1 : i"
TIICHSIUY, MAUCH fi, 1870.
I just W leceirin considernhle atten
tion; in 'Congress, and veryjusuy, too, u
it is one of thecconiimHlities usetl by al
Tuost eveilnxly iu the country. Honest
v,i however, irettius to be a very
j iuic filing In this country, and hence Con- j
fi ess has taken up the subject to insure
; f t the public, if they can, a pure and good
j Article 'nt fair and just price. And here!
w e are again pleased to state, that out of
y Koine half dozen speeches delivered in
1 Coigress on tho sulgcct, our repiesenta
yiive, Hon. Win. M. Bobbins, made the
most comprehensive aud intelligent one
of them all. He Was on the committee to
' whom the subject was referred for inves
tigation, and with a just conception of it
importance uot ouly to every family in
tho District represented by himself, but
nil other families in our wide extended
country, went into it thoroughly, and
.earthed the matter to the bottom ; auu
'then came before Congress with the facts,
iind a proposition to"ameud.existing laws
whichbebeliuved would correct the abuses
complained of. It appears from his speech
that foreign sugar, makers from whom
this equutry draws so heavily for supplies,
are In league with certain refiners in New
York for the purpose of defrauding the
government out of a portion of the tarifi
due oil the diflerent grades of this coin-
j modify, .jit seems to be
thing for the manufacturers to control the
color of their products, and this is the
mainpoint considered iii determining the
grade; They put on the color liable to the
lowest tariff rates. In this way the New
A'ork refiners obtain au article rich in the
saccaitne principle at a small cost, and
difii iv icir ritnniii!? ana arluircratin?
processes they iucrcase the quantity ami
chaufee, the color to a lighter shade, and
r- o - T"
thus run up the price and gather in from
the millions of consumers a golden liar
vest of millions.
; These refining establishments have di
minished in number. "There, were, n few
veari airo, 50, aud they were scattered
about in different parts of the country
But theystronger of them have crushed
out the weaker, so that they now number
only 21; aud about six of these have be
come jgjeat monopolies, and under the
present laws it is believed they may soon
A , J.i, - . . j ,
tire sugar trade of the country, mdepeud-
- , i i L
cut ot Cougress (unless it were more hon-
est) a"d all other powers. This should
be prevented if possible, and the amend
ments proposed by Major Kobbius and ad
vocated by .the . committee, it is thought,
1 JJ , . 1 . .. . i
-wmilrl irli,A rim rhinu tii iiifitwuuiiicf u I
.. - . .. 1 .
nrwn luA wav Tin' uAii.lkAi rriiipr. mm nl. I
J J, . . .. , ,
iiiuuuuu nwuio iv inu fuiiu no nil lie ill
pare und honest product. Ihe bill ought
to pass aud perhaps may ; but if it does,
- -- i - 1 11 n
.fill IkA ,t filitiAfilfuin f rtll l.k
111 "111 UVi 111 UIVIFVraillllil IM Ull IIIO UMIU I
swum a..M.av . w .uw VOIUVIIOH I
mil miliiiMifo lit flip iiiiiiinnen ocf !iKli1. I
. ' 4 . . ., ,
ineuts now fattening at the expense and
, i - . x . - . 1 .. .
datuhge of thepeople of the country. They
and theU agtiuts are hanging around the
capitol at Washington,, watching eV
liinvpilli(l)r. mill lirinrrinr - tn um- i.vum'
7 :rV ' . " ' iJ
1)(lK.1lm IlintlVA Jrilll llllmw tn nrnvunt t l
;IIIi I." rV:'.-v Vc
,MU1,3CuluCmill CuW. xueio is no one
t ct inil .m ,tif 1,. i.ir ::e .1...
mtwP iit:uur8 01 congress,
, f ; y ; T ;
1 v,.v. i uofcuumu l
" WV" 1111UU i 1
, I i r i. ,. . .',
hit avarice often disappoints itself, and
- ...juypvitnm solium out in III1S CaSC.
ti. a,.i. i... c..i. . .1 1
l.A.w. ; ...:n . .i I
f i lTOT " , ' IOUI "
ui uuiiug hid laic vi- mat iney couiu
iio witlipnt sugar i Acrw. They found 1
out also, how to make their own long
fjj-cet;eniug. Sorghum is splendid when
ki!lttfkld' lilkit aiiito . 1... I. .... 1 I
..vju.u. orVv,.iiiu wiu) imt) uoeu
worKing. wiui me innese-.caue Jong
r, i . i ... . I
wuiucr m.n uijuer certain con-
union itr turns to sugar in the barrel,
't'lmt"; li vi rot ? ! .n ...!. I
unit uiLi' itiieoc con-1
editions ar, and when they dp ibis, they
can snap their lingers at tire big bellied
.euuura oi evr ioi k ana tell them to try
tneir rascality ouoniebody else.
WE GIVE IT UP.
17 ' I 1 ... . . J I
v .4c w.tu trying tins wceK to solve
tne western N. C. Kailroad riddle;; to
"r ;vuu uu loau was SOIU
auu u,o ace uecaaie the purchaser at
$8o0,000. Whether it was tho 01 iidiinl
construction bonds, or on a subsequent
MCUki uu now tne anrenor chums of
Lionillinliior fir cnli ilmro . I
1 , " . wui-
l" wueiiiw or not the state is the
tlie'-noniiual owner of the
. au u.e souu grouuu on which her
.....l! . i .1 .1... .. . . . - . I
1111 rests, now the ongiual construe-
tiou klb"t W iw.n 1, 1- . . ,
. .... . w w uiftpuscu 01
mm a 101 or other ouestious
r.il.M-il!nr.Ul.t... rp. ,
......v.. .1.1 . ... "-I."
' ---"o fc.nu". i iiu luiieiirii Aiirir
T. .piyiMuuj, e are noundenn s in
tMudCut:" butwe fMiy, a little liahi i J
rrf,t... r. i , , . ' I
. .a, n-qui.wt n e tiaveueen stud-
lug theAVand the Kaleigli Or
botli ; one seems to tell more than it knows
itnU the other creeps along as if afraid of
HMI1III7 SR mill- 1 na if H' n 1 I
. 1 1 : -i
i 0 " iiiioso iioau
-th Caroling, how aud when
-yW.f W.ftw W somebody cIsc'k,
r-w.c, m,e ny ,r, (lIui by wj,at
i . : . w " ui"c 01 11,0 taxed to
nnu 1 ut 'ri . ... ... 1
l i ,
, , ..v uai iuu iv rpni . r 1 VV
, . v. una nnuen nr
. -w iMiiuu iu 1 1 1 it ik:i it i rii fiBiria a m I
(Sto W hi iiii u. .... i . I-
fhwU a g'MMl deal of the required light,
, , "vMi -
Aiyirlw,i W hi.,iim i,, : y; .
i.f "in, Aioemarie,
nter, aud Alleutown to i H,wLl..i.J,
i. '1 1: i , . . . i -
la Kichinond inimf.. ; ..ii ... r I-
y f;d at this session.
3 T - m - s . " uus-j
8S.oa. Tlio men ,laving
Ja4 W i earnest. More Iwe-
- KHHIUI.I LWIUilllll Wllll llinSIUVIIAII
refused, to re-enact the 5 law-allowiug far
mers twgive liens on their growing crops.
The till prohibiting -the carrying of
deadly wejrpouft has passed berth brandies
of the Legislature. j ' .
Therts was a bank robbery in broad
daylight in Florida, a few days ago ; but
tlie1ahk officers were lucky enough to
T . .
recover tijetoicu money. - T
Resident has called an extra ses-
Congresa for the 18th iust. Failure
of the army and legislative bills made
the call iiecc&satr. .
The !Yirgiirtar-Debt Hill has failed to
pass the Legislature. Hint State seems
to be less inclined to come to the scratch
on thee score of her old debt than North
Carolina. - .. ;
Pkthkl, The case ofj Geo. Pethel, in
dicted for poisoning his wife, moved first
to Iredell and then to Mecklenbnrxr, was
trial to-day. - The Observer says
be defended by; Messrs. Bailey,
Mauney, Anufield and Gray j and the
prosecuting officer, will be assisted by
Cpt. Chas. Price.
Prohibition. The "Omnibus bill"
before the Legislature for prohibiting the
sale of liquors within a radius of two
miles of certain churches thereiu named
passed the Senate on the 3d instant. In
this bill "Unity" and "Christ Church,"
Rowan, and "St. James," in Iredell couu
ty, are mcludcd. Iho law will go mto
effect May 1st.;
rresiiienc iiayes nas yetoei! the mil re
stricting Chinese immigration on the
ground that it abrogates an existing
treaty with that country. That thougl
fl . ... ... , , . .
" as not, except
h single case with Fiance, in 1798, ex-
erased the power. He thinks tho evi
complained of can be reached by ordinary
Now the question is, will California sc
LxPi.osiox.-i-They were iuuning a tria
pump by a Thresher engine iu San Fran
cisco, Texas, the other day, which did not
work very well. The engineer said
wouldjiithcr run the pump or burst,' nut
iu a few minutes a terrible boiler explo
sion occurred, blowing the engineei Jnt
attorns and killing fifteen other persons
. t .
"d wounding about twenty-five, some o
whom will diei
" 1IIK 1'EItSOXAL I'KIVILKOE" lart O
Legislative affairs has got to Iw a ster.cl
111 tllfl llllcii tf hioiiir 1 1 , i An.,iU.. i
"""1 HWIICOI dIIBIIlIlCIHS,
There is generallv some fire wher tliAi-P
hs much smoke;. Men whoso live as to re
. . . -rm
.1 , , .
, . ., 1
"P1 pnv.lege," are not generally
tiving above reproach. These are blots
... V VIVIO
.1 i 1 1 i . . . .
'ri 1 , p . , m
J HKi u, . iniecnous, ana snou d be cut
iv i - 1 , .
off and consigned to personal nhHm itv
l lie W llmmgton S7rpaysa verv hand
I SOU1R fOlllDliini'lif f .n o a.
, .- . . v. ,
the lion. A. S. Merrimou. which wo
h. .. . '
the main, very heartily endorse.1 Mr.
uerrinimi fll,v. ;fo.r .
i f" " li"ni iii uie
U. b. heuate, and his career in that body
i..la K.ipn ,W4llrtr . , t, c. , . -
seuteti- Uov-Yance uow takes place.
.ln,l nlHinmrh . I.n,-. A .
i 'ccwuious oi nun as a: senator, yet we
LnfllUir i-h. I i
' Hoinn niHv re-
Hm lirtnnr n x 1
honor on the constituency who so en
thusiatieally preferred him. !
Mkxic ax WAR.-When the nenMion bill
was up in Congress, the other dav. H..r
of Massachusetts, moved to exelnlM jf.
e m . .
ierson uavis irom ita irivilTna nr
coui - se! -"the miserable traitor " nA v.f
Jen. Uavis went through thft lin
war with distinction to himself n.,
. . . i : .
io ms countrv.l so matter for tlmt ? Ani
he would not receive the pension ifitWere
offered to hini. No matter for that : it
was a good chanco for Hoar to kick the
dead lion, and we arronlv r, v tUt
southern member thought fit to reseut it
as an insult. Such undisguised inaliui
x -1 ... w
iv aiwavs earns the rnntAnmf r oA..:i.iA
people the world owr.
- - 1- v. OVIIOIUIO
U.UUU FOR THE Yadkiv K.,mvr
mext We received a teleirmm fr. ir
Wm. I M. Kohbin AntA W.a:... '
March 4tb, stilting that $20,000 had been
annronr ated for ti.n Yo.il .. t
A -ni ..... .
meuit i uis is iiigiiiy gratifying uews to all
tiuit part or . wostiTn xri. nooi..-
drained bv the Yadkin ri v.i aui
this sum may hot be suffiet tn
plish the improvement to the1 full cat.-i
1 " " ' ..
ty of the slrcaiii. vi if
" L ' T " j riMi-
u it. 1 win assure the final success of the
workl aud confer a l.iftti., .... n...
J .... " "
viiu uiouuaanu tne
miiiii' t u'lMfsin n....i! . ..
State. Onr vonnir fn...i I m. v
ISrnvvn . 1. r.ic,. 1 7
. . ' i reuciuae iiimseii on
this success of his effi,rt fU
valuable public work for the benefit of
Western North Carolina. h
n. . ii . ..
i-r JLeruneim. t tii 1 ...f 1. ........ ..1 1.
and Dr. Wilson, of the Presbvterian
church, accompanied by otlfer scientific
gentlemen, have been examining human
remains found ten miles below Wil...in..
uu mo i iu ice au.au-
llllll:lll l-t.lw.c- .....1.1 .ll
cinit. mm-iii mn.ii l ci
l . ... l. a ... 4
! .. . .. . I P 4Ut5
- vviivu w llic LUI1UUS,
grounds are common n1on
thfi iriil!.. if v.ji. I
" J ri Mro mer.. JJr.
i. v . Jones, opened one k v.,
V,1... e R lew iean
h jsiami in tne xadkin kit mila
, "" fiu, six miles
x,, .U another McblZce
.ivcr buttoa, land, of jjs.PJ V
aud other rnri
Peuniugtoa, io .
"5 uv9- paro committee on Appro- j
pnauoniycsterOAj reirtl aD , apjend- j
ment to the anndry, civil bill providing
for . tho abolition of the GoverninetittMav ! Int. iimvidMl tb PnMMAnt
Pnuting Officeind having the work done,
as here, by private parties. The stealage
is said to be very great. The honest ex
penditure for composition is about $1.00
per thousand ; that-is to say, the type
setter is paid 40 cents per thousand ems,
superintendents, Sec, of type-setting about
$40,00Q4n annual salaries j interest, fuel,
rent, &e. &c, swelling the cost to about
as stated above.
It is now well ascertained that the
Legislature cannot finish the important
business they were seut to perform for
the people within the sixty days iii which
they are allowed to draw four dollars a
day for their services. If they complete
the work at all satisfactorily, they may
be required to remain at their work for
one, two, or even more weeks Unger ;
and it is believed they will do it, though
it bo at their own expense. The Demo
cratic members cannot afford to come
away leaving a bad record for 1880. The
people are thoroughly in earnest about
the heavy taxes. It will be no relief to
lighted the burden on one side and in
crease it on the other to cut down sala
ries aud heap up appropriations for rail
roads or other public works that may be
suspended or otherwise profitably dis
posed of. Nothing has yet been done for
public schools, and this is a subject that
vitally concerns every voter who lias
children to educate.
We are still decidedly hopeful bf this
Legislature, though we are sorry to say
there are many worthy citizens who fear
it will prove a great failure. It contains
a few men who are powerful for mischief,
and a few others who are working for
themselves aud not caring a fig for the
State. . There are always such men to
obstruct business, and to make trouble
for the honest and true iu legislative
bodies, who sometimes find it impossible
to countervail them. To be a good anil
successful member of such a body is not
a bed of roses far from it. It only re
quires oue devil to keep tho whole world
THE STATE DEBT.
The bill providing for commuting am
settling the State debt has at last gon
in rougu cue Legislature, it lias cost
much time, talent and labor to get it
through, aud we.suppose the bondholders
of the State will be glad to accept it. I
they should not, the probability is it wil
be many years before auother bill can b
passed, aud then no better than this.
We subjoin from a Raleigh correspon
dent of the Charfotte Observer, the follow
mg tribute to .ur. John Li. JJuowx, of
Charlotte, to whom belongs, more than
to any other one member, the honor of
securing the passage of this bill :
out were was one ngure mere more
prominent than all, who stood back in
the lower right-haud comer of the hall,
upon whose white hairnnd beard the suni
light streamed through the oriel window
above his head. The prominent charac
ter of this act was this niau. for he had
devised tho measure and led the tiirht b
man of busines acumen, and financial
foresight ; a man who saw the nossibili
ties oi tne tuture to grow mini this mea
sure; quick and snre iu his aim, correct
III Ilic ilciliK-tirkiiu ftiii ... tiSo ... ..1 J.
.L!. . 1.1 . . .... . 7
. ...v u..ui.vuk, Ullll in ills bUULIIlSIUIlN:
wis man leu tnengnt, and though the op
position was strong, very strong, well
resolved aud well knit together, with iierl
feet kindness yet with commanding decis
ion he led the tiirht, bold, fearless and cool
and carried the measure without the mU
dition of a word. In rears hni- th
people of the State will as thev have don
to-day thank John L. Brown, the membe
n oiu Meek fen burg, for his gallant lender
ship in the salvation of the honor of the
State. Yielding to his opponents ou the
call of the previous question when ne
eessary, holding his grip at other times!,
Col. Brown, with that business sense
which leaders have, cleared awav the obi
8tacles, aud the tide of honor rushed
through the gate wags of men's hearts,
tilling them to the full, and it found ex
pressiu in that lonir. lonir cheer of cr&tii
Nor must I neglect to do honor, to. ami
if renown can follow, it should go too
Hon. Giles Mebane, Senator from Casw 11
who looking back along the pat h of his 71
winters set an example to the comiti? men
and the young in his declaration : "I want
no greater honor than to have been a
member of this body of men who have
coufered upou the children of the State
that greatest of all honor au honest
God spare the old men ! The Borrow
of trials and bitterness and acrimonies of
me years have not soured nor embittered
them, and they come to the door of dnti
with hearts and souls as full of honor Lk
in rue days when the blood bounded warm
ly and impulsively. X.
A case of Federal usurpation of judicia
power has just occurred in Vinriiiiai
wherein a Federal Judge caused the iui
dietmeut of five Comity Court Judges ou
the charge of withholding from negroes
the right of serving on juries. The Viri
ginia Legislature at once took the necesi
sary steps to test the validity of such
action, in the United State Supreme
ourt, and also directed her reprcseuta4
tives in Congress to cause an investiga
tion into the official conduct of the Hon!
Alexander Rives, author of the acts comi
riained of. This is business lik.
The Tax Bill and Taxes. In the
House of Representatives yesterday the
Revenue Bill passed its second reading!
and to-day it will doubtless pass its
third reading and go to the Senate.
The material chauges from the existiug
aw are few. I he poll tax is reduced
from 89 to 72 cents. The tax on rea
estate is reduced from 29 cents to 24
cents, viz : for general fund 12 instead o
4 cents last year j for asylums 6 instead
of 9 cents ; for the penitentiary 6 cents as
now. The real estate tax last
duced $ 13129. The reduction amounts
to about $25000.-K.i!eish Observer, 5A
f . .Tobacco; Tax The bill reducitig the
tax o tobacco to 16 cents filially passed
jCongress ou the 27tli. ll;' will lake effect
sigu the bill, which it is believed he will
j3o-T We congratulate the people inter
jested in this matter on the success of
their representatives in Congress iu press
ing this measure through. The people
jbf y this district will ,not forget the un
wearied attention given t it by the Hon.
Wm.'BI. Robbius, from first to last, as
worthv of their thauks.
Cabarrus farmer in Charlotte cotton
sold aud the money iu his pocket feels
good aud takes a little whiskey to make
him feel better a little tipsy-goes to
bed in his wagon money in his coat and
coat under his head. Wakes coat and
money gouc Ah ! there are sleek rogues
about that city.
PRIVATE STOCKHOLDERS IN
TERN N.C RAILROAD.
From the Raleigh Observer.
"The private sUvk in the Western North
Carolina Railroad has been s great LugUarin
the niinds of a great many of our peple uuder
the arrangement re-organizing the Company
in 1875, and in the LegiMlature two years ajjo
led to interminable dicuion. The matter
appears not yrt to have reached the compre
hension of all miudo.
Tlie capital Mock of the Western North
Carolina Railroad Company was original I v
$4,200,000 in round numbers, of which coun
ties and individuals held one tliiid, or $1,300
000, and the Slate two-thirds, or $3,900,000.
The private! stockholders were those who suf
fered by the vicimitudes of the Road. They
sacrificed everything, lost all the money which
they had subscribed. The estate of the la
mented Charles F. Fisher, for example, wa.
bankrupted by the Western North Carolina
Railroad. When, before the war, the work
was about to be paralyzed by the failure of a
number of contractors, and the progress of the
road about to suspend, that public spirited
citizen and gallant gentleman came forward
and took the uncompleted work of the line as
far as Morganton, receiving in payment two
thirds caph, one-third 111 stock. 'J hat is why
on the stock book there stands opoite the
name of C. F Fisher 1,498 shares of the Wes
tern North Carolina Railroad. There were a
number of other contractors and private indi
viduals holding large numbers ofxli.-ires, whilt
the counties of IJurke and McLowtll each nuh
s-Tioeu sou.vuu 10 tne ranroaii, on the conntv
bonds issued (r which they are to-day paying
Thus, while with individual and counties
the history of the ratltoad w.-is a record of pe
cuniary Micrifices, the Stale of North Carolina
has never actually lost a dollar, save a sma!
amount of interest paid on her Slate Iwnds, for
ner subscription was her bond, which she has
ieer paid, and on which the interest hits de
faulted for nearly twenty years.
'Under tlnse circumstances, when the Legis
lature of 1874-'75 was devNing ways and
means to buy the road under the then im
pending judgment sale, it was deemed a just
and wise policy on the part ot the Legislature
to allow the individual and county stochholders
to come in under the purchase to be made by
.J .1 .. . . .t
it owir, auu inn secure, 1101 on iv ineir co
operation, but the withdrawal of their suit to
lest the validity of the mortgage bonds, which
would have tie 1 the mutter up in the Slate,
Federal and Snpreme Courts of the United
States for years, keeping the road iu the hand
of a receiver, and so rendering it impossible
. ' . ft I m . .
tor me worK 01 construction aud extension to
go on, for perhaps a generation, while in the
meantime the Western people would continue
without railroad facilities, and the Slate U
denied that development so vitally important
to her. Therefore, section live, chapter loO,
laws of 184-'7o, enacted as follows :
"That upon a reorganization of thecomnanv
under this act the State of North Can Una shaft
be assigned three-fourths of ihe sUxkand the
private stockholders one-fourth of t ie stock.
uider such regulations for the anrortionmtnt
it lire private alock as the commissioners mav
,ii wiiu. m wici auv.it urgamzaiioil Hie
. v ti.-i a . 1. , . .
number f commissioner shall be increased to
lour, one of whom shall be elected bv the nri-
vatelockholders in such manner as the com
missioners hereinbefore provided for sha 1
prescribe: Provided, That the State of North
Carolina shall, in all public meetings of the
sloes holders, have a voice equal to the whole
amount of the stock assigned to the State bv
.L . ? .ft" ... .
tne provisions 01 mis act.
But that the State should not be at the ex
pense of improving the . property of private
persons, at the public expense, the Legislature
of l876-'77, chapter 100, section 8, of the
Public Laws, provided for a statutory lien on
the property of the private stockholders, as
The Superintendent of the State neniter.-
lary sua 11 oe requtreu to lurmali all supplies,
ucU as guardiiiK, teed 1 11 r, clotliinif and doctor
oills, which together with the hire of said con
victs, at a price not less than tiftv dollars ner
annum, with the maintenance of and hire of all
uch convicts as have heretofore been etuploved
on said road, together with all sums of money
heretofore paid, or may hereafter be paid, for
the j purchase of iron, or any other material
whatsoever, used 111 connection with the said
road, including such interest as heretofore has
been, r mar hereafter be oaid bv the State on
the mortgage bonds of said company, and any
uiu u expenses ol whatever character incurred
heretofore or hereafter, in the comulelion and
stockine of said road and paid bv the Stite.
shall be Charged against the said road by the
f ubiic treasurer, in a book kept for that pur
pose, and all expenditures and appropriations
thus made shall, in addition to the iien al
ready created, constitute a lien upon the fran
chises and all other property of the said com
pany whatever, and which it may hereafter
acquire, to secure the repayment to the State
of all sums of money aud value of 1 ibor ex
panded and used on said road, and which
may' hereafter be extended and used under
this act or any act of the Central. Asseiublv
The claims of the judgment creditors against
1 he Western North Carolina Railroad amount
ed to $850,000, and to that sum Commissioners
Brogden, Armfield and Robinson were limited
n their bid at the sale. It had been arranged
between these Commissioners anJ the creditors
that they should bid, in behalf of the State,
$350,000, and ine mortgage bonds of the road
to that amount with which to make the pay
ment. And so the State of North Carolina
became, a second time, a principal stockholder
in the' Western North Corolina Railroad
without paying sny money for her stock, the
only difference being, that in the second case
she Issued the mortgage bonds of the road in
bonds of her own. as in the first
The fact abore referred to fixed the capital
stock of the reorganizad Company of the Wes-1
tern North Carolina Railroad, at J$850,00d,
. "divided into shares of one hundred dollars
ch. three tWrth of which hfJiH belong to thje
state of North Carolina, andi the other one
fourth toy the Mockholdersj other j than the
Slate, each to have a certificate for hi pro
rata share o? such stock according to the num
ber of shares owned bv him, las" proAided in
the act entitled an net in relation to the Wes
tern North Carolina Kailroad, ratified the
thirteenth day of March, one thousand eight
hundred ami seventy-five; and a certificate for
Stale stock shall be issued tuf the State and
deposited in the Treasury !
Now the matter of stock in the Western
NorrirCaroliaa Railroad, State, county and
individual, resolves itself into this proposition.
The property of th Western; North Carolina
Railroad is mortgaged fori $350,000. The
capital stock of the road is $350,000, of which
the State represents $637,000; counties and
individuals $212,500; the jentire property
which said stock represents being mortgaged to
secure the bonds issued to make the purchase
of the said property. When the Slate shall
pay $637,500, and the county and individual
stockholders $212,500 to take Up the mortgage
bonds, the road will be free from debt.
And when the private stockholders shall
psy to the State one-fourth pf all the moneys,
labor, material, interest ou bonds, and every
other exponse the State has or may hereafter
put upon the Western North Carolina Rail
road, since June J 875, the said private stock
holders will own one-fourth of the interest in
the said Railroad, but till they shall have done
so their interest is merely nominal, the Wes
tern North Carolina Railroad being absolutely
the property of the Slate until all such condi
tions are complied with.
In Favor of Othkk Folks Reform
ixo. The Philadelphia Press is enthusi
astically iu favor of retonii in Baltimore.
We are warmly in favor of reform in Philadelphia-likewise
in Baltimore. It is
our opinion that it is uexi to impossible
to have too much reform, and if there is
enough to go round we would like to see
its blessings showered upon the universe.
Si'UKGEoN ox Enthusiasts. Spurgeon
says : "We ought to have room -for en
thusiasts, even if they violate every rule
of grammar. A grand blundering, ham
mering, thundering, whole-hearted Boan
erges is worth a dozen prim, reverend
.M ... , 1 .... . .... ... I. .. - !ll . .
Sv nut Him, uict-H .is iiuiK aim water and
soft as boiled parsnips."
lawyers are never more earnest than
when they work with a will that is, i
the est a to is valuable.
A small, newiy-repamd 11 UL hh, close to
business. '1 trins reasonable. 'A.Parker.
DON'T BE SWINDLED
A BALE OP COTTON
TIIEO. F. ttLUTTZ
will sell you one ton of
Boykin, Carier t Co's
For 200 lbs. Cotton,
7A7AOLH m Z70VBCXBZ1ZI !
It is the best in use. Ess to mn.ipulate.
Requires no cotion seed nor stable manure.
No charge fur recipe or right to use. Equal
to nny U nuano. Has been tested for years
Call anil jjet particulars and see testimonial
Don't be humbugged by cheap imitations.
You cm get l lie genuine only from
No20:ly Sole Agent foi Rowan,
N O T I C 1 .
In Superior Court.
Susan E. Humphreys and Benjamin F. Hill
Alfred F. Hargrave, Defendant.
The defeiuTaut atiove named is hereby no
tified that the! atove action h.i leen instituted
to recover damages againl him fur the seduc
tion of a servant, and that a warrant of attach
ment has Iteeu issued therein against his
property, and that both thesumnions and war
rant of attachment are returnable to the next
term of the Superior Court to be held for the
County of Djvidson at the Courthouse in
Lexington, ou the sixth (6th) Mondav after
the fourth (4th) Monday; of March! 1879,
when and where he can appearand answer
or demur, &c.
itness C. J?. Lowe, Clerk of said Court, at
office in Lexington, the 19t!i day of February,
ly. U. r . L'JiV lS. C. S. C.
THAT WELL KNOWN FERTILIZER OF
FOURTEEN YEARS' STANDING I
Eich in Ammonia & Phosphoric Acid.
The Leading Fertilizer Of Ihe Country
MORE EXTENSIVELY: USED THAN
ANY OTHER, :
And Particularly Adapted to
THIS COTTON CROP.
Also 'Pacific' Guano Co's
ACID PHOSPHATE OF LIME,
So well and favorably known inN. Carolina.
Can be had upon application to the following
Jno. Allen Browx,
Lj. C llANES,
C. G. Montgomery,
W. A. LUCKEV,
C. A. Carlton,
Stouoh & Sloak.,
8 a ac Harris,
J. C. BORROCGnS,
.Tun. PL "R.A AR A &. tf
Xol7 Gex'l Agents, Baltuuon?. Md.
ESTABLISHED 1 1842.
- ! I -
Mounted on Trucks or Frame of 6-48 10
12 14 and 25 Horse Power;
' t i'
WE ALSO BUILD THE J
'TEERLESS" PortaMe Elite
on frame of 4 and G Horse Power. These
engines have horizon till tubular boil
ers, made of No. 1 charcoal ham
mered iron i inch thick! and:
of 50,000 tts.teu8ile strength.!
They are the best small j
engine iu the market!
FOIL. 6, 8, 10 and 12 HORSE POWERS.
I . i
HORSE POWERS of all sizes.
SINGLE OR DOUBLE j
FEED MILLS, &c, &c.
We offer special iiuliicenicntM to cash
buyers. j j
Send for Catalogue, and: state what
yoii wish to liuv.
Address, 1UJBINSOX & Co.,
14: Kicliiupnd lud.
Thre Ls a circular of this Hoase -at Crawfonl'H
Hardware Siore, Saiishurv. where Information la re
spect to steam engines may be obtained.
AROUND the CORNER.
To the Public, Guketkg :
Present compliments to the public
and desire to cull renewed attention to their
efforts to lc useful as
Their prices arc as low as it is possible to
.. i. . . i.i. . ....
iiiukc menu ami ineir worK not interior to
any. 1 lcy till orders in two departments,
ana nave so jar given satisfaction. They
have extended their facilities recently, and
are .encouraged to hope for increased de
mands. Their ready made stock in hand
comprises a general assort men tjof house fur
niture Bedsteads, Bureaus, Clothes Presses,
Lounges, Racks. Wardrobes, I Book-Cases,
Cupboards and China Presses. Candle Stands.
Tin Safes, Desks, Tables, Washsiands, Chairs,
&c. They also keen an assortment of
' 1 1 '
ol walnut, pine and poplar, from 3 tip ward.
Also, Window Sash. They fill orders with
out vcxr.tious delays. Will contract for car
penter's worlc and warrant satisfaction. Will
take good lumber and count rv uroduce in
exchange for furniture. Shop nearly oppo
site Watchman office. Julian Fkalky.
JOHN II. VERBLE. as administrator nf
Daniel Shaver, Plaintiff,
James B Shaver. Georire II Shaver. Robert T.
Shaver, H J Swicegood and wife Sallie D
John lde and wife Mollie C, William H Ben-
uiai, uuiiani y JBenthal, and-John D Ben
thai, Defendant. !
To William H. Benthal. William W R,n.
thai and John D Benthal,
Yon are hereby notified, that a summon.
has been burned against you. in the above en.
titled proceedings, for the purpose of making
real estate anet and yon are herebv reautred
to appear at the office of the Clerk of the 8a
nerior Court of Rowan county within iwm.
days, and answer or demur to the complaint
of the plaintiff, which will be deposited in the
office of the said Clerk of the Superior Court!
of Rowan County. i . it
, , JOHN M. H0RAH,
Clerk Superior Court Rowan County.
16:6t:pf47. f .
To make Title to Land, and Laborer and
Mechanics Liens, for sale at this Office
I i -
: - FOR SALE. ::
-iTh type, vrrm aiul fiatur of fa narU'
Recant (at Lexington, N C.) are fur 4u
' ;For particulitm, odd rem- . . j
j , t C H. BttosER,"
; Public Notice is Riven that "the g-v
hiury city; mills are no louirer inhi: .. ..i
md that we grind lio Ion wr tor toll
the 1st day of March, 18?y. '
1 N. B.Vtwill keep on Imnd inealaV,A
floor to exchange for grain or bp rami Si
A. 1Uktaian& jjox.
JAMES M. GRAY
Attorney ana uounsellor at Lav
'SALISBURY, K. (j. '
Lj mce iut,,e ??urt taJ,
lui oquinrtiangnnin. practico i .o
Dated 30ih Jannarv, 1879
P. N. HEIL
B F. Roauns, C. B.C.
SV t2.a Over 1UO UtmtKnvslrlM
I Notice i hereby given that-applicttion im
iuut m iuc jyrmiiure ut nurill Uaruli
now in emion. for the paixuie of an Aci1
lnHiruratioii for IheXJnnstiaH Auociiiiol u,.
I WESLEY JONES,'
j and OTIlJiKS,
i Jan. 25th, 1879. l&ot.,
Davidson County " j-1
IX TIIK SUPERIOR COtRT
Jno. II. Welbore, Ptff..
j Against '
W F Bucklv, L B Cadv. A
Spandone, E L Abel, aud Summon fir
puiers io riainun unsown, i relief.:
itrading under firm name of j
Dunn'n Mountain Mining
J-Coiupany, Drjtndants. J
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA.
Co the Sheriff if ItoiranCoHutifGtectinl
You are hereby commanded to summon! W '
r liucliley, L, li Uatly, A spandone, E L AM,
the Defendants above named, if they be found i
within your county, to be and appear :Jbe(rt i
the Judge of our Superior Court, at ajCourt ! -be
held for the county of DnvidMm at khr
ijoiwe in lArxiugion on the Old Aionqaji
after the 4th Monday of March, 1879, and wJ
uie couiiaini wnicn win be deposited ia
the office of the Clerk of theSuperior-Cuurt for
aul county, within ihe fimt three darn of term,
and let the naid Defendant take notice llii if
they fail to answer llieaid comt)Iamt dnrB.
Kiid term, the Plaint iff wiil aimly tn the Court
ior uie reiiei oeinanueu in (lie complaint, j ;
Herein fail not, and of thin sumtuons uik
due return. ! ; - : y
(tiven under mv hand and seal of said Court
this 19th day of Dec , 1878. ,
Clerk Sujerior Court Davidson Couhtjt
It apjearing to ihe 'ourt 4liat the defend,
ant in Hit jiltuve entiill action are non-rett
deiiti of thiit State, ami cannot after du dili
trenre le found within the estate, himI that
Kiifiicieirt cant'e oTactimi f xinis agiihM ui4
defendant in favor of the plaititifl; and itI
apearing to the Court that a Warrant bf -M
tachment Wihm! agTtinnt the rpniperty of- ihe
defendant in this Stafe, at the issuing of ihi
above itunimontt. -f . ;
It U therefore onlert-d thai the abore ntOK-j
moon and this Notice of Attachment be pb6 1
iwiiefl eacli week lor six- sucreive weekiju j
the Carolina. Watchman, a newspaper publish
ed in the town of Salisbury, in tlie 7th Judicial '
Dutrictof North Carolina. " f :
(J. F. L0WE.C.S. t 4
'Jan. 18th, 1879. 15:6t V 1
SIHOHTON FEMALE COLLEGE
Statesville, N. C.
The next seiwion opens Augnot 23,, IVX
Boanl, and tuition in KngliidK $85.00 iw 9
sion of twenty weeka. Catalogue and circollf ;
with full paniculate on application. I f U'
Ad.lrenp. Mr. K. N. 'UKAKT.i !
P. ll HEILIG & SO
would call attention to ttietr large and spl
stock oi j ;
Embracing IRON8 and 8TEEU every ' rartrtf
sizes and shapes est quality, j lj I j
Wsvgon suad Buggy MaterladaM'
eoinprt-losr all the varioua kinds required apn1
axles, wheels, c, ready to set up. . j,
TelcRniph Straw Cutter, 1
all sizes, and uosurpassed in quality and durabflW'
Great American Lightning SATOj j
every kind and size, embracing MILL CB0SSCl". j
H A I L8 all blze cut and wrou &C 3 j ;
The most popular and approval styles-Ho'
tngs, all khida, bolta, Ac. tST' No. 5 point? tor
WINDOW CLASS from S.li toS40-Ptttty.'
Paints, Varnishes, Iightalng Drier, c
FAIRBANK SCALES Steelyards and Balanc
For Carpenters, Blacksmiths, Shoemakers, rartj
Champion Slowers avnd Re1
Eorst Rakes. Threshing: HacM
Horae-Powera, Pumps, ErGraln Cradle !
Grass Scythes, Planters nandled Hoes, i
CU N S Pistols, Knives, and CUTLERY of
tSTOur stock embraces everything to be
a large and complete Hardware Store, and aU "
prices for ca.sh.jK With thanks for past ta
hope to merit continued confidence and mo1?
patronage. .March T, 187s. - s1'. i
Mortgage Deeds for sale her
Also various other blanks. r
Subscribe for the WatciimiiSi
ly 2 acar.
j Notice is hereby given that appiicaHSo will
be made to the premsnt Geneml -AntvuH,
the passage of an Act amending : t,e i '
of the Town of Salisbury. i 1 4rt'
34: 1 y Principal I