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VOL IX r THIRD SERIES
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i ! J '"V'UJ.! J 1 Ji"1""""" LULL ,k ?
I t I I -W- i I III 11 it
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a , m v Bat .-t. . a a ...... m.m s rW' m.. i ittiii a -
T - X 1 '
Tlarc isTTSociet.' iu I-K)iidou, known
as the Society of Arts. Its' object js the
...ioura''enifntf taleut iu the .depurt
nients of art Prizes are awarded by the
S'ictyr sometimes the paiuters for their
pictures, and sometimes to humbler arti
khih for improvements in weaving, or in
die manufacture of bonnet, lace, etc.
More than half a century ago, a little
fellow, named William Ho, not twelve
years-of age, was talking with his mother
alnrtit an exhibition of painting at the
ocktv's rooms. Williani waRTery fond
of paintings, and could himself draw and
color with j-emarkable skill. L66k-you,
Wiiliam,' said his tnotlier, 'I sa onie
jiaiutings in. the Exhibition which did not
w em to me half as goHl as some of yours."
'Do you really think so, mother ask
ed he. . 3
'I am sure of it,' she replied. 'I saw
some painting inferior, both in color and
drawing, to some that are hanging iu
William kriew that his mother Was no
flatterer, and he said, I have a mind to
ask permission to hang one or two of
in v paintings on' the, -walls at- the next
'Why not try for one of the prizes?'
asked his mother.
'') mother, do .you think 1 should stand
av 'chance or success t
'iXothiug venture,-notliing have," saitfc
Lis mother. 'Yon can but try.'
And I uill' try, niotlier, dear,' said
William. '1 have a historical subject in
my head, out of which I t-hiifk lean make
'What is it, William?'
'The death of WarTylor. Yon have
heard of him ! lie led a mob in the time
of Kicbani the Second. lie behaved in
jsolently before the King at Sinithfield,
biud was struck down by Walworth, May
or of London, and then dispatched by the
Mt is a bold subject William ; but I
will say nothing to deter you fronr try
' 'lfl fail, mother, where will be the
"harm f I cau try again.'
'To be sure voit can, William. jo we
will not be disapioiuted should you not
sticeeetl in winning the silver palette,
.offered by the Society for the best histori
Without' moreulo, little William went
to work. lie first aeipiainted himself
witli the various eostiimes Of the year
l-H! ; he 'learned how the King and the
noblemen used to dress, and what sort of
elol lies were worn by the poor people and
workmen, to which class Wat Tyler be
longed. He also learned ahielL sort of
weapons were carried in those days.
After having given some time -to the
study of these things, he acquainted him
self thoroughly with the historical inci
dents attending the death of tho bold
rioter. He grouped, in imagination, the
persons present at the scene the King
and his attendants, Walworth the Mayor,
Wat Tyler himself, and iu the back
ground some of Lis rufliauly companions,
j Tho dilliculty now was to select that
period of the action best titted for a pic
ture, and to group the figures in attitudes
the most. natural and expressive. Many
times did little William make a sketch on
paper, and obliterate it, dissatisfied with 4
his work. At times he almost despaired
of accompllsjiing anythiiigjthat should do
justice to the conception in his mind.
'..lluFaftcr many failures, he completed a
sketch which ho decided to transfer to
He now labored diligently at his task,
and took every opportunity to '"Improve
himself in a knowledge of colors and their
effects. At length the day for handing in
pictures arrived. He then had to wait a
month lwfore there was any decision as to
its merits. Onjthe day appointed for the
announcement of tHe decision, many per
sons of distinction were present, includ
ing the ladies. The meeting was presid
ed over by the Duke of Norfolk.
; William's mother was present, of course.
She sat waiting the result, with a beating
heart; What a gratified mother she was,
when, after the transaction of some un
interesting business, it was announced
that the prize of a silver palette for the
best historical picture w as awarded to the
painter of the piece entitled, 'The Death
of Wat Tyler.'
JWhen it was found that Williani Uoss
was tho successful artist, the applause of
the audience br,oko forth with enthusiasm.
'Ta' sec such a little "fellow gain a prize
over competitors of mature age was a
novelty and surprise. William was sum
moned with his picture -to"" the Duke's
.chair, and here he received such counsel
aimNnicourgement as were of great ser
vice to him in his future career. Ho be-
-"came at length Hir William Koss, minia
ture painter to the Queen, having"-risen
to fortune and to fame, hy carrying out
with determination and perseverance, his
. simple promise to his mother, of ' trill
Duvmmek's Lk'KXse. Messrs; SetTden
& Bruce, of llichmoud, Virginia, took out
Drummer's License at the Treasury De
partment on yesterday. Twenty licenses
have been issued to date dining this
jnouth, as follows : tohouses iu liichmoud
Virginia, 7,- Baltimore, '3; Boston, J; Phil
adelphia, li; Norfolk,:); North Carol iu t,3.
, BOTTLED TALK. V t
- A Speaking Phonograph at t Worki
"Were the veracious Munchausen in at
tendance at an exhibition which was given
yesterday in the Philadelphia Local Tl-t
graph Compauy'smeeVrhird and Chest
nut streets, "of Prof."Thomas A. Edisoni
marvelous invention, called the speaking
phonograph, he might have triumphantly
said "I told you so," with Reference to at
least one-of his yarns the story of his
jouruey.bjupost f rom St. Petersburg 1 tir
ing a winter of f uncommon severity.
"Finding myself iu a parrow lane," he
narrates, '! bade tlie postilion give a sig
nal with his hdru, that other travelers
might not juieefr-iis iulhe nantiw passage.
He blew with all his tnightf bnHiis en
leavors were in vain; he could not make
the horn sound, which was unaccountable
and rather unfortunate, for soon after we
found another coach coming the other
way." After telliug how ho got the vehi
cle and horses around tho obstructing
team, by carrying them under his arm,
one at a time, over tho fence, through
part of the field, and then over the fence
again, -the conscientious chronicler con
tinues: "We arrived at the iun, where
my postilion and I refreshed ourselves.
He hung the horn ou a peg near the kitch
en tire; 1 sat on the other side, suddenly
ve lteard a tercug ! tereng ! teng teng !
We looked around and now found the
reason the postilion had not been Able to
sound his horn; his tunes were frozen in
it, and came out by thawing, plain enough
and muclfto the credit of the driver, so
that the honest fellow entertained us
for some -time "with a successive variety
of tunes' without putting his mouth to the
Yesterday's exhibition, to say the least,
was ecpuuly as remarkable as the one de
scribed by Baron Munchausen It de
monstrated to the eutire satisfaction of
soiuo of Philadelphia's most intelligent
citizens, who were present by invitation
of Mr. ljtuiry H. Bentley, President of tho
Local Telegraph Compauy, that a person
can, so to speak, bottlo up" any quantity
of his vocal utterance, and, at the end of
an indefinite period of time, cause the
"bot tle" to reproduce it exactly as it orig-
in-nlly came from-his lips.
WHAT THE THING IS.
The instrument was operated sometimes
by Mr. Bentley, "but principally .by Mr.
James Adams, the inventor's representa
tive. Mr. Adams, a hiuhlv-intelligent
Scotchman, with a strongly marked Scotcli
accent in his speech, has been for five
years the assistant of Professor Edison in
the hitter's electrical and' other experi
ments. The machine occupied no more
space than would a Webster's Unabridg
ed, and its construction appeared almost
as simple as that of a housewife's coffee
mill. It was a fac simile of one which
Professor Edison is now constructing, and
which is to have a capacity of forty- ight
Mr. Adams, before the performance be
gan, thus explained the instrument: "In
this guttapercha mouthpiece is a very thin
diaphragm, made of thin-type metal. The
vibrations oflthe voice jar the diaphragm,
which has in its centre, underneath, a fine
steel point. Arouud this brass cylinder
which, you see, is closely and Gnely groov
ed by a spiral, I wrap a sheet of tiu foil.
I shove the mouthpiece up until the steel
point touches the tiu foil, just above the
flrst groove on the left. Turning the cyl
inder with this craiik, I talk into tho
mouthpiece. The diaphragm vibrates,
causiug the steel point to perforate the
tiu foil, leaving iittle Jioles of different
diameters and resembling tho old Morse
telegraphic alphabet. Tho cylinder moves
from left. to right until the steel poiut has
gone over the entire length of the spiral.
Thus we have, as it were, a stereotype
plate of tiro voice. iFrom this plate a
matrix in sulphur, (the most desirable
substance for the purpose.) can be formed,
and years from now there can be taken
from that matrix other plates capable of
the same work which you will presently
see this one perform.
COMiXG OCT Ok" THE "BOTTLE."
"Now 1 turn the cylinder back to the
starting place, in order that the steel poiut
may go over the perforations which it
madef when I talked into the mouthpiece.
The steel point, kept down by a rubber
spring underneath the diaphragm, trips
from hole to hole, causiug the diaphragm
to vibrate as it did when I was talking
into the mouthpiece. Thus causing a cor
responding opening and closing of the
valves of the diaphragm, the words,into
nation and accent are reproduced with
perfect accuracy. It would be impossible
for any human mimic to tlo it so well.
The small end of this funnel is tjxed in
the mouthpiece to keep "the reproduction
from scattering. Now, listen." Several
gentlemen, evidently supposing that they
would not be ablo to hear without having
their ears close to the funnel, were patting
their heads near tho instrument, but Mr.
Adaius told them that such proceeding
was unnecessary, as they could dintiuguish
the sounds well enough at a distance.
Mr. Adam8, having wrapped a sheet cf
tiu foil around the cylinder, spoke into
the mouthpiece in a voice of ordinary
pitch aud time, but with distinct articula
tion, meanwhile slowly aud regularly
turning the crank, the following:
Jack and Jill went up the hill '
ft To, get a hockt of water ; -Jack
fell tonf alid broke;, his crown
I : And Jill cam? tumbling after.
Having reset the cylinder aud fixed the
funnel iu the mouthpiece he turned the
crank and. theliaphragm repeated the
rhyme, not only as distinctly as he had
uttered it, bat with so perfect a mimicry
of the Scotch accent as to cause a general
outburst of laughter, in which the genial
operator heartily joined.
THE TALKING MACHINE FL'NNV.
Causing the steel point to proceed from
the ending of "Jack and Jill,"4Mr. Adams
again put his month to' the diaphragm
md uttered iu more varying tones, which
had.4 taaipiaaliiiastift-.wfcisiie? up to
HIllo! Hoop-la! Ys-hoo!
A ineteen year mi the BastUe J 11 M '
IacratcUeJ myiarueuuon the waif
And that name was Hotart Laridr-y-y-y,
Parlez vou Franca'w? Spreclven we.Deiitsch?
Turning the crank backward until the
steel-point touched the beginning of
"Jack and Gill," and h?i agahr piepthe
forward motion. The diaphragm's elo!:u-
tion of the rhyme was on this occasion as
good as before, and the second conglom
eration of utterance was delivered by the
vibratiug metal with all the characteris
tics of the operator's ejaculations and re
citation. For the sake of uove'tv tho
steel point was now caused to go along
the perforated spiral, while Mr, Adams
whistled, yelled and shouted all sorts of
ridiculous things into the mouthpiece.
As a result the bit of metal strongly af
fected the resible muscles of the audience
b3 something like this :
Jack and Jill went "Cheese it !"
Up the hill
To get a bucket "O, wipe off your chin !"
Jack fell down and "Hello young
Broke his crown
Feller, does your mother know you're
And Jill "Ya-hoo! I've bottled myself, Edi
son" Come tumbling after.
Hallo! hoopla! "Shut up!" ya-hoo!
"Go hag your head !" Nineteen years in the
"I'm a" Scratched my name "a jolly .Irish
man," Upon the wall.
And that "From Dublin town I came,"
Name was "Ha, ha, ha!" Robert Lan-dry-y-y.
Farlez vons Francois? '(io hire a hall !"
Sprechen ie DentPch ? "Oh, give us a rest !"
The effect of this was too ludicrous, for
description, and for a time all hands were
uiicontrolably" merry. Having put on and
caused the steel point to perferate a new
sheet of tin foil, again speaking "Jack
and Jill" into the instrument, Mr. Adams
made the point travel backward and the
diaphragm reproduced the recitation,
beginning with the word "after," and end
ing with the first word, "Jack." In this
way the operator amused his audience for
an hour. He became hoarse, but the in
strument did not.
There is no electricity about the speak
ing phonograph; and, like so many other
great inventions, its construction is so
simple aud its operation so easily under
stood that a person seeing it would prob
ably., ask himself,, "Now, why didu't I
think of thatf" .
SOLDIERS AND SAILORS OF 1812.
An act amending the laws granting pen
sions to tho soldiers and sailors of the war
of eighteen hundred and twelve, and their
widows, and for other purposes.
Jie it enacted: by the Senate and House of
Ikpresent alive of the United Statcn of
America in Congress assembled, That the
Secretary of the Interior be, and he is
hereby, authorized and directed to place
on the pension -rolls tho names of the sur-
Lriving officers aud eulisted and drafted
meu, without regard to color, including
militia and volunteers, of the military and
naval service of the United States, who
served for fourteen days in tho war with
Great Critian of eighteen hundred and
twelve, or who were in any engagement,
and were honorably discharged, aud the
surviving widows of such officers and en
listed and drafted men.
Skc. 2. That this act shall not apply
to any person who is receiving a pen
sion at the rate of eight dollars per month
except for the difference between the
pension now received (if less than eight
dollars per month) aud eight dollars per
month. Pensions under this act shall bo
at the rate of eight dollars per month, ex
cept as herein provided, and shall be paid
to the persons entitled thereto, from and
after the passage of this act, for and dar
ing their natural lives : Provided, That
tho pensions to widows provided for
in this act shall cease when they, shall
Sec 3. That before the name of any
persoii shall bo placed upon the pension
rolls under this act, proof shall be made,
under such rules and regulations as tho
Commissioner of Pensions, with the ap
proval of the Secretary of the Interior,
shall prescribe, that the applicant is en
titled to a pension under this act j aud
any person who shall falsely take any
oath required to be taken under tho pro
visions of this act shall be guilty of per
jury ; aud the Secretary of the Interior
shall cause to be stricken from, the rolls
the name of any person, wheu it shall
appear, by proof satisfactory -to him, that
such aame was put on said rolls by or
through false or fraudulent representa
tions, or by mistake as to tho right of such
person to a pension under this act. The
loss or lack of a certificate of discharge shall
not depri ve the applicant oth benefit of
this a?t, but othr proof of tho tka-ricpef-
formed and "of-Ati hbnWabhillschargeif
and wlten thetfe is uTeor4loideiiee of
such service andiclii'diseuare,ithef ap"
plicant may establish the 'aOu' by other
satisfactory testimony: ProvUUd,4 T hat
when any prao1iMlieel(itecf klad -
warrant under any'iic it ' Congress' for
and ou accouut of service fftlhe said war
of eighteen burMlindWelVesucU
grant shall be priunv-faci evidence of hrs
service and honorable -discharge, so to
his widowvif he
,demis act; but -
entitle him, if living, or
be dead, to a pension nnderthis
such evidence shall be co?adijsive,aiid
may be rebutted by evidence that such
land-warrant was improperty granted.
i-t Skc: 4.s That all aptica'tianslW'on-,;
sions of the classes provided for iu tnis
act heretofore or whieh may hereafter be
made shall be considered and decided as
though made under this act ; and all laws
now iu force iu regard to the manner of
paying pensions, and in reference to the i
punishment of frauds,' shall be applicable
to all claims under the provisions of this g
Sec. 5. That the Secretary of the In
terior be, and he is hereby, authorized
and directed to restore to the pension -rolls
the names of all person snow sur
viving heretofore pensioned ou account
of service in the war of eighteen hundred
and twelve against Great Kritian, or for
service in any of the Indian wars, and
whose names were stricken from the rolls
in pursuance of the act entitled "An act
authorizing the Secretary of the Interior
to strike from the pension-rolls the names
of such persons as have taken up arms
against the government, or who have in
any manner encouraged the rebels," ap
proved February fourth, eighteen hun
dred and six-two; and that the joint reso
lution entitled "Joint resolution prohibit
ing payment by any officers of the govern
ment to any person not known to have
been opposed to the rebellion aud in favor
of its suppression," approved March se
cond, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven,
and section four thousand seven hundred
and sixteen of the Revised Statutes of the
United States, shall not apply to the per
sons provided for by this act : Provided,
That no money shall be paid to any one
on account of pensions for the time dur
ing which his name remained stricken
from the rolls.
Skc. G. That the surviving widow of
any pensioner of the war of eighteen hun
dred aud twelve where the name of said
pensioner was stricken from the pension
rolls in pursuance of the sict entitled "An
act authorizing the Secretary of the In
terior to strike from the pension-rolls the
names of such persons as have taken up
arms against the government, or who
have in any manner encouraged the rebels,"
approved February fourth, eighteen hun
dred and sixty-two, and where, under the
existing provisions of law, said pensioner
died without his name being restored to
the rolls, shall be entitled to make claim
! for a pension as such widow after the pas
sage of this act : Provided, that no such
arrearages shall be paid for any period
prior to the removal of the disability of
the pensioner, as provided in section five:
Aud provided further, That under the act
any widow of a Revolutionary soldier who
served fourteen days or was in any en
gagement shall be placed upon the pension-rolls
of the United States, and re
ceive a pension at the rate of eight dollars
Skc. 7. That all laws and clauses of laws
in conflict with this act bo, and they are
Approved, March 9, 1878.
Stick and Stones Fights and Plights.
Touoxto, Can., March 19. O'Douovan
Rossa lectured iu St. Patrick's Hall last
evening to an audience of about 100. The
threatened riot did not take place, beyond
a continuous volley of stoues for an hour
and a half, at the lecture room, riddling
all the windows. No damage was done,
and nobody hurt.
Shortly after midnight the mob advanc
ed up Queeu street aud attacked Cos
grove's tavern. The crowd inside an
swered with revolvers, and the rioters re
turned the tire. Huudreds of shots were
exchanged here, and stones poured into
the hotel until the window sashes and
furniture were completely demolished.
The police, ninety in number, charged
the mob and wielded their batons with
great vigor. Four men were shot here,
and one yoilng Protestant named James
Cleirg, it is feared, was fatally wounded.
Meantime another mob, one thousand
strong, opened fire with stoues upou Col
lius' tavern, further up Queen street,
where Rossa was belie veil to be lnrkiug.
Revolvers were used! here, but the police,
fighting with matchless pluck against,
enormous odds, cleared the streets.
Rossa was driven out of town. At II
o'clock policeman Worth was struck ou
the temple with a stoue aud knocked
senseless. All his comrades were '"more
or less injured. Probably one hundred
and fifty rioters are injured with stones
and police, batons. The doctor's office are
crowded with the wounded, though as n
rule, the injured are takeu away to avoid
arrest. Hundreds of roughs are still con
gregated in the lanes and back streets,
and the police are parading the streets in
, .WASHINGTON.'- '
tf ow PoAtoftW akd fslfti)atfsTreport-
to m . y caoiisn a posiai sayings u'
nncit.xi-i- ViLkiL -slrk -jJf ..5 Has t
J.a4W - W4HH? fi
"ueni uun w a,u 10 retuuuing Hie ml
terest beaffhTifidebrne'ss oftbajftW
Bf.tx. :?' ri v:' r- 'v."-.
vuuea. uiucicu iu oe imnrttu ana recniii
mitted.. It authorize the -esUbliJbnjimt
in Washing of a chief offictftI calU
?iJT order postoflce.
Of sub-denositories ,jfor th reeeinf? aftd
withdrawal Wdeposits; interest Whj- al
lowed at three 'per' cerifLrhef pbstto
."lfeP-Hin tuarearj and. tka
interest credited to the postal savings de
pository account at the rate of four per
cent.;Depositors to the amount of over
$50 tnayjiave four per cent, bonds issued
to tliem, redeemable after fire years, aud
only transferable by the authorization of
the Secretary of the Treasury. The bill
also provides for certificates of deposits of
the denominations of ten, twenty, fifty
and one hundred dollors, bearing interest
at i.G5 for one year only, and to be con
vertible into four per cent bonds.
THE FISHERIES AWARD.
U7af is Thought of It in England.
Loxuox, March 21. The 27we' edito
rial on the fisheries award says: "It is
unfortunate for the good fame of the
United States that at a moment wheu the
fiuancial policy of Congress has awaken
ed grave suspicion and anxiety iu Europe,
that some American politicians of consid
erable importance and notoriety, display
another phase of the repudiating spirit in
opposing the payment of the award. The
leckless language of Mr. Blaine and Gen.
liutler is not only throwing discredit on
the country, but damaging to the system
of settling international disputes by arbi
tration. No countrv henceforward will
be willing to refer claims to arbitration
if the decision of tho arbitrators is liable
to be.challenged by the unsuccessful par
ty. The article continues: "Tho attempts
at evasion and the attacks upon the im
partiality of Mr. Delfosse aro of apkcj
with the spirit of chicanery which lias
been attempted to force au interpretation
of the unanimous award. We hope and
believe that Mr. Ulaino will not be able
to get the Congress of his countrymen to
support him in a refusal to pay the award,
aud to stamp the American policy with
the double discredit of meanness and
United States Bonds in the London Market.
Loxdox, March 21. The Tunes finan
cial article says : "United States bonds
continue to be bought for American ac
count and their price is maintained, but
the sales by English holders, corporate
and individual, continue aud are some
times of very large amounts. The fear of
the-silver bill has died away, but the peo
ple now begin to dread what may follow
it, and there is a strong and wide-spread
feeling that if Americans aro to try ex
periments ou their credit they had much
better do so with debts held at home than
in English hands. People sell, therefore
and are likely to continue to do so while
so much that is dangerous seems to sur
round the United States national finan
ces." Our State Enterprise.
Col. L. L. Polk, our Commissioner of
Agriculture, has just returned from a
visit to Washington city,"Svhere ho has
been ltoldiug conference with Profs, Raird,
Ferguson, Col. McDonald, Fish, Commis
sioner of Virginia, and Profs. Milncr, up
on the subject of the establish men t of a
co-operative Fish -Hatchery at Albemarle
sound. We learn that tho mission of Col.
Polk was entirely successful, and that
they have arranged all the necessary ap
pliances for the work. They will be mov
ed to the place selected in about 10 days,
in charge of Profs. Milner and Ferguson
The hatchery will be one of the largest
in the world.
It is said that the Cabinet is delighted
at the action of the Supreme Court of
Louisiana, by which Anderson escapes
the clutches of the law. It is a sad, hu
miliating spectacle, to see the Executive
head of the government in a gleefulmood
over this defeat of justice in one of the
States. The gnilt of Anderson cannot be
doubted. Whether the indictment upon
which he was convicted was really de
fective or not, the -release of the felon
should not be a cause of congratulation at
Washington. That it is such, tends to
confirm the report of the existence of some
infamous bargain between the members
of the Returning Board and those who
manipulated the electoral complications
last year. Pal. Xeics.
The Supreme Court of, Louisiana did
not reverse the findiugs of the Court be
low in this case, but sustained them all.
which was a full conviction of Anderson
for altering the election returns and ac
complishing a fraud by which, Hayes was
put into the Presidential chair. The Su
preme Court decided that the paper so
altered was not such a public document
as to make its alteration 'a forgery, indict
able' under the law. J
!THosErARcniVT:s ICgaIx ...
?: H .T f. .,. -J k
Mepresentatire Vne$ fell What be Know
: Mr. Waddell $qft Thatthe Peeordsare
IUnhP t9'tIhmocraUDdm Cameron's
u Arbitrurf CondteVWhtle War Minister.
lif t I .li-HlMMQBgMBnttVUta. v
,HU" "wnsenu asserts
uiaoaevi oeen uenie! access
tot th i)(ederat'ATduea said a Post
iutervidvex to Representative Vance, yes
terday 1- ;v,f.
n "isee he doesr" -replied sMr. Vance j
but X know 'Democrats have not only
beeu denied access tothem, but have been
refused epfes iof papers wanted." !
"What Democrats ,m! -
,...s-'toy-Vqnoe,'iy brotlfer, for one, and
b$ is tho ouo I have reference to.w
-: r f What was the ual areof the?enial T
. "It was a positive and preremptory re
fusal. Teuding the election of 1876 my
brother asked for copies of certain letters,
which he wanted to refute charges
made against him. You see the letter
books of his administration as (Jovernor
of North Carolina during the war are
among those records. These books con
tain all his official correspondence. He
asked to see them or to bo furnished copies
of some of the letters aud the Secretary of
"On w hat ground f '
"That he had no authority
be seen or have copies made,
wanted the letters published,
the letter itself and will show
to let them
Rut I have
it to you.
I think I left it at home, but I'll get it
and you can see for yourself how the re
quest was refused."
"Who was the Secretary of War ?"
"It must have been Don Cameron."
Mr. Waddell, member of the House,
from the Old North State, was next inter
viewed. Said he :
"I know these records have been de
nied to Democrats. Why they wouldn't
allow Gov. Vance to sce-thein in defence 1
of his character, but his Republican com
petitor was permitted to 6ee them and
make use of them. I've got copies of
some correspondence that will throw light
on the subject." Mr. Waddell produced I
copies of a letter from Don Cameron,
Secretary of War, to Gov. Vance, and his
reply. -Cameron's letter was dated Jan
uary 26, 1877, and requested Gov. Vance
to furnish the department with the reports
of the Adjutant-General of North Caro
lina. Gov. Vance replied under date of
February 5, 1877, in the piquant and
pointed style characteristic of him. He
informed Cameron that in 18o3, after the
cessation of hostilities, the official letter
books of the State were seized and borne
to Washiugtoufthat at the time a special
messenger was sent with the request that
lie be permitted to copy a letter which
was needed as evidence in a law suit
wherein the State was interested. The
request was refused. In 1871, while seek
ing admission to the United States Sen
ate, Radical papers accused Gov. JVauce
having used cruelty towards Federal
prisoners. He went in person to tho War
Department and asked permission to copy
letters which would refute the calumny.
This request was refused, but the Gov
ernor writes : "Last spring, when I met
my competitor, Judge Settle, who was
the Republican'candidato for Governor, I
found him supplied with an armful of
garbled and mutilated copies of these
same official letters, certified as true cop
ies by yourself as-Secretary of War with
the great seal" duly attached."
Mr. Waddell, after folding up the? let
ters, remarked : "1 know every word of
that to be true, and the fact, is those re
cords have never been open to our party
unless it is a very recent thing."
"Gen. Banning, were you ever denied
access to the rebel records !" inquired the
Post of the chairman of the Military com
mittee. "No. I never tried to see those records.
But ITl tell you what I did try to see at
the War department and couldn't."
"What was that!"
"Why, the letter or report or whatever
it was of Phil Sheridan about Madison
"Wheu was that ?"
"Last year. I applied as a member of
the House and Cameron refused.
"What excuse did lie offer !"
"None at all. He just refused."
A Goor Day's Work. Our worthy
Governor, Z. B. Vance, does not stand
back to perform a duty or attend to any
matter of importance to the State merely
because there are some hardships connect
ed with it. Last Wednesday lie arose at
day-light in the town of Asheville, mount
ed a little sorrel pony and rode to the
Swannanoa Gap before he ato breakfast -
a distance of twenty miles. He then left
his steed and walked through and exam
ined all the railroad works on the moun
tains and then on to Henry before niirht
making a distance of nine miles that In
walked. When we take into considera
tion his size and the bodily punishment it
is to him tb walk or ride ou horse-back,
we should feel proud indc-ed.that we have
a Governor that will sacrifice his own
feelings to such an extent ; for it is-th rough
these efforts that he becomes thoroughly
acquainted with the workings of this road
thereby knowing-how to act that the
Stit,e at large might le benefited. Pied
Westerx North CarolixI RXitfjoAD.
The Board of Directors of the Western
Division of the W. N. C. Itailro ntet In
this place on Saturday evening last to
eousider the question of themiiraoCthis
road against thctJonda-'ratfCoV.
Vance was in- session rith tfaefH3frd ou
tliat day. The board adrtH&froia day
to day awaiting the anivaf feitAIayer
iu the suits, Mr. Stewarty-of -3iw'1'ork
who was detained on accounts 'irT acci
dent on Abe road between ' Cfcftrlrtte1 and
StatesyiUe He was expected" 'tortive,
however, hwtnigkt. Alj thwssiofrf tb
Board, Saturday Maj8ftIarcn Erwin,
representing certaial-psirties, ' offerM the
Board $50,000. its claims againstjhe
Florida Central, they o withdmw all
suits. The Board has taken the tatter
into consideration.- Asheville Cithtn.
Tkmpehaxck Peoi'le About to Sir
Down ox Bev. Douglass. The Mrs. R.
B. Hayes Temperance Society to-night
passed resolutions protesting against "a
repetition of the scene witnessed in tho
House of Representatives yesterday whea
a memlHir, Beverly Douglass, disgraced
himself and his constituents and his coun
try by appearing on the floor of the House
in an intoxicated conditiou. A copy of
the resolutions will be transmitted to the
Speaker of the Houje. It is Understood
that several Southern members of promi
nence ou the Democratic side of the House
have informed tlicjr iends of Mr. Douglass
that if his offence is repeated a resolution
ofexpvrlsiou will be introduced. 'Wash.
Correspondence Baltijndre Sun, 15th.
Switzerland is suffering from the hard
times and attributes its troubles to us
who are sufferiug at least as much. The
Swiss say that the decline in (heir indus
tries is due to the large and successful
growth of the same kind of manufactures
in this country. The exportation of Swiss
iiicucs iu me l, mien orates ien irom
3a;,0U0.iu 1872 io oo,(KX) in 1875, and tho
lesson to be learned by the industrial
population of Switzerland is a hard one.
indeed, yet it has been so carefully ex
plained to them that there have been no
strikes to agrevato a coudition-appre-hended
for the future, and not a distant
one. Shorter hours, lessor wages, fewer
days to work, these are the practical
nreans adopted by employers, and patient
ly, if not cheerfully accepted by working
men in France, Germany, and in Bulgium,
iu the hope of some relief. Puleigh Ob-
Wednesday evening, in the Methodist
churh of Goldsboro, Mr. J. D. Brooks,
editor of the Statesvillo Landmark, was.
married to Miss Carrie Wright, of Golds
boro. The ceremonywas performed by
Rev. J. R. Brooks, assisted by Rev J T.
Bagwell. Tho Raleigh Acirs gives the
following as the names of the attendants :
Mr. Brooks, with Miss Lilly Edmondson,
Mr. Eugene Gray, of Raleigh, and Miss
Mollie Dewey, of Goldsboro, Mr. Beck
with aud Miss Waddell, pf Johnson, Mr.
Ramsey, associate editor of the Statesville
Landmark, with Miss Hattie Edmondson,
of Wayne, Mr. Ed. Adams and Miss Annie
Beckwith. After the marriage a recep
tion was held wherr a large" number
of thtr friends and relatives of the cou
ple paid their respects. At 12 o'clock:
p. m., Mr. and Mrs. Brooks left on the
northern traiu-for Richmond and other
points North. We present to them crar
compliments and best wishes.
The Baptist congregation of this -place
having Invited Monroe Lodge A. F. M. to
lay the corner stone of their new church,
tfiis ceremony will be performed next
Wednesday, . the Pith, beginning at 11
o'clock. Arrangements have been mado
to have suitable addresses for the occa
sion. Monroe Pmpurer.
Cottox Market. The cotton market
yesterday was quiet with quotatiouson a
basis of 10 to 10 for middling grades.
Tho receipts for the day footed up 19G
bales, as reported by the weighers. Here
after th: -weekly receipts will appear in
Sundiiy's paper. Raleigh Observer.
The Maryland College of Physician
and Surgeons has this week graduated J.
S. Alieruathy, W. M. Burns, II. F. Free
man, V . S. Uasscll, E. C. McLeudon, B. S
Utley and Jasper II. Wolf, of North Caro
Mr. Beeeher, in answer to what has be
come of the devil now that hellhas 'beetK
abolished, politely intimate that possibly
a letter may reach him at Chicago. Bttfc
some people persist in sending to Brook
lyn. - '
Montgomery Court. Judge Moore
passed through the city yesterday on hU
way to Edeuton, returning from Moore t
He will not be able to reach Montgomery
until the second week, Monday, Marh 18,
'Raleigh Observer. ,
The Stockholders of tho MT. Airy Nar
row Gmige Railroad have appointed dele
gates to attend the net annual meeting
of the Western "Rail road of North Caro
lina to be held at Fayettcville.
Several codfish have reecutly been
caught near the tide-waters of Hattera,
Oregon and Xe Inlet', ia PuciUcu