H ( '
I r I i i . . - ' .1
VOL XIL THIRD SERIES
C.; JANUARY 20, 1881.
.-"!J!.1t ' L ' ; " - - - '- - - N I - -. i ... H L a : : M ' '" . ' J-
lie Carolina Watchman
felTABLISIIED IN TIIE YEAR 1832.
i PRICE, $10 IN ADVAACJfi.
cbSTBACT ADVERTISING RATES.
VI S! FEBRUARY SO, 1SS0. - v1
1 monlb el's
$1.50 $2.50 $3.50 $H.fc
3.00. 4.50 6.S5 79 . Ii.fc9
4.50 .00 T.60 11.99 .15.99
COO 7.50 9.99 13L&9 18.99
70 9.75 11.85 14.59 25.99
11.25 15.75 800 S5.59 40.99
13.75 86.25 33.75 48.75 75.99
socliios ana i:ois-iJu jiimiu-oM
4kA iiist'.ist. ana nrcTcnba iiits
iireaii sud tightsess -.rruss the ctiest
iMpotan Lneuralilo lr.iiiudr. It is e!y
tJji Jjemirn tiwiss tji care you,
i JIIo.i Potccrfitl Healing
Agent ever Uiscorcrgii,
ttnry's Cnrbaflo IktZve lictlJ hitrttx.
i&itrf I'nrbolla ('.aim c-irns tores.
CarUuiUi Sitln) c:r. erit-.tlrms.
'Mtrnru' C'trlivlio t.nlns hculA ti:iplrs
li&c fdr Henry's, a nil Tlio Ko CCIjc?.
CC2ES lit OSS niNDIT,
i; ti ! ;
A SCrvU rKE"X!TI YU C7-
D-iiitheria, fend V7iiovpi.ig- tou'ji.
j j j J'ieatant to the Tnstj. -
plcleva Dyspepsia eratl HIIiouriicEa.
C3 FOI? SALE BY ALL DHUGGISTS.
' 1 mm
tmX F. HENRY. CO..
?.CoUor Place, ! Tr-wTot
pr Sale by T. F. KLUTTZ, Driip-gist,
MES M. GRAY,
ttorney and Counsellor at Lav,
SALISBURY, X. G.t
0llC in tlm Hnurt: TTnnso Inf. nrxt i1ir
teSquft-e Huughton. Will practice in all
thi Courts of the State.
UTTORXEY AT LAlVf
practices in the State and Federal
Spurts, i . - - . 12:6m
-i . -:525
r :aii Hentoson.
SALISBURY, N. C
aay22 t870 tt.
SALISBURY, -IT. C. , ;
in . . ... . ,
1V K ' kkk All low down
tester SmS-in fact I will
cnuia, 3 grcll STOVES
nfull - tT'i-UoiiTwr tlin
1ar," 18S0. Hryou cm buy
"'Vw and pr-o .i
Mbp best. old stills oi
L Short Notice.
IF YOU WISH
I Y0Ur Watches and
Please ltari tlir win. t
twenuieinan, Salisburr, N. C.
R. L. BROWN.
BMifs THPTIME T0 SDDSCB13
f PR THE WATCHMAN
Co. Is P:;cnmonLi) BrcrtctitLs
Croop, mocpa: ucasn ana
; of lire iircaimcir vrzzzz
r to nave liio n-as reineuy.
a t - a .T a kT I. a I X.
i ' '
The loved and bltat, whoVo crossed
, ' i '".
ucv wua iiare cons ifnri
Come they not still ns mfM.ir,
From the celestial shore.
Oh it is not saperstitioas faith,
1 Though scoffers s deride.
And doablj blessed are' we who feel
We have an angel guide. j
, The mystic ladder still, is flnng
l?rom heaven's embattled height,
Crowded with messengers, as when
. xi cueerea the Hebrew's sight, i
With tread too light to bend to earth
The fairest frailest flowers, ! j
Or brusliaway the beaded dew, I
That rosy morning showers j
They wall ile eartlittliese spirits pure, :
Heirs of a heavenly land,- . - -I
They come, they go, but leave behind
Jso foot-print in; the sand.
Bathed in a stream that ever flows
Hard by the throne of love,
Spirits arrayed in heavenly light,
Invisibly they move.
And bearing censers which exhale
A soft, a rich perfume,
Tluy whLsjer to the dying ear,
Of life beyond tho tomb.
Pure messengers they come to win,
' To warn, to comfort, chide,
Ana blest we are wjib ever walk
An augel at our sid. .
; WeeUy Independent.
All at Work.
Xo mansion or manor have I on the land
And fortunes and favors I caunot eoiti-
mand ; it
No title, no triumph on.laiul or on sea.
Yet thousands on thousands aire' working
for me. j
The miuer down deep in the dark,di-eary
'. gronud, j
The soldier, bold battling where dangers
, ; abound, ' i
The brave jolly tar, on the wide, winding
Are toiling and toiling for you and for me.
The watchman pacing the cold cheerless
And "watching to welcome tho glimmcrins:
ni,t, te !
1 fie spinner and weaver are bound to
To spin aud to weave for vou and for mc.
Tiie printer, plying his art at the case,
The -huntt r, vily following the eltase,
The smithy, so swarthy, aceept4 the de-
cree " - ' ? . "
And ponnds the laight anvil for. you and
; for me. ;
. i i
The earpenter, driving thechiscl or plane,
Tho reaper, reaping the ripe-bearded
The doctor, Riniliug on patient audi fee.
Are slaves and sovereigns to you and to
Indeed did you know that for you j and
for me j
The brave thousands toil on land and on
sea J j
There's little we eat, and there's nothing
we wear, ' j
But what's been a burden for some one to
: bear. j
L. B. JJoman.
How a Hisrh Tariff Protects.
The argument that the higher we
build the Chinese wall of protection,
the better it is or the laboring class-
es. is a delusion, as can
proven by facts. But false as is
theory, U is honestly believed in by
hundreds of thousands. And most of
those who hold to the heresy are com
pelled, unconsciously, to suffer for
their faith. They are made to believe
thaj; their labor is being protected,
while it is being actually robbed by
an uneaual adjustment of the duties
6u imports. They are compelled to
pay twro prices for much of the goods
that they consume, while there jis no
corresponding increase in their learn
ings. As our tariff is now arranged
there is not one in twenty of the work
ing people who is not the poorer, at
the end of each year, for having been
so carefully "protected.,,
If a prohibitory tariff on articles f
general consumption be such a pana
cea for human afflictions as its advo
cates claim, why has it failed so con
spicuously in this country ? If it be
such a guarantee of good wages for
workingnien, why was our whole
industrial system blasted in
when this great blessing was in full
operation ? Why with such a
to make work abundant and
high, did all our industries languish
for five terrible years? Why did
millions of worklngmen and j their
families suffer for food ? Why did
thousands of skilled laborer, take to
tramps ? What thU
panacea uQing mrougn an itnose
gloomy years? r
Our Canadian neighbors concluded
two' or three years ago, that
must put up a Chinese wall.
j built it high and strong. They put
ft prohibitory tariff on many articles
of general use. Has it been a bless
ing to labor in the Dominion ? Are
the 'wheels of industry humming over
there? Do any of. oar idle men go to
Canada for tork? Nothing of the
kind has happened, but something
else has come. :The laboring popt la
t ion of Canada are emigrating by
Let us adjust our tasiff in ithe
interest of labor and vo vrillj be
coneent. It is because the present
adjustment plunders labor that j we
denounce it and demand reform.
Washington PosL ..'
;f Good Advice by Gen'. Garfield.
Cleaveland, Ohio.. Jan. 12.
delegation from the colored men of
Alabama called upon Gen. Garfield
last evening at the residence of Wml
Edwards. Their chairman addressed
the General, setting forth the condi
tion of the colored people in the
South, their lack of education, &c,
and hoped that the coming adminis
tration would do what it can towards
the education of the blacks. Garfield
repjied that the education of their
children was the foremost duty of all
American people, and assured them
that w hat could be done would be.
He urged them to avoid raising the
color line, and not separate them
selves as a class from the mass of citi
zens. Garfield's Inauguration.
It is Expected to he the Biggest Ecee Held
--A General I iiritatioH. j
Wasiiixctox, Jan. 12. Tho following
notice was issued by the inauguration
committee to-day : i
The executive committee in charge of
the unofficial ceremonies aud parade in
cident to the inauguration of Gen. jjas. A.
Garfield, as President of the United States
ou the 4th of uextMarch, has extended
an invitation to all military organizations
known to tho adjutant-generals jof the
several States, to which there has been a
very favorable response from all parts of
tho Union; The committee now," through
the press, extend a coi-diifl jinvitation to
all civic aud other associations thruugh
out the Union to be present aud partici
pate in the said parade, which we iare al
ready assured will surpass anything of
the kind iu the history of the country.
This invitation is extended to those resi
dent in all parts of the Union, regardless
of political affiliations. Acceptances
should be made with the ieast possible de
lay, giving the numbers of those comiug,
&-C, to the undersigned. II. C. Gorbiv,
"Assistant Adjt.-Gen. IS j. A.,
Corresponding Secretary ."
Although definite information can
not be ascertained, documents! were
presented to the Senate, in response
to resolutions of inquiry as to the
cost in life and money of the Iudiau
wars from 18C5 to 1879, showing that
$22,680,341 have been expended in
that time, and that 40 officers, 526
privates and 13 civilians (with the
army) have been killed during! these
What it Means. Christianity
means to the merchant that he should
be houest; to the judge it means that
he should be just; to the servant that
he should be faithful ; to the school
boy that he should be diligent; to the
street-sweeper that he should sweep
clean ; to every worker that his work
should be well done. Baltimore Pres
byterian. ftBj all means pray for whatever you
want, only pray the harder, Thy will
be done. As to praying for the con
version of sinners, the only limitation
in the Bible is; that if one "sin a sin
unto death," we need not pray for him.
Until you are absolutely convinced
that it is not the will oT God that the
man should be saved, (and how can
you know that while he lives?) you
are invited to pray on. Why did
Christ make special -mention of im
portunity, if He did hot intend that
we should pray down some Igreat
blessings under great discouragements?
, "you can know nothing of what is
predestined by the results. It is much
njore likely that you are predestined
to pray your friend to Christ-ay in
ten years, thair that you are predes
tined to be denied your prayer;
,v Those most ambitious of prefer
ment, arc usually the least fit for it.
A Vivid Descriptiout
A correspondent at Cape P&lmas gives the
Observer of Monrovia, the following account
of the disaster to the Liberia Coaster To and
the sad loss f life:' I 1:- -
The steamer which air ved here from Eng
land on last Saturday brought very distress
ing news of an, accident, unparalleled, I
think, in the history of Liberia, The steam
er picked up fear persons (2 Amcrico Libe
rians and'2 natives) at sea from the wreck
of one of the boats owned by Messrs. JlcG ill
& Bro. of this place, and jbrought themJ
home. From the two Americo-Liberians
(one of whom was mate f the jmfortunate
boat) we gathered the following particulars
of the disaster: ' j i .
The boat left Monro v a on Wednesday,
the 15th jnst. 5 o'clock P.; jf bound fer
hopie, with a jcargo of provifukerosene,
and a lot of sails, &c jTroof the wrecked
Schooner "Lincoln ;r and about 39 passen
gers, more, than two-thirds of whom were
natives. Ilou. J. B. McljiU, part owner and
manager of the business, was himself on
At 4 p. m. on Thursday they anchored at
Bassa Mr. McGill went ashore in the canoe
which the boat carried. ; He soon returned,
asd they were off again at 6 p. m. , The
wind being ahead, they stood out to sea. At
10 o'clock there was a squall. The mate sug
gested to the Captain (the latter had never
sailed that boat before) that they "shorten
sails." He looked around composedly, not
seeming to apprehend any danger. , After a
little while the mate returned to the captain,
but he scarcely repeated the suggestion be
fore a gust of wind struck the boat, aud she
was capsized. Mr. McG ill, 1J. Wood, and
others, who were below, immediately sprang
out, the water filled in. The consternation
was great. All attention was turned to the
cauoc which was adrift. Those who could
swim, having hastily to n off their clothes,
swam to it but in their efforts to get in
swamped it The capttin and most of the
crew held to the boat, the canoe . havins
drifted from them beforu they could get to
it. Several of the bushu en wlio knew noth
ing about swimming,and two native women
who did net get out of Ihe cabin, drowned
at once. Of those who' were with tbc canoe
a few were expert swimmers, of whom Mr.
MeGill was one. They made an effort to get
the canoe above the watjer, but others hung
on it in such a way tha; the attempt was
fruitless. It being very rough, and the ca
noe altogether at the merry. of the waves,
sometimes turning quite
difficult even to hold on
over, it was very
One after another ceased the struggle for
life and yielded to their
bad fate. Mr. Wood
was the first to give upj
I have done all
that I could," he said, and was covered by
the waves. Messrs. Hunt, Hoady, Turner
and some of the natives followed one after
another. Paylight brake upon eight of the
number Ktill struggling tio keep their head?
above the water. No boat, no laud, no heln.
out, and received
all the assistance that Could be rendered
him by his companions in misery; but it
Mas no use, there vs x foot-Lohl. .He,
too, departed. A krooman followed. Six
were now left. An equal number of Americo-Liberians
and natives. They encouraged
each other, and seemed determined to hold
o it. Land was now visiblrlie current drift
ing them rapidly up the coast. Mr. McGill
remarked that the steamer was expected,
and if they held on she might pick them up.
It was observed some time after this, that
beseemed to be gettiug weak; when one of
them asked him if lie wa s giving out. ne
replied, "No, I feel huiigry, that's all."
About 4 p. m'., the canoe jave a sudden turn
and struck him on the head. He sank, but
rose again. His exertions now, however,
ceased. Yancy (the ma :e) and Gibsen (a
passenger) held him, one on each side. His
head dropped. They sa ,v n signs ot life.
They could do no more. Hesank and join
ed the company of the departed. The greedy
sea yet claimed another victim. The head
k room an reached the utmost limits of his
endurance and followed his employer.
Shortly afterwards, th: steamer was seen
coming, heading right to them, though they
were not seen, and wouh likely have been
left un noticed for thqir calls were not
heard were it not that a passenger, sitting
on the rails, saw one as t lie steamer glided
swiftly pass, and cried lout: "Man over
board!" As soon as possible the ship stop
ped and a boat was sent to them. At 5 p.
m., they were on lioard tile steamer, having
every attention given to relieve their suffer
ing condition. On Saturday afternoon they
Nothing has been heard of those who
were left with the boat. tThere is no doubt
that they were all drowucd during the night
of the accident. If so, and the number that
left Monrovia has been correctly reported,
there were 35 lives lost 3 viz., Hon. J. B.
McGill, owner, Capt. Armstrong, James
Yancy and B. Henderson, sailors, M. Barnes,
cook, Dweh, (native boy); steward, Hon. G.
S. Wood, Collector of customs for this port,
Hunt, Charles noadly (?) David Turner,
Horace; 19 buthmcn just discharged
from work on McG ill's farm, 3 Grebo women,
and 3 Kroomen.
The survivors are, Murdock Yancy, mate,
Jacob R. Gibson, passcpgler, one k'rooman,
Samuel H. Irwin, of Uto Creek, Colfax
county, Now Mexico, says: If my wife
would quit work as she should at her age
(61) she would live years
a monument to
the magic influence ol
le "Only Lung
Pad." See udvcjtjaenjcut
i i - -
lhe pioneer visit to the West coast of Af
rica was made in 1818, by the missionary,
Samuel J. Mills. Frem this first effort for
thjej evangelization and civilization of this
part of tKe globe, the republic of Liberia
has grown. It was at first a colony formed
by Americans for the reception of emanci
pated slaves, and te be an asylum for ne
groes recaptured by American cruisers nn
der the law of 1819 for theauppression of
thp slave trade. In 1848 the! colony was ele
vated inteja distinct republic.
From the first it has sustained peculiar
and intimate relation with the United
States. Her political organization, origiual
ly modelled after oun, the United States has'
alio, furnished Liberia with systems of mon
ey weights, measures, and with variovs so
cial and civil institutions, and, like a lAs
cloer brother, hai from thn flm t...;..j
protectorate powers over this sister republic!
The, treaty with Liberia of 1820, stipulates
thkt the United States shall not interfere
between the aboriginal inhabitant and Li
beria, unless solicited by the republic. Four
years ago, our government, "solicited by the
government of Liberia," did send a ship of
war to assist ia suppressing a native revolt
Liberia preper has an area of about 10,
000 sq. miles, and a population which, with
that of the Kingdom of Medina, amounts to
1,500,000. The chief commercial products
of the country are palm-oil, rice, gum, coffee,
dye woods, sugar and ginger.
The Senegal and the Niger are the great
water-ways that lead into the interior, and
attract trade to that partf the west coast,
of which Monrovia is the chief eeaport
With a railroad to tke Niger valley, Liberia
would command a large share of tke com
merce that approaches Africa frasn tike west
An English company have such a road in
contemplation. The French have establish
ed commercial communication with the in
terior by way of the Senegal aad Niger.
Both these powers England And France
look with wishful eyes on titis little re
public, and would gladly assume its jar-otee-tion.
Liberia, doubtless feels sufficiently
protected already, and, at aay rate, the
United States, mest likely, wwild not look
on quietly and sec Liberia annexed to eith
er of these forcigu overs. African IZtpoti
tory. The End of the World-
Mother Sluton's Prophecy o he FdfilUd
New York Sun.
The world to an end shall come
In eighixn hundred and eigty-ene.
Mother Shij) ton's Prophecy.
It would he difficult to describe all the
sinister jircdictions that have, as by com
mon coiweut, been concentrated upou the
year. The sooth -say ers, diviners, onveie
makers, astrologers and wizards seemed
to have combiued to cast heir spell upon
it.! 4 Superstitious people of every sort,
and some who are not williug to admit
that i hey are superstitious, regard tlie
year 1681 with more or less auxious m
pectation and dread. As the earth, ou
New Year's day, swings out into auother
round about the sun, it will go to meet a
host of evil omens. It will go cursed by
theomancy aud bibliomaucy. Aeroiuancy
and, meteromancy will glare at it from
comets aud shooting stars. Oueiromancy
wil intercept its path with visions of evil,
and noma n ey will shake the ominous,
baek ward-reading numerals "18(31" be
fore iL It will be beset with scarecrow
ligitrcs oy aritnmaucy, with menacing
phrases by stichomancy. Yet there is no
reason why persons of good digestion
iouUI not go to sleep on New YearV n'gl t
eontidcjit that after having encountered
the average quantity of storm and sun
shine, tho one-horse ball that we call the
world will briug them safe through the
perils of its five hundrcd-tnillion-niile
flight round to the starting point again.
Timid persons first began to look for
ward with some alarm to the year that is
about to opeu, when, several years ago,
the key to the so-called prophetic sym
bolism of the great pyramid of Egypt was
made public, backed by tho name and
reputation of the British astronomer, Pi
axzi Suiytli. Others, using Mr. Smyth's
observations and measurements, have
gone much farther than lie did in drawing
startling Inferences; but no one can read
this book without perceiving how power
fully it must nffeet those who have the
slightest leaning toward superstition or
credulity. Besides, this record of explo
rations and experiences in tho heart of
Egypt's greatest marvel has all the charm
aad interest of Dr. Schlieman's descrip
tions of his discoveries iu Homer's Troy.
Such a book could not well be neglected
by the world of readers ; and by the na
ture of the humau mind many of its read
era; were sure to be imbued with its omi
nous dtgmas. So the belief, or at least
the suspicion, spread that tho secret cham
bers of the great pyramid, under divine
guidance by the most mystical character
in all history, Mclchisedek, King of Salem,
foretell, among other thiugs, that the
Christian era will end in 1881.
; Mother Shipton'8 so-called prophecy
fixes upon the same date for the end of
the world. The ominous jitijdo of her
rhymes has probably done at least much
to disturb tho equanimity of credulous
'"persons as the more elaborate vaticiua-
tious of the pyramid interpreters. Mora
over Mother Shipton is represented as
foretelling that iu the latter days England
accept a jew." , As England has,
considerable emphasis, and more
than one accepted the remarkable son of
old Isaac Disraeli for her Prime Minister,
tnis &as been taken as a fulfillment of her
prophecy. So Lord Bcaconafield'a dm-
math; personality is made a principal fig
ure in the innrkv cloud of vil
that hangs over 1831. Aa if.tho evil er
of Mother Shiptoa and tho mystical
menace of the Great Pyramid were not
enoogh for one poor twelvemonth to bear,
the "horrors of the lHiribelia" have been
denounced upon the coming year.
About two years age. certain pamphlets
were circulated abut .tho .country pur
porting to be writt en by men of science
and predicting that awful consequences
to mankind would, result from all the
great pLauets reaching their perihelia, or
nearest potato to t he euu together. Ae-
cordjiigto these prophets the .sinister ef
fects of the periht di were to begin mak
ing their appearai ice this fall, when Jupi
ter passed his peinhelioa, and next the
scythe of death w as to be put to the" har
vest in the far ca st, aud to sweep west
ward, with a 8wr itbe as broad as the con
tinents, until it i -eached the Pacific Ocean.
The narrow Atb tn tic was to be no more
than a brooklet jn the path of this terri
ble harvester. Plagues, famines, pesti
lence,' fire, earth j quakes, floods and terna
does were to sc Urge the human race un
til only a few r emained, like Noah and
Lis family, to r. ipeople the earth with
sturdier and nit tare Godfearing race.
So much al
irm was caused by this
pretended science .pud
some jeal men of science
Air. I'roetor ai ,5ong others were at the
pains to show , that bo far as these predic
tion profe&se d to aest upon scientific
facts they wei je baseless. The great plan
ets will sot be in perihelion iu J881, and
they will not : di beau perihelion together
at ajir time,
the chief plan
ltlut a few ,
jtueia to begr
they will be ;
It is alee true
It is true that several of
ets will reach their perihelia
fears, aud that it is rare for
ouped so close together as
it any one time next year
that o-e mark able instances
served between tho exist
storms on the sun, that pro
d disturbances and. possibly
il changes upon the earth
and pie prese nee of Jupiter near his peri-
euju jMtr Dimmers nave also suspect
ed tkattie m jfluence.qf some-of the other
gTeaj; planets inpoe Ihe earth can be per
ceived, bat th ey htuve never discoved any
reasoa to belh vre that the combined ferees
of aJl the pla nets could, under any cir
cumfcancea, irodajee jipon the earth a
thousandth pa jrt of the evil effect ascrib
ed to them by l the astrologers, if indeed
theyprodaeed ' auy evil effect wliatever.
Still tie asti '.,ologiel almanacs for next
yearjare repeat ng substantially the same
predictions of e vil tilings to begin, if not
to eutaiaate, in J831. Because, they say,
the lavage of the biack death in the
midt Je ages folio !wed the nearly coinci
dent perihelia of , four great planets, they
pred iet similar ( eonsequences from the
tlie pJaaets now. But
neiUier ia their p. reraises nor their infer
ences does science recegeue any validity.
FdaiGATE the Vkkjmv. How I got
rid ot red mites in : piy poultry-house:: I
obtained a little fur nace that is used in
summer on a cook stove tm ave fuel,
built! a coal fire in th e furnace, then car
ried t to my fowl-hc ;iie, put seaie bricks
on tlie floor and close xl the bunas tightly
and ptoced two pouu la of .brjiustone in
the fliruace and left in ifcbort order, clos
ing the door after mo. Soon tke uioke
came, from every crack" ia the house, and
in one hour I had no i od chicken mites,
but a good clean house jh which to keep
my fowls. Poultry Ya rd.
Time does not wear ont thegoiltof
sin, and, though long; reprieved, tlie
guilt will be reckoned with at last.
MEEtlN'O OF THE STATE PlSTinsmOX
CO! VENTIOX YESTEK1 A V A UL.UGE
ATTENDANCE INTEJitSTlNCJ- PliO
CEEDINGS. From the Kaleigh Observer.
A t 2:30 o'clock Wc-lnesday after-
noon the State nrolubition conven
tion assembled in Tucker HaJL . The
attendance was very iarsre. n fess
than 200 accredited delegates from,
all parts of the State, being; among
those present and presenting: eredeu
tialF.j Tiie convention was called to order
by Hon. Ed wia G. Reade, of this
city, jand was led in prayer by Bishop
Theodore B. Lyman, I). D., 4" the
Diocese of North Carolina.
Petitions without number were
presented from every section of the
State ! The reporters of the News
and (J)bberyer, Star and Visitor, of
this city, and of the Southern Home
and Friend and Templar were made
A committee was appointed to
nominate permanent officers of the
convention. During their absence
interesting speeches were made by
Bishop Lyman, E R. Stamps, Rev.
Ishani Cox and other.
The committee reorted the follow-
Inj fof peraiuoeat officers : President,
IT. A. Oi.rlr ,.f T?n1;K .
presidents, -tlshop T. B. Lyman,
Wake; J. li. Manning, Tvew Hano
ver ; Kcv. JVB. BooueIredell.; Kv.
Roger Martin, Robeson ; Rev.;L. C.
Vass, Craven; Re R. J. Waldenr
Northampton ; E. R..Stamps, Wake ;
Rev. Caisar Johnson, Wake; ETC.
Graham, Buncombe; Rev.S. D. Ad.
ams, Moore; J. S. Abbott, Crayeji ;
ibr secretaries, Rev. R. II. Whitaker,
J. S. Hampton, Raleigh.; T. B. El
ridge, Graham; E. L. Pell, Char
lotte ; Charjes N. Hunter, Raleigh ;
for treasurer, John E. Raj-, Raleigh.
Tl. - j. 1 . 1
xvc reiwrt was aaontea unani
mously, and the president elect was
conducted to the chair and accepted
U 1 1 .!.. .
ne nouor ina neat iitue speecn. .
A committee of thirteen was ap
pointed to arrange business;" for the
meeting. , . . ...v. . ,
During the absenee of the commit- s
ee a numberof gentlemen wre call- J
ed upon, who entertained the conven
tion with interesting speeches.
1 ho committee on business, through
its chairman, E. R. .Stamps, reported
an address to be submitted to the
General Assembly. The report was
received with demonstrations of ereat
A resolution rcquestincr Hon. A.Sr
Merrimon and Rev. N. H. D. Wil
son to addsess,!! convention at 7:30
The convention met pnrsuant to ad
journment, and was called to Order'by
the president, who introduced the
Hon. A. S. Merrimon, who would ad-
dress the convention. He bejran by
pleasantly alluding to the task laid
upon him by the kindness of tlie con
vention. The question before the con-
vention was one of momentous mag
nitude. We aie brought face to face
with a great evil, but his waut of pre
paration would necessarily make his
speech somewhat disconnected, but in
what he should say he would certain
ly endeavor to be frank and truthful
Man in his ltural condition is neces
sarily miserable. He is a social beiBgi
aud must be subject to law in all h
functions he must be subject to pros
per restrraints. Government is aes-
scntial to the well-being of society as
breath is to -the body. Every mart
must sui render some of bis rights for'
the conx mon good, but the govern-
t hen prowrly constituiea is
limited in its appropriatiou of the
rights of man. He discussed the re
lations oi ' the citizen and the govern-j
ment reci procally, showing that the?
happines. i and best interests of the
citizens a; id of the body politic was
when mat i should be restrained iu his
natural pr .oclivities and inclinations to
do wrong. Society claim prQlectiojo
against w rongs which grew etri of
certain rigV 'its which under the laws of
nature belo. ig to the citizen. It Iws-the
unue3tioue d right to suppress or
abridge a wi ong or a public nuisaner
These positl ns were well supported
by numerous and strong illustration
Now as to tli, l intemperate or immod
erate use of intoxicating drink, if it"
iuflicts ntold . evil on society, society
has the right as a matter of law to -abolish
that evil. Society and its well
being under God is omnipotent, and!
it has the great right to protect itselfU
If spirituous liquors derange society"
and damage every tiling affected by
it, government has not only. the right
but it is its highest duty to suppress
it, and, said he, "the government is
false to ma and my neighbor and my
children if at does not suppress it."" If -
I murder a man under the influence
of drink I am under the. the Jaw
hung, and yet that law not on
ly tolerates but sanctions the cus
that brought on the murder.
Go into the court house in this
city to-morrowj-and four-fifths of the
case are ini;galed by, liquor. The
man ia tried and sent to jail, aud yet
the cause voir sanction by your laws.
He had been practicing law for twenty
eight years, jukI nine-tenths of the
cases in his practice ha ve been brought
on by liquor. Some qtiestiou wheth
er society has the power to suppress
the manufacture and sale of spirits,
but it has decided over and over
again that the government, that North
Carolina, that our Legislature now in
session, have the riirht to legislate it
out of the Slate, and as to whether it
should exerci.se thu power it is purely
a question of expediency. He should
not tell the legislature what it should
do, but he was free It) say that had he
the power he would abolish it forever,
and in five years one aud a quarter
millidn of people would ribe up
and called him bhsscd. Nortl a.np
toa c unly had alolihed it, ai.i)
nw tUoati people are all for it, and
the State docket, he was -told, is
almost blank. Has the iiiaguiltide of
thia evil been exugeraled ? He had
felt the heavy hand of this blightiug
curse, although he did not ue it him
keif, aud his experieuoe ami observa- '
tion taught him that it was the su
preme tetujxjral curse of humanity.
He 'pictured the evil in powerfully
strong colors. This was the social view;
but look at it from an economical point.
(Com tinned ok 2il pa,.)