C A L .
j ?lEtax Female) Institute, Staun--
v See notice iii another cOluuin.'
iiJ ij in Rtronir demand. Mr. A. L. John -
I fortunately laid up an abundantstore.
fN .,! , o-
J jjctr ntiifiie organization lias been ef
f i.. .I.; nitr.' known as the "fTiinenr-
V Success to it.
J Lw mineral spring has been discovered
V. t Til; ' . ' -r 1 - rrt. .. ....i .
f .Uih trom -xancuiniuu, . ine waiei
. 1 t t.v. nrtxmatpfl wit
,11 tii r
'117 lil'JIV.-- -
HOT. -The thermometer stood at Do"
-i .wit' i in tlia eViaAo
f ut'sday evcuiag. 6 o'clock,
1 u ;. i O
Ve acknowledge handsome courtesies
toil Mr. Goelen, of the Winston Ilepub-
drew a large crowd to
there were no pnblic de-
to amuse or-interest the
- 1 1
'file buzz of j the Threshing Machiues
jLV'iIip Kirrnal borns of -the drivers is
t .ft.rfibd in the laud. The wheat crop is
f. 0i rs
Ji's. M. Gray, Lsq., or tnis place, win
rjjjiie"b the citizens of China Grove and
. Jiduiiv on the "Fence Law" question, on
i Vrhlhv. rle 1st day of August next, at 2
ock i M.
s ' Tlie base UUf match game ueiweeu me
ltrift Toot" Cluhof tins city and the
'club' of the same riatue at Charlotte, has
Hpfinitfclv! arranced. It will take
J pltcii at Concord on Jhe 17th
:-fHli-i ' O
'.;. Jill! :
- i 'te Grand Iiodge of the North Caro
'1fi)3f)dd Fellows will be held at Winston
iiilie 12tU Of August. Special rates
iUv'lteeu cranted the brotherhood over
frlTlie Rowairj county Sabbath School
1'ortvLntion will be held at L,utherair
.ClipiCAagust ISfth an 13th.
i vA Mr. Sniithj Kev.J. Eumnle and
J Mr.'li. R. Crawford have been appointed
I 4 Qn imittce to prepare the Order of Ex-
i i ; ,i'-s; I .-1 . - : .
, T Hi - , -r
! J iBuerbaum recently made a tnpto lor
ld iJand .purchased 1 1200 melons which Jie
Itjtcn led for the people atiWinston on the
4th; He failed )by (five hours to reach his
Imii ation, but sold out his cargo hvgood
tine it otijcr points.
I I . j O -
jtZvM is greatly uecded in many parts
of the surrounding country. The corn is
linking, ud iu other ways shows sufi'er--bigi
Refreshing showers have fallen in
- te westeru pai t of the county, and per
insitn snots-eisewhere: but the want of
ru'iii is becoining general and urgcur.
' . Pviche. The late spring frosts skipped
"rpfanutiou here and there and spared tin
iut: There are many such, spots in the
Wujity, so that on the whole, the supply of
psablifs will be pretty irood, though not
1 general. By the -way; tt is worthy the at
iatwn orwientirkrersons to investigate
the causes of this pjirtiat efFect of frost. '
lf'l(u :y ' wo r ; - "r- -
The latf u party, held at the residence
fKiv. J. Rumple last' Thursday night,
ft:x complete success. The exercises of
tlieicvening consisted :of ransic, protnena-Singrefreshineu-tsy
&c.t- &c. Mr. H. N,
Ctavin was suddenly taken ill, but re-
i inred in a few nynutes. He requests
isto'Utnrn his:thauks to the young gen
ttamfn.who Beryeq him so hindly, partic
llarly Mr. Jno. Whitehead.
f July 5Tii,187y. '
Present, Mayor Ramsay : Comhiission-
.KhUtz, Wiley, JMcCorkle, Suiithdeal,
'SlaHi, Murphy and Richwine.
-&(heri That the committee to make a
iwUra'ct with th 3aJ Company, be cpn
liuudili witli instructions to have lamps
rmt'( at the corner oflnriiss and Jack
MpUtrtet, and also on "Shiny Hill."
f The Sanitary Committee reported that
fjjey Jiad made a thoiough inspection of
b)eton and found it in a cleanly condi
JioniwUha fewi xceptionsi which had
.reported to; His Honor the Mayor
and action taken according to law.
'a A Complaint of Thos. I Johnson, in re
to an account of his for some rock
pjlas year 1877, was referred to the fi
nance committee; for immediate and liual
sdjustmoiit. i' nk .---.j:.- :..-r'x- - p
t petition of Thos. McDonald for li
to retail liquors at the Jlovdeu
House till May 1st I860; was, on motion,
' ?rdrc(l4liat the; time for listing taxes
r fXteudwl till -Trt! Oiifl,
WU'ttise accordingly. - ;
Jhfs petition of A. W. Owen and J. K.
tor a shed in front of. the town
Acaaemy, was, on ; motion postrjoned for
jwWe cousideratlion. ; rj .
!;1 1 r ltioQ f P- L. Biiukle and othera
- rgaia to the well in fiont of Mrs. Shu
ffluVwas reTerred to the Mayor for in
' Yoppr jiaving petitioned for "a
if 'm from tax oh his Fniit.Rtaud. it was
$tca that he bel notified to pay up or
lifored that com inissiorier' Klnttz and
j Bcjerk le required to make application
?r;a Portion of thi Ponlifiriv SHtrwl Fnnd.
. . . T.. j-r-rr-- r
IJUWfr rn i-nnciHup n,irf aruiminu nil
jWc4 that the Jlayor be requested
8 a.6 the Colored Cemetery cleaned up.
ivyuinance LXXIIwaa amended by in
jrwog the words -or m front of anyplace
Z HHe" lietw.ren tlie voi ds- town'!
T5, i a?er' a penalty " &c, :.-:,' uf;. t
Jollowiuir ordinanr wpre ndonted:
I AtJ. ordaincdt That anjrq)ersou who
S !rll hatcher anv SJeef or sheen within
Corporate limita of tba town Rball for-
3nd pay the? sum of -five dollars for
I ft M ordained That Ordinance XXIII
I jhended 1 by1 inserting tlie word "at
V m UHrt"Q Mfjwjf immetuaieiy niter
Ii ;Jv?ajinfdf That any person who
4j ; found cuijtr of carry in r coutteaV
? out Lis ersou any pistol, bowfe-
kuife, dirk, dagger, slungstiot, loaded
cane, brass, iron or metal ic knuckles, or
other deadly weapon of like kind except
on his own trremises. and excett such
persons as are special exempt; f rom the
operjition of this Jaw by the laws of the
State of North Carolina, shall, be guilty of
a misdemeanor and upon conviction there
of shall be fined five dollars ,for each of
fence. ! B. F. Kogers, C. 13. C
At the meeting of the County! Commis
sioners ou Monday , Ultambers It. Uw en,
received the appointment froiu this coan-
ty to go as a student to the Siat4Juiver
sity, under the Act authorizing each coun
ty iu the State to send one (student free
of charge for tuition and room rent. . ,
John A." Snider - was licensed
spirituous and mault liquors
' The time for listing taxes
ivn ueuiji hub ciicucu ii tuc !
month. Those who failed to li
31st of this
fore wilt now have to mj a line
of 25 ccs.
Rufus Rose man was appoiuted a Con
stable in Providence township
. It was ordered that the public
leading from Salisbury to Lexington, be
widened to 150 fee, begiuuiug-att the ' cor
porate limits and exteuding about 3 miles
out, to avoid the dangerous proximity of
the railroad. The Board reserved the right
to refuse to. pay the cost and; damages of
this work. ''.''', .'! j
; A road was ordered to be opened in the
uorth western jart of the county, leading
from a point on South River on D. M.
Cauibcll's plantation to the Iredell coun
ty line near Thomas Steele's, ;vith theex
press understanding -that the. county was
not to be liable for damages; for land or
put to expense foc bridge jortr South
River, h - ; j .
" Nineteen paupers were Reported
on the courity at the Poor House!.
Uats is all harvested and the crop is
very good, especially spriug oats.
The cotton crop is clean (hav
nnusiiTilly well worked) and,
standing the drouth, h looking very flour
ishing, U'.iu" at least 25 per ceut better
thau at thii date, last year. 7
The weather is very warm and! dry, no
rain of consequence having fallen for sev
eral weeks. Corn is guttering 1 greatly,
much of it -badly twisted up over night.
and turning white on the top. One more
week of dry weather, wilU cut ptt this
crop ( specially on uplands.) at least 50
per -cent from an average yield. Bottom
corn is still faring very well. Vegetation
in the gardens almost entirely burnt
The first Katy-dids w-erei hearo! on the
5th iust. fl--- : ' ' ! t--
On the 7th iust, a young lau, living
with Mr. J. A. Klutts, by the juame f
Siinptson, bad his skull badly fractured
by the kick of a horse. Sutuiuereil, being
sent for, Tendered prompt; surgical aid ;
but, we learn the injury is so great, that
no hopes are entertained of the patient's
. - ' -a
I he general health still continues very-
good. H's . - . ("". j; .
"Ripples" having returned to his post
at South! River, we shall be 1 pleased to
hear from him soon. j
Woodleavesand we, receutly putonr
foot in it, and committed j the most dis
tinguished blunder of our lives, tvhen we
weut on an explication (Shade of Isaac
Walton, wliat a word !) to a certain mill
pond tec know ofr (but what, for Sundry
good reasons, shall be nameless) j thereby
arousing the sleeping furies of a certain
locality in , not Rowan, bringing
down their wrathful vengancehou onr
devoted heads, and eausiiig ns almost to
regret that we ever learned thet?ii ie art
of fishing. ; Despair had well-nigh inai kr
ed us as her own, but, haying spent the
4th of J11I3 , (which ought to haye been
'more "patriotically observed) ' in mak
ing our atonement, we are, at thisi writing
feeling as well as could he expected.
Ah, ''Woodfeaves"! hereby hangs a
tale, worse than fisherman"' hick.
1 ..---;- -"h - W. li. F.
We had a good rain hero last Suuday.
It was very much needeil. '
The public school for this dictrict will
commence the 14th of Jufy and will cov
tinue fori two months under the manage
ment of Prof. Kizer. . , ( ' I .
There is several fields r of corn almost
totally destroyed by the I cows. Oh for
the first Thursday iu August.
Death Visited our Village for the first
time since its foundation (four years) the
3rd of Julyv Its victim was little Johnny
Cook, son of- oori worthy Mayor U. M.
Cook. He- was (about six years nine
months old aud iwas the only .child of
doting parents. -nThe J bereaved parents
have the! sympathy of the entire" Commu
nity. -':''" "1
Dietl near this place on the 6th I of July
Mrs. John Smith.) She was an aged lady,
and leaves a large number of relatives
and friends to mourn her loss. Both of
the above named persons were biirried at
this itaceJ Rev. W.H.Cone of China
Grove conducted the funeral" services on
each occasion. 1
A. Yost and A.-J. Lowrance have gone
to TroutmanV to day to attend a Railroad
meetinir at that place as ' delegates from
As was previously annountied, the
"Stock La w" discussion came off at Wood
Land ou Saturday lasu Senator Hender-
soiuwas absent, but Mr.: Gray j made a
pleasantj practical, and, at times elo
quent address. It was well receiv ed and
we hopej productive of much good. After
he concluded, Dri Kamsay, being calletl
for, spoke briefly and pointedly!, coun
selling a'caretull consideration of he new
Law before, the 7th proximo.. ,We were
sorry, however,1 to see the Doctor-on the
the fence, not espousing either ide. It
has beeu suggested that it was fortunate
for the fence, at least, that so weighty a
gentleman as Air; urny 01a not uiko uie
same position. : ! ; "' : :;;; ' ' ' '-' "
- The next meeting of Wood Land circle
will be on Saturday the19th iusi, at five
olock, P. M. Heading Exercises King
Lear. : ." wt-.' 'C-:-:-'y y:r r;.
There I will be a Township Sunday
School Convention an Unity Uhurch on
the last Saturday of this month Further
I pe given.
A grand Masonic PiciiNic will be held
n't tlie Shoals, in Davkjrepiinty, on Wedues-da-,
July' 23il, 187U, 1 There will be a
Masonic march. H t , !
The citizens of Daviei Rowan and Irei!
dell are cordially invitetl to attend and
bring with tlietu a basket of provisions.
The Pic-Nic is-given for the benefit of the
Orphan Asylnm. . A i Collection will be
taken npjbr the aid of the Asylum, ; ; .-
Salisbury Baud,Xip P
will honor the
occasion with their presence.
Shakers : Z. B. Vani1
bins, J. G.. Ramsay,
more and others.
J. II. Stewart,:
J. M.. Howard, ;
V. A. Clement,
.P. Haines. .11
, A. A. llat bin.
XeKs, Cneord ait, Charlotte Observer,
Winston Leader, and
" t , .-! Mi
Col. T, B. Long
Mrs. Fowler, mother
ing 'Citizen, Mr. Geo
Fowler, died f on
Tuesday morning. .
A.! L. Hall,- Esq., speaks of moving near
Salisbury, We wish S
lisbuty a lUivieiu
ood'iue i she can
ity success, and all tl
get, but don't want;hei
get, but don t want her to take from our
midst one of our worthiest citizens.) ;
Wheat threshers are
uow. borne or the cr
ps are very gwu
while others are not.
he com crop is
look ins: fine, thoiiLrUin
heed of rain. To
bacco is small, and generally a very bad
Gardens are not
doing much1 good.
About all out peache have fallen oil'.
Apples are plentiful.
At the iecentxlosing
jexercises of pall's
Academy there, were t-
!o prizes awarded.
Oue for conduct, the otb
er lor scholarship
The former was awarded to Miss Atmie
Lindsay, the latter to J
We are having good (
lealth in this i in -we
hear of chills
F: S.S. .
mediate section, thoogl
ana lever around us.
A "Cluster Meetin'lbf the Presbyteri
an chnrches of Bcthesda, Back (ilreek,
Thyatira, Unity, Third Creek, Mockiville,
Franklin and Salisbury was held at Thy
utira, begwitiug at 11 lo'clock, Monday,
and closing at 3 o'clock, p.
All the above churches.
Creek, was renresen ted either bv the nas-
toror eldei s
-t. t I ' "i.,Jl t,-.. J
u. muu. i-f j "'i""""""1. Fc"
ceded the opening exercises of the Cluster
by a : sermon 'on "FamiWJiclitfion." It was
attentively listened to I y a large portion
The Cluster was then
after which, Prof. R. StH
ling read a care -
fully prepared Essay on
4 j Worldly A muse-
A recess of one hour
The good people of
was then taken.
spread on a long table under the shade of
the venerable oaks, a
good things,' of which all
were invited to
The afternoon war spent in discussing
the question" iviai can
6c done to check
the spirit of tcorldlincss
void prevalent in
our churches f
The roll of churches was called, a ml re
sponses were given by
Moses Liugle, of
Ramsay and Maj.
Back Creek ; Rev. J. A.
N. F. Hall, of Thyatira
son, of Unity; ' Rev.
g, of Mock s-
Third Creek; Prof. SUi
ville ; Rev. Mr. Boyd
kf Frnukliu, aud
Re. J. Rumple, of Salis
)g and profitable
es were highly interesti
to those who heard them
The foreuobu of Tuesday was spent in
discussing the question-J fJIotc can great
er efficiency in church officers be secured V
And the afternoon was
consumed on the
question " What can bi
done to improve
the sinying in our churclifs
Nearlv every member
of the Cluster
took part in the disenskiuju of these ub-
jects. 1 he exercises we
e Varied, uow aud
then, by a Hymn of pritisi, or by prayer,
so that the time, was wel
delegates and people were;
l-e freshed rath-
er than weaned with them
The Cluster adjourned about o'clock,
Tuesday, to hold; theirr next meeting at
Back Creek, on Monday I after the first
Sabbath in October.
The politeness of tliie congregation of
Thyatira to delegates slnd strangers was
marked, and in -all rjespeels worthy
of them as oue of the oiliest and most re
sncctable churches in the State.
For the WalchmAa
On the morning of the 0th of June we
left South River toattendcommeuceuiehts,
picnics &x. &c. Our p(st trip was to
Trinity College, where we met school and
class mates, and raauy other friends. The
commencement this year was a brilliant
success. ' 'The absence II of Bishop Pierce
created a vacancy' in f the exercises,
admirably Slled by Dr. Burkhead.j The
crowd ou Wednesday wjasi not as htrgej as
usual on that day. On Thursday, tjiough
the weather was uufavoralble, it 'wajs im
mensely large. The. exercises were both
profitable and interestiligl " ;
On Friday the 14th, Swe gathered up
our valise and put for Concord jNCJ
Having spent a week thre attending Si S.
Pic-nics, &c, we left to attend the; clps
ing exercises of" Key. JV E. Thompson's
school at Catawba ' Station, which ttiok
place wr the -27th f insipf The exercises
during the day consistejd of spcechesiby
the boys and essays by the girls, "which
were g tteu up in good I $tyle. At j night
Bio. Thompson spoke uo hour upon tlie
Subject,' A Ramble ara4ng the Nation
which seemed more like jai missionary sjef
mon thau a rambling speech. All ; were
hiclily edified by it. ii . I H
one hundred iuliabitaits. It has two
handsome brick churches! a "Methodirtt".
and a "Baptist." Onerdf the most ttrik
iug" features about it isj five men that
weigh 1351 lbs. The largest weighing
350. Mr. William Trott,! a former resi-
dent of Rowan, is cl
large men. Being so
eUhat in -delicate
health he only weigli
H270 lbs. In our
round we found no : place that excels
1 ! . .
Rowan id" fine crops. .V
e; think she takes
the lead in ' that linel
We con Id 1 say
ur trip, jboi it
much more concernin
would not do to put it
n print, i x oar
columns,' doubtless, c,
be devoted to
i something tuore valuable.
F. S. S.
JcLr 5th, 1879.
i Dear Jfr. Editor ? June , with all her
wealth of roses has passed and gone. Up
on the whole it was a! pleasant mouth so
cool and refreshing', jA goodly portiou of
it we spent frusticatifg .on the banks of
the grand old Catawba, tanned by the
mountain bieze ; roaming oyer hill aqd
Valleys, enjoying the) . lovely- mountain
like sceueryl; readng talking, croquet
ing and eatijig--iyeS; leasting on the fat
of the land. We fouijd very little fruit,
with the exception jofithe onfiiiling black
berry ; but tjhey 'jdo mighty well when we
can't do any better. Isn-t.i it ;iierfectly
charming fuj us!HMr khut-up town folks
to find a quvet retreatifor a few weeks in
tlie granil old country, wifhxitsT gieenV
Varied wild i woMti where": peace, ' happi
ness and couteutraenti
reign supreme.. , i.
day finds us "home
ing -"quite .rejuvenated, ' to
s thattwrve ; tasted, wishiug
or tiiaoy like returns. , f
di eani of joy
Times seem pretty lively here. Vaca
tion in all the schools. The young peo
ple have patties! ; friip Band gives moan
light concen s pnt the eollegeTgreen, which
are very en, oyable1. The ; men fall have
the lallriMid fever, trM" re; wonderfully
cxenied"ovk'r tile pnyected uarnw gnnge
to our little sold sitei- Thylorsville, and
aie .quite .lioiiejroi.'jjs.'ancce'sa'.-aud
Riwedv comoletiour Xv '-'Won't those
LBrashy r Mountain bedide open their eyes
to see a train wltizziug-rtiong. .
It is setting pretty dry again. A show
er of rain won Id refresh the
you ever have bugs orsneh
1 1 CkCl UII V Will
cjibt)a:e, don i put kerosene on it : it is
dangerous in luoret ways , .than oue. . A
gentleman here was walking in his wife's
garden one Uay, and Kceing the.cabbages
were being j detryed by ; varmints "
lind thiUKing Keroseuu-Aras gowi lor ev
jurjf thing. ( wff thojat eo usul I ing- his good
ady) gave thenii ft netty gwd dose,
which killed! bodi cabliage aud. bugs. 1
khaii not say what .piece of household
ii-orerty was brought into use
I Last weekj oue !of lour young ladles
launched hej- Ufa boat on the stormy sea
of matrimony.. Midain Rumor savs there
ire several ojthersi anticipating the same
feoon. They had jbetter loik sharp, or
some of them will make shipwreck.
'U There is a considerable amount of
building going ou-sojue new houses in
process of election, renovating old ones
and making itheihj look as well as new
and brushing up generally.
! You know! Conference meets here this
summer aud! Svhod in. October. Now
: won't we have a jolly tune , with all the
. preachers, . to say nirthing of the good
(tsatiu.V Conie up, aud we'll promise you
, a real good t me,?
Rev. Dr. N'all fs in owu ou his way to
Fifth Creek to spend the summer months!
coming just at thu time is providen
BroMVood has been quite com
plaining for keveral d:u
preach. A Con
tys aud not able to
Jackson II ill Letter.
; Editor Watchman
pear Sir: Noth
inn special has iranspij
red amonjr us re-
MMitlv. HeWerS of wood; aud drawers of
vntei-. as well as other classes ceuerallv
are pressing forward
kind of pu in p-handle
ant crops of wheat have Keep husbanded,
. ' . " .!.'! .11 t. 1
aud corn-piowing, wiinaii iisseatanc
horse-fly deViltfy, is about to be elose
tor the season. ! Watermelons, roasting
ears', cucumber,' and inutton-clutps, are
hot distant 10 the future, and much o
the leanness,! btMli of imiinals and men
peculiar to ! the seasu ot spring, is al
rehdv tartiaflv recovered from. The ex
tremp licaltlijulness of jthirpast spring is
fiist beiug rephijced byj malarial influen
ces ; aiid, altliobah health is a boon of
inestimable valne, some physicians some
times think that, iu this respect at least,
enough of a good thing is enough. Par
don me for digressing lie re, arid suggest--inir
that health is best preserved by a
strict obserJauce of iemperance in all
personal and ; domici'iary cleanliness,
wholesome fod aud drink, moderate and
regular exercise, J refreshing and timely
hours of sleep j, aud a cheerful state of
mind. & ' : -
While the sea of life oyer here, seems
to be unruffled by storms of special mag
nitude, therej are, nevjei theless, upon its
bosom eertain waves that may deserve a
transient notice.' Theke waves may be
termed peculiarities Jf society. One,
which is somewhat promi'ieut, is, that
our people do not, as a' general rule, de
sire education, nor are they willing to
make much sacrifice to) obtain it. An
other is, tha;t they are satisfied with
vvorse public roads, fewer public bridges,
and less iuternal iinprovement generally,
than perhapsla majority of the people of
most sections of I North- Carolina. They
are, iudividullyj fair specimens either of
the Caucassiau biped, oV African. Many
I ll 1 11 liO ,
by the 'eniovinent of pure air,
of them are fpnd of alcjohol, and are wil
ling to do almost nuy thing to obtain it,;
ihost of them1, liowev
rer, are sumcientiv
temperate in ;the use of
all are intemperate in one way or anoth
er : some eatl too inich, nod some too
little, some too bften, and of unwholsome'
food, and otliers too seldom. f Some work
too hard, and; sleep too little, while oth
ers take too little exercise,? and sleep too
much. Many Use tot accO .excessively,
aud show unmistakably, ; their curved
spines, sdlo aspects, trenJulous limbs,
and shortness of breatl i, that they: are
subjects of great Jdebiliry, and victims of
tltcii own intemperance.
I Our people! ate a veri religious people,
and many of j them sustain ; characters s
slicli, of tiulyi pious and upright citizens
but many others are eitreraely religious,
renewing their stocks unually, by new
professions of repentance, faith, and for
giveness, bii sustain iiig character for
disliouesty, sb that they can not obtain
goods, oua credit, to the value of five
cents. . ', -;
The natnral mental j capacities of onr
people wouldi it is believed, compare fa
vorably with Ithose of the people of other
sections of ortr Sbite. 'here are here, as
lfwlifi'P. throughout oiir whole nation.
more evidences of fitness, ou the part of
au classes oi citizens, wi auiawsiuu uuu
tjie Lunatic Asylum, than ever were wit
nessed iu ante-bellum times. These ev
idences of nieiital , iusaiiity are couspicu-
ous in every lasS of siciety, and ai-fc of
every conceivable uegree, irom uio migui
et aberraticjusji dowii to pitiful .and
diiveliuir idiocy Tbeyi have been partic
ularly and fcoritinuaily conspicuous in
ewery departpieq t , of j jour, govern men t
Kiiirn the aimiifrKment of tlie inelimiua
ries of the secession of ihe State of South
Carolina, nbout nineteen years, ago: aud
tleir cause .ws. the greijit prime cause of
oir late disastrous civil! war, with all its
HThe writerjbelieves that great epi
demic of mental insanity is now preva
lent throughoot'ouf whole country; that
it has existed about nineteen years ; that,
like other great epidemic visitations of
disease, its ciiaso is little and tood ;
that itr-im presses ''profowndlr the creat
j nervous centres of both man and brntes,
1 and Vsin&es' extra vn'-unt netf rr u.
pat of both. 7 He also believes that sim-
ilar epidemics; unce or fteuer, visited all
the great empires of antiquity, and caused
their final rnin and overthrow. ; v ! i
As au evidence that brntes are nffVrtpd
by this epidemic influence, horses (brutes
vith which we are most familiatV. it
seems, are no longer the nolAe animaU
tliey used.to be.. They; are, nowadaTs,
generally vicions,-unsteady and. wild,
with eyes protruding from their sockets,
juke.inose ot a mannic ; or blind, stupid,
land dull, with limbs either nerat-paralyt-
c, or aneciea with somethings like loco
notpr ataxia ; so that, when riddeu,i they
iaro Very apt to fall down,; to the great
peril of the rider, or, if driven in shafu,
ruu away, as might be expected of such
degenerate colts of ; degeuerate sires.
Dogs seem to have lost much of I their
pristine docility and sagacity. They will
almost invariably -bite straugers, unless
chained, knocked down, or killed.1 aVerr
ew oi litem nowadays wi.I give much
iced to the simple biddiuirsof their keen-
eis, u.nd many of them ? will- bite their
eepers themselves, ou coniina in after
Uightfall. It does apiear, thexjfret that
an ''evil spirit" (epidemic mental insaiir
ty) is sometimes permitted to enter into
whole nations of men, horses, doss. &c.
there to abide for a grejit while,"or uutil
they rnn down steep places, and up steep
ones, into deep water and other difficul
ties,, to their utter ruin. ' !
bo numerous are instances of acute
meutal iusauity, that magistrates, con-
stables, and plrysiciaus, have, every
Where over the eouutry, become perfectly
acquainted with the legal proceedings
liecessary to seud a fellow-being to the Lu
patic Asylum, an institution which,
though large, commodious, aud well man
aged, is. bv uo means' auenuate to the
J....... .v. ...1...: .(l...lll . I . I
uH.iriuuiHuiniu tu 112111 tueiuuuiics 111 our
State. Iu view of the great and con
stantly increasing nnmber of cases of
mental insanity, it is . all-important; that
every cause, meutal or physical, , of im
paired health, either of body or mind.
Should be ferreted out, and remedied, if
possible. The body aud mind are 'close
relatives j and disease or disturbance of
the oue generally affects the other : hence
every person shonld-eudeavor to under-
stand the rudiments, at least, .of mentals
anil physical hygiene. 1 1
Sanitary commissions would do well to
look, not only after the great causes of the
visitations from abroad, of cholera, yel-'
low fever, &c., but also to search lout,1
and investigate various other causes of
meutal aud physical disease, which are
engendered and fostered in our midst, j
j 1 lie excessive use of tobacco, alcohol,
and coffee, is pregnant with the seeds of
disease, especially 6f the organs of diges
tion and innervation; hence those who
use them, even in moderate excess, are
tremulous, sallow, and debilitated, with
confusion of mind, shortness of memory,
and giddiness of head ; while those who
Use them in greater excess, are often mere
monuments of the total shipwreck of
mental and physical worth.
Colleges,' and all other seminaries,
should take special care to inculcate the
importance of mental discipline, in oth
er words, of tuning the mind, ami keep
ing it in tune. Although it is immaterial,
it is, nevertheless, capable of being
moulded or bent, so to gpeak, in various
ways, according to the habits or customs
of its possessor ; henee it should be di
rected, aud continually kept, in proper
channels, avoiding extravagance and
oijer excitement, on the one hand, and
lethargic idleness on the other. ;
The present generation of yonng gen
tlemen and ladies sleep too little; and
nany of middle age deny themselves the
amount of 'uature'sr sweet restorer" nec
essary to their heaitlitui existence, far
euts, guardians, and teachers, should
strictly see that those under their care
sty-ep-, at least, eight hours iu twenty
four, In conclusion, the yriter begs
leave to intimate that the present age is
too fast ; that every thing that is done is
done too fast, and under too mnch ex
citeiueut; that when one job is done, an
other is begun too soon, and without
sufficient repose on the pa it of the jobber;
and that people, every wherein America,
live too fast aud die too fast, aud prema
turely. He further begs leave to suggest
the remedy, which is, simply, temperance
in all things.
Most respectfully submitted by
For t'ae Watchman.
State Normal School.
Mr. Editor: Your correspondent ar
rived here on 21st ult., on hi way to his
honie iu Kowan. The Normal School was
thjn in session, supeiiutended by Prof.
J. J. Ladd ofVa. llowan has a small repre
sentation this year, just as she has always
had in the Normal School. It is exceed
ingly strange that those professing -to-teach,
are not more concerned about self
preparation. Normal Schools are not ex -peeled
to mako scholars of dwarfs, but
thev are expected to make teachers of
schools. There are a great many good
! scholars who are sorry teachers: because
I..! . . m -t a. A. .
thev do not study the subject of teach-
iuk The following .is the regular pro
niiinine of the Normal : Prayer : Lect-
utes 1st. on Arithmetic ; xnu. Eng
lish Grammar. 3rd, Reading; 4th. Geo
graphy. Then two hours are given for
recreation. In the aiteruoon tue school
is divided into four sections. Each sec
tion lias its own room aud instructor. The
theories set? forth in the lectures A.
are put into practice 1. iu. Uf course.
there are many theories wnicn we cannot
practice to the letter, j especially in our
common schools, yet by studying these
theories thoroughly, and cloosely observ
ing their workings, wo can gam many
practical ideas which will more fully pre
pare us for tlie active duties of the school -loam.
Prof. Ladd gives one lecture each
day ou school government. These lectureji
ar0 iutei-estiug, and will benefit those,
who attend them desiriug to be benefit
ed. These things belong to the commou
school department. Besides ' these, there
are classes in Kindergarten, Latin, Alge
bra, Chemistry, and Physics. The Uni:
versify Musucm and Library, and also
the society Libraries, are open for the
benefit of Normalites. Indeed, these
facts ought to induce every school-teacher
to attend the Normal. All is not told.
Every week we have speeches from the
best and ablest of North Cai oli nan's sons.
Net only the teacher,1 but the lawyer, tbjfc
doctor, the t;itesman gnd the divine,
come, here and give- ft jhQ benefit of their
experience, observation, careful research
aud ' mature thought, Laying every-
tliinsr I else aside, - the' sociable teacher
would receive a full remuneration for all
his trouble aud expense by simply meet
inir and associating with other teachers.!
jA gentleman of tbj clerical order, sta
ted in a speech here . last night, that rip
ill day of .Gov- Swain,three-foartus:af
Ui SCongresa was composed 6f native
iro North Carolinians una: men euueaf
iu tho'Universrty rot N. . C Another
shown us that N.:C. is naturally tine
the richest states in the Union. Such
are the facts presented t "6nr mindf .
r The Normal School .tits created ench
M interest iu education, that it has stir
tvf even tiie Chapel Hill ites to a sense
bfjthek duty. L-ist Satartlay they hehl
H aiassmeeting, and resolved to "start Ji
yrhded school.' This will doubtless draw
peuts to Chapel Hill, who wish to iulu
iate their children. ?Capt. J; E. Dagger
of Raleigh, showedT in a speech at the
Hhi mass meeting, that two hundred chil
dn n will receive better instruction in a
gri ded school daring ten months' for
2 XX), than they will during seven mouths
for the same amount of money in common
Hp aud'prirate ; schools:' While1 graded
icl inds are flourislilng in other cities of
;ht good old Xortlr itate, "why not have
n in Salisbnry alsof
i The foirbwing are the present statistic
af he Normal Schools : 127 males ; 118
icmaies ; J counties represented j 45
10 i represented. . Orange , has 31 repre
sei tatives j ? Wake, 24 ; Chatham, 14 4
Gt in ville and Alamance each, ll ; Rowan
4 ; tett counties each have betxteen S and
30 I thirteen each have less thau five.
The Atlanta Cotton Sills.
he first cottonmill built at Atlanta.
pebrgia, was put iu operation on Tuesday
of last week. IL was made the occasiou
jforja celebration of the evenfpUov. Col
ouitt and the mayor of Atlanta and many
citizens laiticiiatiiiT in the nriHiodin?.
Thfe mill. fvllOSe MIlllllrr ' li.ia.': Iwmii tilt
cause of so much rejoiciug in that citv,
U fitted with the , best machiiierv that
;No thern mechanics could turn oat, and
has been built and equipped to manttfac
iturfc "staudard brown goods," including
sjiueiiiijs. Ruining ana onus ; wie yaru
jForlall grades beinr the mie. the difier-
jeme in the goods being, produced by the
loo n. It is capable of consuming 19,030
balss of cotton annually, and its annual
pro il act ion of manufactured good when
in fair operation is pnt at l,4O0,(XK)
yartls. 1 he machinery put in practical
operation on luesday will mauufacture
about two-fifths of the quantity mention
ed, and will give employment to four
hundred and 'twenty persons. In plain
cottons, the feouthern mills ahead v csiab-
lisl ed have done well. The Georuia
mills,especially those on the Chat Ul.ojc-Jice
er, have been very prosperous for years
and even daring the last live years, while
the New England mills haveiceii losing
mo ley from the shrinkage in values,
ma le large profits. The same may be
said ofmillsatGrantsville, on the Augusta
ant South Carolina railroad, fifteen miles
from the former city and five miles from
Ail en. Indeed there has been no in
sta ice where cotton mills at the South;
under good management, have failed to
pay large dividends to their stockhold
ers ' For some kind of cotton goods the
So 1 th is not only beginning to supply
her own-people, bat is pushing uorth
ward to compete with New England in
her own market, and has made some ex-
pertmentnl exports to, Europe. The
da of the Mississippi- essou mills are
in uemaua in TSew xorlc and lioston, aud
they bore off honors at the Pamexhibi
of 1873. The South , can manufac-
certain kinds of goods more cheaply
the IS 01th. Ihe reason is not far
k. New England has to carry her
material to her mills, tit teen bun-
miles distant." The South sets her
mills in the midst flier cotton fields,
and thus saves the difference between
the cost of transporting the xaw material
when manufactured. She saves also the
charges in ' commissions to factors and
middlemen, while her mill operatives
in mat climate can work for lower wages,
Ucause the cost of living is lower ; and
there is further gain , to the Southern
mill owners in tho lact that their opera
tives work a greater number of hours
weakly than they do in New Eng
In this connection it is interesting to
note that the Augusta (Ga.) cotton fac
tory for the fiscal year ended 14th of June
last paid a dividend of 8 per cent, on its
capital stock, after paying for repairs,
taxes, etc. Its gross earnings for the year
amounted to $112,111, aud the company
has now placed to- its profit aud loss ac
count $267,157. The bonded debt of the
comttKtuy was also reduced $18,000 daring
the near. During that time 1 1,40 bales
or 51447,403 pounds of cotton were con
turned, which produced 14,7t2),782 yards
of goods. The?average nnmber of hands
employed was WJf whose wages during
the sear airirrecated $loo,920. 1 he sales
during the year aggregated $832,006.
Balihnore Sun. 1
UxsuBSTAXTiAL Keal Estatk. We are
informed that a ire n tie ma u residing in
Wakulia county by the name of Cox, who
is cultivating a small farm, upon arising
one morning last week was surprised to
hud 'that during the night his residence
had been chanced from a recion where
water could not be seen to the borber
a lake. Wneu be retireo the evening
before, his house was far aAvay from any
nond. lake or river, but upon ironic out
next morning, instead of his gardeM, an
imiueuse sink 50 or CO yards square, fill
ed jith water, running op within 18 or
20 feet of his. residence, met his raze.
Duriug the night this transformation oc
curredleaving not even a vestigo of tlie
tallest' pine trees, which were standing
in thsir full magesty only 12 hours be
fore, 5 These sinks, however, are not un
freqneut iu this couuty. It has been only
a shirt time that a sink occurred near
Lavsnder1 mill, jnore remarkable Uiau
the one alluded, to above,' in that it oc
curred npon ihe very top of a hill one of
the I lighet t points , of the land in that
courity. Will not some one exolaiu these
occurrences f Tallahassee Floridian.
i A: BALtoox Afloat. Philadelphia,
JuW 7. The steamer Saxon, just arrived
from Boston, reports seeing a balloon of
lieculiar construction descend into the
ocean on the 6th inst., forty five miles
southeast of Sandy Hook, fourteen miles
fronk the Saxon but just ahead of an un
JfCorrected by J. II. Kxox & Co.l
July 10 1879.
C0TTs firm Middlings, 11
. I low do 10
-: stains - : . .
Bicbx, county, hog round
Bcttbr - ' .
Caictexs per doxez
Cor& ' - .
3lEAXr moderate demand at
WintAT good demand at
Ftoira- best fsm. .
i i4q i . .. super..
Onrp3cs no demand ; -'
LiRt ,r: . . '
H'atI . a . , .... ... ? -.
45 Years Before "the Publicu
i;r"l? THE CENUIrlE
Ti r r t '
;. . I FOR THE CCKCjOF ' J"
Hepatitis, or Liver Complaint, I
'" I DVSPCrSJA A0 SKK ttKACACHIL . W lift.1 .
tSjTOptomS of a Diseased Liver.
PAIN inthe fight' sulc,' ; unScr th f;
edge of thie Hl, intjeases on pres- '
sure; somctijnes the fiain is In theleCr
side; the; patient is rarely, able to lie
on the left side ; sometimes the pain is
sfelt under the shoulder Lhide, and it
; frequently extends to the top. of ithejbi
: shoulder,, and is sometimes mistaken
for rheumatism in the ' arm. The
stomach is afiectctl with oss of ippei
tite and sick!ness ; the bowels In gen-
era! are costive, sometimes alternative
withi lax ; the head is troubled with,
pain, accompanied with a dull, heavy .
sensation in the back rtrt-5 Thete is
generally a, consideralwe loss of jnenvl
ory, accompanied widi a painful sen-
sation of having left undone some-'
thing which flight to liaveJbeen done'
A slight, dry' cough is sometimes an
attendant t The patient complains of
weariness and debility; 'heels' easilr
startled, his feet are cold or burnink--
1 u . it.: r ,.. e . "
us iic -jiijpuiu:s vi , a, priCKiy scna-
uoa 01 mc sKin ; ms fpints art ior; ,
and although he is satisfied that exeV
cise would lie bemjficial to him, yet i:'
he. canscarcjely summon' up fortitude
enough to try it. In frxt, he distrusts
every remedy. Several of the abbye
symptoms attend the disease, but cases "
have occurred where few of them ex- .
isted, yet examination of the body,- '
aucr ueain, nas snown the liver to
have been extensively deranged.
AGUE AND FEVER;
- Dr. G. McLants LiverPills, ik
cases of Ar.uE axb IV.vER when
taken with Quinine, are productive f
the most happy results. No. better,
cathartic can be used, preparatory tp,
or after taking Quinine. We would '
advise all who are afflicted with this ; i
disease to giye them a k.ms trial. ,'
For all bilious derangements, and as
a simple purgative, they are unequalecL '
BEM AnE Of IMITATfOXS. V '
The genuine are never sugar coated.. :- 3
Every box has a ref wax seal on the ldt !
with the iinnressioa Dk. McLaxe's Livxk "
Pills. . . . ' : :.;--J -
The genuiiitiMcLAjcL's Ltvfii Tills bear
the signatures lof C. McLANE aad Flxminc
Bros, on the -wrappers. . . i t ;
Insist opon having the genuine PrJC
McLane's Liver Pills, prepared by Flem--ing
Bros., of Pittsburgh. Pa.,the market beang "
full of imitations of the name MeT4ane,
spelled differently but same pronunciation.' " .
TV A T 33 Zt.;ZkX 23 2Lr O 3J SI ' '
are all sold, but BUEUBAU3f has at nic
lot of Pineapples, Oranges, Sugar-CnretV-
Hams, Breaktast'Stnps, etr.. etc. .vlie
also expects in a few days . fide BacinM, ;
fresh Lemons, and the very finest k$nds
of Family SoafiSi lj
, .1.1 ..I j V .1 M.f
SECOND-HAND SCHOOL BOOKS i .
Can bo bought at Yopp'a Book jStotr, 1
iVIaiq Fti-eet, . 1
mum to tie
. July 16 and 17, 1879. ' :
The unersl)?n! has arran?! fnr an excursion to
the Head of the Western N. C Railroad n an un
usually Uberul rale? and ccncdvnttr hu) mends it
to the pubUc an affordmx a rare opportunity lor 4k
pleasant and dstraMe trip. j
W U leave Salloburyat 7oelock,- AM.l on the
lt.h. Returning, will leave the Up of the Llue
Ridge at 10 o'clock, A. M., on the ITtli. -
ROUND TRIP .'- "M $1.
It , 1 D. Zl. JT7LZAIT.
' ' - ' '
Has j list received aNitwncrTnEsii stock,
of confectionery, Arbnckles' ungroond,
roasted coffee in air-ticht lb packsftes, 20c."
A full line of Jfresh FAMILY OIft)CETt
IE9 always on hand, and sold cheeper than
the cheapest. , "Call to see myi goods,
and ask nnceft - 4' -
, . t
WOOL r CARDED IKKW !
Cards at Six Cents per pounti. 49 f
SATI5 FACTION GUARANTEED.
Call on ; ROSS & GREENFIELD. 3
June 26, 1879 3t . i .
Come without delay. I will cl6se my
Gallery during the month of August. Do ;
not delay as 1 may close a few. days be-
oro that time.
C. W. C, WLwrtssU
Letter and Note Heads, Biix)I1eais,
Carps and Ekvexopes printed to 'order n
at very low rates. Call at this oiuce -
35 30;, ;-'V;v'- 'V V iy
11 1 1 i.iii . jj ! 1 ii if... 1 in K
PA RSOX'S SXUFF, Still increasing
in favor. Try it. 1VU mild and "pure.
For sale by j ,- ;' -.. t J. V. Gakkill.'
HOaTH CAE0LIHA, Davie County.
M- U. CHArviir, Adui'r of, 1
Jense A. Clement derd,
V. A.Clement; B.C Clem
Petition to tell
ent, J. Ll Clement, H. llr-
land !o. pay -
i r AUtm
erave and wifei ilnrtha, J-
cob Eaton and wife Mary,
Laura Clement, and C A.
Clement, ; f . 4 D'ftt.
Ik appearing to the aathifaciloa of the Coort,"
upon ; affidar it jof , Plaintiff, th at V. A. Clem ,
non-reident of thin St ate, it i ordered tl) a t pn
lication be made in the Caro.lina Watclmiaj'j;
for tlx BOCceMi vj veeka, noiifying ubf deftpd"
ahi to appear at the office of the ClerkV of b
Superior Courit of aid count j on the 15th Aj
of Augiiit next, and answer ' the' complaint
which bi deposited in aid offirt'T or lliie plain-(
tiff will apply to the Court for Ihe relief de-ii'j
msndedln ifc eniplalnt,' ".t
WiteWH I -fll O. MfiHAJr. Cl'k
un3; W9Ct K SPr Court Daie C. V M
MORSE AND CATTLE POWDERS,
At sr tor riZ'
41 . I
; M 1
i i s I ':