LP C A L.
gpUrudjd; rains yesterday. They were
Ko poinniTiox on Soda Water, Bar-
ME.-.. " V '
g caat be beat
r JJF. t Dearnian a nwie cuuu, near
tUn. 6tmliug by a chair, fell and broke
4' Commencement at Trinity tbi year,
lane 12$!. A large attendance of friends
i in,f mtrins is expected, as usual.
;BDU 1 h
if jCnrion rates to Charlotte and re
1 Ltn on1 llie 20th, from Salisbury, $2,65 ;
Worn China Grove, $2.05ij Concord, $1.25.
i i .! !- o- .
4 rTTJ-Thinlinson, of Hickory has arranged
i -. !' I-3"' !L J A w mii i n frnm Ralialinrw f ha
for nraiiu c.w"v ..-.j .
Blue KideJune 24th. His handbill an-
DIBV-7D ,.. .. , . t-
oounceinenj usee -it uu is tuc
best tbiBg ol tne mna yet pwsieu.
t the'P"ng nothing is so refreshing to
1 UL system as a glass of Soda Water. -
I ; 'jrUer 18 snaviug ice uenmu uis iouuiain
I ! Litfi his usual smile. Ed. Overman claims
itis hU special privilege to serve the la
i ctby:d. A canary bird
S- It J - - iT-
:... kn iIia ton of his head. He is a irood
fr- -Ii r -H : 4t?ii -1 i. l:t...t I- l.J.l
JUJmrpr. : ai Hi must iikciv Been, lousriiiir
likely seek lodgings
M some! dwelling
Information of the
I : Way will
y will be suitably rewarded if report
S. H. Wiley. . "
n - o- .
The Salisbury .Literary Club at their
I meeting Wednesday evening, re-elected
I J. -MOrfJf Esq., 'President j L. Clement,
I .Fn.. and Mrs. I S. W. Cole, Vice Presi-
! 'dents ; aiid Mr, W. C Blackmer, Secre
1 i i ! : ' ' !
r .tin. . - : I
1 1 1 The Boston Quintette Club had an el
I egaut labwded house at Columbia, Fri
1 day mght, and by special request
I remained over and repeated their 'enters
taiimienC Saturday uiglit. This Club
will give an eutertaiument at 3Iei-oney8
Hall, Saturday night next.
p rt-.r - - u .
The Sciool Exhibition at Yadkin In
stitute, Stauly couuty, 0. C. Hamilton,
riuciwil will take place Friday, May 30,
I The exercises at this institution last year
I were fiigjily
interest! us aud attracted a
i very I?
of people from
Iff' L ' Li
The new Board of lowu Comnnssion-
c.rs orgji fized, AJpuday 4 P. M., by taking
tfte requied it; The executive officers
I were all retained mi office until 'next Sat
unly, 4 P. M.j when-an vlectiou will be
iiutt for lfix doljector,' Clerk, Town Con
stuble, Policemen, &c.
,-!'.' -i- I i j o 1
f; T)ic fattier : of tlie long lost Charley
I l?ns nnkKfd tfiroiifrh hern hist vtelc. Loinir
: .. i;f j .r .'
I and coining, to and from LenoirX. C, to
see a boy ho had been advised xf as an-
Bwering.t ic description of his lost son. It
was lost time and inont-v. 3Ir. Iloss
sfatwl wJiife here, that he had in. his
teirch, since the loss of hi child, found
stolen children, some
iK'en iustruinental in
f whom ihe had
restoiing to tljeir parents.
j Afornier resident of Salisbury visits
llie place hud writes very handsomely his
impressions Jo the Charlotte Observer,
Mav 14. r:IIe thinks the old town is ad
yaucii)gi.ud notes some of the changes
i ' 1 1 , 111. . V. V,l J V. V 1 1 v : X. 1 1 1 1 K 1 I
f, ' r i f i i 'c '
iiiuiwhathe,(ionld not see : Wo have a
liealthy town, and there is less stealing
ahtl rascajity jiere than in any t?wirof its
jjslze in th StateJ . N ' ?
f-,V"-:;j'- o r . ; " . . '
fliiLLj tJie Bakbek, has moved his ton
Borial operations iiito. what was; formerly
ttie diuin romi of the Mausion Hotel.
Witli a new door opening on the pave
ment, a jart of the long room cut off, aud
a proper tise of paints and wall paper, he
ill neatly fixed up iu a quiet and conifort
aile' placCi Wl as ver, ready
"Kith scissors sliarp and razors keen
To dress )our hair and shave' you clean."
4 By the way, Valentine is one of the
ld landmarks of the town, having plied
jhU occupation hero for about. 40 years.
Hp has sustained a gowl character through
j changes of them .all, ''-raised a
; lpectabjej family, and old age finds him
.ia comiortable circumstances.
South River Ripples.
tA marrmge to ! take place
luring Tfvusliip in a day or
in a neigh -
'apt OVel Oil nwrmnt if Mia lafu fnwt
ie gardens were slightly injured. .
Mr. II.SC- Rnst tillwl n oIph o foiv
y g ivhich, after being j dressed,
ighcd rf)pouud8. )
t the annle rmnTSn tiiia c.t:r. .:n k
We will have peaches enough
some to sill. Cherries are
H at and
1 1 1 rrrT: a falr croP of strawberftes.
yJjnies,pn of Mrs. Maria Williams,
fyWI Of nnfllmmvi.. lit..;.!...!!!.! r
agwllG years. On Saturday Miss
Pf ?Wof Janies; aged 20 years, -was
?W1U the in
i a a . . i i.
? OTeinah. though not a resident
"US lOwnslifii 1.; ....v..-. ts..i:..
m ii.:D y'"" "uugn not
(" una rnwnl.;.i u.. i. : ,
to Un,tyt Jost two sa'cks of hominy
yit0! lWaon- i Each sack coutaiued a
mm. Que of jthe sacks has been found
yrW to the owner. The other
iT uot mxi heard fi
;r. S.. the carrier of mail from Salis-
m&l haTy Nt was stopped -be
iSSRPh pup ; hurt and no
ihrt Vf r A-boy
. 2i.i w j ia in inn ii.niir riT mnvinrr
ihntf;i!,out turning lis headj
Tim Bl'n. ' a
tluis! iTi "J t,,e e5yt to U8f
Mifi 7 hat boy has good eyes, and
af-,iir'5rrP ,olserver ofthe "Laws of
I. ASabbaHi ui.Ji .1- s-t ti.ih..
(HWh witlt the foK
H&uf' i V : ?v otnwtt, Superin-
K;! ' 'isurer;
f, a. s
rJ .jpcksville,' had a little rnnawav
xvn'tings siucc at South River.
TlaH wits lieing changed his
The Boston Quintette Cliib ia the finest
musical organization of its kind, not only
in this country but in the ivrorld, and all
great rofes8ional mnsiciaus freely and
enthusiastically admit the fact. J I and
wife have had the unequalled musical
pleasure of hearing them several times in
Columbus, Ohio, and St. Louis Mo. Their
x lutist, Heindl, stands nimvaled, now
and in the "past. Personally, I am unac
quainted with any one of the Clubhand,
hence, can nave no motive for the above
statement but an earnest desire to have
all enjoy "once t in a life-time" a musical
treat, which the world cannot duplicate
brought to your own doors.
"---!". - W H. AEAVE..
The Hon. Jtobert P. Dick
Will addres the citizens of Salisbury, ou
the subject of the 'Pkouibitort Liquor
Law," in Meroney's Hall! in Salisbury,
on Wednesday Evening, 8f; o'clock, May
21st, 1879. 4 j
AH our fellow citi tens, especially the
ladies and the qualified voters of Salisbu
ry Township are invited to le present.
Those who are; acquainted with Judge
Dick's ability as a cultivated scholar, an
earnest Christian philanthtopist, and an
elegant speaker,! know that a rich intel
lectual treat may be expected on 4liis oc
casion. Come, one aud all J and hear this
great question of the day j discussed by
one who is able to treat it in a luasterly
manner. ' . .
Further notice' will be given by circular.
Salisbury, J. D. Gaskill,
Seci Teni. Com.
The frost of FHday night 2d inst., nip
ped the potato crop in low places.
Old Moses Thompson, an aged colored
man, "shuffled bit this mortal coil" last
night. To-Uav the colored friends are
digging the grave to-night all negrodom
will '"set up wid de corpse.' Moses en
joyed the confidence of both; races. Yad
kin very low fish scarce. Farmers want
ing raiu orn looking well, wheat aad
oats "one thread in a reed."4 First rattle
snake of the season was killed by Thom
as Marks, the hunter and fisherman. His
snakeship was about four feet long aud as
large as a man's wrist. j
Peaches aud apples doiiig well. The
terry and persimmon crop bills fair to lie
large sum these with "backer" and plentv
of "eating dirt" will ensure the lives of
many people twelve mouths! longer.
Gold miniugit fever heat. Most pro
perty loaded "tlown with bonds. Every
man has the precious metal on his prem
ises and anxious for a sale. lieaverJDam
Mining Company mean business, aud are
working aoout titty hands. Present indi
cations go to. show that great changes will
take place iii the immediate future. Moun
tains will be washed down ; jvalleys filled
with debris, and old Beaver; Dam will be
found in a new channel, and the native
place of the editor of the WaUjiman wash
ed down to "hard pan." j.
Nobody marrying several want to
no,two agreeing; on pen soil, time and
place. No Watchman for soine weeks past
to tell of the "doings" of! "Progress,"
"Nimrod, Jr.," "Happy (iirl," "More
Anon," eje, sui generis.
"Our Johnnie" would have been happy
some time since if he had not got lost
the "angels" had flown before his arrival.
May 7, 187i). I Nemo.
rains yesterday and
We had splendid
Strawlen-ies have made their
ance in our market, and bring
quart. ' j -
The case of State against W. Barber
for killing It. W. linden was! finished last
night at ! P. M., and resulted iu the ac
quittal of the defendant The jury were
out only ten niiimtes. Some able and
eloquent seeche8 were made on both
sides. Messrs. McCorkle and Bailey as
sisted the Solicitor in the i prosecution,
and Messrs.' Leach, Welborn, Watson and
Glenn appeared for the defendant.
There was an attempt to applaud when
the jury rendered their verdict, which
was quickly suppressed by his Honor.
Judge Schenck! by his courteous and
gentlemanly. manner, both on and off the
bench, has won many warm friends
among the people of Davidson.
Court is still in session, and will prob
ably continue the; entire, wek.
Andrew L. Clinard, who was convicted
of larceny-iii two! cases, has beeu sen
tenced to tfie penitentiary for seven years
in oue case, aud judgment Was suspended
iu the other. - -
Dock Welborn and Lindsay Welborn
gofseven aud three years,; respectively.
Rev. Geo. B. Wetmorev of Rowan coun
ty, preached in the Episcopal church here
last Sabbath morning aud evening.
The shade trees recently planted on
the public square are all growing nicely.
There's room for more like them.
. y For tlie Watchman.
Fish ronds; Fish Culture, &cl
Mr. Editoiv: having so often beeu con
sulted, privately, -on the subject offish
culture, and about, the best methods o
constructing pouds, I have concluded to
give, through your columns, my expe
rience ou the subject.
The first thing to be done, is to select a
proper site or locatiou for the pond. In
this regard, I will say, that iiojong,
strong-running branch is suitable, for the
reason, that in ease of JreshetsJ" they are
too apt to overflow and cany away the
dam, which would result in the entire
loss of the stock of fish. The most suita
ble situation is a cove or basin where the
stream is supplied, by one or more springs,
with no other stream ruuining into it.
Having selected a site for the dam, say
one hundred orjriore yards below the.
spring, according tol circumstances, the
next thing to be done i3 to mt side ditches
eutirely around the intended pond, some
what in the form of a horse-shoe, with
the toe at N the -upper end, around the
spring or head of the stream, bringing
the ditches together below the intended
dam. A failure t attend to this precau
tion will surely result in the. breaking of
the dam at the first freshet. I lost wo
dams and two stocks' of fish by building
my danislfr, intending to cntjhe-side
ditches afterwards but didj not get them
cut until here was a freshet, which re
sulted as bove stated. The side ditches
being coniplete, and bcforelhe foundation
of the dam is commenced, the ground
where it is to stand must Iks dug out to a
depth that wilt reach eutirely below the
soil, that is to sayyoq must cut a ditch
three or four feet wide, the entire length
of the intended dam. i This ditch must
be cut through all soil, and down into the
boIUI clay. 'This having been done, take
aome good inch plank, and having sawed
them of a proper length, sharpen one end ;
set them upright, along the lower side,
in the bottom of the ditch with the edges
close together, and-drive them down at
least a foot or two, leaving the tops of the
plank, about four feet above- ground.
VY hen the water is raised on tlie pond,'
tuese plank will become perfectly water
tight and prevent leakage, as well as keep
crawfish from boring holes through the
dam. r " -,
The next step is to cart into the ditch
pure clay which should be put in gradual
ly t and worked into a puddle, or tough
mortar, until the ditch is full, from one
end to the others This mortar, when it
dries, will become almost as bard as a
brick, thereby preventing the possibility
In the erection of the dam, it is most
importaut that it be constructed of the
very' best material, so as to make it se
cure. I have found nothing for this pur
pose superior to good clay. Rock or
frame work will not answer the purpose.
They may do ou large streams, where the
waste of a small quantity of water is of
no consequence ; but. on sinall streams',
where it lfnecessnry to save all the
water, ther will not answer the purpose
at all. A dirt or clay dam, if propevlv
built and protected ou the water side
with plank, aud then soded over with
grass will not ouly bo ornamental, but
will, in a feyy years, become as compact
as the surrounding ground, and be abso
lutely safe besides being the cheapest
aam that can be constructed.
1 he dam must be at least three times
as wide at its base as it is high. The
foundation must be-laid on both sides of
the ditch, so that, when it is finished, the
ditch will be directly under the centre of
the dam. i The dirt should be carted on
to the dam, which, by the running of the
cart, becomes a compact and tenacious
mass. The dam should lie four or five
feet wide at the top when finished, aud
should be very wide at the bottom, slop
ing up on either side, like the roof of a
house. I have one dam twenty-live feet
and another that is forty feet wide at the
The dam being complete, the last thing
is to cut an outlet sluice at one of the ex
treme ends of the dam, at least four feet
wide, in which there should be placed a
frame-work of plank, with a plank floor,
but open at the top. Into this frame put
a rack to prevent the escape of, fish, when
the water is up. This done and your
pond is ready for the reception of your
In regard to fish, I will say that, in my
ponds (of which I have two), 1 have all
the varieties of the perch tribe known iu
this country, together with trout, suckers
and mullets; and they have all succeeded
well, particularly the bream"; maw-mouth,
red-bellied sun-fish, mullet aud trout. 1
seriously doubt 'whether the sucker will
do well iu small pouds, they being migra
tory iu their habits, usually running far
up the stream into the shallows a-nu
shoals, in the spring, to deposit their
spawn. In small ponds, their movements
are too circumscribed to allow of this
habit, d, consequently, they are not
likely to increase. If, however, the1 small
fry of the. sucker are put into a pond, they
will grow-to full jize, and become; very
fat aud nice, as I have proven by actual
The several varieties of perch spawn in
the early part of June, or rarely, in the
latter part of Mav. The trout spawns in
June, is very prolific, and succeeds well
in small pouds : but as they are strictly a
rt we-tish, they should never be put into
a pond until the second or third year,
when the pond is well supplied with the
small- fry of other fishes for them to feed
on. They will then ilo well, and grow
rapidly. I caught trout in' my pond, last
fall, that were eighteen months old,
which measured thirteen inches in length,
and weighed one and a half pounds. A
variety of opinions exist as to the time
when suckers and mullets spawn. It
probably depends largely upon circum
stances. I think it likely that in their
native waters, where, they have an ample
range, they spawn during the latter part
of March, or the first f April. Conse
quently, 1 advise those wishing to stock
with those" varieties, to proenre them
prior to that time, or in the fall, Which
would, indeed,- be preferable iB regard to
any species. L;rst year, "rcanght mullets
in my ponds, on the 31st of May, with all
their eggs in them. Again, on the 9th
July, I caught a mullet not fully spawned.
Ou the 13th Jnue, I caught a sucker that
had not spawned. I have also red-horse
in my pouds. Of course I do not expect
them to increase, but, if put iu when
young, they will grow to a large (size.
- In stocking a pond, avoid a pike as you
would the "Lvil One," for such they are
to all other species of the finny tribe,
l eing capable ot s vallowing a fish fully
half their own size, and will doubtless
swallow at least their own weight of fish
in a dav. uat-nsn. win uo to raise, ouc
eels are very destructive on the spawn of
other fishes. '
In catching fish for stocking purposes,
it may be done by hook and line, or with
a gill net, or drag sein, which latter is
preferable. During the catching, they
should bo kept in a large cottoir basket,
with a top, and sunk, under water until
vou aro ready to remove ; them to your
pond. They should then lo removed iu
a barrel, or other large vessel, which
should be frequently replenished with
fresh water during transportation.
Fish raising is not only profitable, but
it affords the meaus of much pleasant
amusement. It is cheaper to raise them
than poultry. They destroy no grain,
whilst poultry do, and are besides a source
of never ending annoyance and expense.
A well'stocked fish pond is a permanent
fixture and lifetime affair, and when you
have vour pond built aud stocked, that is
an end ot the expense, ior mey win con
tinue to multiply without further atten
tion from you, except to keep catching
them out; otherwise, your pond will
soon become so overstocked that there
will not be room and food for them. Be
sides, as an article of food, they are cer
tainly much more 'palatable and whole
some than poultry. Then again, -if you
will build an ice house, you can readily
fill it from your pond.
May 10th, 1879. W. R. Fraley.
For the Watchman
Local Option Statement of the Qnes-
tlon Summing Up, Etc
Mr. Editor: By reference to the Lo
i n..i;n T.n f xTm-tii YSin.iin'i nnh.
t a v evF i' '
it will be seen that the questiou to be de
1 'OlIxTl III 4 lAiV mi VI t,aav ir uivfiiif
cided here ou the lst Thurstlay in June
is a very simple one, notwithstanding all
the rubbish that has been piled upon and
around it. It is this : Shall liquor be sold
in the township by authority of law, or
uott This is the legal statement of the
whole question. Its moral statement is
this: Shall nine or ten liquor sellers, en
gaged iu) poisoning society, control the
ino win i ana subsidize the suffrages of
nine or ten kurtdred free voters. Or, in
other words,; shall nine or ten hundred
men be deprived; of the exercise and ben
efits of their rights as freemen in order fo
gratify the cupidity of 1 nine or ten men
engaged in a traftle thatis ruinous to them
selves arid their fellow citizens ! Accor
ding as these free voters shall answer at
tliA rr11a an in-ill! lw - i J
..- i-v.io ov w .ui uteir glory or
shame. jTluit isWie question and all there
is of it. jLet usee how it has been ar
gued durjng the present discussion in the
watchman and Actcs.
; From my i earl v bovhood I harp. liAn
ta tight tliat thef-e are two sides to every
qnestionk"ud Ihave believed it implic
itly until within the last nine weeks. Now
my faith ;m that Old adace is nadir hat.
en ; for if; seems that there is at least one
the support bf a! free neonlA,
could and ought ito be said in its favor.
For thes weeks some half dozen writers
have been engaged iu demonstrating in
various ways the evils arising to society
from thisi traffic4 j In view of this fact, and
also that there is a law providing foi1 its
suppression, gnbje-t to the will of the
people, tbe traffic is in imiueut danger.
Th is is fully realized by its friends as is seen
in the fact tliat jfor the last nine weeks
some half dozen writers have persistently
tried to hide it among the rubbish of oth
er social evils, aiid to surround it with a
chemux (lefrise of objections to prohibi
tion. They jiave written much. They
have written well, so far as giving perspi
cuity to their; ideas is concerned. They
have shown evidence of culture. They
are evidently familiar to some extent with
tne vast field of research. They have
shown themselves comnetent to arp-n in
defence of anything bad that can be defen
ded. 1 ftheir object was not to defend th
liquor traffic it would be hard to tell w hat
it was. 'hey have written about manv
unugs, nave enuorseu ana defended some,
aud condemned and abused others. They
have also; written; about the liquor traffic ;
our, m its relation to their method of
haudling ithnigs,! it stands solitary and
alone. '1'hat one tliing they have neither
condemned nor defended during the whole
of this discussion; beginuinir with "Pro"
ress," niup weeks ago, aud running thro'
to "Mi-anger"! in last week's Watchman.
Jn all their correspondence not the slight
est attempt has been made to defend it.
I challenge them, or anybody else, to
show from the whole mass of their writ-
nigs a single woru, line, or argument iu
favor of the making or selling of whiskey,
save one! feeble intimation dropped bv
Progress (ami which he did pot claim as
a ueienceh that the traffic pays some taxes.
aow, gentlemen, if yon can say anything
in ueienco oi the traitic 1 beg you to say it,
or I shall be under the necessity of believ
ing that there are not "two sides to every
question, aim we shall claim the victory.
Your boosted logic has consisted almost
entirely ii the plausible and subtle fallacy
"j wijimuHo i.iirc-u ugaiiiHt prom onion, a
distinguished logician says: (Coppee, p
165-6) "Iti has been remarked that Igno
rance may stiite iu a few words objec
tions against science, which wise men
could not refute in whole volumes. The
truth of this is manifest. The error of rea
soiling from the statement or existence of
these objections, to the falsity of science,
is one ot the tonus of irrelevant conclu
sion which has; beeu called the fallacy of
otycruuns. , n coiimsih iu asserting mac
since theie; are objections to a science
that science is false ; whereas, the judg
ment demands that the clams of the sei
ence as well as the objections be duly
stated: and that the turning of the scale
decide whether truth or error predomi
nate. if it lo a complicated system it
j will be found to contain portions of both ;
if an abstract theory it will stand or fall
by such a test."i All I ask is let the public
bring this discussion to the above test,
ami "let tlje turning of the scale decide."
If the objections don't kick tlie beam, then
the dictum; of Aristotle uud the inductions
of liconiah common sense must be light
er than thei cvguet's down.
Besides simply raising objections, they
have audaciously compared our prohibit
ory laws tot the "Blue Laws" of Aew Eng
lanu. 1 uo not. Know, ana 1 uo not vaxxv,
whether tliey were genuine or not, for
they can have no possible connection with
tne issue uetoreus. Who dares to sav
tliat there is no more cause, or occasion,
for prohibition than there was for the
Blue Laws T -Who dares to say that the
the liquor traffic ! is as commendable us
was the gospel preached by the persccnt
eu Koger v imams t Wiio dares to say
that liquor sellers are as harmless as the
so-called witches of New England? Who
dares to say that that which the law for
bids to be sold to all minors, aud to every
body on election days, and iu the vicinity
of hundreds of churches, schools aud facto
rie8, and for the excessive guzzler of
which the htate provides that a guardian
shall be appointed, aud which is felt ev
erywhere td be a nuisance, is as innocent
as tlie custom or mot lit i s kissing then
babies on Sunday 7 This is the point in
the comparison let them make it good if
they can. puice they are so tond ot roll- j
iug this comparison as a sweet morsel un
der their tongues, I will modify. its sweet-
ness by another : I dare to say that the
system of granting license to sell w hiskey
in this Protestant country, iu this the
niueteenth jceutury, is worse than the
granting of the infamous Letters of Indul-
gence in the; sixteeuin century uy rope
Leo, A.. 1 qare to say that license has
done more tb debase and lower the digni
ty and honor of the State., has poured
more corruption! iuto the bosom of the
Church, has done more to pollute and poi
soii society, -has been productive of more
social and domestic rottenoss and shame,
aud has opened wider the flood-gates of
every crime than did those Letters of In
dulgence wliich stirred the indignation of
Luther and fired all Europe, aud
aroused Christendom from its long aud
deadly sleep. I dare to say that license
to sell whiskey is as far from the spirit of
Christ as were the Letters of Indulgence.
I dare to sa tha t,iw gIlutinS of license
and the grafting of Letters of Indulgence
were prom pied by the same motive, i. e.,
desire for money; aud that the . effect of
both was, aiid isi the erection of an ever
lasting memorial of shame on the wreck
of morality and religion. A liquor seller's
license is a bona fide letter of indulgence.
I thank God; that the Legislature of our
State has goue as far as it can at present
to wash, its hands of this foul staiu. I
trust I shall jsee the day when every ves
tige of it shall be goue.
In rpfrardi to !!Mr. Xeave. the neutral
eh amnion inithia controversy, 1 have only
this to say : That liejias planted himself
on the "broad road" as a nuger oonru to
i ..j. .
i ioint out Tho Ouly Konte to &oorieiv,'
g e. a 1 At II
A for thfi last three weeks the pnulic
-' ' -7- - . . .
have beeii earnestly looking in the direc
tmn in.licntfd bv his index finjrer, and it
has revealed to them only a vast, shadowy
nnd tancrle niaze 'of interminable wilder
ness, where therb is no "route" visible,
nracticable ff possible to this generation
I agree with him that the manufacture of
liquor is the j fountJiin head of the evil ;
but we cannot suppress it until, through
the effect of wide-spread prohibition, the
question that is. altogether one-sided, tia :
The Liquor Traffic It dies seem that, if
it is worthy of the sanction of law: i
manufacture of it becomes unprofitable ;
then public sentiment can easily sweep it
away. We must by prohibition, dam up
the; stream until it rolls backward to its
source and quenches th fires of the- dis
tillery. Let every State line be reared as
ii bulwark against it, let every State po
lice system do its duty, and' sobriety,
peace, prosperity and piety will bo the:
Heritage ot our children. So mote it be!
- Ximuod, Jr. ;
I .- . .
j For the Watchman.!;
"Sit Lux." j
; .-- fr
Ed. Watchman: In the Watchmnn Af.
the :24th April is an article over the sig
nature of "Sit Lux." findin? fault with
somebody for the irregularity of his
Watchman. It is true the Walrhman lm
failed to eome to time about twice in the
last twelve months. But as to whora
fault it was I am not able to say. It cer-
uuniy was not niiue, as I don't handle
the paper until it reaches my, office. The
Watchman is mailed and re-mailed three
different times before it comes into ray
hands. It is not true that the naner has
failed to come "two or three weeks in
succession," and if he has failed to get it
that ofteu in "succession," he was only
too lazy to come and get it. i
on, ijux intiuiges some remarks m
respect to my assistant which were cruel
and; without occasion, and which he is
afraid to make to the oost-master in
parson. If he thinks it is Christian-like
and worthy the character of one whose
mission is peace, he is deluded, and needs
more to be pitied than censured.
W. E. Miller,
! - Postmaster at Heilig's Mill.
I submit the following certificate to
corroborate the trnth of the statements
made above. In conclusion, persons hav
ing mail complaints to make should eome
to me before they gojibroad to blow.
; We hereby certify, that we have been
receiving our Salisbury Watchman at
Heilig's Mill, as regularly as could bb ex
pected. It has failed to come to time
about twice in the last twelve -months;
We don't attach any fault to W. E. Miller,
postmaster at Heilig's Mjll for said failure.
I.- A. Heilig,
L. W. S. Bost,
May 7, 1879. H. A. Beuxhakdt. ;
May 9, 1879.
' Mr. Editor : The prospect for a wheat
crop in this-region is. very good thus far 4
a good , regular stand, an even growth,
with stalks rather low aud not iuclined to
run up high, we think are all favorable
6igus of a good yield if nothing occurs to
prevent it. We have very little smut in
wheat since the plan of soaking seed wheat
in a strong solution of blue-stone has beeu
adopted. Fall sown oats have not a good
stand, being frozen out somewhat. Spring
oats, of which a large crop is sown, stand
well, but are not as forward as usual ou
account of the dry spring. Corn, of which
very, little was planted early this spring,
comes up well and starts off well. Of cot
ton, very little more is planted than will
le wanted to exchange for the yarn and
sheeting needed for the family. . But all
that is raised finds a ready market at the
Taylorsville Cotton Mills, near Taylors-
v.lle, owned aud run by the Alspangh Bros,
whose yarn and sheeting make a large
item in the trade in this region of coun
try. Many farmers are cultivating to
bacco, instead of cotton, as a more certaiu
cropland with a good degree of success,
Fruit prosiect: Apples are plentiful.
reaches, only a partial crop trees full in
some localities, aud all killed 'in others.
Nothing like a erop of cherries, plums, &c.
A considerable degree of attention is
paid to cultivating and improving fruits
in this region of country, and a better
quality and a larger yield is the result,
especially is this true of apples. No finer
and better apples are produced in any
scctiou of country than this Piedmont or
Brushy-Mountain section ; while the cer
tainty of a crop is as good as any where.
The fruit trade is becoming a large and
increasing item every year. A peculiar
featufe, the philosophy of which I will
not try to explain, attaches to this moun
tain region: In winter when we have cold
rains tlie mountain knobs, or the timber
ou.them, is covered with ice, while the
timber iu the flat woods or valleys below
has none. This would seem to indicate a
greater degree of cold up there. -But of
ten in the spring after vegetation starts
out, a late frost kills all the vegetation be
low, but the high knobs, covered with ice
iu the winter, are not affected by the frost,
but are from a certain level green and
flourishing while all below is dead. And
often fruit trees on these knobs are full of
fruit when there is none below. I know
of the fact but cannot explain it.
A largely atteuded Railroad meeting
was held here last Monday in the interest
of a narrow gauge read to couuect us with
some railroad near us. Several delegates
from Moore8ville were present in the in
terest of making the connection there, for
which we already have a charter.
Mr, Editor : Can you inform me at
what hour a school ought to be opened
abd closed. Some people have the idea
that it is the duty of a teacher to sit in
the school-room from early morn until
sunset. We would like to hear the sub
ject discussed, for we think there are ma.
ny people in error iu regard to it. T.
The public law calls for about six hours
But no reasonable patron, we think,
should complain at seven hours in winter
and eight in summer, including recesses.
For the Watobman. I
THE TEMPERANCE QUESTION.
Mr. Editor : " C. G." in vour last paper
requests me to state in a more simple-forni
my arguments in opposition to the so-called
Temperance move. I can only refer UC. G.r
to my first three articles on the subject. In
them he will find my position stated, 1
think, in plain terms, and in such a way as
to enable him to understand it. ... ,
I shall have something to say of " More
AnonV last, next week ; also, of other mat
ters, if I am well enough. Progress.
GREAT FINANCIAL DEPRESSION
l Cursory Review, by M. Maurice Block,
of the Caucus and Consequences.
Loxdox, Exgtaxp, May 10th, 1879.--The
suggestion, therefore, is that the
hard times are owin to an accumulation
of disasters and mistakes occurring with
in comparatively narrow 4imits of time
over most parts of tlie earth luhainted by
man. Most of ns have, at least, a dim
c mscionsness that the recent Indian
famines iu Bengal and Madras may have
had something to do with our troubles,
since we know that the Indian peasantry
are ordinarily, large customers of the
North of Enirlad manufacturers. Hat
there have been accounts of a terrible
famine in China; and, for all we know
that calamity also, had its share in dimin
ishing the profits of Manchester. Then,
again, for five-and-twenty years there has
been an almost continuous succession of
desolating wars, and the time has go'ne
oy when a war can be looked npoir as
BrIr aifeetinsr the States engaged fn it.
There must have beeo vast; detruc&onj
ofeapital in. all these wara; and when
capital is once destroyed on a large seale
cue whole world nowadays becomes con
scious of it for evil. No body, however,!
can venture on a conjecture how much
the great American war of secession, in
the war between France and Austria, in
that between Prussia and Austria, in the
Franco-German war, aad the recent
struggle between Russia and Turkey. A
multitude of customers must have be
come poorer and a multitude of producers
less active through these deadly contests:
and these augmentations of poverty and
have lisnni BAd AVfn In tltm mnnfriM I
v....-. , v u.jv .uu I
which least show the marks
upon them. France has suffered
Germany from the events
10 1. ens still sue must nave autrertMi i
ana her losses, like so many other com- j
. i . ... ' : r t ' t
munuies, must count for sonietuins m
producing the general depression of tlie
worm. M. Maurice Block seems, howr
ever, to doubt whether continued war has
been so directly disastrous as ill-advised
speculation. He points to the extrava
gantly large number of railway projects
wnicii were sanctioned, aud to some ex-
tent carried out, in Austria, Hungary
and Germany in the years nrecedinr 1872.
M The same lavishuess of construction, wef
need not say, was
in, in this
country, but the delusion which led to it
was fonnd out and exposed rather ear-
Her. Now, these railways, large nam-
bers, yield no profit, large numbers were 1
not wanted, aud therefore ministers bit
slightly to the augmentation of uationai
wealth. 1 he economical evils traceable I
Co them do not, however, the less remain.
A great part of the capital of Europe and
America is withdrawn for a tune from
the general stock aud is locked up in un
productive and very partially nseful in
vestments. Meantime, the unnatural
stimulus given to industry by all this
simulation still leaves its bad effects be
hind it. The, crowds of laborers brought
together by the manuf.ictnre of railway
material are unable to transfer their
labor elsewhere, but the railway material
ceases to be made because it cau no long
er be sold.
The nearly universal distress has there
fore been the accumulated result of all
these misfortunes aud follies, of which
some made themselves felt at once and
some after an interval of time. No doubt
nliMnnr mnava harra nl ,w.,f t JKntrwi fn
the disorder of comnirrra. as. for Mam, Ia
that menacing depreciation of silver iu
face of which Euglmh and Indian states
manship seem to bo so discreditably
helpless. It chiefly shows itwlf to us in
the difficulties of Indian finance, but in
point of fact it is disorganizing the entire
mechanism ot exchange in those poorer
countries of Lurope and Asia which are
now iust as essential as richer communi
ties to the world-wide system of purchas
ing food and selling articles of luxury and
use. We have no space at present to fol
low M. Block in his opinions on the pro-
fkfilkln flfirnt.inn nf tlt OAjinnmia1 ttnnih1ja
or on the beat wav of miWinff aom of
them. One expedient is, however, at once
condemned, by a moderately accurate
comprehension of the economical condi
tion of the world as we have attempted
to explain it. P rotective tariffs can only
diminish the external buying and selling
power of each community. They are, iu
fact, an attempt to give the part of the
population assembled in towns the ex
clusive command ot the market supplied
by the part of the population directly en
gaged in agricultural industry ; but, as
the agricultural interest must be protec
tea also, they are in tact a contrivance
for starving those town iopu ations which
ted also, they are in fact a contrivance
are the most characteristic
feature of the
social order of our dav.
The Discovery and History of the Jlcedl
Gold Mine The first Discovered in
Vie United States.
The following 6ketch, from the pen of
George Barnhardt, is recorded in "Wheel
ers History of North -Carolina ;n but we
tiiro ontr rlir firw l.nr. fcw. vm nf nnr
twim iinnnia tvlirk nra amnainrvil u irn tlm
" " .......
tacts concainea inerein.
"The first piece of gold fonnd at this
mine, was in cue year iw, oy uonraa
Kced, a boy of about twelve years old, a
son of John Reed, the proprietor. The
discovery was made in an accidental man
ner. 1 he. boy above named, in com pain
with a sister and younger brother, went
to a sinall stream, called Meadow Creek
on a sabbath uay, wiuic cneir parents
were at church, for the purpose of shoot
in? fish with bow and arrow, and while
encased along tne Dan k 01 cue creeK,
Conrad saw a yellow substance shining
in the water. He went in aud picked it
up, and found it to be some kind of metal
and carried it home. Mr. Heed examined
it. but as sold was unknown in this part
of the country at that time, he did not know
wuac Kiiiu 01 meuii it w , uio piece was
about the size of a small smoothing iron.
Mr. Reed carried the piece of metal to
Concord, and showed it to William Atkin
son, a silversmith, but he not thinking
of gold, was unable to say what kind of
metal it was.
Mr. Reeld kept the piece for several
yen nuir-hlrr jiou ne floor, to lay agninst
the door to keep it from shutting, in the
year 1802, he went to market to Fayette
ville, and carried the piece of metal with
him, aud on showing it to a jeweller, the
jeweller immediately told him it was
gold, ami requested Air. lCeed to leave the
metal w ith him and said he would mix it.
Mr. Reed left it, and returned in a short
time, and on his return the jeweller show-
ed him. a large bar of gold, six or eight
inches 'long. The jeweller then asked
It ..1 t
Mr. Heed what he would take for the bar.
Mr. Heed, not knowing the value of gold,
thought he would ask a 'btg price,' and
so he asked three dollars aud fifty ceuta
($3.50!). The jeweller paid him his
After returning home, Mr. Reed ex?
amiued and found gold in tlie surface
along (lie creek. He then associated
Frederick Kisor, James Love, aud Mar
tin Phifer with himself, and iu the year
1803, they found a piece of gold in the
branch that weighed twenty-eight pounds.
Numerous pieces were found at this mine
weighing from sixteen pounds down to
the smallest particles. The whole 'sur
face along j the creek for nearly a mile
was very rich in gold.
Tlie Veins of this mine were discover
ed in thenar 1831. They yielded
fl; . 1
quantify of gold. The veins are
I do certify tliat that the foregoing is
A A. .A. A, f . .
tory of this mine, jis given by John Reed
md his son Conrad Heed, now bopli
dead.; ! I George Bakxiiardt. i
January; lty3. ., - ... -" -' ;!
f The weightfof different pieces orgoltf
fohnd at this iVnine i ' , K 1
I In 1803, 28 K ; 180i-ft 7,3, 2, lf.Ihsc
1824,16, 9K8 Rwj 1835 J3, 4J, 4, J,
lbs. Iu alj 115 lbs; steelyanl weight."
rltUhtscoaaty,! Monday nlybt, Mr. uue Kan.' 1
ajred f bout I years. - . -.-E p
. i-Krowa, son Sot Sandy Brown, we learn,' recent
ly died Ironi Uie excessive uae 6l morphine, lie was' '
aCUct4 with ayiepsta, and uaed UUs drug with
ratal rojulta In bl ellona to reUee Llauiclf.
On tuts place, Wednesday night, by Andrew Hxxz
phy, tq Mr. Kowan Alexander .Owttt and Ml
Aluce EUey.au ol ttficminty. ;
Pa the tta tssU in Rowan county, by Her. MT. H.
Cone, at the RKideuoe pf the bride's father, Mr. 4.
u& hub cuunu.
t ' 1 - i )
f " ' ' ' i ';- - ' ' ' ' ' ' ' '
- f i j - stains
Bacoj?! county j hog round -
BpTTER . ! "
Egos ! . I . .
Cuickkxs pe dozen
Mkal moderate demand at
Whjeat good demand at
Fi.orm best fini
I I super.
Okioss no demand
Afples, dried -U
Eben W. Hover
In Superior Court,
April 30ih, J879,
f ; vs. ' '
W. F. Buckley, E, L. Abel, Jrn II. E. Spa
done artd L. B. Car I jr..
In this case it sppearinj; to the satisfaction
of the Court that W. F. Buckle, ErL. A!,
Jr., and II. E. Spadone are non renident of
this State, it is Ordered that publication b
made in the Carolina Watchman, a newspaper
published in Salisbury, for six conaecotijre
weeks, commanding them, the said VV. .
Buckley, E. L. Abel. Jr., and H. . Spadone.
to appear at the term of aaid Court to it
held at the Court-house in Salisbury oo the
9th Monday after the 4th Monday in Septem-
18J and answer the complaint that will
be filed during the first three days of amid
term, or in default thereof the plaintiff wiJ
apply to the Court for the relief demanded ,iS"",
his complaint. J.M. IIORAH,
f Clerk Superior Court Kowan County
I ; The Mexican Dollar,
KVhat is the difference between the Mexicap
dollar and Tablet's Buckeye Pile Ointment 7 x
One does what it promises and the other does
nor. The Mexican dollar says, I aui one
hundred cents;" but wherryou come to inTes,t
it you find it is only eightyfiye. Tablera
tsiiCReye rue uiiumeni say "i will cure you
P1 "e ana upon inai h is mono 10 ao m in
cure Piles; aud does so without failure. Price
50 cents a bottle. ! r or sale by C. Jt. Barker.
Salisbury, N. C.
Conssens' Compound Honey of Tar has fceen
so long and favorably known that it needs no
encomium. For coughscohli, sore throat,
hoarseness, etc., it affords speedy relief, and ia
a most pleasant and efficacious remedy, honey
and tar being two of its ingredients. TheskiU.
of the chemist, aad the knowledge of s physi
cian were united in its preparation, the result
being a compound which is the favorite reme
dy in this severe climate, and has no equal as
fpr colJ hoKne bronchitis,
cronp efc- Use CotiHsens' Honey of Tar!
Price 60 cents. For
sale by C. B. Barker,
Salisbury, N. C.
North Caroijna, 1
Kowan Count; r, J
In Superior Court,
2Gth April, 1879.
John W Frick,
of John Canup,
Samuel Cannp, Susannah Goodman, Camil
la Goodman, Margaret Csnup, George A Ca
nup, James V Can up, Henry A Canup Thomas
L Csnup, and Sarah L Canup (the last two
minors), Vina Campbell (of Cabarrus), Wil-
liam Campbell, David Campbell, Sally Green
I a. o I. i I
toianiy i, oopiua rvimpamca or ner neirs un
I x "
Petilion to sell .land for a$eta.
Upon the affidavit of the Plaintiff, it i oi
dered by the Court, that publication be made .
in the Uurolina Watchman for six successive
weeks, notifying Sophia Kirkpalrick or her
heirs, and the heirs of Caleb Canup, who are
non-residents of the State, to- appear aTfh? of
fice of the Clerk of the Superior Court of said
county, on Monday the 9th day of June, A D,
1879, and answer ; the complaint which has
been filed in the above entitled action, and if
I they fail to answer the complaint, the Plain
1 tin win appiy to ine ;ouri ior me renej atT
J tuanded in the complaint.
Witness, J. M. IIORAH, a
ol the buperior court, Howan connty.
gMtoritts .at gato, ,
SalialdurT, 7J. O
II0TCHKISS & POND, PborMETORS.
On The European Han.
The rettanrant, cafe and lunch room attach
I ed, are unsurpassed for cheapness and excel
Jll . : ' . f . .
lence 01 service, ivoonis ouci. 10 z per uay
$3 to 10 per weekj Convenient to all ferries
and city tailroads.
New Furniture, New Management -
13: ly. . . .
Street's National Hotel
RALEIGH, II, C.
8. Ji. STREET 4 SUN, Owners and Proprs,
I newIbern, H.-C,
S. K: STUE?T & OX, Propriefora.
Hie undersigned having: purchased the Na
Itioreil Hotel prorty of llaleigh, opened li e
lojttij March, 1879,f that welt known Howe tp
the boblic under their management, Thrr re?
far their past nianagt-ujenj vi Je fiaston
House as agnarantee that the traveling public
w., fint htf xfaii,inBif i ieir hands, up to the
Uundard of s fit class Hotel. The senior.
a Mr.aronel R. Street, will remain In charge of
I . t ! TL . imm II a -
j Street, w
II conduct the Kaliohal Hotel.
. IV. Qinb.l a cu.n