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0 / 75
i -ii tii '. . '-'-"-'r:.-.''-:. ' - j , ' - - ' - .. ? -
-w- : . - ' - if I
2 ; BALIBUUiiY. 1. AUGUST 19. IRRH
" us i- v.'t.- 1 w r w
f f t; . I ' " i-v - - i.
isTRACT ADVEETISINO RATES,
c- c n b tT A M V 9ft. 1 SSO.
I iTnottth2m's sra's en's iam
TTsST; $2.50 a,6 59 1 i.W.ti
$.m 4.50 5.25 7.59 12.8
?4.5D! 6.00 T..r0 ll.W 15.93'
T.0O i 7.50 9.99 t.X59 , 18.99
T.50 ! 9.75 11.25. 16.59 tS5.99 ,
11.25 15.15 20.50 25.59 40.89
: 18.T5 I r-28.S5 S3.75 48.75 76.99
l! I 4i .f.
REMEDY for the cnre of Scrof-
w Kmhllis Seroftilofu Taint; Ehea. ,
m2ltm, bite 8wlilnc,Gont, Goitre,
fcnitT flttUrti, and ail diM&se aciidiig
'I.I, . 7
,..4.. J ... TOJ-UJim Mil I Hi ) j.
u" Cures Slalorlo.
Cores Xcrrous Debility.
1 X - ..
.Jill II I J. I". HlWiW f
MM its infredtents fmbllshed a erery
i .- S
tack.? mi snow it to your i-nyBieian, nu
in riti vn-.i it 1a KHnnoaed or tha
fctroneeflt dlU'rattvca that exist, and Ja an
fcxceUent Blood Purficr.
EOSADALIS lfl sold by an Dragglsta.
IIB Ml FAMCEi
ni i'mi- i
IbyLriif and BEAST. -j
TIB OiPJifesT VMS IiTUSVES OF THE ACE.
,m.,Mwi.ijij j in.uiw.ii ...-'..j .' -Ui.i-m
-'--'ft i Wii i W jfcMfcfcMl
MPs to Pills;
. TBS 62EAT VEGETABLE CATHAETI0
! ,.; i 7 T?T.-'lTTT.ATnn .
f ni T ii !
"Vetable WORM SYRUP
"h lutsntty destr0T3:T7OE"I5V!n(I rocotrmended
-fcy piiysieiats na tile best, VorjI IIEI)lCtNE.
lin HJiiwp i. ll nwuni'.
!Tr',. .l :
f fcrror gale by n'.l DrneglsU.-
JOIlJir.IIEXRY, CITRItAN & CO.,
For im 2, F. KLUXTZ, Druggist,
ItSrJy i j Salisbury, N. C
JAMES M. GRAY,.
j Attorney .and Oounssllor at Law,
m u 1 '
S 1J ii j t i tt . 1 a. . x ,1 "
n , r U mi V
itoNitui ilantr htnii. W ill practice m all
the Couisr ii the jState.
I: - 1! I
ixiyy AT LAW,
tin; State and Federal'.
JIUarnen at '?afej,
J - V. f-
IVs, C puh-s elors'-'
arid Solicitors. .
n i$79 J-tt.
j t, rfn f this Scliool will open,
f uomifH! a ,ij!.,.jo.i . idjii i --
$mm &c.ldress.- d
'Zfti OEO. Ii. McNE
l Wood Leaf, N. C.
eiisboro -Fenialo Colleee.
tt MGrejensboro. c :I
kiZt on wilt begin on tl 25th of
Vnown Institniion ofiersrsiiperior
. -1 HJ
ii tv "'wiii-iiu uinrni nii:iirp rnm.
i dtrcd I...;..
tTj"Cemfort nf a i.lpncnnl w.ll or.
k : ... i'. . .
WprWion of 5 'montlw: '.Bosrd
ti f, , r v'" and Jighu) and Tuition
NllSft) orso, $75, - lExtra Studies
, i . . at. wyro, res . .
Note Heads, Bill. Heads,
t vtruH rffvrES printed to order
!It"; ;i - ': ! . i
eJife0 !"The Milk of one cow is
. eH eiDressIr for infant, ot . .
. "1 I
For the Watchman.
j The Dark Horse.
ir r .
Mr. Cyrns B, Watson, a prancing, dark
Ganwgnlloping down to the Yadkin Ville '
ff5! It V V i T f
Iliiviug fixed itf at home the convention
Beiug; big;with the thought, ' 'tis my! day
ofgracp " f . 4
Tho1 liitclied up, he manged to kick out
the traces, i
Aud to frw liimt4elf front litem, weut ie-
cretly to work ; -1 v-v- j
Bat talkint migiity fair to some honest
v inenVi laees;
they certainly belied all the wonl
that n spoke. -jt- !
- I . : of
fixed uif the trick uiee. Ut ket-n H1
UmHout,, r ( j
rut it to eTeu aud a fourth, he toldi
rhe DeiJiucral ie strength: will raiu uk ..tee
vvtv. : - " : -
bvi not doiuir thi- we'll send Kobbiua
( O- - - . - ------ y .
to 'Qui uea. i
for Anutu-Id, Trt sure I'm much strong- '
crjuau lie. - !
lonk ! heu-the Kobbius Citn certain- !
t iV,UU,. - t I
' J f-uw '' 'VliIIUlC llllll VIJl" 11 C'UIC
over to ine, -
b$ this uiart uianeuvciiug to Cisn-
giess ril go.
wasVt it awful, when so near the j
With the Washington looxiume
ut alniost j
'insight. vi; !
TpTbe suddenj-deserted aud' left out in j
t la llllli -
TU I,' , . t. , i , i
Ihe star ot hope set iu the blackness of
. . . .
Ulgllt ' jUU VUU'CVCI JfVfJUCU IU UIC1 UlSlllvl.
1 i . I Let no questions of preference, or preju-
JMr. Cyyus B. Watson some advice I would
WbSllet you asfii-e toaCongressmius
i seat - - ;
't he a dark horse for an Kiira as vou i
Nine chances in teu you are sure io be beat.
ville, N. C, Aug. 13, 1680.
For the Watchmani
! CaustHrhou by Searching Find Out
I God? t
. .., BV JEXNIE JOXES. I
God in eternal glory dwelt, j .
Eith earth's revolving mass,
In living grandeur o'er it felt j
The Holy Spirit pass. - j
His hand th' world with goodness crown'd,
When early time began, !
While all the morning stars around
Creation's order Sang. " j
lie smiles upon the flowers that grow.
Beneath the torrid rays,
And those that skirt Siberian snows, j
W here raging liorea plays.
He saw the flaming chariot high
Trie Hebrew prophet-bear,
The fiery steeds ascend the sky
And paw the trembling air. j
He bade Elijah share his love
With those who never feu,
And in those aznre hights above
With kings and priests to dwell.
He fills the boundless realms of space K.,
Where worlds nnu umbered roll,
Yet sheds the blessings of his grace
- i .,. , 6
On every humble soul.1
His glorious works extend afar, j
In regions dark serene:
Beyond the fartherest twinkling star,
By Optic glasses seen. .
Here wonders grand he will display
Eternal aces o'er,
Beyond the dreadful judgment day,
When time shall be no more.
Jnst In Time.
Capt. J. L. Grabber, of .Litaker town
ship, through the solicitation of his nu-
raerous trieutls ot L,iUker, uoia mii.t
well aud other townships, has consented
to become a candidate to represent the
county of Rowan in the next General As
sembly, subject to the action of tUelpri-'
niary and nominating conventions. It he
fails to get the nomination on - the 28tb
instant, he wiff not bolt but. retire, giving
Ins bearty co-operation totne nominees ot
the convention, Hancock 'and English, as
well as the entire ticket of the State offi
cers. : i
Capt. Graeber, we think, will make a
good representative, being a gentleman
of the; highest character ; is well qualified
to discharge the duties of the responsible
position. One great feature about hidj is,
he is a farmer, the thing much harped
upon in these days, and being so he j will
undoubtedly labor earnestly for that class
as well as for others. : P. S.
Hafchiuan please copy.
j Franklin. j
Mr J Editor: The 21 it and 28th I are
fast approachiug, and many of us think
it is high time the people settle dowii on
the men that are to represent them in the
next Legislature. Every week declares
new candidates. f It. is very true every
man din run as a candidate if he pleases,
but it frequently happens that the whole
political machine is turned bottom! np,
and meq that are the most obnoxious to
the people receive the nomination.' f Now
many of us (I don't say all), in Franklin
think that two among the very first of all
the gentlemen recently named "for! the
Commons, to wit : J. J. Stewart and Frank
Brown would make a most excellent team
for Rowan. They . are both able men
and can make a thorough canvass, and if
both these gentlemen are chosen on the
28th, oar forces will be solidly launched
with such unanimity of strength as shall
crowii;our county ticket with overwhelm
ing euccesaoMany of jds are 'opposed to
'dark horses, or old grand-mas. ! ;
The farmers of Rowan, could not be
more fully represented jq all their Inter-
ests, thau by Messrs. Stewart and Brown.
, Now, friends and farmer of Franklin, wo
are going to ran these two "nien'(a the
; cat did the mouse),' lile ilie dl. They
j hare worked hard for 'oar party hereto-
iore,ana biuck io is lice me uck ma to
the "niter's" heel. We desire to honor
tbein now. aud we expect to do it. Sal is-
bnry, wake npwe are Vfight side,!
withcare. r' " ; Voters.
" ' ""' ' :M "' "
0UB CANDIDATE FOB C0XGEESS.
We merely had time in our last to an
nounce the nomination of the Hou. R. F.
Arm field for Congress by the Yadkin ville
Convention which assembled ou the 5th
this month. - i-,.':
This noruiufttion. tio donbt. trava irreat
surprise to the people of the district, since.
"i .. u r t
Bobbins wajnot only the choice of a
large majority of the people, but that they ;
liuuu bo cxuit'Jwwu lufniseivcs iu mtir
county conventions. Nothing that we
cau do or however,- at this date will
remeay tiie matter, or cimnge ine uoiui-
Mr. Ariuticld stands forth as tlm i
t,.kiiiiiiu4 ni' tliu 1)unnuMiitii li.iHi- iti tlii -
district for Commits, and a a strict dw-j
ikurrv fe;iU iiiiil i:iitv frraiiizHtion. it ij
or d.itu miM.rt i.ii.- Mr. R.,hi,i..
iWci,u ,,, slll4, ' ; ,l!lt !in ti. f
a"1 hiselection; and we sincerely hope j
that every true. . denncrut in the district
will joiu with us and labor to efl'ect his
triumphant election by the largest demo-
.... . . . . .. . . ........ ...... ... ...x.. . 4.1... -i . . . n; ..
dice, warp -our judgements or control our
n u1" tissue
ceS8 ot I-nwmtie principles and the
oiessiusrs oi gtou iiovci uiucui aic oi vast-
1 1' iii.trtf t ii iiim tlisi ii t It tn.t'f. r it ii in till
of this or that man ; and that they can be
secured only by the election of our Dem-
ocratic uoujiuees. Wi are not worthy to
succeed, aud we need uot hope to do so,
if we allow ourselves to be scattered and :
disorganized by the mere whims of poll- 1
ticiaus, or our own selfish desires, likes
.j ....j ..w ,
or dislikes. Honest patriotic meu. struc-.
fling for great political principles and
louest, local self-government, can not af-
ford to be disuuited by insignificant, per- :
sourtfTprefeienees, or have their .purposes
thwarted bv the. iil-founded orivate claims
Of this or that individual. j
Mr. Armfield is a sound democrat, aju
able man, a faithful representative, and
the chosen nominee of our party, we
should, therefore, march forward in solid
nhalo n V n n1 nrii'n 1,4 -mil nnitait cntiwil'f
,, . , . ' . i
Aiiyiuiug ies nuuiu ue uuworiuj ut ijs
as men proud of our manhood aud priucl- ,
pies, and vigilant of our sacred rights, j
HANCOCK TO SHERMAN,
WOKDf WORTHY THE GREAT
Une of fits letterato General Sherman
Mhat He Thought of the Political
'Situation thl876 His opinion of ',
Inaugurating Presidents The Peace
andProsperdy of the Country lit
Sol Aim. , I
- - - lU'
;NEWYctRK;'July 31. The World,
publishes the following. This letter
was wii i ten in reply to two letters ou
the situation received from Gen.Sher
man v U
, CaRondeLET, P. O., JSt. Louis,
DecemberS, 1876.- My Dear Crew -
mw. , xour ,iavor or. toe -iin liiiani i
reached ,tne hi New York on the 5th,;
the dayibefbeji'teft for the West. 1
imtncuja.ttJrepiyuo it ueiore leaving!
but cares inddentto.niv departure in
terfefedt' ThenT'agaln, since my ar
rival here J .have , been so cxcupieji
with personal affairs of a business
nature that I deferred writing from
day to day until this moment, and
now I find myself in debt to you
another letter., Iu acknowledgement
of your favor of the 17tb, lecerved a
few days since, I have concluded to
leave here on the 29th (to-morrow
evening,) so that I may be expected in
New York bu the 31st iusC'-'It. has
been; cold and, dreary since my ar
rival here. I have worked "like a
Turk" (I- presume that means.- hard
work in the country in making fen
ces, cutting, down trees,, repairing
buildings, &c, &c.t and am at least
able.to say that St. Louis is the cold
est place in the winter and it is the
hottest, in the suoimer of any that I
have encountered in the zone, I have
known St. Louis in December to have
genial weather throughout tlm month.
This December has been frigid and
the river has been frozen more solid
than X bave ever known iL'1 AVhen I
heard , Jhe ru mor;. that I J was ordered
to the pacific coast I thought it prob
ably .truei considering the past dis
cussjoni on that subject the -possibili-
ties seemed to me to . point that way.
Had it been true I should, of coarse,
have presented no complaint nor made
resistance of any kind, f I would have
gone qaickly, it r not pjrepared to go
promptly.-Fl certainly would have
been relieved from th'e responsibility
and ; anxieties concerning y- the Presi
dential matters: which? j may. fall' to
those near the throhe,!or; iu our au
thority, within the nexjj four months
as well as from other; . incidents or
matters which I could ; not control
and action concerning which I might
approve. I was not exactly prepared
to go to the Pacific, however, and
I therefore felt relieved when I received
your note ?ntormmg me ..tnat.tnere
was no truth iu the rumors. -Then I
did . not wish to appear, to be escaping
frora . any responsibilities, and the
possible' dangers which, may duster
around military commanders, in the
East, especially in the critical period
fast approaching. AllVwell that end's
The whole matter of the Presi-
Iency geemt) to me to be simple and
"x n 1 m i . vAnmrnl cl i
macliinery for such a contingency as
tlirPtPiia to nresPiit itself hns hepn all
carefully prepared. It often requires
lubrication owing to disuse. The
army sliould have nothing to do with
the election or 'the, inauguration of
Presidents. The people elect the
! President and Congress! declares in
;joint session who .'he'isj -We of the
army have onjy to obey n;s man(Jates,
. . i
' f. .1. U- 1 -
su Iar as ue iawiul- ,,r
Commission express that. I like
Jefferson's way of inauguration. It
su;tJi oursystem. He rode alone on
horge to the Qapitol (I fear it
i - i
wa" the old H), tied his horse to
ra ience, euierea aim was amy
sworn ; he then rode to the executive
mansion and took possession. He iu-
ailirI1Pate,l himsplf sininlv bv takinir
i-j -j ' o
the oath of office. There is no other
l l : : i
icgai inaugurauon in nur &ysiem.
1 he people or politicians may instil
tute parades in honor of the event
nfi n, nftif-i i!a mnv arid to t.be
nnrp.,nf hv -wmhi;nW ' trnnn nnd
m w a ar a w v v w a- tu a m mM w v m
banners, but all that only comes prop-
erly after the inauguration, not before.
And it is not a part of it. Our system
docs not provide that one President
should inaugurate another. There
might be danger in that and it was
studiously left out of the charter.
But you are placed in an exceptional
ly important position in connection
with coming events. The capitol is in
j my jurisdiction also, but I am a subor
diuate aud not on the spot and if I
s were, so, also, would be my superior
j iu authority, for there is the station
j of general-in-chief. On the principle
that a regularly elected President's
term of office expires with the third o
; March (of which I have not the slight-
est doubt) and which the laws bear
ing on the subject uniformly recog-
j mze, and in consideration of the possi
j bi I ity that the lawfully elected Presi-
j dent may not appear until the 6th of
mjircii a great aiai oi responsiuuuy
may necessarily fall upon you; You
hold over. You will tiave power and
prestige to support you
tary of War, . too, probably, holds
over, but if no President appears he
tnay not be able to exercise functions
in the name of the President, for his
proper acts are those of a known su
nerior a lawful President. You act
on your own responsibility and by
virlueof a commission only restricted
by the law. The Secretary of war is
a mouth piece of a President. You are
not.. If neither candidate has a con
stitutional majority of the Electoral
College, or the Senate and House, on
the occasion of the count, do not unite
iu declaring some person legally elec
ted by the people, there is lawful
machinery already provided to meet
that contingency and decide the ques
tion peacefully. It has not been re
cently used, no, occasion presenting
itself, but our forefathers provided it.
It has been exercised and has been
enercised and has beeu recognized and
submitted to as lawful on every hand.
That machinery would probably elect
Mr.Tilden President, aud Mr. Wheel
er Vice-President. That would be
rightenough, for the law provides that
in failure to elect duly by the people
the House , shall immediately elect a
President and the Senate a Vice
President, Some tribunal must decide
whether the people have d air elected
aPresldentT;! presame, of course, that
?! ft1' 'action of
?aireilall, -'HoBse, or i why are
they present rowitness the; count if
not see that Jtjslair and j uit Pit
a failure to agree arises between the
two IbodieshereZHn be fno lawful
affirmative decision that -tHe pedple
havej Elected President And : the,
House must proceed ; to atf, not the
Senate.vThe"Senate elects the Vice
Presidents, not the Presidents. Doubt
less, in this case , of ; fail ure by .? the
liouse to elect a President br the
fourth JfAIarcti, tile Preideiittlie
Senate (if j there le oneVwould beth
legitimatereonfto lexerciselhe presi
dential authority -for the time being,
or until Uhe-appearance of a, lawful
President, or for the time laid down
inthe tronstitutionr'f 8uch " courses
would Je peaceful and, I have a firm
belief, lawful. I have ii6 doubt (Gov.
Haye would make an excel lenttPres
identi I have met himand know of
him. For a brief period he served
under my command; but as the mat
ter s finds I can't see any likelihood
of hist being duly declared elected by
the people unless the Senate and
House come to be in accord as to that
fact and the House would, of course,
not otherwise elect him. What -the
people want is a peaceful determina
tion of this matter; as faira determi
nation as possible and lawful one.
Nootlierdetermination could stand the
testj The country if not plunged in
to a revolution, would become poorer
day by day, business would languish
and our bouds would come home to
find a depreciated market. I was not
favor of the military action in
South) Carolina recently, and if Gen.
Ruger had telegraphed to me, or ask
ed tor advice, I would have advised
ii mi riot, under any circumstances, to
allow! himself or his troops to deter
mine who were the lawful members of a
StatejLegislature. I could not have
given1 him better advice than to refer
him to the special message of the
President in the case of Louisiana
some time before. But in South Caro
liua he had the question settled by a
decision of the Supreme Court of the
State! the highest tribunal which
had acted on the question so that
his line of duty seemed even to be
clearer than in the action in the Louis
iana case. If the Federal Court had
interferred and overruled the decision
of the State Court, there might have
been "a .doubt certainly, but the Fed
eral Court only interferred to com
plicate, not to . decide or overrule
Anyhow, it is no business of the army
to enter upon such questions, and
even if it might be so in any event
if the civil authority is supreme, as
the constitution declares it to be, the
South Carolina case was one in which
the army had a plain duty. Had Gen
Ruger asked me for advice and if I
had given it, I should, of course, have
notified yon of my action immediately
so that it could have been promptly
overruled if it should have been deem
ed advisable by you or any other supe
rior in authority. Gen. Ruger did not
ask for my advice, and 1 inferred
front that and other facts that he did
not desire it, or that being in direc
communication with my military
superiors at the seat of government
who were nearer to him in time and
distance than I was, he deemed it un
necessary. As Gen. Ruger ha
the ultimate responsibility of action
and had really the greater danger to
confront in the final action in the
matter, I did not venture to embar
raiss him by suggestions. He was a
department commander,'and the law
ful liead of the military administra
tion Within the limits of the depart
ment, but, besides, I knew that he
had i been called to Washington for
consultation before taking command,
aud was probably aware of the views
of the administration to the civil af
fairs in his command. I knew that he
was i'n direct communication with my
superiors iu authority in reference to
the delicate subjects presented for his
corisiaVratibri,f or had ideas of his own
which he believed to-be sufficiently j
in accord with the views of our com
mon I superiors to enable "him to act
inteligently, according to his judg
ment and without suggestions from
those not on the spot and not as fully
acquainted with alUbe facta as him.-1
self. He ' desired, too, to be, , free .to
9.?? n7Z$ mr??Vl
woimyanastjiemal goy- j
erned as between ? himand . nwself
As I haye been writing.thus freely to
you, I may still -further unbosom my
self by ; stating tliatl hive riot thought
it lawful or wise to use Federal troops
i nV ; such matters as have -1 ra'ns pi red
eastpf the Jlississippi AvHhiu- the last
ew months, save so far as they i may
be brought " into action .--.under an ar-
icle of; the constitution which con
fmPjates"r meeting ariiiqd resistance
or invasion of a State more, powerful
han the State authorities can subdue
by ordinary process, and nhen only
when "requested by the 'LegTslatufe.
or If it could not be con vened i n ses
sion b"J i he Governor, and' when the
irresiuent at t the United States inter
venes in that , manner 4 it is a -state of
warnot peace. irhe army is labor
ing under disadvantaged, ' and has
been used anlawfully" at timesin the
judgment of the people (in mine cer
tainly), and we have, lost a great deal
of kindly feeling which the communi
ty at large once felt for us. It is time
to stop and unload. Officers in com
mand of troops' often find it difficult
to act wisely and safely when their
superiors in authority have different
views of the law from theirs, and
wheii legislation has sanctioned the
action seemingly in conflict with the.
uudamental law, and they generally
defer to the known judgment of their
superior officers of the army, who are
so regarded in a great crisis, and are
beld to such responsibility, especially
those at or near the head of it, that it
is necessary, on such momentous oc-
casions, to dare 'to determine for
themselves what is lawful and what
is nut lawful, under our system, if
he military authorities should be in
voked as might possibly be the case
in such exceptional times when there
existed such divergent views as to
the-ucorrect result. The army will suf
fer from its past action if it has acted
wrongfully. Our regular army has
little hold upon the affections of the
people of to-day, aud its superier offi
cers should certaily, as far as lies in
their power, legally and with righ
teous intent, aid to defend the right,
which, to us, is the laws and th
institutions which they represent. It
is a well meaning institution aud it
would benvell, if it should have an
' a a t 1
opportunity, to oe recognised as a
bulwark in support 'of the rights of
the people and of the law.
I am, truly yours,
WlNFIED S. HaXCQCK.
To Gen. W. T. Sherman, Com
manding United States Army, Wash
ington, D. C.
From the Monroe Enquirer.
To The Colored People.
The nominee of the Republican
party for Lieutenant-Governor, Gen.
Rufus Barringer, told the negroes in
Charlotte, that if the Democrats got
control of the National Government,
their race would be re-enslaved ! That
a man from a. good family, and with
such a brilliant war record in the Con
federate service, should be thus a self
proclaimed traiFor to his people, and
to truth and principle, is unconforma
ble with ordinary speculation. But
his prestige gives him strength as a
No one can blame simple-minded
blacks for believing a white man of
his positition, supposed to be "at home"
in the arcana of occult politics, -and
so act in a panic-stricken way, detri
mental to themselves as well as others;
for their interests are inseperable from
and identical with the welfare of the
mass ofwhites, among" whom they
live, and no in "boosting" into office
their self-assertive w hi te leaders.1
The black race, as a "bone of con
tention,"has long been" a sore afflic
tion and drawback to this country;
but no observant, reflective, fairmind
ed man wiU blame the blacks for this.
As far asiAy 5 are couoerned; they
have been a negative evil,"caused by
the dissensions of two classes of
whites- honesty of . purpose on the
one side : fanaticism arid deception on
the other. .
They had no more agency even in
coming to' this country than a child
has in being born into the world ; it
vras iot their fault that, when slavery
bccame'a'dead loss ''m the Northern
h was nslated &utlu
Ifcr was jit
jior fan I t of t heirs that a reat
ci vil; war was " waged, ostensibly lag- ;
gressi ve and defensive of slavery, but
real ly the outgrowth afid en lnjinatioa"
of the Summer and lirooks' ptnsh in
ho U. S., Senate '.Chamber. . j
They had no agency in objaining
heir freedom ; forjhetr fidelity to the
South was most-.remarkable Muring
its Jour years struggle "against the
great orthThe world, in fact.
I am a native of neither North nor
uth, but have been a citizen! oif tlie
XJ. S., tlurty:eight years and am.thor-i
oughly cosmopolitan. This- country
had rota more arden t "and hfeartfel t
over of the Union within itsoufiues
than myself; and, just prior fto the
war, I was feverishly active, in my
small, way, doing all I could to hinder
he impending war. Every ebneomi
ant and residuum evil"!- predicted
were terribly realized but one,- and
that I laid; most stress on. t yas
this: "If war begins, it will abtend
until every able-bodied man in thci.
Southj is in battle, and vanquished
herd. In the meantime, wiih onlv
old men women and children. as fire
side guards, what will the blacks fre
and slave be doing? "Revolpluni-
der, raperand murder will hold high
carnival !" .My fears onthat scbre
were derided ; aud with reason, - too.
as the result proved. The slaves atr
lended to their duties with enliancetj
idelity and energy; without' which
the Confederacy would have bleu de-.
fiirict long before it was.H . f F
I rejoiced that their conduct proved
me a false prophet, and increased my
regard lor the race. And jret these
"particular friends" of theirs the
scura of Northern place.-seekers, and
the untrue nien of th(r Soutly--hye '
got theoi to believe that, they were,
during the war, "true to the old flag,'
forsooth I ! J ! - i
I make no pretence of "kiniTnessT,
to black men more than to white; it
is all I can do to lake-care of byself;
but if I could afford to dispense kind
ness, I vuld do so with discrimina
tion. All blacks are not deserving of
kindly consideration any more than
whites arc. But I can s e.ik with can
dor in the interest of truth and gener
al good, will. - -1-
Now, about this re-enslavirig qries-'
tion: The emancipation of slavery by
war, cost the North (the nation) two
thousand dollars a head fof every;
slave, from infants to dotards j it beg-4
gared the South ; it cost the lives of a
million of white men ; it cost a wasto
of four years time; it cost incalculably
in lost honor, lionesty and virtue; it
cost many years of bitter sectional -''
wrangling and wrong-doing before
the war and ever since. Now, J calm--ly
ask all sensible black men to say if
they can really think that even if the
black man wa3 intrinsicallyi worth
anything as property, (which hejis
not), and that the Democrats, lorice in
full power, cou7d re-establish slavery,
(which hey cannot), would it be any
thing short of insanity to try over
again such a costly experiment? 4'
Again, Jong before' the war,? nearly -all
thoughtful slave-holders desired to
get rid of the' bondage they yrlro un-j
der, by sectional usage, of t having ,to
buy their labor, and keep it in sick-!
ness and health ; infancy and dotage.;
good times and bad; loading theni
down and keeping them at af disad
vautage yitlUhe rest of the world, uad
behind progress; and by the work and !
influence of fcuch men as Clay, Gra
ham, cjc, slavery would have been
wholly, abrogated long before (he war, -'
for the good of the whiles; but gradual-
ly to save injury to the blacks. It was
only the pcrsisent intermeddling fof
pharisaical fanatics, putting the in- J,
dignant slave-holder on the defensive.,:
that kept it up so long. , But novf
that all have' beeu rid of slavery, for ,
fifteen years, if you can find ja . man
who candidly says he would he will
ing to try it again he or I nlnst go .
into a lunatic asylum. 4 1 only advert
to these few points briefly , to Start ja:
right train tjf reasoning in the minds . .
of the colored ieople, for our oomraoo,
good, and that they may see to jsvhat
a depth of infamy, cupidity and low
ambition wilUink these hollow-hearted
white (mis)-leaders of theirs.
Those, of them who will still cling -to
such rotten prop., after reading tho
above, do so from sheer perversity
or arc like owls, blind in proportioi
to the light shed on them. ; , v
- Very respectfully, i
Kaptim. ' .
. : . - r,