' j -
fearoiiisi; w atclHiait
.y 1 1 -
' - t 1
!. ; f a '
; . I
VOL IX. THIRD SERIES
SALISBURY, IJ. C, SEPTEMBER 5, 1878.
A STATESMAN'S CALM SURVEY.
Tlie report conversation with Hora
tio Seymour cornea, says the New York
World, ithe present feverish and unheal- j 1 he Hon. II . M. Robins.
Hit state of public opinion, like a pleas- -
, - 1 1 rpi ta ! We follow up to-day our work of ex
ant breeze through a hospital. There la y 1 3
o x. ... M11 liibiting the reconl of oiir Representatives
hea niriui its wuigs, ami a certain sense .
7 , , ... , . i.-...ii-
of freshness and breadth of scope breath-,
. .. . . i. c,n1
es through it 1 he statesman has ceased
e8 b. it , . OMMi
to be partisan but he has not ceased to -
Democratic 111 his cast of thought. The
.i;ftinltitH of tlie times have a tew ter-!
rorsfornim, oecause kiwi uim .
. " 1.. 1 1w,.
vere to be expected 111 a popular orem-
Lnttested by the evilsthat follow finan- 1
S mismanagement, and because he has
nllfaithintheabilitv of a popular govern-J
t .. .. . ;., .,irt..J
ment to surmountall threateningdangers.
, .i . 1
He cons ders Commnuisiu dangerous on-
lv where the lowest classes are without
3 . . w. .... i,t
hoie of attaining wealth or comfort, but
i this country there are few who do not
.. ., 1 :...i:..:.i l
dream of winning more through mdivitlu-
11 0 ...
than Communism can i.oia
mit to them. He is even of option that the
Kii and reckless advocacy of Communis
tic theories of government will so far edu
cate the public that they will be ready
not only to reject all new experiments in
that direction, but to reject those ele
ments of Communism which the Re
publican party has already introduced in
to the National policy, and to receive once
more ito favor the old-fashit ned Democra
. I A.
tic theories ot nou-iutei ierenceoii ine pan
of the (Jovernmentin business enterprises.
He turns this point into a powerful argu
ment for free trade. The protective tsuift
was basfd on the idea that it is the duty
, of ;civeniineut to take care of private en
terprises and foster particular interests,
lit pursurance of that theory Congress
selected certain manufactures for pro
tection. Virtually the people were taxed
to keep the artisans '-'engaged in these
manufactures -emphned and to make the
capital Pin vest ed in these manufactures
profitable.. This is Communism, amlllora
tio Seymour thinks everybody will re
cognize the fact when the plea for a pro
tective tariS is set lieside tlie plea for the
. employment of all idle workmen by the
floveriiHiciit. Indeed he. goes so far as to
describe the former -as the more danger
ous form of that fallacy "that political
power, and not industry and pursuits
adapted to the condition of our conn try ,--1
is the true-source of wealth and pros
perity." If the romihuhism which has
taxed the consumers of the, country.- to
procure for New England factories and
Pennsylvania iron mills ami mines a
brief pn eper'.ty has leen followed by
bitter distress and utter prostration among
the protected operatives, and interests,
what good can come of devoping the prin
ciple! If sustainin; our ship-builders by
protective navigation laws has resulted
in the destruction of our foreign com
merce awl the ruin of our ship-building
industry, what can we expect if the na
tion take in hand the management of all
business enterprise ? This argument Is
double edged, and Socialist and republi
can alike w ince from it. Never w as more
said in a short space for the Democratic
ju incline uiai me iiiiicihmi 01 government
should lie confined within tin; narrowest
possible limits, and the ordinary avoca
tions of life left to individual enterprise
and the people of tlie neigh borhood. The
issue st;itil in this v:rv wmilit 1m KYr
trade a ml liome Kule against Commun
ism and Centralization. Mr. Seymour
thinks that the West lost seriously by the
inflation of the - currency, but he holds
that that section is now growiug rich far
more rapidly than the East, as it is sell
ing more than it buys and profits by the
appreciation of our currency in value.
Another reversal of valuation would be
fruitful disaster, but the continuation of
- the present tendency will gradually bring
the preponderance of political power west
. ofthe Alleghanies. - -.
To suni the whole matter up, continues
the World, Mr. Seymour cheerfully de
clares that the agitation in politics which
scans to threaten contusion and disorder
will .result in sound views on labor, gov
ernment, ami finance. The new parties
may electa few candidates, but they will
" pass away, since they appeal to men as
members of particular cl asses, not as
citizens. . -
"THE STORE CLERK.
Clerks iu our shops often make a very
serious mistake by overmuch praise of the
goods they exhibit. Auy sensible person
wishes to examine articles before purehas
. ins, and is disgusted when a voluble clerk
keeps up an incessant strain concerning
the excellence, beauty, cheapness, etc., of
what it is simply his duty to show with
. pi.Hilill niiui IllilJ HOI oe l0-
vioas, and giving such in formation as may
"The very, best fabric ever made," cou
claded a clerk, the other day, after much
fnfit-f I,.?..!. ... a. t - I.
patting of his -good.-- "I am selling it to
Tou at less than tlie actual; cost of manu
facturing." . !
The lady at the counter turned awaj
ayitig, "1 will not take thegootls. I have
newish to pay less than the cost of man
afactnre, and no merchant cau attbrd to
do business on such terms."
Of course there am cases where goods
arc purchased by merchants under such
circumstances that they can afford to sell
at less than tlie manufacturing cost? And
fetatiugthis fact is very well. Rut the
persistent, incessant commendation of
goods, combined with a disagreeable air
of insisting on a purchase, is very obnox-
- ioih to all refined people.
From the People's Press
THE CURRENCY QUESTION.
lleeord of Xortk Carolina Jiepresentatires
111 ougress ou me aosoroing lssnes ui
b . .
enrreacy and finance. Ami we begin, as
J . : fo '
most convenient, with that of the Hon.
tl . . . . .
W. M. Robbins, of tle Seventh Distnct
. - y. ',
ther Democratic Congressmen -one of
. . . - i-i.t
monta P1 opiJiUon to forced
- sumption and contraction , fl gold
! favonUsin to the bondho d-
era ana money-Kings. ve premise man
J 1 -
wo are indebted to Mr. JR. huuself, for tlie
1. When the Resumption Act was pass-
ed by the 4.J Congress, he voted agaiut it.
jic nits cuucuuiut imuicu 110 ii-uru,
.... . . , 4l ,
nnil 1 10 liilwtroil nnil vntfil fnr tlift rpTWMil-
7 V. iV' " V A
mg uiu which passeii cue iiouse 4ov. .j,
3. January 22, 1874, the House Com
mittee of Ways and Means reported a bill
enlarging the limit of United States legal
tender notes to $400,000,000. Mr. Rob
bius voted for this. Amendments weie
ottered to this bill limiting the1 amount to
$339,000,000 and $382,000,000, respective
ly. Mr. Robbins voted against both these
4. April 11, 1874, Mr. Reck, of Ken
tucky, ottered in the House a proposition'
to issue $400,000,000 additional United
States Legal Tender notes, and gradually
substitute them in place of the National
Rank eurreucy. Mr. Roubius voted for
this; but that House being Republican it
5. June 19, 1878, 'the Committee on
Banking and Currency had a bill before
the House providing for the gradual sub
stitution of United States Legal Tender
notes tor National jtiank currency. Mr.
Robbing voted for this bill, and it passed
the Democratic House.
0. June 18, 1878,Mr. Robbins voted for
Towusend's bill to forbid the sale of bonds
to raise money for resumption purposes;
and also requiring the Government to
receive legal tender notes for duties on
imHrts. This bill received a. majority
vote but not "the retired two-thirds ma
jority. 7. June 20, 1878, Mr. Robbins voted for
.Southard's bill providing that Miyineiit of
customs duties niight I Hi made in leal
tender notes. This bill missed the House.
bat failed in tlnj Senate.
8. January 21', 1878, Mr. Robbins Voted
for the .Mathews' resolution declaring that
U. S. Roiuls are payable in silver as well
as gold, and not in yoUl only, as the Re
publican Congress in 1609 had enacted
they should be, in order to favor the bond
holders. ' "
0. Robbins voted for the bill remone
tizing silver in the early part of the late
session, and in favor of sundry amend
ments to it which looked to the enlarge
ment of the.amount of silver coinage.
10. February 28, 1878, the President
having vetoed the Silver Rill, Mr. Rob
bins voted to override the veto and pass
the bill, and this was done.
11. April 2!), 1873, Mr. Robbins voted
for Fort's bill to prevent the further con
traction and retirement of legal tender
notes, and to require the re-issue of such
of these as might come into the Treasury
111 the course of business. This bill pass
ed the House.
ROMANCE OF A NUN.
Mother Theresa, the oldest member of
the order of Carmelite Nuns iu America,
died recently, at the convent of the order,
corner of Caroline and Riddle streets,
Raltimore, in the 81st year of her age.
Her name in the world was Miss Mary H.
Sewall, and her birthplace was at George
town, D. C, in 1797. Her father was an
officer in te Revolutionary war, and, it
is believeiLwas a member of GenTWash
ing ton's start. Ho was wounded iu bat
tle, and Gen. Washington, who was par
ticularly interested iu him, stopped 011
one of the battlefields until his officer's
wouuds were attended to. Mother Ther
esa, when a child, was a pet of Gen.
Washington, and often sat on his lap.
When 19 years of age she took the veil
and vows of the order at the only Car
melite convent in the country at that
time, which was in Charles county, Md
The cause that led her to take the vows,
as told by herself, is rather singular in its
ciiaraccer. Mie was engageu to oe mar
ried, and the time for the wedding had
been fixed. She was called to attend the
funeral of nu intimate friend a young
lady of remarkable beauty whose .death
had been a severe affliction to her. The
burying ground was some distance from
her home, and the coffin which contained
the--body of her fiieud was borne the
whole distance, as was then the custom,
upon the shoulders of pall-bearers. Ry
an accident upon the way, the coffin slip-
ped from the gnisp of the bearers, and
the body of the dead girl, clad in its
white robes, was thrown out upon the
roadside. Miss SewaU, who was a near
witness-of the accident, was so terrified
by the view of the dead body, that she
immediately resolv"ed upon a life of reli-
giousjseclusion. Her engagement of mar-
riage was broken, and she at ouce entered
the convent. -
There is more money now by nearly
three times than there was in 18G0, bnt it
is scarcer than it was then, and the perti
nent inquiry is made, where haft all the
money goneT There are thousands of
dollars scattered aU through the country
in sums-effrbro $50" to $5,000, in the
hands of farmers and nonrtrading per
sons. This money is laid away and kept
inactive, consequently drawn from circu
lation as effectually as if it had burned.
And why is it t The legislation not only
in North Carolina, hut in many other
States, for the past twelve years has been
such as to destroy confidence by the pass
age of the homestead, bankrupt, stay and.
other laws that would prevent the col- I
lection of debtsr consequently men are
afraid to lend their money to their neigh
lors, as they do not know who is good,
and to properly secure a loan, a mortgage
was to be taken, little investigated ami
other formalities gone through with that
the common run of people are not acquain
ted with, consequently an attorney has
to be employed, hd expenses incurred
that it makes it too costly to loan small
sums, and the result is that thousands
of dollars in every community are lying
idle, that would, if we had good laws, be
loaned out at small rate of interest. This
money, if it gets in circulation at all, is
deposited in some bank at a small inter
est, where it is then loaned out second
handed atone per cent, a mouth, and when
used at this price in business eats up pro
fits and makes business nnremunerative,
iu other words, keeps all the business of
the count ly engaged in work payiug its
profits to the money lender.
Refore the homestead and like laws
were passed, when everything a man had
was bound for his debts, if a man was
worth one hundred dollars his credit to
that amount was as good as a man who
was worth a hundred thousand. A man
with small means was enabled bj his credit
to trade and make money and rise in the
world. Rut the homestead law has struck
down the credit of the poor man, when
credit w as his only capital, and has bound
him iu shackles stronger than iron, that
will keep him and his children after him
jMMr. It has built up a moneyed arristo
cnicy by prescribing; how much a' man
must Ik? worth ltctorc he can be trusted.
Poor men, young men, who aspire to ac
complish something, with only their as
pirations, their energies, their capacity
and their credit as their capital, have had
this taken way from them by law, and it
takes years of toil and savings under dif
ficulties to place themselves outside the
umirs nxeci iy law tnat makes tiiem re
The farmer raises his produce and his
stock. His neighbor can't buy from him
because if he is not worth so much money
the law makes him irreonsib1c, conse
quently unsafe. The result is competi
tion iu buying is lessened, and men with
money or good credit are enabled to fix
the price of almost everything they lriy
from the producer, and when a poor devil
who has the protecting arm of the home
stead law thrown around him, gets credit
for anything he has to beg and promise
and mortgage for it, and pay two prices.
The homestead low injures the poor man
because it destroys his credit. To the
moneyed man it is an advantage because
it gives him exclusive control of the busi
ness of the country and enables him to
fix the buying and selling price of every
thing, and the mortgage system that fel
low's in it trial will eveutually rob the
poor man of this homestead for which
have been sacrificed his credit and his
manhood. If we ever get the goiid old
prosperous times of our fathers again, we
must return to the old honest ways of our
fathers, when the laws of the laud com
pelled a man to make his word as good
as his bond. The government may issue
greenbacks until it is as plentiful as the
leaves ou the trees, it will do no"good.
Nothing short of that good credit that is
born of confidence will ever restore pros
perous times to our country. Winston
NATURAL HISTORY NOTES.
In fluence of Electricity on Plants.
Some interesting experiments as to the
influence of atmospheric electricity on the
nutrition of plants have lately been made
by MGrandeau, and communicated by
him to the Academy of Sciences, of Paris.
He placed two plants of the same species
(tobacco, maize, wheat) under same con
ditions as to soil, aeration, isolation, etc.,
but the one withdrawn from the action of
atmospheric electricity by means of a
Faraday's cage. The plants thus with
drawn elaborated, in equal times, 50 or
! 00 er cent less of living matter thau the
others. Plants of small elevation above
the ground are also affected by atmos
pheric electricity. The centesimal amount
of proteic matter formed appears not to
depend sensibly on this action; it is pro-
portional to the yield. The proportion of
ash is higher in plants removed from tho
electricity, and the proportion of water is
Jess. The French scientist, however, does
not explain why it is that two plants of
the same species, growing in a field side
by side, and under the (same conditions,
do not always attain the same develop-
ment nor elaborate the same amount of
material from the soil.
BILL ARP AGAIN.
He Malts a Dig at the Officeholders and
"Rill Arp" haviug threshed out his
"wheat, Beeins to think her. needn't work
any more, and is resting himself by writ
ting letters to the Constitution. His last
is in that paper of Sunday,' and this is an
extraetfrom it : ' r- p
Well, the corn is growin7 out of sight.
It ain't givin' ns any chanco to lay it by
decently, for the rain : come along every
time when we get ready-to ploy, and then
we have to wait-for the ground to dry.
Old Peckerwood remarked,, that it .was
the raiuest time he ever experienced, and
he reckoned somebody must have hungjip a
power oFdead enake9 thlspriug. If these
good seasons continue, there will be com
enough made for another small war, aud
I'm afread it wou't bring more than 25
cents a bushel. I everybody had a little
money we would all be comfortable for
things we have to buy are powerful cheap.
Rut that's the trouble, and I've noticed for
thirty years that when the things I wan
ted are cheap as dirt I didu't have a cent
to buy with. I do believe it is better to
have a pocket full of poor money and let
things be high, for there is comfort in
feeliu' of it tho' it ain't worth much.
When it took a hundred dollars iu "Con
fed" to buy a pouud of tobacker I felt
sorter like a gentleman, if I had the mon
ey, but now I feel as mean as a yullcr
dog when niy assets gitts down to half a
I think I understand these law-makers
party well. It is their intrust to make
money scarce. You see they are keerful not
to reduce I Ik ir salaries, tho' one dollar
will buy three times as much now as it
did when they voted themselves six
thousand dollars a year. Its no wonder
they, "stand for the relection." Human
nature would stand forever on such a
hand as that. Rut we, the people, are
the sufferers, for if they don't reduce
taxes, we are just like tin m mules that
pulled round the thrasher work, work all
the day long at the crack of the whip, but
the wheat is all for the white folks. I
suppose we will get a little of the straw.
Times use to was when the people called
a man from his retirement, and axed him
to serve them, hut now-a-days a feller can
hold on to an ottis until he thinks it be
longs to him. lie don't wait to be called
but he gits there tirt ahead of every
body, and you can hear him a mumbling
"Pni in, and I'll be durned if I aint goin
to stay in. I've got some pursonal frieuds,
and I can get the niggers and scalawags,
and you ..may go to the devil with your
"You see they coutrolc the scalawags
by keepiu' 'em in ofiis, and scalawags
control the niggers, and they all mix up
hash together and call it independence.
This hash party is growin, bigger and
bigger, ami if our people don't mind they
will absorb a heap more sorebacks than
Toombs. Rob never would work in a
waggon with a driver behind nohow-, and
1 have thought thai maybe if I get in the
rear and but it around like a goat, and
once or twice iu a while turn the concern
over, he would be satisfied. Rut some
how or other I like Rob as a man not
as a very great man tor in my opinion,
one man ain't very much greater than
another nohow. The principal difference
is iu the quantity of conceit and impu
dence. Time was when modesty was
one of the earmarks of greatness, but
that's a lost art now.
Yours, Riu. Arp.
THE SAGACITY OF ANTS.
Professor Leidy, in a recent article,
states that in order to ascertain whether
a house he had just entered was (as he
suspected) seriously infested with red auts
he placed a piece of sweet cake in every
room. At noon every piece was found
covered with ants. A cup of turpentine
oil being provided, each piece was picked
up with forceps, and the ants tapped into
the oil. The cake was replaced, and in
the evening w as again found covered with
ants. The same process was gone through
the follow ing two days, morning, noon,
and night. The third day the number of
ants had greatly diminished, and ou the
fourth there were none. He at first sup
posed the ants had all been destroyed,
but in the attic he observed a few feasting
on some dead house flies, which led him
to suspect that the remaining ants had
become suspicious of the sweet cake. He
accordingly distributed through the house
nitres of bacon, w hich were afterwards
found swarming with ants. This was re
peated with the same result for several
days, when, in like manner w ith the cake,
the ants ceased to visit the bacon. Pieces
. . a1...
of cheese were next meu wiui me wmie
result, but with an undoubted thinning in
the number of ants. When the cheese
proved no longer attractive, dead grass
hoppers were supplied from .the garden.
These again proved Uo much for the auts,
but after a few days' trial neither grass
hoppers nor anything else attracted them;
nor has the house been infested with them
since. Boston Journal of Chemistry.
Dr. Ganse, of St. LoiU, uttered a true
sentiment, when speakiug to the working
men, of the Sabbath, and its value to them,
he said, "Don't girdle the tree that shades
xr r. Xewbe" X. C, Aug. 20, ls7.
JJear btr From the various couimu-
nicatious and comments which have ap-
peared 111 our papers, it seems to be the
universal opinion, that the only means
we have of relieving the present finaSl
distress, is tlie re-establishment of State
Ranks. It is only through them that the
volume of currency can be increased, the
nieaus of borrowiuir mouev made mom
easy,and the rateof JedS .
Such being the ease, is it not well worth '
making n effort to re-establish tliem T )
The great impediment in the waty is a
United State tax of 10 percent on their
circulation. This tax is Hnjut, and in-;
jurions to the best interests of the roun-1
try. It is nnjost, because it discrimiimtea
in the interest of a few, and against the .
interest of the masses of -the people. It
v , - -
which should i,orex4st: It is injbe! ,
tuinma. if r,ll...o V'...: ...1 T. i . !
cause it allows the National Ranks to
charge IS per cent interest, while others
can' only take 8 per cent. It is injurious,
because it prevents competition,' (which
comiietition, if allowed,) would enable
money to be obtained for at least one
half tho rates uow charged.
In order that Congress may le induced
to repeal the tax law alluded to. it is nec
essary to bring all the influence, possible
to lear when Congress again meets.
During the late session of Congress I
was instrumental iu gettiug up 40 or 50
petitions asking for the repeal of this law.
The petitions were referred to the Com
mittee on Ranks. I received a number
of letters from our Senators and Repre
sentative urging me to forward more pe
titions, saying it was "only by them that
the voice of the jK'ople could be heard.''
The large accumulation of business, aud
the early adjournment of Congress, pre
vented any action lieing taken. It is now
proposed to make a united effort, and as
soon us Congress assembles to pour in
petitions from every section of the coun
try. If the proper efforts are made, these
petitions will contaiu the signatures of
not less than two hundred thousand per
sons. There should not le less than
twenty thousand from N. Carolina.
I have had a number of petitions print
ed, which I will cheerfully furnish to auy
one who will simply get signatures to
il. .1 l r a. i xi
iiiem, ami wnen congress meets lorwaru
WILLIAM il. OLIVER
AMMONIA IN THE AIR.
Dr. R. Angus Smith, who has done so
much for the chemistry of the air, lately'
read before the Manchester Literary and
Philosophical Soi-iety a paper on the dis- . the separation is entailed, and how hard
tribution of ammonia, in winch, be dc- ; it was for an officer's wife to know what
scribed the simplest method yet proposed to do, whether to follow her husband or
for determining the amount of ammonia in stay with her mother. "Of course C -the
air. And since such ammonia may ' tain Lee,'' said Mrs. Rliss, "like all men,
be taken as an index of the amount of de- you think a woman should leave all and
eayed matter in any locality, the hygienic cling to her husband." "Not so, madam,"
importance of an easy test for it is not he said; "my advice is, stay as long as
small. The availability of the proposed
test arises from the circumstance that am-
monia is deposited from the air on every
object exposed thereto. "If you pick up
a stone in a city, and wash off the matter
on its surface, you will find the water to
contain ammonia. It' you wash a chair
or a table or anything in a room, you will
find ammonia in the washing. It' you
wash your hands you will find the same,
and your paper, your pen, vour table
cloth, and clothes all show ammonia, and
even the -lass cover to an ornament has
retained some on its surface." In short
ammonia sticks to everything, and can
be readily washed olf with pure water.
Hence Dr. Smith inferred that he might
save himself much of the trouble he bad
been taking iu laborious washing of air
to determine the presence of ammonia.
and gain the desired end by testing the ot the bully tree, which ttourishes on the
superficial deposit of ammouia which j banks of the M inoco and the Amazon. It
gathers on clean substances during ordi- J is called balata, and ranks lietween caout
uary exposure. Accordingly he sus-wii-: chouc aud gutta pcrcha iu useful qualities,
ed small glass flasks in various parts of ( It resembles gutta percha so closely in its
his laboratory and examined them daily, general probities that much of it is ship
washing the outer surfaces with pure wa- ped from Guiana and sold yearly for gutta
ter. and testing at once for ammonia with 1 percha although it has many points of
the Nessler solution. Subsequently a superiority. It is tasteless, gives an agree -great
many observations were made by ' able odor on being warmed, may be cut
means of glasses exposed to air in door j like gutta percha, is tough aud leathery,
and out, where the air was tweet and ( is remarkably flexible, and far more elas
whereitwas foul. Ry using glasses of tic than gutta perchar It becomes soft,
definite size it was easy to determine j and may be joined piece to piece, like gut
whether the ammonia in the air was or . ta perch, at about Fah., but requires
was not in excess. Iu his laboratory ex- 270' Fall, before melting. It i complete
nei inients ammonia, was observed when ly soluble iu benzole, and carbon disul-
the glasses had been exposed an hour and
Of the practical working of the test Dr.
Smith remarks thnt.it must not be lor
gotteu that the ammonia may be pure or
it may be connected w ith organic matter;
and consequently this mode of inquiry is
better suited as a negative test to show
what is present. When ammonia is ab
sent we may be sure that the air is not
polluted by decaying matter; when it is
present there is need of caution. Dr.
Smith adds that he hopes to make this a
ready popular test for air, a test for sewer
gases, for overcrowding, for cleanliness of
habitations, and even of furniture, as well
as for smoke and all the sources of am
monia. Of course it must be used with
consideration aud the conclusions must
not be drawn by au ignorant persou.
Many persons sigh for death when it
seems far off, but the inclination vanishes
when the boat upsets, or the locomotive
runs off the track or the measles set in.
A placard iu the wiudow of a patent
medicine man in Paris reads as follows
"The public are requested not to mistake
this shop for that of another quack just
DRIVING A HEN.
Whin a woman has u hen to drive into
a cooP sle takes hold of her skirts w ith
lth hands, shakes them quietly towards
the delinquent, and says "Shew there'''
t 1 i , . f"tw, unit .
"e look at rtie to
oouv,uce Jieraelf that it's a woman jind
t,,eu stalks majestically into the coop iu
perfect disgust at the sex. A man doesn't
.i i . T .
18 8Hlgttlar "boly here cau drive a
lien but njer ad picking up a stick of
wood, hurls it at the offendiu" bined
and observes: "Get iu there, you thief ''
Ti, 1, j. . v 1 1 ,
6 1,en "um-lwU;ly loses her reason and
to the other end of the yard. The
mn straightway dashes after her. She
comes back again with her head down,
,,er S Ut m,d folhwcd &
UlCUt Of StOVeWOOil. fill it fulio rwl .K.,1-
meut of stovewood, fruit cans and clinic
era, with a much puffing and very mad
man in the rear. Then she skims up un
der the barn, aud over a fence or two, and
around the house, and back agaiu to the
coop, and all the w hile talking as only an
excited hen can talk, and all the while
followed by things convenient for hand
ling, ami a man whose coat is on the saw
buck, and whose hat . is on the gronm1,
aud whose perspiration and profr.nity ap
pear to have no limit. Ry this time the
other hens have comeout to take a hand
in the debate and help dodge missiles, and
then the man says every hen on the place
shall be sold iu the morning, and puts on
his things and goes down the street, and
the woman has every one of those hens
housed and counted in two minutes, and
the only sound heard on the place is the
hammering by the oldest boy as he mends
the broken pickets. Selected.
These plans of driving are applicable
i u the cases of other things than hens.
The person who goes about the busiuess
gently aud calmly will seldom fail of suc
cess, while for him who resorts to the tire
and thunder plan we may always look
witii doubts as to successful results. Mo-
General Lcc' Adrice to Officer's Wires.
I have heard General Lee relate the
following incident : At a dinner party
given by Geueral Taylor shortly after his
accession, General, then Capt. 1'C chanc
ed to be ou the right of Mrs. Rliss at the
table. They w-ere discussing army life,
you can under your mothers wiug. ou
never caifhave more than oue mother,
j but a pretty woman can always supply a
husband's loss." Years afterwards he
J vas again at the right of Mrs. Rliss at a
dinner party, but Col. Rliss had died Jn
' the meantime; his widow had married
again and of course bore a different name;
and Captain had become Colonel Lee.
! After discussing several subjects, she
laughingly said, "Colonel, do you remem-
ber a piece of advice you once gave ine F
' "Indeed, I do, madam. It has been in my
thoughts all day, but I would have never
dared to remind you ot it. ion lollowed
the advice, I see."
A'eir Article of Commerce.
A new and valuable member of the
grmip of elastic gums is found in the sap
phide in the cold. Turpentine dissolve
it with the application of heat, while it is
only partially soluble in anhydrous alco
hol aud ether. It becomes strongly elec
trified by friction, and is a better insula
tor of heat and electricity than gutta per
cha. Caustic alkalies and concentrated
hydrochloric acid do not attack it ; but
concentrated sulphuric and nitric acids
attack it as they do gutta percha. Scieu -tific
The Population of the Earth. -The fifth
publication of Rehm and Wagner's well
known "Population of the Earth,"' makes
the nnmlK-r of the earth's human inhabi
tants for the current year 1 ,1-1 , 1 4-,.'J00,
au increase of fifteen millions over the es
timates of last year. The increase is at
tributed partly to natural growth, partly
to exacter knowledge due to recent cen
suses. The distribution of the populath n
among the grand geographical divisions is
as follows: Europe, H-J'MSO; Asia, rtll ,
000,000; Africa, 20. 19,500; 'Aiutraitia
and Polynesia, 4,411,'JOO; America, cV
A man in Detroit has recently invented
an apparatus for arresting and extinguish
' ing sparks. Are the -iris going to .tand
11., the New loik correspondent of
the Raleigh Observer,11 in a ;Jewui letter
Ikis the following to say to tbosy ;vho are
crying out about hard 'times', riiiidtheic is
sound philosophy aud comiuou,. fjense in
it: '"" ' " ..V"
"Tlie times are Jum!, are they ? Stop
a minute and think if it is not 'a great
deal more iu our speech than iu our ex
perience. You have a fair salary f Yes.
Pretty god clothes? Yes. laveas wel!
as usual? Yes. Pay your debtf Yes.
Eujoy your work f Yes, Livof peaceably
with your family and neighbor! Yes.
Sleep well ? Yes. Ary you mt"a . isciple '
of the "sand-lot" orator T . Then don't
talk "haixrtimes longer. "Kojjg- m ill
help so much to the relief, of 'chronic
discontentment as to turn Wie'alk m
"good times." A spirit of nou-cpjnplain-
ing is house, food, clothing, friends-to
Speaking of the swarm of coitfidpntbut
ill-informed theorizers vh -pieaujued To
represent the workingmeu of tlieuintry
before the Congressional Committee for
investigating the "labor questionn ses
sion in this city, the Trihuue saxtisieally,
et not unjustifiably, remarks' hat "it is
a curious circumstance that thonn who
do not own a dollar of capital, amLnever,
except upon compulsion, do aday' work
at any kind of labor, arc the ones who un
derstand better thau anybody elsehe re
lations of capital aud labor, aud are the
most comietcnt to adjust each to tieoth--er
and to the., State. Curiously, enough,
too, tlie men who own capital aul the
men who live by labor are so ignoijjnt 1
the whole subject that they cauuot b.
permitted to arrange their own business.
The capitalist cannot negotiate yih the
i workingman for the labor winch piakes
capital productive, nor the woikiugniau
treat with the capitalist for the ecjiange
of his labor for pecuniary rewardTwith
out the interferenc of other men h not
ouly do not labor nor employ labor, but
who have never studied this or auyvother
question, and have hardly reflected sober
ly upon its most snpcrliical aspects, And
these latter are the ones who speat with
It is a pity that so many political k wk
papers and politicians-mistake the v;itor-in-s
of such idle-theorizers for the views
of workingmeh. Our sober-minded and
practical artisans and- mechanicsr-ami
they constitute numerically as well as in
dustrially the real working r -las -are not
given to such crack-brained scjieiu.es for
inaugurating-the millennium by govern
ment proclamation. r
Viintiixj in Japan.
The advantages possessed by the .art of
printing with movable types are incontes
table. For Europeans, whose alphabet is
composed of a small number of letters on
ly, nothing is more easy than to.,foriu
words. Rut it is a djti'crcnt thing vptire
Iv in countries which, like ci.iiii.innd J-
pan, have a parlicu'.ir
haiHi teKto e.x-
in i'ss everv idea everv word. . Aceor-
ding to the correspondent of a Join mil
from which we have bellowed these de
tails, the compute collection of Japne.-c
types comprise 5,000 characters, of which
3,000 are iu constant use, nd 2,000 are
employed occasionally. These are ar
ranged in a Japanese composing room on
shelves like the books in a library) the
compositor is thus obliged to be continu
ally ou the gowhile collecting his types.
The great uuinber-of tlrcir characters for
printing has th'is far prevented the Chi
nese and Japanese from correspoiidjiigby
electricity ; the telegraph, that in-M ui -.a-i.i.
of civilization, having remanimd in the
hands of foreigners. It i v no w '.ider then
that the telephone-has leen received hi
Japan with the greatest favor. i,c ;joi -
dc lie ta Scirncc. .r:
A Source of Hard Times,. ,.
Speaking of the vast ami . toji -great -extei
t avoidable destruction of pr-Ojx r
ty by fne in this country, the Fireman
says that fires aie increasing, ioth in
numlH'i-s and de.striic4iveness, tav more
rapidly than the increase of wealtjf-juid
production. It is computed that .from itn
annual loss by tire in i of ?:i.3,0(XJi;0',
the annual loss, exclusive of exceptional
tires such as Ronton ami I'huagi (if -Jhey
may lv called "exceptional"') has increas
ed to UH),000,0;)0. Tliei'uU significant-"
of this sfatemcut eaniwt be. realized, un
less analyzed. This loss is the inenu-di-able
loss of human product and industry.
It is the conversion of human blood, bruwii
and muscle, necessary t; create 1 00,()0, -(MX)
of value, into ahesaud smokc ,;As.
suming the labor that produced 'this yalmj
to be worth .per day, this loss i the
loss of more than the coiulnned labor of
1 00,0! XJ men for one entire year. . Then,
too it mast Ik; remembered that thi is
surplus production. It has lieen accumu
lated by producers after earning iiyi'11"
hoods for themselves and families, and
paying their share of the cost to the gov
ernment and their propoitioii to the bur
dens of society. It would require, t lien,
tho labor of RHl.OoTl men for iO years to
replace by sarpl is production thuannu
. . - i . - i i.
al loss. I is not only so -iiii-cut-m ;yiii
subtracted from the resources of the coun
try, but it is tlie loss of the productive
power of so much. capital.