J walchma:i Supplement oj H A Y H fl I) MX I B X ILkJL JL JL JL A x Jl N JLo RECORD v OF JAMES A. GARFIELD. CREDIT MOBILIER was the corporation that built the Union Pacific Railroad. Oakes Ames handled its stock, and bribed members of Congress to pass the bill hy giving them stock. The whole of the facts! came out in the Forty-second Congress, before the Poland Republican Congressional Investigating Committee. They are as fallows: Oakes Ames swore that in January, 1868, he got fcfr Garfield ten shares of the Credit Mobilier stock; Ames paid forjthe stock; Garfield did not pay him any money; Ames sold the bonds for $776, and received a cash dividend on the stock of $6o!o, leaving due to Garfield $329, after paying for the stock, which mount he swore he paid him in cash, and he submitted the account as follows: GARFIELD IN ACCOUNT WITH OAKES AMES. rThe following memorandum referred to by witness as a statement of his account with Mr. Garfield was placed in evidence: J. A. G. Dr. 1868. To 10 shares stock Credit Mobilier, A $1,000 00 Interest - 1 47 00 June 19, To Cash 329 00 1868. By dividend bonds Union Pacific llai'r ad A, $1,000 at 80 per cent, less 3 per cent . . . . , June 17. By dividend collected for you , $1,376 00 Cr. $1,376 00 OAKES AMES' "LITTLE BOOK f showed the following entries of Senators and members of Con- gicss, and the amounts received by them: $776 600 00 00 Bingham . Allison . -Kelley... Wilson . , Garfield . $1,200 600 329 329 329 him any I did not II. L. Dawes $ 600 Schofield 600 Patterson 1,800 Painter 1,800 Wilson 1,200 Colfax.... 1,200 Ames swears mat alter me matter Decame public, oarheia wanted to treat it as a loan, and says I stated to him thatie had never asked me to lend money; that I never knew he wanted to borrow any know he was short. I made a statement to him showing the transaction and what there was due onjt; that deducting the bond dividend and the cash dividend, there was $329 due him, for which I had given him a check; that he had never asked me to lend him any money, and I never loaned him any, I told him he knew very well that that was a dividenid. I made out a statement and showed it to him at the time. In one con versation he admitted it, and. said, as near as I can remember, that there was $2,400 du him in stock and bonds. lie made a little memorandum of $1,000 and $1,400, an-!, as I recollect, said there was $1,606 of Union Pacific Railroad, stock,! $1,000 of Credit Mobilier stock, and $400 of stock or bonds; I do not recoiled what. My impression is that he wanted to Say as lit le about it as he could, and to get of as easily as he could. That was about the conversation 1 had with him about the long and short of it. . I Q. Have you the memorandum Mr. Garfield made ? A. I have the figures that lie made. Paper shown to the Committee containing figures as jfollows: $1,000 j $1,400 $2,400 Q. You say this figures were made by Mr. Garfield ? A. Yc.n, sir. : C. What do these sums represent ? How did he put them down? A. $1,000 Union Pacific Railroad stock, $1.000 Credit Mobilier stock, and $400 which he could not remember whether it was to be in cash or stocks or bonds. ! Garfield swore before the Committee that he simply borrowed $306 from Ames, and afterward repaid him the money. The Committee did not believe him, and did believe Oakes Ames; and its report to the Forty-second Congress contains the following: . : "The facts in regard to Mr. Garfield, as found by niittee, are identical with the case of Mr. Kelley to the point of the reception of the check of $329. He agreed with Mr. Aimestotake ten shares of Credit Mobilier stock, but did not pay for the same. Mr. Ames received the 80 percent, dividend bonds and sold them for 97 per cent., and also received the 60 per cent, cash dividend, which, together, paid the price of the stock and interest and Jeft a balance of $329. This sum was paid over to Mr. Carfielcf by a check on the Sergeant-at-Arms, and Mr. Garfield then under stood this sum was the balance of dividends after paying for the stocky. Mr. Ames received all the subsequent dividends; and the Committee do not find that, since the payment of the 329, there has been'any communication between Mr. Ames and Mr. Gar field on the subject until the investigation began." . ;v j; He voted for the railroad charter, received the proceeds of the "stock, tried totreat the 'transaction as a loan, -swore that he receivea no aiviuena, ana ,ou juuges, uic vvuuuiucc, uow lieved him. : (New York Times, February 19th, 1873.) Messrs. Kelley and Garfield present a most distressing figure. Their participation in the Credit Mobilier affair is complicated by tne most umonunaie contradictions 01 testimony. (New York Tribune, Febmary.lgth, 1873.) James A." Garfield, of Ohio, had ten shares; never paid a dollar; received $329, which, after the investigation began, he was anxious to have considered as a loan from Mr. Uakes Ames to tmnselL the Com- Well, the wickedness of all of it is that these men betrayed the trust of the people, deceived their constituents, and, by evasions and falsehoods, confessed the transactions to be disgraceful. DE GOLYER. De Golyer & Company were parties who had a patent pavement which they wanted the Board of Public Works of Washington and Congress to buy and lay down. Sheppard was then in control of city altaiis, and Garfield was the Chairman of the Committee on Appropriations in the House of Representatives. In order to obtain the contract they had to pass through both these bodies. The subject was investigated before a Committee of Congress, and it fully appeared, by the testimony of Garfield and others, that the agent of De Golyer & Co. paid Garfield a fee of $5000 for his agency in procuring the contract for them; that he never filed with the Board of Public Works or elsewhere a brief or opinion on the subject of the patent pavement, but that he did speak to Gov. Sheppard once on the subject. The contract was given to De (Golyer & Company. It cost the Government about $1,200,000 The profits to the contractors were about $400,000. It could not have gotten through the Committee on Appropriations without the influence of the Chairman. Garfield was the man to reach. His influence was secured by the $5000 fee, for which he gave no opinion, except to speak to Sheppard. The pavement was a cheat and a swindle. The question came up in court in Chicago as Chittenden, the man who secured Garfield through Parsons, brought suit against De Golyer and M'Clelland for this service after they had secured their money on the paving contracts. His claim was that he had secured Garfield, not as a lawyer, but on the distinct ground that he was Chairman of the Committee on Appropriations. The plea of the defendants was that this was a claim for lobby services that the court could not recognize, because to do so would be against public policy, and their counsel quoted the opinion of Justice Swayne in a much weaker case than this of Garfield. The plea was sustained by Judge Farwell, of the Circuit Court of the United States in Chicago, and the case there ended with the defeat of the plaintiff. '. The evidence was overwhelming, not only that the pavement was worthless and over-charged, but that the contract had been ob tained through the influence of J. A. Garfield, member of Con gress, and Chairman of the Committee on Appropriations, through which committee the bill for that and all other District expenses would have to pass, and Richard C. Parsons, Garfield's friend and United States Marshal for the District. The pernicious effects of these official influences were so apparent, and presented a case so analagous to that of Trist vs. Child, passed on by Justice Swayne in the United States Supreme Court, that Judge Farwell took the identical ground, and even employed the same language which had been so happily suggested by Judge Swayne: "The agreement with General Garfield, a member of Congress, to pay him $5000 as a contingent fee for procuring a contract which was itself made to depend upon a future appropriation by Congress which appropriation could only come from a com mittee of which be was chairman was a sale of official influence which no veil can cover, as against the plainest principles of public Policy. The report of the committee and the testimony annexed are conclusive proofs of the facts here stated. HIS OPPOSITION TO FOREIGNER'S. On the 8th of March, 1867, at the first session of the Fortieth Congress, Mr." Fernando Wood asked unanimous consent to offer the following resolution : j A'esolved, That this House extends its sympathy to the people of Ireland in their pending struggle for constitutional liberty. If the despotic governments of Europe shall be allowed to establish monarchial institutions in America, so should the United States foster and promote the extentiori of republican institutions in Europe. Mr. Broomall (Rep.) objected. The motion was then to sus pend the rules to enable the resolution to pass. The question was taken, and there were 104 yeas and 14 nays. Thirteen of those who voted nay were Republicans, and James A. Garfield was one. Perhaps this affords a reason why Irishmen should rally to the sup port of Garfield. In the Congressional Globe, April 17, 187 1, First Session, part 2, page 735, will be found the following: Mr. Kinsella. I move a suspension of the rules and the adop tion of the following resolution, which I send to the desk: , Whereas, The prolonged incarceration in the prisons of the Dominion of Canada of persons accused of violating the neutrality laws is a source of irritation to a large number of American citi zens; therefore, . i : - Resolved, That the President of the United States is respectfully requested to have the. case of rsucb persons presented before such Joint High Commission, to the 'end that their release may be effected. . ' - 1 .1. " James A. Garfield objected, and voted against the passage of the strictly just resolution, showing thereby his hatred not alone of the unfortunate Fenian prisoners referred to in the resolution, who were then confined in Canadian dungeons for more than five years, but of the whole Celtic race. VOTES TO TAX TEA, COFFEE, SALT, AND PRINTING PAPER. As early as February 12, 1872, Mr. Mercur, of Pennsylvania, moved a resolution directing the Committee of Ways and Means to report a bill repealing the import duties on tea and coffee. The motion was agreed to without debate, for it was made under a sus pension of the rules. Mr. Garfield is recorded in the negative. fGlobe, part 2, Second Session Forty-second Congress, page 974. On the following Monday, February 19, Mr. Mercur made another motion of like import by moving to discharge the Com mittee of the Whole from the further consideration of a bill to re peal existing duties on tea and coffee. This was adopted also under a suspension of the rules. Mr. Garfield is again recorded against it. f Ibid. page. in 8. On the same day a resolution .vas offered directing, the Ways and Means Committee, whenever it shall report a bill touching any import duties, to place salt and coal upon the free list. Mr. Gar field seems to have dodged this vote, for just lefore the vote was taken he is recorded on a civil rights bill, and just after it on the tea and coffee bill. Ibid. ' The following is from the Congressional Record of April 6, 8o: Mr. Townshend, of Illinois. 1 move to suspend the rules so that the Committee on Ways and Means be discharged from the further consideration of House bill -No. 5265, and that the same be now passed: The bill was read as follows: " That sections 2503, 2504, and 2505 of Title 33 of the Revised Statutes of the United Si ates be revised and amended so that the duty on salt, printing Type, printing paper, and the chemicals and materials used in the manufacture of printing paper, be repealed, ana that said articles be placed on the Iree list." Mr. Townshend, of Illinois. I call for the yeas and nays on agreeing to the motion to suspend the rules. The yeas and nays were ordered. The question was taken, and there were yeas 112, nays 80, not voting loo. So (two-thirds not voting in favor thereof) the motion to suspend the rules was not agreed to. Mr. Gai field voted against the motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill to relieve printing paper, and type, and salt from tax. SALARY GRAB. He voted for the salary grab and took the money. IAILR.OAD SUBSIDIES. He voted to grant millions of acres of public lands to R. R. corporations, and against securing the rights of actual settlers on the same. May, 1870. SWINDLES OF THE NEGRO. He voted against instructing to investigate and try those con cerned in the defalcations of the Freedman's Bureau. CHINESE IMMIGRATION. He voted against the bill to restrict it. DENOUNCED BY HIS REPUBLICAN CON STITUENTS. Sepember 7, 1876, Republicans of his Congressional District adopted the following: Resolved, That we further arraign and denounce him for his corrupt connection with the Credit Mobilier, for his false denial thereof before his constituents, for his perjured denial thereof be fore a committee of his peers in Congress, for fraud upon his con stituents in circulating among them a pamphlet purporting to set forth the finding of said committee and the evidence against him, when in fact material portions thereof were omitted and garbled. Resolved, That we further arraign and charge him with cor rupt bribery in selling his official influence as chairman of the Committee on Appropriations for 5,000 to the DeGolyer pave ment ring to aid them in securing a contract from the Board of Public Works of the District of Coluin!ia; selling his influence to aid said ring in imposing upon the people of said District a pave ment which is almost worthless at a price three times its cost, as sworn to by one of the contractors; selling his influence to aid said ring in procuring a contract, to procure which it corruptly paid $97,000 "for influence;" selling his influence in a matter that in volved no question of law, upon the shallow pretext that he was acting as a lawyer; selling his influence in a manner so palpable and clear as to be so found and declared by an impartial and com petent court upon an issue solemnly tried. Injtheir address Sept. 10, 1876, they say: The Republican party has done mudi to purify itself within itself. Its Whiskey Ring Revenue officers are convicted and ini prisoned, Belknap is deposed and impeached and only escaped conviction by a technicality. Its Salary Stealing, Credit Mobilier, Pavement Jobbing Congressmen are mostly retired. James A. Garfield remains. Richard C. Parsons, his compeer as a great patent pavement lawyer, nominated without opposition in a district Republican last year by 6,500 majority, was buried at the polls by Henry B. Payne, a Democrat, by 2,500 majority. The office holders nominated himbut the brave, honest people rebuked him. James A. Garfield fell from 10,935 majority in 1872 to 2,526 majority in 1874. "Oh, what a fall there was, my countrymen." Rebuked, shorn of character for truth and integrity, all that is noble in manhood, alm st defeated, he stands a sad and blackened monument of avarice and greed. OFFICIAL RECORD OK CHESTER A. ARTHUR. Republican Candidate for Vice-President. He was Collector of Customs for the port of New York. He was removed by President Hayes in l879,and the following reasons for the removal were given by the President and Secretary of the Treasury to the United States Senate, in official letters. Upon the strength of these charges of corruption and dishonesty in his administration of the office, the Senate assented to his removal. " With a deep sense of my obligations under the Constitution, I regard it as my plain duty to suspend you, in order that the office may be honestly administered." R. B. Hayes to Collector Arthur, January 31, i8jg. " You have made the Custom House a centre of partisan poli tical management." R. B. Ha)es to Collector Arthur, Jan. j, l879- " Gross abuses of administration have continued and increased during your incumbency." John Sherman to Collector Arthur, January 31, iSjg. " Persons have been regularly paid by you who have rendered little or no service; the expenses of your office have increased while the receipts have diminished. Bribes, or gratuities in the shape of bribes, have been received by your subordinates in several branches of the Custom House, and you have in no case supported the effort ' o correct these abuses. John Sherman to Collector Aithur.