- - . , - - . - - i
TOL 2IL-TSIS2 SERIES .
SALISBURY. HV C, IIAKCH 10, 1881.
- ; . , .-
' . . .- - - 1 ' ' . . , - ' i "
The Carolina Watchman,
ESTABLISHED IN THE YEA IS 1632.
- PRICE, f 1.&6 IN ADVANCE.
CONTRACT ADVRTIIKG RATES
lmontaium sin's m's lam'sX
l-i-i j inches
' ! Oneiur
i i I Two rr-
i i ; Three pif
, F'tlr h't'
i I v column for
, Vv, do. '
! t do. do.
4Mi r us
( ibott 7i5i)
7.5t J S.W
I tt.75 i 1J.?5
1S.75 1 80.60
I B.' R-CRAWFORD-& CO; !
! AUK SELLING .
." -PORTABLE .
iFAEM km FACT0JIY
i .stem mm.
- ' - -alno-
: unci Caps.
Tiis Hnist RIFLE m DIE mk
: IFagBHS, Wagons'.
uj our own and F.jreiu nia'.e iiJ v
Prom Finest to Uie Chtapcsf. i
Bililier BelttiT,; Cliaeji-ja- H-m
risl.ury, Jan. C, 1331. , ly .
3Ms Wonderful ImpMed Saw ffacMns
la warranted to aw a tiro-ioot log In I lire mln
and more enrit worn! or lotn of nnj mze in a day
than two mm "nn chon or saw the old way. Every
irHfr rtnrt T.tr m lrtm a n tef oma.
(T7AUTS HAKTKK IHinM.ircnNr nd 'rrml Free.
AUrra FAKMEJi: M AMTAfTrKLTO CO
1 48 Klia Mrcct, Cine Inn U, O.
gittovurjjs at atr
i ATTOUXEY AT LAU):
' i I!
Prtictiees in Slate. and Federal ,'
. can gt them by mail. Drop
loffne and Pricws. The Olttett and moit extennve Seed $
Krntrm in thi I 'vitnl .S.'rt'e. - !
nq il tvuttal ihirtl lar f ;nTm .fc i
Jias'mer nl Wmm,
9 . -
H0T1GS! liOTlGEi! ;
OfHcc of the
Western N. C. Eailroa Company,
-' Sahwurt, N. C, Feb. 23d; 1S81.
An adjourn el meeting of the Stockholder
of Western North Carolina Railroad Company
will be held at Salisbury, the 24lh of March,
.1881, for the transaction of each general or
special business r.H msv be brought before it."
' - G". P. Erwtx, Treafi.
205t' W. N. C. R. R.'Cci.
PAMILY GROCERIES !
:. It;will be to tlic interest of Housekeepers
to-call on t
P. N. S M I T H, i '
Vnere they wtiiiw snro to 'receive Tor t'?ir money
all ttrst ctss Orwirles. t lowest chU prises : Such
s Flour, Meal, Bvo-i, LnrJ. Fh. R-iusanres, Cf-fSWr.-
Qte. Crtn. irtol isss. Kerosene 0f
Tu' i!(n, SH'iT. Ci ;ir--, ,t-. C.ili and Ue convinced.
. l'J:tm. -f .
k i i i i up nrriir r r na
Y'hcn the fashionable girl iu Washing
ton laugh they can be heard a mile." '
The, funding bill was still engaging
Congress on the 3d, witlran - Apparent
chance of its passage!
Anjf amount of frto born Americans
now at .Washington,, playing puppy and
lick-pittle, latlieir than win an honest
living in the private walks of life.
Oats. In the northern nd western
markets are selling at from 35 to 40 cts.
per biiKhel. In this, from produce deal
ers, at (Si) to to 70 cts. In Cliarlotte they
are quoted at from 50 to 55.1 -
Ther'e iarf, says the Oberrcn wvr-n dis-;
tinct cases of homicide on tlie docket of
M eck leu bu ig S upcr ior Cou rt fi ve of t he m
new cases-for which no bills of - indict
nieut have as yet been drawn.'
Davidson Collegk axd j Beneficiary
SrtTD K.s. 3ev ra! trusteis' of -Davidson
j College were in the city yesterday, returning.
j fiom a business meeting of the executive
committee of the board. They are very
well satisfied with the arrangement by
iwhieh the troubles between the denomina
tional, colleges and the University were ad
justed One of them remarked, with refer
ence to- an inquiry in a communication
which appeared in The ObseiiYeh some
lays ago, that the coHegc extended the same
privileges to students of other denomina
tions as to those of the PresUvtcrian church,
and that no student, worthy of confidence,
had ever been compelled to leave the insti
tution because he was unable to pay his tui
tion. The management doe not believe in
the policy of indiscriminate charity, but ex
tends help in the wav of loans or bv takinir
the studen's mite, wren no other arrange
ment can be made. Char. Observer.
Proposal to Purcluise I the State's
Interest in the C. P. & Y. V. R. 11.
By reference to the proceedings of the
legislature on Tuesday, the 15th, it will be
p.-reeived that the Governor of the State
h is received overtures from General Imbo
den, acting as attorney for others who are
interested in the iron interests of Mitchell
'. county, for I lie purchase of the State's inter
est in the C. F. & Y. V. Railroad. The par
value of-the State's stock is $5.0,00(VTor
w hich (5cnea:il I. "llVrs ten dollars per share
or ;V).00.. Sliou l the sale be coiisumrua-
,t.,d theC. F,..Y. X Uailiwvl w.ouhl at
once pass into the controt ot'petRonsvho as
far as we are informed are not interested in
the welfare of the section of country which
has made the greatest sacrifices to build this
. road. I it jysj to the people of the upper
j Cape Fear whose means have been1 freely
uiven to this great work on the supposition
j that the control of it was to be retained at
j home, to deliver it over to a corporation
j composed ot alicas in blood ai.J having no
j ties' to connect them with our people t If
I the interest of the State in the road mutbe
sold, then it is right that the people who
1 ...! t. ... t ... 1 1 . 1 .!. ......I
oiive c i in 1 1 on i c a 01091 10 uuiiu iuc ft'iwj
should havei.in opportunity to purchase that
interest. We jopu. tii General Asscndly
will be cautious in this matter. Fay. Ex
aminer. It is certainly right that the private stock
holders should have tl;e opportunity given
tliein to purchase the State's interest in the
road if they desire it, and , we suppose the
suggestion is all' that will be.necessary to
secure them the opportunity. But these arc
brisk times in Railroad matters, so that it
may be important for the Stockholders to!
do jjulekly what they intend to do. In any
case, however, tiiey are not likely to suffer
by the proposed sale; for it is quite certain
that the party wishing to purchase the
State's interest expect to operate the Road
and will aim to make it a paying institu
tion, in which case the private stockholders
can suffer no material damage.
A. eorrespor.iUint gives the characters
winch-took part in lo Mask Ball, if&t
y The rIasqucrart Bail.
If ever tlu? fyn and recreation-loving peor
pie of Salisbury were pleasantly surirised,
and if the wcll-tueauing aivd but doubting
Thomases were agreeably disappo"ed. it
was on last Thursday night. King Vltex," in
making his first visit to Salisbury, was as
tonished to find so nreny diligentind en
thusiastic disciples of Momus in the gayly
decorated Hall of the Boyden House, espec
ially among the ladies, and he whispered to
me confidentially, that they were remarka
bly goodl-oking and . pretty. The utinost
order jjrevailcd during the night and. si)ec
tators as well as participants went home
early in the morning satisfied that they had
spent a night of solid fn, pure delight and
genuine laughter. .
The costumes were brilliant and appro
priate, the acting excellent. ;
The characters "present were: Miss Jen
nie Coffin, Mother Shipton ; Miss Lena Sho
ber, Tambourine Girl; Miss Belle Boyden,
Enigma; Missldollie Murphy, Princess Car
nival: Miss Carrie Murphy, Folly' Miss
Jennie Earncs, Truth; . Miss Annie Erwin.
Spanish Lady: Miss Siidie Murphy, Mrs.
Gnmdy ; Miss Matie Murphy. Spanish Lady;
Mi s Nellie Holmes, Fan : Miss Mamie Mock,
Jockey ; Miss Mamie White,German's Sweet
heart; Miss Ella Graham, Undine; Mrs.
Walker, Child of the Regiment ; Miss Fan
nie Neely, Sorcercs? j Miss BauJ.di Stewart,
Tuscan Peasant ; .Miss Lotta Mock. Mother
Goose; Miss Jennie Brown, Alsatian Pea
sant ; Mrs. Taylor, Milk Maid ; Miss Mollie
Hunt, Salisbury Watchman ; Miss May Wood,
Girl of the first Empire; Miss M, Swice
sood, Spanish Girl ; Sliss CI Swicegood,
Tusean 'Girl ; ,iliss Fannie Shober, Maud
Mulltr; Mrs. Rankin, Maid Merian. .
JimXWrcn, lloinn iiooa ; Jim inn,
Cavalier Louis XIV ; L. Jewtcr, King
" ; . . .
I Richard : John "Vell)6rn, Darkey J J. Si.
Gray, Baby 8. Taylor, Clown, J nco. jfar
kcr, Calico W. K. June, Uamnno; A. v,
Harris, feasant II. C. Williams, Paul Pry;
1L Eamc. Jr. and C. J. Vicle, Twins; C.
Waren, Chinee Will Ramsay, Jack of
Hearts : B. P. Beard, Irishman ; Theo. Uuer-
baum. Knight of the" Moon ; W. SI. Walker,
Ki p Van Winkle ; W. C, Lindsay, Monk ; D.
Lindsay. St. Valentine; I. Wallace, Prince
Signr ; 'Walter Blackmer, Country Cousin;
S. F. Clodfeltcr. Buttons ; Henry Foard,
Phantom; Geo. Harrison; Sir Walter Raleigh;
C. W. Murphy, .'Sailor boy; J. W. Wilson,
Sailor; J. Hicks, Old Stan; F. P. Smith,
Farmer ;'W. C. Blackmer, Black i Domino;
U. L. Crawford, Ju.key ; N. N. Boyden.
Turk; G. Brandretli, Fun; and last but not
least, Victor Boyden as Mother Hubbard
and Miss Annie Smith as Bf other Jonathan.
I report ntf to see ihePamdr. Jligtipeice
for Seati and ' Windows. Senate to be or
r tjanizcl by Dcmbcarte. j
t - " ' -
(From Our Regular Correspondent.)
Washington, D. C, Feb. 25, 1831.
Within the. last week Pennsylvania
Avenue has assumed the appearance of a
vast oblong amphitheatre, and it may be
doubted if ever the Collosseum itself held
a larger multitude than will assemble, on
each side of this famous boulevard, to sec
the progress from the! White House to
the Capitol, of the new President. ' Ou
each side the Avenue, temporary seats
and platforms have been erected, and
thousands of seats on these have already-
been reserved, and a price averaging
about one dollar per seat. Some enter
prising renters have built board seats on
the roofs of houses along the avenue,
while all the windows in all the hotels,
saloons, and shops 'along the proposed
line of march, have already been rented,
or are for rent at ridiculously high prices.
If the weather shall prove to be tine, on
the coining fourth of March,: the con
course of people will be immense, but I
cannot help thinking there will be room
for them. It is a fill mile and aqnarter
from the White House to the East front
of the Capitol, tho side walks ou both
sides of the Avenue are almost as broad
as an old fashioned street; and these,
with terraced board seats -and window?,
will accommodate si host of people. The
profunum rnl(jH8 will monopolize the side
walks, while thosu who can pay fifty cents
'or a dollar will find seats on the platforms.
If the day should prove inclement those
seats will go begging for less than fifty
The inauguration, the procession, and
tho ball, are talked about now to the
obscuration of nil other subjects. The
ball w ill -doubtless be a mammouth affair
and it may with safety be said that the
world cannot show a more spacious and
well appointed ball room, thanlhat which
the new Museum building will afford Gen
eral Grunt's first inauguration ball was
held in the Treasury building; Babel.
Horace Greely lost his hat, overcoat, and
temper, and swore terrifically. '
The death of Senator Carpenter will
make a lively scramble for the vaucaney.
Mr. Sawyer, who has just been elected,
comes from the eastern portion of the
State, so that the western side will now
claim it. It is of course believed there
will 15 Jots of eandidates, including ex
Senator Howe, Boss Keyser, Senator
Cameron possibly, Go Pound, and
others. Owing Jo the loss of -Senator
Carpenry it vj.U uvr be impossible for
the Republicans to organize the Senate
on, the fourth of March next. The Con
stitution provides that such vacancy can
be filled on the seeond Tuesday after
notice of a vacancy is communicated to
the legislature. It will, hence, bo the
egith of M.trch before a Senator can be
elected, and, since there will be harp
competition for the phie, it will, in all
probability, le much longer before the
vacanev can be filled. C. A. S.
Paris, France, Feb. 14th, 1831.
A novel kind of soirie was given last
night at the Observatory here, the invita
tions, issued by Admiral Monchey, bear
ing the announcement that there would be
dancing after the scientific experiments.
This had the effect of attracting to the
remote building beyond the Luxembourg
Gardeu a considerable number of attrac
tive young ladies, who must have been
more astonished by than interested in the
series of lectures and 1 experiments that
formed the chief bnsiuess of the evening.
Among the personages , present wero M.
Gambetta, M. de.Lpsseps, SI. Jules Fer
ry and several .1 the other Ministers.
Some of the experiments were uovcl. A
so-called electrophone, the invention of
Maiche, was exhibited. It is, iu fact, a
telephone which not only transmits the
voice to a distance hitherto unattainable,
but neutralizes the noise made by other
telegraphic wires during the passage of
messages. This noise is so loud as fre
quently to render inaudible a message
sent through a wire which is in the imme
diate neighborhood of others. M. Maiche
has invented some contrivances which, as
he' showed last night, completely does
away with this confused murmur, thus
enabling his telephone to be worked oh a
railway line to any distance, ne professes
to be able to talk with New York aseasi-
ly as with Versailes, bchycen which place
i r .... -.4 i , . , '
End Paris, a distance of more than ten
milea, the apparatus has been tried with
An impudent attempt at highway rob
bery, !u stylo of the last century, waa
fnado last Thusilay hear Gignac, a small
town hi the south bf France. An indi
vidual, armed with : a donble . barrelled
gnu, took up a position on tho high road,
aud audaciously levied, toll on all vehicles
that passed him. His lucrative employ
ment succeeded some time until three
carriages drove up together. The worthy
follower of Dick Turpin, nothing daunted
by the number of travelers, fifteen in all,
demanded a blackmail of eight dollars.
The money was thrown out to hint, but
the driver of one. of t(m carriages, alive to
the absurdity of fifteen people lteiog over
n . .v . mmj a u Jiifvu ft Vllff ilia M'Jtfcl
ctosett witu uierroyvtr, a- man of Iierciw
lean strength, and finally with some Iwlp
overpoweml IriinJlIewas seeurely bound
hand and foot, and conveyed to the po
lice office tit. Gignac. -
Judgnieut was given to-day in the vit
rol throwing case which caused so much
sensation in Paris last August, and of
which I sent you j the particulars. The
prisoner Lanuoy, who for some time had
been living with a woman named Marie
Dubois, followvdher to the Boulevard
Moutmartre one evening, and threw the
c n tents of a bottle of vitriol'over her face.
Notwithstanding the efforts of the medi
cal men, the victim of the outrage has
completely lost the sight of one eye, and
is painfully disfigured.. After hearing tho
evidence of Marie Dubois and that of se -eral
other witnesses, confirming the rela
tions between her and Lnnnoy, the jury
retired for a few minutes only and brought
in a verdict of guilty without extenuating
circumstances. The prisoner was sen
tenced to fifteen years penal servitude.
Agricultnral Experiment Station.
Feb. 20th, 1831.
To calculate the value of a fertilizer by
use of the station figures : Multiply the
percentage of available phosphoric acid
found by analysis by J2$. This gives the
value in cents of the available phosphoric
acid found in a 100 pounds. Just so mul
tiply the percentage of ammonia by 18.9
and of potash by 8 and add these products
together. The suni is the value of these
constituents in 100 pounds. Multiply
this by 20 and you have tho commercial
value of the active ingredients in a ton of
2,000 lbs. This is a fair approximation
to the value of the TWt.ielffeun!inercially
at the present time, and the figures thus
obtained affords an accurate means of
comparing different fertilizers. The fol
lowing analyses of fertilizers have been
completed at the statation :
-Stouo Acid Phosphate, manufactured
by the Stouo Phosphate Co., Charleston,
S. C, sampled at; Fayetteville, Feb. 7th,
1831, cash price ; per ton , contains
water 13.83, -sand ' 0.07, Available Phos
phate Acid 10.4 , Insoluble Phosphate
Acid 3.53, Potash 0.82 per cent. Com
mercial value per ton (2,(K) lbs) $27,33.
Long's Prepared Chemical, manufac
tured by Lour & Dugdale, Baltimore,
.sampled at Fayetteville, Feb. 7th, 1831,
contains Water 17.53, Sand 5.23, Availa
ble Phosphate Acid 11.58, Insoluble Phos
phate Acid 2.3G, Potash 1.00, per cent.
Commercial value per -ton 2.000 lbs.)
Pine Island Ammoniated Plrosphatc
manufactured by Qniuuipiac Fertilizer
Co., New London, Com)., sampled at Ral
eigh, cash price per ton $40,00, contains
Water J0.85, Saud 2.23, Available Phos
phoric Acid 1 l.GD, Insoluble Phosphoric
Acid 2.03, Ammonia 2.40, Potash 1. 01) per
cent. , Commercial value per ton (2,000
lbs.) $4 J. 34.
' Lister's Amnion iated Dissolved Bone,
manufactured by Lister Bros.. Newark,
New Jersey, sampled at Raleigh Jan.
27th, 1831, cash price per ton $40,00, con
taios Water 18.03, Saud 2.75, Available
Phosphoric Aeid 9.20, Insoluble Phos
phoric Acid 2.GS, Ammonia 2.U, Potah
1.15 per cent. Commercial value per tn
(2,000 lbs.) $33.43.
Samples are analyzed in the order in
which they come inV Other analyses will
follow rapidly. Ciias. W. Dabxev, Ju.,
New Biogkai'Iiicai. DjcTioxAuyrAn
excellent feature of the New Edition of
Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, just
issued, is the New Biographical Dictiona
ry, iu which are given tho names of near
ly ten thosand noted persons of ancient
and modern times, with a brief statement
of the dates of their birth and death, their
nationality, profession, etc, This is de
signed for purposes of ready reference, to
answer questions which often arise as to
. . ,
when and where certain persons nvru,
and the character of their acluevnieuts.
It contains many names of persons who
are still. living, and the prouuueiatjou of
each name is given.
A SifOOTii Complexion can be had by
every Jadv who will use Parker's Ginger
'tonic. y promptly regulating the liv
er and kidneys and purifying the blood
there is nothing like it, ""'I this is the
reason wjjy it is bo qnickly removes pim
ples aud gives a rosy bloom to the check.
See notice, i ' ' '
I Git ay If airs are Honorable but their
perm at ure appearance is ituuying. Par
ker's Hair Balsam is popular for cleanli
ness aud niomntly restoring the youthful
color. i i ' ' ' " I
A lilll to be IhUitled "An Act to
Make Further Provisions for
Keeping In -Repair the Public
lioads of the State -
The Otneral Atscmbly of Svrth Carolina
do enact : - "'
Sec-1. The persons required by law to
work on the public roads shall be compell
ed under the rules and regulations now pre
scribed by law to work on .their respective
roads for two days and no more, in each and
every year; and any clause of a law requir
ing or allowing them to be worked for a
greater number of days in any one year ia
hereby repealed. -
Sec. 2. To provide for the additional
work on said roads, necessary to keen the
same in good repair, the supervisors of reads
hall meet annually on the first Saturday of
pepieaiocr, ac some, place to, be named by 1
their chairman, in their respective town
ships, and levy a tax upon the peoperty and
poll of their respective townships sufficient
for that purpose, observing the equation be
tween property and poll, not to exceed ten
cents on the one hundred dollars worth of
property. The same assessment of property
inhe township made by the assessor for
State and county taxes shall be taken as the
assessment for the said road tax, and to this
end the assessor of each township shall, at
the time he assesses and lists the property
for State and county purposes, make a copy
of the lists of assessments according to a
form furnished by the Auditor of the State,
and this copy he shall deliver to the said
board of supervisors of his township, at the
time of their said meeting on the first Satur
day in September. Then the said board of
supervisors shall compute the amount. of
taxes on said list duo by each tax-payer,
and shall make a duplicate of such tax list
One of said tax lists shall remain with the
board of supervisors, and the other shall be
delivered to the constable of the township,
on or before the first day of October in each
year, and he shall receipt for the same. The
chairman of the board of supervisors shall
endorse on the copy given to the constable
an order to collect the taxes therein men
tioned, and such order shall have the force
and effect of a judgment and execution
against the property of the person charged
in such list. Such order shall be in the fol
lowing or some similar form :
State of North Carolina Franklin Co
Boad of Road Supervisors. .. .Township
lo the vonUibleoJ . luwnmtp. . . . (Jountv.
You arc hereby commanded to collect the
taxes herein mentioned, according to the
provisions and requirements of the existing
In witness whereof I have set my hand,.
lay of. . . .185. .
Chairman Board of Road Supervisors.
Sec. 2. The same lien shall attach on
property for their road taxes as is provided
for State and county taxes.
Sec. 8. The constable of each township
shall, at the meeting of the board of county
commissioners, when he shall qualify, exc
cute a justified bond in the sum of one thou
sand dollars, with at least two sureties, in
addition to the bond he is now required by
collecting anil paying over to the person en
titled to receive the same, the road tax of
his township; and he shall be required to
annually renew said bond on the first Mon
day in Decern bcr: Provided, however, That
the bond for the collecting of the taxes for
this yea shall be yiven by the constable at
the mcctingof the board of commissioners on
the 1st Monday in August. Said bond shall
be approved by the board of commissioners,
and, if accepted by them, shall be recorded
in the book of official bonds by . the register
of deeds, who shall also file and preserve the
orixiual. No constable shall be allowed to
qualify until he shall have given the said
bond and the same shall have been accepted
by the board. And for failure to renew the
said bond annually, as herein provided, the
board of commissioners shall declare the of
fice vacant, and shall fill the same by ap
pointment until the next regular election for
constables: Provided. That this shall not
be construed to prevent the board of com
misioners from rcq'uiring the constable to
"ive other and better security after tdu day's
notice, at any time when in their pinion
the security is insufficient ; and, if the con
stable shall fail to give the additional secu
rity required to declare the office vacant and
till the same by appointment
Sjv I The constable shall collect the
said taxes under the same rules and rcgula
tions, and mhnll have the same power and
the name commissions and fees as are pre
sented far the sheriffs of the State in ca
io ;n.r th. Stnto and countv taxes. He
v.i...0 - -
shall, on or before the 1st Monday in De
cember, collect and pay over to the treasur
er of the roitd of his township the amount of
said taxes. The settlement shall bo made
under the direction of the chairman and one
other member of the board of supervisors,
Sec. 5. The board of supervisors shall, at
their annual meeting in August, elect a treas
urer of public roads for their townships,
who shnll hold his office for two years, or
until his successor is elected and qualified.
The person so selected treasurer shall, at
the meeting on the first Saturday in Sep
tember, execute and deliver his liond, paya-;
ble to the State of North Carolina, in? the
sum of one thousand dollars, conditioned
for the faithful discharge of the duties of
his office, and to pay out the money received
by him as treasurer on the order of the
board of supervisors. There shall be on said
bond at least two sureties, who ia.l justify
iu the aggregate to the value of double the
amount of said bond, and said bond, if ap
proved and accepted by the chairman there
of, who shall deliver the same within ten
days thereafter to the register of deeds of
the county, who shall record the same in his
It 1- - M fT
oKoiomciai bonus, and shall file away j
and preserve the original. The treasurer '
shall qualify before the board of supervis
ors by taking the usual oath of office.
SecO. The board of supervisors shall
Contract for the necessary work in exce&s of I
....... " iv,u viuuc uj me regular road
hands to keep the roads in good condition,
in such manner as shall seem to th?m best;
'and it shalHw their duty to keep said roads
: ...... ,r
in goou condition, and they shall pay for
tne work done on said roads by orders on
the treasurer of roads, who. shall pay said
orders and retain the same as vouchers. The
said treasurer shall make annual settlements
with tho board of supervisors at their mcc-
"S3 ,n August,
Seo.c7. The boards of supervisors shall
be paid by their order upon the treasurer.
Compensation fpr the services required by
this act at the rate of two dollors per day.
and the commissions allowed the treasur
er shall be the same as those allowed county
Sec, 8. Suits on the official bonds of the
treasurer of public roads and the constable
for failure to discharge any one of the du
ties required by this act, or for any breach
or said bond shall be prosecuted in the name
of the supervisors of public roads -of the
township, and the constables and said treas
urers shall be liable to the same penalties
and subjected to the same remedies as are
now given by law against sheriffs and coun
ty treasurers for failure to discharge their
Sec. 9. If the said treasurers or the con
stables shall misapply or fail to account and
pay over any part of the money so raised by
this act, which shall come into their hands
as required by this act, then the party so
offending shall be guilty of a misdemeanor
and on conviction shall be fined or impris
oned in the discretion of the court.
Sec. 10. If the board of supervisors shall
fail to keep their roads in good condition
or shall fail to discharge any one of the du
ties required of them by this act, they shall
be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on convic
tion shall lc fined and imprisoned in the
discretion of the court.
Sec. 11. This act shall be in force fn.ni
and after its ratification.
The Funding Bill.
The Agony it Has Caused Reaction
" Against the National Banks.
The Washington correspondent of
the Baltimore Sun telegraphs, under
date of 25t!i : Within the last 21
hours a strong feeling has been de
veloped in Congress against the na
tional banks. The verge of disaster
reached in New York and the resis
tance to funding is charged to an at
tempt by the banks to coerce the
government. Friends and defenders
of tlie banks aave been hi a measure
overawed by the tiemendous preju
dice that lias been generated, and the
chances arc now that the more the
banking iutcrcst resists the measure,
the more likely is it to clinch the
As a specimen of the feeling arous
ed, Senator Plumb, one of the three
Republicans who voter for the Sen
ate bill, said to-day : "I am a nation
al bank president, so I can speak
without prejudice. I tell you the
crisis has come when we shall see
whether the banks run the govern
ment or the government the banks. I
think the government has a right to
fix the rale of interest-it will pay,
and it is no business of any set of
men. It makes no difference to the
people if Wall street gamblers do lose
money or railroad stock stops rising.
It would make a diflerence if the
hoes in Western cornfields should
stop, and it is will) the producer that
the prosperity o the country ret".
Let the bottom fair- out of it, if it
will. It is an attificial movement to
coerce the government." i
Senator Bayard said to-day that he
thought the distress would be rclicv
ed as soon as the bill was passed and
had become a law. There was un
doubtedly great hardship being ex
perienced now, and he did not know
what would be the result. He had
done what he could to remove the ob
jectionable elements from the bill be
cause he was a conservative man, aud
thought it unwise to give a shock to
the money market. The relations
existing as to currency were so deli
cate he thought it unsafe to experi
ment. He was opposed to the .Car
lisle section and thought it a dama-
. TT 1 1 .1-1
gmg measure, lie tiia not line to
make any predictions as to the near
TheTreasury officials arc very much
incensed at tlie turn affairs have talc-
en. The Secretary ordered the pur
chase of ten millions of bonds to re-' -lieve;
thedistress, "and it is known
thatjheis determiued to do alf he '
can to protect the public, so that tho
banks may expect that as fast as they
lock up their money he will -pout it j
out in every possible way; -Mrv Gil-
hllan is of the opinion that the action ;
of the banks is hasty and unwarranted I
and that the circnlation will be taken -
out again. Comptroller Koox is much
chagrined, and U about the only on
about the department-who docs not !
opeuly condemn the banks for. the im-. .
pediments they appear to ba putting m
the way of the success of the operatFons
of th goverumcntT The feeling geucr
ally in the departments that while tho"
bill was not what it ought to be, any ;
attempt to resist it to the embarrass-
ment of the public is to be deprecated !
and denounced. Persons who have
lately been in conversation with the :
President profess to believe that ha
... . . i
win ! permit the funding bill tordio i
without his signature. r J
A press dispatch from hence says : :
"There seems to be a growing, im- i
prei-sion with many members of the
House who voted for the funding bill j
that the measure was ill-advised, aud , j
some have acknowledged that had,
they fully realized the effect of the ;
fifth section they would not havo i
voted for it. It is even intimated to
night that sufficient opposition will
be developed in the House (if the bill. .:
can betaken from tho Speaker's
table) to defeat it. Pending action by
Congress, Secretary Sherman will ex- i
ercise discretionary power, witli which 1
he is. vested, to relieve, as far as pos
sible, the threatened stringency in tho
The Herald 8 correspondent writes
as follows on the 26th : The funding
billl has but a slim chance of becom
a law. The House has become almost
as panicky as Wall street yesterday,
and whenever the1 bill is called up it
may, be smothered beBeatha masiof
.of amendments good, bad and in
different. In the present mind of tho
House these amendments will creito"
discussion. Some of them will probab- -
ly be adopted, such as one which has
been drawn di reeling the Secretary of
the Treasury to issue greenbacks to '
the same amount as national bank
circulation withdrawn. Any amend
ments or changes in the bill will send
it back to the Senate, and the time is
now short that the delay would prob-
ably be fatal the bill, and might
even cause some appropriation bills
to f;il. It is said also that the itf
publicans in the House have very
generally determined to oppose the
bill, and that they may conclude to j
filibuster against it. i
It is the opinion of some cautious j
and conservative men here that tho ;
opposition of the national banks to j
the bill and the means some of them '-.j
have taken to show and enforce it, : j
are likely to have far reaching conse- !
qnences not of a nature to benefit the j
country. Some congressmen who were"
originally opposed to the clause in
the bill of forcing the banks to re
deem their bonds with their own j
bills, are now 6trongIy iu favor of if; i
They say that the events of the pat
week have shown a hitherto unsus- i
peeled power of combination in the i
national banks, and have disclosed j
that a number of bunks may at any
time by combining cause a sudden-,:"
contraction of the currency which ;
would derange not merely .speculation,
but the legitimate jMisinos of the
country.' They say to prevent this
danger is one of , the first and most ,
important duties of Congress, and
that the Carlisle clause, interpreted as
the baiiks have understood it,' is the
shortest way that now offers to pro
tect the business of the country in
this day of .gigantic combinations
against attacks on the general btabiJi :
ty of trade and industry.
Oftentimes could I wish that I hx:l
held my peace when I have spoken ;
and that I had not beeir-in company
Why do we talk so willingly when
notwithstanding we seldom return to
silence without hurt of -couscissrre '( -
We might enjoy much peac if irj
would not" busy ourselves irrih i r
words aud deeds of other ia:n t(y
appertain not to our charge. ' v i