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T0L ZJ. -THIRD SERIES
SAIISBUBT. II. a, HAY 13, 1880
T- - : n -r-r-T,.. ' :;.:,n
fhe Carolina Watchman,
CSTlBLlSHED IN TUP YEAR 1832.
L ; ''iHtCE, iiM IN ADVANCE.
XBACT ADVi RTIiING RATES.
8 ID'S 6 m'3 1J ml
$i.tU $,."H ) n o
5.Jf5 7.50 UOO
T.50 11.0i 16.00
11.25 U.50 25 00
20.50 25.50 4 40 00
83.75 t 43.75 1 75.00
11 REHEDY flr the esre of Iserof.
'aU, ;K)pfcIH ScroAiloas Tmlnt, Ehea
-tUm. Hkite Kwclilnc. Coat. Gulire.
LoBttmptlotu Bronebill, Aerroas De
iiilitj, Jlalaru, an.l all dineatcs arising
mm an Impure condition of taa blood,
tain or scalp. " j
ii i ; -
Cures Kcrvoas Debility.
I Sb will (
' IstronfTCt ctteratlves that erlst, and U ca
E0SAWLI3 Is acid by all Drugista.
: Tor jTLY cud
!r4 JCitcr&al acd-fn'Scrnd. j
E KxriESTbAni rxLi2tt cp tzzz ace.
W LSwr Pills.
j -123 GI'-EAT VEGETAITL3 CA.THAETIO
VcKtabte WORM SYRUP
iiiy testrjraV70E:irs p:(1 '. ; ro"o-rmcnded
if phjslciBaiajtho best . oEX IJiCII
Cf for .a! b7 a'l Dfnrf.!
J03F.in:.nY, c-unnAN i co.,
MCftHcM lacc, -7. Ziavr York.
?3rSaUb7 'r-F1 KLUi4, Druggist,
K:S - Salisbury, C.
R, ORG HARD,
1' ! and
Y. it J:
2?.. GEO.. W. GRAHAM,
C IAitLOTTE, N. C.
- Pra-tiie Limited to -
ffiith;0u3. JONKS & GRAHAM.
lGCia i ! i
F: '. t:
e to inherit ? To inherit
tate and .proud degree I
e some higher merit,
than thetiMor me.
eater far mnst enter
ate and center"
i 1 T. J
I 1 "ae ii
le! 'Tis the finer
-jfour-iuiud and heart, ,
Mtuetluiif still diviner
MlaiiC-liiiirH catn imiiMJ t.
ln)tiug ever seeing
'inproVfeineiit vt. tn ohm.
iiut( feel for man !
iii the humble suaded .
Sigintyfi labor ,
ttKuj e'er pomp arrayed
jKi the world's iniorovement
iid in aiding uind ;
Soue, but all mankind!
att i filled with yearring
if mis who are ho more,
?flf me drifting'
ached the farther shore;
iDpw that the' are resting
id "each Ktiii-iitv u-'irf -
iesa weary craving
uipse- bey ond tbe'irrave.
lre clospil nhrt.A no
Voiceless is the grave,
Jrs seen, all uiuinswered
i fiuit God can Save, '
M8 i pity oer us V
es from 11M Hi tiiiriMV-Lrt ''
Udows have passed by. r
is ever shining. 1
f?ud may come letwecn,
Aihe earth grow, dark and glftomj, measure. The" Democratic partj mnst j ' V? are informed that in rSonth"Caroli
Wheh tlledVS ihtZTAJ tneettheiwaenarelj. . TI.e8eabomina.il.: the Democratic larmera bay their
Then that next to hea vcd is light, . '
Andr in God' time, ray of brightness
V dlcoiue streaming thror the night,
Then, with faith in Gml our Father,
Let us straightway turn to Him'; '
While earth's weary yearning vanish
With the cloudrt of doubt and iu ;
And our dear ones will grow nearer, .
As our hire more perfect grmv
With the love of God o'erKhadowiug
All iu measureless repose. j
; - " -J
Trip lightly over trouble,
Trip lightly over wrong; , j
We only make grief double i
By dwelling on it long. f
Why clasp Woe's hand so tightly
Why sigh over blossoms dead'
Why cling to forms unsightly ? !
Why not seek joy instead ?
Trip lightly over sorrow, j
1 hough all the days be dark, .
The isurv may shine to-morrow !
And gaily sing the lark.
Fair Hope has not departed.
Though roses may havefled; j
Then never look down-hearted,
But look for joy instead. j
Trip lightly over sadness, j
Stand not to rail a doom ; j
We've pearls to string of :ladnes9
On this side of the tomb.
-Whilst stars are nightly shining, j
And heaverf is overhead,
Encourage not repining.
But look for joy instead.
FIDELITY TO PARTY OR DEFEAT.
There is a small faction of dander
heads in everv communilv. in everv town.
.'floundering and groping about in ithe
black slough and slime of negro alleys,
bar-rooms and hovels, trying fn find some
spot which splits the diilerence between
a true Democrat and a uesro-eanalizim?
Radical. But the hunt is iu vaiu. Tliere
is no such place on the greenearth. Pure
beuHK.tacv is on the other side of ih
world from Radicalism. There is no cross
ing the impassablegulf between, and tliey
can no more get together than could
Dives, the rich old fool mentioned iu the
New Testament, escape his-doom and go
to Lazrus in heaven. Tho-historj- of Rad
icalism in the history of shame and hy
pocrisy is the history of duplicity and
treason tor the fundamental principles of
self-government and liberty it is the lirs
tory of persecution, venality, and1 crime.
It is stained with the blood of a million
of innocent meu, shed in u most unright
eous war of hate and plunder.- It is the
synonym of all that is black, and base,
and menu in the chronology of human in
famy. It stiuks iu the uostrils of decency,
and is as odious aud repulsive to the hon
est and right thinking man as siu is in
si-rht of God. The time-servers, the
lickspittles, the growlers, and sore-heads
going about iu hunt of this middle ground
are destined to be disappointed. They
are mainly responsible tor the rule of Rad
icalism to-day. They are chronic elisor--ganizers
and traitors to principle. While
claiming to lie Democrats, they are de
stroying its friends. They profess one
set of- principles and act out another.
.They are bankrupt in every thing that is
noble, and abandoned to all that is occult
and v.llianous. Tlieir foul slanders mid
base, misrepresentations have two Often
been heeded by good meu whom they have
led astrav. They have betrayed the Dem
ocratic party and attempted to bring its this cm,ntv at lea8t' were otherw'e -time-honored
principles into disrepute. lU,,iu the action of the Governor, in
Thev have united with negroes and thiev- evening the Legislature iu extra ses-
in midnight conclaves to work disor-
ganizatioii and defeat iu our own ranki. i
Yet they have been listened to and rd-
spected as true men and true Democrats.
This course has well nigh ruined us. This
shameless policy-has made of our party
organization a wild and lewildering an
arcbv, and too frequently left us stranded"
and wrecked, high and dry in the arms of
unaccountable defeat. Men who- are not i
for us are against us. The woik of purif
ficatiou and organization must be beguii
at once, and prosecuted with firmness i
There must be no more of 'running one
set of principles tor this man and another
set for that one. There is no such -thing
as "climbing up some other way." That
is just what too many so-called Demo-!
crats have been trying to do. Until the
party can be brought to think more of
vindicating great principles than of seiz
ing the spoils of office it will coutinue to
be a weak and wretched timeserver, un
worthy of the support of honest men.
This trying to steal in office through all
manner of Dodges, such as laying down;
platforms of false principles, and nomi
nating men who represent any kind of
principles except those of Democracy,
will keep the party a demoralized and dis
graced minority to the end of time. In
dependeiitismr bolting, nnd trimming
have been too common. - Discipline must
be enforced and fidelity to the party must
be the test. Without these all our plans
are destined to defeat. Timeservers and
sore-heads must be exposed and ignored. Uy
The tune has come for action. -The peo
ple must awake from their lethargy. The
defeat of the Democratic party this year
means the triumph of fraud,' venality, and
oppression-rtbe continuation of outrage
ous protective tariffs, odious Internal
Rcreuue exactions, and jawlefis, despotic
tiong must bej abated. No man vrho lends
iuconragement in any way to Radicalism
or KatHcal aspirants for office must be
listened to. We have had enough of Had-
'leal robberies and Radical wrongs. Kirk
w5ars and the imsoleuee of public officials.
Frwmen must Rpeak out, ere it is too late
to escape desH)tism. Organize the Dein-
ocrat cohorts, cast your banner to the
breeze, and rally as one man in this final
struggje for free government, and honest
administration of public affairs.
PACTS NOT GENERALLY KNOWN.
From Mr- Alex.if. Stephens" conclud
ing remarks on President Lincoln's ad
ministration, we gather the following facts
in regard to the number of soldiers em
ployed by the optosite sides during the
late war : , i . -
From its beginning to its end, near, if
not quite, two miliums more of Federals
were brought into the field than the entire
forces of the Confederates. The Federal :
records show that they had from first to
last, two million six hundred thousand
men iu the service; while the Coutederf
ntes, all told, in like mamiei, had but lit
tie over six hundred thousand. The ag-.
gregate Federal population at its Com
mencement was above tweuty-two mil
lions; that of the Confederates, was less
than ten, near four millions of these be
ing negro slaves, and constituting no part
of the arms-bearing portion of the pop-;
ulatiou. Of Federal prisoners dm ing the;
war, the Confederates took in round num
bers 270)00; while the whole number of
Confederates captured and held in prisons
by the Fede-aU was iu like round nnni
lers 220,000. In reference to the treat
ment of prisoners on the respective sides,
about which much was said at the time,
two facts are worthy of note, one i, that
the Confederates were ever anxious for a
which the Federals
vou,a not aret5 lo' Uie ",cr l8 tl,at ol
the 270,000 Federal prisoners taken, 22,-
.11 - . . . .a.
576 died in Confederate hands; and of the
220,000 Confederates takeu by the Eeder- (
nls, 2(J,43G died in their hands : the mor
tuary tables thus exhibiting a largo per
cent, in favor of Confederate humanity.
The entire loss on both sides, including
those who were 'permanently disabled, as
well as those killed iu battle, aud who
died from wounds received nnd diseases
contracted in the service, amount "to the
stupendous aggregate of one million of
At the end of the war, the whole num
ber of Confederates surrendered, includ
ing Lee's and all, amounted to about 150,
000. The whole number of Federals then
in the field, and afterwards mustered out
of service, as the records show, amount
ed, in round numbers to 1,050,000.
These facts throw new luster upon the
endurance, humanity and fidelity of the
southern people, and forever hush the
slander of the blockaded south's cruelty
to the prisoners of war. The ports of the
north were all open, they had plenty of
medicine and provisions, yet they man
aged to torture or slay more prisoners aud
that out of a less number held than the
GOVERNOR JAR VIS.
1 A majority of the Democrats of the
county, seem to favor the nomination of
Jarvis for Governor. It would le remark
able, if the sentiment of the people, in
.""" 1 l'" e.e.i.,.g u,e su.e
of tlm U !,te, n N C' &ul R,l' tlie
ale of the road, its completion to Paint
Rock nnd Dcktown is secured ; and what
twwn aml co,,ntT a,oliS t,,e whole Hue of
Rai,road' wiU derivo reater beuefit
from the conpletion than Salisbury and
Rows,u - Th Road onc0 Pnt
Rock itft "tention from Salisbury to
"r"""'" .., u..u in
a few years mnst bean accomplished fact,
Governor Jarvis deserves credit for his
wise aud patiotic course, in convening
Khe Legislature in extra session; and.
while securing the completion of the W.
N. C. Railroad at an early day, at the
same time releaves the people of onerous
His action iu this matter, iu opposition
to the advice of a majority of the Board
of Directors of the Road, showed him to
be possessed of firmness, sound judgment
and decision of character, which are nec
essary elements iu the constitution of ev
ery man called upon to fill high and re
sponsible public positions. He has made
au excellent Governor, has proven a faith
ful public servant, and the Democratic
party would be guilty of ingratitude if
they failed to endorse his administration.
Concord RegUter: There will be a meet
ing held by the citizens of Stanly, county,
at Big Lick, on the 3rd Saturday in May,
for the purpose of considering the feasibili-
the possibility of continuing the
railroad movement from Mount Pleasant to
that place. Stanly is waking up to rail
Conventions, in the lingo of sore-head,
are always packed,"if their particular fa
Torires and tools are not nominated.
; plows, tlieir groceries and dry goods from
none bat Democratic merchants of the
straitest sect.) Whenever they hear a
, merchant talking about not caring for the
political results in a campaign, they drop
, him and trade! somewhere else. Their
prosperity and peace and social order de-
pend on Democratic government. So they
do here, but it tvill require another Kirk
war to open the eyes of; the indifferent
j masses. Our people have almost forgot-
ten the crimes, of Radicalism, and hence,
they do not fullj" realized the charater of
the treachery in our midst Examiner.
The sale of the Western North Carolina
Rail Road, saveS.annttaUy tuHheTar pay-:
ers of the State i 175000..
Two Colored j3Ien Heroes Mar
jtyrs. Charleston News and Courier. ; i .
Two colored laborers, named Telfair,
and Stewart, went down into a fire-well
iu Charleston on Thursday morning. A
few moments lter. ovr,.., l.v n,.ir.n- :
ous vapors, they were lying in the mud
and water gasping for breath. A colored
lalx.rer named Simons hastened to thei,S
relief. As soon as he felt the first effect!; " tu .u....s uiversiou in ms
of the noxious g4 ho was hauled out .j fa.v" aD,d urinfi hln a respite, after
Undismaved. a colored mnn nard Wil. WLlch Le.towk refue in a neghboring
liani Robcrston, insisted on being lowered
down into the well. As he touched the
bottom he fell forward as if shot. There
were now three hi lpless, dying men iu
the well. Volunteers were not wanting.
A colored man named James Seymour
descended into the depths, and and Jell
as those who preceded him had done.
Stewart, one of the t wo men who weut
down to clean out the well, wastaken out
alive. Telfair, his companion, was dead.
These two, Stewart and Telfair, were en
gaged iu their usual work. Robertson and
Seymour, who endeavored to save the
stricken laborers, were dead when their bo
dies were removed. They died for their
friends. Brave and loyal hearts had
throbbed under their dusky skin. Know
ing that they risked their lives, they de
manded that they be allowed to make an
effort to rescue the men of their own race
who were breathing their, last. They
shared the lot of the man whom they hop
ed to preserve to his wMfeind children.
! Their own wives are widows, and their
children are orphans.
A Florida Romance.
A romantic rescne is reported by the
Leesbury, Fla., -Idrancc: An ardent lov
er Iwarded his frail bark last week on
Lake Eustis to vis it his heart's idol. The
young ladj stood upon the veranda watch
ing his approach. She saw, too, a dark
cloud rising in the - Southeast. Soon the
angry looking clouds overspread the blue
canopy of heaven, jthe wind rapidly in
creased to a storm, and seeing her
lover's danger she bravely entered a
boat to go to his rescue. As she pushed
out from the shore she saw his boat make
a lunge, as if maddenrd by the resistance
of the waves and wind aud go over. No
time was to be lost ; the danger ahead
seemed to give her the strength the des
perate occasion required, and after row
ing for a mile against wind and tide she
reached the disnstej, took her lover on
board, whom 6he found perched upon the
up-tnrned boat, and rowed back to the
Mr. Wm. J. Best! Is New York. The
New York Herald gives an account of an
unusual scene in the streets of that city. A
gentleman, attended by a Secretary bearing
bags of coin, and laboring under the hallu
cination that he was bestowing charity, has
been strewing the streets with nickel and
silver pieces to the manifest advantage of
the small boys and the strikingly apparent
delight of himself.
The Herald gives the name of this eccen
tric individual as Defter, but, from having
recently witnessed a similar scene enacted
in the streets of Newbern, we presume it
Mr. Wm. J. (R-ulroad) Best. While
Mr. Best was on the train passing through
Hancock street, in this city, his Secretary,
who was provided with a bag of coin, strew
ed nickles and pennies from South Front
street to the depot. The train was follow
e l by about fifty boys, and many of them
will long remember the rich harvest they
reipcd on that occasion. Nut Sliell.
"I should like,"saidjMr. Appleton, taking
up a sheet of paper, to show ybu the cost
of book making. I don't believe that peo
ple, when they buy a book for fifty cents,
have any idea of the capital invested to
bring it down to that price. For example,
it cost us $238,000 to publish 'Picturesque
America,' and that without adding the cost
of printing. L To b3 sure we made a great
profit on it. Forty thousand copies were
sold and $3,400,000 turned in by our agents.
An even more profitable venture was the
'American Cyclopedio,') for which the pub
lic hius iaid $5,760,064 1 Of Course, all of
that is not profit. It costs an immense
amount of money to cary on our factory in
Williamsburg. We employ 600 bands and
pay out $239,470 in wages annually."
Gin Sling is the name of a Chinese stu
dent at Harvard who is preparing himself
f.r the bar, j
A Singrular Tragedy.
The i observance of an old and Celtic
u.i.Vu, oaiuruay, resulted in quite a
trgedy and riot at Puterson, X. J. The
. ernan custom, now nearly obsolete
ln Germany, but still kept in Denmark.
0golStothe hills on May Day, or the
f ouuaay m May, at sunrise, to "see
tue an lance,M was kept by the German
socitles at Paterson. Tnis festival, a roer-
17 an !nnceut one, though sometimes
t altenU,, wth pilfering of flowers, is con
i Biaered to be a vestige of Baal or sun
woraniP5 the witches used to dance on
the Blocksberg on the first Sundaj in Mav
accoraing to the German legends which
nave come to us from the Hartx moon
tains. Amongst the Paterson party of
j revelers was Joseph Van Houton, step-son
of Alderman Swift, of P&tennn. im f
tempted to cross the lands of Wm. Dal
zell, a farmer owning property on the
mountain top. When Houten and his com
panions were warned from trespassing,
but persisting, the former was shot dead
by Dalzell with a gun loaded with buck
shot. Dalzell was pursued to bis boas
by Van Houten's companions, and when
Ko ftifnecii - .-.-. .1 l a
. "M -u.icuuer, ins nonse ana
'barn were fired. Comino- nnt h
" . . Ul"lm wun e was
a rpe Put about ,lU Deck and ho
waVve Nearly hanged, when the police
1 on rr. i -! n Z 1
bouse until the sheriff could be obtained,
:in whose - custodv he went to Newark
Street Sights in Rome.
It is something, if you be so prosaic as to
enter old Rome by a railway, to find that
the depot is put down on the map as a part
of the old baths of Diocletian; and house
hunting, with hurried glimpses as one goes
from street to street, of Trajan's forum, and
the fountain of Trevi, and the Tiber, is cal
culated to stir strangely one's fancy. And
the picturesqueness of the streets strike one
at once. What with priests and soldiers, and
the passion of the women for brightness,
they are all life and, color. Priests in brown,
priests in white, priests in scarlet ; soldiers
with an opulent variety of uniform, and
plumes and tassels and silverbraid enough
to ruin a modest government. Is it because
war in itself is so little alluring that soldiers
are always so gay ? Or is it the last remnant
of the time w hen men rivalled women in
the splendor of their dress?
We are getting, of late years, to a mono
nous uniform of dark colors. We shrink
even from a too gay flower or ribbon to
brighten our sombre robes. But Roman
women have no such scruples, and the rain
bow scarfs, the bright plumes and ornaments
they wear, are pretty to see, and seem suited
to this sunny air. And the life and variety
of the streets is their charm to a Northern
mind. Even while I write, a band sounds
in the distance, and I see down the long
street a troop of gay soldiers. A half hour
ago, a vague sonorous chanting rose to our
windows, and below was the long line of
priests bearing the dead to his home. All
in brown robes, barefoot, and bearing long
wax tapers, their chant, their dark: proces
sion, had in it something weird, and impres
sive. I But the charm of the dead city one
feels most, perhaps, from the public pleasure-grounds
on the Pincian Hill. The vis
ion of all these domes and spires rising at
one's feet, the picturesque confusion of ma
jestic ruin and modern shabbiness, and be
yond all, back even of the great dmc of St.
Peter's which crowns the distance, the
Alban hills standing up against the blue
all this is calculated to touch the most pro
saic ; and the proper historic emotions for
which so often one pines in vain come of
, It is proved, where fish are preserved iu
many of our bay 3 open to the sea, aud
even iu some few lakes and streams, aud
not allowed to be caught except at proper
seasous, that acre for acre, the water fur
nishes a more valuble product than the
richest and most highly cultivated land.
We are glad to notice that more and more
attention is given to this matter annually
by the Uuited States and single State
governments, also by private individuals.
Fish add a great variety to our food and
are alike healthful and palatable, perhaps
more so than most kinds of meats. By
exchanges with foreign uations, many new
kiuds have been added to our waters, and
we are promised more. In cousequence
of this our products are continually in
creasing, and some waters, in which, here
tofore, little of consequence found life, are
now producing largely, as in the Europe
all carp which subsists solely on vegeta
ble matter growing in the water.
An Earlt BETKOTHAL.An early be
trothal is chronicled in the Elinira (X. Y.)
Free Prets. Two young couples were
married within a month of each other, and
from families that had been very intimate.
In January last a boy was born to one of
them, and he was welcomed as heartily
as though he had been a priuce of a reign
ing house. Last month a girl appeared
to the other young couple. One evening
the mother of the boy visited the mother
of the girl, taking her child with her.
Most of the members of both families
were also present. The mother of the
boy took rather a diminutive bnt cSstly
ring from a case, and, placing it ; on the
finger of the girl scarcely a month old,
solemnly engaged her son to the child, the
matter to be ratified in the futurei
Stamping by Fire.
The pof5canthoriUes think they have ; was g,ng n in the nugget. . (In -'all.
rriTiB? at Pcticaiand thorough solution probability the oxidation of iUphos
of the question of preventing the second phides and sulphides.)
11 Ul!T' Whicb " frMd that I This Iast and 08t important addi
bas been practiced by washing off the ink 1 : in ,i i 7
with acid, after tbeiampingf a first use. "lSSf Storyeon-
ersorui engaged in this cheating of the gov mysuspicion of thJa, mass being
enunent have been very ingenious in devis- , mpteoric iron, in truth a meteor, whose ;
ing modes of doing the unlawful washing. : coming and fall, had not been observ-
A new process of cancellation has been in- j ed. After no little outlay of time
vented, and U to be brought into use in the : nJ mnnpv ;, w , ,
postofficdtUtorchthesUmps. Speci-1 J . H "S
mensf the new process, show very effect -
ive work against the fraud of second use of
the stamps, the cancellation mark being ab
solutely indellible. The imprint made is
just the same as that made by the ink stamp,
except that It is slightly burned or scorch
ed instead of being an ink impression. The
new stamp is heated by gas, the metal be
ing thin, to allow of both quick heating and
coolingf. It is used the same its an ink stamp,
but with a saving of time that will enable
the person using it to do at least twice the
work that the ink stamp would. In usin"
the latter it travels between the inker and
the letters being stamped. With the new
stamp the operation will be a continuous
rising and falling of a few Inches. It can
be used in all offices where gas is used. An
experienced band with an ink stamp cancels
about 125 letters per minute.
Quigg and Billy.
In New York city there lies a red-faced
little milkman named Joseph Quigg. Mr.
Quigg is in the employ of a milk company
and goes over a certain route every morn
ing, serving milk to many customers on
Charlton, Macdougal and other streets. His
horse, "Billy," has been on the route for
three years, and not only knows every cus
somer, but the days upon which. to stop, for
some of the costomers do not buy milk
everyday. One Tuesday not long ago Mr.
Quigg, who was several yards behind, saw
that Billy did not intend to stop at a cer
tain house on Macdougal street and running
up, scolded Billy quite hard. But Mr. Quigg
found that Billy was right, for the man of
the house reminded Mr. Quigg that Wed
nesday and not Tuesday, was his "milk day."
The man took the milk, however, and said
that Mr. Quigg need not stop on Wednes
day. When Wednesday morning came Billy
stopped, sure enough, and this so angered
Quigg that he beat poor Billy cruelly. Some
of the residents of Macdougal street had
learned to love the intelligent horse, and
when they saw the cruel treatment they
complained to the company. This com
plaint led to Quigg's discharge. Billy real
ly loved his driver, however, and gave such
signs of displeasure at his loss that Quigg
was restored to his place, promising never
to beat Billy again.
Let Girls Learn
To be pure in mind and heart.
To be modest in demeanor.
To be helpful at home.
And then there are less vital things that
they should learn ; as
To sew neatly.
To do simple cooking.
To buy with economy.
To dress with taste.
To read aloud well.
There are many other useful and orna
mental accomplishments within the reach
of most girls, but those which we have
given are indispeusible. Our Monthly.
Fell From the Sky.
Finding of a Meteorite in a North Caro
lina Gravel Pit.
Prof. Wm. X. Bidden In Moranton Blade.
Ou the 19th of last July, while Mr.
Gray W. Harris was prospecting for
gold on his plantation near Lick
creek, Davidson county, he found in
a ditch a nugget of what appeared to
him to be silver. It was covered with
thick scaly crust of iron oxide ;
weighed two and three-fourth pounds ;
was shaped, measured 4J by 2 inches
over its broadest surface aud about 1
inch in thickness. Whenever cut or
hammered it showed a white metallic
mass uuderlaying the red crust, and
we cannot blame Mr. Harris for con
cluding the mass to be silver; more
silver especially as it was a native
metal and ho other metals but silver,
platinum and gold are found native
in such large masses.
Accordingly the story went far and
wide that a "three pound nugget of
f I It f 1 T 1
silver nau oeen iouuu in iaviuson
Search was made fr more "nuggets,"
I heard the story as above recorded
from Messrs. Robt. Earner, Jr. and
Sr., of Thomas vi He. In their opinion
the nugget was iron, perhaps "native
They had noticed that the nugget
had what Mr. ame., Jr., aptly term
ed "night sweats." Little beads of
moisture ! would gather on its surface
when left for a few hours, which, if
wiped away) would soon form again ;
. showing therebyithat decomposition
i.:tW 10r,v a?1 ls now ,n tno
cuoiuei or uie writer; where it keeps
company with two others from the
South collected within the year. It
contains irou, nickelcobalt, phospho
rus, copper and carbon, iron largely
predominating. Dr. S. LawrencoT
Smith, of Louisville Ky., has iu
analysis now in hand and it will be
published .oou. It is one of that rare
class of meteorites that do not -show
the Widmanstatten lir.esj" and will
therefore obtain a widenotoriety among
North Carolina has been veryro
lific in meteorites. Xo Jess than fif
teen different "falls" are recorded and
credited to this State. Buncombe,
Haywood, Randolph, Roehingham,
Nash, Madison and Davidson coun
ties have furnished meteorites. The
Nash county fall (1874) was of stone,
not of iron.
In the last month I have heard-of
two new ones in this State and have
hopes of soon bringing them to light.
The Charlotte Observer chronicled
the falling of a meteor in Row&n
county, in February last about which
we have as yeUieafU nothing further.
I ask, did it actually fall as recor
Meteoric iron in masses of extra
ordinary size have been discovered in
in Brazil. The largest weighs over
sixteen tons. ,
A yet larger mass now exists in
the Cascade Mountains in Oregon,
U. S., which, when first discovered,
was thought to be a ledge of native
iron. I regret to write, its exact loca
tion is now lost.
"WHY THEY FALL.
It is now generally conceded, that
these strange bodies swing around the
sun, like so many minature worlds
and coming under the-attractive force
of a larger planet, fall toit. TJjey
come from regions intensely cold and
only become heated, and consequent
ly luminous, in their short passage
through our atmosphere.
Kepler believes there are more
small bodies flying about in space
than there are fi.hes in the ocean,
which seems to find support in mod
KILLED BY METEORS.
The story from Kansas, about a
man being killed by the fall of a
meteor, has been proven untrucby the
village paper published where it was
said to have occurred. The editor
thought it "the unkindest thing ever
credited to their town." However,
people have been killed by meteori
tes. Humboldt records a monk killed
at Crema, Sept. 4th, 1511 ; another
monk at Milan in 1650; ancT two
Swedish soldiers aboard ship in 1674.
Not once in one hundred years will a
human being meet his fate from this
cause; thousands of years might pass
without such an accident haprerv-
RARITY OF NATIVE IRON.
Terrestrial or native iron- is of ex
treme rarity and is found only in
every inconsiderable quantities, only
in small grains in basaltic rocks and
as an alloy with native platinum, iri
dium. It is generally safe to conclude that
any mass of metallic iron found in
the soil, is of celestial origin, is a
meteorite; as such they belong to
science, and should never be pet to
any practical use, but carefully pre
served, in their original condition,
for scientific purposes. Buyers can al
ways be found for meteorites. They
will bring from ten to one hundred
times their intrinsic (iron) value.
SoiiETHiXG Loose. A gentleman in
this city received a letter yesterday, that
was mailed at Amity Hill, Iredell county,
on the 9th of April, having been one
month coming over a route. of 33 miles.
How is this for quick mails ?
It is now probabls that Congress will
adjourn about tL e 1st of June, Demo
rmt nnd ltemilriicHus anreurius' tu l
pretty w.l! -H po v t
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