page has errors
The date, title, or page description is wrong
This page has harmful content
This page contains sensitive or offensive material
Click "Submit" to request a review of this page.
0 / 75
i j .
- " FOulSSsiDENT; i
WINFIELD SCOTT HAHOOOK,
'"-. Oi- PKJf-NSyLVANIA. ;
, FOIt VICE-PRESIDENT ;
WILLIAM H ENGLISH,
' ' Of Isdiasa. ' I
In reviewing Ho hasty and erroneous
conclusions arrived at by boiuo of Mr.
j liiugham's friends on the subject tf the
! Instructions laid dovyu by the- CJeutral
; Executive Committee, for thegojerjnmeut
! jof the Township and County Con ventions,
j we have tjiotight proper to give pur read-
i ers aTplain insight to the incautug of tiie
J gaid instructions. But before we proceed,
vre cannot refrain from referriugio the ut-
; ter inconsistency of the Examiner as is at
; once shown up, when you uay read in its
j columns of the 28th nit., where, in its
i leadiii" editorial, speaking of these io
sTictions, it imys :
44 We think it very pltiin, if Uhe plan
ndopted by tiie Lxecutive Coiuniittee, wli
iuAugurated the primary Byteni, is to be
; .canted out7 ;
Jn tiie . very next is?ue following,
' tun a complete somersault, arid says :
"The purport of that -document," (the
insts notions), "ambiguous and indistinct
as U is, clearly tavois, &c.
; If this is not rryxiug things, we Are
greatly mistaken J What is it that , is so
.clearly "plain ?" Why, the course to be
; . pursued (as laid down in the instructions)
I by the township and eounty conventions
1 Yet, thi same document is declared to be
, ."unibiguoug and indistinct." Kow if the
Jutter bo true, how could thipgs be "plain
anI f'cleac?" But we agree with the Ex
funincr to the extent that the instructions
are plainly 6et forth, so that there can be
no misunderstanding as to their meaning
Tliese instructions read
''In Ciuje of a division or preference in
any township, then the chairman of its
delegation shall cast its vote according to
vuo wish ui us luuiviuuai niemoers."
"Individual members" of what! Vhv
the individual members of the; tovrnshii
delegation j nothing more nor nothing less,
And jf all the meujlrers of any single del
egation are agreed to cast their; vote sol
Jdly for a candidate, there is riot a word
ar n clause, in the document that takes
from them, tliat right $ neither is there
tt word in the whole of tliese instructions
that cvt;n hints that the county conven
tion has the authority, which it assumed
to direct them, outside of these instruc
Hons, how they slmll cast the vote of thei
township. j .
And again, as-to the pro rata system
which the ExecativeCoiumittett concedes
, to delegates. The following, which the
j Examiner quotes to sustain jtsLposition
is so plain it really needs no comments
j put because of the stubborn disposition o
; Be iu tlieir persistency in misrepresent
iug facts and thereby creating wrong im
pressions; we will briefly comment bu its
.clearness. It reads
"If any delegates or alternates of an v
vu nMiip are aosein irom the county con
Tetiou, the delegate or alternates present
Irom sneh township shall be entitled to
i vote the full strength of tire township.
...1 : e - 1 . . I
uu iu cuso vl a ui vision oi opinion or
preference in sncli township, then each
ucitrgnie Mian up entitled to a;ro rata
part ei the voltes of the said abjsent dele
gates or alternates in addition to his own
:, vote, autL the chairman of such delegation
shall thus cast its vote according to the
-f wish of its individual members.'?
This is identical to theother, oiilv it coen
fufrtber to simply.: instruct how: a pait of
.. .1.1. ...! . "" .
twicgauon s to vote , in cas a part of
said delegation be absent and Ithe mem
Ijers iiKatteudauce at county convention
dp not agree to casting the vote of their
towushiirsolidly for any candidate. But
li iiwy are agreed, then theytod, clearly
iiiiu uuapuuteuiy have the right to cast
the yote solidlyl r '
W ft will -in
,.Y,, ,Lltu uucn iq another
(clause of the instructions, to show how
wM?m ueieaM8 were eloctod and
."counted in" by the r9mmitt at the
. various polling places in the. townfehinn
this, it cau bo seen at a glance, detides
wuicn oi tne. candidates are eleetcdjibave
Ids competitors at any one or all of the
Kiid towuship polling places. We "quote
from tlithird paragraph of tli instruc
tions, omitting; as will bo observedall
that is not relevant to the imint in land :
"T,,c tollip convt-ntions shall deot
4heir delegates by ballot.
1,e ,U I?'Vtes cacli township U entitled
to, receiving the highest uumber of votes
in any township conveutioii hall be de
clared by the town sihip executive commit
tee to be the delegates elected."
And now ip our first versiou of these
.instructions, which sums up the whole in
"In order that your delegates may know'
mnl,r,efercn,ceS for th"fi various otlices to
fin 1 VKlCh tovv"8hi? requested to
JHot at its convention, for candidates for
th .various hoininatiouV tiie ballotinc to
" o"i'eivjsou oi uie executivp
the same -rules and regulations, as far
applicable, as aro aboro prescribed for
ballotrug for delegates.' . ::. j -
T.P -r?w iner hx xxot aitempted to ex
plairi away theeaning of this for reasons
taat are evidently plain enough, "in order
Jhat your delegates may know jour nre
rencea VJuvt ia meant by fy0ur pre
' TheCeTitral Committee hive
. told us a plaiidy aa 'they 'coidd ' wMd,
Relegates to deciao on as bciifg the pre
jerred delegatesaud ntieiF ftiey tell us
that -these fiiinie iile ; and Regulations
ynust govern township committees, and
.lhe elected delegation cannot 'J but kiiou-
the to nshipV prefcrenee for a! candidate
;ly Uu5 same rule vh tolls klwm that
iJiey are the preferred deleates-of tlaii
jtownahip, Avhich result is, tfilt thivi,,.
. $datc or udidateVreceiviDgjiic highest
vote at the township meeting can be none
other than the preference, , -'.
And further) in regard to divisions and
prefereucp iij'rtowiiships, the delegation
of each respect i ve "towuship should "bo the
judge to decide for whom they should cast
their vote aud not the county convention.
Here U our caudid opinion on this pari
of the subject, and I we are borne ont in
pLiciug tJiis iuterprbtatiou upon these in
structioua by the authors of the same j and
we are noturpriseil if Messrs.; IJiugham
and Co.1 are not seeing it in the samelight.
Yet they have, with a persistency nn
equaled, impeded the plain legftimate
course intended to have been canied out
by these instructions. This they dare
not denyr And here we assert, Without
fear of contradiction, that the above
proves who are the disorganizes and en emies
to Democratic harmony in the ranks
of our party. Not the Watchman aud the
masses of the Democrats of llowan ; but,
on the other haud,;there are a few cham
pions of the Bingham, "wirepulling" par
ty, who. are trying to impress the honest
men of the county ijqto the lielief that if
they do not support their pet they are
guilty of a great political sin. Fellow
Democrats, look wjell to your principles,
watch thee sneaking, bUthering, sure
enough diHorganiters, and vote every
time for Charley Waggoner, the true
Democratic candidate for sheriff, aud you
may rest assured your votes will be count
ed next time. . ;
We attended the Franklin Picnic las
Saturdav airiveI there just before din
dcr, A handsome; flag was flung to the
breeze in the forenoon, bearing the names
of "Hancock and Jakvis.'V After din
ner Judge Fraley introduced the Honor
able Ghas. Price, j He made a fine demo
cratic address, shapiug all his arguments
to dovetail with his opinions of the divide
between the two candidates for sheriff.
He denounced as "bolters, disorganizers
and euemies all who refused to support
Mi . Binghani--the regularly aud fairly
uomiuated exponent of democratic prin
ciples in liowan Couuty ." These are grave
charges, but the Hon. Charles Price makes
them and they must be true; for he is
honorable, at least Judge Fraley iutro
duced him as such, and Judge Fraley
Mj V aggoner! received 33 electora
votes ou three separate and distinct bal
lots, yet the lion. Charles Price says that
"Mr. YY aggonor and his friends are boltei B,
disorganizers and enemies to democracy.
The Hon. Charles; Price knows !
Hon. Charles Price says that Mr. Bing
ham ditnot seek; the nomination ; that
the people iu the county brought him ont.
Looks a little strange that the people's
candidate must have such a champion as
the gifted Charles Price to fight his bat
tles ! But the Hon Chas, Price knows !
In the convention, after the three ballots
which gopersistently nominated MrWag
goner, the Hon. Chas. Price offered ares-
solution (which the secretary mentioned
iu his report, but does not publish ver
batim),, prefacing it' by saying that the
convention could com to no conclastion
by voting as it did it nominating Wag
goner every time, and that every dele
gate be allowed toj vote his own individu-
ai preierence lor sheriff. It was on this
ballot tho overidiig was done, and which,
it is claimed, nominated Bingham. The
Hon. Chas Price says it was fair and iust
he knows !
The official vote, which was cast in ac
cordance with the' ideas promulgated by
the Central Executive Committee, nomi
nated Waggoner one, j;wo, three times !
letj lion. Chas. Puictfsaya that Mr. Wag
goner is "a bolter, and Ms friends are dis
organizers and enemies to the Democrat
ic party." The Honorable Charles Price
knows! j !
t- After this effusion, Mr. James M. Gray
was called and made a Democratic speech.
eulogising the Natioual and State leaders,
plead for their support in a most thrilling
and interesting nmnner. He did not
touch couuty affairs, except incident
MrJ. L. Graebcj was then called and
made hia first political talk. Ilia remarks
were appropriate and bare the stamp of
noneacy ana iineeiliy of purpose to do
what was right, and to do it with all his
might. There was no demarocism. dod-
ng, or willul pei-veition of facts in
Mr. Bingham was called and excused
limself from making a speech, but
hat be was the nomiue of the conven
tion, and that he would show during the
campaign that the! convention could not
have doatf anything else than it did.
He was Allowed; by Col". F. E. Shober.
vho made an able talk, touching only the
mam issues in the coming campaigndid
et reter to county affairs in particular.
So ended the day' pleasure and the
frankliu Picnic, i i
THE FTOjp ySkS OF PEACE.
On the 10th of October, 1781, Lord C0171
wallis surrendered to peneral Washington
at Yorktown, ia yiriiaia. It.was inthc
middle of the night; aday or two after, that
the news of this closing scene in the miubty
drama reached Philadelphia. A watchman
in the street called; out, "Twelve o'clock
and a cloudy morning" Cernwalli alvn."
In a short time tbeiwholeeity was aroused,
and the wildest manifestations of joy were
displayed. , The same news ran rapidly over
all the States, and the people in every village
and hauilet were fijled with gladness. In
England, all hopet subjugating the States
was abandoned, apd j Lord North retired
from ihe Mmistry and the Whigs took charge
of tiie government! Negotiations for'peace
Salw't?1' ? commissioner8
frZ c L:Dlt Stes met a like number
lMd a fris, and a provisional
,eHC. W 81ed September 3rd,
luZ- ?Ltrf signed at the same
place, on thed of September 1783 and
each of the original Thirteen Colonic was
acknowledged by Jretj Britain to be an In
dependent and Sovereign State. i
Buf though peace with England was de
clared, there were many bitter heart-burnings
in the breasts'pf ' tiie eiple aipong them
selves. The'army was unpaifl.and efforts were
made to array it against Congress, and thu9
turn over the public civil government into a
military despotism. Nothing but the cour-
age and patriotism of Gee, Washington
arrested that sad calamity.
Besides this there weye many loyalists in
every part of tbecpuijtry, 8omP of whom
had taken up arms in behalf of Great Brit
ain, and many others hd remained neutral
in the struggle. When peace came the wliigs
could scarcely feel t hatj their tor j neighbors
ought to enjoy equal rights and privilege!
with theraselvpa, and no doubt were easily
provokel to taunt theni with insulting epi
thets. These were days of violence, and he
who had the brawniest arm, or was most
active of limb, came out conqueror. Many
of the loyalists voluntarily remove J to 'dis
tant parts of the country, while others re
ceived legal notice to depart. Besides this,
suits were brought Against many for j the
confiscation of their projicrty for disloyilty,
according to act of thej Assembly of North
Carolina. ' This act .wab adopted at the first
meeting of the General! Assembly under the
Constitution, at Newbern, April 8th, 1777,
and declares it to be treason and punishable
with death and confiscation of good, to
take commission in the army of Great ! Bri
tain in North Carolina,: or to uiJ or assist in
any way the enemies of the State. The law
was terribly severe, and was never fully ex
ecuted. Still, in 1782, 1 twenty-two persons
were summoned u appear before tue Ituw-
an Inferior Court charged with disloyalty
Some were found guilty and some were ae-
quitted. Hut the sale of the property
those fouqd guilty was! postpone!. At the
a a m
Interior Court of Ilowan for Februarv, 1783,
no less than one hundred and sixty persona
were cited to appear and show cause why
their estates should i not he confiscated,
Though the citation was signed with the
names of Griffith, Rutherford, Jas. MeCa
Win. Sharpe, and Robert Mackie, magistra-
tes, Holding the Uourt, it is recorded that
the entire lot made default, and thereby ig-
uorcd or defied the Court. The curioua
reader will find a 'list of their names on
Minute Docket of Rowan Inferior Court for
Feb. 1783, volume 1778-1786. It has 'been
supposed that a considerable part of the
German population of Rowan were neutral
or averse to the war. But if such was the
case not many oi tnem committed any overt
act bringing them within perview of the law
provided against disloyaltv. Out of the
one hundred and eighty-two names but a
small part about one huh are German
names, the rest are common English names,
Ine revolutions of one hundred years have j
softened the asperities and rounded off the!
convinced that it was his duty to maintain
ius loyalty to the King to whom he had given
his oath of allegiance. But it was more
than could be reasonably expected of the
suffering patriots of that day toset it in that
light. But slowly, imperceptibly better
days came on, and the husbandman could
again devote his whole time to theimproye -
mem or nis larm, and tne good housewives
farmer's life was far more, independent and
uiiiucsvit luiuiia. ju moise iiavs ine
Bcii-susiaining man at present. w ith the
exception of a few articles, stich as iron. salt.
a iui:c sugar and couee, or chocolate, pen
1 ? 1 r . . '
jji nun epiue, uiemnn, i nc nocKs and ticrns
yielded all that was ccnHumed at the homes
of our people. The tabic was louded with
The operations of the farm were carried
on with rude and simple implements and in
a primitive way. The market for grain and
flour was several hundred miles distant, and
the expense ot transportation was too exeat
io justiiy me raising ot more than was need
ed on the farm. The rich new grounds and
bottom lands with their virgin soil, brought
forth a bountiful crop with little labor, and
left a large margin of time for fiphinir ami
hunting. There was nlway a "slack sea
son" between the "lavmtrby" of rmn ml
locidcr-puiiing time. That was the time to
hunt squirrels, and the crack of the rifle
might be heard around the cornfields on all
side. And then fishing expeditions were
organized to some favorite pond, or stretch
of the river, where with long circling Beinc
rne jumping trout, and the blushing red
were captured. The frr.tV i,v
knew where the sweetest wild grapes or the I
most tempting muscadine crew, or where
the thinnest shelled scalt hnrkn. or fMttKi
hickory nuts, or the plumpest and jukieM
black haws were to be found, and Waned
them accordinulT. Thane snme farmsru
boys also knew the hnw tree?, persimmon
trees, anu grape thus m ail the countrv
round that were likelr to be frequented b
the fat opossums in the Inter
fall, and they i
had their possum docs in sood training hr
the time the first hard frost ripened the "her-
simnions and thcopoesum himself, and made
nis ncsn nt Tor eatin-'. But before that time
came around, even the '-slack ser.son" had
some work to be done. Xo rirrnhiHr-.T
1 uresrnntr Mactiine, or Separator, wns thrn
to be found, to clean up the wheat and oats
of a farm in a single day. Instead of that
the farmer built his double loc-barn with a
. 1 l; . g, -. .
hrcshint? or tramnin flr v. si.-1
II IS I
enarpjjreuiiceaiigenaerei ny tne great COU- pie, or a nine iogwooi gave a liw.irous black,
fiict, anl we are now able to'seethatitcould No "aniline dyes" were known, but roots,
1)C iM8sible for a man to be conscientiously barks and leaves lent their essential colors
stable. The wheat and oaU wera hauled ly OTer th fnn Md around tht ankle, and
from the harvest field and parked on the U- PP10! ih J!J fcth h hort drrtw, eata
ble lofts, and on the loft over the Urn floor P1! mitxn. And then moootod on
This floor was usually t wen tv-fiv. or ihirt- Prit?l horse of her ow, or may bo on a
feet square, and was shut in on both sides
in on tiotFi iMi
with huge folding doors. When the tramp-
: r . r r. . .
ing time came a floor of wheat was thrown
down, the bundles untied and laid in a cir
cle around the centre of the floor. The fold
ing doors were thrown open, and several
Bpans of horses were put in to walk arouad
and around upon the wheat until it wns
separated from the straw and chaff the at
tendants iu the meantime turning over the
straw as required.. At first the wheat was
winnowed with sheet, or coverlet tied up
by two corners, and briskly swung by two
men, while one slowly poured down the mix
ed wheat and chaff. But wheat fans were
soon introduced, and their clatter could be
heard at a great distance, doing up t he work
neatly and rapidly.
The oats, being more capily crushed by
t lie hard hoofs, and the straw being used
to make "cut feed" for the horses, were usual
lrthreshed out with flails, the bundles be
ing kept entire. No matter if the grain was
not entirely taken outthe horses would
get it in their feed.
Later in the fail was tha time for pulling
and shucking the corn. A huge long heap,
straight or crescent shaped, containing thir
ty, fifty or a hundred loads of corn in the
shueks, was piled up in the barn yard. ; On
a given day a boy was sent out to ask hands
to come in to the shucking on a night ap
pointed. Fifty hands, perhaps, might come
just at. dark. A rail would be placed in the
middle, and the hands divided bv two cap
tains who threw up "cross and pi'le" for first
choice of hands. Then came t he race, the
shouting, the hurrahing, and the singing of
corn-songs, if any nerroes were present. And
generally a bottle of brandy was circulated
several times and was sampled by most of
those present. Quite a number would some
times get excited by tbe liquor, but it was
considered disgraceful to get drunk. Some
times a fight would, occur, especially if the
race -was a close one.; The winning side
would try to carry their captain around the
pile in triumph, but a well-directed ear of
corn, sent by some spiteful hand on the
beaten side, would strike a member ofthe
would be excited, and a promiscuous fight
occur. But these were tare arcideuts. Af
ter the corn was shucked, and the shucks
put into a Den. came the shnck imr All mwr
hiaf, bUcuitsham, pork, chicken pie, punijv
kin" costard, sweet cakes, apple-pie, irrane-
j pie, coffee, swetmilk, buttermilk;, preserves,
: jn short 4 "ch feast of everything yielded
by the farm. Jt required a goog. digestion
to manage such a feast at -ten or eleven
o'clock at night, but the hardy sons of toil
had a good digestion. Or if anything were
wanting, a tramp of tour or five miles, on an
opossum or coon hunt, lasting til one or two
o'clock in the morning, would be sufficient
to settle the heartiest shucking supper that
ever was i sprtad on the fanners? tables in
bountiful old Rowan county.
The tanner and theshoemaker the hatter,
the blacksmith and tho weaver plied their
a vocations all over the countv. iThe wand
ering tinker came around at intervals, with
his crucible and his molds for spoons, plates
ana aisnes, ana melted anu transformed in-
a. t ! I. i t i "!
io uriguij new articles ine oia broken pew
ter iragments that were caretully preserved
it ii. j . i . 1 . . .
xiuw in youngsicrs wouiu srare at inm as
he stirred the molten pewter with his bare
uugerj auu uow uiugentiy tne tKiysnunt
ed the rabbit, mink, muskrat, otiter and rac
coon, and preserved their skins, to be taken
to the hatter at Jumping Run or Cross-Kevs
or Dutch Second Creek, to be made into a
siee anu auinmg oeaver, to ue worn a
their first "fur hat," instead of the old heav
hard ''wool hat,'-' that was now to be used
only as an "every day hat." Everv house
had Ui pairs of cards for wool and cotton
its large and small smbmsjf wheel, revolv
ing rapidly under the pressure of deft finir
offers or stroair and elatie foot, while th
thread Or yarn, by the "cut" and ' hank-
1 hung on pegs in the wall. As: the visitor
j approached the house, um soon as the morn
ling chores were '"done up," ho would hear
the deep bass rumbling of the large wheel
or the buzzing of the little jfiax wheel
with its hooked "fivers" whirling the thread
laround till sufficiently twisted, and then let-
ting the thread skilltully in on the spool,
Or perhaps he would hear the creaking oi
the reel, with its sharp click, as it told when
a "cut ' was reeled from the apool. Or per
i haps he would se a pair of hue "waruiiu
bars," or "winding blades" slowly revolving
as they measured off the"chain,' or "filling,"
j of the next six hundred "slaie" plain white
I shirting j or copperas cloth, or it may b of
i i j i .. ."
"imaey or pern a p jeans. And then what
efforts were put forth to secure the most
brilliant dve, and the fastest colors! The
J garden contained a bed of "m;jclfr," whose
roots gave the brown or red dve. A patch
of indigo furnished the blue. Walnut roots
and bare, or maple bark, with a little cop
peras, supplied the tints of l!ck aud pur
j to tke fabrics spun and woven by fair mel
ens aun nearty matrons. The Fourth of
I July in those days was the grand holiday
of the year. An orator was procured, and
the Declaration was impressively read, and
the daring deeds of the illustrious statesmen
of 1778 were commemorated. It would be
1 varied with now and then a military parade
nn screaming tire and rattling drum, and
i u" uu mrn n iiroecue. Aariv in ine
j spring th good wives began to get up the
f ourin or July suits tor their husbands, each
priding herself on having the most nicelv
dressed, husband on that gala day. Old silkc
were cut up info shreds, picked to pieces'
and carded with cotton to make a "silk
miied" coat. Vests, with "Turkey rrd "
stripes, cut bias, and pointing like chevrons
to the buttons, were in the height of fashion.
Knee-breerhos, with lona stockinsrs. tied
with garters, and shoes with hinre silver
buckles had not gone rut of stvle in those
days, i ne materia! of the breeches was rot
unfreqnently a soft pliant, yellow buckskin.
very "stretchy of a rainy day, I The wife ol
a distinguished citizen of Salisbury in thor
days is said to hive excelled all the rest bv
rigging her husband out. on a certain Fourt h
ot July, .in a full unit 'of '-nankeen cotton.'
carded, Mmn, woven and made in her own
house. Another textile fabric of those davs
was flax; The flax patc h, with its delicate
blue b'ossoms, wa a pleasing spectacle.
.na ine nnx was sKiuiuiiv ; pulled, tlte
seed threshed out, and in due time laid out
to "ro.M When the inner stem was suffi
ciently 'rotted,' the ponderous strokes of the
ruuze "flat-brake' could be heard, and the
MT,g Ttne scutcher as he cleaned the fibre
his shaip. edged paddle. And lastlv
the bcteiling proeess separated the tow
frora the perfect lintn. The flax-whetl with
it "rock" wound round with flax required
the highest skill, and th prodiirt whr
hleaelied; furnished the beautiful linen.
wiiose piiowt whiteness wa the rnido nf
the ,rost ambitious and thrifty hcueekeeper
Her own attire was 'yo made
oy ner own nners, ana she was sn x '.ept in
tripes and checks, knew how to insert
gores and jrnsseta, and if tall, how to eke
out the cloth to the proper length. But finer
artieles were often needed for .female attire,
than these home mde fabrics. Ribbons and
laces with atin and brors.de were also in
demand from the looms of France and Italy.
A Leghorn or Dunstable, or perhaps a silk
gig bonnet, pranella, or morVeeo shoes,
ound on. with ribbons crowintr eoouettuh
F,,"on oUinu, ?nr
was rcadv to accompany
her escort. for a ten or twenty mile ride to
church, to; a wedding, a party or a quilting
ifoiic. i nose were active, neaifhttii, buoy
ant, blithsome times, those enrlv dsvs of
American Independence, and it is probable
that the sum total of social and domestic
happiness was greater than in these ad
vanced days. The more people help them
selves, as a general rule, the hapniar they
me. i nerc m giauness m tne success
ful ingenuity required to supply the real and
artificial wants of domestic and social life.
Some one has recently said that the Ameri
can is the imly man that has ever had enough
to eat. And now that he has got to the
West, and Can go no further without going
to the East; he is turned back upon himself
to grow and nrovo what can be made of a
man in a land of plenty. And those were
days of plenty. The virgin soil brought forth
bountifully Herds of cattle and droves of
swine fed atlarg. unrestrained by any stock
law. Bears, deer, turkeys, wild geese and
ducks abounded. The Yadkin and the Ca
tawba were filled with shad, trout, red horse,
pike, bream, pereh. cat-Ssh and eels, and the
fisherman seldom returned without a hcavj
string offish. 1 " x
' Besides this, the early Ilowan man was a
man of faith. He may have .been a little
rough and free in his manners, but he had
his religious beliefs, and his religious obser
vances. iOa the western side pi the county
the Presbyterians had their churches, Thya
tira. Third! Creek, and Bethphage, where
Dr. McCorkle, Reyl Jaa. D. Kilpatrick and
Rev. John Oarrigah preached,and taught the
people the strong Calvinism of their creed.
In the eastern division, at the Organ Chnrch,
the Lower Stone, fnd elsewhere, the devout
Lutheran and German Reformed churches
and ministers' Jed the people in the way of
life. Salisbury could boast of but one church,
the Lutheran, standing where! the Lutheran
grave yard now iai .rlt didAot always have
a pastor,' but it was ojen to all evangelical
ministers. Salisbury Presbyterians were a
branch of Thyatira, and here Dr. McCorkle
often officiated, and nia'd his wife iq this-
teachers were employed to give instruction
to the young. In this way matters moved j
ular election or a general muster, for .several
years after the close of the war.
A mlaabla Discovery and Y.ew Departure In Kc-J.
leal Soiaoos, an entirely Kawand poaitiTely en'ei-tivo
Itemed? for tha apeody aad permanent Cura cf So ini
tial Emianion aad Impotency by the uoly ti-ua
vray, ria: Xtiract Application to the prtnri;al Hunt
cf the Disease, actio by Absorption, and exerting
lie inecinc lnuuence on las semuaai vesicles, Ejao
ulatoryDucta, Prostate ClanoL and Urethra. Tha
nse of the Kemedy is attended with no pain or incon
Tonience, and doca not intarfera with the ordinary
pnnuita of life; it is ertriefcty dissolved and soon ttv
oroea, proauclng ta immediate aoothinsrand restor
ative effect upon the pexua I and nervous onraniza
tiona wrecked from aelf-abajo and exceswn, etoppimr.
-the drain from the Bystem, rstorin tbe mind t-r
health and sound memory, removing the iJimnrsa
cf Sig-ht, Hervous Debility, Confusion of Idaas,
Aversion to Society, etc, et., acd the appearanre
of premature old age usually acconmaajring this
trouble, and restoring perfect Sexual Vigor, whero
it has been dormant for years. This mode of troat
ment has stood the test la very severe cateA, and la
sow a pronounced success. Drugs aro too much pre
scribed la tboie troubles, and, j mry can bear wit
Bess to, with but little If any pernittneutgood. Tut-ro
Is no kooasase about this PropAriUion. Pmctloai oh
at'rvaton enables s to positively gxmrantec tiutt it
wui srtrs amuaracnon. iurins tne eijr:t yeai-s tnat
U has beae la aeaeral use, we have thousands of te&ti-
BobUM as m its value, aad it Is now conceded by ths
sdlsal rrafawlosi to be ae most ntior.al ctoans ;et
diaeorre J of seachlac aad sariog this very prevalent
Wosfele. that Is wU knowa to bo the raue of untold
stiasryio so Biaoy.aad upon whom quacks prey wiih
Itilt umIm Bustruras sad biif fees. The l'6;neiy
U pot up in neat boxes, of three sizes. No. 1, oaou?h
to last a month,) 93; lie S, (suiiiciont to cficct a pcr
manent curs, nnles lu severe cases,) 5; No. 3.
(lasting over throe moatha, will stop emission ana
restore vhor in the worst discs,) $7. H.ent by mail,
seared, la plain wrappers. Full DIRECTIONS lor
ugiDZ wul accompany EACH BOX.
m ti n
(f AMatuairal I lltistititiattri
tnit Tvittimtm f, 9enirn tmtl rmirmre
restored to ferfeet tna i hood. a ml tt-
teU for tho ltttie of life, mtuie uu if j
inertr fjyc. BVHI Off
KARRIS kuMEDY CO. MFCL GEtSIS..
. Market and eta sis. St. Louis, Mo.
A .d4 ceapkta CCIDK TO WEDLOCK,
cuatisiGt Ckiplt n on A Caipiat Wnuuv.
head. !etioa W wi(, Evidaucci ol Virria
ity, 'tmfnmat. hivrilrty, Ad vie, to "Briii-
T mi as ' . Ccaios. CMtWsMSt, Law suJ CoBMsutio. luiaJiistsltls Vai
sshssm. k ssBBwi. 4 J. rnrtssv
jrlsa mt aWssiaJsmssss. fettsM Latf es 4. Lw id mmrrf SmI DiuaV
LaJ .Vffssf Mrwl WMtass, )-r-r V U mmmm, I'.etr uiks ea.4 rare. arte.
It u t! a YrivM Medical Adviaer " a j r
altmf (rem isipurt xual anactatiuttt, and co ttrtabuw tti
MTV SHkSaH S rts. M4 OstaSt M afsaBT iU. -slaaaB,) Nsftty EsolSl"M. LoaB W
ViM, aaV.. Baal mwafcaa mmrnf tmi?mmt mt atpr. fxssvf bastas mi B)Uf
iaWbk tmmtm. A. mmm tat '( mm raw ivtuCt that svlsJt aaarWi kss
w rl. is. mmt m mm Usw tv; a $ est 1aI mf (uir. It utia
sw b lst w aasft I Mir t.'. i k, mmi Las tUw WjgttSa Vlik M V J'Uta CajBSia
viKvaSSlh tlMiMssSl t-f 1. .
(I. PIM aaWHaW B1 fas -Bit,. MrTa-rtf DM) IirllRI tmm tb rtUOtlX
BW I "'MIL Mai SBSBBiBB Watt aWs lst U USUM sVSMaUiaBU t UeU SM.vBS.U4. 1
mm Tr.SK. Alaau J
X0.I8X. f(l SI.. Ft. UnK So.
WANTED!- Onc Hundred Bushels of
Onions; also, One Hundred Bushels of
Peach Stones, at
not buy until you have seen 1L
tir FOX SM E BY ALL LEADING DEALERS.
ro FROM 0TB
We a?ain offer this firs'-dot Fertiliser to
worthy of their patronage It has! stood the
been brought to ita prcseit admirab'e condition only by thtt libtral expenditure of labor
anu money in a continuous enori io improrc. its standard -.and unilormitv arc cu-ir in
teed. i 1 b
The rennlt of its applicstitn to the wheat crop for the p.-u-t twelre rears has proved it
to be equal to any fertilizer ever sold in the United States. During thhrtinic thousands
of tone of it have lxen used by t he i farmers of Virginia and North Carolina trith hi"hlv
satisfactory results. j J
We recommend it because:
It is rich in Soluble Phosphate atjd Ammonia.
It affords a constant supply ol plant food.
It contains no inert matter. j
It insures a stand of grass or cloyipr.
It is an improver and renovator of worn out lands.
It U fine, drj, and in the best condition for drilling. ,
It contains an ample quantity of all the elements necessary to make wheat and a lare
surplua which will show itself uponjtht; clover and grass, and in the improvement of the
It is prepared from the best and) most approved materials, in the most careful and
thorough manner, and under our personal supervision.
Its standard and uniformity are guaranteed.
Whatever mJ he the merits of thcr fertilizers, no one can go wron in using one
which is so well made, is so fully guaranteed J has been so long and so thorough
APP 3tT O A.TI GK.
" WTecoiaaen'J.lh3 application of tromlOO to OOO pounds per aere-rfrtffcrfin wltn the wheat
If pracUcable. If the drill Is not used, the and should be ploughed and krrnred unUl fine ana free from
clods, and the wheat and guliio harrowodjm, following with the roller. This mlxis the manure with the
soil, and keeps It near the surface Just wh re the roots of the wheat will find it easiest. When sowed on
ian i pioug-nea put not iiirrowea, mucn oi tne guano
cLsan & Co., Mpcrcsville, C P. awe,
y Agents at all xapcrtant p:istj m IT.
, A Nwftfl maU ha 2SJ'00?, lu"
beroses in full bloom. L
"Aslieville's Girl of The Wtt,"
"Sitting Unll" received to-dar. My as-
sortnient of tine and tutu null) Cigars for
tho Wholesale and Iietail trade is the
jmost complete in town.
CIGARETTES Chixsius Tobacco iu
gro.it vai ieties.
S2:tf THEO. BTJESBAUM.
NISTR ,T0R'5 SALE
ni t House door, in
in., on Saturday',
Sa'.islmr.v, at '
11th day of
ext. 8 feharea oi
iroliua'Uailroad Stock, beIon"iii!
to the estate of William lleathman. dee'd
II. C. BOST,
Abo'r de bonis noti
ui U'm. Ilealbuian.
B.C. BIBB & SON
Manufacture a desirable line of Heating sus
Cooking Stoves, including the renowned
The most perfect in operation, altrstctlTS in
nppearsjire, and eiailtl for durability. IK
.1 'UU I
- Wheat Growers r.r
being in all respect.
test, for tifhe year's
c nnionir ih and has
- - a
goes dawn m the opening between the furrow sUces.
LemMcn, Einsliaw Bros.-, Winstra, and
C, ani Va, '
U ixxJ v v ixo
yEV' ADVERTISEMENTS ' '
North Carolina College
Mt. PtEASAXTv Cabrnis Comity v 0 '
tlie next session of this iDstitntio
gins the first Monday of Augait SV
Instruction is th or on Mi ! v ocu
expenses for ten months averse , aI 1
125. to 8IG0. For-fiirther InftT rr
UA. Bikle, D,iTiS
PIANOS & ORGANS
Special Oia-r, Fall llgo
Cash Prices, with Thr4 M
-KB. a . V
Pianos and Orgnua
000 trong" br everv tmtgA
our mammoth, Stw boubU Store (CO f?3 t
mur noriM nigu;, 110m eeltar to loft d "
ply the trade of the South. Jnt 'i r.'
advantageoun contact with Ieadinir Pianj 4 ?
Organ luanafacturerB. NewSivles LiSs
ew Term, for f.ll trade 1880 S, i VS Ii
fer d to Cash Bayers-Dnring
eul, beptemberud October we will,";:
Lowest Cash Pnce. imvablH S-A . VV '
noHorSlO eh on.Organ.., with Ulan", V 1
three monthn without interest. Ktw i: 1
9 Stops, $59. Selections from leakers t-J ;
65 different etvles. Lowest nrici ?- 2! ?
ca. Guaranteed inptrmuent. 15 daYs .5 ,1
Kvenrinducement tlat any re.illiT,
can offer 011 sUndard instruments; Stnd S
VM 18S0 Sped! .Offer-. Addre
Luddea & Bite a' Rt
W esleyan Female Institute
STAUNTON, VIRGLNIA. '
Oi)ens its 31st Session September mfi
18S0. Ahjou- the first Sthols for vounir V'
ladies 111 the United States. Climate nut ;
BiuiMBwii.. fiirrounaiiis wauiiful.-ypg.
pila from seventeen States. Among the
lowest terms the I'liion. .
TERMS : Board, WashinLight., Englial,
Course. Laun, trench, fui eieh. Ur J ?.t.
Seholafic year X....I... L sita
All extras, very low. For caUlobu, Td:
Iress Rev. Wm. A. 11 A UK IS, D. DJ 1 W
JAMES M. GRAY,
glttoriuij an. OyflKhstllor at
OFFICE-- . ..
TIIE BOLIHN-C1 ADJOINING THCPOiTTlOt'SS,
Owners of 'OolJMialn Lands and Huyers. put la
comiuunk-uttnn. i ianU,
All Minlnj luttrrsts meet pi-oinpt atti?alion. ,
. Notes, acuountsv". collected. . t
flsute-s, and alt matters of Adailnlstrators ibS j
Exeeutcrs. Are. siatleit " j
Jjuid and all otuor titles carefully Investigated. -Real
estate- agencv imw in
ant a'ljotainsr-eounUes buugj and mVL 1
Co!.imalcatlon Kollclted wiUi. tliose aeater-j;
buy or sell".
Arranpements made to purchase fhoaplaBsb la 4
'.-lorida. rxiH hT Minnesota (ihat pan known is
l he pri;ats-J I.aji i;.
IinN f r s.ile In
rtver lu Vlrjjtajjs.
IIUnoLs, an 1 along tUcrisn
Iartt'?3 (K'.sfrtilK" tneoee.
or row toT Xtirvli CatoBa-'
fumisiu-u witli ii.:e.'iar.v tnroruiationi
N.,-1. L:ui ls iviijrit aud sold" alonif the pnm j
ine of tiv a--les'.ir aad saltslury riiilrd. (r3 '
roul in 'ist !n battt wli-tber .torn. Hanlvanrt (.!-
i in .(ir.rics n-rt'lve outstle uhl urliDi, Thi'pro,Ti-w
n 1 :ic ! !.. .ui! ui" !iwru.en:n)f-PTionfli it tlie)t.
le nf t :u-nt ::mti,! (leinrtud "and mart liave lt
Arr.ui? Micnfsj in-luir neii-tl to pst lonlsla
Usljur.v ;ml ill ..ider xdms tn lUiirici t. 1
I'.s. .Via.ir;d renrty tur sffla'.! :teblc farms. -
IffC:.!! u .-.-e. or aadress Luck Box m. "
STATS. CP SCnVii GAHGLIsX
A" in. T. (jiitn-s :hi! wifvMai
., inos. liniur and w:
. fci. ...... .H
Pi I it inn 'in '
i,ncy J., anl o(-ker-
. ... . .-...111. -.llli I It. I
i IT I ... ili...... T
nit w'irr Clara C , i i for I'artiliuo.
t i.vw ui
'" i i 1 i a m
II spearing to the natifar(im of tlieCwrt
upon aflhlavit,- that Thosr Il.-Ieaiiii;tn, "ontrl.
the ll-ffntlantM uttove name, H a iipn-rt-iiaf
of this Slate, and can not, after due uiTiuct,
Ue I' l iud, It isorderedtitat ii?nc;L btwtfie
for nis snecepsive weeks, in the "(Jaroiins
Walelniiaiipnldiplied in Salisbury, C."
nolifving sniO dejViMlanls tf nt Jiear at th tif '
tice of the Clerk' of 'he Surior Cotirt of
eounty, on or-before'the lOili hiy of .Sjitf
Ker, and an-v,er l!:e IVti'iimi which .1-,
fiiel in said ofKee, or ihej.i;!in! ill- v.ii!;if . ,
to Che Court fur the relief dcmandi 'i ;' '
Winter this the2nth day ,.f Ji.i . ! :
G.'M. KlN(.!!AM. v V ;
41 :rw -$().. j( - IXi'viH ' '.!: : i
MARSH'S MACHIK 3
Tho Machine- Shoos and Foundry d e
late K. II. Marsh are -'FOR
BE ITT. ; "
An experienced machinitit and rompeleti m&
to msnsue. will find heie a very inviting
portnnity for fucccpcfur hoir.tFs. Hi.";
ehinery i nil in pood rtinriit p f Tr ,
he kepVjn i.peration until rtuled. Order '
he filled as usual. r
Having ad id injsiered on my late Jlllbna,
estate, all m-runn ir-ilr htu) to it are lirTfv
notified to T.ll;r .vrlu t.-iv-m n
IlMviri" rl iima urrnli.tl thas-imn arc
to'prfscnl them for parinant witbitL iwelv
inoiii lis -fciu -l-li is ihe 1st dav of Jnlyf1839r".
this notice will he plead in .bar of recovt-tj.
M A UTI I A C. M A lff, .
'July I, 1S30. " Administratrix.
37:tw " - .
Large and Well Selected Stock of
NEW GOODS. L
Just Read a few" line and judgo th(
balance of our Stock accordingly :
DEY GOODS AND NOTIONS.
A complete Ktock of Shoes at old prices. LatUf?, o
Men's uats from, m cts ud. a Full Assortuien
Shirts at liWt yetir's prices. ' .
Can sell a Man's Coat for 50 cents. Elgtit or, 32
kinds of COFFEES, from it :cta to the jve
Mocht Elpht varieUeihif Syrups and Molasses
rycheTip. A pood assortment of SUGARS -
as cau bo had ia the place, Twelve fclads oi
cna win a tobacco, ;
Cheapest to the best to be had ln aib? ?r"
Salt, Leather. Jrfeata Crockerr. Potatoes aDiXm,
many articles not herein mentioned-r , "
we bU7 and sell all kinks or Country IayJvi
will ps j- potHl prtofsor Diied Irtilts and Kernj
rr De sure aad see us before you hey of
May tt, tJyjy. j ; s'
LawnsrPHucaL and HCrcals at 10 t'ts. Ttvoor"""
housaiid yarda of Good CaMpo, bought last yj
we offer at Ik, cts. A TuU ossortmeni w