ROWAN COUNTY. t ! ' ' - ... ar- ' 1st: .lav of Jannnrr-. ino"' v"v t J j f l!W kiihscription price of the Watch- ill DC a (OT JCrJ year. mid in advance, $1.50 .Anient delayed 3 months, 2.00 jayrnent delayed 12 tnoutbs, 2.50 ': Best, the purchaser of the !r T? ' H and his 8ecretarv. Hfr w tern v 1 the day ni.v " ""- " n iliem. jMr "est Is a quiet sort or L,i WiJentlv means business, and we the Western roau, mcii u uas cn ta piish io a speedy completion. He i nd impression here, and enters bWgrM enterprise with! the hearty will of the people. . . ! . t I ltCLLAiMKu Letters. Ltftof nnclainud letters remaining in ..i'hhw :t Salisburv. K.C.. March 4.4 KIIBl - - - - A: l fiillKIUI AH'AMIHH , ..III.. UlilU 4"- lii-lteir.v .Hryniif, Miss barah Marlier. jrjJH: Irene Cauble, Mrs. Caroline A.rban.lortMi. . ; rHjprt, Leiitz, Miss A. J. Liueberrier. yiMrii Susan Macorary, Alex. Miller. I j i j-j I ' p4N'iic,V l'mier, u. j. rage. iilUibtl Sarage, Mary Jane Smith. ii L ! i' O I. r ; xr U aMou.. - When Ciillfd for say Advertiseil, and date of ; j -; 1). I). ITiunglb, P. M. m - o KopiKii vSob Mine. We had a call sltuHla? from Dr. It. M. Eaniesin charge Mumpie, Jocateu in amiiu connry, . -! ia in its soutu or ure rviiouu. ii is olned H a New York stock company o iire taking a liberal effort under the lectionW Dr. Karnes for it develop- -Steani eugines and coiupreses the nad for thi purpose fitijod the test, nn rry in goiu, ??to mil 81 in silver to the ton company btuight this prop'rty, which I r -.i- "S . i ..r I I I trices ajarge iiaei n iauu uu v.uu;. wafrr pnwtrs, or umn j. vivies, ;u ifi.lXJO. Thev will erect siueltinir 8 aiul ship the product in mass, to be jfaiirHl iiii New lork. I he: IJoctor ft M ! Verv valjiable mine and con fideqik eixiH-ct!, w ith the machinery soon . f- , - i : .. I intriMlucetl, to accomplish; the most 4 di 1 1 : a: i ird now -on Tit la: in totnier. si tm ibobt wor! (bin to Melius far, has tpt'n found to cat wtiicto-y results. NOTICE ! felarr requested to invite the citizens f M sbturv and the County of Rowan to autMH a r i 1:. BT J. B. I I 'tituc Kail Road Mkktinu, to ha Held at the Court House in halisUu ry oihSatarcLiy, the ad of April, to cn wdenilie uestiin int a Town and County iiubiij)tjoii to 'ahl perftoual stoelihohlers io bmlfiihg the Yadkin Kailro.ul from Salisjiury jto YadeslMn. Lvery person ii cnue, and a full expression of opiaiou is desired. AM 9 A l Mayor. 1330 ! .Sal this ik S I, Mar. 31, 1: i 1 hardly neeessary for us to say tliat a iiioTenient on a very imiortant wbjL jThe construction of the Wades boro Railroad will bring us by the short est; possible route in jHiuection with Char&itoii and Yiliniugton, opening up to all tins section of the State ita ancient w.vk ;t8 before the introduction of rail wads f l will guarantee to us equitable freigltt tariffs, ajid relieve us Of unjust diwriiuiiiations. It will esrabish, with the Western X. C. ltailroad, a most valu- We- Connect ion , and the proprietors of which! will no doubt gladljraid iu its con- iruction Attend the meeting ou &atnr- day, ajid let us talk of the niatter, and see hat can be done. "Look out for a cold snap about Easter,1 .toy Our Dutch neiirhbors. and this vear AAtie Yave rolls in just up to time. ot'peaches vet, however : tliougn oddities are injured more thaji Mie konld like to see the text of the late Stock Law Act for ItowiMi, and especially the Me at which it will be in force. Prot Allen Gentry, of Elkin, X. C, is w caching a vocal music class at Unity tourcji. ' He seems to thoroughly uuder ,lntliis profossion, and to be quite suc- wssfuij iu iuinartiuir instruction to his pl to your query concerning the :iif iaw:" it is operative trom April ".W UetOlM-r t hm lt if WMTim not IiihHi eiw Dwiug to its good eflects, part- ecauie quite uu mel ons last winter, httui nm k ill have1 the-' law enforced and. our be greatly beueritcd. EuoehTllle Items. i eq EjJas Ovcrcash and daughter, of vuana tej are visitinz their many relatives W friends in and around this place. Mr. .'"fh. preached in the Lutheran church m third 8unday, and on Thursday f .last week, and at Ohi Bethpage "Wj on the fourth Sunday. Jjcifl School at Baltimore during the O winter returned to this place last week. J.fniupity jwill now have the benefit proressional services. i t -LJ a i 1" V. 1 17 T i fcrj r man am nis uuiy lowanis i - "i 1; weeKS ago, ana consequently ne - Uil bV :n Id i T i r f(TP fiAIIT !'!' ftivni itliitiiil d II1".Jr,""n i iiiizorii, wfiomov- rf I place A ft nr wflra nn ic in n n f- i frm-;: tt . ;. i i. i f;T"u"-"Ju. . iier nunu uas jjeconve Wi'-lr thatshe has to be Ml the time. closely AV. Ett'S INDIAN VERMIFUGE IS ; ! in ja Vegetable com nonnd. form nl:tf. . Pcu1arly for destroying and expel- red; t: r ung Try it. CAUSES OF THE REVOLUTIONj It has been truthfully said that the Rev olution took place before the Declaration of. Independence, and that the document proclaimed m I'hiladelnhia on tli Pnnrth oCJuly 1776, was simply a public recogni tion of a state already existiner. The akirm. ishes at Lexington and Concord took jptace"t Apru na; the battle of Bunker's Hill in May of t lie same year, while Boston Was evacuated by the British in 1776. In North Carolina the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge, ociwecn tiie patriots and the tories Was fought ia Feb. 1776, and in consequence Lord Cornwallis, who -as hovering around the mouth of the Cape Fear, took his ide departure, carrying away with him Josiah Martin, the last royal Governor of this Province. In fact the Revolution was! no sudden occurrence, but the result of a lbnir continued series of events, culminating iir the wciependence of the State and country. It may be useful to take a glance at the events that led up to this wondrous consum mation, especially to dispel the illusion of those who have been told and who believe that nothing worth the expenditure of the blood and treasure required, was achieved by the war of the Revolution. j The grievance of the Americans, though appearing in different forms, consisted in the despotic principle that a people may be taxed without being represented iuthelaw- .1-1 . A , ! . . uiu.k.iu iYssemoues. vnue every oorougn ana snire in England VV ales and Scotland was represented in the English House of Commons, not a single representative, dele gate or commissioner could appear in that K...1.. .i ' iiut iiuiii me inn ieen cuivnies oi America. And yet the Parliament took complete and sovereign control of jnany of the most vital interests of the colonies. By the odious 'Navigation Act," of the British Parliament, no production ot Europe, Asia, or Africa could be brought into the colonies except in uriii!ii sinus, coinmanueci uy rntisn cap lams, anu manned oy mitisii crews, ; nor could the exports of the colonies be remov- 2 i . rr - , j. . uu in anv oilier way. 1 ne design OI Tins law was to "protect" the British marine merchant service, and the design was effectu al, since no other nation could underbid their own vessels. But it left the colonies at the mercy of the graspingship-owners, liut even this indirect taxation was not enougli. England had expended largesums in her recent wars, and especially in ;thc French1 and Indian wars waged in behalf of the colonies. Iu return, the mother coun try, perhaps-not unreasonably, expected the colonies tobear their portion of the burden -And no doubt it the matter had been pre sented in a proper iorni, the colonies would have consented Ao tax themselves to liheet the expenses incurred for their protection But when England proposed to lay this bur den on them without so much as consulting them upon the subject, the universal opin ion of the Americans was that it was a tv rannicai invasion of the rights of freemen. and that 'if Eugland could take anv part of their property without their consent (she could take the whole upon the same grounds.; and that-if they submitted to such taxation, the Americans "virtually became the slaves of the people from whom thev descended. On the 22nd of March 17C5, the Paflia ament of Qreat Britain, adopted what was called the VStamp Act," requiring all con tracts, notes, bonds, deeds, writs, and other public documents, to be written on Govern- Lment paper, which hid a 'Stamp' oil it. and which was to beold at a high price by government agents, and from" the sale of whieh a large revenue was expected to flow into the English Treasury. The-passage of this "Act produced great excitement in nil the colonies, and in none morelhan in North Carolina. The General Assembly of North Carolina was in Session when the intelli gence of the passage of this act arrived, and-no doubt would have taken some; de cided action upon the matter, had not Gov ernor Tryon prudently prorogued that body after a session ot nfteen days. John Ashe, the speaker of fhe House plainly informed the tlovernor that the act would be resisted "unto blood and. death." And when early in the vear 17G0 the British Sloop of War, "Diligence" with the odious "stamps" on ward, arrived in the Cape Fear, Colonels John Ashe and Hugh Waddcll with their respective militia regiments under arms, in formed the commander of the ship that the landing of the "Stamps" would lie resisted. in the mean time, a boat ot the Diligence was captured and liorne through the streets of Wilmington at the head of a procession. Col. Ashe alsodemanded of Gov. Tryoii, the stamp-master, one James Houston, who was lodged in theGovernor's house,' and upon refusal to deliver him -up, threatened to tire the house. Upon this the stamp-master was produced, and compelled to take a solemn oath that he would not attempt to dispose of the obnoxious stamps. This ended the matter: of the stamps, for the act was re pealed by Parliament in March 1766. j The fbtamp act was the cause oi tne nrst General Congress of the American Colonies, which w as held in the city of New ork, June 6tli, 1765. This convention or Con gress was held by the agreement of a num ber of the colonies at the suggestion of their respective Assemblies, butnhe provin ces of New Hampshire, Virginia, North Carolina, and Georgia were not represented in it, for the reason that their respective Legislatures were not in session in tune to take the necessary steps for the appointment of delegates. j .. Although the English Parliament repealed the "Stampt Act" they did not abandon their claim to tax the colonies, but directly asserted it. And so in 1767- another) act, not less an invasion of Colonial liberty was adopted. This was the famous "Bill") im- posing a tax on glass, paper, pamrer s epiors and tea imported into the colonics. This act being resisted was followed by othcr acts of unfriendly legislation, such as the! sus pension of the legislative Assembly ot ew i - . m ja . York, and closinir the port oi uoston in- conseouencc of this the "General Court" of . . ... . . Massachusetts sent a circular to the other Colonies, asking their co-operation in de vising some method of obtaining a redress of grievances ' This circular was laid be- fore the Uencral Assembly or iMortn varo" lina in Nov. 1768, by Col. John Harvey, the Speaker of the House, but nolecisive steps appear to have been taken. In fact; the Governor kept his watchful eye ujon the Assembly and stood ready to prorogue its sessions at tne nrst inoicaiion oi ine snirn of union and independenc. Thus it hap oened that North Carolina was not repre sented in the first Provincial Congress of the Colonies, nor indeed until the General Con gress assembled iu Philadelphia in Septem ler 1774. The way the "Provincial Con gress" of North Carolina came into exist ence at the last was as follows: In 1773 the House of Burgesses Of. Virginia resoj ved upon establishing committees of correspond ence between the several colonies, and isent forth circulars to the various provincial Leg islatures The Virginia "Circular," as well as letters from some of the other Proviticef, were laid lx?fore the North Carolina Assem bly byLSpeaker Harvey in this same year, and the Assembly seized the opportunity to appoint a Committee to watch the procjeed-in.-'.s of the English Parliament and to Con cert with the Other Provinces measure! for the general d fen e. The-Committee! ap pointed consisted of Speaker Harvey, Rich- aid Caswell, Samuel Johnston, Hewcs, Vail, uarnett,. Hooper, John Ashe and!) Howe, When the Virginia House of Burgesses pro- mo uuKiing oi anoiner General con, gress, after the closing of the pert of Boston Governor Martin intimated thai) f hfc would repeat Gov. Tryon Void trie! I of prorogu ing the North Carolina Assembly, and thus prctent the province from beirgi represent ed in that Congress. But tht brave and tearless John Harvey, though fast jsinking into thcgrave by incurable disease, resolved if necessary to sacrifice his fetrl re&aining days by a counterstroke of policy. He therefore issued a proclamation Over his own signature, calling upon im people to elect members to a Provincial Congress that wouia not be subject to the Governor's or ders, but responsible only to the, people. Our cjrildren have been taught to ; admire the courage of John Hancock, whoi signed the Declaration in letters so large ; that all the world -might read it, and of Charles Carroll, who added, "of Carrollton't to his name, to prevent the possibility df being confounded with another Charles (Carroll. But who has paused a moment to tell them of the heroic Col. John Harvey) of Perquim- uiis cuuuvv, iMiriu varoiina, who uareu, in defiance of Gov. Martin and the; roval au thorities, to issue a proclamation, fnviting the people to assume their rights as freeman, and join with the other provinces,, in con certed action ? The act was performed, not . 1 i. .'. r .i ; 1' . i uuuer him pressure u cniuusia&m, pr in ine midst of a patriotic crowd of sympathisers, but in therseclusion of ouietiihome. under the united pressure of the infirmities of age and enfeebling disease! He did not live to see the final results of the impending strug gle, but sank into the grave just as the storm of the Revolution burst upon the ;country, His name and his services deserve; a grate ful rememberance. I ' ! ! In pursuance of the "proclamation' of Harvey the Assembly of 1774y was supple- right to their opinion as I have to mine, and I for one 6hall not fall out with them. We will send them back and they will do bet ter jnext time, t Now; let ii harmonize this fence business, let there Ikj js good man ap pointed from the disaffected section, also oe from Scotch Irish township, let these two select a third from outsids the enclosure. f.J 4i-i A 1 A I - - . let vnese inree examine me iences ana gates and if one township or section has charged too much equalize the thing and let us share alike in the burden. If any one will devise able and elonnent Senator son, ho had reversed his opinion wn up posed to the amendment and was in ful vor of takln-tho wbohe Jiog. x Mr. hventt theii addressed the Senate in npp,rt of, the nmendment 'and Mr. Caldwell resionded iu a speech of some engtu m opposition; 4 - The- PrSWOItS numltm vma nnUnwl nn.l the amendment was lost by the following uie : i ayes ia, nayes 2d. a better plan, I Next September will cheerfully acquiese. we will all no in. and we will all help those Providence and Litaker fellows to build their fence.1 j J. D. Johxstox. mented by another body called a 'fCohgress." Both bodies were composed, generally, of ine same memoers, and uoi. ilarvcy was4 chosen "Speaker" of the assemblv, is usual, and "Moderator" of the Congress! The Con gress met in Ncwbern on the 23jh of August, 1174, and was composed of brave apd judi cious ,men. quite a number of. Whom are dis tinguished in the annals of the tate. On the list we find the names of Samuel Spen cer of Anson, Robert Howe of Brunswick, Samuel Johnston of Chowan, Richard Cas well of Dotbs, Thomas Person f Granville, Willie Jones of Halifax, Johp Ashe and William Hooper of New . Hanover.' John Harvey of Perquimans and Abner Nash of Ncwbern. Rowan Countv was; represented in this Congress by William Kennon, Moses V inslow and Samuel loung. i On the third day of their session, August 27, 1774, the Congress adopted! twenty-five resolutions, that embody the principles of independence and resistance to tyranuy. These resolutions prudently affirmed a loyal regard for the British Constitution and de votion to the House of Hanover, but at the same time declared that allegiance should secure protection; that no person should be taxed without his own consent either per sonal or by representation; that the tax on tea was illegal and oppressive: that the clos ing ot the port of Boston, and Sending per sons to England to be tried for acts com-; mittcd in the colonics, were unconstitution al, and that it was the duty of our people to cease all trade with the mother country, or any province that refused to co-operate in measures for the general welfare. They also approved the movement for a General Congress in Philadelphia in September fol lowing, and appointed William Hooper, Joseph Hewes and Richard Casweli to rep resent this Province in said General Con gress. After authorizing, Moderator Har vey, or in case of his death, Satnucl John ston, to call the Congress together, if wca sion should require it, the lwly adjourned. In the spring of the year 177oLthe Provi ncial Congress met again is Newbern, and Rowan sent as deputies Griffith Rutherford, William Sharpc and William kennon. At subsequent meetings of this Congress at Hillsboro and Halifax, Rowan rwas repre sented by Matthew Locke, James Smith and John Brevard. xiuriT SESSIOV. 1 1 he House was called to order at 7:30 o'clock, Llr. Speaker Moriug iu the chair. ! I- ' . 1 ' ! Eight o'clock having arrived, the spe cial order for that hour was announced, being the bill (relating to public roads) to amend chapter 82 laws of 1879. This bill was reported back by the committee with a substitute, which they recommen ded should be passed. The substitute to this bill with an amendment by Mr. Pow ers, providing that road supervisors shall receive no pay for their services, and with uumerons amendments exempting conn ties from the provisions of the act, passed its final reading. . - An Act I' j j rOK THE ritOTKQTlOX OF CROPS IX ROW- AS POUXTV. The General A$cmbly o Xortk Carolina, do enact: j ! Setiox I. Every owner of real estate is, aud shall be, ! lawfully entitled to the entire and exclusive use of his own soil; and every entry! upon dands, unless by leave of the owner thereof, shall be unlawful. Sec. II. No person shall lermit any of his live stock to! go, or euter upon the lands of anot her, without having obtained leave trom the owner of such lauds. Sec. III. Thej following laws are re pealed, to wit: Section xl. of chapter 34. and sec. i. of chapter 43 of the Revised Code ; section xliii. of chapter 32, and sec. i. of chapter 43 of Battle's Revisal ; and section in. of chapter 135 of the Public Laws of the year 1870. Sec. IV. This Act shall be in force from and after tlie 1st day of September. in the. year ot our Lord one thousand eight hundred aud eighty, and shall apply to the county of Rowan only provided, that this Act shall not go into eliect until the county of Rowan shall have constructed a lawful fence, four aud a half feet iu height, along the lino which separates the eouu ties of Rowan and btanly. Read three times aud ratified the 29th day of March, Aj D., 1830. The Lgcislature. i t 1 1 ft 11 j ue ijenerai AssemDiy adjourned yes terday. Its session has been short ami ' A . -1-11 - 11 1 . us worn nas uecn wen uone. its mem bers came together to consider the most important question that has been before a North Caroliiia Legislature for many years; they dealt with it quietly, in business-like way, and wisely ; aud they I. I 4 .a nave gone io ineir uomes io receive tne congratulations pf the jieople, not merely 4 1 a 4 a 4 . ' ior reuer iroiu Home slight; taxation ot the present, bui for the preservation o tilt's public faith and an assurance to North Carolina ous future. We like the . of u groat aud prosper For the Watchman. Stock Law. I Mil. Editor. I hear that there is much dissatisfaction about the stock law fence in Scotch Irish Township. I propose giving a correct statement of the amount of fence we built the cost and the way iiri which it was built. In the first place Mr. Barber, Mr, Harper and myself superintendethe buikh ing of the fence, they by appointment ; I by their request, we fixed upon prices for the work, viz : For hauling with aj two horse waggon and driver two dollars per day, for splitting rails, fifty cents per hundred; for putting up rails on the fencq eight and a third for new, and seven cents per hundred for the old, and fifty cents per day for hands to clear out the way for tlvp fence, when needed. For rails we paid twenty cents per hundred, allowing the parties who sold them the fence when it ceased to e needed as a stock law fence. Parties out side of the enclosure, we bought half of 'their fence and required them to make their half a good and lawful fence. We counted a pannel to be ten rails, if it took even fifteen to make it high enougli. Our fence will average five and a half feet, and will last ten; years; for gates we paid, when hung to titevs $4.00, when both posts were furnished ' 5.00, the timber to be of heart pine or oak, the posts to be of good post or white oak.' and to be set in the ground at least three feet and a sill to be fitted in between to prevent swaging, and the gate s to be hung so as to shut them selves when nasscd through. Our crates will Kptst at least twenty years. We have jointly hung 14 gates, about 12 water racks, across creeks and branches; and 16462 pannels of fence, being reduced to miles makes 26 and 72 poles. j Mr. Barber put up 4 gates and 3005 pan nels offence, at a cost of $237.00,: j Mr. Har per hung 6 gates and put up 5107 pannels ot fence at a cost of $316.11." I put up 4 gates and 7450 pannels of fence at a cost of $512.03. (Remember I had this done, did not do the half of it myself). I had 'about 12 000 new rails made, had to haul at least 9,000 of these rails one and a half miles, for the simple reason they could nbl; be had nearer. , j Here are our prices, and the; work done, we certainly did not pay exorbitant priceU, and we tried to get the work! opt of the hands. We are charged with taking in some that were not included in the section. So we did, but by so doing, we shortened our line near two miles. If you will; examine the law you will find that we had to go where we could, not where we would. It is also said we should not have gojnc in as a section, but as a township. We may say others ought not to go in as a township, but as a county. I am informed that sme of the good citizens of Mt. Ulla, have cojmmenceld an enjoinder. Suppose that Scotch Irish, Unity and Mt. Ulla only had adejpted the stock law. Scotch Irish would not have had a pannel of fence to build. Wouljd it haVc been just or equal for us to say, build yur own fence, it don't touch us.. It; is true our fence has cost us much more than we wish ed. We have done all we could! to prevent it. We could not get the county in though we tried our representatives hard on it. Neither could we get our township, so we must be content with our lot. Had Messrs. Henderson, Bost and Barringer.been as wise as they are clever, they should have cnacjt At the law a vear aro that ! thev now have. I pressed it upon them to jdo so, but they j thought different, and they have as good a Legislature. It is com posed of men of patriotism; character and w orth, who at their first session lacked Only experience!. Eveu with that lack we doubt if a better had ever assembled in the Capitol. At the session just cloe( 4.11 '1 la mis ueuciency nau oeen supplied, aud while the legislation was wise and grati tying to the public spirit of the day, it is also pleasant to know and to say that there has been an utter absence of undue party spirit manifest on either side iu the two Houses, while a determination to further the material welfare and develo. nient of the State has generally charac terized the conduct of the members of both parties. Thanks to this much abuse body of true North Carolinians, the State may now be regarded as well on the way to a successful era of progress and mate rial developemeht, and it is doubtful i any State of the Union to-day stands uion a better footing iu respect to work of internal improvement now in progress or has within its grasp more bountiful re suits than North Carolina is likely to gain from them. We welcomed the coming; God speetl the parting guests ! Hale's Weekly, Marcl 2UtIi. The Lec.islatcke We pn ton recorr the following extract of proceedings on the bill for the sale of the W. N. C. It. Railroad. j Section 10 was read and Mr. Dortc moved to amend as follows : Strike on the words ''but tio damage shall be re coverable against the said grantees for anv breach of said contract," and insert 'and if the grantees, their successors or assigns shall fail to complete said railroad to Paint Rock and Ducktown by the time named in this act, they shall forfeit to the State all rights under this act, and al work which they may have done on eith er or both lines of said road, and the State shall not in any manner refund to them anv money they may have iuvestet iu said road, and shall not be liable i damages.' j Mr. Dortch said that it this bill was drawn to secure the building of the Ducktown route, aud if Mr. Best au his associates were sincere and intended this work, this amendment to compel them to do so holiest they will accept nothing iu the bill as it stands to enforce them to do it, and he did not believe they intended to do it. 11 Senators were j determined to pass the bill he hoped they would be willing to guard it sufficiently at least to protect the interest of the State. Messrs. Ho' inson, Leach, Henderson and Davidson spoke iu opposition to the amendment. Mr. McEachern said, as a North Caro liniau, he very naturally felt an interest in its completion. He had thought in order to place a suffipient guard over the iiiter'sr of the State that several amend ments to the 1411 was uecesary, but since he hada . opportunity of listening to thei to complete was necessary and if they are it. There was On ttie The GOV. VANCE 'J Sale of the Western X. C. K. Railroad. 1I0NTEEAX HEAED FROM. TL' LtAMosMr, of MontreaLCanada. cer tified. ept. 27, mtrt that he had suffered terribly: from dyspepsia, andwas com pletely cured by taking Warnr's Safe Bitter.) Ho wiys: My appetite is good; and I now suffer no inconvenience from eating hearty meals.". These Bitters are lidso ! aspeceific for all skin diseases j JanltaApl ' "(itf;::; ; i;f;- .AifA BUSIES LOCALS. Piedmont lre$ gives the follow ing report of Senator Vance's speech iu he legislature, where he was heard by courtesy: Senator Vance was called mum nnd made a few remarks, but asked to lit) Y- cused on account of an aftWrinn of ti. throat; his physician having advised him not to speak. In the counu r hi m. marks he said : 1 When I first came to this Legislature sat in this hall not far from where I now stand :;I was a young man just mar ried, j I voted for the charter of this road in 1354, and for the anuroniatiou whieh started it. As T returned In iniM flitrn were rejoicings all along the road, and bonfires were lighted. The cronnd was broken and the first shovel full of earth was thrown amid the reioiciugs of the people. I have now an older 'son than I was then. My hair is now whitening with the snow that never melts and the road is not yet built to my native town. At the rate which it is now beiusr construct ed under the present law, it will take eleven years precisely to reach Pstint Rock.! It will then be the same distance to wit: 44 .miles on the road to Ducktown. t will then have 100 miles over a wild mountain country still to be built, and 1 am-afraid that I shall not be here to ride upon that railroad. Perhaps no mau who now hears me will ever ride, over thitt railroad. When the Governor did me lonor of asking my views in rgard to the iroposition 1 advised him to call the Leg- lature. I knew nothing as to the de tails. ; For situated as I was I did not feel competent to decide upon them. But I knew the legislature of the State could. So 1 think the proposition is worth trv- ng. i We are not making the case any worse than it now is. We may improve it some ; we surely can make it no worse Again thanking you for the kindness aud :i:. i? a- cuiuiuii oi your reception, i uid you a very good night. Occasionally a member of Congress gets a chance t put in a good word for the coun try, and lately Mr. House, of Tennessee, has said his say with more than usual vigor. In speaking of the frauds of 1876, and the in auguration of the man who was elected to stay at home, he made the following poited remalks: 1 he means by which the choice of the people was defeated by fraud, and a man not elected was installed in the office of President of the United States, form a chap ter of our history which succeeding gener ationa will read with shame, even if our in stitutions should so far survive the shock as to leave to posterity no graver sorrow than a blush for the crime. Sir, it was a dark day in our history that witnessed the oath of office administered to Rutherford B Hayes. His inauguration, under the circum stances, was the severest test to which the patriotism aud forbearance of a frecneopl could be subjcctcJ. A large majority o the people had cat their votes for Mr. Til den, yet they stood peacefully by and saw man; whom they knew to have been defeat ed installed by fraud in the high office which had never been filled before by any one who did not owe his elevation to the suffrage of his countrvmen. President Grant declared that uo man could afford tooccupy the Presidential chair by a title tainted with the suspicion of fraud, but we have had the mortification, as a people, of beholding that proud position occupied by one whose title is not tainted simply with a suspicion fraud, but is fraudulent from centre to or cuniferencc in the honest belief and consci entions conviction of a large majority of the American people. This was not a mere tri ump of the Republican overthe Democratic partv : it was wrong over right, of frau over the expressed will of the people, was not only the inaugration of a Republi can President, but it was the installation of fraud, with all the pompous sanctions DON'T FORGET IT 1 COME AND GET YOUR Fhotoeraplxa, c. w. c. woolwine; ,t rnoToanAPm:n. I I Just received at A. C. Harris' a fine lot of No. 1. Cigars : and Frencli Candies. PRICE CURRENT. Corrected by J. M. Kkox & Co.") j April 1 1380. CoTTox-f firm good Middlings, 12 Middling 1 lf low do " J011 stains 8i9 Bacox, county, hog round 881 Butter 20 Eoos 1011 CniCKEXs -per dozen $1.50(2.00 Corx New 60(&61 Meal moderate demand at G5 Wheat good demand at 1.251.30 Flour best fam. 3.30(3.50 extra 3.25 super. 3.25 otatoes, Irish 50 Onions no demand 50 vARD Iat ! 50 Oats ! 4550 Beeswax 20(a21 Tauow- 66h7 Blackberries 7 apples, dried 5(fo6 Sugar 10f7hl2i ot law, in that hicrh rhliwp U' hip h mul n t been stained by fraud leforc. Our institu tions have felt the rude shock of parties in their embittered struggles for power. Thev have even felt the clash of arms and lived but; how long can they survive a destruction of the confidence of the people in the arbi traihent of the ballot box remains -to be seen. 11 Hickory Caroliuiau : Doc. Miller rcsi ding near Catawba Mills, was kuockei down one night this week while stepping out from his house. Ilis wife came to the rescue with an axe, and his would-be slaveas fled. It is supposed robbery was their object. WISSTON TOBACCO MARKET. Winston. N. C, March, 29, IS30. Lug, common dark $2,60 Q, Lug, common bright, 4.00 Lugs, good bright, 6.00 Lug,n.ncy blight 12.00 C'9 Leaf, common dark, 4.00 ('j; Leaf, good dark .? 5.00 ( Leal, common bright, 5.v0 (i Leaf, good bright, 8.00 rapiers, common bright, .....12.50 (' Wrappers, good bright, 26.00 ra.-pfci", tine bright, 35.09 ('J Wrap ii-. lancv l-rijlit, 0 00 (f, $J.50 5.00 8.50 18.00 6.00 6.00 7.50 12.50 15.00 30.00 50 00 75.00 DIED. In At well March 2fth. Vie tor C. L'uleman. sou of Mr. J. M. Cole man, aged aUuit 0 years. A ROCHESTER PHYSICIANS EX PRINC. ACORH COOMTOW -r.'-s--.- E 1 V f it i- . at In,, WTXIilAMS 3ROWN' IIa the fxciusiv Kile of thia HKrat.Ml'H Cook Stove anu tl.ti are g ing off lik' hot 1 cake. . . . . 7 if . i-A. -i vOf A FINE JERSEY BULL. , at my stable. A rare chance toTi'o'W your " stock with the very best, whidt ali ongh ni to embrace. C. 1 LlLLR. C:3iu. '' ' JAMES M. GRAY, Attorney and Counssllor at Law, t SALISBUliY, X. C. 1 '.. . tr Office in the Court House lot, next-door to Squire Haughton. Will practice in all V the Courts of the State. I ' - ' Blactier aii Heiiersoi, Attorneys, Couns tiers aad Solicitors- SALISBURY. N.C Chew Jackson's Best Sweet Xavv Tobacco NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. NORTH CAROLINA, T V QlTll?T TATl f T T" rm Eowan County. Sri!lxoT. i8so. Bettic Lethco, Plaintiff, A gain at William M. Lethco, defendant. The defendant in this action will take no tice that the plaintiff, Bcttie Lethco, has commenced a civil suit against the defend'nt, W ui. M. Lethco, for a divorce, returnable to the Spring Term of 1S80, of Rowan Su penor Court, to wit : on the 9th Monday af ter the 4th Monday in March, 1880, at the Court House in Salisburv, when and where said defendant is required to armearand M. ft answer or demur to the plaintiffs complaint. Witness: Jno. M. Ilqrah, Clerk of the Superior Court of Rowan county, at office in Salisburv, March 31st, 180. J. M. HORAHC. S. C. J. M. GrtAV, Att'y for ITff. 24:Cw$5 HtVMOljSE AND .BEDDING PLANTS, CHEAP! collection of Plants, well grown, al reduced rate, w!ii?!i 1 will sell cheaper than can be purchased anywhere else. . Price list free. Correspondence solicited. 7.'M. SMITH, 20:1 ra Concord, N. C. T it GUANOS! FOR COTTON AND TOBACCO: WAHiTS PLOW BRAND Raw Bone Super Phosphate For Cotton, Diamond Soluble Bone For Composting. We are offering the above Brando of Gnano to the Farmers, confidently believing that they cannot purchase aiiy other thai will give better results. Soliciting vour patronage, we hope that al will call and see us and hear terms before making arrangement eUewhere. Respectfully, BERNHARDT & BROS. 19:Gw :J. Y. BARBER, AT Graham's Old Stand! DEALER IX FAMILY GROCERIES, Fresh Meats of all kinds, Canned ('oods Fruits, Confections, &:c. nrCall and get his prices.! 19:1m "J.ionay22 1879 tt. "T. I, GOING WEST. f lt. TIME TABLE VESTERM 11 C. RAILROAD Leave Salisbury . .... Third Crr ek Klin wood Statcville Catawba Station Newton , .... ConoVii Hickory Ieard Morgar.ton . Glen Alpine IsndgewaUsr Marion Old Fort Henry Swanhanoa Gap IMack Mountain Coopers Arrive Salisbnry Third Creek EIinw(Ml Statesville Catawbiv Newtftu r'nva 'Iiekory Ieard Moruanton. Glen Alin'no Itridgcwater Marion Old Fort Henry Swannanoa Black Mountain Cooper's , . Ii - . GOING EAST i 8 ; 0 a 57o Jul 10 :h 1 1 22 12 09 12 35 . 12 57 1 4 4 2 2 . a b i 3 46 4 01 4 I OP nso 3D 2 7 I 46 .i.l j 5i 12 4, 0 12.2, (, f. W . Hint in.-1 y w o: H 4S 7 57 7 44 6 32 -6 16 cm A. 1 lt! Trains run daily, Sunday oxTpptd, Train going We- will breakfast at States ville and dinner at Henry. Train poing East breakfast iit Uenry an l dinner at nickoryV J. W. WIL30X, Preaideat. caiCKMiro Fins Other Pianos wear out ' BUT THEY GO OH FOREVER. I VICTOKS in all great contest-, and frtr a rAn past theiacknowleieed Atmndanl of th World. Husical Perfactloo.Woinirful DoAbllU ty and KeaaonableJost. .True economy ladicataa. purchase of a gcatfine Chick ring and no otbr ' LAST CHAriCE TO BUT CHEAP i Chlckering Hi Sons 1 lively advanced tf.eir prl rea Feb. i. Onr old Cntrtrarts e ui re April i, t&i 4 flit 12 in ordtrt reelytl V.'.t: Uit 4t ftll nUt. Cu prlcM m trt pM-.fiTtl th Mvett !a aAarlca. Order bow and save lr'om ttUb to on the pur Chase"'reseiit rate fuaraoteed only to April i LUftMN & BATES, SaTaanab, Ga. - Wholesale A gents for la.,r la ,S. CN. C Al. No. 20: 4i- ' Harness, Saddles, &C. i LOW PRICES AHD GOOD WORK Have made my Business a success. And I now offer the people of this county! and adjoining sections the BEST MADE WORK in my line that can be found in the State. The Material I use i of the Re! Quality, and as the bel is hIwhvh the Cheapest, POLAND'S HEADQUARTERS 4 R. Caul kills, M. D., of Rochester. N. V., yotir purchases All I ak is a trial audi rtifies, 'Oct. Gth, 1679, that.he has usl guarantee ali"factMR. e Safe Kidney and Liver Cine in his I can sell Good Set of Ilarne for $3.50 ce the; practice for diseases of the kidney and liver, and the resnlt has been Katisfaetory in the extreme. He says: "I would now presciiln the same remedy to all similar ly afflicted, and you are at lilcrty to so state in your testimonials" JanltoApJ and up to tint fwet oiitfidc of New York tiiy. I cm sell you a Good Saddle at and upward. Repairing done neatly and with dis patch, tall and a me, nest door to Craw lonl'f Hardware store, on FUhcr Stnt. 18:3m W.E.POLAND. DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM, CH All LOTTE, N. C. 1'iactico Limited to EYE, EAR, and THROAT Diseases,: Office with Dus. JONES & GRAUA54 lG:3m KERR CP.AIGE, f3. f Cheap Chattel Mortgiigci,- arions other. Har ks fnrna! (r- ' ' Churoh & Co' Sa i H.KIXO Soi., Put up in neat packages, for sale t J. D Se'SEELt'S. At BicM Prices! ; ClaOVEB, OUCKAED, and - ; other Crass Seeds, at IiicLmoni t All Prices, (freight included) Call and see ut 1 7:1 f RXXI8S Lkttkii and We IIkXhs, Iii.i.IIeti. C.vKDsaud FxvKLori'.s piintrl to order nt rerV low i riti s I Sill l I.I. rtJ 1... . -.. mv M1 yi(tCV( OO ."19 ' " ' r 4 H.I- ft 4- . I - , -'. i! : : ' ; - - - - - : ' . - ' i - - ' i, ' ; - U ; i . - . - " ----- . .-.;

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