VOL. IX.- THIRD SERIES
SALISBURY. F. ; Go DECEMBER, 13, 1877.
Contributed to ihe Watcjtman.
U. S'. S. Essex,
-1 Monrovia, Liberia,
; - Oct. 20th, 1877.
jlv l)EAit MoTUKu; If I remember
arj,r,t, my. hist letter was written from
Porto Grande, Cape de Verde Isles. Since
leaving that port we have traveled over
ndite a waste, of waters. Wc left Porto
Grande on Monday, the 8th, and after a
pleasant little passage of a day we reach
ed Porto Prayar on the island of Santiago,
another of the Cape do V's. From" our
Anchorage we had quite a nice view. The
towu stands on a bluff alout500 feet high,
thus showing from seaward only one line
of houses which were, as a general rule,
of only one story. The lauding is made
tw.nreli verv heavy surf, winch bv the
. 'war Jis very hard on us, as 'the duty of
- - -t ' i . .
landing devolves upon me junior oiucers,
nd where there is much surf, the respon
sibility quite great. Yon know the
thngvr in surf is the liability of the . bout
capsizing, through the slightest mismau
agement. The inhabitants of this island
like all the others are negroes. We only
remained one day in this forsaken place,
..,! trw.l.- rtiir denarture for the West
cwast of Africa. The distance from l'orto
Ij'rayafo Monrovia is l(W miles, and it
took us nine days to make the passage.
owing to. the fact of frequent heavy rain
saualls. " - '
The passage was anything but a pleas
ant one. The sky would be beautifully
clear one moment and the next as black
AS ink;, with vivid lightning and deafening
thunder, "and ruin by the ton. No matter
I;ow char the weather looked, I never
thought of going on -watcn without my
clothes on, and despite the water
proots, I gene.niiy came oft watch com
pletcly"" drenched. Who Would have
thought, say seven years ago, that I would
he in Liberia". W hefher any one would
have, thought so or not, matters not.
still tho fact is as it stands.
t ' - - .A. J . l i
l cannot at present give mucJi ot a
description of the place' us I have not yet
been ashore. Rut judging from appear
ances Hvould say it was "a deuced fine
country, as the English "have- R. There
arc only about a thousand inhabitants,
not including the natives, who, to' judge
from appearances are very numerous.
Owing to the malaria on thisuoaiit, and
the fact of its being produced by expo
sure, every precaution is. taken to guard
against it. The men arc 'not' exposed to
the sun or heat in any way. All the work
.lis done by Kroo men who are hired here
fliid ci''icd with us down tile coast-and
tlieu sent -back by some other vessel.
These Kroo men are a tribe of darkies,
who, it seems, have the solo tight of cur
rying drips up and -down the coast; they
arc marked by a blue ink mark running
from their forehead down the tip of the
nose. The dress of some of them is really
ridiculous. They are real sa-yagos in
tlicir maimers and especially in their
dress. I tasked one of them what his
liamc.wnsyhe replied, "My name Upside
down." The list of names contains such as "Tom
Livr," "Jake IVasoup," "Tom Dollar,"
".oua arer, ere, ere. inese are me
only names they have.- Queer names, arc
tliey not ! Even rival our Indians in re
gard to names; such as Young-man-afraid-of-his-horscs.
The costume of them in
'their canoes is quite primutive: for in
staueefl saw a young man who was said
to be quite a swell, dressed in a Iwautiful
smoking cap and a string of beads around
Sunday, Oct. 2 1st." Another day has
passed and gonevund we are still among
the. heathen who Etand so muclrin need
of missionaries. Hie Liberiau negroes are
a very religious sot Tof people. (-1 don't
... il . " V -11." J I
mean me nauves;. r.uiirriy roo muen
so for us : actually we could not get any
fresh provisions this morning, they said;
could not open stores on Sunday; what an
Mother,, can you conceive how I am
situated at present? I mean in regard to
comfort, etc. ..There are five of us here,
sitting at a snililRtable in a little cramped
up steerage, below the water Jine and in
climate where the -piercing rays of the
-sub show no mercy. Although, sittiug
here," melting as it were, we seem perfect
ly content.. Oitmy left, Mr:-P. is sitting,
writing home; on my right sits G. engag
ed iu the same way; while in a corner sits
our Carpenter, Mr. R., reading one of
Charles l'ende's novels; and benind me
Stands II., filling his pipe, preparing to
taking it cool (!) on deck. I am getting
exceedingly warm, and were it not for
tho trouble of making my toilet afresli I
think I would be tempted to close otitis
and join II. on deck. JJy the w ay Mr P.
is from Norfolk, and a friend of L o's,
an army friend. 1'erhaps L a would be
ghul th learn something of him. His pay
tc, is the same as mine. ' You know our
pay-master, II t, had sunstroke in Nor
folk and left the- ships and of course he
took his clerk. Mr, S---f fhen came, aud
gave P -, the appointment of clerk. We
are all very much worried about our mail I
which should have been here
wit. I, uuchal, but not a letter
got heic. It seems the steamer
Your afiectionate Son
To think that the more a mail eats the
fatter and-stronger ho will become. To
Relieve that the more hoius children study
the faster they will learn. To concludy
that, if exercise is good, the move violent
it is the more good is done. To imagine
that every hour taken frojn sleep is an
hour gained, To act. on the presumption
that the smallest room in the house is
"SQ enough to sleep in. To argue: that :
natever remedy causes onetofeeliinme
Ulately better is good for the system, with
out regard to more ulterior- eftects. To
cjit without an appetite or continue to
cat .after it has been satisfied, "iiierely to
i.uy the taste. To eat a hearty supper ;
l0r the nlonsnri'.
V'f time it is passing down the throat,
at the expense of ft -wholes .night ofdis
t'ubed sieep aml a night of weary waking
A Sunday school boy, wreii shown the
Picture of 'Saul speuringDavid,' wanted
f know when theiivboxing -loves were.
SALlSBURr, Dec. 5th, 1877.
X II I) Wilson, Presiding Elder.
Raleigh Eden ton st. W S Black.
" Person str. W C Norman.
) Tar River,
f Youngs ville Mis.,
Ed. Chris. Adv. -
Pres. Lousb'g F Col.
W M Jordan.
L J Ilolden. -R
U S Webb.
U C Beamau.'
F W Smith.
J T Gibbs.
J E -Thompson.
R O Burton. ,
S J McLeod.
J B Bobbitt.
F L. Reid.
L L Heudren, Presiding Elder.
i Jos II Wfreelerr
Prof, in Uni.ef N
R F Bum pas.
W II Moore.
T J Gattis. '
L II Gibbona.
J F Craven.
R A Willis.
II II Gibbon.
J R Martin.
A W Mahgum.
II. T. Heitman.
M L Wood, Presiding Elder.
Greensboro, S D Adams.
North Guilford, A I) Betts,
South Guilford, J R Scroggs,
C Thomusville and
P L Herman,
M C Thomas.
C II Philips.
M J Hunt.
1' J Carraway.
T J Pegam.
T L Hoyle.
V A Sharp.
Prs. Trinity College, B Craven.
Agt. Confr. Colleges, J A Cuiming-rim.
A P Tvre.
T S Camben.
1) R Brutdir; l'residing Elder
Salisbury, J J Renn.
J W Lewis.
T L Triplet.
A S Norton.
L A Boone.
W C Wilson.
V (1 Gannon.
J C Rowe.
E J Eudaily,
S I) Peeler, -James
W S Creasy.
A M Long
j Jilt. Airy,
.hunting Creek Miss.
J S Nelson, Presiding Elder
Shelby, J W North.
Shelby Circuit, "JIT Hudsou.
( Rutherfbrdton, G F Round.
I Colnmmis Mission, A E Wiley.
Marian, C A (Jault.
U-lper lVi-Oi-Riv. Miss. W R Maness.
P L Groome,
Double Shoals ,
P F W Stanley.
J C Crisp.
J D Carpenter,
W M Robey.
J C Hartsell.
C M Audersou,
D W Ivev.
W S Chaniu.
J B Carpenter,
J A Harris.
W II Bobbitt, Presiding Eldeiv-
Charlotte Try on st. -A A Boshammer,
J F Butt.
Pleasant Grove, -Monroe
W S Haltom.
L E Stacy.
R T N Stephenson.
J II Guinu,
J C Thomas.
J B Alford.
I T Wvche.
T W Guthrio. '
O J Brent.
C M Pepper.
F A YETTE V ILLE DISTRICT.
R G Barrett, Presiding Elder.
I Drowning Creek,
L W Cniwford.
F A "Bishop.
J D Cordon.
. B C Phillips.
J V Jenkins.
W B Doub.
W W Boyle.
I F Kearns.
S V Hoyle.
L S Bulkhead, Presiding Elder.
Witiaing'n, Front st
E A .Yates.
B R Hall.
J 11 Bailey.
G W Hardison.
I CNdiarrie Mission,
II F Wiley.
J W Randell.
J F Lyon,
W P MeCorkle,
T P Ricautl.
Wm Closs; Presiding Elder.
Newberne, J 11 Brooks.
C C Dotlson,
W II Watkins.
J P Simpson.
To be supplied.
B B Culbreth.
T B Reeks.
James W Wheeler.
X M Journey.
M C Fields
Snow II ill f
I Craven, L
James E Manu, Presiding Elder.
J N Andrews.
Roanoke, i ' ,
5 Edgecombe Mis,
Transferel to Pac
J M Rhodes.
J It Griffith.
J P Moore.
A It Raven.
W S Rowe.
F D Swindell.
E D Hoover.
John D JtJuie.
S M Davis.
. 'J?S Lumley.
N A Hooker.
L L Nash.
N C Coltraine.
D. S. DOGGETT, Prest.
v-B Ckavkx, Secretary. .
O. W; Cakr, Assistant.
TUSCARORA COTTON MILLS THE
CLEMENT ATTACHMENT. m
Exfield, N. C. 3d, Dec. 1877.
Editor llalciyh News :
Sih: Your letter making enquiries
about my cotton mill and the Clement
attachment received. I would do noth
ing to disparage any southern inven
tion, while its utility was in doubt.
0n the contrary I would help all such iu
ovatious all I can. As a people we have
too long followed the example of our
fathers, of "carrying a' stone iu one end
of the wallet to balance the jug."
I do not use the. Clement attachment
aud can not give you any experience iu
regard to it ; and my ideas have been
formed exclusively from correspondence,
with the inventor. Yhile I hope it is a
good thing for the cotton belt I am not
sanguine of its general use, especially in
large cotton mills, for a great while to
come. Its use requires the seed or un
ginued cotton. The necessity of holdiug
and storing such a quaniry of cotton iu
the seed will preclude its use. To illus
trate my ilea, instance, a factory miming
1,000 spindles, making say 500 lbs of yarn
per day. This amount sums up to 144,
000 lbs for 12 months; to make this amount
of yarns vould require about half million
pounds of seed cotton. Even if cotton
mill owners had idle capital to invest in
such amount of seed cotton, and room to
store it, unless it was more dry than it is
generally stored in gin houses it would
soon take a heat and be ruined and if dry
enough to keep, mice and rats would in-
Were these difficulties set aside there is
an obstacle to its use. Most of the cotton
belongs to other parties than those who
raise it, long before it is gathered, and
the farmer cannot hold in the seed and
sell to the spinner as he may want it, but
must hasten it iu a merchantable shape to
satisfy the mortgages of Mr. Guano and
Mr. Bacon. He also wauts the seed (about
the only part he falls heir to) to compost
and plant on another crop for the above
For the above reasons I think it will be a
long time before the machines now in use
for preparing cotton for the cards will be
discontinued, though I am willing to ad
mit they may make more waste and thread
less stronger than the Clement machine.
From the time Eve sewed fig leaves to
make aprons to the present, nearly G,0C0
years, our mothers, wives and daughters
used needle3 with the eye in the wrong
end. Mr. Howe saw their error and put
the eye in the pointed end and then a
revolution was wrought. Mother Eve's
needle is not entirely supplanted.
In regard to my mill, it is steadily at
work making a nice grade of yarns. The
last few days have been a hard time on
cotton mills and will be, so long as such
vast quantities of cotton are made by
farmers. The South requires a division
of labor, more cotton mills, wool farms,
clover and bacon farms, cheese farm, tan
yards and factories, wheat farms, aud less
cotton farms. The market has been glut
ted for years with cotton and cotton goods,
and it is more than strange that Southern
farmers will make three and a half million
bales of cotton when half that quantity
would cost them not over half the expense
and trouble to moke it and bring them
money. When less cotton is made, then
our cotton mills will pay a handsome
dividend. As things are at present wo
rnnst be content with small profits, sweet
ened with the patriotic motive that we
are giving employment to the wives and
daughters of men who lost their lives in
defense of what they thought most dear
to the South.
Jxo. T. Bellamy.
Grant First, the Rest Xoicherc.
London Truth, Nov. 8th.
General aud Mrs. Grant arrived in Eng
land a few days before the celebration of
Her, Majesty's birth day, and an invita
tion was at once sent to them to dine witli
Lord Derby at the Foreign Office; but,
in learning that the Ambassadors would
have precedence, the General, with thanks,
declined. Eventually, both lie and Mrs.
Grant attended the birthday banquet at
Apsley House, but they did not accept
the invitation until they learnt they were
to have the chief seats. It certainly is
difficult to see why General Grant, who
lias now no offieml position, should lie
"attended by an aid-de-camp," and insist
on royal honors for himself aud his wife ;
but, as this is the case all ought to con
form to it.
NORTH CAROLINA, )
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
Raleigh, Nov. 28th, 1877. )
Sir: I greatly regret) the necessity
which impels me to call your attention to
the fact that your County among others,
is still unrepresented in its Juative products
in our Agricultural Museum. The fol
lowing is a list of the Coantics which
have thus far failed to respond to my re
peated and earnest repeals, 1 to send me
specimens of their products, viz: Alle
ghany, Ashe, Barttie, Bladen, Caldwell,
Camden, Carteret, Cherokee, - Chowan,
Clay, Currituck, Dare, Duplin, Edge
combe, Frankliiij Gaston, .Graham, Har
nett, Haywood, llendeVsonHyde, Iredell,
Jackson, Jones, Lincoln, Macon, Madisou,
Martin, Mitchell, Nash,jXew Hanover,
Pender, Perquftnans, .FolkRobeson,
Rockingham, Siry, SwalnTrsinsylvania,
Tyrrell, Union, Washington, Watauga
Many of the Counties not named are by
no means well represented in variety,
while others have a very handsome and
creditable display. With the view of
bringing this important matter prominent
ly before our people, and thereby aid you
in securing their eo-operatiou, I will re
quest each newspaper in the State to pub
lish this Circular.
An d as ou r mean s for com mun ica t i ng w i th
the people have been limited, I may state
briefly for general information, the plan
and purposes of this branch of our work:
I have secured a very handsome Hall,
adjoining my olVu e, and arranged it for a
permanent display of the products of our
State. Each of the ninety-four Counties
j has a neat case, designated by name, and
i all are arranged in alphabetical or
der. We -want specimens from each
County of all varieties of Wheat, Corn,
Oats, Peas, Rye, Barley, Rice, Buckwheat,
Flax, Peanuts, Tobacco, Cotton, Millet,
Clover and Grass, Dried Fruit, Chnfas,
Molasses, Wines, Woods, Minerals, Stone,
Marble, in short, anything and every
thing that will illustrate the native wealth i
and capabilities of the County. Contribu
tors are supplied with shipping tag from
this oHice. All charges are paid by the
Department. The name of each contribu
tor is placed on the article sent. Glass
jars are -provided to contain the various
seeds, &c, and are properly and neatljr
The importance and irructieal utility of
this work is apparent for tho following
1st. Having all the various products
of our State thus collected and displayed,
it is the cheapest, most cftective and best
method for advertising the wonderful
adaptability of our soil and climate to
their successful production.
2d. The steadily increasing numbers of
those who are anxiously seeking informa
tion, in regard to our State, could hero
find in convenient and intelligible form,
all our products, aud could really learn
more of the State, in a day, than by a
'3d. it will be highly advantageous to
our own people us a medium for the ex
change purchase, or sale of seeds, &c,
and for learning, cither in person or
through the Commissioner, more of the
capabilities of the different sections and
counties of the State.
It will thus le seen that we propose to
accomplish these desirable objects, by a
plan that costs neither our people nor
State a single: dollar.
I am fully persuaded that there are a
sufficient number of men iu each County,
whose enterprise and State pride would
enlist their hearty ?o-opcration in pro
curing and forwarding specimens, and to
have, at an earl day, such a display in
our Museum as could be found in no oth
er State iu tho Union, if the matter were
brought to their attention. 1 earnestly
liope that, by the generous aid of our
State press, you will be enabled to acquaint
your pcbple with our purpose, and there
by secure that aid upon which we must
rely largely for siicces.
If this appeal to the patriotic pride of
our people should still prove futile, will
you be kind enough to suggest some plan
by which tho specimens cau be obtained,
for I am too well convinced of the utility
of this enterprise to abandon it, and I
shall coutinue to urge the matter upon the
attention of your people until your county
is well represented.
. Very Respectfully,
L. L. POLK,
On Tucsdaj-, at Columbia, S. C, the
United States Circui t Court opened, when
Wm. Northrop, the recently appointed
United. States district attorney fur South
Carolina, announced to the court that lie
received a dispatch from Attorney General
Deveus notifying him that his appoint
ment as district attorney had been revok
ed by the President. Gen, Devens advis
ed that-the cimrt should adjourn for a
week to await the" further action of the
Work on the Lee mausoleum at Lex
ington, Ya., will begin in a few days.
The spot chosen is a few paces to the
north of the memorial chapel, in which
the remains now lie, ami, on the campus
of W:ihiiiiiton and Lee University.
A .NORTH CAROLINA EMIGRATION
AGENT IN NEW ENGLAND.
Lawyer Neill Dumont of Charlotte, N.
C, well andIavdrably known hereabouts
as the former efficient head of the Spring
field weather office, is in this section as
agent of the North Carolina board of Ag
riculture to encourage emigration to that!
State. He has lived there about a year,
and speaks from the standpoint of a north
ern man. He likes the people, the cli
mate and the country so well that lie
cordially recommends them. At tho same
time it is with sensible reservations. It
is not the place for folks with no capital
to start anew, bat for good farmers with
sufficient money to get a fair start, he be
lieves there is a profitable opportunity in
North. Carolina. There1s alsk -room for
small manufacturers. Land in large bodies
can be bought for 00 cents, and there isaver
age good land for 82 and $3 an acre in abun
dance, but of course with meager improve
ments. Sensible people down there, as
at the North, believe in Hayes, and there
is no political persecution. The State
needs good Yankee workers with capi
tal, and proposes to holdout inducements
to get them. Mr. Dumont addresses him
self to such, aud will speak in many west
ern Massachusetts towns, in Connecticut,
in New York State aud parts of the West.
TO STARCH AND IRON SHIRT
Thinking perhaps some of the sisters of
The Western Hural may have some of
these particular young men iu their fami
lies to do up shirts for, and not always
having good luck, I will tell them my
way of doing them.
Take nearly a tablespoonful of starch
for each bosom; dissolve in a little cold
water and pour in boiling water, stirring
briskly until it looks clear, be cartful not
to have it too thick; boil three or four
minutes. If the bosoms and cuffs are dry,
wet them in cold water before putting
them through the starch; hang out on a
line, and when they are dry, put them
through some thin cold starch so they
will be stiff enough ; roll them tight and
let them lie an hour or two before Ji roil
ing. Wheu you iron, them, leave the bo
som until the last, then take a damp
cloth and rub over it to get it smooth be
fore putting the iron ou it. When the
bosom is ironed dry, wring the cloth out
of the water, leaving it pretty wet, and
rub lightly over, then dry again. This
makes the gloss. If the starch sticks to
iron it is because it is too thick. If you
should happen to yellow it in any place
(as is often the case) hang out in the sun
shine and it will disappear. If you follow
strictly the above rule I don't think you
will have much trouble.
Can any of the readers tell mo how to
rid rosebushes from little worms which
eat the leaves, and-soon destroy the
bushes entirely ? If so they will greatly
A writer of common sense, discussing
the duties of the editor and the mission of
tho press, says :
It isn't boys play, reader, to make a
newspaper. Everybody can't do it, al
though they think they can. More excel
lent qualities of head and heart are re
quired in the editor than in any other
calling or profession in the world. He
talks to more people than the pulpit does,
and talks to people of all grades of life
aud of all shades of belief. If conscien
tious, and no man who is not, has any
business in the chair, he feels the respon
sibility of his position as if it were a mon
ument on his soul. He knows that the
warfare, morals and growth and peace of
the community depend largely upon his
daily or weekly utterances. .Many a time
he draws his pen through lines which ex
press a sentiment he fears urny bo misun
derstood and do harm to some of thosohe
desires to make better. It is not an easy
position scarcely a desirable one; and
yet, if he happens to express a sentiment
which does not suit tho' reader, the latter
is uncharitable enough to lose no time in
censuring him. Tho editor docs not al
ways think as the reader does; ho can't.
If he did, and never expressed a sentiment
such as the reader cherished, what would
be the object of taking his paper? It is
certainly foolish ' to pay for a journal
which contains a re-hash of what we have
long before thought of ourselves. But,
reader, when you are induced to find fault
with the editor because he says something
that don't suit you, 'remember that you
can't get a paper under the sun, if it
amounts to anything, that will not
sometimes say things that you can not
When a boy readies the age of ten years
he's just old enough to wish his folks were
dead and that "ho could run away and bo
his own 'boss.-- He desires to leave home
so that in course of time he could return
with big whiskers and mustache all over
his face and scare his mother almost to
death. These are a boy's first impres
sions. Years after, though, when he finds
himself a bearded orphan, endeavoring to
pay for his board, and concocting a plan
to 'stand "his washerwoman off,' a tear
steals down his manly cheek .as he thinks
of the good old time he had when his
parents were alive.
We are rejoiced to find that so learned, so
godly and so respectable a religious body as
the House of Bishops of the Protestant Epis
copal Church have com o out openly and
boldly in support of the fundamental doc
trines of practical righteousness which we
have so often and so earnestly advocated in
The 8ua7 Many of our readers will be apt
to believe that the following passages are
quoted from some one of the past issues of
The Suit; but we find them in the pastoral
letter jvhich was read last Sunday from the
pulpits of many of the Episcopal churches
of this city: ,
"Many of the religious guides and teachers
of the people address themselves too little to
the conscience, and aim at other ends than
the formation of the principles of Christian
righteouness; therefore the land ia dailv hu
miliated by 4naucial crimes, frauds," de
falcations andltra-alsin.itettrusted citi
zens. atriotlsnTfails to' restrain "men from
robbing their country, or natural pitv from
ruining the orphan, the widow, the Indian.
Violated contracts, fiduciary perversions,
forgery, and pcrjnry makeup the alarming
records of the public press. Nothing will
prevent these crimes but a fearless affirma
tion of the commandments of the Most High,
with all their sanctious and penalties. We
exhort those of you who preach Christ to
preach right living, and to preach it not in
generalities, but in definiute particulars.
Multiudes in all communities weigh our
work and learn the claims of our system,
not from our literature, but from the lives
of those whom we baptze and confirm. We arc
sent to call sinners to repent of specific sins
of dishonesty and double dealing, of lying
and cheating, of slander and swearing, of
lust and idleness, of excesses in eating and
drinking and dress, of gambling and right,
anil of the beginnings of all of these in
iquities.' We are to uncover all their mod
ifications, disguises, and apologies. Wc are
to rebuke selfishness in all" its ungodly
shapes, impiety in all its practical profa
nations; and, on the other hand, we are to
instruct in and encourage, by precept and
consecrated lives, all the virtues of a godlv
character honesty and truthfulness, sin
cerity and constancy, moderation, sobriety,
and purify of-life, gentleness, compassion
and charity. Wc beseech you so distinctly to
practice the precepts of religion that men
who see your manners may be able to give
names to t he-graces aud virtue which vou
It is cheering, encouraging, and strength
ening to find such plain expostulation against
the terrible practical evils which are so
prevalent, in the Church as well as out of
it, in these times. Not only Episcopalian
preachers, but all other preachers, should
heed it; and all the newspapers in the land
should join with The Sua in perpetually
enforcing these fundamental features of true
religion which have now received the sanc
tion of the House of Bishops.
In a camp meeting in New Y'ork State a
woman related her experience in giving up
certain articles of ornament and gay attire
that she had loved. She said that at first
she resolved to wear no more artificial flow
ers, gay colored ribbon, handsome silks, ear
ornaments, nor brooches; but one idol re
mained, It was her wedding ring. At last
she resolved to throw this away, too, and
when she did it the blessing of sanctifica
tion came. The Methodist says : '-As she
stood in the andiencc, relating the great
change that had come over her, she display
ed an immense mass of false hair wound
upon the back of her head, upon which was
mounted a topknot of a hat, neither pro
tection from the sun or cold, nor ornamental
to behold. She disclosed beneath a half
cast-off-shawl, or corseted waist, which was
ieduced to such diminitive proportions as
to appear painfully abnormal. She sup
ported paddings, puffings, panier and pin-
back, and a dress bedrabbled to a depth of
several inches, which is dragged upon the
ground. As she sat down after her testi
monv and exhortations to erring sisters to-
rcnounce all pomp and glory of the world,
she plied her fan and panted very like a
ball-room belle who had waltzed too long
and was dressed too tightly to breathe with
ease. When at the close of the meeting the
woman walked away, she had a parasol, a
fan and a hymn book to hold in one hand,
and the other was employed in gathering
and holding the front breadth of her skirts
high enough to enable her to step, while
the limit of her mincing gait was deter
mined by her contracted 'pin-back and
stilted boot heels. And away she went,
The managers of the Methodist propa
ganda in this city voted heavy sums of mon
ey yesterday for the benefit of the heathen,
or rather for the missionaries whom they
have sent to heathendom. They appropria
ted 14,000 to East China, $9,000 to North
China, and G,C00 to Central China. They
appropriated $1G, 171 to Japan, $22,8.j0 -to
Mexico, and 77,20 to various countries of
Europe, Altogether, there was grcatjiber
ality displayed by the authorities of the
Method'nt Church in this city, and it is evi
dent that, though the times arc hard and
misery abounds, there is still a deep stream
of wealth flowing into the missionary trea
sury of the Methodist Church.
After the people who live far away have
been turned into Methodists, there can be a
good field lund in this city for the right
kind of missionaries of practical and genu
ine religion. Hery idolatry, devil worship
and utter deviltry have got their coils
around hundreds of thousands of people.
These unconverted masses know nothing of
genuine practical religion. They have not
learned that its fruits are to be seen grow
ing upon the gaudy members of fashionable
churches; they do not enjoy the sermons of
the high-salaried, high-toned, highly-genteel
preachers of fashionable pulpits; they
are not aware that righteousness of life is
the mark of those who make profession. of
religion, and they do n t know that mud-
em religion cares anything about their sal
vation from deviltry. JX js an alarming
state of things, and the Methodist bishops
and ministers should give a thought to it
alter thinking of China. JV. F. Sun.
TheUkited States Senate. Since
1871 the Republicans have lost
Senators aud gained one not considering
iue sears now in uispute.Lrhe gain Is w
California and tho lossesttre in tho foilow-
in States : Connecticut (2j, New York,
Aew Jersey, Pennsylvania, Indiana (2).
Illinois, WestTrgiuia. North Carolina;
Florida, Mississippi, Arkansas, Missouri,
and Texas (2). Unless a breaking up pt
parties should sooner occur, the Demo
crats will be certain daring tho next two
years, to make further gains of one Sena
tor in each of teiyllowigl&taj;
isontli Carolina, Florida, Alabama and
Arkansas. In no State have the Repub
licans any prospect of gaining a scat, un-'
less it lie Connecticut. It would there
fore seem as well assured as anything can
be,politically, that the control of the
Senate will pass iutojthe hands of the
Democrats iu 1879. AT. Y. Tribune.
How to Stop Cocgiiixg. In a lector
once delivered by the celebrated Dr Brown
Sequard, he gave the following directions,
which may prove serviceable persons
troubled with a nervous cough :
"Coughing can be stopped by pressing
on the nerves of the lips iu tho neighbor
hood of the nose. A pressure there may
prevent a cough when it is beginning.
Sneezing may be stopped by the same me
chanism. Pressing, also, in.the neighbor
hood of the ear may stop coughing. -Pres
sing very hard pu the top of the jnouth
inside is also a means of stoppiug cough
ing. And I may say the will, has im
mense power, too. There jvas a Freuch
surgeon who used to say, whenever he en
tered the wards of tho hospital, "The first
patient who coughs I will deprive of food
to-day." It was exceeding rare that a
patient coughed then.
The Sxow Pkayej, A little girl went
out to play (ine day in the fresh, new
snow, and, when she came in, she said:
'Mamma, I couldn't help praying when
I was out at play.'
'What did you prayfor my dear,1 ask
ed lur mother.
'I prayed the Snow Prayer, mamma,
that. I heard in the Sunday School.'
'The Snow Prayer ! what do you mean,
little one V
'I mean that beautiful Snow Prayer, in
the Bible, mamma, you know it: 'Wash
me, and I shall be whiter than snow.'
HOW TO l.NCliEASE THE FLOW OF
A Ladj' correspondent of a southern
paper, writing from Arkansas, gives-the
following receipc to increase the flow of
milk in a cow :
Tepid water, slightly sal ted, given twico
a day, will increase the flovof milk one
third. If the cow willUot drink it at first
trial, scatter a handful of bran or meal
over the top of it. They soon become
very fond of it, and will drink all you
giveHhem. I tried thisplau three years
ago with perfect success. I had only ono
cow, und she was the common scrub
stock of the country, and after she began
to drink the water, prepared as above,
furnished me twice a day two ordinary
buckets full of niilk aud by feeding a
little corn boiled with cotton seed, fbo
milk yielded butter enough to supply my
table bountifully and leave me a few
Ioumls to sell every,, week. I gave her
three gallons of -Water twice a day.
There is a great deal in a kiss. Adam's
first kiss of Eve must have been a queer
sensation like the feelingjjf a man who
firs fate an oyster. Iu ancient Rome, a
kiss was a religious ceremony. The near
est friend of a dying person "received his
soul by a kiss, for the soul was supposed
to leave, the body through the lips. Pliny
thinks the Koman women began to degen
erate when they"' kissed everybody mis
cellaneously. Among the early Christians
a kiss was the "seal of prayer." It-wras a
sign of treachery in Tudas, tlie betrayer.
In our times a kiss means a good deal
from the kisses between two young ladies
to the kisses recorded in the following
stories. Here is number one-:
"A tender swain rep readied his fair one
with letting a rival kiss her hand a fact
which she indignantly denied. "But I
saw it." "Nay, then," cried the offended
fair one, "i urn now convinced tliot you
do not love me, since you -believe 'your
eyes iu preference to niyword."
Number two is also sliarp and pithy :
"A gentleman kissed a lady's hand in a
fit of gallantry, She--deliberately drew
her glove off aud dropped it on the floor.
"Why do you do that?" he asked, "Oh,",
she replied, I never wear soiled "gloron!"
"And I," said he, picking it pp aud put
ting it in the tire, "dbu't likelo see dirty
things lying about,"(
Charlotte Obsener, th : The body of
Mr. Jacob Summnerf who whs drowned
last Friday night Tn the river near Lin
colnton, was recovered yesterday alxtut
noon at a point only a short distance l)e
low where the uiifoiti'irute young man