' ' - ... ar-
' 1st: .lav of Jannnrr-.
ino"' v"v t J j f
l!W kiihscription price of the Watch-
ill DC a
mid in advance, $1.50
.Anient delayed 3 months, 2.00
jayrnent delayed 12 tnoutbs, 2.50
': Best, the purchaser of the
!r T? ' H and his 8ecretarv. Hfr
w tern v 1
the day ni.v " ""- "
n iliem. jMr "est Is a quiet sort or
L,i WiJentlv means business, and we
the Western roau, mcii u uas cn
ta piish io a speedy completion. He
i nd impression here, and enters
bWgrM enterprise with! the hearty
will of the people. . . ! .
t I ltCLLAiMKu Letters.
Ltftof nnclainud letters remaining in
..i'hhw :t Salisburv. K.C.. March
4.4 KIIBl - - - -
A: l fiillKIUI AH'AMIHH , ..III.. UlilU 4"-
lii-lteir.v .Hryniif, Miss barah Marlier.
jrjJH: Irene Cauble, Mrs. Caroline
A.rban.lortMi. . ;
rHjprt, Leiitz, Miss A. J. Liueberrier.
yiMrii Susan Macorary, Alex. Miller.
I j i j-j I '
p4N'iic,V l'mier, u. j. rage.
iilUibtl Sarage, Mary Jane Smith.
ii L ! i' O I. r ; xr
U aMou.. -
When Ciillfd for say Advertiseil, and
; j -; 1). I). ITiunglb, P. M.
m - o
KopiKii vSob Mine. We had a call
sltuHla? from Dr. It. M. Eaniesin charge
Mumpie, Jocateu in amiiu connry, .
-! ia in its soutu or ure rviiouu. ii is
olned H a New York stock company
o iire taking a liberal effort under the
lectionW Dr. Karnes for it develop-
-Steani eugines and coiupreses
the nad for thi purpose
fitijod the test, nn
rry in goiu, ??to
mil 81 in silver to the ton
company btuight this prop'rty, which
I r -.i- "S . i ..r I I I
trices ajarge iiaei n iauu uu v.uu;.
wafrr pnwtrs, or umn j. vivies, ;u
ifi.lXJO. Thev will erect siueltinir
8 aiul ship the product in mass, to be
jfaiirHl iiii New lork. I he: IJoctor
ft M ! Verv valjiable mine and con
fideqik eixiH-ct!, w ith the machinery soon
. f- , - i : .. I
intriMlucetl, to accomplish; the most
: a: i
ird now -on
in totnier. si
Melius far, has
tpt'n found to cat
felarr requested to invite the citizens
f M sbturv and the County of Rowan to
autMH a r
BT J. B.
'tituc Kail Road Mkktinu,
to ha Held at the Court House in halisUu
ry oihSatarcLiy, the ad of April, to cn
wdenilie uestiin int a Town and County
iiubiij)tjoii to 'ahl perftoual stoelihohlers
io bmlfiihg the Yadkin Kailro.ul from
Salisjiury jto YadeslMn. Lvery person
ii invited.to cnue, and a full expression
of opiaiou is desired.
AM 9 A l Mayor.
S I J0HNA.lt.-sbuj-y,
Mar. 31, 1:
hardly neeessary for us to say tliat
a iiioTenient on a very imiortant
wbjL jThe construction of the Wades
boro Railroad will bring us by the short
est; possible route in jHiuection with
Char&itoii and Yiliniugton, opening up
to all tins section of the State ita ancient
w.vk ;t8 before the introduction of rail
wads f l will guarantee to us equitable
freigltt tariffs, ajid relieve us Of unjust
diwriiuiiiations. It will esrabish, with
the Western X. C. ltailroad, a most valu-
We- Connect ion , and the proprietors of
which! will no doubt gladljraid iu its con-
iruction Attend the meeting ou &atnr-
day, ajid let us talk of the niatter, and see
hat can be done.
"Look out for a cold snap about Easter,1
.toy Our Dutch neiirhbors. and this vear
AAtie Yave rolls in just up to time.
ot'peaches vet, however : tliougn
oddities are injured more thaji
Mie konld like to see the text of the late
Stock Law Act for ItowiMi, and especially
the Me at which it will be in force.
Prot Allen Gentry, of Elkin, X. C, is
w caching a vocal music class at Unity
tourcji. ' He seems to thoroughly uuder
,lntliis profossion, and to be quite suc-
wssfuij iu iuinartiuir instruction to his
pl to your query concerning the
:iif iaw:" it is operative trom April
".W UetOlM-r t hm lt if WMTim not IiihHi
eiw Dwiug to its good eflects, part-
ecauie quite uu mel ons last winter,
nm k ill
have1 the-' law enforced and. our
be greatly beueritcd.
i eq EjJas Ovcrcash and daughter, of
vuana tej are visitinz their many relatives
W friends in and around this place. Mr.
.'"fh. preached in the Lutheran church
m third 8unday, and on Thursday
f .last week, and at Ohi Bethpage
"Wj on the fourth Sunday.
Jjcifl School at Baltimore during the
O winter returned to this place last week.
J.fniupity jwill now have the benefit
-LJ a i 1"
V. 1 17 T i fcrj r man am nis uuiy lowanis
i - "i 1; weeKS ago, ana consequently ne
- Uil bV :n Id
i T i r
f(TP fiAIIT !'!' ftivni itliitiiil
d II1".Jr,""n i iiiizorii, wfiomov-
rf I place A ft nr wflra nn ic in n n f-
i frm-;: tt . ;. i i. i
f;T"u"-"Ju. . iier nunu uas jjeconve
Wi'-lr thatshe has to be
Ml the time.
Ett'S INDIAN VERMIFUGE IS
; ! in
ja Vegetable com nonnd. form nl:tf.
. Pcu1arly for destroying and expel-
CAUSES OF THE REVOLUTIONj
It has been truthfully said that the Rev
olution took place before the Declaration
of. Independence, and that the document
proclaimed m I'hiladelnhia on tli Pnnrth
oCJuly 1776, was simply a public recogni
tion of a state already existiner. The akirm.
ishes at Lexington and Concord took jptace"t
Apru na; the battle of Bunker's Hill in
May of t lie same year, while Boston Was
evacuated by the British in 1776. In North
Carolina the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge,
ociwecn tiie patriots and the tories Was
fought ia Feb. 1776, and in consequence
Lord Cornwallis, who -as hovering around
the mouth of the Cape Fear, took his ide
departure, carrying away with him Josiah
Martin, the last royal Governor of this
Province. In fact the Revolution was! no
sudden occurrence, but the result of a lbnir
continued series of events, culminating iir
the wciependence of the State and country.
It may be useful to take a glance at the
events that led up to this wondrous consum
mation, especially to dispel the illusion of
those who have been told and who believe
that nothing worth the expenditure of the
blood and treasure required, was achieved
by the war of the Revolution. j
The grievance of the Americans, though
appearing in different forms, consisted in
the despotic principle that a people may be
taxed without being represented iuthelaw-
.1-1 . A , ! . .
uiu.k.iu iYssemoues. vnue every oorougn
ana snire in England VV ales and Scotland
was represented in the English House of
Commons, not a single representative, dele
gate or commissioner could appear in that
K...1.. .i '
iiut iiuiii me inn ieen cuivnies oi America.
And yet the Parliament took complete and
sovereign control of jnany of the most vital
interests of the colonies. By the odious
'Navigation Act," of the British Parliament,
no production ot Europe, Asia, or Africa
could be brought into the colonies except in
uriii!ii sinus, coinmanueci uy rntisn cap
lams, anu manned oy mitisii crews, ; nor
could the exports of the colonies be remov-
2 i . rr - , j. .
uu in anv oilier way. 1 ne design OI Tins
law was to "protect" the British marine
merchant service, and the design was effectu
al, since no other nation could underbid
their own vessels. But it left the colonies
at the mercy of the graspingship-owners,
liut even this indirect taxation was not
enougli. England had expended largesums
in her recent wars, and especially in ;thc
French1 and Indian wars waged in behalf
of the colonies. Iu return, the mother coun
try, perhaps-not unreasonably, expected the
colonies tobear their portion of the burden
-And no doubt it the matter had been pre
sented in a proper iorni, the colonies would
have consented Ao tax themselves to liheet
the expenses incurred for their protection
But when England proposed to lay this bur
den on them without so much as consulting
them upon the subject, the universal opin
ion of the Americans was that it was a tv
rannicai invasion of the rights of freemen.
and that 'if Eugland could take anv part of
their property without their consent (she
could take the whole upon the same grounds.;
and that-if they submitted to such taxation,
the Americans "virtually became the slaves
of the people from whom thev descended.
On the 22nd of March 17C5, the Paflia
ament of Qreat Britain, adopted what was
called the VStamp Act," requiring all con
tracts, notes, bonds, deeds, writs, and other
public documents, to be written on Govern-
Lment paper, which hid a 'Stamp' oil it.
and which was to beold at a high price by
government agents, and from" the sale of
whieh a large revenue was expected to flow
into the English Treasury. The-passage of
this "Act produced great excitement in nil
the colonies, and in none morelhan in North
Carolina. The General Assembly of North
Carolina was in Session when the intelli
gence of the passage of this act arrived,
and-no doubt would have taken some; de
cided action upon the matter, had not Gov
ernor Tryon prudently prorogued that body
after a session ot nfteen days. John Ashe,
the speaker of fhe House plainly informed
the tlovernor that the act would be resisted
"unto blood and. death." And when early
in the vear 17G0 the British Sloop of War,
"Diligence" with the odious "stamps" on
ward, arrived in the Cape Fear, Colonels
John Ashe and Hugh Waddcll with their
respective militia regiments under arms, in
formed the commander of the ship that the
landing of the "Stamps" would lie resisted.
in the mean time, a boat ot the Diligence
was captured and liorne through the streets
of Wilmington at the head of a procession.
Col. Ashe alsodemanded of Gov. Tryoii, the
stamp-master, one James Houston, who was
lodged in theGovernor's house,' and upon
refusal to deliver him -up, threatened to tire
the house. Upon this the stamp-master was
produced, and compelled to take a solemn
oath that he would not attempt to dispose
of the obnoxious stamps. This ended the
matter: of the stamps, for the act was re
pealed by Parliament in March 1766. j
The fbtamp act was the cause oi tne nrst
General Congress of the American Colonies,
which w as held in the city of New ork,
June 6tli, 1765. This convention or Con
gress was held by the agreement of a num
ber of the colonies at the suggestion of
their respective Assemblies, butnhe provin
ces of New Hampshire, Virginia, North
Carolina, and Georgia were not represented
in it, for the reason that their respective
Legislatures were not in session in tune to
take the necessary steps for the appointment
of delegates. j ..
Although the English Parliament repealed
the "Stampt Act" they did not abandon
their claim to tax the colonies, but directly
asserted it. And so in 1767- another) act,
not less an invasion of Colonial liberty was
adopted. This was the famous "Bill") im-
posing a tax on glass, paper, pamrer s epiors
and tea imported into the colonics. This
act being resisted was followed by othcr acts
of unfriendly legislation, such as the! sus
pension of the legislative Assembly ot ew
i - . m ja .
York, and closinir the port oi uoston in-
conseouencc of this the "General Court" of
. . ... . .
Massachusetts sent a circular to the other
Colonies, asking their co-operation in de
vising some method of obtaining a redress
of grievances ' This circular was laid be-
fore the Uencral Assembly or iMortn varo"
lina in Nov. 1768, by Col. John Harvey, the
Speaker of the House, but nolecisive steps
appear to have been taken. In fact; the
Governor kept his watchful eye ujon the
Assembly and stood ready to prorogue its
sessions at tne nrst inoicaiion oi ine snirn
of union and independenc. Thus it hap
oened that North Carolina was not repre
sented in the first Provincial Congress of the
Colonies, nor indeed until the General Con
gress assembled iu Philadelphia in Septem
ler 1774. The way the "Provincial Con
gress" of North Carolina came into exist
ence at the last was as follows: In 1773
the House of Burgesses Of. Virginia resoj ved
upon establishing committees of correspond
ence between the several colonies, and isent
forth circulars to the various provincial Leg
islatures The Virginia "Circular," as well
as letters from some of the other Proviticef,
were laid lx?fore the North Carolina Assem
bly byLSpeaker Harvey in this same year,
and the Assembly seized the opportunity to
appoint a Committee to watch the procjeed-in.-'.s
of the English Parliament and to Con
cert with the Other Provinces measure! for
the general d fen e. The-Committee! ap
pointed consisted of Speaker Harvey, Rich-
aid Caswell, Samuel Johnston, Hewcs, Vail,
uarnett,. Hooper, John Ashe and!) Howe,
When the Virginia House of Burgesses pro-
mo uuKiing oi anoiner General con,
gress, after the closing of the pert of Boston
Governor Martin intimated thai) f hfc would
repeat Gov. Tryon Void trie! I of prorogu
ing the North Carolina Assembly, and thus
prctent the province from beirgi represent
ed in that Congress. But tht brave and
tearless John Harvey, though fast jsinking
into thcgrave by incurable disease, resolved
if necessary to sacrifice his fetrl re&aining
days by a counterstroke of policy. He
therefore issued a proclamation Over his
own signature, calling upon im people to
elect members to a Provincial Congress that
wouia not be subject to the Governor's or
ders, but responsible only to the, people.
Our cjrildren have been taught to ; admire
the courage of John Hancock, whoi signed
the Declaration in letters so large ; that all
the world -might read it, and of Charles
Carroll, who added, "of Carrollton't to his
name, to prevent the possibility df being
confounded with another Charles (Carroll.
But who has paused a moment to tell them
of the heroic Col. John Harvey) of Perquim-
uiis cuuuvv, iMiriu varoiina, who uareu, in
defiance of Gov. Martin and the; roval au
thorities, to issue a proclamation, fnviting
the people to assume their rights as freeman,
and join with the other provinces,, in con
certed action ? The act was performed, not
. 1 i. .'. r .i ; 1' . i
uuuer him pressure u cniuusia&m, pr in ine
midst of a patriotic crowd of sympathisers,
but in therseclusion of ouietiihome. under
the united pressure of the infirmities of age
and enfeebling disease! He did not live to
see the final results of the impending strug
gle, but sank into the grave just as the storm
of the Revolution burst upon the ;country,
His name and his services deserve; a grate
ful rememberance. I ' ! !
In pursuance of the "proclamation' of
Harvey the Assembly of 1774y was
right to their opinion as I have to mine, and
I for one 6hall not fall out with them. We
will send them back and they will do bet
ter jnext time, t Now; let ii harmonize this
fence business, let there Ikj js good man ap
pointed from the disaffected section, also
oe from Scotch Irish township, let these
two select a third from outsids the enclosure.
f.J 4i-i A 1 A I - - .
let vnese inree examine me iences ana gates
and if one township or section has charged
too much equalize the thing and let us share
alike in the burden. If any one will devise
able and elonnent Senator
son, ho had reversed his opinion wn up
posed to the amendment and was in ful
vor of takln-tho wbohe Jiog. x
Mr. hventt theii addressed the Senate
in npp,rt of, the nmendment 'and Mr.
Caldwell resionded iu a speech of some
engtu m opposition; 4 -
The- PrSWOItS numltm vma nnUnwl nn.l
the amendment was lost by the following
uie : i ayes ia, nayes 2d.
a better plan, I
will cheerfully acquiese.
we will all no in. and we
will all help those Providence and Litaker
fellows to build their fence.1
j J. D. Johxstox.
mented by another body called a 'fCohgress."
Both bodies were composed, generally, of
ine same memoers, and uoi. ilarvcy was4
chosen "Speaker" of the assemblv, is usual,
and "Moderator" of the Congress! The Con
gress met in Ncwbern on the 23jh of August,
1174, and was composed of brave apd judi
cious ,men. quite a number of. Whom are dis
tinguished in the annals of the tate. On
the list we find the names of Samuel Spen
cer of Anson, Robert Howe of Brunswick,
Samuel Johnston of Chowan, Richard Cas
well of Dotbs, Thomas Person f Granville,
Willie Jones of Halifax, Johp Ashe and
William Hooper of New . Hanover.' John
Harvey of Perquimans and Abner Nash of
Ncwbern. Rowan Countv was; represented
in this Congress by William Kennon, Moses
V inslow and Samuel loung. i
On the third day of their session, August
27, 1774, the Congress adopted! twenty-five
resolutions, that embody the principles of
independence and resistance to tyranuy.
These resolutions prudently affirmed a loyal
regard for the British Constitution and de
votion to the House of Hanover, but at the
same time declared that allegiance should
secure protection; that no person should be
taxed without his own consent either per
sonal or by representation; that the tax on
tea was illegal and oppressive: that the clos
ing ot the port of Boston, and Sending per
sons to England to be tried for acts com-;
mittcd in the colonics, were unconstitution
al, and that it was the duty of our people
to cease all trade with the mother country,
or any province that refused to co-operate
in measures for the general welfare. They
also approved the movement for a General
Congress in Philadelphia in September fol
lowing, and appointed William Hooper,
Joseph Hewes and Richard Casweli to rep
resent this Province in said General Con
gress. After authorizing, Moderator Har
vey, or in case of his death, Satnucl John
ston, to call the Congress together, if wca
sion should require it, the lwly adjourned.
In the spring of the year 177oLthe Provi
ncial Congress met again is Newbern, and
Rowan sent as deputies Griffith Rutherford,
William Sharpc and William kennon. At
subsequent meetings of this Congress at
Hillsboro and Halifax, Rowan rwas repre
sented by Matthew Locke, James Smith and
1 1 he House was called to order at 7:30
o'clock, Llr. Speaker Moriug iu the
chair. ! I- '
. 1 '
! Eight o'clock having arrived, the spe
cial order for that hour was announced,
being the bill (relating to public roads)
to amend chapter 82 laws of 1879. This
bill was reported back by the committee
with a substitute, which they recommen
ded should be passed. The substitute to
this bill with an amendment by Mr. Pow
ers, providing that road supervisors shall
receive no pay for their services, and with
uumerons amendments exempting conn
ties from the provisions of the act, passed
its final reading. . -
An Act I'
rOK THE ritOTKQTlOX OF CROPS IX ROW-
The General A$cmbly o Xortk Carolina,
do enact: j
! Setiox I. Every owner of real estate
is, aud shall be, ! lawfully entitled to the
entire and exclusive use of his own soil;
and every entry! upon dands, unless by
leave of the owner thereof, shall be unlawful.
Sec. II. No person shall lermit any of
his live stock to! go, or euter upon the
lands of anot her, without having obtained
leave trom the owner of such lauds.
Sec. III. Thej following laws are re
pealed, to wit: Section xl. of chapter 34.
and sec. i. of chapter 43 of the Revised
Code ; section xliii. of chapter 32, and sec.
i. of chapter 43 of Battle's Revisal ; and
section in. of chapter 135 of the Public
Laws of the year 1870.
Sec. IV. This Act shall be in force
from and after tlie 1st day of September.
in the. year ot our Lord one thousand eight
hundred aud eighty, and shall apply to
the county of Rowan only provided, that
this Act shall not go into eliect until the
county of Rowan shall have constructed a
lawful fence, four aud a half feet iu height,
along the lino which separates the eouu
ties of Rowan and btanly.
Read three times aud ratified the 29th
day of March, Aj D., 1830.
t 1 1 ft 11
j ue ijenerai AssemDiy adjourned yes
terday. Its session has been short ami
' A . -1-11 - 11 1 .
us worn nas uecn wen uone. its mem
bers came together to consider the most
important question that has been before a
North Caroliiia Legislature for many
years; they dealt with it quietly, in
business-like way, and wisely ; aud they
I. I 4 .a
nave gone io ineir uomes io receive tne
congratulations pf the jieople, not merely
4 1 a 4 a 4 . '
ior reuer iroiu Home slight; taxation ot
the present, bui for the preservation o
tilt's public faith and an assurance to
We like the .
of u groat aud prosper
For the Watchman.
Stock Law. I
Mil. Editor. I hear that there is much
dissatisfaction about the stock law fence in
Scotch Irish Township. I propose giving a
correct statement of the amount of fence
we built the cost and the way iiri which it
was built. In the first place Mr. Barber, Mr,
Harper and myself superintendethe buikh
ing of the fence, they by appointment ; I by
their request, we fixed upon prices for the
work, viz : For hauling with aj two horse
waggon and driver two dollars per day, for
splitting rails, fifty cents per hundred; for
putting up rails on the fencq eight and a
third for new, and seven cents per hundred
for the old, and fifty cents per day for hands
to clear out the way for tlvp fence, when
needed. For rails we paid twenty cents per
hundred, allowing the parties who sold
them the fence when it ceased to e needed
as a stock law fence. Parties out side of
the enclosure, we bought half of 'their fence
and required them to make their half a good
and lawful fence. We counted a pannel to
be ten rails, if it took even fifteen to make
it high enougli. Our fence will average five
and a half feet, and will last ten; years; for
gates we paid, when hung to titevs $4.00,
when both posts were furnished ' 5.00, the
timber to be of heart pine or oak, the posts
to be of good post or white oak.' and to be
set in the ground at least three feet and a sill
to be fitted in between to prevent swaging,
and the gate s to be hung so as to shut them
selves when nasscd through. Our crates will
Kptst at least twenty years. We have jointly
hung 14 gates, about 12 water racks, across
creeks and branches; and 16462 pannels of
fence, being reduced to miles makes 26 and
72 poles. j
Mr. Barber put up 4 gates and 3005 pan
nels offence, at a cost of $237.00,: j Mr. Har
per hung 6 gates and put up 5107 pannels
ot fence at a cost of $316.11." I put up 4
gates and 7450 pannels of fence at a cost of
$512.03. (Remember I had this done, did not
do the half of it myself). I had 'about 12
000 new rails made, had to haul at least
9,000 of these rails one and a half miles, for
the simple reason they could nbl; be had
nearer. , j
Here are our prices, and the; work done,
we certainly did not pay exorbitant priceU,
and we tried to get the work! opt of the
hands. We are charged with taking in some
that were not included in the section. So
we did, but by so doing, we shortened our
line near two miles. If you will; examine
the law you will find that we had to go
where we could, not where we would. It is
also said we should not have gojnc in as a
section, but as a township. We may say
others ought not to go in as a township, but
as a county. I am informed that sme of the
good citizens of Mt. Ulla, have cojmmenceld
an enjoinder. Suppose that Scotch Irish,
Unity and Mt. Ulla only had adejpted the
stock law. Scotch Irish would not have had
a pannel of fence to build. Wouljd it haVc
been just or equal for us to say, build yur
own fence, it don't touch us.. It; is true our
fence has cost us much more than we wish
ed. We have done all we could! to prevent
it. We could not get the county in though
we tried our representatives hard on it.
Neither could we get our township, so we
must be content with our lot. Had Messrs.
Henderson, Bost and Barringer.been as wise
as they are clever, they should have cnacjt
At the law a vear aro that ! thev now have.
I pressed it upon them to jdo so, but they j
thought different, and they have as good a
Legislature. It is com
posed of men of patriotism; character and
w orth, who at their first session lacked
Only experience!. Eveu with that lack
we doubt if a better had ever assembled
in the Capitol. At the session just cloe(
4.11 '1 la
mis ueuciency nau oeen supplied, aud
while the legislation was wise and grati
tying to the public spirit of the day, it is
also pleasant to know and to say that
there has been an utter absence of undue
party spirit manifest on either side iu
the two Houses, while a determination to
further the material welfare and develo.
nient of the State has generally charac
terized the conduct of the members of
both parties. Thanks to this much abuse
body of true North Carolinians, the State
may now be regarded as well on the way
to a successful era of progress and mate
rial developemeht, and it is doubtful i
any State of the Union to-day stands
uion a better footing iu respect to work
of internal improvement now in progress
or has within its grasp more bountiful re
suits than North Carolina is likely to
gain from them.
We welcomed the coming; God speetl
the parting guests ! Hale's Weekly, Marcl
The Lec.islatcke We pn ton recorr
the following extract of proceedings on
the bill for the sale of the W. N. C. It.
Section 10 was read and Mr. Dortc
moved to amend as follows : Strike on
the words ''but tio damage shall be re
coverable against the said grantees for
anv breach of said contract," and insert
'and if the grantees, their successors or
assigns shall fail to complete said railroad
to Paint Rock and Ducktown by the time
named in this act, they shall forfeit to the
State all rights under this act, and al
work which they may have done on eith
er or both lines of said road, and the
State shall not in any manner refund to
them anv money they may have iuvestet
iu said road, and shall not be liable i
Mr. Dortch said that it this bill was
drawn to secure the building of the
Ducktown route, aud if Mr. Best au
his associates were sincere and intended
this work, this amendment
to compel them to do so
holiest they will accept
nothing iu the bill as it
stands to enforce them to do it, and he
did not believe they intended to do it. 11
Senators were j determined to pass the
bill he hoped they would be willing to
guard it sufficiently at least to protect the
interest of the State.
Messrs. Ho' inson, Leach, Henderson
and Davidson spoke iu opposition to the
Mr. McEachern said, as a North Caro
liniau, he very naturally felt an interest
in its completion. He had thought in
order to place a suffipient guard over the
iiiter'sr of the State that several amend
ments to the 1411 was uecesary, but since
he hada . opportunity of listening to thei
and if they are
it. There was
GOV. VANCE 'J
Sale of the Western X. C.
1I0NTEEAX HEAED FROM.
TL' LtAMosMr, of MontreaLCanada. cer
tified. ept. 27, mtrt that he had suffered
terribly: from dyspepsia, andwas com
pletely cured by taking Warnr's Safe
Bitter.) Ho wiys: My appetite is good;
and I now suffer no inconvenience from
eating hearty meals.". These Bitters are
lidso ! aspeceific for all skin diseases
j JanltaApl ' "(itf;::; ; i;f;- .AifA
Piedmont lre$ gives the follow
ing report of Senator Vance's speech iu
he legislature, where he was heard by
Senator Vance was called mum nnd
made a few remarks, but asked to lit) Y-
cused on account of an aftWrinn of ti.
throat; his physician having advised him
not to speak. In the counu r hi m.
marks he said : 1
When I first came to this Legislature
sat in this hall not far from where I
now stand :;I was a young man just mar
ried, j I voted for the charter of this road
in 1354, and for the anuroniatiou whieh
started it. As T returned In iniM flitrn
were rejoicings all along the road, and
bonfires were lighted. The cronnd was
broken and the first shovel full of earth
was thrown amid the reioiciugs of the
I have now an older 'son than I was
then. My hair is now whitening with
the snow that never melts and the road
is not yet built to my native town. At
the rate which it is now beiusr construct
ed under the present law, it will take
eleven years precisely to reach Pstint
Rock.! It will then be the same distance
to wit: 44 .miles on the road to Ducktown.
t will then have 100 miles over a wild
mountain country still to be built, and 1
am-afraid that I shall not be here to ride
upon that railroad. Perhaps no mau who
now hears me will ever ride, over thitt
railroad. When the Governor did me
lonor of asking my views in rgard to the
iroposition 1 advised him to call the Leg-
lature. I knew nothing as to the de
tails. ; For situated as I was I did not feel
competent to decide upon them. But I
knew the legislature of the State could.
So 1 think the proposition is worth trv-
ng. i We are not making the case any
worse than it now is. We may improve
it some ; we surely can make it no worse
Again thanking you for the kindness aud
:i:. i? a-
cuiuiuii oi your reception, i uid you a
very good night.
Occasionally a member of Congress gets a
chance t put in a good word for the coun
try, and lately Mr. House, of Tennessee, has
said his say with more than usual vigor. In
speaking of the frauds of 1876, and the in
auguration of the man who was elected to
stay at home, he made the following poited
1 he means by which the choice of the
people was defeated by fraud, and a man
not elected was installed in the office of
President of the United States, form a chap
ter of our history which succeeding gener
ationa will read with shame, even if our in
stitutions should so far survive the shock as
to leave to posterity no graver sorrow than
a blush for the crime. Sir, it was a dark
day in our history that witnessed the oath
of office administered to Rutherford B
Hayes. His inauguration, under the circum
stances, was the severest test to which the
patriotism aud forbearance of a frecneopl
could be subjcctcJ. A large majority o
the people had cat their votes for Mr. Til
den, yet they stood peacefully by and saw
man; whom they knew to have been defeat
ed installed by fraud in the high office
which had never been filled before by any
one who did not owe his elevation to the
suffrage of his countrvmen. President Grant
declared that uo man could afford tooccupy
the Presidential chair by a title tainted with
the suspicion of fraud, but we have had the
mortification, as a people, of beholding that
proud position occupied by one whose title
is not tainted simply with a suspicion
fraud, but is fraudulent from centre to or
cuniferencc in the honest belief and consci
entions conviction of a large majority of the
American people. This was not a mere tri
ump of the Republican overthe Democratic
partv : it was wrong over right, of frau
over the expressed will of the people,
was not only the inaugration of a Republi
can President, but it was the installation of
fraud, with all the pompous sanctions
DON'T FORGET IT
1 COME AND GET YOUR
c. w. c. woolwine; ,t
Just received at A. C. Harris'
a fine lot of No. 1. Cigars
: and Frencli Candies.
Corrected by J. M. Kkox & Co.")
j April 1 1380.
CoTTox-f firm good Middlings, 12
Middling 1 lf
low do " J011
Bacox, county, hog round 881
CniCKEXs -per dozen $1.50(2.00
Corx New 60(&61
Meal moderate demand at G5
Wheat good demand at 1.251.30
Flour best fam. 3.30(3.50
otatoes, Irish 50
Onions no demand 50
Iat ! 50
Oats ! 4550
apples, dried 5(fo6
in that hicrh rhliwp U' hip h mul n t
been stained by fraud leforc. Our institu
tions have felt the rude shock of parties in
their embittered struggles for power. Thev
have even felt the clash of arms and lived
but; how long can they survive a destruction
of the confidence of the people in the arbi
traihent of the ballot box remains -to be
Hickory Caroliuiau : Doc. Miller rcsi
ding near Catawba Mills, was kuockei
down one night this week while stepping
out from his house. Ilis wife came to the
rescue with an axe, and his would-be
slaveas fled. It is supposed robbery was
WISSTON TOBACCO MARKET.
Winston. N. C, March, 29, IS30.
Lug, common dark $2,60 Q,
Lug, common bright, 4.00
Lugs, good bright, 6.00
Lug,n.ncy blight 12.00 C'9
Leaf, common dark, 4.00 ('j;
Leaf, good dark .? 5.00 (
Leal, common bright, 5.v0 (i
Leaf, good bright, 8.00
rapiers, common bright, .....12.50 ('
Wrappers, good bright, 26.00
ra.-pfci", tine bright, 35.09 ('J
Wrap ii-. lancv l-rijlit, 0 00 (f,
In At well TmviiKl.it.. March 2fth. Vie
tor C. L'uleman. sou of Mr. J. M. Cole
man, aged aUuit 0 years.
A ROCHESTER PHYSICIANS EX
V f it i- .
IIa the fxciusiv
Kile of thia HKrat.Ml'H
Cook Stove anu tl.ti are g ing off lik' hot 1
cake. . . . . 7 if .
i-A. -i vOf
A FINE JERSEY BULL. ,
at my stable. A rare chance toTi'o'W your "
stock with the very best, whidt ali ongh ni
to embrace. C. 1 LlLLR.
C:3iu. '' '
JAMES M. GRAY,
Attorney and Counssllor at Law, t
SALISBUliY, X. C.
1 '.. . tr
Office in the Court House lot, next-door
to Squire Haughton. Will practice in all V
the Courts of the State. I ' - '
Blactier aii Heiiersoi,
Attorneys, Couns tiers
Chew Jackson's Best Sweet Xavv Tobacco
T V QlTll?T TATl f T T" rm
Eowan County. Sri!lxoT. i8so.
Bettic Lethco, Plaintiff,
A gain at
William M. Lethco, defendant.
The defendant in this action will take no
tice that the plaintiff, Bcttie Lethco, has
commenced a civil suit against the defend'nt,
W ui. M. Lethco, for a divorce, returnable
to the Spring Term of 1S80, of Rowan Su
penor Court, to wit : on the 9th Monday af
ter the 4th Monday in March, 1880, at the
Court House in Salisburv, when and where
said defendant is required to armearand
answer or demur to the plaintiffs complaint.
Witness: Jno. M. Ilqrah, Clerk of the
Superior Court of Rowan county, at office
in Salisburv, March 31st, 180.
J. M. HORAHC. S. C.
J. M. GrtAV, Att'y for ITff. 24:Cw$5
.BEDDING PLANTS, CHEAP!
LJiaviiMi.ie collection of Plants, well grown,
al reduced rate, w!ii?!i 1 will sell cheaper
than can be purchased anywhere else. .
Price list free. Correspondence solicited.
20:1 ra Concord, N. C.
COTTON AND TOBACCO:
WAHiTS PLOW BRAND
Raw Bone Super Phosphate
Diamond Soluble Bone
We are offering the above Brando of Gnano
to the Farmers, confidently believing that
they cannot purchase aiiy other thai will give
Soliciting vour patronage, we hope that al
will call and see us and hear terms before
making arrangement eUewhere.
BERNHARDT & BROS.
:J. Y. BARBER,
Graham's Old Stand!
Fresh Meats of all kinds,
Fruits, Confections, &:c.
nrCall and get his prices.!
"J.ionay22 1879 tt.
VESTERM 11 C. RAILROAD
Salisbury . ....
Third Crr ek
Newton , ....
, . Ii
- . GOING EAST
1 1 22
12 35 .
1 4 4
2 2 .
a b i
4 I OP
(, f. W .
cm A. 1
Trains run daily, Sunday oxTpptd,
Train going We- will breakfast at States
ville and dinner at Henry. Train poing East
breakfast iit Uenry an l dinner at nickoryV
J. W. WIL30X, Preaideat.
Other Pianos wear out '
BUT THEY GO OH FOREVER.
I VICTOKS in all great contest-, and frtr a
rAn past theiacknowleieed Atmndanl of th
World. Husical Perfactloo.Woinirful DoAbllU
ty and KeaaonableJost. .True economy ladicataa.
purchase of a gcatfine Chick ring and no otbr '
LAST CHAriCE TO BUT CHEAP
i Chlckering Hi Sons 1 lively advanced tf.eir prl rea
Feb. i. Onr old Cntrtrarts e ui re April i, t&i 4
flit 12 in ordtrt reelytl V.'.t: Uit 4t ftll nUt.
Cu prlcM m trt pM-.fiTtl th Mvett !a aAarlca.
Order bow and save lr'om ttUb to on the pur
Chase"'reseiit rate fuaraoteed only to April i
LUftMN & BATES, SaTaanab, Ga. -
Wholesale A gents for la.,r la ,S. CN. C Al.
No. 20: 4i- '
Harness, Saddles, &C.
LOW PRICES AHD GOOD WORK
Have made my Business a success.
And I now offer the people of this county!
and adjoining sections the
BEST MADE WORK
in my line that can be found in the State.
The Material I use i of the Re! Quality, and
as the bel is hIwhvh the Cheapest,
R. Caul kills, M. D., of Rochester. N. V., yotir purchases All I ak is a trial audi
rtifies, 'Oct. Gth, 1679, that.he has usl guarantee ali"factMR.
e Safe Kidney and Liver Cine in his I can sell Good Set of Ilarne for $3.50
practice for diseases of the kidney and
liver, and the resnlt has been Katisfaetory
in the extreme. He says: "I would now
presciiln the same remedy to all similar
ly afflicted, and you are at lilcrty to so
state in your testimonials"
and up to tint fwet oiitfidc of New York tiiy.
I cm sell you a Good Saddle at and
Repairing done neatly and with dis
patch, tall and a me, nest door to Craw
lonl'f Hardware store, on FUhcr Stnt.
DR. GEO. W. GRAHAM,
CH All LOTTE, N. C.
1'iactico Limited to
EYE, EAR, and THROAT Diseases,:
Office with Dus. JONES & GRAUA54
Cheap Chattel Mortgiigci,-
arions other. Har ks fnrna! (r- ' '
Churoh & Co' Sa i H.KIXO
Soi., Put up in neat packages, for sale
t J. D Se'SEELt'S.
and - ;
other Crass Seeds, at IiicLmoni t
Prices, (freight included)
Call and see ut
1 7:1 f
Lkttkii and We IIkXhs, Iii.i.IIeti.
C.vKDsaud FxvKLori'.s piintrl to order
nt rerV low i riti s I Sill l I.I. rtJ
1... . -.. mv M1 yi(tCV(
OO ."19 ' " '
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