j l i. la.
ifjjii : NEW TERMS. V
trom and after tlie 1st day of January,
tlie subscription price of the Watch--flJ,'Will
be as follows ; ' . '
nnn rear, paiu iu uuv.uice, ?i.ou
uMf r jpi.irod :i nimiiiiW. nri
jiaynieut delayed 12 mouths, 2.50
LOribers will find it to their interest to
LdtUe following advertisements which
uTirSn the columns of this week's pa
f wllUo Tnn It.Enniss. andC. 11. Harkcr
y. El inland Saddles and Harness.
tb4 F. KUittz-ndruggist, Garden Seed's
indGoano. -y .
Jleroney & liroi Machine Shops,
g, pJlrown--Paiuter. - ;
it jlillolmes-f Peruvian : Guano- and
Lime i :! .
Bernhardt & Jiros. Wauu s Guanos,
jj .(3arber 'Family Groceries.
Xotice, to change Town Charter. ,
1 ik . o
J r! Henry Horah exhibited very nice
Lhsiies yesterday, the growth of hisgar
Wtliii year, ; . ;
,f.j'., 1 "
Obamkxtai- A gentleman iu this
ity I&ljust received from a niece in Vir
ginia io beautifully painted aperni can
eg(pgned for; ornaments. They arc
1 1 belict iu! old fashioned silver candle
i icks and placed! on the mantle to be
i but not used.' They serve better as
Winder of other days when gas and
e dangerous kerosene were almost un-
itti boi-t Ykllow Tobacco. W. A.
Mlitor Of the Oxford, (X. C.) Torch-
, lil$ just piiblished a handsome lit-
bbOlc couiaiUHig iue experience jn uiiy
theiiaost successful yellow tobacco
(afmerslu Granville county, N. C. If you
ni W lcarn all about tobacco, from the
kntrbed to the
sales-room tloor, you
cents to iu postage
sliWWi enclose 2.
Btiiups to W. A. Davis, Publisher, Oxford,
X; G-i anil receive ! his book iost-paid.
Tip tobneco grown in his county (Grau
xihf) lias a greater -reputation .than- that
-irf irty other county in the United .States.
i IeaLTIL Attention is called to Dr. Sum
erS Sanitary notice in tins paper. The
wbject is' a rry important one, always Telt
ta lie so by tliose who get sick themselves
' or if ho bare to watch antr nurse sick chil-
dreij.;; We. hope the ladies, who have to
let! Oh? brunt of all sickness in the family,
ullow no rest at home to those whose
it is to accomplish the sanitary require-
4 recommended by the- Supervisor of
th. : : -
: . i
- Fise iWpoL.r Mr. John A. Doyden has
left our oflice foit exhibition a sample of
woolhiised by Mr. Vaughn, Senator'in the
Gcnpl Asstwbly.'froiu Alleghany county,
wltk0s!t'ertainly remarkable for its length
tfid fextaro. It is denominated Swopser
dowi bjiing the product pf Southdown
sheep fcrossed on the Cotswold. Tlie largest
ilieeriSuljMraughn's flock, yielded 18 lbs.
(uhI th fiock averaged 7 llw. 9 ounces').
ccces left withTus measure 11 inches.
f erj fine and silky. This wool sells
.more in the pound, than common
Alleghany county is doubtless a better
AwpMnfry; than thisiection, "but there
a Boting Except dogs to prevent the farm
cri of jnwjjn fjom making wool-growing a
very ppofitable business in Kowan.
Emfoit 5rATCiixiAx: I observe in your
m Qftlie 26th February a notice pub
hshed'that applicsition will bo made to
the Exitra Session of the Legislature for
imendinonts to the charter of the Town
of Salisbury.". y
What defects are there in the present
tharteif tjiat call for such speedy action !
The i4i(e js sigued.by uo one. Is it au
thonzeHy the Mojur and Hoard of Com
uisi,icrs1 I Let the proposed amend
Jjenttlof pblisbedi thatfthe citizens of
uietowi may express their views npou
.uie propriety of further amending the
Tetl tlie notice is authorized by
"PJWor aua Commissioners. We con-
nnt Tax Payer," that the proposed
enaujOnifshouJd be stated.
kt tlli Rnn.i...l tthi r
r i -Tv-Mwuiuiiueni 01 iicaiiii ior
WM lHHraty, I would thus early call the
caQoi of the; authorities and citizens
rf2 f "soury, to the importance
J? ggior destroying all such eollec
.Plt,i nd impurities as are likely to
Jfi;ihlal4nrtucuce upon the health of
w.J? m :ow 's the time to prepare for
KraLM? mor" latent.; It is highly dc
,UiMua ; out town ulioubl -receive a
jSicleansing before the warm weather
tT,V-een an1 the first of April,
J uOUse-holder is urefitn
tieirVaWcr of cleansing and purify
iotj,grouiHlsm.jvics barnjard3t h
.fL . . o- p.--
it vA . iv.Tr Maying uone mis. to reneat u
s lhe VnS Summer -and
d -I ' necessary. Let disinfectants
tl uwljcrs be p.urchsed now for the
ta nt t.H and be sure to use them often
Md m T ii ' Bnue sure to use tnemonen
loE To the Ma)"or "d Aldermen,
Kit rt-'-JT "' "ow is me time io cican
:HaJ( now is the time to clean
gutters and dmins, that when the
""fie, there shall be no obstacle
n arainacre: and that to make
.WfB effectual, and witli the least
Tr twn . !L would sncriroet the nro-
ki?iWerinS that all hogs and cows
gi duty by law, to attend to
W m: rendition of Salisburv. and I
t.Vv u,y oesi attention. Ana i
M good citizens to aid me in car-
w enactment of the legislature,
PF,aa and Well lieincr nf thA
! J. J. SCMMERKLL, M. D.
fpt. of Health for Rowan Co.
NEATEST EXEMY TO CIIIL-
Uai'T ' irom 1UU umy
wool r 1 :!
BY J. R.
RELIGION AND CHURCHES,' WITH A
RESUME OP THE PARISH LAWS.
; The early settlers of Rowan County were
religious people. The Presbyterians, f
Scotch Irish extraction, were probably the
most numerous in the section now comprise
ing Guilford County, In the Jersey! Settle
ment, in Western Rowan, and Iredell coun
ties, i The Lutherans and German; Reform
ed (the latter sometimes called Calvin Con
gregations, and Presbyterians) prevailed in
arts of Guilford, Tavidson? East and South
iowan, and Catawba counties. I nime the
regions us they are now known, bat they
were all then in Rowan. In Davidson and
Randolph there were Baptist Churches.
In Salisbury, in the "Jerseys, and elsewhere,
there were Some members of tht Church
of England. It is probable that ! William
Temple Coles and his family, John! Dunn,
perhaps Cdrbin and Inncs and theFrbhocks
were attached to that communion, j We infer
this pimply from their nativity and their
connection with Earl Granville and Gover
nor Dobbs, as Agents or Officers j of the
crown. In regard to Dunn we have a more
certain tradition, as we shall hereafter men
tion. It, will be -remembered that
' , St. Luke's Parish j
was established cotemporaneously Iwjth the
County, as a part of the great ststem of
Government here wrought out, or attempt
ed ; a9 nearly conformed to the system ofj
the mother country as practicable, j During
the Administration of Gov. Dobb3-ih 1754,
according to Wheeler ten years later ac
icordinjj to other authorities, ce Wheeler, p.
337, Carulher' Caldwell, p. 175,) steps were
taken to provide for the ministry of the
word according to the rubrick of the Church
of England. A petition, signed by thirty
four persons in the county of Rowan, and
addressed to Gov. Dobbs, represents, ("That
his majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects
in this country, who adhere to the! liturgy
and profess the doctrinesjpf the Church of
England, as by mw established, havenot the
privileges and advantages'" which! the ru
brick and canons of the church allow and
enjoin on all its members. That the act of
the Assembly calculated for forming a regu
lar vestry in all the counties have never, in
this county,f produced their happy fruits.
That Iie County of Rowan, above all coun
ties in th Province, lies under great disad
vantagesv a3 her inhabitants are coinposed
almost of all nations of Europe, and instead
of a uniformity in doctrine and worship,
they have a medley of most of the religious
tenets that have lately appeared; in the
world ; who from dread of submitting to
the national church, should a lawful vestry
be established, elect such of their owb com
munity as ejyadc the acts of the Assembly
Land refuse the oath, whence we can (never
expect the regular enlivening beams pi the
holy Gospel to shine upon ns." ; j
From the fact that there were only thirty
four signers to this petition from the vast
territory of Rowan, we may naturally infer
that the population in those days was hope
lessly plunged into "Dissent.1' And yet it
was the purpose of the far-away rulers of
England, and of the North Carolina Assem
bly, to have the Province to conform as far
as possible to the eclesiastical system at
hornet And so the Parish System of Eng
land, as far as practicable, was incorporated
in the system of North Carolina law. What
that system was, can be gathered from a
voluminous "Act" of thirty-three sections,
passed by the General Assembly at Wilming
ton in 1764. Other acts and regulations of
the same general tenor had been adopted on
various occasions before, but the act of
17G4 with a supplementary one in 17G5 is
the most full, and gives an impartial view
of the system as perfected, just before the
final downfall of the whole scheme at the
Declaration of Independence in 177G. 1 will
endeavor to give an impartial resume of the
Parish System. :
According to this "Att" the Freeholders
of each county, on Easter Monday or every
third "year, were required to" elect twelve
vestrymen to hold said ohMcc for the term of
three" years. A "freeholder" according to
existing laws was a person who owned at
least fifty acres of land, or a lot in Some
town, j These freeholders were required to
vote for vestrymen under a penalty of twen
ty shillings equal to $2,50 in specieand
the vestrymen ., so electedwere required to
subscribe an oathihat "they will not oppose
the Doctrine. Discipline and Liturgy of the
Church of England, as by law established;"
and in case of refusal to qualify, any vestry
man elect was to be declared -incapable of
acting in that capacity. Out of the twelve
vestryman two church wardens were to be
chosen, who were required to hold office at
least one year, under a penalty of forty shil
lings, equal to five dollars, in specie or ster
ling monev, and they were to forfeit ; five
founds if they did not set up their accounts
or public inspection, in the Court House.
These vestries might appoint one- or more
clerks or readers, to perform divine service
at such places as they might designate, j
The vestry were lilso empowered to lay a
tax of ten shillings, proclamation money, on
each "taxable" in the county for the.purpose
of building churches or chapels paying min
isters' salaries, purchasing a gleoe, erecting
"Mansions" or Parsonages' etc. etc.
"Taxables," as we gather from another
act, were all white male persons over six
teen, years of age, all negroes mulattocs,
and mustees, both male and female, over
twelve years of age, and all white persons
male and female over twelve years of age
who intermarried with negroes or persons
of mixed blood. Such a tax, faithfully col
lected, would have yielded an immense rev-
enue tor tne support, oi reiigioii. Dciug u
noil tax. and not a property tax, it fell heav
ily upon the-poor, and lightly on the rich.
The tax thus Jcvied was to ue coiiecteu uy
-the Sherilt, as the other taxes, and j paid
over to the vestry ; and m case of refusal,
the Sheriff was required to "distrain" the
iroodsof the delinquent and sell them at pub
lic auction, after publishing the sale by post
ing it on the Court House, door, tne cnurcu
door, and by public announcement to the
people immediately after divine service! See
Dati1 BecUal of N. C. latcs, edition 1773 p.
p. 304, 309).
By an "Act" passed in 1765, during the
administration of Win. Tryon, as Lieut.
Governor, and called an "act" for-establish-ing
an orthodox clergy" it was provided
that every nuaister of a parish was to re
ceive a stateof salary of 133, 6s., 8d.,j and
for each marriage solemnized in the parish,
whether he performed the ceremony or not;
provided he did not refuse, 20 shillings for
nreachiic each funeral 40 shillings. In ad
dition to this he was to have the free use of
a "Mansion House" and "Glebe," or "Tract
of good land," of at least two hundred
acres, or twenty pounds additional until
such time as the "Mansion House" . and
"Glebe"! were provided: The "3Iansion
House wasrequircd to be thirty-eight feet
in length, and eighteen feet in width, and to
be accompanied with a kitchen, barn, stable,
dairy and meat-house, with such other con
veniences as they may think necessary." (See
DaviS Ittvittfd 1773. no. 33S-9). .Krora this
it will appear that the Assembly of North
Caroliua made a fair and liberal provision
for the support of her parish ministers, and
with the exception of the Glebe, which lie
need not , cultivate himself, rendered him
"free front worldly cares and avocations."
But the difficulty lay in putting these rcg-
illations into effect. In
Uov. Douus' ie;ter
I IU lilt! 'TWlPtr Inr ilia : Kk i l i-
the -SocietV for
Gospel in Foreign PartV'-heinforms i the
Society in 1764 that in North Carolina
"there were then but sir nipiwrmsn tf.nn.rh
there were twenty-nine Parishea unri mloIi
Parish Contained a whole eonntv (7Un
J. 2Iilleri Utter to T)r. Ilawl- Th
fact was that a large part of the population
were "Disseuters," and they resisted every
effort to settle a Parish minister nvpr thm
and thus refused to subject themselves to
auuiiiuhim taxation, in unity "Parish, in
Guilford Countv. the neonle elected non-
episcopalians for vestryman, and it became
iieccsgary ior toe Assembly to dissolve the
vestry and declare their actions null and
void. (See Carut7ierrtuCnldifU.n n.
But let Parson Miller, in th4tfpr ilmvn
referred to. tell how matters were conduc
ted in Rowan Countv and in Salisburv. es
pecially. He says, "Subsequently to the year
17C8 the Rev. Mr. (Theodore Drane) Draig
came to Silisbury, in Rowan County, which
wasJhen St. Luke's Parish, and so far suc
ceeded as'fb be able to have a small chapel
erected in what is called the Jersey Settle
ment, about nine or ten miles east of Salis-
oury. Jiut tne opposition made to his set
tlement as Rector of that Parish, b th
Presbyterians, was so very rancorous as to
raise great anirnosity-in.their minds against
all his endeavors to that end thev beinc
far the most numerous bod v. having uTorn I
large congregations well organized in the
adjacent counties, and one of them in the
vicinity of Salisbury. I well remember an
anecdote told me by Dr. Newman, (and)
John Cowan. Sen., in their life time, and
indeed by several others in the vicinity of
ciansuury, some or whom may yet be living.
That on Easter 3Ion day, when an election
according to the then law of the Province
was to be held for the purpose of electing
vestrvmen, the Presbvterians stt nn Mnrli.
dates of their own persuasion and elected
them, not with anv desisrn either to serve
or act as vestrymen, but merely to prevent
tne episcopalians irom electing such as
would have done so.' This caused much
bitter animosity to spring up between the
parties, ana so, mucn discouraged the Rev.
gentleman. Perhaps the approach of the
Revolution war had its influence also; but
be that as it may, after a four years' fruit
less effort t organize an Eoiseonalian enn-
gregation in this section he left it as he found
it, witnouc any. (itev. Mr. MMef letter in
"Church Jfestenger" Oct. 15. 1879.1 A fill
er sketch of each of the churches of Salis
bury will be furnished in the future chap
ters, out so mucn was deemed necessarv
here, to inve a elhnpse of the earlv davs
before the Revolution. To the stirrinc times
mmediatelv nrecedinr? the oreat Rtruorrrle
for American liberty, we must now direct
our attention. For Kowan Tonntv waa
rather before than behind her neighbors in
that struggle, as the record will show.
List of unclaimed letters remaining in
the Post Office at Salisbury, N. C, March
A. Madison Arnifield,
B. Jas. L Baker, Betterton Beck. W.
Beacheam, Dock Borden, Mrs. Eliza Bocjrs,
miss eugeuia j unrrio.
C M II Craige, Wiu. Castor. Ilciirv
Coles, Miss Moriiebizier Cook.
D. Towuey Dorsey, J. W. Dcmiston.
G. J. F. Goodman, Mrs. Margaret R
H. Miss Nellie Howerton, Miss Annie
Holmes, col'd, Nancy Holmes.
J. Lafayette Josey.
M.- James McCarter, W J McCarter. D
J. Mickleroy, Albert Mayuard, Jas Mayor,
Miss Alice Means, Laura McCorkle, cord.
O. Miss Lon Orrnuge.
P. J W Peacock, David Payne, Man
Ann Peeler, Mrs. Julia Phifer, col'd.
11. Thos Bay, James Bobbin.
S. Win. Smith, John Scott, Miss Em-
eliuc Shnrford, col'd.
W. Henry Wolkchor, Frank Waltou.
W. A Williams.
When called for please say advertised,
nnd give date of list.
D. L. Brixgle, P. M.
The most popular song in the Stock Law
Districts will soon be, "How came that
Unity is entitled to the sobriquet of At
lanta and may well be called the "Gate
Township.' An hour's ride in any direction
will bring you to a gate and most frequent
ly to two or three In a half day's ride re
cently,! had the pleasure (?) of opening not
less than a halt dozen, as well as laving
down? a fence or two.
Please raise your voice, Mr. Watchman,
against the diminished mail service. We
have just been promised a tri-weekly mail,
and instead, the department threatens us
with merely a wecklv. Of course, Congress
is to blame.
Report says, as apropos of the "Svndi-
cate," that we are to have a Broad Gauge
Railroad through our township. Some
Northern Company has proposed to buy
out the Mooresville and Winston R. R. and
run it as a Broad Guage, crossing the river
at the Shoals. As Prof. R. said concerning
the ox story, I do not vouch for it, but give
it as a current report.
The Cluster at Lnity Church was well at
tended and proved interesting and profita
ble. .The principal feature was a sermon
by Rev. A. L. Crawford, on the Fourth
Commandment,"which is well worthy of
A PAPER FOR THE CAMPAIGN.
I will, if property encouraged, begiu
the publication of a campaign paper, on
or about the 15th March, 1880; and will
continue to print it until after the Presi
dential election, or for eight mouths from
the time of first issue. 1 he price will be
Oxe Dollar. A limited number of ad
vertisements will be inserted. All who
who favor the enterprise are earnestly re
quested to give to it that substantial en
couragement necessary to insure suc
Our party is woefully in need of every
help to a thorough organization ; for with
out it defeat is certaiu. It is of vital im
portance to all classes that the Demo
cratic Party should triumph this year,
aud it will require every effort, first, to
properly inform the people; secondly, to
orgauize themr and thirdly, to induce
them to go to the polls.
The obiect of my paper will be to keep
the people well posted on all matters of
puuuc interest, on ine pouiicui quusnuua
at issue in this year's campaigu, and to
effect a thorough organization of the Democratic-Conservative
party in Rowan. "I
want for my readers, therefore, all the
jxioplo in the county. "Will my frieuds in
the different sections, assist me io obtain
ing them by making up clubs, &c.
Salisbury, FeVy I8th, 1880.
It is generally supposed that Chinese
rice paper is made from rice. It is really
made from the, pith of a tree which grows
to the height of twenty feetand which is
ah?6 used for the manufacture of artificial
flowers and certain toys aud fancy articles.
' Dirt has been broken,; and th founda
tion partly laidf, for the large cotton faci
torjv now under construction, uy.-tlre
Messrs. Oats, o this citjf. s We rejoice to
see such improvements 'going up. It ar
gues well for tlie future of Charlotte, and
will give bread 'and employment to our
idle poor. Southern Home.
,TJie patriotic owner "of tlie "Gettysburg
battlefield is determined that be shall
not be ignored, j He has a claim before
the Congressional committee for the rent
of tlie ground while the battle was being
fought. It has riot yet been allowed, and
his loyal soul is much exercised thereat.
This is a stgq remark of an old Boston
merchant: "I have stood here on State
Street for forty years, and I have seen
men acculate fortunes by speculation, and
I've seen those fortuues disappear. I have
seen men go up. in worldly wealth and go
down, aud I have always noticed that
tliose persons who were content with slow
gains and six per cent, interest came out
ahead in the long ruu.
The State's Protection.
Sec 11. That in the event said William
J. Rest and associates, their assigns or suc
cessors, shall failjto carry out said contract,
the measure of damages thaU le that the
grants made to them under said deed of
trust, shall become null and void ; and upon
the certificate of jthe commissioners provid
ed for in section fourteen of this act that
such failure has been made, said Trust
Company shall deliver to said State or its
dujy accredited agent, or agents, the stock
of and claims against said railroad company,
together with the paper writing signed by
the commissioners of said State, and depos
ited,;wth said Trust Company, as well as all
othejp instruments assigned to said Trust
Company in trust for said William J. Best
and associates. -Syndicate Bill endorsed ly
Oov.'Jarvis and others. I
Comment: if a private citizen purchase a
plantation for $10,000, and make two pay
ments of $2,000 each and tben fail, what
then ? What docs the law say ? Does the
original owner of the land return him the
$4,000 and take back the land ? Not a bit
of it. He retains the title in the land and
pockets the $4,000. In other words, the
purchaser loses all he has paid.
Why should a great sale involving mil
lions be made to !a Northern Syndicate on
terms far more favorable than those that the
law provides in cases of private sales ? Why
should a private citizen, who may sell prop
erty, Ijc better protected in his interests and
rights than a great State selling out a great
railroad line ?
W are not lawyers, have consulted with
none, and only ask the question ? It looks
to a plain common sense eye that the terms
for the sale of a railroad ought to be as
stringent as those required iu the sale of a
house or a tract of land.
Ought Best and Company, if they fail in
their Contract; to be let off as easily as the
above section indicates? We pause for a
In section 13 we read that Best and his
associates, in case of a failure on their part
"to observe and perform the contract made
with them" by the State shall nevertheless
be allowed a lien upon the road from Salis
bury to Paint Rock to the extent of their
"actual and necessary'' outlay "in building,
repairing and equipping said road," but the
amount shall not ! exceed $850,000. Thus
the State, as we understand it, would be
come actually indebted to said Best and his
associates, for the sum of $850,000. There
is already a lien of $850,000; so here would
be an indebtedness of $1,700,000 in case
Best and associates failed in their contract,
this ii called getting out of debt. This
supposes that the ($850,000 debt is worth
that sum. If only $550,000, the amount
then will be $1,400,000.
If a-gale is to be made, let it be genuine:
let there be no aftcrclaps. If we are to have
an extra session at a great cost to sell out
let the sale be complete. We do not wish to
hear some time hence that there has been
no sale, but an additional debt has been
created and that too after the heavy expense
of the, extra session.
But if a sale is made it ought to be on no
better terms for tlie Syndicate, as we have
said .above, than those which prevail in pri-1
vate .transactions as between man and man.
The Governor cjaims that the road from
Salisbury to Paint Rock will be worth fully
$3,000,000 when competed. Mark that if
you please, and now see what sort of a tra
der he is. He proposes to sell the road for
considerably less than a million and a half
(f 1,500,000) or ! about 1,400,000. We
say this because it is evidently estimated in
the bill of sale that $S50,000 or less will
complete the road.; The $850,000 lien upon
the road is valued at $550,000, we believe.
So we find the Governor anxious to sell
property which he says will be worth $3,
000,000 when completed, and it will require
not more than $850,000 to accomplish this,
and for how much 1 The lien upon the road
costs the State $550,000 really, as we under
stand. Eight hundred and fifty thousand
dollars or less will jcomplete the road, equip
it, etc. It will bct worth $3,000,000 when
this is done. It must be sold, however, for
what appears to be a good $1,400,000. This
is called a good sale.
The Star repeats : it is not oppose to get
ting rid of the overgrown and pampered
elephant; but it favors getting rid of it on
the best possible terms, and insists that the
sale shall be bona fide, complete, final, with
no aftcijclaps. Thd Star further insists that
the terms shall be equitable but stringent,
and that the State's important interests shall
be fullv nrotected.l
It further suggests that three or four of
the best lawyers such as no rings can in-
fluence-r-be selected to report upon thcSyn
dicatc bill, and to make it strong wherever
lucy I1UIJ lit CK.-p tl untnyivit, uiui .
A "ROCHESTER PHYSICIAN S EX-
R. Ciulkins, Mi D. of Rochester, N. Y
certifies, Oct. GtbJ 1879, that he has used
theSaf Kiduey and Liver Cure in Ills
practice for diseases of tho ! kidneys and
liver, ana uio result inw naueiuiwi;
in the extreme. He says : f'l would now
nMooriiwi tliA fuiniA wmedv to all similar
ly afuicjted, and you are at liberty to so
state m your ivsu,wuuiwt
JaultoApl j !
True, Very Tans. It would be verr
mucn to be deplored if a great matter in
Tblting the interest of the people of the
whole State, the future prosperity of our
chief city, and the fate of our western con
nections, should be made to hinge on tlie
fortunes of any one citizen. Should the
discussion of the Western North Carolina
Railroad matter assume the phase of a strug
gle between rival candidates for guberna
torial honors the people, we apprehend, will,
without much ado, put the contestants on
the shelf, and take up some new man, whose
wtfne has not been connected with the pres
ent! agitation. Raleigh Observer.
Freight Discrimination. One of our
principal shippers of trees informs us that
nurserymen in Maryland, Delaware or Penn
sylyania can ship their trees from Baltimore
to Live Oak, Fla., a distance of about 1,500
mites, for 60 cents a hundred, while the
nurserymen shipping from Jamestown, in
this county, to Charlotte, a distance of 80
miles, have to pay 50 cents a hundred. Tlie
disproportionjn charges here is beyond all
reason. Tbs same disproportion applies to
goods manufactured by the factories and
mills a Jamestown, and the project has been
seriously discussed of establishing a wagon
line; from that point to Danville and ship
thence by the Virginin Midland route.
Boston capitalists, it appears, are large
ly owners of the great Western trunk
railroad lines, and now a Boston company
has been incorporated to build a railroad
through Palestine in Asia Minor, connect
ing with the Euphrates Valley Railway.
The Yankees are about to inaugurate a
new crusade and capture tho Holy City.
Where Saladin's cimeter once flashed in
the resplendent sun, we arc to see Amer
ican engines earning gold for American
nabobs. The world moves. Eal. Obs.
Josh Billings says: "H anybody has
hard work to please most people it is an ed
itor.; If he omits anything he is lazy. If
he speaks of things as tlrey are, people get
angry. If he glosses or smoothes down the
rough points he is bribed. If he calls things
by their proper names he is declared unfit
for his position. If he does not furnish his
readers with jokes he is a mullet. If he
does he is a cattlehead, lacking stability.
If he indulges in personalities, he is a black
guard. If he docs not, his paper is dull and
At Rowan Mills, in this county, February
25th; 1880, by Rev. Geo. B. Wctmore, Mr.
Wm. II. Clark to Miss Nancy L., and Mr.
Jas. C. Kennerly to Miss Mary E., daughters
of the late Richard Burroughs, Esq.
At I the residence of Mr. D. M. Penning
ton, On the 25th day of Feb. 1880, by A.
L. Hall, Esq., Mr. Daniel S. Lowder and
Miss Sallie E. Cauble.
MONTREAL HEARD FROM.
R. L. Mosely, of Montreal, Canada, cer
tified Sept. 27, 1879, that he had suffered
terribly from dyspepsia, and was com
pletely cured by taking Warner's Safe
Bitters. He says: My appetite is good,
aud I now sutler no inconvenience from
eating hearty meals." These Bitters are
also nspeceific for all skin diseases.
Corrected by J. 31. Kxox fc Co.
February, 26 1880.
Cotton firm goed Middlings, 12
low do 1011
Baco, county, hog round 88J
Eggs i 1011
Chickens per dozen $1.50(2.00
Corn New C0G1
MEAL, moderate demand at 65
WnE.VT good demand at 1.251.30
Flour best fam. 3.303.50
Potatoes, Irish 50
OsioxB no demand 50
Apples, dried 56
TO FARMERS !
Onlv a few ton left of the Seven Car
loads of Acid Phosphate, received this
season. Lall at once, van c pay ziuius.
f'otfnn for a eoninlicated comnostiuff ma
terial, when you can buy the best for 100
lbs. for making 1 ton Fertilizer, or 375 lbs
for 4 tons. J. ALLEN BROWN.
DON'T FORGET IT
: COME AND GET YOUR
C. W. C. WOOLWIXE,
; rUOTOGHA PHER.
Just received at A. C. Harris
a fine .ot of No. 1 Cioars and f
i FRExen Candies. p
T.vtter and Note Heads, Billheads,
Cards aud En velopes printed to order
at very low rates. Call at this office.
Other Pianos wear out
BUT THEY 60 OH FOREVER.
VICTORS in all fiT-t contest and lr 53
Tear part the acknowledged 8ldrrt oT th
World. Musical Perfection, Wondeiful parabtfW
tr and Reasonable Cost. True eemxroy indicate
purchase ot a aenniue Ghlckeriiig aol an other.
LAST CHAHCE TO BUY CHEAP
' f Chlckering & Sons ltrgely advanced t1.eir pri' e
FeU. 4 Our old contracts eipire April
vOlUllaerlmnntTsl tsfsi Ut lit it cU rat.
On priss ur tit poUUtjIj tt lomt la Aatrlsa.
Order now and re Irom A to $ on the r.
chase ! Present rate gaarantecd only to April i
LUDDEN & BATES, Savannah, Ga.
Wholesale A genu tut OaFU ,S. C,N. Q Ala.
BEDDING PLANTS, CHEAP!
t hire a fine collection of Plants, well rrown
at reduced rate, which I will sell cheaper
n can be purchased anjwhere else, -
Priee list free. Correspondence solicited.
M W.M. SMITHi
Akim : Concord, N. C. ; ,.
! - ' FOB . v
COTTON AND TOBACCO:
WAH2TS PLOW BRAND
Raw Bone Super Phosphate ,
For Cotton, , ,
! Diamond Soluble Bone
We are offering the aboTe Brands of Guano
to the Farmers, confidently beliering that
thej cannot parcbase any other that will gite
Soliciting your patronage, we hope that all
will call and see us and hear terms before
making arrangements elsewhere.
! BERNHARDT A BEOS.
J. Y. BARBER,
Graham's Old Stand!
Fresli Meats of all kinds,
Fruits, Confections, &,c.
rPCall aud get his prices..
LOW PRICES AND GOOD WORK
Have made my Business a success.
And I now otter the people of this countv
and adjoining sections the
BEST MADE WORK
in my line that can be found in the State.
The Material I use is of the Best Quality, and
as tne best is always the Cheapest,
For Harness and Saddles is the place to make
your purchases. AM I ask is a trial and I
I can sell a Good Set of Harness for $3.50
and up to the finest outside of New York city.
I can sell you a Good Saddle at $3.50 and
Bepairing done neatly and with dis
patch. Cull and see me, next door to Cr?w
ford's Hardware store, on Fisher Street. -18:3m
W. E. POLAND.
Notice is herehy given to any one who may
have claims against the estate of Joseph A.
Hawkins, dee'd, that the time for presenting
.1 Ml ... 1 . .1 .
mem win expire on tne 4tn ot March next.
J. D. JOHNSTON, Ex'r
of Jos. A. Hawkins, dee'd.
Feb. 12th, 1880. lb:2t
Chew Jackson's Best Sweet Navy Tobacco
Bone Dust Fertilizer,
FOB THE LARGE AND
ItAPID QUOWm Oh
COT TO IV.
Also, a Complete Manure for Tobacco,
Corn, Oats and all Vegetables.
TERMS: $40 (cash) per Ton, or
450 pounds ot Lint Cotton, payable No
vember the 1st, 1880.
Call and get circulars.
I have also, (Jood Virginia Lime on hand
B. J. HOLMES.
19:Ct Salisbury, N. C.
THE0. F. KLUTTZ.
HAS JUST RECEIVED A CAR-LOAD
Celebrates Home Fertilizer ! !
The Chemicals for making 1 Ton will be
sold for $14, or 200 lbs. of Cottonin No
vember.; No Cotton Seed or Stable Manure required.
This Fertilizer is fully equal to, the high
priced, so-called Guanos, and at less than half
the price. I refer to the following well known
gentlemen, who used it last season on cotton :
John V. Barrinper, Jas. B. Gtbon, W. F.
Watson, Thos. C. Watson, R. T. Cowan. W..B.
Meares, A. Tait, J. G. Cauble, J. F. E. Brown,
E. C. Lentz, S. J M. Brown, and many others.
Call early for your supplies and save money.
T. F. KLUTTZ, Druggist.
A FULL SUPPLY OF
Bu?st's Celebrated Garden Seeds.
is the only Seed-Grower
who VrXltBAXTS his Seeds. Loot at
every paperof FeryV, Landreth's, Sibley's,
&c., feci, and fee if you find any warrant
upon them, lleware of worthless, un
warranted commission Seed, and come to
KLUTTZ'S for Bnlst's which are warran
ted fresh and gennine.
THEO- F. KLUTTZ, Druggist.
GUM O S!
; I a n o
' l . I j
: : ' - Use
WILLIAMS BROWN f
l Has the exclasive sale of Ihls celetratei
Cook Stove and they -are going ff like h6l
Sapl in Clorer, Red CIoTer and Orchartl a
Grass, Seeds. Come andlraV before they
rise. l At Exxiss Drui Sf: fi
hwik rsrm, LCiicn rArtKi i "
Envelops, Lead PeieUV, Pens, . Slatefj,r
Red. Black. Violet, lllna ahJ InllikK. '
Inks, Copy, Memorandum and. Pocket
liootg, cheaper than ever k&rn ' befor
at FA-nKl ' ;
T01RRITE A lot of Scliod Bo'iritt
be sold rcry cheap at ENKutf.
VISITING CARDS. PT.AYTVn n a mvi '
Chalk Crayons, Russian Rath Soap, Car,
bolic Soap, Sulphur Soap, VasaHno Soapi
Rose Baby Soap, . Alsatcan Soap, Tootk
Brashes, Hairand Nail Rrushc,Coareeaii4; "
Fine Combs very low at . ExsissV, U-
7:tf. . - , M.
A FINE JERSEY BULL 1
at my stable. A rare chance to cross your j,
stock with tho very beat, which all ought
to embrace. C. I'LYLEIL
JAMES M. GRAY;
Attorney and Counsellor at Law, - r
SALISBURY, JT. C ' ,1.
Office in tho Court House lot, oextdoor
to Squire I laugh ton. Will practice in all
the Courts of the State.
Blactmer ani HeienoiL ;
Januay22 1879 tt.
WESTERN II. C. RAILROAD i
Leave GOING WEST. 1
Salisbury G 05 A. M
Third Creek (TS9
Elm wood 7.25' T
Catawba Station 9 06" ;
ConoTa - 10 1$
Hickory 10 3H h
Icard -t. 1122
Morganton 12 09 P. If J
Glen Alpine 12 35
Bridgewatcr '11 57
Marion 144 H
Old Fort 2 23
Henry 3 01 ' '!
Black Mountain 4 01
Salisbury 4 1 0P1 !.
Third Creek 330
Elmwood 3 07
Catawba I j
Conova 12 Jg
Hickory - J2 2oP.k.
Morganton . 10 2
Glen Alpine 9 5C
Marion 8 45
Old Fort 7 57
Henry 7 44
Swannanoa '( 6 32 ,
Black MounUin 1 6 1 , -
Trains ran daily , Sundays excepted. 1
Train going West will breakfast at States
ville and dinner at Henry. Train going East
breakfast at Uenry and dinaer at Hickory.
J. W. WILSON, President
STATE OF NORTH CAHOLmi
DnmQTi PnnntTT i SUPERIOK COUBT,
uunuu uuuiiij. ) si
Sprla? Trm, 18SO.
In the matter of 5
Luke Blackmek Surviving A dm 'r of
John McKorie and others, EiParie. -
Margaret McRorie and all others interested
will take notice that at Spring Troi, 1880, of
the SQperior Court of Rowan County to be
held at the Court lloane in Salisbury, N,G,
on the 9th Monday after tin 4th Monday in
March next, a motion will be made toaetaMde
the sale of the Mcltorie dwelling bouse, en
Fulton street, in the town of Salisbury, bid off
by Margaret McRorie, and for a re-sale of the
same for the Mirpoce of obtaining the balance
of the purchase money nnd interest thereon
due from Margaret McKorie, which she neg
lects to pay. LUKE BLACKMEE,
Adni'r of Jobs Mfiocie.
Jan. 30,1880. lCrCw
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAH,
CHARLOTTE, N. C. f
Practice Limited to
EYE, EAR, ana THROAT Diseases.
Office with Dies. JONES & GRAHAM.
Youno:, MeJinm-sized Mules
wanted: Apply at this Office,
1 !! .
J AES J.rs SXUFF, Still increaalnff
nii.or. Try it. It i mild and urc.
For alc ly J. IK Ga ski ll.