VOL. IS THIRD SERIES
SALISBURY, F. NOVEEIBEB, 29, 1877,
JC 1 '
THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION.
IX THE YEAR 1878.
Xo-COXTLICT EXISTS iiETWKEX THE L.W3
of the State ani those of the Uni
ted States IX liEr.AUD THERETO.
K COXTINUEH FKOM LAST WEEK.
Is. there. any other law of the State,
which orders the election to lc held in
August, 1S73. Chapter 1 '$2, sec. 1. Lafs
r ft-'L n. !(!?. lias Tieen cited as an
authority to that effect. That act was
ratified the 14th day of Feb., 1874, after
the. passage through Congress of the Act
of Feb. 2, 1872, and is therefore liable to
the same objections I have just stated in
regard to sec. 2, ch. 22, of Pat. Rev. Hut
sec. 1, of ch. RE, Laws of 1873-74, does
not even in express terms authorize an
election to be held in August, 181$, at all.
-Wheu it was first, adopted, it did direct
- an election' for certain officers including
memlieB of Congress, to be held "on the
1st Thursday in August,-! 874, and ercru
1 ttco years! thereafter." But the section was
amended, bv the act of March 22, 1875.
L. h. 1874-75, ch. 2:37, sec. 4, p. 317), so
as only to authorize an election for said
oft)m-s. including members of Congress,
to4e held onfhe Tuesday next after the
1st" Monday in November, 1870.
There is no other State , law bearing
upon the question.
It follows, therefore, irresistably, that
there is no law of the Stale which author
i7.csrmucli less requires an election for
Congressmen to be held in August, 1878.
On the contrary it will be in express vio
lation both of the laws of North Carolina,
and of the Constitution and laws of the
United States, for the next election for
Congressmen in this State to be held on
any other day in the year, 1878, than the
one fixed and established by Congress.
If sec. 77 intended a Congressional elec
tion to be held in-August, why not say
It is very wrong to assume that the
Legislature of 187(i-77 intended to au
thorize an unconstitutional election in
August, 1878. That body knew full well
that the law of Congress required the
election for members of that body to be
held in November, 1878. Why should
the Legislature be so blind and ignorant
as to stultify itself ? "Why should it deliberately-
do an absurdity ? Common
sense is a sufficient gnide to teach us that
the Legislature could not have intended
to do such a vain or absnrd thing. One
of Lieber's rules is, "if one interpretation
would lead to absurdity, the -other not,
we must adopt the latter" another rule
is this : "If the law admits of two inter
pretations, that is to be adopted, which
is agreeable to the fundamental law, (e. g.
a constitutional act of Congress, as in our
case), though the othcr'may have been
adopted previously." (In our case the
fundamental law was . adopted first.)
'-(Lieber's rules, Sedgwick on stat. and
const. Law, p. 288.) ! -'
I will also remark, that sec. 25, of the
U. S. Revised Statutes-being passed in
pursuance of paragraph 1, sec. I, Art. IV,
of the Constitution of the United States
does not "alter" any of the State "regu
lations" relating to holding Congressional
elections, except only as to the time, ami
it cannot be seriously contended that
there are how "no statutes of this State in
force, regulating and prescribing the
places and manner j of conducting and
holding elections for Representatives in
Congress. In reply to this-position, how
ever, the "Raleigh Observer" of the 9th
just., with an evident tone of triumph,
"Mr. Henderson says the Federal Statute
changes only the time of holding the election
for Congressman, leaving all oilier matters to
the regulations prescribed by the State law.
It happens, however, that these regulations as
laid down in Battle's Revisal, in addition to
fixinar, in section 2, the day of election on the
first Thursday in August, require, in section 3
(4?), the Sheriffs to meet and compare thejioll on
the third Thurxday in August. What, then?
Will it be contended that the Federal Statute
will change that also? If this be so, there is
little need for any State legislation on the sub
ject. It must be remembered,' that the votes
for Congressmen arc not compareed as are
those for the General Assembly."
Unfortunately fOr.tlie Observer-, sec. 4,
ch. 22, of Rat. Rev. upon which it relies,
its citation of sec. 3 is evidently a cleri
cal error has been amended by striking
oat "third Thursday of August,'1'' and in
serting in lieu thereof, the words, "third
Tuesday in November. ," (Laws of 187t-77,
ch. 1, sec. I.) And I may just as well re-
mark-here, that the Observer is almost
equally-Unfortunate .in. all its other cita
tions of North Carolina statutes relating
to this controversy. This amendment
plainly proves that the Legislature, in
enacting the Election Law of 1877, 'must
certainly have intended that the election
for 'Congressmen should be held in Nov.
1878, for why should an election be held
in August, and a comparison of the votes
by the Sheriffs to be postponed untiLthc
3rd Tuesday in November following
which also shows, -that the Legislature
did not consider
2, ch. 22, of Rat.
Rev. tb be in force, but must have inten-
ded to direct the election to be held in
-v November. ' j
If the Observer hadexamined the elec
tion laws ot the Mate a little more care--.
fully,, it would, have also seen, that the
old method of requiring the Sheriffs to
meet together in-each Congressional dis
trict for the purpose of comparing the
polls, &c, hadheen abolished, not only
by sections 2G, 27, 23, 29, ch. 275, Laws
of 487G-77, but also by chapter 199 of the
J Laws of 1 870-77; loth of which acts require
the returns for members of the House of
Representatives of the United States Con
gress to be made dinect to the Secretary
of State, to be counted by the Board of
1 But section 4, ch. 22, of Rattle's Revisal
jhatl not been amended on the 7th day o'f
November, 1870, when the last general
.election was held in this State. The State
law then required the election for Con
gressmen to be held in November, (Laws
1874-75, ch. 237, sec. J), but commanded
the sheriffs to meet together in the several
districts to compare the polls, ecc, on the
third Thursday of August, Jl$at. Ik'V., ch.
22, sec, 4). Why do.es not Congress take
notice of this "irregularity ?" According
to the argument of the Observer, on this
account if for no other, the. titles of the
North Carolina members to their seats Jm
Congress are tloubtful and defective, for
although the Legislature lias endeavored
to -cure the irregularity, (Laws of 1870-77,
" Ch. 1, sec. 2), it is a matter of grave doubt,
! whether that lody "can legalize acts "t-
terly void and without authority of law,"
j as the Observer seriously maintains; in its
j issue of the 9th inst., in regard to a sug
gestion of mine that if there be any irreg
ularities in the present "election Law,"
the next Legislature can pass an act
easily removing the difficulty.
I must not forget to remiud your read
ers that it was not necessary for the laws
of the fctate of North Carolina to make!
any provision whatever about the time of ,
i holding elections for Congressmen. That
has been fixed by the laws of Congress,
I whether the States amend their laws to
conform to it or not." The law of Con
gress alone is all that is necessary. And
as for providing machinery for carrying
the Federal law into execution, the ex
isting laws of this State are amply suf
ficient without; any further legislation.
(See chapter 109 and 275, Lnws of 187G
77). I have no doubt .myself, that there
are quite a number of the States of the
Union, which have as yet made no amend
ments whatever to their election laws,
notwithstanding the act of Congress of
Feb. 2, 1 872, but have deemed that statute
sufficient, without the necessity of alter
ing their local laws, with the view of
' making them conform in express terms to
the law of Congress.
It is true the constitution confers upon
the U. S. House of Representatives the
right to "judge of the elections, returns
and qualifications of its members," (Art.
I, sec. 5, (1), ) ; but I have no hesitation
in expressing the opinion, that no parti
san majority in Congress, however un
scrupulous or corrupt, whether Radical
or Democrat, will in the bright daylight,
during this generation at least, dare to
expel from the Halls of Congress all the
Representatives of a State, who have been
duty elected according to the ordinary
forms of law, on the day expressly appoint
ed by Congress for the election to beheld.
The Jieluruina Hoard system has become
too offensive and odious to the people of
the whole United States, for any political
party to adopt its maxims and practice at
the CapitoLof the Union. I am also per
fectly satisfied that the laws ofthis State
are now far more full and complete on
the whole subject, of elections than those
of a ma jority of the States of the Union.
The law is much more perfect "than' it
was at the time the last election was held.
The '-Sheriffs, after that election, met and
compared tlie polls for the votes for mem
bers of Congress, on the third T itesday in
November; whereas the law required them
to meetand compare them on the 3rd
Thursday in August. The law also then
required the votes for Electors of Presi
dent and .Vice-President to be counted by
"the County Canvassers," who were also
directed to make out an abstract of the
votes in each county, and seal it with the
"County Seal," although .the law had not
provided for any "County Canvassers"1 "at
all, and not more than a dozen counties
in the State had "County Seals."
It is not necessary to pursue the argu
ment further. 1 have shown that the
Stat lltC laWSor "Tf OTTtr Cartrt inn, n jmn the
subject matter of this inquiry, does not
come in conflict with the laws, of the
United States. There is not .one section
of our State laws Which can possibly
be wrested into the semblance of the con-
trarv view. Of course I refer to sec. 2,
ch. 22, of Rattle's Revisal. Rut if that
section was still in force, it would be con
trolled by see. 25 of the U. S. Revised
Statutes. But it is no -longer in force,
having been absolutely-repealed by chap
ter 275 of the Laws of 1870-77, is incon
sistent with sec. 4, of said ch. 22, as
amended by ch. 1 , see. 1, Laws of 1870-77,
and Jias been also virtually repealed by
sec. 1, ch- 132, Laws of 1373-74, as amend
ed by see's. 1 and 4, of chapter 237, Laws
of 1871-75. The amendment to Battles
llevisal, fee. 4, ch. 22, (L. L. 1870-V,
ch. 1, see. I), and another to sec. 1, cli.
132, . Laws of 1873-74, (Laws 1874-75,
see's. 1 and 4), both escaped the notice of
thaRaleigh Observer, in its discussion of
the whole question.
I conclude by saying, that there are no
defects iu our existing State election laws,
which necessarily require a remedy'; and
most -assuredly there arc none of such
character as cannot be, curetl .except
through the help -of the General Assembly,
in an extra session, to be called by the Gov
If there were any real conflict between
our State and Federal -election laws,
Congress is perfectly competent to make
all necessary regulations in regard thereto,
(Const. U. S. Art. 1, sec. 4 -(1) ). -
The Colorado contested election case
although, the facts in that case do not
throw much light upon the question in
volved in this discussion will probably
suggest to Congress the propriety of so
modifying the. Federal statutes upon the
subject of elections as to avoid any pos
sible' conflict hereafter between the laws
of the Federal government -and those of
the States. -
J. S. II.
To plant and harvest crops is attended
with much care and expense; and most
farmers exhibit commendable industry
up to this point, but when those crops are
to be fed out, many of-them do it with
the greatest rec'.clessuess. Corn is thrown
to hogs in muddy, slushy yards; hay is
scattered upon the ground; to be tramp
led in the manure by the cattle; and the
cleanly sheep receive their hay and grain
in the saure manner.
Washington letter : "The President and
Mrs Hayes decline all invitations to the
theatre and places of amusement. Man
agers feel that they have lost good adver
tisements, since they can no longer noti
fy the public that the President and fam
ily will occupy a private box during the
performance on certaiu evenings. - Mr.
and Mrs. Hayes are very devout Method
ists. The White House and its inmates
are exceedingly popular. There is a re
freshing absence of pretention and form
ality. The President and his wife have
courteous, eordial manners, which spring
from kindness of heart. They are quick
and ready in conversation, so that there
arts no awkward pauses. They are not
afraid to converse freely, and do not ap
pear to pftt any restraint upon their ut
terances, as though they feared misrepre
sentation. This, too, is a contrast to the
LOANING A LOVER.
. My sister Patricia was an heiress.
Strange enough, for we had always been
terribly poor down, at Lowbridge, my
widowed mother bringing up her four
daughters with the greatest difficulty ;
but when brought up, we were worth
looking at, I believe. Healthy habits
andfrugal living are apt to make good
conditions, and Bess, and Amy, and Pa
tricia, and I, were as bright and handsome
girls as are often seen.
Bess and Amy were twins, with eyes as
blue as the sea near which they were
born, rosy cheeks, and long, light-brown
curls ; Patricia was a sparkling brunette,
while I was a perfect blonde, with crink
led hair, like molten gold. Great hnd
been our excitement wben Aunt Betty
wrote from Fairhaven :
"Deak Sistek-ix-Law : I am going to
do myself the pleasure of visiting you this
'summer. I hear that brother Abel has
left four girls, and I want to see them.
am getting on in years, and will make one
of them my heiress," etc.
Aunt Betty of Fairhaven was worth
$100,000 if she was worth a cent.
Well, in due time she came. She put
up at the hotel, for our cottage at Low
bridge wasn't big enough to hold her.
with her maid, coachman, and carriage ;
but fortunately that was close by, and
she spent the larger half of three days
We all thought Bess would be her
choice, for father had named her Eliza
beth for Am it Betty, though she had al
ways been "Bess 7 with us ; but it was
not either of the twins and it was not I
it was Patricia.
"Where did that girl get her black hair?''
Aunt Bettv asked, as soon as she saw
"1 think sue looks like my brother
Luke, don't you f ' asked the mother, with
a wistful look.
"The vcrv image of him," answered
Aunt Betty, turning pale.
I divined then, as I learned afterward,
that Uncle Luke had been a lover of Aunt
Betty's, when both were young, before
her marriage, and the fact seemed to have
a power over her.
She looked at Patricia until the girl
blushed rosy-red, and would havcslippec
out of the room when she called her to
her, and, drawing her down upon her
knees on a footstool beside her, she put a
-rritrrr-rcd hnnd each side of the yotttig
cheek, and said warmly :
"My dear, you shall be my heiress."
So it was Patricia she chose to leave
her money to ; but ue were not left out
in the cold, for she sent the twins, who
were only 10, to a convent school for two
years and invited me, with Patricia, to
It was her home a stately old mansion
of grey stone, gloomy-looking on the out
side, but luxuriously comfortable and
beautiful within, without being, in the
least, modern. We had each a maid and
the free use of the" horse and carriage.
After making this provision for our com
fort Aunt Betty excused herself from mak
ing company of us, and we were free as
air to enjoy ourselves as we chose, pro
vided we did not interfere with her naps.
We chose to make a great many pleasant
acquaintances, guided conscientiously by
Aunt Betty's wishes, and the result was
that I returned to Lowbridge in the sum
mer, engaged to. Mr. Clyde Sherrington.
LHe was wealthy, handsome, agreeable,
well-connected. Everybody said, "Ger
trude has done well for herself."
That autumn Aunt Betty died. Patricia
was to come in possession of her fortune
in a year, when she was 21 full and un
disputed possession of $100,000.
It was arranged that we were all to
come to the hermitage to live. We did
so, and-had lived there quietly, as- was
becoming, for nearly a year, when Pa
tricia made the acquaintance of Mr. Gage
She met him first at a funeral of all
places ! the occasion caused by the death
of our next neighbor, Gen. DcLacy, Gage
Redmond being a neighbor of his. lie ;
was well-conuected, but poor as a church
mouse, people said ; "so of course lie was-'
after Patricia's fortune," mamma declar-
"Patricia is rich and beautiful. Pray
don't let her marry a fortune-hunter,
mamma," said I, looking up from a letter
I was writing to Mr. Sherrington.
"I would not, if I could help it; but
what authority have I, Gertrude !" said
my mother. "In a few mouths Patricia
will be in undivided possession of her
fortune, We are here only by courtesy.
The Hermitage is her home. I have no
right to control her whatever."
"But your influence, mamma ?"
"Will have very little effect- if she sets
her heart on. this Gage Redmond. Pray
stop staling vacantly out of the window,
Gertrude, and attend to what I say. I
want assistance in this matter."
IfPlease excuse me. I am thinking of
my own affairs just now, mamma. They
may be of no consequence to you, but my
letter is a matter of some importance to
I did not mean to be saucy, only pet
tish; and mamma, having had long ex
perience with four headstrong girls, bore
it with me quite patiently.
"Well, finish your letter, Gertrude, and
then advise with me."
But my train of thought was broken.
and after a few moments I put the sheet
in my writing-desk.
"What can't be accomplished openly
must be done by stratagem, mamma. It
is probable that Gage Redmond is after
Patricia's mney. She is a great prize
matrimonially. Well, you say I am
prettier than Patty. : Suppose I play de
coy?" ' J
"What ?" cried mamma.
"Mr. Redmond is dark and reserved.
I am fair and volatile. Don't you think
he would appreciate my style of beauty if
I took a little pains toinake him do so ?"
"But Mr. Sherrington !"
"I will tell him. He will not object."
"I think he Swill."
"Oh, no ! He will be interested in the
good of the family. He comes ljext week.
Fortunately, Patty is sick with a cold,
and Mr. Redmond can see but little of her
Quite pleased with my scheme, I ran
up stairs to give Patricia her cough-drops,
sitting down at the window of her room,
and bowing cordially to Mr. Redmond,
whom I could sec writing iu his uncle's
study, in the great mansion across the
way. The larches hid all the house but
that one window. lie was there a good
deal, and I reflected that Patty's blue silk
curtains were more becoming to my- style
of beauty than to hers.
"I'll bring my embroidery up and sit
with yon; Patty," I said.
"Do," she sauU "I am tired of watch
ing the evergreens swaying about against
that gray spring sky."
So I tilled my lamp with rose-colored
worsted, and. framed myself in the blue
window drapery for Mr. Redmond's ben
eht. .Just the colors to set ott the snow
and nink of mv complexion. I had the
satisfaction of meeting his eyes more than
once when I glanced over the way.
"Seems to me you've wonderfully good
spirits, Gert," remarked Patricia languid-
The DcLacy dinner-bell rang, and Mr.
"Well, I must take them iu another di
rection now," 1 said, rising. "I can't
rive anv more time to vou, sis, for I want
to finish my blue silk suit before Mr
Sherrington comes. You'd better take a
Patricia settled herself obediently among
her cushions. Suddenly she lifted her
"lias Mr. Kedmond called to inquire
for mc to-drty, Gcrty!"
"No, I believe not," I replied, indif
ferently. She showed a moment's sur;
prise, then settlo herself on her couch
again, and in five minutes was sleeping
The blue silk suit was finished, and,
having laid aside any half-mourning for
Aunt Bettv and "donned it, the family
pronounced the effect charming."
"Is Ma-. Sherrington comiug to-day
Gertrue?" asked mamma.
"I want to say to you, my dear, that on
Mr. Sherrington's account I don't think
you had better " she whispered, but
interrupted her by exit from the apart
The next train brought Mr. Clyde Slier
"How delightful that the spring is a
hand, said he ; "the sunshine growing
warm, and the grass springing! I passed a
bit of wood coming up from the station
that is full of arbutus. We will have
some delightful walks. Gerty. 1 am very
tired of city life."
"Yes. Clvde. dear : but vou see I have
been obliged to make a little plan whicl
will interfere somewhat with that ar
rangement," I replied quickly. "In fact
for the family good, you know, I want to
lend you to Patricia ?"
"Lend me to Patricia?"
"Yes; while I lure away a mostineligi
ble suitor she has. Mamma and I con
T -j 1 t
v way," I added.
C r iiMiooM
elude that it is the onl
"Patricia has a fortune of $100,000
'Well, avo think this Mr. Gage Red-"
mond is after her money. He is only a
briefless lawyer. We can't afford to let
Patty make such a match -as that, and so,
as I don't think I'm a totally uninterest
ing persondo you, Clyde? I am going
to try and flirt a little with. Mr. Redmond.
Now you won't be a bear and say no, will
you dear? And you'll try to help us by
devoting yourself a bit to Patricia, wou't
At first my companion did not believe
that 1 was in earnest, but when convinced
of my sincerity his astonishment was in
expressible, ". I remenibered that he stam
mered out some faint objections, but I
would not listen, and, before retiring that
night, I whispered to mamma that I had
made it all right with Mr. Sherrington,
and she had only to observe how nicely 1
would manage the whole matter.
I sent Patricia off in the morning to
find arbustus with Mr. Sherrington, while
I waited to receive Mr. Redmond.
When he came I was in the garden, and
had ordered lunch an hour earlier than
usual. My pale-blue silk looked beauti
ful on the lawn grass.
"Pray come and see my tulips, Mr.
Redmond," I called, as he walked up the
He came, pleased enough, and, as he
was especially fond of flowers, I had no
difficulty in detaining him for more than
lalf an hour.
Then, seeing him look at his watch, I
"We won't wait for lunch for Patricia,
for Mr. Sherrington is with her. Thev
lave gone roaming off after spring flowers,
and may not be back this three hours.
Come in and have a bit of salad, with a
cup of chcolate, Mr. Redmond. I made
the chcolate myself, and can recommend
So I kept him for another half hour,
and he left pleased with his visit.
Patricia and Mr. Sherrington came back"
only fifteen minutes after the usual lunch
our, the former sadeligbted with a pro
fusion of pink arbutus as hardly to heed
when a servant informed her that "Mr.
led mond had called to see her, and stay
ed wiUiJJUs Gertrude for lunch."
She had put the rosy clusters in her
dark hair and on the bosom of her grace-
ill gray dress, and Hushed with her long
ramble, I think I never saw her look so
"He has been here. Yerr nice of you
to keep her out of the way -so long," I
whispered to Clyde.
Helookcdatmequeerly, but said nothing.
I did not want him to expostulate with
me, as I believed he wished to do, and so
kept apart from him during the evening,
leaving him to play and sing with Patri
He was interesting, with his very nat
ural manner of reserved modesty. I was
glad that Patricia found him so. He had
pale, silken hair, that fell in shadowy
Curls over a beautiful forehead, soft, dark
softly-modulated tones. He con
trasted nicely with her dark, spirited
"Clyde has ah elder brother Raymond
just the one for Patricia," I mused. "I
wonder if it cannot be brought .about."
But I soon had 1113- bauds full, for at all
hours of the day and night Mr. Redmond
came to the Hermitage. And it was not
long before my success as a decoy was
patent to the most careless observer.
He asked only for "Miss Gertrude." He
came solely to see me.
In three weeks the crisis burst upon me.
"I used to think Mr. Sherrington was
your lover," he said, standing before me,
the light on his frank, handsome face,
"but late observation has shown me that
his visits here are for your sister. Since
you are free, then, will you not marry me?
I can snpport yon well, Gertrude, or I
would not ask vou to bind your future
to mine. The death of 1113- grandfather
two years ago left me $50,000 besides some
real estate. I have- a pleasant home on
tlte Hudson retired, but elegant where
I would like to take you. What do 3011
think, Gertrude? Could you be contented
to leave vour friends and live at Rose
Cottage with me ?"
M3 amazement allowed me to stammer
nothing intelligible. In some distinct way
I temporized the matter, ami begged Mr
Redmond to give me time for reflection.
lie went away, making an appointment
for the next evening.
So thunderstruck was I hy the revela
tion of Mr. Redmond's wraith that I wan
dered about--the house in a dazed way
not heeding how mamma was fretting
atrieia, who had gone to rule with
"What is the matter, mamma? Is it
"going to storm ?" I said, at last
"lo storm? Nonsense: Where are
your eyes, Gertrude ? But it is nearly 0
o'clock. Patricia has been gone seven
hours with Mr. Sherrington, and I know
something is wrong."
"What ?" I demanded, arousing myself.
"I don't know."
Nine, 10, 11, and 12 o'clock passed. No
carriage no news.
At noon tho next day the buggy drove
iuto the yard. Patricia and Clyde Sher
rington alighted. Patricia coolly pre-
-I sented her husband. Thev had been mar
I ried the evening before, by. our pastor at
"So- nice and -quiet," said Patricia.
"Xo fuss, no notoriety."
She took her place coolly at the table.
"You needn't hesitate to take (I age now,
Gertrude ; he's dead in love with you,
and as 1 like Clyde best, I thought I'd
decide the matter without any complica
tions." I think I was dumbfounded. But I
found my tongue when Mr. Redmond
came that evening, and said "Yes."
I give my experience for the benefit of
others. It is "dangerous loaning oue's
A Quaker residing in Paris was waited on
bv four of his workmen in order to mnlarthir
compliments, and ak, according to the common
custom, for their New Year's gifts, "Well my
friends," said the Quaker, "here are your gift;
.choose fifteen francs or this bible." "I don't
know how to read," said the first, so I take the
fifteen francs." "lean read," said the second,
"but I have pressing wants." He took the fif
teen francs. The third also made the same
choice. He now came to the fourth, a young
lad of thirteen or fourteen. The Quaker look
ed at him with an air of goodness, saying,
"Will von too take these three pieces which
vou may gain at any time by your labor and
"industry ?" 'As you say the book is good, I
will take it and read it to my mother,"
replied the boy. He took the bible, opened it
and found between the leaves a gold piece of
fortv francs. The others hung down their
heads, while the ( Juaker quietly told them that
he was sorry that they had "not made .1 better
THE AN DERBILT VILLAINY.
It is sworn that for years, old Yander-
belt kept a strumpet in the family nntil
his wife became crazed about it and was
sent to the Asylum, where she died. All
the children protested, except Win. II.,
who, while adm itting that his mother was
grossly wronged, said the old man would
have hia way, and that lie did not pro
pose to lessen his chances by interfering.
After Mrs. V.'s death, another strumpet j
was selected by the eldest son to keep the
dotard under her influence. When this
arrangement waa interrupted, Wm. II.,
married his father to a second wife a strip of matting, which protect the-bath-"beneficiary"
of his own. A perfect un- cr's feet from tho almost mt-hpt floor, ;
derstandingyyas said to exist between the was soon pushed aside, and thofightwent
son and Mrs. V. as to the line of policy
she was to adopt. In relation to"this.
MrfScott Lord ,"the' well known lawyer J
declared that W. II. ; had "perpetrated
the most infamous offense that a son can
commit against his father." The main
object was to persuade the silly old man
hat ho ought to leave his fortune all in a
ump to his oldest son. To ''influence''
him, the house was filled with clairvoy
ants, spiritualists, quacks, lawyers, &c,
in the pay of the son. Once when the old
man felt kindl3r disposed, towards the
3-ounger son, a youth who resembled him
was dressed up, and sent 'to the slums,
there to be seen and recognized .is Cor
nelius at such and such places. But we
can only skim over the less putrid points
of the story. Justly does the Philadelphia
Times remark :
"Was there ever a more disgraceful
case before a court of law 7 Whether the
charges are true or false, the whole busi
ness is offensive beyond toleration and
ought to cover the name of Vanderbilt
with shame. There is no such excuse for
a contest that involved such a disclosure ;
light-minded people would have sacrificed
every cent thev have in the world" rather
than come before the public with it. Mrs.
Le Bau and her brother might well have
taken a tithe of their portion rather than
expose tne skeleton, aim imam 11
. Ill 1 ll"!!! IT
Vanderbilt should have paid thrice the
amount that was asked rather than allow
it to be exposed. It is as bad: as the
The affair serves, however, to impress
lessons of which the world is continually
reminded, although it never learns to
profit by them. Trite though they be
they- cannot be too often repeated. Riches,
however desirable, never bring unalloyed
happiness, aud too frequently crime and
misery ghaw the heart that is covered by-
robes of the finest texture. Somebody
has said that the Almighty shows his con
tempt for wealth l3' the kind of people
upon whom he bestows it, and long before
him a wiser man said that money is the
root of all evil. These considerations and
others in the same vein that characterize
the scriptures of all religions and the pro
verbs. of all lands will not be likely to
cause anybody to desist from the pursuit
of riches, luit they should, in the light of
such examples as that of the Vanderbilts,
make men avoid hoarding for the sake of
hoarding or for the sake of making a thank
less posterity rich in this world's goods
Wealth selfishly acquired or selfishly be
stowed is ever a curse. What Khali it
profit a man if he gain the whole world
and be pilloried by his children as a knave
who was not fit to live ?"
The next Mississippi Legislature, the
Washington Star thinks, will be, proba
bly, the most unanimous legislative body,
as far as politics are concerned, that ever
mot in the United States. The Senate,
thirty-six members, is solidly Democratic,
and of the one hundred and twenty mem
bers of the House one hundred and four
teen are Democrats, four Independents
and two Republicans. The Independents
are so called because elected in opposition
to the reirular Democratic nominees, but
they :ne also Democrats, so that of the
one hundred and fifty-six members of the
MUsUsmni Legislature one hundred and
- - -1 1 .
fitrv-four are Democrats and two are Re
That will do pretty well for a State that
has a majority of colored voters in its bor
ders, and we are truly glad to see such a
convincing proof that our colored friends
have not altogetcr and everywhere closed
thf w inflows of their minds to the light
We would remark however, in passing,
that our contemporary is mistaken in sup
posing the Mississippi Legislature will be
the most "unanimous"' legMative body
that has assembled, for if we mistake not
t!u Mnrvland Legislature has since the
- ' c - 7
war been entii-ely unanimous in both
Lmnehes. Wo would remark also that
the complexion of the-Mfasissippi Legis
lature does not seem to bear out Mr. Hayes'
declaration that there are indications of a
dissolution of the Democratic party in
that State. L'al. Observer.
An "Industrial Wood Yard:''
Last year some philanthropic individuals in
Boston, desirous of helping able bodied unem
ployed men by giving them work, opened a
woodyard for preparing kindling and stove
wood. This plan directly and indirectly wasJ
the means for relieving the suffering of some
two hundred and fi ft y person, who were will
ing to work rather than to tramp aud beg. The
results proved so satisfactory that this method
will be put in operation during the ensuing
A Personal Combat ia a Turlhh: Kalh.
One of the most Indicrons combats on
record occurred at a Turkish bath in St.
Louis a few days ago. -Two mortal enc-;
nries, a physician and a bank : cashier,
"happened to occupy neighboring couches
in the Iiotcst room of the establishment,
and were enjoying a thorough ; steaming -
before they noticed each other. A wordy
warfare was instantly begun, which soon
developed into blows, and the two naked
citizens, each drenched with perspiration,
were locked in a deadly struggle. Tho
on furiously u pontile blistering pavement,
As the floor began to burn their bare feet
the eombatnnts capered npand down in
agony,. pounding each others faces with
the furv of dispair. The wildest dervisu
dance never exhibited so extraordinary a
spectacle. At last the attendants rushed
in and separated, the performers, and pro
ceeded to bind up- their many wounds.
The shriveled skin peeled from the soles
of the doctor's feet like parchment, and
the cashier was also pretty well roasted r
They parted full of threats, but when they
fight again it probably won't bo in the
midst of a furnace.
Aromatic Pipe that Colors in Thirty
beeonds. ; r
There will be two opinions aa to whether M.
Gisclon, in removing sflme of the troubles of
pipe smoking, has or has not done a philan
thropic work. If -iii& invention lends to pro
mote pipe smoking he has not ; but if we con- -pitkrlhat
people will smoke despite nil the
preaching to the contrary that can be done, M.
Gisclon deserves credit for obviating some, of
the expense, much of the annoyance, and posi-
blv some of the dangers of the tobacco pipe.
lie soaks a pipe of common porous clay, worth
a few cents in ajnixture of ether and alcohol,
to which a little rose essence is added and in
which is dissolved 10 per cent (by weight) of
camphor, and 10 per cent of borax or other
flux. With this is combined a trace of nitrate
of silver. In this preparation, as above stated,
the pipe may be soaked-er the compound can
be applied with a brush over the parts which
it is desired to color. The advantages of this
treatment, M. Gisclon says are that the pipe is
made to look like meerschaum and to have a
fine gloss; the smoke perfumed by the rose and
camphor is agreeably aromatic, the pipe ia
cheap, and ii will color nicely eithetiy smok
ing or exposing it to the lighten the latter
instance thirty seconds' exposure is stated to be
Between Berlin and Halle an undground
telegraph wire has been in use for one year,
and underground -wires are about to be laid be
tween Berlin and the cities of Cologne, Frank
fort, Strasbourg, Breslau, Hamburg, Kiel, and
Konigsberg, thereby dispensing with posts and
insulators, and avoiding the cost of their main
tenance. The copper wires which convey the 5
electric current ore enclosed in wrought iron
pipes, and are hermetically enclosed by insulat
ing material, which protects them from the ac
tion of air and water, and prevents oxidation.
We surrender much of our space tni
morning, ami most, cneeiiuny, w mw
speeches of our worthy Congressmen,
11. . .... 1 . .. I , ,..,.1 C-..l "V- rfrt tllfiTlil
.llt.r.-IO lyii 1 10 uim- . r
them niost cordially to our reader. Col.
Steele was fortunate in getting the ear of
the House in bis maiden address, and
those of us who know him doubt not that-,-,
he will keep it. And if Mr. Chittenden,
of New York, does not remember Mr. Da-
vis to his dying day, it will be outy lor
the. reason that he has the thickest of
hides and the 'shortest ofmcmones. It
always does us good to see North Caroli
nians come so gallantly- to the front as
Messrs. Davis and Steele have donc.-Jtat'-
It is remarked of the Hebrews of New
York, that while they form about ten per
cent, of the population of that city, they
contribute -buss than one per cent, to the
criminal classcs.One reason for this is,
that as a race they are educated to habits
of industry and self dependence, and. are
not given to vices that have a criminal
tendency. Another is, that such of them
as happen to be stricken with poverty
ami destitution, are carefully provided
for, and not cast upon the world to be
come beggers and witlaws and enemies
to society. 1 here is much in the Jewi-
economy that C11
i . , .it. j. f.i.
n istiaiis nngni, proui -
ytstern Pionfer : The Federal Court
ciOSO( it fall term Friday at noon, and
at 1 o'clock His Honor lcftfor home. The
case of W. II. Denver, ex-deputy revenue
collector, charged with conspiracy, was
continued till next term, as was also tht
C ast Ol lif. ) CO"
with emK-zzlement. The court disallow
ed the application of E. W. Ray, to have
his case removed from tho State court to
the United States court, His Honor hold
ing that it did not come within the scope
of the United States laws in relatioffto
the removal of causes. liay is charged
with committing a rape in
When sir Walter Scott was urged not
to prop the fallen credit of one of his ac
quaintances, he replied T "The man was
mv friend when my friends were few, and
I will le his now that his enemies are