" i '
Mf lFrf& 1H '-Chi
If; HAECH 17, 1881.
VOL Ail rlu.mv umnsua
- , , - - : - I r - r - . , - , - . :
y a Carolina Watchman,
jtABLISIIED IN THE YEAK 1883.
I; VKICB, $1.50 iiratoVANCB.
CONTRACT ADVERTISING RATES.
Uu fcf !
four for . .
u jdiuinn for
2 0." !'
1 monlb t ms 8 ms 6 m'a 12 m's
! E. i zimm k co.
EAEH... AND FACTORY
STEAM El. :
F and Gaps.
5 Fijssl RIFLE POWDER mk
own a!i'l Kort'ia rij;ie and
From Uif nacyt to the riic-apcsf .
7 - X '
1 Horse Eaise
TMs Wonderfnl ImproYed Saw MacWne
b wt anted to nw a two-foot loz In three mln
tec ftnd more cord wofid or Ins of any size in a day
lhn lwBKii on chop or w flip old way. rety
Afmfr ttnti TsHntbmian neIa hc
C rEST Wt!ITKP.l!liilr.4 circular "! trrim FrMi
UirtM rAKHEJt' M AMT-AtrrrRMU CO- .
1 t S tOm fetrcct, CtaelaMtl, O.
I . n. Cl.EMEXT.
SALi.NCrKY. X c.
.j j 133 P. 0V3niiLlT,
ATTOItSfjy AT LIU)
.PiMcticc3 in tli State and-Federal
SEEDS S BEST 1 1
u not nld in yoar tnwn, yoa I
can gut them brranIL I)'ron I
.1. . Ui i.. i rfi i . . r- l - . 1
and Prioes. The OUUtt and mot extauiv Seed
yrww n r j wrf Soto.
Jn.n.iy22 I379 'tt.
NOTICE ! NOTICE!!
OfSco of tho
w estcrn H . . Eailroad Company, 1
C?Miih-em forth Carolina Kailroad Goinpanv
Rii-r11'1 atSltli!iljry, the 24th of March,
uno l i r l.',e trans;iQtlon of pucIi general or
Pclal business aa mrfvibe hronsrht before it.
! i - ,z . " .n
yj. r. cawix, i reas.
W. N. C. K. B. Co.
FAMILY GROCERIES !
... - hib luicimt oi xiOAi9CKCvJvia
i ' " -- to call on .'...'
Wl tim.L!11 8are 10 receive for tUelr money
F1(?bp r!rles lowest ca-sii prices : Such
W.S1' Ba:oa. Lard, Fisli, Sausages, Cof-
14 ul ' 1ilir' c. can ana De convincea.
. ; if -Oj our
I ISiilisfKiry, Jan. (j, 13S1.
i ! i 'i si J.
Go, Tell It To Jesus.
Go, tell it to Jeans, when,, child! as thott
A love for lii name-first begins in tliy
; Hearty - j
l nen aK itinf to guiuo lliee lu Uie ways
I ol IiiH choice :
And Loed the sweet soand of his whisper
M voice, v
Go, tell it to Jesus, in youth, if the charms
And snares of the world are producing
If evil isTempting thy love to displace,
Go, tell it to Jesus, and ask Iiini; for grace.
iG,o, tell Jt to Jesnp, wlicn fil iu thy
! J i. jirihie, ; , :W.J,
, Fof God und his cause are demanding thy
-1 - tune; - ' . - - j - -
Then oiler thy service ana trust - in his
! will, ' . ' ; ;- -Helieving
liis gmce is enough; for thee
Gotell it to Jesus, when filled
At infinite ulory Ihat bursts on
Or hearing the strains of seraphs above.
Tliy-sourl is o'ertlowel with jirace and
with lovet j
Qo, tell it to Jcsusif troubU-s attend j
It lriendsliips all fail thee oit foes should
' oSViul ; ' i . y
And ask him to bh-HS them witli grace
i lioiii his store, j
And help you to love th m as thon did
-, . " f ' "
Ooj'till it to Jesus, if darkness enshroud,
And close; up thy pathway with uiist and
j " witli cloud ; j
Ktitnat him to scud thee the Spirit of
j light, j;
To beam on thy soul, and to banish the
j night. "
Go, tell it to Jesusi death at thy door,
Is calling thy loved ones to- pass ou bc-
j fore ; .
And pray tor the strength to be jible to
f nay, :
Tlic Lord that has given can hike them
I away. - ' '
Go, tell it to Jesus, when feeble nnd pale,
Thy dear loved companion continues to
: fail : ' ' . 1
Ask him to calm the rough billows Hint
And waft the pure spirit up to the skies.
Ah ! tell it to Jeus ..with whispering
breiith, x !
When earth is fastTadiug Tn shadows of
i ' -deafli J . i
Th('i) nk liim to leud thee tlie help of his
. hand,. ... . r.;J
To liearthue above to the henveiilv land.
11. 11 1 ATT.
A Swoilish Poem. !
It. matters little where I was 1kih,
j lOr if my parents were rich or boor
Whether they' shrunk lit the eidd woihl's
'.- 'scorn, t j
f)r wailked in the pride of wealth secure;
But whether I live an honest msin, '
Ami hold my integrity U mi in niy
' j clutch,
I'telf you brother, plain as I am,
' - It matters much !
; It matters little how long I stay;
In a world of sorrow, i n and cure;
Whether in youth 1 am called away ;
Jr live till my bones and pate arc bare;
Iliit whether I do the liest I cau i
jTo solteii the. weight of adversity's
1 touch i ' " '
On the faded cheek of my fellow-man,
I It matters much !
It! matters little where bo my grave, - "
On the land or on the sea ;
, Yi'y purling briHik or 'ueatli titoriiiy wave,
: It ma tiers little or naugSit to me;
JJut wliether the angel f leath comes
j down !
J And marks my brow with his loving
? touch ; ' ;
As oue that shall wear the victor's crown
i It matters much !
j Jackson Hill Letter.
! Jackson- Hill, N. C, March 7, 1881.
Editor Wtttchman : It is presumable that
it may not be altogether uninteresting to
many of your readers to see sonie further
account of the wolves that infest Montgom
ery, and a portion of the counties of Ran
dolph, Davidson, Stanly, Richmond and
Moore. Careful inquiry reveals facts that
go to prove that these wolves are of the
aboriginal stock'of tire parts of country
above named; that they arc of the largest
American species ; and that, in point of size
and. ferocity, they are not at all inferior to
the great Siberian Lapsus Vorax. I
A gentlemaa of unquestionable; veracity
informed the writer that he was attacked.
and pursued, at night, near the j northern
boundary of Montgomery, about' thirty
years ago, by an animal making a very
stiangc, and to him unearthly, noise, which
animal was of a. dark color, and of the size
of a large wolf, and which, at that time, he
home procured his two1 mastiffs,
which were large, plucky, and very obedient.
ami proceeded immediately to the spot
where he- had been attacked, j Having
shown them the tracks of his assailant.they
seemed at once subdued and reluctant, and
could not be induced to pursue him.
A young matt of. dauntless courage, and
mere than ordinary physical strength and
activity, living in .the smith western corner
of Randolph, was, some time during the
past winter, the subject of a most deter
mined onslaught by one of these waives.
Hi, it seems, had been visiting a neighbor,
with, whem he had remained until about
10 o'clock at night; and while 'walking
home alener was suddenly attacked, the-
I animal making repeated springs at hiro,and
by dint of repeated blows and heavy kicks,
being as often repelled. The wolf having
at length retreated to the roadside, and
seeming to be not yet fully satisfied with
the precjedingsrthe ynngman having by
i this time become jfully satisfied as to the
business qualifications of the wolf, ca!lel
aloud for help. Iis-neighbor hearing him
took two able-bodied , curs and ran to his
relief; and upon his arrival the young man
related the facts as above'stated, adding
that itcouhl not h'avc been a dog, since no
4g under heaven icould have made such a
noise as. the animal referred to had made.
The curs being shown the tracks of the an
imal, which had inj the meantime skulked
away, refused aV might have, been expect-'
edr to irive hirrfciinse: '.-"; ' A
pn a"cerRm"gSf'-7eaT:r:'two agoj
according to feliaBie ihrormation, one of the
best citiarens of Statilyj countyj living in the
neighborhood bl Mineral Springs Institute,
had Ids "accustomed equanimity greatly
jostled by the sudden, sharp; shrill and pro
longed squall-ofa wolf, which had ventured
to a point very near his 'dwelling. His
dogs, n being"enceuraged tb take him, re
tired by crawling j under the house, and
Could not be persuaded to come out. thus
forsaking their friend and master to take
care of himself as best he might, and show
ing, as a great many hunters very well
know, that dogs will not pursue wolves with
any useful effect, j
Over twelve months ago, a gentleman liv
ing in the region of Troy, while liunting,
heard his dog, which was acknowledged to
be the master of nty other dog in all that
part of the country, lighting with something,
and from the noise he knew that he was
heingtxtdly hurt; lie therefore ran to the
f-pot where the noise was heiird, and found
his large able dog in what appeared to be
a mortal combat with a large wolf. The
wolf, on seeing the. man, relinquished his
hold on the dog, and scampered; away, the
mari having had no chance to- shoot him
without endangering his dog. Near the
spot where the fight had occurred he found
a di n of young-wolves. He procured help,
and lay in concealment near by, hoping to
be able to kill the old wolf when she should
attempt to return tojier young; but in this
h.c was foiled,'' since, although she would
come within hearing, she would not come
within sight. He and his party captured
the pupa, however, and tried to tame and
raise tliem, but they proved to be so incor
rigible that they were obliged to kill them.
From thc best Information "ntfuinab'e,
these wolves are masters of the situation.
Their large size, long sharp teeth, superior
activity and strength, and acuteness of the
senses of smelling, hearing and seeing, all
conspire to make them formidable occu
pants of t he forest, and coupled with, the
fact that dogs will not give them chase., to
make their extermination almost impossi-
e. They are a3 nhy as the fox by day, but
almost as bold as the lion by night; and
should their number become, by any means
considerably increased, and by the oera-
t ion of the, stock law, or otherwise, their
supply of mutton lie withdrawn from the
forest, they would; not hesitate to appro
priate to the nourishment of their bodies
the unwary traveler w ho should chance to
come in their wav after nightfall.
Tnanrjurel Festirities, Funnies, VU&pock
ettt, Processions Balls, Hills, JiubeL
(From Our Regular Correspondent.)
Washington, Di C, March; 1(), 13il.
We are just' throngh with the inaugu
ration ceremonies, fetes, procession, re
ceptions, and balls, and every houschold-
er ana ins wite, in v asiungton, is re
joiced that the agony iaover. I have seen
the crowds that flocked to : Fairmount
Park during the days of the! Centennial
Exhibition, and in ! Paris at the Interna
tional FairofI37r3J I have seen the two
largest capitals of Europe en fete, but,
for a well appointed and well performed
programme of celebration and festivity,
I have never seen ''anything that was
equal, ab-initio ad Jitiem, to the inaugu
ration of President; Garfield: With tlie
exception of Paris ho other city has such
wide, smooth, and solid streets for pro
cessional display, and no city has such a
spacious and well appointed building for
perceptions and balls, as the new Nation
al Museum affords. It was the remark
of many, that, if this spacious system of
salons had been bnilt with special refer
ence to such fetes as was witnessed there
Friday night it could not have been bet
ter planned. The inauguration com mi -
tee spared neither labor nor 'expense to
make the ball surceful, and the eclat of
the occasion borrowed quite as much from
their work on the building, and the per
feet ion of its appointments, as from the
brilliant assemblage that gathered in iU
halls. It will be impossible, in the space
of one short letter, to go into details
There were over four thousand guests
among whom were the President of to
day t and the President: of yesterday j
Generals Hancock,'. Sherman Sheridan,
and many other distinguished army and
naval officers in full uniform ; Ministers of
foreign powers, with their attaches, all
in fall court dress ; Senators and Mem
bers of Congress, Governors and ex-Gov-mors
of States; Ladies by the battal
lion, distinguished individually as maid;
or wife, or mother, or for beauty of face,
form, or costume, ii , s impossible to
paint a rainbowt lot inita iu words
the concussion of an cartltquake.' This
ball was stunning. The programme had
eighteen dances. At times, - there weie
three hundred sets dancing, in tube to a
ecore of bands. Thonsattds of waiters
and racqneters glided to the rapturous
compositions of: Straosao shot about
like comeU to the wild pnusic of the
racquet. There had beeirmjBch talk about
the n n ruber of colored people that would
be at the ball, but this rarity was exceed'
inglg scarce, and, it mnskle said to their
credit, very well behalves. 'v
This morning, Saturday; thousands of
visitors are crowding ithf trains on their
i-eturu -home, bat it-iwill'Jbe at J least a
ekfliefore tlie ety JH lyYfliininiered
wu"to its cristouiaryifcvel.:-Wfiat aiT
dowu"to its cnstoniary te
opportunity wiw missed io taking the
city census before the inauguration week !
Washington might have risen to rivalry
with Chicago or St. Louis.
AH the Department buildings, the
Capitol, the Smithsonian Institution,
Corcoraus Gallery, the White House, and
other places open to the public have !een
crowded, and thousands of citizens will
return home, like the iavernge congress
man, with a snerlieial acquaintance with
their couutiy's Capital.
Agricultural Experiment Station.
March 5th, 1831.
YarUitious in the Comjtositiou of Some
Bulletin No. 3.
A matter of great importance to farmers
is illustrated by the following aualyses of
of different samples of one and the same
brand of fertilizer taken at different times
and places. It appears that some fertili
zers are not nuiform in composition.
Some lots are so different from other lots
sold under the same name as to tender it
improbable that the Variations are the
results of imperfect mixing. Numerous
facts which have come uuder my observa
tion leads me to believe that this varia
tion is intended iu some cases. This is of
course a violation of the law and is very
misguiding to the fanners. Three sam
ples of the same fertilizer, claiming to be
a special fertilizer for tobacco are (I,) ta
ken at Henderson last spring analyzed by
Dr. Lcdoux,(lI,)froiulotso!dG. L Aiken,
Esqy if Kockiughani ciounty last spring
it Danville, V a., (HI,) from .Silas Mel see,
I. II. III.
Sand, G.51 8.77 5.47.
Total Phos. Acid, 11.7 li.0(J 11.89.
Available Ph.m. Acid, j t.74 8.34 11.47.
Insoluble. 1'hos. Acid, i.iW 2.72 U.42.
Ammonia, j H.M 2.25 2.03.
Potash, ! 4.31 2.72 I. Mi.
Commercial value $41.30 33.7(1 3D.00.
We see that the samples represent quite
different articles. No. I, the sample from
Henderson is the only one which contains
euoiigh Potash to entitle it to be called
a special lobaceo fertilizer. The Lincoln-
ton and the Danville samples differ too.
No. II, Danville, contains more Potash
and Ammonia. No. Ill, Lincolutoii more
Available Phosphoric Acid. No. I, sold
at Henderson for $50.0(1 per ton; II, at
Danville for $55.00; III, at Liiicolntou for
$43.00. The facts are instructive in two
ways. First: Farmers cannot always
rely upon ferti tilers as of uniform compo
sition. Numerous good brands have es
tablished themselves as of uniform com
position. Rut all arc not so, as many facts
prove. Farmers should have the compo
sitioti of every lot guaranteed to them
and should verify this by sending sample
to Station for analysis. The Department
will take numerous samples of each brand
at different points this season in the en
deavor to detect these uncertain brands
Second : The case before us shows, as
do many other facts, that the articles sold
in North Carolina are much superior to
the articles sold under same name iu ad
joining States. The sample from Dan
villo is inferior to the North Carolina
samples, while $5.00 more per ton was
asked for it than for the best-North Caro
Hua article. Farmers should buy where
they gain the advantage of the protection
of the fertilizer control established for
their benefit. Ciias, W. Dabxev, Jr.,
There will lie a plowing match in town
next week to try the merits of the plows
sold in this place. We understand that
some home patents will be pitted against
the various foreign ones so popular just
now. Netcton Enterprise.
There has been more pneumonia in this
county this year than ever known before.
From about three miles i below Newton up
Clarke creek to near Hickory it has assnm
cd the form of an cpideiiiic. Dr. Campbell
has treated not less than forty cases within
the last two months, five in one family.
W. Wi. Watson, colored republican,
member of the House from Edgecombe
county, has been found guilty of forgery
by a committee of five,; three democrats
and two republicans. He forged the name
of John Newell, colored t republican from
Bladen county, and drew part of his per
diem from the State Treasury. The com
mittee after a thorough examination is
satisfied of his guilt,! and the offending
member will doubtless be expelled from
hU seat in the House, as be flight to be.
jA. numler of persons more or less promi-
neat in different walks of life have died in
thfs city, fays a New York paper, within a
few months from the direct effect, it is said,
of .hypodermic injections of morphine. Most
ofjthem had, according to report, begun the
injections in order to relieve themselves
from pain caused by neuralgia, rheumatism
or some other distressing disorder. The
effect was so pleasant, so delicious, indeed,
anil they were gradually seduced into such
us ef morphine when they had no need of
it,! and, soon .yielding completely to the
habit, were destroyed by it. Physicians
say that this has grown to be far from un
common among persons of wealth and "po
sition, particularly among women, yviio, af
ter having tried it awhile, have not had
the strength to relinquish the delightful
anodyne. Nor is it by any means confined
to New York. The evil has spread all over
the land, though it is most prevalent in the
large cities. It is said fo have grown alarm
ingly during the last five or six years, and
many persons who would never be suspect
ed of the habit are its irredeemable victims.
It has largely usurped the place, with cer
tain classes, of the old custom of taking
morphine, laudanum, and other prepara
tions of opium into the stomach. The pop
ular notion is that it is not so harmful. But
there is very little difference, and the in
jections are thought to be more dangerous
because they are more insidious. They can
be self-administered without the least trou
ble and arc so administered in nearly all
cases where serious miscliiei is done.
The effect of the morphine under the skin
is described as peculiarly and wonderfully
agreeable. A delicious languor steals over
the frame, the senses arc wrapped as in a
voluptuous dream, and a most joyous con
sciousness of perfect yet fascinating repose
softly overflows the mind. Even strong
men and women have frequently found it
hard to resist its allurements, and have not
been able to surrender its beatitudes with-
out arousing all their will. On this account
sonic physicians will not administer or pre
scribe morphine under any circumstances,
fearing the consequences to their patients.
Not a few women or the finer type have
been wrecked by the habit, and many men,
professional and commercial, are steadily
ruining themselves by its indulgence. It
was hailed as a great blessing once, and so
it is. properly regulated ; but, like so many
blessings, it may readily be converted into
The grape ought to be as widely dis
seminated as the apple, and there is no
good reaaoivwhy it should not be. The
large vineyards can supply our city pop
ulation, but to supply the agricultural dis
trict sj grapes must be grown at home.
This cau be done at so small cost that no
mall who owns a home with a half acre
of land has any 'apology for deprivinghis
family of grapes. An eighth of au acre
iu vines will supply a family and leave a
surplus to sell. Any well drained land
that will produce sixty bushels of corn to
the acre may be exacted to produce good
grapes. Well prepared borders, with a
good supply of bones are desirable, but
bv no means essential. A dressing of
wood ashes is an excellent fertilizer, but
any manure good for corn will be good
ibr ! the vines. The varieties which do
well under the greatest variety of circum
stances and bear neglect best are such as the
Concord, the Hartford Prolific and the Ives
Seeding. There are grapes of much better
quality than these, but they are good
enough to suit the popular taste and are
hardy. They can be relied upon to bear
fruit every season in generous quantity
The Ives has a thick skin, and is particu
larly desirable to pack in boxes for winter
usej They have been for years before the
public, are thoroughly tested and can be
furnished very cheaply by any nurseryman
A clieap treilis of chestnut posts and wire
will be all the support they need. A four
months supply of grapes will promote
health in the family, save doctors' bills and
prove an important part of the food supply
Pat's Eoimvotal Axsweu. A certain
literary gentleman, wishing to be iiudis
turbed oue day, instructed his Irish ser
vant to admit no one, and if any one
should inquire for him to give an eqnivo
cal answer. Night came and the geutle-
...; r.ivw..twl t interrogate Pat as to
"Did any ono call T"
Vis, sir, wan gentleman."
"Vhat did he say !"
"He axed was yer honor in."
Well, what did you tell him V
"Sure, I gave him a quivikle answer
"How was that T"
"Ij asked him was his grandmother a
If you want knowledge yon must toil for
it; if food, you must toil for it; and if
pleasure, you must toil for it. Toil is the
law. Pleasure comes through toil, and not
by self-indulgence and indolence. When
one gets to love work, his life is a happy
Gray Hairs are Honorable but their
premature appearance is annoying. Par
kerV Hair Balsam is popular for cleanli
ue&a iand promptly restoring the youthful
j Thc Inaugural Discussed. I
! ' " I
it hal Southern Ajrsnsnr r.-. 4 c . .
------ ..jr,.jn... .uui v.iv xm vj
Kichmoxd, Va., March 5. Tlie )-
patvh editorially says: We would pro-
uounco tlie inaugural an excellent one
speaking of it as it will strike tlie North
ern;' people, for whom, of courre, it was
specially intended. It has as little North
ern nnd anti-Southern seutimeut in it
as we could have expected to find in a
document - originating in the Aslitabnla
of Ohio. We cannot
President iu tho benettri.-nt r
making voters of negroes, 4mt we can
agree that the abolition of slavery was a
uiewung, ana we concede that he states
his case forcibly wheu he says there is in
this country no middle ground between
slavery and full citizenship.
Savaxxaii, Ga7, March 5. Of the io-
nuguial the Morning Xews snvs: This
Address will be read with .fiiti-M
------ --x.i-i M V
satisfaction by the patriotic and conser
vative masses of Americans of all parties
and all sections of the union. It is ad
mired alike for its statesmanship-like
caudor and moderation, and for the fra
ternal and conciliatory spirit which per
vades it throughout. If we may regard it
as an indication ef tlie spirit and no lie v
which is to govern President Garfield's
administration, it is safe to say that
while ho was uot our choice for president
and while we may differ with him in re
good to measures, he will encounter no
lliberalor factions opposition from the
Galveston, March 5. Tho Galveston
Xeics commenting on President Gar
field's inaugnral address, remarks that it
is something more than a clever presen
tation of decent latitudes. Iu suniniinc
up tho centenial history of the republic
he fairly signified that however much he
may respect the proper authority of the
States, and however much her may es
teem the blessings of local self govern
ment, ho leans earnestly and decidedly
to the extreme nationalistic theory of the
present union known as the United States.
The iVetr says his illusion to tho relation
between the whites and the emancipated
negroes, is of a whole as statesman -like
and cousiderate as could be expected
from a presideut representing the tradi
tions and professions of the Republican
party. His utterances on the subject of
universal education as a necessary ad
junct of universal suffrage are emph itic
iand worthy of the occasion.
CilATTAXOOGA, March 5. The Daily
Times says of the address: Inaugural
speeches and letters accepting the party
nominations are generally glittering cor
dons of words so strung together as most
effectually to conceal tho specific ideas
and the intents of .the writers and speak
ers. Garfield's srteech. at the east front
of the capitol yesterday, was not au ex
ception iu kind to this rule. It may be
regarded as good or otherwise by parti
sail or other critics, but it is only rela
tively good or bad, being neither one nor
the other in any positive sense
Montgomery, Ala., March 5. The
.Montgomery A drertiser comments brielly
on the inaugural and says: It is more
elaborate than such documents usually
are, and, with tew exceptions, in highly
creditable and conservative throughout.
ALgusta. Ga., March 5. Tho Chroui
cle say 8 the inaugural address is worthy
of careful pesrual by anyone interested
in tlie welfare of the republic. It is one
of the ablest documents of the kind ever
presented to the people of the United
States temperate and conservative iu
its utterances with a vein of good com
mon sense running through it all. It gives
promise of a wise and patriotic adminis
tration of the goverument for the next
Washington, March 5. The "fircloses
its comments on the inaugural address as
follows: If Presideut Garfield will do us
well as he promises, if the acts of his ad
ministration shall correspond with the
declarations of his pronuncianieifto, he
will retire from office holding ahigher
place in the regard of the whole people
than ho now possesses, when entering
upon his presidential term. Ho has very
high abilities. Let his stability and pa
triotism and sense of responsibility be
equal to the rcqnirmcuts oi his high office,
and he w ill gain permanent favor. Let
him be President, not of a mere party or
section, but of the whole Union and the
whole people and he will prove a bless
ing to his generation and his country. ,
LolisviLlk, Kv., March 5. The Cou
rier Journal says : Presideut Garfield's
inaugural address presents a strong con
trast to that of Mr. Hayes' four years ago.
It abounds in a strong aud vigorous
thought. It comes as from a man who
knows where he stands, knows what hi
duty is, and means to do it though the
heavens fall. There is an absence of the
partisan eoldring, and palpable conscious
ness, the .great office he holds must not
be prostituted to please party purposes.
There is evidence that he is a man who
knows his country wants rest from sec
tional uurest, nectional jealously, section
al bitterness, aud that as far as iu him
lies he will labor to that end. His re
ference to the South will hardly satisfy
extreme men of his party. His assertion
of the permanent supremacy of the Uni n
vill meet with general acquiescence, as
will alsolus assertion of thutonboiy of 1
States and thn liifiir . nr
.ifM:in t . . '
etiiuivuf una laws ni.iue in
thereof. This is the Democratic doctrine
and on that ground every Democrat must
sincerely desire; that Garfield "will con
tinue to stand, i
What Tobacco is Made Of.
Wo have heard the tobacco- user claim
thathe weed was food and drink to him -
but never thoroughly tHdieved him until-
a British parliamentary report on adul- ,
teration set forth the following schedule i -"Sugar,
alum, lime, flour or meat, rhu-
oaro leaves, saltpetre, fuller's earth, malt. .
starch, cummin, chromato of lead, peat,
moss, molasses; burdock leaves, lamp- .
black, gum, reTjie7a Mack dye cembo--
edof vegetables, red licorice; scraps of .
uewspapers, cinnamon stick, cabbago-
eaves, ami strawbrown paper."
Th is is con v i m i g. Not only is it food
aud drink, but is also house and Iandr ! ;.
paiut-stiop and literature, with drugs.
condiments, and chemicals throwu in ad
lib. Verily tobacco is potent, but a litllo
diffusi ve Iloston Transcript.
Our Kiver Improvements.
News from Washington states that
the river anil harbor nnrfn r"itrr
- - . i'r"i'" ivi
bill, as report to the Senate Friday
from the committee on commerce,-
contains amendments increasing; the
amounts granted by the Uonso Lilt
as follws: Imnrovintr f !!- Vm
l - o 1 " -
River, from the ocean to Wilmiueton.
N. C, $13,000; Neuse River. r 815,-
000 : Pamilco and Tar Rivers, 5,000;
I rent River, 3,000. The following
new amendments, among others, were
added : Improving Cane Fear River
from Wilmington to Fayetteville,
$30,000; Yadkin Iiiver, $12,000 ;
Cohtcnlnca Creek, $10,000; Beaufort
harbor, N. C, $30,000; Lillington
River, N. C., $5,000; Town Creek,
N. C, $1,000. t
Asheville "News": A convict on
the road near this place knocked one
of the guards down one day last week
and succeeded in making his escape.
Liking with him the guard's gun.
He had got as far as Warm Spring
on his way to Tennessee when he was
stppried by some parties who were in
pursuit of him. The convict fired at
one of the pursuers-, the ball cutting
iu two pieces his watcli- chain ; he
fired another shot, which passed
through the sleeve of tlie overcoat of
tlie same person. The pursuers then
returned the fire, hittingthe convict
in the back. Uo has since died from
the effects of the wound.
The Mississippi Valley States and
parfs of States washed I y tlie Missis
sippi River and tributaries, have 148
Congressmen and 18:) electoral votes;
24,863,852 population; raise $875,
315,538 of agricultural products. . In
other words, these States and parts of
States represent 50 percent. of jhe
Congressional strength, 48 per cent,
of the electoral vote, 50 per cent, of the
population of the United States ; raise
58 per cent, of all the agricultural
products of the country, have 64 per
cent, of all the acres in cultivation;
raise 64 per cent, of all the Cotton
crop, 83 per cent, of the corn; 67 per
cent of the wheat, and 73 per cent, ef
the hogs. A pretty good basiof po
litical alliance. Ncm&OLs..
Earthquake. London, March 7,
dispatches state that three hundred
houses have fallen at Cassamacciola
by an earthquake, which opened fis
Mtres in the ftretts fif-y centimeters
wide. Many people have fled- from
the town and camped in the fields.
The government is scnding-relief.
A Naples dispatch says that forty
corpses have been recovered and sixty
seven of the wounded sent to tho
Undcrlhe head, of "a printer's ba
tiy," .we clip the following from a.
New York exchange: "The wife of a.
comjiositor io the ofliecTof the New
York World recently- gave birth to
male child weighing 21 pouuds."
To Ccns a Head Coli. When getting,
into ledT:ikc a pinch of flue salt and snufL
it well upin both nostrils (it will sting for
the moment), and a the water starts keep
snuffing till it goes doAvu-the back pasisgt;
to the throat. If taken when the cold, 2
first coining on, it will surely be brokenrf p
Greensboro Female College -has 125 ri
this session, of whom 65 are boaidcrSj