t - . . 1 1
ll; '';!: - ! . ' J '
, ,'.... I.... T- l
FrdBi fenil alter uie ji ujr ui January;
.subscription price of the Watch
. .J fiiirt.. . y
HI W "
n.iid Iii advance.
1 I i -
payment delayed 8 mouths, 2.00
payment delayed 12 mouthsj 2.50
Mrf W. H.'Ke8tlr naH in Proration a
L,,,ui!ie tciepnouf , iuu ciet;uicuy--u
f !' : Si- L . .: frV- 1nl 1 t ra.
v fnsi). A -very .small cold rinc
Uivcu; rplt may be had by description,
t'tiiyflicc.;- - -1
Tl pas Company has generously do
natedlS'Q months salary ($80.00), to the
Widow of Mr. Crawford, the late suerin
iendrt;of the Gas Works.
'Y w! notice in bloom, violet,' hyacinth's,
crocuses and spiral
f : V J . ...
"Garden sass" is
j to make a
Allowing, -'-and the
Itloef jrds are flying around the martin
'boxer--8" evidences, oi the salutary et-
fect-tW J" WllUtTS. ;
: V ' : o '
Tiik Grave of - Hood. We return
tltanlp to Prof: A. W. Perry, of Sedalia,
Mo-rpra- copy of his song, dedicated as
trilifte to tlie memory of Gen. Jno. B.
Hood who died August a')th, 1879, of yel
jovr fever. His last words were: "We
Lay dislodge the enemy," Is publish
d bjf the composer. I'rice do cents.
na Grove" Co-operative S
liolmniccting in China G
Lsatarday,. Feb. 28th, 1880. Tim enrolled
bembeVs are especially reo nested to at-
r ' t
ttndJand the public are also invited
I f Uy order of the President,
cfiiiyth, 1830. C. A. Mil leu.
41 J:---' 1 " - n -'' " .
Itlsl of unclaimed letters remaining
he if ft Oilico at Salisbury, X. C, Jt
Locke Anderson, Boyden Hartmau
h'm.ri llenroy, Adolphus Brown, Wm
UJecorps, Hill Goodwin, Clayborne Peu
Hletofi,! Iick i Craig, Henry B Tuttle
kiwillFostei, Alinon Borden, T. M
eolored.) M M GT Shorrs, Mrs Agnes
Inil gm; date of-list; b. L. Buixgle,
Salisbury C. P.M.
lltoc airis niaaoot metal, handsomely
; v.iuu, .uib iiyouici oio . iasiiioueu, long-to-tic-reuiefu bered
'oariMrs Mary Crump, Miss Mary But- corn shucking. . One of which ouly North
er. Miss Marian Nicron. Miss Jane Carolina, cau boast. This took place at
ti&M, Miss X6ra Barnhardt. VilmF rn J? C1'
fiJil' , . , John t. Cotton, who resides a short dis-
r lfen called .for please-say advertised, tance from Flnrwtown. F,mK. in t.i.A ,,f.
t, ! ! rx v. i was noc-uniu nine in the evening the
, Fip Dextal Cnm.-Our popular pe,,, cease their coming, and jby that
; entit, Dr. J. F. Griflith, has lun.ished time the reader can lietter imagiife than
! .iiofece wjtli one of 'fWilkerson's Im- the writer describe the vast throng that
i .rarU ' Dental Chairs," at a heavv cot. as preseiit The large piles of coin scat
f -.-wM. J . - ' . . . . Jeixid about the yard were all surrounded.
. . ; .. . . :. . . I""
i ..u . 4 -r. . . I
brdHcngaa.ng his Immls from the I-
ttieut s; mouthy It is very unique and
lamisonie, an4 adds greatly to his oflice,
brhiehl bv-the-Jwav. is iu fine condition
kir i kii i.J ; ,....., ;,.
r ' 'J ucav uivuvt ii viuilltd A XI I
i. - v i . -. . . .
tufi DrofessionJ nun rnnfrnstjt- vjistlv intii
I Fr" : j i
have been accustomed to
n past years
CeiltM : V O Will send,
post-paid by mail, to any address, a box
Pf beed wort 1 sit vet:ii! Si. rn order to at.
tenur tradef and that every oiie may
pe induced tojriv our frarden .S'm1k n
iriaU'tT)ie loX contains one package each
W Qmun Sicett Corn, Webb's Perfection
f) bxceitior JAirtjc lat Dutch (Jabbage,
Iwy Pod Wax Bean. Nectar Muskmelon:
icq mammoth atemielon, Jetc French
-iLT.il- ....... - . ' .
rmhjmi luiaisn, Acme Tomato, Mam-oth-ilubrnl
tWbct The backets are full aize. mid
he 10'varioties are put up iu a neat box.
mU luiikes u very attractive n resent to
ij One who has a farm or franleii. f!.ihi-
ogne for ltO, free. Address,
" n1 i; . ; iS. Y. Haixes & Co..
3ftJj 1 41 XoiUi Front St., PhilaPa.
4S Antiquarlab Excursion;
AstUift hixuttt.A ai,2 i, . . .
sue to tie waut u.i n .ir. . . .
oSfferT 01 our cltlzonsr tired with a laudable
ir . 4 Lue aniKtuan.m lore ol itowa n coun
K'W'f V'te an excurt-lon to Sapona Town, to ex
K IW rains and seek tor reUcs of Its former gran-
VXlir. i 'W. TTI'lttuij .. wl. II.,. I i p
fciiinh ihem, and their opluUms, we may
bMLtH1' "1 complimentary way, by tlie names of
LnFti . 7 auu soomtea. And as digirtng
"Jug would be a Uttte labortous for as en-
i.mir . l' " our i'o anu wnnai not veryoug-
!PWULUF:l;leafi! V". fiT Oi l m I li-l vtti
ItS jarned alung a sapper and miner, armed
lOtlB . " nettle. JJfUlOCTllUS aiui AI1S-
iw fl A! . . y aua S"tt lnU" labor, but Socrii-
diiJ,tl''yed aC thc rlver- in lhe ni,n time the
TnioVi11"1 iw0 Parallel trenches, one, half way
iLr.tl01110" dae ul the mound, and the other
' Knrtl?2lt.or;o.r.tP- Tucy tnen measured the
woiulmd foundlt u be about 60 yards In dlaine-
1 fhPie tca feet nlffn about ten yards
T t.ai?elur vt ttlQ level surface at the top.
jnvJH Ipwer trench deepened without yielding
rhi rjS?5' cxciePt how and then a small fragment of
ViT..;vi'rj-Ut;mocrtiU3 lost the merry mood for
Wali riim' hi the early days of Greece, and
lliuTr disposed to weep than to laugh at this
Stiu ?r mankind. But the timely arrival of
wratejjand his factotum restored hope. Soon the
1 shir rP' b,iln 10 J'ieW hidden treasures In the
Atfi2?.t& UCil itnd broken pottery. That bone, said
Efclwfctl1 a. niula no, It Is radius, or ulna 1 for
?iy .nKTvAt any C11. Ic 13 ne 01 tne ni bones.
bffrhnV1 Urates laid a short bone on the back of
Oarferf iS'iwStn tfie Hrlst and knuckles, and de
wafe nf te be its natural plaee. But as cue bone
; nwiy as thick as his middle linger, Uesh and
1 1 m liLratiu'r tBougnt it belonged in the bou
Urelrn ot.-Presently a large piece of bone was
'mnui& nd "Ptuocrltus was sure that It was the
4 W6eS!'l5Un,ntt, e blp. Very soon some
iiired:tuat unmistakably leionged to the
Uawurff. wlJte and black, was perfectly famil
ISvin 4 8?are Ml back bone." so that was
tottesraiiit'iJi!3 aPParance of some long slender
mvnSS1 crowd, particularly as they were
Stnd SSL?1 S?. a? Aon appeared. "e
Jfc"?tTr ernaps iey might be the tibia of
l itJeMrBHa P"1 I
! cnnde. Pif t?1t and tne Philosophers regained
! 5UllTiSLla Judgment at Uiegbt Of tlUsia-
??ffc tibia of
tadita-f?01 the' Roanoke, and -probably lav bur-
- NTrih- acred 8011 of Virginia. Having found
kPed thifhS a OI tte spinal cclumnlt wm
I ,t by pushing northward his cranium would I
ifrwuiIir i-M .l4L arcn was vain, istlll. this
OBeif th cemetery of tne Sapona Indians,
DhRao .?v,uii these were found
sicitejl, ana tritnea in sil fc plush. The ties of corn whiskey, excellent brandy,
ilralor can make all the adjustments and the cheerful appearance of the Colo
(thlrtlaiiiur number), without stooping I,,d'luado al hilPly, and drove dull care
liS "Atiupr111 U1 lua mcu uo aciueveu uiat
N: Tin2!?: Tai-se Indians practiced erema-1 snlendid victory were from this State. I
PCTbfhifiS!lFiu.uo ground, luid wood and
onith top of them and set MS on tire.
1 rua. thlA wiiH tint. i n w.-mon ;
pi e, nor yet the method ot Hindu sutteeism. But
m.Kht not the noble Kcd-maa have an original way
f f h1 J .KWliy not? "poo this view ol the bub-
7"""' "l nayiJeni auu miner declared th.it
up t-he bodlea ot their dead. 't-
""" aoouc tuts Ume Aristxnle remembered th&r
,Tu Z. , UIU urne Aristotle, remembered that
numan sacrlaees were offered up In the great temple
victims of a horrid Buix-rKtitiTm TJrZ, .tit
MS? fiSifVve cried out
that Clie nearpfni n ismf th.v.j.'iA.i."" t::.
i,ii v. . . J. Aifciu uuew uvea
uIA by i10"111 rite as human sacrifice
. . c"c luc cruwu ior a moment, nut Soon
another idea was suggested : One of the excavators
f P1 ol rea RUDsUnce not much unlike
that It was of the adode speciea. and that straw or
rrasa had been used to bind It together. Upon this
UemOCrltUH Innilt nvl vllcthsr Ihu TnHlani .
scendants of the lost tribes of Israel, and had learn-
u.u u v . iiiuiii oncK. wiui straw in Egypt!
Thereupon Aristotle announced the various theories
of the orlgli of the Indans,-such as the "lost
v..uw uicuij, uio rucuituu meory ana tne
-Auaouc-" xneory, amrnuajf tnat the two former
Were -Utterly absurd and iintpnatil onrl thni ka
- i W IHviNtVIWf DUUtUlHI tUU
latter, though incapable of proof, was the most
imumiuic auu luuutuuu iul uiese Bpecuiauona are
omitted for lack of time and space.
Larger pices of red clay, or adode bricks or tiles
were throws out, and after vainly endeavoring to
lay them around, ro as to form a sarcophagus, or
funeral urn, the subject became puzzling, i tome one
suggested a brick-kiln on the spot, but the idea did
not take. A little more thought and-examlnation
showed that the bones were broken, many of them
with sharp edges, some of thetn charred, mixed wltb
CharCOAL UMhea anrl hltu nt
elay tiles or brick-bats. What could this ail meant
u wiia uiictuius Ansioue rememoerea mat a dis
tinguished writer on this subject had stated that the
Indiana always burned and burled the bones of ani
mals, before they left their camp so as to prevent
we name uuiu ocrin uuaes 01 wieir staugtereu
kltKlred, and thus be frightened awayifrom the
eountry and ruin the hunting. Besides this, some
of the Blender bones, and others mlghtij be bear
bones, or buffalo bones, eracked to get tlil? marrow
out of them. It was also 'remembered that a .un
bone of some kind of a tish. and the horne y lbeak of a
bird liad been found mixed up with the other bones,
When Aristotle had announced these facta, Socratis
declared that lew to be more satisfactory than any
sappers and miners at once saw the polnfspeclal-l
111- K A .KW I. 4 . I I .1 . , 1
iy nuu uauiw revcreuuy uanaieu:;tne sup
posed bones of the one-eyed king of Sapona. In
fact It appeared that the red-adabe tiles had been a
kind of hearth at he king's grand-culinary depart
ment, and the hpnes were charred and burled re
mains of his regal entertainments. When! thatldca
took hold of the minds of the antiquarians, they be
came satisfied to explore no further, but to return
home at once, happy with a day's relaxation and
social converse. As the shades of night igathered
over hill and valley, they rode quietly into Salisbu
ry, ready as soon as the fair spring weather becomes
really permanent tq explore further In the famous
ialand of Akenatzy. ; V4dette.
' - !
- ., . , - - I
. Jan. llth,!1880.
Editor Watchman : 1
What I honestly predicted in rny last
communication, I have the pleasure al
though it' be strange to say has f turned
out the reverse ; for, your trusted, tried
and true correspondent, "s'enm," ia still
here among Us having most certainly
awaked from his Hip Van Winkl4 sleep,
undnot "slmftled off this mortal Coil" as
many were forced to believe, after a pro
per consideratiou of the liiatter. Thanks
Ikj to the liuler of our destinies,! aud to
and ever gracious and loving Providence.
The greatest event of the season, and
the jolliest time had" yet, so j far in
1880, occurred last Monday evening iu
this vicinity. It wasn't a leap year's par
ty, nor a dance, nor a concert, u6r.a re
ception to General Grant, but a regular
ternoou. the irood citizens in this vicinitv
commenced wending their wav toward the
old plantation home of the Colonel. It
huul wlmt. u-ith h. .t:mni..f... nnA..asl
U. auniouced. W -all' rc-imiti?! to ihe
iar awav. At ten m riu. Arfiiinf Kimnpr
iestive board, which was laden with choice
meats, sweets of all kinds and a true rep-
resentatiou of the culinary artJj, It was
sucfl a 8Plead "8 only the hostess of the
uiuusiou was capaoie oi producing, ana
... i i: , ..11... i ...
. r . . 1 l r i :
miiiij ncic iiiv ciiuiiiiuit-i;is snoweieu uj-
on the kind-hearted and faithful lady w!k
inr-Mucii over me uuusenoiu. n is neea-
lfR til Kltr that: Mlti nwinul I'liiia i lii.. na ,f
nirir-ivfr iwtm ir i tin nrfitiuvit cihiu-wi
j - i , . , .
l0nff before the elosf. of rh d-.v J J,l n1An
came the most interesting part of the oc-cassltHi.-
The good Colonel was carried
upon the shoulders of the assembly around
the (intensive grounds and tinally into the
house where He:ttel hr the. finel ulu has
iotimeved SO l;ltliil- with him fiir rom-ai
: t l j . - j -,
wueu tney receivea cue congratulations oi
those present. Then came th time for
departure, which was reluctantly taken.
The host and hostess thought aud ex
pressed iu language nearly as plain.
To all aud each a fair gooii-night,
And rosy dreams and slumbers bright.
If was a success, and the Colonel must
have had a thousand bushels, of corn
more or less. . J
No more news from Flaggtovn for the
present j and all that I desiro ik tat here
after yim open up on the "deVil"! on two
g's in Flaggtown, don't rob usj in that
style, I pray you, for our town is growing
and we waut to have itpclled correctly
before it becomes a "household j word,"
so to speak. More next time, j !
Th"devil"Jsnot to blame but the
"boss" Arr tlie omission of one g in 'Flagg
town," aid he hasbeeu expecting to bring
his correspondents out on the subject. He
happens to le well acquainted witli-the
locality, and remembers the broad-leafed
flag which grow so abundantly iu Bea-
verdam, aud also the beautiful paving
stones (slate) which are found in that
stream land the adjacent hills. These
were of sufficient importance to suggest
the 'nanie MFlagtown, (according to
Webster) but not of 'Flaggtown." We
want more light. j
Kixo's Mountain. The people
North Carolina, and particularly of t!
mountain country, have a genuine inter
est in the proposed centennial celebration
of the hotly contested and decisive bat
tle that was fought oni King's Mountain.
The scene of tlie battle is very near our
, "j i,
State line but a little within thobounda
.- --. j
rio of Sont.h f;nwlinn .-r If thk tin l.o.l
? the- battlefield; would
,been -wiUiin the limits jof North
Carolina The necessary eteps to cele-
......... . . i I
uraie me spienuiu victory mat was won
' ... . i L
n October 7th, 17S0 one hundred years
. . t , . 1 .! '
ago next-October have ben taken and
it will be a fine success, no doubt. I North
Mo tlieir plu-i for,4
0J" j ( I
' " BY J. XL ' .
; THE FIRST EUROPEAN SETTLERS.
The earliest settlements in North Carolina
were made on the coast, along Albemarle
and Pamlico Sounds,7 and near the mouth of
tlie Cape Fear riverr In a map of the in
habited parts of North Carolina, made by
John Lawson, the surveyor general, in 1709,
we see Jhe outlines of .the settlements. The
line commences at the mouth of Currituck
inlet, and sweeps round in a semi-circle,
crossing the Roanoke at Aconeche island,!
passing by the head of Pamlico Sound,
crossing the Neuse near the mouth of Con
tentnea creek, and so on east of where Fay
etteville now stands, to the Atlantic, thirty
miles south of the month of the Cape Fear.
The population was then less than sereu
thousand (Hawks, toI. 1. p. 80.) In twenty
years more about three thousand had been
added to the population, and there were
five small towns: Bath, Newbern, Edenton,
Beaufort and Brunswick. Of these Eden
ton was called the Metropolis.
Inthe year 1729 thc King of Great Britain,
according to act of Parliament, purchased
seven eights of the territory of the Carolinas
from the Lords Proprietors, for 2500 pounds
lor each eighth part, j But John, Earl of
Granville, the son aqd heir of sir George
Carteret, refused to part with his portion,
and his lands were laid off to him, extend
ing from latitude 35, 34" to the Virginia
line, and westward to the south sea, or Pa
cific Ocean ! It is within the limits of Earl
Granville's lands and on the western portion
of them that Rowan county was situated.
The Royal Governors of North Carolina
were as follows: George Burriugton, 1731-34;
Nathaniel Rice, 1734 a few months. Ga
briel Johnston, 1734-1753; Nathaniel Rice,
1752-3; Matthew Rowan, 1753-4. During
the terms of these governors the population
rolled upwards and westward, county after
county being set off as tlie land was occupi
ed. Bladen was set off from New Hanover
in 1734, Anson from Bladen in 1749, Rowan
from Anson in 1753, and Mecklenburg from
Ansonin 1762. Of course population was in
advance of county organizations, and there
was a sufficient number of settlers in thc
territory of Rowan, previous to 1753, to de
mand a separate county government. But
it becomes a difficult task to ascertain when,
and from whence, came the first white set
tlers. In his Sketches of North Carolina, Col.
Wheeler says: "Rowan was early settled
(about 1720,) by the Protestants from Mo
ravia, fleeing from thc persecutions of Fer
dinand the second ; and by the Scotch, who,
cfter the-unsuccesi'ul attempts of Charles
Edward, grandson of James the Second, to
ascend the English throne, and .'whose for
tunes were destroved on tlie fatal field of
Culloden (16th April, 1746,) had fled to this
couptry; and by the Irish, who after the
rebellion of the Earls of Tyrone aud Tys
connel, in the times of James the First, were
forced to leave the country. These, or their
ancestors, previously had come from Scot
land, and hence the term Scotch Irish."
( Wheeler art. Hotcan County,) It would be
difficult to crowed more mistakes into one
short paragraph, than arc found in this
brief accountof the settlement .of Rowan.
First of all, Ferdinand the Second, Emjier
or of Germany, reigned from 1618 to 1648,
more than one hundred years lefore the
time required, and the Moravians, or united
brethren, did not appear in Moravia until
1722, in England in 1728, in' New York and
Georgia in 1736, and in North Carolina, not
until 1753. Again very few of the Scotch
came to Rowan directlj, but to the Cape
Fear section, and not there in numbers till
some time after 1746. It was not the na
tive Irish, after the rebellion of Tyrone and
Tyrconnel, who came here, but the descend
ants of the Scotch whom James I. had placed
on their escheated lands, who cante to Row
an. They remained in Ireland for more
than one hundred years, enduring many
trials and disabilities during that period,
and then in the early part of the 18th Cen
tury emigrated to New Jersey, and Penn
sylvania, and from thence to North Carolina.
The earlest settlements in Rowan of which
we have any accurate knowledge were made
about 1737. Dr. Foote.-in his Sketches of
North Carolina, states that the Scotch-Irish
began their settlements in Shenandoah val
ley iu Virginia in 1737, and in North Caro
lina soon afterwards. Some scattered fami
lies followed the Trading Path and settled
in chosen spots from the Roanoke to the
Catawba. As the Indians were friendly,
and the caravans of the traders frequent,
it would be but natural that emigrants
would be attracted by their glowing descrip
tions of the fertile prairies that lay between
the Yadkin and the Catawba a land
abounding iu game, and whose streams were
stocked with fish, and its flowery meadows
affording pasturage, for their cattle. (See
Foote p. 188.)
Fortunately for the settlement of' this
point, the Clark family, who have resided
on thc Cape' Fear since about 1745, have
preserved memoranda, showing that as ear
ly as the year 1746, a family or a company
of emigrants, weut west of the Yadkin to
join some other families that were living
sequestered in that fertile region. (II. 189.)
Thus .it appears that there were settlers,
families residing here previous to . 1746.
They would scarcely think it necessary to
enter lands in a region where all was open
to them, and if they did, their deeds would
be recorded in the court of Bladen or New
Hanover, of which Rowan then constituted
a part. It is worthy of notice that there
was once a settlement, and a church of thc
Scotch in South Rowan, called Crystal
Springs, and in the old minutes of the Prcs
tcrian Church, Crystal Springs andSalisbury
are represented a3 asking tlbr ministerial
supplies. This church was about ten miles
nearly south of Salisbury, near the residence
of Dr. Paul Siftord, and iu its old grave
yard lie the remains of the MePhcrsons, the
Mahans, the Longs, and others. Since 1812
this church has not leen in existence, as it
is said that at that time the members were
transferred to Old Bcthphage, about .eight
or ten miles west of Crystal Springs.
But the Scotch-Irish ! were probably the
most numerous and thc leading people of
thc settlement, lhe old Records ot the
Court here show the names of many of these
old families, some of them now extinct, such
as the Nesbits, Allisons, Brandons, Luckeys,
Lockes, McCullochs, Grahams, Cowans, Mc
Kenzics, Barrs, Andrews, Osbornes, Sharpes,
lioones, McLauchlins, Halls, with many
others whose names are as familiar as house
But along with these Scotch Irish immi
grants, and settling side by side with them,
there came settlers of another nationality
to,whom Rowan is no less indebted for her
material wealth and prosperity. These were
the Germans, or as they were familiarly call
ed the "Pennsylvania Dutch." They - were
of course not of -Dutchor sHolland extrac
tion, but Germans from the Palatinate, and
from Ilesscn Cassel, i llessen Tlomburg,
Darmstadt, and the general region . of the
upper and middle Rhine. Prominent among
these for its histor; and the numbers of its
emigrants is the Palatinate, or "Pfalznas it
is called 'inithe maps of Germany. This
country lies on the western banks of the
Rhine, below Strasburg, and along the east
ern boundaries of France. This beautiful
land is watered by numerous small streams,
the. tributaries of the Rhine, and is divided
by aange of mountains, thcllaaidts, run-
njng from north to south. Manhcim and
Speyer (Spires) are the two principles cities,
situated on the 'Rhine, I while Neustadt,
An weilcr, Zwei brack en, Leningen,are among
its towns. This Pro? ince was the theatre
of many bloody and atrocious deeds during
tlie reign of Louis the fourteenth, of France,
a time when! such great generals as the
Prince of Conde, Marshal Turenne, Prince
Eugene, the Duke of Marlborouglt, and Wil
liam, Prince of Orange; won glory or infamy
o the bloody field of battle. It was in the
Palatinate that Turenne sullied his glory by
aa act of the most savage barbarity in lay
ing waste the! country with fire and sword,
reducing two jcities and twenty five villages
to ashes, and leaving the innocent inhabi
tants to perish of cold aud hunger; while
thjc unfortunate Elector j looked helplessly
ojl from the walls bf his palace at Manheim.
Ahd a few yean after Louis again invaded
the Palatinate1,' and laid the cities of Mentz,
Philipsburg, Spires, and j forty others,' with
numerous villages; in ashes. "Thus this lit-
tty principality, whose inhabitants by their
industry ana peaceable habits had made it
the most thriving and happy State in Ger
many, was literally turned into a desert.
Ravaged by fire and sword, and trodden
dkwn under the iron heel of despotism, the
wretcneu innauitants were lerceu at last to
itave meir ucauuiui country ana seek: a
home among ( strangers I Their first place
oij reiuge was tne actnerianas, where a lib
eral and Protestant government afforded
them a safe asylum . j
jFrom the fNetherlancis many of them
found their wiy into England, w'here Queen
Afine gave them a safe refuge from their
enemies. But England was itself a populous
country, and the English government dcter
mjned to induce as many of the Palatines
a3; possible to jcross the Atlantic and become
settlers in the1 American Colonies. In that
brpad land they ' could find comfortable
holmes, and by their industry they might
niake its deserts blossom! as the rose. Some
of them came' over with 0c Qraffenriedand
Mitchell and found homes on the lowef wa
ters of thc Neuse, where a New "Berne
wduhl remind: the Swiss portion of the col
onists of the old Berne they had left behind
thi'in among the Alps, j Others found homes
in the State of New Yort, and others still
in I Charleston South Carolina, and along
th banks of theOongaree and Saluda riv
ers. Many others from this general section
of Germany settled in Lehigh, Northamp
ton, Berks and Lancaster! counties in Penn
sylvania. Finding this Country thickly set
tled and good, land to bo secured only at
high prices, in a few years they turned their
attention southward. " IUre Earl Granville's
lanjds lately let off to him were offered at
a cheap rate,! and the climate was much
nioe mild than in thc homes they had cho
sen! in Pennsylvania. The first arrival of
Germans in Western North Carolina, in the
boikndsif old Rowan is j believed to have
taken place about 1745, jt hough it was five
years later that the great body of them
came. The stream thus started continued
to flow on for years, 'many of them arriving
alter tne revolutionary war. They travelled
with their household goods and the women
and children in wagons, the men and boys
walking and driving their cattle and hogs
before them. iThey came side by side with
their Scotch Ifish neighbors, sometimes set
tling in the same community with them.
and at other times occupying alternate belts
or sections of country. Thus we can trace
a German stream through Guilford, David
son, Rowan and Cabarrus counties, and just
by its side a stream of Scotch Irish. But
as years passed away these streaois, like the
currents of the Missouri, and Mississppi riv-
ers, nave minjjieii into one, resultin in a
mixed race of German-Scotch-Irish, jwrpet
uating thc virtues and- perhaps also the
weaknesses of all the races. . JJlr. Bernheim,
in Ins interesting work;jon German settle
ments in North and South Carolina, has
given a list of names, found in common use
in Pennsylvania and in N. C, such as Propst,
Bostian, Kline - (CI inc.) Trexler. Schlough,
Seitz, (bides,) IRhcinhardt, Biber, (Beaver,)
Kohiiiian, (Coleman,) Dorr, (Dry,) Berger.
(Barrier,) Bchringer, (Barringer). To this
list may be added ether; names familiar in
Rowan county, such us Bernhardt, Heilig,
Mcisenheimer, Beard, Mull, Rintelman, (Ren-
dleman,) Layrle, (Lyerly,) Kuhn, (Coon,)
Friese, Eisenhauer, Yost, Ovcrcash, Boger,
Suther, Winedff, Cress, IWalcher. Ilarkey,
Savitz, Ilenkel; Moser, Braun, (Brown,) and
many others familiar to all our people. The
German settler have generally been remark
able for industry, economy, and the habit
of jiving within their means and not get
During their sojourn here of a century
anq a quarter they have passed through the
ordieal of changing tlieir lancruajie. As the
laws were written and expounded in Ens;-
lisli, and all public affairs conducted in that
language, the Germans (were incapable of
taking part, iu most eases, in public affairs.
Heiiice letting public affairs alone, and at-
t j .i
icuuui! to iiieir none interests, tney sur
rounded themselves with well tilled farms.
and adorned their premises with capacious
barns and thrashing floors. Who has not
seen the immense double barns, with wide
double doors, to admit a fourhorse wagon
with its towering load bf hay, or straw or
wheat; and the thrashing floor, where the
horses tramped out 'the wheat, and the
"wipd-mill" blew thc chaff into the chaff
houjse? And jtrho has forgotten the long
stables where the cows were yoked to the
troughs, each oine knowing her place, while
theicalvee were tied to a trough at the other
But the "Pennsylvania Dutch," has almost
ceased to be heard on our streets where
oncte its quaint! tones of mingled German,
French and English were so familiar. The
dtaject is gone jbut the accent and the idiom
stil linger on iany tongue?, and the tradi
tions and folkilorp of .the- old world still
floV in a deep kinder current in many fam
ilies. I ' ' ' "
Not long after the' Scotch-Irish and
Pennsylvania Germans came into the terri
tory of old Rowan came another people that
have added muh to the wealth of the State,
I mean the Moravians or United Brcthern.
These! neonle hurchased a tract of 98.985
acrc8, called thy "Wachovia Tract," in what
is now Forsythp county, but originally Ro
wan. This was in 1751. but the deed for
the tract was jsigned in 1753, and in thc
autumn of this year twelve single brethren
came from Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, and
bean the settlement of Bethabara. Beth
any was founded in 1759, and Salem in 1786,
Frieidbury and iFreidland, in 1769 and 1770.
In J804 the well-known Salem Female
Academy was founded, at which many of
the fair daughters of the South have been
Along with 'these settlers from Ireland
and Germany cme,Trom timelo time, others
of English, Welsh and Scotch descent, who
haye mingled with the firmer in working
out he destiny of ld Rowan thetuother
of ( counties. . 1 ; ' i -"''
Although Rowan was not settled by cav
alier or Huguenots, or by the aristocracy of
old world society, she has good reason to
be proud of thd early pioneers who laid here
the feundations of their homes. They were
menjand women who had; suffered for con
science sake, or j fled from despotism to seek
liberty and - happiness unrestrained by the
shcklcs-of a wprLout j civilization
MOTHER, Til IN OF THE B ATTLE
tliat is !eing waged ly Worms against the
life f your child. There is no high t of
rest with them!; they; fight to-kill. Sbri
ner' Indian Vermifuge will annihilate
theni. Only 25 ceuts a bottle. :
Ago of Trees; ;:.
j jMn. Enrroit: In the last issue of ronr
paper, one of your correspondents raises
some questions on the above subject f
u iv jr reier to your readers to be
answered. . ; - - ": ; .
'As to whether there are any trees in
Western Carolina 100 years old, no doubt
there are myriads of them. A black oak
iu the yard of John Finley, near Wilkes
boro, was not longr since pointed out to
me by au aged lady as having been, from
authentic traditiou, about the size of a
man'a body in 1775, when the place was
settled by the Gordons, whoso dwelliu"
was built on tho snot where the preseut
one stands. It is evidently a tree of the
original forest, as no pioneer would have
planted an oak for oruament when they
were so abundant j and apart from the
traditiou, it must have been of considera
ble size in those days, tor a small shrub
near the door would have been J cleared
away. It stands on a high hill in rather
thin soil, and is not Tery large, scarcely
three feet through, but begins to show
decided marks of age and decrepitude.
It must be over 150 years old. A compan
ion tree, near it and much like it, was
broken down by a storm three years ago,
being weakened by iuterual decay.
In Wilkesboro, also, is still to be seen
the old oak on which Cleavelaud used to
make the Tories "thumb Vie notch," as he
called it, while he whipped patriotism in
to or deviltry out of them, about 100 years
ago. This tree is uo doubt 150 years old,
and yet shows vitality and vigor, as if
inspired by the memory of the bold deeds
done under it. Shall it outlive that lib
erty whoso birth pangs it sawl
I I have mentioned these because they
are well known to have been standing
much more than a century. Many oaks
in our forests are evidently as old or old-
er The oak is probably our longest-lived
tree, though most likely the black oak;
for I believe it grows more slowly, and
slow growth means long life. They all
grpw some, as long as they live and leaf;
for the aunual running of the sap adds a
ring, such as are seeu iu the trunks of
moat trees. On our high mouutains, ma
ny oaks are found quite large in diameter
at the base, but tapering very rappidly,
and of small height The sap runs annu
ally and expands their trunks as else
where, but tho brevity of their summer
forbids their shoots to lengthen much,
and so they are shorn of their normal al
titude. I saw ou Negro Mountain, in
Asho county j a very remarkable specimen
of this sort in a white oak over two feet
through near the base, with large limbs
branching out three feet above the ground,
and both the trunk aud all its limbs ta
pering 6o fast that the whole was scarcely
20 feet high. It looked like it had tried
hard to get up in the world, but fate was
against it. I could not forbear taking off
my hat to tho squatty old fellow and ex
claiming, "I honor you, sir. You have
done what you could under hard condi
tions. Fit emblem of many a noble soul
ciampt and kept down by adversity.!"
There are some very old poplars iu the
country. Near my native place in Ran
dolph county stood a poplar, till lately,
which old people say three men with out
stretched arms could hardly span iu 1305,
as those reported who then tried it. It has
chauged very little in looks or size iu the
last forty years and 1 do uot know for
Ihjw much longer. Being hollow in the
centre all the way np, it was from an un
reported period a favorite home for coons
and other varmints. Old hunters of a by
gone time had chopped into its hollow on
one side. But it was reserved for "young
America, with their usual irreyerence for
venerable things, to cut down this old
patriarch of the woods recently in pursuit
of squirrels. What i autiquity to a boy
when" he is after a squirrel, rabbit, or
'possum! But still its huge trunk looks
like it might lie there till long after the
youngsters who felled it are laid low, too.
Ancient trees like this are generally
found standing in places where the damp
ness of the grouud or some other local
cause saved them in their early days from
death by tlie Indian fires, which used-to
kill most of the young trees and kept this
regiou formerly, as the pioneers reported,
very thinly clad with timber. ''Here and
there, however, by luck or chance, a tree
would escape the general destruction, and
some of these still stand, thc grand-fathers
of the sylvan family. It is easy to
distinguish them, and they are very old.
lhe English oak lives o(KJ years. It is
very haidv and of slow -growth. Ours
probably does not live so long. But I
have no doubt some could be found 300
years of age.
Are tho years of trees shown by the
number of concentric rings in Us trunk T
Undoubtedly. This is proven by many
tests which any intelligent observer an
apply. For instance, look at the stumps
of several healthy trees newly felled and
near together, where tho trees must have
crown under the samo conditions of cli
mate, soil, and moisture. Beginning at
the outside and tracing inward, you will
find such a correspondence in the thick
ness or thinness of tho rinns which tally
in date iu all the trees, as very plainly to
show the similar lunueuce of similar. sea
sons upon their growth. An observer can
easily count back in this way to the Tery
wet summers or tho very dry ones, espe
ciallv iu trees which crow ou high aud
dry- uplands, where tho different effect of
raiuv and drv summers on the trees is
more marked, of course, than in places
always moist. I have often amused my
self, in inr rambles, counting back' on
stumps to the notable seasons J rcniem
bcr. Almost any fresh stump ou high
eround will serve the purpose. Trees
like other plants grow faster when they
have nlentv of rain, and often die from
T - t f
, Another proof of the correspondence of
the rnias to tho vears when they were
formed, is found in tho- change which oc
curB iu their character at whatever date
and during whatever period the tree is in
any special condition, as of blight or in
jury, or the removal of a thick forest
around it which retards its growth. The
number of rings will tally with the num
ber of years in every such case. The date
when old land lines were run arcdjnarked
with an axe, is found to correspond with
the rings which have formed since the
wound was made in the tree; and no mat
ter how this may be grown over, by chop
ping in you can get the evidence. Blocks
riven from line trees arg.uot uncommonly,
brought into the Court-House to show by
their rings the date of a deed, or
grant;, this principle in regard to the
growth of trees being so fully estauasnea
by observation that it is recognized and
acted upon in our courts, and evidence
based upon it often has au important
bearjng m the trial of land suits.
Some species of trees have these rings
so indistinct and ill-defined that thuy can
not be counted with accuracy. Rutin the
piiie, and most of the oaks,and many oth-,
ers1, they-are distinct and easily ; counted I
and furnish perfectly 'truthful testimony
as Ui the trees age. The only misfortnne
is that you have to destroy or greatly m-'
jure the tree to discover it. . ' '
But l snail weary your reauers, aua so
must $top this long rigmarole which I be
gan with the intention of making but a'
paragraph. My only excuse for prolong
wig it is that I am passionately foud of
trees, which seems to me almost sentient
witl spirits to feel and thiuk and
wliuper. i T wish they could talk aud tell
us what they have seen. I have some old
acquaintance- among them whicli seem
like dear friends. ; , Duuid: -'
StatesTiile.Jau. 17, 1830. " :
At the home of the bridnV f.ntli
county, Dec. 23th, 1871), by Rev. J. A.
Liinn, Mr. w illiam J. Moore, of Anson
Couutj, N. C, to Miss Lucy J. Trexler.
. At the residence of Mrs. Sarah C, Mil
Jer, Jan. 14th, 1830, by Rev. J. Alston
Ramsay, Mr. D. R. Russell, and Miss
Julia Josophine Miller. '
v On the 13th day of January, 1830, by
A. LI Hall, Esqr., Mr. David B, Gheen,
and Mrs. Locetta J. Elliott. - -
1I0NTEEAL HEABD FROM.
R L- Mosely, of Montreal; Canada, cer
tified, Sept. 27, 1679, that he had suffered
terribly from dyspepsia, and was com
pletely cured by taking Warner's Safe
Bitters. He says : My, appetite is good,
and I now. suffer no inconvenience from
eating hearty meals." These Bitters are
also ja speceific for all skiu diseases, -
f Corrected by J. M. Kkox & Co.
j December 22 1879
CarTQ5 firm good Middlings, VT4
Bacon, county, hog round.
CuicitKxa -per dozes
Meal moderate demand at
Wiieat good demand at
Flour best fam.
Osions no demand
AppiiEs, dried -Sugar
Chew Jackson's Best Sweet Navy Tobacco
DON'T FORGET IT
j COME AND GET YOUll
C. W.C. WOOLWINE,
Just received at A. C. Harris'
a fine lot of No. 1 Cigars and
5y 3P 6Pgpg?n5?"V,X? '
STfin SALE VEKY LOW A goiHl new
lUil h' repaired Carriage and Double
set Harness can be seeu at W. M. Bark
er's shop. For terms apply to
f I II. M. Jones or
25m. J. D. Gaskill.
Letter and Note Heads, Billheads,
Cards and Envelopes printed to order
at very low rates. Call at this ffice.
WESTERN !l, C. RAILROAD
Morgan ton .....
6 05 A. M-
9 57 '
10 10 ! '
10 39 -1122
El in wood
Icard" . v. : '
Glen Alpino '" '
Bridgewaier. j ,
Marion , .
flenryyp - .- .-:
Black Mouu tain --':
4 10 P. If.
12 it" P. M.
. 8 45
6 32 . -
0 00 A.
Trains run daily, Sundays excepted.
Train going Went will break fust at Stat e
ville and dihucr at Uenry. ' Train goimr Eat
breakfast . at Henry and dinner at Hickory.
. r : ' J.'vT; WIL30X President
OiijTuesday, th7th day of October, 1S79.
atid in the City of lialeigh, the underaigned
will eoniraerice tlie publication of
! HALE'S WEEKLY, j
A NOKTn CABOLINA DEMOCRATIC
.- .b.'irv-- NEW8PAPEli; " ' ! : 1
These four words convey ail 'tliat a column
of PrqpeeWis couhl tell - the gfwd of the SCatf ;
the success of the party which is the life of the
State and tie country : the publication of all
the news ; theae .lh objects piopoed. That
he can do the IsAt and contribute to the nrst
and second, the Bulwcriber los not . affect U
doubt.) Hie people haveaet tlieir neal of -ap-
provai; upon nis past ana ne aocs noi u ouui
Hade's WEEKT.T will be printetl frr m new
id beaaliful trpe3 and on fair wli(e paper.
The pritre will he two doMarn per nhnni. ' , N0
rame wilt be' upof) tN ma'' book without pj.
rationind nb paper 'will be' sent' after 'aipf
uient of the time paid for. ; -
( i i 1. Sl. lIAL.li.,
Raleigh, 8epi; 15, .879. . '
, r AIISOIPS' S,VVFF; Still increasin
ui favor. Try it. It U mild and pure.
Fio aalc by J. I). Garill.
?' I -t-
I have just received and hVe on rrthftf
bition in tlie JRoom Aloi-e -the Jtat.lftir
Store of Messrs. Crawford & Tahir .a' ve
ry Haudsome Assortment of Bui u1 Chs.
kcts to which public attention U
TiiEr are, or l.-,f ,
VERY ITBAT STfTu&S,
Carefnllr Made an1 of various Gtad. r. Will
b sold low. Persona wisl.ir.g any thine nftlio
kind should call and fee tliem. " fanl )repiiet
to Uuderuke and furnWi ever jfhirj; Ireqnir
tSpecial.attention to Prrvirg Bo
dies from Discolorieig.-J ( have hail ranch
personal experience in this line' and fv llure
of gi?ing satififaction. r . t ' .
Nov;25, 1S79. t- . ' fn'
"ACORH COOK STOVI"
Has the exclusive sale of this rtlthrh.l
Cook Siove" and they are 'coins- off likoJ.ot
Saplin Clover, Red Clover -ami OrcTntnl'
Grass, Seeds. Come and buy before they
rise. At Exxiss'.Drng Storei,
HOTE PAPER, LETTER PAPER)),
Envelops, Lead PenciL'sVns, Slate,
Red, Black, Violet, Blue ami; lmlefHlo
Inks, Copy, Memorandum and Pi-k-t
Books, cheaper than ever known before
at - )'' ExNiss;
TO ARRIVE A lot of School Ihmkwjll
be sold verythexq) at ExissV
VISITING CARDS, PLAYING CARDS,
Chalk Crayons, Russian Hath .Soap, Car
bolic Soap, Sulphur Soap, Ya?alinu Soap,
Rose Baby Soap, Alsatean S'n'p," Tooth
Brushes, Hair and Nail IJiiishtCoai-KOal
Fine Combs very low at . . kxi'.
7:tf. . ' ' "
A FINE JERSEY; BULL
at my stable. A rare clujnce to c ross forif
stock with the very best, umrfi all ought
to embrace. C. lLYLERj .
PIANOS & ORGAN
FROM FACTORY TO PURCPAi?.
EVERY MAN HIS OWFlilGSrlf
Ludden Ai Ilate' Utund Iinrmiudlun
Kale continued unt'.l Nov. 1 188 Only sale oil:
tne kind ever succeMfu!Iy carricjl out 13 America, j
O.OOO Superb insU-omeots at fitcioi-jurate f .r J r.i!
. Xiatrodaetion and AdviTtUcuient. New :
plan of ellintr: So Ajostj t S C:aai:J(kj I teetn- -f f )
mtiUOTeldireetfr?aIct3?7to;a:ba-er3. lfcflito ;
bm'i proti utoi. agut'i nti Is til. Cil Inu s,sata i
ulli&2 sa tMl pl&n. I'lANOs, 7 . t. .a,. ;1 oct. I '
t'SSS Square Urands, $117. (01tU.V.VS, 9 i,,, f"
57 3 "topt7J 3,,,PS Mlrmr Tp Case. fS.'r
New, handkomr, duiable. G veais gurfunu-e. l. ' J
days test trial. Purchasers choice f.nn tm teiul-1
tng wtaleri and 00 differ eftt lyie. Join tnis , , .
Bgtl elstb of ,coj purchasers iml Ki-riiTr 4''
an instrument at vr rol-itie rales. , Si ri.il ,''
terms to Jfutic Teacher, Chvr che,nnl I'd-Uoi t. 13 1 i."
Address for Intrudaellon Sul irituUr,,
LUDDEN & BATES, Savaiinalij Gc.
The Best Paper! Try It 11
r i ; ;: !?.! ..i.i d
THE SCIZNTIFIfl AMSEICAWi-l'
" ' i .... ' " in- ii
Thb 8ciknto'io Amekicas . n l.ife FlrstCliss
Weekly Newspaper of sixteen pii. 1'rtttted tn the- i
most beautltul stylo, Profuiii-ly lllukiraterl with
splendid enxravlng, r ri'tniliithe wnvwt InTea
UonsaudLUiotrWKit rj nt advxn's In -thchArtsistod
Sciences; Incjudiny Now and lBtri,bMuK laiUita' ,
Afrrlcultarc, liorUcalttrre, Uw fi,,f; arm ilixitn,1 '
Medical I'n.frress, Ktjekil Selenco,. Nttural
Geology, Astronomy. Tne u.o vaitwhio i'niciical '
papers, by f mlncnt writers In all dr-iiurtriiv i.iof -Scl-enoe,
will Ue iuund in thd cii.uiit :i urwn i,f
Teems, $3.20 pr year, f i;C0 italf Tear,H
Which Inclodcs pOHtasn .' t W:if?; to', rntkiin-'
Erie copies, it n cents. ;.M tiy l .ivrailfcr tt,...
laltby puHtat. order tn MVHWA ct).lN)Mi.eriVsr4
Parlrltuwfcework. f 1 ' ff
"P AT1 TP rMT Q In wnntvUoiiTi'ita tho&t.
raimtio,, etmi-tAvtriitn, MoHsnn
Jtrsw A Ori. are Hotter of AtM-firao and Ffelgii
Patents, have had 35 years t xriu. ,' find fcow-faate-'
the lartft-Kt estabflKhrn'-nt In I hc-wil 1. 1 ateuts o-
taliiiMl on the bttt U riiiS. A sp-ajl notice U kuada
In Um ticutUiic A inericunTK all Inventions patented
through Uila Agency, wibit Ut; nuiiie awl rldenco ,L
of the i'atente. the Immense, rrenlatlon thus '
glyen, pubuc atterillun Is rtlcectcii t the merits f;.
Uve new.paie&l, and Bales or lnlrl'd tion often cas-' "
uy euecieu. , , f - - - ; $,v
Any person wtio has Mad-; a new irr.vfTT cr tw.'
TentioiirCau a rtaln, free vf charge, w hettw r a pat
entcan probably be oUtalnul. y ilflr4r in Muuu 4
uo. weaiMo w-no jre our iisiui j :!: uVttlie
latent Laws, 1'ateuts, t'aveuiK T n a rJiH, tleir '
cost8, ami hoy ipk-uwI, witth Iilr.i -; u.r j rmjurlrg;
alvances on invi-ntioiid. Address or t2e.l'an!r,ter
MUNN & C O. 37 ParhT lov?.-11.-
BranehUflice, cor. V.zn au. WasSiScstco,
TAMES M. GRAY!
Attorney and 0oun3ollor at Jaw,
SALisnuitr, x v.
Onicei in the Court Iloue lot, next door,
to Sjnim Ilanh'torr. Wilt pilatUo iu all
the (Jourt-sol the .tate. f -'i-.-T,r!-, -f -
: , ,' H" --. ' A
. 1 ' - -r. r i
j ' ' . " x -
: Blaclsef M' MsrsE 1:
i - .. X i
Attorneys, Co.uxiceloi 3 -,
i and Spllcitora.
Janqay32 1370 tf.
IJT x ' t. ! . v t t i
f j.- v-vaj taaia i&q corpse; and taen lata J umwgvJii i 1
I!1!;''!" :'. ' ''' ' ." '. j
f:i.- I-. : l . - - i-
S-! i -! I "... - - - ' - I Tt.