hiarsh aud faliiiitf
hair ; restores, dresses, gives igur t the
hair ; restores hair to prematurely bald headsr,
removes dandruff, humors, scaly eruptious ;
removes irritation, itching and
No article produces sudi
T;y it- call for Wood
i Imnrj.ived Hair
Restorative, and don't be put off with
other article, bold by all druggists in tins
place and dealers everywhere. Trade sup
plied at manufacturers' prices by C. A.
'ook. iVj Co., Chicago, Sole Agents for the
United States and Canadas, and by J. F.
Ilenrv. Gurrau te Co.. New York. .'51
FKALEY A II ADEN.
North Carolina Railroad Company.
PA NY. )
I, 1S77. J
SECt- KTARY ANIJ TREASURER'S Ov
Company Shop, N. C, May 31
The twerity-eiiilh annual meeting of the
Stockholders of the North Carolina Rail Road
Company will he held in Salisbury, N. C, on
the second Thursday of July, 1877, and ihe
transfer looks of Stock of said Company will
will he closed
from tins date until after the
J. A. McCAULEY,
An Eaaglish, Clastic, Math
ematical ami Scientific
MALE and FEMALE.
This School, located in a growing, healthy
little vilajre, four miles north of Salisbury, on
the New Mocksviile road, will
Reopen on July 30th, 1877.
Board can be had in highly respectable fam-
Iies, at from $7.00 to $8.00 per month. Am
ple facilities for Messing, &c.
1'or further narttenhtrs address Rev. II. M.
Brown, Salisbury, Rowan County, N. C.
Rev. II. M. Brown, A. M., Principal.
Notice is hereby given to all person." wibiect
to pay a poll tax to the State, who resided with
in the limits of the Town of Salisbury on the
1st day of April 1877, and to all persons who
own, or were possessed of taxable property with
in said town on the 1st dav of April. 1877. lo
give in to me before the SOlh day of June 1877,
a nsi oi ineir saia poll ana taxable property,
under oath, and also the valuation of said tax-
ble properly, as assessed for taxation te tbe
fetate. All persons who fail to Iit their polls
and taxable property within the'tim ahiv
prescribed will have "to pay a double tax.
Ihe tax win he ad valorem, upon all real and
personal property, and also upon the real value
of all bonds, stocks, or other investment in
bonds, railroads or other incorporated compa
nies, and a like tax on cash onjrand or deposit;-
on soiveni credit, ana on stocks ot mercandise
on hand, the tax on purchases belnw remitteI
By order of the Board of Town Commission
ers of Salisbury, N.
T1IEO. F. KLUTTZ,
Salisbury, N. C, June 4th, 1877.
.... . . -r. . :.: ia business tt
iisviog pnrcnasea the lJUUU oTUHrJ or bch bisih, win wnu --. ijne.
iTAKD. Will keep constantly on hand a full nd complete stock of U goods iu n. ageD,et
l3"picial attention given the Presctiption DepaxUnent, which is under tne
Mr. C. Li. IUkkks. - 2ru
MRS.t S. Af GREENFjEi
is receiving new additions to her sto-u
wn,ip "ATS or the most nopour
Freieh ani American FIbwb
RIBBONS, &c, &c. '
-ell at very W price,.
teed. " - uo-
Opposite R. K. Crawford'H Ney U,rj,
Just received an entire Klock tff-new s
goods, which were purchased at ihe jPR
market prices, consisting of Staple and'F
Dry Goods. A great variety of all kinder
Notions. HAldBURG EDGINGS i ,!
Also a large and well selected stod
CLOTHING, HA liooTS, SIlOEk ,
G EX T L EM ENS. F V 11 X 7 8U i
If you want to drink goed coffee, come ami tr
"Wallace's Kiol 1
Complete Mock of Groceries, Crockery Ud
Cutlery constantly on hand, wlutli I can! air
as low as any house in the city. Since hhe
great political questions have been wiilli
uicrr i!-j;umi uuit-h aueau lor tile IMrOple. f
on auace lor cneap goods.
I have determined to start the
Herb and Root Business
in thj city, in order to give many a chance to
makeToc to $100 per da v.
a m t;
Salisbury pril 24.
FOUNDRY MACHINE WORK.
We have located at E. H. March's shop, cor
ner of Fulton and Council street, where we
are prepnred to do all kinds of cast tug in eithr
Iron or liras. We are. now manufacturing
one and two horse Plows, of the improved
Farmers pattern at prices to suit the time.
We are also prepared to do all kind of Wood
and Iron work : jitieli as Pattern- Alskinj, Ge
er.il Repair WorkraudIanufacturingall kind
of Agricultural Implements at short notice,
and at reduced prices for cjrsh or harter.
All our work guaranteed to be equal to the
A share of patronage i desired.
TliEXLKK & OWEN.
23:3m pd. .
A. S. MUEPHY,
Attorney at Law.
Oflice lu No. 2 Lawyers Row,
Opposite Court House.
Salisbury, N. C.
J. A. CLODPELTiiR & CO
Wholesale and Retail Ieflers in
OF ALL KINDS,
SAZiZSSUV, U. C.
Tj"8pec'il orders made from PhotograpL in our
oflice. will be supplied.
Also Agents for the Remington Sewing Mwhjne,
the nrost perfect and light running Machine io tb
market. They have no rotary cams, cog wliee!or
ever aims to make a noise, run hard, or get out i
order. We warrant every Machine. If they doe t
please we take them ack and return the money.
Call before buying id see theui. j l.U .
Flouring & Sawing.
The snbscrilwjr having purchased t
above Mills, respectfully solicits the par
age of the citizens of Salisbury and surroun
ing country. He hopes for the continuity
of the patronage heretofore given the - "
and by close attention to extend the
ness in both branches. " . ca
By special contract timber can be sawn
shares. Call and bee me.
21. ly. pd
Send 25c. to G- F JIOWEL-L &-0 v .
York, for Pamphlet of 100 Pac0,"! ,bo
lists jf 3,000 newspapers, and t -
mg cosi oi aavemsiiig.
to ti,e p