VOL IX. THIRD SERIES
SALISBURY. H. C, SEPTEHfiiiR 261 1878
t-ii!)H ill Jtlj
i - '
- , - - - - - -
.. Written for the Watchman.
TO 'THE CRICKET.
u)ioeW loves nature's wittiest moods,
Ju forest, field or fen
Vlioe'er loves peaceful solitudes,
-far from the haunts of men
Whoe'er enjoys the rural home's
Warm fireside's fond delights,
Id quiet pondering uusiy tones
Through silent winter nights,
Hath Jearned, sweet cbirpcr, long ago,
Theutarthis chosen friend; ;
That to Iris life thy tnnsic's flew
-A ceaseless charia doth lewd ,
X(Mvouder suierstituiL comes,
Wuen nund the house no more
la heard thy voice, and wasted crumbs
Thou seek'st not as before;
The awful silence to construe
Into aa omen dire
CTdeath or sickness we most rue -; -
oside that hapless, tire .
A'ofvotidf r when thy soft notes ceased
'Neatl i hearth? roc, smaim noor,
The aiieient rustical fears increased,
In mystic day of-yore !
Whene'er aiy, wandering footsteps stray
To yonder city's dome,
At eve returning, round my way.
Thy) welcome back to home
I hear the singiug injherass .
And by thy silvery streams
That purl along the deep morass
In evauescent gleams;
Arid when. my study lamp is lit,
And blow 1 dip my pen,
How rapid" fancies round me flit,
Where thou art chirping then '
Such time, from Dickens, wizard king
Of fiction's wide domain,
His "Cricket on the Hearth" would spring.
Child of his teeming brain;
Ami pensive (goldsmith mourned along
.1 Deserted Village" street
. The absence of thy social song,
Where otiee trod busy feet;
-O'er 'I'enseroso's" cheeks so pale,
By Milton's pencil drawn,
Just one bright gleam would fitful steal
- Tiiy chirpings in the lawn !
When I am dead, I would not lie
lu churchyard cold and grim.
Hut in some pleasant garden, nigh
To farm-house neat and trim:
Where all among the joyous flow'rs
Safe hid the live-long day, '
Full gaily thro' night's moon-lit bow'rs
Thou pour'st thy gentle lay.
Companion of my lonely life!
" Attend me iu my tomb;
litre calm my heaving bosom's strife
There hallow my last home !
E. P. H.
THE MOOUESVII.LE. MOCKSVILLE
- - AND WINSTON HAIL KOAl).
Mu, Editoi: : -The above is the title
- , c o j ...
"by tlic. Secretary yf State, iu nccoulauce
to a general mil toad law passed by the
Legislature of North Carolina wliieli ean
1m found 'in flattie's Revisal under the
head 'of Kail Uoails. " . .
The U)ai tl of directors, at tlieir meeting
held in .uoorcsvme, employed .Mr. Moore
to survey this Koad from Mooresville to
Winston Ify way of Mocksville. On Thurs
day, . SeptT 5th, if I mistake not, Mr.
Mixtre, with his assistants began the sur--.vryaud
has surveyed it to Third -Creek
Mation on the Western X. C. H. II., and
i now engaged iu running a second line
to Mooresville, and if necessary will run
a third line to Third Creek Station; and
thence to Mocksville and Winston. There
i -no. dQu,but the directors of this Hoad
inteol to pktsli it through from Moores
ville feu Whist'Mi as speedily us it can be
don4 t If " '
TNliealvei- this road is built it will be
of very great advantage to the people of
Davi, Uowau, aad a portion of Iredell
ami Wni-ttvtlio i'.itiit!iu . A iw I iTJf ol...nl.l
- - - - - - - - - - --...... ... i 1 i. .v II' I. Ill
1h pushed through to Dauville, as is con
templated 1 it will le a, great through
freight line from Danville to the Southern
ftates. The - city of Charlotte is much
interested in seeing this Hoad completed,
filP St will i At.k . ...11.-
if she should conclude to thnvn an extra
rail on hr road J'roni M(Mresville to the
city of Charrotte.so that this road can run
lier freight down to ' them. The citizens
aleng the entire Hue art alive to the im-
Irtaace, of 'aiding iii the completion of
nil Koatl. . L.et those . wio Ihink this
Hoad will lie a failure just watch and wait
- the movements of the dhVetor on the
imeoflLul Hojul. Mr. Isaacr -Harris, of
Jiooresvrtk, is a team withia himself and
he is too inn)i luf .t-ai tvrl ; if i.
'r r - 'DAVIE."
THE CONXECTICITT DEMOCKATS.
Thf State Vonventum1larmoniblt Sett-
'ion-rXomiHationvf Aliae State Offi
- ; , ' : ' t -
Sew Ha vkx, Septemlter 1 7. The Demo
cratic convention met in Music Hall this
-ni'orniDg. Every town iu the Stote was
represeuted. Fraucis A. Mtirden, of Stam
hri, was chosen temporary chairman. He
id the financial Viuestion was as iniKr
Jantone before the con u try, and the peo-
t - a out i mi ii in:!! ii m n
convention as would uudo tho fiuan-
Clal kgWatigh of the last sixteen years.
iue various coiuiuittees were appoint
et and Mr. Morden chosen permanent
President, with a vic'prmldraf from. each
natorial district and a secretary from
ch county. The committee onrelola
ns are in favor of soft money. Senator
hton and A. E, Burr, are not in the con
potion, and it is reported that they left
GwoiB disgust when they ascertained
complexion of tltewmimittee on resi
utions. The. old State ticket, E D Hub
ard, of Ilartirdr for Governor, FrancU
tt Looniis, ' of Tew London, for Lieuten-
iOkGP ernra Dight Morria, of Bridge
Ja;,8 J f State, Edwin A Buck,
Huh? h f Trsurerajid Vchju C
"War,l, of Middletown, for Comptroller,
din re;.noninated by fficclamation. The
tenant011 0f Frauiii U W,,ui
(S. "l0ovenpr was rend and a accepted.
for t ; ' irand fl)erby, was nominated
LAST WAGER OF BATTEL
On the 26th of May, 1817, a beautiful
young woman named Mary Ashford, in ,
the bloom of her youth, being but twen- ,
ty years of age, went to dancoata village
called Sutton Coldfield, near Erdington I
in Warwickshire. It was a village path- i
eriug held by a miscellaneous party at The
Tuhur Tr.. ta,... r '
provided in pleuty ; and the swains of the
neighborhood there collected by degrees
became boisterous and riotous. The girl
there met a farmer's son named Abraham
Thornton, who resided in the immediate
vicinity, and with whom she danced da
rings the evening. She did not leave the
gay scene until a late hour; saying she
bouse which was, handier to reach than
her own home; and on leaving, she was
escorted by Abraham Thornton as far as
a style in the vicinity of the village, where
the two were seen- talking together. It
was the last time the poor girl was seen
ulive, for the next morning she was found
dead in a pit of water ; and there were
evidences on her body that showed her
death to have leeii caused by another.
General suspicion Miuted to Thornton,
and this became so intensified, that he was
arrested and tried for the murder at the
ensuing Warwick, assizes iu August fol
lowing. There was powerful circumstan
tial evidence adduced against him ; there
were marks of a struggle jit the supposed
place of the nurder, and the prisouerV
boots fitted the imprints found ou that
spot ; and other evidence-was given which
formed a 6trong chain eucircliug him with
the guilty crime. He, however, set up in
defence an alibi, which was so well sup
ported that it obtained for him a vedictof
So great was the feeling of indignation
and surprise at iiis obtaining an uccquit
al, that a new trial was asked for. Under
the advice of an acute law ver iu the neigh
boi hood, the lirothcr of the murdered girl
and her next of kin, William Ashford, at
once entered au appeal against the ver
dict. Abraham Thornton was again ar
rested, and sent to London in November
following, to be tried before Lord Ellen
borough and the full Court of King's
Hench. The whole affair was noised
about, and great excitement prevailed,
for an appeal of murder was au uncom
mon case. The lawyers even interested
themselves, and discussed . therein its
TegnTbeaTui's. " ' ' ' " "
1 u due cmii-soT, Abraham Thornton ap
peared before the full Court of King's
Bench in the custody of the shiriff, by
whom he was handed over, under the or
der of the court, to the governor of the
Marshal sea Prison. All formal prelimi
naries were got through, and the prisoner
was called upon to plead. -He was effi
ciently and ably defended by counsel;
and instead of a regular a ud usual defence
by arguments, evidence, and witnesses,
the prisoner boldly defied all common
forms of procedure. He pleaded "Not
guilty ; and I am ready to defend the same
by my lody." He challenged his accuser
to single combat, to decide his innocence
or guilt by the ancient custom of "the
wager of battel.' He acqmpanied his
plea by the old form of taking off a glove
(a horse glove), handed him by the coun
sel, and throwing it down on the floor of
the Court as a wager.
William Ashford (a delicate looking
young man) was in court, actnally came
forward to accept the challenge, by pick
ing up the glove, wheq he was restrained
by those about him. ' The prisoner's plea
and challenge cauie npon all concerned in
the prosecution with so much surprise,
ami indeed upon the court also, that the
counsel for the prosecution moved for
time to counterplead, which was granted.
With what surprise and amazement did'
the assembly, aud indeed the nation, ask,
whether such an obsolete mode of trial
could be insisted on by a prisoner! Law
yew withintiuite trouble searched through
the musty aneieift records, in order to
discuss the question authoritatively; and
all wondered at such an old right being
so suddenly unearthed from the depths of
ancient law ! -
In due time the prosecutor counter
pleaded, setting forth the whole facts, and
furtheiscircumstauces which had come to
light, tending to fix the prisoner with his
guilt, so as take away the right to wage
battel. But after a further adjournment,
the prisoner delivered the replication,
setting forth his alibi, , and insisting on
his ancient right. The prosecution de
murred that the replication was bad in
law; and the demurrer came on to be
Lheard iu due course. The case was learn
edly and ably argued for the prosecution.
All the ancient writers were cited in sup
port of; the argument of the prosecution,
that uuder such a set of circumstances, as
set out, the prisoner could not claim a
wager of battel. On the other side for the
prisoner, it was just as learnedly argued
that he could. The arguments of the case
were not concluded until after four sepa
rate sittings of the court ; aad on April
16, 1818, after much deep research into the
authorities and consideration thereof, the
court unanimously gave judgment for the
prisoner in favor of the ancient right of
wager of battel whuh he claimed ; Lord
Ellenborough, Lord Chief Justice, saying;
"The general lav of the land is iu favor
of the wager of battel ; and it is our duty
to pronounce the law as it is, and not as
we may wi8h ifc to Whatever preju-
dice, therefore, may justly csist against
tbU TOode of ria, 8tl11' M lt t,,e liW of
the land the court must pronounce judg-
mem; OT ,A"e "miam
Asljford, through his counsel, informed
tLe court that he dld not noW feel 1,,m"
j-6 -n accepting the challenge ;
and the Priner thereupon , discharg-
eu irom cusiouv. nu aiu-rwurus mariieu
and left this country for America, where
he died in obscurity, (This case and the
elaborate arguments are fully reported in
the first volume of Barnewall and Alder
This was the last case of wager of bat
tel ; for such was the wouder and regret
at the judgment of the court y. such was
case, and the law as propounded by the
judges, that in the next session ef parlia
ment an Act was passed by which wager
of battel, appeal of murder, and other in
congruous " privileges" were abolished.
Sew York Observer, '....:; :
"THE UTILITY OF SMALL THINGS.
The poet editor of the Augusta Consti
tutionalists has some excellent remarks
upon the above topic. He says among
other things :
''In America everything is wasted. In
Europe everything is saved. Xothinc is
too mean to be utilized. What the Amer-'
can throws away, the Frenchman, for in
stance, makes a profit of it. .
He says they actually utilize empty sar
dine boxes, a thing that would never oc
cur to an American. We copy the follow
ing suggestive and usefnl paragraph :
"Too many of our people are wasteful ,
in small things.' The great art of econo- j
my is unknown to all but the foreign ele- i
ments in our midst. They are. .growing
rich from paltry beginnings, because they ;
have been educated to save where an
American has leen taught to destroy, dis
card or squander. Great tribulatiou will
come to our people, greater than any they
have hitherto known, in cousequeuce of
their thiftless habits. Willful waste makes
wofiil want. Let Americans take a lesson
from the foreigner within and without
their gates, or else prepare for a dismal
future, in the loss of character, hanniness.
comfort and partrimony. Xo man need
be stingy or avaricious. Those are sins
as well as the extremes of improvidence.
!... :. : . : :.i i .. .n
Lll - ..' "
pse their generation, to practice pru
dence and frugality iu small as well as
These be wise words. We are all far
too apt to disregard small things. We are
often penny wise and pound'foolish. We
forget too the lesson of the old axiom,
that take care of the peuuies and the
pounds will take care of themselves. For
tunes colossal Kothschild fortunes are
made up of penuies. The sea is made up
of drops of water, the earth itself of parti
cles of dirt. Indeed "little things" play
a most important part iu all that concerns
us. Tho guano islands were formed by
the gradual deposits of birtls, one by one.
The wealth of individuals and of natious
arises in gradual accumulation the con
stant, unceasing deposits, it may be of but
one cent at a time. Old Dr. Sam John
son thought so highly of the practice of
frugality that he somewhere has said that
it may be termed the daughter of pru
dence, the sister of temperance and the
nnr-nt f lilwfrtv a. .,.af,i 5.. i.
above extract, the. practice of. economy,
the indulgence of a saving, utilizing habit
ueed not involve stinginess or avaricious
ness. Not at all. A man may "utilize
small things" and economize at every
turn, aud yet be a generous, Hbcral, kind
ly soul. Frugality and liberality should
go hand in baud for thev are sisters born.
William Penn said that "the first without
the last begets covetousness," which is a
great sin, and as mean as it. is sinful;
while "the last without the first begets
prodigality," which like a finger-board
Ioints to shabby clothes, leaa diet and the
poor house. We close with an anecdote.
An agent representing a benevolent
cause was about to enter a store. As he
approached the door he heard the mer-
chant soundly berating the clerk for his
wastefulness in sweeping out with trash a
small half-sheet of inferior wrapping pa-
ne'r. At this the air,,r. n KSv.
a - -- - w gwvus wm su
ing it useless to trouble such a close-fisted
old fellow with any application in behalf
of the cause be represented. Afterwards
lliinlrini. Wn. 1m Ii l i. .1 - 1 . J A -
uuuaiuj l ! no II HUl UUIIO HIS UUiy,-
he retraced his steps and entering the Btore
interviewed the merchant in his counting
room, laid before him the cause, and re
ceived fifty dollars as a donation!. He was
very much astonished of course, and theu
u .. . uJi i i .i . . ,
told the merchant how he, the agent, had
first passed by and why. To thig the fru
gal man of business said : "My dear sir!
it is by saving the little things that I anu
able to day to give your cause fifty dol
Tisiikke Rosn Hasitaxa tr.-On the 27th
of this month the Hebrew nation through
out the would will celebrate the festival
of Rosh Hashanah, or the New Year. It
Is the beginning of the month Tishri, first
of the Jewish civil year. The festival is
termed Youi Horushuea dar for hW.
ing the trumpets and the first day is, '
according to tradition, the anniversary of
the creatiou of the world. 1HMi'fffo
AFTER IJEATH WHAT t
- I - kw.fa or.iuiaxBrDeovnor uad
The Rer. Randolph S. Fosterof Boa-Int.heciiotttcoXw an
ton, delivered at Fairport, NewYork, adiencefor dbjttr hiatanL KTho; trick
few days ago", his second lecture, entitled Jwm cause of a great deal of speula
"Beyond the Grave," to an Immense and 1 mn the ami Wats, who were pre.
frrontlv intnito.l aint!nM TT.
mm uvi voivu wuuivhvvi m BLnJ&D ass
the effect upon the soul of the destruction
of the body at death, aud said 'Sudden
ly the human machiue stands stilL .What
became of the man T We have ho . per
sonal testimony. We have seen no man
who has gone beyond the crave If we
take the Bible away, our belief lira future
life rests upon an insecure foundation. 1 .1
find myself a man. . I think, I feel, I hare
emotions and feelings. I will, 1 am. I
know all this. I think and feel that I am
t&xfQKStTjU&k&'vxii tots ideft
into me, and I will hold to it until lie
takes it from me. He made me, and I
cannot remake myself er pat myself out
of existence. The proof is that what has
been created abides, remains forever.
There is no proof that any created thing
has ever been abolished .or destroyed.
No creature can destroy itself. It is true
that forms perish, but forms are not
things; they change, but the substance re
mains. It is said that as animals perish
so may men perish; but I deny it. The
substance of the body is not destroyed,
only the form. The soul of a man is a pure
and simple substance; hence it cannot
I"8" An anatomist can dissect the
body, but no anatomist can dissect the
soul. Evidence that man was ever anni
hilated is challenged from all men. A
human soul is a spiritual essence that can
think or will. It is a growing something;
it unfolds its power, and in this there is
no limit." He then sketched the growth
of the human soul from babyhood to the
prime of manhood, and said there was no
limit to development, which would go ou
forever. He said : "Would God be so
prodigal and improvident as to destroy
the grandest of all the creatures he has
made, the human soul ? Again, immor
tality was inferred because man has an
instinct which teaches it. God created
that instinct, aud he will not mock it. If
man is not immortal he may indict the
throne of the universe aud impeach the
Almighty God of heaven, aud upon the
grtm,,s ot justice. Hut God is just. His
vin"itiou i complete
He can do a
better thing bv those who love Him thau
: He does for them in -this life. He can
hereafter put crowns of glory on their
heads, and He will do it. There is no
' evidence that death is an everlasting
I sleep, but there is evidence not enough,
not fully satisfying that there is life
beyond the graye."
MACALLISTEK'S WOXDEHFUL BOX.
Myxtcrious Xiyhtly Event On Broadway.
TIip most wonderful feat performed by
Macallister at the Globe Theatre is the
Paudora Mystery, of which he claims the
origination, aud which, ou ordinary prin
ciples of analysis, is really a battling ex
periment in legerdemain. A box con-
;tructed of common flooring is placed
upon a couple of caqieiiter's dog's. The
box is about four feet high by three feet
in length and two and a half in breadth.
The strips of flooring are securely nailed
to upright standards, one in each corner.
The angles are also securely strapped at
intervals with iron straps screwed firmly
to rue tniioer, ooiii attue siues ana at
A i " 1 1.1 ..I 1 1 .
the bottom.. The lid is constructed of
the 8ame material as the box, has a pair
01 neavy strap ninges ana is lasrenea ny
a hasp and staple, the latter receiving a
powerful padlock. Two carpenters were
last night called upon the stage, as a spe
cial committee, to examine the rccvptacle
' aml reIort httwr there was any false
Itottou) or any mode of opening it except
by unlocking it and lifting the lid. After
a full inspection, during which the box
was turned over, sounded, pulled about
aud tested in every possible manner
known to the trade, the committee pro
nounced it a strongly made packing-box
01 H,e oru!DaiT P". une 01 mem, at
P(l,,est of Macallister, then closed the box,
the padleck, turuel the key, and
Pt tho latter in hi. pocket. As further
he tied up the padlock in such
a msinncr that it was impossible to get at
i thc keyhole. The piano played slowly,
it 1! s .
- and a screen moved between the audience
i" . ' . . m "
At . A A. A..
entirely irom view, or 10 aoinit 01 suo-
1 stitutien. The magiciaa passed behind
(he screen as noiselessly as a cat. In less
than 30 seconds the screen was withdrawn
and the committee was requested to ex
amine the box. Meanwhile the magician
I . tl 4 B
r ted that the lock had not been tampered
i... .1 ,.tA-:.,i- : Ti
with, unlocked it, aud lifted the lid, when
up leaped the mysterious magician, like
i Jack in the famous toy, or the goblin in
1 the Arabian legend. The question was
how he got in there. The uext procedure
was to lock the magician in the bex, with
the same eareful and exact attention to
detail that has been previously observed.
Music trickled from the keys of an unseen
piano, and the green screen almost as
thin aa frAiim. cliil alitwlv into nlue. ami
remained for about 20 seconds. Not the
"slightest sound was heard behind the
screen : the droninr of a nin could have
distnrbed the silence of that breathless
20 seconds. The screen was withdrawn
and revealed the magician sitting upon
the lid of the box. The lock had not
; EUfc.- iCJ lOrk ITmm:1
. ; in v.ii i
THE DEATH DAMPEN "MEMPHIS.
fl Cit&ypcad Ma',
TupTfte phmmy -Breath . 0 rowing
$tore StifflUg Erery paylie Failing
jVoir, and the Prospects
JTerrible Beyond Conception. ,
rroni the Memphis Avalanche.
castaways on desert isle each day for form
and occupation's sake enter up in their
log the monotonous record of the drea
ry day, so we sit down to our log book to
night. As the days of their lonely exile
lengthen into weeks and months, and the
new day brings naught bat the old hopes,
the old longing and miseries ; as the hand
shades the eyes from the setting sun for a
last, long sweeping glance over the nndot
ted waste of waters; as the seamen in
the fire light then sits down to write the
same record of disappointment nothing
changed, only hope grown weaker; it can
not but be a heavy, weary task. So we
prisoners here many of us doomed and
but awaiting the executioner turn to this
daily duty with sad, sad hearts. Outside,
the soft moonlight plays npon the street
and wall and breaks iu shimmering bright
ness o'er the slate roof above. The si
lence of the street is exaggerated as the
trees throw their weird shadow and the
awnings darken the pavement. As the
beautiful babe, so winning, that death
even could not have the heart to mar the
tlower which he plucked, lies as though
'twere sweetly sleeping; so Memphis, su
pernaturally tiuiet with the softest and
most beautiful lujht Hooding her streets,
seems but sleeping; only sleeping. A
noise ; and a heavy wagon laden with cof
fins lumbers up and goes rumbling by.
That wagon breaks the spell. The eyes
are shaded by the hand which shuts the
moonlight from Uie eye ami the bright
fancy from the heart. 1 "liroiigh the mind
iu swift panorama tiiv.- hoi rid scene of the
past day moves swiftly. We shudder and
walkiug to tiie window again gaze upon
the moonlight and its shadows. Yes, the
- .... .i i . ..
city still seems to bo sleeping, but. it is
the sleep of death ! The day's record ii
horrible. The few new cases reported
are not a tithe of those which occurred.
Negroes will not work, will not leave
town, but lie about and draw rations, and
then get sick and become a burden intol
erable.. The fields are white with cottou,
but uot a ftMJt will they move. They give
their sick no care, and seem to thiuk they
must be fed iu idleness and nursed with
the greatest care. Mr. Laugstaff, presi
dent of the Howards, was in despair. "I
can get no foodfor my nurses. Onrmen
are falling every day, and if we do not
drive these lazy people out of town not
one of us will lie left." And he expressed
the awful truth, not overdrawn. The
food remains and the fever feeds. The
nurses iu two more days cannot attend
one half the sick. They must die like
sheep aud rot where they die, if some
thing is not done that we cannot advise
or see any way of accomplishing now.
We are doomed, surely, truly, unmistak
ably doomed. The cold shoulder has
Wen turned on many a friend during the
night of distress. Self-preservation has
blotted out all other emotions.
Tailing a Hole, in a Board.
At the Smithsonian Institute tlte other
day Edison saw a phonautograph ma
chine used for delineating graphically tho
form of the sound waves, and examining
it curiously a moment he remarked to a
"Wise men, these were, not to see that
they could put a hard point aud a piece
of tiufoil in front ot it and there was the
He was asked by a Southern Senator if
he could iuvent a machine to pick cotton,
and replied that he "thought so." loiter
on the same day a jierson watching the
operations of the phonograph said :
"Edison, I wouder if you couldn't talk
a hide through a board f"
"Of course I could, was the reply; aud
he took a slip pf pa per and rapidly stratch
d the point of the phonograph iu connec
tion with a small ratchet wheel, which in
its turn by proper cogs connected- with a
gimlet. Thus every vibration of the mem
brane of the phonograph, instead of pro-
thtt ixiint airaiust the tinfoil, would
Lint the ratchet wheel forward and run
the gimlet, and a man would actually, be
able to talk a hole through a pine board.
There is a lady iu Henrico county, Vir
ginia, aged 40, who is the mother of twen
ty -five children. This is on the authori
if tlit Kiehmoiid Whin. The Wnshiucton
Post has been interviewing Mrs. Austin, least for tow years to come.-CWofe
a Union woman from Tennessee. She is Democrat.
54, and has given birth to forty-four " "
children, and is very proud of it. She' Hayes seems to hare recovered his con
has a sister 43 years old who has had fldeuce in the American people. At all
twenty-six children. Her name is Mrs. events, he travels about without the least
Carry Kinny. Her husband's sister has
! bad forty -one, ten of whom -are twins,
- So, according to this, three mothers have
J had one hundred and twelve children,
THE HONEY-MOON ECLIPSED. .
VWhn you are looking on me you are
looking down on a heart-broken woman,"
said Eliza Powers as she wiped her eyes
before, the deski '
"They come here most every day," be
"l was ma.sd.jnr. weeks ago," she
sighed softly a she scratched lier nose.
"I was living as cozy, as a duck, up ou
Cheiie street, whep Powers first ftaind
me. He said he was struck with my
beauty." , . . ,
"Was he crazy r waiv inquired his
Honor, after the. boys got through laugh-
h? , nice, man, or u 1
ien.;; If e could quote off the
nieest poetry you ever heard. He conld
tell yoti how long George Washington
was President, which is the biggest city
in the world, when old John Brown was
killed, and lota of other things. And he
called me his angel, sir, and lie was al
ways talking about my raving locks and
"llurry up come to the family fight as
soon as you can," warned the Court, as
she paused for breath.
"Can't 1 tell what I wore when
went to be married ?"
"No, ma'm. The law doesn't know
you wore anything."
iWell, I did, sir. D'ye s'pose I'd be
married without clothes, and good clothes,
toot Well, as I was saying, we'd been
married three days when I hit him a slap
ou the ear and he gave me a cuff ou the
"Any more f "
"Yes, sir; but it was his fault. Ik
called me names, and he objected when
I took a little sip to drown my sorrow,
and he was mad when I wouldn't draw
my seven dollars out of the bank aud let
him invest it for me. The other day he
left me. We bad a row, sir, and because
I backed him iutu iT wood box and jatned
his head agin a rail he flew to Canada."
"I'm left here with me sorrow
This dark day;
That I may die to-morrow
I shall pray."
"Oh, you may make light of this ach
ing heart, sir, but I'll soon be under the
" ou'll soon get the red color out of
j your face, your hands washed, vouv hair
1 . . . -
combed, aud a job for sixty days," lie re
plied. "Ifyousendme np I'll choke meself
to death with a string !"
"That is nothing to me, Mrs. Johnson.
If I lend a man my snow-shovel and he
breaks his back by falling over it, the
law can't. hold me. Go in and sit down.
There's a pan of snow apples, a dime nov
el, and a good fire in there.
. f'RANT AND LEE.
In the September number of the South
ern Historical Sttciety Paper, a writer
affr giving the Federal official report of
the strength of Grant's army, says :
"So that General Grant crossed the
Hapidau with 141,160 men, andJiad as a
reserve npon which he could draw au
available force of 137,672, making a grand
total of 278,813. His own official report
shows that nearly the-whole of his force
was actually engaged iu his and Hutler's
operations, or iu Hunter's expedition,
which latter, General Lee Was compelled
to meet by hnvy detachment from his
own army. To meet this mighty host
General Lee had ou the Hapidau less than
50,000 men, and in bis whole "Depart
ment of Northern Virginia (which inclu
ded the garrison. around Richmond and
the troops in the valley), his field return
for tho last of April, 1804, shows only
52,t2 "present for dntyj
The simple truth is that on that great
camiMiigu Lee foiled Grant in every move
he made, defeated him in every battle
they fought, and so completely crushed
him in that last trial of strength at Cold
Harbor that his men refused to attack'
again, and his brave army, "shaken in its
structure, its valor qneuched in blood,
aud thousands of its ablest officers killed
or wounded, was the Army of the Poto
mac no more." (Swinton) and the gov
ernment at Washington would have been
ready to give up the straggle if its fur
ther prosecution had depended alone on
"the great butcher." Grant says he lost
in this campaign, from the Wilderness to
Cold Harbor, IO.000 men, but Swinton
puts his loss at over t!0,000.
There is talk of sending Governor
Hampton to the United States Senate if
: the Democrats should secure a majority
. the South Carolina legislature. Ao
'"I 11 w, ;r
Hampton can no ins mnie ven uiues more
good as Governor at Columbia than he
' can as Senator at Wasluugtou. It would
be a great injury to the State to remove
apparent tear I liw me, aespiro me iacf
that his chosen protectoi -from :i passim -
tion, Maxwell, has been rutur--dy torn
from his side and lodged in the pemtcu-
THE NEW SILYEU DOLLAR ORDER.
4 The recent order of the Secretary of the
Treasury to the Uuited States Treasurer-
directing him to exchansw standard silver
dollars for greenbacks o nud '.after ..Sep
tember IG, is regarded at the Trcasury
Departnieut as a practical resumption of
specie payments, more sweeping, in, it
effect than the resumption act takinv ef
fect next January. The last named law
provides for resumption, in sums of ftfty
dollars and ita multiple, at sub-troasurie.
whereas the letter of the Secretary ot Oh
Treasury of last Saturday makes 116 limit
as to amount, and prescribes no particular.
piace, except the several snb-trauuriea
where exchange of silver for crWnbacks
Is to be made. . '
It is thought that the effect of the. new
order will be to whollr ollih.r!it ili-
small remaining premium on gold, thus
making paper, silver and gold dollars of
equal value as circulating mediums. It
is not thought that the order will place
more of the silver dollars it rjrculatipju
importers having customs duties to pay
will take their greenbacks to obtain sil
ver for them at one window, aud then ex
change silver dollars for silver certificates
at another . window. This practically
jjnakes greenbacks equal, with gold and
silver for payment of customs. It is not
thought any amount of -silver" worthy of
consideration will be taken from, the
Treasury, because, for the purposes of
commerce, the greenback is preferable,
and the new ones and twos may now be
had at the Treasury iu any amount.
Baltimore S'mm. '
Female Duel. A good deal has lately
been heard of the progress of female
emancipation iu Russia, but it is some
what of a novelty to find the Russian la
dies figuring in the character of duelists,
as was the case not long since with two
lielles of Petigorsk, a weU-khowuiashioii-able
resort ou the northern slope of the,
Caucasus. A dispute arose between the
rival beauties, springing out of tho atten
tions paid to each in turn by a handsome
young cavalry officer quartered in the
neighborhood. The quarrel ran so high
that one of the Amazons at length dis
patched her maid to the other with a for
mal challenge, which was instantly ac
cepted. The belligerents met without
seconds in a lonely place outside the town,
eueh armed with a brace of loaded pistol?.
Ik-fure. however, they Lid even taken
their respective position's; the trembling
of the one lady's hand caused her pistol to
explode prematurely, sending a bullet
through thejlress of the other, who shriek
ed and fell down in a swoon. The assail
ant, frightened out of her wits, flung
away her weapon ami ruhed to raise the
supposed corpse;-hut her ungrateful an
tagonist, recovering her senses as sudden
ly as she had lost them, clutched her by
the hair with one hand, while loxiug her
ears with the other iu the most energetic
style. The firing having now ceased, the
battle proceeded hand to hand. LoeKsof
hair, ribbons, and slircds of cloth iug flew
in every direction, and but for the timely
advent of three or fonrpolicemeiLthc "af
fray might have ended like the somewhat '
similar combat of the Kilkenny cats. The
military Lothario's only remark on hear
ing the storywas, "It's luckj' they took
to clawing each other instead of me."
.Worth Carol'ma History.
Do the Schools and (Tilleges in tlte
State teach any North Carolina Iristory T
We fear not much. We hope more atten
tion will hereafter be paid towards in
forming children in our Schools some
thing altuiit the history and resources" of
their own State. Who will move in tne
We have heretofore thought a good deal
on the subject, and our attention was re
called to it by seeing the announcement
that a history of South Carolina has been
prepared for the Schools of that State.
That is right, and North Carolinians'
should also have a history taught in their
Schools. The Principal of the Charlotte
Institute for Youug Ladies told us that'
he was ready to introduce such a study
in his School if the necessary book could
lx obtained. We ask the co-operation of
the press, the teachers, and the eop1e'of
the State generally in the matter. Char
lotte Democrat. "
DR. ASUUUY'S INVENTION.
Rejiorts reach us through reliable chau
nels that the fruit and tobacco drying
a jLjatus t.fo'ir countryman, Dr. Dai iel
Astuiry, whbh is now on exhibition at
Danville, Va., has created a great furor
among the tobacco dealers of that lively
city, and the weed producer! of the sur
rounding country. Its work in" drying
toliacco is pronounced almost phenome
nal. Then-ait; in DiMville fori e another
machines used for drying tdaect, aud.'
this is pronounced by all who have sech .
it incomparably superior to any of them
in the manner in which it do.- jU work,,
and iu the. time ecu untied it excelled the
quickest of the othersby 14 hours. A barn
of tolmcco dried by this process sold
readily at $1.00 per pound, whereas lay
ers said that dr'eil by any o'her system
it wo II not have comn:a ided iho.v tliau
40 cents. The.ielief isgeitei al among
tb..v who have seen this nppai-.t iof ir .
Asbury that he-has a IWrtiinv i.i it. We
very much hope that sub-equnt events'
may be such as to justify lln In-lref..
" t i