Carolina Watchman (Salisbury, N.C.) /
March 25, 1880, edition 1 /
Part of Carolina Watchman (Salisbury, N.C.) / About this page
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- 1 1 - -j i ;-
. - !! .,:. .: I - - I ;
ftjr ill a Iftfc dav of Jannarr
from . . M
&$he subscription price of the TJ afA
UilflW as follow f ,j f "
Tiar. pi advance, r $1.50
-' ffi pSiyin1 delayed 3 lumiths, 52.00
j j ; .-payment delayed 12 woutbe, 2.50
yjTj plain gold ring, With the let,
lM- M " drfj scratched on the in-
liberal reward will le paid for its
jllry ftji the 'Watchman office. ;
'Igvj ii'ocfcB of Spring Goods are ar
for fior niercnanw ninioac aauy.
-eraded school continues to flour.
1. j All dot schools are full and work
We regret to bear that Mr. Edward
nJeey'got ins nauu. uduij crusueu m we
mine, a icw utt,j
gf eruf Waggoner has announced a post-
Dj,weDt of tue collection oi tue stock
S totomtiliurther Dotice. t .
ife learnj th pleasure lorers of our ci-
i.iticiie having a picnic at St. John's
oD iauu -itBin wuuuuj,
-;.Ti . . ' . 1- O
ureter Eccs'V besiu to adorn the
.indows of the fancy stores colored in
jjtte shades of the rainbow.
x V O j
Weather, cool, dry and slightly windy.
oiii drtinjr off rough, niiere have
been slight frosts several mornings lately
botiiothiug yet damaged by it.
. v o ;
jJps,J.Peraons wishing sto invest in
knds within from 6 to 8 miles of balls
barf, are referred", to Mr. M. L. Ilohues
fof prther information.
: j ill : - : i il . -o - .
fL first No. of the "Salisbury Exami-
itTl by Mr. J.J. atewarir was lssueu on
fi.fiirdav. His review of the history of
4tlJ Radical party" will be found in this
paper. ' ... '
jff. Lnkfe Ilartman, of this Township,
Ayfter a short spell of sickness, last
Tuesday. He was a good and faithful sol-
dieliin tue: Confederate army
Tie merchants excursion to Cincinnati
was'! attended by about 3,000 southeru
mercliantiJ' Wilmington sent a delega-
tioa;of four or 6ve but no other town or
citv the State was represented thereT
j: y'H':; o- : .
Mb.C.Peeleu, a native of this county,
' aged Aboat sixty years, returned here a
- few 'davsagu from Illinois, after an absence
of fiirty-two years. hen lie went to li
linui4 it took him five weeks and three
dayaJ He returned in less than three days
Our two 1
jauds, the Silver Cornet add
Xo.!, h:ive consolidated, and now form
one bund under the leadership of Prof.
W. U. Xeave. We are pleased also to
sniunc4$.jtliat they have arranged to play
at Davidsoii College Comiueiicemeut iu
The lovers of Music should subscribe
for f Southern Musical Journal," by loud
en 4 Bate!, Savannah , G a. $ 1 .25 per an -
aun for wliich they not only get new
mac erery mouth, but a vefy handsome
Jiagume or literary merit.
He are pleased to note the enterprise of
somj of the young business men of our city,
Annjng whom are the firms of J. D. Gaskill,
Ktdf Messrs. i Ross & Greenfield. Both of
thcsl houses have received their stocks of
goods for the new season which arc unusu-
jine aijil ; comj)lctc. Sec their ads. in
M Pv(detce. rThe examination going
attfie; tlijieoui hist week's paper went
to pteus, whereof it was stated that A. II.
uWred. jlleilig were accused of tiring
t'OiMiikers mill j and were then under
going a preliminary trial, resulted in the
te9tojieaccus( iuen. The public
'airily expecting this result, for the
have a long established
rpMtaQouliove the deed imputed to
: - M .1. t O , "
lUiLaoAD Accidents. Two accidents
Loceurred; on the W. N. C. R. R.,
w't8 a (few' days. The first one on
MW(lyiasti, three; miles east of Conover,
liere a traiu except the engine, teyder
ear next to it, were thrown off
.we track ahd?rolletl down an embank-
. erL !ur, cars were badly wrecked,
nuately no one was seriously hurt.
ia&scjii:eri came down on the re-
ttf ipkrt of the train, arriving a lit-
fjec6ud accident, on Tuesdav, above
TOI was moro serious. The train
fll 1 track and three men, two
w4 a guard, Were killed. Three
"Iff iwe badly wounded. The cars
rm not touch damage.
f lleilig from which we inake the
fvit,ltfact: y V.; . -
a the last issue of your paper , you
fflf's'mili; and chargiiig myself
IfS KK IleiKg with tlie crime."
iiuWri of t,,U letter ,,as doue tlie
vSu'' gTeltil,jW8tice 08 ia very P,iiiD-
m i wlieu vo Pt tlie language
oyed t List. waoI-'h t. .
oil, . . ii ,
UMrer"was the Work of au in-
'. Uinl !. : t
10 'parti tii - ... ...
h, :! i !'
vu -ri'Kifprsiinn mnn in rn
ci ' 1,UVe been anested on suspi
1wlT'De anuecc88arjr ejcept to say,
ri4vT not bwUien; and that the
,in Wi10? the lire is in doubt ! It wiui
W!4ioauced on the streets, where
A COtTCSDOudent nf TTiilA'a TVvi
New York, say: j
No pue. can be "otherwise than pleased
to heai of a kiud generous action, an I so
I toko the liberty to mention one of which
i nave Heard. Air. John P.'Browarof
oAHsbury, came on abonr. a mnntii a
attend to Liar Jrada a a salesman ja the
uuusuoi r o. jaitray Co in which
capacity he has been engaged for six or
eight years past. Soon after reaching
here his health Tailed. He put himself
under In very competent phvsician, witli
pu$ Diaterial improvement. Mr. Jaffray
sent his pwn -physician also ; and firiallv,
whenjit was coycluded that he sliouid
travel, Mr. Jafjray bade him go whehe
pleased, to his home, to Florida, or to
Cuba,; and the house would pay his bills.
It is Hot easy to decide which is I biore
honored by this incident, Mr. JJrow-ii or
the house which devised so liberal a iuea
sure. ; .. -
Mr Brown decided to return t his
home iu this place, and is thought! o be
improving in health. His eldest son!, Mr.
Jas. D. Brown, is filling his place ill the
Jaffray House in New York, with ihtire
acceptability, as we learu from prjvate
sources. - 1
: Unclaimed Letters. j
List of unclaimed letters remaining in
the Post Office at Salisbury, N. C, March
22, l&tff: j
B Willie Been, Miss Mary Buckanau,
James Barton. ' ; j
C Wiu.Crust, Brintie Carter, colored,
.LT-J B lm8' iss Alice J. Linebarier,
Lizzie Livingston. '!
M-j-Miss Annie C. Myers. j
S Miss Delia Spain Smith, 2.
When called forlease say Advertised,
and give date ofjist.
D. L. Brixgle, P. il.
" Mr. Editor : Is there no way to abate
the nuisauce of having our Streets block aded
with cows? They congregate and
cavort about in such numbers, and with
such disregard to our sidewalks, that lady
pedestrians cannot pass theui ; audi iu
many; instances must retrace their steps
aud find some other less obstructed way
Where is our Mayor and his Board of
Commissioners T Is this state of things to
continue I The country people hav all
gone into the stinrk law arrangement and
have peuned us up in Salisbury with! the
cows and hogs, -which are enjayingaU the
privileges of citizens witlumt paying iauy
tax to support tlie cit' govcruiuent. Is it
not awful t Axxious ENQumEh.
- March 1C. 1880.
Dear Watchman . '
I am sorry I have to relate sad news in
this letter. As you are aware, very heavv
rains have been falling for the past ejiglit
or teu days and as a natural consequence,
tlie streams, both great aud small are
much swollen. Monday, the 15th, bjcing
the time appointed to hold the spring
term of our county court, those hai ing
business there might have beeu seenmia
kiug their way early in the morning,
some afoot, some horse-back aud somtj in
wagons. It was in a covered two. horse
wagon, the property of Kobt. Orrell, jtliat
he and six others were making for Moeks
ville, wheu they came to what is known
as ''Mud Mill," on Dutch Creek. They
found:the water was over the bridge,1 but
thinking it not too high, plunged into the
swelling erirrent. The bridge had no
railings the plank being nailed to! the
nether logs to keep them iu place, fl'he
horses became frightened after" they! got
on the bridge, and in a moment the t'eam
and itsload of human freight were sub
merged in the muddy, raging water.! It
is useless to attempt to describe the strug
gles of those seven men and women laud
two-horses in the swift water. After a
struggle for life catching floating tim
bers, the boughs and trunks of trees,? six
escaped while the seventh, n Miss Kacheal
Hampton, was drowned. Her body !h;is
not yet been recovered. The wagon aud
horses are also still iu the creek.
These are the facts as I got them from
those residing in the neighborhood of the-j
mill. Occasional. :
" Davie Co., March 22J, 1830.
Dear Watchman :
In my last, I told of the drowning of
Miss liach. Hampton, at "Mud Mill." Jj Al
so, that there were six others in the Wag
on at the time it capsized. A Mr. John
Hai-dman, one of those in the wagon at
the time, died the next day from the ef
fects of his watery exposure. When res
cued, just after the . wagon turned over,
he was almostgonc, and Was only saved
by being rolled ou the ground. Mr. Kobt.
OrrelU' who, yoa remember, owned he
team, is lying in a critical condition, 'and
is not expected to live long. So that iu
all likelihood, there will be three deaths
from this cause. I regret to state that in
the search for the body of Miss Hampton
(which has not yet been found), several
bottles have beeu found, which affords
ground for conjecture that those aboard
had been indulging in drink ; and in this,
as in so many other cases on record, liquor
is to blame. Regrets crowd fast upon us,
when ive think of this fearful and sudden
mortality and know that whiskey had a
hand iu it. 4'0, that meu should - put auL
cue in.) in meii iiiouius, mj suai unuj lueir
I.. ..il. . ....! I l-
brains ! that we should, with joy, revel,
pleasure and applause, t musform ourselves
into beasts!" "EVery inordinate cup is
unblessed, andTtbe ingredient isa devil."
It is rumored Wiat Miss Hamptoujwas
tied in the wagou. It appears that Kobt.
Orrell and Joht Hartlmau had goue her
security to appear at this term of Davie
Court, aud that they had her tied tu be
delivered to the sheriff. But this rejiorl
is denied the Jruth will probably be
known when the body is recovered, f it
ever is, -Which seems now to be doubtful.
It is: also rumored that if Mr. Orrell re
covers he will sue the county for damages;
but the common opinion is that a suit
in this case would be fruitless to the pros
ecutor. Of course this depends entirely
on the facts which he may be able to es
tablish before the court, and the rebut ttug
testimony. It isa glorious privilege we
enjoy to bnug suit in a court of Justice
when it is believed we have good cause.
A suiter should, however, consider well
the points for and against him, or he may
come out worsted msteadof mendedrNBiit
these remarks are meant to be understood
as general and without speeial applica
tion to! Mr. Orrelloaso, which is a mat-
ter all his own. : Trulv. your I h
! J Occasional v'
PHYSICIANS KECOMMEND STIUI
ner's Indian Verniefuge in I their practice
as a superior article for destroying khd
ST I. B.
The echoes of the Indian war-whoon had
not died away before the muttering of ao-
ouir, siorm was Heard over the hills, and
Tally8 of Orange and Rowan Counties.
l Dig is what is known in the history of
Jorth Larphna as the war of the "Regula
tiox. It can scarcely be called a war, and
yet it rises above the dignity of a riot. It
wasfrather. thejfirat blind, unorganizetl ris
ing of the spirit of liberty against a long
tram of oppressive acts, for which there was
tfo remedv and of which there appeared to
bq no end. As the men of Rawan were to
some extent connected with this struggle,
aoriic on each side, it wilj not be amiss to
give a brief sketch of its rise and Sad term
ination Though a detailed account would
exceed tlie limits proposed iu these papers.
As -the firet factor in thi problem, we
have & liberty loving population, who came
to the wild of North Carolina for the ex
press purpose of escaping from political and
ecclesiastical oppression. Such were the
early refugees from Virginia, who settled on
the Albemarle Sound t such tbe hardv Scotch
who came from the Highlands 16 the banks
of the Cape Feaf such the Swiss and Pala
tines on the Neuse and Trent, and iu a pecu
liar sens such were the Scotch Irish and
Germans of ancient Rowan, Orange and
Mecklenburg. These, or their fathers, had
once felt the weight ofthe oppressor's iron
hand, crashing out their liberties al
most their manhood; and : having once suf
fered they , were jealous of the approaches
of tyranny in their new homes. i
As tlie next factor we have the most
wretched system, of miggovercmentof mod
ern times. This misgovernmeut began with
the cumbrous and Utopian Constitution pre
pared by Locke and Shaftsbury, having in
it the, germs of a provincial nobility land
graves arid caciques totally uncoDgeniAl
to the wild and free spirit of the people. And
such governors as Seth Sothel, George Bur
rington and Richard Everard were a reproach
to humanity and a stench in the nostrils of
decenjy. The testy and prosy Irishman,
Gov. Dobbs, the warlike ami ambitious
Tryou, and the incapable Josiah Martiiii,
who enacted the last scenes in the drama of
the royal government, were peculiarly cal
culated to irritate aud aunoy the people, tw
aggravate and sting-to rebellion a people
far less independent aud intelligent than the
inhabitants of North Carolina. Nor coulfl
the prudcacc of such governors as Drntn
moad, Arehdaleand Johnstone counteract
the deep-seated opposition of the people to
the oppressive anJ tyrannical legislation,
dictated by tlie royal cabinet of England,
and enacted by an obscquiona Colonial Leg
islature. The struggle between the people of North
Carolina and their foreign rulers began one
hundred years before the yoke was thrown
off, in 1609, when the ' Gr ind Model," Avas
forced upon unwilling people and when the
bnoxious "Navigation Act" crippled and
strangled the commerce of the infant colony.
The struggle became more serious,' when
the "Parish Laws" were enacted, disallow
ing & marriages to be celebrated bv DU-
seining i-.iinjsiers, anu taxiug tue country
for the support of a religious system which
was distasteful to an overwhelming majori
ty of the people. The obstinaey and nepo
tism of Governor Dobbs, added fuel to the
flame. Governor Tryon was not a bigot,
but his tastes and hisexpenses were princely.
Aided by the blandishments of his elegant
wife and her bewitching sister. Miss E&ther
Wake, Tryon secured from the cringing
General Assembly ah appropriation of 15
000 pounds sterling, equal to nearly f 75,000,
for the erection ot a palace a Newbern more
suitable for a Prince of the Wood royal, than
for the Governor of an infant provincial colo
ny. This palace was said to exceed in magnifi
cence any structure of that day found upon
the American Continent, and its erection ren
dered a large increase of thetaxes necessary.
But Tryon never did things by halves, lie
must needs make a military expedition to
the land of the Cherokees, in order to run
a dividing line of a few miles in length, and
returned with the significant title bestowed
by the Indians, of "The Great Wolf or
North Carolina." All this w as .very ex
pensive, and to supply the means, not only
were" the direct taxes increased, but the
Governor required a share of the fees allow
ed to the various crown officials for their
services. The crown officers, in their turn,
taking the cue from the Governor, doubled
or tripled their charges for every act done
for the people. The lawyers also refused to
serve tlieir clients for the established fees,
and thus closed up all the avenues to the
temple of justice. In this emergency there
arose the two persons necessary to bring on
a collision. These two persons were a poet
or ballad-monger, and a popular leader.
The rhymester was named Kedaap l Howell,
a native of New Jersy, who occupied the
position of oldficld 6chool master somewhere
on Deep River. He was the author of about
forty songs or ballads, in which he merci
lessly lampooned the extortioners and crown
officers of tbe day. Prominent among these
were Ldmund Fanning, Esq., of Ililisboro,
the Court Clerk and son-in-law of Gov. Try
on, and John Frohock, Clerk and Register in
Salisbury. The fallowing effusion of How
ell's upon these two ofticers affords a fair
1 specimen of bis political rhymes.
r-Says Froliock to Fanala?, to teU the plain truth.
When I came to thiscouuiry I was but a youth.
My father sent for me : I wa'nl worth a cross.
And then my first study was to steal for a horse.
I quickly pot credit, and then run away.
And hav-nt paid for him to this very day.
Says Fanning to Frohock, lis folly to lie,
1 m1 an old mare that was bUivl of an eye:
Five shlillncrs In money I had in ray purse ;
My coat, It- was patched, but not much the worse ;
But. now we've got rich, anil its rery weUj known,
That wll do very well IX they'll let us alone."
- By such rhymes as these, sung and repent
ed from plantation to plantation, from the
no taitne l ad kin, called tor at everv house-
raising, log-rolling and corn-shucking, at
every court and vendue, at every wedding
and funeral, the minds of the people were
wrought up t aJiigh pitch ot excitement
and indignation against the crown officers,
and the lawyers.
When this leaven had worked sufficiently
a popular leader arose in the person of Her
man Husbands, from Sandy Creek, near the
line between Guilford and Rowan--now in
Randolph coliuty. Husbands was by birth
a Pennsylvania Quaker, and said to have
been a relative of Benj. Franklin. He poscs
scd great shrewdness of character, a natur
ally vigorous mind, and by boldly protest
ing against extortion upon all occasion, he
won tlie regard of the multitude. By the
influence, -and under the guidance, of this
man many of the people of Orange were in
duced to associate themselves together, in
bands, sometimes called Mhemob," some
times the ,lSons of Liberty," and at last the
"Regulators." The first general or public
meeting of Regulators was held at Mad
dock's Mill, in Orange county, October 10,
1766. : Thev pro nosed to consult concerning
their grievances and the orooer mode of se
curing redress. Fanning and other crown
officers ;wre Invited to be p esent, but re
fised to come on some pretext or other.
From this time sympathy with the "Sons of
Li beity" spread far and wide, and many peo
ple, not only it.' Orange and Guilford, but iu
Rowanf Mecklenburg and Anson counties
w re ready to venture into the same peril
lou path. They first stated theirjrrievance
to the Governor and appealed to him forre:
iier.. i: rronuscu wnai mey askcu, anu.
and posted up for public Inspection. But
the officers laughed in their sleeves at the
gullibility of the people, arid went on de
manding the same, or largerj fees. At last a
true bill was found against Edmond Fan
ning, fr extortion in no less than six in
stances. Wheu ,the trial tanie on ai Hillabo
ro, in Fanning pleaded guilty in each
count, and was fined-ww 'pence and eotti.
Such a mockery of Justice, under the very
eye of Tryon for he was -: present and in
the case of .his son-in-Jaw, j plainly demon
strated that no relief was ,t be expected
ironi xue courts oi justice. ! j i ne very foutt-'
tain of justice was corrupt, and poured forth
streams of bribery and oppression. The
Regulators were maddened, and committed
several acts of violence and lawlessness up
on the person of Fanning, and threatened to
control the coUrt by violence, and at their
suggestion many refused to pay any taxes.
But Governor Tryon was also alive to his own
interest, and began to put j into operation
measures to allay the irritation of the pub
lic mind, and overawe the disaffected. One
of these measures was a journey, or progress
io iue western counties, with a body of
troops escorting him. In i July 1768, he
marched to the Yadkin River and crowing
that stream, reached Salisbury on the 18th of
August. Alter a brief stay he visited Cant
TPhifer in Mecklenburg, (now Cabarrus) and
irum lurnce went io uapc folk's, returning
to Salisbury by the 25th, in, order to review
the troops, or nbilitia of the County. Here
Col. Alexander Osborne called upon his
Excellency for instructions concerning the
parade, and read to him a letter from the
Rev. Messrs. David Caldwell, Hugh McAden,
Henry Patillo, aud James Creswell, Presbv
terians, touching the conduct of the Regu
lators. These ministers labored in Guilford,
Orange and Granville counties, and as Col
Osbore and the; four ministers were of the
same church, it is presumed that the tenor
of the letter would be such as not to irritate
the Governor against them. : In fact, while
these ministers sympathized ; with the peo
ple in their oppression, they appear to have
done all in their power to prevent violence
and secure the restoration of peace and har
mony. Eleven companies appeared in Salisbury
ia this review all except Capt. Knox's,
company, whose sympathies appear to have
been decidedly in favor of the regulators.
CoL Wheeler states that this Capt. Knox
was the maternal grandfather of James K.
Polk, the President in after vears of the
United States. President Polk was born in
Mecklenburg county, ten rhiles south of
Charlotte, and : his maternal grandfather,
James Knox, resided also in! Mecklenburg,
in the Hopewell region, and lit does not ap
pear probably that he was the Cant. Knox
of the Rowan militia-compauy that failed
to appear at tue baiisbury
review. Still it
ve been the same.
Some of the
Tamil v, relatives ot the
in after years, citizens of Salisbury, and their
dust lies under marble slabs in Oak
Cemetry, in Salisbury. j
From the Salisbury reviev Gov. Tryon
went to sec the spot where iu 174( the com
missioners left of running the dividing line
between the King's lands arid Earl Gran
ville' lands. He found the place about
five or six hundred yards east of Coldwtter
Creek on the presunt dividing line between
Rowan and Cnburru?. He tlien paid a visit
to Capt. John Paul Barringer, in Mecklen
burg, (uow Cabarrus, drank freel of th.
Captain's rich wine, and tried his hand at
mowing, with a Dutch scythe doubtless
iue gieeu njeauuwf oi uuicu lsuuaio. 1 lie
Governor then visited Col. Moses Alexan
der's on Rocky River, and returning to Sal
isbury, spent eight days in the town and
surroundiug country. A goetleman, a sol
dier, a genial companion, hi visit no doubt
was one reason why Rowan County did not
enter more fully into the Regulation stru
But while the policy of the governor stay
ed lor a season the rushing of the torrent of
rebellion, it did not avert thd final catastro
phe. Matters grew worse and worse, and
in the spring of 1771 the Governor left New
bern a second time with a body of troops to
enforce tne laws and disperse the Regula
tors. At Tryon1 approach the Regulators
were massed near the Great Alamance Riv
er, and here the long delayed collision
took place on the 16th of May. It is not
necessary in sketches of Rowan to enter into
the details of this battle, if it can be called
a battle. For the Regulators were not or
ganized as a piilitary force and had no offi
cers beyond the rank of a captain. Many
of them were unarmed and seemed to be
rather spectators than soldiers, and the rest
were armed with their hunting pieces, with
enough ammunition for a days sport in the
woocIb. So perfectly unprepared were thev
to engaere with the troops of the Governor
that the Rev. David Caldwell, who was pres
ent, after passing backward and forward
several times vainly trying to prevent blood
shed, at last advised the Regulators to sub
mit to any conditions they could obtain,
orLllisncrse, rather than engage in the hope
ft is said that Col. Fanning,better acquain
ted with the logomachy of the court-room
than with the dangerous contests of the bat
tle field, with drew his company at the be
ginning of the firing. Husbands likewise,
the leader of the Regulators, is reported to
have followed his example, and saved him
self by flight. Thus the two men who did
more than any others to excite toconrlict,
left their adherents to fight it out without
Some lime previous to the conflict Gover
nor Trvon sent General Hu;h Waddell to
Salisbury with a division ot troops from
Bladen, CumWrland, and the western coun
ties. These troops were to remain at Salis
bury until a supply of powder, flints, blunk
ets etc., from Charleston should reach them.
But the "Cabarrus Blackboys"! as they have
been called, intercepted the convoy at Phi
fer's mill, three miles' west of' Concord, un
loaded the wagons, stove in j the kegs of
powder, tore up the blankets, and forming
a huge pile, blew up the whole. The mili
tary stores failing to reach him. Gen.' Wad
dell, with two hundred and fifty men, left
Salisbury and attempted to Join Tryon in
Orange or Guilford county. But when he
had reachcd-Potts' Creek, about two miles
cast f I he Yadkin, he was confronted by a
larue force of Rowan Regulators, who threat
ened to cut his troops in pieces if he offered
to join the army under Tryon. Calling a
council afofticers,he discovered that the Reg
ulators out numbered him by far, and that
his men had no desire to engage in battle
with their brethren. He wistly resolved to
fall back across the River to Salisbury. This
was on the 10th of May, 1771, six days be
fore the battle of Great Alamance.
A few days after the battle, Tryon march
ed to the East side of the Yadkin, where he
effected a junction with General Waddell,
and extricated him from his painful posi
tion. I must not omit to mentio that on the
7th of March 1771, a public meeting was
held in Salisbury, probably just before Gen.
Waddell arrived here, at which a large and
influential committee was appointed to meet
the Clerk. Sheriff, and other crown officers,
nd require them to disgorge their unlaw
ful fees. Thee officers agreed to the de
mand of the committee and signed a paper
to that effect. Mathew Lot ke and Herman
Husbands with ethers, were appointed on
the committee to receive and distribute the
unlawful fees, but it is doubtful whether any
were ever rt turned. After theafiair at Ala
mance the rilling party acquired additional
power, apd no dpubt for a season longer,
hd everv thing their own wav.
At this (lay, a in that, it is difficultto
i rii-1 r , .-: ... , ... . 'Z ' - -r - :r- mmhilw
rnaite a proper estimate of the character of
iue iV:gufatiaIa-Uowftnv in Anaoa" arid
aiecklenburz. nubile. Anin;. AiiA.i
p the Govmorsvs side, eithar activelv, or"
a ii J were sncn me: as Uo!. Wad
fll,f4aiael f: Spencer-Ric-hard- CaswR,
Waightstill Avery, Griffith Rutherford; Win!
Lindsay Adlai Osborne, John Ashe and
others, of the. noblest men of the State, who
afterwards proved their devotion to the
cause f liberty.1 )YMle no doubt thev were
opposed, to the exactions of the officials,
they still adhered to the regular administra
Upn of the law in the hands of the'cobsU:
tuted autaorities. . The struggle can neith
er be. properly characterized as tlie noble
uprising of arr oppressed people in behalf
of liberty, nor condemned as mob or in
sumption. It would , seem rather to have
been a good cause, prematurely, rashly and
violently conducted, arid led on by men in
capable of allaying or controlling the storm
they had evoked, and the effect was disasi
trous, for Gov. Tryon so entangled the com
sciences of many of them with oaths of al
legiance, mat when the real strul
oi v a a tan. I a. . . r
six years later, a great noiukr of tlie Reg!
ufatora felt CQustrained to cast in their lot
with the Tories. '
Centennials of Cownens and Guill
; ford Court House.
- f : i
Dtath of Qen. William, DasidsonXeiolw
j tioa vf the Continental CongreuMonu
tnent to Davidson.
Correspondence or the RalelgU Observer.)
Ur i WlLMINQTOS. March 11, I860.
j Bluch interest is evinced in the approach
irig "centennials," so called, of the battles
of Cowpens and of Guilford Court House
which were fought n the 17th of January
and 15th of March, 1781, (A. II . Stephens
says 25th) respectively, and preparations are
making for their proper observance.
As pertinent to these interesting occasions
it might be well to know whether the resoj
lutionof the Continental Congress, given be
low, was ever acted upon; If not, and the
writer is informed that it never has been;
the time would seem to be propitious for
the present Congress to carry into effect the
wishes of their continental predecessors, and
it, would be a graceful act on their part to
do justice, though tardy, to tliememory of
a revolutionary hero.
Perhaps it may seem good to. Col. Steele,
of the Charlotte district, to test the sense of
Congress on the subject. Col. Steele is sug
gested, because it was within the present
iiiiiJLs ui ins uisinci mat tien. Davidson was
killed on the 1st of February, 1781.
The death of General Win" Davidson was,
in some sense, a connecting link between the
battles of the Cowpens and of Guilford,
for it was in a vain ittimrw tn nromn r -,i
Cornwallis, then in hot pursuit of Morgan's
troops, burdened with the spoils and pris
oners of the victory at Cowpens, from cross
ing the Catawba, that Davidson met his
fate. A little later, and growing out of the
further prosecution of the same pursuit,
came the action at Guilford; and as the
"centennials" of those battles are to be cel
ebrated, it would be in keeping also to com-mcmo-
ate the fall of the, patriot soldier of
that. by dedicating to his memory,
upon tnc hundreth anniversary of his death,
the monument of which his contemporaries
adjudged him worthy.
The following is taken from a sketch of
Gen. Davidson in the memoirs of Lieutenant-Colonel
Henry Lce,"Light Horse Harry,'
the fathor of Gen. Robert E.-Lce :
I "The Congress of the United States, in
gratitude for his services, and in commemo
ration of their sense of his worth, passed the
following resolution :
uIi(3ohtnl, That the Governor andCoun
cil of the State of North Carolina be desir
ed to erect a-monument, at the expense of
the United States not exceeding the value
of five hundred dollars, to the memory of
the late Brigadier General Davidson, who
commanded the militia of the District of
Salisbury, in the State of North Carolina,
and was killen on the 1st day of February
last, fighting gallantly in the defence of the
liberty and independence of these States
No Fence Law.
From tliF! Raleigh Observer. -
IIiCKsi ORi), Va., March 13, leSU.
Editor Observer : As the subject of a
"no fence law'' has becu nnd is yet much
agitated in North Carolina. I wish
through your valuable paper to give to
the advocates of this execrable measure a
very significant fact for their considera
tipn, and one which will help the farmers
of the State to act advisedly on this vital
question. I presume it will be conceded
that all theories, to prove their value,
should be subjected fairly to the tost of
experience aud thereupon a just verdict
rendered. To this test I brin this the
orj. T wel ve years ago a few of the farm -ers
in Greensville county, Virginia, ob
tained permission of the county Court
to establish the "no fence law" in that
portion of the couuty north of Muhcrrin
River. For the first few years they seem
ed pleased nnd thought favorably of it.
But as the trial lengthened they found
they had made a monstrous mistake.
Their stock was lessening in number
and depreciating in q n a 1 i t y, and
their table comforts diminishing to
an aiarminsf egree. in short, the svs-
teni worked so badly, was so detrimental
to their interests every way, so destruc
tive to the peace and harmony of neigh
bors, and fraught with evils so numerous
aud 'insufferable, that they resolved to
abolish this modern delusion and have
the good old svstem of fences restored.
Tu accomplish this a vote of the people
had to be taken, and nt the election re
cently held for this purpose only two
votes were polled against it. Every vote
in the district save two, was for the abo
lition of the no fence law. Here, now,
Mr. Editor, we have a fairandexhanstire
illustration of (he working of this hydra
headid monster. If an epciirnce of
twelve years is not a reliable and conclu
sive test, pray how many will It require ?
Many of the farmers tell me that of all
the numerous curses inflicted upon them
by the results of the wrir, none would
bear A comparison with this no fence sys
tcin. It is simply and truthfully this:
no: fence, no stock, no hogs, a fe w ie.m,
worthless cattle, no milk or butter, and
no; mutton for dogs, to devour and man to
feed upon. As 'before reinarkc 1, exper
ience, fairly made, is the- nly infallible
guide in matters sublunary. M.
The agricultural papers of the State of
North Carolina are requested to copy thi
Ffula1 1 night liMiss Annj HonTOcker,
d uaghr 5-Mr. V. j W HnnsPcker ef
this totrn, tcn d herself after supper to
step ijrerj to a doorieiglibors, since
wliich time site lias not been seen in this
vicinity. e see from our Raleigh ex
changes' that she was married in that
city on Saturday night Inst., to P. B.
Austin, a contractor iu this county, who
had been persuading her to elope for
some time. The father of the young ladj
is a two hundred aiul sixty pounder, and
ins iucKy son-in-law 'had better it eerJ-
clear of this place for ? awhile. Mooi-e
Index. i -
M0NTS2AL HEARD FROM.
E. L. Mosely, of Mont1eaI,Canada, cer
tified, Sept. 27, 137!, that he had suffered
teniblyjfrom dyspepsia, aodjwaa com,
pletely i cured by tajkiug Wainr's Safe
Bitters. ) He Kys; My nppetir.e is pmmV,
and I now suffer no iu convenience Jiojn
eating hearty meal." These Bitter a i-
also asneceifie for all skin di
JanitcApl -v- ..
DON'T FORGET IT
COME AND GET YOUR
C. W.C. W00LW1XE,
" ' I llOTOKKAPHKn.
3 Just received at A C. Hauri
j a fine .ot of No. 1 CjoAnaac
() Fkexcu Candies.
uorrectea uy j. h. Knox cc t'o.J
CoTTov-tfirm good Middlings,
low do lOirTAll
Bacox, county, hog round 88
Butt eu - 20
E;gs j 10(11
CnicKEXs -per dozen t.-50(a2.00
Corn New tiU(01
Meal nioderate demand at 65
WiiE.T-fgood demand at 1.2.jl.ao
Flouh ibest fiim. o.SOfciS.OO
Onions no d;mand
Apples, dried - HC.
Chew Jackson' Best jSvreet Navy Tohaccr.
BEDDING PLANTS, CHEAP !
I have a fine collection of Plants, well grown,
at reduced rales, which I will soli cheaper
than can be purchased anywhere else.
Price list free.. Correspondence fo!icitt J.
W. M. SMITH,
20:1m Concord, N. C.
F O U
COTTON AND TOBACCO:
WAHN'S PLOW BRAND
Haw Bone Super Phosphate
Diamond Soluble Bene
We are offering the above Bra of Guano
to the Farmers, confidently believing thai
they cannot purcha.se any otlnr iliai will give
Soliciting yourjatri)n:ige, we hupe that all
will call and see in and hear term befor
making arrangement el.ewJiere.
BERNHARDT & BEOS.
-i. Y. BA8BER,
Qraham'a Old Stand!
Fresh Meats of nil kiutl,
Fruits, Confections, &c.
rOall and get his pricef.j
asniss, Saddles, &C,
LOW PRICES AHD GOOD WORK
Have made my Business a success.
And I now ofl'cr the M-ople of tLis county
and iuljoining sections the
BEST MADE V0RK
in my line liai can oa lo.ir.ti in the Male.
The Material I Ufe f tl.e Iirl (ualiljr, ai.tl
as the be-t i-a!ways the ( iiej't,
For Ilnif-s ajvi Satldtes4Ml!ie place to niuke
3 our j-urcbatii-ii All I ask is a trial anj I
I can dell a Good Set of HrnH ft,r $80
and up Iu u tiiiol ouixitle of New York city.
1 can gel! you a Good Saddle t v"..:0 ui.d
upwnnl. v ;;...! ,': ; '
r"Kepairiuj done neatlj and wilh ilis
pafcl. Catt and ne me, next door to Craw-
, luru ilurjtfure eioit, on ii.iier Street.
Ml II , II B II. 1 J
rr, r - - l
: T7- 'ii 9
WILLIAMS BRO WIT 1
II;i the erriuiT-Mlfthii clbrat.l!?
vkkik, oiove atiu
g lug liilke:iuitir )
A FIN 2 JSRSEY-EtJLLl T
at my stable. A ran -chance ro orMt; yilrr
ock witli lUe very uesj, W4iicialUi4iUt
JAMES M. GRAYf'
Attorney and CounseUcr at Lavr, ' 4
SALISBURY, X. G. 1' .
Ofllce iu the Court Uousa lot. next door;
Squire Haughton. Wul practice ifi a1! ll
the Courts of the State.
Blacta and. Heita,
Attorneys, Counselors t
SALISBURY, a '
Jauaay22 1879 tt. i.:
WESTERN N. C. RAILR3AD
.Leave . GOIXU WEST.. .'.
Snlicl ury f
Third Creek .....
. ... ...
Oik M -
9 Z . j ,
10 J) f : :
J ' : -
11 u .
-1 44 , . ?'.
2 J" i
j Swufihanoa Gap
A rri ve
K!in'A i'f 1
Ma rii n
C- 1 's
I . I
Vl ' p.
7 44 ' .
J CO A. If.
trains run, li'v, Snmlays excepted,
Tram poinr W,. breakfaft at ta"f.-
viI.e ai.adiUi.er atlionry. T ain K'oinjr East J
hrealuast at Henry and dir.ner at IIickryw-
Other Pianos wear out
BUT THEY GO OH FOREVER,
VICTORS la J1 great contertt and for 53
years past the acknowte feed Sliula.rl ofth
World. Musical PerteUion.Wonderful DurabiU.
tjr and Reasonable Cost. True ecouotny indicates
purchase ot a sennino Chickerio(f ana no other.
LAST CHANCE TO BUY CHEAP
ChJcltcril & Son 1 .rgely adviutceU their price
Feb. i. Our oW contract s erpire Ai.ril i, all r
jrlll fifl an erdtri ttUni t:for (Lt 4u at oU rat,
Cw prtew io ara poiitin tta cica Aatnci.
Order now and save ln.ni to iO oa the pur
Chase(yresent rates guaranteed only to April !
LUDJlEX & BATES, Savannah, Oa.
Wholeaale AgeuU .r ij.,r U.,s. C.,N. C ,& Ala.
BE. GEO. W. GiHAHAM;
C HAIiLOTTE, X. C. U
1'ip.cticc Lin.itcd to
EYE, EAU, asl THSOAf Elseasesj ., i
Oliice uitii Dili. JoNKS k OliAIIAAL
tturncs at Xaiu,
SAllsbnry,. TO".. O.
CUeap Ciiat lei MoriTts,
arionsoiher blantcii f r ;!
Church Sl Co's. Fine Uakixo
Soia, Tut no in mar i!ckapfx, f.-r anlq .
at J. I). MeXEEU'S.
At RiGhmoRil Prices !
All othiT Orass Seti!.
I'lices, (!u is'l ii-eludtd;
Call .Hid SViTUt
17:lf ' '
NOW IS TIIK.TIME TO SUnsCIJIliE
FOR THE WATCHMAN
Carolina Watchman (Salisbury, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
March 25, 1880, edition 1
Click "Submit" to
request a review of this
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